Park National 10-Q 2012
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
S QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR
15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
£ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR
15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
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15,405,902 Common shares, no par value per share, outstanding at May 3, 2012.
PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income (Unaudited) (Continued)
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PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
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PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity (Unaudited)
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SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
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PARK NATIONAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1 – Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements included in this report have been prepared for Park National Corporation (the “Registrant”, “Corporation”, “Company”, or “Park”) and its subsidiaries. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of results of operations for the interim periods included herein have been made. The results of operations for the three month period ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be anticipated for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2012.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and, therefore, do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed balance sheets, condensed statements of income, condensed statements of comprehensive income, condensed statements of changes in stockholders’ equity and condensed statements of cash flows in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements incorporated by reference in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Park for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 from Park’s 2011 Annual Report to Shareholders (“2011 Annual Report”).
Park’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Park’s 2011 Annual Report. For interim reporting purposes, Park follows the same basic accounting policies, as updated by the information contained in this report, and considers each interim period an integral part of an annual period. Management has evaluated events occurring subsequent to the balance sheet date, determining no events require additional disclosure in these consolidated condensed financial statements, with the exception of the subsequent events discussed in Note 20 of these Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements:
No. 2011-04 – Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirement in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs: In May 2011, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirement in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs (ASU 2011-04). The new guidance in this ASU results in common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. Certain amendments clarify FASB’s intent about the application of existing fair value measurement requirements. Other amendments change a particular principle or requirement for measuring fair value or for disclosing information about fair value measurements. These amendments also enhance disclosure requirements surrounding fair value measurement. Most significantly, an entity is required to disclose additional information regarding Level 3 fair value measurements including quantitative information about unobservable inputs used, a description of the valuation processes used by the entity, and a qualitative discussion about the sensitivity of the measurements. The new guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2011. The adoption of the new guidance on January 1, 2012 impacted the fair value disclosures in Note 16.
No. 2011-05 – Presentation of Comprehensive Income: In June 2011, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income (ASU 2011-05). The ASU eliminates the option to report other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of changes in equity. An entity can elect to present the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The ASU does not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income, when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income, or how earnings per share is calculated or presented. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011 and must be applied retrospectively. The adoption of the new guidance impacted the presentation of the consolidated financial statements.
No. 2011-08 – Intangibles – Goodwill and Other: In September 2011, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-08, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (ASU 2011-08). The ASU allows an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. The new guidance is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Management does not expect the adoption of this guidance will have an impact on the consolidated financial statements.
No. 2011-12 Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05: In December 2011, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05 (ASU 2011-12). This ASU defers only those changes in ASU 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments. Entities are to continue to report reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income consistent with the presentation requirements in effect before ASU 2011-05. The other requirements in ASU 2011-05 are not affected by this ASU.
Note 3 – Sale of Vision Bank Business
On February 16, 2012, Park and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Vision Bank (“Vision”), a Florida state-chartered bank, completed their sale of substantially all of the performing loans, operating assets and liabilities associated with Vision to Centennial Bank (“Centennial”), an Arkansas state-chartered bank which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Home BancShares, Inc. (“Home”), an Arkansas corporation, as contemplated by the previously announced Purchase and Assumption Agreement by and between Park, Vision, Home and Centennial, dated as of November 16, 2011, as amended by the First Amendment to Purchase and Assumption Agreement, dated as of January 25, 2012 (the “Agreement”) for a purchase price of $27.9 million.
The assets purchased and liabilities assumed by Centennial as of February 16, 2012, included the following:
Subsequent to the transactions contemplated by the Agreement, Vision was left with approximately $22 million of performing loans (including mortgage loans held for sale) and non-performing loans with a fair value of $88 million. Park recorded a pre-tax gain, net of expenses directly related to the sale, of $22.2 million, resulting from the transactions contemplated by the Agreement. The pre-tax gain, net of expense is provided in the table below:
Promptly following the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Agreement, Vision surrendered its Florida banking charter to the Florida Office of Financial Regulation and became a non-bank Florida corporation (the “Florida Corporation”). The Florida Corporation merged with and into a wholly-owned, non-bank subsidiary of Park, SE Property Holdings, LLC (“SE LLC”), with SE LLC being the surviving entity.
The balance sheet of SE LLC as of March 31, 2012 was as follows:
Note 4 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The following table shows the activity in goodwill and core deposit intangibles for the first three months of 2012.
The core deposit intangibles are being amortized to expense principally on the straight-line method, over a period of six years. The amortization period for the core deposit intangibles related to Vision was accelerated due to the February 16, 2012 acquisition of Vision branches by Centennial Bank. Management expects that the core deposit intangibles amortization expense will be approximately $139,000 for each of the remaining quarters of 2012.
Core deposit intangibles amortization expense is projected to be as follows for the remainder of 2012 and for each of the following years:
Note 5 – Loans
The composition of the loan portfolio, by class of loan, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was as follows:
* Included within commercial, financial and agricultural loans, commercial real estate loans, and Vision/SE LLC commercial land and development loans is an immaterial amount of consumer loans that are not broken out by class.
The following tables present the recorded investment in nonaccrual, accruing restructured, and loans past due 90 days or more and still accruing by class of loans as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
The following table provides additional information regarding those nonaccrual and accruing restructured loans that were individually evaluated for impairment and those collectively evaluated for impairment as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
All of the loans individually evaluated for impairment were evaluated using the fair value of the collateral or present value of expected future cash flows as the measurement method.
The following table presents loans individually evaluated for impairment by class of loans as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
Management’s general practice is to proactively charge down loans individually evaluated for impairment to the fair value of the underlying collateral. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were $91.0 million and $83.7 million, respectively, of partial charge-offs on loans individually evaluated for impairment with no related allowance recorded and $17.3 million and $20.1 million, respectively, of partial charge-offs on loans individually evaluated for impairment that also had a specific reserve allocated.
The allowance for loan losses included specific reserves related to loans individually evaluated for impairment at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, of $9.5 million and $15.9 million, respectively, related to loans with a recorded investment of $33.7 million and $52.7 million.
The following table presents the average recorded investment and interest income recognized on loans individually evaluated for impairment as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011:
The following tables present the aging of the recorded investment in past due loans as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 by class of loans.
* Includes $2.4 million of loans past due 90 days or more and accruing.
* Includes $3.6 million of loans past due 90 days or more and accruing.
Credit Quality Indicators
Management utilizes past due information as a credit quality indicator across the loan portfolio. The past due information is the primary credit quality indicator within the following classes of loans: (1) mortgage loans and installment loans in the construction real estate segment; (2) mortgage loans, HELOC and installment loans in the residential real estate segment; and (3) consumer loans. The primary credit indicator for commercial loans is based on an internal grading system that grades all commercial loans from 1 to 8. Credit grades are continuously monitored by the respective loan officer and adjustments are made when appropriate. A grade of 1 indicates little or no credit risk and a grade of 8 is considered a loss. Commercial loans with grades of 1 to 4 (pass-rated) are considered to be of acceptable credit risk. Commercial loans graded a 5 (special mention) are considered to be watch list credits and a higher loan loss reserve percentage is allocated to these loans. Loans classified as special mention have potential weaknesses that require management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the loan or of the institution’s credit position at some future date. Commercial loans graded 6 (substandard), also considered watch list credits, are considered to represent higher credit risk and, as a result, a higher loan loss reserve percentage is allocated to these loans. Loans classified as substandard are inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Loans so classified have a well defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the institution will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Commercial loans that are graded a 7 (doubtful) are shown as nonaccrual and Park generally charges these loans down to their fair value by taking a partial charge-off or recording a specific reserve. Loans classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified as substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values, highly questionable and improbable. Any commercial loan graded an 8 (loss) is completely charged-off.
The tables below present the recorded investment by loan grade at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 for all commercial loans:
Troubled Debt Restructurings (TDRs)
Management classifies loans as TDRs when a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties and Park has granted a concession. In order to determine whether a borrower is experiencing financial difficulty, an evaluation is performed of the probability that the borrower will be in payment default on any of its debt in the foreseeable future without the modification. This evaluation is performed under the Company’s internal underwriting policy. Management’s policy is to modify loans by extending the term or by granting a temporary or permanent contractual interest rate below the market rate, not by forgiving debt. Certain loans which were modified during the period ended March 31, 2012 did not meet the definition of a TDR as the modification was a delay in a payment that was considered to be insignificant. Management considers a forbearance period of up to three months or a delay in payment of up to 30 days to be insignificant. TDRs may be classified as accruing if the borrower has been current for a period of at least six months with respect to loan payments and management expects that the borrower will be able to continue to make payments in accordance with the terms of the restructured note. Management reviews all accruing TDRs quarterly to ensure payments continue to be made in accordance with the modified terms.
At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were $98.6 million and $100.4 million, respectively, of TDRs included in nonaccrual loan totals. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were $34.6 million and $28.7 million, respectively, of TDRs included in accruing loan totals. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, $52.8 million and $79.9 million of the nonaccrual TDRs were current. Management will continue to review the restructured loans and may determine it appropriate to move certain of the loans back to accrual status in the future. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, Park had commitments to lend $5.1 million and $4.0 million, respectively, of additional funds to borrowers whose terms had been modified in a TDR.
The specific reserve related to TDRs at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was $4.4 million and $9.1 million, respectively. Modifications made in 2011 and 2012 were largely the result of renewals, extending the maturity date of the loan, at terms consistent with the original note. These modifications were deemed to be TDRs primarily due to Park’s conclusion that the borrower would likely not have qualified for similar terms through another lender. Many of the modifications deemed to be TDRs were previously identified as impaired loans, and thus were also previously evaluated for impairment under ASC 310. Additional specific reserves of $252,000 were recorded during the period ending March 31, 2012 as a result of TDRs identified in the 2012 year.
The terms of certain other loans were modified during the three month period ended March 31, 2012 that did not meet the definition of a TDR. Modified substandard commercial loans which did not meet the definition of a TDR had a total recorded investment as of March 31, 2012 of $3.6 million. The modification of these loans: (1) involved a modification of the terms of a loan to a borrower who was not experiencing financial difficulties, (2) resulted in a delay in a payment that was considered to be insignificant, or (3) resulted in Park obtaining additional collateral or guarantees that improved the likelihood of the ultimate collection of the loan such that the modification was deemed to be at market terms. Modified consumer loans which did not meet the definition of a TDR had a total recorded investment as of March 31, 2012 of $6.3 million. Many of these loans were modified as a lower cost option than a full refinancing to borrowers who were not experiencing financial difficulties.
The following table details the number of contracts modified as TDRs during the three month period ended March 31, 2012 as well as the period end recorded investment of these contracts. The recorded investment pre- and post-modification is generally the same.
As of December 31, 2011, $6.2 million of those loans modified during the three month period ended March 31, 2012 were on nonaccrual status.
The following table presents the recorded investment in financing receivables which were modified as troubled debt restructurings within the previous 12 months and for which there was a payment default during the three month period ended March 31, 2012. For this table, a loan is considered to be in default when it becomes 30 days contractually past due under the modified terms.
Of the $21.2 million in modified trouble debt restructurings which defaulted during the period ended March 31, 2012, $205,000 were accruing loans and $20.0 million were nonaccrual loans.
Note 6 – Allowance for Loan Losses
The allowance for loan losses is that amount management believes is adequate to absorb probable incurred credit losses in the loan portfolio based on management’s evaluation of various factors including overall growth in the loan portfolio, an analysis of individual loans, prior and current loss experience, and current economic conditions. A provision for loan losses is charged to operations based on management’s periodic evaluation of these and other pertinent factors as discussed within Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Park’s 2011 Annual Report.
The activity in the allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 is summarized below.
The composition of the allowance for loan losses at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was as follows:
Loans collectively evaluated for impairment above include all performing loans at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, as well as nonperforming loans internally classified as consumer loans. Nonperforming consumer loans are not typically individually evaluated for impairment, but receive a portion of the statistical allocation of the allowance for loan losses. Loans individually evaluated for impairment include all impaired loans internally classified as commercial loans at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, which are evaluated for impairment in accordance with GAAP (see Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Park’s 2011 Annual Report).
Note 7 – Earnings Per Common Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
As of March 31, 2012 and 2011, options to purchase 66,625 and 75,895 common shares, respectively, were outstanding under Park’s 2005 Incentive Stock Opion Plan. A warrant to purchase 227,376 common shares was outstanding at both March 31, 2012 and 2011 as a result of Park’s participation in the U.S. Treasury Capital Purchase Program (“CPP.”) In addition, warrants to purchase an aggregate of 71,984 common shares were outstanding at March 31, 2011 as a result of the issuance of common shares and warrants to purchase common shares on December 10, 2010 (the “December 2010 Warrants”). The December 2010 Warrants expired in 2011, with no warrants being exercised.
The common shares represented by the options and the December 2010 Warrants totaling a weighted average of 73,683 and 149,591 were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, because the respective exercise prices exceeded the market value of the underlying common shares such that their inclusion would have had an anti-dilutive effect. The warrant to purchase 227,376 common shares issued under the CPP was not included in the three month weighted average of 73,683 for 2012 or 149,591 for 2011, as the dilutive effect of this warrant was 11,835 and 4,490 common shares for the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011, respectively. The exercise price of the CPP warrant to purchase 227,376 common shares is $65.97.
Note 8 – Segment Information
The Corporation is a bank holding company headquartered in Newark, Ohio. Prior to February 16, 2012 the operating segments for the Corporation were its two chartered bank subsidiaries, The Park National Bank (headquartered in Newark, Ohio) (“PNB”) and Vision Bank (“VB” or “Vision”) (headquartered in Panama City, Florida). On February 16, 2012, Vision sold certain assets and liabilities to Centennial Bank (see Note 3). Promptly following the closing of the transaction, Vision surrendered its Florida banking charter to the Florida Office of Financial Regulation and became a non-bank Florida corporation (the “Florida Corporation”). The Florida Corporation merged with and into a wholly-owned non-bank subsidiary of Park, SE Property Holdings, LLC (“SE LLC”), with SE LLC being the surviving entity. The closing of this transaction prompted Park to add SE LLC as a reportable segment. Additionally, due to the increased significance of the entity, Guardian Financial Services Company (“GFSC”) was added as a reportable segment during the first quarter of 2012.
Management is required to disclose information about the different types of business activities in which a company engages and also information on the different economic environments in which a company operates, so that the users of the financial statements can better understand the company’s performance, better understand the potential for future cash flows, and make more informed judgments about the company as a whole. Park has three operating segments, as: (i) discrete financial information is available for each operating segment and (ii) the segments are aligned with internal reporting to Park’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, who is the chief operating decision maker.
The operating results of the Parent Company in the “All Other” column are used to reconcile the segment totals to the consolidated condensed statements of income for the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. The reconciling amounts for consolidated total assets for the periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 consisted of the elimination of intersegment borrowings and the assets of the Parent Company which were not eliminated.
Note 9 – Stock Option Plan
Park did not grant any stock options during the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
The following table summarizes stock option activity during the first three months of 2012.
All of the stock options outstanding at March 31, 2012 were exercisable. The aggregate intrinsic value of the outstanding stock options at March 31, 2012 was $0. In addition, no stock options were exercised during the first three months of 2012 or 2011. The weighted average contractual remaining term was 0.69 years for the stock options outstanding at March 31, 2012.
All of the common shares delivered upon the exercise of incentive stock options granted under the Park National Corporation 2005 Incentive Stock Option Plan (the “2005 Plan”) are to be treasury shares. At March 31, 2012, incentive stock options granted under the 2005 Plan covering 66,625 common shares were outstanding. At March 31, 2012, Park held 517,733 treasury shares that were available for issuance under the 2005 Plan.
Note 10 – Mortgage Loans Held For Sale
Mortgage loans held for sale are carried at their fair value. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, Park had approximately $11.1 million and $11.5 million in mortgage loans held for sale. These amounts are included in loans on the consolidated condensed balance sheets and in the residential real estate loan segments in Notes 5 and 6. The contractual balance was $10.9 million and $11.4 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The gain expected upon sale was $163,000 and $182,000 at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. None of these loans are 90 days or more past due or on nonaccrual as of March 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011.
Note 11 – Investment Securities
The amortized cost and fair values of investment securities are shown in the following table. Management performs a quarterly evaluation of investment securities for any other-than-temporary impairment. For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, there were no investment securities deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired.
Investment securities at March 31, 2012, were as follows:
Management does not believe any of the unrealized losses at March 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011 represent an other-than-temporary impairment. Should the impairment of any of these securities become other-than-temporary, the cost basis of the investment will be reduced and the resulting loss recognized within net income in the period the other-than-temporary impairment is identified.
Securities with unrealized losses at March 31, 2012, were as follows:
Investment securities at December 31, 2011, were as follows:
Securities with unrealized losses at December 31, 2011, were as follows:
Park’s U.S. Government sponsored entities asset-backed securities consist primarily of 15-year residential mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations.
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of investments in debt securities at March 31, 2012, are shown in the following table by contractual maturity or the expected call date, except for asset-backed securities, which are shown as a single total, due to the unpredictability of the timing in principal repayments.
The $599.1 million of Park’s securities shown in the above table as U.S. Treasury and sponsored entities notes are callable notes. These callable securities have a final maturity in 9 to 15 years, but are shown in the table at their expected call date.
Note 12 – Other Investment Securities
Other investment securities consist of stock investments in the Federal Home Loan Bank and the Federal Reserve Bank. These restricted stock investments are carried at their redemption value.
Note 13 – Pension Plan
Park has a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan covering substantially all of its employees. The plan provides benefits based on an employee’s years of service and compensation.
Park’s funding policy is to contribute annually an amount that can be deducted for federal income tax purposes using a different actuarial cost method and different assumptions from those used for financial reporting purposes. Pension plan contributions were $15.9 million and $14.0 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
The following table shows the components of net periodic benefit expense:
As a result of the February 16, 2012 acquisition of certain Vision assets and liabilities by Centennial Bank it was necessary to re-measure the plan assets and liabilities resulting in a reduction to the unrecognized net loss account, within Accumulated Other Comprehensive (loss), of $412,000 (net of tax of $222,000).
Note 14 – Derivative Instruments
FASB ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments, including certain derivative instruments embedded in other contracts, and for hedging activities. As required by GAAP, the Company records all derivatives on the consolidated condensed balance sheet at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative and the resulting designation. Derivatives used to hedge the exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset, liability or firm commitment attributable to a particular risk, such as interest rate risk, are considered fair value hedges. Derivatives used to hedge the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges.
For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is initially reported in other comprehensive income (outside of earnings) and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the hedged transaction affects earnings, with any ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative recognized directly in earnings. The Company assesses the effectiveness of each hedging relationship by comparing the changes in cash flows of the derivative hedging instrument with the changes in cash flows of the designated hedged item or transaction.
During the first quarter of 2008, the Company executed an interest rate swap to hedge a $25 million floating-rate subordinated note that was issued by Park during the fourth quarter of 2007. The Company’s objective in using this derivative is to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate risk. Our interest rate swap involves the receipt of variable-rate amounts in exchange for fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreement without exchange of the underlying principal amount, and has been designated as a cash flow hedge.
At March 31, 2012, the interest rate swap’s fair value of $(700,000) was included in other liabilities. No hedge ineffectiveness on the cash flow hedge was recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2012. At March 31, 2012, the variable rate on the $25 million subordinated note was 2.47% (3-month LIBOR plus 200 basis points) and Park was paying 6.01% (4.01% fixed rate on the interest rate swap plus 200 basis points).
For the three months ended March 31, 2012, the change in the fair value of the interest rate swap reported in other comprehensive income was a gain of $113,000 (net of taxes of $60,000). Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income related to the interest rate swap will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt.
As of March 31, 2012, no derivatives were designated as fair value hedges or hedges of net investments in foreign operations. Additionally, the Company does not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.
As of March 31, 2012, Park had mortgage loan interest rate lock commitments outstanding of approximately $16.0 million. Park has specific forward contracts to sell each of these loans to a third-party investor. These loan commitments represent derivative instruments, which are required to be carried at fair value. The derivative instruments used are not designated as hedges under GAAP. At March 31, 2012, the fair value of the derivative instruments was approximately $169,000. The fair value of the derivative instruments is included within loans held for sale and the corresponding income is included within non-yield loan fee income. Gains and losses resulting from expected sales of mortgage loans are recognized when the respective loan contract is entered into between the borrower, Park, and the third-party investor. The fair value of Park’s mortgage interest rate lock commitments (IRLCs) is based on current secondary market pricing.
In connection with the sale of Park’s Class B Visa shares during the 2009 year, Park entered into a swap agreement with the purchaser of the shares. The swap agreement adjusts for dilution in the conversion ratio of Class B Visa shares resulting from certain Visa litigation. At March 31, 2012, the fair value of the swap liability of $135,000 is an estimate of the exposure based upon probability-weighted potential Visa litigation losses.
Note 15 – Loan Servicing
Park serviced sold mortgage loans of $1.30 billion at March 31, 2012, compared to $1.35 billion at December 31, 2011 and $1.44 billion at March 31, 2011. At March 31, 2012, $22.6 million of the sold mortgage loans were sold with recourse compared to $34.1 million at March 31, 2011. Management closely monitors the delinquency rates on the mortgage loans sold with recourse. At March 31, 2012, management determined that no liability was deemed necessary for these loans.
When Park sells mortgage loans with servicing rights retained, servicing rights are initially recorded at fair value. Park selected the “amortization method” as permissible within GAAP, whereby the servicing rights capitalized are amortized in proportion to and over the period of estimated future servicing income of the underlying loan. At the end of each reporting period, the carrying value of mortgage servicing rights (“MSRs”) is assessed for impairment with a comparison to fair value. MSRs are carried at the lower of their amortized cost or fair value.
Activity for MSRs and the related valuation allowance follows:
Servicing fees included in other service income were $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, servicing fees included in other service income were $1.4 million.
Note 16 – Fair Value
The fair value hierarchy requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of inputs that Park uses to measure fair value are as follows:
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability between market participants at the balance sheet date. When possible, the Company looks to active and observable markets to price identical assets or liabilities. When identical assets and liabilities are not traded in active markets, the Company looks to observable market data for similar assets and liabilities. However, certain assets and liabilities are not traded in observable markets and Park must use other valuation methods to develop a fair value. The fair value of impaired loans is typically based on the fair value of the underlying collateral, which is estimated through third-party appraisals or internal estimates of collateral values.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis:
The following table presents assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during 2012 or 2011. Management’s policy is to transfer assets or liabilities from one level to another when the methodology to obtain the fair value changes such that there are more or fewer unobservable inputs.
The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company in determining fair value of the financial assets and liabilities discussed above:
Investment securities: Fair values for investment securities are based on quoted market prices, where available. If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on quoted market prices of comparable instruments. The Fair Value Measurements tables exclude Park’s Federal Home Loan Bank stock and Federal Reserve Bank stock. These assets are carried at their respective redemption values, as it is not practicable to calculate their fair values. For securities where quoted prices or market prices of similar securities are not available, which include municipal securities, fair values are calculated using discounted cash flows.
Interest rate swap: The fair value of the interest rate swap represents the estimated amount Park would pay or receive to terminate the agreement, considering current interest rates and the current creditworthiness of the counterparty.
Fair value swap: The fair value of the swap agreement entered into with the purchaser of the Visa Class B shares represents an internally developed estimate of the exposure based upon probability-weighted potential Visa litigation losses.
Mortgage Interest Rate Lock Commitments (IRLCs): IRLCs are based on current secondary market pricing and are classified as Level 2.
Mortgage loans held for sale: Mortgage loans held for sale are carried at their fair value. Mortgage loans held for sale are estimated using security prices for similar product types and, therefore, are classified in Level 2.
The table below is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of the Level 3 inputs for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, for financial instruments measured on a recurring basis and classified as Level 3:
Level 3 Fair Value Measurements
Three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:
The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company in determining the fair value of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis described below:
Impaired Loans: At the time a loan is considered impaired, it is valued at the lower of cost or fair value. Impaired loans carried at fair value have been partially charged-off or receive specific allocations of the allowance for loan losses. For collateral dependent loans, fair value is commonly based on real estate appraisals. These appraisals may utilize a single valuation approach or a combination of approaches including comparable sales and the income approach. Adjustments are routinely made in the appraisal process by the independent appraisers to adjust for differences between the comparable sales and income data available. Such adjustments result in a Level 3 classification of the inputs for determining fair value. Non-real estate collateral may be valued using, (1) an appraisal, (2) net book value per the borrower’s financial statements, or (3) aging reports. Collateral is then adjusted or discounted based on management’s historical knowledge, changes in market conditions from the time of the valuation, and management’s expertise and knowledge of the client and client’s business, resulting in a Level 3 fair value classification. Impaired loans are evaluated on a quarterly basis for additional impairment and adjusted accordingly. Additionally, updated valuations are obtained annually for all impaired loans in accordance with Company policy.
Other Real Estate Owned (OREO): Assets acquired through or in lieu of loan foreclosure are initially recorded at fair value less costs to sell when acquired. The carrying value of OREO is not re-measured to fair value on a recurring basis, but is subject to fair value adjustments when the carrying value exceeds the fair value, less estimated selling costs. Fair value is based on recent real estate appraisals and is updated at least annually. These appraisals may utilize a single valuation approach or a combination of approaches including the comparable sales approach and the income approach. Adjustments are routinely made in the appraisal process by the independent appraisers to adjust for differences between the comparable sales and income data available. Such adjustments result in a Level 3 classification of the inputs for determining fair value.
Appraisals for both collateral dependent impaired loans and other real estate owned are performed by licensed appraisers. Appraisals are generally obtained to support the fair value of collateral. In general, there are two types of appraisals, real estate appraisals and lot development loan appraisals, received by the Company. These are discussed below:
MSRs: MSRs are carried at the lower of cost or fair value. MSRs do not trade in active, open markets with readily observable prices. For example, sales of MSRs do occur, but precise terms and conditions typically are not readily available. As such, management, with the assistance of a third-party specialist, determines fair value based on the discounted value of the future cash flows estimated to be received. Significant inputs include the discount rate and assumed prepayment speeds utilized. The calculated fair value is then compared to market values where possible to ascertain the reasonableness of the valuation in relation to current market expectations for similar products. Accordingly, MSRs are classified as Level 2.
The following table presents assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:
Impaired loans had a book value of $179.3 million at March 31, 2012, after partial charge-offs of $108.3 million. In addition, these loans had a specific valuation allowance of $9.5 million. Of the $179.3 million impaired loan portfolio, loans with a book value of $92.8 million were carried at their fair value of $83.3 million, as a result of the aforementioned charge-offs and specific valuation allowance. The remaining $86.5 million of impaired loans were carried at cost, as the fair value of the underlying collateral or present value of expected future cash flows on each of these loans exceeded the book value for each individual credit. At December 31, 2011, impaired loans had a book value of $187.1 million. Of these, $87.8 million were carried at fair value, as a result of partial charge-offs of $103.8 million and a specific valuation allowance of $15.9 million. The remaining $83.4 million of impaired loans at December 31, 2011 were carried at cost.
MSRs, which are carried at the lower of cost or fair value, were recorded at $9.0 million at March 31, 2012. Of the $9.0 million MSR carrying balance at March 31, 2012, $7.1 million was recorded at fair value and included a valuation allowance of $1.0 million. The remaining $1.9 million was recorded at cost, as the fair value exceeded cost at March 31, 2012. At December 31, 2011, MSRs were recorded at $9.3 million, including a valuation allowance of $1.0 million.
At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the estimated fair value of OREO, less estimated selling costs, amounted to $42.0 million and $42.3 million, respectively. The financial impact of OREO devaluation adjustments for the three month period ended March 31, 2012 was $1.4 million.
The following methods and assumptions were used by the Corporation in estimating its fair value disclosures for assets and liabilities not discussed above:
Cash and cash equivalents: The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated condensed balance sheets for cash and short-term instruments approximate those assets’ fair values.
Loans receivable: For variable-rate loans that reprice frequently and with no significant change in credit risk, fair values are based on carrying values. The fair values for certain mortgage loans (e.g., one-to-four family residential) are based on quoted market prices of similar loans sold in conjunction with securitization transactions, adjusted for differences in loan characteristics. The fair values for other loans are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses, using interest rates currently being offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers of similar credit quality.
Off-balance sheet instruments: Fair values for the Corporation’s loan commitments and standby letters of credit are based on the fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the counterparties’ credit standing. The carrying amount and fair value are not material.
Deposit liabilities: The fair values disclosed for demand deposits (e.g., interest and non-interest checking, savings, and money market accounts) are, by definition, equal to the amount payable on demand at the reporting date (i.e., their carrying amounts). The carrying amounts for variable-rate, fixed-term certificates of deposit approximate their fair values at the reporting date. Fair values for fixed rate certificates of deposit are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies interest rates currently being offered on certificates to a schedule of aggregated expected monthly maturities of time deposits.
Short-term borrowings: The carrying amounts of federal funds purchased, borrowings under repurchase agreements and other short-term borrowings approximate their fair values.
Long-term debt: Fair values for long-term debt are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies interest rates currently being offered on long-term debt to a schedule of monthly maturities.
Subordinated debentures and notes: Fair values for subordinated debentures and notes are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies interest rate spreads currently being offered on similar debt structures to a schedule of monthly maturities.
The fair value of financial instruments at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, was as follows:
Note 17 – Participation in the U.S. Treasury Capital Purchase Program (CPP)
On December 23, 2008, Park issued $100 million of cumulative perpetual preferred shares, with a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share (the “Senior Preferred Shares”). The Senior Preferred Shares constituted Tier 1 capital and ranked senior to Park’s common shares. The Senior Preferred Shares were to pay cumulative dividends at a rate of 5% per annum through February 14, 2014 and reset to a rate of 9% per annum thereafter. For the three month period ended March 31, 2012, Park recognized a charge to retained earnings of $1.5 million representing the preferred stock dividend and accretion of the discount on the preferred stock, associated with Park’s participation in the CPP.
As part of its participation in the CPP, Park also issued a warrant to the U.S. Treasury to purchase 227,376 common shares (the “Warrant”), which was equal to 15% of the aggregate amount of the Senior Preferred Shares purchased by the U.S. Treasury, having an exercise price of $65.97. The initial exercise price for the Warrant and the market price for determining the number of common shares subject to the Warrant were determined by reference to the market price of the common shares on the date the Company’s application for participation in the CPP was approved by the U.S. Department of the Treasury (calculated on a 20-day trailing average). The Warrant has a term of 10 years.
As a participant in the CPP, the Company was required to adopt certain standards for compensation and corporate governance, established under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the “ARRA”), which amended and replaced the executive compensation provisions of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (“EESA”) in their entirety, and the Interim Final Rule promulgated by the Secretary of the U.S. Treasury under 31 C.F.R. Part 30 (collectively, the “Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) Compensation Standards”). In addition, Park’s ability to declare or pay dividends on or repurchase its common shares was partially restricted until December 23, 2011 as a result of its participation in the CPP. Please refer to Note 20 – Subsequent Events, which discusses the Company’s repurchase of the Senior Preferred Shares and of the Warrant.
Note 18 – Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Other comprehensive income (loss) components and related tax effect are shown in the following table for the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:
The ending balance of each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) was as follows:
Note 19 — Sale of Common Shares and Issuance of Common Stock Warrants
There were no sales of common shares or issuance of common stock warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2012 or March 31, 2011. Outstanding as of March 31, 2011 were 35,992 Series A Common Share Warrants and 35,992 Series B Common Share Warrants which were issued as part of the registered direct public offering completed on December 10, 2010. The Series A and Series B Common Share Warrants had an exercise price of $76.41. The Series A Common Share Warrants were not exercised and expired on June 10, 2011. The Series B Common Share Warrants were not exercised and expired on December 20, 2011.
Note 20 - Subsequent Events
In connection with the application submitted by Park to the U.S. Treasury for approval to repurchase from the U.S. Treasury the 100,000 Series A Preferred Shares, Park provided a proposed capital plan which included the issuance of an aggregate principal amount of $30 million of subordinated notes, which are intended to qualify as “Tier 2 Capital” under applicable rules and regulations of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve Board”).
On April 20, 2012, Park entered into a Note Purchase Agreement, dated April 20, 2012 (the “Purchase Agreement”), with 56 purchasers (each, a “Purchaser” and collectively, the “Purchasers”). Each Purchaser represented that such Purchaser qualified as an “accredited investor” within the meaning of Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers purchased from Park an aggregate principal amount of $30,000,000 of 7% Subordinated Notes due April 20, 2022 (individually, a “Note” and collectively, the “Notes”). The Notes are intended to qualify as Tier 2 Capital under applicable rules and regulations of the Federal Reserve Board. Each Note was purchased at a purchase price of 100% of the principal amount thereof.
On April 19, 2012, Park received the approval from the U.S. Treasury to repurchase the 100,000 Series A Preferred Shares, which were issued by Park to the U.S. Treasury on December 23, 2008 as part of the CPP. On April 25, 2012, Park entered into a Letter Agreement with the U.S. Treasury pursuant to which Park repurchased the 100,000 Series A Preferred Shares for a purchase price of $100 million plus a pro rata accrued and unpaid dividend. Total consideration of $100,972,222 included accrued and unpaid dividends of $972,222. In addition to the accrued and unpaid dividends of $972,222, the charge to retained earnings, resulting from the repurchase of the Series A Preferred Shares, was $1.6 million on April 25, 2012.
On May 2, 2012, Park entered into a Letter Agreement pursuant to which Park repurchased from the U.S. Treasury the Warrant to purchase 227,376 Park common shares (the “Warrant Repurchase Letter Agreement”) for consideration of $2,842,400, or $12.50 per Park common share.
ITEM 2 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) contains forward-looking statements that are provided to assist in the understanding of anticipated future financial performance. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations or forecasts of future events and are not guarantees of future performance. We have tried, whenever possible, to identify such statements by using words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” and similar expressions in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. The forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. Although management believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially include, without limitation: deterioration in the asset value of Park's loan portfolio may be worse than expected due to a number of factors, such as adverse changes in economic conditions that impair the ability of borrowers to repay their loans, the underlying value of the collateral could prove less valuable than assumed and cash flows may be worse than expected; Park's ability to sell OREO properties at prices as favorable as anticipated; Park's ability to execute its business plan successfully and within the expected timeframe; general economic and financial market conditions, and weakening in the economy, specifically the real estate market and the credit market, either nationally or in the states in which Park and its subsidiaries do business, may be worse than expected which could decrease the demand for loan, deposit and other financial services and increase loan delinquencies and defaults; changes in interest rates and prices may adversely impact the value of securities, loans, deposits and other financial instruments and the interest rate sensitivity of our consolidated balance sheet; changes in consumer spending, borrowing and saving habits; changes in unemployment; asset/liability repricing risks and liquidity risks; our liquidity requirements could be adversely affected by changes in our assets and liabilities; competitive factors among financial service organizations increase significantly, including product and pricing pressures and our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified bank professionals; the nature, timing and effect of changes in banking regulations or other regulatory or legislative requirements affecting the respective businesses of Park and its subsidiaries, including changes in laws and regulations concerning taxes, accounting, banking, securities and other aspects of the financial services industry, specifically the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), as well as future regulations which will be adopted by the relevant regulatory agencies, including the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, to implement the Dodd-Frank Act’s provisions; the effect of changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the SEC, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and other regulatory agencies, and the accuracy of our assumptions and estimates used to prepare our financial statements; the effect of fiscal and governmental policies of the United States federal government; the adequacy of our risk management program; a failure in or breach of our operational or security systems or infrastructure, or those of our third-party vendors and other service providers, including as a result of cyber attacks; demand for loans in the respective market areas served by Park and its subsidiaries; and other risk factors relating to the banking industry as detailed from time to time in Park’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) including those described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of Part I of Park’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011. Undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Park does not undertake, and specifically disclaims any obligation, to publicly release the result of any revisions that may be made to update any forward-looking statement to reflect the events or circumstances after the date on which the forward-looking statement is made, or reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except to the extent required by law.
Critical Accounting Policies
Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Park’s 2011 Annual Report to Shareholders (“2011 Annual Report”) lists significant accounting policies used in the development and presentation of Park’s consolidated financial statements. The accounting and reporting policies of Park conform with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and general practices within the financial services industry. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Park believes the determination of the allowance for loan losses involves a higher degree of judgment and complexity than its other significant accounting policies. The allowance for loan losses is calculated with the objective of maintaining a reserve level believed by management to be sufficient to absorb probable incurred credit losses in the loan portfolio. Management’s determination of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is based on periodic evaluations of the loan portfolio and of current economic conditions. However, this evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates, including expected default probabilities, the loss given default, the amounts and timing of expected future cash flows on impaired loans, and estimated losses on consumer loans and residential mortgage loans based on historical loss experience and current economic conditions. All of these factors may be susceptible to significant change. To the extent that actual results differ from management estimates, additional loan loss provisions may be required that would adversely impact earnings in future periods. (Refer to the “Provision for Loan Losses” section within this MD&A for additional discussion.)
Other real estate owned (“OREO”), property acquired through foreclosure, is recorded at estimated fair value less anticipated selling costs (net realizable value). If the net realizable value is below the carrying value of the loan on the date of transfer, the difference is charged to the allowance for loan losses. Subsequent declines in value, OREO devaluations, are reported as adjustments to the carrying amount of OREO and are expensed within other income. Gains or losses not previously recognized, resulting from the sale of OREO, are recognized in other income on the date of sale. At March 31, 2012, OREO totaled $42.0 million, representing a 0.7% decrease compared to $42.3 million at December 31, 2011. The $300,000 net decrease in OREO during the first three months of 2012 was a result of $5.0 million in new OREO offset by sales of $3.9 million and devaluations of $1.4 million.
U.S. GAAP requires management to establish a fair value hierarchy, which has the objective of maximizing the use of observable market inputs. U.S. GAAP also requires enhanced disclosures regarding the inputs used to calculate fair value. These are classified as Level 1, 2, and 3. Level 3 inputs are those with significant unobservable inputs that reflect a company’s own assumptions about the market for a particular instrument. Some of these inputs could be based on internal models and cash flow analyses. At March 31, 2012, the fair value of assets based on Level 3 inputs for Park was approximately $126.0 million. This was 11.0% of the total amount of assets measured at fair value as of the end of the first quarter. The fair value of impaired loans was approximately $83.3 million (or 66.1%) of the total amount of Level 3 inputs. Additionally, there were $86.5 million of loans that were impaired and carried at cost, as fair value exceeded book value for each individual credit. The large majority of Park’s Level 2 inputs consist of available-for-sale (“AFS”) securities. The fair value of these AFS securities is obtained largely through the use of matrix pricing, which is a mathematical technique widely used in the financial services industry to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted market prices for the specific securities but rather by relying on the securities’ relationship to other benchmark quoted securities.
Management believes that the accounting for goodwill and other intangible assets also involves a higher degree of judgment than most other significant accounting policies. U.S. GAAP establishes standards for the amortization of acquired intangible assets and the impairment assessment of goodwill. Goodwill arising from business combinations represents the value attributable to unidentifiable intangible assets in the business acquired. Park’s goodwill relates to the value inherent in the banking industry and that value is dependent upon the ability of Park’s Ohio-based banking subsidiary, The Park National Bank (“PNB”) to provide quality, cost-effective banking services in a competitive marketplace. The goodwill value is supported by revenue that is in part driven by the volume of business transacted. A decrease in earnings resulting from a decline in the customer base, the inability to deliver cost-effective services over sustained periods or significant credit problems can lead to impairment of goodwill that could adversely impact earnings in future periods. U.S. GAAP requires an annual evaluation of goodwill for impairment, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. Park’s most recent evaluation was completed during the second quarter of 2011 and resulted in no impairment of goodwill. The fair value of the goodwill, which resides on the books of PNB, is estimated by reviewing the past and projected operating results for PNB, deposit and loan totals for PNB and banking industry comparable information. At March 31, 2012, on a consolidated basis, Park had core deposit intangibles of $755,000 subject to amortization and $72.3 million of goodwill, which was not subject to periodic amortization. Please see Note 4 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets of the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information on intangible assets.