POSCO steel producer in Pohang, South Korea. Incorporated in 1968, it was able to produce 32.8 million tons of steel in 2007. 2/3rds of its revenues comes from the South Korean Domestic market. However, other major countries are increasing their business with the once number 1 steel producer in the world. (In 2008, Arcellor Mittal became number 1.) Of the foreign revenue, China is the largest customer with 30%, the Japan with 20%. The rest of Asia makes for the rest of the revenue. It is important to note that India's demand market for steel has been growing and with good relations between South Korea and India on a number of cross-border transactions, most notably Tata Motors Ltd.'s acquisition of Daewoo Commercial Vehicle (now Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle), POSCO has built a major office in India.
POSCO's products include, but not limited to, hot rolled and cold rolled products, plates, wire rods, silicon steel sheets and stainless steel products. It is also known for preparing steel for manufacturing, most notably in Shipbuilding.
The formation of POSCO came about as a result of the Korean government's desire for self-sufficiency in iron and steelmaking, with availability of local steel seen as important for Korea's economic development. With construction of the Pohang works stared in 1970 , and of the Gwangyang Works in 1983, part-privatisation of the company took place in 1988. By 1998, the South Korean government had reduced its equity ownership to less than 20%.
POSCO shed its former name (the Pohang Iron and Steel Company) in 2002, and it is shortly after this point that a more international approach to business development set in. This approach saw much greater emphasis placed on foreigh investment and in joint ventures outside Korea, including: