Radioshack 10-Q 2009
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009
For the transition period from _____ to _____
Commission File Number: 1-5571
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes X No __
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes __ No X
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes __ No X
The number of shares outstanding of the issuer's Common Stock, $1 par value, on April 14, 2009 was 125,128,854.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
RADIOSHACK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIOSHACK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIOSHACK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
RADIOSHACK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Throughout this report, the terms “our,” “we,” “us,” and “RadioShack” refer to RadioShack Corporation, including its subsidiaries. We prepared the accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, which include the accounts of RadioShack Corporation, all majority-owned domestic and foreign subsidiaries and, as applicable, variable interest entities, in accordance with the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, we did not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In management’s opinion, all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary for a fair statement are included. However, our operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, do not necessarily indicate the results you might expect for the full year. For further information, refer to our consolidated financial statements and management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.
NOTE 2 – RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 157, "Fair Value Measurements" ("SFAS 157"). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. We adopted SFAS 157 on January 1, 2008, as required for our financial assets and financial liabilities. However, the FASB deferred the effective date of SFAS 157 for one year as it relates to fair value measurement requirements for nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities that are not recognized or disclosed at fair value on a recurring basis. We adopted these remaining provisions of SFAS 157 on January 1, 2009. The adoption of SFAS 157 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141R”). SFAS 141R addresses the recognition and accounting for identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests in business combinations. SFAS 141R also establishes expanded disclosure requirements for business combinations. SFAS 141R was effective for us on January 1, 2009, and we will apply SFAS 141R prospectively to all business combinations subsequent to the effective date.
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements - an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. SFAS 160 requires that noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries be reported in the equity section of the controlling company’s balance sheet. It also changes the manner in which the net income of the subsidiary is reported and disclosed in the controlling company’s income statement. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We adopted SFAS 160 on January 1, 2009, and it had no impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities - an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133” (“SFAS 161”). SFAS 161 amends and expands the disclosure requirements of Statement 133 to provide a better understanding of how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for, and their effect on an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. SFAS 161 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. We adopted SFAS 161 on January 1, 2009, and have applied its requirements on a prospective basis. Accordingly, disclosures related to periods prior to the date of adoption have not been presented. See Note 8 - “Derivative Financial Instruments” for these new disclosures.
In April 2009, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments.” This staff position requires disclosures about the fair value of financial instruments whenever a public company issues financial information for interim reporting periods. This staff position is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. We do not expect this staff position to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 3 – CHANGE IN METHOD OF ACCOUNTING FOR CONVERTIBLE NOTES
In May 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. APB 14-1, “Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash Upon Conversion” (“APB 14-1”). This staff position requires us to separately account for the liability and equity components of our convertible notes in a manner that reflects our nonconvertible debt borrowing rate when interest cost is recognized in subsequent periods. This staff position requires bifurcation of a component of the debt, classification of that component in equity, and then accretion of the resulting discount on the debt as part of interest expense being reflected in the income statement. The staff position requires retrospective application to all periods presented. This staff position is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008.
Convertible Notes:> In August 2008, we issued $375 million principal amount of convertible senior notes due August 1, 2013, (the “Convertible Notes”) in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers under SEC Rule 144A. The Convertible Notes were issued at par and bear interest at a rate of 2.50% per annum. Interest is payable semiannually, in arrears, on February 1 and August 1, beginning February 1, 2009.
Each $1,000 of principal of the Convertible Notes is initially convertible, under certain circumstances, into 41.2414 shares of our common stock (or a total of approximately 15.5 million shares), which is the equivalent of $24.25 per share, subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of specified events set forth under terms of the Convertible Notes. Upon conversion, we would pay the holder the cash value of the applicable number of shares of our common stock, up to the principal amount of the note. Amounts in excess of the principal amount, if any, (the “excess conversion value”) may be paid in cash or in stock, at our option. Holders may convert their Convertible Notes into common stock on the net settlement basis described above at any time from May 1, 2013, until the close of business on July 29, 2013, or if, and only if, one of the following conditions occurs:
Holders who convert their Convertible Notes in connection with a change in control may be entitled to a make-whole premium in the form of an increase in the conversion rate. In addition, upon a change in control, liquidation, dissolution or delisting, the holders of the Convertible Notes may require us to repurchase for cash all or any portion of their Convertible Notes for 100% of the principal amount of the notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. As of March 31, 2009, none of the conditions allowing holders of the Convertible Notes to convert or requiring us to repurchase the Convertible Notes had been met.
In connection with the issuance of the Convertible Notes, we entered into separate convertible note hedge transactions and separate warrant transactions with respect to our common stock to reduce the potential dilution upon conversion of the Convertible Notes (collectively referred to as the “Call Spread Transactions”). The convertible note hedges and warrants will generally have the effect of increasing the economic conversion price of the Convertible Notes to $36.60 per share of our common stock, representing a 100% conversion premium based on the closing price of our common stock on August 12, 2008. See Note 4 - “Stockholders’ Equity,” for more information on the Call Spread Transactions.
Because the principal amount of the Convertible Notes will be settled in cash upon conversion, the Convertible Notes will only impact diluted earnings per share when the price of our common stock exceeds the conversion price (initially $24.25 per share). We will include the effect of the additional shares that may be issued from conversion in our diluted net income per share calculation using the treasury stock method.
Application of APB 14-1:> On January 1, 2009, as a result of adopting this staff position, we recorded an adjustment to reduce the carrying value of our Convertible Notes by $73.0 million. The adoption resulted in a carrying amount of $302.0 million for the Convertible Notes at December 31, 2008, and a carrying amount for the equity component of $78.0 million at both December 31, 2008, and March 31, 2009. The adjustment to the carrying value of the Convertible Notes was based on the calculated fair value of a similar debt instrument in August 2008 (at issuance) that does not have an associated equity component. The annual interest rate calculated for a similar debt instrument in August 2008 was 7.6%. The resulting discount is being amortized to interest expense over the remaining term of the convertible notes. At March 31, 2009, the carrying value of the Convertible Notes was $305.3 million. For the first quarter, we recognized $2.3 million in interest expense related to the stated 2.50% coupon and $3.3 million in non-cash interest expense for the amortization of the discount on the liability component.
Debt issuance costs of $7.5 million were capitalized and are being amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes. Unamortized debt issuance costs were $6.5 million at March 31, 2009. Debt issuance costs of $1.9 million were related to the equity component and were recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in capital.
For federal income tax purposes, the issuance of the Convertible Notes and the purchase of the convertible note hedges are treated as a single transaction whereby we are considered to have issued debt with an original issue discount. The amortization of this discount in future periods is deductible for tax purposes. Therefore, upon issuance of the debt, we recorded an adjustment to increase our deferred tax assets (included in other assets, net) and additional paid-in capital for these future tax deductions. Upon adoption of APB 14-1 in the first quarter of 2009, this adjustment was reduced by $27.8 million because the increased interest expense recognized for book purposes more closely aligns with the federal tax treatment.
The following table details the application of APB 14-1 on previously reported results:
NOTE 4 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Stock Repurchase Programs:> In July 2008, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program with no expiration date authorizing management to repurchase up to $200 million of our common stock. As of March 31, 2009, there was $90.0 million available for share repurchases under this plan.
Call Spread Transactions:> In connection with the issuance of the 2013 Convertible Notes (see Note 3 - "Change in Method of Accounting for Convertible Notes"), we entered into separate convertible note hedge transactions and separate warrant transactions related to our common stock with Citi and Bank of America to reduce the potential dilution upon conversion of the Convertible Notes.
Under the terms of the convertible note hedge arrangements (the “Convertible Note Hedges”), we paid $86.3 million for a forward purchase option contract under which we are entitled to purchase a fixed number of shares of our common stock at a price per share of $24.25. In the event of the conversion of the Convertible Notes, this forward purchase option contract allows us to purchase, at a fixed price equal to the implicit conversion price of common shares issued under the Convertible Notes, a number of common shares equal to the common shares that we issue to a note holder upon conversion. Settlement terms of this forward purchase option allow us to elect cash or share settlement based on the settlement option we choose in settling the conversion feature of the Convertible Notes. The Convertible Note Hedges expire on August 1, 2013.
Also concurrent with the issuance of the 2013 Convertible Notes, we sold warrants (the “Warrants”) permitting the purchasers to acquire shares of our common stock. The Warrants are currently exercisable for 15.5 million shares of RadioShack common stock at a current exercise price of $36.60 per share. We received $39.9 million in proceeds for the sale of the Warrants. The Warrants may be settled at various dates in November 2013 through March 2014. The warrants provide for net share settlement. In no event shall we be required to deliver a number of shares in connection with the transaction in excess of twice the aggregate number of warrants.
We determined that the Convertible Note Hedges and Warrants meet the requirements of Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 00-19, "Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments Indexed to, and Potentially Settled In, a Company's Own Stock," and other relevant literature and, therefore, are classified as equity transactions. As a result, we recorded the purchase of the Convertible Note Hedges as a reduction in additional paid-in capital and the proceeds of the Warrants as an increase to additional paid-in capital in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and we will not recognize subsequent changes in the fair value of the agreements in the financial statements.
In accordance with SFAS 128, the Warrants will have no impact on diluted net income per share until our common stock price exceeds the per share strike price of $36.60 for the Warrants. We will include the effect of additional shares that may be issued upon exercise of the Warrants using the treasury stock method. The Convertible Note Hedges are antidilutive and, therefore, will have no impact on diluted net income per share.
NOTE 5 –NET INCOME PER SHARE
Basic net income per share is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for each period presented. Diluted net income per share reflects the potential dilution that would have occurred if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised, converted, or resulted in the issuance of common stock that would have then shared in our earnings. The following table reconciles the numerator and denominator used in the basic and diluted net income per share calculations for the periods presented:
During the three month period ended March 31, 2009, approximately 11.4 million options and 15.5 million warrants to purchase shares of our common stock were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share because the exercise prices exceeded the average market price of our common stock during the period, and the effect of their inclusion would be antidilutive. Approximately 15.5 million shares that underlie our convertible debt instruments were also excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share because the conversion price exceeded the average market price of our common stock during the period, and the effect of their inclusion would be antidilutive. These securities could be dilutive in future periods.
During the three month period ended March 31, 2008, approximately 10.9 million options to purchase shares of our common stock were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share because the exercise prices exceeded the average market price of our common stock during the period, and the effect of their inclusion would be antidilutive.
NOTE 6 – COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, was $43.1 million and $38.8 million, respectively. In addition to net income in 2009 and 2008, the other components of comprehensive income, all net of tax, were foreign currency translation adjustments and the amortization of a prior year gain on a cash flow hedge.
NOTE 7 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Our interest rate swap agreements effectively convert a portion of our long-term fixed rate debt to a short-term variable rate. Under these agreements, we pay a variable rate of LIBOR plus a markup and receive a fixed rate. The fair value of these interest rate derivatives is based on quotes to offset these swaps from a commercial bank that was ready to transact and, therefore, the interest rate derivatives are considered a level 2 item.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
For the three month period ended March 31, 2009, long-lived assets held and used in our Sprint kiosks and U.S. RadioShack company-operated stores with a carrying value of $0.3 million were written down to their fair value of $0.1 million, resulting in an impairment charge of $0.2 million, which was included in earnings for the period. For the three month period ended March 31, 2008, we recorded $0.6 million in impairment charges. Impairment charges for both periods were primarily for long-lived assets held and used in our U.S. RadioShack company-operated stores. The inputs used to calculate the fair value of these long-lived assets included the projected cash flows and a risk-adjusted rate of return that we estimated would be used by a market participant in valuing these assets.
NOTE 8 – DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We enter into derivative instruments for risk management purposes only, including derivatives designated as hedging instruments under SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.” We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. To qualify for hedge accounting, derivatives must meet defined correlation and effectiveness criteria, be designated as a hedge and result in cash flows and financial statement effects that substantially offset those of the position being hedged.
By using these derivative instruments, we expose ourselves, from time to time, to credit risk and market risk. Credit risk is the failure of the counterparty to perform under the terms of the derivative contract. When the fair value of a derivative contract is positive, the counterparty owes us, which creates credit risk for us. We minimize this credit risk by entering into transactions with high quality counterparties and do not anticipate significant losses due to our counter-parties’ nonperformance. Market risk is the adverse effect on the value of a financial instrument that results from a change in the rate or value of the underlying item being hedged. We minimize this market risk by establishing and monitoring internal controls over our hedging activities, which include policies and procedures that limit the types and degree of market risk that may be undertaken.
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
We use interest rate-related derivative instruments to manage our exposure to fluctuations of interest rates. In June and August 2003, we entered into interest rate swap agreements with underlying notional amounts of debt of $100 million and $50 million, respectively, and both with maturities in May 2011. These swaps effectively convert a portion of our long-term fixed rate debt to a variable rate. We entered into these agreements to balance our fixed versus floating rate debt portfolio to continue to take advantage of lower short-term interest rates. Under these agreements, we have contracted to pay a variable rate of LIBOR plus a markup and to receive a fixed rate of 6.95% for the swap entered into in 2001 and 7.375% for the swaps entered into in 2003.
The swap agreements were designated as fair value hedges of the related debt and met the requirements to be accounted for under the short-cut method, resulting in no ineffectiveness in the hedging relationship. The gain or loss on these derivatives, as well as the offsetting loss or gain on the related debt, are recognized in current earnings. We include the gain or loss on the related debt in the same line item – interest expense – as the offsetting loss or gain on the related interest rate swaps as follows:
The periodic interest settlements, which occur at the same interval as the interest payments on the 2011 senior notes, are recorded as interest expense.
Fair Value of Derivative Instruments
NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation:> On October 10, 2008, the Los Angeles County Superior Court granted RadioShack's Motion for Class Decertification in the class action lawsuit of Brookler v. RadioShack Corporation. The action, which involves allegations that RadioShack violated California's wage and hour laws relating to meal periods, was originally certified as a class action on February 8, 2006. RadioShack's Motion for Decertification of the class initially was denied on August 29, 2007. However, after the California Appellate Court's favorable decision on similar facts in Brinker Restaurant Corporation v. Superior Court, RadioShack again sought class decertification. The court granted RadioShack’s Motion for Class Decertification based on the California Appellate Court’s decision in Brinker, and the plaintiffs in Brookler have appealed this ruling. Following the Brinker decision, the Brinker plaintiffs appealed the California Appellate Court’s decision in that case to the Supreme Court of California. Due to the continuing unsettled nature of California state law regarding the standard of liability for meal period violations, RadioShack and the Brookler plaintiffs agreed to a stay with respect to the plaintiff’s appeal of the class decertification ruling, pending the outcome of the appeal of the California Appellate court’s decision in Brinker. The outcome of this action is uncertain and the ultimate resolution of this matter could have a material adverse impact on RadioShack’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in the period in which any such effect is recorded; however, management believes the outcome of this case will not have such an impact.
On June 7, 2007, a purported class action lawsuit captioned, Richard Stuart v. RadioShack Corporation, et al, was filed against us in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. This action alleges that we failed to properly reimburse employees in California for mileage expenses associated with the use of their personal vehicles to make transfers of merchandise between our stores. The plaintiffs filed a Motion for Class Certification, and on February 9, 2009, the court granted the plaintiffs’ motion. The outcome of this action is uncertain and the ultimate resolution of this matter could have a material adverse impact on RadioShack’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in the period in which any such effect is recorded; however, management believes the outcome of this case will not have such an impact.
We have various other pending claims, lawsuits, disputes with third parties, investigations and actions incidental to the operation of our business, including certain cases discussed generally below under Assigned Lease Obligations. Although occasional adverse settlements or resolutions may occur and negatively impact earnings in the period or year of settlement, it is our belief that their ultimate resolution will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or liquidity.
Assigned Lease Obligations: >We have retail leases for locations that were assigned to other businesses. The majority of these lease obligations arose from leases assigned to CompUSA, Inc. (“CompUSA”) as part of its purchase of our Computer City, Inc. subsidiary in August 1998.
Following an announcement in February 2007 of its intentions to close as many as 126 stores and an announcement in December 2007 that they had been acquired by Gordon Brothers Group, CompUSA stores ceased operations in January 2008. A portion of the closed stores represents locations where we may be liable for the rent payments on the underlying lease. To date, we have been named as a defendant in a total of 11 lawsuits from lessors seeking payment from us, two of which have been subsequently resolved.
Based on all available information pertaining to the status of these leases, and after applying the provisions set forth within SFAS No. 5, “Accounting for Contingencies,” and FIN 14, “Reasonable Estimation of a Loss – an Interpretation of SFAS No. 5,” during the fourth quarter of 2007, we established an accrual of $7.5 million, recorded in current liabilities. In the first quarter of 2008, we increased our accrual to $9.0 million, reflecting our revised estimate based on further developments. We have continued to monitor this situation and have updated our accrual as more information becomes available. As of March 31, 2009, the accrual is $9.0 million.
NOTE 10 – SEGMENT REPORTING
We have two reportable segments, U.S. RadioShack company-operated stores and kiosks. The U.S. RadioShack company-operated store segment consists solely of our 4,448 U.S. company-operated retail stores, all operating under the RadioShack brand name. Kiosks consist of our network of 662 kiosks, primarily located in major shopping malls and Sam’s Club locations. Both of our reportable segments engage in the sale of consumer electronics products; however, our kiosks primarily offer wireless products and associated accessories. These reportable segments are managed separately due to our kiosks’ narrow product offerings and performance relative to size.
We evaluate the performance of each reportable segment based on operating income, which is defined as sales less cost of products sold and certain direct operating expenses, including labor and occupancy costs. Asset balances by reportable segment have not been included in the segment table below, as these are managed on a company-wide level and are not allocated to each segment for management reporting purposes.
Amounts in the other category reflect our business activities that are not separately reportable, which include our dealer network, e-commerce, third-party service centers, manufacturing and foreign operations.
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (“MD&A”)
This MD&A section of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q discusses our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, and certain factors that may affect our future results, including economic and industry-wide factors. You should read this MD&A in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included under Part I, Item 1, of this Quarterly Report, as well as with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the calendar year ended December 31, 2008.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Highlights related to the first quarter of 2009 include:
EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and other income. The comparable financial measure to EBITDA under GAAP is net income. EBITDA is used by management to evaluate the operating performance of our business for comparable periods. EBITDA should not be used by investors or others as the sole basis for formulating investment decisions as it excludes a number of important items. We compensate for this limitation by using GAAP financial measures, as well, in managing our business. In the view of management, EBITDA is an important indicator of operating performance because EBITDA excludes the effects of financing and investing activities by eliminating the effects of interest and depreciation costs. The following table is a reconciliation of EBITDA to net income.
RadioShack Retail Outlets
The table below shows our retail locations allocated among U.S. and Mexico company-operated stores, kiosks, and dealer and other outlets at the following dates.
Net Sales and Operating Revenues
Consolidated net sales and operating revenues allocated among our two operating segments and other sales are as follows:
Consolidated net sales in the first quarter increased 5.6%, or $53.1 million, to $1,002.1 million compared with $949.0 million in the same period last year. This increase was primarily due to a comparable store sales increase of 5.0% in the first quarter of 2009. The increase in comparable store sales was driven primarily by increased sales in the accessory, modern home, and wireless platforms for our U.S. RadioShack company-operated stores segment. The first quarter of 2009 had one less day than the first quarter of last year. We estimate the increase in comparable store sales would have been 6.3%, after adjusting for the additional day.
U.S. RadioShack Company-Operated Stores Segment
Sales for the U.S. RadioShack company-operated store segment increased $45.1 million, or 5.5%, in the first quarter.
Sales in our wireless platform (includes postpaid and prepaid wireless handsets, commissions, residual income and communication devices such as scanners and GPS) increased 5.9% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was driven by sales gains in our postpaid wireless business, but was partially offset by declines in GPS products.
Sales in our accessory platform (includes home entertainment, wireless, music, computer, video game and GPS accessories; media storage; power adapters; digital imaging products and headphones) increased 18.8% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was driven by sales of digital-to-analog television converter boxes. Converter box sales were approximately $70 million for the quarter on more than one million units sold, compared with minimal sales in the same period last year. The sales of converter boxes are a result of the pending transition of full-power television broadcast signals in the United States from broadcasting in analog format to broadcasting only in digital format. This transition is scheduled to take place in the second quarter of 2009, and we expect a decrease in the sales of these units in the second half of the year. This increase was partially offset by decreases in wireless accessories, music accessories, and media storage sales.
Sales in our personal electronics platform (includes digital cameras, digital music players, toys, satellite radios, video gaming hardware, camcorders, general radios, and wellness products) decreased 29.3% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This decrease was driven primarily by sales declines in digital music players and digital cameras.
Sales in our modern home platform (includes residential telephones, Voice over Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) products, home audio and video end-products, direct-to-home (“DTH”) satellite systems, and computers) increased 16.6% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was driven primarily by increased sales of flat-panel televisions, VoIP products, and laptop computers, but was partially offset by decreased sales in cordless telephones, desktop computers, and flash drives.
Sales in our power platform (includes general and special purpose batteries and battery chargers) decreased 2.6% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This sales decline was primarily driven by decreased sales of general purpose batteries.
Sales in our technical platform (includes wire and cable, connectivity products, components and tools, as well as hobby and robotic products) increased 0.7% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was driven primarily by increased sales of wire and cable.
Sales in our service platform (includes prepaid wireless airtime, extended service plans and bill payment revenue) increased 10.0% for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was primarily driven by increased sales of prepaid wireless airtime and extended service plans.
Kiosk sales consist primarily of handset sales, postpaid and prepaid commission revenue and related wireless accessory sales. Kiosk sales decreased $6.9 million or 10.0% in the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. The decrease in kiosk sales is attributable to significant decreases in our Sprint kiosk locations, partially offset by increased sales in our Sam’s Club kiosks. In April 2009, we terminated our agreement with Sprint Nextel to jointly operate 135 Sprint Nextel kiosks.
Other sales include sales to our independent dealers, outside sales through our service centers, sales generated by our www.radioshack.com Web site, sales generated by our Mexican subsidiary, sales to commercial customers, and outside sales of our global sourcing operations and manufacturing. Other sales increased $14.9 million or 23.9% in the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. The increase in other sales is primarily attributable to the full consolidation of our Mexican subsidiary in the first quarter of 2009.
Consolidated gross profit and gross margin are as follows:
Consolidated gross profit and gross margin for the first quarter were $467.6 million and 46.7%, respectively, compared with $449.6 million and 47.4% in the first quarter of last year. This resulted in a 4.0% increase in gross profit dollars year over year, primarily due to increased commission rate and increased customer activations related to our postpaid wireless business and sales of digital-to-analog television converter boxes. Our gross margin decreased 70 basis points from the same period last year. This decrease was primarily driven by increased sales of lower margin products such as digital-to-analog television converter boxes, flat-panel televisions, and laptop computers.
Selling, General and Administrative Expense
Consolidated SG&A expense is as follows:
Consolidated SG&A expense increased 0.9% or $3.4 million for the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This represents a 170 basis point decrease as a percentage of net sales and operating revenues.
The increase in SG&A for the first quarter was primarily due to increased compensation expense, which was partially offset by a decrease in advertising expense. The increase in compensation expense was driven primarily by increased incentive compensation and the full consolidation of our Mexican subsidiary in the first quarter of 2009.
Depreciation and Amortization
Consolidated depreciation and amortization was $24.1 million for the first quarter compared with $25.0 million in the same period last year. Of these amounts, depreciation and amortization classified as cost of products sold on the consolidated statements of income includes $2.6 million for the first quarters of both 2009 and 2008.
Net Interest Expense
Consolidated net interest expense, which is interest expense net of interest income, was $10.0 million for the first quarter compared with $3.5 million for the same period last year.
Reported interest expense increased $4.4 million in the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This increase was primarily due to additional debt outstanding in 2009 in the form of our convertible notes and interest recorded in accordance with FASB Staff Position No. APB 14-1, “Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash Upon Conversion.” See Note 3 – “Change in Method of Accounting for Convertible Notes” in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-Q for additional information. Due to this accounting change, we recognized $3.3 million in non-cash interest expense for the first quarter and expect to recognize approximately $14 million in non-cash interest expense for the full year ended December 31, 2009.
Interest income decreased $2.1 million in the first quarter when compared with the same period last year. This decrease was due to a lower interest rate environment, but was partially offset by larger average cash balances in 2009.
Income Tax Provision
The income tax provision for each quarterly period reflects our current estimate of the effective tax rate for the full year, adjusted for any discrete events that are reported in the quarterly period in which they occur. Our effective tax rate was 38.5% for the first quarter compared with 34.5% for the same period last year. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2008 was impacted by the execution of a closing agreement with respect to a Puerto Rico income tax issue during the period, which resulted in a credit to income tax expense as a discrete item. This prior year discrete item lowered the effective tax rate by 4.9%.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 2 – “Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements” and Note 3 – “Change in Method of Accounting for Convertible Notes” in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-Q for information regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements that may impact our financial statements.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash Flow Overview
Cash provided by operating activities for the first quarter of 2009 was $86.1 million compared with $7.4 million for the same period last year. Cash flows from operating activities are comprised of net income plus non-cash adjustments to net income and working capital components. Cash provided by net income plus non-cash adjustments to net income was $77.3 million and $66.5 million for the first quarters of 2009 and 2008, respectively. Cash provided by working capital components was $8.8 million in the first quarter of 2009 compared with cash used in working capital components of $59.1 million in the same period last year. This increase was driven primarily by improved management of our inventory and accounts payable in recent periods.
Cash used in investing activities was $26.1 million for the first quarter of 2009 compared with $13.1 million for the same period last year. This increase was primarily driven by increased capital spending during 2009. Capital expenditures for these periods related primarily to U.S. RadioShack company-operated stores and information systems projects. We anticipate that our capital expenditure requirements for 2009 will range from $75 million to $100 million. U.S. RadioShack company-operated store remodels and relocations, as well as information systems projects, will account for the majority of our anticipated 2009 capital expenditures. Cash and cash equivalents and cash generated from operating activities will be used to fund future capital expenditure needs.
Free Cash Flow
Our free cash flow, defined as cash flows from operating activities less dividends paid and additions to property, plant and equipment, was $59.9 million for the first quarter of 2009 compared with a $6.7 million usage of cash during the same period last year. This increase in 2009 was primarily driven by our increase in net cash provided by operating activities, but was partially offset by increased capital spending.
We believe free cash flow is a relevant indicator of our ability to repay maturing debt, change dividend payments, or fund other uses of capital that management believes will enhance shareholder value. The comparable financial measure to free cash flow under generally accepted accounting principles is cash flows from operating activities, which provided $86.1 million for the first quarter of 2009 compared with $7.4 million for the same period last year. We do not intend the presentation of free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.
The following table is a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow:
In July 2008, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program with no expiration date authorizing management to repurchase up to $200 million of our common stock. As of March 31, 2009, there was $90.0 million available for share repurchases under this plan.
Our credit ratings and outlooks at April 13, 2009, are summarized below and are consistent with the ratings and outlooks reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the calendar year ended December 31, 2008:
As of March 31, 2009, we had $873.2 million in cash and cash equivalents for our funding needs. Additionally, we have a bank credit facility of $325 million. As of March 31, 2009, we had $291.3 million available under this credit facility. The economic environment has continued to experience adverse conditions; however, we continue to believe that our cash flows from operations and available cash and cash equivalents will adequately fund our operations and our capital expenditures. Additionally, our revolving credit facility is available for additional working capital needs or investment opportunities.
The following table sets forth information about our capitalization at the dates indicated.
We continually assess alternatives to our capital structure and evaluate strategic capital initiatives which may include, but are not limited to, additional share repurchases and modification of existing debt, including the amount of debt outstanding, the types of debt issued and the maturity dates of the debt. These alternatives, if implemented, could materially impact our total capitalization, debt ratios and cash balances.
FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS
Matters discussed in MD&A and in other parts of this report include forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical and may be identified by the use of words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “potential” or similar words. These matters include statements concerning management's plans and objectives relating to our operations or economic performance and related assumptions. We specifically disclaim any duty to update any of the information set forth in this report, including any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are made based on management's current expectations and beliefs concerning future events and, therefore, involve a number of assumptions, risks and uncertainties, including the risk factors described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008. Management cautions that forward-looking statements are not guarantees, and our actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.
At March 31, 2009, the only derivative instruments that materially increased our exposure to market risks for interest rates, foreign currency rates, commodity prices or other market price risks were interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges of a portion of our long-term debt. We do not use derivatives for speculative purposes.
Our exposure to interest rate risk results from changes in short-term interest rates. Interest rate risk exists with respect to our net investment position at March 31, 2009, of $633.0 million, consisting of fluctuating short-term investments of $783.0 million and offset by $150 million of indebtedness which, because of our interest rate swaps, effectively bears interest at short-term floating rates. A hypothetical increase or decrease of 100 basis points in the interest rate applicable to this floating-rate net exposure would result in a change in annual net interest expense of $6.3 million. This hypothesis assumes no change in the principal or investment balance.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We have established a system of disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information relating to the Company, which is required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, in a timely fashion. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) was performed as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report. This evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our CEO and CFO. Based upon that evaluation, our CEO and CFO have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
Changes in Internal Controls
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
Refer to Note 9 – “Commitments and Contingencies” in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-Q for information on legal proceedings.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.
Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, includes a detailed discussion of our risk factors.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.
The following table sets forth information concerning purchases made by or on behalf of RadioShack or any affiliated purchaser (as defined in the SEC’s rules) of RadioShack common stock for the periods indicated.
PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY RADIOSHACK
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.
A list of the exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K and filed as part of this report is set forth in the Index to Exhibits on page 23, which immediately precedes such exhibits.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.