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Republic Services 10-Q 2009

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.2
  6. Ex-32.2
e10vq
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
(Mark One)    
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2009
OR
o   OR TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the transition period from       to      
Commission File Number: 1-14267
REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
DELAWARE   65-0716904
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (IRS Employer Identification No.)
     
18500 NORTH ALLIED WAY   85054
PHOENIX, ARIZONA   (Zip code)
(Address of principal executive offices)    
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (480) 627-2700
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes þ    No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes þ    No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer þ   Accelerated filero   Non-accelerated filero Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting companyo
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No þ
     On October 29, 2009, the registrant had outstanding 380,144,098 shares of Common Stock, par value $.01 per share (excluding treasury shares of 14,916,355).
 
 

 


 

REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
INDEX
             
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION        
  Financial Statements        
 
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2009 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2008     1  
 
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009 and 2008     2  
 
  Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009     3  
 
  Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009 and 2008     4  
 
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements     5  
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     37  
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     56  
  Controls and Procedures     56  
   
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION        
  Legal Proceedings     57  
  Risk Factors     63  
  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     63  
  Defaults upon Senior Securities     63  
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     63  
  Other Information     64  
  Exhibits     64  
 
  Signatures     65  
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2
 EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
 EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (Unaudited)          
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 107.3     $ 68.7  
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $54.2 and $65.7 as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    928.2       945.5  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    189.3       174.7  
Deferred tax assets
    179.5       136.8  
 
           
Total current assets
    1,404.3       1,325.7  
Restricted cash and marketable securities
    254.9       281.9  
Property and equipment, net
    6,585.6       6,738.2  
Goodwill, net
    10,534.0       10,521.5  
Other intangible assets, net
    517.7       564.1  
Other assets
    233.6       490.0  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 19,530.1     $ 19,921.4  
 
           
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 458.8     $ 564.0  
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
    242.5       504.0  
Deferred revenue
    332.7       359.9  
Accrued landfill and environmental costs, current portion
    188.4       233.4  
Accrued interest
    110.5       107.7  
Other accrued liabilities
    765.1       796.8  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    2,098.0       2,565.8  
Long-term debt, net of current maturities
    6,813.3       7,198.5  
Accrued landfill and environmental costs, net of current portion
    1,251.0       1,197.1  
Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities
    1,323.2       1,239.9  
Self-insurance reserves, net of current portion
    303.7       234.5  
Other long-term liabilities
    186.4       203.1  
Commitments and contingencies
               
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share; 50.0 shares authorized; none issued
           
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share; 750.0 shares authorized; 394.6 and 393.4 issued, including shares held in treasury, as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    4.0       3.9  
Additional paid-in capital
    6,289.7       6,260.1  
Retained earnings
    1,720.1       1,477.2  
Treasury stock, at cost (14.9 shares as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008)
    (457.2 )     (456.7 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
    (4.4 )     (3.1 )
 
           
Total Republic Services, Inc. stockholders’ equity
    7,552.2       7,281.4  
Noncontrolling interests
    2.3       1.1  
 
           
Total stockholders’ equity
    7,554.5       7,282.5  
 
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 19,530.1     $ 19,921.4  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions, except per share data)
                                     
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Revenue
  $ 2,073.5     $ 834.0     $ 6,200.1     $ 2,440.7  
Expenses:
                               
Cost of operations
    1,207.5       499.5       3,643.1       1,553.5  
Depreciation, amortization and depletion
    218.3       77.3       658.7       226.9  
Accretion
    22.2       4.6       67.4       13.5  
Selling, general and administrative
    225.4       85.6       658.7       252.0  
Loss (gain) on disposition of assets, net
    0.9             (144.3 )      
Restructuring charges
    12.3             55.9        
 
                       
Operating income
    386.9       167.0       1,260.6       394.8  
Interest expense
    (144.8 )     (22.6 )     (448.8 )     (65.1 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    (31.8 )           (31.8 )      
Interest income
    0.5       2.6       1.7       7.9  
Other income (expense), net
    1.3       (1.6 )     2.8       (0.7 )
 
                       
Income before income taxes
    212.1       145.4       784.5       336.9  
Provision for income taxes
    91.1       56.7       323.9       131.4  
 
                       
Net income
    121.0       88.7       460.6       205.5  
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (0.5 )           (1.2 )      
 
                       
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
  $ 120.5     $ 88.7     $ 459.4     $ 205.5  
 
                       
 
                               
Basic earnings per share attributable to Republic Services, Inc. stockholders:
                               
Basic earnings per share
  $ 0.32     $ 0.49     $ 1.21     $ 1.13  
 
                       
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    379.7       182.3       379.3       182.6  
 
                       
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Republic Services, Inc. stockholders:
                               
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 0.32     $ 0.48     $ 1.21     $ 1.11  
 
                       
Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
    381.1       184.1       380.3       184.4  
 
                       
 
                               
Cash dividends per common share
  $ 0.19     $ 0.19     $ 0.57     $ 0.53  
 
                       
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in millions)
                                                                 
    Republic Services, Inc. Stockholders Equity              
            Common                             Accumulated              
            Stock     Additional                     Other              
    Shares,     Par     Paid-In     Retained     Treasury     Comprehensive Loss,     Noncontrolling        
    Net     Value     Capital     Earnings     Stock     Net of Tax     Interests     Total  
Balance as of December 31, 2008
    378.5     $ 3.9     $ 6,260.1     $ 1,477.2     $ (456.7 )   $ (3.1 )   $ 1.1     $ 7,282.5  
Net income
                      459.4                   1.2       460.6  
Cash dividends declared
                      (216.3 )                       (216.3 )
Issuances of common stock
    1.2       0.1       17.8                               17.9  
Stock-based compensation
                11.8       (0.2 )                       11.6  
Purchases of common stock for treasury
                            (0.5 )                 (0.5 )
Change in value of derivative instruments, net of tax
                                  (1.3 )           (1.3 )
 
                                               
Balance as of September 30, 2009
    379.7     $ 4.0     $ 6,289.7     $ 1,720.1     $ (457.2 )   $ (4.4 )   $ 2.3     $ 7,554.5  
 
                                               
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
               
Net income
  $ 460.6     $ 205.5  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
    389.9       145.7  
Landfill depletion and amortization
    216.3       76.5  
Amortization of intangible and other assets
    52.5       4.7  
Accretion
    67.4       13.5  
Non-cash interest expense — debt
    76.0        
Non-cash interest expense — other
    33.3        
Restructuring and synergy related charges
    33.2        
Stock-based compensation
    11.6       9.5  
Deferred tax provision
    5.6       24.1  
Provision for doubtful accounts, net of adjustments
    16.8       6.4  
Excess income tax benefit from stock option exercises
    (1.4 )     1.8  
Asset impairments
    10.4        
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    31.8        
Gain on disposition of assets, net
    (156.2 )     (1.1 )
Other non-cash items
    (0.1 )     2.5  
Change in assets and liabilities, net of effects from business acquisitions and divestitures:
               
Accounts receivable
    1.0       (33.9 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    2.6       (42.6 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    (94.8 )     7.0  
Restructuring and synergy related expenditures
    (53.4 )      
Capping, closure and post-closure expenditures
    (60.2 )     (9.8 )
Remediation expenditures
    (42.6 )     (29.1 )
Other liabilities
    12.1       93.5  
 
           
Cash Provided by Operating Activities
    1,012.4       474.2  
 
           
 
               
Cash Used in Investing Activities:
               
Purchases of property and equipment
    (542.5 )     (264.1 )
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment
    22.8       5.8  
Cash used in acquisitions, net of cash acquired
    (0.1 )     (13.4 )
Cash proceeds from divestitures, net of cash divested
    473.3        
Change in restricted cash and marketable securities
    27.1       (6.4 )
Other
          (0.2 )
 
           
Cash Used in Investing Activities
    (19.4 )     (278.3 )
 
           
 
               
Cash Used in Financing Activities:
               
Proceeds from notes payable and long-term debt
    948.2       693.4  
Proceeds from senior notes
    645.4        
Payments of notes payable and long-term debt
    (2,323.7 )     (663.2 )
Premiums paid on extinguishment of debt
    (18.0 )      
Fees paid to issue and retire senior notes and certain hedging relationships
    (9.0 )      
Issuances of common stock
    17.9       20.2  
Excess income tax benefit from stock option exercises
    1.4       3.9  
Purchases of common stock for treasury
    (0.5 )     (138.4 )
Cash dividends paid
    (216.1 )     (93.7 )
 
           
Cash Used in Financing Activities
    (954.4 )     (177.8 )
 
           
 
               
Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
    38.6       18.1  
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
    68.7       21.8  
 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
  $ 107.3     $ 39.9  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Republic Services, Inc. (a Delaware corporation) and its subsidiaries (also referred to collectively as Republic, we, us, our, or the Company in this report) is the second largest provider of non-hazardous solid waste collection, transfer, recycling and disposal services in the United States, as measured by revenue. We manage and evaluate our operations through four geographic regions — Eastern, Midwest, Southern, and Western, which we have identified as our reportable segments.
On December 5, 2008, we acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Allied Waste Industries, Inc. (Allied) in a stock for stock transaction. The accompanying financial statements include the operating results of Allied from the date of the acquisition, and have not been retroactively restated to include Allied’s historical financial position, results of operations or cash flows. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, the purchase price paid has been allocated to assets and liabilities acquired based upon their estimated fair values as of the effective date of the merger, with the excess of the purchase price over the net assets acquired being recorded as goodwill. We are in the process of valuing all of the assets and liabilities acquired in the merger, and, until we have completed our valuation process, there may be adjustments to our estimates of fair values and the resulting preliminary purchase price allocation. See Note 2, Business Acquisitions and Divestiture of Assets, Assets Held for Sale and Restructuring Charges, for additional information.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Republic, its wholly owned and majority owned subsidiaries, and certain variable interest entities for which we have determined that we are the primary beneficiary. Our investments in variable interest entities are not material to our consolidated financial statements. We account for investments in entities in which we do not have a controlling financial interest under either the equity method or the cost method of accounting, as appropriate.
These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by us pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Certain information related to our organization, significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, these unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all material adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly state the financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented, and the disclosures herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that can be expected for a full year. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and in our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed June 5, 2009.
Management’s Estimates and Assumptions
These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and include numerous estimates and assumptions made by management that affect the accounting for and recognition and disclosure of assets, liabilities, stockholders’ equity, revenue and expenses. We must make these estimates and assumptions because certain information that we use is dependent on future events, cannot be calculated with a high degree of precision from data available or simply cannot be readily calculated based on generally accepted methodologies. In some cases, these estimates are particularly difficult to determine and we must exercise significant judgment. The most difficult, subjective and complex estimates and assumptions that deal with the greatest amount of uncertainty relate to our accounting for our long-lived assets, landfill development costs, goodwill, and final capping, closure and post-closure costs, our valuation allowances for accounts receivable and deferred tax assets, our liabilities for potential litigation, claims and assessments, our liabilities for environmental remediation, employee benefit plans, stock-based compensation, deferred taxes, uncertain tax positions and self-insurance, our estimates of the fair values of the assets and liabilities acquired in our acquisition of Allied, and our estimates of the fair values of assets and liabilities to be divested. Each of these items is discussed in more detail in our description of our significant accounting policies, in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and in our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed June 5, 2009. Our actual results may differ significantly from our estimates.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
New Accounting Pronouncements
Convertible Debt Instruments
In May 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued new accounting guidance for convertible debt instruments that, by their stated terms, may be settled in cash (or other assets) upon conversion, including partial cash settlement of the conversion option. The guidance requires bifurcation of the instrument into a debt component that is initially recorded at fair value and an equity component. The difference between the fair value of the debt component and the initial proceeds from issuance of the instrument is recorded as a component of equity. The liability component of the debt instrument is accreted to par using the effective yield method; accretion is reported as a component of interest expense. The equity component is not subsequently re-valued as long as it continues to qualify for equity treatment. We adopted this guidance on January 1, 2009, and adoption did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Business Combinations
In December 2007, the FASB issued new guidance for business combinations applicable to all transactions and other events in which one entity obtains control over one or more other businesses. Under this new guidance all transaction and restructuring charges are required to be recognized as expenses as incurred. The new guidance requires the fair value of the purchase consideration, including the issuance of equity securities, to be determined as of the acquisition date. It also requires the acquirer to recognize assets acquired, liabilities assumed, consideration paid and any noncontrolling interests acquired at their acquisition-date fair values. Changes in deferred tax asset valuation allowances and liabilities for tax uncertainties subsequent to the acquisition date that do not meet certain remeasurement criteria are also recorded in the income statement. The impact of the adoption of this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements is dependent on the nature and volume of future acquisitions, and, therefore, can not be determined at this time.
The new guidance is required to be applied prospectively, and, in general, will be effective for businesses we acquire on or after January 1, 2009. However, in the case of deferred tax asset valuation allowances and uncertain tax position liabilities, the guidance will apply to the accounting for all business acquisitions, whether the acquisition occurred before or after adoption.
Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets
In April 2008, the FASB directed the FASB Staff to issue an amendment to the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used for purposes of determining the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under previously existing guidance. The amendment is intended to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under GAAP. We adopted the amendment on January 1, 2009 and adoption of this amendment did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Fair Value Measurements
In September 2006, the FASB issued new guidance that defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with GAAP and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The new guidance was effective for us on January 1, 2008. However, in February 2008, the FASB issued an amendment to this new guidance which delayed the effective date for non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except for items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis, for one year. We adopted the guidance with respect to financial assets and liabilities beginning January 1, 2008 and with respect to our non-financial assets and liabilities effective January 1, 2009 pursuant to the requirements of the amendment. The impact of adopting this guidance and related amendment did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Noncontrolling Interests
In December 2007, the FASB issued new guidance requiring noncontrolling interests or minority interests to be treated as a separate component of equity, not as a liability or other item outside of permanent equity. Upon a loss of control, the interests sold, as well as any interest retained, are required to be measured at fair value, with any gain or loss recognized in earnings. Additionally, when control is obtained and a previous equity interest was held, a gain or loss will be recognized in earnings for the difference between the fair value of the previously held equity interest and its carrying value. Based on the new guidance, assets and liabilities will not change for subsequent purchase or sale transactions with noncontrolling interests as long as control is maintained. Differences between the fair value of consideration paid or received and the carrying value of noncontrolling interests are to be recognized as an adjustment to

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
the parent interest’s equity. We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2009, and the implementation did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
In March 2008, the FASB issued new guidance which requires companies to provide enhanced disclosures regarding derivative instruments and hedging activities. It requires companies to better convey the purpose of derivative use in terms of the risks that they are intending to manage. Disclosures about (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect a company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows are required. This new guidance was effective for us beginning January 1, 2009. As this guidance relates specifically to disclosures, the adoption had no impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Determining Whether an Instrument is Indexed to an Entity’s Own Stock
In June 2008, the FASB issued guidance for determining whether an instrument (or an embedded feature) is indexed to an entity’s own stock when evaluating the instrument as a derivative. An instrument that is both indexed to an entity’s own stock and classified in stockholder’s equity in the entity’s statement of financial position is not considered a derivative. This new guidance provides a two-step process to determine whether an equity-linked instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to its own stock first by evaluating the instrument’s contingent exercise provisions, if any, and second, by evaluating the instrument’s settlement provisions. We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2009 and the adoption did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments
In April 2009, the FASB issued new guidance that expanded the fair value disclosures required for all financial instruments to be included in interim financial statements. In addition, the new guidance requires public companies to disclose the method and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of those financial instruments and to discuss any changes of method or assumptions, if any, during the reporting period. This new guidance was effective for our quarter ended June 30, 2009. As this guidance relates specifically to disclosures, the adoption had no impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Subsequent Events
In May 2009, the FASB issued new guidance to establish general standards of accounting for and disclosures of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. Among other things, this new guidance requires the disclosure of the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events and the basis for that date. This new guidance was effective for our quarter ended June 30, 2009. As this guidance relates specifically to disclosures, the adoption had no impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities
In June 2009, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting and disclosure requirements for the consolidation of variable interest entities (VIEs) and requires an enterprise to perform an analysis to determine whether the enterprise’s variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a VIE. Under this new guidance, an enterprise has a controlling financial interest when it has (i) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. An enterprise is required to assess whether it has an implicit financial responsibility to ensure that a VIE operates as designed when determining whether it has power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. It also requires ongoing assessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, requires enhanced disclosures and eliminates the scope exclusion for qualifying special-purpose entities. This new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after November 15, 2009. We do not believe the impact of adopting this guidance will have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Codification
In June 2009, the FASB issued the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Codification). The Codification is the source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP. The Codification is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009. The Codification does not change GAAP and had no impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
2. BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURE OF ASSETS, ASSETS HELD FOR SALE AND RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
Allocation of Purchase Price for the Acquisition of Allied
On December 5, 2008, we acquired all the issued and outstanding shares of Allied in a stock-for-stock transaction for an aggregate purchase price of $11.5 billion which includes approximately $5.4 billion of debt, at fair value. The allocation of purchase price to the fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired in the acquisition of Allied is preliminary and subject to revision. Due to the volume and complexity of the information required to value these assets and liabilities, our valuation of certain significant balances, including landfill development costs, property and equipment, intangible assets, accrued landfill and environmental costs (which includes landfill asset retirement obligations and environmental remediation liabilities), deferred taxes and other long-term tax liabilities, and, included in other long-term liabilities, liabilities for litigation, claims and assessments, and self-insurance, is not completed. Our purchase price allocation includes values we finalized to date and estimates of the values not yet finalized. We expect our purchase price allocation for the acquisition of Allied to be completed during 2009. Adjustments after the allocation period made to the valuation of assets and liabilities acquired, will be recorded in the consolidated statement of income in the period in which such adjustments become known. Of the approximate $9.1 billion of goodwill resulting from the transaction, we expect substantially all of it will be non-deductible for income tax purposes.
Our preliminary allocation of purchase price as of December 5, 2008 is as follows:
                                         
                    Adjusted             Adjusted  
    Allocation             Allocation             Allocation  
    at             at             at  
    December 5,             December             September  
    2008     Adjustments     31, 2008     Adjustments     30, 2009  
 
                                       
Current assets
  $ 910.8     $ (0.9 )   $ 909.9     $ (0.7 )   $ 909.2  
Landfill development costs
    2,600.0             2,600.0             2,600.0  
Other property and equipment
    2,256.8       1.9       2,258.7       39.7       2,298.4  
Goodwill
    9,006.3       (0.8 )     9,005.5       59.1       9,064.6  
Other intangible assets
    541.0             541.0       6.0       547.0  
Other assets
    226.6       (1.1 )     225.5       (36.7 )     188.8  
Current liabilities
    (1,336.3 )           (1,336.3 )     (36.0 )     (1,372.3 )
Capping, closure and post-closure liabilities
    (813.1 )           (813.1 )     (4.2 )     (817.3 )
Environmental liabilities
    (208.1 )           (208.1 )     (1.5 )     (209.6 )
Deferred income taxes and other long-term tax liabilities
    (774.1 )     0.9       (773.2 )     (25.6 )     (798.8 )
Other long-term liabilities
    (906.9 )           (906.9 )     0.6       (906.3 )
 
                             
Total purchase price
  $ 11,503.0     $     $ 11,503.0     $ 0.7     $ 11,503.7  
 
                             
The following table summarizes the components of other intangible assets acquired in the Allied acquisition as of September 30, 2009:
                 
    Fair Value of        
    Other        
    Intangible     Useful Life  
    Assets     (in years)  
 
               
Customer relationships
  $ 420.0       10  
Franchise agreements
    60.0       9  
Other municipal agreements
    30.0       3  
Tradenames
    30.0       5  
Favorable lease agreements
    6.0       23  
Non-compete agreements
    1.0       2  
 
             
Total
  $ 547.0          
 
             

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
The following unaudited pro forma information shows the results of our operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 as if the Allied acquisition had occurred as of January 1, 2008:
                 
    Three Months     Nine Months  
    Ended     Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2008     2008  
    (unaudited)     (unaudited)  
 
               
Revenue
  $ 2,440.2     $ 7,113.4  
Net income
    169.0       399.0  
Basic earnings per share
    0.45       1.05  
Diluted earnings per share
    0.44       1.05  
The above unaudited pro forma financial information includes adjustments for amortization of identifiable intangible assets, accretion of discounts to fair value associated with debt, environmental, self-insurance and other liabilities, accretion of capping, closure and post-closure obligations and amortization of the related assets, and provision for income taxes. These unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated results have been prepared for comparative purposes only and are not necessarily indicative of the actual results of operations had the acquisition taken place as of the beginning of 2008, or of the results of our future operations. Furthermore, the pro forma results do not give effect to all cost savings or incremental costs that may occur as a result of the integration and consolidation of the acquisition.
Assets Held For Sale
As a condition of the merger with Allied in December 2008, the Department of Justice (DOJ) required us to divest of certain assets and related liabilities. As such, we classified these assets and liabilities as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2008. Certain of the legacy Republic assets classified as held for sale were adjusted to their estimated fair values less costs to sell and resulted in the recognition of an asset impairment loss of $1.8 million in our consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2009. As of September 30, 2009 we are complete with our required divestitures.
In October 2009, we divested a hauling operation in Miami-Dade County, Florida. As such we classified the assets and liabilities related to the operation as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2009. We adjusted these assets to their estimated fair values less costs to sell, resulting in the recognition of an asset impairment loss of $8.7 million in our consolidated statement of income for the three months ended September 30, 2009.
Assets held for sale and related liabilities are as follows:
                    
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
               
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  $ 2.5     $ 17.5  
Other assets
    31.9       285.1  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 34.4     $ 302.6  
 
           
Accrued liabilities
  $ 1.7     $ 3.1  
Other long-term liabilities
          31.0  
 
           
Total liabilities
  $ 1.7     $ 34.1  
 
           
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we recognized a net gain (loss) on disposition of assets of $(0.9) million and $144.3 million, respectively. Proceeds from the sales were primarily used to reduce amounts outstanding under our Credit Facilities.
Restructuring Charges
As a result of our acquisition of Allied, we committed to a restructuring plan related to our corporate overhead and other administrative and operating functions. The plan included closing our corporate office in Florida, consolidating administrative functions to Arizona, the former headquarters of Allied, and reducing staffing levels. The plan also included closing and consolidating certain operating locations and terminating certain leases. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we incurred $12.3 million and $55.9 million of restructuring and integration charges related to our integration of Allied of which, $33.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 consists of charges for severance and other employee termination and relocation benefits. The remainder of the charges primarily related to consulting and professional fees. Substantially all the charges are recorded in our

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
“Corporate” segment. We expect to be substantially complete with our plan by the fourth quarter of 2009. We expect to incur additional charges approximating $12.8 million to complete our plan. We expect that the majority of these charges will be paid during the remainder of 2009 and 2010.
The following table reflects the activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 associated with the liabilities (included in other accrued liabilities) incurred in connection with the restructuring charges:
                                 
    Balance at                     Balance at  
    December 31,     Additions /             September 30,  
    2008     Adjustments     Payments     2009  
 
                               
Severance and other termination benefits
  $ 12.5     $ 31.1     $ (19.2 )   $ 24.4  
Relocation
    17.9       2.1       (11.6 )     8.4  
 
                       
Total
  $ 30.4     $ 33.2     $ (30.8 )   $ 32.8  
 
                       
Accrued Liabilities Related to Allied
We include exit costs in the purchase price allocation of an acquired business if a plan to exit an activity of an acquired entity exists, as those costs have no future economic benefit to us and will be incurred as a direct result of the exit plan, and the exit costs represent amounts to be incurred by us under a contractual obligation of the acquired entity that existed prior to the acquisition date. We recognize employee termination benefits as liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date when management approved and committed to the plan and termination arrangements were communicated to the employees.
The following table reflects the activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 associated with the liabilities (included in other accrued liabilities) incurred in connection with the termination benefits for employees who were employed by Allied at the date of the acquisition and notified that their employment was terminated:
                                 
    Balance at                     Balance at  
    December 31,     Additions /             September 30,  
    2008     Adjustments     Payments     2009  
Severance and other termination benefits
  $ 22.6     $ 7.3     $ (22.6 )   $ 7.3  
 
                       
As of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, we recorded $22.8 million and $31.5 million, respectively, of accrued liabilities in purchase accounting for the estimated liabilities related to various Allied legal matters.
We are in the process of evaluating certain operating contracts and leases acquired from Allied. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, we recorded additional liabilities for unfavorable contract and lease exit costs of $21.4 million and $6.4 million, respectively. The underlying lease agreements and contracts have remaining non-cancellable terms ranging from 1 to 21 years. The following table reflects activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 associated with unfavorable contracts and lease exit liabilities:
                                 
    Balance at                     Balance at  
    December 31,             Payments /     September 30,  
    2008     Additions     Amortization     2009  
Lease exit costs
  $     $ 6.4     $ (1.4 )   $ 5.0  
Unfavorable contracts
    33.3       21.4       (5.5 )     49.2  
 
                       
Total
  $ 33.3     $ 27.8     $ (6.9 )   $ 54.2  
 
                       
3. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Cash paid for purchases of property and equipment for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 were $542.5 million and $264.1 million, respectively.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
A summary of property and equipment, net is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
               
Other land
  $ 440.3     $ 464.4  
Non-depletable landfill land
    140.3       169.3  
Landfill development costs
    4,182.3       4,126.3  
Vehicles and equipment
    3,628.8       3,432.3  
Buildings and improvements
    726.4       706.0  
Construction-in-progress landfill
    240.3       76.2  
Construction-in-progress other
    30.7       26.3  
 
           
 
    9,389.1       9,000.8  
 
           
 
               
Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization -
               
Landfill development costs
    (1,215.4 )     (1,004.2 )
Vehicles and equipment
    (1,453.2 )     (1,147.3 )
Buildings and improvements
    (134.9 )     (111.1 )
 
           
 
    (2,803.5 )     (2,262.6 )
 
           
Property and equipment, net
  $ 6,585.6     $ 6,738.2  
 
           
Property and equipment, net excludes assets classified as held for sale of $6.5 million and $214.1 million as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.
As a result of our acquisition of Allied, we recorded $4.9 billion for property and equipment at its estimated fair value in December 2008. Our estimates have not been finalized and are subject to change. We expect to complete our valuations during 2009.
4. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
Goodwill
A summary of the activity and balances in goodwill by operating segment is as follows:
                                         
    Balance at                     Adjustments to     Balance at  
    December 31,     Adjustments to             Assets     September 30,  
    2008     Acquisitions     Divestitures     Held for Sale     2009  
Eastern
  $ 2,772.5     $ 10.7     $ (11.2 )   $ 12.2     $ 2,784.2  
Midwest
    2,083.8       9.2             (0.2 )     2,092.8  
Southern
    2,715.6       12.7       (27.0 )     (10.7 )     2,690.6  
Western
    2,949.6       16.8                   2,966.4  
 
                             
Total
  $ 10,521.5     $ 49.4     $ (38.2 )   $ 1.3     $ 10,534.0  
 
                             
                         
    Balance at             Balance at  
    December 31,     Adjustments to     September 30,  
    2007     Acquisitions     2008  
Eastern
  $ 510.0     $ 0.3     $ 510.3  
Midwest
    374.1       1.9       376.0  
Southern
    340.7       (0.5 )     340.2  
Western
    330.9             330.9  
 
                 
Total
  $ 1,555.7     $ 1.7     $ 1,557.4  
 
                 
Adjustments to acquisitions for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 includes a $9.7 million adjustment for deferred taxes pertaining to prior years’ acquisitions.
During the first quarter of 2009 we realigned our regional operations. As such, we have retrospectively adjusted the goodwill balances associated with each operating region to conform with the current presentation. We allocated goodwill from the Allied acquisition to our regions based on the fair value of Allied’s contribution to each individual region relative to the total fair value of the business acquired. As a result of the realignment of our regions, we performed an interim impairment test of our goodwill during the first

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
quarter of 2009 and we concluded that goodwill was not impaired. We will continue to monitor our market capitalization and expectations of future cash flows and will perform interim impairment testing if necessary.
Other Intangible Assets
Other intangible assets include values assigned to customer relationships, long-term contracts, covenants not to compete and trade names, and are amortized over periods ranging from 2 to 10 years. A summary of the activity and balances in intangible assets by operating segment is as follows:
                                                                 
    Gross Intangible Assets     Accumulated Amortization     Net  
    Balance at                     Balance at     Balance at             Balance at     Intangibles  
    December 31,             Adjustments to     September 30,     December 31,     Amortization     September 30,     at September 30,  
    2008     Acquisitions     Acquisitions     2009     2008     Expense     2009     2009  
Eastern
  $ 139.3     $     $     $ 139.3     $ (5.6 )   $ (10.8 )   $ (16.4 )   $ 122.9  
Midwest
    97.7                   97.7       (5.6 )     (8.1 )     (13.7 )     84.0  
Southern
    126.7       0.1             126.8       (4.5 )     (10.9 )     (15.4 )     111.4  
Western
    220.7       0.1             220.8       (35.0 )     (17.2 )     (52.2 )     168.6  
Corporate
    31.0             6.0       37.0       (0.6 )     (5.6 )     (6.2 )     30.8  
 
                                               
Total
  $ 615.4     $ 0.2     $ 6.0     $ 621.6     $ (51.3 )   $ (52.6 )   $ (103.9 )   $ 517.7  
 
                                               
   
    Gross Intangible Assets     Accumulated Amortization     Net  
    Balance at                     Balance at     Balance at             Balance at     Intangibles  
    December 31,             Other     September 30,     December 31,     Amortization     September 30,     at September 30,  
    2007     Acquisitions     Additions     2008     2007     Expense     2008     2008  
Eastern
  $ 6.3     $     $     $ 6.3     $ (3.8 )   $ (0.5 )   $ (4.3 )   $ 2.0  
Midwest
    6.8       0.1             6.9       (3.8 )     (0.7 )     (4.5 )     2.4  
Southern
    4.6                   4.6       (2.9 )     (0.3 )     (3.2 )     1.4  
Western
    49.6       6.7       0.3       56.6       (30.3 )     (2.2 )     (32.5 )     24.1  
 
                                               
Total
  $ 67.3     $ 6.8     $ 0.3     $ 74.4     $ (40.8 )   $ (3.7 )   $ (44.5 )   $ 29.9  
 
                                               
During the first quarter of 2009 we realigned our regional operations. As such, we have retrospectively adjusted the intangible balances associated with each operating region to conform with the current presentation.
5. OTHER ASSETS
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
A summary of prepaid expenses and other current assets as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Inventories
  $ 35.4     $ 37.1  
Prepaid expenses
    73.5       58.6  
Other non-trade receivables
    31.8       47.7  
Income taxes receivable
    39.6       3.0  
Asset held for sale
    2.5       17.5  
Other current assets
    6.5       10.8  
 
           
Total
  $ 189.3     $ 174.7  
 
           
Other current assets include the fair value of commodity hedges of $3.0 million and $8.8 million at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Other Assets
A summary of other assets as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Deferred financing costs
  $ 28.4     $ 27.4  
Deferred compensation plan
    14.8       13.0  
Notes and other receivables
    52.8       57.2  
Assets held for sale
    31.9       285.1  
Other
    105.7       107.3  
 
           
Total
  $ 233.6     $ 490.0  
 
           
Notes and other receivables include the fair value of interest rate swaps of $11.3 million and $15.1 million at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.
6. OTHER LIABILITIES
Other Accrued Liabilities
A summary of other accrued liabilities as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Accrued payroll and benefits
  $ 179.9     $ 130.6  
Accrued fees and taxes
    109.7       114.0  
Self-insurance reserves, current portion
    131.4       173.6  
Accrued dividends
    72.2       72.0  
Current tax liabilities
    16.2       47.1  
Restructuring liabilities
    32.8       30.4  
Accrued professional fees and legal settlement reserves
    27.1       43.7  
Other
    195.8       185.4  
 
           
Total
  $ 765.1     $ 796.8  
 
           
Other includes the fair value of fuel hedges of $5.8 million and $11.7 million at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.
Other Long-Term Liabilities
A summary of other long-term liabilities as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Deferred compensation liability
  $ 14.8     $ 13.2  
Pension liability
    75.8       74.7  
Liabilities related to assets held for sale
          31.0  
Other
    95.8       84.2  
 
           
Total
  $ 186.4     $ 203.1  
 
           

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
7. LANDFILL AND ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
Accrued Landfill and Environmental Costs
A summary of landfill and environmental liabilities as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Landfill final capping, closure and post-closure liabilities
  $ 1,076.1     $ 1,040.6  
Remediation
    363.3       389.9  
 
           
 
    1,439.4       1,430.5  
Less: Current portion
    (188.4 )     (233.4 )
 
           
Long-term portion
  $ 1,251.0     $ 1,197.1  
 
           
Total Available Disposal Capacity
As of September 30, 2009, we owned or operated 199 active solid waste landfills with total available disposal capacity of approximately 4.5 billion in-place cubic yards. Additionally, we currently have post-closure responsibility for 128 closed landfills.
Final Capping, Closure and Post-Closure Costs
The following table summarizes the activity in our asset retirement obligation liabilities, which include liabilities for final capping, closure and post-closure:
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Asset retirement obligation liabilities, beginning of year
  $ 1,040.6     $ 277.7  
Non-cash asset additions
    25.0       14.3  
Additions due to acquisitions
    6.6        
Asset retirement obligation adjustments
    (1.0 )      
Payments
    (60.2 )     (9.8 )
Accretion expense
    67.4       13.5  
Other adjustments
    (0.9 )      
Adjustments to liabilities related to assets held for sale
    (1.4 )      
 
           
Asset retirement obligation liabilities, end of period
    1,076.1       295.7  
Less: Current portion
    (114.9 )     (14.5 )
 
           
Long-term portion
  $ 961.2     $ 281.2  
 
           
Annually, in the fourth quarter, we review our calculations for asset retirement obligations. However, if there are significant changes in the facts and circumstances related to a site during the year, we will update our assumptions prospectively in the period that all the relevant facts and circumstances are known.
The fair value of assets that are legally restricted for purposes of collateralizing certain of our final capping, closure and post-closure obligations was approximately $61.1 million at September 30, 2009, and is included in restricted cash and marketable securities in our consolidated balance sheets.
Remediation
We accrue for remediation costs when they become probable and can be reasonably estimated. We believe that the amounts accrued for remediation costs are adequate. However, it is reasonably possible that we will need to adjust the liabilities recorded for remediation to reflect the effects of new or additional information, to the extent that such information impacts the costs, timing or duration of the required actions. Future changes in our estimates of the cost, timing or duration of the required actions could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
The following table summarizes the activity in our environmental remediation liabilities:
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Remediation liabilities, beginning of year
  $ 389.9     $ 67.5  
Additions due to acquisitions
    0.9        
Additions charged to expense
          68.0  
Payments
    (42.6 )     (29.1 )
Accretion expense
    15.1        
 
           
Remediation liabilities, end of period
    363.3       106.4  
Less: Current portion
    (73.5 )     (10.5 )
 
           
Long-term portion
  $ 289.8     $ 95.9  
 
           
The following is a discussion of certain of our significant remediation matters:
Countywide Landfill. In 2007, we were issued Final Findings and Orders (F&Os) by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) related to environmental conditions at our Countywide Recycling and Disposal Facility (Countywide) in East Sparta, Ohio and we agreed to undertake certain other remedial actions with the OEPA as well. During 2008, Republic Services of Ohio II, LLC (Republic-Ohio), an Ohio limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of ours and parent of Countywide, entered into an Agreed Order on Consent (AOC) with the EPA requiring the reimbursement of costs incurred by the EPA and requiring Republic-Ohio to perform certain remediation activities at Countywide. Republic-Ohio also has completed construction of an isolation break under the authority and supervision of the U.S. EPA. On September 30, 2009, Republic-Ohio entered into a set of F&Os with the OEPA that supersede previous F&Os mentioned above. The F&Os require the implementation of a comprehensive operation and maintenance program for managing the remediation area. The operation and maintenance program requires Republic-Ohio to maintain the temporary cap and other engineering controls to prevent odors and isolate and contain the reaction. The operation and maintenance program is ultimately designed to result in the final capping and closure of the 88-acre remediation area at Countywide. The remediation liability remaining for Countywide recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $76.6 million, of which approximately $2.1 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.
West Contra Costa County Landfill. In 2006, we were issued an Enforcement Order by the California Department of Toxic Substance Control (DTSC) for the Class 1 Hazardous waste cell at the West Contra Costa County Landfill (West County). Subsequently, we entered into a Consent Agreement with DTSC in 2007 at which time we agreed to undertake certain remedial actions. The remediation liability remaining for West County recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $44.0 million, of which approximately $2.9 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.
Sunrise Landfill. On August 1, 2008, Republic Services of Southern Nevada (RSSN), our wholly owned subsidiary, signed a Consent Decree with the EPA, the Bureau of Land Management and Clark County, Nevada related to the Sunrise Landfill. Under the Consent Decree, RSSN has agreed to perform certain remedial actions at the Sunrise Landfill for which RSSN and Clark County were otherwise jointly and severally liable. We also paid $1.0 million in sanctions related to the Consent Decree. RSSN is currently working with the Clark County Staff and Board of Commissioners to develop a mechanism to fund the costs to comply with the Consent Decree. However, we have not recorded any potential recoveries. The remediation liability remaining for Sunrise recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $37.2 million, of which approximately $0.7 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.
Environmental Operating Costs
In the normal course of business, we incur various operating costs associated with environmental compliance. These costs include, among other things, leachate treatment and disposal, methane gas and groundwater monitoring and systems maintenance, interim cap maintenance, costs associated with the application of daily cover materials, and the legal and administrative costs of ongoing environmental compliance. These costs are expensed as cost of operations in the period in which they are incurred.
8. DEBT
Our notes payable, capital leases and long-term debt at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 are listed in the following table, and are presented net of unamortized discounts and premiums, adjustments to fair market value related to hedging transactions and the unamortized portion of adjustments to fair value recorded in purchase accounting. The debt we acquired as part of the acquisition of Allied was recorded at fair value as of the acquisition date.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
                 
    Debt Balance at  
    September 30, 2009     December 31, 2008  
$1.0 billion Revolver due 2012
  $     $  
$1.75 billion Revolver due 2013, Eurodollar and Base Rate borrowings
          665.0  
Receivables secured loans
    215.0       400.0  
7.125% senior notes due 2009
          99.3  
6.500% senior notes due 2010
    235.4       333.2  
5.750% senior notes due 2011
    266.4       371.1  
6.375% senior notes due 2011
    217.6       257.7  
6.750% senior notes due 2011
    398.7       464.2  
7.875% senior notes due 2013
    426.5       422.4  
6.125% senior notes due 2014
    377.1       370.5  
7.375% senior notes due 2014
    366.8       363.5  
7.250% senior notes due 2015
    538.1       531.7  
7.125% senior notes due 2016
    524.7       518.7  
6.875% senior notes due 2017
    652.2       645.7  
5.500% senior notes due 2019
    645.4        
9.250% debentures due 2021
    93.1       92.8  
6.086% senior notes due 2035
    249.3       249.1  
7.400% debentures due 2035
    266.6       266.0  
4.250% senior subordinated convertible debentures due 2034
    210.7       201.3  
Tax-exempt bonds and other tax-exempt financings; fixed and floating interest rates ranging from .30% to 8.25%; maturities ranging from 2010 to 2037
    1,228.7       1,308.2  
Other debt unsecured and secured by real property, equipment and other assets; interest rates ranging from 5.99% to 11.90% maturing through 2042
    143.5       142.1  
 
           
Total debt
    7,055.8       7,702.5  
Less: Current portion
    (242.5 )     (504.0 )
 
           
Long-term portion
  $ 6,813.3     $ 7,198.5  
 
           
Revolving Credit Facilities
Our $1.0 billion revolving credit facility due April 2012 and our $1.75 billion revolving credit facility due September 2013 (collectively, the Credit Facilities) bear interest at a Base Rate, or a Eurodollar Rate for the Credit Facility due September 2013, both terms defined in the agreements, plus an applicable margin based on our Debt Ratings, also a term defined in the agreements. As of December 31, 2008, the interest rate for our borrowings under our Credit Facilities was 3.43%. The Credit Facilities are also subject to facility fees based on applicable rates defined in the agreements and the aggregate commitments, regardless of usage. At September 30, 2009, we had no Eurodollar Rate borrowings or Base Rate borrowings and $1,630.7 million of revolver capacity used to support outstanding letters of credit, leaving $1,119.3 million of available liquidity under the Credit Facilities. The agreements governing the Credit Facilities require us to maintain certain financial and other covenants. We have the ability to pay dividends and to repurchase common stock provided that we are in compliance with these covenants. At September 30, 2009, we were in compliance with the covenants of the Credit Facilities.
Receivables Secured Loans
We have an accounts receivable securitization program with two financial institutions that allows us to borrow up to $300.0 million on a revolving basis under loan agreements secured by receivables. In May 2009, we renewed the facility for 364 days and reduced the borrowing capacity from $400.0 million to $300.0 million. If we are unable to renew the facility when it matures in May 2010, we will refinance any amounts outstanding with our Credit Facilities or with other long-term borrowings. Despite our ability to refinance or renew the facility, the loan is classified as current because it has a contractual maturity of less than one year.
The receivables securitizing this facility are held in and owned by a wholly owned and fully consolidated subsidiary. This subsidiary is a separate corporate entity whose assets, or collateral securing the borrowings, are available first to satisfy the claims of the subsidiary’s creditors. At September 30, 2009, the total amount of accounts receivable (gross) serving as collateral securing the facility was $469.2 million. This facility is accounted for as a secured borrowing with a pledge of collateral. The receivables and debt obligation remain on our consolidated balance sheet. The borrowings under this facility bear interest at the financial institutions’ commercial paper rate plus an applicable spread and interest is payable monthly.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Senior Notes and Debentures
In September 2009, we issued $650.0 million of 5.500% senior notes due 2019 in a private placement transaction. The net proceeds from this offering, less discounts and certain fees, were approximately $641 million. The notes are general senior unsecured obligations and mature on September 15, 2019. Interest is payable semi-annually on March 15 and September 15, beginning March 15, 2010. The notes are guaranteed by each of our subsidiaries that also guarantee our Credit Facilities. These guarantees are general senior unsecured obligations of the subsidiary guarantors. In addition, in September 2009, we entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with the representatives of the initial purchasers of the notes. Under the Registration Rights Agreement, we agreed to use our reasonable best efforts to cause to become effective a registration statement to exchange the notes for freely tradable notes issued by us. If we are unable to effect the exchange offer within 365 days, we agreed to pay additional interest on the notes.
Proceeds from the notes were used to purchase and retire $325.5 million of our outstanding senior notes maturing in 2010 and 2011. During the three months ended September 30, 2009, we incurred a $31.8 million charge associated with the early extinguishment of these notes. The following table lists the notes and the principal amount of notes repurchased:
                         
    Principal             September 30,  
    Outstanding             2009  
    Prior to     Principal     Principal  
    Repurchase     Repurchased     Outstanding  
6.500% Senior Notes due 2010
  $ 346.5     $ 104.1     $ 242.4  
5.750% Senior Notes due 2011
    396.5       116.8       279.7  
6.375% Senior Notes due 2011
    270.0       42.6       227.4  
6.750% Senior Notes due 2011
    450.0       62.0       388.0  
 
                 
 
                       
 
  $ 1,463.0     $ 325.5     $ 1,137.5  
 
                 
As of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, our senior notes and debentures totaled $5,257.9 million and $4,985.9 million, net of unamortized discounts and premiums of $31.5 million and $27.5 million, remaining unamortized adjustments to fair value recorded in purchase accounting for the acquisition of Allied of $468.7 million and $536.2 million, and adjustments to fair value related to our interest rate swap agreements of $11.3 million and $15.1 million, respectively.
Senior Subordinated Convertible Debentures
Our $230.0 million of 4.25% unsecured senior subordinated convertible debentures due 2034 are convertible into 5.2 million shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $43.86 per share. These debentures are convertible at the option of the holder anytime if certain conditions occur, as outlined in the agreement. We can elect to settle the conversion in stock, cash or a combination of stock and cash. We can elect to call the debentures at any time after April 15, 2009 at par for cash only. The holders can require us to redeem some or all of the debentures on April 15th of 2011, 2014, 2019, 2024 and 2029 at par for stock, cash or a combination of stock and cash at our option. If the debentures are redeemed in stock, the number of shares issued will be determined at the par value of the debentures divided by the average trading stock price of the preceding five-day period.
At September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, the unamortized adjustment to fair value recorded in purchase accounting for these debentures was $19.3 million and $28.7 million, respectively, which is being amortized to interest expense through April 15, 2011, the first date that the holders can require us to redeem the debentures.
Tax-Exempt Financings
As of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, we had $1,228.7 million and $1,308.2 million, respectively, of fixed and variable rate tax-exempt financings outstanding with maturities ranging from 2010 to 2037.
Approximately two-thirds of our tax-exempt financings are remarketed weekly or daily, by a remarketing agent to effectively maintain a variable yield. These variable rate tax-exempt financings are credit enhanced with letters of credit having terms in excess of one year issued by banks with credit ratings of A or better. The holders of the bonds can put them back to the remarketing agent at the end of each interest period.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
As of September 30, 2009, we had $254.9 million of restricted cash and marketable securities, of which $113.4 million were proceeds from the issuance of tax-exempt bonds and other tax-exempt financings, and will be used to fund capital expenditures under the terms of the agreements. Restricted cash also includes amounts held in trust as a financial guarantee of our performance.
At September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, the unamortized adjustment to fair value recorded in purchase accounting for these tax-exempt financings was $50.0 million and $52.9 million, respectively, which is being amortized to interest expense.
Other Debt
Other debt primarily includes capital lease liabilities of $141.7 million and $139.5 million as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, with maturities ranging from 2009 to 2042.
Fair Value of Debt
The fair value of our fixed rate senior notes using quoted market rates is $6.0 billion and $5.2 billion at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. The carrying value of our fixed rate senior notes is $5.3 billion and $5.0 billion at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. The carrying amounts of our remaining notes payable and tax-exempt financings approximate fair value because interest rates are variable and, accordingly, approximate current market rates for instruments with similar risk and maturities. The fair value of our debt is determined as of the balance sheet date and is subject to change. For active hedge arrangements, the fair value of the derivatives is included in the consolidated balance sheets.
Guarantees
Substantially all of our subsidiaries have guaranteed our obligations under the Credit Facilities.
We and substantially all of our subsidiaries (including substantially all of the subsidiaries of Allied) guarantee series of senior notes issued by Allied Waste North America, Inc. (AWNA), a subsidiary of Allied (the AWNA Senior Notes). The guarantees of the AWNA Senior Notes by our subsidiaries (other than the guarantee by Allied) would be automatically released upon the release of such subsidiaries from their guarantee obligations under the Credit Facilities.
We and substantially all our subsidiaries (including substantially all of the subsidiaries of Allied) also guarantee the 9.250% debentures due 2021 and the 7.400% debentures due 2035 issued by Browning-Ferris Industries, LLC (successor to Browning-Ferris Industries, Inc.) (BFI), another subsidiary of Allied (the BFI Debentures). The guarantees of the BFI Debentures by our subsidiaries (other than the guarantees by Allied and AWNA) would be automatically released upon the release of such subsidiaries from their guarantee obligations under the Credit Facilities.
Substantially all of our subsidiaries (including Allied and substantially all of its subsidiaries) have guaranteed our 6.750% senior notes due 2011, our 5.500% senior notes due 2019 and our 6.086% senior notes due 2035 (the Republic Senior Notes). The guarantees of the Republic Senior Notes by our subsidiaries would be automatically released upon the release of such subsidiaries from their guarantee obligations under the Credit Facilities.
We have guaranteed some of the tax-exempt bonds of our subsidiaries. If a subsidiary fails to meet its obligations associated with tax-exempt bonds as they come due, we will be required to perform under the related guarantee agreement. No additional liability has been recorded for these guarantees because the underlying obligations are reflected in our consolidated balance sheets.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED
(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Interest Paid
Interest paid was $346.0 million and $72.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The components of interest expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 are as follows:
                                    
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Interest expense
  $ 112.4     $ 23.6     $ 344.1     $ 67.1  
Accretion of debt discounts
    25.4             76.0        
Accretion of remediation and risk reserves
    9.9             33.3        
Less: capitalized interest
    (2.9 )     (1.0 )     (4.6 )     (2.0 )
 
                       
 
                               
Interest expense
  $ 144.8     $ 22.6     $ 448.8     $ 65.1  
 
                       
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
Our ability to obtain financing through the capital markets is a key component of our financial strategy. Historically, we have managed risk associated with executing this strategy, particularly as it relates to fluctuations in interest rates, by using a combination of fixed and floating rate debt. We also entered into interest rate swap agreements to manage risk associated with fluctuations in interest rates. The swap agreements have a total notional value of $210.0 million and mature in August 2011. This maturity is identical to our senior notes that also mature in 2011. Under the swap agreements, we pay interest at floating rates based on changes in LIBOR and receive interest at fixed rates of 6.75%. We have designated these agreements as hedges in changes in the fair value of our fixed-rate debt. We have determined that these agreements qualify for the short-cut method, and, therefore, changes in the fair value of the agreements are assumed to be perfectly effective in hedging changes in the fair value of our fixed rate debt due to changes in interest rates.
As of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, interest rate swap agreements are reflected at their fair value of $11.3 million and $15.1 million, respectively, and are included in other assets and as an adjustment to long-term debt in our consolidated balance sheets.
The following table summarizes the impact of changes in the fair value of our derivatives and the underlying hedged items on our results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (in millions):
                                                                 
    Gain (Loss) on Swap     Gain (Loss) on Fixed-Rate Debt  
    Three and Nine Months Ended September 30,     Three and Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Interest Expense
  $ 2.2     $ 6.6     $ 0.5     $ 2.7     $ (2.2 )   $ (6.6 )   $ (0.5 )   $ (2.7 )
From time to time, we enter into treasury locks for the purpose of managing exposure to fluctuations in interest rates in anticipation of future debt issuances. In September 2009, we entered into treasury lock agreements having an aggregate notional amount of $500.0 million to hedge interest rates on the 10 year U.S. Treasury Notes in connection with the issuance of our $650.0 million 5.500% senior notes. Upon issuance of the notes we terminated the treasury locks and paid approximately $2.5 million to the counterparties. The $1.4 million, net of tax was recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income and will be amortized as an increase to interest expense over the life of the issued debt. This transaction was accounted for as a cash flow hedge. As of September 30, 2009, no treasury lock cash flow hedges were outstanding.
9. INCOME TAXES
Income taxes have been provided for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 based on our anticipated annual effective income tax rate. Income taxes paid (net of refunds received) were $360.9 million and $65.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
We and our subsidiaries are subject to income tax in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, as well as income tax in multiple state and local jurisdictions. These authorities may challenge the positions taken in our tax filings. As such, to provide for certain potential tax exposures, we maintain liabilities for uncertain tax positions for our estimate of the final outcome of the examinations.
We recognize interest and penalties as incurred within the provision for income taxes in the consolidated statements of income. As of September 30, 2009, we have accrued a liability for penalties of $89.4 million and interest (including interest on penalties) of $172.3 million related to our uncertain tax positions,.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
We believe that the liabilities for uncertain tax positions recorded are appropriate. However, during the next twelve months we believe it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will likely increase or decrease. We are unable to estimate a range at this time. A significant assessment against us in excess of the liabilities recorded could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
We have acquired Allied’s open tax periods as part of the acquisition. We are currently under examination or administrative review by various state and federal taxing authorities for certain tax years, including federal income tax audits for calendar years 2000 through 2007. We are also engaged in tax litigation related to our risk management companies which are subsidiaries of Allied. These matters are further discussed below.
Risk Management Companies
Prior to Allied’s acquisition of BFI in July 1999, certain BFI operating companies, as part of a risk management initiative to manage and reduce costs associated with certain liabilities, contributed assets and existing environmental and self-insurance liabilities to six fully consolidated BFI risk management companies (RMCs) in exchange for stock representing a minority ownership interest in the RMCs. Subsequently, the BFI operating companies sold that stock in the RMCs to third parties at fair market value which resulted in a capital loss of approximately $900 million for tax purposes, calculated as the excess of the tax basis of the stock over the cash proceeds received.
On January 18, 2001, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) designated this type of transaction and other similar transactions as a “potentially abusive tax shelter” under IRS regulations. During 2002, the IRS proposed the disallowance of all of this capital loss. At the time of the disallowance, the primary argument advanced by the IRS for disallowing the capital loss was that the tax basis of the stock of the RMCs received by the BFI operating companies was required to be reduced by the amount of liabilities acquired by the RMCs even though such liabilities were contingent and, therefore, not liabilities recognized for tax purposes. Under the IRS interpretation, there was no capital loss on the sale of the stock since the tax basis of the stock should have approximated the proceeds received. Allied protested the disallowance to the Appeals Office of the IRS in August 2002.
In April 2005, the Appeals Office of the IRS upheld the disallowance of the capital loss deduction. As a result, in late April 2005, Allied paid a deficiency to the IRS of $22.6 million for BFI tax years prior to the acquisition. Allied also received a notification from the IRS assessing a penalty of $5.4 million and interest of $12.8 million relating to the asserted $22.6 million deficiency. In July 2005, Allied filed a suit for refund in the United States Court of Federal Claims (CFC). The Department of Justice (DOJ) thereafter filed a counterclaim in the case for the $5.4 million penalty and $12.8 million of interest claimed by the IRS. In December 2005, the IRS agreed to suspend the collection of this penalty and interest until a decision was rendered on Allied’s suit for refund.
Another refund suit related to this same issue is currently pending in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona. In August 2008, Allied received from the IRS a Statutory Notice of Deficiency (Notice) related to its utilization of BFI’s capital loss carryforward on Allied’s 1999 tax return. Because of the high rate of interest associated with this matter, Allied previously paid all tax and interest related to this tax year. Consequently, the Notice related only to the IRS’ asserted penalty for Allied’s 1999 tax year. On October 30, 2008, Allied filed a suit for refund in the Arizona District Court. Similar to the BFI action in the CFC, the DOJ has filed a counterclaim for the asserted penalty and related penalty interest. As a consequence, we expect the IRS will suspend collection of the penalty, as occurred in connection with the BFI action. However, there can be no assurance that the IRS will suspend its collection efforts.
In December 2008, subsequent to our acquisition of Allied, a hearing was held in the CFC. At this hearing, we informed the judge of our intention to withdraw our suit from the CFC in order to continue to litigate the merits of our position exclusively in the Arizona District Court. We believe the decisional law applicable to this matter is more favorable to taxpayers there than in the CFC.
To accomplish the withdrawal from the CFC, in January 2009, we paid the government’s counterclaim for penalty and penalty interest of approximately $11 million. Prior to December 31, 2008, Allied had already paid $51.0 million in tax and interest relating to the 1997 through 1999 BFI tax years. As a result, all tax, interest and penalties related to the 1997 through 1999 BFI tax years have been paid. On April 28, 2009, the judge in the CFC issued an order dismissing our case with prejudice. As a consequence, the tax, interest and penalty amounts paid by us for the BFI tax years will not be recoverable in any subsequent action.
If the capital loss deduction is fully disallowed for all applicable years, we estimate that it would have a total cash impact (including amounts already paid to the IRS as described below) of approximately $449 million related to federal taxes, state taxes and interest, and, approximately $172 million related to penalty and penalty-related interest. These amounts have been fully accrued in our

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
consolidated balance sheets, and therefore, disallowance would not materially affect our consolidated results of operations. However, a payment beyond the amounts already paid would adversely impact our cash flow in the period such payment was made. The accrual of additional interest charges through the time these matters are resolved will affect our consolidated results of operations. Due to the high rate of interest associated with this matter, we or Allied have previously paid the IRS and various state tax authorities $395 million related to capital loss deductions taken on BFI’s 1997 through 1999 and Allied’s 1999 through 2002 tax returns. In addition, we or Allied have paid approximately $11 million of penalty and penalty-related interest for the BFI 1997 — 1999 tax years. Although we have fully accrued all tax, interest, penalty, and penalty-related interest relating to this matter, we intend to vigorously prosecute our suit for refund of the tax and interest and defend against the IRS’ claims for penalties and penalty-related interest in the Arizona District Court unless a settlement is reached between the parties. Presently, the parties have been engaged in settlement discussions. While there can be no assurances, we anticipate that the final resolution of the dispute, through adjudication or settlement, may be more favorable than the full amount currently accrued for tax, interest, penalty and penalty-related interest.
Exchange of Partnership Interests
In April 2002, Allied exchanged minority partnership interests in four waste-to-energy facilities for majority partnership interests in equipment purchasing businesses, which are now wholly owned subsidiaries. In November 2008, the IRS issued a formal disallowance to Allied contending that the exchange was instead a sale on which a corresponding gain should have been recognized. Although we intend to vigorously defend our position on this matter, if the exchange is treated as a sale, we estimate it could have a potential federal and state cash tax impact of approximately $156 million plus accrued interest through September 30, 2009 of approximately $56 million. In addition, the IRS has asserted a penalty of 20% of the additional income tax due. The potential tax and interest (but not penalty or penalty-related interest) for this matter have been fully reserved in our consolidated balance sheets. The successful assertion by the IRS of penalty and penalty-related interest in connection with this matter could have a material adverse impact on our consolidated results of operations and cash flows.
Methane Gas
As part of its examination of Allied’s 2000 through 2006 federal income tax returns, the IRS reviewed Allied’s treatment of costs associated with its landfill operations. As a result of this review, the IRS has proposed that certain landfill costs be allocated to the collection and control of methane gas that is naturally produced within the landfill. The IRS’ position is that the methane gas produced by a landfill is a joint product resulting from operation of the landfill and, therefore, these costs should not be expensed until the methane gas is sold or otherwise disposed.
We plan to contest this issue at the Appeals Office of the IRS. We believe we have several meritorious defenses, including the fact that methane gas is not actively produced for sale by us but rather arises naturally in the context of providing disposal services. Therefore, we believe that the subsequent resolution of this issue will not have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
10. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
Stock-Based Compensation
In July 1998, we adopted the 1998 Stock Incentive Plan (1998 Plan) to provide for grants of options to purchase shares of common stock, restricted stock and other equity-based compensation to our employees and non-employee directors who are eligible to participate in the 1998 Plan. The 1998 Plan expired on June 30, 2008. In February 2007, our Board of Directors approved the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (2007 Plan) to replace the 1998 Plan when it expired. The 2007 Plan was approved by our stockholders in May 2007. As of September 30, 2009, there are 6.7 million shares reserved for future grants under the 2007 Plan.
Options granted under the 1998 Plan and the 2007 Plan are non-qualified and are granted at a price equal to the fair market value of our common stock at the date of grant. Generally, options granted have a term of seven to ten years from the date of grant, and vest in increments of 25% per year over a four year period beginning on the first anniversary date of the grant. Options granted to non-employee directors have a term of ten years and are fully vested at the grant date.
In December 2008, the Board of Directors adopted the Republic Services, Inc. 2006 Incentive Stock Plan (previously the Allied Waste Industries, Inc. 2006 Incentive Stock Plan (the 2006 Plan)) as amended and restated effective December 5, 2008. Allied’s stockholders approved the 2006 Plan in May 2006. The 2006 Plan was amended and restated effective December 5, 2008 to reflect that Republic Services, Inc. is the new sponsor of the Plan, that any references to shares of common stock is to shares of common stock of Republic Services, Inc., and to adjust outstanding awards and the number of shares available under the Plan to reflect the merger. The 2006

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Plan, as amended and restated, provides for the grant of non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options, shares of restricted stock, shares of phantom stock, stock bonuses, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, performance awards, dividend equivalents, cash awards, or other stock-based awards. Awards granted under the 2006 Plan prior to December 5, 2008 became fully vested and nonforfeitable upon the closing of the merger. Awards may be granted under the 2006 Plan, as amended and restated, after December 5, 2008 only to employees and consultants of Allied Waste Industries, Inc. and its subsidiaries who were not employed by Republic Services, Inc. prior to such date. As of September 30, 2009, shares reserved for future grants under the 2006 Plan are 15.3 million.
Stock Options
We use a lattice binomial option-pricing model to value our stock option grants. We recognize compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award, or to the employee’s retirement eligible date, if earlier. Expected volatility is based on the weighted average of the most recent one-year volatility and a historical rolling average volatility of our stock over the expected life of the option. We use historical data to estimate future option exercises, forfeitures and expected life of the options. When appropriate, separate groups of employees that have similar historical exercise behavior are considered separately for valuation purposes. The risk-free interest rate is based on Federal Reserve rates in effect for bonds with maturity dates equal to the expected term of the option. The weighted-average estimated fair values of stock options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 were $3.77 and $5.26 per option, respectively, which were calculated using the following weighted-average assumptions:
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Expected volatility
    28.7 %     23.2 %
Risk-free interest rate
    1.4 %     2.4 %
Dividend yield
    3.1 %     2.2 %
Expected life (in years)
    4.2       4.1  
Contractual life (in years)
    7       7  
Expected forfeiture rate
    3.0 %     3.0 %
The following table summarizes the stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2009:
                                 
                    Weighted Average     Aggregate  
            Weighted Average     Remaining     Intrinsic  
    Number     Exercise     Contractual Term     Value  
    of Shares     Price per Share     (Years)     (in millions)  
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    18.7     $ 23.6                  
Granted
    0.3       20.9                  
Exercised
    (1.0 )     16.6             $ 8.6  
 
                             
Cancelled
    (1.7 )     28.5                  
 
                           
Outstanding at September 30, 2009
    16.3     $ 23.5       5.2     $ 63.5  
 
                       
Exercisable at September 30, 2009
    12.3     $ 23.4       4.8     $ 51.5  
 
                       
During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, compensation expense for stock options was $6.0 million and $5.6 million, respectively.
As of the effective date of the acquisition of Allied in December 2008, all of Republic’s unvested stock options outstanding were vested in accordance with the change in control provisions of the 1998 and 2007 Plans.
As of September 30, 2009, total unrecognized compensation expense related to outstanding stock options was $9.1 million, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.1 years.
We classified excess tax benefits of $1.4 million and $3.9 million as cash flows from financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. All other tax benefits related to stock options have been presented as a component of cash flows from operating activities.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Other Stock Awards
The following table summarizes the restricted and deferred stock unit and restricted stock activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2009:
                                 
    Number of Deferred     Weighted-     Weighted-        
    Stock Units and     Average     Average     Aggregate  
    Restricted     Grant Date     Remaining     Intrinsic  
    Stock     Fair Value per     Contractual     Value  
    (In Thousands)     Share     Term (Years)     (In Millions)  
Unissued at December 31, 2008
    255.6     $ 23.4                  
Granted
    483.6       23.9                  
Vested and Issued
    (15.9 )     22.6                  
Cancelled
    (31.9 )     23.5                  
 
                           
Unissued at September 30, 2009
    691.4     $ 23.8       1.2     $ 18.4  
 
                       
   
Vested and unissued at September 30, 2009
    76.9     $ 24.8                  
 
                           
During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, we awarded 307,420 and 36,000 restricted and deferred stock units to our non-employee directors under our 2007 and 1998 Plans. 76,855 and 36,000, respectively, of the stock units awarded vested immediately. The remaining shares awarded during 2009 vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant. The directors receive the underlying shares only after their board service ends or a change in control occurs, as defined by the 1998 and 2007 Plans. The stock units do not carry any voting or dividend rights, except the right to receive additional restricted stock units in lieu of dividends.
Also during the nine months ended September 30, 2009, we awarded 176,253 shares of restricted stock to executive and other officers, of which 110,669 of the shares vest effective May 14, 2010 and 38,670 of the shares awarded vest effective January 31, 2012. The remaining 26,914 shares awarded vest in four equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant. During the vesting period, the participants have voting rights and receive dividends declared and paid on the shares, but the shares may not be sold, assigned, transferred or otherwise encumbered. Additionally, granted but unvested shares are forfeited in the event the participant resigns employment with us for other than good reason.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2008, we awarded 190,500 shares of restricted stock to our executive officers, of which 160,500 of the shares awarded were to vest in four equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant except that vesting may be accelerated if certain performance targets are achieved or under certain other conditions and the remaining 30,000 shares awarded had an original vesting date of December 31, 2008. As of the effective date of the acquisition of Allied in December 2008, all of Republic’s unvested restricted stock outstanding were vested in accordance with the change in control provisions of the 1998 and 2007 Plans.
Our executive officers received an annual grant of 236,170 shares of restricted stock in December 2008 after the acquisition of Allied under our new annual grant program initiated in December 2008, which would have been previously granted during the three months ended March 31, 2009. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, 31,915 of these shares were cancelled. The remaining shares vest in four equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant.
The fair value of restricted and deferred stock units and restricted stock on the date of grant is amortized ratably over the vesting period, or the accelerated vesting period if certain performance targets are achieved. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, compensation expense related to restricted and deferred stock units and restricted stock totaled $5.6 million and $3.9 million, respectively.
Multi-Employer Pension Plans
We contribute to 25 multi-employer pension plans under collective bargaining agreements covering union-represented employees. We acquired responsibility for contributions for a portion of these plans as part of our acquisition of Allied.
Approximately 22% of our total current employees are participants in these multi-employer plans. These plans generally provide retirement benefits to participants based on their service to contributing employers. We do not administer these multi-employer plans. In general, these plans are managed by a board of trustees with the unions appointing certain trustees and other contributing employers of the plan appointing certain members. We generally are not represented on the board of trustees.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
We do not have current plan financial information from the plans’ administrators, but based on the information available to us, we believe that some of the multi-employer plans to which we contribute are underfunded. The Pension Protection Act, enacted in August 2006, requires underfunded pension plans to improve their funding ratios within prescribed intervals based on the level of their underfunding. Until the plan trustees develop the funding improvement plans or rehabilitation plans as required by the Pension Protection Act, we are unable to determine the amount of assessments we may be subject to, if any. Accordingly, we cannot determine at this time the impact that the Pension Protection Act may have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Furthermore, under current law regarding multi-employer benefit plans, a plan’s termination, our voluntary withdrawal, or the mass withdrawal of all contributing employers from any under-funded, multi-employer pension plan would require us to make payments to the plan for our proportionate share of the multi-employer plan’s unfunded vested liabilities. It is possible that there may be a mass withdrawal of employers contributing to these plans or plans may terminate in the near future. We could have adjustments to our estimates for these matters in the near term that could have a material effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Incentive Compensation Plans
Our compensation program includes a management incentive plan, which has been approved by our stockholders and uses certain performance metrics such as free cash flow, targeted earnings and return on invested capital to measure performance. In addition, in connection with our acquisition of Allied, our Board of Directors approved an integration bonus plan, which has also been approved by our stockholders and provides compensation that depends on our achieving targeted annual synergies of approximately $150.0 million by the end of 2010 and is payable in the first quarter of 2012. Incentive awards are payable in cash.
11. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND EARNINGS PER SHARE
From 2000 through September 30, 2009, our Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $2.6 billion of our common stock. Through September 30, 2009, we have paid $2.3 billion to repurchase 82.6 million shares of our common stock. During the second quarter of 2008, we suspended our share repurchase program as a result of the pending merger with Allied. We expect that our share repurchase program will continue to be suspended until approximately 2011.
We initiated a quarterly cash dividend in July 2003. The dividend has been increased each year thereafter, with the latest increase occurring in the third quarter of 2008. Our current quarterly dividend per share is $0.19 or $0.76 per year. Dividends declared were $216.3 million and $96.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. As of September 30, 2009, we recorded a dividend payable of approximately $72.2 million to stockholders of record at the close of business on October 1, 2009. In October 2009, our board of directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.19 per share payable to stockholders of record as of January 4, 2010.
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. by the weighted average number of common shares (including restricted stock and vested but unissued restricted and deferred stock units) outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is based on the combined weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding which include, where appropriate, the assumed exercise of employee stock options and unvested restricted stock awards utilizing the treasury stock method. The dilutive effect on earnings per share from our senior subordinated convertible debentures is calculated using the if-converted method.
In June 2008, the FASB clarified that all outstanding unvested share-based payment awards that contain rights to nonforfeitable dividends participate in undistributed earnings with common shareholders. Awards of this nature are considered participating securities and the two-class method of computing basic and diluted earnings per share must be applied. This clarification is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The shares of restricted stock are entitled to receive nonforfeitable cash dividends, and these shares vest in four equal annual installments beginning on the anniversary date of the original grant except that vesting may be accelerated under certain conditions. Shares of restricted stock issued to our executive and other officers are considered participating securities. We performed our calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share using the treasury and two-step methods and determined that adoption of this clarification did not impact our basic or diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 are calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
                                    
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Basic earnings per share:
                               
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
  $ 120,500     $ 88,700     $ 459,400     $ 205,500  
 
                       
 
                               
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    379,732       182,289       379,308       182,569  
 
                       
 
                               
Basic earnings per share
  $ 0.32     $ 0.49     $ 1.21     $ 1.13  
 
                       
Diluted earnings per share:
                               
Net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
  $ 120,500     $ 88,700     $ 459,400     $ 205,500  
 
                       
 
                               
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    379,732       182,289       379,308       182,569  
Effect of dilutive securities:
                               
Options to purchase common stock
    1,385       1,788       989       1,798  
Unvested restricted stock awards
    17       5       7       3  
 
                       
Weighted average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
    381,134       184,082       380,304       184,370  
 
                       
 
                               
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 0.32     $ 0.48     $ 1.21     $ 1.11  
 
                       
Antidilutive securities not included in the diluted earnings per share calculations:
                               
Senior subordinated convertible debentures
    5,244             5,244        
Options to purchase common stock
    7,620       1,010       11,157       1,799  
12. OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
A summary of comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 is as follows:
                                     
         
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Net Income
  $ 121.0     $ 88.7     $ 460.6     $ 205.5  
Settlement and amortization of treasury lock hedges, net of tax
    (1.4 )           (1.4 )      
Change in value of commodity hedges, net of tax
    (1.2 )     (0.6 )     (3.6 )     (1.4 )
Change in value of fuel hedges, net of tax
    (0.4 )     (12.9 )     3.7       3.8  
 
                       
Comprehensive income
    118.0       75.2       459.3       207.9  
Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (0.5 )           (1.2 )      
 
                       
 
                               
Comprehensive income attributable to Republic Services, Inc.
  $ 117.5     $ 75.2     $ 458.1     $ 207.9  
 
                       
The tax effect of the above described transactions were calculated at a 42.0% and 38.5% rate for 2009 and 2008, respectively.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Fuel Hedges
We have entered into multiple option agreements designated as cash flow hedges to mitigate some of our exposure related to changes in diesel fuel prices. The options qualified for, and were designated as, effective hedges of changes in the prices of forecasted diesel fuel purchases (fuel hedges).
The following table summarizes our outstanding fuel hedges at September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                         
            Notional Amount    
            (in Gallons   Contract Price
Inception Date   Commencement Date   Termination Date   per Month)   per Gallon
January 26, 2007
  January 7, 2008   December 29, 2008     500,000     $ 2.83  
January 26, 2007
  January 5, 2009   December 28, 2009     500,000       2.83  
January 26, 2007
  January 4, 2010   December 27, 2010     500,000       2.81  
November 5, 2007
  January 5, 2009   December 30, 2013     60,000       3.28  
March 17, 2008
  January 5, 2009   December 31, 2012     50,000       3.72  
March 17, 2008
  January 5, 2009   December 31, 2012     50,000       3.74  
September 22, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2011     150,000       4.16 - 4.17  
July 10, 2009
  January 1, 2010   December 31, 2010     100,000       2.84  
July 10, 2009
  January 1, 2011   December 31, 2011     100,000       3.05  
July 10, 2009
  January 1, 2012   December 31, 2012     100,000       3.20  
If the national U.S. on-highway average price for a gallon of diesel fuel (average price) as published by the Department of Energy exceeds the contract price per gallon, we receive the difference between the average price and the contract price (multiplied by the notional gallons) from the counter-party. If the national U.S. on-highway average price for a gallon of diesel fuel is less than the contract price per gallon, we pay the difference to the counter-party.
The fair values of the fuel hedges are obtained from third-party counter-parties and are determined using standard option valuation models with assumptions about commodity prices being based on those observed in underlying markets (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy). The aggregated fair value of the outstanding fuel hedges at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is a net liability of $5.8 million and $11.7 million, respectively, and are recorded in other accrued liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.
The effective portions of the changes in fair value as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, are recorded in stockholders’ equity as components of accumulated other comprehensive income. The ineffective portions of the changes in fair value are recorded in other income, net in our consolidated statements of income. Realized gains or losses related to these fuel hedges are included in cost of operations in our consolidated statements of income.
The following table summarizes the impact of our fuel hedges on our results of operations and comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                                                                 
                                                    Amount of Gain or  
                                                    (Loss)  
                                            Location of Gain     Recognized in  
                                            (Loss) Recognized     Income on  
                                            in Income on     Derivative  
    Amount of Gain                             Derivative     (Ineffective  
    or (Loss)                             (Ineffective Portion     Portion and  
Derivatives in   Recognized in                             and Amount     Amount Excluded  
Cash Flow   OCI on     Statement of   Amount of     Excluded from     from  
Hedging   Derivatives     Income   Realized Gain or     Effectiveness     Effectiveness  
Relationships   (Effective Portion)     Classification   (Loss)     Testing)     Testing)  
    Three Months             Three Months             Three Months  
    Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008             2009     2008             2009     2008  
Fuel hedges
  $ (0.4 )   $ (12.9 )   Cost of operations   $ (1.5 )   $ 2.3     Other income net   $     $ (0.5 )
 
    Nine Months             Nine Months             Nine Months  
    Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008             2009     2008             2009     2008  
Fuel hedges
  $ 3.7     $ 3.8     Cost of operations   $ (6.2 )   $ 5.7     Other income net   $ 0.1     $ 0.1  

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Recycling Commodity Hedges
Our source of revenue from sales of recycling commodities is primarily from sales of old corrugated cardboard (OCC) and old newspaper (ONP). We have entered into multiple option agreements related to certain forecasted recycling commodity sales designated as cash flow hedges to mitigate some of our exposure related to changes in commodity prices. The options qualified for, and were designated as, effective hedges of changes in the prices of certain forecasted recycling commodity sales (commodity hedges).
The following table summarizes our outstanding commodity hedges at September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                               
                    Contract  
                Notional Amount   Price  
                (in Short Tons   Per Short  
Inception Date   Commencement Date   Termination Date   Transaction Hedged   per Month)   Ton  
April 28, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   OCC   1,000   $ 106.00  
 
                       
April 28, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   OCC   1,000     110.00  
 
                       
April 28, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   ONP   1,000     106.00  
 
                       
April 28, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   ONP   1,000     103.00  
 
                       
May 16, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   OCC   1,000     105.00  
 
                       
May 16, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   OCC   1,000     103.00  
 
                       
May 16, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   ONP   1,000     102.00  
 
                       
May 16, 2008
  January 1, 2009   December 31, 2010   ONP   1,000     106.00  
If the price per short ton of the hedging instrument (average price) as reported on the Official Board Market is less than the contract price per short ton, we receive the difference between the average price and the contract price (multiplied by the notional short tons) from the counter-party. If the price of the commodity exceeds the contract price per short ton, we pay the difference to the counter-party.
The fair values of the commodity hedges are obtained from third-party counter-parties and are determined using standard option valuation models with assumptions about commodity prices being based on those observed in underlying markets (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy). The aggregated fair value of the outstanding commodity hedges at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is an asset of $3.0 million and $8.8 million, respectively, and are recorded in other current assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
The effective portion of the change in fair value are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. The ineffective portions of the change in fair value is recorded in other income, net in our consolidated statements of income. Realized gains or losses related to these commodity hedges are included in revenue in our consolidated statements of income.

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
The following table summarizes the impact of our commodity hedges on our results of operations and comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                                                                 
                                                    Amount of Gain or  
                                                    (Loss)  
                                            Location of Gain     Recognized in  
                                            (Loss) Recognized     Income on  
                                            in Income on     Derivative  
    Amount of Gain                             Derivative     (Ineffective  
    or (Loss)                             (Ineffective Portion     Portion and  
Derivatives in   Recognized in                             and Amount     Amount Excluded  
Cash Flow   OCI on     Statement of     Amount of     Excluded from     from  
Hedging   Derivatives     Income     Realized Gain or     Effectiveness     Effectiveness  
Relationships   (Effective Portion)     Classification     (Loss)     Testing)     Testing)  
    Three Months             Three Months             Three Months  
    Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008             2009     2008             2009     2008  
Recycling commodity hedges
  $ (1.2 )   $ (0.6 )   Revenue   $ 1.0     $     Other income, net   $     $ (0.1 )
 
    Nine Months             Nine Months             Nine Months  
    Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,             Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008             2009     2008             2009     2008  
Recycling commodity hedges
  $ (3.6 )   $ (1.4 )   Revenue   $ 4.3     $     Other income, net   $ (0.1 )   $ (0.2 )
Fair Value Measurements
In measuring fair values of assets and liabilities, we use valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs (Level 1) and minimize the use of unobservable inputs (Level 3). We also use market data or assumptions that we believe market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk when appropriate.
As of September 30, 2009, our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis include the following:
                                 
            Fair Value Measurements Using  
            Quoted     Significant        
            Prices in     Other     Significant  
            Active     Observable     Unobservable  
            Markets     Inputs     Inputs  
    Total     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Assets:
                               
Restricted cash and marketable securities
  $ 254.9     $ 254.9     $     $  
Commodity hedges — other current assets
    3.0             3.0        
Interest rate swaps — other assets
    11.3             11.3        
 
                       
Total assets
  $ 269.2     $ 254.9     $ 14.3     $  
 
                       
Liabilities:
                               
Fuel hedges — other accrued liabilities
  $ 5.8     $     $ 5.8     $  
 
                       
13. SEGMENT INFORMATION
Our operations are managed and evaluated through four regions: Eastern, Midwest, Southern and Western. These four regions are presented below as our reportable segments. These reportable segments provide integrated waste management services consisting of collection, transfer and disposal of domestic non-hazardous solid waste.
We completed the reorganization of our operating segments as a result of our acquisition of Allied in the first quarter of 2009, and are providing internal and external reporting in accordance with our reorganized structure.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 is shown in the following tables:
                                                         
                            Depreciation,                    
                            Amortization,     Operating              
    Gross     Intercompany     Net     Depletion and     Income     Capital        
    Revenue     Revenue     Revenue     Accretion     (Loss)     Expenditures     Total Assets  
Three Months Ended September 30, 2009:
                                                       
Eastern
  $ 628.0     $ 91.6     $ 536.4     $ 53.7     $ 135.9     $ 45.4     $ 4,454.3  
Midwest
    562.0       104.6       457.4       57.3       96.9       56.2       3,584.9  
Southern
    588.3       80.7       507.6       59.6       112.1       38.3       4,863.3  
Western
    669.2       121.8       547.4       57.2       124.4       47.0       5,454.2  
Corporate entities
    32.3       7.6       24.7       12.7       (82.4 )     0.5       1,173.4  
 
                                         
Total
  $ 2,479.8     $ 406.3     $ 2,073.5     $ 240.5     $ 386.9     $ 187.4     $ 19,530.1  
 
                                         
   
Three Months Ended September 30, 2008:
                                                       
Eastern
  $ 259.8     $ 34.3     $ 225.5     $ 19.3     $ 54.5     $ 28.1     $ 1,188.0  
Midwest
    227.2       45.9       181.3       22.7       36.5       18.7       1,122.0  
Southern
    242.9       26.4       216.5       19.9       43.5       30.8       1,015.0  
Western
    260.0       49.3       210.7       18.0       50.4       14.0       922.4  
Corporate entities
                      2.0       (17.9 )     7.1       359.1  
 
                                         
Total
  $ 989.9     $ 155.9     $ 834.0     $ 81.9     $ 167.0     $ 98.7     $ 4,606.5  
 
                                         
                                                         
                            Depreciation,                    
                            Amortization,     Operating              
    Gross     Intercompany     Net     Depletion and     Income     Capital        
    Revenue     Revenue     Revenue     Accretion     (Loss)     Expenditures     Total Assets  
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009:
                                                       
Eastern
  $ 1,882.5     $ 282.5     $ 1,600.0     $ 162.8     $ 371.2     $ 133.9     $ 4,454.3  
Midwest
    1,650.0       312.9       1,337.1       171.2       290.3       131.4       3,584.9  
Southern
    1,801.2       247.7       1,553.5       183.2       403.0       105.0       4,863.4  
Western
    2,003.1       364.7       1,638.4       171.3       471.2       137.7       5,454.1  
Corporate entities
    96.4       25.3       71.1       37.6       (275.1 )     34.5       1,173.4  
 
                                         
Total
  $ 7,433.2     $ 1,233.1     $ 6,200.1     $ 726.1     $ 1,260.6     $ 542.5     $ 19,530.1  
 
                                         
   
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008:
                                                       
Eastern
  $ 763.5     $ 100.0     $ 663.5     $ 57.6     $ 117.5     $ 62.8     $ 1,188.0  
Midwest
    649.8       133.0       516.8       64.7       96.1       49.2       1,122.0  
Southern
    716.2       79.5       636.7       58.5       123.0       63.8       1,015.0  
Western
    772.4       148.8       623.6       53.7       112.6       40.8       922.4  
Corporate entities
    0.1             0.1       5.9       (54.4 )     47.5       359.1  
 
                                         
Total
  $ 2,902.0     $ 461.3     $ 2,440.7     $ 240.4     $ 394.8     $ 264.1     $ 4,606.5  
 
                                         
Intercompany operating revenue reflects transactions within and between segments that are generally made on a basis intended to reflect the market value of such services.
Corporate functions include legal, tax, treasury, information technology, risk management, human resources, corporate accounts and other typical administrative functions. Capital expenditures for Corporate Entities primarily include vehicle inventory acquired but not yet assigned to operating locations and facilities. National accounts revenue included in the corporate entities represents the portion of revenue generated from nationwide contracts in markets outside our operating areas, and, as such, the associated waste handling services are subcontracted to local operators. Consequently, substantially all of this revenue is offset with related subcontract costs, which are recorded in cost of operations.
Amounts by region for 2008 have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. The changes are due to the realignment of our regions in 2009.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
The following table reflects our revenue by service line:
                                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Collection:
                                                               
Residential
  $ 548.0       26.4 %   $ 216.2       25.9 %   $ 1,644.6       26.5 %   $ 633.4       26.0 %
Commercial
    634.4       30.6       259.2       31.1       1,926.8       31.1       762.5       31.2  
Industrial
    396.2       19.1       161.3       19.3       1,173.4       18.9       476.3       19.5  
Other
    6.5       0.3       5.9       0.7       20.1       0.4       16.2       0.7  
 
                                               
Total collection
    1,585.1       76.4       642.6       77.0       4,764.9       76.9       1,888.4       77.4  
 
                                                               
Transfer and disposal
    789.4               304.7               2,374.9               886.6          
Less: Intercompany
    (392.7 )             (154.0 )             (1,191.3 )             (455.2 )        
 
                                                       
Transfer and disposal, net
    396.7       19.1       150.7       18.1       1,183.6       19.1       431.4       17.7  
Other
    91.7       4.5       40.7       4.9       251.6       4.0       120.9       4.9  
 
                                               
Total revenue
  $ 2,073.5       100.0 %   $ 834.0       100.0 %   $ 6,200.1       100.0 %   $ 2,440.7       100.0 %
 
                                               
Other revenue consists primarily of revenue from sales of recycled materials and revenue from national accounts acquired from Allied. National accounts revenue included in other revenue represents the portion of revenue generated from nationwide contracts in markets outside our operating areas, and, as such, the associated waste handling services are subcontracted to local operators. Consequently, substantially all of this revenue is offset with related subcontract costs, which are recorded in cost of operations.
14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation
We are involved in routine judicial and administrative proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business and that relate to, among other things, personal injury or property damage claims, employment matters and commercial and contractual disputes. We are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. Due to the nature of our business, we are also routinely a party to judicial or administrative proceedings involving governmental authorities and other interested parties related to environmental regulations or liabilities. From time to time, we may also be subject to actions brought by citizens’ groups, adjacent landowners or others in connection with the permitting and licensing of our landfills or transfer stations, or alleging personal injury, environmental damage, or violations of the permits and licenses pursuant to which we operate.
The following is a discussion of certain proceedings against us. Although the ultimate outcome of any legal matter cannot be predicted with certainty, except as otherwise described below or in Note 9, Income Taxes, we do not believe that the outcome of our pending legal and administrative proceedings will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Countywide Matter
On March 26, 2007, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) issued Final Findings and Orders (F&Os) to Republic Services of Ohio II, LLC (Republic-Ohio), an Ohio limited liability company and our wholly owned subsidiary. The F&Os relate to environmental conditions attributed to a chemical reaction resulting from the disposal of certain aluminum production waste at the Countywide Recycling and Disposal facility (Countywide) in East Sparta, Ohio. The F&Os, and certain other remedial actions Republic-Ohio agreed with the OEPA to undertake to address the environmental conditions, include, without limitation, the following actions: (a) prohibiting leachate recirculation, (b) refraining from the disposal of solid waste in certain portions of the site, (c) updating engineering plans and specifications and providing further information regarding the integrity of various engineered components at the site, (d) performing additional data collection, (e) taking additional measures to address emissions, (f) expanding the gas collection and control system, (g) installing an isolation break, (h) removing liquids from gas extraction wells, and (i) submitting a plan to the OEPA to suppress the chemical reaction and, following approval by the OEPA, implementing such plan. Republic-Ohio has performed certain interim remedial actions required by the OEPA, but the OEPA has not approved Republic-Ohio’s plan to suppress the chemical reaction. Republic-Ohio has received additional orders from the OEPA requiring certain actions to be taken by Republic-Ohio, including additional air quality monitoring and the installation and continued maintenance of gas well dewatering systems.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
On September 30, 2009 Republic-Ohio entered into two legally binding agreements with the State of Ohio designed to further refine the activities necessary to resolve alleged compliance and licensing issues at the Countywide facility.
The first agreement is a Consent Order that resolves ongoing allegations of noncompliance at the facility and reflects agreements regarding the status of facility licensing. The allegations of noncompliance were summarized in a complaint that was filed by the Ohio Attorney General in the Stark County Court of Common Pleas and resolved the same day in accordance with terms of an agreed upon Consent Order entered into between Republic-Ohio and the State of Ohio. The Consent Order with Ohio requires Republic-Ohio to pay civil penalties and financial relief of $10.0 million, submit updated permit documents, and assess, evaluate, and determine the appropriate time to address certain compliance issues at the facility. Compliance with the terms of the Consent Order and other applicable rules will result in Countywide being considered to be in substantial compliance or on a legally enforceable schedule to return to compliance for annual licensing purposes.
The second agreement is a set of F&Os that were agreed to and entered into with the Ohio EPA. The F&Os require the implementation of a comprehensive operation and maintenance program that contains specific requirements for managing the remediation area. The operation and maintenance program is ultimately designed to result in the final capping and closure of the 88-acre remediation area at Countywide.
The September 30, 2009 F&Os supersede previous F&Os (discussed above) that were issued to Republic-Ohio regarding the reaction in the remediation area of the landfill. The operation and maintenance program requires Countywide to, among other things, maintain the temporary cap and other engineering controls designed to prevent odors and isolate and contain the reaction. The operation and maintenance program also contains provisions that require the installation of composite cap in the remediation area when conditions become conducive to such installation.
Republic-Ohio has also entered into an Agreed Order on Consent (AOC) with the U.S. EPA requiring the reimbursement of costs incurred by the U.S. EPA and requiring Republic-Ohio to (a) design and install a temperature and gas monitoring system, (b) design and install a composite cap or cover, and (c) develop and implement an air monitoring program. The AOC became effective on April 17, 2008 and Republic-Ohio has complied with the terms of the AOC. Republic-Ohio also has completed construction of an isolation break under the authority and supervision of the U.S. EPA and reimbursed the U.S. EPA for certain costs associated with the U.S. EPA’s involvement in overseeing implementation of the AOC.
The Commissioner of the Stark County Health Department (Commissioner) previously recommended that the Stark County Board of Health (Board of Health) suspend Countywide’s 2007 annual operating license. The Commissioner also intended to recommend that the Board of Health deny Countywide’s license application for 2008. Republic-Ohio obtained a preliminary injunction on November 28, 2007 prohibiting the Board of Health from suspending its 2007 operating license. Republic-Ohio also obtained a preliminary injunction on February 15, 2008 prohibiting the Board of Health from denying its 2008 operating license application. The litigation with the Board of Health has been concluded pursuant to a Consent Order entered into between Republic-Ohio and the Board of Health in the Stark County Court of Common Pleas. The Consent Order requires the Board of Health to issue conditional and/or final operating license to Countywide and requires Republic-Ohio to reimburse the Board of Health for certain expenses incurred related to monitoring and investigation of complaints regarding Countywide not to exceed $300,000. Countywide’s 2009 operating license has been challenged by Tuscarawas County but it remains in full force and effect.
We believe that we have performed or are diligently performing all actions required under the F&Os, the AOC, and any applicable Consent Orders and that Countywide does not pose a threat to the environment. Additionally, we believe that we satisfy the rules and regulations that govern the operating license at Countywide.
In a suit filed on October 8, 2008 in the Tuscarawas County Ohio Court of Common Pleas, approximately 700 plaintiffs have named Republic Services, Inc. and Republic-Ohio as defendants. The claims alleged are negligence and nuisance and arise from the operation of Countywide. Republic-Ohio has owned and operated Countywide since February 1, 1999. Waste Management, Inc. and Waste Management Ohio, Inc., previous owners and operators of Countywide, have been named as defendants as well. Plaintiffs are individuals and businesses located in the geographic area around Countywide. They claim that due to the acceptance of a specific waste stream and operational issues and conditions, the landfill has generated odors and other unsafe emissions which have allegedly impaired the use and value of their property. There are also allegations that the emissions from the landfill may have adverse health effects. A second almost identical lawsuit was filed on October 13, 2009 in the Tuscarawas County Ohio Court of Common Pleas with approximately 82 plaintiffs. These plaintiffs have named Republic Services, Inc. and Republic-Ohio as defendants. Waste Management, Inc. and Waste Management Ohio, Inc., previous owners and operators of Countywide, have been named as defendants

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
as well. The relief requested on behalf of each plaintiff in both actions is: (1) an award of compensatory damages according to proof in an amount in excess of $25,000 for each of the three counts of the amended complaint; (2) an award of punitive damages in the amount of two times compensatory damages, pursuant to applicable statute, or in such amount as may be awarded at trial for each of the three counts of the amended complaint, (3) costs for medical screening and monitoring of each plaintiff; (4) interest on the damages according to law; (5) costs and disbursements of the lawsuit; (6) reasonable fees for attorneys and expert witnesses; and (7) any other and further relief as the court deems just, proper and equitable. We intend to vigorously defend against the plaintiffs’ allegations in both actions. We cannot at this time predict the ultimate outcome of this matter or the reasonably possible loss, if any.
Sunrise Matter
On August 1, 2008, Republic Services of Southern Nevada (RSSN), our wholly owned subsidiary, signed a Consent Decree with the EPA, the Bureau of Land Management and Clark County, Nevada related to the Sunrise Landfill. Under the Consent Decree, RSSN has agreed to perform certain remedial actions at the Sunrise Landfill for which RSSN and Clark County were otherwise jointly and severally liable. We also paid $1.0 million in sanctions related to the Consent Decree. RSSN is currently working with the Clark County Staff and Board of Commissioners to develop a mechanism to fund the costs to comply with the Consent Decree. However, we have not recorded any potential recoveries.
Luri Matter
On August 17, 2007, a lawsuit was filed against us and certain of our subsidiaries relating to an alleged retaliation claim by a former employee, Ronald Luri v. Republic Services, Inc., Republic Services of Ohio Hauling LLC, Republic Services of Ohio I LLC, Jim Bowen and Ron Krall in the Cuyahoga County Common Pleas Court in Ohio. On July 3, 2008, a jury verdict was awarded against us in the amount of $46.6 million, including $43.1 million in punitive damages. On September 24, 2008, the Court awarded pre-judgment interest of $0.3 million and attorney fees and litigation costs of $1.1 million. Post-judgment interest is presently accruing at a rate of 8% for 2008 and 5% for 2009. Management anticipates that post-judgment interest could accrue through the middle of 2011 for a total of $7.7 million. Post-judgment motions filed on our behalf and certain of our subsidiaries were denied, and on October 1, 2008, we filed a notice of appeal. The parties submitted their appeal briefs and oral argument was scheduled for October 27, 2009. On October 23, 2009, the Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal finding that it was not based on a final appealable trial court order. We expect that the case will return to the trial court for additional proceedings which may include entry of additional order(s) by the trial court followed by another appeal. It is reasonably possible that following all appeals a final judgment of liability for compensatory and punitive damages may be assessed against us related to this matter. Although it is not possible to predict the ultimate outcome, management believes that the amount of any final, non-appealable judgment will not be material.
Forward Matter
The District Attorney for San Joaquin County filed a civil action against Forward, Inc. and Allied Waste Industries, Inc. on February 14, 2008. Forward and Allied accepted service of the complaint in October 2008, and in November 2008, each filed answers denying all material allegations of the complaint. The complaint seeks civil penalties of $2,500 for each alleged violation, but no less than $10.0 million, and an injunction against Forward and Allied for alleged permit and regulatory violations at the Forward Landfill. The District Attorney contends that the alleged violations constitute unfair business practices under the California Business and Professions Code section 17200, et seq., by virtue of violations of Public Resources Code Division 30, Part 4, Chapter 3, Article 1, sections 44004 and 44014(b); California Code of Regulations Title 27, Chapter 3, Subchapter 4, Article 6, sections 20690(11) and 20919.5; and Health and Safety Code sections 25200, 25100, et seq., and 25500, et seq. Although the complaint is worded very broadly and does not identify specific permit or regulatory violations, the District Attorney has articulated three primary concerns in past communications, alleging that the landfill: (1) used green waste containing food as alternative daily cover, (2) exceeded its daily solid waste tonnage receipt limitations under its solid waste facility permit, and (3) received hazardous waste in violation of its permit (i.e., auto shredder waste). Additionally, it is alleged that the landfill allowed a concentration of methane gas in excess of five percent. Discovery is currently underway. We are vigorously defending against the allegations.

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(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Sycamore Matter
On July 10, 2008, the State of West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection filed suit against Allied’s subsidiary Allied Waste Sycamore Landfill, LLC (Sycamore Landfill) in Putnam County Circuit Court alleging thirty-eight violations of the Solid Waste Management Act, W. Va. Code sec. 22-15-1 et seq., the Water Pollution Control Act, W. Va. Code Sec. 22-11-1 et seq. and the Groundwater Protection Act, W. Va. Code sec. 22-12-1 et seq. (collectively, the Applicable Statues) between January 2007 and August 2007. The State of West Virginia sought injunctive relief requiring the Sycamore Landfill to comply with the Applicable Statutes as well as to eliminate all common law public nuisances, and sought monetary sanctions of up to $25,000 per day for each violation. Pursuant to a Consent Judgment entered by the court on March 18, 2009, the parties agreed that we had complied with all applicable statutes and eliminated all common law public nuisances. We also agreed to a remedy that is estimated to cost approximately $154,000, comprised of approximately $93,000 in six quarterly payments and a supplemental environmental project estimated to cost approximately $61,000. We have commenced the payments and the project is underway.
Carter Valley Matter
On April 12, 2006, federal agents executed a search warrant at BFI Waste Systems of Tennessee, LLC’s Carter Valley Landfill (the Landfill) and seized information regarding the Landfill’s receipt of special waste from one of its commercial customers. On the same date, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Tennessee served a grand jury subpoena on Allied seeking related documents (the 2006 Subpoena). Shortly thereafter, the government agreed to an indefinite extension of the time to respond to the subpoena, and there were no further communications between Allied and the federal government until 2008. In 2007, while the federal investigation was pending, the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation investigated the Landfill’s receipt of the same special waste, determined that there was not a sufficient basis to conclude that the Landfill had disposed of hazardous waste, and took no enforcement action. On April 2, 2008, the US Attorney’s Office issued a new grand jury subpoena seeking the same categories of documents requested in the 2006 Subpoena. On September 14, 2009, the DOJ informed us that it declined to prosecute us or any of our current or former employees and that it would be returning the documents and other items previously seized pursuant to a search warrant. The DOJ subsequently stated in a September 28, 2009 email to Company counsel that it considers its investigation “closed.”
Carbon Limestone Matter
On May 4, 2009, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) issued Proposed Findings and Orders (F&Os) to Carbon Limestone Landfill, LLC, our wholly owned subsidiary. The proposed F&Os allege violations regarding the acceptance of hazardous waste from two customers and issues regarding the site’s leachate management collection system and groundwater monitoring program. While the proposed F&Os would require the site to undertake various corrective actions and pay a civil penalty of $155,311, a number of issues have been clarified during negotiations with OEPA. It is expected that a revised proposal from OEPA will reverse the estimated penalty to less than $75,000. We will continue to vigorously defend the claims.
Litigation Related to Fuel and Environmental Fees
On July 8, 2009, CLN Properties, Inc. and Maevers Management Company, Inc., filed a complaint against the Company and one of its subsidiaries in the United States District Court in Arizona, in which plaintiffs complain about fuel recovery fees and environmental recovery fees charged by the Company or one of its subsidiaries. On July 23, 2009, Klingler’s European Bake Shop & Deli, Inc., filed a complaint against the Company and one of its subsidiaries in the Circuit Court of Jefferson County, Alabama, in which plaintiff complains about fuel/environmental recovery fees and administrative fees charged by the Company or one of its subsidiaries. The CLN Properties complaint, which the plaintiffs amended on August 31, 2009, purports to be filed on behalf of a nationwide class of similarly-situated plaintiffs, while the Klingler’s complaint purports to be filed on behalf of a class of similarly situated plaintiffs in Alabama. Each complaint asserts various legal and equitable theories of recovery and alleges in essence that the fees were not properly disclosed, were unfair, and were contrary to contract. We intend to vigorously defend the claims in both lawsuits.
Imperial Landfill Matter
On May 18, 2009, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) and the Allegheny County Health Department issued to the Imperial Landfill a proposed consent order and agreement for a series of alleged violations related to landfill gas, leachate control, cover management, and resulting nuisance odor complaints. PADEP subsequently issued four additional notices of violation for similar alleged violations. The combined penalties proposed by the agencies total approximately $1 million. We are engaged in on-going discussions with the agencies to reach a negotiated settlement, and have been aggressively working to correct any issues alleged in the order.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
Colorado Landfills Matter
The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment submitted to the Company a proposed combined Compliance Order on Consent (Proposed Consent Order) in June 2009 in connection with notices of violation it had previously issued to Tower Road Landfill, Foothills Landfill, and Denver Regional North Landfill, located in Commerce City, Golden, and Denver, Colorado, respectively, alleging certain violations of the Clean Air Act and the landfills’ operating permits. On October 15, 2009, the Consent Order was signed which resolved all issues and included a total penalty of $102,200.
Litigation Related to the Merger with Allied
On December 3, 2008, the DOJ and seven state attorneys general filed a complaint, Hold Separate Stipulation and Order, and competitive impact statement, together with a proposed final judgment, in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, in connection with approval under the HSR Act of our merger with Allied. The court entered the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order on December 4, 2008, which terminated the waiting period under the HSR Act and allowed the parties to close the transaction subject to the conditions described in the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order. These conditions include the divestiture of certain assets. However, the final judgment can only be approved by the court after the DOJ publishes a notice in the Federal Register and considers comments it receives. During this period, if the DOJ believes that the final judgment is no longer in the public interest, the DOJ may withdraw its support of the final judgment and seek to prevent the final judgment from becoming final in its present form. Likewise, the court may, in its discretion, modify the divestitures or other relief sought by the DOJ if the court believes that such modification is in the public interest. On July 16, 2009, the DOJ and the seven state attorneys general filed a motion seeking entry of the proposed final judgment. The precise timing for the confirmation of the final judgment is not known. Management believes that the court will enter the final judgment and that modifications to the final judgment, if any, will not be material.
Contracting Matter
We recently discovered actions of non-compliance by one of our subsidiaries with the subcontracting provisions of certain government contracts in one of our markets. We reported the discovery to, and expect further discussions with, law enforcement authorities. Such non-compliance could result in payments by us in the form of restitution, damages, or penalties, or the loss of future business. Based on the information currently available to us, including our expectation that our self-disclosure will be viewed favorably by the applicable authorities, we presently believe that the resolution of the matter, while it may have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows in the period in which it is recognized or paid, will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position.
Lease Commitments
We lease real property, equipment and software under various operating leases with terms from one month to twenty years.
Unconditional Purchase Commitments
We have various unconditional purchase commitments, consisting primarily of long-term disposal agreements that require us to dispose of a minimum number of tons at certain third-party facilities.
Restricted Cash and Other Financial Guarantees
We are required to provide financial assurance to governmental agencies and a variety of other entities under applicable environmental regulations relating to our landfill operations for capping, closure and post-closure costs, and our performance under certain collection, landfill and transfer station contracts. We satisfy the financial assurance requirements by providing surety bonds, letters of credit, insurance policies or trust deposits. The amount of the financial assurance requirements for capping, closure and post-closure costs is determined by applicable state environmental regulations, which vary by state. The financial assurance requirements for capping, closure and post-closure costs can either be for costs associated with a portion of the landfill or the entire landfill. Generally, states will require a third-party engineering specialist to determine the estimated capping, closure and post-closure costs that are used to determine the required amount of financial assurance for a landfill. The amount of financial assurance required can, and generally will, differ from the obligation determined and recorded under GAAP. The amount of the financial assurance requirements related to contract performance varies by contract. Additionally, we are required to provide financial assurance for our self-insurance program and collateral for certain performance obligations.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
We had the following financial instruments and collateral in place to secure our financial assurances:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Letters of credit
  $ 1,670.2     $ 1,753.1  
Surety bonds
    2,237.3       2,119.2  
The letters of credit include $1,630.7 million and $1,686.5 million as of September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, of utilized availability under our Credit Facilities. Surety bonds expire on various dates through 2038.
These financial instruments are issued in the normal course of business and are not debt. As we currently have no liability for this financial assurance, it is not reflected in our consolidated balance sheets. However, we have recorded capping, closure and post-closure obligations and self-insurance reserves as they are incurred. The underlying financial assurance obligations, in excess of those already reflected in our consolidated balance sheets, would be recorded if it is probable that we would be unable to fulfill our related obligations. We do not expect this to occur.
Our restricted cash deposits and marketable securities include, among other things, restricted cash held for capital expenditures under certain debt facilities, and restricted cash and marketable securities pledged to regulatory agencies and governmental entities as financial guarantees of our performance related to our final capping, closure and post-closure obligations at our landfills, as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
Financing proceeds
  $ 113.4     $ 133.5  
Capping, closure and post-closure obligations
    61.1       63.2  
Other
    80.4       85.2  
 
           
Total restricted cash and marketable securities
  $ 254.9     $ 281.9  
 
           
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet debt or similar obligations, other than operating leases and the financial assurances discussed above, which are not classified as debt. We have no transactions or obligations with related parties that are not disclosed, consolidated into or reflected in our reported financial position or results of operations. We have not guaranteed any third-party debt.
Guarantees
We enter into contracts in the normal course of business that include indemnification clauses. Indemnifications relating to known liabilities are recorded in the consolidated financial statements based on our best estimate of required future payments. Certain of these indemnifications relate to contingent events or occurrences, such as the imposition of additional taxes due to a change in the tax law or adverse interpretation of the tax law, and indemnifications made in divestiture agreements where we indemnify the buyer for liabilities that relate to our activities prior to the divestiture and that may become known in the future. We do not believe that these contingent obligations will have a material effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
We have entered into agreements with property owners to guarantee the value of certain property that is adjacent to certain of our landfills. These agreements have varying terms. We do not believe that these contingent obligations will have a material effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Other Matters
Our business activities are conducted in the context of a developing and changing statutory and regulatory framework. Governmental regulation of the waste management industry requires us to obtain and retain numerous governmental permits to conduct various aspects of our operations. These permits are subject to revocation, modification or denial. The costs and other capital expenditures which may be required to obtain or retain the applicable permits or comply with applicable regulations could be significant. Any revocation, modification or denial of permits could have a material adverse effect on us.
We are subject to various federal, state and local tax rules and regulations. Our compliance with such rules and regulations is periodically audited by tax authorities. These authorities may challenge the positions taken in our tax filings. As such, to provide for certain potential tax exposures, we maintain liabilities for uncertain tax positions for our estimate of the final outcome of the examinations. For further information related to our liabilities for uncertain tax positions, see Note 9, Income Taxes.

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REPUBLIC SERVICES, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — CONTINUED

(All tables in millions, except per share data)
We believe that the liabilities we have for uncertain tax positions recorded are adequate. However, a significant assessment against us in excess of the liabilities recorded could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Self-Insurance Reserves
Our insurance programs for workers’ compensation, general liability, vehicle liability and employee-related health care benefits are effectively self-insured. We carry general liability, vehicle liability, employment practices liability, pollution liability, directors and officers liability, workers’ compensation and employer’s liability coverage, as well as umbrella liability policies to provide excess coverage over the underlying limits contained in these primary policies. We also carry property insurance. Claims in excess of self-insurance levels are fully insured subject to policy limits.
In general, our self-insurance reserves are recorded on an undiscounted basis. However, our estimate of the self-insurance liabilities we acquired in the acquisition of Allied have been recorded at fair value, and, therefore, have been discounted to present value using a rate of 9.75%. Discounted reserves are accreted to interest expense through the period that they are paid.
Our liabilities for unpaid and incurred but not reported claims at September 30, 2009 (which includes claims for workers’ compensation, general liability, vehicle liability and employee health care benefits) were $435.1 million under our current risk management program and are included in other current liabilities and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. While the ultimate amount of claims incurred is dependent on future developments, in our opinion, recorded reserves are adequate to cover the future payment of claims. However, it is possible that recorded reserves may not be adequate to cover the future payment of claims. Adjustments, if any, to estimates recorded resulting from ultimate claim payments will be reflected in our consolidated statements of income in the periods in which such adjustments are known.
15. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
We notified the registered holders of our 7.875% Senior Notes due 2013 and our 4.250% Senior Subordinated Convertible Debentures due 2034 that we will redeem all of the notes outstanding in the fourth quarter of 2009. The 7.875% Senior Notes due 2013 will be redeemed at 102.625% and the 4.250% Senior Subordinated Convertible Debentures due 2034 will be redeemed at par. With respect to this redemption, we expect to incur a fourth quarter loss on extinguishment of debt of approximately $55 million. We intend to use cash on hand and, if necessary, incremental borrowings under our revolving credit facility to fund the redemptions. We may also explore capital market opportunities to fund the redemptions if market conditions are favorable.
Subsequent events have been evaluated by management through November 3, 2009, the date these financial statements were filed. No additional material subsequent events have occurred since September 30, 2009 that required recognition or disclosure in our current period financial statements.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included under Item 1. In addition, reference should be made to our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and in our current report on Form 8-K, filed June 5, 2009.
General
We are the second largest provider of services in the domestic non-hazardous solid waste industry. We provide non-hazardous solid waste collection services for commercial, industrial, municipal and residential customers through 378 collection companies in 40 states and Puerto Rico. We also own or operate 236 transfer stations, 199 active solid waste landfills and 78 recycling facilities. We completed our merger with Allied Waste Industries, Inc. (Allied) in December 2008. We believe that this merger creates a strong operating platform that will allow us to continue to provide quality service to our customers and superior returns to our stockholders.
Despite the challenging economic environment, our business performed well during the first nine months of 2009 due in large part to the indispensable nature of our services and the scalability of our business. Revenue during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 increased by 154% to $6.2 billion compared to $2.4 billion during the comparable period in 2008. This increase in revenue is attributable to our merger with Allied. Assuming the merger with Allied occurred on January 1, 2008, and the revenue associated with the related divestitures is eliminated in the period the assets were sold along with the comparable prior year period, core revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 would have been a decrease of 11.4% consisting of a 3.2% increase in core price offset by decreases of 9.6% in core volume, 2.6% in fuel charges and 2.4% in commodity price. See “Consolidated Results of Operations — Revenue” for additional information regarding our revenue. The increase in core price partially offset volume declines, lower commodity prices and lower fuel charges. This increase in price, together with cost control steps taken by our operations management to scale the business down for lower volumes, also served to moderate profit margin declines associated with rising costs and declining revenue resulting from decreases in service volumes.
We expect that the economic challenges we experienced during the latter part of 2008 and the first nine months of 2009 will continue through the remainder of 2009 and may extend into 2010. We anticipate continued decreases in volumes in all lines of our business. We also anticipate that prices for recycling commodities will remain low. However, we believe that we will benefit from our cost control and pricing initiatives. Ours is a capital intensive business. Slower growth allows us to reduce capital spending, thus maintaining strong free cash flow despite a weaker economy. In addition, our attention is focused on integrating our newly merged company and achieving cost synergies as a result of the merger.
Recent Developments
We notified the registered holders of our 7.875% Senior Notes due 2013 and our 4.250% Senior Subordinated Convertible Debentures due 2034 that we will redeem all of the notes outstanding in the fourth quarter of 2009. The 7.875% Senior Notes due 2013 will be redeemed at 102.625% and the 4.250% Senior Subordinated Convertible Debentures due 2034 will be redeemed at par. With respect to this redemption, we expect to incur a fourth quarter loss on extinguishment of debt of approximately $55 million. We intend to use cash on hand and, if necessary, incremental borrowings under our revolving credit facility to fund the redemptions. We may also explore capital market opportunities to fund the redemption if market conditions are favorable.
Business Acquisitions and Divestitures
We make decisions to acquire, invest in or divest of businesses based on financial and strategic considerations. Businesses acquired are accounted for under the purchase method of accounting and are included in our consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
Merger with Allied Waste Industries, Inc.
On December 5, 2008, we acquired all the issued and outstanding shares of Allied in a stock-for-stock transaction for an aggregate purchase price of $11.5 billion which includes approximately $5.4 billion of debt, at fair value. The allocation of purchase price to the fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired in the acquisition of Allied is preliminary and subject to revision. Due to the volume and complexity of the information required to value these assets and liabilities, our valuation of certain significant balances, including landfill development costs, property and equipment, intangible assets, accrued landfill and environmental costs (which includes landfill asset retirement obligations and environmental remediation liabilities), deferred taxes and other long-term tax liabilities, and, included in other long-term liabilities, liabilities for litigation, claims and assessments, and self-insurance, is not completed. Our

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purchase price allocation includes values we finalized to date and estimates of the values not yet finalized. We expect our purchase price allocation for the acquisition of Allied to be completed during 2009. Adjustments after the allocation period made to the valuation of assets and liabilities acquired will be recorded in the consolidated statement of income in the period in which such adjustments become known. Of the approximate $9.1 billion of goodwill resulting from the transaction, we expect substantially all of it will be non-deductible for income tax purposes.
As a condition of the merger with Allied in December 2008, the Department of Justice (DOJ) required us to divest of certain assets and related liabilities. As such, we classified these assets and liabilities as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2008. Certain of the legacy Republic assets classified as held for sale were adjusted to their estimated fair values less costs to sell and resulted in the recognition of an asset impairment loss of $1.8 million in our consolidated statements of income for the quarter ended March 31, 2009. As of September 30, 2009 we are complete with our required divestitures.
As a result of our acquisition of Allied, we committed to a restructuring plan related to our corporate overhead and other administrative and operating functions. The plan included closing our corporate office in Florida, consolidating administrative functions to Arizona, the former headquarters of Allied, and reducing staffing levels. The plan also included closing and consolidating certain operating locations and terminating certain leases. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we incurred $12.3 million and $55.9 million of restructuring and integration charges related to our integration of Allied of which, $33.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 consists of charges for severance and other employee termination and relocation benefits. The remainder of the charges primarily related to consulting and professional fees. Substantially, all the charges are recorded in our “Corporate” segment. We expect to be substantially complete with our plan by the fourth quarter of 2009. We expect to incur additional charges approximating $12.8 million to complete our plan. We expect that the majority of these charges will be paid during the remainder of 2009 and 2010.
By the end of 2009, we anticipate realizing $145 million of annual run rate synergies as a result of the merger of Republic Services and Allied. Our previous guidance for 2009 annual run rate synergies was $125 million. We expect to achieve $165 million to $175 million of annual run rate synergies by the end of 2010.
Other Divestitures
In October 2009, we divested a hauling operation in Miami-Dade County, Florida. As such we classified the assets and liabilities related to the operation as assets held for sale in our consolidated balance sheets at September 30, 2009. We adjusted these assets to their estimated fair values less costs to sell, resulting in the recognition of an asset impairment loss of $8.7 million in our consolidated statement of income for the three months ended September 30, 2009.
Overview of Our Business
We generate revenue primarily from our solid waste collection, transfer and disposal operations.
The following table reflects our revenue by service line (in millions of dollars and as a percentage of our revenue):
                                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Collection:
                                                               
Residential
  $ 548.0       26.4 %   $ 216.2       25.9 %   $ 1,644.6       26.5 %   $ 633.4       26.0 %
Commercial
    634.4       30.6       259.2       31.1       1,926.8       31.1       762.5       31.2  
Industrial
    396.2       19.1       161.3       19.3       1,173.4       18.9       476.3       19.5  
Other
    6.5       0.3       5.9       0.7       20.1       0.4       16.2       0.7  
 
                                        aaaaaaaa a        
Total collection
    1,585.1       76.4       642.6       77.0       4,764.9       76.9       1,888.4       77.4  
 
                                                               
Transfer and disposal
    789.4               304.7               2,374.9               886.6          
Less: Intercompany
    (392.7 )             (154.0 )             (1,191.3 )             (455.2 )        
 
                                                       
Transfer and disposal, net
    396.7       19.1       150.7       18.1       1,183.6       19.1       431.4       17.7  
Other
    91.7       4.5       40.7       4.9       251.6       4.0       120.9       4.9  
 
                                               
Total revenue
  $ 2,073.5       100.0 %   $ 834.0       100.0 %   $ 6,200.1       100.0 %   $ 2,440.7       100.0 %
 
                                               
Other revenue consists primarily of revenue from sales of recycled materials and revenue from national accounts acquired from Allied. National accounts revenue included in other revenue represents the portion of revenue generated from nationwide contracts in markets outside our operating areas, and, as such, the associated waste handling services are subcontracted to local operators.

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Consequently, substantially all of this revenue is offset with related subcontract costs, which are recorded in cost of operations.
The increase in revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to the comparable 2008 period is due to our merger with Allied. Our revenue from collection operations consists of fees we receive from commercial, industrial, municipal and residential customers. Our residential and commercial collection operations in some markets are based on long-term contracts with municipalities. Certain of our municipal contracts have annual price escalation clauses that are tied to changes in an underlying base index such as consumer prices. We generally provide commercial and industrial collection services to individual customers under contracts with terms up to three years. Our landfill operations generate revenue from disposal or tipping fees charged to third parties. In general, we integrate our recycling operations with our collection operations and obtain revenue from the sale of recyclable materials. No one customer has individually accounted for more than 10% of our consolidated revenue or of our reportable segment revenue in any of the periods presented.
The cost of our collection operations is primarily variable and includes disposal, labor, self-insurance, fuel and equipment maintenance costs. It also includes depreciation for equipment and facilities. We seek operating efficiencies by controlling the movement of waste from the point of collection through disposal. During the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, approximately 67% and 58%, respectively, of the total waste volume that we collected was disposed at landfill sites that we own or operate (“internalization”). The increase in internalization for the three months ended September 30, 2009 is due to a higher concentration of integrated hauling and landfill operations acquired from Allied.
Our landfill costs include daily operating expenses, costs of capital for cell development, costs for final capping, closure and post-closure and the legal and administrative costs of ongoing environmental compliance. Daily operating expenses include leachate treatment and disposal, methane gas and groundwater monitoring and system maintenance, interim cap maintenance, and costs associated with the application of daily cover materials. We expense all indirect landfill development costs as they are incurred. We use life cycle accounting and the units-of-consumption method to recognize certain direct landfill costs related to landfill development. In life cycle accounting, certain direct costs are capitalized, and charged to depletion expense based on the consumption of cubic yards of available airspace. These costs include all costs to acquire and construct a site including excavation, natural and synthetic liners, construction of leachate collection systems, installation of methane gas collection and monitoring systems, installation of groundwater monitoring wells, and other costs associated with the acquisition and development of the site. Obligations associated with final capping, closure and post-closure are capitalized and amortized on a units-of-consumption basis as airspace is consumed.
Annually, in the fourth quarter, we review our calculations for asset retirement obligations. However, if there are significant changes in the facts and circumstances related to a site during the year, we will update our assumptions prospectively in the period that all the relevant facts and circumstances are known.

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Segment Discussion
Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments for the respective three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 is shown in the following table (in millions of dollars and operating margin as a percentage of our revenue):
                                         
            Depreciation,                    
            Amortization,     Gain (Loss) on     Operating        
    Net     Depletion and     Disposition of     Income     Operating  
    Revenue     Accretion     Assets, Net     (Loss)     Margin  
Three Months Ended September 30, 2009:
                                       
Eastern
  $ 536.4     $ 53.7     $ 5.3     $ 135.9       25.3 %
Midwest
    457.4       57.3       0.8       96.9       21.2 %
Southern
    507.6       59.6       (6.9 )     112.1       22.1 %
Western
    547.4       57.2       0.3       124.4       22.7 %
Corporate entities
    24.7       12.7       (0.4 )     (82.4 )    
 
                             
Total
  $ 2,073.5     $ 240.5     $ (0.9 )   $ 386.9       18.7 %
 
                             
 
                                       
Three Months Ended September 30, 2008:
                                       
Eastern
  $ 225.5     $ 19.3     $     $ 54.5       24.2 %
Midwest
    181.3       22.7             36.5       20.1 %
Southern
    216.5       19.9             43.5       20.1 %
Western
    210.7       18.0             50.4       23.9 %
Corporate entities
          2.0             (17.9 )        
 
                             
Total
  $ 834.0     $ 81.9     $     $ 167.0       20.0 %
 
                             
                                         
            Depreciation,                    
            Amortization,     Gain (Loss) on     Operating        
    Net     Depletion and     Disposition of     Income     Operating  
    Revenue     Accretion     Assets, Net     (Loss)     Margin  
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009:
                                       
Eastern
  $ 1,600.0     $ 162.8     $ 5.0     $ 371.2       23.2 %
Midwest
    1,337.1       171.2       27.2       290.3       21.7 %
Southern
    1,553.5       183.2       32.1       403.0       25.9 %
Western
    1,638.4       171.3       88.2       471.2       28.8 %
Corporate entities
    71.1       37.6       (8.2 )     (275.1 )      
 
                             
Total
  $ 6,200.1     $ 726.1     $ 144.3     $ 1,260.6       20.3 %
 
                             
 
                                       
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008:
                                       
Eastern
  $ 663.5     $ 57.6     $     $ 117.5       17.7 %
Midwest
    516.8       64.7             96.1       18.6 %
Southern
    636.7       58.5             123.0       19.3 %
Western
    623.6       53.7             112.6       18.1 %
Corporate entities
    0.1       5.9             (54.4 )        
 
                             
Total
  $ 2,440.7     $ 240.4     $     $ 394.8       16.2 %
 
                             
Corporate functions include legal, tax, treasury, information technology, risk management, human resources, corporate accounts and other typical administrative functions. National accounts revenue included in the corporate entities represents the portion of revenue generated from nationwide contracts in markets outside our operating areas, and, as such, the associated waste handling services are subcontracted to local operators. Consequently, substantially all of this revenue is offset with related subcontract costs, which are recorded in cost of operations.
Amounts by region for 2008 have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. The changes are due to the realignment of our regions in 2009.
Our operations are managed and reviewed through four geographic regions that we designate as our reportable segments. We completed the reorganization of our operating segments related to our acquisition of Allied in the first quarter of 2009, and are providing internal and external reporting in accordance with our reorganized structure. Significant changes in the revenue and operating margins of our reportable segments for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2009 compared to the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2008 are discussed in the following paragraphs. The increase in aggregate dollars for revenue, depreciation, amortization, depletion and accretion, and operating income (loss) for each of our reportable segments is due to our acquisition of Allied. As previously discussed, the results of our reportable segments were also affected by the disposition of certain assets and liabilities, as required by the DOJ. Where the effect was significant, we have noted our operating margin exclusive of these gains. Additionally, the decreases in volumes and commodities noted below are attributable to the economic slowdown. The

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factors affecting our revenue and operating margins by reportable segment are:
§   Eastern Region. Revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, benefited from core price growth in all lines of business. However, the increase in revenue from core price was more than offset by volume declines in all lines of business, especially in our industrial and landfill lines of business. We also experienced declines in fuel surcharges.
 
    In the third quarter of 2009, we realized a $5.3 million net gain from the disposition of assets of which increased operating margins by 1.0%. In the second quarter of 2008, we incurred a $34.0 million charge for environmental conditions at our Countywide Recycling and Disposal Facility in Ohio, which reduced our operating margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 by 5.1%. Otherwise, our margins as a percentage of revenue were fairly consistent period to period as increased amortization costs resulting from assets acquired from Allied, higher labor, disposal and facilities expense were offset by lower fuel and selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
§   Midwest Region. Revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 benefited from core price growth in all lines of business. However, the increase in revenue from core price was more than offset by volume declines in all lines of business, especially in our industrial and landfill lines of business. We also experienced declines in fuel surcharges.
 
    For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we realized net gains from the disposition of assets of $0.8 million and $27.2 million which increased operating margins by 0.2% and 2.0%. Otherwise, the improvement in operating margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, is primarily due to lower disposal, transportation, fuel, and selling, general and administrative expenses. The increase in operating margin was partially offset by increased amortization expense resulting from assets acquired from Allied and higher risk insurance and facilities expense.
 
§   Southern Region. Revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, benefited from core price growth in all lines of business. However, the increase in revenue from core price was more than offset by volume declines in all lines of business, especially in our industrial and landfill lines of business. We also experienced declines in fuel surcharges.
 
    For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we realized net gains (losses) from the disposition of assets of $(6.9) million and $32.1 million which impacted operating margins by (1.4) % and 2.1%. Otherwise the improvement in operating margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, is primarily due to lower disposal, transport and fuel costs partially offset by increased amortization expense resulting from assets acquired from Allied and higher risk insurance and facilities expense. lower labor, fuel, disposal and transportation costs, partially offset by increased amortization costs resulting from assets acquired from Allied and higher landfill operating and facilities expense.
 
§   Western Region. Revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, benefited from core price growth in all lines of business. However, the increase in revenue from core price was more than offset by volume declines in all lines of business, especially in our industrial, commercial and landfill lines of business. We also experienced declines in fuel surcharges.
 
    For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we realized gains from the disposition of assets of $0.3 million and $88.2 million which increased operating margin by 0.1% and 5.4%. In the second quarter of 2008, we incurred a $34.0 million charge for environmental conditions at the Sunrise Landfill in Nevada which reduced operating margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 by 5.4%. Otherwise, margins for the quarter over quarter period were lower due to lower landfill revenue which has higher margins than collection revenue and higher franchise fees, depreciation and amortization expense. Year over year margins were fairly flat. Margins were favorably impacted by lower labor, fuel, transportation and selling, general and administrative expenses, offset by increased amortization expense resulting from assets acquired from Allied and facilities expense.

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§   Corporate Entities. The increase in net revenue for the corporate entities relates to Allied’s national accounts program. The increase in depreciation, amortization, depletion and accretion expense, and the increase in the operating loss at the Corporate Entities is attributable to the acquisition of Allied. Included in our gain (loss) on disposition of assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, is $0.5 million and $8.2 million of transaction related expenses from the disposition of assets in the other segments.
Consolidated Results of Operations
Our net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. was $120.5 million and $459.4 million, or $0.32 and $1.21 per diluted share, for the three and the nine months ended September 30, 2009, as compared to $88.7 million and $205.5 million, or $0.48 and $1.11 per diluted share, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, we recorded a number of gains, charges (recoveries) and other expenses that impacted our pre-tax income, net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. (Net Income – Republic) and diluted earnings per share. These items primarily consist of the following (in millions, except per share data):
                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30, 2009     Three Months Ended September 30, 2008  
            Net     Diluted             Net     Diluted  
    Pre-tax     Income -     Earnings     Pre-tax     Income -     Earnings  
    Income     Republic     per Share     Income     Republic     per Share  
As reported
  $ 212.1     $ 120.5     $ 0.32     $ 145.4     $ 88.7     $ 0.48  
Loss on disposition of assets, net
    0.9       1.4                          
Restructuring charges
    12.3       7.6       0.02                    
Costs to achieve synergies
    8.9       5.5       0.01                    
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    31.8       19.7       0.05                    
Remediation recoveries
    (8.8 )     (5.4 )     (0.01 )                  
Pre-merger integration costs
                      3.2       2.0       0.01  
 
                                   
Adjusted
  $ 257.2     $ 149.3     $ 0.39     $ 148.6     $ 90.7     $ 0.49  
 
                                   
   
    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009     Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008  
            Net     Diluted             Net     Diluted  
    Pre-tax     Income -     Earnings     Pre-tax     Income -     Earnings  
    Income     Republic     per Share     Income     Republic     per Share  
As reported
  $ 784.5     $ 459.4     $ 1.21     $ 336.9     $ 205.5     $ 1.11  
Gain on disposition of assets, net
    (144.3 )     (88.7 )     (0.23 )                  
Restructuring charges
    55.9       34.1       0.09                    
Costs to achieve synergies
    31.8       19.5       0.05                    
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    31.8       19.7       0.05                    
Remediation charges (recoveries)
    (8.8 )     (5.4 )     (0.01 )     69.0       43.8       0.24  
Pre-merger integration costs
                      3.2       2.0       0.01  
 
                                   
Adjusted
  $ 750.9     $ 438.6     $ 1.16     $ 409.1     $ 251.3     $ 1.36  
 
                                   
We believe that the presentation of adjusted pre-tax income, adjusted net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. and adjusted diluted earnings per share, which excludes gain or loss on disposition of assets, restructuring charges, costs to achieve synergies, loss on extinguishment of debt, costs to achieve synergies, remediation charges (recoveries) and pre-merger integration costs, which are not measures determined in accordance with GAAP, provide an understanding of operational activities before the financial impact of certain non-operational items. We use these measures, and believe investors will find them helpful, in understanding the ongoing performance of our operations separate from items that have a disproportionate impact on our results for a particular period. Comparable charges and costs have been incurred in prior periods, and similar types of adjustments can reasonably be expected to be recorded in future periods. Our definition of adjusted pre-tax income, adjusted net income attributable to Republic Services, Inc. and adjusted diluted earnings per share may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.

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These gains and charges affected our Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 as follows (in millions):
                                      
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Expenses:
                               
Cost of operations
  $ 8.8     $     $ 8.8     $ (66.1 )
Selling, general and administrative
    (8.9 )     (3.2 )     (31.8 )     (5.1 )
(Loss) gain on disposition of assets, net
    (0.9 )           144.3        
Restructuring charges
    (12.3 )           (55.9 )      
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    (31.8 )           (31.8 )      
 
                       
 
    (45.1 )     (3.2 )     33.6       (71.2 )
Other income (expense), net
                      (1.0 )
 
                       
 
  $ (45.1 )   $ (3.2 )   $ 33.6     $ (72.2 )
 
                       
The following table summarizes our costs and expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (in millions of dollars and as a percentage of our revenue):
                                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Revenue
  $ 2,073.5       100.0 %   $ 834.0       100.0 %   $ 6,200.1       100.0 %   $ 2,440.7       100.0 %
Cost of operations
    1,207.5       58.2       499.5       59.9       3,643.1       58.8       1,553.5       63.6  
Depreciation, amortization and depletion of property and equipment
    200.8       9.7       75.7       9.1       606.2       9.8       222.2       9.1  
Amortization of other intangible assets
    17.5       0.8       1.6       0.2       52.5       0.8       4.7       0.2  
Accretion
    22.2       1.1       4.6       0.5       67.4       1.1       13.5       0.6  
Selling, general and administrative
    225.4       10.9       85.6       10.3       658.7       10.6       252.0       10.3  
Loss (gain) on disposition of assets, net
    0.9       0.0                   (144.3 )     (2.3 )            
Restructuring charges
    12.3       0.6                   55.9       0.9              
 
                                               
Operating income
  $ 386.9       18.7 %   $ 167.0       20.0 %   $ 1,260.6       20.3 %   $ 394.8       16.2 %
 
                                               
Revenue. Revenue was $2,073.5 million and $6,200.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus $834.0 million and $2,440.7 million for the comparable 2008 periods, an increase of 148.6% and 154.0%, respectively. The increase in revenue is due to our acquisition of Allied in December 2008.
The following table summarizes our adjusted revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 which assumes our merger with Allied occurred on January 1, 2008 (in millions):
                                      
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Republic Services, Inc.
  $ 2,073.5     $ 834.0     $ 6,200.1     $ 2,440.7  
Allied Waste Industries, Inc.
          1,606.2             4,672.7  
 
                       
 
    2,073.5       2,440.2       6,200.1       7,113.4  
 
                               
Less: Divestitures
    (3.1 )     (56.7 )     (9.0 )     (104.4 )
Less: Intercompany revenue
          (7.2 )           (22.1 )
 
                       
 
                               
Adjusted revenue
  $ 2,070.4     $ 2,376.3     $ 6,191.1     $ 6,986.9  
 
                       
Adjusted revenue is used to calculate internal growth for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009. Intercompany revenue relates to prior year transactions between Republic and Allied that would have been eliminated if the companies had merged on January 1, 2008.
The following table reflects changes in our core adjusted revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008. For comparative purposes, we have presented the components of our revenue changes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 assuming our merger with Allied occurred on January 1, 2008. Our presentation also eliminates revenue associated with divested assets in the period the assets were sold and the comparable period in the prior year.

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    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Core price
    2.8 %     4.2 %     3.2 %     4.3 %
Fuel surcharges
    (3.6 )     2.8       (2.6 )     1.9  
Commodities
    (1.9 )     0.3       (2.4 )     0.6  
 
                       
Total price
    (2.7 )     7.3       (1.8 )     6.8  
   
Core volume
    (10.1 )     (3.1 )     (9.6 )     (2.9 )
 
                       
   
Total internal growth
    (12.8 )%     4.2 %     (11.4 )%     3.9 %
 
                       
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, our revenue growth from core pricing continued to benefit from a broad-based pricing initiative which we started during the fourth quarter of 2003. We anticipate that we will continue to realize this benefit throughout 2009. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we experienced negative core volume growth in all lines of our business primarily due to the challenging economic environment. We expect to continue to experience lower volumes until economic conditions improve.
We believe that the preceding presentation of adjusted revenue and changes in adjusted revenue provides useful information to investors because it allows investors to understand increases or decreases in our revenue that are driven by changes in the operations of the newly combined company and not merely by the addition of Allied’s revenues for periods after the merger. This information has been prepared for illustrative purposes and is not intended to be indicative of the revenue that would have been realized had the merger been consummated at the beginning of the periods presented or the future results of the combined operations.
Cost of Operations. Cost of operations were $1,207.5 million and $3,643.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus $499.5 million and $1,553.5 million for the comparable 2008 periods. Cost of operations as a percentage of revenue was 58.2% and 58.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus 59.9% and 63.6% for the comparable 2008 periods. The increase in cost of operations in aggregate dollars for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus the comparable 2008 period is a result of our acquisition of Allied in December 2008.
Cost of operations includes labor and related benefits, which consists of salaries and wages, health and welfare benefits, incentive compensation and payroll taxes. It also includes transfer and disposal costs representing tipping fees paid to third party disposal facilities and transfer stations; maintenance and repairs relating to our vehicles, equipment and containers, including related labor and benefit costs; transportation and subcontractor costs which include costs for independent haulers who transport our waste to disposal facilities and costs for local operators who provide waste handling services associated with our national accounts in markets outside our standard operating areas; fuel which includes the direct cost of fuel used by our vehicles, net of fuel credits; disposal franchise fees and taxes consisting of landfills taxes, municipal franchise fees, host community fees and royalties; landfill operating costs which includes landfill accretion, financial assurance, leachate disposal and other landfill maintenance costs; risk management which includes casualty insurance premiums and claims; cost of good sold which includes material costs paid to suppliers associated with recycling commodities; and other which includes expenses such as facility operating costs, equipment rent and gains or losses on sale of assets used in our operations.

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The following table summarizes the major components of our cost of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (in millions of dollars and as a percentage of our revenue):
                                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Labor and related benefits
  $ 398.6       19.2 %   $ 155.7       18.7 %   $ 1,190.4       19.2 %   $ 461.8       18.9 %
Transfer and disposal costs
    179.4       8.7       80.6       9.7       520.0       8.4       237.6       9.7  
Maintenance and repairs
    161.7       7.8       61.0       7.3       493.1       8.0       178.9       7.3  
Transportation and subcontract costs
    130.5       6.3       55.7       6.7       389.7       6.3       161.6       6.6  
Fuel
    92.6       4.5       61.6       7.4       253.7       4.1       177.2       7.3  
Franchise fees and taxes
    104.6       5.0       29.5       3.5       305.4       4.9       84.8       3.5  
Landfill operating costs
    20.3       1.0       7.1       0.9       84.1       1.4       85.5       3.5  
Risk management
    29.3       1.4       14.2       1.7       139.0       2.2       62.3       2.6  
Cost of goods sold
    18.1       0.9       13.2       1.6       43.6       0.7       40.3       1.7  
Other
    72.4       3.4       20.9       2.4       224.1       3.6       63.5       2.5  
 
                                               
Total cost of operations
  $ 1,207.5       58.2 %   $ 499.5       59.9 %   $ 3,643.1       58.8 %   $ 1,553.5       63.6 %
 
                                               
The cost categories shown above may change from time to time and may not be comparable to similarly titled categories used by other companies. As such, care should be taken when comparing our cost of operations by cost component to that of other companies.
Cost of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 includes a $32.1 million charge related to environmental conditions at our Countywide Recycling and Disposal Facility in Ohio, as well as a $34.0 million charge related to estimated costs to comply with a consent decree and settlement agreement at the Sunrise Landfill in Nevada. These charges increased our 2008 cost of operations as a percentage of revenue by 2.7% for the nine months ended. The decline in cost of operations as a percentage of revenue is primarily due to lower fuel and disposal costs. In addition, cost of operations was also favorably impacted by increased internalization of our waste streams into landfill sites either owned or operated by us.
Depreciation, Amortization and Depletion of Property and Equipment. Depreciation, amortization and depletion expenses for property and equipment were $200.8 million and $606.2 million, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $75.7 million and $222.2 million, for the comparable 2008 periods. Depreciation, amortization and depletion of property and equipment as a percentage of revenue was 9.7% and 9.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus 9.1% and 9.1% for the comparable 2008 periods. The increase in depletion, amortization and depletion expenses in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenue is primarily due to increases in depreciation and depletion expense associated with equipment and landfills acquired from Allied and recorded at their current fair values.
Amortization of Other Intangible Assets. Expenses for amortization of intangible and other assets were $17.5 million and $52.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $1.6 million and $4.7 million for the comparable 2008 periods. Amortization of other intangible assets as a percentage of revenue was 0.8% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 respectively, versus 0.2% for the comparable 2008 periods. The increase in amortization expense in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenue is the result of amortizing other intangible assets we recorded in the purchase price allocation associated with our acquisition of Allied. Our other intangible assets primarily relate to customer lists, franchise agreements, municipal contracts and agreements, tradenames, favorable lease assets and to a lesser extent non-compete agreements.
Accretion Expense. Accretion expense was $22.2 million and $67.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $4.6 million and $13.5 million, for the comparable 2008 periods. Accretion expense as a percentage of revenue was 1.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus 0.6% for the comparable 2008 periods. The increase in accretion expense in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenue is primarily due to an increase in asset retirement obligations associated with our acquisition of Allied. The asset retirement obligations acquired from Allied were recorded using a discount rate of 9.75%, which is higher than the credit-adjusted, risk-free rate we have historically used to record such obligations.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $225.4 million and $658.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus $85.6 million and $252.0 million for the comparable 2008 periods. Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenue was 10.9% and 10.6% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus 10.3% for the comparable 2008 periods.
Selling, general and administrative expenses includes salaries, health and welfare benefits and incentive compensation for corporate and field general management, field support functions, sales force, accounting and finance, legal, management information systems and clerical and administrative departments. It also includes provisions for estimated uncollectible accounts receivable and other expenses such as rent and office costs, fees for professional services provided by third parties, marketing, investor and community relations, directors’ and officers’ insurance, general employee relocation, travel, entertainment and bank charges, but excludes any such amounts recorded as restructuring charges.

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The following tables provide the components of our selling, general and administrative costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 (in millions of dollars and as a percentage of revenue):
                                                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Salaries
  $ 144.9       7.0 %   $ 51.3       6.2 %   $ 414.2       6.7 %   $ 156.1       6.4 %
Provision for doubtful accounts
    7.4       0.4       3.1       0.4       16.8       0.3       6.4       0.3  
Costs to achieve synergies
    8.9       0.4                   31.8       0.5              
Other
    64.2       3.1       31.2       3.7       195.9       3.1       89.5       3.6  
 
                                               
Total Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
  $ 225.4       10.9 %   $ 85.6       10.3 %   $ 658.7       10.6 %   $ 252.0       10.3 %
 
                                               
The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses in aggregate dollars is due to our acquisition of Allied. As a percentage of revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus the comparable 2008 periods, selling, general and administrative expenses are relatively consistent excluding the impact of costs to achieve synergies. Selling, general and administrative expenses also includes costs to achieve synergies, which includes costs such as wages and related benefits for transitional employees from the notification date of their termination through the last day of employment and a synergy related bonus of approximately $25.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009. We expect to incur a similar amount of expense quarterly until the synergy related bonus is fully accrued in December 2010. Separately, in the third quarter of 2008 we incurred charges of $3.2 million related to our pending acquisition of Allied.
Loss (Gain) on Disposition of Assets, Net. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we recorded loss (gain) on disposition of assets, net of costs to sell of $0.9 million and $(144.3) million, respectively, related to our mandatory disposition of assets as required by DOJ as well as discretionary dispositions. In October 2009, we divested a hauling operation in Miami-Dade County, Florida. As such we adjusted these assets to their estimated fair values less costs to sell, resulting in the recognition of an asset impairment loss of $8.7 million in our consolidated statement of income for the three months ended September 30, 2009.
Restructuring Charges. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, we incurred $12.3 million and $55.9 million of restructuring and integration charges related to our integration of Allied, of which $6.8 million and $33.2 million, respectively, consists of charges for severance and other employee termination and relocation benefits. The remainder of the charges primarily related to consulting and professional fees. Substantially all of these charges were recorded in our “Corporate entities” segment. We expect that the majority of these charges will be paid during the remainder of 2009.
Operating Income. Operating income was $386.9 million and $1,260.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $167.0 million and $394.8 million for the comparable 2008 periods. Operating income as a percentage of revenue was 18.7% and 20.3% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus 20.0% and 16.2% for the comparable 2008 periods. The increase operating income in aggregate dollars is due to our acquisition of Allied. The decrease in operating income as a percentage of revenue for the quarter is primarily due to increased depreciation, amortization and depletion expenses. The increase in operating income as a percentage of revenue for the year to date 2009 period is primarily due to the net gains on disposition of assets recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and the charges recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 related to the Sunrise and Countywide landfills.
Interest Expense. Interest expense was $144.8 million and $448.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $22.6 million and $65.1 million for the comparable 2008 periods. The following tables provide the components of interest expense, including accretion of debt discounts and accretion of discounts primarily associated with environmental and self-funded risk insurance liabilities assumed in the acquisition of Allied for the three and nine months ended September 30 (in millions):
                                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Interest expense
  $ 112.4     $ 23.6     $ 344.1     $ 67.1  
Accretion of debt discounts
    25.4             76.0        
Accretion of remediation and risk reserves
    9.9             33.3        
Less: capitalized interest
    (2.9 )     (1.0 )     (4.6 )     (2.0 )
 
                       
 
                               
Interest expense
  $ 144.8     $ 22.6     $ 448.8     $ 65.1  
 
                       
The increase in interest expense during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 versus the comparable 2008 periods is primarily due to the additional debt we assumed as a result of the acquisition of Allied including, but not limited, to the amortization of valuation discounts applied to the assumed notes to record them at fair value as of the date of acquisition.

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Loss on extinguishment of debt. Loss on early extinguishment of debt was $31.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009. In September 2009, we issued $650.0 million of 5.5% senior notes due 2019. A portion of the net proceeds from the notes were used to purchase and retire $325.5 million of our outstanding senior notes maturing in 2010 and 2011. In the future we may chose to voluntarily retire certain portions of our outstanding debt before their maturity date using cash from operations or additional borrowings. This early extinguishment of debt may result in an impairment charge for the relative portion of unamortized note discounts and debt issue costs.
Income Taxes. Our provision for income taxes was $91.1 million and $323.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, versus $56.7 million and $131.4 million for the comparable 2008 periods. Our effective tax rate was 43.1% and 41.4% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009. Our effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 was favorably impacted by the reversal of reserves for uncertain tax positions. As previously discussed, in October 2009, we divested a hauling operation in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The permanent non-deductible goodwill associated with the sale approximates $26 million which will increase our fourth quarter effective rate.

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Landfill and Environmental Matters
Available Airspace
The following table reflects landfill airspace activity for active landfills owned or operated by us for the nine months ended September 30, 2009:
                                                         
    Balance             Landfills     Permits             Changes     Balance  
    as of     New     Acquired,     Granted,             in     as of  
    December 31,     Expansions     Net of     Net of     Airspace     Engineering     September 30,  
    2008     Undertaken     Divestitures     Closures     Consumed     Estimates     2009  
Permitted airspace:
                                                       
Cubic yards (in millions)
    4,559.6       206.3       (176.8 )     (0.9 )     (71.0 )     (0.1 )     4,517.1  
Number of sites
    213               (9 )     (5 )                     199  
 
                                               
Probable expansion airspace:
                                                       
Cubic yards (in millions)
    386.2       (94.8 )     (62.2 )                 0.1       229.3  
Number of sites
    23       (7 )     (1 )                           15  
 
                                             
Total available airspace:
                                                       
 
                                         
Cubic yards (in millions)
    4,945.8       111.5       (239.0 )     (0.9 )     (71.0 )           4,746.4  
 
                                         
Number of sites
    213               (9 )     (5 )                     199  
 
                                               
Changes in engineering estimates typically include minor modifications to the available disposal capacity of a landfill based on a refinement of the capacity calculations resulting from updated information.
During 2009, total available airspace decreased by a net 199.4 million cubic yards primarily due to divestitures and airspace consumed partially offset by new expansions.
As of September 30, 2009, we owned or operated 199 active solid waste landfills with total available disposal capacity estimated to be 4.7 billion in-place cubic yards. Total available disposal capacity represents the sum of estimated permitted airspace plus an estimate of probable expansion airspace. These estimates are developed at least annually by engineers utilizing information provided by annual aerial surveys. As of September 30, 2009, total available disposal capacity is estimated to be 4.5 billion in-place cubic yards of permitted airspace plus 0.2 billion in-place cubic yards of probable expansion airspace. Before airspace included in an expansion area is determined to be probable expansion airspace and, therefore, included in our calculation of total available disposal capacity, it must meet all of our expansion criteria.
As of September 30, 2009, 15 of our landfills meet all of our criteria for including probable expansion airspace in their total available disposal capacity. At projected annual volumes, these 15 landfills have an estimated remaining average site life of 30 years, including probable expansion airspace. The average estimated remaining life of all of our landfills is 44 years. Probable expansion airspace represents 5% of our total available airspace. We have other expansion opportunities that are not included in our total available airspace because they do not meet all of our criteria for probable expansion airspace.
Final Capping, Closure and Post-Closure Costs
As of September 30, 2009, accrued final capping, closure and post-closure costs were $1.1 billion, of which $114.9 million is current and $961.2 million is long-term as reflected in our unaudited consolidated balance sheet in accrued landfill and environmental costs.
Remediation and Other Charges for Landfill Matters
In 2007, we were issued Final Findings and Orders (F&Os) by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) related to environmental conditions at our Countywide Recycling and Disposal Facility (Countywide) in East Sparta, Ohio and we agreed to undertake certain other remedial actions with the OEPA as well. During 2008, Republic Services of Ohio II, LLC (Republic-Ohio), an Ohio limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of ours and parent of Countywide, entered into an Agreed Order on Consent (AOC) with the EPA requiring the reimbursement of costs incurred by the EPA and requiring Republic-Ohio to perform certain remediation activities at Countywide. Republic-Ohio also has completed construction of an isolation break under the authority and supervision of the U.S. EPA. On September 30, 2009, Republic-Ohio entered into a set of F&Os with the OEPA that supersede previous F&Os mentioned above. The F&Os require the implementation of a comprehensive operation and maintenance program for managing the remediation area. The operation and maintenance program requires Republic-Ohio to maintain the temporary cap and other engineering controls to prevent odors and isolate and contain the reaction. The operation and maintenance program is ultimately designed to result in the final capping and closure of the 88-acre remediation area at Countywide. The remediation liability remaining for Countywide recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $76.6 million, of which approximately $2.1 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.

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In 2006, we were issued an Enforcement Order by the California Department of Toxic Substance Control (DTSC) for the Class 1 Hazardous waste cell at the West Contra Costa County Landfill (West County). Subsequently, we entered into a Consent Agreement with DTSC in 2007 at which time we agreed to undertake certain remedial actions. The remediation liability remaining for West County recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $44.0 million, of which approximately $2.9 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.
On August 1, 2008, Republic Services of Southern Nevada (RSSN), our wholly owned subsidiary, signed a Consent Decree with the EPA, the Bureau of Land Management and Clark County, Nevada related to the Sunrise Landfill. Under the Consent Decree, RSSN has agreed to perform certain remedial actions at the Sunrise Landfill for which RSSN and Clark County were otherwise jointly and severally liable. We also paid $1.0 million in sanctions related to the Consent Decree. RSSN is currently working with the Clark County Staff and Board of Commissioners to develop a mechanism to fund the costs to comply with the Consent Decree. However, we have not recorded any potential recoveries. The remediation liability remaining for Sunrise recorded as of September 30, 2009 is $37.2 million, of which approximately $0.7 million is expected to be paid out during the remainder of 2009.
We accrue costs related to environmental remediation activities through a charge to income in the period such liabilities become probable and can be reasonably estimated. We accrue costs related to environmental remediation activities associated with acquisitions of properties through business combinations as a charge to cost in excess of fair value of net assets acquired or landfill purchase price allocated to airspace, as appropriate.
Investment in Landfills
The following table reflects changes in our investment in landfills for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (in millions):
                                                                                 
                                                            Adjustments              
    Balance                             Additions             Transfers     to     Asset     Balance  
    as of                     Acquisitions,     for Asset             and     Assets     Retirement     as of  
    December 31,     Capital             Net of     Retirement             Other     Held for     Obligation     September 30,  
    2008     Additions     Retirements     Divestitures     Obligations     Depletion     Adjustments     Sale     Adjustment     2009  
Non-depletable landfill land
  $ 169.3     $ 3.5     $ (2.6 )   $ (7.9 )   $     $     $ (17.0 )   $ (5.0 )   $     $ 140.3  
Landfill development costs
    4,126.3       1.0             (3.0 )     25.0             39.6       (5.6 )     (1.0 )     4,182.3  
Construction-in-progress landfill
    76.2       185.6                               (22.3 )     0.8             240.3  
Accumulated depletion and amortization
    (1,004.2 )                             (216.3 )     0.5       4.5       0.1       (1,215.4 )
 
                                                           
Net investment in landfill land and development costs
  $ 3,367.6     $ 190.1     $ (2.6 )   $ (10.9 )   $ 25.0     $ (216.3 )   $ 0.8     $ (5.3 )   $ (0.9 )   $ 3,347.5  
 
                                                           
The following table reflects our future expected investment in our landfills as of September 30, 2009 (in millions):
                         
    Balance              
    as of     Expected     Total  
    September 30,     Future     Expected  
    2009     Investment     Investment  
Non-depletable landfill land
  $ 140.3     $     $ 140.3  
Landfill development costs
    4,182.3       5,734.7       9,917.0  
Construction-in-progress landfill
    240.3             240.3  
Accumulated depletion and amortization
    (1,215.4 )           (1,215.4 )
 
                 
Net investment in landfill land and development costs
  $ 3,347.5     $ 5,734.7     $ 9,082.2  
 
                 

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The following table reflects our net landfill investment excluding non-depletable land, and our depletion, amortization and accretion expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Number of landfills owned or operated
    199       58  
 
           
Net investment, excluding non-depletable land (in millions)
  $ 3,207.2     $ 845.3  
Total estimated available disposal capacity (in millions of cubic yards)
    4,746.4       1,694.5  
 
           
Net investment per cubic yard
  $ 0.68     $ 0.50  
 
           
 
               
Landfill depletion and amortization expense (in millions)
  $ 216.3     $ 76.5  
Accretion expense (in millions)
    67.4       13.5  
 
           
 
    283.7       90.0  
Airspace consumed (in millions of cubic yards)
    71.0       28.3  
 
           
Depletion, amortization and accretion expense per cubic yard of airspace consumed
  $ 4.00     $ 3.18  
 
           
The increase in depletion, amortization and accretion expense per cubic yard of airspace consumed is due to our acquisition of Allied, as the fair value of the landfills acquired were in excess of their historical cost.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, our weighted average compaction rate was approximately 1,650 and 1,600 pounds per cubic yard, respectively, based on our three-year historical moving average. Our compaction rates may continue to improve as a result of more effective compaction techniques and the settlement and decomposition of waste.
As of September 30, 2009, we expect to spend an estimated additional $5.7 billion on existing landfills, primarily related to cell construction and environmental structures, over their expected remaining lives. Our total expected investment, excluding non-depletable land, estimated to be $8.9 billion, or $1.88 per cubic yard, is used in determining our depletion and amortization expense based on airspace consumed using the units-of-consumption method.
Selected Balance Sheet Accounts
The following table reflects the activity in our allowance for doubtful accounts, final capping, closure, post-closure and remediation liabilities, and accrued self-insurance during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (in millions):
                                 
    Allowance for     Final Capping,                
    Doubtful     Closure and             Self-  
    Accounts     Post-Closure     Remediation     Insurance  
Balance, December 31, 2008
  $ 65.7     $ 1,040.6     $ 389.9     $ 408.1  
Non-cash asset additions
          25.0              
Increase due to acquisition
          6.6       0.9        
Asset Retirement Obligation Adjustments
          (1.0 )            
Accretion expense
          67.4       15.1       10.4  
Other additions charged to expense
    16.8                   373.4  
Other adjustments
          (0.9 )            
Adjustments to assets held for sale
    0.2       (1.4 )            
Payments or usage
    (28.5 )     (60.2 )     (42.6 )     (356.8 )
 
                       
Balance, September 30, 2009
    54.2       1,076.1       363.3       435.1  
Less: Current portion
    (54.2 )     (114.9 )     (73.5 )     (131.4 )
 
                       
Long-term portion
  $     $ 961.2     $ 289.8     $ 303.7  
 
                       
As of September 30, 2009, accounts receivable were $928.2 million, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $54.2 million, resulting in days sales outstanding of 41, or 26 days net of deferred revenue. In addition, at September 30, 2009, our accounts receivable in excess of 90 days old totaled $60.1 million, or 6.1% of gross receivables outstanding.

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Property and Equipment
The following tables reflect the activity in our property and equipment accounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 (in millions):
                                                                 
    Gross Property and Equipment  
                                    Non-Cash                    
    Balance                             Additions     Transfers     Adjustments     Balance  
    as of                     Acquisitions,     for Asset     and     to Assets     as of  
    December 31,     Capital             Net of     Retirement     Other     Held for     September 30,  
    2008     Additions     Retirements     Divestitures     Obligations     Adjustments     Sale     2009  
Other land
  $ 464.4     $ 5.9     $ (2.9 )   $ (22.6 )   $     $ (0.3 )   $ (4.2 )   $ 440.3  
Non-depletable landfill land
    169.3       3.5       (2.6 )     (7.9 )           (16.9 )     (5.1 )     140.3  
Landfill development costs
    4,126.3       1.0             (3.0 )     24.0       39.6       (5.6 )     4,182.3  
Vehicles and equipment
    3,432.3       281.0       (59.7 )     3.5             0.9       (29.2 )     3,628.8  
Buildings and improvements
    706.0       3.6       (8.8 )     0.7             21.3       3.6       726.4  
Construction-in-progress — landfill
    76.2       185.6                         (22.3 )     0.8       240.3  
Construction-in-progress — other
    26.3       20.4             7.0             (23.0 )           30.7  
 
                                               
Total
  $ 9,000.8     $ 501.0     $ (74.0 )   $ (22.3 )   $ 24.0     $ (0.7 )   $ (39.7 )   $ 9,389.1  
 
                                               
                                                         
    Accumulated Depreciation, Amortization and Depletion  
    Balance     Additions                     Asset     Adjustments     Balance  
    as of     Charged             Acquisitions,     Retirement     to Assets     as of  
    December 31,     to             Net of     Obligation     Held for     September 30,  
    2008     Expense     Retirements     Divestitures     Adjustments     Sale     2009  
Landfill development costs
  $ (1,004.2 )   $ (215.8 )   $     $     $ 0.1     $ 4.5     $ (1,215.4 )
Vehicles and equipment
    (1,147.3 )     (368.4 )     49.1                   13.4       (1,453.2 )
Buildings and improvements
    (111.1 )     (28.4 )     0.3                   4.3       (134.9 )
 
                                         
Total
  $ (2,262.6 )   $ (612.6 )   $ 49.4     $     $ 0.1     $ 22.2     $ (2,803.5 )
 
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