This excerpt taken from the PCP DEF 14A filed Jul 1, 2008.
Under federal income tax law currently in effect, an optionee will recognize no regular income upon grant or exercise of an ISO. However, the amount by which the market value of shares issued upon exercise of an ISO exceeds the option price is included in the option holders alternative minimum taxable income and may, under certain conditions, be taxed under the alternative minimum tax. If an employee exercises an ISO and does not dispose of any of the optioned shares within two years following the date of grant and within one year following the date of exercise, then any gain upon subsequent disposition will be treated as long-term capital gain for federal income tax purposes. If an employee disposes of shares acquired upon exercise of an ISO before expiration of either the one-year or the two-year holding period, any amount realized will be taxable for federal income tax purposes as ordinary income in the year of such disqualifying disposition to the extent that the lesser of the fair market value of the shares on the exercise date or the fair market value of the shares on the date of disposition exceeds the exercise price. The Company will not be allowed any deduction for federal income tax purposes either at the time of the grant or exercise of an ISO. Upon any disqualifying disposition by an employee, the Company will generally be entitled to a deduction to the extent the employee realizes ordinary income.
No income is realized by the grantee of a NSO until the option is exercised, provided the exercise price of the option is not less than the market value of the underlying stock on the date of grant. At the time of exercise of a NSO, the optionee will realize ordinary income, and the Company will generally be entitled to a deduction, in the amount by which the market value of the shares subject to the option at the time of exercise exceeds the exercise price. The Company is required to withhold income and employment taxes on such income if the optionee is an employee. Upon sale of shares acquired upon exercise of a NSO, the excess of the amount realized from the sale over the market value of the shares on the date of exercise will constitute long-term capital gain if the shares have been held for the required holding period.
On exercise of a SAR, the amount realized by the holder will, for federal tax purposes, be taxed as ordinary income, and the Company will generally be allowed to take a deduction for such amount. The SAR holder is subject to withholding on such income.
Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code limits to $1,000,000 per person the amount that the Company may deduct for compensation paid to any of its most highly compensated officers in any year. Under IRS regulations, compensation received through the exercise of an option or SAR will not be subject to the $1,000,000 limit if the option or SAR and the plan pursuant to which it is granted meet certain requirements. One requirement is shareholder approval at least once every five years of a per-employee limit on the number of shares as to which options and SARs may be granted. Approval of this Proposal 3 will constitute reapproval of the per-employee limits for options and SARs under the Plan previously approved by the Companys
shareholders. Other requirements are that the option or SAR be granted by a committee of at least two outside directors and that the exercise price of the option or SAR be not less than the fair market value of the Companys common stock on the date of grant. Accordingly, the Company believes that if this proposal is approved, compensation received on exercise of options and SARs granted under the Plan in compliance with all of the above requirements will continue to be exempt from the $1,000,000 deduction limit.
Under IRS regulations, compensation received through a Performance-Based Award will not be subject to the $1,000,000 limit under Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code if the Performance-Based Award and the plan meet certain requirements. One of these requirements is that shareholders approve the performance criteria upon which award payouts will be based and the maximum amount payable under awards, both of which are set forth in Section 9 of the proposed amended Plan. Other requirements are that objective performance goals and the amounts payable upon achievement of the goals be established by a committee of at least two outside directors and that no discretion be retained to increase the amount payable under the awards. The Company believes that, if this proposal is approved by the shareholders, compensation received on vesting of Performance-Based Awards granted under the Plan in compliance with all of the above requirements will not be subject to the $1,000,000 deduction limit.