Rock-Tenn Company 10-Q 2012
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission File Number 1-12613
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (770) 448-2193
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes S No £
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes S No £
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
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Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In Millions, Except Per Share Data)
See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Millions, Except Share Data)
See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the Three Month Period Ended December 31, 2011
Unless the context otherwise requires, “we”, “us”, “our”, “RockTenn” and “the Company” refer to the business of Rock-Tenn Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its partially-owned consolidated subsidiaries.
We are one of North America's leading integrated manufacturers of corrugated and consumer packaging and recycling solutions and are primarily a manufacturer of containerboard, recycled paperboard, bleached paperboard, packaging products and merchandising displays. We operate locations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Puerto Rico and China.
Our independent public accounting firm has not audited our accompanying interim financial statements. We derived the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2011 from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011 (the “Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K”). In the opinion of our management, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, our financial position at December 31, 2011 and September 30, 2011, and our cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010.
We have condensed or omitted certain notes and other information from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these interim statements should be read in conjunction with our Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K. The results for the three months ended December 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the full year. We have made certain reclassifications to prior year amounts to conform such amounts to the current year presentation.
Recently Issued Standards
In June 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-04 “Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures in U.S. GAAP and IFRS” which amended certain provisions of ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurement”. These provisions change key principles or requirements for measuring fair value, clarify the FASB's intent regarding application of existing requirements and impact required disclosures. These provisions are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011 (January 1, 2012 for us). The adoption of these provisions did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-05 “Comprehensive Income Presentation of Financial Statements" which amended certain provisions of ASC 220 "Comprehensive Income”. These provisions change the presentation requirements for other comprehensive income and total comprehensive income and requires one continuous statement or two separate but consecutive statements. Presentation of other comprehensive income in the statement of stockholders' equity is no longer permitted. These provisions are effective for fiscal and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2011 (January 1, 2012 for us). The adoption of these provisions did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In September 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-09 “Disclosures about an Employer's Participation in a Multiemployer Plan”, which amends certain provisions of ASC 715 “Retirement Plans”. These provisions require enhanced disclosures in our annual financial statements including a general description of the multiemployer plan, the nature of our participation in the plan and whether our contributions into the plan exceed 5% of total contributions. These provisions are effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2011 (September 30, 2012 for us). We do not expect the adoption of these provisions to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements, although the notes to our consolidated financial statements may include additional information concerning our participation in these plans.
In December 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2011-11 "Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities", which amends certain provisions in ASC 210 "Balance Sheet". These provisions require additional disclosures for financial instruments that are offset including the gross amount of the asset and liability as well as the impact of any net amount presented in the consolidated financial statements. These provisions are effective for fiscal and interim periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013. We do not expect the adoption of these provisions to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
The following are the components of comprehensive income, net of tax (in millions):
The net of tax components of comprehensive income were determined using effective tax rates of approximately 39% for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010. Foreign currency translation gains included in comprehensive income for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was primarily due to the change in the Canadian/U.S. dollar exchange rates.
The following is a summary of the changes in total equity for the three months ended December 31, 2011 (in millions):
Certain of our restricted stock awards are considered participating securities as they receive non-forfeitable rights to dividends at the same rate as common stock. As participating securities, we include these instruments in the earnings allocation in computing earnings per share (“EPS”) under the two-class method described in ASC 260 “Earnings per Share.” The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share under the two-class method (in millions, except per share data):
Weighted average shares includes 0.7 million of reserved, but unissued shares at December 31, 2011. These reserved shares will be distributed as claims are liquidated or resolved in accordance with the Smurfit-Stone Plan of Reorganization and Confirmation Order.
Options to purchase 0.2 million common shares in the three months ended December 31, 2011were not included in computing diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been antidilutive. All options to purchase common shares were included in computing diluted earnings per share for the three months ended December 31, 2010.
On May 27, 2011, we completed our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation (the "Smurfit-Stone Acquisition" or "Smurfit-Stone"). We have included in our financial statements the results of Smurfit-Stone's containerboard mill and corrugated converting operations in our Corrugated Packaging segment, Smurfit-Stone's recycling operations in our Recycling and Waste Solutions segment and Smurfit-Stone's display operations in our Consumer Packaging segment. We acquired Smurfit-Stone in order to expand our corrugated packaging business as we believe the containerboard and corrugated packaging industry is a very attractive business and U.S. virgin containerboard is a strategic global asset. The purchase price for the acquisition was $4,919.1 million, net of cash acquired of $473.5 million. The purchase price included cash consideration, net of cash acquired of $1,303.4 million, the issuance of approximately 31.0 million shares of RockTenn common stock valued at $2,378.8 million, including approximately 0.7 million shares reserved but unissued at December 31, 2011 for the resolution of Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy claims, we assumed $1,180.5 million of debt and recorded $56.4 million for stock options to replace outstanding Smurfit-Stone
stock options. The reserved shares will be distributed as claims are liquidated or resolved in accordance with the Smurfit-Stone Plan of Reorganization and Confirmation Order. The shares issued were valued at $76.735 per share which represented the average of the high and low stock price on the acquisition date.
We entered into a new Credit Facility and amended our receivables-backed financing facility at the time of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. In fiscal 2011, we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of approximately $39.5 million primarily for fees paid to certain creditors and third parties and to write-off certain unamortized deferred financing costs related to the Terminated Credit Facility and capitalized approximately $43.3 million of debt issuance costs in other assets related to the new and amended credit agreements. For additional information on our Credit Facility see “Note 9. Debt”.
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. There were no significant changes to preliminary amounts previously recorded. We are in the process of analyzing the estimated values of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed including, among other things, finalizing third-party valuations of certain tangible and intangible assets as well as the fair value of certain contracts and certain tax balances, thus, the allocation of the purchase price is preliminary and subject to material revision.
Opening balance effective May 27, 2011 (in millions):
We recorded preliminary estimated fair values for acquired assets and liabilities including goodwill and intangibles. The preliminary estimated fair value assigned to goodwill is primarily attributable to buyer-specific synergies expected to arise after the acquisition (e.g., enhanced geographic reach of the combined organization, increased vertical integration opportunities and diversification of fiber sourcing) and the assembled work force of Smurfit-Stone. The following table summarizes the weighted average life (in years) and gross carrying amount relating to intangible assets recognized in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, excluding goodwill (in millions):
None of the intangibles have significant residual value. The intangibles are expected to be amortized over estimated useful lives ranging from 1 to 18 years based on the approximate pattern in which the economic benefits are consumed or straight-line if the pattern was not reliably determinable.
The following unaudited pro forma information reflects our consolidated results of operations as if the acquisition had taken place on October 1, 2009. The unaudited pro forma information in the table below is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that we would have reported had the transaction actually occurred at the beginning of this period nor is it necessarily indicative of future results. The unaudited pro forma financial information does not reflect the impact of future events that may occur after the acquisition, including, but not limited to, anticipated costs savings from synergies or other operational improvements.
The unaudited pro forma financial information presented in the table above has been adjusted to give effect to adjustments that are (1) directly related to the business combination; (2) factually supportable; and (3) expect to have a continuing impact. These adjustments include, but are not limited to, the application of our accounting policies; elimination of related party transactions; depreciation and amortization related to fair value adjustments to property, plant and equipment and intangible assets including contracts assumed; and interest expense on acquisition related debt.
On October 28, 2011, we acquired the stock of four entities doing business as GMI Group ("GMI" or "CorPak"). We expect to make joint elections under section 338(h)(10) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended ( the "Code") that will increase our tax basis in the underlying assets acquired. The purchase price is approximately $86.5 million, including the amount to be paid to the sellers for the Code section 338(h)(10) elections. There was no debt assumed. We acquired the GMI business to expand our presence in the corrugated markets. The acquisition also increases our vertical integration. We have included the results of GMI's operations since the date of acquisition in our consolidated financial statements in our Corrugated Packaging segment. The acquisition included $38.1 million of customer relationship intangible assets and $21.5 million of goodwill. We are amortizing the customer relationship intangibles over 11 to 12 years based on the approximate pattern in which the economic benefits are consumed or straight-line if the pattern was not reliably determinable. None of the intangibles have a significant residual value. The preliminary estimated fair value assigned to goodwill is primarily attributable to buyer-specific synergies expected to arise after the acquisition (e.g., enhanced geographic reach of the combined organization, increased vertical integration) and the assembled work force of GMI. We expect the goodwill to be amortizable for income tax purposes as a result of the Code section 338(h)(10) elections. We are in the process of analyzing the estimated values of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed including, among other things, obtaining third-party valuations of certain tangible and intangible assets, thus, the allocation of the purchase price is preliminary and subject to revision.
Summary of Restructuring and Other Initiatives
We recorded pre-tax restructuring and other costs, net, of $10.3 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. These amounts are not comparable since the timing and scope of the individual actions associated with a restructuring, an acquisition or integration can vary. We discuss these charges in more detail below.
The following table presents a summary of restructuring and other charges, net, related to active restructuring and other initiatives that we incurred during the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the cumulative recorded amount since we started the initiative, and the total we expect to incur (in millions):
Summary of Restructuring and Other Costs, Net
When we close a facility, if necessary, we recognize an impairment charge primarily to reduce the carrying value of equipment or other property to their estimated fair value less cost to sell, and record charges for severance and other employee related costs. Any subsequent change in fair value, less cost to sell, prior to disposition is recognized as identified; however, no gain is recognized in excess of the cumulative loss previously recorded. At the time of each announced closure, we generally expect to record future charges for equipment relocation, facility carrying costs, costs to terminate a lease or contract before the end of its term and other employee related costs. Expected future charges are reflected in the table above in the “Expected Total” lines until incurred. Although specific circumstances vary, our strategy has generally been to consolidate our sales and operations into large well-equipped plants that operate at high utilization rates and take advantage of available capacity created by operational excellence initiatives. Therefore, we transfer a substantial portion of each plant's assets and production to our other plants. We believe these actions have allowed us to more effectively manage our business.
Acquisition expenses also include expenses associated with other acquisitions whether consummated or not. Acquisition expenses primarily consist of advisory, legal, accounting, valuation and other professional or consulting fees. Integration expenses reflect primarily severance and other employee costs, professional services for work being performed to facilitate the Smurfit-Stone integration including information systems integration costs, and lease expense including amounts recorded at the cease use date. We are currently evaluating the amount of expenses we expect to incur as a result of the Smurfit-Stone integration.
The following table represents a summary of and the changes in the restructuring accrual, which is primarily composed of lease commitments, accrued severance and other employee costs, followed by a reconciliation of the restructuring accrual to the line item “Restructuring and other costs, net” on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 (in millions):
We recorded income tax expense of $47.6 million in the three months ended December 31, 2011 compared to $27.3 million in the three months ended December 31, 2010. The effective tax rates for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were approximately 38.3% and 34.7%, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three months ended December 31, 2011 were different than the statutory rate primarily due to the impact of state taxes, including state tax rate changes
on deferred balances. The effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2010 was primarily impacted by the reinstatement of the federal research and development credit and the decrease in the Section 199 deduction due to an increase in accelerated depreciation for the quarter.
As of December 31, 2011, the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits was approximately $288.1 million, exclusive of interest and penalties. Of this balance, if we were to prevail on all unrecognized tax benefits recorded, approximately $281.2 million would benefit the effective tax rate. We regularly evaluate, assess and sometimes adjust the unrecognized tax benefits in light of changing facts and circumstances, which could cause the effective tax rate to fluctuate from period to period.
We recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. As of December 31, 2011, we had a recorded liability of $3.7 million for the payment of interest and penalties.
We file federal, state and local income tax returns in the U.S. and various foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, we are no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or non-U.S. income tax examinations by tax authorities for years prior to fiscal 2008.
We value substantially all of our U.S. inventories at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on the last-in first-out (“LIFO”) inventory valuation method, which we believe generally results in a better matching of current costs and revenues than under the first-in first-out (“FIFO”) inventory valuation method. In periods of increasing costs, the LIFO method generally results in higher cost of goods sold than under the FIFO method. In periods of decreasing costs, the results are generally the opposite. Because LIFO is designed for annual determinations, it is possible to make an actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method only at the end of each fiscal year based on the inventory levels and costs at that time. Accordingly, we base interim LIFO estimates on management’s projection of expected year-end inventory levels and costs. We value all other inventories at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined using methods which approximate cost computed on a FIFO basis. These other inventories represent primarily foreign inventories and spare parts inventories. Inventories were as follows (in millions):
For more information regarding certain of our debt characteristics, see “Note 9. Debt” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements section of the Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K.
The following were individual components of debt (in millions):
A portion of the debt classified as long-term, which includes the term loans, receivables-backed, revolving credit and swing facilities, may be paid down earlier than scheduled at our discretion without penalty.
The applicable margin on LIBOR based term loan A and revolving credit loans is dependent upon our Leverage Ratio. For the quarter ended December 31, 2011 the applicable margin was 2.00%, and for the quarter ended September 30, 2011 the applicable margin was 2.00%. The variable interest rate, including the applicable margin, on our term loan A facility, before the effect of interest rate swaps, was 2.28% and 2.23% at December 31, 2011 and September 30, 2011, respectively. Interest rates on our revolving credit facility for borrowings both in the U.S. and Canada ranged from 2.28% to 4.25% at December 31, 2011 and from 3.25% to 4.00% at September 30, 2011. Borrowings under the term loan B facility have applicable margins of 2.75% for LIBOR-based loans (with LIBOR to be no lower than 0.75%) and 1.75% for base rate-based loans.
All obligations under the Credit Facility are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by our existing and future wholly-owned U.S. subsidiaries, including those acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, except for certain present and future unrestricted subsidiaries and certain other limited exceptions as well as a pledge of subsidiary stock of certain wholly-owned subsidiaries. In addition, the obligations of Rock-Tenn Company of Canada are guaranteed by Rock-Tenn Company and all such wholly-owned U.S. subsidiaries, as well as by wholly-owned Canadian subsidiaries of RockTenn, including those acquired in the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, other than certain present and future unrestricted subsidiaries and certain other limited exceptions. Certain restrictive covenants govern our maximum availability under this facility, including Maximum Leverage Ratio and Minimum Consolidated Interest Ratio Coverage, as discussed in our Debt Footnote in our
Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K. We test and report our compliance with these covenants each quarter. We are in compliance with all of our covenants.
On December 2, 2011, we amended our Credit Facility which permits the issuance of debt that can be secured on an equal and ratable basis with the Credit Facility provided no portion of the term loan B facility remains outstanding. The amendment also provides for a new $227.0 million term loan A tranche to be drawn upon by us in either a single drawing or in two separate drawings in minimum draws of $100.0 million, at our discretion, on or prior to March 31, 2012, and amends other terms of a technical nature.
We are exposed to interest rate risk, commodity price risk and foreign currency exchange risk. To manage these risks, from time-to-time and to varying degrees, we enter into a variety of financial derivative transactions and certain physical commodity transactions that are determined to be derivatives. Interest rate swaps may be entered into to manage the interest rate risk associated with a portion of our outstanding debt. Interest rate swaps are either designated as cash flow hedges of forecasted floating rate interest payments on variable rate debt or fair value hedges of fixed rate debt, or we may elect not to treat them as accounting hedges. Forward contracts on certain commodities may be entered into to manage the price risk associated with forecasted purchases or sales of those commodities. In addition, certain commodity derivative contracts and physical commodity contracts that are determined to be derivatives are not designated as accounting hedges because either they do not meet the criteria for treatment as accounting hedges under ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, or we elect not to treat them as accounting hedges under ASC 815. We may also enter into forward contracts to manage our exposure to fluctuations in Canadian foreign currency rates with respect to transactions denominated in Canadian dollars.
Outstanding financial derivative instruments expose us to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to the agreements. Our credit exposure related to these financial instruments is represented by the fair value of contracts reported as assets. We manage our exposure to counterparty credit risk through minimum credit standards, diversification of counterparties and procedures to monitor concentrations of credit risk. We enter into derivative contracts that may contain credit-risk-related contingent features which could result in a counterparty requesting immediate payment or demanding immediate and ongoing full overnight collateralization on derivative instruments in net liability positions. Certain of our interest rate swap derivative contracts contain a provision whereby if we default on the Credit Facility, we may also be deemed in default of the interest rate swap obligation. None of our derivative transactions are significant unless otherwise disclosed.
Cash Flow Hedges
For financial derivative instruments that are designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the financial derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction, and in the same period or periods during which the forecasted transaction affects earnings. Gains and losses on the financial derivative representing either hedge ineffectiveness or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in current earnings.
We have entered into interest rate swap agreements that effectively modify our exposure to interest rate risk by converting a
portion of our interest payments on floating rate debt to a fixed rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. These agreements involve the receipt of floating rate amounts in exchange for fixed interest rate payments over the life of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amount. We have designated these swaps as cash flow hedges of the interest rate exposure on an equivalent amount of certain variable rate debt. As of December 31, 2011, our interest rate swap agreements, which terminate in April 2012, require that we pay fixed rates of approximately 4.00% and receive the one-month LIBOR rate on the notional amounts. As of December 31, 2011, the aggregate notional amount of outstanding debt related to these interest rate swaps was $175 million, declining at periodic intervals to an aggregate notional amount of $132 million prior to expiration. On January 3, 2012, the aggregate notional amount of these swaps declined to $132 million. Our outstanding interest rate derivative instruments fair values are a liability of $1.8 million at December 31, 2011 and are included in Other Current Liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
As of December 31, 2011, based on implied forward interest rates associated with our outstanding interest rate derivative cash flow hedges and the remaining amounts in accumulated other comprehensive income related to terminated interest rate swaps, we expect to reclassify net pre-tax deferred losses of approximately $1.0 million from accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings as an increase to interest expense within the next twelve months as the probable hedged interest payments occur. We believe amounts in accumulated other comprehensive income related to interest rate derivatives are appropriately included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income because the forecasted transactions related to those amounts are probable of occurring.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value
We estimate fair values in accordance with ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. ASC 820 provides a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures required about fair value measurements. Specifically, ASC 820 sets forth a definition of fair value and a hierarchy prioritizing the inputs to valuation techniques. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Additionally, ASC 820 defines levels within the hierarchy based on the availability of quoted prices for identical items in active markets, similar items in active or inactive markets and valuation techniques using observable and unobservable inputs. We incorporate credit valuation adjustments to reflect both our own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in our fair value measurements.
We have, or from time to time may have, supplemental retirement savings plans that are nonqualified deferred compensation plans where the assets are invested primarily in mutual funds, interest rate derivatives, commodity derivatives or other similar classes of assets or liabilities. Other than our pension and postretirement assets and liabilities which we disclosed in our Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K and the fair value of our long-term debt disclosed below, the fair value of none of these items are significant.
The following table summarizes the carrying amount and estimated fair value of our long-term debt (in millions):
In the absence of quoted prices in active markets, considerable judgment is required in developing estimates of fair value. Estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts we could realize in a current market transaction.
Financial Instruments not Recognized at Fair Value
Financial instruments not recognized at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, certain other current assets, short-term debt, accounts payable, certain other current liabilities, and long-term debt. With the exception of long-term debt, the carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximate their fair values due to their short maturities.
Fair Value of Nonfinancial Assets and Nonfinancial Liabilities
We measure certain nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. These assets and liabilities include cost and equity method investments when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, assets acquired and liabilities assumed in an acquisition or in a nonmonetary exchange, and property, plant and equipment and intangible assets that are written down to fair value when they are held for sale or determined to be impaired. During the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we did not have any significant nonfinancial assets or nonfinancial liabilities that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in periods subsequent to initial recognition.
We have defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans for certain U.S. and Canadian employees. In addition, under several labor contracts, we make payments based on hours worked into multi-employer pension plan trusts established for the benefit of certain collective bargaining employees in facilities both inside and outside the United States. We also have a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”) and other non-qualified defined benefit pension plans that provide unfunded supplemental retirement benefits to certain of our executives and former executives. The SERP provides for incremental pension benefits in excess of those offered in our principal pension plan. For more information regarding our retirement plans see “Note 14. Retirement Plans” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements section of the Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K.
The following table represents a summary of the components of net pension cost (in millions):
During the three months ended December 31, 2011, we contributed an aggregate of $80.6 million to our qualified defined benefit pension plans. Based on our current assumptions, we estimate contributing approximately $354 million in fiscal 2012 to our qualified defined benefit pension plans. However, it is possible that our assumptions may change, actual market performance may vary or we may decide to contribute additional amounts. We contributed an aggregate of $2.6 million to our qualified defined benefit pension plans in the three months ended December 31, 2010.
The postretirement benefit plans that were acquired in connection with the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition provide certain health care and life insurance benefits for certain salaried and hourly employees who meet specified age and service requirements as defined by the plans.
The following table represents a summary of the components of the postretirement benefits costs (in millions):
During the three months ended December 31, 2011, we contributed an aggregate of $3.1 million to our postretirement benefit plans.
Environmental and Other Matters
Environmental compliance requirements are a significant factor affecting our business. We employ processes in the manufacture of pulp, paperboard and other products which result in various discharges, emissions and wastes. These processes are subject to numerous federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations, including reporting and disclosure obligations. We operate and expect to continue to operate, under environmental permits and similar authorizations from various governmental authorities that regulate such discharges, emissions and wastes. Environmental programs in the U.S. are primarily established, administered and enforced at the federal level by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA” or “Agency”). In addition, many of the jurisdictions in which we operate have adopted equivalent or more stringent environmental laws and regulations or have enacted their own parallel environmental programs, which are enforced through various state and local agencies.
In 2004, the EPA promulgated a Maximum Achievable Control Technology (“MACT”) regulation that established air emissions standards, monitoring, record keeping and reporting requirements for industrial, commercial and institutional boilers. The rule was challenged by third parties in litigation, and in 2007, the United States Court of Appeals for the D. C. Circuit issued a decision vacating and remanding the rule to the EPA. Under court order, the EPA published a set of four interrelated rules on March 21, 2011, commonly referred to as the “Boiler MACT”. These rules include air emission standards for boilers at large and small facilities, as well as criteria for determining whether secondary materials are wastes when burned in combustion units. Under another rule that was part of the March 21, 2011 interrelated rules published by the EPA, units burning “solid waste” as fuel are subject to stringent standards for waste incinerators. The EPA also published notice on March 21, 2011 that it would reconsider certain aspects of the Boiler MACT in order to address “difficult technical issues” raised during the public comment period. The Agency stayed a portion of the final Boiler MACT during its reconsideration process; however, this stay was vacated by a federal district court on January 9, 2012. On December 23, 2011, the EPA published a proposed rule containing multiple changes to the Boiler MACT rules issued in March 2011. Among other things, the EPA is proposing to create additional boiler subcategories and set new emissions standards for some regulated pollutants. While certain changes made in the December 23, 2011 proposed rule would provide additional flexibility, others would impose more stringent requirements on some types of boilers, such as those that burn pulverized coal and wet biomass. RockTenn's preliminary estimate of the cost of compliance with the Boiler MACT rules is approximately $200 million; however, the EPA has indicated its intention to make further changes to these rules that could materially impact the ultimate costs to us, as well as other operators in our industry. As a result, neither the amount that RockTenn will be required to spend for compliance with the final Boiler MACT nor the timing of those expenditures can be quantified with certainty until the EPA issues its revised, final rules.
Certain jurisdictions in which the Company has manufacturing facilities or other investments have taken actions to address climate change. In the U.S., the EPA has issued the Clean Air Act permitting regulations applicable to facilities that emit greenhouse gases (“GHGs”). These regulations became effective for certain GHG sources on January 2, 2011, with implementation for other sources to be phased in over the next several years. The EPA also has promulgated a rule requiring facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent per year to file an annual report of their emissions. Some U.S. states and Canadian provinces in which RockTenn has manufacturing operations are also taking measures to reduce GHG emissions. For example, on November 18, 2009, Quebec, which is participating in the Western Climate Initiative, adopted a target of reducing GHG emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020. In December 2011, Quebec issued a final regulation establishing a cap-and-trade program that will require reductions in GHG emissions from covered emitters beginning on January 1, 2013. Enactment of the Quebec cap-and-trade program may require capital expenditures to modify our containerboard mill assets in Quebec to meet required GHG emission reduction requirements in future years. Such requirements also may increase energy costs above the level
of general inflation and result in direct compliance and other costs. However, we do not believe that compliance with the requirements of the new cap-and-trade program will have a material adverse effect on our operations or financial condition. We have systems in place for tracking the GHG emissions from our energy-intensive facilities, and we carefully monitor developments in climate change laws, regulations and policies to assess the potential impact of such developments on our operations and financial condition.
In addition to Boiler MACT and greenhouse gas standards, the EPA has recently finalized a number of other environmental rules, including National Ambient Air Quality Standards for nitrogen oxide (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), which may impact the pulp and paper industry. The EPA also is revising existing environmental standards and developing several new rules that may apply to the industry in the future. We cannot currently predict with certainty how any future changes in environmental laws, regulations and/or enforcement practices will affect our business; however, it is possible that our compliance, capital expenditure requirements and operating costs could increase materially.
On October 1, 2010, our Hopewell, Virginia containerboard mill received a Finding of Violation and Notice of Violation ("NOV") from EPA Region III alleging certain violations of regulations that require treatment of kraft pulping condensates. We strongly disagree with the assertion of the violations in the NOV and are vigorously defending ourselves in this matter. We also are involved in various other administrative proceedings relating to environmental matters that arise in the normal course of business. Although the ultimate outcome of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty and we cannot at this time estimate any reasonably possible losses, management does not believe that the currently expected outcome of any environmental proceeding, lawsuit or claim that is pending or threatened against us will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
We also face potential liability under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (“CERCLA”) and analogous state laws as a result of releases, or threatened releases, of hazardous substances into the environment from various sites owned and operated by third parties at which Company-generated wastes have allegedly been deposited. Generators of hazardous substances sent to off-site disposal locations at which environmental problems exist, as well as the owners of those sites and certain other classes of persons, all of whom are referred to as potentially responsible parties (“PRPs” or “PRP”) are, in most instances, subject to joint and several liability for response costs for the investigation and remediation of such sites under CERCLA and analogous state laws, regardless of fault or the lawfulness of the original disposal. Liability is typically shared with other PRPs and costs are commonly allocated according to relative amounts of waste deposited and other factors.
On January 26, 2009, Smurfit-Stone and certain of its subsidiaries filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code. Smurfit-Stone's Canadian subsidiaries also filed to reorganize in Canada. We believe that matters relating to previously identified third party PRP sites and certain formerly owned facilities of Smurfit-Stone have been or will be satisfied claims in Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy proceedings. However, we may face additional liability for cleanup activity at sites that existed prior to bankruptcy discharge, but are not currently identified. Some of these liabilities may be satisfied from existing bankruptcy reserves. We may also face liability under CERCLA and analogous state and other laws at other ongoing and future remediation sites where we may be a PRP. In addition to the above mentioned sites, certain of our current or former locations are being studied or remediated under various environmental laws and regulations, but we do not believe that the costs of these projects will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
We believe that we can assert claims for indemnification pursuant to existing rights we have under settlement and purchase agreements in connection with certain of our existing remediation sites. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful with respect to any claim regarding these indemnification rights or that, if we are successful, any amounts paid pursuant to the indemnification rights will be sufficient to cover all our costs and expenses. We also cannot predict with certainty whether we will be required to perform remediation projects at other locations, and it is possible that our remediation requirements and costs could increase materially in the future. In addition, we cannot currently assess with certainty the impact that future federal, state or other environmental laws, regulations or enforcement practices will have on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Our operations are subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to workplace safety and worker health including the Occupational Safety and Health Act (“OSHA”) and related regulations. OSHA, among other things, establishes asbestos and noise standards and regulates the use of hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Although we do not use asbestos in manufacturing our products, some of our facilities contain asbestos. For those facilities where asbestos is present, we believe we have properly contained the asbestos and/or we have conducted training of our employees in an effort to ensure that no federal, state or local rules or regulations are violated in the maintenance of our facilities. We do not believe that future compliance with health and safety laws and regulations will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
As of December 31, 2011, we had approximately $3.4 million reserved for environmental liabilities, of which $2.7 million is included in other long-term liabilities and $0.7 million in other current liabilities. We believe the liability for these matters was adequately reserved at December 31, 2011.
Litigation Relating to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition
Three complaints on behalf of the same putative class of Smurfit-Stone stockholders were filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery challenging our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone: Marks v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., Case No. 6164 (filed February 2, 2011); Spencer v. Moore, et al., Case No. 6299 (filed March 21, 2011); and Gould v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., Case No. 6291 (filed March 17, 2011). On March 24, 2011, these cases were consolidated under Case No. 6164, plaintiffs Marks and Spencer were appointed lead plaintiffs, and the complaint in Spencer was designated as the operative complaint. In the Spencer complaint, plaintiffs name as defendants RockTenn, the former members of the Smurfit-Stone board of directors and Sam Acquisition, LLC (now known as RockTenn CP, LLC, our wholly-owned subsidiary that is the successor to Smurfit-Stone). The plaintiffs alleged, among other things, that the consideration we paid to acquire Smurfit-Stone was inadequate and unfair to Smurfit-Stone stockholders, that the February 24, 2011 preliminary joint proxy statement/prospectus contained misleading or inadequate disclosures regarding our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone, that the individual defendants breached their fiduciary duties in approving our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone and that those breaches were aided and abetted by us. On May 2, 2011, the court granted class certification, appointing the lead plaintiffs and their counsel to represent a class of all record and beneficial holders of Smurfit-Stone common stock as of January 23, 2011 or their successors in interest, but excluding the named defendants and any person, firm, trust, corporation or other entity related to or affiliated with any of the defendants. During argument in connection with the preliminary injunction sought by the plaintiffs, the plaintiffs acknowledged that their claims concerning the adequacy of the disclosures in the February 24, 2011 preliminary joint proxy statement/prospectus were moot in light of subsequent disclosures made by Smurfit-Stone and us. On May 20, 2011, the court denied the plaintiffs' request for a preliminary injunction preventing the completion of the acquisition, finding that the plaintiffs had failed to demonstrate a likelihood of success with respect to the merits of their claims, that the requisite showing of irreparable harm had not been made and that the balance of the equities counseled against granting the injunction. On July 7, 2011, we filed a counterclaim in this case seeking a declaration that the plaintiffs are not entitled to damages or the imposition of any other remedy with respect to an error in Smurfit-Stone's proxy statement relating to appraisal rights.
On October 5, 2011, we reached an agreement to settle the class action with the plaintiffs. Under the terms of the proposed settlement, the class will release all claims against us and the former directors of Smurfit-Stone that arise out of the class members' ownership of Smurfit-Stone shares between the dates on which the merger was agreed and consummated and that are based on the merger agreement or the acquisition, disclosures or statements concerning the merger agreement or the acquisition, or any of the matters alleged in the lawsuit. In exchange for these releases, we will grant the former Smurfit-Stone shareholders (other than those who have already asserted their appraisal rights) the right to bring and participate in a future “quasi-appraisal” proceeding in which the court will assess the value of a share of Smurfit-Stone common stock on a stand-alone basis as of the closing of the transaction. The ability of former Smurfit-Stone shareholders to bring and participate in the future quasi-appraisal proceeding will be subject to a number of conditions, including returning to us an amount of cash equal to $41.26 per Smurfit-Stone share if the former shareholder voted in favor of the merger (representing approximately 73% of Smurfit-Stone shares outstanding as of the record date) or $6.26 per Smurfit-Stone share if the former shareholder either voted against the merger (representing approximately 7% of the Smurfit-Stone shares outstanding as of the record date) or abstained or did not vote with respect to the merger. The proposed settlement is subject to a number of conditions, including final court approval. A settlement approval hearing was held on December 9, 2011, at the conclusion of which the court took the matter under advisement.
In addition, we have also settled an appraisal demand regarding substantially all the Smurfit-Stone shares for which appraisal rights were asserted. The shareholder that made this appraisal demand has received an amount of cash per Smurfit-Stone share for which its appraisal rights were asserted equal to the per-share value of the merger consideration on the date of the merger and will not participate in the future quasi-appraisal proceeding or object to the class settlement.
On February 17, 2011, a putative class action complaint asserting similar claims was filed against RockTenn, Smurfit-Stone, the former members of the Smurfit-Stone board of directors and Sam Acquisition, LLC in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois under the caption of Dabrowski v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., C.A. No. 1:11-cv-01136. On April 22, 2011, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint alleging, among other things, that the consideration we paid to acquire Smurfit-Stone was inadequate and unfair to Smurfit-Stone stockholders, that Smurfit-Stone and the individual defendants breached their fiduciary duties in approving our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone and that those breaches were aided and abetted by us. The plaintiff in Dabrowski also alleged that the March 31, 2011 amended joint proxy statement/prospectus contains misleading or inadequate disclosures constituting violations of Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The plaintiff in Dabrowski sought monetary and equitable relief. On August 4, 2011, the plaintiff voluntarily dismissed this matter without prejudice.
Four complaints on behalf of the same putative class of Smurfit-Stone stockholders were filed in the Circuit Court for Cook County, Illinois challenging RockTenn's acquisition of Smurfit-Stone: Gold v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., No. 11-CH-3371 (filed January 26, 2011); Roseman v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., No. 11-CH-3519 (filed January 27, 2011); Findley v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., No. 11-CH-3726 (filed January 28, 2011); and Czech v. Smurfit-Stone Container Corp., et al., No. 11-CH-4282 (filed February 4, 2011). On February 10, 2011, these cases were consolidated together, and on March 4, 2011, plaintiffs in the consolidated action filed an amended complaint. The amended complaint names as defendants RockTenn, Smurfit-Stone and the former members of the Smurfit-Stone board of directors. The amended complaint alleged, among other things, that the consideration we paid to acquire Smurfit-Stone was inadequate and unfair to Smurfit-Stone stockholders, that the February 24, 2011 preliminary joint proxy statement/prospectus contained misleading or inadequate disclosures, that the individual defendants breached their fiduciary duties in approving our acquisition of Smurfit-Stone and that those breaches were aided and abetted by RockTenn and Smurfit-Stone. The amended complaint sought equitable relief. On April 21, 2011, the court stayed this consolidated matter pending resolution of the Delaware plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction (discussed above) or until further order of the court. On July 20, 2011, this consolidated matter was dismissed without prejudice by agreement with plaintiffs.
We are continuing to vigorously defend against all claims made against us, Smurfit-Stone and the former directors of Smurfit-Stone arising out of this acquisition, and we intend to vigorously defend any quasi-appraisal claims that may be commenced. We cannot currently estimate the losses, if any, that will result from these claims. No assurance can be given that the final resolution of these claims will not be material to us.
We are a defendant in a number of other lawsuits and claims arising out of the conduct of our business. While the ultimate results of such suits or other proceedings against us cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes the resolution of these other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
We have made the following guarantees as of December 31, 2011:
Seven Hills Option
Seven Hills commenced operations on March 29, 2001. Our partner in the Seven Hills joint venture has the option to require us to purchase its interest in Seven Hills, at a formula price, effective on the sixth or any subsequent anniversary of the commencement date by providing us notice two years prior to any such anniversary. The earliest date on which we could be required to purchase our partner’s interest is March 29, 2014. We have not recorded any liability for this unexercised option. We currently project this contingent obligation to purchase our partner’s interest (based on the formula) to be approximately $12 million at December 31, 2011, which would result in a purchase price of approximately 56% of our partner’s net equity reflected on Seven Hills’ December 31, 2011 balance sheet.
Our business segments include the following: Corrugated Packaging, consisting of our containerboard mills and our corrugated converting operations; Consumer Packaging, consisting of our folding carton operations, our coated and uncoated paperboard mills, merchandising displays and interior partition operations; and Recycling and Waste Solutions, which consists of our recycled fiber procurement and trading activities.
The following table shows certain operating data for our segments (in millions). We do not allocate certain of our income and expenses to our segments and, thus, the information that management uses to make operating decisions and assess performance does not reflect such amounts. We report these items as non-allocated expenses or in other line items in the table below after total segment income.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included herein and our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011, as well as the information under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” that are part of our Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 23, 2011. The table in “Note 14. Segment Information” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein shows certain operating data for our segments which we realigned in the third quarter of 2011.
On May 27, 2011, we acquired Smurfit-Stone in order to expand our corrugated packaging business as we believe the containerboard and corrugated packaging industry is a very attractive business and U.S. virgin containerboard is a strategic global asset. Due to the size of the transaction, our variances to the prior year periods are driven primarily by the acquisition. For additional information see "Note 6. Acquisitions" and "Note 9. Debt" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Fiscal 2011 Form 10-K.
Net sales of $2,267.7 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 increased $1,506.6 million, or 198.0% over the first quarter of fiscal 2011, primarily as a result of the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Total segment income of $193.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012, adjusted to eliminate $0.4 million of pre-tax acquisition inventory step-up expense, was $193.5 million, up 74.8% over the prior year quarter, due primarily to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Adjusted net income (as hereinafter defined in the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below) in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 increased $34.4 million over the first quarter of last year to $85.2 million.
Adjusted earnings per diluted share (as hereinafter defined in the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below) are as follows:
Results of Operations (Consolidated)
Net Sales (Unaffiliated Customers)
Net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 increased $1,506.6 million compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2011 primarily due to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and generally higher selling prices.
Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales increased in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 compared to the prior year first quarter primarily as a result of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and increased recycled fiber, chemical and freight costs which were partially offset by reduced virgin fiber costs. Recycled fiber and chemical costs in our legacy mills increased $11 and $8 per ton, respectively, freight expense, excluding the impact of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, increased $5.4 million due in part to higher volumes. Virgin fiber costs in our legacy bleached paperboard mill decreased $4 per ton.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased $142.7 million primarily due to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and declined as a percentage of net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2011 primarily due to synergies realized in the acquisition. Excluding SG&A associated with the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition, SG&A increased primarily due to increased compensation costs of $6.6 million and increased professional fees and consulting expense for various initiatives of $3.7 million.
Restructuring and Other Costs, Net
We recorded aggregate pre-tax restructuring and other costs of $10.3 million and $0.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in charges in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 compared to the prior year period is primarily associated with the acquisition and integration of Smurfit-Stone as well as plant closure activities. These amounts are not comparable since the timing and scope of the individual actions associated with a restructuring, an acquisition or integration can vary. We discuss these charges in more detail in “Note 6. Restructuring and Other Costs, Net” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.
Equity in Income of Unconsolidated Entities
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was income of $0.7 million compared to $0.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.
Interest expense for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 increased to $32.7 million from $16.7 million for the same quarter last year and included amortization of deferred financing costs of $2.8 million compared to $1.5 million for the same quarter of the prior year. The increase in our average outstanding borrowings increased interest expense by approximately $20.4 million, lower average interest rates, net of swaps, decreased interest expense by approximately $5.7 million, and deferred financing costs
increased $1.3 million.
Interest Income and Other Income, net
Interest income and other income, net, for the three months ended December 31, 2011 was $0.4 million.
Provision for Income Taxes
We recorded income tax expense of $47.6 million and $27.3 million in the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three months ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were approximately 38.3% and 34.7%, respectively. We expect our marginal tax rate to be approximately 37%. We discuss our provision for income taxes in more detail in “Note 7. Income Taxes” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein.
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
The reduction for net income attributable to noncontrolling interests for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was $0.1 million compared to $1.0 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. The variance is primarily the result of acquiring the noncontrolling interest in Schiffenhaus Canada, Inc as part of the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition.
Results of Operations (Segment Data)
We realigned our operating segments in the third quarter of fiscal 2011 following the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Our business segments include the following: Corrugated Packaging, consisting of our containerboard mills and our corrugated converting operations; Consumer Packaging, consisting of our folding carton operations, our coated and uncoated paperboard mills, merchandising displays and interior partition operations; and Recycling and Waste Solutions, which consists of our recycled fiber procurement and trading activities.
Containerboard and Paperboard Tons Shipped, Produced and Average Net Selling Price Per Ton
Recycled Paperboard Tons Shipped, Produced and Average Net Selling Price Per Ton include gypsum paperboard liner tons shipped by Seven Hills and Average Net Selling Price Per Ton is computed as net sales of containerboard, paperboard and market pulp divided by tons shipped. The increase beginning in the third quarter of fiscal 2011 in shipped and produced tons reflect primarily the May 27, 2011 Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Containerboard tons includes kraft paper and recycled paperboard includes coated and specialty recycled paperboard.
Corrugated Packaging Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)
Net Sales (Corrugated Packaging Segment)
Net sales of the Corrugated Packaging segment increased $1,324.5 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 compared to the prior year quarter primarily due to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and higher legacy corrugated packaging volumes partially offset by generally lower pricing in the segment.
Segment Income (Corrugated Packaging Segment)
Segment income attributable to the Corrugated Packaging segment in the first quarter of fiscal 2012, adjusted to eliminate $0.4 million of pre-tax acquisition inventory step-up expense, increased $72.3 million to $109.7 million compared to $37.4 million in the prior year first quarter due primarily to the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition. Our legacy containerboard mills recycled fiber costs increased approximately $2.3 million or $9 per ton, and chemical and energy costs increased $0.9 million or $4 per ton in each case compared to the same quarter of the prior year.
Consumer Packaging Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)
Net Sales (Consumer Packaging Segment)
The 13.9% increase in net sales for the Consumer Packaging segment for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 compared to the prior year first quarter was primarily due to display sales from the Smurfit-Stone Acquisition and generally higher selling prices in the segment. Specialty paperboard and market pulp tons shipped increased 3.1% and 12.6%, respectively, and coated recycled paperboard and bleached paperboard tons shipped decreased 2.7% and 0.6%, respectively.
Segment Income (Consumer Packaging Segment)
Segment income of the Consumer Packaging segment for the quarter ended December 31, 2011 increased $9.3 million compared to the prior year quarter primarily due to income from the acquired display facilities and generally higher selling prices that were partially offset by higher recycled fiber, freight, chemicals and board costs. These cost increases were partially offset by the net volume and selling price increases noted above, marginally lower virgin fiber costs and continued operational improvements. At our mills, recycled fiber costs increased approximately $2.8 million, or $14 per ton and chemical costs increased approximately $4.2 million, or $13 per ton. Freight expense, excluding the acquired display facilities, increased $3.7 million in the segment.
Recycling and Waste Solutions Segment (Aggregate Before Intersegment Eliminations)