This excerpt taken from the PBR 20-F filed Jun 30, 2005.
Summary and Strategy
Our refining, transportation and marketing business segment encompasses the refining, transportation and marketing of crude oil, oil products and fuel alcohol, including investments in petrochemicals.
We own and operate 11 refineries in Brazil, with a total processing capacity of 1.99 million barrels per day. There are only two other competing refineries in Brazil, which have an aggregate installed capacity of approximately 0.03 million barrels per day. Our domestic refining capacity constitutes 98.6% of the Brazilian refining capacity. We built nine of our 11 refineries prior to 1972, and we completed the last refinery (Henrique Lage) in 1980. At that time, we were only producing 200 Mbpd of crude oil in Brazil. Our refineries were built to process light imported crude oil. Subsequent to their completion, we discovered larger reserves of heavier crude oil in Brazil. As a result, we are continually upgrading and improving our refineries to process a heavier crude slate.
We process as much of our domestically produced crude oil as possible through our refineries, and supply the remaining demand within Brazil by importing crude oil (which we also process in our refineries) and oil products. As our own domestic production increases and refinery upgrades enable us to process more throughput in the next few years, we expect to import proportionately less crude oil and oil products. Until January of 2002, we were the sole supplier of oil products to the Brazilian market. Now that the market is deregulated and we are no longer the sole supplier of oil products to the Brazilian market, we intend to reevaluate our import strategy and may reduce imports to the extent such reductions improve our profitability. We also export, to the extent our production of oil products exceeds Brazilian demand or our refineries are unable to process our growing domestic crude oil production.
We transport oil products and crude oil to domestic wholesale and export markets through a coordinated network of marketing centers, storage facilities, pipelines and shipping vessels. As the single supplier for almost fifty years of a country that ranks as the 12th largest oil consuming nation in the world, according to the June 2004 issue of Statistical Review of the World, we have developed a large and complex infrastructure. Our refineries are generally located near Brazils population and industrial centers and near our production areas, which we believe creates logistical efficiencies in our operations.
In accordance with the requirements of the Oil Law, we have placed our shipping assets into a separate subsidiary, Petrobras Transporte S.A., or Transpetro. This subsidiary leases storage and pipeline facilities and provides open access to these assets to all market participants. Our petrochemicals business is now also included in the refining, transportation and marketing segment.
Our main strategies in refining and transportation are to:
Our refining, transportation and marketing results are reflected in the Supply segment in our audited consolidated financial statements.
On December 31, 2004, we had a total refining installed capacity of approximately 2.1 million barrels per day, which, according to Petroleum Intelligence Weekly, made us the 8th largest refiner of oil products in the world among publicly traded companies in 2004. Worldwide, we processed an average of 1.8 million barrels of oil per day in 2004, which represents a utilization rate of 85% for the year, calculated on total capacity. This compares with an 81% average utilization rate in 2003 and an 83% average utilization rate in 2002.
Our domestic production in 2004 supplied approximately 76% of the crude oil feedstock for our refinery operations in Brazil, as compared to 80% in 2003 and 79% in 2002. We expect an increasing percentage of our crude oil feedstock to be supplied by our relatively lower cost domestic production, as our overall domestic production increases. Because our domestic refining capacity constitutes 98.6% of the Brazilian refining capacity, we supply almost all of the refined product needs of third-party wholesalers, exporters and petrochemical companies, in addition to satisfying our internal consumption requirements with respect to wholesale marketing operations and petrochemical feedstock.
Our refineries are located throughout Brazil, with a heavy concentration in the Southeast region of the country where the demand for domestic products is greatest, due to significant industrial activity and large population centers. Most of our refineries are located near our crude oil pipelines, storage facilities, refined product pipelines and major petrochemical facilities. This configuration facilitates our access to crude oil supply and major end-user markets in Brazil.
Refinery Production and Capacity
For 2004, we processed, in Brazil, 623 million barrels of crude oil or 1.7 million barrels per day. Our average refining costs (consisting of variable costs and excluding depreciation and amortization) in Brazil were U.S. $1.36 per barrel in 2004, U.S.$1.17 per barrel in 2003 and U.S.$0.91 per barrel in 2002. Our production in Brazil supplied approximately 76% of this crude oil. Due to the heavier crude characteristic of many Brazilian fields, we have invested in equipment and machinery that allows us to convert heavy crude oil to lighter products. The majority of our heavy crude conversion capacity is located in our largest refineries located near our heavy crude oil reserves in the Campos Basin: Landulpho Alves, Duque de Caxias, Paulínia, Presidente Bernardes, Gabriel Passos and Henrique Lage.
The following table describes the installed capacity, refining throughput and utilization of our refineries for each of 2004, 2003 and 2002: