PSA Peugeot Citroen (UG-FR)

QUOTE AND NEWS
Automotive World  Jun 16  Comment 
Today, PSA Retail is inaugurating its first three-brand site in France’s Hauts-de-France region, in the town of Roncq, north of the French Flanders capital. PEUGEOT’s historic site now handles the Group’s three brands: PEUGEOT, CITROËN and...
Channel News Asia  Jun 10  Comment 
Karl-Thomas Neumann, chief executive of Open, the European arm of General Motors , plans to resign, German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung reported on Saturday.
Automotive World  Jun 9  Comment 
Michael Nash talks to Peugeot’s Matthias Hossann about the importance of concept cars and the impact they have on tech rollout in production models The post Concept car designers are ‘leading a mobility revolution’ appeared first on...
Automotive World  Jun 7  Comment 
For motorists in the market for a small SUV there is no better choice than the PEUGEOT 2008 SUV, according to thousands of customers who took part in the Auto Express Driver Power survey 2017. The Auto Express Driver Power survey is the biggest...
Automotive World  May 25  Comment 
Tenneco Inc. (NYSE: TEN) announced today that its Multi-Tuned Valve (MTV) suspension technology is featured on the new PEUGEOT 3008 SUV, which was named 2017 European Car of the Year during the Geneva Motor Show in Switzerland earlier this year....
Reuters  May 21  Comment 
French car makers Renault and Peugeot have commited to increasing their orders from ailing components-maker GM&S Industry after their chief executives spoke with Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire, his ministry said on Sunday.
Automotive World  May 10  Comment 
The celebrations that have surrounded the arrival of the All-New PEUGEOT 3008 SUV continued at this year’s Diesel Car Top 50 Awards, with two major honours bestowed upon the ground-breaking new model. The All-New PEUGEOT 3008 SUV was acclaimed...
Insurance Journal  May 4  Comment 
French carmaker Peugeot is partnering with Boston, Massachusetts-based tech firm nuTonomy to test self-driving cars in Singapore. NuTonomy’s software, sensors and computing platforms will be installed in Peugeot 3008 models as part of plans to...
Wall Street Journal  May 3  Comment 
NuTonomy Inc., the startup that beat Uber Technologies Inc. to the streets with a robot taxi, will work with Peugeot to integrate autonomous vehicle software into the French auto maker’s 3008 sport-utility vehicle for on-road trials.
Automotive World  Apr 26  Comment 
The New PEUGEOT Expert has won yet another award, having been honoured as ‘Best Newcomer’ in the 2017 Trade Van Driver magazine awards. The award was presented on the first day of the CV Show on the PEUGEOT stand (Hall 5 D60), where the latest...




 

PSA Peugeot Citroen S.A. (EPA:UG) is Europe’s second largest automaker with 13.8% of the European market and the sixth largest worldwide with 4.8% worldwide market share.[1] The company makes both passenger cars and commercial vehicles, making 2/3 of its sales in Western Europe.[2] Unlike PSA’s German and Italian competitors, which often sell automobiles under numerous brand names, PSA has just two - Peugeot and Citroen.

In addition to its automobile division, Peugeot includes:

  • Banque PSA Finance, which supports the sale of Peugeot and Citroen vehicles by financing new vehicle and replacement parts inventory for dealers and offering financing and related services to car buyers[3]
  • Faurecia, an automotive equipment manufacturer focused on four component families: seats, vehicle interior, front end and exhaust systems[3]
  • Gefco, which offers logistics services covering the entire supply chain, including overland, sea and air transport, industrial logistics, container management, vehicle preparation and distribution, and customs and value added tax (VAT) representation[3]
  • Peugeot Scooters, which designs and manufactures scooters and motorcycles.[3]

In November 2009, PSA Peugeot Citroen S.A. acquired EMCON Technologies.[3]

Company Overview

Business and Financial Metrics

First Half of 2010 Results[4]

For the first half of 2010, Peugeot reported revenues increased 20.8% driven by successful new models, market share gains and favorable demand worldwide. The company saw a turnaround in recurring operating income of €1,137 million compared to a loss of €826 million in the first half of 2009. Peugeot saw a significant recovery in automotive recurring operating income, totaling €525 million for the first half of 2010 compared to a loss of €904 million in the first half of 2009. Peugeot reported net income for the first half of €680 million. Notably, the company saw a sharp profit increase at Dongfeng Peugeot Citroën Automobile in China.

Business Segments

Automobile Division (79% of 2009 revenue)[5]

This segments involves the design, manufacture and sale of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles under the Peugeot and Citroën brands.

Automotive Equipment Division (15.3% of 2009 revenue)[5]

Peugeot's Faurecia group specialize in Interior Systems, Automotive Seating, Automotive Exteriors and Emissions Control Technologies. Faurecia produces automotive components such as seats, cockpits, acoustic packages, doors, front-ends, and exhaust systems. Worldwide Faurecia has 60,000 employees and 190 manufacturing facilities, creating revenues of the €7,432 million during 2009.[6]

Transportation and Logistics (2.2% of 2009 revenue)[5]

The Gefco group specializes in Logistics and Vehicle & Goods Transportation. This includes vehicle logistics, transportation and supply-chain management for automakers worldwide. This division had sales of €1,046 million in 2009.[7]

Finance (3.2% of 2009 revenue)[5]

Banque PSA Finance group provides retail financing to customers of the Peugeot and Citroën brands and wholesale financing to the two brands’ dealer networks.

Other Businesses (0.3% of 2009 revenue)[5]

Peugeot Motorcycles is the third largest producer of small motor cycles and scooters in Europe.[8]

Trends and Forces

Growing Importance of Fuel Efficiency

PSA held 26% of the European market for vehicles emitting less than 130 grams of CO2 per kilometer, as 52.1% of PSA’s production volume was diesel powered as the company has embraced fuel efficient diesel engines.[9] [10] High fuel prices and government regulation of automobile fuel efficiency make the successful development of fuel efficient cars important to any automaker’s future, and PSA has long produced exclusively small, fuel-efficient automobiles as opposed to SUVs or performance vehicles. Of the European automakers, which have comparatively better efficiency in comparison to Japanese or U.S. producers, PSA's line-up of vehicles has the lowest overall CO2 emissions.[11]

PSA in Emerging Markets

PSA has several factories in Eastern Europe, and has plans to open its first Russian factory in Kaluga during 2010. The company also plans to build two new factories in China, both of which will be operated as a joint venture with a domestic Chinese automaker. Growing consumption from the BRIC economies provides an opportunity for automakers over the next several decades, and PSA has production facilities in Brazil, China, and Russia (but not India).[12] The company’s strongest emerging markets are Brazil and Argentina.[13] Competition already exists for PSA in these markets - firms like Volkswagen (VLKAY), Ford Motor Company (F), and General Motors (GM) already have multiple manufacturing facilities in China, and control a large percentage of the market share.

High Labor Costs in European Union

Approximately 90% of PSA’s employees work in Western Europe, a region with one of the highest labor costs in the world. Labor in Western Europe costs on average 20% more than in the U.S., twice as much as in Korea, and six times more than in Brazil.[14] In part because of the unique relationship between the French state and major national firms such as PSA (the French Government has been shareholder in two-thirds of France's 20 biggest companies in the past several decades[15]) and also due to PSA’s limited operations outside Western Europe, the company has little latitude to transfer production to areas with lower labor costs.

Competition

Unlike other automakers, PSA Peugeot Citroen only markets its products under two brands: Citroen and Peugeot. Citroen is an upscale brand while Peugeot focuses exclusively on the mass market. This focus has been advantageous, as competitors from GM to BMW have been distracted by trying to manage too many brands. In spite of its limited brands, PSA produces vehicles that compete for every niche of the mass auto market, excluding performance and luxury vehicles.

The automakers Renault, now merged with Nissan Motor (NSANY), and FIAT S.p.A. (F-MI) are PSA's chief competitors due to their focus on smaller vehicles and the Western European market.

References

  1. The Group in 2008
  2. The Group in 2008
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Reuters: Peugeot Company Profile
  4. Peugeot Investor Relations: "First Half 2010 Results"
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Peugeot Investor Relations: Financial Information by Business Segment
  6. The Group in 2008
  7. The Group in 2008
  8. The Group in 2008
  9. The Group in 2008
  10. The Group in 2008
  11. The Economist: The European car industry
  12. The Group in 2008
  13. The Group in 2008
  14. Bureau of Labor Statistics
  15. The Economist: The state as owner
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