Rackspace Hosting 10-Q 2011
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2011.
For the transition period from ______ to ______.
Commission file number 001-34143
RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
5000 Walzem Rd.
San Antonio, Texas 78218
(Address of principal executive offices, including Zip Code)
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes R No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).Yes R No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer, large accelerated filer and a smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No R
On April 29, 2011, 129,293,935 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, were outstanding.
RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES—
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES—
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES—
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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RACKSPACE HOSTING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES—
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Overview and Basis of Presentation
Nature of Operations
As used in this report, the terms “Rackspace”, “Rackspace Hosting”, “we”, “our company”, “the company”, “us,” or “our” refer to Rackspace Hosting, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Rackspace Hosting, Inc., through its operating subsidiaries, is a provider of hosting solutions. We provide IT as a service, managing web-based IT systems for small and medium-sized businesses as well as large enterprises. We focus on providing a service experience for our customers, which we call Fanatical Support®.
Rackspace Hosting, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on March 7, 2000. However, our operations began in 1998 as a limited partnership which became our subsidiary through a corporate reorganization completed on August 21, 2001.
We operate consolidated subsidiaries which include, among others, Rackspace US, Inc., our domestic operating entity, and Rackspace Limited, our United Kingdom operating entity.
Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Rackspace Hosting and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2011, and for the three months ended March 31, 2011, are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all financial information and disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements, and certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of our financial position as of March 31, 2011, our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011, and our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2011.
These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of December 31, 2010 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 22, 2011. The results of the three months ended March 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2011, or for any other interim period, or for any other future year.
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year balances in order to conform to the current year’s presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to accounts receivable and customer credits, property and equipment, fair values of intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets, fair value of stock options, contingencies, and income taxes, among others. We base our estimates on historical experience and on other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. We engaged third-party valuation consultants to assist management in the purchase price allocation of significant acquisitions.
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2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The accompanying financial statements reflect the application of certain significant accounting policies. There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies that are disclosed in our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of December 31, 2010 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance to amend the disclosure requirements related to recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The guidance requires new disclosures on the transfers of assets and liabilities between Level 1 (quoted prices in active market for identical assets or liabilities) and Level 2 (significant other observable inputs) of the fair value measurement hierarchy, including the reasons and the timing of the transfers. Additionally, the guidance requires a roll forward of activities on purchases, sales, issuance, and settlements of the assets and liabilities measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 fair value measurements). We had previously adopted the guidance in 2010, except for the disclosure on the roll forward activities for Level 3 fair value measurements, which became effective for us this quarter. This new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2009, the FASB issued guidance on revenue recognition that eliminates the requirement that all undelivered elements in a multiple-element revenue arrangement have vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) or third-party evidence (TPE) before an entity can recognize the portion of an overall arrangement fee that is attributable to items that already have been delivered. In the absence of VSOE or TPE of the standalone selling price for one or more delivered or undelivered elements in a multiple-element arrangement, entities will be required to estimate the selling prices of those elements. The overall arrangement fee will be allocated to each element (both delivered and undelivered items) based on their relative selling prices, regardless of whether those selling prices are evidenced by VSOE or TPE or are based on the entity’s estimated selling price. Application of the “residual method” of allocating an overall arrangement fee between delivered and undelivered elements will no longer be permitted upon adoption. The guidance became effective for us this quarter. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
3. Earnings Per Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:
We excluded 1.2 million and 1.6 million potential common shares from the computation of dilutive earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2011, respectively, because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.
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4. Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consisted of:
Our available cash and cash equivalents are held in bank deposits, overnight sweep accounts, and money market funds. We actively monitor the third-party depository institutions that hold our deposits. Our emphasis is primarily on safety of principal while secondarily maximizing yield on those funds.
Our money market mutual funds invest exclusively in high-quality, short-term securities that are issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or by U.S. government agencies.
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5. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. There is a three-tier fair value of hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity, which require management judgment or estimation.
There have been no material changes to the valuation techniques utilized in the fair value measurement of assets and liabilities presented on our balance sheet as disclosed in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized by level below. The table does not include assets and liabilities that are measured at historical costs or any other basis other than fair value.
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6. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of:
7. Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment consisted of:
Depreciation and leasehold amortization expense, not including amortization expense for intangible assets, was $35.1 million and $42.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
At December 31, 2010, the work in process balance consisted of build outs of $35.7 million for office facilities, $21.3 million for data centers (of which $13.3 million relates to a vendor fee for data center design services), and $11.7 million for capitalized software and other projects. At March 31, 2011, the work in process balance consisted of build outs of $37.6 million for office facilities, $25.2 million for data centers (of which $14.4 million relates to a vendor fee for data center design services), and $11.9 million for capitalized software and other projects.
Capitalized interest was $0.1 million and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
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8. Business Combinations and Goodwill
In January 2011, we acquired a company to bolster our service delivery capabilities around OpenStack. The acquisition, which was accounted for using the acquisition method, included an initial cash payment, additional cash payments due on the first and second anniversaries of the closing date and cash or stock to be exchanged upon the achievement of certain earn-out provisions. The composition of the payment of the earn-out provisions between cash and stock is at our discretion. The purchase price has been preliminarily allocated based on the estimated fair values of the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition pending completion of an independent appraisal and other evaluations. The fair value of the contingent consideration of $2.1 million was recorded as a liability as of the date of acquisition. The condensed consolidated statements of income include the results of operations for the acquired company commencing on January 26, 2011.
In December 2010, we acquired a company and accounted for the transaction using the acquisition method. During the three months ended March 31, 2011, we recorded a measurement period adjustment to reflect changes in the estimated fair value of deferred tax assets related to the acquisition. This adjustment resulted from our final review of certain tax matters relating to the transaction and did not result from intervening events subsequent to the acquisition date. Upon the final completion of an independent appraisal and all other evaluations during the three months ended March 31, 2011, we determined the allocation of the purchase price is now final. The fair value of the contingent consideration related to this transaction of $8.7 million was recorded as a liability as of the date of acquisition.
The following table provides a roll forward of our goodwill balance.
9. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consisted of:
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Debt outstanding consisted of:
Revolving Credit Facility
Our revolving credit facility includes an aggregate commitment of $245 million. The facility provides for letters of credit up to $25.0 million. The interest is based on a floating rate, generally the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus a margin spread, which changes ratably from 0.675% to 1.55% dependent on the total funded debt to adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) ratio. We are required to pay a facility fee of 0.2% per annum on the full amount committed under the facility and a quarterly administrative fee. The facility has a 5-year term and matures in August 2012, and is fully secured by our domestic assets and a portion of our foreign subsidiary equity holdings and governed by financial and non-financial covenants. Financial covenants under our facility include a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50 to 1.00 and a maximum total funded debt to EBITDA ratio of not greater than 3.00 to 1.00. Also, our foreign cash balance is limited to a balance of $25 million. As of March 31, 2011, we were in compliance with all of the covenants under our facility.
The revolving credit facility agreement provides us with the ability to borrow under our credit facility in pounds sterling and euros in addition to U.S. dollars; however, we are limited to borrowings of $75 million in these alternate currencies. As of March 31, 2011 we did not have any borrowings on our credit facility in alternate currencies.
As of March 31, 2011, there was no amount outstanding under the facility except for an outstanding letter of credit of $0.5 million, resulting in $244.5 million being available for future borrowings.
11. Other Non-Current Liabilities
Other non-current liabilities consisted of:
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12. Commitments and Contingencies
We are party to various legal and administrative proceedings, which we consider routine and incidental to our business. In addition, on October 22, 2008, Benjamin E. Rodriguez D/B/A Management and Business Advisors vs. Rackspace Hosting, Inc. and Graham Weston was filed in the 37th District Court in Bexar County Texas by a former consultant to the company, Benjamin E. Rodriguez. The suit alleges breach of an oral agreement to issue Mr. Rodriguez a 1% interest in our stock in the form of options or warrants for compensation for services he was engaged to perform for us. We believe that the plaintiff’s position is without merit and intend to vigorously defend this lawsuit. We do not expect the results of this claim or any other current proceeding to have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
On March 26, 2010 Bedrock Computer Technologies LLC’s filed its First Amended Answer and Counterclaim to Red Hat, Inc.’s Complaint for Declaratory Judgment (Red Hat, Inc., v Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC Cause No. 6:09-CV-00549 –LED, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas). In its answer and counterclaim, Bedrock has named Rackspace as a third party defendant in a civil action by asserting cross claims against Rackspace and several other companies alleging direct and indirect infringement of United States Patent No. 5,893,120 based on the use of computer equipment configured with or utilizing software based on various versions of the Linux operating system. Bedrock is seeking a finding that the third party defendants, including Rackspace, be enjoined from selling any infringing product, and that Bedrock be awarded actual damages, pre and post judgment interest and attorney’s fees. We believe that we have meritorious defenses to the claims and intend to defend ourselves vigorously against these infringement claims. At this time, we do not anticipate that the claims will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be successful in our defense.
On August 31, 2010, Oasis Research, LLC (“Oasis”) filed a complaint (Cause No. 4:10-CV-435, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas) alleging that Rackspace’s products infringe certain United States patents allegedly owned by Oasis. This lawsuit alleges that Rackspace is infringing four patents, including United States Patent Nos. 5,771,354, 5,901,228, 6,411,943 and 7,080,051 by designing and selling products and services related to online backup and storage services. Oasis is seeking unspecified damages for past and continuing or future infringement. We believe that we have meritorious defenses to the claims and intend to defend ourselves vigorously against these infringement claims. At this time, we do not anticipate that the claims will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be successful in our defense.
As of March 31, 2011 we had an $11.0 million liability (of which $7.5 million was classified as short-term within Accounts payable and accrued expenses) representing the fair value of earn-outs related to acquisitions. The earn-outs can be paid in cash or our common stock at our discretion.
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13. Share-Based Compensation
In January 2011, an additional 5.8 million shares became available for future grants pursuant to the automatic share reserve increase or “evergreen” provision under our Amended and Restated 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan. As of March 31, 2011, the total number of shares authorized under all of our plans was 42.8 million shares, of which approximately 13.9 million shares were available for future grants.
Outstanding stock awards were as follows:
The following table summarizes our restricted stock unit activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011:
*Includes reduction of shares outstanding due to estimated forfeitures
There have been two types of restricted stock units (RSUs) granted in 2011. The first type vests as the employee continues to be employed with us, in four equal installments, on each of the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date. Stock-based compensation expense for these service-vesting RSUs is measured based on the closing fair market value of the company’s common stock on the date of grant and is recognized ratably over the service period. The second type was granted to members of our executive team. The vesting of these RSUs is dependent upon the company’s total shareholder return (TSR) on its common stock compared to the components of the NASDAQ Internet Index. In addition, the company’s TSR must be positive for vesting to occur.
As of March 31, 2011, there was $27.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested RSUs that we have granted, which will be amortized using the straight-line method over a remaining weighted average period of 2.3 years.
The following table summarizes the stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2011:
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*Includes reduction of shares outstanding due to estimated forfeitures
The stock options granted in 2011 vest as the employee continues to be employed with us, in four equal installments, on each of the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date and have a term of 7 years.
The total pre-tax intrinsic value of the stock options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2011, was $8.7 million and $67.4 million, respectively.
The following table presents the assumptions used to estimate the fair values of the stock options granted in the periods presented:
As of March 31, 2011, there was $45.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options that we have granted, which will be amortized using the straight line method over a weighted average period of 2.4 years.
Share-based compensation expense was recognized as follows:
During the three months ended March 31, 2011, share-based compensation expense within Sales and Marketing was positively impacted by the reversal of previously recorded expense related to terminated employees. The offset of the reversal was a true-up of the forfeiture rate across Cost of Revenue and General and Administrative expenses for options that fully vested within the quarter, negatively impacting these categories.
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We are subject to U.S. federal income tax and various state, local, and international income taxes in numerous jurisdictions. Our domestic and international tax liabilities are subject to the allocation of revenue and expenses in different jurisdictions and the timing of recognizing revenue and expenses. As such, our effective tax rate is impacted by the geographical distribution of income and mix of profits in the various jurisdictions. Additionally, the amount of income taxes paid is subject to our interpretation of applicable tax laws in the jurisdictions in which we file.
We currently file income tax returns in the U.S. and all foreign jurisdictions in which we have entities, which are periodically under audit by federal, state, and international tax authorities. These audits can involve complex matters that may require an extended period of time for resolution. We remain subject to U.S. federal and state income tax examinations for the tax years 2008 through 2010, U.K. income tax examinations for the years 2009 and 2010, Netherlands income tax examinations for the years 2007 through 2010, and Hong Kong income tax examinations for the years 2008 through 2010. There are no income tax examinations currently in process. Although the outcome of open tax audits is uncertain, in management’s opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made. If actual outcomes differ materially from these estimates, they could have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations. Differences between actual results and assumptions or changes in assumptions in future periods are recorded in the period they become known. To the extent additional information becomes available prior to resolution, such accruals are adjusted to reflect probable outcomes.
Rackspace takes certain non-income tax positions in the jurisdictions in which it operates and may be subject to audit from these jurisdictions. Rackspace is also involved in related non-income tax litigation matters. We believe our positions are supportable and we have accrued for known exposure; however, significant judgment is required in determining the ultimate outcome of such matters. In the normal course of business, our position and conclusion related to these non-income taxes may be challenged and assessments may be made. To the extent new information is obtained and changes our views on our positions, probable outcome of assessments, or litigation, changes in estimates to accrued liabilities would be recorded in the period the determination is made.
We currently have a refund claim for sales tax paid on certain licenses that has gone through a judicial hearing. It is our position that these licenses are exempt from sales tax based on resale. Our claim for refund was denied at an administrative level and we appealed the decision. Our appeal was denied, and we will further pursue our case in district court. We have not recorded a receivable related to this claim for refund.
We expect a taxable loss for the full year 2011 and therefore we do not anticipate utilizing any benefit in 2011 for tax deductions related to stock compensation. As a result, we have not recognized an income tax receivable or excess tax benefit during the current period.
15. Comprehensive Income
Total comprehensive income was as follows:
16. Segment Information
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Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision-maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision-maker is our chief executive officer. Our chief executive officer reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by information by reporting unit and geographic region for purposes of evaluating financial performance and allocating resources. We are organized as and operate two operating segments based around our products and services. The company’s service offerings all provide computing power to similar types of customers. Furthermore, the service offerings have similar production processes, deliver their services in a similar manner and use the same data centers and similar technologies. As a result of our evaluation of the criteria for aggregation by products and services, we determined we have one reportable segment, which we describe as Hosting.
Revenue is attributed by geographic location based on the Rackspace Hosting operating location that enters into the contractual relationship with the customer, either the U.S. or International, primarily the U.K. Total net revenue by geographic region was as follows:
Our long-lived assets are primarily located in the U.S. and the U.K., and to a lesser extent Hong Kong. Property and equipment, net by geographic region was as follows:
17. Related Party Transactions
We lease some facilities from a partnership controlled by our chairman of the board of directors. For these leases, we recognized $94 thousand and $93 thousand of rent expense on our consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
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ITEM 2 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
References to “we,” “our,” “our company,” “us,” “the company,” “Rackspace Hosting,” or “Rackspace” refer to Rackspace Hosting, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. We have made forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. The forward-looking statements in this report are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “anticipates,” “aspires,” “believes,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “seeks,” “should,” “will” or “would” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance, time frames or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, time frames or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks, uncertainties and other factors in this document in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors.” We believe it is important to communicate our expectations to our investors. However, there may be events in the future that we are not able to predict accurately or over which we have no control. The risks described in “Risk Factors” included in this report, as well as any other cautionary language in this report, provide examples of risks, uncertainties and events that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations we describe in our forward-looking statements. You should be aware that the occurrence of the events described in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report could harm our business.
Given these risks, uncertainties and other factors, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this filing. You should read this document completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We hereby qualify our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes contained elsewhere in this document.
Overview of our Business
We are the world’s leading specialist in the hosting and cloud computing industry. Our growth is the result of our commitment to serving our customers, known as Fanatical Support®, and our exclusive focus on hosting and cloud computing. We have been successful in attracting and retaining thousands of customers and in growing our business. We are a pioneer in an emerging category, hybrid hosting, which combines the benefits of both traditional dedicated hosting and cloud computing. We are committed to maintaining our service-centric focus and we will follow our vision to be considered one of the world’s greatest service companies.
We offer a portfolio of hosting services, including dedicated and cloud hosting. The equipment required (servers, routers, switches, firewalls, load balancers, cabinets, software, wiring, etc.) to deliver services is typically purchased and managed by us.
We sell our services to small and medium-sized businesses as well as large enterprises. For the first three months of 2011, 25.1% of our net revenue was generated by our operations outside of the U.S., mainly from the U.K. Additionally, we operate a Hong Kong data center and sales office. Our growth strategy includes, among other strategies, targeting international customers as we plan to expand our activities in continental Europe and Asia. For the first three months of 2011, no individual customer accounted for greater than 2% of our net revenue.
We carefully track several financial and operational metrics to monitor and manage our growth, financial performance, and capacity. Our key metrics are structured around growth, profitability, capital efficiency, infrastructure capacity, and utilization. The following data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, the notes to the financial statements and other financial information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
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(1) See discussion and reconciliation of our Non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable GAAP measures.
(2) Due to rounding, totals may not equal the sum of the line items in the table above.
(3) Customers continue to be counted on an account basis and therefore a customer with more than one account with us would be included as more than one customer. Furthermore, amounts include SaaS customers for Jungle Disk using a Rackspace storage solution. Jungle Disk customers using a third-party storage solution are excluded.
(4) During the three months ended March 31, 2011, share-based compensation expense within Sales and Marketing was positively impacted by the reversal of previously recorded expense related to terminated employees. The offset of the reversal was a true-up of the forfeiture rate across Cost of Revenue and General and Administrative expenses for options that fully vested within the quarter, negatively impacting these categories.
(5) Technical square footage as of March 31, 2011 excludes 42,100 square feet and 3,300 square feet for unused portions of the Chicago and Northern Virginia facilities, respectively.
In the table above, we continue to define technical square feet of data center space as space that can be utilized to support IT equipment. With respect to square footage and utilization, for data centers that are not yet fully utilized (our Northern Virginia and Chicago area facilities) we include square footage and power capacity based on the agreed upon schedule in the lease agreement. For example, if the agreement has 10 phases and we are in phase five, we include 50% of the total square footage and power capacity called for in the lease agreement.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Return on Capital (ROC) (Non-GAAP financial measure)
We define Return on Capital as follows: ROC = Net operating profit after tax (NOPAT) / Average capital base
NOPAT = Income from operations x (1 – Effective tax rate)
Average capital base = Average of (Interest bearing debt + stockholders’ equity – excess cash) = Average of (Total assets – excess cash – accounts payables and accrued expenses – deferred revenue – other non-current liabilities and deferred income taxes)
Year-to-date average balances are based on an average calculated using the quarter end balances at the beginning of the period and all other quarter ending balances included in the period.
We define excess cash as the amount of cash and cash equivalents that exceeds our operating cash requirements, which is calculated as three percent of our annualized net revenue for the three months prior to the period end. We will periodically review the calculation and adjust it to reflect our projected cash requirements for the upcoming year.
We believe that ROC is an important metric for investors in evaluating our company’s performance. ROC relates to after-tax operating profits with the capital that is placed into service. It is therefore a performance metric that incorporates both the Statement of Income and the Balance Sheet. ROC measures how successfully capital is deployed within a company.
Note that ROC is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered a substitute for return on assets, which we consider to be the most directly comparable GAAP measure. ROC has limitations as an analytical tool, and when assessing our operating performance, you should not consider ROC in isolation, or as a substitute for other financial data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Other companies may calculate ROC differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.
ROC increased from 10.6% to 11.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2011, primarily due to a reduction of operating costs as a percentage of revenue, partially offset by a higher tax rate and growth in our capital base. Included in the average capital base are capital expenditures of $11.9 million and $47.7 million related to the build-out of our corporate and international headquarters facilities and data centers, respectively, since the beginning of the first quarter of 2010.
Return on assets increased from 5.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 to 6.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2011. This increase was primarily due to higher revenue and net income, partially offset by a higher tax rate and growth in our asset base due to the purchase of property and equipment to support the growth of our business.
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See our reconciliation of the calculation of return on assets to ROC in the following table:
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Adjusted EBITDA (Non-GAAP financial measure)
We use Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to review and assess our performance. We define Adjusted EBITDA as Net income, plus income taxes, total other (income) expense, depreciation and amortization, and non-cash charges for share-based compensation.
Adjusted EBITDA is a metric that is used in our industry by the investment community for comparative and valuation purposes. We disclose this metric in order to support and facilitate the dialogue with research analysts and investors.
Note that Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered a substitute for operating income, which we consider to be the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and when assessing our operating performance, you should not consider Adjusted EBITDA in isolation, or as a substitute for net income or other consolidated income statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.
Adjusted EBITDA increased $16.5 million, or 27.8%, from $59.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2010 to $75.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2011. Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenue decreased slightly from 33.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 to 33.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The primary drivers of the decrease in Adjusted EBITDA percentage were increases in Sales and Marketing and General and Administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue, partially offset by a decrease in Cost of Revenue expenses as a percentage of revenue. The increases were due to an increase in marketing spend to drive future growth, an increase in commissions and increases in payroll expenses as a result of increased headcount to support our growth. Slightly impacting our results were changes in non-cash deferred rent and non-equity incentive compensation. Non-cash rent increased from $1.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2010 to $3.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2011. Overall, non-equity incentive compensation decreased $1.2 million as we did not meet our preset target established at the beginning of the quarter.
Employee non-equity incentive compensation through our current non-equity incentive plan, in effect since January 1, 2009, is dependent upon the financial results of the company in relation to a preset target level that is set at the beginning of each quarter. Thus, favorable financial performance in comparison to the preset target level is partially offset by increased non-equity incentive compensation expense. If company achievement of the preset target results in a 10% increase in the non-equity incentive compensation percentage payout, this would increase total non-equity incentive compensation by approximately $0.5 million on an after-tax basis and increase net income by $0.2 million. Company achievement resulting in a 10% decrease in the non-equity incentive compensation percentage payout would decrease total non-equity incentive compensation by approximately $0.5 million on an after-tax basis and decrease net income by $0.2 million.
Income from operations has been favorably impacted by decreases in our cost of revenue and depreciation and amortization expenses as a percentage of revenue. Our operating income margin increased from 9.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 to 10.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2011.
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See our Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation below.
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Adjusted Free Cash Flow (Non-GAAP financial measure)
We define Adjusted Free Cash Flow as Adjusted EBITDA plus non-cash deferred rent, less total capital expenditures (including vendor financed equipment purchases), cash payments for interest, net, and cash payments for income taxes, net.
We believe that Adjusted Free Cash Flow is an important metric for investors in evaluating how a company is currently using cash generated and may indicate its ability to generate cash that can potentially be used by the business for capital investments, acquisitions, reduction of debt, payment of dividends, etc. Note that Adjusted Free Cash Flow is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
See our Adjusted Free Cash Flow reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA below, as well as our reconciliation of Net income to Adjusted EBITDA provided above.