This excerpt taken from the PNC 8-K filed Oct 16, 2008.
Glossary of Terms
Accounting/administration net fund assetsNet domestic and foreign fund investment assets for which we provide accounting and administration services. We do not include these assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Adjusted average total assetsPrimarily comprised of total average quarterly (or annual) assets plus (less) unrealized losses (gains) on available for sale debt securities, less goodwill and certain other intangible assets (net of eligible deferred taxes).
AnnualizedAdjusted to reflect a full year of activity.
Assets under managementAssets over which we have sole or shared investment authority for our customers/clients. We do not include these assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Basis pointOne hundredth of a percentage point.
Charge-offProcess of removing a loan or portion of a loan from our balance sheet because it is considered uncollectible. We also record a charge-off when a loan is transferred to held for sale by reducing the carrying amount by the allowance for loan losses associated with such loan or, if the market value is less than its carrying amount, by the amount of that difference.
Common shareholders equity to total assetsCommon shareholders equity divided by total assets. Common shareholders equity equals total shareholders equity less the liquidation value of preferred stock.
Credit spreadThe difference in yield between debt issues of similar maturity. The excess of yield attributable to credit spread is often used as a measure of relative creditworthiness, with a reduction in the credit spread reflecting an improvement in the borrowers perceived creditworthiness.
Custody assetsInvestment assets held on behalf of clients under safekeeping arrangements. We do not include these assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. Investment assets held in custody at other institutions on our behalf are included in the appropriate asset categories on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as if physically held by us.
DerivativesFinancial contracts whose value is derived from publicly traded securities, interest rates, currency exchange rates or market indices. Derivatives cover a wide assortment of financial contracts, including forward contracts, futures, options and swaps.
Duration of equityAn estimate of the rate sensitivity of our economic value of equity. A negative duration of equity is associated with asset sensitivity (i.e., positioned for rising interest rates), while a positive value implies liability sensitivity (i.e., positioned for declining interest rates). For example, if the duration of equity is +1.5 years, the economic value of equity declines by 1.5% for each 100 basis point increase in interest rates.
Earning assetsAssets that generate income, which include: federal funds sold; resale agreements; trading securities and other short-term investments; loans held for sale; loans, net of unearned income; securities; and certain other assets.
Economic capitalRepresents the amount of resources that a business segment should hold to guard against potentially large losses that could cause insolvency. It is based on a measurement of economic risk, as opposed to risk as defined by regulatory bodies. The economic capital measurement process involves converting a risk distribution to the capital that is required to support the risk, consistent with our target credit rating. As such, economic risk serves as a common currency of risk that allows us to compare different risks on a similar basis.
Effective durationA measurement, expressed in years, that, when multiplied by a change in interest rates, would approximate the percentage change in value of on- and off- balance sheet positions.
THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.
Glossary of Terms (Continued)
EfficiencyNoninterest expense divided by the sum of net interest income (GAAP basis) and noninterest income.
Fair valueThe price that would be received to sell an asset or the price that would be paid to transfer a liability on the measurement date using the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between willing market participants.
Funds transfer pricingA management accounting methodology designed to recognize the net interest income effects of sources and uses of funds provided by the assets and liabilities of a business segment. We assign these balances LIBOR-based funding rates at origination that represent the interest cost for us to raise/invest funds with similar maturity and repricing structures.
Futures and forward contractsContracts in which the buyer agrees to purchase and the seller agrees to deliver a specific financial instrument at a predetermined price or yield. May be settled either in cash or by delivery of the underlying financial instrument.
GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Leverage ratioTier 1 risk-based capital divided by adjusted average total assets.
Net interest income from loans and depositsA management accounting assessment, using funds transfer pricing methodology, of the net interest contribution from loans and deposits.
Net interest marginAnnualized taxable-equivalent net interest income divided by average earning assets.
Nondiscretionary assets under administrationAssets we hold for our customers/clients in a non-discretionary, custodial capacity. We do not include these assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Noninterest income to total revenueNoninterest income divided by the sum of net interest income (GAAP basis) and noninterest income.
Nonperforming assetsNonperforming assets include nonaccrual loans, troubled debt restructured loans, foreclosed assets and other assets. We do not accrue interest income on assets classified as nonperforming.
Nonperforming loansNonperforming loans include loans to commercial, commercial real estate, lease financing, consumer, and residential mortgage customers as well as troubled debt restructured loans. Nonperforming loans do not include loans held for sale or foreclosed and other assets. We do not accrue interest income on loans classified as nonperforming.
Notional amountA number of currency units, shares, or other units specified in a derivatives contract.
Operating leverageThe period to period percentage change in total revenue (GAAP basis) less the percentage change in noninterest expense. A positive percentage indicates that revenue growth exceeded expense growth (i.e., positive operating leverage) while a negative percentage implies expense growth exceeded revenue growth (i.e., negative operating leverage).
RecoveryCash proceeds received on a loan that we had previously charged off. We credit the amount received to the allowance for loan and lease losses.
Return on average assetsAnnualized net income divided by average assets.
Return on average capitalAnnualized net income divided by average capital.
Return on average common shareholders equityAnnualized net income less preferred stock dividends divided by average common shareholders equity.
THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.
Glossary of Terms (Continued)
Return on average tangible common shareholders equityAnnualized net income less preferred stock dividends divided by average common shareholders equity less goodwill and other intangible assets (net of deferred taxes for both taxable and nontaxable combinations), and excluding mortgage servicing rights.
Risk-weighted assetsPrimarily computed by the assignment of specific risk-weights (as defined by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System) to assets and off-balance sheet instruments.
SecuritizationThe process of legally transforming financial assets into securities.
Tangible common equity ratioPeriod-end common shareholders equity less goodwill and other intangible assets (net of eligible deferred taxes), and excluding mortgage servicing rights, divided by period-end assets less goodwill and other intangible assets (net of deferred taxes), and excluding mortgage servicing rights.
Taxable-equivalent interestThe interest income earned on certain assets is completely or partially exempt from federal income tax. As such, these tax-exempt instruments typically yield lower returns than taxable investments. To provide more meaningful comparisons of yields and margins for all interest-earning assets, we use interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis in calculating average yields and net interest margins by increasing the interest income earned on tax-exempt assets to make it fully equivalent to interest income earned on other taxable investments. This adjustment is not permitted under GAAP on the Consolidated Income Statement.
Tier 1 risk-based capitalTier 1 risk-based capital equals: total shareholders equity, plus trust preferred capital securities, plus certain minority interests that are held by others; less goodwill and certain other intangible assets (net of eligible deferred taxes relating to nontaxable combinations), less equity investments in nonfinancial companies and less net unrealized holding losses on available for sale equity securities. Net unrealized holding gains on available for sale equity securities, net unrealized holding gains (losses) on available for sale debt securities and net unrealized holding gains (losses) on cash flow hedge derivatives are excluded from total shareholders equity for Tier 1 risk-based capital purposes.
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratioTier 1 risk-based capital divided by period-end risk-weighted assets.
Total fund assets servicedTotal domestic and offshore fund investment assets for which we provide related processing services. We do not include these assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Total return swapA non-traditional swap where one party agrees to pay the other the total return of a defined underlying asset (e.g., a loan), usually in return for receiving a stream of LIBOR-based cash flows. The total returns of the asset, including interest and any default shortfall, are passed through to the counterparty. The counterparty is therefore assuming the credit and economic risk of the underlying asset.
Total risk-based capitalTier 1 risk-based capital plus qualifying subordinated debt and trust preferred securities, other minority interest not qualified as Tier 1, and the allowance for loan and lease losses, subject to certain limitations.
Total risk-based capital ratioTotal risk-based capital divided by period-end risk-weighted assets.
Transaction depositsThe sum of money market and interest-bearing demand deposits and demand and other noninterest-bearing deposits.
Yield curveA graph showing the relationship between the yields on financial instruments or market indices of the same credit quality with different maturities. For example, a normal or positive yield curve exists when long-term bonds have higher yields than short-term bonds. A flat yield curve exists when yields are the same for short-term and long-term bonds. A steep yield curve exists when yields on long-term bonds are significantly higher than on short-term bonds. An inverted or negative yield curve exists when short-term bonds have higher yields than long-term bonds.