Ralcorp Holdings 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2008
Commission file number 1-12619
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code (314) 877-7000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. x Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. ¨ Yes x No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x
Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Large Accelerated Filer x Accelerated Filer ¨ Non Accelerated Filer ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). ¨ Yes x No
On March 31, 2008, the aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of registrant was $1,386,285,786. Excluded from this figure is the Common Stock held by registrants Directors and Corporate Officers, who are the only persons known to registrant who may be considered to be its affiliates as defined under Rule 12b-2.
Number of shares of Common Stock, $.01 par value, outstanding as of November 21, 2008: 56,340,875.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrants Proxy Statement for its 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on January 27, 2009 are incorporated by reference into Part III.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Forward-looking statements, within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, are made throughout this Report. These forward-looking statements are sometimes identified by their use of terms and phrases such as believe, should, expect, project, estimate, anticipate, intend, plan, will, can, may, or similar expressions elsewhere in this Report. Our results of operations and financial condition may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on managements current views and assumptions, and involve risks and uncertainties that could affect expected results. The factors set forth below may cumulatively or individually impact the Companys expected results.
We recently acquired the Post® Foods business from Kraft Foods Inc. During fiscal 2009, management will be focused on transitioning Post Foods into Ralcorp operations, including decoupling the cereal assets of Post Foods from those of other Kraft operations, developing stand-alone Post Foods information systems, developing independent sales, logistics and purchasing functions for the Post Foods business, and other significant integration undertakings. If the transition and integration are not successfully implemented as planned, the expected earnings impacts will not be realized.
General economic conditions or disruptions in the banking and lending sectors, particularly in the United States could have an effect on our business including the inability to borrow money to fund acquisition and capital expenditure, higher interest rates we pay on our indebtedness and consumer demand for our various branded and private label products.
If we are unable to maintain a meaningful price gap between our products and those of our competitors, successfully introduce new products or successfully manage costs across all parts of the Company, our businesses could incur operating losses.
Significant increases in the cost of certain commodities (e.g., wheat, peanuts, soybean oil, eggs, various tree nuts, corn syrup and other sweeteners, cocoa, fruits), packaging or energy (e.g., natural gas) used to manufacture our products, to the extent not reflected in the price of our products, could adversely impact our results.
We are currently generating profit from certain co-manufacturing contract arrangements with other manufacturers within our competitive categories. The termination or expiration of these contracts and our inability to replace this level of business could negatively affect our operating results.
Our businesses compete in mature segments with competitors having large percentages of segment sales. If such competitors are able to obtain larger percentages of their respective segment sales, we could lose our market position.
We have realized increases in sales and earnings through the acquisitions of businesses, but the ability to undertake future acquisitions depends on many factors, such as identifying available acquisition candidates and negotiating satisfactory terms to purchase such candidates, which we do not control unilaterally.
Consolidation among members of the grocery trade may lead to increased wholesale price pressure from larger grocery trade customers and could result in significant profit pressure, or in some cases, the loss of key accounts if the surviving entities are not customers of the Company.
In light of our ownership in Vail Resorts, Inc. (approximately 19%), our non-cash earnings can be adversely affected by unfavorable results from Vail Resorts or the inability to recognize earnings under the equity method of accounting in the future.
Presently, a portion of the interest on our indebtedness is set on a short-term basis. Consequently, increases in interest rates will increase our interest expense.
If actual or forecasted cash flows of any reporting unit deteriorate such that its fair value falls below its carrying value, goodwill will likely be impaired and an impairment loss would be recorded immediately as a charge against earnings.
Periodically, we experience increases in the cost to transport finished goods to customers. Our costs have risen due to the increased cost of fuel and a limited supply of freight carriers. In the event this situation worsens, transportation costs will increase significantly and we will experience service problems and reduced customer sales.
Fluctuations in the Canadian Dollar exchange rate could result in losses in value of our net foreign currency investment in our Canadian operations.
Some of our employees are represented by labor unions. Labor strikes, work stoppages or other such interruptions or difficulties in the employment of labor could negatively impact our manufacturing capabilities.
Other uncertainties, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, may impact our financial position, including those risks detailed from time to time in our publicly filed documents. These and other factors are discussed in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
The factors set forth above are illustrative, but by no means exhaustive. All forward-looking statements should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty.
Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. is a Missouri corporation incorporated on October 23, 1996. Our principal executive offices are located at 800 Market Street, Suite 2600, St. Louis, Missouri 63101. The terms we, our, us, Company, Ralcorp, and Registrant as used herein refer to Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
We are primarily engaged in the manufacturing, distribution and marketing of Post® branded cereals and a wide variety of store brand (private label) food products in the grocery, mass merchandise, drug and foodservice channels. Our products include: ready-to-eat and hot cereal products; nutritional and cereal bars; store brand and branded crackers and cookies; foodservice, store brand and branded frozen griddle products (pancakes, waffles, French toast and custom griddle products) and biscuits; foodservice and store brand breads, rolls and muffins; store brand wet-filled products such as salad dressings, mayonnaise, peanut butter, syrups, jams and jellies, and specialty sauces; and store brand and value branded snack nuts, snack mixes, corn-based snacks and chocolate candy. Substantially all of our products are sold to customers within the United States.
Our strategy is to grow our businesses through increased sales of existing and new products and through the acquisition of other companies. Since 1997 we have acquired twenty companies. We typically pursue companies that manufacture predominantly store brand or value oriented food products.
In August 2008, we acquired the Post brand of ready-to-eat cereals (Post Foods) from Kraft Foods Inc. Post Foods manufactures and markets ready-to-eat cereals under several brand names, including the third highest revenue brand of ready-to-eat cereal, Honey Bunches of Oats. We are now focused on both store brand and branded food products.
The following sections of this report contain financial and other information concerning our business developments and operations and are incorporated into this Item 1:
You can find additional information about Ralcorp including 10-Ks, 10-Qs, 8-Ks, other securities filings (and amendments thereto), press releases and other important announcements by visiting our website at http://www.ralcorp.com or the SECs website at http://www.sec.gov for securities filings only, from which they can be printed free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after their electronic filing with the SEC. The Companys Corporate Governance Guidelines; Standards of Business Conduct for Employees, including Executive Officers; Director Code of Ethics; and the Charters of the Boards Audit, Corporate Governance, and Compensation Committees are also available on our website, from which they can be printed free of charge. All of these documents are also available to shareholders at no charge upon request sent to the Companys Secretary (PO Box 618, St. Louis, MO 63188-0618, Telephone: 314-877-7046).
RECENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTS
OTHER INFORMATION PERTAINING TO THE BUSINESS OF THE COMPANY
During fiscal year 2008, our businesses were comprised of four reportable business segments: Cereals, Crackers & Cookies (consisting of Ralston Foods, Bloomfield Bakers, Bremner, Medallion and Post Foods); Frozen Bakery Products; Dressings, Syrups, Jellies & Sauces (The Carriage House Companies); and Snack Nuts & Candy (Nutcracker Brands). On August 4, 2008, we acquired the U.S. and Canadian operations of the Post cereals business from Kraft Foods Inc. (Kraft) and, as noted, it was reported in our Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment.
Effective as of the beginning of fiscal 2009, we have reorganized our management reporting and the associated reportable business segments. Bremner and Medallion are now reported along with Nutcracker Brands in a segment renamed Snacks, while Ralston Foods, Bloomfield Bakers, and Post Foods are now reported in a segment renamed Cereals. The name of the Carriage House segment was changed to Sauces & Spreads, and there was no change to Frozen Bakery Products.
We develop, manufacture, and market emulations of various types of branded food products that retailers, mass merchandisers and drug stores sell under their own store brands or under value brands. We attempt to manufacture products that are equivalent in quality to branded products. In the event branded producers modify their existing products or successfully introduce new products, we may attempt to emulate the modified or new products. In conjunction with our customers, we develop packaging and graphics that rival the national brands. Our goal is that the only difference consumers perceive when purchasing our store brand products is a notable cost savings when compared to branded counterparts.
We also develop, manufacture and market signature frozen value-added bakery products for the foodservice, in-store bakery, retail and mass merchandising channels. Our frozen products typically are not emulations of branded products. Instead, they are designed to have unique tastes or characteristics that customers desire. To a much lesser extent, we also offer unique, custom products in our other businesses.
With the recent acquisition of Post Foods, we now develop and manufacture Post brand ready-to-eat cereals. Post Foods is the third largest seller of ready-to-eat cereals in the United States. The Post Foods business primarily markets its cereal products under the Post brand and sells to the grocery, mass merchant, club, supercenter, foodservice channels and drugstore trade. Prior to the acquisition, certain functions (such as purchasing, information systems, sales, logistics and distribution) for the Post Foods business were generally performed under Krafts centralized systems, and in some cases, under contracts that are also used for Krafts other businesses and were not assigned to Post upon the acquisition. In order to ensure a smooth transition, Ralcorp and Kraft entered into a Transition Services Agreement under which Kraft generally continues to provide Post Foods with the services performed by Krafts centralized system as well as the benefit of some contracts that could not be assigned to Ralcorp. The transition services agreement is for a period of up to eighteen months from the date of acquisition.
In Item 2, we have listed the principal plants operated by the Company, as well as the types of products produced at each plant.
The Cereals business is comprised of store brand ready-to-eat and hot cereals, and the Bloomfield Bakers products, which include nutritional and cereal bars and natural and organic specialty cookies, crackers, and cereals (collectively, Ralston Foods), as well as Post brand ready-to-eat cereals (Post Foods). We refer to the combination of Post Foods and Ralston Foods as our Cereals business. In fiscal 2008, the Bloomfield Bakers products made up approximately 36% of Ralston Foods net sales. In total, the Ralston Foods and Post Foods businesses account for approximately 81% and 19% respectively, of our fiscal 2008 Cereals business sales, realizing that Post Foods sales reflect only the period since acquisition on August 4, 2008. Effective for fiscal 2009, these two businesses have been aggregated into a single reportable segment because they have similar economic characteristics, product ingredients, types of customers and distribution methods, and because of some anticipated shared processing.
Store brand ready-to-eat cereals are currently produced at five operating facilities and presently include 40 different cereal varieties utilizing flaking, extrusion and shredding technologies. Our Snacks business also produces some shredded wheat cereal for Ralston Foods. Four additional cereals are produced for the Cereals business through certain co-manufacturing arrangements (see Contract Manufacturing later in this Item 1). Store brand and branded hot cereals are produced at one facility and include old-fashioned oatmeal, quick oatmeal, regular instant oatmeal, flavored instant oatmeals, farina, instant Ralston® (a branded hot wheat cereal), and 3 Minute Brand® hot
cereals. As expected, we sell far more hot cereals in cooler months. We believe we are the leading manufacturer in the U.S. of store brand ready-to-eat and hot cereals. In fiscal 2008, approximately 44% of this businesss net sales were in retail ready-to-eat cereals (excluding co-manufacturing), and approximately 8% of its net sales were in retail hot cereals. The Bloomfield Bakers products are produced at two manufacturing facilities that also produce some ready-to-eat cereals. A majority of the Bloomfield Bakers products are produced under co-manufacturing arrangements, with a smaller portion produced under more traditional store brand arrangements.
We produce cereal products based on our estimates of customer orders and consequently maintain, on average, four to six weeks inventory of finished products. Our ready-to-eat and hot cereals are warehoused in and distributed through four independent distribution facilities and two of our cereal plants, and are shipped to customers principally via independent truck lines. As the majority of the Bloomfield Bakers products are produced under contract manufacturing arrangements, the related production schedule is based largely on near term forecasts provided by our contract partners. The Bloomfield Bakers products are then shipped via independent truck lines to specific customer distribution points. All products related to Ralston Foods are sold through internal sales staff and independent food brokers.
The Post Foods business is engaged in the production, manufacture, marketing and packaging of ready-to-eat cereals under several brand names, including the third highest revenue brand of ready-to-eat cereal, Honey Bunches of Oats®. Other brands include Pebbles®, Post Selects®, Spoon Size® Shredded Wheat, Post® Raisin Bran, Grape-Nuts®, Honeycomb® and Trail Mix Crunch®. The Post products are manufactured in the United States and Canada in four manufacturing facilities. We use a variety of production processes, including shredding, extrusion, gun-puffing, batch cooking and continuous cooking.
The Post Foods business primarily markets its cereal products under the Post brand. While operating under the Transition Services Agreement with Kraft (the TSA), sales to the grocery, mass merchant, club, supercenter, foodservice channel and drugstore trade are made through Krafts direct sales force for resale to consumers. Upon expiration of the TSA, we anticipate that Post Foods sales will be conducted through an internal sales staff and an independent food broker. The business also utilizes broker, distribution or similar arrangements, predominantly for sales of products (less than 5%) outside the United States and Canada.
Currently, under the TSA, most of Post Foods products are being distributed through multiple Kraft mixing centers and are being combined with other Kraft products at time of shipment. Distribution options upon expiration of the TSA are still being evaluated to determine which best serves the overall Cereals business and its customer base. In 2008, 100% of Post Foods net sales was in ready-to-eat cereals.
Frozen Bakery Products
Our Frozen Bakery Products business operates ten facilities. We produce frozen griddle products such as pancakes, waffles and French toast; frozen bread products such as breads, rolls and biscuits; dessert products such as frozen cookies and frozen cookie dough, muffins, and Danishes; and dry mixes for bakery foods. The business uses a combination of both make to order and make to inventory production scheduling processes. Items with predictable volumes tend to be produced to inventory, while items with inconsistent demand are typically produced to order. The majority of the products are shipped frozen with most high volume customers serviced direct from the manufacturing site, while smaller volume items are distributed through a network of third party warehouses.
The Frozen Bakery Products business sells products through a broker network and an internal sales staff. Products are sold to foodservice customers such as large restaurant chains and distributors of foodservice products, retail grocery chains, and mass merchandisers. We utilize the trademark Krusteaz® for frozen griddle products sold to retail grocery chains and mass merchandisers. Also, we produce in-store bakery cookies under the Lofthouse®, Cascade®, and Parco® brands and in-store bakery bread under the Panne Provincio® brand. Sales of cookies increase significantly in anticipation of holidays.
We sell a significant amount of products to a large international chain of restaurants. The loss of that customer would have a material adverse effect on the Frozen Bakery Products business.
In fiscal 2008, approximately 31% of the businesss net sales was griddle products, 30% was breads, rolls and biscuits, 29% was dessert products and 10% represents frozen dough and dry mixes. Approximately 40% of its net sales was in the foodservice channel, 43% was to in-store bakeries, and 17% was retail.
Sauces & Spreads
Our Sauces & Spreads business operates four plants and produces a variety of store brand shelf-stable dressings, syrups, peanut butter, jellies, salsas and sauces, and non-alcoholic drink mixes under the Major Peters® and JERO® brands. The business products are largely produced to order and are shipped directly to customers using independent truck lines. However, we maintain warehouses at our plants to hold several weeks supply of key products. The products are sold through an internal sales staff and a broker network. In fiscal 2008, approximately 19% of the business net sales was preserves and jellies, 21% was peanut butter, 18% was table syrup, and 16% was spoonable or pourable salad dressings, with the remainder consisting of various salsas, sauces, other syrups, and drink mixes. Approximately 84% of its net sales was to retail customers.
Due to the varied nature of branded counterparts and customer preferences, this business produces far more variations of each type of product compared to our other business. At any one time, we maintain over 5,000 active SKUs in this segment.
Our Snacks business is comprised of our Cracker and Cookie business (Bremner) and our Snack Nuts, Candy and Chips business (Nutcracker and Medallion). Effective for fiscal 2009, these businesses have been aggregated into a single reportable segment because they are similar in the nature of the products (private label snack foods), type of customer, and methods of distribution, and because their net sales, profit contribution, and assets are each less than 10% of the corresponding combined amounts of all operating segments. For fiscal 2008, Bremner and Medallion were reported in the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment and Nutcracker was reported in the Snack Nuts & Candy segment.
Cracker and Cookie Business
We believe our Cracker and Cookie business is the largest manufacturer of store brand crackers and cookies for sale in the United States. The business also produces cookies under the Rippin Good® brand and crackers under the Ry Krisp® and Champagne® brands. Management positions the Cracker and Cookie business as a low cost, premier quality producer of a wide variety of store brand crackers and cookies. In fiscal 2008 and solely with respect to the retail channel, approximately 28% of this businesss net sales was in crackers and approximately 22% of its net sales was in cookies.
Our Cracker and Cookie business operates seven plants where products are largely produced to order. In the fall and winter as consumer consumption of crackers increases, we have the ability to produce to estimated volumes, thereby building product inventories ranging from four to six weeks. Store brand crackers and cookies are sold through a broker network and internal sales staff. Branded Ry Krisp® crackers and branded cookies, including Rippin Good® cookies, are sold through direct store distributor networks. Our cookies and crackers are primarily distributed through our own warehouses and delivered to customers through independent truck lines.
Snack Nuts, Candy and Chips Business
Our Snack Nuts, Candy and Chips business operates one plant that produce a variety of jarred, canned and bagged snack nuts, one plant that produces chocolate candy and one plant that produces chips (corn-based snacks). The business produces store brand products as well as value branded products under the Nutcracker®, Flavor House®, and Medallion® brands. In fiscal 2008, approximately 37% of the business net sales was nuts, approximately 4% was candy, and approximately 10% was chips. Our snack nut and candy products are largely produced to order and shipped directly to customers; however, we maintain one warehouse where finished snack nut products are stored during peak times of demand. Snack nuts and candy are shipped to customers through independent truck lines. We sell those products through an internal sales staff and a broker network. Profits from the sale of snack nuts are impacted significantly by the cost of raw materials (peanuts and tree nuts). Our chocolate candy products are positioned as premium chocolate products and not as an emulation of a branded product. Consequently, our chocolate candy products are sold to customers who maintain premium store brand product lines. We also produce chocolate candy for customers who use the candy as ingredients for ice cream and other products. Our corn-based snack products, which include four types of tortilla chips, two types of corn chips and three types of extruded puffed products, are produced based on customer orders and are shipped directly to customers through independent truck lines and customer supplied trucks.
Ownership of Vail Resorts, Inc.
We own shares of Vail Resorts, Inc. (Vail) common stock (approximately 19% of the shares outstanding as of September 30, 2008). Additionally, two of our Directors, Messrs. Micheletto and Stiritz, are on the Vail Board of Directors. Currently, we utilize the equity method of accounting to reflect our share of Vails earnings (or losses) on a non-cash basis. In October 2005 through November 2006, we entered into a series of prepaid variable forward sale contracts relating to a total of 4.95 million shares of our Vail common stock, and we obtained a total of approximately $140 million. At the contract maturity dates (which range from November 2008 to November 2013), we can deliver a variable number of shares in Vail to Bank of America. The number of shares ultimately delivered will depend on the price of Vail shares at settlement. On the first maturity date (in November 2008), we delivered 890,000 shares. The contracts do not currently impact our equity accounting method due in part to the fact that we continue to have voting rights related to the shares of Vail subject to the forward contracts.
Vails results of operations are highly seasonal and are dependent in part on weather conditions and consumers discretionary spending trends. In light of the significance of our ownership in Vail in comparison to our earnings and assets, changes in Vails common stock price or earnings can impact our stock price.
We own (or use under a license) a number of trademarks that are important to our businesses, including Post®, Honey Bunches of Oats®, Pebbles®, Post Selects®, Spoon-Size®, Grape-Nuts®, Honeycomb®, Trail Mix Crunch® , Parco®, Lofthouse®, Krusteaz®, Major Peters®, Medallion®, Ry Krisp®, Rippin Good®, Flavor House® and Nutcracker®.
Our businesses face intense competition from large branded manufacturers and highly competitive store brand and foodservice manufacturers in each of their product lines. Further, in some instances, large branded companies presently manufacture, or in the past have manufactured, store brand products. Top branded ready-to-eat and hot cereal competitors include Kellogg, General Mills, Quaker Oats (owned by PepsiCo), and Malt-O-Meal. Large branded competitors of the Snacks business include Nabisco (owned by Kraft) and Keebler (owned by Kellogg), which possess large portions of the branded cracker and cookie categories. Branded competitors in the snack mix and corn-based snack categories include General Mills and Frito Lay (owned by PepsiCo). The Snacks business also faces significant competition from one significant branded snack nut producer, Planters (owned by Kraft). Top branded competitors of the Sauces business include Kraft Foods, Bestfoods (owned by Unilever), Smuckers and Heinz. In addition, privately owned store brand manufacturers provide significant competition in all of the Companys segments. The Frozen Bakery Products business faces intense competition from numerous producers of griddle, bread and cookie products, including Kellogg.
The industries in which we compete are highly sensitive to both pricing and promotion. Competition is based upon product quality, price, effective promotional activities, and the ability to identify and satisfy emerging consumer preferences. These industries are expected to remain highly competitive in the foreseeable future. Our customers do not typically commit to buy predetermined amounts of products. Moreover, many food retailers utilize bidding procedures to select vendors. Consequently, during the course of a year, up to 50% of any segments business can be subject to a bidding process conducted by our customers.
Future growth opportunities are expected to depend on our ability to implement strategies for competing effectively in all of our businesses, including strategies relating to emulating branded products, enhancing the performance of our employees, maintaining effective cost control programs, developing and implementing methods for more efficient manufacturing and distribution operations, and developing successful new products, while at the same time maintaining high product quality, aggressive pricing and promotion of our products.
In fiscal 2008, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. accounted for approximately 17% of our aggregate net sales. Each of our reporting segments sells products to Wal-Mart. Additionally, we sell our products to retail chains, mass merchandisers, grocery wholesalers, warehouse club stores, drugstores, restaurant chains and foodservice distributors across the country and in Canada.
Due to our equity interest in Vail, which typically yields more than the entire years equity income during our second and third fiscal quarters, our net earnings are seasonal. In addition, certain aspects of our operations, especially in the Snacks segment, hot cereal portion of the Cereals segment, and in-store bakery portion of the Frozen Bakery Products segment, are seasonal, with a higher percentage of sales and operating profits expected to be recorded in the first and fourth fiscal quarters. See Note 19 in Item 8 for historical quarterly data. The recently acquired Post Foods business is also seasonal, and we expect its sales and operating profits to be significantly greater in our third and fourth fiscal quarters.
As of September 30, 2008, we had approximately 9,000 employees, of whom approximately 8,600 were located in the United States and 400 were located in Canada. We have entered into numerous collective bargaining agreements that we believe contain terms that are typical for the industries in which we operate. We are currently negotiating collective bargaining agreements at our Battle Creek (Post Foods) and Lancaster locations. In fiscal 2009, collective bargaining agreements at the following plants will expire: Niagara Falls, Streator, Battle Creek (Ralston Foods), Ripon, and another contract at Lancaster. As these agreements expire, we believe that the agreements can be renegotiated on terms satisfactory to the Company. We believe our relations with our employees, including union employees, are good.
Raw Materials, Freight, and Energy
Our raw materials consist of ingredients and packaging materials. Our principal ingredients are grain and grain products, flour, corn syrup, sugar, soybean oil, eggs, tomatoes and other fruits, various nuts such as peanuts and cashews, and liquid chocolate. Our principal packaging materials are linerboard cartons, corrugated boxes, plastic bottles, plastic containers and composite cans. We purchase raw materials from local, regional, national and international suppliers. The cost of raw materials used in our products may fluctuate widely due to weather conditions, labor disputes, government regulations, industry consolidation, economic climate, energy shortages, transportation delays, or other unforeseen circumstances. Presently, we do not believe any raw materials we use are in short supply. However, the supply of raw materials can be negatively impacted by the same factors that can impact their cost. From time to time, we will enter into supply contracts for periods up to three years to secure favorable pricing for ingredients and up to five years for packaging materials. Most of our sales are FOB destination, where we pay freight costs to deliver our products to the customer via common carriers or our own trucks. Freight costs are affected by both fuel prices and the availability of common carriers in the area. We also purchase natural gas, electricity, and steam for use in our processing facilities. Where possible, and when advantageous to the Company, we enter into purchase or other hedging contracts of up to 18 months to reduce the price volatility of these items and the cost impact upon our operations. In fiscal 2008, ingredients, packaging, freight, and energy represented approximately 46%, 19%, 8%, and 2%, respectively, of our total cost of goods sold.
Governmental Regulation and Environmental Matters
We are subject to regulation by federal, state and local governmental entities and agencies. As a producer of goods for human consumption, our operations must comply with stringent production and labeling standards. From time to time, changes in regulations can lead to costly label format modifications and product formulation changes. In the event such changes cause use of different ingredients, the cost of goods sold may increase. In many instances we may not be able to obtain increased pricing to offset the increased cost.
Our operations, like those of similar businesses, are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations with respect to environmental matters, including air quality, waste water pretreatment, storm water, waste handling and disposal, and other regulations intended to protect public health and the environment. While it is difficult to quantify with certainty the potential financial impact of actions regarding expenditures for environmental matters and future capital expenditures for environmental control equipment, in the opinion of management, based upon the information currently available, the ultimate liability arising from such environmental matters, taking into account established accruals for estimated liabilities, should not have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial position, capital expenditures or other cash flows. In fiscal 2009, we will complete improvements to certain waste water pretreatment facilities within our cracker and cookie business, which we started in fiscal 2008. In total, we expect to spend an estimated $1.5 million on these improvements.
From time to time, our segments may produce products on behalf of other companies. Typically, such products are new branded products for which branded companies lack capacity or products of branded companies that do not have their own manufacturing operations. In both cases, the branded companies retain ownership of the formulas and trademarks related to products we produce for them.
Contract manufacturing for branded manufacturing companies tend to be inconsistent in volume. Often, initial orders can be significant and favorably impact a fiscal period (with respect to sales and profits) but later volume will level off or the branded company will ultimately produce the product internally and cease purchasing product from us. Net sales under these co-manufacturing agreements were approximately 3.0% to 5.5% of our annual net sales for the past three years and were approximately $104.4 million in fiscal 2008.
With the acquisition of Bloomfield Bakers on March 16, 2007, we gained several branded customers who sell their products to various retailers but have no manufacturing operations of their own. During fiscal 2008, sales made under this type of arrangement were approximately $168.2 million or 6% of our total annual net sales.
In addition to the factors discussed elsewhere in this Report, the following risks and uncertainties could have a material adverse effect on the Companys business, financial condition and results of operations. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to the Company or that the Company currently deems immaterial may also impair the Companys business operations and financial condition.
The integration of the Companys and Post Foods businesses may not be successful or anticipated benefits from the acquisition may not be realized.
The recent acquisition of Post Foods is the largest and most significant acquisition the Company has undertaken. Our management will be required to devote a significant amount of time and attention as well as financial resources to the process of integrating the operations of the Companys business and the Post Foods business. Due to, among other things, the size and complexity of the Post Foods business and the activities required to separate Post Foods operations from Krafts, we may be unable to integrate the Post Foods business into our operations in an efficient, timely and effective manner. In addition, if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
All of the risks associated with the integration process could be exacerbated by the fact that we may not have a sufficient number of employees with needed expertise to integrate the two businesses or to operate the combined companys business. Furthermore, Post Foods offers services that we have limited experience in providing, the most significant of which are advertising and marketing services. If we do not hire or retain employees with the requisite skills and knowledge to run the combined business, it may have a material adverse effect on our business. While Kraft has agreed to provide transition services for up to 18 months following the acquisition, it cannot be assured that we will be able to adequately replace those resources or replace them at the same cost. If Kraft does not provide the same level of services to Post Foods as it did immediately prior to the acquisition, or if we are not able to replace the resources provided by Kraft at the same cost, our results of operations may be negatively impacted.
Even if we are able to successfully combine the two business operations, it may not be possible to realize the full benefits of the increased sales volume and other benefits that are currently expected to result from the acquisition, or realize these benefits within the time frame that is currently expected. For example, the elimination of duplicative costs may not be possible or may take longer than anticipated, or the benefits from the acquisition may be offset by costs incurred or delays in integrating the businesses. The benefits of the acquisition may also be offset by operating losses relating to changes in commodity or energy prices, or in increased competition, or by risks and uncertainties relating to the combined companys private label and branded cereal products. If we fail to realize the benefits we anticipate from the acquisition, our results of operations may be adversely affected.
The Company may not be able to effectively manage the growth from acquisitions or continue to make acquisitions at the rate at which we have been acquiring in the past.
The Company has experienced significant sales and operating profits through the acquisition of other companies. However, acquisition opportunities may not always present themselves. In such cases, the Companys sales and operating profit may not continue to grow from period to period at the same rate as it has in the past.
The success of our acquisitions will depend on many factors, such as our ability to identify potential acquisition candidates, negotiate satisfactory purchase terms, obtain loans at satisfactory rates to fund acquisitions and our ability to successfully integrate and manage the growth from acquisitions. Integrating the operations, financial reporting, disparate technologies and personnel of newly acquired companies, including the recent acquisition of Post Foods, involve risks. We cannot guarantee that we will be successful or cost-effective in integrating any new businesses into our existing businesses. In fact, the process of integrating newly acquired businesses may cause interruption or slow down the operations of our existing businesses. As a result, we may not be able to realize expected synergies or other anticipated benefits of acquisitions.
Continuing disruptions in the financial markets or other factors could affect our ability to refinance our debt on reasonable terms, or at all and to fund acquisitions and capital expenditures.
Our $400 million Revolving Credit Facility matures on July 18, 2011 while our $200 million Term Loan facility that we entered into in connection with the Post Foods acquisition matures on August 2, 2013. Our ability to raise debt or equity capital in the public or private markets in order to effect a refinancing of our Revolving Credit Facility or Term Loan facility could be impaired by various factors. For example, U.S. credit markets have recently experienced significant dislocations and liquidity disruptions which have caused the spreads on prospective debt financings to widen considerably. These circumstances have materially impacted liquidity in the debt markets, making financing terms for borrowers less attractive, and in certain cases have resulted in the unavailability of certain types of debt financing. Continued uncertainty in the credit markets may negatively impact our ability to access additional debt financing or to refinance existing indebtedness on favorable terms, or at all. Events affecting the credit markets have also had an adverse effect on other financial markets in the U.S., which may make it more difficult or costly for us to raise capital through the issuance of common stock or other equity securities. Any of these risks could impair our ability to fund our operations or limit our ability to expand our business or increase our interest expense, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial results.
Commodity price volatility could negatively impact profits.
The primary commodities used by our businesses include sugar, oats, wheat, soybean oil, corn sweeteners, peanuts, almonds and other tree nuts, glass containers, caps and plastic packaging. We may experience shortages in these items as a result of commodity market fluctuations, availability, increased demand, weather conditions, and natural disasters as well as other factors outside of our control. Changes in the prices of our products may lag behind changes in the costs of our commodities. Accordingly, competitive pressures may limit our ability to maintain existing margins and have a material adverse effect on our operating profits.
Higher energy costs could negatively impact profits.
Higher prices for natural gas, electricity and fuel increase our production and delivery costs. Many of our manufacturing operations use large quantities of natural gas and electricity. Our inability to respond to these cost increases may negatively affect our operating results. In addition, the Company has experienced increases in the cost of transporting finished goods to customers. Due to the increased cost of fuel and limited supply of freight carriers, the Companys costs have risen. In the event that this situation continues, the Company may experience service problems and reduced customer sales.
Unsuccessful implementation of business strategies to reduce costs may adversely affect our results of operations.
Many of our costs, such as raw materials, energy and freight are outside our control. Therefore, we must seek to reduce costs in other areas, such as operating efficiency. If we are not able to complete projects which are designed to reduce costs and increase operating efficiency on time or within budget, our operating profits may be adversely impacted. In addition, if the cost saving initiatives we have implemented or any future cost savings initiatives do not generate the expected cost savings and synergies, our results of operations may be adversely affected.
Our ability to raise prices for our products may be adversely affected by a number of factors, including but not limited to industry supply, market demand, and promotional activity by competitors. If we are unable to increase prices for our products as may be necessary to cover cost increases, our results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, price increases typically generate lower volumes as customers then purchase fewer units. If these losses are greater than expected or if we lose distribution as a result of a price increase, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
Increased competition by branded cereal manufacturers can lead to lower prices and volumes for our branded cereals.
Other larger cereal manufacturers with substantial financial, marketing, and other resources may decide to increase trade spending or advertising or reduce prices on their cereal products. In response, we may choose to do the same for our cereal products which could impact our margins and volumes on our branded cereal products. If we did not do the same, our revenues and market share could be adversely affected.
Significant private label competitive activity can lead to price declines.
Some customer buying decisions are based on a periodic bidding process in which the successful bidder is assured the selling of its selected product to the food retailer, super center or mass merchandiser until the next bidding process. Our sales volume may decrease significantly if our offer is too high and we lose the ability to sell products through these channels, even temporarily. Alternatively, we risk reducing our margins if our offer is successful but below our desired price points. Either of these outcomes may adversely affect our results of operations.
Our inability to successfully manage the price gap between our private-label products and those of our branded competitors may adversely affect our results of operation.
Competitors branded products have an advantage over our private label products primarily due to advertising and name recognition. When branded competitors focus on price and promotion, the environment for private label products becomes more challenging because the price gaps between private label and branded products can become less meaningful.
At the retail level, private label products sell at a discount to those of branded competitors. If branded competitors continue to reduce the price of their products, the price of branded products offered to consumers may approximate or be lower than the prices of our private label products. Further, promotional activities by branded competitors such as temporary price rollbacks, buy-one-get-one-free offerings and coupons have the effect of price decreases. Price decreases taken by competitors could result in a decline in the Companys sales volumes.
Loss of one of the Companys significant customers may adversely affect our results of operations.
A limited number of customer accounts represent a large percentage of our consolidated net sales. The success of our business depends, in part, on our ability to maintain our level of sales and product distribution through high volume food retailers, super centers and mass merchandisers. The competition to supply products to these high volume stores is intense. These high volume stores and mass merchandisers frequently re-evaluate the products they carry; if a major customer elected to stop carrying one of our products, our sales may be adversely affected.
We may be unable to anticipate changes in consumer preferences and trends, which could result in decreased demand for our products.
Our success depends in part on our ability to anticipate the tastes and eating habits of consumers and to offer products that appeal to their preferences. Consumer preferences change from time to time and can be affected by a number of different and unexpected trends. Our failure to anticipate, identify or react quickly to these changes and trends, and to introduce new and improved products on a timely basis, could result in reduced demand for our products, which would in turn cause our revenues and profitability to suffer. Similarly, demand for our products could be affected by consumer concerns regarding the health effects of nutrients or ingredients such as trans fats, sugar, processed wheat or other product attributes.
The Company competes in mature categories with strong competition.
The Companys businesses compete in mature segments with competitors that have a large percentage of segment sales. Our private label and branded products both face strong competition from branded competitors for shelf space and sales. Competitive pressures could cause us to lose market share, which may require us to lower prices, increase marketing expenditures or increase the use of discounting or promotional programs, each of which would adversely affect our margins and could result in a decrease in our operating results and profitability.
Some of the Companys competitors have substantial financial, marketing and other resources, and competition with them in the Companys various markets and product lines could cause the Company to reduce prices, increase marketing, or lose category share, any of which would have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the Company. This high level of competition by branded competitors could result in a decrease in the Companys sales volumes.
The termination or expiration of current co-manufacturing arrangements could reduce our sales volume and adversely affect our results of operations.
Our businesses periodically enter into co-manufacturing arrangements with manufacturers of branded products. Terms of these agreements vary but are generally for relatively short periods of time (less than two years). Volumes produced under each of these agreements can fluctuate significantly based upon the products life cycle, product promotions, alternative production capacity and other factors, none of which are under our direct control. Our future ability to enter into co-manufacturing arrangements is not guaranteed, and a decrease in current co-manufacturing levels could have a significant negative impact on sales volume.
We have a substantial amount of indebtedness which could limit financing and other options.
As of September 30, 2008, we had long-term debt of approximately $1.7 billion. The amount of our indebtedness increased significantly as part of the acquisition cost of Post Foods. This indebtedness may limit our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, to fund growth or general corporate purposes. In addition, our indebtedness may limit our flexibility to adjust to changing business and market conditions and may make us more vulnerable to a downward turn in general economic conditions.
Our ability to meet expenses and debt service obligations will depend on the factors described above, as well as our future performance, which will be affected by financial, business, economic and other factors, including potential changes in consumer preferences, the success of product and marketing innovation and pressure from competitors. If we do not generate enough cash to pay our debt service obligations, we may be required to refinance all or part of our existing debt, sell our assets, borrow more money or raise equity. There is no assurance that we will be able to, at any given time, refinance our debt, sell our assets, borrow more money or raise equity on terms acceptable to us or at all.
The agreements governing our credit facilities impose restrictions on our business.
There are various financial covenants and other restrictions in our debt instruments. Our ability to comply with these covenants may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. An event of default under our debt agreements would permit some of our lenders to declare all amounts borrowed from them to be due and payable, together with accrued and unpaid interest. A default under our debt instruments may also impair our ability to obtain additional or alternative financing. Our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance our debt or other obligations will depend on our operating and financial performance, which in turn is subject to prevailing economic conditions and to financial, business and other factors beyond our control.
Changing currency exchange rates may adversely affect earnings and financial position.
We have significant operations and assets in Canada. Our consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars; therefore, we must translate our Canadian assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses into U.S. dollars at applicable exchange rates. Consequently, fluctuations in the value of the Canadian dollar may negatively affect the value of these items in our consolidated financial statements. To the extent we fail to manage our foreign currency exposure adequately, we may suffer losses in value of our net foreign currency investment and our consolidated results of operations and financial position may be negatively affected.
If our assessments and assumptions about commodity prices, as well as ingredient and other prices, prove to be incorrect in connection with our hedging or forward-buy efforts or planning cycles, our costs may be greater than anticipated and our financial results could be adversely affected.
We generally use commodity futures and options to reduce the price volatility associated with anticipated commodity purchases of oats, sugar, tree nuts, and wheat used in the production of certain of our products. Additionally, we have a hedging program for heating oil relating to diesel fuel prices, natural gas, and corrugated paper products. The extent of our hedges at any given time depends upon our assessment of the markets for these commodities, including our assumptions for future prices. For example, if we believe that market prices for the commodities we use are unusually high, we may choose to hedge less, or possibly not hedge any, of our future requirements. If we fail to hedge and prices subsequently increase, or if we institute a hedge and prices subsequently decrease, our costs may be greater than anticipated or greater than our competitors costs and our financial results could be adversely affected.
Consolidation among the retail grocery and foodservice industries may hurt profit margins.
Over the past several years, the retail grocery and foodservice industries have undergone significant consolidations and mass merchandisers are gaining market share. As this trend continues and such customers grow larger, they may seek lower pricing or increased promotional pricing from suppliers since they represent more volume. As a result, our profit margins as a grocery and foodservice supplier may be negatively impacted. In the event of consolidation if the surviving entity is not a customer, we may lose key business once held with the acquired retailer.
Labor strikes or work stoppages by our employees could harm our business.
Currently, a significant number of our full-time distribution, production and maintenance employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. A dispute with a union or employees represented by a union could result in production interruptions caused by work stoppages. If a strike or work stoppage were to occur, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
Ownership of Vail Resorts creates a risk to the Companys earnings.
The Company owns approximately 19% of the outstanding common stock of Vail Resorts, Inc (Vail). Because we account for this investment using the equity method of accounting, our non-cash earnings may be adversely affected by unfavorable results from Vail. Vail typically yields more than the entire years equity income during our second and third fiscal quarters; as a result our net earnings are seasonal. In addition, Vails results of operations are also dependant in part on weather conditions and consumer discretionary spending trends. In light of our significant ownership in Vail, changes in its common stock price or earnings can impact our stock price.
Impairment in the carrying value of goodwill or other intangibles could negatively impact the Companys net worth.
The carrying value of goodwill represents the fair value of acquired businesses in excess of identifiable assets and liabilities as of the acquisition date. The carrying value of other intangibles represents the fair value of trademarks, trade names, and other acquired intangibles. Goodwill and other acquired intangibles expected to contribute indefinitely to cash flows of the Company are not amortized, but must be evaluated by management at least annually for impairment. Impairments to goodwill may be caused by factors outside our control, such as the inability to quickly replace lost co-manufacturing business, increasing competitive pricing pressures, or the bankruptcy of a significant customer and could negatively impact the Companys net worth.
Product liability or recalls could result in significant and unexpected costs to the Company.
The Company may need to recall some or all of its products if they become adulterated or misbranded. This could result in destruction of product inventory, negative publicity, temporary plant closings, and substantial costs of compliance or remediation. Any of these events, including a significant product liability judgment against us could result in a loss of confidence in our food products. This could have an adverse affect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
New laws or regulations could adversely affect our business.
Food production and marketing are highly regulated by a variety of federal, state, local and foreign agencies. Changes in laws or regulations that impose additional regulatory requirements on us could increase our costs of doing business or restrict our actions, causing our results of operations to be adversely affected. In addition, as we advertise our products, we could be the target of claims relating to false or deceptive advertising under federal, state and foreign laws and regulations.
The bankruptcy or insolvency of a significant customer could negatively impact profits.
Over the past five years we have had several customers file bankruptcy. As a result, the accounts receivable related to sales to these customers were not recovered. If the Companys bad debt reserve is inadequate to cover the amounts owed by bankrupt customers, the Company may have to write off the amount of the receivable to the extent the receivable is greater than our bad debt reserve. In the event a bankrupt customer is not able to emerge from bankruptcy or the Company is not able to replace sales lost from such customer, our profits could be negatively impacted.
Changes in weather conditions, natural disasters and other events beyond our control can adversely affect our results of operations.
Changes in weather conditions and natural disasters such as floods, droughts, frosts, earthquakes, hurricanes or pestilence, may affect the cost and supply of commodities and raw materials, including tree nuts, corn syrup, sugar and wheat. Additionally, these events can result in reduced supplies of raw materials and longer recoveries of usable raw materials. Competing manufacturers can be affected differently by weather conditions and natural disasters depending on the location of their suppliers and operations. Damage or disruption to our manufacturing or distribution capabilities due to weather, natural disaster, fire, terrorism, pandemic, strikes or other reasons could impair our ability to manufacture or sell our products. Failure to take adequate steps to reduce the likelihood or mitigate the potential impact of such events, or to effectively manage such events if they occur, particularly when a product is sourced from a single location, could adversely affect our business and results of operations, as well as require additional resources to restore our supply chain.
The Company may experience losses or be subject to increased funding and expenses to its qualified pension plan, which could negatively impact profits.
The Company maintains a qualified defined benefit plan. Although the Company has frozen benefits under the plan for all administrative employees and many production employees, the Company remains obligated to ensure that the plan is funded in accordance with applicable regulations. The fair value of pension plan assets (determined pursuant to FAS 87 guidelines) was approximately $17 million below the total benefit obligation of the plan as of September 30, 2008. In the event the stock market deteriorates, the funds in which the Company has invested do not perform according to expectations, or the valuation of the projected benefit obligation increases due to changes in interest rates or other factors, the Company may be required to make significant cash contributions to the pension plan and recognize increased expense within its financial statements.
Our principal properties are our manufacturing locations. Shown below are our principal owned and leased properties. Some properties include on-site warehouse space. We also lease our principal executive offices and research and development facilities in St. Louis, Missouri. Management believes its facilities are suitable and adequate for the purposes for which they are used and are adequately maintained. We believe each segments combination of facilities provides adequate capacity for current and anticipated future customer demand.
* One of these lines is idle.
We are a party to a number of legal proceedings in various state and federal jurisdictions. These proceedings are in varying stages and many may proceed for protracted periods of time. Some proceedings involve complex questions of fact and law. Additionally, our operations, like those of similar businesses, are subject to various federal, state, and local laws and regulations intended to protect public health and the environment, including air and water quality and waste handling and disposal.
Pending legal liability, if any, from these proceedings cannot be determined with certainty; however, in the opinion of management, based upon the information presently known, the ultimate liability of the Company, if any, arising from the pending legal proceedings, as well as from asserted legal claims and known potential legal claims which are likely to be asserted, taking into account established accruals for estimated liabilities (if any), are not expected to be material to our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. In addition, while it is difficult to quantify with certainty the potential financial impact of actions regarding expenditures for compliance with regulatory matters, in the opinion of management, based upon the information currently available, the ultimate liability arising from such compliance matters should not be material to the Companys consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
A special meeting of Ralcorp shareholders was held on July 17, 2008 to vote on the proposal to approve the issuance of shares of Ralcorp common stock in connection with the acquisition of the Post cereal business from Kraft. The total number of shares eligible to vote was 25,758,023. 21,022,295 shares were voted for the issuance of shares in connection with the acquisition, 227,859 shares were voted against, 57,180 shares abstained and there were 0 non-votes.
(Ages are as of December 31, 2008.)
Common Stock Market Prices and Dividends
The Companys common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol RAH. There were 9,469 shareholders of record on November 21, 2008. The Company paid a special dividend of $1.00 per share on October 22, 2004, but has no plans to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The range of high and low sale prices of Ralcorp common stock as reported by the NYSE is set forth in the table below.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
*On May 25, 2006, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 2,000,000 shares of common stock at prevailing market prices. The authorization has no expiration date. From time to time, the Company may repurchase its common stock through plans established under Rule 10b5-1. Typically, these plans direct a broker to purchase a variable amount of shares each day (usually between 0 and 50,000) depending on the previous days closing share price.
The following performance graph compares the changes, for the period indicated, in the cumulative total value of $100 hypothetically invested in each of (1) Ralcorp Common Stock, (b) the Russell 2000 Index, and (c) the Russell 2000 Consumer Staples Index.
Performance Graph Data
FIVE YEAR FINANCIAL SUMMARY
(In millions except per share data)
The following discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting the consolidated operating results, financial condition, liquidity and capital resources of Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements under Item 8, especially the segment information in Note 18, and the Cautionary Statement on Forward-Looking Statements on page 2. The terms we, our, Company, and Ralcorp as used herein refer to Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. The terms base business and base businesses as used herein refer to businesses that were owned by Ralcorp (and therefore included in our operating results) for the duration of each of the periods being compared (i.e., excluding businesses acquired since the beginning of the prior fiscal year). We have included financial measures for our base businesses (such as sales growth excluding acquisitions) because they provide useful and comparable trend information regarding the results of those businesses without the effects of incremental results from recent acquisitions.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
See Note 1 for a discussion regarding the recently issued accounting standards, including Statement of FASB Interpretation No. 48, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) 157, FAS 158, FAS 159, FAS 141(R), FAS 161, FAS 162, and FASB Staff Position 142-3.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Fiscal 2008, like 2007 and 2006, was a challenging year as we continued to face intense raw materials cost pressures in most of our reporting segments. Nonetheless, total segment profit contribution was higher than last year as we continued to benefit from our acquisition strategy while experiencing base business sales growth in most categories. The following table summarizes key data (in millions of dollars, except for percentage data as indicated) for the past three years that we believe is important for you to consider as you read the consolidated results analysis discussions below. In addition, please refer to Note 18 for data regarding net sales and profit contribution by segment.
Net Earnings Earnings have been positively impacted by business acquisitions, organic growth, improved earnings from our investment in Vail Resorts, Inc., and gains on the sale of some of our Vail shares, but negatively impacted by higher raw material and freight costs, restructuring and merger transition costs, and interest expense. In addition, non-cash gains and losses due to changes in the fair value of our Vail forward sale contracts caused large swings in net earnings over the past three years. More detailed discussion and analysis of these and other factors follows.
Net Sales Net sales grew $383.2 million (21%) from 2006 to 2007 and $591.0 million (26%) from 2007 to 2008. Most of the increases in net sales is attributable to the timing of business acquisitions. The following table shows the approximate amount of sales derived from recent acquisitions (in millions of dollars).
Excluding sales from the fiscal 2006 and 2007 acquisitions, our net sales grew by 6% from 2006 to 2007, and excluding sales from the fiscal 2007 and 2008 acquisitions, our net sales grew by 12% from 2007 to 2008. This base business growth is attributable to both improved selling prices and overall volume gains. We further describe these and other factors affecting net sales in the segment discussions below.
Operating Expenses Cost of products sold as a percentage of net sales has been increasing as input costs rapidly increased, partially offset by the effects of related (but delayed) selling price increases. Key input costs include raw materials (ingredients and packaging) and freight (outbound rates and fuel surcharges). The following table shows the estimated year-over-year gross impacts (in millions) of the higher per unit costs (or rates) of these cost components by reportable segment.
Cost of products sold was also affected by an inventory adjustment related to the acquisition of Post Foods. Finished goods inventory acquired in the acquisition was valued essentially as if Ralcorp were a distributor purchasing the inventory. This resulted in a one-time allocation of purchase price to acquired inventory which was $23.4 million higher than the historical manufacturing cost of the inventory. Post Foods inventory value and cost of products sold were based on post-acquisition production costs for all product manufactured after the acquisition date. In 2008, all of the $23.4 million (non-cash) inventory valuation adjustment was recognized in cost of products sold, reducing net earnings by approximately $15.0 million after the related tax effect.
Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) increased as a percentage of net sales primarily related to the acquisition of Post Foods. Due to the nature of Post Foods branded business, higher advertising and promotion costs were incurred. Excluding Post Foods, SG&A as a percentage of net sales was down to 11.0% in 2008. This base business decrease was primarily the result of selling price increases and sales volume growth, partially offset by higher amortization of intangibles and increased expense from mark-to-market adjustments on deferred compensation liabilities.
Again, refer to the segment discussions below for other factors affecting cost of products sold and SG&A expenses. In addition, refer to our policy regarding cost of products sold in Note 1 because our gross profit percentages may not be comparable to those of other companies who report cost of products sold on a different basis.
Interest Expense, Net Net interest expense has increased primarily as a result of changing debt levels and interest rates, as well as increases in discount amortization related to our Vail forward sale contracts. Discount amortization was $8.7, $8.3, and $3.7 million in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Long-term debt rose from $422.0 million at the beginning of fiscal 2006 to $1,668.8 million at the end of fiscal 2008 due to borrowings used to fund the Cottage Bakery and Bloomfield Bakers acquisitions and debt assumed in the Post Foods acquisition. The weighted average interest rate on all of the Companys outstanding debt was 5.3% in 2008, 5.1% in 2007, and 4.8% in 2006. For more information about our long-term debt, see Note 13. For more information about the Vail forward sale contracts, see Gain on Forward Sale Contracts and LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES below, as well as Note 6. Refer to Note 10 for information about our agreement to sell our trade accounts receivable on an ongoing basis, including amounts of related discounts reported in SG&A.
Gain/Loss on Forward Sale Contracts Net earnings were affected by non-cash gains and losses on forward sale contracts, executed November 22, 2005, April 19, 2006, and November 6, 2006, related to a total of 4,950,100 of our shares of Vail Resorts, Inc. The contracts include a collar on the Vail stock price and the prepayment of proceeds at a discount (whereby Ralcorp received a total of $140.0 million). Because Ralcorp accounts for its investment in Vail Resorts using the equity method, these contracts, which are intended to hedge the future sale of those shares, are not eligible for hedge accounting. Therefore, gains or losses on the contracts are immediately recognized in earnings. For more information on these contracts, see LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES below, as well as Note 6.
Gain on Sale of Securities In March 2006, we sold 100,000 of our shares of Vail Resorts, Inc. common stock for a total of $3.8 million. The shares had a carrying value of $1.2 million, so the transaction resulted in a $2.6 million gain. In August and September 2008, we sold an additional 368,700 shares for a total of $13.7 million. The shares had a carrying value of $6.6 million, so the transaction resulted in a $7.1 million pre-tax gain.
Post Foods Transition and Integration Costs Ralcorp is incurring significant costs related to transitioning Post Foods into Ralcorp operations, including decoupling the cereal assets of Post Foods from those of other operations of Kraft Foods Inc. (the former owner), developing stand-alone Post Foods information systems, developing independent sales, logistics and purchasing functions for Post Foods, and other significant integration undertakings. While a portion of those costs are capitalized, the expense portion totaled $7.9 million in 2008.
Restructuring Charges In fiscal 2008, we closed our plant in Billerica, MA, and transferred the production to other facilities within the Snack Nuts & Candy segment. In addition to employee termination benefits for approximately 90 employees, charges for this project included a write-off of abandoned property. Annual cost savings from this project (net of certain increased costs and lost sales) are estimated to be approximately $4 million beginning in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008.
In fiscal 2007, we closed our plant in Blue Island, IL, terminating 86 employees, and moved production to other facilities within the Frozen Bakery Products segment. In addition to employee termination benefits, charges for this project included costs to clean up the facility and a charge to write-off remaining inventories. Annual cost savings from this project (net of certain increased costs and lost sales) are estimated to be approximately $1 million.
For more information regarding these restructuring charges, see Note 3.
Income Taxes Our effective tax rate returned to a normal level in fiscal 2008. The effect of increases in our blended state tax rates was offset by the effect of the increase in the Domestic Production Activities Deduction, a federal deduction of 6% (3% in 2007 and 2006) of the taxable income from our production activities in the U.S. (i.e., excluding equity method earnings and other gains or losses related to our investment in Vail Resorts, Inc., and excluding our Canadian operations). The 2007 and 2006 effective tax rates were reduced by the effect of approximately $1.9 million and $1.2 million, respectively, related to favorable resolutions of uncertain tax positions and adjustments to the related reserve. The rate in each of the past three years was also reduced by certain Canadian tax benefits. Note that all the tax adjustments discussed above had a greater effect on the rate in 2007 because pre-tax income was significantly reduced by the loss on forward sale contracts. See Note 4 for more information about income taxes.
Equity in Earnings of Vail Resorts, Inc. As noted previously, earnings from our investment in Vail Resorts (NYSE ticker: MTN) improved over the past three years. See Note 5 for more information about this equity investment.
Cereals, Crackers & Cookies
Because the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment consists of two of our divisions, we will discuss the year-over-year comparisons separately for fiscal 2008 versus 2007 and fiscal 2007 versus 2006 to improve readability. Volume changes, excluding sales of Bloomfield Bakers and Post Foods, are summarized in the following table (note that co-manufacturing was approximately 6% and 5% of total 2008 sales volume for Ralston Foods and Bremner, respectively):
Fiscal 2008 vs. Fiscal 2007
Net sales in the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment grew $414.8 million (44%) for fiscal 2008, primarily due to sales from Post Foods and the timing of the 2007 acquisition of Bloomfield Bakers. Excluding the incremental sales from the Post Foods and Bloomfield Bakers acquisitions (as shown on page 21), net sales in the segment grew 12%. This growth is attributable to higher prices in both divisions, raised in an effort to offset higher input costs, as well as higher volumes at Ralston Foods. At Ralston Foods, base business net sales were up 15% for the year as a result of improved pricing and higher volumes. Co-manufacturing at Ralston Foods generated approximately $15.4 million of the increase in net sales. At Bremner, the effects of price increases and a favorable product mix were partially offset by overall sales volume declines. The product mix shift to higher-priced items had an impact of approximately $8.7 million on Bremners net sales.
The segments profit contribution increased significantly as a result of acquisitions. Results from Post Foods added about $43.3 million (net of $2.2 million of amortization related to certain brands and customer relationships and $7.6 million of depreciation). In addition, the extra 24 weeks of results from Bloomfield Bakers added an estimated $9.2 million of profit. Excluding those acquisition timing impacts, profit contribution improved as the effects of selling price adjustments and cereal volume growth slightly exceeded the negative effects of higher raw material, production, and freight costs, and promotional expenses. Refer to the raw material and freight summary on page 21. The most notable raw material cost increases were in wheat and corn products, soybean oil, oats, and rice.
Fiscal 2007 vs. Fiscal 2006
Net sales in the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment grew $157.4 million (20%) for fiscal 2007. Excluding the incremental sales from the Bloomfield acquisition, net sales in the segment grew 4%. This growth is primarily attributable to higher prices, raised in an effort to offset increasing input costs. At Ralston Foods, base business net sales were up 6% for the year. RTE sales were helped by several new product introductions, accounting for approximately $8.5 million for the year, but that effect was partially offset by declines in sales of other products. Co-manufacturing at Ralston Foods generated approximately $10.3 million of the increase in net sales. At Bremner, overall sales volume declines were partially offset by the effects of price increases and a favorable product mix. Most of Bremners volume shortfalls can be attributed to increased promotional activity by branded competitors, partially offset by incremental sales due to new product lines. Bremners new product offerings added approximately $6.1 million of net sales, and the product mix shift to higher-priced items had an impact of approximately $5 million.
Results from the acquired Bloomfield business added about $10.2 million to the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segments profit contribution since acquisition in March (net of intangible asset amortization of $4.1 million). In the base businesses of the segment, the combined negative effects of higher raw material costs, lower overall volumes, and production cost increases were only partially offset by the favorable effects of increased selling prices and lower freight rates. The most notable cost increases were in wheat and corn products, oats, rice, sugar, and soybean oil.
Frozen Bakery Products
Net sales of the Frozen Bakery Products segment have grown from $442.8 million in 2006 to $619.6 million in 2007 (a 40% increase) and $711.8 million in 2008 (a 15% increase over 2007), largely as a result of acquisitions (as shown on page 21). However, base business sales grew about 12% for 2008 due to the effects of price increases and higher volumes. By sales channel, that sales growth came from a 14% increase in foodservice, a 9% increase in in-store bakery (ISB), and a 17% increase in retail. Comparing 2007 to 2006, base business sales grew about 9% as the result of an 11% increase in foodservice, a 6% increase in ISB, and an 8% increase in retail. Excluding sales of Cottage Bakery (and excluding Parco and Western Waffles in the 2007 to 2006 comparison), sales volumes by channel changed as follows:
The segments profit contribution was $50.6 million, $70.4 million, and $63.7 million in fiscal 2006, 2007, and 2008, respectively. Fiscal 2008 profit contribution was reduced by higher costs of raw materials and freight (as shown on page 21), an unfavorable change in product mix, and slightly higher warehousing costs. However, improved pricing and the incremental Cottage Bakery profit due to acquisition timing offset most of those negative effects. The raw materials cost impact primarily related to wheat flour, fats and oils. In addition, the segments Canadian operations were hurt by the decline in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to the Canadian dollar in fiscal 2008. The change in the average exchange rate increased the U.S. dollar equivalent of the net Canadian dollar expenses by approximately $5.6 million, net of the effects of foreign currency hedging activities. Finally, the extra six weeks of results from Cottage Bakery added an estimated $2.5 million of profit for 2008. In 2007, the increase in profit contribution was due to results from Cottage Bakery (approximately $15.6 million) and the extra 20 weeks of results from Parco and the extra 7 weeks of results from Western Waffles (approximately $7 million combined). Profit contribution from the segments base businesses was reduced in 2007 by significantly higher raw material costs, slightly higher manufacturing costs, and higher warehousing costs, slightly offset by the base business sales growth. The most significantly affected ingredients were wheat flour, eggs and dairy products, and soybean oil.
Dressings, Syrups, Jellies & Sauces
Our Dressings, Syrups, Jellies & Sauces segments net sales rose 15% in 2008. The segment realized improved pricing in both 2007 and 2008, and sales volumes changed as follows:
For fiscal 2007, the increase in peanut butter sales volume was primarily due to a February recall of a competitors products and amounted to approximately $15 million of additional net sales.
The segments profit contribution also improved in 2008, as the effects of selling price and volume increases exceeded the effects of raw material cost and freight rate increases (shown on page 21). The raw material cost impacts came from peanuts, oils, corn sweeteners, containers, eggs, and fruits. For fiscal 2007 compared to 2006, the effects of selling price increases were slightly greater than the effects of raw material cost increases. Those net benefits were partially offset by higher production overhead costs and the effect of a $1.6 million property tax refund in 2006.
Snack Nuts & Candy
Net sales for the Snack Nuts & Candy segment increased 8% in fiscal 2008 and 6% in fiscal 2007. For 2008, the growth was primarily the result of improved pricing and increased sales volume attributable to increased distribution with certain existing customers and increased product promotions by some others, offset by reduced purchases by some customers as a result of the increased prices. In 2007, the growth was primarily the result of increased sales volume, as the effect of a shift toward higher-priced items was largely offset by an overall net decrease in selling prices. Volume changes were as follows:
For fiscal 2008, the segments profit contribution was lower by $8.6 million because of the effects of higher raw material costs and freight rates (shown on page 21). Price increases in this segment have trailed rapidly increasing costs. For fiscal 2007, the segments profit contribution was up $4.7 million, as the effects of favorable raw material costs and volume were only partially offset by the effects of higher production costs, an unfavorable product mix, price decreases, and higher freight rates.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Historically, we have funded operating needs by generating positive cash flows through operations. We expect to continue generating operating cash flows through our mix of businesses and expect that short-term and long-term liquidity requirements will be met through a combination of operating cash flows and strategic use of borrowings under committed and uncommitted credit arrangements. We believe we have sufficient liquidity despite the current disruption of the capital and credit markets. As the national and world-wide financial crisis has worsened in recent months, we have continued to monitor closely events and the financial institutions associated with our credit facilities, including monitoring credit ratings and outlooks, capital raising and merger activity.
Capital resources remained strong at September 30, 2008, with total shareholders equity of $2,411.5 million and a long-term debt to total capital (which is the total of long-term debt and total shareholders equity) ratio of 41 percent, compared to corresponding figures for September 30, 2007, of $483.4 million and 61 percent. Working capital, excluding cash and cash equivalents, increased to $241.8 million at September 30, 2008, from $165.3 million at September 30, 2007, primarily as a result of the addition of Post Foods.
Cash provided by operating activities was $132.0 million, $218.3 million, and $52.8 million in 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively, affected most significantly by fluctuations in proceeds from our accounts receivable sale program. During fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, proceeds increased $4.2 million, increased $45.8 million, and decreased $49.0 million, respectively. This explains $94.8 million of the increase in cash from operating activities from 2006 to 2007 and $41.6 million of the decrease from 2007 to 2008. See Off-Balance Sheet Financing below for more information about the sale of receivables. In 2006, operating cash flows were reduced by contributions to our qualified pension plan of $25 million. No such contributions were made in 2007 or 2008. See Note 15 for more information about pension plans, including the funded status. Remaining changes are due to increased sales and fluctuations in other components of working capital, particularly the build up of receivables and payables related to Post Foods. No trade receivables or payables were acquired from Kraft Foods Inc. in the acquisition.
Net cash paid for business acquisitions totaled $20.3 million in fiscal 2008 (Post Foods), $331.9 million in fiscal 2007 (Cottage Bakery, Bloomfield Bakers, and Pastries Plus), and $110.1 million in fiscal 2006 (Western Waffles and Parco). See Note 2 for more information about these acquisitions.
Capital expenditures were $62.5 million, $51.7 million, and $58.1 million in fiscal years 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Expenditures in these three years included information systems projects and special projects at the recently acquired businesses. Capital expenditures for fiscal 2009 are expected to be $140-$150 million, including approximately $50 million of Post Foods asset decoupling and information systems expenditures. As discussed below, we have adequate capacity under current borrowing arrangements to meet these cash needs.
On December 21, 2005, we issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series E and Series F, totaling $175 million, with $100 million due in 2015 and $75 million due in 2012. On February 22, 2006, we repaid the remaining $100.0 million outstanding under Floating Rate Senior Notes, Series A, with proceeds from the issuance of Floating Rate Senior Notes, Series G and Series H, maturing in February 2011. On January 18, 2007, we issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series I, totaling $100.0 million in two tranches: $75.0 million and $25.0 million. One third of each tranche must be repaid on January 18, 2015, 2017, and 2019. On May 11, 2007, we issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series J, totaling $100.0 million due in 2022. On August 4, 2008, we assumed ownership of Fixed Rate Notes maturing 2018 totaling $577.5 million, Floating Rate Notes maturing 2018 totaling $20.0 million, Fixed Rate Notes maturing 2020 totaling $67.0 million, Term Loan A-1 totaling $100.0 million, and Term Loan A-2 totaling $200.0 million. On July 18, 2008, we entered into a new three-year $400 million revolving credit agreement with 15 banks, replacing the similar agreement established on December 27, 2005. Total remaining availability under our $400 million revolving credit agreement and our $15 million of uncommitted credit arrangements was $268.0 million as of September 30, 2008. Of the $400 million revolving credit agreement, Ralcorp could only borrow up to $275 million as of September 30, 2008. The incremental $125 million became available upon repayment of the $100 million Term Loan A-1 in October 2008.
All of our notes provide that, if we elect to pay additional interest, our ratio of Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA (each term as defined in the debt agreements) may exceed the 3.5 to 1.0 limit, but be no greater than 4.0 to 1.0, for a period not to exceed 12 consecutive months. As of September 30, 2008, the ratio of Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA was 3.1 to 1.0, and we were also in compliance with all other debt covenants.
Supplementing our available borrowing capacity, under the agreement described under Off-Balance Sheet Financing below, we could choose to sell up to $75 million of ownership interests in accounts receivable, but we had sold only $50.0 million of such interests as of September 30, 2008. To date, we have not experienced a disruption in the market for our secured receivables-based financing. In the event of such disruption, we presently have sufficient borrowing capacity under our committed revolving credit agreement. Further cash needs could be met through the sale of the Companys investment in Vail Resorts, Inc. Based on the closing market price of Vail stock on November 21, 2008, and excluding the shares already under forward sale contracts (discussed in the following paragraph), we could realize approximately $24.9 million in cash through the sale of this investment, net of income taxes, over a period of approximately two months.
In fiscal 2006, we entered into forward sale contracts relating to 3.75 million shares of our Vail common stock and received $110.5 million under the discounted advance payment feature of the contracts. In November 2006, we entered into another contract relating to 1.2 million shares and received $29.5 million. These contracts operate as a hedge of the cash flows expected from the sale of Vail shares in the future. At the maturity dates in the contracts, we can deliver a variable number of shares of Vail stock to the counterparty or settle the contracts with cash. The number of shares (or amount of cash) to be delivered will depend upon the market price of Vail shares at the settlement dates. On November 21, 2008, the first maturity date under the contracts, we delivered 890,000 shares. A summary of open contract terms follows:
Because Ralcorp accounts for its investment in Vail Resorts using the equity method, we are currently precluded from using hedge accounting under FAS 133 for these contracts. Accordingly, we must report changes to the fair value of these contracts within our statement of earnings. These gains or losses have no impact on our cash flows. The fair value of the contracts is dependent on several variables including the market price of Vail stock (which was $34.95 at September 30, 2008, $62.29 at September 30, 2007, and $40.02 at September 30, 2006), estimated future Vail stock price volatility, interest rates, and the time remaining to the contract maturity dates.
A stock repurchase program was initiated in August 2005, and we purchased a total of $134.9 million of Ralcorp stock (3,422,000 shares) in fiscal 2006 and $78.8 million (1,382,500 shares) in fiscal 2007. An additional 100,000 shares were purchased at prevailing market prices for a total cost of $5.6 million during fiscal year 2008. On May 25, 2006, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 2,000,000 additional shares, of which 517,500 remain available for repurchase as of September 30, 2008.
Off-Balance Sheet Financing
As an additional source of liquidity, on September 24, 2001, Ralcorp entered into an agreement to sell, on an ongoing basis, all of its trade accounts receivable to a wholly owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary called Ralcorp Receivables Corporation (RRC). RRC entered into a related arrangement to sell up to $66.0 million of undivided percentage ownership interests in qualifying receivables to a bank commercial paper conduit (the Conduit). As of September 30, 2008, the accounts receivable of the Frozen Bakery Products segment and the recently acquired Medallion, Bloomfield Bakers and Post Foods businesses had not been incorporated into the sale agreement and were not being sold to RRC. In October 2008, most of the component businesses of the Frozen Bakery Products segment were added to the agreement and the maximum amount that RRC can sell to the Conduit was increased to $75.0 million. Covenants in the new agreement include requirements that EBIT be at least three times Consolidated Interest Expense, and that Total Debt not exceed 3.75 times Adjusted EBITDA (each term as defined in the agreement). RRCs only business activities relate to acquiring and selling interests in Ralcorps receivables. Upon the agreements termination, the Conduit would be entitled to all cash collections on RRCs accounts receivable until its purchased interest has been repaid. The agreement is renegotiated annually and will terminate in October 2009, unless again extended.
The trade receivables sale arrangement with RRC represents off-balance sheet financing since the sale results in assets being removed from our balance sheet rather than resulting in a liability to the Conduit. The organizational documents of RRC and the terms of the agreements governing the receivables sale transactions make RRC a qualifying special purpose entity. As such, it is not to be consolidated in Ralcorps financial statements under generally accepted accounting principles. Furthermore, the true sale nature of the arrangement requires Ralcorp to account for RRCs transactions with the Conduit as a sale of accounts receivable instead of reflecting the Conduits net investment as debt with a pledge of accounts receivable as collateral. If RRC were not a qualifying special purpose entity and if the arrangement were not considered a true sale, the outstanding balance of receivables would remain on Ralcorps balance sheet, proceeds received from the Conduit ($50.0 million as of September 30, 2008) would be shown as short-term debt, and there would be no investment in RRC. See further discussion in Note 10.
In the normal course of business, we enter into contracts and commitments which obligate us to make payments in the future. The table below sets forth our significant future obligations by time period as of September 30, 2008.
We recognize that inflationary pressures have had an adverse effect on the Company through higher raw material and fuel costs, as discussed above. It is our view that inflation has not had a material adverse impact on operations in the three years ended September 30, 2008.
Certain sales and costs of our Western Waffles business and (upon acquisition in August 2008) the Canadian operations of our Post Foods business, were denominated in Canadian dollars. Consequently, profits from these businesses can be impacted by fluctuations in the value of Canadian dollars relative to U.S. dollars. When practical, we use various types of currency hedges to reduce the economic impact of currency fluctuations.
Our strategy is to continue to grow the Company by capitalizing on the opportunities in the food business including private label, branded and foodservice arenas. In the past few years, we have taken substantial steps to reshape the Company and achieve sufficient scale in the categories in which we operate. We expect to continue to improve our business mix through volume and profit growth of existing businesses, as well as through acquisitions or strategic alliances. We will continue to explore those acquisition opportunities that strategically fit with our intention to be the premier provider of high value food products. The following paragraphs discuss significant trends that we believe will impact our results.
The Company purchases significant quantities of certain ingredients (e.g., wheat flour, soybean oil, corn syrup and sweeteners, peanuts and various tree nuts, other grain products, cocoa, fruits), packaging materials (e.g., resin, glass, paper products), energy (e.g., natural gas), and transportation services. In recent years, the costs of some of these items, notably wheat and corn products (as well as other grain products), peanuts, and petroleum-related products, have increased significantly compared to values realized in fiscal 2006. Notwithstanding recent declines in the spot prices of certain commodities and petroleum, for fiscal 2009, Ralcorp currently expects net year-over-year increases in unit costs for ingredients and packaging. In addition, freight costs, which include surcharges based upon the price of diesel fuel, have increased over the past several years and are expected to remain at elevated levels in fiscal 2009, thereby putting continued pressure on profit margins. The effects of rising costs on our past results of operations have been mitigated to some extent through hedging and forward purchase contracts, as well as selling price increases and volume improvements in some of our businesses. We expect that similar mitigation efforts and continued cost reduction efforts will reduce the impact of the anticipated increases; however, these efforts are not likely to fully offset these cost increases in a timely manner.
The Companys primary objective for fiscal 2009 is the successful transition and integration of the Post Foods operations into Ralcorp. Post Foods is currently operating under a twelve-month transition services agreement (TSA) with Kraft Foods Inc. (the former owner) which covers many key business activities for Post Foods. Ralcorp is incurring significant costs and management effort related to transitioning Post Foods off the TSA and into Ralcorp operations, including decoupling the cereal assets of Post Foods from those of other operations of Kraft, developing stand-alone Post Foods information systems, developing independent sales, logistics and purchasing functions for Post Foods, and other significant integration undertakings. While a portion of the costs associated with this effort are capitalized, the expense portion totaled $7.9 million in the six months ended September 30, 2008. The Company expects these transition and integration costs to continue through fiscal 2009.
The Post Foods business is also seasonal, and we expect its sales and operating profits to be significantly greater in our third and fourth fiscal quarters.
As a result of Ralcorps expected lower ownership of Vail Resorts, the Company anticipates its fiscal 2009 reported equity in earnings of Vail Resorts will decline from amounts reported in fiscal 2008.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
The following discussion is presented pursuant to the United States Securities and Exchange Commissions Financial Reporting Release No. 60, Cautionary Advice Regarding Disclosure About Critical Accounting Policies. The policies below are both important to the representation of the Companys financial condition and results and require managements most difficult, subjective or complex judgments.
Under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, we make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses as well as the disclosure of contingent liabilities. We base estimates on past experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Those estimates form the basis for making judgments about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Revenue is recognized when title of goods is transferred to the customer, as specified by the shipping terms. Products are generally sold with no right of return except in the case of goods which do not meet product specifications or are damaged. We record estimated reductions to revenue for customer incentive offerings based upon each customers redemption history. Should a greater proportion of customers redeem incentives than estimated, additional reductions to revenue may be required.
Inventories are generally valued at the lower of average cost (determined on a first-in, first-out basis) or market value and have been reduced by an allowance for obsolete product and packaging materials. The estimated allowance is based on a review of inventories on hand compared to estimated future usage and sales. If market conditions and actual demands are less favorable than projected, additional inventory write-downs may be required.
We review long-lived assets, including leasehold improvements and property and equipment, for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less the cost to sell.
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of acquired businesses over the fair market value of their identifiable net assets. We conduct a goodwill impairment review during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. The goodwill impairment tests require us to estimate the fair value of our businesses and certain assets and liabilities, for which we utilize valuation techniques such as EBITDA multiples and discounted cash flows based on projections. In our recent tests, we assumed EBITDA multiples of approximately 6 and discount rates of approximately 10.5%.
Pension assets and liabilities are determined on an actuarial basis and are affected by the estimated market-related value of plan assets; estimates of the expected return on plan assets, discount rates, and future salary increases; and other assumptions inherent in these valuations. We annually review the assumptions underlying the actuarial calculations and make changes to these assumptions, based on current market conditions and historical trends, as necessary. Actual changes in the fair market value of plan assets and differences between the actual return on plan assets and the expected return on plan assets will affect the amount of pension expense or income ultimately recognized. The other postretirement benefits liability is also determined on an actuarial basis and is affected by assumptions including the discount rate and expected trends in healthcare costs. Changes in the discount rate and differences between actual and expected healthcare costs will affect the recorded amount of other postretirement benefits expense. For both pensions and postretirement benefit calculations, the assumed discount rate is determined by projecting the plans expected future benefit payments as defined for the projected benefit obligation or accumulated postretirement benefit obligation, discounting those expected payments using a theoretical zero-coupon spot yield curve derived from a universe of high-quality (rated Aa or better by Moodys Investor Service) corporate bonds as of the measurement date, and solving for the single equivalent discount rate that results in the same present value. A 1% decrease in the assumed discount rate (from 7.3% to 6.3%) would have increased the recorded benefit obligations at September 30, 2008 by approximately $20 million for pensions and approximately $15 million for other postretirement benefits. See Note 15 for more information about pension and other postretirement benefit assumptions.
Liabilities for workers compensation claims and accrued healthcare costs (including a reserve for claims incurred but not yet reported) are estimated based on details of current claims, historical experience, and expected trends determined on an actuarial basis.
We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with FAS 123(R), Share-Based Payment. Under the fair value recognition provisions of this statement, share-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized as expense over the vesting period for awards expected to vest. Determining the fair value of share-based awards at the grant date requires judgment, including estimating the expected term, expected stock price volatility, risk-free interest rate, and expected dividends. In addition, judgment is required in estimating the amount of share-based awards that are expected to be forfeited before vesting. The original estimate of the grant date fair value is not subsequently revised unless the awards are modified, but the estimate of expected forfeitures is revised throughout the vesting period and the cumulative stock-based compensation cost recognized is adjusted accordingly. See Note 17 for more information about stock-based compensation and our related estimates.
We account for our investment in Vail Resorts, Inc using the equity method of accounting. The equity method is generally applied to investments that represent 20% to 50% ownership of the common stock of the affiliate. While our ownership percentage is slightly less than 20%, generally accepted accounting principles requires use of the equity method when an investor corporation can exercise significant influence over the operations and financial policies of the investee corporation. As two of the Companys directors currently serve as directors of Vail, significant influence is established. Since the equity method is used, the forward sale contracts related to shares of
Vail common stock do not qualify for hedge accounting and any gains or losses on the contracts are immediately recognized in earnings. The contracts are marked to fair value based on the Black-Scholes valuation model. Key assumptions used in the valuation include the Vail stock price, expected stock price volatility, and the risk-free interest rate. See Note 7 for more information about the Vail forward sale contracts.
We estimate income tax expense based on taxes in each jurisdiction, including (effective November 15, 2005) Canada. We estimate current tax exposures together with temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and financial reporting purposes. These temporary differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities. We believe that sufficient income will be generated in the future to realize the benefit of most of our deferred tax assets. Where there is not sufficient evidence that such income is likely to be generated, we establish a valuation allowance against the related deferred tax assets. We are subject to periodic audits by governmental tax authorities of our income tax returns. These audits generally include questions regarding our tax filing positions, including the amount and timing of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. We evaluate our exposures associated with our tax filing positions, including state and local taxes, and record reserves for estimated exposures. As of the end of fiscal 2008, three years (2005, 2006 and 2007) were subject to audit by the Internal Revenue Service.
Commodity Price Risk
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is exposed to commodity price risks relating to the acquisition of raw materials and fuels. Ralcorp utilizes derivative financial instruments, including futures contracts, options and swaps, to manage certain of these exposures when it is practical to do so. As of September 30, 2008, a hypothetical 10% adverse change in the market price of the Companys principal hedged commodities, including wheat, linerboard, soybean oil, corn, and natural gas, would have decreased the fair value of the Companys commodity-related derivatives portfolio by approximately $3.8 million. As of September 30, 2007, a hypothetical 10% adverse change in the market price of the Companys principal hedged commodities, including linerboard, wheat, natural gas, and heating oil, would have decreased the fair value of the Companys commodity-related derivatives portfolio by approximately $14.2 million. This volatility analysis ignores changes in the exposures inherent in the underlying hedged transactions. Because the Company does not hold or trade derivatives for speculation or profit, all changes in derivative values are effectively offset by corresponding changes in the underlying exposures. For more information, see Note 1 and Note 12 to the financial statements included in Item 8.
Interest Rate Risk
The Company has interest rate risk related to its debt. Changes in interest rates impact fixed and variable rate debt differently. For fixed rate debt, a change in interest rates will only impact the fair value of the debt, whereas a change in the interest rates on variable rate debt will impact interest expense and cash flows. At September 30, 2008, Ralcorps financing arrangements included $1,220.8 million of fixed rate debt and $448.0 million of variable rate debt. However, in December 2004, $100 million of the variable rate debt was effectively fixed at 4.76% through December 2009 with an interest rate swap contract.
As of September 30, 2008 and 2007, the fair value of the Companys fixed rate debt was approximately $1,122.6 million and $608.9 million, respectively, based on the discounted amount of future cash flows using Ralcorps incremental rate of borrowing for similar debt. A hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates would increase the fair value of the fixed rate debt by approximately $56.8 million.
With respect to variable rate debt, including the effect of the interest rate swap, a hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not have had a material impact on the Companys reported net earnings or cash flows in fiscal 2008 or 2007.
The fair value of the interest rate swap contract was a negative $1.0 million at September 30, 2008. A hypothetical 10% decrease in expected future interest rates would reduce that fair value by $1.1 million.
For more information, see Note 1, Note 12, and Note 13 to the financial statements included in Item 8.
Foreign Currency Risk
The Company has foreign currency exchange rate risk related to its Canadian subsidiaries, whose functional currency is the Canadian dollar. While nearly all of those subsidiaries cash outflows are denominated and paid in Canadian dollars, most of their cash inflows are denominated and received in U.S. dollars. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge the risk of fluctuations in future cash flows and earnings related to fluctuations in the exchange rate between the Canadian dollar and U.S. dollar. A hedging offset is accomplished because the gain or loss on the forward contracts occurs on or near the date of the anticipated transactions. As of September 30, 2008, the Company held foreign exchange forward contracts with a total notional amount of $31 million and a fair value of negative $1.1 million. A hypothetical 10% increase in the expected CAD-USD exchange rates would have reduced that fair value by $3.2 million. As of September 30, 2007, the Company held foreign exchange forward contracts with a total notional amount of $13 million and a fair value of $1.3 million. A hypothetical 10% increase in the expected CAD-USD exchange rates would have reduced that fair value by $1.3 million. For more information, see Note 1 and Note 12 to the financial statements included in Item 8.
Equity Price Risk
The Company has equity price risk related to its investment in Vail Resorts, Inc. To limit the risk of a significant decline in the market price of Vail stock, the Company entered into forward sale contracts which include price collars. At the maturity dates in the contracts, we can deliver a variable number of shares of Vail stock to the counterparty or settle the contracts with cash. The number of shares (or amount of cash) to be delivered will depend upon the market price of Vail shares at the settlement dates. A summary of terms for contracts held at September 30, 2008 are included in a table under LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES in Item 7. Because Ralcorp accounts for its investment in Vail Resorts using the equity method, it is currently precluded from using hedge accounting under FAS 133 for these contracts. Accordingly, it must report changes to the fair value of these contracts within the statement of earnings. These gains or losses have no impact on current cash flows. The fair value of the contracts is dependent on several variables including the market price of Vail stock, estimated future Vail stock price volatility, interest rates, and the time remaining to the contract maturity dates. As of September 30, 2008, a hypothetical 10% increase in the Vail stock price would have increased the fair value of the total contract liability by approximately $12.7 million, holding all other variables constant. As of September 30, 2007, a hypothetical 10% increase in the Vail stock price would have increased the fair value of the total contract liability by approximately $27.6 million, holding all other variables constant. For more information, see Note 5 and Note 6 to the financial statements included in Item 8, along with related discussions under LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES in Item 7.
REPORT OF MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES
Management of Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. is responsible for the fairness and accuracy of the consolidated financial statements. The statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and in the opinion of management, the financial statements present fairly the Companys financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Management has established and maintains accounting and internal control systems that it believes are adequate to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded against loss from unauthorized use or disposition and that the financial records are reliable for preparing financial statements. The selection and training of qualified personnel, the establishment and communication of accounting and administrative policies and procedures and our Standards of Business Conduct for Officers and Employees are important elements of these control systems. We maintain a strong internal audit program that independently evaluates the adequacy and effectiveness of internal controls. Appropriate actions are taken by management to correct any control weaknesses identified in the audit process.
The Board of Directors, through its Audit Committee consisting solely of independent directors, meets periodically with management and the independent registered public accounting firm to discuss internal control, auditing and financial reporting matters. To ensure independence, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP has direct access to the Audit Committee.
The Audit Committee reviewed and approved the Companys annual financial statements and recommended to the full Board of Directors that they be included in the Annual Report.
MANAGEMENTS REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
Management of Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Co-Chief Executive Officers and Controller and Chief Accounting Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting based on the criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on the evaluation under this framework, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2008 at the reasonable assurance level. We have excluded Post Foods from the assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2008 because it was acquired by the Company in purchase business combinations during 2008. Post Foods assets and revenues represented 66% and 6%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended September 30, 2008. The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2008 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report (on the following page).
December 1, 2008
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Ralcorp Holdings, Inc.:
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statement of earnings, of cash flows, and of shareholders equity present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Ralcorp Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries at September 30, 2008, and 2007, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2008 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Companys management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Managements Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Companys internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
As discussed in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements, the company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 158, Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, on September 30, 2007.
A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As described in Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Post Foods from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2008 because it was acquired by the Company in a purchase business combination during fiscal 2008. We have also excluded Post Foods from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Post Foods is a wholly owned subsidiary, with total assets and total revenues representing 66% and 6% of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended September 30, 2008.
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(Dollars in millions except per share data, shares in thousands)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions except share and per share data)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY
(Dollars in millions except per share data, shares in thousands)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
RALCORP HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in millions except per share data)
NOTE 1 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Consolidation The financial statements are presented on a consolidated basis and include the accounts of Ralcorp and its majority-owned subsidiaries, except Ralcorp Receivables Corporation (see Note 10). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated. The Companys investment in Vail Resorts, Inc. is presented on the equity basis (see Note 5).
Estimates The financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and disclosures. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions.
Cash Equivalents include all highly liquid investments with original maturities of less than three months.
Receivables are reported at net realizable value. This value includes appropriate allowances for doubtful accounts, cash discounts, and other amounts which the Company does not ultimately expect to collect. The Company calculates the allowance for doubtful accounts based on historical losses and the economic status of, and its relationship with, its customers, especially those identified as at risk. A receivable is considered past due if payments have not been received within the agreed upon invoice terms. Receivables are written off against the allowance when the customer files for bankruptcy protection or is otherwise deemed to be uncollectible based upon the Companys evaluation of the customers solvency. Refer to Note 9, Note 10, and Note 11 for more information about receivables and the allowance for doubtful accounts.
Inventories are generally valued at the lower of average cost (determined on a first-in, first-out basis) or market. Reported amounts have been reduced by an allowance for obsolete product and packaging materials based on a review of inventories on hand compared to estimated future usage and sales (see Note 9 and Note 11).
Derivative Financial Instruments and Hedging In the ordinary course of business, the Company is exposed to commodity price risks relating to the acquisition of raw materials and supplies, interest rate risks relating to debt, and foreign currency exchange rate risks. Authorized individuals within the Company may utilize derivative financial instruments, including (but not limited to) futures contracts, option contracts, forward contracts and swaps, to manage certain of these exposures by hedging when it is practical to do so. The terms of these instruments generally do not exceed eighteen months for commodities, five years for interest rates, and two years for foreign currency. The Company is not permitted to engage in speculative or leveraged transactions and will not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes. Hedge accounting is only applied when the derivative is deemed to be highly effective at offsetting changes in fair values or anticipated cash flows of the hedged item or transaction. Earnings impacts for all designated hedges are reported in the statement of earnings within the same line item as the gain or loss on the item being hedged. Since the hedging activities relate to operations, related cash flows are included in the statement of cash flows in cash flows from operating activities. For a fair value hedge of a recognized asset or liability or unrecognized firm commitment, the entire change in fair value of the derivative is recorded in earnings as incurred. For a cash flow hedge of an anticipated transaction, the ineffective portion of the change in fair value of the derivative is recorded in earnings as incurred, whereas the effective portion is deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income in the balance sheet until the transaction is realized, at which time any deferred hedging gains or losses are recorded in earnings. For more information about our hedging activities, see Note 12.
Property is recorded at cost, and depreciation expense is generally provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the properties. Estimated useful lives range from 3 to 15 years for machinery and equipment and 10 to 50 years for buildings and leasehold improvements. Total depreciation expense was $70.3, $58.7, and $53.4 in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Repair and maintenance costs incurred in connection with planned major maintenance activities are accounted for under the direct expensing method. At September 30, property consisted of:
Other Intangible Assets consist of computer software purchased or developed for internal use and customer relationships, trademarks, computer software, and miscellaneous intangibles acquired in business combinations (see Note 2). Amortization expense related to intangible assets, which is provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, was $29.2, $23.7, and $13.4 in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively. For the intangible assets recorded as of September 30, 2008, amortization expense of $37.2, $35.2, $32.8, $32.5, and $31.4 is scheduled for fiscal 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013, respectively. Other intangible assets consisted of:
Recoverability of Assets The Company continually evaluates whether events or circumstances have occurred which might impair the recoverability of the carrying value of its assets, including property, identifiable intangibles, goodwill, and investment in Ralcorp Receivables Corporation. An asset is deemed impaired and written down to its fair value if estimated related future cash flows are less than its carrying amount.
Investments The Company funds a portion of its deferred compensation liability by investing in certain mutual funds in the same amounts as selected by the participating employees. Because managements intent is to invest in a manner that matches the deferral options chosen by the participants and those participants can elect to transfer amounts in or out of each of the designated deferral options at any time, these investments have been classified as trading assets and are stated at fair value in Other Assets. Both realized and unrealized gains and losses on these assets are included in Selling, general and administrative expenses and offset the related change in the deferred compensation liability.
Revenue is recognized when title of goods is transferred to the customer, as specified by the shipping terms. Net sales reflect gross sales, including amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling, less sales discounts and allowances. Products are generally sold with no right of return except in the case of goods which do not meet product specifications or are damaged. Estimated reductions to revenue for customer incentive offerings are based upon customers redemption history.
Cost of Products Sold includes, among other things, inbound and outbound freight costs and depreciation expense related to assets used in production, while storage and other warehousing costs are included in Selling, general, and administrative expenses. Storage and other warehousing costs totaled $63.0, $57.3, and $57.3 in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively.
Advertising, Repair, and Maintenance Costs are expensed as incurred.
Stock-based Compensation On October 1, 2005, the Company adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment (FAS 123(R)), which replaces FAS 123 and supersedes APB Opinion No. 25. FAS 123(R) requires entities to recognize the cost of employee services received in exchange for awards of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of those awards (with limited exceptions). That cost will be recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award the requisite service period (usually the vesting period). The Company followed the nominal vesting period approach prior to October 1, 2005 (for pro forma disclosure purposes) and must continue following that approach for awards outstanding as of that date, but applies the non-substantive vesting period approach to new grants that have retirement eligibility provisions. See Note 17 for disclosures related to stock-based compensation.
Income Tax Expense is estimated based on taxes in each jurisdiction and includes the effects of both current tax exposures and the temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and financial reporting purposes. These temporary differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities. A valuation allowance is established against the related deferred tax assets to the extent that it is not more likely than not that the future benefits will be realized. Reserves are recorded for estimated exposures associated with the Companys tax filing positions, which are subject to periodic audits by governmental taxing authorities. Interest due to an underpayment of income taxes is classified as income taxes. The Company considers the undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries to be permanently invested, so no U.S. taxes have been provided for those earnings. See Note 4 for disclosures related to income taxes.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards Significant developments in accounting rules are discussed below.
In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48), Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, in order to clarify the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprises financial statements in accordance with FASB Statement No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. It prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Ralcorp adopted FIN 48 on October 1, 2007, with no impact other than balance sheet classification.
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued FAS 158, Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans an amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106, and 132(R). This statement requires an entity to recognize the funded status of its defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans on the balance sheet and to recognize changes in the funded status that arise during the period but are not recognized as components of net periodic benefit cost within other comprehensive income, net of income taxes. FAS 158 also requires measurement of the defined benefit plan assets and obligations as of the balance sheet date. Ralcorp has historically measured plan assets and obligations at the balance sheet date and will continue to do so. The Company adopted this Statements recognition provisions at September 30, 2007, with no effect on reported net earnings or cash flows.
In September 2006, the FASB issued FAS 157, Fair Value Measurements. This Statement defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement is effective as of the beginning of Ralcorps 2009 fiscal year; however, FASB Staff Position (FSP) 157-2, issued in February 2008, permits a one-year deferral for non-financial assets and liabilities not recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). At this time, the Company has not completed its review and assessment of the impact of the adoption of this Statement.
In February 2007, the FASB issued FAS 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. This Statement permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. This Statement is effective as of the beginning of Ralcorps 2009 fiscal year. At this time, the Company does not expect to elect the fair value option for any items.
In December 2007, the FASB issued FAS 141(R), Business Combinations, which replaces FAS 141. This Statement establishes principles and requirements for how an acquirer in a business combination recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any controlling interest; recognizes and measures the goodwill acquired in the business combination or a gain from a bargain purchase; and determines what information to disclose to enable users of the financial statements to evaluate the nature and financial effects of business combinations. This Statement is effective for acquisitions completed after the beginning of Ralcorps 2010 fiscal year. At this time, the Company has not completed its review and assessment of the impact of the adoption of this statement.
In March 2008, the FASB issued FAS 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities. This Statement changes the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities to include enhanced disclosures about how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under Statement 133 and its related interpretations, and how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entitys financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. This Statement is effective for Ralcorp beginning with its financial statements for March 31, 2009.
In April 2008, the FASB issued FSP 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets, which amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under FAS 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. This FSP will be effective for financial statements issued for Ralcorps 2010 fiscal year. The FSPs guidance for determining the useful life of a recognized intangible asset must be applied prospectively to intangible assets acquired after the effective date (October 1, 2009 for Ralcorp). The FSPs disclosure requirements must be applied prospectively to all intangible assets recognized as of, and subsequent to, the effective date.
In May 2008, the FASB issued FAS 162, The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The new standard is intended to improve financial reporting by identifying a consistent framework, or hierarchy, for selecting accounting principles to be used in preparing financial statements that are presented in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for nongovernmental entities. At this time, the Company does not expect this standard to have a material impact on its financial statements.
Reclassifications Certain prior years amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current years presentation.
NOTE 2 ACQUISITIONS AND GOODWILL
Each of the following acquisitions was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, whereby the results of operations of each of the following acquisitions are included in the consolidated statements of earnings from the date of acquisition. The purchase price, including costs of acquisition, was allocated to acquired assets and liabilities based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition, and any excess was allocated to goodwill, as shown in the following table. For the fiscal 2008 acquisition of Post Foods, the allocation is subject to change pending the completion of certain valuations (primarily intangible assets and deferred tax assets and liabilities).
On August 4, 2008, the Company acquired Post Foods from Kraft Foods Inc. Ralcorp issued 30,465,318 shares of its common stock and assumed $964.5 of debt. For accounting purposes, the market price of the shares was assumed to be $58.70 per share, which was the average daily closing market price for three business days before and after the announcement of the acquisition (November 15, 2007). Post Foods, which was included in the Cereals, Crackers & Cookies segment, is the third-largest branded ready-to-eat cereal manufacturer in the U.S. with over 100
years of history in the industry. Post Foods operates 4 manufacturing facilities in Battle Creek, MI, Modesto, CA, Jonesboro, AR, and Niagara Falls, ON (Canada). The assigned goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. The allocation included $699.2 of brand related intangibles assigned indefinite useful lives as well as $257.3 of customer relationships, brand related intangibles, and other intangibles subject to amortization over a weighted average amortization period of approximately 20 years. Finished goods inventory acquired in the acquisition was valued essentially as if Ralcorp were a distributor purchasing the inventory. This resulted in a one-time allocation of purchase price to acquired inventory which was $23.4 higher than the historical manufacturing cost of the inventory. Inventory value and cost of products sold were based on post-acquisition production costs for all product manufactured after the acquisition date. All of the $23.4 inventory valuation adjustment was recognized in cost of products sold during fiscal 2008. The Company is also incurring significant costs related to the transitioning of Post Foods into Ralcorp operations. The Company expects these costs to continue through fiscal 2009.
On August 14, 2007, the Company acquired certain assets and lease obligations of Pastries Plus of Utah, Inc. in a cash transaction. Pastries Plus was a competing manufacturer of branded and private label thaw-and-sell cookies with annual gross sales of approximately $10. The business was integrated into the Lofthouse operations of the Frozen Bakery Products segment. The assigned goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. As of September 30, 2007, an estimate of $1.0 for other intangibles subject to amortization over a weighted average amortization period of approximately 10 years was established. A fiscal 2008 analysis determined their value to be zero and the amount was reclassified to goodwill.
On March 16, 2007, the Company acquired Bloomfield Bakers and its affiliate, Lovin Oven L.L.C., in a cash transaction. Bloomfield Bakers, which has become a part of Ralcorps Ralston Foods business unit, is a leading manufacturer of nutritional and cereal bars and natural and organic specialty cookies, crackers, and cereals. The acquired business, which had net sales of $188 for its fiscal year ended December 31, 2006, operates two leased manufacturing facilities in Azusa and Los Alamitos, CA and employs approximately 500 people. The assigned goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. The allocation included $55.4 of customer relationships and other intangibles subject to amortization over a weighted average amortization period of approximately 8 years.
On November 10, 2006, the Company acquired Cottage Bakery, Inc. in a cash transaction. Cottage Bakery, a leading manufacturer of frozen par-baked breads and frozen dough sold in the retail and foodservice channels, operates one manufacturing facility in Lodi, CA and employs approximately 690 people. For its fiscal year ended June 30, 2006, Cottage Bakery had gross sales of approximately $125. The acquired business, which enhanced Ralcorps existing frozen bakery offerings, is reported within the Frozen Bakery Products segment. The assigned goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. The allocation included $83.5 of customer relationships and other intangibles subject to amortization over a weighted average amortization period of approximately 14 years.
On February 7, 2006, the Company completed the purchase of Parco Foods, L.L.C., a manufacturer of high quality cookies for sale primarily in the in-store bakery channel. Parco Foods had net sales of approximately $50 for the year ended December 25, 2005. The Parco business is reported as part of Ralcorps Frozen Bakery Products segment and enhanced the segments existing in-store bakery cookie offerings. The assigned goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. The allocation included $3.0 of customer relationships and $1.2 for a trademark, subject to amortization over an estimated amortization period of approximately 10 years.
On November 15, 2005, the Company completed the purchase of Western Waffles, Ltd., a Canadian manufacturer of private label frozen griddle products with three manufacturing facilities, approximately 370 employees, and annual net sales of approximately $75. The Western Waffles business launched Ralcorp into the private label frozen griddle products category. The Western Waffles business is reported as part of the Frozen Bakery Products segment. The assigned goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. The allocation included $24.0 of customer relationships subject to amortization over an estimated amortization period of approximately 15 years.
Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma information shows Ralcorps results of operations as if the fiscal 2008 and 2007 business combinations had been completed as of the beginning of each period presented. These pro forma results may not necessarily reflect the actual results of operations that would have been achieved, nor are they necessarily indicative of future results of operations.
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment (see Note 18) were as follows:
NOTE 3 RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
In fiscal 2008, the Company closed its plant in Billerica, MA, and transferred the production to other facilities within the Snack Nuts & Candy segment. In addition to employee termination benefits for approximately 90 employees, charges for this project included a write-off of abandoned property.
In fiscal 2007, the Company closed its plant in Blue Island, IL, terminating 86 employees, and moved production to other facilities within the Frozen Bakery Products segment. In addition to employee termination benefits, charges for this project included costs to clean up the facility and a charge to write-off remaining inventories.
In fiscal 2005, the Company closed its plant in City of Industry, CA, and transferred much of the production to other facilities within the Dressings, Syrups, Jellies & Sauces segment. In addition to employee termination benefits for 65 employees, charges for this project included costs to clean up the facility, a charge to write off remaining inventories, and (in 2006) a $.1 accrual of the remaining lease payment obligations.
There were no restructuring reserves at September 30, 2008 or 2007. The following table details the amounts included in the statements of earnings as Restructuring charges for fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, along with the corresponding cumulative charges for these restructuring projects through September 30, 2008. No significant future charges are expected for any of these projects.
NOTE 4 INCOME TAXES
The provision for income taxes consisted of the following:
A reconciliation of income taxes with amounts computed at the statutory federal rate follows:
Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Deferred tax assets (liabilities) were as follows:
As of September 30, 2008, the Company had state operating loss carryforwards totaling approximately $38.4 which will expire in 2012 through 2027. As of September 30, 2008, the Company had state tax credit carryforwards totaling approximately $2.9, of which approximately $2.2 have no expiration date and the remainder will expire in 2012 through 2018. Due to the uncertainty of the realization of certain tax carryforwards (specifically due to a lack of evidence that sufficient taxable income will be generated in certain states), the Company carried a valuation allowance against these carryforward benefits in the amount of $1.8 as of September 30, 2008 (an increase of $.1 from the corresponding valuation allowance of $1.7 recorded as of September 30, 2007), which is managements estimate of the amount of deferred tax assets that are not more likely than not to be realized.
For fiscal 2008, $264.6 of total earnings before income taxes was from domestic sources and was reduced by a $2.4 loss from foreign sources. As of September 30, 2008, no provision for income taxes was made for approximately $7.8 of the cumulative undistributed earnings of the Companys Canadian subsidiaries (other than $1.8 of Canadian withholding taxes paid). Those earnings are not taxable in Canada (except for the 10% withholding tax required by treaty) and would become taxable in the U.S. only to the extent that they are repatriated in the future. Since the Company considers the undistributed earnings to be permanently invested in Canada, the related deferred tax liability (which is estimated to be between $5.0 and $6.0) has not been recorded, and a valuation allowance of $1.8 was recorded as of September 30, 2008 against the foreign tax credit for the Canadian withholding taxes paid (an increase of $.8 from the corresponding valuation allowance of $1.0 recorded as of September 30, 2007, due to the additional credit generated during the year).
The Company adopted FASB Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48), Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, as of October 1, 2007. Unrecognized tax benefits at that date and related accrued interest totaled approximately $1.8. Minor adjustments reduced the total amount by $.2 to approximately $1.6 at September 30, 2008, all of which would affect the effective tax rate if recognized. Federal returns for tax years after September 30, 2004 remain subject to examination, along with various state returns for the past two to six years and Canadian returns for the past two years. One state uncertainty is currently being addressed with the state taxing authority and is expected to be resolved within the next 12 months. Related unrecognized tax benefits totaling approximately $.8 were classified as Other current liabilities on the balance sheet as of September 30, 2008, while approximately $.8 of unrecognized tax benefits were classified in Other Liabilities.
NOTE 5 EQUITY INVESTMENT IN VAIL RESORTS, INC.
On January 3, 1997, the Company sold its ski resorts holdings (Resort Operations) to Vail Resorts, Inc. (Vail) in exchange for 7,554,406 shares of Vail common stock (NYSE:MTN). At the date of the exchange, the Companys equity interest in the underlying net assets of Vail exceeded the net book value of the net assets contributed by the Company to Vail by $37.5. This excess is being amortized ratably to the investment in Vail over 20 years. The unamortized excess was $15.5 and $17.4 as of September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The amount of retained earnings that represents undistributed earnings of Vail was $49.0 and $35.0 as of September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
The Company is free to sell some or all of its shares in one or more private sales or through Rule 144 of the 1933 Securities Act. In March 2006, the Company sold 100,000 of its shares of Vail Resorts for a total of $3.8. The shares had a carrying value of $1.2, so the transaction resulted in a $2.6 pre-tax gain. In August and September 2008, the Company sold and additional 368,700 shares for a total of $13.7. The shares had a carrying value of $6.6, so the transaction resulted in a $7.1 pre-tax gain. As of September 30, 2008, 7,085,706 shares of Vail Resorts were still held by the Company but 4,950,100 shares were subject to forward sale contracts, as discussed in Note 6. As of September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, the carrying values of the Companys investment in Vail were $126.0 and $110.9 and the corresponding market values were $247.6 and $464.3.
Vails fiscal year ends July 31, so the Company reports equity earnings on a two-month time lag. The Companys ownership percentages were 20.2% and 19.1% as of July 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The equity method of accounting is appropriate because of ownership percentage and two of the Companys directors (Messrs. Micheletto and Stiritz) presently serve as directors of Vail.
Vails summarized financial information follows:
NOTE 6 FORWARD SALE CONTRACTS
During the quarter ended December 31, 2005, Ralcorp entered into a forward sale contract relating to 1.78 million shares of its Vail common stock. Under the contract, at the maturity dates (half on November 21, 2008 and half on November 22, 2010) the Company can deliver a variable number of shares of Vail stock (or cash) to the counterparty. During the quarter ended June 30, 2006, the Company entered into a similar agreement relating to 1.97 million additional shares of its Vail common stock, with maturity dates of November 18, 2009 and November 16, 2011. A third contract was entered into during the quarter ended December 31, 2006, relating to 1.2 million additional shares, with a maturity date of November 15, 2013. The calculation of the number of shares ultimately delivered will depend on the price of Vail shares at settlement and includes a price collar. Ralcorp received $50.5, $60.0, and $29.5, respectively, under the discounted advance payment feature of the contracts. Amortization of the corresponding $11.0, $15.5, and $17.6 discounts is included in Interest expense, net on the statements of earnings and totaled $8.7 in 2008 and $8.3 in 2007. At September 30, 2008, the fair value of the contracts was $145.0, of which $29.3 was included in Other current liabilities and $115.7 was included in Other Liabilities on the balance sheet. The components of the total liability are shown in the following table.
The forward sale agreements have a dual nature and purpose. The advance proceeds component acts as a financing arrangement securitized by the underlying Vail shares. The derivative component, which is based on a price collar on Vail shares, acts as a hedge of the future sale of the underlying shares. Because Ralcorp accounts for its investment in Vail Resorts using the equity method, these contracts are not eligible for hedge accounting. Consequently, gains or losses due to changes in the fair value of the contracts are immediately recognized in earnings. In addition to the unrealized non-cash gains or losses, the reported gains or losses on these contracts included charges (paid monthly) for any related stock borrow costs incurred by the counterparty in excess of a contractual limit. Ralcorp began incurring those excess stock borrow costs during fiscal 2008, and payments totaled $1.4 million during the year.
NOTE 7 EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following schedule shows common stock options and stock appreciation rights (SARs) which were outstanding and could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future but which were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the periods indicated because to do so would have been antidilutive. See Note 17 for more information about outstanding options and SARs.
NOTE 8 SUPPLEMENTAL EARNINGS STATEMENT AND CASH FLOW INFORMATION
NOTE 9 SUPPLEMENTAL BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION
NOTE 10 SALE OF RECEIVABLES
To provide additional liquidity, on September 24, 2001 the Company entered into an agreement to sell, on an ongoing basis, trade accounts receivable to a wholly owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary named Ralcorp Receivables Corporation (RRC). As of September 30, 2008, the accounts receivable of the Frozen Bakery Products segment and the Medallion, Bloomfield Bakers, and Post Foods businesses have not been incorporated into the sale agreement and were not being sold to RRC. RRC can then sell up to $66.0 of ownership interests in qualifying receivables to a bank commercial paper conduit, which issues commercial paper to investors. Ralcorp continues to service the receivables as agent for RRC and the bank conduit. RRC is a qualifying special purpose entity under FAS 140, and the sale of Ralcorp receivables to RRC is considered a true sale for accounting, tax, and legal purposes. Therefore, the trade receivables sold and the related commercial paper borrowings are not recorded on Ralcorps consolidated balance sheets. However, the Companys consolidated balance sheets reflect an investment in RRC that in substance represents a subordinated retained interest in the trade receivables sold. As of September 30, 2008, the outstanding balance of receivables (net of an allowance for doubtful accounts) sold to RRC was $106.5 and proceeds received from the conduit were $50.0, resulting in a retained interest of $56.5 reflected on the Companys consolidated balance sheet as an Investment in Ralcorp Receivables Corporation. As of September 30, 2007, the outstanding balance of receivables sold to RRC was $101.1 and proceeds received from the conduit were $45.8, resulting in a retained interest of $55.3. Discounts related to the sale of receivables to the conduit totaled $1.9 and $2.3 for the years ended September 30, 2008 and September 30, 2007 respectively, and are included on the statements of earnings in Selling, general and administrative expenses. The agreement contains cross-default language so that an event of default under any agreement governing Material Indebtedness of the Company would trigger an Amortization Event (each term as defined in the agreement).
NOTE 11 ALLOWANCES FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS AND OBSOLETE INVENTORY
NOTE 12 DERIVATIVES AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The carrying amounts reported on the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, receivables and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturities of these financial instruments. The carrying amount of the Companys variable rate long-term debt (see Note 13) approximates fair value because the interest rates are adjusted to market frequently. Based on the discounted amount of future cash flows, using Ralcorps incremental rate of borrowing for similar debt, the Companys fixed rate debt (which had a carrying amount of $1,220.8 and $616.0 as of September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively) had an estimated fair value of $1,122.6 and $608.9 as of September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The Companys derivative financial instruments, which are used for the purpose of hedging commodity, interest rate, and foreign currency exposures in the normal course of business (see below), or for the purpose of hedging the market risk related to the Companys investment in Vail Resorts (see Note 6), are carried on the consolidated balance sheets at their estimated fair values.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Companys primary concentration of credit risk is related to certain trade accounts receivable due from several highly leveraged or at risk customers. At September 30, 2008 and 2007, the amount of such receivables was immaterial. Consideration was given to the economic status of these customers when determining the appropriate allowance for doubtful accounts (see Note 11) and the fair value of the Companys subordinated retained interest in accounts receivable (see Note 10).
Activities qualifying for hedge accounting consisted of cash flow hedges on ingredient, packaging, and fuel purchases (options, futures, and swaps); variable interest payments (interest rate swap); and receipts of foreign currency-denominated accounts receivable (foreign exchange forwards). During fiscal 2008, hedge gains (net of hedge losses) totaling $6.2 were deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income, $56.2 of net gains were reclassified into earnings, and net losses of $.2 representing ineffectiveness were recorded in earnings as incurred. During fiscal 2007, hedge gains (net of hedge losses) totaling $32.0 were deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income, $3.8 of net gains were reclassified into earnings, and net gains of $.1 representing ineffectiveness were recorded in earnings as incurred. During fiscal 2006, hedge gains (net of hedge losses) totaling $5.1 were deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income, $2.4 of net gains were reclassified into earnings, and net gains of $.3 representing ineffectiveness were recorded in earnings as incurred.
NOTE 13 LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt consisted of the following at September 30:
On December 22, 2003, the Company issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series B, Series C, and Series D, totaling $270.0. Series B comprises $145.0 of 4.24% notes due December 2010 with annual amortization of principal beginning December 2006. Series C comprises $50.0 of 5.43% notes with bullet maturity in December 2013. Series D comprises $75.0 of 4.76% notes due December 2013 with annual amortization of principal beginning in December 2007.
On December 21, 2005, the Company issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series E and Series F, totaling $175.0. Series E comprises $100.0 of 5.57% notes due in 2015. Series F consists of $75.0 of 5.43% notes with maturity in 2012.
On February 22, 2006, the Company issued Floating Rate Senior Notes, Series G and Series H, totaling $100.0. The proceeds from this private placement debt were used to repay the Floating Rate Senior Notes, Series A. Borrowings under Series G and Series H incur interest at a rate of 3-month LIBOR plus 0.45%, adjusted quarterly, and mature on February 22, 2011.
On January 18, 2007, the Company issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series I, totaling $100.0 in two tranches: $75.0 at 5.56% and $25.0 at 5.58%. One third of each tranche must be repaid on January 18, 2015, 2017, and 2019. On May 11, 2007, the Company issued Fixed Rate Senior Notes, Series J, comprised of $100.0 of 5.93% notes due in 2022.
On August 4, 2008, the Company assumed ownership of the Fixed Rate Notes maturing 2018, the Floating Rate Notes maturing 2018, and the Fixed Rate Notes maturing 2020, totaling $964.5 in conjunction with the acquisition of Post Foods. The 2018 Fixed Rate Notes comprises $577.5 of 7.29% notes due August 15, 2018. The 2018 Floating Rate Notes total $20 and incur interest at a rate of 3-month LIBOR plus 2.54%, adjusted quarterly, and mature on August 15, 2018. The 2020 Fixed Rate Notes comprises $67 of 7.39% notes due August 15, 2020.
The above note agreements are unsecured but contain certain representations, warranties, covenants, and conditions customary to agreements of this nature. The covenants include requirements that Total Debt not exceed 3.5 times Adjusted EBITDA and that Consolidated Adjusted Net Worth remain above a certain minimum amount (each term as defined in the note agreements). However, if the Company elects to pay additional interest, its ratio of Total Debt to Adjusted EBITDA may exceed the 3.5 to 1.0 limit, but be no greater than 4.0 to 1.0, for a period not to exceed 12 consecutive months. If these covenants are violated and cannot be remedied within the 30 days allowed, the noteholders may choose to declare any outstanding notes to be immediately due and payable.
Through the acquisition of The Red Wing Company, Inc. in 2000, the Company acquired an Industrial Development Revenue Bond in the amount of $5.6, which bears interest at a variable rate and matures on March 31, 2010.
On July 18, 2008, the Company entered into a new $400 Revolving Credit Agreement, replacing the similar agreement established on December 27, 2005. Borrowings under the new agreement incur interest at the Companys choice of either (1) LIBOR plus the applicable margin rate (currently 1.50%) or (2) the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime rate, and (c) the Base CD Rate plus 1%. Such borrowings are unsecured and mature on July 18, 2011. The credit agreement calls for a commitment fee calculated as a percentage (currently 0.25%) of the unused portion, and contains certain representations, warranties, covenants, and conditions customary to credit facilities of this nature. The covenants include requirements that EBIT be at least three times Consolidated Interest Expense, and that Total Debt not exceed 3.75 times Adjusted EBITDA (each term as defined in the agreement).
On August 4, 2008, the Company assumed ownership of $100 Term Loan A-1 and $200 Term Loan A-2 in conjunction with its acquisition of Post Foods. Borrowings under these agreements incur interest at the Companys choice of either (1) LIBOR plus the applicable margin rate (currently 1.50%) or (2) the highest of (a) the prime rate, (b) the secondary market rate for three-month certificates of deposit (adjusted for statutory reserve requirements) plus 1%, and (c) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.5%, in each case plus a margin of from 0% to 0.50%, depending on Ralcorps leverage ratio. Such borrowings are unsecured and mature on August 3, 2009 in the case of Term Loan A-1 and August 2, 2013 in the case of Term Loan A-2. Term Loan A-2 requires quarterly amortization of principal beginning in December 2008. The agreements contain certain representations, warranties, covenants, and conditions customary to loan agreements of this nature. The covenants include requirements that EBIT be at least three times Consolidated Interest Expense, and that Total Debt not exceed 3.75 times Adjusted EBITDA (each term as defined in the agreement).
The Company has entered into uncommitted credit arrangements with banks that totaled $15.0 as of September 30, 2008. Borrowings under these arrangements typically have terms of less than a week. The amounts outstanding under these arrangements at September 30, 2008 matured October 1, 2008. Also as of September 30, 2008, $24.0 in letters of credit and surety bonds were outstanding with various financial institutions, principally related to self-insurance requirements.
As of September 30, 2008, aggregate maturities of long-term debt are as follows: $164.7 in fiscal 2009, $55.7 in fiscal 2010, $156.7 in fiscal 2011, $30.7 in fiscal 2012, $235.7 in fiscal 2013, and $1,025.3 thereafter. Based upon managements intent and ability to refinance amounts maturing in fiscal 2009 on a long-term basis, they were classified as long-term.
NOTE 14 COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company is a party to a number of legal proceedings in various state and federal jurisdictions. These proceedings are in varying stages and many may proceed for protracted periods of time. Some proceedings involve complex questions of fact and law. Additionally, the operations of the Company, like those of similar businesses, are subject to various federal, state, and local laws and regulations intended to protect public health and the environment, including air and water quality and waste handling and disposal.
Pending legal liability, if any, from these proceedings cannot be determined with certainty; however, in the opinion of Company management, based upon the information presently known, the ultimate liability of the Company, if any, arising from the pending legal proceedings, as well as from asserted legal claims and known potential legal claims which are likely to be asserted, taking into account established accruals for estimated liabilities (if any), are not expected to be material to the Companys consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. In addition, while it is difficult to quantify with certainty the potential financial impact of actions regarding expenditures for compliance with regulatory matters, in the opinion of management, based upon the information currently available, the ultimate liability arising from such compliance matters should not be material to the Companys consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Future minimum rental payments under noncancelable operating leases in effect as of September 30, 2008 were $12.6, $11.7, $11.0, $10.6, $7.4, and $26.6 for fiscal 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and thereafter, respectively.
Rent expense for all operating leases was $15.0, $18.6, and $11.2 in fiscal 2008, 2007, and 2006, respectively, net of sublease income of $.1 each year.
Container Supply Agreement
During fiscal 2002, the Company entered into a ten-year agreement to purchase certain containers from a single supplier (and added additional containers through amendments in fiscal 2003 and 2004). It is believed that the agreement was related to the suppliers financing arrangements regarding the container facility. The Companys total purchases under the agreement were $26.8 in fiscal 2008, $26.2 in fiscal 2007, and $23.7 in fiscal 2006. Cumulatively, the Company has purchased approximately 640 million containers as of September 30, 2008. Generally, to avoid a shortfall payment requirement, the Company must purchase approximately 610 million additional containers by the end of the ten-year term. The minimum future payment obligation is currently estimated at $2.4.
In connection with the sale of the Companys Resort Operations in 1997, Vail assumed the obligation to repay, when due, certain indebtedness of Resort Operations including Series 1991 Sports Facilities Refunding Revenue Bonds in the aggregate principal amount of $1.5, bearing interest at 7.375% and maturing in 2011 (the Series 1991 Bond). The Series 1991 Bond was, and continues to be, guaranteed by Ralston Purina Company (Ralston). Pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization signed when the Company was spun-off from Ralston in 1994, the Company agreed to indemnify Ralston for any liabilities associated with the guarantee. To facilitate the sale of the Companys branded cereal business to General Mills in 1997, General Mills acquired the legal entity originally obligated to so indemnify Ralston. Pursuant to the Reorganization Agreement with General Mills, however, the Company has agreed to indemnify General Mills for any liabilities it may incur with respect to indemnifying Ralston relating to the aforementioned guarantee. Presently, management believes the likelihood that Vail will default on its repayment obligations with respect to the Series 1991 Bond is remote.
NOTE 15 PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
The Company sponsors qualified and supplemental noncontributory defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans for certain of its employees. The Company uses the fiscal year end as the measurement date for the plans.
On September 30, 2007, the Company adopted FAS 158, which requires the Company to recognize the funded status of defined postretirement benefit plans as an asset or liability on the balance sheet and requires any unrecognized prior service cost and actuarial gains/losses to be recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income.
The following table provides a reconciliation of the changes in the plans benefit obligations and fair value of assets over the two-year period ending September 30, 2008, and a statement of the funded status as of September 30 of both years.
The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit cost for the plans. The estimated net actuarial loss expected to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income into net periodic benefit cost during 2009 related to pension and other benefits is $.2 and zero, respectively.