PFG » Topics » ARTICLE V MISCELLANEOUS

These excerpts taken from the PFG 8-K filed May 21, 2009.

ARTICLE V

MISCELLANEOUS

 

SECTION 5.1         Effective Date; Termination.

 

The obligations of the Guarantor hereunder shall arise absolutely and unconditionally upon the date of the initial delivery of and authentication of the Securities. Subject to Section 2.6, this Guarantee shall terminate on such date as the Indenture is discharged and satisfied.

 

SECTION 5.2         Evidence of Compliance with Conditions Precedent.

 

The Guarantor shall provide the Trustee with such evidence of compliance with such conditions precedent, if any, provided for in this Guarantee that relate to the matters set forth in Section 314(c) of the Trust Indenture Act. Any certificate or opinion required to be given by an officer pursuant to Section 314(c)(1) may be given in the form of an Officers’ Certificate.

 

SECTION 5.3         Remedies Not Exclusive.

 

No remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee or Holders of the Securities is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given under this Guarantee or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity. No delay or omission to exercise any right or power accruing upon any default, omission or failure of performance hereunder shall impair any such right or power or shall be construed to be a waiver thereof, but any such right or power may be exercised from time to time and as often as may be deemed expedient. In order to entitle the Trustee and Holders of the Securities to exercise any remedy reserved

 

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to any of them in this Guarantee, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, it shall not be necessary to give any notice. In the event any provision contained in this Guarantee should be breached, and thereafter duly waived, such waiver shall be limited to the particular breach so waived and shall not be deemed to waive any other breach hereunder. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, no waiver, amendment, release or modification of this Guarantee shall be established by conduct, custom or course of dealing, but solely by an instrument in writing duly executed by the parties to this Guarantee and consistent with the terms of the Indenture.

 

SECTION 5.4         Limitation of Guarantor’s Liability.

 

Any term or provision of this Guarantee notwithstanding, the Guarantee shall not exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the Guarantor without rendering the Guarantee voidable under applicable law relating to fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

SECTION 5.5         Entire Agreement; Counterparts.

 

This Guarantee constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and may be executed simultaneously in several counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.

 

SECTION 5.6         Severability.

 

To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the invalidity or unenforceability of any one or more phrases, sentences, clauses or sections contained in this Guarantee shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining portions of this Guarantee, or any part thereof.

 

SECTION 5.7         Governing Law.

 

THIS GUARANTEE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. This Guarantee is subject to the Trust Indenture Act and if any provision hereof limits, qualifies or conflicts with a provision of the Trust Indenture Act that is required by the Trust Indenture Act to be a part of and govern this Guarantee, the latter provision shall control. If any provision of this Guarantee modifies or excludes any provision of the Trust Indenture Act that may be so modified or excluded, the latter provision shall be deemed to apply to this Guarantee as so modified, or to be excluded, as the case may be, whether or not such provision of this Guarantee refers expressly to such provision of the Trust Indenture Act.  The Guarantor shall be an “obligor” with respect to the Securities as such term is defined in and solely for the purposes of the Trust Indenture Act and shall comply with those provisions of the Indenture compliance with which is required by an “obligor” under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

10



 

SECTION 5.8         Amendment; Modification.

 

This Guarantee may be amended or modified pursuant to the terms of the Indenture.

 

[Remainder of this page intentionally blank]

 

11



 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Guarantor has caused this instrument to be duly executed.

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Terrance J. Lillis

 

 

Name: Terrance J. Lillis

 

 

Title: Senior Vice President and

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

[Signature page to Guarantee of 8.875% Senior Notes due 2019]

 


ARTICLE V

MISCELLANEOUS

 

SECTION 5.1         Effective Date; Termination.

 

The obligations of the Guarantor hereunder shall arise absolutely and unconditionally upon the date of the initial delivery of and authentication of the Securities. Subject to Section 2.6, this Guarantee shall terminate on such date as the Indenture is discharged and satisfied.

 

SECTION 5.2         Evidence of Compliance with Conditions Precedent.

 

The Guarantor shall provide the Trustee with such evidence of compliance with such conditions precedent, if any, provided for in this Guarantee that relate to the matters set forth in Section 314(c) of the Trust Indenture Act. Any certificate or opinion required to be given by an officer pursuant to Section 314(c)(1) may be given in the form of an Officers’ Certificate.

 

SECTION 5.3         Remedies Not Exclusive.

 

No remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee or Holders of the Securities is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given under this Guarantee or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity. No delay or omission to exercise any right or power accruing upon any default, omission or failure of performance hereunder shall impair any such right or power or shall be construed to be a waiver thereof, but any such right or power may be exercised from time to time and as often as may be deemed expedient. In order to entitle the Trustee and Holders of the Securities to exercise any remedy reserved

 

9



 

to any of them in this Guarantee, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, it shall not be necessary to give any notice. In the event any provision contained in this Guarantee should be breached, and thereafter duly waived, such waiver shall be limited to the particular breach so waived and shall not be deemed to waive any other breach hereunder. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, no waiver, amendment, release or modification of this Guarantee shall be established by conduct, custom or course of dealing, but solely by an instrument in writing duly executed by the parties to this Guarantee and consistent with the terms of the Indenture.

 

SECTION 5.4         Limitation of Guarantor’s Liability.

 

Any term or provision of this Guarantee notwithstanding, the Guarantee shall not exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the Guarantor without rendering the Guarantee voidable under applicable law relating to fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

SECTION 5.5         Entire Agreement; Counterparts.

 

This Guarantee constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and may be executed simultaneously in several counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.

 

SECTION 5.6         Severability.

 

To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the invalidity or unenforceability of any one or more phrases, sentences, clauses or sections contained in this Guarantee shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining portions of this Guarantee, or any part thereof.

 

SECTION 5.7         Governing Law.

 

THIS GUARANTEE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. This Guarantee is subject to the Trust Indenture Act and if any provision hereof limits, qualifies or conflicts with a provision of the Trust Indenture Act that is required by the Trust Indenture Act to be a part of and govern this Guarantee, the latter provision shall control. If any provision of this Guarantee modifies or excludes any provision of the Trust Indenture Act that may be so modified or excluded, the latter provision shall be deemed to apply to this Guarantee as so modified, or to be excluded, as the case may be, whether or not such provision of this Guarantee refers expressly to such provision of the Trust Indenture Act.  The Guarantor shall be an “obligor” with respect to the Securities as such term is defined in and solely for the purposes of the Trust Indenture Act and shall comply with those provisions of the Indenture compliance with which is required by an “obligor” under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

10



 

SECTION 5.8         Amendment; Modification.

 

This Guarantee may be amended or modified pursuant to the terms of the Indenture.

 

[Remainder of this page intentionally blank]

 

11



 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Guarantor has caused this instrument to be duly executed.

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Terrance J. Lillis

 

 

Name: Terrance J. Lillis

 

 

Title: Senior Vice President and

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

[Signature page to Guarantee of 7.875% Senior Notes due 2014]

 


ARTICLE V

MISCELLANEOUS

 

SECTION 5.1         Effective Date; Termination.

 

The obligations of the Guarantor hereunder shall arise absolutely and unconditionally upon the date of the initial delivery of and authentication of the Securities. Subject to Section 2.6, this Guarantee shall terminate on such date as the Indenture is discharged and satisfied.

 

SECTION 5.2         Evidence of Compliance with Conditions Precedent.

 

The Guarantor shall provide the Trustee with such evidence of compliance with such conditions precedent, if any, provided for in this Guarantee that relate to the matters set forth in Section 314(c) of the Trust Indenture Act. Any certificate or opinion required to be given by an officer pursuant to Section 314(c)(1) may be given in the form of an Officers’ Certificate.

 

SECTION 5.3         Remedies Not Exclusive.

 

No remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee or Holders of the Securities is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given under this Guarantee or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity. No delay or omission to exercise any right or power accruing upon any default, omission or failure of performance hereunder shall impair any such right or power or shall be construed to be a waiver thereof, but any such right or power may be exercised from time to time and as often as may be deemed expedient. In order to entitle the Trustee and Holders of the Securities to exercise any remedy reserved

 

B-9



 

to any of them in this Guarantee, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, it shall not be necessary to give any notice. In the event any provision contained in this Guarantee should be breached, and thereafter duly waived, such waiver shall be limited to the particular breach so waived and shall not be deemed to waive any other breach hereunder. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, no waiver, amendment, release or modification of this Guarantee shall be established by conduct, custom or course of dealing, but solely by an instrument in writing duly executed by the parties to this Guarantee and consistent with the terms of the Indenture.

 

SECTION 5.4         Limitation of Guarantor’s Liability.

 

Any term or provision of this Guarantee notwithstanding, the Guarantee shall not exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the Guarantor without rendering the Guarantee voidable under applicable law relating to fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

SECTION 5.5         Entire Agreement; Counterparts.

 

This Guarantee constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and may be executed simultaneously in several counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.

 

SECTION 5.6         Severability.

 

To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the invalidity or unenforceability of any one or more phrases, sentences, clauses or sections contained in this Guarantee shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining portions of this Guarantee, or any part thereof.

 

SECTION 5.7         Governing Law.

 

THIS GUARANTEE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. This Guarantee is subject to the Trust Indenture Act and if any provision hereof limits, qualifies or conflicts with a provision of the Trust Indenture Act that is required by the Trust Indenture Act to be a part of and govern this Guarantee, the latter provision shall control. If any provision of this Guarantee modifies or excludes any provision of the Trust Indenture Act that may be so modified or excluded, the latter provision shall be deemed to apply to this Guarantee as so modified, or to be excluded, as the case may be, whether or not such provision of this Guarantee refers expressly to such provision of the Trust Indenture Act.  The Guarantor shall be an “obligor” with respect to the Securities as such term is defined in and solely for the purposes of the Trust Indenture Act and shall comply with those provisions of the Indenture compliance with which is required by an “obligor” under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

B-10



 

SECTION 5.8         Amendment; Modification.

 

This Guarantee may be amended or modified pursuant to the terms of the Indenture.

 

B-11



 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Guarantor has caused this instrument to be duly executed.

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

B-12


ARTICLE V

MISCELLANEOUS

 

SECTION 5.1         Effective Date; Termination.

 

The obligations of the Guarantor hereunder shall arise absolutely and unconditionally upon the date of the initial delivery of and authentication of the Securities. Subject to Section 2.6, this Guarantee shall terminate on such date as the Indenture is discharged and satisfied.

 

SECTION 5.2         Evidence of Compliance with Conditions Precedent.

 

The Guarantor shall provide the Trustee with such evidence of compliance with such conditions precedent, if any, provided for in this Guarantee that relate to the matters set forth in Section 314(c) of the Trust Indenture Act. Any certificate or opinion required to be given by an officer pursuant to Section 314(c)(1) may be given in the form of an Officers’ Certificate.

 

SECTION 5.3         Remedies Not Exclusive.

 

No remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee or Holders of the Securities is intended to be exclusive of any other available remedy or remedies, but, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each and every such remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given under this Guarantee or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity. No delay or omission to exercise any right or power accruing upon any default, omission or failure of performance hereunder shall impair any such right or power or shall be construed to be a waiver thereof, but any such right or power may be exercised from time to time and as often as may be deemed expedient. In order to entitle the Trustee and Holders of the Securities to exercise any remedy reserved

 

B-9



 

to any of them in this Guarantee, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, it shall not be necessary to give any notice. In the event any provision contained in this Guarantee should be breached, and thereafter duly waived, such waiver shall be limited to the particular breach so waived and shall not be deemed to waive any other breach hereunder. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, no waiver, amendment, release or modification of this Guarantee shall be established by conduct, custom or course of dealing, but solely by an instrument in writing duly executed by the parties to this Guarantee and consistent with the terms of the Indenture.

 

SECTION 5.4         Limitation of Guarantor’s Liability.

 

Any term or provision of this Guarantee notwithstanding, the Guarantee shall not exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the Guarantor without rendering the Guarantee voidable under applicable law relating to fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

SECTION 5.5         Entire Agreement; Counterparts.

 

This Guarantee constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and may be executed simultaneously in several counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.

 

SECTION 5.6         Severability.

 

To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the invalidity or unenforceability of any one or more phrases, sentences, clauses or sections contained in this Guarantee shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining portions of this Guarantee, or any part thereof.

 

SECTION 5.7         Governing Law.

 

THIS GUARANTEE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. This Guarantee is subject to the Trust Indenture Act and if any provision hereof limits, qualifies or conflicts with a provision of the Trust Indenture Act that is required by the Trust Indenture Act to be a part of and govern this Guarantee, the latter provision shall control. If any provision of this Guarantee modifies or excludes any provision of the Trust Indenture Act that may be so modified or excluded, the latter provision shall be deemed to apply to this Guarantee as so modified, or to be excluded, as the case may be, whether or not such provision of this Guarantee refers expressly to such provision of the Trust Indenture Act.  The Guarantor shall be an “obligor” with respect to the Securities as such term is defined in and solely for the purposes of the Trust Indenture Act and shall comply with those provisions of the Indenture compliance with which is required by an “obligor” under the Trust Indenture Act.

 

B-10



 

SECTION 5.8         Amendment; Modification.

 

This Guarantee may be amended or modified pursuant to the terms of the Indenture.

 

B-11



 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Guarantor has caused this instrument to be duly executed.

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

 

 

 

Name:

 

 

Title:

 

B-12


These excerpts taken from the PFG 10-Q filed May 4, 2006.

Miscellaneous

 

11.1         No Assignability. This Supplement is personal to Executive and without the prior written consent of each of the Companies shall not be assignable by Executive otherwise than by will or the laws of descent and distribution. This Supplement shall inure to the benefit of and be enforceable by Executive’s legal representatives.

 

11.2         Successors. This Supplement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon each of the Companies and its respective successors and assigns. Each of the Companies will require any successor (whether direct or indirect, by purchase, merger, consolidation or otherwise) to all or substantially all of the business or assets of such Company to assume expressly and agree to perform this Supplement in the same manner and to the same extent that such Company would have been required to perform it if no such succession had taken place. Any successor to the business or assets of any of the Companies which assumes or agrees to perform this Supplement by operation of law, contract, or otherwise shall be jointly and severally liable under this Supplement with such Company as if such successor were the Company.

 

11.3         Payments to Beneficiary. If Executive dies before receiving amounts to which Executive is entitled under this Supplement, such amounts shall be paid in a lump sum to one or more beneficiaries designated in writing by Executive under the Companies’ group life insurance plan (each, a “Beneficiary”). If no such beneficiary is so designated, the Executive’s estate shall be his or her Beneficiary. If Executive participates in more than one group life insurance plan, Executive’s Beneficiary shall be the person(s) named as his or her beneficiary under whichever such plan provides Executive the largest amount of insurance coverage.

 

27



 

11.4         Non-Alienation of Benefits. Benefits payable under this Supplement shall not be subject in any manner to anticipation, alienation, sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance, charge, garnishment, execution or levy of any kind, either voluntary or involuntary, before actually being received by Executive, and any such attempt to dispose of any right to benefits payable under this Supplement shall be void.

 

11.5         Severability. If any one or more Articles, Sections or other portions of this Supplement are declared by any court or governmental authority to be unlawful or invalid, such unlawfulness or invalidity shall not serve to invalidate any Article, Section or other portion not so declared to be unlawful or invalid. Any Article, Section or other portion so declared to be unlawful or invalid shall be construed so as to effectuate the terms of such Article, Section or other portion to the fullest extent possible while remaining lawful and valid.

 

11.6         Amendments. Except as expressly provided in the second sentence hereof, this Supplement may not be amended or modified except by written instrument executed by or on behalf of each of the Companies and Executive. Notwithstanding the foregoing, built subject to the following sentence, the Board or any duly authorized committee thereof may amend this Supplement at any time or from time to time, in any way (other than an amendment that has the effect of terminating this Supplement other than in the manner specified in Article I) without the consent of Executive, but no such amendment shall take effect until the first anniversary after it is approved or adopted by the Board or such committee and shall be of no force and effect (unless the Executive otherwise elects in writing) if either (i) the Effective Date or (ii) a Pre-Change of Control Event occurs prior to the time such amendment would otherwise have become effective; provided, however, that if the Board determines in good faith that a Pre-Change of Control Event will not result in a Change of Control, such an amendment shall become effective as of the later of (x) the date the Board makes that determination or (ii) the first anniversary of the date such amendment was adopted. If the Board acts to amend this Supplement under the authority set forth in the immediately preceding sentence without the consent of Executive, Executive may, within 90 days of receipt of written notice of the adoption of such amendment elect, by written notice to the Company, to have this Supplement declared void and without effect, and to have the terms and conditions of his employment governed in all circumstances (including those that would otherwise have been governed pursuant to the terms of this Supplement, governed solely and exclusively by the terms of the Employment Agreement).

 

11.7         Notices. All notices and other communications under this Supplement shall be in writing and delivered by hand, by nationally-recognized delivery service that promises overnight delivery, or by first-class registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, addressed as follows:

 

If to Executive, to Executive at his most recent home address on file with
the Companies.

 

If to any Company:

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

711 High Street

Des Moines, Iowa  50392

Attention:  Karen E. Shaff

 

28



 

Facsimile No.:  (515) 235-9852

 

or to such other address as either party shall have furnished to the other in writing. Notice and communications shall be effective when actually received by the addressee.

 

Miscellaneous

 

 11.1        No Assignability. This Agreement is personal to Executive and without the prior written consent of each of the Companies shall not be assignable by Executive otherwise than by will or the laws of descent and distribution. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be enforceable by Executive’s legal representatives.

 

 11.2        Successors. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon each of the Companies and its respective successors and assigns. Each of the Companies will require any successor (whether direct or indirect, by purchase, merger, consolidation or

 

30



 

otherwise) to all or substantially all of the business or assets of such Company to assume expressly and agree to perform this Agreement in the same manner and to the same extent that such Company would have been required to perform it if no such succession had taken place. Any successor to the business or assets of any of the Companies which assumes or agrees to perform this Agreement by operation of law, contract, or otherwise shall be jointly and severally liable under this Agreement with such Company as if such successor were the Company.

 

 11.3        Payments to Beneficiary. If Executive dies before receiving amounts to which Executive is entitled under this Agreement, such amounts shall be paid in a lump sum to one or more beneficiaries designated in writing by Executive under the Companies’ group life insurance plan (each, a “Beneficiary”). If no such beneficiary is so designated, the Executive’s estate shall be his or her Beneficiary. If Executive participates in more than one group life insurance plan, Executive’s Beneficiary shall be the person(s) named as his or her beneficiary under whichever such plan provides Executive the largest amount of insurance coverage.

 

 11.4        Non-Alienation of Benefits. Benefits payable under this Agreement shall not be subject in any manner to anticipation, alienation, sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance, charge, garnishment, execution or levy of any kind, either voluntary or involuntary, before actually being received by Executive, and any such attempt to dispose of any right to benefits payable under this Agreement shall be void.

 

 11.5        Severability. If any one or more Articles, Sections or other portions of this Agreement are declared by any court or governmental authority to be unlawful or invalid, such unlawfulness or invalidity shall not serve to invalidate any Article, Section or other portion not so declared to be unlawful or invalid. Any Article, Section or other portion so declared to be unlawful or invalid shall be construed so as to effectuate the terms of such Article, Section or other portion to the fullest extent possible while remaining lawful and valid.

 

 11.6        Amendments. Except as expressly provided in the second sentence hereof, this Agreement may not be amended or modified except by written instrument executed by or on behalf of each of the Companies and Executive. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board or any duly authorized committee thereof may amend this Agreement at any time or from time to time, in any way (other than an amendment that has the effect of terminating this Agreement other than in the manner specified in Article I) without the consent of Executive, but no such amendment shall take effect until the first anniversary after it is approved or adopted by the Board or such committee and shall be of no force and effect (unless the Executive otherwise elects in writing) if either (i) the Effective Date or (ii) a Pre-Change of Control Event occurs prior to the time such amendment would otherwise have become effective; provided, however, that if the Board determines in good faith that a Pre-Change of Control Event will not result in a Change of Control, such an amendment shall become effective as of the later of (x) the date the Board makes that determination or (ii) the first anniversary of the date such amendment was adopted.

 

 11.7        Notices. All notices and other communications under this Agreement shall be in writing and delivered by hand, by nationally-recognized delivery service that promises overnight delivery, or by first-class registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, addressed as follows:

 

31



 

If to Executive, to Executive at his most recent home address on file with
the Companies.

 

If to any Company:

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

711 High Street

Des Moines, Iowa  50392

Attention:  Karen E. Shaff

Facsimile No.:  (515) 235-9852

 

or to such other address as either party shall have furnished to the other in writing. Notice and communications shall be effective when actually received by the addressee.

 

 11.8        Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together constitute one and the same instrument.

 

 11.9        Governing Law. This Agreement shall be interpreted and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Iowa, without regard to its choice of law principles.

 

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