This excerpt taken from the PBR 6-K filed Nov 13, 2006.
Cost - R$/barrel
Domestic crude oil and NGL production for the 9M06 period increased 6% compared with the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to the start of production at the P-43 (Barracuda) in December 2004, the P-48 (Caratinga) in February 2005, the P-50 (Albacora Leste) in April 2006, and the FPSO-Capixaba (Golfinho) field in May 2006. Production stabilization at the P-43 and P48 fields was only attained in June, 2005.
In the third quarter 2006, domestic crude oil and NGL production increased 1% versus the 2Q06, mainly driven by production at the Albacora Leste and Golfinho fields.
In the first nine months of 2006, international oil production decreased by 12% compared to the same period of 2005. This decline is mainly due to the shift from operating agreements in Venezuela to a mixed company in which the Venezuelan government assumed a majority interest through PDVSA, as well as the natural decline in production in some mature fields in Angola and the temporary interruption in production from the main fields in the United States after hurricanes Rita and Katrina. Gas production increased 2% compared to the same period of 2005, mainly due to the increase in demand for Bolivian gas to Brazil and Argentina.
International oil production for the third quarter 2006 increased 1% compared to the 2Q06. This increase is primarily because of the resumption of production in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico that had been temporarily closed following Hurricane Katrina. Gas production increased by 11% compared to the prior quarter. This increase was the result of the resumption of full production in Bolivia after strong rains had caused a rupture in the drainage duct at the San Antonio field in April 2006.
Throughput (primary processing) of refineries in Brazil increased by 3% in the first nine months of 2006 compared to the same period of the previous year. The increase is primarily a result of improvements in operational reliability and a lower number of scheduled maintenance stoppages in 2006.
For the 3Q06, feedstock processed by refineries in Brazil decreased by 4% in relation to the previous quarter. This decline is mainly due to temporary limitations in receiving oil and higher occurrences of programmed stoppages during the third quarter as compared to the second quarter 2006.
Feedstock processed by international refineries during the first nine months of 2006 decreased by 1% versus the same period of 2005. This decline was primarily due to the programmed maintenance stoppage in September 2006 in the San Lorenzo refinery in Argentina, in order to implement improvements to increase installed capacity.
Feedstock processed by international refineries in the third quarter decreased by 10.1% compared to the 2Q06, mainly because of the programmed maintenance stoppage at the San Lorenzo refinery in September 2006.
Lifting cost in Brazil for the first nine months of 2006, excluding government take, increased 13% versus the comparable period of 2005. After discounting the effects of the 13% appreciation of the Real for costs denominated in local currency, lifting costs remained stable, with higher costs for well interventions for preventive and corrective maintenance, and contractual increases in day rates for drilling rigs, offset by the increase in production at the P-43, P-48, P-50 and FPSO-Capixaba platforms.
When compared to the 2Q06, lifting cost in Brazil, excluding government take, increased by 9%, mainly as a result of higher operational transportation costs, oil rig costs for well interventions, corrective maintenance, as well as additional costs associated with the start-up of the Albacora Leste and Golfinho fields, which increased the level of average unit cost for extraction in Brazil.
Lifting costs in Brazil for the first nine months of 2006, including government take, increased by 24% compared to the same period of 2005. The increase is primarily because of the aforementioned increase in extraction costs, as well as the average reference price used to calculate government take for domestic oil, as a result of the increase in international oil prices; and due to increased production at the Barracuda and Caratinga fields after achieving production stability in June 2005, which increased royalties and Special Participation charges.
Including government take, third quarter lifting costs in Brazil increased by 3% versus the second quarter 2006, reflecting the aforementioned increase in extraction costs.
For the first nine months of 2006, international lifting costs increased by 13% compared to the same period of the previous year. This increase is mainly due to lower volume produced, higher third party expenses and materials for the Argentina operations, including pipeline and equipment as well as well repairs.
International lifting costs for 3Q06 increased by 0.3% when compared to the 2Q06, mainly as a result of higher material and third party expenses in Argentina due to pipeline and equipment reforms, as well as oil well repairs.
Domestic refining costs for the January to September 2006 period increased by 16% versus the same period of last year. This increase is due to higher operating expenses, reflecting investments aimed at adapting the refineries to process heavy oil and to improve the quality of fuels to meet environmental requirements. Discounting the effects of a 13% appreciation of the Real, which caused the local currency component of the refining costs to increase when expressed in U.S. dollars, refining costs increased by 5%.
In comparison with the 2Q06, refining costs in Brazil for the third quarter 2006 increased by 20%, mainly due to a higher number of programmed maintenance stoppages during the quarter.
For the first nine months of 2006, international refining costs increased by 16% in comparison to the same period of the prior year. This increase was driven by higher material and third party expenses in Argentina and in the refineries in Bolivia, caused by emergency maintenance stoppages which occurred in January, May, and June of 2006; and due to increased salary concessions in the Argentina unit.
Average international refining costs for the 3Q06 increased 15% when compared to the 2Q06. The increase is mainly due to lower feedstock and higher third party, material and personnel expenses in refineries in Argentina, as a result of programmed maintenance for industrial units during the period.
Compared with the same period of last year, corporate overhead increased by 31% as a result of higher third party services, as well as increases in personnel expenses related to increases in health care coverage, salary adjustments, and a larger workforce. After discounting the effects of a 13% appreciation of the Real (since all overhead expenses are denominated in Reais), corporate overhead increased by 18% in comparison with the first nine months of 2005.
Third quarter corporate overhead increased 8% when compared with the 2Q06. This increase was mainly due to higher expenses for contractual services, as well as higher personnel expenses associated with a larger workforce.