Pulaski Financial 10-K 2006
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2006
For the transition period from to
Commission File No.: 0-24571
PULASKI FINANCIAL CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
12300 Olive Boulevard, St. Louis, Missouri 63141
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (314) 878-2210
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act Yes ¨ No x.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨ .
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.(Check One):
Large Accelerated Filer ¨ Accelerated Filer x Non-accelerated Filer ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.) Yes ¨ No x.
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates as of the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $138.6 million.
There were issued and outstanding 9,964,346 shares of the registrants common stock as of December 13, 2006.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Portions of 2006 Annual Report to Stockholders (Part II).
Portions of the Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (Part III).
This report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which are made in good faith pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are not historical facts, rather statements based on Pulaski Financial Corp.s current expectations regarding its business strategies, intended results and future performance. Forward-looking statements are generally preceded by terms such as expects, believes, anticipates, intends and similar expressions.
Managements ability to predict results or the effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Factors which could affect actual results include interest rate trends, the general economic climate in the market area in which Pulaski Financial Corp. operates, as well as nationwide, Pulaski Financial Corp.s ability to control costs and expenses, competitive products and pricing, loan delinquency rates and changes in federal and state legislation and regulation. These factors should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. Subject to applicable law and regulation, Pulaski Financial Corp. assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.
Pulaski Financial Corp. is the holding company for Pulaski Bank (the Bank). Our primary asset is our investment in the Bank, but we also maintain an investment securities portfolio for liquidity. We have both subordinated debt in the form of trust preferred securities and other borrowings, the proceeds from which have been injected into the Bank as capital. Accordingly, the information set forth in this annual report on Form 10-K, including the consolidated financial statements and related financial data, relates primarily to the Bank.
Pulaski Bank provides an array of financial products and services for businesses and retail customers primarily through its nine full-service offices in the St. Louis metropolitan area and its loan production office in the Kansas City metropolitan area. Pulaski Bank is primarily engaged in attracting deposits from individuals and businesses and using these deposits, together with borrowed funds, to originate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, commercial real estate and commercial and industrial loans within its lending market.
We maintain an Internet website at http://www.pulaskibankstl.com. We make available our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to such reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and other information related to us, free of charge, on this site as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file those documents with, or otherwise furnish them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Our Internet website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this annual report on Form 10-K.
We currently conduct our business in the St. Louis metropolitan area and, to a lesser extent, in the Kansas City metropolitan area. In the St. Louis metropolitan area, we conduct operations out of our main
office and eight bank branch offices. In the Kansas City metropolitan area, we operate out of a mortgage lending office in Johnson County, Kansas, which we opened in fiscal 2003.
We face intense competition attracting savings deposits (our primary source of lendable funds) and originating loans. Our most direct competition for savings deposits has historically come from commercial banks, other thrift institutions, and credit unions located in our market area. We have faced additional significant competition for investors funds from short-term money market securities and other corporate and government securities.
At June 30, 2006, which is the most recent date for which data is available from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, we held approximately 1.3% of the deposits in the St. Louis, Missouri-Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area, which was the 14th largest market share out of 130 financial institutions with offices in this metropolitan statistical area. Banks owned by large bank holding companies such as US Bancorp, Bank of America Corporation and Regions Financial Corp. operate in our market area. These institutions are significantly larger than us and, therefore, have significantly greater resources that allow them to offer a wider variety of products and services.
Our competition for loans comes principally from other financial institutions, mortgage banking companies and mortgage brokers. We expect competition to increase in the future as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes and the continuing trend of consolidation in the financial services industry. Technological advances, for example, have lowered barriers to market entry, allowed banks to expand their geographic reach by providing services over the Internet and made it possible for non-depository institutions to offer products and services that traditionally have been provided by banks. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which permits affiliation among banks, securities firms and insurance companies also has changed the competitive environment as several non-traditional banking companies have begun collecting deposits in the St. Louis metropolitan area.
Residential Mortgage Lending. The majority of our mortgage production is sold on a best efforts, flow basis, servicing-released, to more than twenty different regional and national secondary market investors. This strategy enables us to have a much larger lending capacity, provide a much more comprehensive product offering and reduce the interest rate, prepayment and credit risks associated with residential lending. This strategy also allows us to offer more competitive interest rates. Loans originated for sale are closed in our name and held in warehouse until they are sold to the investors, typically within 30 days. The loans held in warehouse provide an attractive asset yield during the short time we hold them pending their sale, because we are able to fund these longer-term assets (typically 30 year mortgages) with low-yielding, short-term funds. Loan sale activity is our largest source of non-interest income.
We are a direct endorsement lender with the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Consequently, our FHA-approved, direct endorsement underwriters are authorized to approve or reject FHA-insured loans up to maximum amounts established by FHA. We are also an automatic lender with the Veterans Administration (VA), which enables our designated qualified personnel to approve or reject loans on behalf of VA.
We offer a variety of adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) loans. These ARM loans may be sold in the secondary market or originated for portfolio investment. The loan fees charged, interest rates and other provisions of our ARM loans are determined by us on the basis of our own pricing criteria, the composition and interest rate risk of our current loan portfolio and market conditions. Interest rates and payments on our
ARM loans generally are adjusted periodically to a rate typically equal to 2.00% to 3.75% above the one-year constant maturity U.S. Treasury index. The periodic interest rate cap (the maximum amount by which the interest rate may be increased or decreased in a given period) on our ARM loans is generally 2% per adjustment period and the lifetime interest rate cap is generally 6% over the initial interest rate of the loan. We qualify the borrower based on the borrowers ability to repay the ARM loan based on the maximum interest rate at the first adjustment in the case of one-year ARM loans, and based on the initial interest rate in the case of ARM loans that adjust after two or more years. We do not originate negative amortization loans for portfolio investment. We believe that the periodic adjustment feature of our ARM loans provides us the flexibility to offer initial interest rates that are competitive while limiting our long-term exposure to interest-rate risk.
Borrower demand for ARM loans versus fixed-rate mortgage loans is a function of the level of current and expected market interest rates and the difference between the initial interest rates and fees charged for each type of loan. The relative amount of fixed-rate mortgage loans and ARM loans that can be originated at any time is largely determined by the demand for each.
We require title insurance insuring the status of our lien on all of our residential mortgage loans and also require that fire and extended coverage casualty insurance (and, if appropriate, flood insurance) be maintained in an amount equal to the greater of the outstanding loan balance or the full replacement cost of the dwelling.
Our lending policies generally limit the maximum loan-to-value ratio on first mortgage loans secured by owner-occupied properties to 80% of the lesser of the appraised value or the purchase price. We will make loans in excess of that limit provided the borrower obtains mortgage insurance or the customer demonstrates sufficient credit history and ability to service the debt. In some cases, borrowers choose to obtain subordinate financing from us in order to limit the first mortgage to 80% or less. Our second mortgages, which often have high loan-to-value ratios when combined with the first mortgage on the property, are priced with enhanced yields so that we are compensated for the absence of mortgage insurance. In the case of loans guaranteed by the FHA or VA, we offer first mortgage loans with loan-to-value ratios of up to 97% and 100%, respectively.
We generally obtain appraisals on our real estate loans from independent appraisers. In July 2006, the Company hired a staff of experienced appraisers. In future periods, the Company anticipates performing the majority of appraisals through the in-house staff. By using in-house staff to perform the appraisal services, management has improved the independence of the appraisal process as loan officers no longer have the ability to control the assignment of the appraisal services.
Construction and Development Loans. We originate real estate construction and development loans that consist primarily of 1-4 family residence construction loans made to both developers and retail mortgage customers. Loan disbursements are closely monitored by management to ensure that funds are being used strictly for the purposes agreed upon in the loan covenants. We employ both internal staff and external title company experts to ensure that loan disbursements are substantiated by regular inspections and review. Construction and development loans are similar to all residential loans in that borrowers are underwritten according to their adequacy of repayment sources at the time of approval. Unlike conventional residential lending, signs of deterioration in the customers ability to repay the loan is measured throughout the life of the loan and not just at origination or when the loan becomes past due. In most instances, loan amounts are limited to 85% of the as completed appraised value of the construction project.
Commercial Real Estate Loans. We engage in commercial real estate lending, typically through direct originations. We have expanded our commercial real estate portfolio to provide diversification and to generate assets that are sensitive to fluctuations in interest rates. Commercial real estate loans are generally prime-based, floating-rate loans, or short-term (one to five year), fixed-rate loans. Our commercial loan
policy limits our lending limit to 15% of our unimpaired Bank capital plus reserves, which was $96.6 million at September 30, 2006.
Commercial and Industrial Loans. We originate commercial and industrial loans that are secured by property such as inventory, equipment and finished goods. All commercial loans are evaluated for the adequacy of repayment sources at the time of approval and are regularly reviewed for any possible deterioration in the ability of the borrower to repay the loan. In most instances, collateral is required to provide an additional source of repayment in the event of default by the borrower. The structure of the collateral varies from loan to loan depending on the financial strength of the borrower, the amount and terms of the loan, and the collateral available to be pledged.
Consumer and Other Loans. We originate consumer loans to residents of the metropolitan areas of St. Louis and Kansas City. These loans consist primarily of home equity lines of credit (HELOC), but also include automobile loans, unsecured loans, and other secured consumer goods loans.
Home equity lines of credit are secured with a deed of trust and are issued in an amount up to 100% of the appraised or assessed value of the property securing the line of credit, less the outstanding balance on the first mortgage. We generally obtain mortgage insurance for home equity loans with greater than 90% loan to value. The standards under which these loans are underwritten are analogous to credit lending, rather than mortgage lending, since underwriting decisions are based primarily on the borrowers credit history and capacity to repay rather than on the value of the collateral. Interest rates on the home equity lines of credit are adjustable and are tied to the current prime interest rate. This rate is obtained from the Wall Street Journal and adjusts on a monthly basis. Our introductory rate on HELOC loans is also the floor rate on all new originations. Interest rates are based upon the loan-to-value ratio of the property with better rates given to borrowers with more equity. Home equity lines of credit, because they are secured by residential properties, contain less interest rate risk to us. Lending up to 100% of the value of the property presents greater credit risk to us. Consequently, we limit this product to customers with a favorable credit history.
Automobile loans currently in the portfolio consist of fixed-rate loans secured by both new and used cars and light trucks. New cars are financed for a period of up to 72 months while used cars are financed for 60 months or less depending on the year and model. Collision and comprehensive insurance coverage is required on all automobile loans.
Loan Marketing and Processing. Loan applicants come through direct marketing efforts by our loan officers, as well as through referrals by realtors, financial planners, previous and present customers and, to a far lesser extent, through television, radio, internet and print advertising promotions. All types of loans may be originated in any of our offices, although most loans are closed at our main office. Loans we retain in our portfolio are serviced from our main office. Loans sold into the secondary mortgage market are generally sold on a servicing released basis and are serviced by the purchaser while loans sold on a participation basis are serviced by us. Loan officers are compensated for their loan production based upon the dollar volume closed, as well as the gain on the sale produced.
Upon receipt of a loan application from a prospective borrower, a credit report and other data are obtained to verify specific information relating to the loan applicants employment, income and credit standing. An appraisal of the real estate offered as collateral is performed by a fee appraiser approved by us and licensed or certified by the State of Missouri.
The board of directors has granted loan approval authority to certain officers up to prescribed limits, depending on their experience and tenure. The President and Chief Executive Officer may approve loans up to $750,000. An internal loan committee approves loans up to $8.0 million, while all loans above this level are approved by the full board of directors.
Loan applicants are promptly notified of our decision. Interest rates are subject to change if the approved loan is not closed within the time of the commitment, which usually is 60 to 90 days.
Loan Underwriting Risks.
Adjustable-Rate Loans. The retention of ARM loans in our loan portfolio helps reduce our exposure to changes in interest rates. There are, however, unquantifiable credit risks resulting from the potential of increased costs to be paid by the customer due to changed rates. During periods of rising interest rates, the risk of default on ARM loans increases as a result of repricing and the increased costs to the borrower. Furthermore, because the ARM loans we originate generally provide, as a marketing incentive initial rates of interest below the fully-indexed rates, these loans are theoretically subject to increased risks of default, delinquency, or prepayment as the rates adjust upward to the fully-indexed rates.
Second Mortgage Loans and Home Equity Lines of Credit. Second mortgage loans and home equity lines of credit generally involve greater credit risk than first mortgage loans because they are secured by mortgage loans that are subordinate to the first mortgage loan on the property. This means that if the borrower is forced into foreclosure, we will receive no proceeds from the sale of the property until the first mortgage has been completely repaid. Second mortgage loans and home equity lines of credit often have high loan-to-value ratios when combined with the first mortgage on the property. Loans with high combined loan-to-value will be more sensitive to declining property values than would those with lower combined loan-to-value ratios and, therefore, may experience a higher incidence of default and severity of losses.
Construction and Development Loans. Construction and development loans involve greater credit risks than secured residential or commercial real estate lending because loan funds are advanced upon the security of the project under construction that is of uncertain value before completion. Our risk of loss on a construction loan is dependent largely upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the propertys value at completion of construction or development and the estimated cost (including interest) of the construction. If the estimate of construction costs is inaccurate, we may be required to advance additional funds to complete the development. If, upon completion of the project, the estimate of the marketability of the property is inaccurate, the borrower may be unable to sell the completed project in a timely manner or obtain adequate proceeds to repay the loan. Delays in completing the project may arise from labor problems, material shortages and other unpredictable contingencies. Construction lending also typically involves higher loan principal amounts and is often concentrated with a small number of builders. In addition, during the term of a construction loan, no payment from the borrower is required since the accumulated interest is added to the principal of the loan through an interest reserve. Construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment substantially dependent on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property or obtain permanent take-out financing, rather than the ability of the borrower or guarantor to repay principal and interest. Furthermore, if our estimate of value of a completed project is inaccurate, then we may be confronted with, at or prior to the maturity of the loan, a project with a value that is insufficient to assure full repayment and we may incur a loss.
Commercial Real Estate Loans. Loans secured by commercial real estate generally have larger loan balances and involve greater risks than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans because the properties securing these loans often have unpredictable cash flows and are more difficult to evaluate and monitor. Payments on loans secured by such properties are often dependent on successful management and operation of the properties. Repayment of such loans may be subject to a greater extent to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy. If the cash flow from the property is reduced (for example, if leases are not obtained or renewed) the borrowers ability to repay the loan and the value of the security for the loan may be impaired. We seek to minimize these risks in a variety of ways, including limiting the size of such loans and our review of the financial condition of the borrower, the quality of the collateral and the management of the
property securing the loan. We also generally obtain loan guarantees from financially capable parties. Our lending personnel or one of our agents inspects all of the properties securing our commercial real estate loans before the loan is made.
Commercial and Industrial Loans. Unlike residential mortgage loans, which generally are made on the basis of a borrowers ability to make repayment from his or her employment or other income, and which are secured by real property whose value tends to be more easily ascertainable, commercial and industrial loans are of higher risk and typically are made on the basis of the borrowers ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrowers business, including, in the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers. There is little additional credit support provided by the borrower for most of these loans and the secondary source of repayment is based almost solely on the liquidation of the pledged collateral and the ability to collect on personal guarantees, if any. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial loans may depend substantially on the success of the business itself, which may be subject to a greater extent to adverse conditions in the economy. Further, any collateral securing such loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise, fluctuate in value and be an insufficient source of repayment.
Consumer Loans. Consumer loans entail greater risk than residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by rapidly depreciating assets such as automobiles. In such cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation. The remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower beyond obtaining a deficiency judgment. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrowers continuing financial stability, and thus are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various Federal and state laws, including Federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans. Such loans may also give rise to claims and defenses by a consumer loan borrower against an assignee of such loans such as us, and a borrower may be able to assert against such assignee claims and defenses that it has against the seller of the underlying collateral.
TABLE 1: Loan Portfolio
TABLE 2: Loan Maturities and Repricing(1)
TABLE 3: Fixed and Adjustable Rate Loans
Scheduled contractual principal repayments of loans generally do not reflect the actual life of such assets. The average life of loans is substantially less than their contractual terms because of prepayments. In addition, due-on-sale clauses on loans generally give us the right to declare loans immediately due and payable if, among other things, the borrower sells the real property subject to the mortgage and the loan is not repaid. The average life of mortgage loans tends to increase, however, when current mortgage loan market rates are substantially higher than rates on existing mortgage loans and, conversely, decreases when rates on existing mortgage loans are substantially higher than current mortgage loan market rates.
Loan Originations, Sales and Purchases. To manage our interest rate risk position, we generally sell the fixed-rate residential mortgage loans that we originate. The sale of loans in the secondary mortgage market reduces our risk that the interest rates paid on deposits will increase while we hold long-term, fixed-rate loans in our portfolio. It also allows us to continue to fund loans when deposit flows decline or funds are not otherwise available. Residential mortgage loans generally have been sold with servicing released. Gains, net of origination expense, from the sale of such loans are recorded at the time of sale. Generally a loan is committed to be sold and a price for the loan is determined at the same time the interest rate on the loan is locked in with the customer, which may be at the time the applicant applies for the loan or anytime up to the
date of closing. This eliminates the risk to us that a rise in market interest rates will reduce the value of a mortgage before it can be sold.
Additionally, we generally negotiate a best efforts delivery, which minimizes any exposure from loans that do not close. Certain loans are sold on a mandatory-delivery basis. Loans sold in this manner are hedged against changes in interest rate risk through forward sales of mortgage-backed securities. Our issuance of interest rate commitments is considered a derivative investment and changes in market value are reported on our consolidated balance sheet and statement of income and comprehensive income.
TABLE 4: Loan Activity
Nonperforming Assets and Delinquencies
All commercial loans are evaluated for the adequacy of repayment sources at the time of approval and are regularly reviewed for any possible deterioration in the ability of the borrower to repay the loan. Residential mortgage loan borrowers are typically only downgraded after origination when they have failed to make a required payment. The Bank follows the following collection procedures for all types of loans, excluding consumer loans, although larger customers are typically contacted sooner. The first notice is mailed to the borrower 18 days after the payment due date. Attempts to contact the borrower by telephone generally begin approximately 17 days after the payment due date. If a satisfactory response is not obtained, continuous follow-up contacts are attempted until the loan has been brought current. At the 45th day after the due date, a default letter is sent. Before the 60th day of delinquency, attempts to interview the borrower, preferably in person, are made to establish: (1) the cause of the delinquency; (2) whether the cause is temporary; (3) the attitude of the borrower toward the debt; and (4) a mutually satisfactory arrangement for
curing the default. Also, in the case of second mortgage loans, before the 60th day of delinquency, all superior lien holders are contacted to determine: (1) the status and unpaid principal balance of each superior lien; (2) whether any mortgage constituting a superior lien has been sold to any investor; and (3) whether the borrower is also delinquent under a superior lien and what the affected lien holder intends to do to resolve the delinquency.
If the borrower cannot be reached and does not respond to collection efforts, a personal collection visit or property inspection is made and a photograph of the exterior is taken. The physical condition and occupancy status of the property is determined before recommending further servicing action. Such inspection normally takes place on or about the 45th day of delinquency. Generally, after 60 days into the delinquency procedure, the Bank notifies the borrower that home ownership counseling is available for eligible homeowners. If by the 91st day of delinquency, or sooner if the borrower is chronically delinquent and all reasonable means of obtaining payment on time have been exhausted, foreclosure, according to the terms of the security instrument and applicable law, is initiated.
When a consumer loan borrower fails to make a required payment, the Bank institutes collection procedures. The first notice is mailed to the borrower 15 days following the payment due date. The Bank daily receives a computer-generated collection report. The customer is contacted by telephone to ascertain the nature of the delinquency. If by the 30th day following the payment due date, no progress has been made, a written notice is mailed informing the borrowers of their right to cure the delinquency within 20 days and of the Banks intent to begin legal action if the delinquency is not corrected. Depending on the type of property held as collateral, the Bank either obtains a judgment in small claims court or takes action to repossess the collateral.
Loans are placed on non-accrual status when, in the opinion of management, there is reasonable doubt as to the collectibility of interest or principal. Non-accrual loans are returned to accrual status when, in the opinion of management, the financial position of the borrower indicates there is no longer any reasonable doubt as to the timely collectibility of interest or principal.
The Banks Board of Directors is informed on a quarterly basis as to the status of all mortgage and consumer loans that are delinquent 90 days or more, the status on all loans currently in foreclosure, and the status of all foreclosed and repossessed property owned by the Bank.
TABLE 5: Non-performing Assets
Interest income recognized on non-accrual loans was approximately $69,000, $3,000, and $13,000 for the years ended September 30, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively. The difference between interest that would have been recognized under the original terms of non-accrual and renegotiated loans and interest actually recognized on such loans was $41,000, $8,000, and $16,000 for the years ended September 30, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Impaired loans continuing to accrue interest are loans that are more than 90 days past due; however, the loans are well secured and remain in process of collection.
Real Estate Owned. Real estate acquired by the Bank as a result of foreclosure or by deed-in-lieu of foreclosure is classified as real estate owned until it is sold. When property is acquired it is recorded at the lower of its cost, which is the unpaid principal balance of the related loan plus foreclosure costs, or fair market value. Subsequent to foreclosure, the property is carried at the lower of the foreclosed amount less estimated selling costs or fair value. Upon receipt of a new appraisal and market analysis, the carrying value
is written down through a charge to income, if appropriate. The balance of real estate owned increased $2.0 million from $754,000 at September 30, 2005 to $2.8 million at September 30, 2006. The real estate owned consists of four residential properties acquired in settlement of debts outstanding by residential mortgage customers. When writing real estate down to appraised value, we typically recognize an additional 7% below fair market value to leave allowances for selling costs.
Asset Classification. The Bank has adopted the Uniform Credit Classification Policy issued by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, which was subsequently adopted by the OTS regarding problem assets of savings institutions. The regulations require that each insured institution review and classify its assets on a regular basis. In addition, in connection with examinations of insured institutions, OTS examiners have authority to identify problem assets and, if appropriate, require them to be classified. There are three classifications for problem assets: substandard, doubtful and loss. Substandard assets must have one or more defined weaknesses and are characterized by the distinct possibility that the insured institution will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Doubtful assets have the weaknesses of substandard assets with the additional characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values questionable, and there is a high possibility of loss. An asset classified as loss is considered uncollectible and of such little value that continuance as an asset of the institution without establishment of a specific reserve is not warranted. If an asset or portion thereof is classified as loss, the insured institution establishes specific allowances for loan losses for the full amount of the portion of the asset classified as loss. A portion of general loan loss allowances established to cover possible losses related to assets classified substandard or doubtful may be included in determining an institutions regulatory capital, while specific valuation allowances for loan losses generally do not qualify as regulatory capital. OTS regulations also require that assets that do not currently expose an institution to a sufficient degree of risk to warrant classification as loss, doubtful or substandard but do possess credit deficiencies or potential weakness deserving managements close attention shall be designated special mention by either the institution or its examiners.
The Banks Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Executive Vice President and collection department personnel meet quarterly to review all classified assets, to approve action plans developed to resolve the problems associated with the assets and to review recommendations for new classifications, any changes in classifications and recommendations for reserves.
TABLE 6: Classified Loans
In the above table, a consumer loan has been fully reserved as a complete loss but remains on the books because certain collection efforts continue.
Allowance for Loan Losses. In originating loans, the Bank recognizes that losses will be experienced and that the risk of loss will vary with, among other things, the type of loan being made, the creditworthiness
of the borrower over the term of the loan, general economic conditions and, in the case of a secured loan, the quality of the security for the loan. All charged-off loans are charged to the allowance and all recoveries are credited to it. The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses charged to the Banks income. The allowance for loan losses is based on managements periodic evaluation of the Banks past loan loss experience, known and inherent risks in the portfolio, adverse situations which may affect the borrowers ability to repay, the estimated value of any underlying collateral and current economic conditions. The Bank periodically recognizes losses on loans, which have active collection efforts through the use of specific valuation allowances or SVA in order to reduce loan balances below the market value of the collateral.
The following assessments are performed quarterly in accordance with the Banks allowance for loan losses methodology:
Homogeneous residential mortgage loans are given one of five standard risk ratings at the time of origination. The risk ratings are assigned through the use of a credit-scoring model, which assesses credit risk determinants from the borrowers credit history, the loan-to-value, the affordability ratios and other personal history. Five-year historical loss rates and industry data for each credit rating is used to determine the appropriate allocation percentage for each loan grade. Commercial real estate loans are individually reviewed and assigned a credit risk rating on an annual basis by the internal loan committee. Consumer and home equity loans are assigned standard risk weightings that determine the allocation percentage.
When commercial real estate loans are over 30 days delinquent or residential, consumer and home equity loans are over 90 days past due, they are evaluated individually for impairment. Additionally, loans that demonstrate credit weaknesses that may impact the borrowers ability to repay or the value of the collateral are also reviewed individually for impairment. We consider a loan to be impaired when management believes it will be unable to collect all principal and interest due according to the contractual terms of the loan. If a loan is impaired, we record a loss valuation equal to the excess of the loans carrying value over the present value of estimated future cash flows or the fair value of collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.
Our methodology includes factors that allow us to adjust our estimates of losses based on the most recent information available. Historic loss rates used to determine the allowance are adjusted to reflect the impact of current conditions, including actual collection and charge-off experience. Any material increase in non-performing loans will adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Management believes that the amount maintained in the allowance will be adequate to absorb probable losses inherent in the portfolio. Although management believes that it uses the best information available to make such determinations, future adjustments to the allowance for loan losses may be necessary and results of operations could be significantly and adversely affected if circumstances differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the determinations. While we believe we have established our allowance for loan losses in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, there can be no assurance that the Banks regulators, in reviewing the Banks loan portfolio, will not request the Bank to increase significantly its allowance for loan losses. In addition, because future events affecting borrowers and collateral cannot be predicted with certainty, there can be no assurance that the existing allowance for loan losses is adequate or that substantial increase will not be necessary should the quality of any loans deteriorate as a result of the factors discussed above. Any material increase in the allowance for loan losses will adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
TABLE 7: Allowance for Loan Losses
TABLE 8: Allocation of Allowance for Loan Losses
The Bank is permitted under applicable law to invest in various types of liquid assets, including U.S. Treasury obligations, securities of various federal agencies and state and municipal governments, deposits at the FHLB-Des Moines, certificates of deposit of federally insured institutions, certain bankers acceptances and federal funds. Subject to various restrictions, savings institutions may also invest a portion of their assets in commercial paper, corporate debt securities, equity securities and mutual funds. Savings institutions like the Bank are also required to maintain an investment in FHLB stock and a minimum level of liquid assets.
We maintain a portfolio of primarily agency obligations and investment grade mortgage-backed securities in the form of Ginnie Mae, Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae participation certificates. Ginnie Mae certificates are guaranteed as to principal and interest by the full faith and credit of the United States, while Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae certificates are guaranteed by the respective agencies. Mortgage-backed securities generally entitle us to receive a pro rata portion of the cash flows from an identified pool of mortgages.
The Investment Committee, comprised of our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, President, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, determines appropriate investments in accordance with the board of directors approved investment policies and procedures. Investments are made following certain considerations, which include our liquidity position and anticipated cash needs and sources (which in turn include outstanding commitments, upcoming maturities, estimated deposits and anticipated loan amortization and repayments). Further, the effect that the proposed investment would have on our credit and interest rate risk, and risk-based capital is considered. The interest rate, yield, settlement date and maturity are also reviewed.
All of our debt securities and mortgage-backed securities carry market risk insofar as increases in market interest rates would generally cause a decline in their market value. They also carry prepayment risk insofar as they may be called or repaid before their stated maturity during times of low market interest rates, so that we may have to reinvest the funds at a lower interest rate.
Our investment securities portfolio at September 30, 2006 did not contain securities of any issuer with an aggregate book value and aggregate market value in excess of 10% of stockholders equity, excluding those issued by the government or its agencies.
TABLE 9: Investment Securities
TABLE 10: Maturities and Yields
Expected maturities of mortgage-backed securities will differ from contractual maturities due to scheduled repayments and because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without prepayment penalties. At September 30, 2006, Pulaski Financials portfolio did not include any callable securities. This table does not take into consideration the effects of scheduled repayments or the effects of possible prepayments.
Sources of Funds
General. Deposits, loan repayments, loan sales and FHLB borrowings are the major sources of our funds for lending and other investment purposes. Scheduled loan repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, while deposit inflows and outflows and loan prepayments are influenced significantly by general interest rates and money market conditions. Borrowings from FHLB-Des Moines, other borrowing arrangements and proceeds from the issuance of trust preferred securities, may be used to compensate for reductions in the availability of funds from other sources.
Deposit Accounts. Our depositors reside predominately in the State of Missouri. Deposits are attracted from within our market area through the offering of a broad selection of commercial and retail deposit instruments, including checking accounts, negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) accounts, money market deposit accounts, regular savings accounts, certificates of deposit, retirement savings plans and treasury management services. Deposit account terms vary according to the minimum balance required, the time periods the funds must remain on deposit, and the interest rate, among other factors. In determining the terms of our deposit accounts, we consider current market interest rates, the pricing of competitors, our profitability, matching deposit and loan products and our customer preferences and concerns. Our Asset Liability Committee regularly reviews our deposit mix and pricing. We supplement our deposits through brokered certificates of deposit and municipal deposits.
TABLE 11: Deposits
TABLE 12: Jumbo CDs
Jumbo certificates of deposit represent deposits with balances of $100,000 or more.
TABLE 13: Time Deposits by Rates
TABLE 14: Time Deposits by Maturities
TABLE 15: Deposit Activity
TABLE 16: Average Balances and Rates Paid on Deposits
Borrowings. We use advances from the FHLB-Des Moines to supplement our supply of lendable funds and to meet deposit withdrawal requirements. The FHLB-Des Moines functions as a central reserve bank providing credit for savings associations and certain other member financial institutions. As a member, we are required to own capital stock in the FHLB-Des Moines and we are authorized to apply for advances on the security of such stock and certain of our mortgage loans and other assets (principally securities which are obligations of, or guaranteed by, the U.S. Government) provided certain creditworthiness standards have been met. Advances are made pursuant to several different credit programs. Each credit program has its own interest rate and range of maturities. Depending on the program, limitations on the amount of advances are based on the financial condition of the member institution and the adequacy of collateral pledged to secure the credit. The line of credit is subject to available collateral of one- to four-family residential loans, home equity loans and loans held for sale. Periodically, the FHLB performs collateral audits in order to review the quality of the collateral, which could result in reduced borrowing capacity.
We have supported our continued growth through two issuances of subordinated debentures from two separate special purpose trusts that are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Pulaski Financial. At September 30, 2006, we had outstanding subordinated debentures totaling $19.6 million. Payments of the principal and interest on the subordinated debentures of these special purpose trusts are unconditionally guaranteed by Pulaski Financial. Further, the accompanying junior subordinated debentures we issued to the special purpose trusts are senior to our shares of common stock.
TABLE 17: FHLB Advances
We have a title insurance business, which is a division of the Bank that began operations in the third quarter of fiscal 2004. The division provides traditional title insurance services and products, including owners policies of insurance, lenders policies of insurance and miscellaneous title information products (e.g., letter reports). The policies are issued primarily on residential transactions; however, the division also performs certain commercial transactions. Customers of the title division consist primarily of residential mortgage customers that have been referred to the title division.
We also operate a fixed income sales division that was formed in early fiscal 2005. The division was formed following the hiring of five veteran management and sales personnel who have an average of 20 years experience in fixed income investment trading and sales. The business consists primarily of buying and selling bonds for community bank investment portfolio managers in Missouri, Illinois and surrounding states. The business will not include developing portfolio for trading for us.
In July 2006, the Bank hired three residential appraisers from the St. Louis community to help increase fee income by cross-selling appraisal services to the Banks mortgage loan customers.
The Banks subsidiary, Pulaski Service Corporation, sells insurance products and annuities. Federal savings associations generally may invest up to 3% of their assets in service corporations, provided that any amount in excess of 2% is used primarily for community, inner city and community development projects. At September 30, 2006, the Banks equity investment in its subsidiary was $714,914 or .074% of the Banks assets.
As of September 30, 2006, we had the equivalent of 361 full-time employees. The employees are not represented by a collective bargaining unit, and we believe our relationship with our employees is good.
Executive Officers of the Registrant
The following table sets forth certain information regarding the executive officers of Pulaski Financial and the Bank.
Set forth below is certain information regarding the executive officers of Pulaski Financial and the Bank. Unless otherwise stated, each executive officer has held his current occupation for the last five years. There are no family relationships among the executive officers.
William A. Donius has served as Chief Executive Officer of the Bank since December 1, 1997 and served as Chairman of the Board since December 1998. Mr. Donius is also Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company.
W. Thomas Reeves has served as President of the Bank and Pulaski Financial Corp. since March 2006. Prior to joining Pulaski, Mr. Reeves served as Executive Director of Downtown Now!, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to generating investment in, and development of, the downtown St. Louis Area.
Ramsey K. Hamadi joined the Bank in June 2000 as Controller before being named Chief Financial Officer in July 2001. Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Hamadi was a Safety and Soundness Examiner at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
Christopher K. Reichert joined the Bank in 1999 as Senior Vice President of Lending before being named Executive Vice President in January 2001.
Pulaski Bank is subject to extensive regulation, examination and supervision by the Office of Thrift Supervision (the OTS), as its chartering agency, and the FDIC, as the deposit insurer. The Bank is a member of the FHLB System and its deposit accounts are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund managed by the FDIC. The Bank must file reports with the OTS and the FDIC concerning its activities and financial condition in addition to obtaining regulatory approvals prior to entering into certain transactions such as mergers with, or acquisitions of, other financial institutions. There are periodic examinations by the OTS and the FDIC to test the Banks safety and soundness and compliance with various regulatory requirements. This regulation and supervision establishes a comprehensive framework of activities in which an institution can engage and is intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and depositors. The regulatory structure also gives the regulatory authorities extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies with respect to the classification of assets and the establishment of adequate loan loss reserves for regulatory purposes. Any change in such regulatory requirements and policies, whether by the OTS, the FDIC or through legislation, could have a material adverse impact on our operations. Pulaski Financial, as a savings and loan holding company, is required to file certain reports with, and otherwise comply with the rules and regulations of the OTS under federal laws. Certain of the regulatory requirements applicable to the Bank and to Pulaski Financial are referred to below or elsewhere herein.
The description of statutory provisions and regulations set forth in this document does not purport to be a complete description of such statutes and regulations and their effects on Pulaski Financial and the Bank and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the actual statutes and regulations.
Federal Savings Institution Regulation
Business Activities. The activities of federal savings institutions are governed by federal laws and regulations. These laws and regulations delineate the nature and extent of the activities in which federal associations may engage. In particular, many types of lending authority for federal associations, e.g., commercial, non-residential real property and consumer loans, are limited to a specified percentage of the institutions capital assets.
Loans to One Borrower. Federal laws provide that savings institutions are generally subject to the national bank limits on loans to one borrower. A savings institution may generally not make a loan or extend credit to a single or related group of borrowers in excess of 15% of the Banks unimpaired capital and surplus. An additional amount may be loaned, equal to 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus, if secured by readily-marketable collateral.
QTL Test. Federal law requires savings institutions to meet a qualified thrift lender (QTL) test. Under the test, a savings bank is required to either be a domestic building and loan association within the definition of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code), or maintain at least 65% of its portfolio assets (total assets less (i) specified liquid assets up to 20% of total assets, (ii) intangibles, including goodwill, and (iii) the value of property used to conduct business) in certain qualified thrift investments (primarily residential mortgages and related investments, including certain mortgage-backed securities) on a monthly basis in 9 out of every 12 months.
A savings institution that fails the QTL test is subject to certain operating restrictions and may be required to convert to a bank charter. As of September 30, 2006, the Bank met the QTL test.
Limitation on Capital Distributions. OTS regulations impose limitations upon all capital distributions by a savings institution, such as cash dividends, payments to repurchase its shares and payments to shareholders of another institution in a cash-out merger. Under the regulations, an application to and the prior approval of the OTS is required prior to any capital distribution if the institution does not meet the criteria for expedited treatment of applications under OTS regulations (i.e., generally examination ratings in the two top categories), the total capital distributions for the calendar year exceed net income for that year plus the amount of retained net income for the preceding two years, the institution would be undercapitalized following the distribution or the distribution would otherwise be contrary to a statute, regulation or agreement with OTS. If an application is not required, the institution must still provide prior notice to OTS of the capital distribution since it is a subsidiary of the holding company. If the Banks capital fell below its regulatory requirements or the OTS notified it that it was in need of more than normal supervision, the Banks ability to make capital distributions could be restricted. In addition, the OTS could prohibit a proposed capital distribution by any institution, which would otherwise be permitted by the regulation, if the OTS determines that such distribution would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice.
Assessments. Savings institutions are required to pay assessments to the OTS to fund the agencys operations. The general assessment, paid on a semi-annual basis, is computed as a percentage upon the savings institutions total assets, including consolidated subsidiaries, as reported in the Banks latest quarterly thrift financial report, financial condition and complexity of its portfolio.
Branching. The OTS regulations authorize federally chartered savings associations to branch nationwide to the extent allowed by federal statute. This permits federal savings associations with interstate networks to more easily diversify their loan portfolios and lines of business geographically. The OTS authority preempts any state law purporting to regulate branching by federal savings institutions.
Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), as implemented by OTS regulations, a savings institution has a continuing and affirmative obligation consistent with its safe and sound operation to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods. The CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institutions discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with the CRA. The CRA requires the OTS, in connection with its examination of a savings institution, to assess the institutions record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to take such record into account in its evaluation of certain applications by such institution. The CRA also requires all institutions to make public disclosure of their CRA ratings. The Bank received a Satisfactory CRA rating in its most recent examination.
Transactions with Related Parties. The Banks authority to engage in certain transactions with affiliates (i.e., any company that controls or is under common control with an institution, including Pulaski Financial and any non-savings institution subsidiaries) is limited by federal law. The aggregate amount of covered transactions with any individual affiliate is limited to 10% of the capital and surplus of the savings institution. The aggregate amount of covered transactions with all affiliates is limited to 20% of the savings institutions capital and surplus. Certain transactions with affiliates are required to be secured by collateral in an amount and of a type described in federal law. The purchase of low quality assets from affiliates is generally prohibited. Transactions with affiliates must be on terms and under circumstances that are at least as favorable as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliated companies. In addition, savings institutions are prohibited from lending to any affiliate that is engaged in activities that are
not permissible for bank holding companies and no savings institution may purchase the securities of any affiliate other than a subsidiary.
The Banks authority to extend credit to executive officers, directors and 10% shareholders (insiders), as well as entities controlled by such persons, is also governed by federal law. Such loans are required to be made on terms substantially the same as those offered to unaffiliated individuals and may not involve more than the normal risk of repayment. An exception exists for loans made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that is widely available to all employees of the institution and does not give preference to insiders over other employees. The law limits both the individual and aggregate amount of loans the Bank may make to insiders based, in part, on the Banks capital position and requires certain board approval procedures to be followed. There are additional restrictions on extensions of credit to executive officers.
Enforcement. The OTS has primary enforcement responsibility over savings institutions and has the authority to bring actions against the institution and all institution-affiliated parties, including stockholders, and any attorneys, appraisers and accountants who knowingly or recklessly participate in wrongful action likely to have an adverse effect on an insured institution. Formal enforcement action may range from the issuance of a capital directive or cease and desist order to removal of officers and/or directors to institution of receivership, conservatorship or termination of deposit insurance. Civil penalties cover a wide range of violations and can amount to $25,000 per day, or even $1 million per day in especially egregious cases. The FDIC has the authority to recommend to the Director of the OTS that enforcement action to be taken with respect to a particular savings institution. If action is not taken by the Director, the FDIC has the authority to take such action under certain circumstances. Federal law also establishes criminal penalties for certain violations.
Standards for Safety and Soundness. The federal banking agencies have adopted Interagency Guidelines Prescribing Standards for Safety and Soundness. The guidelines set forth the safety and soundness standards that the federal banking agencies use to identify and address problems at insured depository institutions before capital becomes impaired. If the OTS determines that an institution fails to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines, the OTS may require the institution to submit an acceptable plan to achieve compliance with the standard.
Capital Requirements. The OTS capital regulations require savings institutions to meet three minimum capital standards: a 1.5% tangible capital ratio, a 4% leverage ratio (3% for institutions receiving the highest rating on the CAMELS financial institution rating system), and an 8% risk-based capital ratio. In addition, the prompt corrective action standards discussed below also establish, in effect, a minimum 2% tangible capital standard, a 4% leverage capital ratio (3% for institutions receiving the highest rating in the CAMELS financial institution rating system) and, together with the risk-based capital standard itself, a 4% Tier I risk-based capital standard. The OTS regulations also require that, in meeting the tangible, leverage and risk-based capital standards, institutions must generally deduct investments in and loans to subsidiaries engaged in activities as principal that are not permissible for a national bank.
The risk-based capital standard for savings institutions requires the maintenance of Tier 1 (core) and total capital (which is defined as core capital and supplementary capital) to risk weighted assets of 4% and 8%, respectively. In determining the amount of risk-weighted assets, all assets, including certain off-balance sheet assets, recourse obligations and direct credit substitutes are multiplied by a risk-weight of 0% to 100%, as assigned by the OTS capital regulation based on the risks OTS believes are inherent in the type of asset. Core capital is defined as common stockholders equity (including retained earnings), certain non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock and related surplus, and minority interests in equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries less intangibles other than certain mortgage servicing rights and credit card relationships. The components of supplementary capital include capital instruments such as cumulative preferred
stock, long-term perpetual preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, subordinated debt and intermediate preferred stock. The allowance for loan and lease losses is includable in supplementary capital up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets. Up to 45% of unrealized gains in available-for-sale securities with readily determinable fair values is also includable as supplementary capital. Overall, the amount of supplementary capital included as part of total capital cannot exceed 100% of core capital.
The OTS also has authority to establish individual minimum capital requirements in appropriate cases upon a determination that an institutions capital level is or may become inadequate in light of the particular circumstances.
Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action. The OTS is required to take certain supervisory actions against undercapitalized institutions, the severity of which depends upon the institutions degree of under-capitalization. Generally, a savings institution that has a ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of less than 8%, a ratio of Tier I (core) capital to risk-weighted assets of less than 4% or a ratio of core capital to total assets of less than 4% (3% or less for institutions with the highest examination rating) is considered to be under-capitalized. A savings institution that has a total risk-based capital ratio less than 6%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 3% or a leverage ratio that is less than 3% is considered to be significantly undercapitalized and a savings institution that has a tangible capital to assets ratio equal to or less than 2% is deemed to be critically undercapitalized. Subject to a narrow exception, the OTS is required to appoint a receiver or conservator for an institution that is critically undercapitalized. The regulation also provides that a capital restoration plan must be filed with the OTS within 45 days of the date a savings institution receives notice that it is undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized or critically undercapitalized. Compliance with the plan must be guaranteed by any parent holding company in an amount of up to the lesser of 5% of the savings associations total assets when its was deemed to be undercapitalized, or the amount necessary to achieve compliance with applicable capital requirements. In addition, numerous mandatory supervisory actions become immediately applicable to an undercapitalized institution, including, but not limited to, increased monitoring by regulators and restrictions on growth, capital distributions and expansion. The OTS could also take any one of a number of discretionary supervisory actions, including the issuance of a capital directive and the replacement of senior executive officers and directors.
Insurance of Deposit Accounts. Insurance of Deposit Accounts. Deposits of the Bank are insured by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation determines insurance premiums based on a number of factors, primarily the risk of loss that insured institutions pose to the Deposit Insurance Fund. Recent legislation eliminated the minimum 1.25% reserve ratio for the insurance funds, the mandatory assessments when the ratio fall below 1.25% and the prohibition on assessing the highest quality banks when the ratio is above 1.25%. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has the ability to adjust the new insurance funds reserve ratio between 1.15% and 1.5%, depending on projected losses, economic changes and assessment rates at the end of a calendar year. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has adopted regulations that set assessment rates that took effect at the beginning of 2007. The new assessment rates for most banks vary between five cents and seven cents for every $100 of deposits. A change in insurance premiums could have an adverse effect on the operating expenses and results of operations of the Bank. We cannot predict what insurance assessment rates will be in the future. Assessment credits have been provided to institutions that paid high premiums in the past. As a result, the Bank will have credits that offset all of its premiums in fiscal 2007.
Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Office of Thrift Supervision. We do not know of any practice, condition or violation that might lead to termination of deposit insurance.
In addition to the assessment for deposit insurance, institutions are required to make payments on bonds issued in the late 1980s by the Financing Corporation to recapitalize a predecessor deposit insurance fund.
Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the FHLB System, which consists of 12 regional FHLBs. The FHLB provides a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. The Bank, as a member of the FHLB, is required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in that FHLB.
The FHLBs are required to provide funds for the resolution of insolvent thrifts and to contribute funds for affordable housing programs. These requirements could reduce the amount of dividends that the FHLBs pay to their members and could also result in the FHLBs imposing a higher rate of interest on advances to their members.
Federal Reserve System. The FRB regulations require savings institutions to maintain non-interest-earning reserves against their transaction accounts (primarily NOW and regular checking accounts). The regulations generally require that for 2007, reserves be maintained against aggregate transaction accounts as follows: a 3% reserve ratio is assessed on net transaction accounts over up to and including $45.8 million; a 10% reserve ratio is applied over $45.8 million. The first $8.5 million of otherwise reservable balances (subject to adjustments by the FRB) were exempted from the reserve requirements. The Bank has complied with the foregoing requirements.
Holding Company Regulation
Pulaski Financial is a non-diversified unitary savings and loan holding company within the meaning of federal law. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 provides that no company may acquire control of a savings association after May 4, 1999 unless it engages only in the financial activities permitted for financial holding companies under the law or for multiple savings and loan holding companies as described below. Further, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act specifies that, subject to a grandfather provision, existing savings and loan holding companies may only engage in such activities. Pulaski Financial qualifies for the grandfathering and is therefore not restricted in terms of its activities. Upon any non-supervisory acquisition by Pulaski Financial of another savings association as a separate subsidiary, Pulaski Financial would become a multiple savings and loan holding company and would be limited to activities permitted multiple holding companies by OTS regulation. OTS has issued an interpretation concluding that multiple savings holding companies may also engage in activities permitted for financial holding companies, including lending, trust services, insurance activities and underwriting, investment banking and real estate investments.
A savings and loan holding company is prohibited from, directly or indirectly, acquiring more than 5% of the voting stock of another savings institution or savings and loan holding company without prior written approval of the Office of Thrift Supervision, and from acquiring or retaining control of a depository institution that is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In evaluating applications by holding companies to acquire savings institutions, the Office of Thrift Supervision considers among other things, the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the company and institution involved, the effect of the acquisition on the risk to the Deposit Insurance Fund, the convenience and needs of the community and competitive factors.
The Office of Thrift Supervision may not approve any acquisition that would result in a multiple savings and loan holding company controlling savings institutions in more than one state, subject to two exceptions; (i) the approval of interstate supervisory acquisitions by savings and loan holding companies and (ii) the acquisition of a savings institution in another state if the laws of the state of the target savings institution specifically permit such acquisitions. The states vary in the extent to which they permit interstate savings and loan holding company acquisitions.
Although savings and loan holding companies are not currently subject to specific capital requirements or specific restrictions on the payment of dividends or other capital distributions, federal regulations do prescribe such restrictions on subsidiary savings institutions, as described previously. The Bank must notify the Office of Thrift Supervision 30 days before declaring any dividend to Pulaski Financial. In addition, the financial impact of a holding company on its subsidiary institution is a matter that is evaluated by the Office of Thrift Supervision and the agency has authority to order cessation of activities or divestiture of subsidiaries deemed to pose a threat to the safety and soundness of the institution.
Acquisition of Pulaski Financial. Under the Federal Change in Bank Control Act (CIBCA), a notice must be submitted to the Office of Thrift Supervision if any person (including a company), or a group acting in concert, seeks to acquire 10% or more of Pulaski Financials outstanding voting stock, unless the Office of Thrift Supervision has found that the acquisition will not result in a change in control of Pulaski Financial. Under the CIBCA, the Office of Thrift Supervision generally has 60 days from the filing of a complete notice to act, taking into consideration certain factors, including the financial and managerial resources of the acquirer and the anti-trust effect of the acquisition. Any company that so acquires control would then be subject to regulation as a savings and loan holding company.
An investment in shares of our common stock involves various risks. Before deciding to invest in our common stock, you should carefully consider the risks described below in conjunction with the other information in this annual report on Form 10-K and information incorporated by reference into this annual report on Form 10-K, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed by any of the following risks or by other risks that have not been identified or that we may believe are immaterial or unlikely. The value or market price of our common stock could decline due to any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment. The risks discussed below also include forward-looking statements, and our actual results may differ substantially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements.
Our business strategy includes the continuation of significant growth plans, and our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.
Our assets have increased $560.1 million, or 139.8%, from $401.4 million at September 30, 2003 to $962.5 million at September 30, 2006, primarily due to increases in residential, home equity and commercial loans. We expect to continue to experience growth in the amount of our assets, the level of our deposits and the scale of our operations. Achieving our growth targets requires us to attract customers that currently bank at other financial institutions in our market, thereby increasing our share of the market. Our ability to successfully grow will depend on a variety of factors, including our ability to attract and retain experienced bankers, the continued availability of desirable business opportunities, the competitive responses from other financial institutions in our market areas and our ability to manage our growth. While we believe we have the
management resources and internal systems in place to successfully manage our future growth, there can be no assurance growth opportunities will be available or that we will successfully manage our growth. If we do not manage our growth effectively, we may not be able to achieve our business plan, and our business and prospects could be harmed.
Our recent results may not be indicative of our future operating results.
We have achieved significant growth in earnings per share in recent years. For example, net income per share (diluted) grew from $0.49 for the year ended September 30, 2002 to $1.01 for the year ended September 30, 2006. Our strong performance during this time period was, in part, the result of an extremely favorable residential mortgage financing market. In the future, we may not have the benefit of a favorable interest rate environment or a strong residential mortgage market. Various factors, such as economic conditions, regulatory and legislative considerations and competition, may also impede or restrict our ability to increase earnings at this same rate.
Most of the residential mortgage loans in our portfolio do not conform to secondary market requirements, which may make them riskier and more difficult to sell.
Most of the residential mortgage loans that we retain in our loan portfolio do not conform to or satisfy the requirements for sale in the secondary market. These loans generally do not conform to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac underwriting guidelines as a result of characteristics of the property, the loan terms or exceptions from agency underwriting guidelines. For example, we may make loans to borrowers who provide limited or no documentation of assets or income and have higher debt-to-income ratios than our loans conforming to secondary market guidelines. At September 30, 2006, our mortgage loan portfolio contained mostly non-conforming loans and included $79.6 million of loans with a combined loan-to-value ratio greater than 90% and $33.5 million of mortgage loans rated at the lowest acceptable internal credit grading level. Nonconforming one- to four-family residential loans are generally considered to have an increased risk of delinquency and foreclosure than conforming loans and may result in higher levels of realized loss. Although we have not experienced significant increases in delinquencies or foreclosures in the current economy, we cannot assure you that our nonconforming loan portfolio would not be adversely affected in the event of a downturn in regional economic conditions. Furthermore, nonconforming loans are not as readily saleable as loans that conform to agency guidelines and often can be sold only after discounting the purchase price.
High loan-to-value ratios on a significant portion of our residential mortgage and home equity line of credit portfolios expose us to greater risk of loss.
Many of our residential mortgage loans are secured by liens on mortgage properties in which the borrowers have little or no equity because we originated upon purchase of the underlying residence a first mortgage with an 80% loan-to-value ratio and a concurrent second mortgage with a combined loan-to-value ratio of up to 100%. At September 30, 2006, approximately $79.6 million, or 25.3%, of our $314.7 million residential mortgage loan portfolio had original combined loan-to-value ratios in excess of 90%. In addition, our home equity lines of credit may have, when added to existing senior lien balances, a post-funding combined loan-to-value ratio of up to 100% of the value of the home securing the loan. At September 30, 2006, we held $6.8 million of uninsured home equity lines of credit with a combined loan-to-value ratio in excess of 90%. Our average loan to value ratio in our home equity line of credit portfolio is below 80%. Residential loans with high combined loan-to-value ratios will be more sensitive to declining property values than would those with lower combined loan-to-value ratios and, therefore, may experience a higher incidence of default and severity of losses. In addition, if the borrowers sell their homes, such borrowers may be unable to repay their loans in full from the sale.
The unseasoned nature of our commercial loan portfolio may result in errors in judging its collectibility, which may lead to additional provisions or charge-offs, which would hurt our profits.
Our commercial divisions loan portfolio, which includes loans secured by commercial, multi-family and residential real estate as well as business assets, has increased from $13.7 million, or 4.8% of total loans, at September 30, 2003 to $265.7 million, or 33.3% of total loans, at September 30, 2006. A large portion of our commercial loan portfolio is unseasoned and our limited experience in originating these types of loans does not provide us with a significant payment history pattern with which to judge future collectibility. These loans have also not been subjected to unfavorable economic conditions. As a result, it is difficult to predict the future performance of this part of our loan portfolio. These loans may have delinquency or charge-off levels above our historical experience, which could adversely affect our future performance. Further, commercial loans generally have larger balances and involve a greater risk than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Accordingly, if we make any errors in judgment in the collectibility of our commercial loans, any resulting charge-offs may be larger on a per loan basis than those incurred with our residential mortgage loan portfolio.
An increase in interest rates may reduce our mortgage revenues, which would negatively impact our non-interest income.
Our mortgage banking operations provide a significant portion of our non-interest income. We generate mortgage revenues primarily from gains on the sale of loans to investors on a servicing released basis. In a rising or higher interest rate environment, our originations of mortgage loans may decrease, resulting in fewer loans that are available to be sold to investors. This would result in a decrease in mortgage revenues and a corresponding decrease in non-interest income. In addition, our results of operations are affected by the amount of non-interest expenses associated with mortgage banking activities, such as salaries and employee benefits, occupancy, equipment and data processing expense and other operating costs. During periods of reduced loan demand, our results of operations may be adversely affected to the extent that we are unable to reduce expenses commensurate with the decline in loan originations.
If the value of real estate in the St. Louis and Kansas City metropolitan areas were to decline materially, a significant portion of our loan portfolio could become under-collateralized, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
With most of our loans concentrated in the St. Louis and Kansas City metropolitan areas, a decline in local economic conditions could adversely affect the value of the real estate collateral securing our loans. A decline in property values would diminish our ability to recover on defaulted loans by selling the real estate collateral, making it more likely that we would suffer losses on defaulted loans. Additionally, a decrease in asset quality could require additions to our allowance for loan losses through increased provisions for loan losses, which would hurt our profits. Also, a decline in local economic conditions may have a greater effect on our earnings and capital than on the earnings and capital of larger financial institutions whose real estate loan portfolios are more geographically diverse. Real estate values are affected by various factors in addition to local economic conditions, including, among other things, changes in general or regional economic conditions, governmental rules or policies and natural disasters.
Our business is subject to the success of the local economy in which we operate.
Because the majority of our borrowers and depositors are individuals and businesses located and doing business in the St. Louis metropolitan area, our success depends to a significant extent upon economic
conditions in the St. Louis metropolitan area. Adverse economic conditions in our market area could reduce our growth rate, affect the ability of our customers to repay their loans and generally affect our financial condition and results of operations. Conditions such as inflation, recession, unemployment, high interest rates, short money supply, scarce natural resources, international disorders, terrorism and other factors beyond our control may adversely affect our profitability. We are less able than a larger institution to spread the risks of unfavorable local economic conditions across a large number of diversified economies. Any sustained period of increased payment delinquencies, foreclosures or losses caused by adverse market or economic conditions in the State of Missouri could adversely affect the value of our assets, revenues, results of operations and financial condition. Moreover, we cannot give any assurance we will benefit from any market growth or favorable economic conditions in our primary market areas if they do occur.
The building of market share through our branching strategy could cause our expenses to increase faster than revenues.
We intend to continue to build market share in the St. Louis metropolitan area through our branching strategy. We are planning three new branches that we intend to open within the next 24 months. There are considerable costs involved in opening branches and new branches generally require a period of time to generate sufficient revenues to offset their costs, especially in areas in which we do not have an established presence. Accordingly, any new branch can be expected to negatively impact our earnings for some period of time until the branch reaches certain economies of scale. Our expenses could be further increased if we encounter delays in the opening of any of our new branches. Finally, we have no assurance our new branches will be successful even after they have been established.
Our continued pace of growth may require us to raise additional capital in the future, but that capital may not be available when it is needed.
We are required by federal regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. We anticipate that we have sufficient capital resources to satisfy our capital requirements for the foreseeable future. We may at some point, however, need to raise additional capital to support our continued growth. If we raise capital through the issuance of additional shares of our common stock or other securities, it would dilute the ownership interests of existing shareholders and may dilute the per share book value of our common stock. New investors may also have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our current shareholders which may adversely impact our current shareholders.
Our ability to raise additional capital, if needed, will depend on conditions in the capital markets at that time, which are outside our control, and on our financial performance. Accordingly, we cannot assure you of our ability to raise additional capital, if needed, on terms acceptable to us. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed, our ability to further expand our operations through internal growth and acquisitions could be materially impaired.
Our wholesale funding sources may prove insufficient to replace deposits at maturity and support our future growth.
We must maintain sufficient funds to respond to the needs of depositors and borrowers. As a part of our liquidity management, we use a number of funding sources in addition to core deposit growth and repayments and maturities of loans and investments. As we continue to grow, we are likely to become more dependent on these sources, which include Federal Home Loan Bank advances, proceeds from the sale of loans, brokered certificates of deposit and a line of credit from another financial institution. At September 30, 2006, we had approximately $172.8 million of FHLB advances outstanding with an additional $57.8 million available borrowing capacity, $118.5 million in brokered certificates of deposit and an additional $20.0 million in
unused liquidity through a correspondent bank line of credit. If we were to become less than well capitalized, as defined by applicable Office of Thrift Supervision regulations, it would materially restrict our ability to acquire and retain brokered certificates of deposit. Additionally, adverse operating results or changes in industry conditions could lead to difficulty or an inability to access these additional funding sources. Our financial flexibility will be severely constrained if we are unable to maintain our access to funding or if adequate financing is not available to accommodate future growth at acceptable interest rates. Finally, if we are required to rely more heavily on more expensive funding sources to support future growth, our revenues may not increase proportionately to cover our costs. In this case, our operating margins and profitability would be adversely affected.
Competition from financial institutions and other financial service providers may adversely affect our growth and profitability.
The banking business is highly competitive and we experience competition in each of our markets from many other financial institutions. We compete with commercial banks, credit unions, savings and loan associations, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies, securities brokerage firms, insurance companies, money market funds, and other mutual funds, as well as other super-regional, national and international financial institutions that operate offices in our primary market areas and elsewhere.
We compete with these institutions both in attracting deposits and in making loans. This competition has made it more difficult for us to make new loans and has occasionally forced us to offer higher deposit rates. Price competition for loans and deposits might result in us earning less on our loans and paying more on our deposits, which reduces net interest income. Many of our competitors are larger financial institutions. While we believe we can and do successfully compete with these other financial institutions in our primary markets, we may face a competitive disadvantage as a result of our smaller size, smaller resources and smaller lending limits, lack of geographic diversification and inability to spread our marketing costs across a broader market. In recent years, several new financial institutions have formed in the St. Louis area. These de novo banks may price their loans and deposits aggressively in order to attract customers. Although we compete by concentrating our marketing efforts in our primary markets with local advertisements, personal contacts, and greater flexibility and responsiveness in working with local customers, we can give no assurance this strategy will be successful.
Fluctuations in interest rates could reduce our profitability and affect the value of our assets.
Like other financial institutions, we are subject to interest rate risk. Our primary source of income is net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on loans and investments and the interest paid on deposits and borrowings. We expect that we will periodically experience imbalances in the interest rate sensitivities of our assets and liabilities and the relationships of various interest rates to each other. Over any defined period of time, our interest-earning assets may be more sensitive to changes in market interest rates than our interest-bearing liabilities, or vice versa. In addition, the individual market interest rates underlying our loan and deposit products (e.g., prime) may not change to the same degree over a given time period. In any event, if market interest rates should move contrary to our position, our earnings may be negatively affected. In addition, loan volume and quality and deposit volume and mix can be affected by market interest rates. Changes in levels of market interest rates could materially adversely affect our net interest spread, asset quality, origination volume and overall profitability.
Interest rates have recently been at historically low levels. However, between June 30, 2004 and June 30, 2006, the U.S. Federal Reserve has increased its target for the federal funds rate seventeen times, from 1.00% to 5.25%. While these short-term market interest rates (which we use as a guide to price our deposits) have increased, longer-term market interest rates (which we use as a guide to price our longer-term loans)
have not. This flattening of the market yield curve has had a negative impact on our interest rate spread and net interest margin to date. If short-term interest rates continue to rise, and if rates on our deposits and borrowings continue to reprice upwards faster than the rates on our long-term loans and investments, we would experience further compression of our interest rate spread and net interest margin, which would have a negative effect on our profitability.
We principally manage interest rate risk by managing our volume and mix of our earning assets and funding liabilities. In a changing interest rate environment, we may not be able to manage this risk effectively. If we are unable to manage interest rate risk effectively, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially harmed.
Changes in the level of interest rates also may negatively affect our ability to originate real estate loans, the value of our assets and our ability to realize gains from the sale of our assets, all of which ultimately affect our earnings.
Our allowance for loan losses may prove to be insufficient to absorb losses in our loan portfolio.
Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for loan losses to provide for loans in our portfolio that may not be repaid in their entirety. We believe that our allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level adequate to absorb probable losses inherent in our loan portfolio as of the corresponding balance sheet date. However, our allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover actual loan losses, and future provisions for loan losses could materially adversely affect our operating results.
In evaluating the adequacy of our allowance for loan losses, we consider numerous quantitative factors, including our historical charge-off experience, growth of our loan portfolio, changes in the composition of our loan portfolio and the volume of delinquent and criticized loans. In addition, we use information about specific borrower situations, including their financial position and estimated collateral values, to estimate the risk and amount of loss for those borrowers. Finally, we also consider many qualitative factors, including general and economic business conditions, duration of the current business cycle, current general market collateral valuations, trends apparent in any of the factors we take into account and other matters, which are by nature more subjective and fluid. Our estimates of the risk of loss and amount of loss on any loan are complicated by the significant uncertainties surrounding our borrowers abilities to successfully execute their business models through changing economic environments, competitive challenges and other factors. Because of the degree of uncertainty and susceptibility of these factors to change, our actual losses may vary from our current estimates.
At September 30, 2006 our allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans was 0.92%. Federal regulators, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase our allowance for loan losses by recognizing additional provisions for loan losses charged to expense, or to decrease our allowance for loan losses by recognizing loan charge-offs, net of recoveries. Any such additional provisions for loan losses or charge-offs, as required by these regulatory agencies, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
We are dependent upon the services of our management team.
Our future success and profitability is substantially dependent upon the management and banking abilities of our senior executives. We believe that our future results will also depend in part upon our attracting and retaining highly skilled and qualified management. We are especially dependent on a limited number of key management personnel, none of whom has an employment agreement with us, except for our chief executive officer. The loss of the chief executive officer and other senior executive officers could have
a material adverse impact on our operations because other officers may not have the experience and expertise to readily replace these individuals. Competition for such personnel is intense, and we cannot assure you that we will be successful in attracting or retaining such personnel. Changes in key personnel and their responsibilities may be disruptive to our business and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our failure to continue to recruit and retain qualified loan originators could adversely affect our ability to compete successfully and affect our profitability.
Our continued success and future growth depend heavily on our ability to attract and retain highly skilled and motivated loan originators and other banking professionals. We compete against many institutions with greater financial resources both within our industry and in other industries to attract these qualified individuals. Our failure to recruit and retain adequate talent could reduce our ability to compete successfully and adversely affect our business and profitability.
We operate in a highly regulated environment and we may be adversely affected by changes in laws and regulations.
Pulaski Bank is subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the Office of Thrift Supervision, its chartering authority, and by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, as insurer of its deposits. Pulaski Financial is subject to regulation and supervision by the Office of Thrift Supervision. Such regulation and supervision govern the activities in which an institution and its holding company may engage, and are intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and for the depositors and borrowers of Pulaski Bank. The regulation and supervision by the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation are not intended to protect the interests of investors in our common stock. Regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the imposition of restrictions on our operations, the classification of our assets and determination of the level of our allowance for loan losses. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, regulations, legislation or supervisory action, may have a material impact on our operations. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and the related rules and regulations promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission and Nasdaq that are now applicable to us, have increased the scope, complexity and cost of corporate governance, reporting and disclosure practices, including the costs of completing our audit and maintaining our internal controls.
We are subject to security and operational risks relating to our use of technology that could damage our reputation and our business.
Security breaches in our internet banking activities could expose us to possible liability and damage our reputation. Any compromise of our security also could deter customers from using our internet banking services that involve the transmission of confidential information. We rely on standard internet security systems to provide the security and authentication necessary to effect secure transmission of data. These precautions may not protect our systems from compromises or breaches of our security measures that could result in damage to our reputation and our business. Additionally, we outsource our data processing to a third party. If our third party provider encounters difficulties or if we have difficulty in communicating with such third party, it will significantly affect our ability to adequately process and account for customer transactions, which would significantly affect our business operations.
We may have fewer resources than many of our competitors to invest in technological improvements.
The financial services industry is undergoing rapid technological changes, with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. The effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to better serve customers and to reduce costs. Our future success will depend, in part, upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy customer demands for convenience, as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. We may not be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services or be successful in marketing these products and services to our customers.
Our ability to service our debt, pay dividends and otherwise pay our obligations as they come due is substantially dependent on capital distributions from Pulaski Bank, and these distributions are subject to regulatory limits and other restrictions.
A substantial source of our income from which we service our debt, pay our obligations and from which we can pay dividends is the receipt of dividends from Pulaski Bank. The availability of dividends from Pulaski Bank is limited by various statutes and regulations. It is possible, depending upon the financial condition of Pulaski Bank, and other factors, that the applicable regulatory authorities could assert that payment of dividends or other payments is an unsafe or unsound practice. In the event that Pulaski Bank is unable to pay dividends to us, we may not be able to service our debt, pay our obligations or pay dividends on our common stock. The inability to receive dividends from Pulaski Bank would adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
The Bank conducts its business through nine full-service banking offices. The following table sets forth information on those offices as of September 30, 2006.
Pulaski Financial is not involved in any pending legal proceedings other than routine legal proceedings occurring in the ordinary course of business which, in the aggregate, involve amounts which are believed by management to be immaterial to the financial condition and results of operations of Pulaski Financial.
The market for the registrants common equity and related stockholders matters required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Common Stock Information in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Selected Consolidated Financial Information in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Market Risk Analysis in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
The financial statements required by this item are incorporated herein by reference to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
The Companys management, including the Companys principal executive officer and principal financial officer, have evaluated the effectiveness of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the Exchange Act). Based upon their evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Companys disclosure controls and procedures were effective for the purpose of ensuring that the information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) (1) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SECs rules and forms, and (2) is accumulated and communicated to the Companys management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In addition, based on that evaluation, no change in the Companys internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter-ended September 30, 2006 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
Managements report on internal control over financial reporting is incorporated by reference to page 31 in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
KPMG LLPs attestation report on managements assessment of Pulaski Financials internal control on financial reporting is incorporated by reference to page 33 in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
For information concerning the Board of Directors of Pulaski Financial, the information contained under the section captioned Proposal 1-Election of Directors in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference. Reference is made to the cover page of this Form 10-K and to the section captioned Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act in Pulaski Financials annual meeting proxy statement for information regarding compliance with Section 16 of the Exchange Act.
Code of Ethics
We have adopted a written code of ethics, which applies to our senior financial officers. We intend to disclose any changes or waivers from our Code of Ethics applicable to any senior financial officers on our website at http://www.pulaskibankstl.com or in a report on Form 8-K. A copy of the Code of Ethics is available, without charge, upon written request to Christine A. Munro, Corporate Secretary, Pulaski Financial Corp., 12300 Olive Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63141.
The information contained under the sections captioned Executive Compensation and Directors Compensation in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.
Information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Stock Ownership in the Proxy Statement.
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the sections captioned Stock Ownership in the Proxy Statement.
Pulaski Financial is not aware of any arrangements, including any pledge by any person of securities of Pulaski Financial, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control of Pulaski Financial.
The following table sets forth information about Pulaski Financial common stock that may be issued upon exercise of options, warrants and rights under all of Pulaski Financials equity compensation plans as of September 30, 2006.
The information set forth under the section captioned Transactions with Management in the Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference.
The information set forth under the section captioned Proposal 2Ratification of Independent Auditors in the Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference.
The following documents are filed as part of this report:
1. Financial Statements
Such financial statements are incorporated herein by reference to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in the Annual Report to Stockholders.
2. Financial Statement Schedules
The exhibits listed below are filed as part of this report or are incorporated by reference herein.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.