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People's United Financial 10-Q 2009

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32
  5. Ex-32
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009

Commission File Number 001-33326

 

 

PEOPLE’S UNITED FINANCIAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   20-8447891

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

850 Main Street, Bridgeport, Connecticut   06604
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(203) 338-7171

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of April 30, 2009, there were 348,289,136 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 

         Page
Part I – Financial Information   

Item 1.

  Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
 

Consolidated Statements of Condition at
March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

   1
 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three Months
Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   2
 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   3
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the
Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   4
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   5

Item 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    24

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    64

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures    64
Part II – Other Information   

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings    65

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors    65

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds    65

Item 3.

  Defaults Upon Senior Securities    65

Item 4.

  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    65

Item 5.

  Other Information    65

Item 6.

  Exhibits    65

Signatures

     66


Table of Contents

Item 1 - Financial Statements

People’s United Financial, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Condition - (Unaudited)

 

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

Assets

    

Cash and due from banks

   $ 311.2     $ 345.1  

Short-term investments (note 3)

     2,755.7       1,138.8  
                

Total cash and cash equivalents

     3,066.9       1,483.9  
                

Securities (note 3):

    

Trading account securities, at fair value

     16.3       21.4  

Securities available for sale, at fair value

     757.5       1,848.3  

Securities held to maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $0.8 million and $0.9 million)

     0.8       0.9  

Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost

     31.1       31.1  
                

Total securities

     805.7       1,901.7  
                

Loans (note 4):

    

Commercial real estate

     5,086.7       4,967.3  

Commercial

     4,239.2       4,226.4  

Residential mortgage

     3,060.9       3,144.6  

Consumer

     2,261.0       2,227.4  
                

Total loans

     14,647.8       14,565.7  

Less allowance for loan losses

     (159.0 )     (157.5 )
                

Total loans, net

     14,488.8       14,408.2  
                

Goodwill (note 7)

     1,261.7       1,261.7  

Other acquisition-related intangibles (note 7)

     268.9       274.1  

Premises and equipment

     260.4       262.4  

Bank-owned life insurance

     230.3       228.6  

Other assets (note 11)

     298.4       347.1  
                

Total assets

   $ 20,681.1     $ 20,167.7  
                

Liabilities

    

Deposits:

    

Non-interest-bearing

   $ 3,238.0     $ 3,173.4  

Savings, interest-bearing checking and money market

     6,553.0       6,214.7  

Time

     5,054.7       4,881.3  
                

Total deposits

     14,845.7       14,269.4  
                

Borrowings:

    

Repurchase agreements

     170.5       156.7  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     14.8       15.1  

Other

     —         16.1  
                

Total borrowings

     185.3       187.9  
                

Subordinated notes

     180.8       180.5  

Other liabilities

     308.9       354.4  
                

Total liabilities

     15,520.7       14,992.2  
                

Stockholders’ Equity

    

Common stock ($0.01 par value; 1.95 billion shares authorized;
348.3 million shares and 347.9 million shares issued)

     3.5       3.5  

Additional paid-in capital

     4,493.9       4,485.1  

Retained earnings

     998.8       1,022.6  

Treasury stock, at cost (3.3 million shares and 3.2 million shares)

     (60.5 )     (57.9 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss (note 5)

     (74.7 )     (75.4 )

Unallocated common stock of Employee Stock Ownership Plan (note 1)
(9.7 million shares and 9.8 million shares)

     (200.6 )     (202.4 )
                

Total stockholders’ equity

     5,160.4       5,175.5  
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 20,681.1     $ 20,167.7  
                

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

People’s United Financial, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Income - (Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions, except per share data)

   March 31,
2009
   March 31,
2008

Interest and dividend income:

     

Commercial real estate

   $ 68.7    $ 78.0

Commercial

     50.9      60.8

Residential mortgage

     40.7      52.9

Consumer

     23.9      31.1
             

Total interest on loans

     184.2      222.8

Securities

     9.3      10.1

Short-term investments

     1.7      18.9

Securities purchased under agreements to resell

     —        3.1
             

Total interest and dividend income

     195.2      254.9
             

Interest expense:

     

Deposits

     48.2      83.7

Borrowings

     0.4      1.1

Subordinated notes

     3.8      3.8
             

Total interest expense

     52.4      88.6
             

Net interest income

     142.8      166.3

Provision for loan losses (note 2)

     7.9      8.3
             

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     134.9      158.0
             

Non-interest income:

     

Investment management fees

     7.5      8.8

Insurance revenue

     8.3      9.1

Brokerage commissions

     3.3      4.5
             

Total wealth management income

     19.1      22.4

Bank service charges

     30.4      30.7

Merchant services income

     5.8      6.4

Net security gains (note 3)

     5.4      8.5

Net gains on sales of residential mortgage loans

     1.9      2.0

Bank-owned life insurance

     1.6      3.0

Other non-interest income

     8.0      9.3
             

Total non-interest income

     72.2      82.3
             

Non-interest expense:

     

Compensation and benefits

     88.7      89.1

Occupancy and equipment

     28.0      31.6

Professional and outside service fees

     10.7      11.5

Merchant services expense

     4.9      5.6

Merger-related expenses (note 2)

     —        36.5

Other non-interest expense (note 7)

     35.3      44.9
             

Total non-interest expense

     167.6      219.2
             

Income before income tax expense

     39.5      21.1

Income tax expense

     12.8      6.0
             

Net income

   $ 26.7    $ 15.1
             

Earnings per common share (note 6):

     

Basic

   $ 0.08    $ 0.05

Diluted

     0.08      0.05
             

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

People’s United Financial, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity - (Unaudited)

 

For the three months

ended March 31, 2009

(in millions, except per share data)

  Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid-In
Capital
   Retained
Earnings
    Treasury
Stock
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Unallocated
ESOP
Common
Stock
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 

Balance at December 31, 2008

  $ 3.5    $ 4,485.1    $ 1,022.6     $ (57.9 )   $ (75.4 )   $ (202.4 )   $ 5,175.5  

Comprehensive income:

               

Net income

    —        —        26.7       —         —         —         26.7  

Other comprehensive income, net of tax (note 5)

    —        —        —         —         0.7       —         0.7  
                     

Total comprehensive income

                  27.4  
                     

Cash dividends on common stock ($0.15 per share)

    —        —        (50.2 )     —         —         —         (50.2 )

Restricted stock awards

    —        6.9      —         (2.6 )     —         —         4.3  

ESOP common stock committed to be released (note 1)

    —        —        (0.3 )     —         —         1.8       1.5  

Stock options and related tax benefits

    —        1.9      —         —         —         —         1.9  
                                                     

Balance at March 31, 2009

  $ 3.5    $ 4,493.9    $ 998.8     $ (60.5 )   $ (74.7 )   $ (200.6 )   $ 5,160.4  
                                                     

For the three months

ended March 31, 2008

(in millions, except per share data)

  Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid-In
Capital
   Retained
Earnings
    Treasury
Stock
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Unallocated
ESOP
Common
Stock
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 

Balance at December 31, 2007

  $ 3.0    $ 3,642.8    $ 1,079.6     $ (51.8 )   $ (18.6 )   $ (209.6 )   $ 4,445.4  

Comprehensive income:

               

Net income

    —        —        15.1       —         —         —         15.1  

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

    —        —        —         —         15.6       —         15.6  
                     

Total comprehensive income

                  30.7  
                     

Common stock issued in the Chittenden Corporation acquisition, net of issuance costs (note 2)

    0.5      769.7      —         —         —         —         770.2  

Cash dividends on common stock ($0.13 per share)

    —        —        (44.3 )     —         —         —         (44.3 )

Restricted stock awards

    —        17.1      (0.8 )     (6.4 )     —         —         9.9  

ESOP common stock committed to be released (note 1)

    —        —        (0.3 )     —         —         1.8       1.5  

Stock options and related tax benefits

    —        6.5      —         —         —         —         6.5  

SFAS No. 158 effect of changing pension plan measurement date, net of tax (note 1)

    —        —        (0.3 )     —         (1.0 )     —         (1.3 )
                                                     

Balance at March 31, 2008

  $ 3.5    $ 4,436.1    $ 1,049.0     $ (58.2 )   $ (4.0 )   $ (207.8 )   $ 5,218.6  
                                                     

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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People’s United Financial, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - (Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended  

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    March 31,
2008
 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

    

Net income

   $ 26.7     $ 15.1  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Provision for loan losses

     7.9       8.3  

Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment

     7.6       8.1  

Impairment loss on premises and equipment

     —         19.3  

Amortization of leased equipment

     2.9       1.9  

Amortization of other acquisition-related intangibles

     5.2       5.2  

Net security gains

     (5.4 )     (8.5 )

Net gains on sales of residential mortgage loans

     (1.9 )     (2.0 )

ESOP common stock committed to be released

     1.5       1.5  

Expense related to share-based awards

     6.0       5.3  

Originations of loans held-for-sale

     (223.6 )     (190.4 )

Proceeds from sales of loans held-for-sale

     156.7       171.1  

Net decrease (increase) in trading account securities

     5.1       (6.2 )

Net changes in other assets and liabilities

     39.2       24.7  
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     27.9       53.4  
                

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

    

Net decrease in securities purchased under agreements to resell

     —         58.0  

Proceeds from sales of securities available for sale

     —         635.5  

Proceeds from sales of other securities

     5.6       6.9  

Proceeds from principal repayments of securities available for sale

     1,482.2       370.9  

Proceeds from principal repayments of securities held to maturity

     0.1       —    

Purchases of securities available for sale

     (414.0 )     (987.3 )

Proceeds from sales of loans

     2.7       12.2  

Net loan principal (disbursements) collections

     (30.7 )     132.9  

Return of premium on bank-owned life insurance

     —         0.2  

Purchases of premises and equipment

     (6.0 )     (7.8 )

Purchases of leased equipment

     (10.2 )     (2.1 )

Net cash paid in sale of branches

     (8.9 )     —    

Proceeds from sales of real estate owned

     0.9       1.5  

Cash paid, net of cash acquired, in acquisition of Chittenden Corporation

     —         (762.8 )
                

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     1,021.7       (541.9 )
                

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

    

Net increase in deposits

     586.1       49.6  

Net (decrease) increase in borrowings with terms of three months or less

     (2.3 )     7.2  

Repayments of borrowings with terms of more than three months

     (0.3 )     (2.5 )

Cash dividends paid on common stock

     (50.2 )     (44.3 )

Proceeds from stock options exercised, including excess income tax benefits

     0.1       2.3  
                

Net cash provided by financing activities

     533.4       12.3  
                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     1,583.0       (476.2 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     1,483.9       3,384.2  
                

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 3,066.9     $ 2,908.0  
                

Supplemental Information:

    

Interest payments

   $ 55.4     $ 83.1  

Income tax payments

     1.2       0.6  

Real estate properties acquired by foreclosure

     4.9       0.5  
                

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

PEOPLE’S UNITED FINANCIAL, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Unaudited)

NOTE 1. GENERAL

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of People’s United Financial, Inc. (“People’s United Financial”) have been prepared to reflect all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations as of the dates and for the periods shown. All significant intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.

In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from management’s current estimates, as a result of changing conditions and future events. The current economic environment has increased the degree of uncertainty inherent in these significant estimates.

Note 1 to People’s United Financial’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, as supplemented by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2009, provides disclosure of People’s United Financial’s significant accounting policies. Several accounting estimates are particularly critical and are susceptible to significant near-term change, including the allowance for loan losses, the valuation of derivative financial instruments, and asset impairment judgments, such as other-than-temporary declines in the value of securities and the recoverability of goodwill and other intangible assets. These significant accounting policies and critical estimates are reviewed with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The judgments used by management in applying these critical accounting policies may be affected by a further and prolonged deterioration in the economic environment, which may result in changes to future financial results. For example, subsequent evaluations of the loan portfolio, in light of the factors then prevailing, may result in significant changes in the allowance for loan losses in future periods, and the inability to collect outstanding principal may result in increased loan losses.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted or condensed. As a result, these statements should be read in conjunction with People’s United Financial’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that may be expected for the entire year or any other interim period.

 

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Bank-Owned Life Insurance

Bank-owned life insurance (“BOLI”) represents the cash surrender value of life insurance policies purchased on the lives of certain management-level employees. BOLI funds are invested in separate accounts and are supported by a stable wrap agreement to fully insulate the underlying investments against changes in fair value. Increases in the cash surrender value of these policies and death benefits in excess of the related invested premiums are included in non-interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Income. The company’s BOLI policies have been underwritten by highly-rated third party insurance carriers and the investments underlying these policies are deemed to be of low-to-moderate market risk.

Employee Benefit Plans

People’s United Financial Employee Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans

People’s United Financial maintains a qualified noncontributory defined benefit pension plan that covers substantially all full-time and part-time employees who meet certain age and length of service requirements and who were employed by People’s United Bank prior to August 14, 2006. Benefits are based upon the employee’s years of credited service and either the average compensation for the last five years or the average compensation for the five consecutive years of the last ten years that produce the highest average.

New employees of People’s United Bank starting on or after August 14, 2006 are not eligible to participate in the defined benefit pension plan. Instead, People’s United Financial makes contributions on behalf of these employees to a qualified defined contribution plan in an annual amount equal to 3% of the covered employee’s eligible compensation. Employee participation in this plan is restricted to employees who are at least 21 years of age and worked at least 1,000 hours in a year. Both full-time and part-time employees are eligible to participate as long as they meet these requirements.

In addition, People’s United Financial maintains (i) unfunded, nonqualified supplemental plans to provide retirement benefits to certain senior officers and (ii) an unfunded plan that provides retirees with optional medical, dental and life insurance benefits (“other postretirement benefits”). People’s United Financial accrues the cost of these postretirement benefits over the employees’ years of service to the date of their eligibility for such benefits. People’s United Financial’s funding policy is to contribute the amounts required by applicable regulations, although additional amounts may be contributed from time to time.

 

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On January 1, 2008, People’s United Financial adopted the measurement date transition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans.” In doing so, People’s United Financial performed a measurement of plan assets and benefit obligations as of January 1, 2008 and recorded the net periodic benefit cost for the period between the measurement date used for purposes of 2007 year-end reporting (September 30, 2007) and December 31, 2007 as an adjustment, net of tax, to the opening balance of retained earnings as of January 1, 2008. Other changes in the fair value of plan assets and the benefit obligations for the period between September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007 were recognized, net of tax, as a separate adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated other comprehensive loss as of January 1, 2008. Application of the transition provisions of SFAS No. 158 on January 1, 2008 resulted in People’s United Financial recording a pre-tax reduction in retained earnings of $0.4 million ($0.3 million net of tax) and a pre-tax increase in accumulated other comprehensive loss of $1.6 million ($1.0 million net of tax).

Components of the net periodic benefit expense (income) for the plans described above are as follows:

 

For the three months ended March 31    Pension
Benefits
    Other
Postretirement
Benefits
 

(in millions)

   2009     2008     2009     2008  

Service cost

   $ 2.3     $ 2.0     $ —       $ —    

Interest cost

     4.0       3.7       0.2       0.2  

Expected return on plan assets

     (6.2 )     (6.1 )     —         —    

Amortization of unrecognized net transition obligation

     —         —         0.1       0.1  

Recognized net actuarial loss

     1.4       0.4       —         —    

Recognized prior service cost

     —         (0.1 )     (0.1 )     (0.1 )
                                

Net periodic benefit expense (income)

   $ 1.5     $ (0.1 )   $ 0.2     $ 0.2  
                                

Chittenden Pension Plan

In addition to the plans described above, People’s United Financial continues to maintain a fully-funded qualified defined benefit pension plan that covers former Chittenden employees who meet certain eligibility requirements. Effective December 31, 2005, benefits accrued under this defined benefit plan were frozen based on participants’ then current service and pay levels. Net periodic benefit income for this plan totaled $0.3 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008.

 

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Employee Stock Ownership Plan

In April 2007, People’s United Financial established an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (the “ESOP”). At that time, People’s United Financial loaned the ESOP $216.8 million to purchase 10,453,575 shares of People’s United Financial common stock in the open market. In order for the ESOP to repay the loan, People’s United Financial expects to make annual cash contributions of approximately $18.8 million until 2036. Such cash contributions may be reduced by the cash dividends paid on unallocated ESOP shares. At March 31, 2009, the loan balance totaled $208.1 million.

Shares of People’s United Financial common stock are held by the ESOP and allocated to eligible participants annually based upon a percentage of each participant’s eligible compensation. Since the ESOP was established, 784,019 shares of People’s United Financial common stock have been allocated or committed to be released to participants’ accounts. At March 31, 2009, a total of 9,669,556 shares of People’s United Financial common stock, with a fair value of $173.8 million, have not been allocated or committed to be released.

Compensation expense related to the ESOP is recognized at an amount equal to the number of common shares committed to be released by the ESOP for allocation to participants’ accounts multiplied by the average fair value of People’s United Financial’s common stock during the reporting period. The difference between the fair value of the shares of People’s United Financial’s common stock committed to be released and the cost of those common shares is recorded as an adjustment to either additional paid-in capital or retained earnings. Expense recognized for the ESOP totaled $1.5 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008.

NOTE 2. ACQUISITION OF CHITTENDEN CORPORATION

 

On January 1, 2008, People’s United Financial completed its acquisition of Chittenden Corporation (“Chittenden”), a multi-bank holding company headquartered in Burlington, Vermont. Total consideration paid in the Chittenden acquisition of $1.8 billion consisted of approximately $1.0 billion in cash and 44.3 million shares of People’s United Financial common stock with a fair value of approximately $0.8 billion. Cash consideration was paid at the rate of $35.636 per share of Chittenden common stock and stock consideration was paid at the rate of 2.0457 shares of People’s United Financial common stock per share of Chittenden common stock. The acquisition was accounted for as a purchase and accordingly, Chittenden’s assets and liabilities were recorded by People’s United Financial at their estimated fair values as of January 1, 2008. Goodwill resulting from the Chittenden acquisition totaled $1.16 billion and other acquisition-related intangible assets recorded in connection with the Chittenden acquisition totaled $292.9 million at January 1, 2008 (see Note 7).

 

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Merger-related expenses totaling $41.0 million were recorded in the first quarter of 2008. Included in this amount was a $4.5 million charge to the provision for loan losses to align allowance for loan losses methodologies across the combined organization. In addition, non-interest expense included $36.5 million of merger-related charges, including asset impairment charges ($19.3 million), costs relating to severance and branch closings ($10.5 million), and other accrued liabilities ($6.7 million).

NOTE 3. SECURITIES AND SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS

 

The amortized cost and fair value of People’s United Financial’s securities are as follows:

 

     March 31, 2009    December 31, 2008

(in millions)

   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value

Trading account securities

   $ 16.3    $ 16.3    $ 21.4    $ 21.4
                           

Securities available for sale:

           

Debt securities:

           

U.S. Treasury, agency and government-sponsored enterprise (“GSE”)

     27.0      27.1      1,469.2      1,472.1

U.S. agency and GSE mortgage-backed securities

     720.9      729.6      373.2      375.4

State and municipal

     0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3
                           

Total debt securities

     748.2      757.0      1,842.7      1,847.8

Equity securities

     0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5
                           

Total securities available for sale

     748.7      757.5      1,843.2      1,848.3
                           

Securities held to maturity

     0.8      0.8      0.9      0.9

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     31.1      31.1      31.1      31.1
                           

Total securities

   $ 796.9    $ 805.7    $ 1,896.6    $ 1,901.7
                           

In the first quarter of 2008, People’s United Financial recorded a gain of $5.6 million (included in net security gains in the Consolidated Statements of Income) resulting from the mandatory redemption of a portion of its Class B Visa, Inc. shares as part of Visa’s initial public offering (“IPO”). People’s United Financial obtained its ownership in Visa shares as a result of its acquisition of Chittenden, which was a Visa member. In addition, People’s United Financial recorded a gain of $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2008 (also included in net security gains), which represented its proportionate share of the litigation reserve escrow account established by Visa in conjunction with its IPO. Net security gains in the first quarter of 2009 include a gain of $5.6 million resulting from the sale of People’s United Financial’s remaining Class B Visa shares.

At March 31, 2009, short-term investments included $1.8 billion of GSE debt securities with maturities of 90 days or less. Given the short duration of these securities, they are held to maturity and carried at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. These securities, which carry the implicit backing of the U.S. government but are not direct obligations of the U.S. government, had a weighted average yield of 0.24% at March 31, 2009. The remaining balance of short-term investments at March 31, 2009 included $0.7 billion of interest-earning deposits at the Federal Reserve Bank and $0.2 billion of commercial paper.

 

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NOTE 4. LOANS

 

The components of People’s United Financial’s loan portfolio are summarized as follows:

 

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
   December 31,
2008

Commercial real estate:

     

Retail

   $ 1,206.4    $ 1,204.5

Office buildings

     1,149.6      1,047.4

Residential

     762.5      766.4

Industrial/manufacturing

     634.4      643.2

Hospitality and entertainment

     543.4      544.3

Mixed/Special use

     260.1      252.2

Land

     176.5      172.6

Self storage/industrial

     123.8      125.5

Health care

     91.3      86.4

Other properties

     138.7      124.8
             

Total commercial real estate

     5,086.7      4,967.3
             

Commercial and industrial:

     

Manufacturing

     637.2      633.3

Finance, insurance and real estate

     621.9      618.3

Service

     577.4      571.4

Wholesale distribution

     279.4      289.5

Retail sales

     202.6      195.0

Health services

     171.2      169.3

Construction

     124.4      130.2

Public administration

     106.0      107.8

Transportation/utility

     76.8      77.7

Arts/entertainment/recreation

     68.4      65.3

Agriculture

     32.5      33.6

Other

     81.8      108.1
             

Total commercial and industrial (1)

     2,979.6      2,999.5
             

People’s Capital and Leasing Corp.:

     

Printing

     423.8      415.4

Transportation/utility

     360.3      339.5

General manufacturing

     171.2      166.1

Rental/leasing/retail

     132.7      135.6

Packaging

     86.3      87.3

Service

     34.0      33.8

Health services

     27.9      25.5

Wholesale distribution

     23.4      23.7
             

Total PCLC (1)

     1,259.6      1,226.9
             

Residential mortgage:

     

Adjustable rate

     2,736.8      2,857.2

Fixed rate

     324.1      287.4
             

Total residential mortgage

     3,060.9      3,144.6
             

Consumer:

     

Home equity credit lines

     1,671.1      1,619.8

Second mortgages

     302.0      325.7

Indirect auto

     234.5      224.8

Other

     53.4      57.1
             

Total consumer

     2,261.0      2,227.4
             

Total loans

   $ 14,647.8    $ 14,565.7
             

 

(1) Reported as commercial loans in the Consolidated Statements of Condition.

 

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Residential mortgage loans at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 included loans held for sale (all to be sold servicing released) of $56.5 million and $6.1 million, respectively, which approximate fair value.

NOTE 5. COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

Comprehensive income represents the sum of net income and items of “other comprehensive income or loss” that are reported directly in stockholders’ equity on an after-tax basis. These items include (i) net actuarial gains and losses, prior service credits and costs, and transition assets and obligations related to People’s United Financial’s pension and other postretirement benefit plans, (ii) net unrealized gains or losses on securities available for sale, and (iii) net gains or losses on derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges. People’s United Financial’s total comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 is reported in the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity.

The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, which is included in People’s United Financial’s stockholders’ equity on an after-tax basis, are as follows:

 

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

Net actuarial loss and other amounts related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans

   $ (104.5 )   $ (106.0 )

Net gain on derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges

     24.2       26.8  

Net unrealized gain on securities available for sale

     5.6       3.8  
                

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

   $ (74.7 )   $ (75.4 )
                

The decrease in total accumulated other comprehensive loss from December 31, 2008 consisted of an after-tax increase in the net unrealized gain on securities available for sale ($1.8 million) and an after-tax decrease in the net actuarial loss and other amounts related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans ($1.5 million), partially offset by an after-tax decrease in the net gain on derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges ($2.6 million). Other comprehensive income, which is presented net of tax, totaled $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009.

 

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NOTE 6. EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

 

The following is an analysis of People’s United Financial’s basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”):

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions, except per share data)

   March 31,
2009
   March 31,
2008

Net income

   $ 26.7    $ 15.1
             

Average common shares outstanding for basic EPS

     331.6      327.9

Effect of dilutive stock options and unvested stock awards

     1.2      1.3
             

Average common and common-equivalent shares for diluted EPS

     332.8      329.2
             

Basic EPS

   $ 0.08    $ 0.05
             

Diluted EPS

   $ 0.08    $ 0.05
             

All unallocated ESOP common shares and all common shares accounted for as treasury shares have been excluded from the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share. A total of 9.6 million and 10.3 million anti-dilutive stock options and unvested stock awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

Effective January 1, 2009, People’s United Financial adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Staff Position (“FSP”) on Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue No. 03-6-1, “Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions Are Participating Securities.” Under FSP EITF 03-6-1, unvested share-based payment awards that include the right to receive non-forfeitable dividends or dividend equivalents are considered to participate with common stock in undistributed earnings. Accordingly, companies that issue share-based payment awards considered to be participating securities under FSP EITF 03-6-1 are required to calculate basic and diluted earnings per common share amounts under the two-class method. The two-class method excludes from earnings per common share calculations any dividends paid or owed to participating securities and any undistributed earnings considered to be attributable to participating securities. FSP EITF 03-6-1 requires retrospective application to all prior-period earnings per share data presented. The adoption of FSP EITF 03-6-1 did not change People’s United Financial’s calculation of diluted earnings per common share in the current quarter or the prior year quarter as there were no undistributed earnings attributable to participating securities in either period.

 

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NOTE 7. GOODWILL AND OTHER ACQUISITION-RELATED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

People’s United Financial’s goodwill totaled $1.26 billion at both March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008. At March 31, 2009, goodwill was allocated to People’s United Financial’s business segments as follows: Commercial Banking ($616.9 million), Retail Banking and Small Business ($595.0 million), and Wealth Management ($49.8 million).

People’s United Financial’s other acquisition-related intangible assets totaled $268.9 million and $274.1 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. At March 31, 2009, the carrying amounts of other acquisition-related intangible assets were as follows: core deposits intangible ($102.9 million); trust relationships ($39.1 million); insurance relationships ($4.2 million); and trade names ($122.7 million). Trade names recognized by People’s United Financial are deemed to have indefinite useful lives and, accordingly, are not amortized. Amortization expense of other acquisition-related intangible assets, which is included in other non-interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income, totaled $5.2 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008. The estimated aggregate amortization expense attributable to other acquisition-related intangible assets for the full-year of 2009 and each of the next five years is as follows: $20.4 million in 2009; $18.5 million in 2010; $16.8 million in 2011; $15.5 million in 2012; $14.9 million in 2013; and $13.7 million in 2014.

NOTE 8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

In the normal course of business, People’s United Financial has various outstanding commitments and contingent liabilities that are not required to be and, therefore, have not been reflected in the consolidated financial statements. In addition, in the normal course of business, People’s United Financial is subject to various legal proceedings. Management has discussed the nature of these legal proceedings with legal counsel. In the opinion of management, People’s United Financial’s financial condition and results of operations will not be affected materially as a result of the outcome of such commitments, contingent liabilities and legal proceedings.

NOTE 9. BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

See “Business Segment Results” beginning on page 33 for segment information for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008.

 

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NOTE 10. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

Effective January 1, 2008, People’s United Financial adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for (i) all financial instruments and (ii) non-financial instruments accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis, if any. FSP FAS 157-2, “Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157,” deferred until January 1, 2009 the effective date of SFAS No. 157 for non-financial instruments that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a non-recurring basis. Accordingly, beginning in the first quarter of 2009, the fair value measurement and disclosure provisions of SFAS No. 157 now also apply to People’s United Financial for the following valuation measures: (i) goodwill and other acquisition-related intangible assets; (ii) real estate acquired by foreclosure; and (iii) other long-lived assets.

In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 157-4, “Determining Fair Value When the Volume and Level of Activity for the Asset or Liability Have Significantly Decreased and Identifying Transactions That Are Not Orderly.” FSP FAS 157-4 affirms that the objective of fair value, even when the market for an asset is not active, is the price that would be received to sell the asset in an orderly transaction. In order to address application issues, FSP FAS 157-4 clarifies and provides additional factors to be considered in determining whether there has been a significant decrease in market activity for an asset when the market for that asset is not active, requiring an entity to base its conclusion about whether a transaction was not orderly on the weight of all available evidence. FSP FAS 157-4 also amended SFAS No. 157 to expand certain disclosure requirements. FSP FAS 157-4 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009, although early adoption in the first quarter of 2009 is permitted. People’s United Financial will adopt FSP FAS 157-4 in the second quarter of 2009 and does not expect any significant change in valuation techniques and related inputs, or the resulting fair values.

SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a new framework for measuring fair value, and expands related disclosures. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 are to be applied whenever other standards require (or permit) assets and liabilities to be measured at fair value, but does not require the use of fair value measurements in any new circumstances.

 

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Broadly, the SFAS No. 157 framework defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Accordingly, SFAS No. 157 requires an “exit price” approach to value. In support of this principle, SFAS No. 157 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value, requiring entities to maximize the use of market or observable inputs (as more reliable measures) and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs generally require significant management judgment. The three levels within the SFAS No. 157 fair value hierarchy are as follows:

 

   

Level 1—Unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access at the measurement date (such as active exchange-traded equity securities and most U.S. and government agency debt securities).

 

   

Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as:

 

   

quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets (such as U.S. agency and GSE issued mortgage-backed securities);

 

   

quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets (such as corporate and municipal bonds that trade infrequently); and

 

   

other inputs that (i) are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability (e.g. interest rates, yield curves, prepayment speeds, default rates, etc.) or (ii) can be corroborated by observable market data (such as interest rate and currency derivatives and certain other securities).

 

   

Level 3—Valuation techniques that require unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value measurement of the asset or liability (such as pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that typically reflect management’s own estimates of the assumptions a market participant would use in pricing the asset or liability).

People’s United Financial maintains policies and procedures to value assets and liabilities using the most relevant data available. Described below are the valuation methodologies used by People’s United Financial and the resulting fair value measurement of those financial instruments reported at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis.

 

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Investments in Debt and Equity Securities

When available, People’s United Financial uses quoted market prices received from a third party nationally recognized pricing service, to determine the fair value of investment securities such as U.S. Treasury and agency securities. Accordingly, such instruments are included in Level 1. When quoted market prices for identical securities are unavailable, People’s United Financial uses prices provided by the independent pricing service based on recent trading activity and other observable information including, but not limited to, market interest rate curves, referenced credit spreads and estimated prepayment rates where applicable. These investments include corporate and municipal debt securities, and government agency-issued mortgage-backed securities, all of which are included in Level 2. With respect to mortgage-backed securities, People’s United Financial held GNMA residential mortgage-backed securities with a fair value of $311 million at March 31, 2009 and $333 million at December 31, 2008. While these securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government and, as a result, present no credit risk, they have been classified as Level 2 assets due to the method used in determining their fair value. The remaining residential mortgage-backed securities held by People’s United Financial have been issued by GSEs and are also included in Level 2.

Derivatives

People’s United Financial values its derivatives portfolio using internal models that are based on market observable inputs including interest rate curves and forward/spot prices for selected currencies. Derivative assets and liabilities included in Level 2 represent interest rate swaps, foreign exchange contracts, interest rate-lock commitments on residential mortgage loans, and forward commitments to sell residential mortgage loans.

Loans

Loans Held for Sale – Residential mortgage loans held for sale are recorded at the lower of cost or fair value and are therefore measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. When available, People’s United Financial uses observable secondary market data, including pricing on recent closed market transactions for loans with similar characteristics. Accordingly, such loans are classified as Level 2 measurements. When observable data is unavailable, valuation methodologies using current market interest rate data adjusted for inherent credit risk are used, and such loans are included in Level 3. At March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, residential mortgage loans held for sale totaling $56.5 million and $6.1 million, respectively, were recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Condition. No fair value adjustments were recorded for residential mortgage loans classified as held for sale for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008.

 

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Impaired Loans – In accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan,” loan impairment is deemed to exist when full repayment of principal and interest according to the contractual terms of the loan is no longer probable. Under SFAS No. 114, impaired loans are reported based on one of three measures: the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate; the loan’s observable market price; or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. Accordingly, certain impaired loans may be subject to measurement at fair value on a non-recurring basis. People’s United Financial has estimated the fair values of these assets using Level 3 inputs, such as the fair value of collateral based on independent third-party appraisals for collateral-dependent loans. At March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, loans deemed to be impaired under SFAS No. 114 and subject to fair value measurement under SFAS No. 157 totaled $66.3 million and $33.0 million, respectively. Related impairment charges (credits) totaled $6.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and $(0.3) million for the three months ended March 31, 2008.

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following tables summarize People’s United Financial’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

     Fair Value Measurements Using    Total

As of March 31, 2009 (in millions)

   Level 1    Level 2    Level 3   

Assets:

           

Trading account securities

   $ 16.3    $ —      $ —      $ 16.3

Securities available for sale

     27.1      730.4      —        757.5

Interest rate swaps

     —        7.6      —        7.6

Forward commitments to sell residential mortgage loans

     —        1.5      —        1.5
                           

Total assets at fair value

   $ 43.4    $ 739.5    $ —      $ 782.9
                           

Liabilities:

           

Interest rate swaps

   $ —      $ 7.6    $ —      $ 7.6

Foreign exchange contracts

     —        0.5      —        0.5

Interest rate-lock commitments on residential mortgage loans

     —        1.5      —        1.5
                           

Total liabilities at fair value

   $ —      $ 9.6    $ —      $ 9.6
                           

 

     Fair Value Measurements Using    Total

As of December 31, 2008 (in millions)

   Level 1    Level 2    Level 3   

Assets:

           

Trading account securities

   $ 21.4    $ —      $ —      $ 21.4

Securities available for sale

     1,472.1      376.2      —        1,848.3

Interest rate floors

     —        46.3      —        46.3

Interest rate swaps

     —        7.3      —        7.3

Forward commitments to sell residential mortgage loans

     —        0.5      —        0.5
                           

Total assets at fair value

   $ 1,493.5    $ 430.3    $ —      $ 1,923.8
                           

Liabilities:

           

Interest rate swaps

   $ —      $ 7.7    $ —      $ 7.7

Foreign exchange contracts

     —        0.5      —        0.5

Interest rate-lock commitments on residential mortgage loans

     —        0.5      —        0.5
                           

Total liabilities at fair value

   $ —      $ 8.7    $ —      $ 8.7
                           

 

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NOTE 11. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES

 

In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, an Amendment of FASB Statement No. 133.” SFAS No. 161 changes the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities and specifically requires (i) qualitative disclosures about objectives and strategies for using derivatives, (ii) quantitative disclosures about fair value amounts of, and gains and losses on, derivative instruments, and (iii) disclosures about credit risk-related contingent features in derivative agreements. The provisions of SFAS No. 161 were effective for interim and annual financial statements issued beginning with the first quarter of 2009. Accordingly, the following footnote provides the disclosures applicable to People’s United Financial.

People’s United Financial uses derivative financial instruments as components of its market risk management (principally to manage interest rate risk). Certain other derivatives are entered into in connection with transactions with commercial customers. Derivatives are not used for speculative purposes.

All derivatives are recognized as either assets or liabilities and are measured at fair value. Until such time that a derivative is settled, favorable changes in fair values result in unrealized gains that are recognized as assets, while unfavorable changes result in unrealized losses that are recognized as liabilities.

People’s United Financial applies hedge accounting to its derivatives used for market risk management purposes. Hedge accounting is permitted only if specific criteria are met, including a requirement that a highly effective relationship exist between the derivative instrument and the hedged item, both at inception of the hedge and on an ongoing basis. The hedge accounting method depends upon whether the derivative instrument is classified as a fair value hedge (i.e. hedging an exposure related to a recognized asset or liability, or a firm commitment) or a cash flow hedge (i.e. hedging an exposure related to the variability of future cash flows associated with a recognized asset or liability, or forecasted transaction). Changes in the fair value of effective fair value hedges are recognized in current earnings (with the change in fair value of the hedged asset or liability also recorded in earnings). Changes in the fair value of effective cash flow hedges are recognized in other comprehensive income or loss until earnings are affected by the variability in cash flows of the designated hedged item. Ineffective portions of hedge results are recognized in current earnings. Changes in the fair value of derivatives for which hedge accounting is not applied are recognized in current earnings.

If it is determined that a derivative is not highly effective or has ceased to be a highly effective hedge, People’s United Financial would discontinue hedge accounting prospectively. Gains or losses resulting from the termination of a derivative accounted for as a cash flow hedge remain in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss and are amortized to earnings over the remaining period of the former hedging relationship, provided the hedged item continues to be outstanding.

 

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By using derivatives, People’s United Financial is exposed to credit risk to the extent that counterparties to the derivative contracts do not perform as required. Should a counterparty fail to perform under the terms of a derivative contract, the company’s counterparty credit risk is equal to the amount reported as a derivative asset in the Consolidated Statements of Condition. Amounts reported as derivative assets represent derivative contracts in a gain position, net of derivatives in a loss position with the same counterparty (to the extent subject to master netting arrangements) and posted collateral. People’s United Financial seeks to minimize counterparty credit risk through credit approvals, limits, monitoring procedures, execution of master netting arrangements and obtaining collateral, where appropriate. Counterparty credit risk related to derivatives is considered and, if material, provided for separately. At March 31, 2009, counterparties to People’s United Financial’s derivatives primarily represent major financial institutions with investment grade credit ratings from the major rating agencies. As such, management believes the risk of incurring losses on derivative contracts related to credit risk is remote and losses, if any, would be immaterial.

The following sections further discuss each class of derivative financial instrument used by Peoples United Financial, including management’s principal objectives and risk management strategies.

Interest Rate Floors

Interest rate floors are a type of option contract that exercises when the underlying interest rate falls below a specified strike rate. Previously, People’s United Financial purchased interest rate floors for the purpose of partially managing its exposure to decreases in the one-month LIBOR-index rate used to reprice certain long-term commercial loans. If the one-month LIBOR-index rate fell below the specified strike rate, People’s United Financial received an interest payment on the interest rate floor equal to the difference between the one-month LIBOR-index rate on the reset date and the strike rate, which in effect, offset the decline in interest income earned on the hedged floating rate commercial loans from the decline in interest rates. The interest rate floors were accounted for as cash flow hedges.

In the first quarter of 2009, People’s United Financial terminated its remaining $600 million (notional amount) interest rate floor contracts. The decision to do so was based on management’s belief that, in light of the current interest rate environment, the derivative contracts had achieved their stated market risk management objective. Termination of the derivative contracts also served to reduce the company’s counterparty credit risk. At the time of termination, the interest rate floors had a fair value (unrealized gain) of $47.5 million. In accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 133, the gain is included (on a net-of-tax basis) as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss and is being recognized in income over the period during which the hedged items (certain floating rate commercial loans) affect earnings (approximately 2 years).

 

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Interest Rate Swaps

People’s United Financial has also entered into pay fixed/receive floating interest rate swaps which are used to manage interest rate risk associated with certain interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Specifically, the swaps are used to match more closely the repricing of fewer than five commercial real estate loans and the funding associated with these loans. Under interest rate swaps, People’s United Financial agrees with other parties to exchange, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed rate and floating rate interest amounts calculated by reference to an agreed notional amount. As a result, the interest rate swaps effectively convert the funding liabilities from a variable interest rate into a fixed interest rate and consequently reduce People’s United Financial’s exposure to increases in interest rates and their effect on interest income and interest expense. Interest rate swaps are accounted for as fair value hedges.

Forward Exchange Contracts

Foreign exchange contracts are commitments to buy or sell foreign currency on a future date at a contractual price. People’s United Financial uses these instruments on a limited basis to eliminate its exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates on certain of its commercial loans that are denominated in foreign currencies. Gains and losses on foreign exchange contracts substantially offset the translation gains and losses on the related loans.

Customer Derivatives

People’s United Financial has entered into interest rate swaps with certain of its commercial customers. In order to minimize its risk, these customer derivatives have been offset with essentially matching interest rate swaps with People’s United Financial’s counterparties. Hedge accounting has not been applied for these derivatives. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of all such interest rate swaps are recognized in current earnings.

 

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The table below provides a summary of the notional amounts and fair values of derivatives outstanding at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

          Notional Amounts    Fair Values (a)
           Assets    Liabilities

(in millions)

   Type of
Hedge
   March 31,
2009
   Dec. 31,
2008
   March 31,
2009
   Dec. 31,
2008
   March 31,
2009
   Dec. 31,
2008

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:

                    

Interest rate swaps - commercial customers

   N/A    $ 140.8    $ 60.3    $ 7.6    $ 7.3    $ —      $ —  

Interest rate swaps - other counterparties

   N/A    $ 140.8    $ 60.3      —        —        6.8      6.9
                                    

Total

              7.6      7.3      6.8      6.9
                                    

Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:

                    

Interest rate floors:

                    

Loans

   Cash flow    $ —      $ 600.0      —        46.3      —        —  

Interest rate swaps:

                    

Loans

   Fair value      6.3      6.4      —        —        0.8      0.8

Foreign exchange contracts:

                    

Loans

   Fair value      24.4      11.6      —        —        0.5      0.5
                                    

Total

              —        46.3      1.3      1.3
                                    

Total Derivatives

            $ 7.6    $ 53.6    $ 8.1    $ 8.2
                                    

 

(a) Assets are recorded in other assets and liabilities are recorded in other liabilities.

The following table summarizes the impact of People’s United Financial’s derivatives on the statement of income and accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCL”) for the quarterly periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008:

 

          Amount of Pre-Tax Gain (Loss)    Amount of Pre-Tax Gain (Loss)
          Recognized in Earnings (a)    Recognized in AOCL
     Type of    Quarter ended March 31,    Quarter ended March 31,

(dollars in millions)

  

Hedge

   2009     2008    2009    2008

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:

             

Interest rate swaps – commercial customers

   N/A    $ 1.0     $ —      $ —      $ —  

Interest rate swaps – other counterparties

   N/A      (0.6 )     —        —        —  
                               

Total

        0.4       —        —        —  
                               

Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:

             

Interest rate floors

   Cash flow      5.7       1.1      1.2      19.6

Interest rate swaps

   Fair value      (0.1 )     —        —        —  

Foreign exchange contracts

   Fair value      (0.3 )     —        —        —  
                               

Total

      $ 5.3     $ 1.1    $ 1.2    $ 19.6
                               

Total derivatives

      $ 5.7     $ 1.1    $ 1.2    $ 19.6
                               
(a) Amounts recognized in earnings are recorded in interest income on loans for derivatives designated as hedging instruments and other non-interest income for derivatives not designated as hedging instruments.

 

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NOTE 12. NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (R), “Business Combinations (Revised 2007),” which replaces SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations,” and applies to all transactions and other events in which one entity obtains control over one or more other businesses. SFAS No. 141 (R) requires an acquirer, upon initially obtaining control of another entity, to recognize the assets, liabilities and any non-controlling interest in the acquiree, if any, at fair value as of the acquisition date. Contingent consideration, if any, is required to be recognized and measured at fair value on the date of acquisition rather than at a later date when the amount of that consideration may be determinable beyond a reasonable doubt. This fair value approach replaces the cost-allocation process required under SFAS No. 141, whereby the cost of an acquisition was allocated to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair value.

In addition, SFAS No. 141 (R) requires (i) that acquisition-related transaction costs be expensed as incurred rather than allocating such costs to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as was previously the case under SFAS No. 141, (ii) that the requirements of SFAS No. 146, “Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities,” be met in order to accrue for a restructuring plan in purchase accounting, and (iii) that certain pre-acquisition contingencies be recognized at fair value. In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 141(R)-1, “Accounting for Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed in a Business Combination that Arise from Contingencies,” which amends and clarifies SFAS No. 141(R) to address application issues with respect to initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and disclosure of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in a business combination. People’s United Financial has adopted SFAS No. 141(R) and FSP FAS 141(R)-1 effective January 1, 2009 and will apply their provisions prospectively to business combinations completed after that date.

In December 2008, the FASB issued FSP FAS 132 (R)-1, “Employers’ Disclosures about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits,” to provide guidance on an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. In particular, FSP 132 (R)-1 requires that employers disclose the following with respect to such plans: (i) how investment allocation decisions are made; (ii) the major categories of plan assets, including concentrations of risk and related fair value measurements; and (iii) the fair value techniques and pertinent inputs used to determine the fair value of plan assets. The provisions of FSP 132 (R)-1 are effective for People’s United Financial on a prospective basis beginning with the fiscal year ending December 31, 2009.

 

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In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2, “Recognition and Presentation of Other-Than Temporary Impairments,” amending the requirements for the recognition and measurement of other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) of debt securities by modifying the pre-existing “intent and ability” indicator. Under FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2, OTTI is triggered when (i) the holder intends to sell the security, or (ii) it is more likely than not that the holder will be required to sell the security prior to recovery of its entire amortized cost basis. Additionally, FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2 amends the financial statement presentation of OTTI charges to require that other-than-temporary declines in the fair value of debt securities classified as held-to-maturity and available-for-sale below their cost be reflected in earnings as realized losses to the extent the impairment is related to credit losses. The amount of the impairment related to other factors is to be recognized in other comprehensive income. FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2 also requires certain additional disclosures and provided for a cumulative effect adjustment at adoption with respect to certain previously recognized OTTI losses. FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009, although early adoption in the first quarter of 2009 is permitted. People’s United Financial will adopt FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2 in the second quarter of 2009 and does not expect any material impact on the company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments.” FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, which applies to publicly traded companies, requires disclosures in interim financial statements regarding the fair values of financial instruments that are within the scope of SFAS No. 107, “Disclosure about Fair Value of Financial Instruments,” adding to the current requirement to make such disclosures in annual financial statements. Further, FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 requires disclosure of the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of financial instruments on an interim basis as well as changes in such methods and significant assumptions from prior periods. FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 does not change the accounting treatment for these financial instruments and is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. Following its adoption, FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 requires comparative disclosures only for those periods ending after the period of initial adoption. People’s United Financial will adopt FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 in the second quarter of 2009, concurrent with its adoption of both FSP FAS 157-4 and FSP FAS 115-2 and FAS 124-2.

 

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Item 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Periodic and other filings made by People’s United Financial with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) may from time to time contain information and statements that are forward-looking in nature. Such filings include the Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and may include other forms such as proxy statements. Other written or oral statements made by People’s United Financial or its representatives from time to time may also contain forward-looking statements.

In general, forward-looking statements usually use words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “should,” and similar expressions, and include all statements about People’s United Financial’s operating results or financial position for future periods. Forward-looking statements represent management’s beliefs, based upon information available at the time the statements are made, with regard to the matters addressed; they are not guarantees of future performance.

All forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause People’s United Financial’s actual results or financial condition to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by such statements. Factors of particular importance to People’s United Financial include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in general, national or regional economic conditions; (2) changes in interest rates; (3) changes in loan default and charge-off rates; (4) changes in deposit levels; (5) changes in levels of income and expense in non-interest income and expense related activities; (6) residential mortgage and secondary market activity; (7) changes in accounting and regulatory guidance applicable to banks; (8) price levels and conditions in the public securities markets generally; (9) competition and its effect on pricing, spending, third-party relationships and revenues; and (10) the successful completion of the integration of Chittenden Corporation.

All forward-looking statements can be affected by inaccurate assumptions or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed. People’s United Financial does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Recent Market Developments

 

In response to the unprecedented challenges currently affecting the banking system, the Federal government recently announced several programs designed to address a variety of issues facing the financial sector.

 

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Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

Troubled Asset Relief Program

On October 3, 2008, the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (the “EESA”) was signed into law. The EESA, which is intended to stabilize and provide liquidity to the U.S. financial markets, authorized the U.S. Treasury, acting in accordance with the provisions of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (the “TARP”), to (i) purchase up to $700 billion of mortgages, mortgage-backed securities, and certain other financial instruments from financial institutions, and (ii) establish a program to guarantee certain assets issued by financial institutions prior to March 14, 2008. The company has decided not to sell any of its assets pursuant to the TARP or to participate in the asset guarantee program.

On October 14, 2008, the U.S. Treasury announced a plan to employ a portion of its purchasing authority, as provided for by the EESA, in making direct equity investments in qualifying banks and thrifts. Under this program, known as the Troubled Asset Relief Program Capital Purchase Program (the “TARP CPP”), the U.S. Treasury will utilize up to $250 billion of the $700 billion authorized by the EESA to purchase preferred stock in qualifying institutions that request such investments. The preferred stock TARP CPP contains a number of provisions, some of which could reduce investment returns to participating banks’ shareholders by restricting dividends to common shareholders, diluting existing shareholders’ interests, and restricting capital management practices. People’s United Bank currently exceeds all applicable regulatory capital requirements and remains well capitalized. The company did not apply for equity capital under the TARP CPP.

FDIC Insurance Coverage / Assessments

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) insures deposits at FDIC insured financial institutions up to certain limits, charging premiums to maintain the Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”) at specified levels. Such premiums may vary based on the risk profile of the insured institution. Current economic conditions have resulted in an increased number of bank failures and, consequently, greater use of DIF resources. In response, the FDIC has proposed higher premium assessments for 2009 pursuant to a restoration plan designed to increase the DIF reserve ratio to required levels. Under the FDIC’s proposed restoration plan, the premium assessment rate was raised by seven basis points beginning on January 1, 2009 resulting in a 2009 initial base assessment rate of 12 basis points for People’s United Bank. In addition, on February 27, 2009, the FDIC approved an additional one-time special assessment of 20 basis points on deposits interim rule that would impose an for the second quarter 2009 assessment period. The FDIC’s interim rule also provides that the FDIC may impose additional special assessments of up to 10 basis points in future quarters if the reserve ratio of the DIF is estimated to fall to a level that the FDIC believes would adversely affect public confidence or a level of close to zero or negative. The FDIC has indicated that it may reduce the amount of the 20 basis point special assessment under certain circumstances, including expansion of the FDIC’s borrowing authority. Legislation is pending in Congress that would expand the FDIC’s borrowing authority. Further changes in assessment rates are anticipated later in 2009.

 

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The EESA increased the FDIC deposit insurance limit from $100,000 to $250,000 per depositor through December 31, 2009. In addition, on October 14, 2008, the FDIC announced the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, which consists of two components: temporary unlimited deposit insurance on funds in non-interest-bearing transaction deposit accounts not otherwise covered by the increased $250,000 deposit insurance limit (the “Transaction Account Guarantee Program”) and a temporary guarantee of certain newly-issued unsecured debt (the “Debt Guarantee Program”). All eligible institutions were covered under both programs for the first 30 days without incurring any costs. After the initial 30 day period, institutions participating in the Transaction Account Guarantee Program are assessed a 10 basis point surcharge on the additional insured deposits and institutions participating in the Debt Guarantee Program are subject to an annualized charge equal to 75 basis points. The company has elected to participate in the Transaction Account Guarantee Program as it participates in all other FDIC deposit insurance programs. While People’s United Financial has retained its right to do so, the company does not, at this time, intend to issue senior unsecured debt securities under the Debt Guarantee Program.

Based on the FDIC’s proposal to increase the premium assessment rate, the special assessment announced in February 2009, and the company’s participation in the Transaction Account Guarantee Program, the company’s cost of deposit insurance is expected to increase significantly in 2009. The actual amount of the increase will be dependent on several factors, including: (i) deposit levels; (ii) the company’s risk profile; (iii) whether the FDIC’s restoration plan is adopted as proposed or amended; (iv) the amount of the special assessment for second assessment period in 2009; and (v) whether additional special assessments are imposed in future periods.

The actions described above, together with additional actions announced by the U.S. Treasury and other regulatory agencies continue to develop. It is not clear at this time what impact the EESA, the TARP, the TARP CPP, or other liquidity and funding programs of the U.S. Treasury and bank regulatory agencies, whether previously announced or initiated in the future, will have on the capital markets and the financial services industry. The extreme levels of market volatility and limited credit availability currently being experienced could continue to adversely affect the U.S. banking industry and the broader U.S. and global economies for the foreseeable future, which will have an effect on all financial institutions, including People’s United Financial.

 

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Selected Consolidated Financial Data

 

 

     Three Months Ended  

(dollars in millions, except per share data)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
    March 31,
2008
 

Operating Data:

      

Net interest income

   $ 142.8     $ 153.3     $ 166.3  

Provision for loan losses (1)

     7.9       8.7       8.3  

Non-interest income

     72.2       73.7       82.3  

Non-interest expense (2)

     167.6       165.5       219.2  

Income before income tax expense

     39.5       52.8       21.1  

Net income

     26.7       35.4       15.1  
                        

Selected Statistical Data:

      

Net interest margin (3)

     3.25 %     3.55 %     3.67 %

Return on average assets (3)

     0.53       0.71       0.29  

Return on average tangible assets (3)

     0.57       0.76       0.31  

Return on average stockholders’ equity (3)

     2.1       2.7       1.2  

Return on average tangible stockholders’ equity (3)

     2.9       3.8       1.6  

Efficiency ratio

     73.4       69.0       65.0  
                        

Per Common Share Data:

      

Basic and diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.08     $ 0.11     $ 0.05  

Dividends paid per share

     0.15       0.15       0.13  

Dividend payout ratio

     188.4 %     141.8 %     293.0 %

Book value (end of period)

   $ 15.39     $ 15.45     $ 15.70  

Tangible book value (end of period)

     10.83       10.87       11.08  

Stock price:

      

High

     18.18       20.15       18.25  

Low

     15.61       14.75       14.29  

Close (end of period)

     17.97       17.83       17.31  
                        

 

(1) Includes a $4.5 million provision for the three months ended March 31, 2008 to align allowance for loan losses methodologies across the combined organization following the acquisition of Chittenden Corporation.
(2) Includes $51.3 million of merger-related expenses and other one-time charges for the three months ended March 31, 2008.
(3) Annualized.

 

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     As of and for the Three Months Ended  

(dollars in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
    Sept. 30,
2008
    June 30,
2008
    March 31,
2008
 

Financial Condition Data:

          

Total assets

   $ 20,681     $ 20,168     $ 20,042     $ 20,392     $ 21,107  

Loans

     14,648       14,566       14,331       14,366       14,492  

Short-term investments (1)

     2,756       1,139       2,534       2,265       2,756  

Securities

     806       1,902       428       866       976  

Allowance for loan losses

     159       158       155       152       152  

Goodwill and other acquisition-related intangibles

     1,531       1,536       1,537       1,541       1,536  

Deposits

     14,846       14,269       14,152       14,532       15,160  

Borrowings

     185       188       152       144       148  

Subordinated notes

     181       181       180       180       180  

Stockholders’ equity

     5,160       5,176       5,239       5,211       5,219  

Non-performing assets

     142       94       91       86       67  

Net loan charge-offs

     6.4       5.7       4.0       2.4       2.8  
                                        

Average Balances:

          

Loans

   $ 14,603     $ 14,371     $ 14,310     $ 14,425     $ 14,537  

Short-term investments (1)

     1,824       1,610       2,325       2,433       2,666  

Securities

     1,275       1,393       715       907       1,020  

Total earning assets

     17,702       17,374       17,350       17,765       18,223  

Total assets

     20,258       20,057       20,057       20,492       20,893  

Deposits

     14,346       14,117       14,193       14,613       14,952  

Total funding liabilities

     14,721       14,479       14,520       14,939       15,296  

Stockholders’ equity

     5,164       5,230       5,204       5,202       5,214  
                                        

Ratios:

          

Net loan charge-offs to average loans (annualized)

     0.18 %     0.16 %     0.11 %     0.07 %     0.08 %

Non-performing assets to total loans, real estate owned and repossessed assets

     0.97       0.64       0.64       0.60       0.46  

Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans

     126.1       186.8       181.6       182.6       244.3  

Allowance for loan losses to total loans

     1.09       1.08       1.08       1.06       1.05  

Average stockholders’ equity to average total assets

     25.5       26.1       25.9       25.4       25.0  

Stockholders’ equity to total assets

     25.0       25.7       26.1       25.6       24.7  

Tangible stockholders’ equity to tangible assets

     19.0       19.5       20.0       19.5       18.8  

Total risk-based capital (2)

     13.5       13.4       16.2       17.8       24.7  
                                        

 

(1) Includes securities purchased under agreements to resell.
(2) Total risk-based capital ratios presented are for People’s United Bank and, as such, do not reflect the additional capital residing at People’s United Financial, Inc. See Regulatory Capital Requirements.

 

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Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Reconciliation to GAAP

 

In addition to evaluating People’s United Financial’s results of operations in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), management routinely supplements this evaluation with an analysis of certain non-GAAP financial measures, such as the efficiency ratio. Management believes this non-GAAP financial measure provides information useful to investors in understanding People’s United Financial’s underlying operating performance and trends, and facilitates comparisons with the performance of other banks and thrifts. Further, the efficiency ratio is used by management in its assessment of financial performance specifically as it relates to non-interest expense control.

The efficiency ratio, which represents an approximate measure of the cost required by People’s United Financial to generate a dollar of revenue, is the ratio of total non-interest expense (excluding goodwill impairment charges, amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and fair value adjustments, losses on real estate assets and nonrecurring expenses) (the numerator) to net interest income on a fully taxable equivalent basis (excluding fair value adjustments) plus total non-interest income (including the fully taxable equivalent adjustment on bank-owned life insurance income, and excluding gains and losses on sales of assets, other than residential mortgage loans, and nonrecurring income) (the denominator). People’s United Financial generally considers an item of income or expense to be nonrecurring if it is not similar to an item of income or expense of a type incurred within the last two years and is not similar to an item of income or expense of a type reasonably expected to be incurred within the following two years.

 

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The following table summarizes People’s United Financial’s efficiency ratio derived from amounts reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income:

 

     Three Months Ended  

(dollars in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
    March 31,
2008
 

Total non-interest expense

   $ 167.6     $ 165.5     $ 219.2  

Less:

      

Amortization of other acquisition-related intangibles

     5.2       5.5       5.2  

Merger-related expenses and other one-time charges

     —         —         51.3  

Fair value adjustments

     0.8       0.8       0.8  

REO expense

     0.3       0.4       1.4  

Other

     5.1       2.0       0.9  
                        

Total

   $ 156.2     $ 156.8     $ 159.6  
                        

Net interest income (1)

   $ 143.7     $ 154.3     $ 167.3  

Total non-interest income

     72.2       73.7       82.3  

Add:

      

Fair value adjustments

     1.6       2.6       2.6  

BOLI FTE adjustment (1)

     0.9       0.9       1.6  

Other

     —         0.2       —    

Less:

      

Net security gains

     5.4       0.2       8.5  

Gain on sale of assets

     0.3       4.3       —    
                        

Total

   $ 212.7     $ 227.2     $ 245.3  
                        

Efficiency ratio

     73.4 %     69.0 %     65.0 %
                        

 

(1) Fully taxable equivalent.

 

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Acquisition

 

On January 1, 2008, People’s United Financial completed its acquisition of Chittenden Corporation (“Chittenden”), a multi-bank holding company headquartered in Burlington, Vermont for total consideration of approximately $1.8 billion. The acquisition was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting and accordingly, Chittenden’s assets and liabilities were recorded by People’s United Financial at their estimated fair values as of January 1, 2008. The six former Chittenden banks, which continue to do business under their existing names as divisions of People’s United Bank, are: Chittenden Trust Company based in Burlington, Vermont; Flagship Bank and Trust Company based in Worcester, Massachusetts; Maine Bank & Trust based in Portland, Maine; Merrill Merchants Bank based in Bangor, Maine; Ocean Bank based in Portsmouth, New Hampshire; and The Bank of Western Massachusetts based in Springfield, Massachusetts. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a further discussion of the acquisition.

Financial Overview

 

People’s United Financial reported net income of $26.7 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2009, compared to $15.1 million, or $0.05 per diluted share, for the year-ago period. Included in the year-ago quarter results were merger-related expenses of $41.0 million ($36.5 million included in non-interest expense and $4.5 million included in provision for loan losses), other one-time charges totaling $14.8 million, and a $6.9 million gain related to the Visa, Inc. initial public offering (“IPO”). The net impact of these items reduced first quarter 2008 net income by $33.2 million, or $0.10 per diluted share. First quarter 2009 earnings reflect margin pressure associated with the historically low interest rate environment and reduced fee income stemming from continued uncertainty in the equity markets and broader economic weakness.

People’s United Financial’s return on average tangible assets was 0.57% and return on average tangible stockholders’ equity was 2.9%, compared to 0.31% and 1.6%, respectively, in the year-ago quarter.

Net interest income decreased $23.5 million from the year-ago quarter while the net interest margin declined 42 basis points to 3.25%. The lower net interest margin reflects the interest rate cuts initiated by the Federal Reserve Board throughout 2008, and the company’s asset sensitive balance sheet, including its significant excess capital position, which continues to be temporarily invested in low-yielding short-term investments.

 

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Compared to the first quarter of 2008, average earning assets decreased $521 million, reflecting increases of $66 million in average loans and $255 million in average securities, which were more than offset by a decrease of $842 million in average short-term investments. Average funding liabilities decreased $575 million compared to the first quarter of 2008, primarily reflecting a $606 million decrease in average total deposits.

Compared to the year-ago quarter, total non-interest income decreased $10.1 million and total non-interest expense decreased $51.6 million (see Non-Interest Income and Non-Interest Expense). The efficiency ratio was 73.4% in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 65.0% in the year-ago period.

The provision for loan losses in the first quarter of 2009 was $7.9 million compared to $8.3 million in the year-ago period. The provision for loan losses in the first quarter of 2009 reflected net loan charge-offs of $6.4 million and a $1.5 million increase in the allowance for loan losses. The provision for loan losses in the first quarter of 2008 reflected a $5.5 million increase in the allowance for loan losses, including a $4.5 million increase resulting from aligning the former Chittenden reserve methodology with that of People’s United Financial, and net loan charge-offs of $2.8 million. Net loan charge-offs as a percentage of average total loans on an annualized basis were 0.18% in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 0.08% in the year-ago quarter.

The allowance for loan losses totaled $159.0 million at March 31, 2009. Non-performing assets totaled $142.0 million at March 31, 2009, a $48.3 million increase from December 31, 2008. At March 31, 2009, the allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans was 1.09% and as a percent of non-performing loans was 126%.

People’s United Financial’s total stockholders’ equity was $5.2 billion at both March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 and as a percentage of total assets, stockholders’ equity was 25.0% and 25.7%, respectively. Tangible stockholders’ equity as a percentage of tangible assets was 19.0% at March 31, 2009 compared to 19.5% at December 31, 2008.

People’s United Bank’s total risk-based capital ratio was 13.5% at March 31, 2009 compared to 13.4% at December 31, 2008 (see Regulatory Capital Requirements).

 

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Business Segment Results

 

People’s United Financial’s operations are divided into three primary business segments that represent its core businesses, Commercial Banking, Retail Banking and Small Business, and Wealth Management. In addition, the Treasury area is responsible for managing People’s United Financial’s securities portfolio, short-term investments, wholesale funding activities, such as borrowings, and the funding center.

People’s United Financial uses an internal profitability reporting system to generate information by operating segment, which is based on a series of management estimates and allocations regarding funds transfer pricing (“FTP”), the provision for loan losses, non-interest expense and income taxes. These estimates and allocations, some of which can be subjective in nature, are continually being reviewed and refined. Any changes in estimates and allocations that may affect the reported results of any business segment will not affect the consolidated financial position or results of operations of People’s United Financial as a whole.

FTP is used in the calculation of each operating segment’s net interest income, and measures the value of funds used in and provided by an operating segment. The difference between the interest income on earning assets and the interest expense on funding liabilities, and the corresponding FTP charge for interest income or credit for interest expense, results in net spread income. A five-year rolling average net charge-off rate is used as the basis for the provision for loan losses for the respective segment.

People’s United Financial allocates a majority of non-interest expenses to each business segment using a full-absorption costing process. Direct and indirect costs are analyzed and pooled by process and assigned to the appropriate business segment and corporate overhead costs are allocated to the business segments. Income tax expense is allocated to each business segment using a constant rate, based on an estimate of the consolidated effective income tax rate for the year. Total average assets and total average liabilities are reported for each business segment due to management’s reliance, in part, on such average balances for purposes of assessing business segment performance. Prior period business segments results have been restated to conform to the current presentation.

 

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Business Segment Performance Summary

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2009

(in millions)

   Commercial
Banking
   Retail
Banking
and Small
Business
   Wealth
Management
    Total
Segments
   Treasury     Other    Total
Consolidated

Net interest income (loss)

   $ 57.0    $ 91.5    $ 1.0     $ 149.5    $ (23.4 )   $ 16.7    $ 142.8

Provision for loan losses

     5.5      1.2      —         6.7      —         1.2      7.9

Total non-interest income

     17.4      29.0      18.9       65.3      2.5       4.4      72.2

Total non-interest expense

     44.2      93.6      21.1       158.9      1.3       7.4      167.6
                                                  

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

     24.7      25.7      (1.2 )     49.2      (22.2 )     12.5      39.5

Income tax expense (benefit)

     8.0      8.3      (0.4 )     15.9      (7.2 )     4.1      12.8
                                                  

Net income (loss)

   $ 16.7    $ 17.4    $ (0.8 )   $ 33.3    $ (15.0 )   $ 8.4    $ 26.7
                                                  

Total average assets

   $ 9,667.1    $ 6,187.7    $ 310.1     $ 16,164.9    $ 3,210.0     $ 882.6    $ 20,257.5

Total average liabilities

     2,220.0      12,234.5      132.9       14,587.4      67.3       439.2      15,093.9
                                                  

 

Three months ended March 31, 2008

(in millions)

   Commercial
Banking
   Retail
Banking
and Small
Business
   Wealth
Management
   Total
Segments
   Treasury     Other     Total
Consolidated

Net interest income (loss)

   $ 64.4    $ 102.7    $ 1.1    $ 168.2    $ (13.7 )   $ 11.8     $ 166.3

Provision for loan losses

     4.4      1.4      —        5.8      —         2.5       8.3

Total non-interest income

     19.8      28.9      22.7      71.4      4.5       6.4       82.3

Total non-interest expense

     44.1      94.9      21.3      160.3      (0.6 )     59.5       219.2
                                                  

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

     35.7      35.3      2.5      73.5      (8.6 )     (43.8 )     21.1

Income tax expense (benefit)

     12.2      12.0      0.8      25.0      (4.0 )     (15.0 )     6.0
                                                  

Net income (loss)

   $ 23.5    $ 23.3    $ 1.7    $ 48.5    $ (4.6 )   $ (28.8 )   $ 15.1
                                                  

Total average assets

   $ 8,981.6    $ 6,957.2    $ 299.6    $ 16,238.4    $ 3,872.8     $ 782.0     $ 20,893.2

Total average liabilities

     2,486.6      12,347.4      133.0      14,967.0      168.6       543.3       15,678.9
                                                  

 

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Commercial Banking consists principally of commercial lending, commercial real estate lending, indirect auto lending, and commercial deposit gathering activities. This segment also includes the equipment financing operations of People’s Capital and Leasing Corp. (“PCLC”), as well as cash management, correspondent banking, municipal banking and corporate trust.

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
   March 31,
2008

Net interest income

   $ 57.0    $ 64.4

Provision for loan losses

     5.5      4.4

Total non-interest income

     17.4      19.8

Total non-interest expense

     44.2      44.1
             

Income before income tax expense

     24.7      35.7

Income tax expense

     8.0      12.2
             

Net income

   $ 16.7    $ 23.5
             

Total average assets

   $ 9,667.1    $ 8,981.6

Total average liabilities

     2,220.0      2,486.6
             

Commercial Banking net income decreased $6.8 million compared to the first quarter of 2008, reflecting decreases in net interest income and non-interest income, and an increase in the provision for loan losses. The $7.4 million decrease in net interest income reflects the negative impact of interest rate cuts initiated by the Federal Reserve Board throughout 2008, partially offset by an increase in average earning assets. The $2.4 million decrease in non-interest income reflects decreases in merchant services income (due to a decline in payment processing volume) and commercial loan fees, partially offset by an increase in rental income on leased equipment.

The increase in average assets compared to the first quarter of 2008 primarily reflects increases of $271 million in commercial real estate loans, $258 million in PCLC loans and $51 million in commercial loans.

 

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Retail Banking and Small Business includes, as its principal business lines, consumer and small business deposit gathering activities, consumer lending (including residential mortgage and home equity) and small business lending.

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
   March 31,
2008

Net interest income

   $ 91.5    $ 102.7

Provision for loan losses

     1.2      1.4

Total non-interest income

     29.0      28.9

Total non-interest expense

     93.6      94.9
             

Income before income tax expense

     25.7      35.3

Income tax expense

     8.3      12.0
             

Net income

   $ 17.4    $ 23.3
             

Total average assets

   $ 6,187.7    $ 6,957.2

Total average liabilities

     12,234.5      12,347.4
             

Retail Banking and Small Business net income decreased $5.9 million compared to the first quarter of 2008. The $11.2 million decrease in net interest income primarily reflects the reduction in residential mortgage loan interest income. In the first quarter of 2009, average residential mortgage loans decreased $786 million compared to the first quarter of 2008, reflecting People’s United Financial’s decision to sell essentially all of its newly-originated residential mortgage loans.

 

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Wealth Management consists of private banking, trust services, brokerage, financial advisory services, investment management services and life insurance provided by People’s Securities, Inc. and Chittenden Securities, LLC, and other insurance services provided through R. C. Knox and Company, Inc. and Chittenden Insurance Group, LLC.

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    March 31,
2008

Net interest income

   $ 1.0     $ 1.1

Total non-interest income

     18.9       22.7

Total non-interest expense

     21.1       21.3
              

(Loss) income before income tax (benefit) expense

     (1.2 )     2.5

Income tax (benefit) expense

     (0.4 )     0.8
              

Net (loss) income

   $ (0.8 )   $ 1.7
              

Total average assets

   $ 310.1     $ 299.6

Total average liabilities

     132.9       133.0
              

Wealth Management net income decreased $2.5 million compared to the first quarter of 2008. The decrease in non-interest income in the first quarter of 2009 includes a $3.3 million decline in wealth management fees, primarily reflecting the decline in assets under custody and management likely caused by the uncertainty in the equity markets and broader economic weakness.

Assets under custody and management, which are not reported as assets of People’s United Financial, totaled $9.2 billion at March 31, 2009, compared to $10.0 billion at December 31, 2008 and $10.9 billion at March 31, 2008.

 

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Treasury encompasses the securities portfolio, short-term investments, wholesale funding activities, such as borrowings, and the funding center, which includes the impact of derivative financial instruments used for risk management purposes. The income or loss for the funding center represents the interest rate risk component of People’s United Financial’s net interest income as calculated by its FTP model in deriving each business segment’s net interest income. Under this process, a money desk (the funding center) buys funds from liability-generating business lines (such as consumer deposits) and sells funds to asset-generating business lines (such as commercial lending). The price at which funds are bought and sold on any given day is set by People’s United Financial’s treasury group and is based on the wholesale cost to People’s United Financial of assets and liabilities with similar maturities. Liability-generating businesses sell newly originated liabilities to the money desk and recognize a funding credit, while asset-generating businesses buy funding for newly originated assets from the money desk and recognize a funding charge. Once funding for an asset is purchased from or a liability is sold to the money desk, the price that is set by the treasury group will remain with that asset or liability until it matures or reprices, which effectively transfers responsibility for managing interest rate risk to the treasury group.

 

     Three Months Ended  

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    March 31,
2008
 

Net interest loss

   $ (23.4 )   $ (13.7 )

Total non-interest income

     2.5       4.5  

Total non-interest expense

     1.3       (0.6 )
                

Loss before income tax benefit

     (22.2 )     (8.6 )

Income tax benefit

     (7.2 )     (4.0 )
                

Net loss

   $ (15.0 )   $ (4.6 )
                

Total average assets

   $ 3,210.0     $ 3,872.8  

Total average liabilities

     67.3       168.6  
                

Treasury’s loss in the first quarter of 2009 compared to the 2008 period reflects an increase in net interest loss, a decrease in non-interest income and an increase in non-interest expense. The increase in net interest loss primarily reflects an $8.4 million increase in the funding center’s net spread loss, due to the 400 basis point decline in the targeted federal funds rate during 2008 and the asset sensitive position of People’s United Financial’s balance sheet. The decrease in non-interest income includes a $1.4 million decrease in bank-owned life insurance (“BOLI”) income, reflecting the historically low interest rate environment and a $0.5 million death benefit in the first quarter of 2008. Non-interest expense in the first quarter of 2009 includes costs relating to derivatives with commercial customers.

 

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Other includes the residual financial impact from the allocation of revenues and expenses and certain revenues and expenses not attributable to a particular segment, and the FTP impact from excess capital. This category also includes: certain nonrecurring items, including a $5.6 million gain related to the sale of the company’s remaining holdings of Visa Class B shares (included in total non-interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2009), $4.4 million of benefit-related and other charges (included in total non-interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2009), $6.9 million of gains related to the VISA IPO (included in total non-interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2008), and $51.3 million of merger-related expenses and other one-time charges (included in total non-interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2008). Included in “Other” are assets such as cash, premises and equipment, and other assets and other liabilities.

 

     Three Months Ended  

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
   March 31,
2008
 

Net interest income

   $ 16.7    $ 11.8  

Provision for loan losses

     1.2      2.5  

Total non-interest income

     4.4      6.4  

Total non-interest expense

     7.4      59.5  
               

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

     12.5      (43.8 )

Income tax expense (benefit)

     4.1      (15.0 )
               

Net income (loss)

   $ 8.4    $ (28.8 )
               

Total average assets

   $ 882.6    $ 782.0  

Total average liabilities

     439.2      543.3  
               

 

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Net Interest Income

 

Net interest income and net interest margin are affected by many factors, including changes in average balances; interest rate fluctuations and the slope of the yield curve; sales of loans and securities; residential mortgage loan and mortgage-backed security prepayment rates; product pricing; competitive forces; the relative mix, repricing characteristics and maturity of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities; non-interest-bearing sources of funds; hedging activities; and asset quality.

In response to the significant disruptions in the capital markets brought about by the sub-prime mortgage crisis and its after-effects, turmoil in the financial sector, and the contracting U.S. economy, the Federal Reserve Board lowered the targeted federal funds rate ten times since September 2007, and established a target range for the federal funds rate of 0 to 0.25 percent as of December 16, 2008. Given the asset sensitive position of People’s United Financial’s balance sheet, including the temporary investment of a portion of the company’s significant excess capital position in low-yielding short-term investments, the net interest margin may experience further compression in 2009.

First Quarter 2009 Compared to First Quarter 2008

The net interest margin declined 42 basis points to 3.25% compared to the first quarter of 2008. The lower net interest margin reflects the dramatic actions taken by the Federal Reserve Board and the company’s asset sensitive balance sheet, including its significant excess capital position, a portion of which continues to be invested in low-yielding short-term investments. Net interest income (FTE basis) decreased $23.6 million, reflecting a $59.8 million decrease in total interest and dividend income, partially offset by a $36.2 million decrease in total interest expense.

Average earning assets totaled $17.7 billion in the first quarter of 2009, a $521 million decrease from the first quarter of 2008. Average loans increased $66 million and average securities increased $255 million, while average short-term investments and securities resale agreements decreased $842 million. Average loans, average securities and average short-term investments comprised 83%, 7% and 10%, respectively, of average earning assets in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 80%, 6% and 14%, respectively, in the 2008 period. In the current quarter, the yield earned on the total loan portfolio was 5.07% and the yield earned on securities and short-term investments was 1.42%, compared to 6.16% and 3.48%, respectively, in the year-ago quarter. Excluding adjustable-rate residential mortgage loans, which are mostly of the hybrid variety, approximately 43% of the loan portfolio has floating interest rates compared to approximately 38% in the year-ago quarter.

 

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The total average commercial banking loan portfolio increased $580 million, reflecting increases of $271 million in average commercial real estate loans, $258 million in average equipment financing loans and $51 million in average commercial loans. At March 31, 2009, the shared national credits loan portfolio totaled $672 million. People’s United Financial is in the process of unwinding the shared national credits portfolio in an orderly manner over the next two to three years.

Average residential mortgage loans decreased $786 million compared to the year-ago quarter, reflecting People’s United Financial’s decision in the fourth quarter of 2006 to sell essentially all of its newly-originated residential mortgage loans. As a result, residential mortgage loan balances are expected to continue to decline in the future until People’s United Financial resumes adding such loans to its portfolio to an extent that more than offsets repayments. Average consumer loans increased $272 million, including a $263 million increase in average home equity loans.

Average funding liabilities totaled $14.7 billion in the first quarter of 2009, a $575 million decrease compared to the year-ago quarter. Average deposits decreased $606 million, reflecting decreases of $40 million in average non-interest-bearing deposits and $572 million in average time deposits. The decline in average time deposits is a result of the historically low interest rate environment and People’s United Financial’s conscious decision to maintain disciplined pricing on such deposit products, the combined effect of which is discussed further below. Average deposits comprised 97% of average funding liabilities in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 98% in the year-ago period.

The 90 basis point decrease to 1.42% from 2.32% in the rate paid on average funding liabilities primarily reflects the decrease in market interest rates and the shift in deposit mix. The rates paid on average deposits decreased 90 basis points from the first quarter of 2008, reflecting decreases of 139 basis points in time deposits and 78 basis points in savings and money market deposits. Average savings and money market deposits and average time deposits comprised 44% and 35%, respectively, of average total deposits in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 42% and 37%, respectively, in the 2008 period.

 

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First Quarter 2009 Compared to Fourth Quarter 2008

The net interest margin decreased 30 basis points and net interest income (FTE basis) decreased $10.6 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2008, primarily reflecting the benefit of disciplined loan and deposit pricing, which partially offset the decline in interest rates. Total interest and dividend income decreased $17.3 million, partially offset by a $6.7 million decrease in total interest expense.

Average earning assets increased $328 million, reflecting increases of $232 million in average loans and $214 million in average short-term investments, partially offset by a $118 million decrease in average securities. The increase in average loans reflects increases of $228 million in average commercial banking loans and $71 million in average home equity loans partially offset by a $70 million decrease in average residential mortgage loans. The increase in average commercial banking loans includes increases of $123 million in average commercial real estate loans and $108 million in average equipment financing loans. Average funding liabilities increased $242 million, reflecting increases of $229 million in average deposits and $13 million in average borrowings.

The table on the following page presents average balance sheets, interest income, interest expense and the corresponding average yields earned and rates paid for the three months ended March 31, 2009, December 31, 2008 and March 31, 2008. The average balances are principally daily averages and, for loans, include both performing and non-performing balances. Interest income on loans includes the effect of deferred loan fees and costs accounted for as yield adjustments, but does not include interest on loans for which People’s United Financial has ceased to accrue interest. The impact of People’s United Financial’s use of derivative instruments in managing interest rate risk is also reflected in the tables, classified according to the instrument hedged and the risk management objective.

 

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Average Balance Sheet, Interest and Yield/Rate Analysis (1)

 

     March 31, 2009     December 31, 2008     March 31, 2008  

Three months ended

(dollars in millions)

   Average
Balance
   Interest    Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
   Interest    Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
   Interest    Yield/
Rate
 

Assets:

                        

Short-term investments

   $ 1,824.3    $ 1.7    0.37 %   $ 1,610.0    $ 6.1    1.52 %   $ 2,279.1    $ 18.9    3.31 %

Securities purchased under agreements to resell

     —        —      —         —        —      —         387.4      3.1    3.25  

Securities (2)

     1,274.7      9.3    2.94       1,393.1      8.5    2.43       1,019.9      10.1    3.97  

Loans:

                        

Commercial real estate

     5,020.5      68.7    5.47       4,897.3      73.7    6.02       4,749.4      78.0    6.57  

Commercial

     4,210.3      51.8    4.93       4,105.9      56.1    5.47       3,901.3      61.8    6.34  

Residential mortgage

     3,119.4      40.7    5.22       3,189.7      43.2    5.42       3,905.4      52.9    5.42  

Consumer

     2,252.7      23.9    4.24       2,177.6      25.8    4.73       1,980.6      31.1    6.28  
                                                            

Total loans

     14,602.9      185.1    5.07       14,370.5      198.8    5.53       14,536.7      223.8    6.16  
                                                            

Total earning assets

     17,701.9    $ 196.1    4.43 %     17,373.6    $ 213.4    4.91 %     18,223.1    $ 255.9    5.62 %
                                                

Other assets

     2,555.6           2,682.9           2,670.1      
                                    

Total assets

   $ 20,257.5         $ 20,056.5         $ 20,893.2      
                                    

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity:

                        

Deposits:

                        

Non-interest-bearing

   $ 3,106.1    $ —      —   %   $ 3,096.1    $ —      —   %   $ 3,145.9    $ —      —   %

Savings, interest-bearing checking and money market

     6,288.2      12.6    0.80       6,143.6      16.6    1.08       6,282.8      24.7    1.58  

Time

     4,951.6      35.6    2.88       4,877.1      38.0    3.11       5,523.2      59.0    4.27  
                                                            

Total deposits

     14,345.9      48.2    1.34       14,116.8      54.6    1.55       14,951.9      83.7    2.24  
                                                            

Borrowings:

                        

Repurchase agreements

     171.1      0.2    0.46       151.1      0.4    1.11       116.3      0.8    2.60  

FHLB advances

     14.9      0.2    5.26       15.1      0.2    5.32       18.4      0.2    4.84  

Other

     8.7      —      1.94       15.8      0.1    2.93       23.3      0.1    1.67  
                                                            

Total borrowings

     194.7      0.4    0.89       182.0      0.7    1.62       158.0      1.1    2.73  
                                                            

Subordinated notes

     180.7      3.8    8.37       180.3      3.8    8.39       185.8      3.8    8.14  
                                                            

Total funding liabilities

     14,721.3    $ 52.4    1.42 %     14,479.1    $ 59.1    1.63 %     15,295.7    $ 88.6    2.32 %
                                                

Other liabilities

     372.6           347.5           383.2      
                                    

Total liabilities

     15,093.9           14,826.6           15,678.9      

Stockholders’ equity

     5,163.6           5,229.9           5,214.3      
                                    

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 20,257.5         $ 20,056.5         $ 20,893.2      
                                    

Net interest income/spread (3)

      $ 143.7    3.01 %      $ 154.3    3.28 %      $ 167.3    3.30 %
                                                

Net interest margin

         3.25 %         3.55 %         3.67 %
                                    

 

(1) Average yields earned and rates paid are annualized.
(2) Average balances and yields for securities available for sale are based on amortized cost.
(3) The FTE adjustment was $0.9 million, $1.0 million and $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009, December 31, 2008 and March 31, 2008, respectively.

 

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Volume and Rate Analysis

The following table shows the extent to which changes in interest rates and changes in the volume of average earning assets and average interest-bearing liabilities have affected People's United Financial's net interest income. For each category of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, information is provided relating to: changes in volume (changes in average balances multiplied by the prior year's average interest rate); changes in rates (changes in average interest rates multiplied by the prior year's average balance); and the total change. Changes attributable to both volume and rate have been allocated proportionately.

 

     Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 Compared To  
     March 31, 2008
Increase (Decrease)
    December 31, 2008
Increase (Decrease)
 

(in millions)

   Volume     Rate     Total     Volume     Rate     Total  

Interest and dividend income:

            

Short-term investments

   $ (3.1 )   $ (14.1 )   $ (17.2 )   $ 0.7     $ (5.1 )   $ (4.4 )

Securities purchased under agreements to resell

     (1.6 )     (1.5 )     (3.1 )     —         —         —    

Securities

     2.2       (3.0 )     (0.8 )     (0.8 )     1.6       0.8  

Loans:

            

Commercial real estate

     4.3       (13.6 )     (9.3 )     1.8       (6.8 )     (5.0 )

Commercial

     4.6       (14.6 )     (10.0 )     1.4       (5.7 )     (4.3 )

Residential mortgage

     (10.3 )     (1.9 )     (12.2 )     (0.9 )     (1.6 )     (2.5 )

Consumer

     3.9       (11.1 )     (7.2 )     0.9       (2.8 )     (1.9 )
                                                

Total loans

     2.5       (41.2 )     (38.7 )     3.2       (16.9 )     (13.7 )
                                                

Total change in interest and dividend income

     —         (59.8 )     (59.8 )     3.1       (20.4 )     (17.3 )
                                                

Interest expense:

            

Deposits:

            

Savings, interest-bearing checking and money market

     —         (12.1 )     (12.1 )     0.4       (4.4 )     (4.0 )

Time

     (5.6 )     (17.8 )     (23.4 )     0.6       (3.0 )     (2.4 )
                                                

Total deposits

     (5.6 )     (29.9 )     (35.5 )     1.0       (7.4 )     (6.4 )
                                                

Borrowings:

            

Repurchase agreements

     0.3       (0.9 )     (0.6 )     0.1       (0.3 )     (0.2 )

FHLB advances

     —         —         —         —         —         —    

Other

     (0.1 )     —         (0.1 )     —         (0.1 )     (0.1 )
                                                

Total borrowings

     0.2       (0.9 )     (0.7 )     0.1       (0.4 )     (0.3 )
                                                

Subordinated notes

     (0.1 )     0.1       —         0.1       (0.1 )     —    
                                                

Total change in interest expense

     (5.5 )     (30.7 )     (36.2 )     1.2       (7.9 )     (6.7 )
                                                

Change in net interest income

   $ 5.5     $ (29.1 )   $ (23.6 )   $ 1.9     $ (12.5 )   $ (10.6 )
                                                

 

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Non-Interest Income

 

 

 

     Three Months Ended

(in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
   March 31,
2008

Investment management fees

   $ 7.5     $ 9.6    $ 8.8

Insurance revenue

     8.3       7.3      9.1

Brokerage commissions

     3.3       3.2      4.5
                     

Total wealth management income

     19.1       20.1      22.4
                     

Net security gains (losses):

       

Equity securities

     5.5       —        6.9

Debt securities

     —         —        1.5

Trading account securities

     (0.1 )     0.2      0.1
                     

Total net security gains

     5.4       0.2      8.5
                     

Bank service charges

     30.4       31.5      30.7

Merchant services income

     5.8       6.6      6.4

Net gains on sales of residential mortgage loans

     1.9       0.8      2.0

Bank-owned life insurance

     1.6       1.5      3.0

Other non-interest income

     8.0       13.0      9.3
                     

Total non-interest income

   $ 72.2     $ 73.7    $ 82.3
                     

Total non-interest income decreased $10.1 million compared to the first quarter of 2008 and $1.5 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2008.

The decreases in total wealth management income and bank service charges from both the first and fourth quarters of 2008 reflects the uncertainty in the equity markets and broader economic weakness as well as changes in customer behavior. The decrease in merchant services income from both the first and fourth quarters of 2008 primarily reflects the decline in payment processing volume.

In the first quarter of 2008, People’s United Financial recorded a gain of $5.6 million resulting from the mandatory redemption of a portion of its Class B Visa, Inc. shares as part of Visa’s IPO. People’s United Financial obtained its ownership in Visa shares as a result of its acquisition of Chittenden, which was a Visa member. In addition, People’s United Financial recorded a gain of $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2008, which represented its proportionate share of the litigation reserve escrow account established by Visa in conjunction with its IPO. Securities gains in the first quarter of 2009 include a gain of $5.6 million resulting from the sale of People’s United Financial’s remaining Class B Visa shares. The foregoing Visa gains are included in equity securities gains in the above table. Debt securities gains in the first quarter of 2008 represent gains of $1.5 million resulting from the sale of securities acquired in the Chittenden acquisition as a result of changes in market interest rates subsequent to January 1, 2008.

 

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BOLI income totaled $1.6 million ($2.5 million on a taxable-equivalent basis) in the first quarter of 2009, compared to $3.0 million ($4.6 million on a taxable-equivalent basis) in the year-ago quarter, and $1.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2008 ($2.4 million on a taxable-equivalent basis). The decrease in BOLI income from the year-ago quarter primarily reflects the historically low interest rate environment and a $0.5 million death benefit included in the first quarter of 2008.

Other non-interest income decreased $1.3 million compared to the first quarter of 2008, as the increase in rental income resulting from a higher level of equipment leased to PCLC customers was more than offset by lower commercial loan fees. Other non-interest income in the fourth quarter of 2008 includes gains totaling $4.0 million recorded in connection with the sale of (i) mortgage servicing rights and (ii) two branches located in northern New England.

 

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Non-Interest Expense

 

 

 

     Three Months Ended  

(dollars in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
    March 31,
2008
 

Compensation and benefits

   $ 88.7     $ 83.2     $ 89.1  

Occupancy and equipment

     28.0       26.5       31.6  

Professional and outside service fees

     10.7       12.8       11.5  

Merchant services expense

     4.9       5.6       5.6  

Other non-interest expense:

      

Amortization of other acquisition-related intangibles

     5.2       5.5       5.2  

Advertising and promotion

     3.5       4.2       3.7  

Stationery, printing and postage

     3.2       3.2       3.5  

Other

     23.4       24.5       32.5  
                        

Total other non-interest expense

     35.3       37.4       44.9  
                        

Total

     167.6       165.5       182.7  

Merger-related expenses

     —         —         36.5  
                        

Total non-interest expense

   $ 167.6     $ 165.5     $ 219.2  
                        

Efficiency ratio

     73.4 %     69.0 %     65.0 %
                        

Total non-interest expense in the first quarter of 2009 decreased $15.1 million, or 8%, compared to the first quarter of 2008, excluding the effect of $36.5 million of merger-related expenses recorded in the first quarter of 2008. Total non-interest expense increased $2.1 million, or 1%, compared to the fourth quarter of 2008.

The efficiency ratio increased to 73.4% in the first quarter of 2009 compared to 65.0% in the year-ago quarter and 69.0% in the fourth quarter of 2008, reflecting the decline in interest rates that negatively impacted net interest income.

Compensation and benefits decreased $0.4 million compared to the year-ago quarter and increased $5.5 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2008. The year-over-year decrease primarily reflects further benefits from previously disclosed cost-saving initiatives, offset by normal merit increases and higher pension expense in the first quarter of 2009. The increase in compensation and benefits from the fourth quarter reflects the combination of normal merit increases, higher payroll taxes as a result of fewer employees having reached the maximum payroll tax limits, and increased pension expense, partially offset by lower salary and benefit costs resulting from cost-saving initiatives.

 

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Merger-related expenses recorded in the first quarter of 2008 include asset impairment charges of $19.3 million, costs relating to severance and branch closings of $10.5 million and other accrued liabilities of $6.7 million.

The decrease in merchant services expense from both the first and fourth quarters of 2008 primarily reflects the decline in payment processing volume. Included in other non-interest expense in the first quarter of 2009 are benefit-related and other charges totaling $4.4 million. Other non-interest expense in the first quarter of 2008 includes $11.5 million of one-time charges, including benefit-related and other costs associated with the death of People’s United Financial’s former President.

On February 27, 2009, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) approved an interim rule that would impose an additional one-time special assessment of 20 basis points on deposits, in addition to an increase in regular assessment rates announced previously. The FDIC’s interim rule also provides that the FDIC may impose additional special assessments of up to 10 basis points in future quarters if the reserve ratio of the DIF is estimated to fall to a level that the FDIC believes would adversely affect public confidence or a level of close to zero or negative. The FDIC has indicated that it may reduce the amount of the 20 basis point special assessment under certain circumstances, including expansion of the FDIC’s borrowing authority. Legislation is pending in Congress that would expand the FDIC’s borrowing authority. As such, FDIC insurance expense, which is included in other non-interest expense, is expected to increase significantly, possibly as soon as the second quarter of 2009.

Income Taxes

 

 

People’s United Financial’s effective income tax rate was 32.5% in the first quarter of 2009, compared to 28.4% in the first quarter of 2008 and 33.0% in the fourth quarter of 2008. The lower effective income tax rate in the first quarter of 2008 primarily reflects a non-taxable BOLI death benefit. People’s United Financial’s effective income tax rate for the remainder of 2009 is expected to be approximately 32.5%.

 

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FINANCIAL CONDITION

General

 

 

Total assets at March 31, 2009 were $20.7 billion, an increase of $513 million from December 31, 2008, reflecting increases of $1.6 billion in short-term investments and $82 million in total loans, partially offset by a decrease of $1.1 billion in securities.

At March 31, 2009, liabilities totaled $15.5 billion, a $529 million increase from December 31, 2008, primarily reflecting a $576 million increase in total deposits.

The increase in total loans from December 31, 2008 to March 31, 2009 reflects increases of $119 million in commercial real estate loans, $13 million in commercial loans and $34 million in consumer loans, partially offset by a decrease of $84 million in residential mortgage loans. The decrease in residential mortgage loans reflects People’s United Financial’s decision in the fourth quarter of 2006 to sell essentially all of its newly-originated residential mortgage loans. Residential mortgage loan balances are expected to continue to decline in the future until People’s United Financial resumes adding such loans to its portfolio to an extent that more than offsets repayments. Residential mortgage loans at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 included loans held for sale (all to be sold servicing released) of $56.5 million and $6.1 million, respectively, which approximate fair value. The increase in loans held for sale from year-end reflects a higher backlog associated with an increase in residential mortgage refinancing activity as a result of the historically low interest rate environment.

 

Non-performing assets totaled $142.0 million at March 31, 2009, a $48.3 million increase from year-end 2008, primarily reflecting increases of $24.0 million in non-performing commercial real estate loans, $18.1 million in non-performing residential mortgage loans and $6.5 million in REO and repossessed assets. The allowance for loan losses totaled $159.0 million at March 31, 2009 compared to $157.5 million at December 31, 2008. At March 31, 2009, the allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans was 1.09% and as a percent of non-performing loans was 126%, compared to 1.08% and 187%, respectively, at December 31, 2008.

People’s United Financial’s total stockholders’ equity was $5.2 billion at March 31, 2009, a $15 million decrease from December 31, 2008. The decrease primarily reflects dividends paid of $50.2 million, partially offset by net income of $26.7 million. As a percentage of total assets, stockholders’ equity was 25.0% at March 31, 2009 compared to 25.7% at December 31, 2008. Tangible stockholders’ equity as a percentage of tangible assets was 19.0% at March 31, 2009 compared to 19.5% at December 31, 2008.

People’s United Bank’s leverage (core) capital ratio, and tier 1 and total risk-based capital ratios were 10.6%, 12.4% and 13.5%, respectively, at March 31, 2009, compared to 10.0%, 12.2% and 13.4%, respectively, at December 31, 2008 (see Regulatory Capital Requirements).

 

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Table of Contents

Asset Quality

 

 

The past two years have been marked by significant volatility in the financial and capital markets initially brought about by the fallout associated with the subprime mortgage market. This disruption led to significant credit and liquidity concerns, which resulted in government intervention within the banking sector and a substantial decline in activity within the secondary mortgage market. All of these issues have been further exacerbated by an accelerated softening of the real estate market and, in more recent months, a worsening recessionary economic environment. These events have, in turn, led to weakness within the commercial sector, prompting the federal government to implement a $787 billion stimulus package in February 2009, with the objective of reviving the U.S. economy.

People’s United Financial does not engage in subprime mortgage lending, which has been the riskiest sector of the residential housing market. People’s United Financial has virtually no exposure to subprime loans, or to similarly high-risk Alt-A loans and structured investment vehicles.

While People’s United Financial continues to adhere to prudent underwriting standards, the loan portfolio is geographically diverse and, therefore, is not immune to potential negative consequences arising as a result of general economic weakness and, in particular, a sharp downturn in the housing market on a national scale. Decreases in real estate values could adversely affect the value of property used as collateral for loans. In addition, adverse changes in the economy could have a negative effect on the ability of borrowers to make scheduled loan payments, which would likely have an adverse impact on earnings. Further, an increase in loan delinquencies may serve to decrease net interest income and adversely impact loan loss experience, resulting in an increased provision and allowance for loan losses.

People’s United Financial actively manages asset quality through its underwriting practices and collection operations. Underwriting practices tend to focus on optimizing the return of a given risk classification while collection operations focus on minimizing losses once an account becomes delinquent.

 

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The allowance for loan losses is established through provisions for loan losses charged to income. Losses on loans, including impaired loans, are charged to the allowance for loan losses when all or a portion of a loan is deemed to be uncollectible. Recoveries of loans previously charged off are credited to the allowance for loan losses when realized. People’s United Financial maintains the allowance for loan losses at a level that is deemed to be adequate to absorb probable losses inherent in the existing loan portfolio, based on a quarterly evaluation of a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to: People’s United Financial’s historical loan loss experience and recent trends in that experience; risk ratings assigned by lending personnel to commercial real estate, commercial and PCLC loans, and the results of ongoing reviews of those ratings by People’s United Financial’s independent loan review function; an evaluation of delinquent and non-performing loans and related collateral values; the probability of loss in view of geographic and industry concentrations and other portfolio risk characteristics; the present financial condition of borrowers; and current economic conditions. While People’s United Financial seeks to use the best available information to make these evaluations, future adjustments to the allowance for loan losses may be necessary based on changes in economic conditions, results of regulatory examinations, further information obtained regarding known problem loans, the identification of additional problem loans and other factors.

Provision and Allowance for Loan Losses

 

     Three Months Ended  

(dollars in millions)

   March 31,
2009
    Dec. 31,
2008
    March 31,
2008
 

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 157.5     $ 154.5     $ 72.7  

Charge-offs

     (6.9 )