Royal Caribbean Cruises 10-K 2006
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission file number: 1-11884
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
1050 Caribbean Way, Miami, Florida 33132
(Address of principal executive offices) (zip code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold was $6.04 billion as of the last business day of the registrants most recently completed
second fiscal quarter.
There were 211,036,298 shares of common stock outstanding as of February 10, 2006.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
The information required under Part III of this report is incorporated herein by reference to registrant's definitive proxy statement for the 2006 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
As used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the terms Royal Caribbean, Company, we, our and us refer to Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., the term Celebrity refers to Celebrity Cruise Lines Inc. and the terms Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises refer to our two cruise brands. In accordance with cruise vacation industry practice, the term berths is determined based on double occupancy per cabin even though many cabins can accommodate three or more passengers.
Item 1. Business
Royal Caribbean International was founded in 1968. The current parent corporation, Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., was incorporated on July 23, 1985 in the Republic of Liberia under the Business Corporation Act of Liberia.
We are the worlds second largest cruise company operating 28 cruise ships with approximately 59,450 berths.
We operate two brands, Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises, in the cruise vacation industry. The cruise vacation industry is comprised of the budget, contemporary, premium and luxury segments. Our ships operate on a selection of worldwide itineraries that call on approximately 200 destinations. We compete principally on the basis of quality of ships, quality of service, variety of itineraries and price.
Royal Caribbean International Brand
Royal Caribbean International serves the contemporary and premium segments of the cruise vacation industry. The contemporary segment is served by cruises that are generally seven nights or shorter and feature a casual ambiance. The premium segment is served by cruises that are generally seven to 14 nights and appeal to the more experienced passenger who is usually more affluent. Royal Caribbean International operates 19 cruise ships with approximately 44,350 berths, offering various cruise itineraries that range from two to 18 nights.
Royal Caribbean Internationals strategy is to attract an array of vacationing consumers in the contemporary segment by providing a wide variety of itineraries and cruise lengths with multiple innovative options for onboard dining, entertainment and other onboard activities. Royal Caribbean International offers a wide array of onboard activities, services and amenities, including swimming pools, sun decks, beauty salons, exercise and spa facilities, ice skating rinks, in-line skating, basketball courts, rock climbing walls, bungee jumping trampolines, miniature golf courses, gaming facilities, lounges, bars, Las Vegas-style entertainment, cinemas and Royal Promenades which are boulevards with shopping, dining and entertainment venues. Additionally, Royal Caribbean International offers a variety of shore excursions at each port of call. We believe that the variety and quality of Royal Caribbean Internationals product offerings represent excellent value to consumers, especially to couples and families traveling with children. Because of the brands extensive product offerings, we believe Royal Caribbean International is well positioned to attract new consumers to the cruise vacation industry and to continue to bring past passengers back for their next vacation. While the brand is positioned at the upper end of the contemporary segment, we believe that Royal Caribbean Internationals quality enables it to attract consumers from the premium segment as well, thereby achieving one of the broadest market coverages of any of the major brands in the cruise vacation industry.
Celebrity Cruises Brand
Celebrity Cruises primarily serves the premium segment of the cruise vacation industry. Celebrity Cruises operates 9 cruise ships with approximately 15,100 berths and charters one ship to Island Cruises, our joint venture with First Choice Holidays PLC (First Choice). The brand offers various cruise itineraries that range from two to 16 nights.
Celebrity Cruises strategy is to attract experienced cruisers who appreciate and want the unique experience the brand offers. Celebrity Cruises delivers a high quality experience and good value with ships that offer extensive and luxurious spa facilities, fine dining, personalized service, unique entertainment and a high staff-to-passenger ratio. These are the hallmarks of the premium cruise vacation segment. Celebrity Cruises provides a variety of itineraries and cruise lengths and has a high proportion of its fleet deployment in seasonal markets (i.e. Alaska, Bermuda, Europe, Hawaii, the Panama Canal and South America). Celebrity Cruises includes in its breadth of product offerings itineraries to the Galapagos Islands and, beginning in Spring 2006, excursions to Machu Picchu in Peru. To further enhance our passengers experiences, Celebrity offers a variety of shore excursions at each port of call.
Since 1970, cruising has been one of the fastest growing sectors of the vacation market, as the number of North American passengers has grown to an estimated 9.7 million in 2005 from 0.5 million in 1970, a compound annual growth rate of approximately 9%. This growth is consistent with the growth experienced in the last five years. We have sought to capitalize on the increasing popularity of cruises through an extensive fleet expansion program.
According to our estimates, the North American cruise market was served by an estimated 109 cruise ships with approximately 137,450 at the beginning of 2001. We estimate that this capacity increased to approximately 218,800 berths on 132 ships by the end of 2005. The increase in capacity over the last five years is net of approximately 35 ships with approximately 30,850 berths that have either been retired or moved out of the North American market. There are 24 cruise ships on order with an estimated 72,250 berths which will be placed in service between 2006 and 2009.
The following table details the growth in the North American cruise market of both passengers and weighted-average berths over the past five years:
Cruise lines compete for consumers disposable leisure time spending with other vacation alternatives such as land-based resort hotels and sightseeing destinations. Demand for such activities is influenced by geo-political and general economic conditions. We believe that cruise passengers currently represent only a small share of the vacation market and that a significant portion of cruise passengers carried are first-time cruisers.
Our ships operate worldwide and have itineraries that call on destinations in Alaska, the Bahamas, Bermuda, California, Canada, the Caribbean, Europe, the Galapagos Islands, Hawaii, Mexico, New England, the Panama Canal and South America.
We compete with a number of cruise lines; however, our principal competitors are Carnival Corporation & plc, which owns, among others, Carnival Cruise Lines, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, Costa Cruises, P&O Cruises, and Cunard Line; Star Cruises, which owns, among others, Star Cruises and Norwegian Cruise Line; Mediterranean Shipping Company, which owns MSC Cruises; and Disney Cruise Line. We compete principally on the basis of quality of ships, quality of service, variety of itineraries and price.
Our principal operating strategies are to:
improve the awareness and market penetration of both our Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises brands,
continue to expand our fleet with state-of-the-art cruise ships,
continue to improve and expand the quality and innovation of our fleet,
expand into new markets and itineraries,
further expand our international passenger sourcing,
utilize sophisticated revenue management systems (optimizing revenue from demand for our products),
further improve our technological capabilities, and
maintain strong relationships with travel agencies, the principal industry distribution channel, while offering direct access for consumers.
We continue to broaden the recognition of both the Royal Caribbean International brand and the Celebrity Cruises brand among consumers. Royal Caribbean International is an established brand in the contemporary and premium segments of the cruise vacation industry. We believe we are positioning Celebrity Cruises brand as the best choice in the premium segment of the cruise vacation industry. Each brand has a distinct identity and marketing focus but utilizes shared infrastructure resources.
Brand awareness for Royal Caribbean International is achieved through communication strategies designed to broadly communicate its high quality and excellent-value cruise vacations. Royal Caribbean Internationals communication strategies target active adults and families who are vacation enthusiasts interested in exploring new destinations, seeking new experiences and having a real lust for life. These strategies are also designed to attract first-time cruisers to the cruise vacation industry and to the Royal Caribbean International brand.
In order to attract the active cruiser who is seeking new experiences as well as first-time cruisers, Royal Caribbean International provides multiple choices to passengers through a wide array of itineraries, accommodations, dining options, onboard activities and shore excursions. The hallmarks of the brand include friendly and engaging service, state-of-the-art cruise ships, family programs, entertainment, health and fitness and energizing onboard and shoreside activities designed for passengers of all ages.
Celebrity Cruises communicates its brand image and message through a series of consumer and trade campaigns, products and experiences, all designed to build awareness of its high quality cruise vacations and drive brand preference. Celebrity Cruises communications target cruisers who seek upscale experiences and appreciate quality and value. We believe Celebrity Cruises provides a high quality cruise vacation by offering award-winning cuisine, personal service with a high staff-to-passenger ratio and spacious accommodations.
Based on the ships currently on order, our capacity is expected to increase to approximately 81,500 berths by December 31, 2009. Since our first fleet expansion program beginning in 1988, we have continued to increase our average ship size and number of available berths, which has enabled us to achieve certain economies of scale. Larger ships allow us to carry more passengers without a corresponding increase in certain operating expenses.
Royal Caribbean International. Founded in 1968, Royal Caribbean International was the first cruise line to design cruise ships especially for warm water year-round cruising. Royal Caribbean International operated a modern fleet in the 1970s and early 1980s, establishing a reputation for high quality. Between 1988 and 1992, the brand tripled its capacity by embarking on its first major capital expansion program and taking delivery of three Sovereign-class ships. From 1995 through 1998, Royal Caribbean International completed its second capital expansion program by taking delivery of six Vision-class ships, ranging in size from approximately 1,800 to 2,000 berths. During this same period, Royal Caribbean International sold four of its older ships because their age and design were no longer consistent with its image and marketing strategy.
Royal Caribbean International began its third capital expansion program with orders for five Voyager-class ships and four Radiance-class ships. The Voyager-class ships were placed in service from 1999 through 2003. Each ship is approximately 140,000 gross tons with approximately 3,100 berths. This class of ships is designed to provide more diverse vacation options for families and for those seeking active sports and entertainment alternatives during their vacation experience. Each Voyager-class ship has a variety of unique features, including the cruise vacation industrys first horizontal atrium, the Royal Promenade (which is four decks tall, longer than a football field and provides entertainment, shopping and dining experiences), recreational activities such as ice skating, in-line skating, rock climbing, miniature golf and full court basketball, enhanced staterooms, expanded dining venues and a variety of intimate spaces.
The brand introduced its four Radiance-class ships from 2001 through 2004. The Radiance-class ships (approximately 90,000 gross tons each) are a progression from the brands Vision-class ships and have approximately 2,100 berths each. The Radiance-class ships incorporate many of the dining and entertainment options of the Voyager-class ships, as well as offer a wide array of unique features. These features include alternative dining venues, panoramic glass elevators facing outward to the sea, floor to ceiling glass windows offering spectacular sea views and a billiards club featuring gyroscopic billiard tables.
Building on the success of our Voyager-class ships, we have entered into agreements with a shipyard to purchase three Freedom-class ships. The Freedom-class ships will be approximately 15% larger than the Voyager-class ships with approximately 3,650 berths each. The Freedom-class ships will have some of the largest staterooms and balconies in the industry, flat screen televisions, cell phone services and other amenities. The three ships on order are scheduled for delivery in the second quarters of 2006, 2007 and 2008.
We recently entered into an agreement with a shipyard, subject to certain conditions, to build a new class of ship (approximately 220,000 gross tons) with approximately 5,400 berths. This ship is scheduled for delivery in the third quarter of 2009. Royal Caribbean International also has an option to purchase an additional ship of this class, exercisable through mid-March 2007. If ordered, the optional ship will be delivered in the third quarter of 2010.
Celebrity Cruises. Celebrity Cruises was founded in 1990 and operated three ships between 1992 and 1995. Between 1995 and 1997, Celebrity Cruises undertook its first capital expansion program, adding three Century-class ships which range in size from approximately 1,750 to 1,850 berths and disposing of one of its original three ships. Celebrity Cruises completed its second capital expansion program with the delivery of four Millennium-class ships from 2000 through 2002. Each Millennium-class ship has approximately 2,050 berths and is approximately 90,000 gross tons.
The Millennium-class ships elevated the brands position in the premium segment of the marketplace. This class of ships, which is a progression from the Century-class ships, builds on the brands primary strengths, including gourmet dining, luxurious spa facilities, and spacious staterooms and suites complete with balconies. On the Millennium-class ships, an entire deck is dedicated to health, fitness and the rejuvenating powers of water. Celebrity Cruises spas are among the most luxurious facilities afloat and offer a variety of features, including a large hydropool with neck massage and body jets and luxurious services including acupuncture at sea. To further enhance the onboard experience, Celebrity Cruises offers a more intimate setting in our piano, champagne, and martini bars and lounges.
In 2004, Celebrity Cruises introduced Celebrity Xpedition, a 100-berth ship that offers a more intimate, smaller ship experience with sailings to the Galapagos Islands.
To continue its product evolution, Celebrity Cruises entered into contracts with a shipyard to build two Solstice-class ships, Celebrity Solstice and Celebrity Equinox. The Solstice-class ships will be approximately 118,000 gross tons each with approximately 2,850 berths, incorporating many features typically associated with luxury cruising. Approximately 85% of the ships' staterooms will be outside and veranda staterooms. Celebrity Solstice and Celebrity Equinox are scheduled for delivery in the fourth quarter of 2008 and the third quarter of 2009, respectively.
We place a strong focus on product innovation, not only for stimulating repeat business, but also for driving new demand for our products. The Voyager, Radiance and Millennium-class ships introduced several product innovations to the marketplace, and our brands have begun to adopt these innovations as signature elements. For example, Royal Caribbean Internationals rock climbing walls reflect focus on active vacationers, while Celebrity Cruises spa facilities reflect focus on discerning travelers. In order to offer passengers a wider range of activities and amenities and to ensure consistency across our fleets, we embarked on a program of revitalizing our older ships to update and refresh their interiors and to incorporate signature brand elements. Renovations included new balconies, dining venues, lounges and teen areas as well as extensive refurbishments to staterooms and public areas. Royal Caribbean International commenced its revitalization program in 2003 with extensive renovations to Monarch of the Seas, followed by extensive renovations to Empress of the Seas and Sovereign of the Seas in 2004. In 2005, Enchantment of the Seas underwent a lengthening with a new 73-foot midsection, which features 151 additional staterooms, suspension bridges, an overhanging bar offering spectacular panoramic views and bungee trampolines. For the increasing number of young cruisers, Enchantment of the Seas introduced a new interactive splash pad with water jets on the floor, which transforms into a fiber-optic and water show at night. In 2006, Celebrity Cruises will revitalize Century incorporating many of the Millennium-class standards, while adding 314 new verandas, 18 additional suites and staterooms, a new specialty restaurant and a series of the tastes of luxury. In 2006, Freedom of the Seas, the first of three Freedom-class ships, will offer several new experiences to cruising including a surf machine, an interactive water park called the H2O Zone and a dedicated sports pool. In 2008, Celebrity Cruises will introduce the Solstice-class, a new wide-body construction class of ships, with large staterooms averaging 215 square feet. Building upon the innovations of the Voyager-class and Freedom-class of ships, Royal Caribbean International will introduce a new class of ship in 2009.
New Markets and Itineraries
Our ships operate worldwide with a selection of itineraries that call on approximately 200 ports. New ships allow us to expand into new destinations, itineraries and markets. Both brands expanded their mix of itineraries in Europe. The brands are now offering a wide variety of cruise tours from Alaska, the Canadian Rockies and Europe in order to provide vacationers with a broad range of product options.
In an effort to secure satisfactory berthing facilities for our ships, and to provide new or enhanced cruise destinations for our passengers, from time to time we assist or invest in the development or enhancement of certain port facilities and infrastructure located in strategically important ports of call. Generally, we collaborate with local private or governmental entities by providing management and/or financial assistance. In exchange for our involvement, we generally secure preferential berthing rights for our ships.
Passenger ticket revenues generated by sales in countries outside of the United States were 21%, 18% and 19% of total passenger ticket revenues in 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The percentage of passengers sourced outside of the United States was approximately 16% in 2005 compared to approximately 15% in 2004 and 2003, respectively. International passengers have grown from approximately 213,000 in 1998 to approximately 573,000 in 2005.
We sell and market the Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises brands to passengers outside of North America through our offices in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, Italy and Spain. We further extend our reach with a network of 42 independent international representatives located throughout the world. We market
our product in these countries by focusing on innovation and by responding to cultural characteristics of our global passengers. During the summer of 2005, Royal Caribbean International dedicated Legend of the Seas to the United Kingdom passenger market, offering itineraries to the Mediterranean sailing directly from Southampton, United Kingdom and offering onboard products designed to appeal to passengers from the United Kingdom. In 2006, Royal Caribbean International will introduce the first Voyager-class ship, Voyager of the Seas, to Europe, offering Mediterranean sailings from Barcelona, Spain.
In addition to the dynamic development of our global brands, we focus on innovative ways to develop our local presence in markets outside of North America. We have a joint venture with First Choice, one of the largest and most successful integrated tour operators in the United Kingdom. This joint venture operates a cruise brand, Island Cruises, offering itineraries designed to attract passengers from the United Kingdom and Brazil. Island Cruises operates a 1,512-berth ship sailing under the name Island Escape. In October 2005, Celebrity Cruises Horizon, a 1,354-berth ship, was chartered under a six-year agreement to this joint venture and is now sailing under the name of Island Star, expanding Island Cruises presence in Europe and South America.
We believe we have one of the most advanced revenue management systems in the industry which enables us to make more advantageous decisions about pricing, inventory and marketing actions. We are continuously working to improve these systems and tools through increased forecasting capabilities, ongoing improvements to our understanding of price/demand relationships, and greater automation of the decision process.
We continue to invest in information technology to support and improve our corporate infrastructure and passenger and travel trade relations. In 2005, we launched a new workforce management system to schedule and manage contracts for our shipboard employees worldwide and automated the transmission of passenger and crew information to all relevant government agencies. Both Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises have extensive websites that are world-class marketing portals with consumer booking engines providing access to millions of Internet users throughout the world. We have streamlined our documentation process by providing cruise-only passengers with electronic documents accessible online. We also offer passengers the ability to complete their embarkation forms online prior to the embarkation date and, during 2005, we completed the automation of our pierside embarkation and disembarkation process. Automation of the disembarkation process improves the travel experience for our passengers by providing airline boarding passes and luggage check-in for same-day return flights while the passenger is still onboard the ship. To further enhance our customer service, we provide online access so passengers can book shore excursions and Alaska cruisetour land excursions via our websites. We launched a new website for Celebrity Cruises which improves the ease of use and distribution of multimedia marketing information to our current and potential customers. Additionally, we implemented a customer relationship management tool, which improves our ability to respond to passenger and travel agent inquiries in a timely and accurate manner. Other innovations include wireless Internet cafes and cellular phone access on selected ships to satisfy our passengers mobile computing and communication needs. We have interactive televisions in passenger staterooms on certain ships, enabling passengers to shop for shore excursions, select a dinner wine and monitor their onboard accounts. We have cruisingpower.com, a website dedicated to Internet communications with the travel agency community, which enables fast access to online tools and is the ultimate shared resource center for Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises information. These online tools include CruiseMatch® Online, an Internet browser-based booking system, CruisePaySM, an online payment service, Insight, a booking summary report and Cruise WriterSM, which provides the capability to customize brochures and flyers.
Travel Agency Support
Travel agencies generate the majority of the bookings for our ships and we are committed to further developing and strengthening this very important distribution channel. Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises each have a brand-dedicated sales force for the United States. Each sales team focuses on the unique qualities of each brand and provides support to the travel agency community. The Trade Support & Services department, with branded call center operations, further supports the travel agency community in designing the cruise vacation experience. We offer an automated reservations system, CruiseMatch® Online, which allows travel agents direct access to our computer reservation system for bookings with both brands. We launched a dedicated home-based portal on cruisingpower.com which offers home-based travel partners access to exclusive communication, education, sales and marketing tools and resources needed to grow their business with us. We have customer service representatives that are trained to assist travel agents in providing a higher level of service and Insight, the first Internet service tool of its kind in the industry, which assists agencies with productivity and enhances customer service. We currently operate reservation call centers to support our travel agent community in the United States and in the United Kingdom offering flexibility and extended hours of operations. Call centers in the United States are located in Miami and Miramar, Florida, Wichita, Kansas and Springfield, Oregon and the call center in the United Kingdom is located in Weybridge, England. We have certified vacation planners in our call centers in Miami and Miramar offering cruise planning expertise and personal attention for direct bookings. In addition, direct booking channels are available through our Internet sites at www.royalcaribbean.com and www.celebrity.com.
We offer to handle virtually all travel aspects related to passenger reservations and transportation, including arranging passenger pre and post hotel stay arrangements and air transportation. Our air/sea program offers passengers the choice of our standard air or custom air programs. Our standard air program allows our passengers to benefit from comprehensive relationships that we maintain with many major airlines ranging from fare negotiation and space handling to baggage transfer. Our custom air program enables passengers to customize their flight arrangements, including selection of airline, specific flights and class of service.
The Royal Caribbean International passenger loyalty program, Crown & Anchor Society has over 3.6 million members worldwide and includes benefits such as a secured dedicated section in the www.royalcaribbean.com Internet site with special cruise offers and onboard amenities. Celebrity ConciergeClass offers an enhanced level of accommodations featuring new amenities and priority services. As a result of the favorable response to these accommodations, the number of Celebrity ConciergeClass staterooms more than doubled in 2005. The Captains Club loyalty program has been enhanced to reward the most loyal Celebrity Cruises passengers by offering special services and amenities.
Cruise Ships and Itineraries
Currently, we operate 28 ships, under two brands, with a selection of worldwide itineraries ranging from two to 18 nights that call on approximately 200 destinations. In addition, Freedom the Seas is expected to enter revenue service in June, 2006. The following table represents summary information concerning our ships and their areas of operation based on 2006 itineraries (subject to change):
1 Enchantment of the Seas was lengthened in 2005, resulting in approximately 300 additional berths.
2 Celebrity Xpedition was built in 2001.
In October 2005, Celebrity Cruises Horizon was chartered under a six-year agreement to Island Cruises, our joint venture with First Choice.
We have three Freedom-class ships and one ship of a new class on order for the Royal Caribbean International brand. These ships are being built in Finland by Aker Finnyards. We have two Solstice-class ships on order for the Celebrity Cruises brand. These ships are being built in Germany by Meyer Werft. The planned berths and expected delivery dates of the six ships on order are as follows:
We have an option to purchase an additional ship for Royal Caribbean International, exercisable through mid-March 2007, for an additional capacity of approximately 5,400 berths. If ordered, the optional ship will be delivered in the third quarter of 2010.
Our revenues are seasonal based on the demand for cruises. Demand is strongest for cruises during the summer months and holidays.
Passengers and Capacity
Selected statistical information is shown in the following table (see Terminology and Non-GAAP Financial Measures under Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for definitions):
Our cruise prices include a wide variety of activities and amenities, including meals and entertainment. Prices vary depending on the destination, cruise length, cabin category selected and the time of year the voyage takes place. Additionally, we offer air transportation as a service for passengers that elect to utilize the air program. Our air transportation is available from cities in the United States, Canada and Europe and prices vary by gateway and destination. On average, air tickets are sold to passengers at prices close to cost.
Onboard Activities and Other Revenues
Both of our brands offer modern fleets with a wide array of onboard activities, services and amenities, including swimming pools, sun decks, spa facilities (which include massage and exercise facilities), beauty salons, gaming facilities, lounges, bars, Las Vegas-style entertainment, retail shopping, libraries, cinemas, conference centers, internet cafes and shore excursions at each port of call. While many onboard activities are included in the base price of a cruise, we realize additional revenues from, among other things, gaming, the sale of alcoholic and other beverages, gift shop items, shore excursions, photography, spa services and art auctions. Both Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises offer a catalogue gift service which is now offered via the internet to provide travel agents and others the opportunity to purchase bon voyage gifts. In 2006, both brands will introduce enhanced functionality on our Internet sites for selecting shore excursions and amenities prior to embarkation. In addition, Celebrity Cruises offers Cirque du Soleil performances on Summit and Constellation. Celebrity will continue to offer the Savor the Caribbean culinary themed cruises, marking the third year of this successful program. Royal Caribbean International ships offer rock climbing walls and the Voyager-class ships offer additional activities including ice skating rinks and in-line skating. In 2005, Royal Caribbean International introduced bungee jumping trampolines on the renovated Enchantment of the Seas. In 2006, Freedom of the Seas will offer several new experiences to cruising including a surf machine, an interactive water park called the H2O Zone and a dedicated sports pool.
In conjunction with our cruise vacations, we offer pre and post cruise tours, which generally include vacations at nearby attractions or other destinations. We also offer fully escorted, premium land tour packages in Alaska, the Canadian Rockies and Europe through Royal Celebrity Tours. Tour itineraries include travel by deluxe motorcoach and/or Wilderness Express traincars. In addition, we sell cruise vacation protection coverage which provides passengers with coverage for trip cancellation, medical protection and baggage protection.
We operate two cruise brands, Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises. The brands have been aggregated as a single operating segment based on the similarity of their economic characteristics, as well as products and services provided. (For financial information see Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
As of December 31, 2005, we employed approximately 3,800 full-time and 600 part-time employees worldwide in our shoreside operations. We also employed approximately 35,000 shipboard employees. As of December 31, 2005, approximately 78.0% of our shipboard employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. We believe that our relationship with our employees is good.
Our largest purchases are for travel agency services, fuel, port facility utilization, food, airline transportation, advertising, hotel supplies and products related to passenger accommodations. Most of the supplies we require are available from numerous sources at competitive prices. None of our suppliers provided goods or services in excess of 10% of our total revenues in 2005.
We maintain insurance on the hull and machinery of our ships, which includes additional coverage for disbursements, earnings and increased value, which are maintained in amounts related to the value of each ship. The coverage for each of the hull policies is maintained with syndicates of insurance underwriters from the British, Scandinavian, French, United States and other international insurance markets.
We maintain liability protection and indemnity insurance on each of our ships through either Assuranceforeningen GARD or the United Kingdom Mutual Steam Ship Assurance Association (Bermuda) Limited.
We maintain war risk insurance, including terrorist risk insurance, on each ship through a Norwegian war risk insurance organization in an amount equal to the total insured hull value. This coverage includes coverage for physical damage to the ship which is not covered under the hull policies as a result of war exclusion clauses in such hull policies. We also maintain protection and indemnity war risk coverage for risks that would be excluded by the rules of the indemnity insurance organizations, subject to certain limitations. Consistent with most marine war risk policies, under the terms of our war risk insurance coverage, underwriters can give seven days notice to us that the policy will be canceled and reinstated at higher premium rates.
We also maintain a form of business interruption insurance with our insurance underwriters in the event that a ship is unable to operate during scheduled cruise periods due to loss or damage to the ship arising from certain covered events that last more than a specified period of time. We also maintain insurance coverage for certain events which would result in a delayed delivery of our contracted new ships, which we normally place starting approximately two years prior to the scheduled delivery dates.
Insurance coverage for shoreside property, onboard consumables and inventory, and general liability risks are maintained with insurance underwriters in the United States and the United Kingdom. We have decided not to carry business interruption insurance for shoreside operations based on our evaluation of the risks involved and our protective measures already in place, as compared to the premium expense.
All insurance coverage is subject to certain limitations, exclusions and deductible levels. In addition, in certain circumstances, we co-insure a portion of these risks. Premiums charged by insurance carriers, including carriers in the maritime insurance industry, increase or decrease from time to time and tend to be cyclical in nature. These cycles are impacted both by our own loss experience and by losses incurred in direct and reinsurance markets. We historically have been able to obtain insurance coverage in amounts and at premiums we have deemed to be commercially acceptable. No assurance can be given that affordable and secure insurance markets will be available to us in the future, particularly for war risk insurance.
The Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea (1974) and the 1976 Protocol to the Athens Convention are generally applicable to passenger ships. The United States has not ratified the Athens Convention; however, with limited exceptions, the 1976 Athens Convention Protocol may be contractually enforced with respect to those of our cruises that do not call at a United States port. The International Maritime Organization Diplomatic Conference agreed upon a new Protocol to the Athens Convention on November 1, 2002. The 2002 Protocol, which is not yet in force, substantially increases the level of compulsory insurance which must be maintained by passenger ship operators. No assurance can be given as to if or when the 2002 Protocol will come into force. If in force, no assurance can be given that affordable and secure insurance markets will be available to provide the level of coverage required under the 2002 Protocol.
We own a number of registered trademarks related to the Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises brands, including the name Royal Caribbean and its crown and anchor logo, the name Celebrity Cruises and its X logo, and the names of our cruise ships. We believe such trademarks are widely recognized throughout the world and have considerable value.
Our ships are regulated by various international, national, state and local laws, regulations and treaties in force in the jurisdictions in which they operate. In addition, all of our ships are registered in the Bahamas with the exception of the Celebrity Xpedition, which is registered in Ecuador. Each ship is subject to regulations issued by its country of registry, including regulations issued pursuant to international treaties governing the safety of the ship and its passengers. Each country of registry conducts periodic inspections to verify compliance with these regulations. Ships operating out of United States ports are subject to inspection by the United States Coast Guard for compliance with international treaties and by the United States Public Health Service for sanitary conditions. Our ships are also subject to similar inspections pursuant to the laws and regulations of various other countries our ships visit.
Our ships are required to comply with international safety standards defined in the Safety of Life at Sea Convention. The Safety of Life at Sea Convention standards are revised from time to time and the most recent modifications are being phased in through 2010. We do not anticipate that we will be required to make any material expenditures in order to comply with these rules.
We are required to obtain certificates from the United States Federal Maritime Commission relating to our ability to meet liability in cases of non-performance of obligations to passengers, as well as casualty and personal injury. Pursuant to the United States Federal Maritime Commission regulations, we arrange through our insurers for the provision of guarantees aggregating $45 million for our ship-operating companies as a condition to obtaining the required certificates. The United States Federal Maritime Commission has proposed various revisions to the financial responsibility regulations which could require us to significantly increase the amount of our bonds and accordingly increase our costs of compliance.
We are also required by the United Kingdom and other jurisdictions to establish our financial responsibility for any liability resulting from the non-performance of our obligations to passengers from these jurisdictions. In the United Kingdom, we are currently required by the United Kingdom Passenger Shipping Association and United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority to provide performance bonds totaling approximately £37.0 million.
We are subject to various United States and international laws and regulations relating to environmental protection. Under such laws and regulations, we are prohibited from, among other things, discharging certain materials, such as petrochemicals and plastics, into the waterways. We have made, and will continue to make, capital and other expenditures to comply with environmental laws and regulations. From time to time, environmental and other regulators consider more stringent regulations which may affect our operations and increase our compliance costs. We believe that the impact of cruise ships on the global environment will continue to be an area of focus by the relevant authorities throughout the world and, accordingly, this will likely subject us to increasing compliance costs in the future.
We are required to obtain certificates from the United States Coast Guard relating to our ability to satisfy liability in cases of water pollution. Pursuant to United States Coast Guard regulations, we arrange through our insurers for the provision of guarantees aggregating $287 million as a condition to obtaining the required certificates.
We believe that we are in material compliance with all the regulations applicable to our ships and that we have all licenses necessary to conduct our business. Health, safety, security and financial responsibility issues are, and we believe will continue to be, an area of focus by the relevant government authorities in the United States and internationally. From time to time, various regulatory and legislative changes may be proposed that could impact our operations and would likely subject us to increasing compliance costs in the future.
Taxation of the Company
The following discussion of the application of the United States federal income tax laws to us and to our subsidiaries is based on the current provisions of the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; Treasury Department regulations; administrative rulings; and court decisions. All of the foregoing is subject to change, and any such change could affect the accuracy of this discussion.
Application of Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code
We and our subsidiary, Celebrity Cruises Inc., the operator of Celebrity Cruises, are foreign corporations engaged in a trade or business in the United States, and our ship-owning subsidiaries are foreign corporations that, in many cases, depending upon the itineraries of their ships, receive income from sources within the United States. Under Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code, certain foreign corporations are not subject to United States income or branch profits tax on United States source income derived from or incidental to the international operation of a ship or ships, including income from the leasing of such ships.
A foreign corporation will qualify for the benefits of Section 883 if, in relevant part, (1) the foreign country in which the foreign corporation is organized grants an equivalent exemption to corporations organized in the United States and (2)(A) more than 50% of the value of the corporations capital stock is owned, directly or indirectly, by individuals who are residents of a foreign country that grants such an equivalent exemption to corporations organized in the United States or (B) the stock of the corporation (or the direct or indirect corporate parent thereof) is primarily and regularly traded on an established securities market in the United States or another qualifying country such as Norway. In the opinion of our
United States tax counsel, Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP, based on the representations and assumptions set forth in that opinion, we, Celebrity Cruises Inc. and our ship-owning subsidiaries qualify for the benefits of Section 883 because we and each of those subsidiaries are incorporated in Liberia, which is a qualifying country, and our common stock is primarily and regularly traded on an established securities market in the United States or Norway.
We believe that most of our income and the income of our ship-owning subsidiaries is derived from or incidental to the international operation of a ship or ships and, therefore, is exempt from taxation under Section 883. In 2005, final regulations became effective under Section 883, which, among other things, narrow somewhat the scope of activities that are considered by the Internal Revenue Service to be incidental to the international operation of ships. The activities listed in the regulations as not being incidental to the international operation of ships include income from the sale of air and land transportation, shore excursions and pre and post cruise tours. To the extent the income from these activities is earned from sources within the United States, that income will be subject to United States taxation; but the determination of the precise amount of such United States source income involves some uncertainties. The tax impact of these new regulations reduced our net income for the year ended December 31, 2005 by approximately $14 million, and we anticipate tax impacts in subsequent years on an ongoing basis.
Under certain circumstances, changes in the identity, residence or holdings of our direct or indirect shareholders could cause our common stock not to be regularly traded on an established securities market within the meaning of the regulations under Section 883. To substantially reduce any such risk, in May 2000, our Articles of Incorporation were amended to prohibit any person, other than our two existing largest shareholders, from owning, as determined for purposes of Section 883(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder, shares that give such person in the aggregate more than 4.9% of the relevant class or classes of our shares. Under Liberian law, this amendment may not be enforceable with respect to shares of common stock that were voted against the amendment or that were recorded as abstaining from the vote.
Also, it should be noted that Section 883 has been the subject of legislative modifications in past years that have had the effect of limiting its availability to certain taxpayers, and there can be no assurance that future legislation will not preclude us from obtaining the benefits of Section 883. At this time, however, there is no known limiting legislation pending before the United States Congress.
Taxation in the Absence of an Exemption under Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code
If we, Celebrity Cruises Inc. or our ship-owning subsidiaries were to fail to meet the requirements of Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code, or if the provision was repealed, then, as explained below, such companies would be subject to United States income taxation on a portion of their income derived from or incidental to the international operation of our ships.
Because we and Celebrity Cruises Inc. conduct a trade or business in the United States, we and Celebrity Cruises Inc. would be taxable at regular corporate rates on our separate company taxable income (i.e., without regard to the income of our ship-owning subsidiaries), from United States sources, which includes 100% of income, if any, from transportation that begins and ends in the United States (not including possessions of the United States), 50% of income from transportation that either begins or ends in the United States, and no income from transportation that neither begins nor ends in the United States. The legislative history of the transportation income source rules suggests that a cruise that begins and ends in a United States port, but that calls on more than one foreign port, will derive United States source income only from the first and last legs of such cruise. This conclusion is not free from doubt, however, because there are no regulations or other Internal Revenue Service interpretations of the above rules. In addition, if any of our earnings and profits effectively connected with our United States trade or business were withdrawn, or were deemed to have been withdrawn, from our United States trade or business, those withdrawn amounts would be subject to a branch profits tax at the rate of 30%. The amount of such earnings and profits would be equal to the aforesaid United States source income, with certain generally minor adjustments, less income taxes. We and Celebrity Cruises Inc. would also be potentially subject to tax on portions of certain interest paid by us at rates of up to 30%.
If Section 883 was not available to our ship-owning subsidiaries, each such subsidiary would be subject to a special 4% tax on its United States source gross transportation income, if any, each year because it does not have a fixed place of business in the United States and its income is derived from the leasing of a ship. Such United States source gross transportation income may be determined under any reasonable method, including ratios of days traveling directly to or from United States ports to total days traveling, or of the lessees United States source gross income from the ship (as determined under the source rules discussed in the preceding paragraph, and subject to the assumptions and qualifications set forth therein) to the lessees total gross income from the ship.
Website Access to Reports
We make available, free of charge, access to our Annual Reports, all quarterly and current reports and all amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission through our website at www.rclinvestor.com. The information contained on our website is not a part of any of these reports and is not incorporated by reference herein.
Executive Officers of the Company
Pursuant to Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K, the information regarding our executive officers is hereby included in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our executive officers are:
Richard D. Fain has served as a director since 1981 and as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since 1988. Mr. Fain is Chairman of the International Council of Cruise Lines, an industry trade organization. Mr. Fain has been involved in the shipping industry for over 25 years.
Adam M. Goldstein has served as President of Royal Caribbean International since February 2005. As President, Mr. Goldstein oversees fleet operations, sales, marketing and brand development for the Royal Caribbean International brand. Mr. Goldstein is also responsible for government and community relations, supply chain management and our tour company, Royal Celebrity Tours. Mr. Goldstein has been employed with Royal Caribbean since 1988 in a variety of positions, including Executive Vice President, Brand Operations, Senior Vice President, Total Guest Satisfaction and Senior Vice President, Marketing. Mr. Goldstein served as National Chair of the Travel Industry Association of America in 2001.
Daniel J. Hanrahan has served as President of Celebrity Cruises since February 2005 and, in such capacity, is responsible for the brands fleet operations, sales and marketing and brand development as well as corporate communications and sales and marketing for the Latin America, Caribbean, Asia and Pacific regions. From 1999 through February 2005, Mr. Hanrahan served as Senior Vice President, Sales and Marketing, for the Royal Caribbean International brand where he oversaw the brands marketing and sales operations. Mr. Hanrahan is currently Vice Chairman of the Cruise Line Industry Association and a member of its executive committee. Mr. Hanrahan has been employed by the company since 1999.
Luis E. Leon has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since August 2003. From 2001 through August 2003, Mr. Leon was the Chief Financial Officer for Graphic Packaging International Corporation, a New York Stock Exchange-listed manufacturer of folding cartons for the food, beverage and consumer products industry. In such capacity, Mr. Leon was responsible for all financial and information technology functions of the company. From 1994 through 2001, Mr. Leon held various financial and management positions with GS Industries, Inc., a leading maker of wire rod and grinding media for the mining industry, including serving as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and as a member of the board of directors and member of its executive committee. From 1999 to 2001, Mr. Leon also served as the Chief Operating Officer for GS Industries, Inc.s Mining Products division. Mr. Leon serves as a member of the foundation board for Miami-Dade College and as a trustee for the National ALS Association.
Brian J. Rice has served as Executive Vice President, Revenue Performance, since April 2005. In such capacity, Mr. Rice is responsible for revenue management, air/sea, groups, international operations, decision support, reservations and customer service for both Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises. Mr. Rice served as Senior Vice President, Revenue Performance, from 1999 to 2005 and has been employed with the company for over 15 years.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The risk factors set forth below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are important factors, among others, that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. It is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, this list should not be considered a complete statement of all potential risks or uncertainties. (See Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for a note regarding forward-looking statements.)
We operate in the vacation market and cruising is one of many alternatives for people choosing a vacation. We therefore risk losing business not only to other cruise lines, but also to other vacation operators which provide other leisure options including hotels, resorts and package holidays and tours.
We face significant competition from other cruise lines, both on the basis of cruise pricing and also in terms of the nature of ships and services we offer to cruise passengers. Our principal competitors within the cruise vacation industry include Carnival Corporation & plc, which owns, among others, Carnival Cruise Lines, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, Costa Cruises, P&O Cruises, and Cunard Line; Star Cruises, which owns, among others, Star Cruises and Norwegian Cruise Line; Mediterranean Shipping Company, which owns MSC Cruises; and Disney Cruise Line.
In the event that we do not compete effectively with other vacation alternatives and cruise companies, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.
Overcapacity within the cruise vacation industry, a reduction in demand or geo-political and economic uncertainties could have a negative impact on revenues, result in impairment of assets and may adversely affect profitability.
Cruising capacity has grown in recent years and we expect it to increase further as the major cruise vacation companies introduce new ships. Demand for cruises has been and is expected to continue to be dependent on the strength of the economies in the countries in which we market our products, the publics attitude towards the safety of travel and the geo-political climate. Economic or political changes may reduce demand for cruise vacations and may lead to reduced occupancy and/or price discounting which, in turn, could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and could result in impairment of our asset values.
Events such as terrorist attacks, war and other hostilities, the spread of contagious diseases and the resulting political instability, travel restrictions and concerns over safety, health and security aspects of traveling have had, and could have in the future, a significant adverse impact on demand and pricing in the travel and vacation industry. These events could also impact our ability to source qualified crew from throughout the world at competitive costs and, therefore, increase our shipboard employee costs.
The operation of cruise ships involves the risk of accidents, illnesses and other incidents which may bring into question passenger safety, health, security and vacation satisfaction and thereby adversely affect future industry performance. Incidents involving cruise ships, adverse media publicity concerning the cruise vacation industry or unusual weather patterns or natural disasters, such as hurricanes and earthquakes, could impact demand and consequently have an adverse impact on our profitability.
The United States and various state and foreign government or regulatory agencies have enacted or are considering new environmental regulations or policies that could adversely impact the cruise vacation industry. Some environmental groups have lobbied for more stringent regulation of cruise ships and have generated negative publicity about the cruise vacation industry and its environmental impact. In addition, we are subject to various international, national, state and local laws, regulations and treaties that govern, among other things, safety standards applicable to our ships, health and sanitary standards applicable to our passengers, security standards on board our ships and at the ship/port interface areas, and financial responsibilities to our passengers. These issues are, and we believe will continue to be, an area of focus by the relevant authorities throughout the world. This could result in the enactment of more stringent regulation of cruise ships that would subject us to increasing compliance costs in the future.
In 2005, the United States issued a proposed Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative which would require United States citizens to have a passport or other accepted identity document to travel to or from certain countries or areas that were previously exempt, such as Canada, Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean. The proposal is currently expected to be implemented as of December 31, 2006 for all United States citizens traveling to or from these destinations by air and sea and as of December 31, 2007 for all travel by land border crossings. Many of our United States cruise passengers visiting these destinations currently do not have passports, and it is therefore likely that these regulations will have a negative impact on our bookings when they are implemented.
To fund our capital expenditures and scheduled debt payments, we rely on a combination of cash flows provided by operations, drawdowns under our available credit facility, the incurrence of additional indebtedness and the sales of equity or debt securities in private or public securities markets. Our credit ratings impact our ability to obtain financing in financial markets and the terms of the financing. Any lowering of our credit ratings may have adverse consequences on our ability to access the financial markets and/or on our cost of financings. In addition, interest rates and our ability to obtain financing are dependent on many economic and political factors beyond our control. Accordingly, we cannot be sure that our cash flows from operations and additional financings will be available in accordance with our expectations.
We operate our business internationally and plan to continue to develop our international presence. Operating internationally exposes us to a number of risks. Examples include political risks and risk of increases in duties and taxes as well as changes in laws and policies affecting cruising, vacation or maritime businesses, or governing the operations of foreign-based companies. Additional risks include currency fluctuations, interest rate movements, imposition of trade barriers and restrictions on repatriation of earnings. If we are unable to address these risks adequately, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.
We have ship construction contracts which are denominated in euros. While we have entered into euro denominated forward contracts to manage a portion of the currency risk associated with these ship construction contracts, we are exposed to fluctuations in the euro exchange rate for the portion of the ship construction contracts that has not been hedged. If the shipyard is unable to perform under the related ship construction contract, any foreign currency hedges that were entered into to manage the currency risk would need to be terminated. Termination of these contracts could result in a significant loss.
We depend on shipyards to construct and deliver our cruise ships on a timely basis and in good working order. The sophisticated nature of building a ship involves risks. Delays or mechanical faults in ship construction have in the past and may in the future result in delays or cancellation of cruises or necessitate unscheduled drydocks and repairs of ships. Shipyard insolvency and other industrial actions could also delay or indefinitely postpone the timely delivery of new ships. We have experienced mechanical problems with the pod propulsion units on certain ships and there can be no assurance that we will not experience such problems in the future. These events together with any related adverse publicity could, to the extent they are not covered by contractual provisions or insurances, adversely affect our financial results.
Our operating costs and taxes could increase due to market forces and economic or political factors beyond our control.
Our operating costs, including fuel, food, payroll, insurance and security costs, are subject to increases due to market forces and economic or political instability or other factors beyond our control. Increases in these operating costs could adversely affect our profitability. In addition, United States state and local authorities as well as foreign authorities periodically consider increases in taxes. For instance, initiatives are currently pending in Alaska, which, if adopted, would impose taxes and other costs on us and our cruise passengers. The implementation of these and other taxes could also cause an increase in our costs.
Unavailability of ports of call may adversely affect our profits.
We believe that port destinations are a major reason why passengers choose to go on a particular cruise or on a cruise vacation. The availability of ports is affected by a number of factors, including, but not limited to, existing capacity constraints, security concerns, adverse weather conditions and natural disasters, financial limitations on port development, local governmental regulations and local community concerns about port development and other adverse impacts on their communities from additional tourists. Any limitations on the availability of our ports of call could adversely affect our profits.
We and a number of our subsidiaries are foreign corporations that derive income from a United States trade or business and/or from sources within the United States. Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP, our United States tax counsel, has delivered to us an opinion, based on certain representations and assumptions set forth in it, to the effect that this income, to the extent derived from or incidental to the international operation of a ship or ships, is exempt from United States income tax pursuant to Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code. We believe that most of our income (including that of our subsidiaries) is derived from or incidental to the international operation of a ship or ships.
In 2005, final regulations under Section 883 became effective, which narrowed somewhat the scope of activities that are considered by the Internal Revenue Service to be incidental to the international operation of ships. To the extent the income from non-incidental activities is earned from sources within the United States, that income will be subject to United States taxation; but the determination of the precise amount of such Untied States source income involves some uncertainties. The tax impact of these new regulations reduced our net income for the year ended December 31, 2005 by approximately $14 million and we anticipate tax impacts in subsequent years on an ongoing basis.
It should also be noted that the provisions of Section 883 are subject to change at any time by legislation. Moreover, changes could occur in the future with respect to the identity, residence or holdings of our direct or indirect shareholders that could affect our eligibility for the Section 883 exemption. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will continue to be exempt from United States income tax on United States source shipping income in the future. If we were not entitled to the benefit of Section 883, we and our subsidiaries would be subject to United States taxation on a portion of the income derived from or incidental to the international operation of our ships, which would reduce our net income.See Taxation of the Company above for a discussion of such taxation in the absence of an exemption under Section 883.
As of February 10, 2006, A. Wilhelmsen AS., a Norwegian corporation indirectly owned by members of the Wilhelmsen family of Norway, owned approximately 20.4% of our common stock and Cruise Associates, a Bahamian general partnership indirectly owned by various trusts primarily for the benefit of certain members of the Pritzker family and various trusts primarily for the benefit of certain members of the Ofer family, owned approximately 15.8% of our common stock. A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates have the power to determine, among other things:
our policies and the policies of our subsidiaries,
the persons who will be our directors and officers, and
actions requiring shareholder approval.
A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates are parties to a shareholders agreement. The agreement provides that our board of directors will consist of the following persons:
four nominees of A. Wilhelmsen AS.,
four nominees of Cruise Associates and
our Chief Executive Officer.
During the term of the shareholders agreement, certain corporate actions require the approval of at least one director nominated by A. Wilhelmsen AS. and one director nominated by Cruise Associates. Our principal shareholders are not prohibited from engaging in a business that may compete with our business, subject to certain exceptions. If any person other than A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates, our two principal shareholders, acquires ownership of more than 30% of our common stock and our two principal shareholders, in the aggregate, own less of our common stock than such person and do not collectively have the right to elect, or to designate for election, at least a majority of the board of directors, we may be obligated to prepay indebtedness outstanding under the majority of our credit facilities, which we may be unable to replace on similar terms. If this were to occur, it could have an adverse impact on our liquidity and operations.
A substantial number of shares of our common stock were either issued by us in private transactions not involving a public offering or are held by our affiliates and, therefore the sale of these securities is subject to restrictions under the Securities Act of 1933 (Securities Act). These shares include the 20.4% shares of our common stock held by A. Wilhelmsen AS. and the 15.8% held by Cruise Associates. No predictions can be made as to the effect, if any, that market sales of such shares, or the availability of such shares for future market sales, will have on the market price of our common stock prevailing from time to time. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock, or the perceptions that such sales could occur, could materially adversely affect the prevailing market price for our common stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through an offering of equity securities. Each of A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates has the right, pursuant to a registration rights agreement, to require us, subject to certain qualifications, to effect the registration under the Securities Act of all or part of their shares of common stock which would allow these shares to be sold into the public market.
Our corporate affairs are governed by our Restated Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws and by the Business Corporation Act of Liberia. The provisions of the Business Corporation Act of Liberia resemble provisions of the corporation laws of a number of states in the United States. However, while most states have a fairly well developed body of case law interpreting their respective corporate statutes, there are very few judicial cases in Liberia interpreting the Business Corporation Act of Liberia. For example, the rights and fiduciary responsibilities of directors under Liberian law are not as clearly established as the rights and fiduciary responsibilities of directors under statutes or judicial
precedent in existence in certain United States jurisdictions. Thus, our public shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests with respect to actions by management, directors or controlling shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a United States jurisdiction.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Information about our cruise ships, including their size and primary areas of operation, may be found within the Operating Strategies - Fleet Expansion section and the Operations - Cruise Ships and Itineraries section in Item 1. Business. Information regarding our cruise ships under construction, estimated expenditures and financing may be found within the Future Capital Commitments and Funding Sources sections of Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Our principal executive office and shoreside operations are located at the Port of Miami, Florida where we lease three office buildings totaling approximately 359,000 square feet from Miami-Dade County, Florida, under long-term leases with initial terms expiring in various years in and after 2011.
We lease an office building in Wichita, Kansas totaling approximately 95,000 square feet, which is used as a call center for reservations and customer service; an office building in Springfield, Oregon totaling approximately 163,000 square feet which is used as a reservation center; and an office building in Miramar, Florida totaling approximately 128,000 square feet, which is used primarily as additional office space. We also maintain offices in Weybridge, England which are used primarily to administer our operations in Europe.
Royal Caribbean International operates two private destinations: (i) an island we own in the Bahamas which we call Cococay; and (ii) Labadee, a secluded peninsula which we lease and is located on the north coast of Haiti.
We believe that our facilities are adequate for our current needs. We evaluate our needs periodically and obtain additional facilities when considered necessary.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
In April 2005, a purported class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida alleging that Celebrity Cruises improperly requires its cabin stewards to share guest gratuities with assistant cabin stewards. The suit seeks payment of damages, including penalty wages under 46 U.S.C. Section 10113 of U.S. law and interest. We are not able at this time to estimate the impact of this proceeding on us. However, we believe that we have meritorious defenses and we intend to vigorously defend against this action.
In May 2005, a purported class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida alleging that we improperly profit from shore excursions offered to our guests by third party shore excursion operators in violation of the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act. The suit sought payment of damages, including the difference between what we collect from our guests for shore excursions and what we pay to the shore excursion operators. In September 2005, the Court granted our motion to dismiss the lawsuit.
In January 2006, a purported class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that we infringed rights in copyrighted works and other intellectual property by presenting performances on our cruise ships without securing the necessary licenses. The suit seeks payment of damages, disgorgement of profits and a permanent injunction against future infringement. We are not able at this time to estimate the impact of this preceding on us.
We are routinely involved in other claims typical within the cruise vacation industry. The majority of these claims is covered by insurance. We believe the outcome of such claims, net of expected insurance recoveries, will not have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
Item 5. Market for Registrants Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Oslo Stock Exchange (OSE) under the symbol RCL. The table below sets forth the intra-day high and low prices of our common stock as reported by the NYSE and the OSE for the two most recent years by quarter:
As of February 10, 2006 there were 1,034 record holders of our common stock. Since certain of our shares are held indirectly, the foregoing number is not representative of the number of beneficial owners.
Cash dividends of $0.13 per share were declared in each of the first and second quarters of 2005 and $0.15 per share in each of the third and fourth quarters of 2005. We declared cash dividends on common shares of $0.13 per share in each of the quarters of 2004.
Holders of our common stock have an equal right to share in our profits in the form of dividends when declared by our board of directors out of funds legally available for the distribution of dividends. Holders of our common stock have no rights to any sinking fund.
There are no exchange control restrictions on remittances of dividends on our common stock. Since (1) we are and intend to maintain our status as a nonresident Liberian entity under the Revenue Code of Liberia (2000) and the regulations thereunder, and (2) our ship-owning subsidiaries are not now engaged, and are not in the future expected to engage, in any business in Liberia, including voyages exclusively within the territorial waters of the Republic of Liberia, we have been advised by Watson, Farley & Williams (New York) LLP, our special Liberian counsel, that under current Liberian law, no Liberian taxes or withholding will be imposed on payments to holders of our securities other than to a holder that is a resident Liberian entity or a resident individual or an individual or entity subject to taxation in Liberia as a result of having a permanent establishment (within the meaning of the Revenue Code of Liberia (2000)) in Liberia.
The declaration of dividends shall at all times be subject to the final determination of our board of directors that a dividend is prudent at that time in consideration of the needs of the business. The shareholders agreement provides that A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates will from time to time consider our dividend policy with due regard for the interests of the shareholders in maximizing the return on their investment and our ability to pay such dividends. The shareholders agreement also provides that payment of dividends will depend, among other factors, upon our earnings, financial condition and capital requirements and the income and other tax liabilities of A. Wilhelmsen AS., Cruise Associates and their respective affiliates relating to their ownership of common stock.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information about repurchases of common stock during the year ended December 31, 2005:
(a) Shares purchased in accordance with our ASR transaction (see Note 6. Shareholders' Equity to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data).
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The selected consolidated financial data presented below for the years 2001 through 2005 and as of the end of each such year, are derived from our audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those financial statements and the related notes.
1In the third quarter of 2005, we changed our method of accounting for drydocking costs from the accrual in advance to the deferral method (see Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain statements under this caption Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and elsewhere in this document constitute forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as expect, anticipate, goal, project, plan, believe, seek and similar expressions are intended to identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements do not guarantee future performance and may involve risks, uncertainties and other factors which could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied in those forward-looking statements. Examples of these risks, uncertainties and other factors include, but are not limited to those discussed under Item 1A. Risk Factors as well as the following:
general economic and business conditions,
vacation industry competition, including cruise vacation industry competition,
changes in vacation industry capacity, including over capacity in the cruise vacation industry,
the impact of tax laws and regulations affecting our business or our principal shareholders,
the impact of changes in other laws and regulations affecting our business,
the impact of pending or threatened litigation,
the delivery of scheduled new ships,
emergency ship repairs,
negative incidents involving cruise ships including those involving the health and safety of passengers,
reduced consumer demand for cruises as a result of any number of reasons, including geo-political and economic uncertainties and the unavailability of air service,
fears of terrorists attacks, armed conflict and the spread of contagious diseases and the resulting concerns over safety and security aspects of traveling,
our ability to obtain financing on terms that are favorable or consistent with our expectations,
changes in our stock price or principal shareholders,
the impact of changes in operating and financing costs, including changes in foreign currency, interest rates, fuel, food, payroll, insurance and security costs,
the implementation of regulations in the United States requiring United States citizens to obtain passports for travel to additional foreign destinations, and
The above examples are not exhaustive and new risks emerge from time to time. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. (See Note 1. General and Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.) Certain of our accounting policies are deemed critical, as they require managements highest degree of judgment, estimates and assumptions. We have discussed these accounting policies and estimates with the audit committee of our board of directors. We believe our most critical accounting policies are as follows:
Our ships represent our most significant assets and are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation or amortization. Depreciation of ships, which includes amortization of ships under capital leases, is computed net of a 15% projected residual value using the straight-line method over estimated service lives of primarily 30 years. Improvement costs that we believe add value to our ships are capitalized as additions to the ship and depreciated over the improvements estimated useful lives. The estimated cost and accumulated depreciation of refurbished or replaced ship components are written-off and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in cruise operating expenses. Repairs and maintenance activities are charged to expense as incurred. In the third quarter of 2005, we changed our method of accounting for drydocking costs from the accrual in advance to the deferral method. Under the accrual in advance method, estimated drydocking costs are accrued evenly over the period to the next scheduled drydock. Under the deferral method, drydocking costs incurred are deferred and charged to expense on a straight-line basis over the period to the next scheduled drydock. (See Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data).
Our service life and residual value estimates take into consideration the impact of anticipated technological changes, long-term cruise and vacation market conditions and historical useful lives of similarly-built ships. In addition, we take into consideration our estimates of the average useful lives of the ships major component systems, such as hull, superstructure, main electric, engines and cabins. Given the very large and complex nature of our ships, our accounting estimates related to ships and determinations of ship improvement costs to be capitalized require considerable judgment and are inherently uncertain. We do not have cost segregation studies performed to specifically componentize our ship systems; therefore, we estimate the costs of component systems based principally on general and technical information known about major ship component systems and their lives and our knowledge of the cruise vacation industry. We do not identify and track depreciation by ship component systems, but instead utilize these estimates to determine the net cost basis of assets replaced or refurbished.
We believe we have made reasonable estimates for ship accounting purposes. However, should certain factors or circumstances cause us to revise our estimates of ship service lives or projected residual values, depreciation expense could be materially higher or lower. If circumstances cause us to change our assumptions in making determinations as to whether ship improvements should be capitalized, the amounts we expense each year as repairs and maintenance costs could increase, partially offset by a decrease in depreciation expense. If we had reduced our estimated average 30-year ship service life by one year, depreciation expense for 2005 would have increased by approximately $17 million. If our ships were estimated to have no residual value, depreciation expense for 2005 would have increased by approximately $77 million.
Valuation of Long-Lived Assets and Goodwill
We review long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be fully recoverable. The assessment of possible impairment is based on our ability to recover the carrying value of our asset based on our estimate of its undiscounted future cash flows. If these estimated future cash flows were less than the carrying value of the asset, an impairment charge would be recognized for the difference between the assets estimated fair value and its carrying value.
The determination of fair value is based on quoted market prices in active markets, if available. Such markets are often not available for used cruise ships. Accordingly, we also base fair value on independent appraisals, sales price negotiations and projected future cash flows discounted at a rate determined by management to be commensurate with our
business risk. The estimation of fair value utilizing discounted forecasted cash flows includes numerous uncertainties which require our significant judgment when making assumptions of revenues, operating costs, marketing, selling and administrative expenses, interest rates, ship additions and retirements, cruise vacation industry competition and general economic and business conditions, among other factors.
Goodwill is reviewed annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill may not be fully recoverable. The impairment review consists of comparing the fair value of goodwill to the carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds the fair value, an impairment charge would be recognized for the difference between the carrying value and the fair value. We use the market capitalization method in determining the fair value of our goodwill. If, under certain circumstances, this method is not representative of fair value, we use a present value of future cash flows approach.
We believe we have made reasonable estimates and judgments in determining whether our long-lived assets and goodwill have been impaired; however, if there is a material change in the assumptions used in our determination of fair values or if there is a material change in the conditions or circumstances influencing fair value, we could be required to recognize a material impairment charge.
On an ongoing basis, we assess the potential liabilities related to any lawsuits or claims brought against us. While it is typically very difficult to determine the timing and ultimate outcome of such actions, we use our best judgment to determine if it is probable that we will incur an expense related to the settlement or final adjudication of such matters and whether a reasonable estimation of such probable loss, if any, can be made. In assessing probable losses, we take into consideration estimates of the amount of insurance recoveries, if any. We accrue a liability when we believe a loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Due to the inherent uncertainties related to the eventual outcome of litigation and potential insurance recoveries, it is possible that certain matters may be resolved for amounts materially different from any provisions or disclosures that we have previously made.
Terminology and Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Available Passenger Cruise Days (APCD) are our measurement of capacity and represent double occupancy per cabin multiplied by the number of cruise days for the period.
Gross Cruise Costs represent the sum of total cruise operating expenses plus marketing, selling and administrative expenses.
Gross Yields represent total revenues per APCD.
Net Cruise Costs represent Gross Cruise Costs excluding commissions, transportation and other expenses and onboard and other expenses (each of which is described below under the Overview heading). In measuring our ability to control costs in a manner that positively impacts net income, we believe changes in Net Cruise Costs to be the most relevant indicator of our performance. A reconciliation of historical Gross Cruise Costs to Net Cruise Costs is provided below under Summary of Historical Results of Operations. We have not provided a quantitative reconciliation of projected Gross Cruise Costs to projected Net Cruise Costs due to the significant uncertainty in projecting the costs deducted to arrive at this measure. Accordingly, we do not believe that reconciling information for such projected figures would be meaningful.
Net Yields represent Gross Yields less commissions, transportation and other expenses and onboard and other expenses (each of which is described below under the Overview heading) per APCD. We utilize Net Yields to manage our business on a day-to-day basis and believe that it is the most relevant measure of our pricing performance because it reflects the cruise revenues earned by us net of our most significant variable costs. A reconciliation of historical Gross Yields to Net Yields is provided below under Summary of Historical Results of Operations. We have not provided a quantitative reconciliation of projected Gross Yields to projected Net Yields due to the significant uncertainty in projecting the costs deducted to arrive at this measure. Accordingly, we do not believe that reconciling information for such projected figures would be meaningful.
Occupancy, in accordance with cruise vacation industry practice, is calculated by dividing Passenger Cruise Days by APCD. A percentage in excess of 100% indicates that three or more passengers occupied some cabins.
Passenger Cruise Days represent the number of passengers carried for the period multiplied by the number of days of their respective cruises.
Our revenues consist of the following:
Passenger ticket revenues consist of revenue recognized from the sale of passenger tickets and the sale of air transportation to our ships.
Onboard and other revenues consist primarily of revenues from the sale of goods and/or services onboard our ships, cancellation fees, sales of vacation protection insurance and pre and post tours. Also included are revenues we receive from independent third party concessionaires that pay us a percentage of their revenues in exchange for the right to provide selected goods and/or services onboard our ships.
Our cruise operating expenses consist of the following:
Commissions, transportation and other expenses consist of those costs directly associated with passenger ticket revenues, including travel agent commissions, air and other transportation expenses, port costs that vary with passenger head counts and related credit card fees.
Onboard and other expenses consist of the direct costs associated with onboard and other revenues. These costs include the cost of products sold onboard our ships, vacation protection insurance premiums, costs associated with pre and post tours and related credit card fees. Concession revenues have minimal costs associated with them, as the costs related to these activities are incurred by the concessionaires.
Payroll and related expenses consist of costs for shipboard personnel.
Food expenses include food costs for both passengers and crew.
Fuel expenses include fuel costs, net of the financial impact of fuel swap agreements, and fuel delivery costs.
Other operating expenses consist of operating costs such as repairs and maintenance, port costs that do not vary with passenger head counts, insurance, entertainment and all other operating costs.
We do not allocate payroll and related costs, food costs, fuel costs or other operating costs to the expense categories attributable to passenger ticket revenues or onboard and other revenues since they are incurred to provide the total cruise vacation experience.
Summary of Historical Results of Operations
We have operated under an exceptionally strong demand environment over the past two years, comparable to pre-9/11 levels. In addition, the rate of capacity growth within the industry decreased significantly to approximately 4.5% in 2005 from approximately 13.2% in 2004. These trends contributed to a favorable pricing environment for our products and allowed us to achieve significant Net Yield increases in 2005. In contrast, increasing fuel costs represented a significant challenge for us during 2005. Record crude oil prices, combined with refining capacity shortfalls, helped to increase at the pump prices to record levels. Although price and consumption related initiatives partially mitigated these increases, fuel costs on an APCD basis increased 44% during 2005 as compared to 2004. Despite the significant increases in fuel costs, we achieved the best financial performance in our history.
Highlights for 2005 included:
in 2003. Included in our results for 2005 is a net gain of $44.2 million, primarily due to foreign exchange, on the redemption of our investment in First Choice Holiday PLC (First Choice).
Total revenues for 2004 increased 20.4% to $4.6 billion from total revenues of $3.8 billion in 2003. The increase in total revenues was a result of a 10.3% increase in capacity along with increases in cruise ticket prices, occupancy levels and onboard revenues as consumer sentiment towards leisure travel improved in 2004. During 2004, Net Yields increased 9.2% and Net Cruise Costs per APCD increased 5.6% compared to 2003. Gross Cruise Costs increased 17.7% in 2004 compared to 2003 primarily as a result of increases in capacity, commission expense associated with higher cruise ticket prices and higher fuel prices. In addition, in 2004 we incurred costs of approximately $11.3 million related to the impact of hurricanes.
Our revenues are seasonal based on demand for cruises. Demand is strongest for cruises during the summer months and holidays.
We reported historical total revenues, operating income, income before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, net income and earnings per share as shown in the following table (in thousands, except per share data):
1 In the third quarter of 2005, we changed our method of accounting for drydocking costs from the accrual in advance to the deferral method (see Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
The following table presents historical operating data as a percentage of total revenues for the last three years:
Unaudited selected historical statistical information is shown in the following table:
Gross Yields and Net Yields were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and Yields):
Gross Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and costs per APCD):
Full Year 2006
Bookings and pricing levels continue to be solid. As a result, we forecast Net Yields for the full year 2006 will increase in the range of 2% to 4% compared to 2005. As announced on February 2, 2006, at-the-pump fuel price was $425 per metric ton, which is 19% higher than the average price for 2005 of $358 per metric ton. If fuel prices for the rest of the year remain at that level, we estimate that our 2006 fuel costs (net of hedging and fuel savings initiatives) will increase approximately $90 million. Fuel prices have not changed significantly since our announcement on February 2, 2006.
Commencing with the first quarter of 2006, we will adopt the new stock-based compensation accounting standard and begin expensing stock options, which is expected to increase 2006 full year expenses by $12 million.
Based on the above, we estimate that Net Cruise Costs per APCD for 2006 will increase in the range of 3% to 5% as compared to the prior year. Higher fuel costs account for 3.0 to 4.0 percentage points of this increase. Additionally, 2006 will be another year of minimal capacity increases. Capacity will grow more substantially in 2007 and beyond, providing us with improved economies of scale to offset normal cost increases.
Depreciation and amortization is expected to be in the range of $425 to $445 million and net interest expense is expected to be in the range of $245 to $265 million.
In January 2006, we partially settled a pending lawsuit against Rolls Royce and Alstom Power Conversion, (Alstom) co-producers of the Mermaid pod-propulsion system on Millennium-class ships, for the recurring Mermaid pod failures. Under the terms of the partial settlement, we received $38.0 million from Alstom and released them from the suit, which remains pending against Rolls Royce. The $38.0 million settlement resulted in an estimated gain of $36.0 million, net of estimated reimbursements to insurance companies, which will be recorded in other income during the first quarter of 2006.
Based upon the expectations and assumptions contained in this outlook section (including the legal settlement with Alstom of $0.16 per share), we expect full year 2006 earnings per share to be in the range of $2.95 to $3.15.
First Quarter 2006
Expectations for the first quarter of 2006 are somewhat different than the full year due to seasonal revenue patterns and the timing of certain expenses. We expect Net Yields for the first quarter of 2006 will increase in the range of 1% to 2% compared to the first quarter of 2005.
We estimate that Net Cruise Costs per APCD for the first quarter of 2006 will increase in the range of 12% to 13% compared to the same quarter in 2005. This increase is primarily due to the following:
Based upon the expectations and assumptions contained in this outlook section (including the legal settlement with Alstom of $0.16 per share), we expect first quarter 2006 earnings per share to be in the range of $0.45 to $0.50.
Year Ended December 31, 2005 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2004
Net Revenues increased 8.8% in 2005 compared to 2004 due to a 7.4% increase in Net Yields and, to a lesser extent, a 1.4% increase in capacity. The increase in Net Yields was primarily due to higher cruise ticket prices and amounts spent per passenger onboard. Higher cruise ticket prices were primarily attributable to a strong demand environment and a decrease in capacity growth within the industry. The increase in capacity was primarily attributed to the addition of Jewel of the Seas in 2004, partially offset by Enchantment of the Seas, which was out of service for 53 days due to its lengthening. In addition, capacity in 2004 was negatively impacted by the cancellation of certain sailings primarily due to hurricanes and unscheduled drydocks. Occupancy in 2005 was 106.6% compared to 105.7% in 2004. Gross Yields increased 6.2% in 2005 compared to 2004 primarily due to the same reasons discussed above for Net Yields.
Onboard and other revenues included concession revenues of $223.0 million and $196.3 million in 2005 and 2004, respectively. The increase in concession revenues was primarily due to higher amounts spent per passenger onboard and the increase in capacity mentioned above.
Net Cruise Costs increased 7.8% in 2005 compared to 2004 due to a 6.3% increase in Net Cruise Costs per APCD and the 1.4% increase in capacity mentioned above. Approximately 4.9 percentage points of the increase in Net Cruise Costs per APCD was attributed to increases in fuel costs. Total fuel costs (net of the financial impact of fuel swap agreements) increased 46.0% in 2005 as compared to an increase of 27.5% in 2004. As a percentage of total revenues, fuel costs were 7.5% and 5.5% in 2005 and 2004, respectively. The remaining 1.4 percentage points of the increase in Net Cruise Costs per APCD was primarily attributed to increases in payroll costs associated with benefits. In addition, Net Cruise Costs in 2004 included approximately $11.3 million in costs related to the impact of hurricanes. Gross Cruise Costs increased 6.5% in 2005 compared to 2004, which was a lower percentage increase than Net Cruise Costs primarily due to a lower proportion of passengers who purchased air transportation from us in 2005.
Depreciation and amortization expenses increased 2.0% in 2005 compared to 2004. The increase was primarily due to incremental depreciation associated with the addition of Jewel of the Seas in 2004 as well as depreciation associated with other capital expenditures, including the lengthening of Enchantment of the Seas in 2005.
Other Income (Expense)
In July 2005, First Choice redeemed in full its 6.75% convertible preferred shares. We received $348.1 million in cash, resulting in a net gain of $44.2 million, primarily due to foreign exchange.
Gross interest expense decreased to $287.4 million in 2005 from $317.2 million in 2004. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower average debt level, partially offset by higher interest rates. Interest capitalized increased to $17.7 million in 2005 from $7.2 million in 2004 due to a higher average level of investment in ships under construction.
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
In the third quarter of 2005, we changed our method of accounting for drydocking costs from the accrual in advance to the deferral method (see Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data). The change resulted in a one-time gain of $52.5 million, or $0.22 per share on a diluted basis, to recognize the cumulative effect of the change on prior years, which we reflected as part of our results in 2005. Other than this one-time gain, the change did not have a material impact on our consolidated statement of operations.
Year Ended December 31, 2004 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2003
Net Revenues increased 20.4% in 2004 compared to 2003. The increase was due to a 10.3% increase in capacity and a 9.2% increase in Net Yields. The increase in capacity was primarily associated with the full year effect of the additions of Serenade of the Seas and Mariner of the Seas in 2003 and delivery of Jewel of the Seas in 2004. The increase in capacity was partially offset by the cancellation of 54 days of sailings in 2004 due to hurricanes and unscheduled drydocks. The increase in Net Yields was primarily due to higher cruise ticket prices, occupancy levels and amounts spent per passenger onboard. These increases were primarily attributable to improved consumer sentiment towards leisure travel. In 2003, we experienced lower cruise ticket prices due to consumer apprehension towards travel prior to and during the war in Iraq and economic uncertainty. Occupancy in 2004 was 105.7% compared to 103.2% in 2003. Gross Yields increased 9.1% in 2004 compared to 2003 primarily due to the same reasons discussed above for Net Yields.
Onboard and other revenues included concession revenues of $196.3 million and $163.0 million in 2004 and 2003, respectively, which increased in 2004 primarily due to the same reasons discussed above for Net Revenues.
Net Cruise Costs increased 16.5% in 2004 compared to 2003. The increase was due to the 10.3% increase in capacity mentioned above and a 5.6% increase in Net Cruise Costs per APCD. The increase in Net Cruise Costs per APCD was primarily attributed to increases in fuel prices, marketing, selling and administrative expenses, crew salaries and medical expenses, port expenses and costs associated with hurricanes. The weighted-average fuel price (net of the financial impact of fuel swap agreements) for the year ended December 31, 2004 increased 14% per metric ton from the year ended December 31, 2003. As a percentage of total revenues, fuel costs were 5.5% and 5.2% for 2004 and 2003, respectively. The increase in marketing, selling and administrative expenses was primarily attributable to increases in general and administrative costs associated with the expansion of our reservations and sales force and additional information technology projects. In addition, advertising costs increased primarily due to an increase in television media spending and the launch of the Cirque du Soleil and Celebrity Xpeditions marketing campaigns for Celebrity Cruises. The increase in port expenses was primarily attributed to itinerary changes. In 2004, we incurred approximately $11.3 million in costs related to the impact of hurricanes. In contrast, other operating expenses in 2003 were reduced by approximately $5.8 million in connection with a litigation settlement. Gross Cruise Costs per APCD increased 6.7% in 2004 compared to 2003 primarily due to the same reasons discussed above for Net Cruise Costs per APCD.
Depreciation and amortization expenses increased 8.7% in 2004 compared to 2003. The increase was primarily due to incremental depreciation associated with the full year effect of the addition of Mariner of the Seas and Serenade of the Seas in 2003 and Jewel of the Seas in 2004.
Other Income (Expense)
Gross interest expense increased to $317.2 million in 2004 from $284.3 million in 2003. The increase was primarily attributable to a higher average debt level and higher interest rates. Interest capitalized during 2004 decreased to $7.2 million from $15.9 million in 2003 due to a lower average level of investment in ships under construction.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash
Cash flow generated from operations provides us with a significant source of liquidity. Net cash provided by operating activities was $1.1 billion in each of 2005 and 2004 and $0.9 billion in 2003. Net cash provided by operating activities was positively impacted in 2005 by an increase in income before the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle compared to 2004. This increase was primarily offset by a lower rate of increase in customer deposits in 2005 relative to 2004. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities in 2004 compared to 2003 was primarily due to an increase in net income.
Net cash used in investing activities decreased to $89.0 million in 2005, from $632.5 million in 2004 and $1.1 billion in 2003. The decrease in 2005 was primarily due to the receipt of $348.1 million in connection with the redemption of our investment in First Choice convertible preferred shares. In addition, our capital expenditures were approximately $429.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 compared to approximately $630.1 million in 2004 and $1.0 billion in 2003. Capital expenditures were primarily related to ships under construction and the lengthening of Enchantment of the Seas in 2005, the deliveries of Jewel of the Seas in 2004 and Serenade of the Seas and Mariner of the Seas in 2003, as well as progress payments for ships under construction in all years.
Net cash used in financing activities increased to $1.5 billion in 2005 compared to $0.1 billion in 2004 and net cash provided by financing activities was $0.3 billion in 2003. The increase in 2005 was primarily due to payments made on various debt instruments and an Accelerated Share Repurchase (ASR) transaction. We made payments on various term loans, senior notes, revolving credit facilities and capital leases totaling approximately $931.9 million, $361.4 million and $471.1 million in 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. In addition, in 2005, we paid $335.8 million in connection with the exercise of purchase options on our capital lease obligations for Legend of the Seas and Splendour of the Seas and we prepaid a total of $297.0 million on secured and unsecured term loans. We also purchased 5.5 million shares of our common stock in 2005 from an investment bank at an initial price of $45.40 per share as part of an ASR transaction. Total consideration paid to repurchase such shares, including commissions and other fees, was approximately $249.1 million (see Note 6. Shareholders Equity to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data). In 2005, we drew $200.0 million on unsecured variable rate term loans due 2010 and $190.0 million on our revolving credit facility. In 2004, we drew $225.0 million on an unsecured variable rate term loan due 2006 through 2012. In 2003, we received net cash proceeds of $590.5 million from the issuance of senior unsecured notes due through 2013 (see Note 5. Long-Term Debt to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.) and we drew $240.0 million on our revolving credit facility. During 2005, 2004 and 2003, we received $22.0 million, $98.3 million and $46.0 million, respectively, in connection with the exercise of common stock options and we paid quarterly cash dividends on our common stock of $118.8 million, $104.5 million and $98.3 million, respectively. These events contributed to improve our net debt-to-capital percentage to 42.0% in 2005 from 51.5% in 2004 and 56.4% in 2003.
Future Capital Commitments
Our future capital commitments consist primarily of new ship orders. As of December 31, 2005, we had three Freedom-class ships designated for Royal Caribbean International and one Solstice-class ship, Celebrity Solstice, on order for an additional capacity of approximately 13,800 berths. The aggregate cost of the ships is approximately $3.2 billion, of which we have deposited $311.4 million as of December 31, 2005. (See Note 10. Financial Instruments to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
As of December 31, 2005, we anticipated overall capital expenditures, including the four ships on order, will be approximately $1.1 billion for 2006, $1.1 billion for 2007, $1.6 billion for 2008 and $0.3 billion for 2009.
In February, 2006 we exercised an option to purchase an additional Solstice-class ship for Celebrity Cruises, Celebrity Equinox, for an additional capacity of approximately 2,850 berths, with scheduled delivery in the third quarter of 2009. Also, in February, 2006 we entered into an agreement with a shipyard to build a new class of ship for Royal Caribbean International, subject to certain conditions, for an additional capacity of approximately 5,400 berths, with scheduled delivery in the third quarter of 2009. Including these two additional ships, our anticipated overall capital
expenditures at December 31, 2005 will increase to approximately $1.2 billion for 2006, $1.3 billion for 2007, $1.8 billion for 2008 and $1.9 billion in 2009. We have an option to purchase an additional ship for Royal Caribbean International, exercisable through mid-March 2007, for an additional capacity of approximately 5,400 berths. If ordered, the optional ship will be delivered in the third quarter of 2010. (See Note 13. Subsequent Events to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of December 31, 2005, our contractual obligations were as follows (in thousands):
Under the Brilliance of the Seas operating lease, we have agreed to indemnify the lessor to the extent its after-tax return is negatively impacted by unfavorable changes in corporate tax rates and capital allowance deductions. These indemnifications could result in an increase in our lease payments. We are unable to estimate the maximum potential increase in such lease payments due to the various circumstances, timing or combination of events that could trigger such indemnifications. Under current circumstances we do not believe an indemnification is probable.
Some of the contracts that we enter into include indemnification provisions that obligate us to make payments to the counterparty if certain events occur. These contingencies generally relate to changes in taxes, increased lender capital costs and other similar costs. The indemnification clauses are often standard contractual terms and are entered into in the normal course of business. There are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification clauses and we are not able to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments, if any, under these indemnification clauses. We have not been required to make any payments under such indemnification clauses in the past and, under current circumstances, we do not believe an indemnification in any material amount is probable.
As a normal part of our business, depending on market conditions, pricing and our overall growth strategy, we continuously consider opportunities to enter into contracts for the building of additional ships. We may also consider the sale of ships. We continuously consider potential acquisitions and strategic alliances. If any of these were to occur, they would be financed through the incurrence of additional indebtedness, the issuance of additional shares of equity securities or through cash flows from operations.
As of December 31, 2005, our liquidity was $1.0 billion consisting of approximately $0.1 billion in cash and cash equivalents and $0.9 billion available under our unsecured revolving credit facility. (See Note 5. Long-Term Debt to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.) We have commitments of approximately $1.5 billion due during the twelve-month period ending December 31, 2006. These commitments will be funded through a combination of cash flows from operations, drawdowns under our available unsecured revolving credit facility, the incurrence of additional indebtedness and the sales of equity or debt securities in private or public securities markets. Although we believe our existing unsecured revolving credit facility, cash flows from operations, our ability to obtain new borrowings and/or raise new capital or a combination of these sources will be sufficient to fund operations, debt payment requirements, capital expenditures and other commitments over the next twelve-month period, there can be no assurances that these sources of cash will be available in accordance with our expectations.
Our financing agreements contain covenants that require us, among other things, to maintain minimum net worth, and fixed charge coverage ratio and limit our debt to capital ratio. We were in compliance with all covenants as of December 31, 2005.
If any person other than A. Wilhelmsen AS. and Cruise Associates, our two principal shareholders, acquires ownership of more than 30% of our common stock and our two principal shareholders, in the aggregate, own less of our common stock than such person and do not collectively have the right to elect, or to designate for election, at least a majority of the board of directors, we may be obligated to prepay indebtedness outstanding under the majority of our credit facilities, which we may be unable to replace on similar terms. If this were to occur, it could have an adverse impact on our liquidity and operations.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Financial Instruments and Other
We are exposed to market risk attributable to changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and fuel prices. We minimize these risks through a combination of our normal operating and financing activities and through the use of derivative financial instruments pursuant to our hedging practices and policies. The financial impacts of these hedging instruments are primarily offset by corresponding changes in the underlying exposures being hedged. We achieve this by closely matching the amount, term and conditions of the derivative instrument with the underlying risk being hedged. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes. We monitor our derivative positions using techniques including market valuations and sensitivity analyses. (See Note 10. Financial Instruments to our consolidated financial statements under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.)
Interest Rate Risk
Our exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates to our long-term debt obligations and our operating lease for Brilliance of the Seas. At December 31, 2005, 66% of our long-term debt was effectively fixed and 34% was floating. We enter into interest rate swap agreements to modify our exposure to interest rate movements and to manage our interest expense and rent expense.
Market risk associated with our long-term fixed rate debt is the potential increase in fair value resulting from a decrease in interest rates. At December 31, 2005, our interest rate swap agreements effectively changed $268.8 million of fixed rate debt with a weighted-average fixed rate of 7.8% to LIBOR-based floating rate debt. The estimated fair value of our long-term fixed rate debt at December 31, 2005, excluding our Liquid Yield Option Notes and zero coupon convertible notes, was $2.4 billion using quoted market prices, where available, or using discounted cash flow analyses based on market rates available to us for similar debt with the same remaining maturities. The fair value of our associated interest rate swap agreements was estimated to be $10.5 million as of December 31, 2005 based on quoted market prices for similar or identical financial instruments to those we hold. A hypothetical one percentage point decrease in interest rates at December 31, 2005 would increase the fair value of our long-term fixed rate debt, excluding our Liquid Yield
Option Notes and zero coupon convertible notes, by approximately $110.7 million, net of an increase in the fair value of the associated interest rate swap agreements.
Market risk associated with our long-term floating rate debt is the potential increase in interest expense from an increase in interest rates. A hypothetical one percentage point increase in interest rates would increase our 2006 interest expense by approximately $7.6 million. At December 31, 2005, we have an interest rate swap agreement that effectively changes $25 million of LIBOR-based floating rate debt to fixed rate debt of 4.395%.
Market risk associated with our operating lease for Brilliance of the Seas is the potential increase in rent expense from an increase in sterling LIBOR rates. As of January 2006, we have effectively changed 69% of the operating lease obligation from a floating rate to a fixed rate obligation with a weighted-average rate of 4.83% through a combination of interest rate swap agreements and rate fixings with the lessor. A hypothetical one percentage point increase in sterling LIBOR rates would increase our 2006 rent expense by approximately $1.3 million, based on the exchange rate at December 31, 2005, net of the effect of interest rate swaps.
The estimated fair values of our Liquid Yield Option Notes and zero coupon convertible notes fluctuate with the price of our common stock and at December 31, 2005 were $595.1 million and $200.8 million, respectively. A hypothetical 10% decrease or increase in our December 31, 2005 common stock price would decrease or increase the value of our Liquid Yield Option Notes and zero coupon convertible notes by approximately $48.8 million and $20.0 million, respectively.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
Our primary exposure to foreign currency exchange rate risk relates to our firm commitments under ship construction contracts denominated in euros. We entered into euro denominated forward contracts to manage this risk. The estimated fair value of such euro denominated forward contracts at December 31, 2005, was a net unrealized loss of approximately $111.1 million, based on quoted market prices for equivalent instruments with the same remaining maturities. These euro denominated forward contracts mature through 2008. At December 31, 2005, approximately 6% of the cost of the ship construction contracts was exposed to fluctuations in the euro exchange rate. A hypothetical 10% strengthening of the euro as of December 31, 2005, assuming no changes in comparative interest rates, would result in a $240.4 million increase in the United States dollar cost of the foreign currency denominated ship construction contracts. This increase would be largely offset by an increase in the fair value of our euro denominated forward contracts.
We are also exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on the United States dollar value of our foreign currency denominated forecasted transactions. To manage this exposure, we take advantage of any natural offsets of our foreign currency revenues and expenses and enter into foreign currency forward contracts for a portion of the remaining exposure related to these forecasted transactions. Our principal net foreign currency exposure relates to the euro, the Norwegian kroner and the Canadian dollar. At December 31, 2005, the estimated fair value of such contracts was an unrealized loss of approximately $4.3 million based on quoted market prices for equivalent instruments with the same remaining maturities. A hypothetical 10% strengthening of the principal foreign currencies as of December 31, 2005, assuming no changes in comparative interest rates, would result in a $1.6 million increase in the United States dollar value of the 2006 foreign currency denominated forecasted transactions. This increase would be offset by a decrease in the fair value of our foreign currency forward contracts of approximately $1.5 million.
Fuel Price Risk
Our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. Fuel cost (net of the financial impact of fuel swap agreements), as a percentage of our total revenues, was approximately 7.5% in 2005, 5.5% in 2004 and 5.2% in 2003. Historically, we have used fuel swap agreements and zero cost collars to mitigate the financial impact of fluctuations in fuel prices. As of December 31, 2005, we had fuel swap agreements to pay fixed prices for fuel with an aggregate notional amount of approximately $92.4 million, maturing through 2007. The estimated fair value of these contracts at December 31, 2005 was an unrealized loss of $0.1 million. We estimate that a hypothetical 10% increase in our weighted-average fuel price from that experienced during the year ended December 31, 2005 would increase our 2006 fuel cost by approximately
$40.3 million. This increase would be partially offset by an increase in the fair value of our fuel swap agreements of approximately $9.2 million.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Our Consolidated Financial Statements and Quarterly Selected Financial Data are included beginning on page F-1 of this report.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
We carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e), as of the end of the period covered by this report and concluded that those controls and procedures were effective.
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2005. Our managements assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered certified public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein.
Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 during the quarter ended December 31, 2005 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.
It should be noted that any system of controls, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system will be met. In addition, the design of any control system is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events. Because of these and other inherent limitations of control systems, there is only the reasonable assurance that our controls will succeed in achieving their goals under all potential future conditions.
Item 9B. Other Information
Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant, Executive Compensation, Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters, Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
The information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 is incorporated herein by reference to the Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, except that the information concerning the executive officers called for by Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K is included in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We have adopted a Code of Ethics that applies to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and other senior officers. This code of ethics is posted on our website at www.rclinvestor.com.
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Our Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data and are included beginning on page F-1 of this report.
The exhibits listed on the accompanying Index to Exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and such Index to Exhibits is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
February 24, 2006
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated on February 24, 2006.
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Exhibits 10.8 through 10.26 represent management compensatory plans or arrangements.
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Report of Independent Registered Certified Public Accounting Firm
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders
of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.:
We have completed integrated audits of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.s 2005 and 2004 consolidated financial statements and of its internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005, and an audit of its 2003 consolidated financial statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Our opinions, based on our audits, are presented below.
Consolidated financial statements
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, shareholders' equity and cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2005 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Companys management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits of these statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit of financial statements includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
As discussed in Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for dry docking costs in 2005.
Internal control over financial reporting
Also, in our opinion, managements assessment, included in Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A., that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005 based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on those criteria. Furthermore, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2005, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the COSO. The Companys management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on managements assessment and on the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We conducted our audit of internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. An audit of internal control over financial reporting includes obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating managements assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we consider necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinions.
A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management
and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
February 23, 2006
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS