SEI Investments Company 10-K 2005
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2004
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 0 - 10200
SEI INVESTMENTS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code 610-676-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
(Title of class)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Yes x No ¨
The aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $2.0 billion based on the closing price of $29.04 as reported by NASDAQ on June 30, 2004 (the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter). For purposes of making this calculation only, the registrant has defined affiliates as including all executive officers, directors and beneficial owners of more than ten percent of the common stock of the registrant.
APPLICABLE ONLY TO REGISTRANTS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS
DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13, or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ¨ No ¨
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE REGISTRANTS:
Number of shares outstanding of each of the registrants classes of common stock, as of the close of business on February 15, 2005:
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
Portions of the following documents are incorporated by reference herein:
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Forward Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve certain known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, and are not limited to those discussed under the caption Risk Factors. All statements that do not relate to historical or current facts are forward-looking statements. These statements may include words such as anticipate, estimate, expect, project, intend, plan, believe, and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include statements relating to present or anticipated products and markets, future revenues, capital expenditures, expansion plans, future financing and liquidity, personnel, and other statements regarding matters that are not historical facts or statements of current condition.
Any or all forward-looking statements contained within this Annual Report on Form 10-K may turn out to be wrong. They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions we might make, or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors mentioned in the discussion below will be important in determining future results. Consequently, we cannot guarantee any forward-looking statements. Actual future results may vary materially.
We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Item 1. Business.
SEI Investments Company, together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries, is a leading global provider of outsourced business solutions to the financial services industry for wealth management.
We serve two global markets:
We were incorporated in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1968. We initially offered our shares to the public in 1981 and are listed on The NASDAQ National Market under the symbol SEIC. As of December 31, 2004, through our subsidiaries and partnerships in which we have a significant interest, we administer over $288 billion in mutual fund and pooled assets, manage over $120 billion in assets, and operate from 22 offices in 12 countries. Our corporate headquarters is located at One Freedom Valley Drive, Oaks, Pennsylvania, 19456.
We seek to achieve growth in earnings and create value for our shareholders by strengthening our position as a provider of business solutions that help our clients create and manage wealth. To achieve this growth, we have adopted business strategies that are based upon these fundamental operating principles:
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Products and Services
We offer our investment processing services to U.S. banks, trust companies, investment managers, and European private banks. Investment processing services are an integral component of our wealth management solutions offered to banks and investment advisors. Our proprietary software system, TRUST 3000®, supports our U.S. investment processing business by serving as the system of record for trust institutions. TRUST 3000® is a complete trust accounting and investment system that provides straight-through-business processing for investment transactions for multiple types of investment accounts, including personal trust, corporate trust, institutional trust, and non-trust investment accounts.
Through TRUST 3000®s integrated investment functionality, we support the full range of activities for wealth management including:
This core accounting application combines comprehensive trust and securities accounting with integrated and automated front, middle, and back-office solutions. Clients can manage their front-office operations through the use of our systems to maintain and service their clients. The middle-office performs the administrative activities of the front-office and provides the connection between the front-office and the investment operations area, which is the back-office.
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Investment Management Programs
We offer investment management programs to affluent investors and families, and institutional investors. Programs are built around investment strategies which are tailored to the needs of different investors, taking into consideration their objectives and risk tolerances. Investment management programs consist of mutual funds and separate account programs. Mutual funds cover multiple asset classes including money market, equity, fixed-income and alternative investment portfolios, primarily in the form of registered investment companies. Mutual funds are organized into trusts which are governed by various boards of trustees. We serve as the administrator, transfer agent, investment advisor and distributor for many of these funds. The investment advisory and distribution contracts are subject to annual renewal by the board of trustees of the funds. These contracts provide for the payment of fees to us based on a percentage of the average daily net assets of each fund.
We utilize a disciplined investment process that focuses on investors objectives. This investment process is based on five principles: asset allocation, portfolio structure, tax management, multiple specialist managers, and continuous portfolio management. The investment management programs allow access to some of the best style-specific money managers who are normally not available to individual investors. This innovative approach, called Manager-of-Managers, is designed to promote adherence to our disciplined investment principles in that each managers performance is tracked and scrutinized. The potential benefit of this method is improved performance with reduced volatility, because it eliminates the task of attempting to predict which style of investing will be in favor at any particular time. We maintain the asset class exposure within the specifically defined boundaries of our clients asset allocation plan by incorporating a formal rebalancing program in the asset management process.
As of December 31, 2004, we managed $87.8 billion in total assets, net of assets managed by our unconsolidated affiliate, including $63.4 billion invested in our fixed-income and equity funds or through separately managed account programs, $12.3 billion invested in our liquidity funds and $12.1 billion invested in our collective trust fund programs.
We offer mutual fund administration and distribution services to U.S. banks, investment management firms and investment companies that sponsor and distribute mutual funds and other U.S. regulated investments. We also offer these services to investment managers worldwide that sponsor and distribute alternative investments, including hedge funds, fund of funds, private equity funds, and other investment vehicles.
Recordkeeping and administrative activities associated with the operations of pooled investment funds include:
We have begun offering specialized software for the administration and management of separately managed account programs.
As of December 31, 2004, we administered $167.6 billion in non-SEI mutual funds and other pooled assets.
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Business segments are organized around our target markets. Financial information about each business segment is contained in Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Our business segments are:
Private Banking and Trust provides investment processing, fund processing, and investment management programs to banks and other trust institutions located in the United States and Canada;
Investment Advisors provides investment management programs to affluent investors through a network of independent registered investment advisors, financial planners, and other investment professionals in the United States;
Enterprises provides retirement and treasury solutions to corporations, unions, municipalities, and hospitals, and an endowment and foundation solution for the not-for-profit market in the United States;
Money Managers provides investment processing and fund processing to investment managers and mutual fund companies in the United States and to investment managers worldwide of alternative asset classes such as hedge funds, fund of funds, and private equity funds; and
Investments in New Businesses provides investment management programs and fund processing to investment advisors, corporations, and money managers located outside the United States and private banking outsource solutions to institutions in the United Kingdom and Continental Europe. This segment also includes our investment management programs offered to affluent families who reside in the United States.
The percentage of consolidated revenues earned by each business segment for the last three years was:
Private Banking and Trust
The Private Banking and Trust segment offers our investment processing, fund processing and investment management programs in the United States and Canada to banks and trust institutions of all sizes. By outsourcing their investment processing services, we believe clients reduce risk, improve quality, gain operational efficiency, and are better able to focus their resources on servicing their clients. Our investment processing solution is offered through two primary business models: an application services provider (ASP) model and a business services provider (BSP) model.
Banks using our ASP services outsource investment processing technology software and processing but retain responsibility for investment operations, client administration, and investment management. We own and maintain all investment processing technology applications. Clients operate our software remotely while fully supported by our data center using dedicated telecommunications networks. The ASP model provides a dedicated relationship team that supports our clients business. We assist our clients with strategically reevaluating their systems and process needs as their businesses change.
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The BSP model was designed for institutional clients that prefer to outsource their entire trust department operations and processes by combining our technological strength and investment expertise to assume the entire back-office trust function. The BSP model includes: investment processing; account access and reporting; audit, compliance and regulatory services; custody and safekeeping of assets; income collections; securities settlement; and other related trust activities.
Before using our services, clients undergo a system implementation during which we convert client data to our systems and train the client on the use of our systems. Implementations for a large bank conversion are led by a project team which assists the client with business reengineering efforts. The time period for conversions can range from a few months for small institutions to 15 months or more for large institutions.
Client contracts for the ASP and BSP models have initial terms that are generally from three to seven years in length. Revenues from our investment processing solution are earned as monthly fees for contracted services including computer processing services, software licenses, and trust operations services. Revenues are also earned as transaction-based fees for providing securities valuation and trade-execution services. Our principal competitors in the investment processing business for this segment include SunGard Data Systems Inc., Metavante Corporation, a division of Marshal and Isley, and other financial institutions that operate their own trust accounting systems.
We have recently been developing a new life and wealth advice offering. By leveraging market research of our other business segments, we can help mid to small-sized financial services companies offer an enhanced advice model based on the changing needs of the end customer and develop unique processes around front-office activities (client administration, advice, implementation and monitoring).
We also offer banks and trust institutions a fund processing solution. Contracts with bank mutual fund complexes for fund processing services have terms that are from two to five years. Fees are primarily earned as a percentage of average assets under administration of the bank mutual fund complexes. Our principal competitors include The BISYS Group, Inc., Federated Investors, Inc., PFPC Worldwide Inc. (a member of the PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.), State Street Bank and Trust Company, and other investment company administrators.
Some of our bank clients participate in our investment management programs. These banks offer their clients the ability to invest in our mutual funds or our separate account programs.
At December 31, 2004, we had significant relationships with approximately 175 banks and trust institutions, including trust departments of seven of the top ten largest United States banks. We also had single product relationships with approximately 200 additional banks and trust institutions.
The Investment Advisors segment offers business-building solutions to registered investment advisors, many of whom are affiliated with or are registered as independent broker-dealers, financial planners, and life insurance agents located throughout the United States. These financial advisors are able to outsource many aspects of their investment process, back-office operations, marketing, and customer service to us. The business-building solution allows our clients to focus their resources on creating financial plans, implementing investment strategies, and educating and servicing their customers. These financial advisors are able to customize portfolios to include separate account managers as well as mutual funds. Our investment programs are designed to attract the assets of high-net-worth individual investors (defined as individuals with over $500,000 of investable assets) and small to medium-sized institutional plans.
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Revenues are earned largely as a percentage of average assets under management. The principal competition for our asset management products is from other investment advisors and mutual fund companies. In the advisor distributor channel, the principal competitors include Frank Russell Company, a subsidiary of Northwestern Mutual, Lockwood Advisors, Inc., a subsidiary of Bank of New York, and other broker-dealers.
Although we have agreements with a large number of advisors, our business is based primarily on approximately 1,200 financial advisors who, at December 31, 2004, had at least $5.0 million each in customer assets invested in our mutual funds and separately managed accounts. For this reason, we began an effort in 2004 to reshape our advisor distribution network by enhancing our offering to select advisors and discontinuing selling arrangements with some 2,800 advisors with whom we have minimal business. The enhanced offering to these select advisors includes a comprehensive business assessment of their practice, advice and practice management programs.
Advisors whose selling agreements have been discontinued are permitted to maintain their existing client accounts. Clients may continue to make additions and withdrawals from these accounts; however, these advisors are not permitted to add new client accounts. At December 31, 2004, approximately $2.0 billion in assets resided in accounts associated with advisors who have been precluded from further business.
We are expanding the scope of our offering to advisors and their end clients to address the needs of high-net-worth individuals for more comprehensive and integrated wealth services, including financial management, estate planning, insurance and other wealth needs. In 2004, we introduced the SEI Wealth Network®, which is a program through which qualified advisors may participate in our branded network to deliver a comprehensive wealth advice and solution offering to their clients. The SEI Wealth Network® program may be provided through a franchise agreement with certain advisors, which is intended to provide the franchisee advisor with a scalable business platform to enhance and expand their client offering and grow their business. We expect to accept a limited number of advisors into these franchise agreements in 2005.
The Enterprises segment offers a retirement outsourcing solution to corporations, unions, municipalities, hospitals, and other institutional investors located in the United States, and an endowment and foundation solution for U.S. not-for-profit organizations. Clients can outsource their entire investment management needs and the administration for defined benefit, defined contribution, funded welfare and non-qualified deferred compensation plans as well as the administration of endowment and foundation asset pools.
The outsourcing program integrates a strategic platform with the Manager-of-Managers investment process, plan administration services, and consulting services. Plan administration services include trustee, custodial, benefit payment services, record-keeping services, and donor administration. Consulting services include actuarial services, asset liability modeling, and the customization of an asset allocation plan that is designed to meet long-term objectives.
By outsourcing retirement plan services, we believe clients benefit from an investment approach which is built around an investment plan designed to meet the clients long-term needs, and an investment process that removes the responsibility of manager selection, and is designed to reduce business risk, provide ongoing due diligence, and increase operational efficiency.
Fees are primarily earned as a percentage of average assets under management. At December 31, 2004, our primary client base consisted of approximately 340 clients. The principal competitor for this segment is Frank Russell Company, a subsidiary of Northwestern Mutual.
The Money Managers segment offers fund and investment processing solutions to traditional investment managers located in the United States and to investment managers worldwide of alternative asset classes such as hedge funds, fund of funds, and private equity funds. Investment managers can outsource to us the back-office operations associated with operating a mutual or pooled fund. By outsourcing fund and investment processing services, we believe investment managers benefit from reduced risk, improved accuracy, and receive tools to better manage their business.
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Contracts for our fund and investment processing solutions generally have terms ranging from one to five years. Fees are primarily earned as a percentage of average assets under management and administration. At December 31, 2004, we provided our fund processing solutions to approximately 140 investment management companies and alternative investment managers. Our principal competitors for this segment include The BISYS Group, Inc., Citco, PFPC Worldwide Inc., a member of the PNC Financial Services Group, Inc., State Street Bank and Trust Company, and Bank of Bermuda.
Investments in New Businesses
The Investments in New Businesses segment represents several other business ventures intended to expand our investment management programs and services to private banks, high-net-worth investors, pension plans, governmental organizations, and private corporations in certain foreign countries. This segment also includes other new initiatives in United States markets.
Using the same asset management disciplines that have benefited United States clients, investment management solutions are tailored to the needs of institutional and affluent individual investors in offshore markets. Our approach is to offer a coherent global business solution consistent with our United States strategy of providing portfolio solution offerings rather than individual products. These portfolio solution offerings are focused on allocation of assets among the portfolios specialist money managers, and direction and evaluation of the investment services provided by these selected managers. Additionally, our services include the delivery of local investment management as part of a portfolio solution, and local distribution and marketing.
We are also expanding our investment solutions to include affluent families who reside in the United States. The family wealth management solution offers flexible family-office type services through a highly personalized solution while utilizing the Manager-of-Managers investment process.
We have made, and will continue to make, significant investments in technology, marketing and infrastructure to develop and support our new business initiatives.
At December 31, 2004, there were approximately 200 clients for the global business and approximately 70 for the family wealth solution. Principal competitors for the global businesses are Frank Russell Company and Northern Trust. The principal competitors for the family wealth solution are diversified financial services providers focused on the high-net-worth market.
We maintain an interest in the general partnership LSV Asset Management, or LSV. LSV is a registered investment advisor that provides investment advisory services to institutions, including pension plans and investment companies. LSV is a value-oriented, contrarian money manager that offers a deep-value investment alternative utilizing a proprietary equity investment model to identify securities that are generally considered to be out of favor by the market. LSV is currently the specialist advisor to a number of our equity mutual funds. In addition, LSV is a portfolio manager to a portion of our global investment products. At December 31, 2004, LSV managed about $35.4 billion in total assets, of which $2.8 billion were assets of SEI clients invested in our mutual funds. We account for LSV using the equity method of accounting due to our less than 50 percent ownership interest. At December 31, 2004, our interest in LSV was approximately 43 percent of the partnerships total interests. Our portion of LSVs net operating income was $45.7 million in 2004, $22.5 million in 2003, and $12.7 million in 2002.
Research and Development
We are devoting significant resources to research and development which include expenditures for new technology platforms, enhancements to existing technology platforms, and new investment products and services. We spent approximately $95.0 million in 2004, $56.6 million in 2003, and $53.6 million in 2002, of which we capitalized approximately $37.0 million in 2004, $10.4 million in 2003, and $3.3 million in 2002 relating to the development of new technology platforms. Total research and development expenditures as a percentage of sales were 13.7 percent in 2004, 8.9 percent in 2003, and 8.6 percent in 2002.
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System requirements to satisfy the needs of the financial services industry are complex, substantial and continually evolving because of a number of factors, including, increased trading volume, introduction of new investment alternatives, changes in technology, changes in laws and regulations, and increased competition. We believe service to existing and potential clients is enhanced by substantial investments to improve existing software products and to develop new products and services for the financial services industry. We will continue to emphasize the importance of research and development to enhance our competitive position in the industry. We use a combination of SEI professionals and partner firms to accomplish the design, development, and enhancement of our software products.
A significant portion of our research and development spending is related to building our Global Wealth Management Platform. This platform is comprised of two primary sub-components: Desktop and Global Investment Processing Platform. The Desktop component will be used by us and our clients as a front-end tool to manage client administration and portfolio management. The Global Investment Processing Platform will be the back-office tool that will streamline all investment related activities and will remove many manual processes as well as perform all order execution and settlement activities. The two platforms will be integrated into a single platform to handle most front, middle and back-office operations that will be used by all of our business segments.
Marketing and Sales
Our business solutions are directly marketed to potential clients in our target markets. We employ approximately 100 sales representatives and they operate from offices located throughout the United States, Canada, Western Europe, South Africa, Asia and other locations.
In 2004, no single customer accounted for more than ten percent of revenues in any business segment.
At January 31, 2005, we had 1,979 full-time and 53 part-time employees. None of our employees is unionized. Management considers employee relations to be generally good.
Our principal wholly-owned subsidiaries are SEI Investments Distribution Co., or SIDCO, SEI Investments Management Corporation, or SIMC, and SEI Private Trust Company, or SPTC. SIDCO is a broker-dealer registered with the SEC under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and is a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. SIMC is an investment advisor registered with the SEC under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. SPTC is a limited purpose federal thrift chartered and regulated by the United States Office of Thrift Supervision. In addition, various SEI subsidiaries are subject to the jurisdiction of regulatory authorities in Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and other foreign countries.
SIDCO and SIMC are subject to various federal and state laws and regulations that grant supervisory agencies, including the SEC, broad administrative powers. In the event of a failure to comply with these laws and regulations, the possible sanctions that may be imposed include the suspension of individual employees, limitations on the permissibility of SIDCO, SIMC, SEI, and our other subsidiaries to engage in business for specified periods of time, the revocation of applicable registration as a broker-dealer or investment advisor, as the case may be, censures, and fines. SPTC and SEI Trust Company, a state chartered trust company, are subject to laws and regulations imposed by federal and state banking authorities. In the event of a failure to comply with these laws and regulations, restrictions, including revocation of applicable banking charter, may be placed on the business of these companies. Additionally, the securities and banking laws applicable to us and our subsidiaries provide for certain private rights of action that could give rise to civil litigation. Any litigation could have significant financial and non-financial consequences including monetary judgments and the requirement to take action or limit activities that could ultimately affect our business.
We offer investment and banking products that also are subject to regulation by the federal and state securities and banking authorities, as well as non-United States regulatory authorities, where applicable. Existing or future regulations that affect these products could lead to a reduction in sales of these products. Changes in the regulation of commission recapture or soft dollar payment arrangements could affect sales of some services, primarily our brokerage services.
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Our bank clients are subject to supervision by federal and state banking authorities concerning the manner in which such clients purchase and receive our products and services. Our plan sponsor clients are subject to supervision by the Department of Labor and compliance with employee benefit regulations. Investment advisor and broker-dealer clients are regulated by the SEC and state securities authorities. Existing or future regulations applicable to our clients may affect our clients purchase of our products and services.
In addition, see the discussion of governmental regulations under the caption Factors That May Affect Our Results below for a description of the risks that proposed regulatory changes may present for our business.
Factors That May Affect Our Results
We believe that the risks and uncertainties described below are those that impose the greatest threat to the sustainability of our business. However, there are other risks and uncertainties that exist that may be unknown to us or, in the present opinion of our management, do not currently pose a material risk of harm to us. The risk and uncertainties facing our business, including those described below, could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.
Our revenues and earnings are affected by changes in the capital markets. A significant portion of our revenues are asset-based fees, which are derived from the assets we manage and administer. Economic uncertainty and volatile capital markets may influence an investors decision to invest in and maintain an investment in a mutual fund or other investment product. As a result, the value of the assets we manage and administer could fluctuate and cause a reduction in our revenues and earnings.
Currency fluctuations could negatively affect our future revenues and earnings as our business grows globally. We operate and invest globally to expand our business into foreign markets. Our foreign subsidiaries use the local currency as the functional currency. As these businesses evolve, our exposure to changes in currency exchange rates may increase. Adverse movements in currency exchange rates may negatively affect our operating results, liquidity and financial condition.
Changes in interest rates may affect fees from our money market funds. Interest rates during the past several years have remained relatively low. The effect of changing interest rates may prompt investors to redeem their shares in our money market funds for other securities offering higher yields. These redemptions would cause a decline in the amount of money market assets we manage, thereby negatively affecting our revenues.
Poor fund performance may affect our revenues and earnings. Our ability to maintain our existing clients and attract new clients may be negatively affected if the performance of our mutual funds and other investment products, relative to market conditions and other comparable competitive investment products, is lower. Investors may decide to place their investable funds elsewhere which would reduce the amount of assets we manage resulting in a decrease in our revenues.
Consolidation within our target markets may affect our business. Merger and acquisition activity within our target markets is a major strategic issue for us. Consolidations between banks and other financial institutions could reduce our existing client base and the number of potential clients. This activity may also cause larger institutions to internalize some or all of our services. These factors may negatively impact our ability to generate future growth in revenues and earnings.
Our business is subject to extensive governmental regulation. Our various business activities are conducted through entities which may be registered with the SEC as an investment advisor, a broker-dealer, a transfer agent, an investment company, or with the United States Office of Thrift Supervision or state banking authorities as a trust company. Our broker-dealer is also a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers and is subject to its rules and oversight. The SEI Wealth Network® offering is registered as a franchise offering with the Federal Trade Commission and numerous state bodies. Advisors who participate in this network may affiliate with SEI as agents under relevant broker-dealer and insurance regulations. Many of our products, services and clients are subject to substantial regulation by federal and state banking, securities or insurance authorities or the Department of Labor. Compliance with existing and future regulations and responding to and complying with recent regulatory activity affecting broker-dealers, investment companies and their service providers could have a significant impact on our business. We have responded and are currently responding to various regulatory requests and are generally implementing changes and reviewing our compliance procedures and business operations.
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We are exposed to systems and technology risks. Through our proprietary systems, we maintain and process data for our clients that is critical to their business operations. An unanticipated interruption of service or the infiltration by an unauthorized user may have significant ramifications, such as lost data, damaged software codes, or inaccurate processing of transactions. As a result, the costs necessary to rectify these problems may be substantial.
We are exposed to product development risk. We continually strive to increase revenues and meet our customers needs by introducing new products and services. As a result, we are subject to product development risk, which may result in loss if we are unable to develop and deliver fully functional products to our target markets that address our clients needs and that are developed on a timely basis and reflect an attractive value proposition. Our spending related to developing new products is for the purpose of enhancing our competitive position in the industry. A significant portion of this spending has been capitalized. In the event that we fail to develop products or services at an acceptable cost or on a timely basis or if we fail to deliver functional products and services which are of sound, economic value to our clients and our target markets, we could suffer financial loss.
We are dependent upon third party approvals. Many of the investment advisors through which we distribute our investment offerings are affiliated with independent broker-dealers or other networks, which have regulatory responsibility for the advisors practice. As part of the regulatory oversight, these broker-dealers or networks must approve the use of our investment products by affiliated advisors within their networks. Failure to receive such approval, or the withdrawal of such approval, could adversely affect the marketing of our investment products.
We are exposed to operational risks. Operational risk generally refers to the risk of loss resulting from our operations, including, but not limited to, improper or unauthorized execution and processing of transactions, deficiencies in our operating systems, business disruptions and inadequacies or breaches in our internal control processes. We operate different businesses in diverse markets and are reliant on the ability of our employees and systems to process large volumes of transactions often within short time frames. In the event of a breakdown or improper operation of systems, human error or improper action by employees, we could suffer financial loss, regulatory sanctions or damage to our reputation. In order to mitigate and control operational risk, we continue to enhance policies and procedures that are designed to identify and manage operational risk.
We rely on our executive officers and senior management. Most of our executive officers and senior management personnel do not have employment agreements with us. The loss of these individuals may have a material adverse affect on our future operations.
We maintain a website at www.seic.com and make available free of charge through the Investor Information section of this website our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. We include our website in this Annual Report on Form 10-K only as an inactive textual reference and do not intend it to be an active link to our website. The material on our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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Item 2. Properties.
Our corporate headquarters is located in Oaks, Pennsylvania and consists of eight buildings situated on approximately 90 acres. We own and operate the land and buildings, which encompass approximately 400,000 square feet of office space and 34,000 square feet of data center space. We lease other offices which aggregate 64,000 square feet. We also own a 3,400 square foot condominium that is used for business purposes in New York, New York.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
On September 30, 2004, SIDCO was named as a defendant in a putative consolidated amended class action complaint (the Complaint) filed in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland titled Stephen Carey v. Pilgrim Baxter & Associates, LTD, et. al. This Complaint is purportedly made on behalf of all persons that purchased or held PBHG mutual funds during the period from November 1, 1998 to November 13, 2003 and relates generally to various market timing practices allegedly permitted by the PBHG Funds. The suit names as defendants some 36 persons and entities, including various persons and entities affiliated with Pilgrim Baxter & Associates, Ltd., various PBHG Funds, various alleged market timers, various alleged facilitating brokers, various clearing brokers, various banks that allegedly financed the market timing activities, various distributors/underwriters and others. The Complaint alleges that SIDCO was the named distributor/underwriter from November 1998 until July 2001 for various PBHG funds in which market timing allegedly occurred during that period. The Complaint generally alleges that the prospectus for certain PBHG funds made misstatements and omissions concerning market timing practices in PBHG funds. The Complaint alleges that SIDCO violated Sections 11 and 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 thereunder, and Sections 34(b) and 36(a) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, and that SIDCO breached its fiduciary duties, engaged in constructive fraud and aided and abetted the breach by others of their fiduciary duties. The Complaint does not name SIDCO or any of its affiliates as a market timer, facilitating or clearing broker or financier of market timers. The Complaint seeks unspecified compensatory and punitive damages, disgorgement and restitution. While the outcome of this litigation is uncertain, SIDCO believes that it has valid defenses to plaintiffs claims and intends to defend the lawsuits vigorously.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of 2004.
Executive Officers of the Registrant
Information about our executive officers is contained in Item 10 of this report and is incorporated by reference into this Part I.
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Item 5. Market for Registrants Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Price Range of Common Stock and Dividends:
Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ National Market under the symbol SEIC. The following table shows the high and low sales prices for our common stock as reported by The NASDAQ National Market and the dividends declared on our common stock for the last two years. Our Board of Directors intends to declare future dividends on a semiannual basis.
As of February 15, 2005, we estimate that we had approximately 640 shareholders of record.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities:
Our Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $903.4 million of our common stock, including an additional authorization of $50.0 million on February 15, 2005. Currently, there is no expiration date for our common stock repurchase program.
Information regarding the repurchase of common stock during the three months ended December 31, 2004 is:
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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
(In thousands, except per-share data)
This table presents selected consolidated financial information for the five-year period ended December 31, 2004. This data should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
(In thousands, except per-share data)
This discussion reviews and analyzes the consolidated financial condition at December 31, 2004 and 2003, the consolidated results of operations for the years ended 2004, 2003, and 2002, and other factors that may affect future financial performance. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the Selected Financial Data included in Item 6 of this Annual Report and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report.
In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ substantially from those referred to herein due to a number of factors, including but not limited to the risks described in the section Factors That May Affect Our Results included in Item 1 of this Annual Report.
Our Business and Business Segments
We are a leading global provider of investment processing, fund processing, and investment management business outsourcing solutions that help corporations, financial institutions, financial advisors, and affluent families create and manage wealth. Our outsourcing business solutions consist mainly of investment processing, fund processing, and investment management. Investment processing fees are earned as monthly fees for contracted services including computer processing services, software licenses, and trust operations services, as well as transaction-based fees for providing securities valuation and trade-execution. Fund processing and investment management fees are earned as a percentage of average assets under management or administration. As of December 31, 2004, through our subsidiaries and partnership in which we have a significant interest, we administered over $288 billion in mutual fund and pooled assets, managed over $120 billion in assets, and operate 22 offices in 12 countries.
We conduct business through five business segments offering our business solutions to specific target markets. These business segments are:
Private Banking and Trust provides investment processing, fund processing, and investment management programs to banks and other trust institutions located in the United States and Canada and accounted for 42 percent of consolidated revenues in 2004;
Investment Advisors provides investment management programs to affluent investors through a network of independent registered investment advisors, financial planners, and other investment professionals in the United States and accounted for 26 percent of consolidated revenues in 2004;
Enterprises provides retirement and treasury solutions to corporations, unions, municipalities, and hospitals, and an endowment and foundation solution for the not-for profit market in the United States and accounted for ten percent of consolidated revenues in 2004;
Money Managers provides investment processing and fund processing to investment managers and mutual fund companies in the United States and to investment managers worldwide of alternative asset classes such as hedge funds, fund of funds, and private equity funds and accounted for 11 percent of consolidated revenues in 2004; and
Investments in New Businesses provides investment management programs and fund processing to investment advisors, corporations, and money managers located outside the United States and private banking outsource solutions to institutions in the United Kingdom and Continental Europe. This segment also includes our investment management programs offered to affluent families who reside in the United States. This segment accounted for 11 percent of consolidated revenues in 2004.
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Our revenues for 2004 were $692.3 million, with net income of $169.0 million and diluted earnings per share of $1.60. We believe the following items were significant to our business during 2004:
Forward Looking Items
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Results of Operations
Revenues, Expenses and Income from Operations by business segment for the year ended 2004 compared to the year ended 2003, and for the year ended 2003 compared to the year ended 2002 are:
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This table presents assets of our clients, or of our clients customers, for which we provide management or administrative services. These assets are not included in our balance sheets because we do not own them.
Assets of unconsolidated affiliate are assets of their clients or their customers for which they provide management services. Assets under management are total assets of our clients or their customers invested in our equity and fixed-income investment programs, collective trust fund programs, and liquidity funds for which we provide asset management services. Assets under management and administration are total assets of our clients or their customers for which we provide administrative services, including client proprietary fund balances for which we provide administration and/or distribution services.
Our revenues increased $56.0 million, or nine percent, to $692.3 million in 2004 compared to 2003, and increased $6.6 million, or one percent, to $636.2 million in 2003 compared to 2002. The rise in our revenues in both comparable periods was primarily driven by increased asset-based fees due to higher levels of assets under management and administration from market appreciation in the value of assets managed and administered for our existing clients and assets from sales of new business in the Enterprises, Money Managers and Investments in New Businesses segments. Fund processing fees from offshore and hedge funds increased significantly in both periods, mainly due to new client sales but were substantially offset by reduced fund processing fees earned from bank clients because of the loss of large bank clients in 2003 and 2004. Brokerage fees declined in 2004 due to the recognition of significant non-recurring brokerage fees from manager transitions in 2003 and the diminishing demand for soft-dollar services by our clients.
Our income from operations increased $3.3 million in 2004, or two percent, after declining $3.6 million, or two percent, in 2003 compared to 2002. Operating margin declined to 30 percent in 2004 after declining to 32 percent in 2003 from 33 percent in 2002. The increase in operating income in 2004 was primarily attributable to an increase in revenues. Operating income and margins in both periods were negatively impacted by an increased level of non-capitalized investment spending in our technology and infrastructure for supporting new business solutions as well as our continued global expansion and life and wealth program development. A large portion of this investment spending was for the Global Wealth Management Platform. The increase in new sales also caused an increase in personnel compensation, mainly sales and incentive compensation in both comparable periods. Income from operations did benefit from lower costs associated with the fund processing and brokerage services businesses that were directly tied to the decrease in revenues.
Other income includes our percentage of net earnings from our unconsolidated affiliate, realized gains and losses from available-for-sale securities and other investments, and interest income and expense. Other income increased $37.6 million in 2004 and $4.9 million in 2003 compared to the prior year periods. Earnings from our unconsolidated affiliate, LSV, increased $23.3 million during 2004 and $9.8 million during 2003 due to growth in assets under management from new business and improved capital markets. Other income in 2004 also includes a non-recurring $3.1 million gain associated with the sale of a small portion of our investment in LSV.
We recognized $3.8 million in net realized gains in 2004, $6.9 million in net realized losses in 2003, and $2.4 million in net realized losses in 2002 from available-for-sale securities and other investments.
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Private Banking and Trust
Revenues declined $20.9 million, or seven percent, in 2004 compared to 2003, and $21.5 million, or six percent, in 2003 compared to 2002. Revenues during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
Operating margins were 39 percent in 2004, 40 percent in 2003, and 41 percent in 2002. Operating income decreased $11.2 million, or nine percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, and $12.3 million, or nine percent, in 2003, compared with 2002. Operating income during 2004 and 2003 was primarily affected by:
Revenues increased $24.3 million, or 16 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, and $6.9 million, or five percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Revenues during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
Operating margins were 55 percent in 2004 and 2003 and 52 percent in 2002. Operating income increased $13.0 million, or 15 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, and $7.7 million, or ten percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Operating income during 2004 and 2003 was primarily affected by:
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Revenues increased $7.8 million, or 13 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, and $6.2 million, or 11 percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Revenues during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
Operating margins decreased slightly to 46 percent in 2004, as compared to 47 percent in 2003 and increased from 39 percent in 2002. Operating income increased $2.7 million, or nine percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, and $7.5 million, or 34 percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Operating income during 2004 and 2003 was primarily affected by:
Revenues increased $21.6 million, or 39 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003 and $8.8 million, or 19 percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Revenues during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
Operating margins increased to 19 percent in 2004 as compared to 16 percent in 2003 and were 19 percent in 2002. Operating income increased $5.6 million, or 61 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003, but only increased slightly in 2003 compared with 2002. Operating income during 2004 and 2003 was primarily affected by:
Investments in New Businesses
Revenues increased $23.3 million, or 45 percent, in 2004 compared with 2003 and $6.2 million, or 14 percent, in 2003 compared with 2002. Revenues during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
Losses from operations increased by $2.2 million in 2004 compared with 2003, and $3.4 million in 2003 compared with 2002. Losses from operations during 2004 and 2003 were primarily affected by:
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General and administrative expenses
General and administrative expenses primarily consist of corporate overhead costs and other costs not directly attributable to one of our business segments. The increase in these expenses was primarily due to modifications to enhance our compliance procedures, resources devoted to complying with new regulations of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 which became effective in 2004, and higher costs for general insurance coverage.
Other income on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations consists of:
Equity in the earnings of unconsolidated affiliate on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations includes our less than 50 percent ownership in the general partnership of LSV. The increase in LSVs net earnings is due to an increase in assets under management mainly from new business. Other income in 2004 includes a non-recurring $3.1 million gain from the sale of a small portion of our equity interest in LSV to certain other partners of LSV (See Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
Net gain (loss) from investments consists of:
Derivative financial instruments are used to minimize the price risk associated with changes in the fair value of our seed investments in new investment management programs. These derivative financial investments did not qualify for hedge accounting under current accounting rules. As a result, changes in the fair value of these derivative financial instruments were recorded in current period earnings whereas the change in the fair value of the hedged asset will be realized upon sale in future period earnings. Our decision to enter into derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting may cause volatility in quarterly earnings.
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We perform a review of all investments in marketable securities on a quarterly basis with regards to impairment. Factors considered in determining other-than-temporary impairment are significant or prolonged declines in the price of investments based on available market prices. Additional consideration is given to the ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment.
Other realized gains (losses) in 2003 include the write-down of approximately $1.2 million of an equity investment carried at cost in a private technology firm.
Interest income is earned based upon the amount of cash that is invested daily. Fluctuations in interest income recognized for one period in relation to another is due to changes in the average cash balance invested for the period and/or changes in interest rates.
Interest expense is directly attributable to our long-term debt and other borrowings. Interest expense in 2004 decreased due to the lower principal balances of debt outstanding.
Our effective tax rate was 36.25 percent in both 2004 and 2003, and 37.0 percent in 2002. The rate reduction in 2003, compared to 2002, was due to an increase in the amount of research and development expenditures for which we are claiming a tax credit and a reassessment of valuation allowance for capital losses. Certain expenditures associated with research and development which qualified for a tax credit reduced our tax liability and effective tax rate.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash requirements and liquidity needs are expected to be funded through our cash flow from operations and our capacity for additional borrowing. We currently have a credit facility that provides for borrowings of up to $200.0 million. The availability of the credit facility is subject to compliance with certain covenants set forth in the agreement (See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements). At December 31, 2004, our unused sources of liquidity consisted of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $217.0 million and the credit facility of $200.0 million.
Net cash provided by operating activities grew $8.5 million in 2004 and $2.3 million in 2003 from the prior comparable years primarily from an increase in income. The increase in 2004 also included additional deferred taxes mainly due to the higher amount of software development costs eligible for capitalization and currently deductible for tax purposes. Net cash from operating activities in both comparable periods was negatively affected by a decline in the tax benefit received from stock option exercises, an increase in undistributed earnings from LSV and the net change in our working capital accounts, mainly receivables and accrued expenses.
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Net cash used in investing activities primarily includes the purchases and sales of available-for-sale securities, the capitalization of costs incurred in developing computer software, and capital expenditures. Net cash used in investing activities decreased about $28.4 million in 2004 and increased $19.2 million in 2003 as compared to the prior year period. Purchases and sales of our mutual funds and other securities are mainly for the testing and subsequent start-up of new investment programs to be offered to our clients. The length of time that we remain invested in these new investment programs is dependent on client subscriptions. We will redeem our investments as clients subscribe to these new investment programs. In 2004, we had $33.3 million in net redemptions of available-for-sale securities, $5.1 million in net purchases of available-for-sale securities in 2003, and $6.9 million in net redemptions of available-for-sale securities in 2002.
During the past several years, we have been investing in the development of our new Global Wealth Management Platform. Many of these expenditures were not eligible for capitalization until 2004. As we progress through the project, a larger portion of our expenditures are for development, rather than research and design, and are eligible for capitalization under accounting rules. Capitalized software expenditures were $37.0 million in 2004, $10.4 million in 2003 and $3.3 million in 2002 (See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements). Capital expenditures in 2003 and 2002 for property and equipment included significant costs related to the expansion of our corporate headquarters. Construction on the new buildings was completed in early 2004 which resulted in a decrease of $9.5 million in capital expenditures during 2004.
Net cash used in financing activities primarily includes principal payments on our debt, the repurchase of our common stock, and dividend payments. Principal payments on our long-term debt were $14.4 million in 2004, $12.0 million in 2003 and $7.6 million in 2002. Our long-term debt is subject to various covenants contained in each lending agreement. Currently, these covenants do not negatively affect our liquidity. During 2004, our $200.0 million 364-day credit facility expired and was replaced with a new three-year $200.0 million credit facility. The three-year credit facility was generated through a syndicate of lenders and may be used for general corporate purposes, including the repurchase of our common stock (See Notes 5 and 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
Our board of directors has authorized the repurchase of our common stock of up to $903.4 million, which includes an additional authorization of $50.0 million on February 15, 2005. As of February 15, 2005, we still had $47.8 million of authorization remaining for the purchase of our common stock under this program (See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
The following table lists information regarding repurchases of our common stock during 2004, 2003, and 2002:
Cash dividends paid were $19.7 million or $.19 per share in 2004, $13.7 million or $.13 per share in 2003 and $12.1 million or $.11 per share in 2002. Our board of directors declared a cash dividend of $.10 per share on December 14, 2004. The dividend was paid on January 21, 2005 for $10.2 million.
We believe our operating cash flow, available borrowing capacity, and existing cash and cash equivalents should provide adequate funds for continuing operations; continued investment in new products and equipment; our common stock repurchase program; future dividend payments; and principal and interest payments on our long-term debt.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet financing arrangements or transactions with structured finance and special purpose entities. Our off-balance sheet commitments are generally limited to future payments under non-cancelable operating leases for facilities, data processing equipment, and software and other maintenance agreements.
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The following table lists all of our future commitments:
Critical Accounting Policies
The accompanying consolidated financial statements and supplementary information were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Inherent in the application of many of these accounting policies is the need for management to make estimates and judgments in the determination of certain revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Materially different financial results can occur as circumstances change and additional information becomes known. We believe that the following accounting policies require extensive judgment by our management to determine the recognition and timing of amounts recorded in our financial statements.
Revenues are recognized in the periods in which the related services are performed provided that pervasive evidence of an agreement exists, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured. Cash received by us in advance of the performance of services is deferred and recognized as revenue when earned. Our principal sources of revenues are: (1) information processing and software servicing fees that are recurring in nature and earned based on the number of trust accounts being serviced, transaction-based fees for providing securities valuation and trade-execution services and non-recurring project fees that are determined upon contractual agreements; and (2) asset management, administration and distribution fees calculated as a percentage of the total average daily net assets under management or administration. The majority of our revenues are based on contractual arrangements and do not require judgment by management. Certain portions of our revenues do require managements consideration to determine the amount and timing of recognition.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts:
We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of some of our clients to make their scheduled payments. The allowance for doubtful accounts is primarily based on an aging analysis of the total outstanding receivables balance at each balance sheet date. Other factors are considered in determining the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, such as historical trends, the financial condition of our clients and other factors that may be deemed appropriate. Based upon this analysis, the allowance for doubtful accounts is adjusted to an amount that is sufficient to cover expected losses from doubtful accounts.
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Investments Available For Sale:
We value our investments in marketable securities based on quoted market prices. We review our investments in marketable securities on a quarterly basis with regard to impairment. Factors considered in determining other-than-temporary impairment are significant or prolonged declines in the fair value of our investments, our ability and intent to retain the investment for a period sufficient to allow the value to recover, and the financial condition of the investment. After considering these factors, if we believe that a decline is other-than-temporary, the carrying value of the investment is written down to its fair value through current period earnings.
Computer Software Development Costs:
We utilize internally developed computer software as part of our product offering. In the development of a new software product, substantial consideration must be given by management to determine whether costs incurred are research and development costs, or internal software development costs eligible for capitalization. Management must consider a number of different factors during their evaluation of each computer software development project that includes estimates and assumptions. Costs considered to be research and development are expensed as incurred. After meeting certain requirements, internal software development costs are capitalized as incurred.
The recoverability of capitalized computer software development costs requires considerable judgment by management which includes, but is not limited to, an evaluation of expected future revenues and cash flows, acceptability of the product in the market, the ability to support the product in a cost-effective manner, technological enhancements and any other factor deemed appropriate. If management determines that certain software products are considered either obsolete or incapable of producing sustainable future cash flows, an impairment charge would be required. The amount of the impairment charge would be based on estimates of the softwares anticipated future cash flows compared to its book value.
Income Tax Accounting:
The computation of our income tax expense requires the interpretation of complex tax laws and regulations in many taxing jurisdictions around the world. Actual income tax expense can differ significantly from our estimates.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. We assess the recoverability of deferred tax assets based on our estimated future taxable income and tax strategies. We also recognize a liability for expected future tax contingencies. We assess the liability based on our review of various tax issues and interpretations of tax law. Differences between our estimates and actual results could have a significant impact to our consolidated results of operations, financial position, or liquidity.
The assessment of critical accounting policies is not meant to be an all-inclusive discussion of the uncertainties to financial results that can occur from the application of the full range of our accounting policies. Materially different financial results could occur in the application of other accounting policies as well. Also, materially different results can occur upon the adoption of new accounting standards.
New Accounting Pronouncements
See the discussion of New Accounting Pronouncements in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Interest Rate Risk - Our exposure to changes in interest rates primarily relates to our investment portfolio and long-term debt obligations. Our excess cash is principally invested in short-term, highly liquid financial instruments, mainly money market funds, with a substantial portion of such investments having initial maturities of three months or less. Our investment portfolio also includes some long-term fixed-income mutual funds, principally invested in federal government agency securities. We place our investments in financial instruments that meet high credit quality standards. A portion of our long-term debt is based upon a variable rate which renews every three months. While changes in interest rates could decrease interest income or increase interest expense, we do not believe that we have a material exposure to changes in interest rates. We do not undertake any specific actions to cover our exposure to interest rate risk and are not a party to any interest rate risk management transactions.
Concentration of Credit Risk Financial instruments which potentially expose us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash equivalents, marketable securities and trade receivables. Cash deposits are maintained with financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. Cash equivalents are principally invested in short-term money market funds or placed with major banks and high credit qualified financial institutions. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to our receivables are limited due to the large number of clients and their dispersion across geographic areas. No single customer represents greater than ten percent of total accounts receivable.
Foreign Currency Risk We transact business in the local currencies of various foreign countries, principally Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom and South Korea. The total of all of our foreign operations accounts for approximately 11 percent of total consolidated revenues. Also, most of our foreign operations match local currency revenues with local currency costs. Due to these reasons, we do not hedge against foreign operations.
Price Risk - We are exposed to price risk associated with changes in the fair value of investments in marketable securities relating to the startup of new pooled investment offerings. The length of time that our funds remain invested in these new pooled investment offerings is dependent on client subscriptions. We will redeem our investments as clients subscribe to these new investment offerings. To provide protection against potential fair value changes for these investments, we have entered into various derivative financial instruments. As of December 31, 2004, we held derivative financial instruments with a notional amount of $11.1 million with terms of less than one year. Changes in the fair value of the derivative financial instruments are recognized in current period earnings, whereas, the change in the fair value of the investment is recorded on the balance sheet in other comprehensive income. Therefore, changes in the fair value of the derivative financial instrument and changes in the fair value of the investment are not recognized through earnings in the same period. We did not enter into or hold any derivative financial instruments for trading purposes during 2004 or 2003.
We recorded an impairment charge of $0.6 million in 2003 related to other-than-temporary declines in the fair value of certain securities held within our investment portfolio. Also, the current period earnings include losses of $1.5 million and $6.0 million in 2004 and 2003, respectively, relating to changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments. The aggregate effect of a hypothetical ten percent change in the fair value of our investments would be:
In consideration of the hypothetical change in value, our derivative financial instruments related to equities would substantially offset the change in fair value of the equity securities.
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, or not required, or because the required information is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or notes thereto.
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To the Board of Directors and Shareholders
of SEI Investments Company:
We have completed an integrated audit of SEI Investments Companys 2004 consolidated financial statements and of its internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2004 and audits of its 2003 and 2002 consolidated financial statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Our opinions, based on our audits, are presented below.
Consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of SEI Investments Company (a Pennsylvania corporation) and its subsidiaries (the Company) at December 31, 2004 and 2003, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2004 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Companys management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits. We conducted our audits of these statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit of financial statements includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Internal control over financial reporting
Also, in our opinion, managements assessment, included in Managements Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A, that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2004 based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on those criteria. Furthermore, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2004, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the COSO. The Companys management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on managements assessment and on the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We conducted our audit of internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. An audit of internal control over financial reporting includes obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating managements assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we consider necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinions.
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A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
March 10, 2005
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies:
Nature of Operations
SEI Investments Company (the Company), a Pennsylvania corporation, provides investment processing, fund processing, and investment management business outsourcing solutions to corporations, financial institutions, financial advisors, and affluent families in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Continental Europe, and other various locations throughout the world. Investment processing solutions utilize the Companys proprietary software system to track investment activities in multiple types of investment accounts, including personal trust, corporate trust, institutional trust, and non-trust investment accounts, thereby allowing banks and trust companies to outsource trust and investment related activities.
The fund processing solution offers a full range of administration and distribution support services to mutual funds, collective trust funds, hedge funds, fund of funds, private equity funds and other types of investment funds. Administrative services include fund accounting, trustee and custodial support, legal support, transfer agency and shareholder servicing. Distribution support services range from market and industry insight and analysis to identifying distribution opportunities.
Investment management programs consist of Company-sponsored mutual funds, alternative investments and separate accounts. These include a series of money market, equity, fixed-income and alternative investment portfolios, primarily in the form of registered investment companies. The Company serves as the administrator and investment advisor for many of these products.
The Company is organized around its primary target markets. The Companys business segments are: Private Banking and Trust, Investment Advisors, Enterprises, Money Managers, and Investments in New Businesses. Financial information pertaining to the Companys business segments is included in Note 11.
Principles of Consolidation
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. The Companys principal subsidiaries are SEI Investments Distribution Co. (SIDCO), SEI Investments Management Corporation (SIMC), and SEI Private Trust Company (SPTC). All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Investment in unconsolidated affiliate is accounted for using the equity method because of the Companys less than 50 percent ownership. The Companys portion of the affiliates operating results is reflected in Equity in the earnings of unconsolidated affiliate on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations (See Note 4).
In 2004, the Company adopted the revised interpretation of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No.46 (FIN 46), Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, (FIN 46-R). FIN 46-R requires that certain variable interest entities be consolidated by the primary beneficiary of the entity if the equity investors in the entity do not have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest or do not have sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional financial support from other parties. The Company does not have any investments in entities it believes are variable interest entities for which the Company is the primary beneficiary.
Managements Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
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The Companys principal sources of revenues consist of information processing and software services; management, administration, advisory, and distribution of mutual funds; brokerage and consulting services; and other asset management products and services. Revenues from these services are recognized in the periods in which they are performed provided that pervasive evidence of an agreement exists, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured. Cash received by the Company in advance of the performance of services is deferred and recognized as revenue when earned. Reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses incurred are recorded as revenue.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers investment instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents include $148,974 and $160,837 at December 31, 2004 and 2003, respectively, primarily invested in Company-sponsored open-ended money market mutual funds.
Restricted cash includes cash of $4,302 and $43,099 at December 31, 2004 and 2003, respectively, received for the benefit of customers of SIDCO in order to settle investment transactions for regulated investment companies (RICs). SIMC, in its capacity as the transfer agent, facilitates the purchase and redemption of mutual fund transactions for SIDCO customers. Corresponding liabilities are established for payment to the RICs, which is reflected in Payable to regulated investment companies on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. The total balance of cash received from such parties is typically paid the following business day.
Additionally, Restricted cash at December 31, 2004 and 2003 includes $10,084 and $10,382, respectively, segregated in special reserve accounts for the benefit of SIDCO customers in accordance with certain rules established by the Securities and Exchange Commission for broker-dealers.
Allowances for Doubtful Accounts
The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts. The Companys estimate is based on historical collection experience and a review of the current status of trade accounts receivable.
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments which potentially expose us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash equivalents, marketable securities and trade receivables. Cash equivalents are principally invested in short-term money market funds or placed with major banks and high-credit qualified financial institutions. Cash deposits maintained with institutions are in excess of federally insured limits. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to our receivables are limited due to the large number of clients and their dispersion across geographic areas. No single group or customer represents greater than ten percent of total accounts receivable.
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Property and Equipment
Property and Equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures for major additions and improvements are capitalized and minor replacements, maintenance, and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. When property and equipment are retired or disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in the results of operations for the respective period. Depreciation is provided over the estimated useful lives using the straight line method for financial statement purposes. The Company uses other depreciation methods, generally accelerated, for tax purposes where appropriate. Buildings and building improvements are depreciated over 25 to 39 years. Equipment, purchased software and furniture and fixtures have useful lives ranging from three to five years. Amortization of leasehold improvements is computed using the straight line method over the shorter of the remaining lease term or the estimated useful lives of the improvements.
The Company accounts for investments in marketable securities pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 115 (SFAS 115), Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities. Management determines the appropriate classification of marketable securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such designation as of each balance sheet date. Currently, the Company only has marketable securities classified as available-for-sale. SFAS 115 requires that debt and equity securities classified as available-for-sale be reported at fair value as determined by the most recently traded price of each security at the balance sheet date. Unrealized holding gains and losses, net of income taxes, are reported as a separate component of comprehensive income. The specific identification method is used to compute the realized gains and losses on marketable securities (See Note 3).
The Company evaluates the realizable value of its marketable securities on a quarterly basis. Factors considered in determining other-than-temporary declines in value include how significant the decline in value is as a percentage of the original cost, how long the market value of the investment has been less than its original cost, and the ability of the investment to recover to its original cost. If it is determined that an other-than-temporary decline exists in a marketable security, the investment is written down to its market value and an investment loss is recorded in the Statement of Operations.
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company holds derivative financial instruments (derivatives) in the form of equity contracts for the purpose of hedging the market risk of certain available-for-sale securities. The Company holds such derivatives only for the purpose of hedging such risks and not for speculation. The Company formally documents its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking such hedge transactions. This process includes relating all derivatives that are designated as fair value hedges to specific assets on the balance sheet.
The Company accounts for its derivatives in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 138, Accounting for Certain Derivative Instruments and Certain Hedging Activities an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133, and Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 149, Amendment of Statement 133 on Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities. The Company records all derivatives on its balance sheet at fair value. The Company determines if the instrument qualifies as an effective fair value hedge on the date the derivative is entered into, and on an on-going basis, in accordance with established accounting guidance and will apply hedge accounting. The Company enters into hedging relationships such that changes in the fair value of the asset being hedged are expected to be offset by corresponding changes in the fair value of the derivative through other comprehensive income.
The Company does not apply, or may discontinue, hedge accounting to derivatives that do not qualify as an effective fair value hedge. Changes in the entire fair value of the derivatives that do not qualify as an effective fair value hedge are recognized immediately in current period earnings while the change in the fair value of the hedged asset is recorded in other comprehensive income. The Company may continue to enter into economic hedges to support certain business strategies that may not qualify as accounting hedges which may cause some volatility in earnings.
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Currently, hedge accounting does not apply to any of the Companys derivatives. The Company holds equity derivatives with a notional amount of $11,055 with an expected maturity date of mid-2005. Income before income taxes on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations includes net losses of $1,493 and $6,031 in 2004 and 2003, respectively, and a net gain of $4,239 in 2002 from changes in the fair value of derivative instruments.
The Company accounts for software development costs in accordance with the guidance established in Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 00-03, Application of AICPA Statement of Position 97-2 to Arrangements That Include the Right to Use Software Stored on Another Entitys Hardware, and applies Statement of Position 98-1 (SOP 98-1), Accounting for the Cost of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use, for development costs associated with software products to be provided in a hosting environment. As required by SOP 98-1, the Company capitalizes the costs incurred during the application development stage, which includes direct external and internal costs to design the software configuration and interfaces, coding, installation, and testing. Costs incurred during the preliminary project along with post-implementation stages are expensed as incurred. Costs incurred to maintain existing product offerings are expensed as incurred. The capitalization and ongoing assessment of recoverability of software development costs requires considerable judgment by management with respect to certain external factors, including, but not limited to, technological and economic feasibility, and estimated economic life. The Company capitalized $36,962, $10,393, and $3,276 of software development costs in accordance with SOP 98-1 during 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively.
Amortization of capitalized software development costs begins when the product is placed into service. Capitalized software development costs are amortized on a product-by-product basis using the straight-line method over the estimated economic life of the product or enhancement, which is primarily three to ten years, with a weighted average remaining life of approximately 4.9 years. Amortization expense was $2,247, $1,874, and $1,735 in 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively, and is included in Operating and development expense on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company applies the asset and liability approach to account for income taxes pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 (SFAS 109), Accounting for Income Taxes. Under SFAS No. 109, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities are individually classified as current and non-current based on their characteristics (See Note 10).
Foreign Currency Translation
The assets and liabilities and results of operations of the Companys foreign subsidiaries are measured using the foreign subsidiarys local currency as the functional currency. Assets and liabilities have been translated into U.S. dollars using the rates of exchange at the balance sheet date. The results of operations have been translated into U.S. dollars at average exchange rates prevailing during the period. The resulting translation gain and loss adjustments are recorded as a separate component of comprehensive income.
Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations are included in the results of operations in the periods in which they occur, and are immaterial for each of the years in the three year period ended December 31, 2004.
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Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The book value of current assets and current liabilities is considered to be representative of their fair value because of their short maturities. The recorded value of these items approximates their fair value at December 31, 2004.
Earnings Per Common Share
The Company calculates earnings per common share in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 128, Earnings per Share. Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the combination of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and the dilutive potential common shares, such as stock options, outstanding during the period. The calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share for 2004, 2003, and 2002 are:
Employee stock options to purchase approximately 4,753,000, 2,657,000, and 2,774,000 shares of common stock, with an average exercise price per share of $44.39, $45.49, and $45.53, were outstanding during 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively, but not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share because the options exercise price was greater than the average market price of the Companys common stock, and the effect on diluted earnings per common share would have been anti-dilutive (See Note 7).
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The Company accounts for its employee stock options based upon their intrinsic value on the date of grant pursuant to Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25 (APB 25), Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees. The Company grants stock options to its employees based on the fair market value of the Companys stock at the date of grant. Since the stock options have no intrinsic value upon grant, the Company does not record any compensation cost. A description of the Companys employee stock option plans is included in Note 7.
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (SFAS 123), Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, as amended by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation-Transition and Disclosure, requires the presentation of the pro-forma effects of stock-based compensation on net income and earnings per common share. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value its employee stock options on the date of grant based on the following assumptions:
The weighted average fair value of the Companys employee stock options as calculated by the Black-Scholes option pricing model granted during 2004, 2003, and 2002 was $20.57, $14.06, and $14.13, respectively.
For the following pro-forma disclosures as required by SFAS 123, the estimated fair value of stock options is assumed to be amortized to expense over the stock options vesting period. The following table presents the pro-forma effects on net income and earnings per common share if the Company had recognized compensation expense relating to its employee stock options.
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Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No.130, Reporting Comprehensive Income, establishes standards for the reporting and presentation of comprehensive income and its components. Comprehensive income consists of net income and other gains and losses affecting shareholders equity that are excluded from net income. For the Company, comprehensive income includes unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities and foreign currency translation. The Company presents comprehensive income in its Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income. Components of Accumulated other comprehensive income consisted of:
New Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2004, The FASB issued EITF Issue No. 02-14, Whether an Investor Should Apply the Equity Method of Accounting to Investments Other Than Common Stock. EITF Issue No. 02-14 states that an investor should only apply the equity method of accounting when it has investments in either common stock or in-substance common stock of a corporation, provided that the investor has the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee. The accounting provisions of EITF Issue No. 02-14 are effective for the first quarter of 2005. The Company does not believe the adoption of EITF Issue No. 02-14 will have any material affect on its financial statements.
In March 2004, the FASB issued EITF Issue No. 03-1, The Meaning of Other-Than-Temporary Impairment and Its Application to Certain Investments. EITF Issue No. 03-1 provides new guidance for assessing impairment losses on debt and equity investments as well as includes new disclosure requirements for investments that are deemed to be temporarily impaired. In September 2004, the FASB delayed the accounting provisions of EITF Issue No. 03-1. The Company adopted the disclosure requirements as they became effective for the year-ended December 31, 2004.
In December 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123(R) (SFAS 123(R)), Share-Based Payment. SFAS 123(R) revises SFAS 123 and supersedes APB 25. SFAS 123(R) establishes standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges its equity instruments for goods and services, incurs liabilities in exchange for goods and services that are based on the fair value of the entitys equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments. SFAS 123(R) focuses primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity obtains employee services in share-based payment transactions, but does not change the accounting guidance for share-based payment transactions with parties other than employees. The accounting provisions of SFAS 123(R) are effective for the third quarter of 2005. The primary impact that SFAS 123(R) will have on the Companys financial statements is the requirement to expense the fair value of its employee stock options rather than disclosing that information in a set of pro-forma financial statements. The Company is in the process of evaluating the full impact that the adoption of SFAS 123(R) will have on its financial statements. Currently, the Company does not anticipate any significant changes to its equity compensation plans.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
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Note 2 Composition of Certain Financial Statement Captions:
Receivables on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets consist of:
Fees earned, not billed represents receivables earned but unbilled and results from timing differences between services provided and contractual billing schedules.
Receivables from regulated investment companies on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets primarily represent fees receivable from two of the Companys wholly-owned subsidiaries, SIDCO and SIMC, for distribution, investment advisory, and administration services provided by these subsidiaries to various regulated investment companies sponsored by the Company (See Note 12).
Property and Equipment
Property and Equipment on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets consists of:
Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment for 2004, 2003, and 2002 was $13,377, $14,724, and $16,309.
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Other assets on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets consist of:
Investment in unconsolidated affiliate relates to the Companys 43 percent ownership in the general partnership LSV Asset Management (See Note 4).
Other, net consists of long-term prepaid expenses, deposits, investments carried at cost, and various other assets. Amortization expense related to certain other assets for 2004, 2003, and 2002 was $450, $190, and $16.
In 2003, the Company recorded an impairment charge for $1,196 related to an equity investment in a private technology company and is reflected in Net loss from investments on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Accrued Liabilities on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets consist of:
Accrued sub-advisor and investment officer fees relates to services provided by fund advisors to Company-sponsored mutual funds and other investment programs.
Accrued proprietary fund services relates to marketing and promotional activities associated with the Companys bank-related proprietary funds business.
Accrued income taxes include amounts considered sufficient to pay assessments that may result from examination of prior year tax returns (See Note 10).
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Note 3 Investments Available for Sale:
Investments available for sale consist of:
The net unrealized holding gains at December 31, 2004 were $792 (net of income tax expense of $447) and the net unrealized holding gains at December 31, 2003 were $2,554 (net of income tax expense of $1,498) and are reported as a separate component of Accumulated other comprehensive income on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company recognized gross realized gains from available-for-sale securities of $5,347, $1,862, and $394 and gross realized losses from available-for-sale securities of $14, $1,046, and $761 in 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively.
At December 31, 2004, the Company had a single investment in a Company-sponsored mutual fund that has been in an unrealized loss position longer than one year. This mutual fund primarily invests in federal agency mortgage-backed securities. The cost basis of this investment was $25,848 with a fair value of $25,334 and gross unrealized losses of $514. The Company does not consider this unrealized loss as an other-than-temporary impairment because it is not a precipitous decline in market value.
The Company recorded an impairment charge of $595 and $3,881 in 2003 and 2002, respectively, related to other-than-temporary declines in fair value and is included in Net gain (loss) from investments on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company did not record an impairment charge related to other-than-temporary declines in fair value for any of its securities available-for-sale in 2004.
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Note 4 Investment in Unconsolidated Affiliate:
The Company has an investment in the general partnership LSV Asset management (LSV) for $37,672 and $23,420 at December 31, 2004 and 2003, respectively. LSV is a registered investment advisor that provides investment advisory services to institutions, including pension plans and investment companies. LSV is currently an investment sub-adviser for a number of Company-sponsored mutual funds. The Company accounts for its interest in LSV using the equity method of accounting due to its less than 50 percent ownership. The Companys total partnership interest in LSV was approximately 44 percent through June 30, 2003.
On June 30, 2003, the Company acquired an additional approximately three percent partnership interest in LSV (the Additional Interest) to be paid in quarterly installments. On July 1, 2003, several new partners were admitted into the partnership, which reduced the Companys partnership interest to approximately 46 percent. The Company also agreed to allow the partners of LSV to buy the Additional Interest at certain prices and dates. The Company completed its scheduled payments for the Additional Interest in 2004.
On July 1, 2004, the partners of LSV exercised their right to acquire the Additional Interest from the Company and as a result, the Companys total partnership interest in LSV decreased to approximately 43 percent. The total proceeds received from the sale of the Additional Interest were $6,183 and the basis of the Companys investment relating to the Additional Interest was $1,614, resulting in a total gain of $4,569. Certain partners paid the Company directly for the Additional Interest whereas certain other partners elected to finance their purchase through LSV. The Company recognized $3,097 in Other income on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations and deferred the remaining portion of the gain of $1,472, which is reflected in Deferred gain on the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. The deferred portion of the gain will be recognized when LSV is repaid in full from the partners that financed their purchase of the Additional Interest. The final payments are due on January 1, 2006.
At December 31, 2004, the basis of the Companys investment in LSV exceeded its underlying equity in the net assets of LSV by $6,774. Subsequent to acquiring the Additional Interest, the Company determined that a portion of the excess of its investment in LSV should be allocated to finite-lived intangible assets with the remainder considered as goodwill embedded in the investment. The finite-lived intangible assets acquired primarily related to customer contracts that meet the contractual-legal criterion for recognition apart from goodwill. At December 31, 2004, the values of the intangible assets and goodwill were $3,712 and $3,062, respectively. The Company amortizes the finite-lived intangible assets on a straight-line basis over eight and a half years and recorded $109 in amortization expense during 2004. The Company does not record amortization expense associated with the embedded goodwill. The Company determines on an annual basis if its investment in LSV is impaired which includes the embedded goodwill. The investment in LSV was not deemed impaired during 2004. The Companys investment in LSV is considered General and Administrative and is not included in a business segment.
These tables contain condensed financial information of LSV:
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The Company received partnership distribution payments from LSV of $30,294 and $14,911 in 2004 and 2003, respectively.
Note 5 - Line of Credit:
On September 14, 2004, the Company entered into a three-year $200,000 Credit Agreement (the Credit Facility) replacing the Companys $200,000 364-Day Credit Agreement which expired on September 13, 2004. The Credit Facility became available immediately and expires on September 14, 2007 at which time any aggregate principal amount of loans outstanding becomes payable in full. The Credit Facility, when utilized, will accrue interest at 0.75 percent above the London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR). There is also a commitment fee equal to 0.15 percent per annum on the daily unused portion of the Credit Facility. The Credit Facility contains various covenants, including, but not limited to, limitations of indebtedness, maintenance of fixed charge and leverage ratios, and restrictions on certain investments. Both the interest rate and commitment fee prices may increase if the Companys leverage ratio reaches certain levels. None of these covenants currently negatively affect the Companys liquidity or capital resources.
The Company had no borrowings under either the Credit Facility or the 364-Day Credit Agreement and was in compliance with all covenants during 2004. The Company incurred $447, $180, and $63 in commitment fees during 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively, and is reflected in Interest expense on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Note 6 - Long-term Debt:
On February 24, 1997, the Company signed a Note Purchase Agreement authorizing the issuance and sale of $20,000 of 7.20 percent Senior Notes, Series A, and $15,000 of 7.27 percent Senior Notes, Series B (collectively, the Notes), in a private offering with certain financial institutions. The Notes are unsecured with final maturities ranging from 10 to 15 years. The proceeds from the Notes were used to repay the outstanding balance on the Companys line of credit at that date. The Note Purchase Agreement, which was subsequently amended, contains various covenants, including limitations on indebtedness, maintenance of minimum net worth levels, and restrictions on certain investments. In addition, the Note Purchase Agreement limits the Companys ability to merge or consolidate, and to sell certain assets. Principal payments on the Notes are made annually from the date of issuance while interest payments are made semi-annually. The Company made its scheduled payment of $4,000 in February 2005.
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On June 26, 2001, the Company entered into a $25,000 Term Loan Agreement (the Agreement) with a separate lending institution which expires on March 31, 2006 and is payable in 17 equal quarterly installments. On August 2, 2001, the Company borrowed the full $25,000. The Agreement provides the Company the option to have interest accrued at either the lower of the Prime rate or one and thirty-five hundredths of one percent above LIBOR. The Agreement contains various covenants, including limitations on indebtedness and restrictions on certain investments. None of these covenants negatively affect the Companys liquidity or capital resources. The Company made its scheduled payments during 2004 for a total of $5,556. The interest rate being applied at December 31, 2004 was 3.33 percent.
The fair value of the Companys long-term debt is approximately $1,000 in excess of the carrying amount. The Company was in compliance with all covenants associated with its long-term debt during 2004.
Aggregate maturities of long-term debt at December 31, 2004 are:
Interest expense relating to the Companys long-term debt was $1,591, $2,017, and $2,188 for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively.
Note 7 - Shareholders Equity:
Stock-Based Compensation Plans
The Company currently has one active equity compensation plan, the 1998 Equity Compensation Plan (the 1998 Plan), pursuant to which grants of stock may be made to employees, consultants and directors of the Company. The 1998 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options and non-qualified stock options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights, and performance units. The Company has only granted non-qualified stock options under the 1998 Plan. The non-qualified stock options are granted with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Companys common stock on the date of grant, become exercisable ratably upon the attainment of specific diluted earnings per share targets or in their entirety after seven years from the date of grant and expire ten years from the date of grant. The Company maintains an on-going annual grant program under which all employees are eligible for consideration.
The Company also maintains three additional equity compensation plans which have non-qualified stock options outstanding, but these plans have been terminated. The terminated plans are the Company Stock Option Plan, the 1997 Stock Option Plan, and the Non-employee Directors Plan. No options are available for grant from these terminated plans, and grants made under these plans continue in effect under the terms of the grant and the applicable plan. All of the Companys equity compensation plans are administered by the Companys Stock Option Committee.
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This table presents certain information relating to the Companys stock option plans for 2004, 2003, and 2002:
As of December 31, 2003 and 2002, there were 6,210,000 and 6,100,000 shares exercisable, respectively. The expiration dates for options at December 31, 2004 range from January 15, 2005 to December 14, 2014 with a weighted average remaining contractual life of 6.6 years.
This table summarizes information relating to all options outstanding at December 31, 2004:
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Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Company has an employee stock purchase plan that provides for offerings of common stock to eligible employees at a price equal to 85 percent of the fair market value of the stock at the end of the stock purchase period, as defined. The Company has reserved 7,800,000 shares for issuance under this plan. At December 31, 2004, 5,271,000 cumulative shares have been issued.
Common Stock Buyback
The Board of Directors has authorized the purchase of the Companys common stock on the open market or through private transactions of up to an aggregate of $903,365, including an additional authorization on February 15, 2005 for $50,000. Through December 31, 2004, a total of 114,144,000 shares at an aggregate cost of $837,258 have been purchased and retired. The Company purchased 4,127,000 shares at a cost of $135,509 during 2004.
The Company immediately retires its common stock when purchased. Upon retirement, the Company reduces Capital in excess of par value for the average capital per share outstanding and the remainder is charged against Retained earnings. If the Company reduces its Retained earnings to zero, any subsequent purchases of common stock will be charged entirely to Capital in excess of par value.
Shareholders Rights Plan
On December 10, 1998, the Companys Board of Directors adopted a Shareholder Rights Plan (the Rights Plan) to deter coercive or unfair takeover tactics and to prevent a person or group (an Acquiring Person) from acquiring control of the Company without offering a fair price to all shareholders. Under the Rights Plan, all common shareholders receive one Right for each common share outstanding. Each Right entitles the registered holder to purchase from the Company one two-thousandths of a share of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Shares, $.05 par value per share, at a purchase price of $500 per share. The Rights will become exercisable and trade separately from the common stock ten days following a public announcement that an Acquiring Person has beneficial ownership of 20 percent or more of the outstanding common stock or the commencement of a tender or exchange offer that would result in an Acquiring Person owning 20 percent or more of the outstanding common stock. Upon exercise, holders, other than an Acquiring Person, will have the right to purchase the common stock of the Company equal to twice the value of the exercise price of the Rights. If the Company is involved in certain other mergers where its shares are exchanged or certain major sales of its assets occur, stockholders will be able to purchase the other partys common shares in an amount equal to twice the value of the exercise price of the Rights. The Rights, which do not have voting rights, will expire on December 19, 2008, and may be redeemed by the Company any time until ten days following the announcement of an Acquiring Person at a price of $.01 per Right.
On May 25, 2004, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $.10 per share on the Companys common stock, which was paid on June 24, 2004, to shareholders of record on June 8, 2004. On December 14, 2004, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $.10 per share on the Companys common stock, which was paid on January 21, 2005, to shareholders of record on January 4, 2005.
The dividends declared in 2004, 2003, and 2002 were $20,527, $16,768, and $12,964, respectively. The Board of Directors has indicated its intention to pay future dividends on a semiannual basis.
Note 8 - Employee Benefit Plan:
The Company has a tax-qualified defined contribution plan (the Plan). The Plan provides retirement benefits, including provisions for early retirement and disability benefits, as well as a tax-deferred savings feature. After satisfying certain requirements, participants are vested in employer contributions at the time the contributions are made. All Company contributions are discretionary and are made from available profits. The Company contributed $3,404, $3,196, and $3,393 to the Plan in 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively.
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Note 9 - Commitments and Contingencies:
The Company leases certain of its facilities, data processing equipment, and software under non-cancelable operating leases, some which contain escalation clauses for increased taxes and operating expenses. The Company has other commitments relating to purchases of data processing equipment and software. The Company has entered into maintenance agreements primarily for its data processing equipment. Rent expense was $12,728, $13,757, and $13,910 in 2004, 2003, and 2002, respectively.
The aggregate noncancellable minimum commitments at December 31, 2004 are:
In the ordinary course of business, the Company from time to time enters into contracts containing indemnification obligations of the Company. These obligations may require the Company to make payments to another party upon the occurrence of certain events including the failure by the Company to meet its performance obligations under the contract. These contractual indemnification provisions are often standard contractual terms of the nature customarily found in the type of contracts entered into by the Company. In many cases, there are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification provisions. There are no amounts reflected on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2004 related to these indemnifications.
In the normal course of business, the Company is party to various claims and legal proceedings. On September 30, 2004, SIDCO was named as a defendant in a putative consolidated amended class action complaint filed in the United States District Court for the District of Maryland titled Stephen Carey v. Pilgrim Baxter & Associates, LTD, et. al. This complaint is purportedly made on behalf of all persons that purchased or held PBHG mutual funds during the period from November 1, 1998 to November 13, 2003 and relates generally to various market timing practices allegedly permitted by the PBHG Funds. The complaint alleges that SIDCO was the named distributor/underwriter from November 1998 until July 2001 for various PBHG funds in which market timing allegedly occurred during that period. While the outcome of this litigation is uncertain, SIDCO believes that it has valid defenses to plaintiffs claims and intends to defend the lawsuits vigorously. The Company has not made any provision relating to this legal proceeding.
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Note 10 - Income Taxes:
Annual tax provisions include amounts considered sufficient to pay assessments that may result from examination of prior year tax returns; however, the amount ultimately paid upon resolution of issues raised may differ materially from the amount accrued. The examination and the resolution process may last longer than a year. The federal and state income tax provision is summarized as follows: