This excerpt taken from the PRIM 10-K filed Mar 24, 2009.
Contract Provisions and Subcontracting
A substantial portion of our revenue is derived from contracts that are "fixed price" or "fixed unit price" contracts. Under a fixed price contract, we undertake to provide labor, equipment and services required by a project for a competitively bid or negotiated fixed price. The materials required under a
fixed price contract, such as pipe, turbines, boilers and vessels are often supplied by the party retaining us. Under a fixed unit price contract, we are committed to providing materials or services required by a project at fixed unit prices. While the fixed unit price contract shifts the risk of estimating the quantity of units required for a particular project to the party retaining us, any increase in our unit cost over the unit price bid, whether due to inflation, inefficiency, faulty estimates or other factors, is borne by us.
Construction contracts are primarily obtained through competitive bidding or through negotiations with long-standing customers. We are typically invited to bid on projects undertaken by recurring customers who maintain pre-qualified contractor lists. Contractors are selected for the pre-approved contractor lists by virtue of their prior performance for such customers, as well as their experience, reputation for quality, safety record, financial strength and bonding capacity.
In evaluating bid opportunities, we consider such factors as the customer, the geographic location of the work, the availability of labor, our competitive advantage or disadvantage relative to other likely contractors, our current and projected workload, the likelihood of additional work, and the project's cost and profitability estimates. We use computer-based estimating systems and our estimating staff has significant experience in the construction industry. The project estimates form the basis of a project budget against which performance is tracked through a project cost system, enabling management to monitor a projects progress. Project costs are accumulated and monitored weekly against billings and payments to assure proper control of cash flow on the project.
All government contracts and many other contracts provide for termination of the contract for the convenience of the party. In addition, many contracts are subject to certain completion schedule requirements with liquidated damages in the event schedules are not met. We have not been materially adversely affected by these provisions in the past.
We act as prime contractor on a majority of the construction projects we undertake. In the construction industry, the prime contractor is normally responsible for the performance of the entire contract, including subcontract work. Thus, we are subject to increased costs associated with the failure of one or more subcontractors to perform as anticipated. In our capacity as prime contractor and, when acting as a subcontractor, we perform most of the work on our projects with our own resources and subcontract specialized activities such as blasting, hazardous waste removal and electrical work.
Our gas distribution services are typically provided pursuant to renewable, one-year contracts, on a "cost-plus" basis. Fees on cost-plus contracts are negotiated and are earned based on the project cost expensed. Historically, substantially all of the gas distribution customers have renewed their annual maintenance contracts. Facilities maintenance services, such as regularly scheduled and emergency repair work, are provided on an ongoing basis.