This excerpt taken from the PBI DEF 14A filed Apr 3, 2007.
U.S. Tax Treatment of Awards
The following discussion of the federal income tax consequences of the 2007 Plan is intended to be a summary of applicable federal law as currently in effect. Foreign, state and local tax consequences may differ and may be amended or interpreted differently during the term of the 2007 Plan or of awards granted under the plan. Because the federal income tax rules governing awards and related payments are complex and subject to frequent change, award holders are advised to consult their individual tax advisors.
Incentive Stock Options An incentive stock option results in no ordinary income to the optionee or a deduction to the company at the time it is granted or exercised. However, the excess of the fair market value of the shares acquired over the option exercise price is an item of adjustment in computing the alternative minimum taxable income of the optionee in the year of exercise. If the optionee holds the stock received as a result of an exercise of an incentive stock option for at least two years from the date of the grant and one year from the date of exercise, then the gain realized on disposition of the stock is treated as a long-term capital gain. If the shares are disposed of during this period, however, (i.e., a disqualifying disposition), then the optionee will include in income, as compensation for the year of the disposition, an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the fair market value of the shares, upon exercise of the option over the option exercise price (or, if less, the excess of the amount realized upon disposition over the option exercise price). The excess, if any, of the sale price over the fair market value on the date of exercise will generally be a short-term capital gain. In such case, the company will be entitled to a deduction, in the year of such a disposition, for the amount includible in the optionees income as compensation. The optionees basis in the shares acquired upon exercise of an incentive stock option is equal to the option exercise price paid, plus any amount includible in his or her income as a result of a disqualifying disposition.
Non-Qualified Stock Options A non-qualified stock option results in no taxable income to the optionee or deduction to the company at the time it is granted. An optionee exercising such an option will, at that time, realize taxable compensation in the amount of the difference between the option exercise price and the then market value of the shares. Subject to the applicable provisions of the Code, a deduction for federal income tax purposes will generally be allowable to the company in the year of exercise in an amount equal to the taxable compensation recognized by the optionee.
The optionees basis in such shares is equal to the sum of the option exercise price plus the amount includible in his or her income as compensation upon exercise. Any gain (or loss) upon subsequent disposition of the shares will be a long-term or short-term gain (or loss), depending upon the holding period of the shares.
If a non-qualified option is exercised by tendering previously owned shares of the companys common stock in payment of the option exercise price, then, instead of the treatment described above, the following generally will apply: a number of new shares equal to the number of previously owned shares tendered will be considered to have been received in a tax-free exchange; the optionees basis and holding period for such number of new shares will be equal to the basis and holding period of the previously owned shares exchanged. The optionee will have compensation income equal to the fair market value on the date of exercise of the number of new shares received in excess of such number of exchanged shares; the optionees basis in such excess shares will be equal to the amount of such compensation income; and the holding period in such shares will begin on the date of exercise.
Stock Appreciation Rights Generally, the recipient of a stand-alone SAR will not recognize taxable income at the time the stand-alone SAR is granted. If an employee receives the appreciation inherent in the SARs in cash, the cash will be taxed as ordinary income to the employee at the time it is received. If an employee receives the appreciation inherent in the SARs in stock, the value of the shares received (equal to the spread between the then current market value and the base price) will be taxed as ordinary income to the employee at the time it is received. In general, there will be no federal income tax deduction allowed to the company upon the grant of SARs. However, upon the settlement of an SAR, the company will generally be entitled to a deduction equal to the amount of ordinary income the recipient is required to recognize as a result of the settlement.
Other Awards The current United States federal income tax consequences of other awards authorized under the 2007 Plan are generally in accordance with the following: (i) restricted stock is generally subject to ordinary income tax at the time the restrictions lapse, unless the recipient elects to accelerate recognition as of the date of grant; (ii) stock unit awards are generally subject to ordinary income tax at the time of payment, and (iii) unrestricted stock awards are generally subject to ordinary income tax at the time of grant. In each of the foregoing cases, the company will generally be entitled to a corresponding federal income tax deduction at the same time the participant recognizes ordinary income.
Section 162(m) Compensation of persons who are covered employees of the company is subject to the tax deduction limits of Section 162(m) of the Code. Awards that qualify as performance-based compensation are exempt from Section 162(m), thus allowing the company the full federal tax deduction otherwise permitted for such compensation. If approved by the companys stockholders, the 2007 Plan will enable the Committee to grant awards that will be exempt from the deduction limits of Section 162(m). The company does, however, weigh the benefits of compliance with Section 162(m) against the potential limitations of such compliance, and reserves the right to pay compensation that may not be fully deductible if it determines that it is in the companys best interest to do so.
Tax Withholding To the extent required by applicable Federal, state, local or foreign law, a participant shall be required to satisfy, in a manner satisfactory to the company, any withholding tax obligations that arise by reason of an award.
Section 409A Section 409A of the Code applies to any awards under the 2007 Plan that are deemed to be deferred compensation. Stock options, SARs and restricted stock generally will not be subject to Section 409A. Other awards, including restricted stock units, performance units, dividend equivalents and other stock-based awards, may be subject to Section 409A, depending on the design of the award. If the requirements of Section 409A of the Code are not met, the recipient may be required to include deferred compensation in taxable income, and additional taxes and interest may be assessed on such amounts. If any awards are subject to Section 409A, we intend to have the awards comply with Section 409A of the Code.
Tax Treatment of Awards to Employees Outside the United States The grant and exercise of options and awards under the 2007 Plan to employees outside the United States may be taxed on a different basis.
On March 9, 2007, the closing price of our common stock traded on the New York Stock Exchange was $46.49 per share.