This excerpt taken from the PBR 20-F filed Jun 30, 2005.
The development stage occurs after the completion of exploration and appraisal and prior to hydrocarbon production, and involves the development of production facilities including platforms and pipelines. We have an active development program in existing fields and in the discovery and recovery of new reserve finds. Over the last five years, we have concentrated our development investments in the deepwater fields located in the Campos Basin, where most of our proved reserves are located. We develop our fields in stages of production, which we refer to as modules. As of December 31, 2004, we had a total of 7,958 oil and gas producing wells in Brazil, of which 7,307 were onshore and 651 were offshore.
Campos Basin Fields
Marlim. The Marlim field is located at water depths between 2,133 and 3,445 feet (6501,050 meters). It is our largest field based on production. Average production of crude oil during 2004 was 482.6 Mbpd, or more than 53% of total production in the Campos Basin. We have developed the Marlim field in five modules. We currently have seven floating production systems with a total capacity of 690 Mbpd operating in the Marlim field. We have a total of 83 production wells and 46 injection wells, and expect to drill one well in 2005. Peak production of 586.3 Mboe was achieved in 2002.
Roncador. The Roncador field is located at water depths between 4,921 and 6,234 feet (1,5001,900 meters). Average production of crude oil during 2004 was 92.2 Mbpd. The first module of the development of this field consisted of Platform P-36, which sank in March 2001, and which was producing 80 Mbpd prior to the accident. Since the loss of P-36, we have contracted a temporary Floating Production Storage and Offloading unit (FPSO Brazil) with a capacity of 90 Mbpd. First oil from this unit was attained on December 8, 2002. A total of eight wells, which were previously attached to P-36, have been attached to the new FPSO unit. A second platform (P-52) with a 180 Mbpd capacity is under construction. First oil from the unit is expected in 2007. A total of 20 production wells are planned in this module, including the nine, which were completed before the sinking of P-36. During 2004, we made a significant discovery of crude oil in the Roncador field.
The contracts for a third production unit, with production capacity of 190 Mbpd, were signed on June 17, 2004. The production unit consists of an FPSO (P-54), which is expected to begin production in 2007. A total of ten production wells and six injection wells are planned.
Marlim Sul (South Marlim). The Marlim Sul field is located at water depths between 2,789 and 7,874 feet (8502,400 meters). Production of crude oil began on December 17, 2001. In 2004, the average production for Marlim Sul was 179.4 Mbpd. We plan to develop the Marlim Sul field in two modules. The first module includes a production system consisting of a semi-submersible platform (P-40) and an FPSO unit and has a total capacity of 255 Mbpd. 13 wells are currently producing through P-40, out of a total of 16 planned production wells and ten injection wells. Production from the Marlim Sul FPSO unit began on June 7, 2004 and is currently producing 40.5 Mboe per day.
The contracts for a second module, with a production capacity of 180 Mbpd, were signed on June 17, 2004. The production system consists of a semi-submersible unit (P-51), which is expected to begin production in 2008. A total of 14 production wells and ten injection wells are planned.
Barracuda and Caratinga. The Barracuda and Caratinga fields are located at water depths between 2,274 and 3,899 feet (7001,200 meters). Oil production began in December 2004 through FPSO unit P-43, which was constructed in Singapore and moved to Brazil for completion and which was installed in the Barracuda field. Another FPSO unit, P-48, was converted in Brazil and started production in the Caratinga field in February 2005. Each FPSO unit has a capacity of 150 Mbpd. A total of 32 production wells and 22 injection wells are planned for the two fields.
Albacora Leste (East Albacora). Albacora Leste is located at water depths between 3,609 and 4,921 feet (1,1001,500 meters). First oil is expected in the end of 2005. An FPSO unit (P-50) with a capacity of 180 Mbpd is currently being converted in Rio de Janeiro. A total of 16 wells and 14 injection wells are planned. We are the operator and Repsol-YPF is a partner with a 10% interest.
Other Planned Developments
Other developments include: (1) the Jubarte field, already producing through a pilot system, that consists of an FPSO unit (Seillean) with a capacity of 20 Mbpd that will, in phase I of the field development, be replaced by another FPSO (P-34) with 60 Mbpd capacity in the end of 2005, (2) the Frade field, which we are developing in partnership with Chevron Texaco and (3) the Marlim Leste field, that will have an FPSO unit (P-53) with a 180 Mbpd capacity, currently in the bidding phase. A contract to increase the production capacity of P-34 to 60 Mbpd was signed on June 17, 2004. During 2004, we made discoveries of crude oil in the Jubarte and Marlim Leste fields.
Some of these fields are being financed through project financings. See Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and ProspectsLiquidity and Capital ResourcesProject Finance.