SI Financial Group 10-K 2010
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2009
For the Transition Period from to
Commission File Number: 0-50801
SI FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.) Yes ¨ No x
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates was $17.8 million, which was computed by reference to the closing price of $4.25, at which the common equity was sold as of June 30, 2009. Solely for the purposes of this calculation, the shares held by SI Bancorp, MHC and the directors and officers of the registrant are deemed to be affiliates.
As of March 15, 2010, there were 11,789,202 shares of the registrants common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders and the Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Parts II and III of this Form 10-K.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
This report may contain certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which are made in good faith pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are not historical facts; rather, they are statements based on managements current expectations regarding our business strategies, intended results and future performance. Forward-looking statements are generally preceded by terms such as expects, believes, anticipates, intends, estimates, projects and similar expressions. Managements ability to predict results of the effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations of SI Financial Group, Inc. (the Company) and its subsidiaries include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, national and regional economic conditions, legislative and regulatory changes, monetary and fiscal policies of the United States government, including policies of the United States Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, the quality and composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, demand for financial services in the Companys market area, changes in real estate market values in the Companys market area and changes in relevant accounting principles and guidelines. Additional factors that may affect the Companys results are discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors in the Companys annual report on Form 10-K and in other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. Except as required by applicable law or regulation, the Company does not undertake, and specifically disclaims any obligation, to release publicly the result of any revisions that may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of the statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.
In certain instances where appropriate, the terms we, us and our refer to SI Financial Group, Inc. and Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company or both.
SI Financial Group, Inc. was established on August 6, 2004 to become the parent holding company for Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company (the Bank or Savings Institute) upon the conversion of the Banks former parent, SI Bancorp, Inc., from a state-chartered to a federally-chartered mutual holding company. At the same time, the Bank also converted from a state-chartered to a federally-chartered savings bank. On September 30, 2004, the Company completed its minority stock offering with the sale of 5,025,500 shares of its common stock to the public, 251,275 shares contributed to SI Financial Group Foundation and 7,286,975 issued to SI Bancorp, MHC. The Bank is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and management of the Company and the Bank are substantially similar. The Company neither owns nor leases any property, but instead uses the premises, equipment and other property of the Bank. Thus, the financial information and discussion contained herein primarily relates to the activities of the Bank.
The Bank operates as a community-oriented financial institution offering a full range of financial services to consumers and businesses in its market area, including insurance, trust and investment services. The Bank attracts deposits from the general public and uses those funds to originate one- to four-family residential, multi-family and commercial real estate, commercial business and consumer loans, which it holds primarily for investment.
Availability of Information
The Companys annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to such reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are made available free of charge on the Companys website, www.mysifi.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after the Company electronically files such material with, or furnishes it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). The information on the Companys website shall not be considered as incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K.
The Company is headquartered in Willimantic, Connecticut, which is located in eastern Connecticut approximately 30 miles east of Hartford. The Bank operates offices in Windham, New London, Tolland, Hartford and Middlesex Counties, which the Bank considers its primary market area. The economy in its market area is primarily oriented to the educational, service, entertainment, manufacturing and retail industries.
The major employers in the area include several institutions of higher education, the Mohegan Sun and Foxwoods casinos, General Dynamics Defense Systems and Pfizer, Inc. According to published statistics, Windham Countys population in 2009 was 117,328 and consisted of 43,216 households. The population increased 7.6% from 2000. Median household income in Windham County is $56,000, compared to $68,000 for Connecticut as a whole and $51,000 nationally. The surrounding counties of Hartford, New London, Tolland and Middlesex Counties have median household incomes of $64,000, $63,000, $75,000 and $75,000, respectively.
The Bank faces significant competition for the attraction of deposits and origination of loans. The most direct competition for deposits has historically come from the several financial institutions operating in the Banks market area and, to a lesser extent, from other financial service companies, such as brokerage firms, credit unions and insurance companies. The Bank also faces competition for investors funds from money market funds and other corporate and government securities. At June 30, 2009, which is the most recent date for which data is available from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the FDIC), the Bank held approximately 20.17% of the deposits in Windham County, which is the largest market share out of 10 financial institutions with offices in this county. Also, at June 30, 2009, the Bank held approximately 1.06% of the deposits in Hartford, New London and Tolland Counties, which is the 16th market share out of 34 financial institutions with offices in these counties. Bank of America Corp., Webster Bank Financial Corporation, TD Banknorth Group, Inc., Peoples United Bank and Sovereign Bank, all of which are large national or regional bank holding companies, also operate in the Banks market area. These institutions are significantly larger and, therefore, have significantly greater resources than the Bank does and may offer products and services that the Bank does not provide.
The Banks competition for loans comes primarily from financial institutions in its market area, and to a lesser extent from other financial service providers, such as mortgage companies and mortgage brokers. Competition for loans also comes from the increasing number of non-depository financial service companies entering the mortgage market, such as insurance companies, securities companies and specialty finance companies.
The Bank expects competition to increase in the future as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes and the continuing trend of consolidation in the financial services industry. Technological advances, for example, have lowered barriers to entry, allowed banks to expand their
geographic reach by providing services over the Internet and made it possible for non-depository institutions to offer products and services that traditionally have been provided by banks. Changes in federal law permit affiliation among banks, securities firms and insurance companies, which promotes a competitive environment in the financial services industry. Competition for deposits and the origination of loans could limit the Companys growth in the future.
General. The Banks loan portfolio consists primarily of one- to four-family residential mortgage loans, multi-family and commercial real estate loans and commercial business loans. To a much lesser extent, the loan portfolio includes construction and consumer loans. The Bank historically and currently originates loans primarily for investment purposes. At December 31, 2009, the Bank had loans held for sale totaling $396,000. The following table summarizes the composition of the Banks loan portfolio in dollar amounts and as a percentage of the respective portfolio at the dates indicated.
One- to Four-Family Residential Loans. The Banks primary lending activity is the origination of mortgage loans to enable borrowers to purchase or refinance existing homes or to construct new residential dwellings in its market area. The Bank offers fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage loans with terms up to 40 years. Borrower demand for adjustable-rate loans versus fixed-rate loans is a function of the level of current and anticipated future interest rates, the difference between the interest rates and loan fees offered for fixed-rate mortgage loans and the initial period interest rates and loan fees for adjustable-rate loans. The relative amount of fixed-rate mortgage loans and adjustable-rate mortgage loans that can be originated at any time is largely determined by the demand for each in a competitive environment and the effect each has on the Banks interest rate risk. The loan fees charged, interest rates and other provisions of mortgage loans are determined on the basis of the Banks own pricing criteria and competitive market conditions. Additionally, the Bank offers reverse mortgages to its customers, through a correspondent relationship with another institution, in response to increasing demand for this type of product.
The Bank offers fixed-rate loans with terms of 10, 15, 20, 30 or 40 years. The Banks adjustable-rate mortgage loans are based primarily on 30-year amortization schedules. Interest rates and payments on adjustable-rate mortgage loans adjust annually after a one, three, five, seven or ten-year initial fixed period. Interest rates and payments on adjustable-rate loans are adjusted to a rate typically equal to 2.75% (2.875% for jumbo loans) above the one-year constant maturity Treasury index. The maximum amount by which the interest rate may be increased or decreased is generally 2% per adjustment period and the lifetime interest rate cap is generally 6% over the initial interest rate of the loan.
While the Bank anticipates that adjustable-rate loans will better offset the adverse effects of an increase in interest rates as compared to fixed-rate mortgages, the increased mortgage payments required of adjustable-rate loan borrowers in a rising interest rate environment could cause an increase in delinquencies and defaults. The marketability of the underlying property also may be adversely affected in a high interest rate environment. In addition, although adjustable-rate mortgage loans help make the Banks asset base more responsive to changes in interest rates, the extent of this interest sensitivity is limited by the annual and lifetime interest rate adjustment limits.
Generally, the Bank does not originate conventional loans with loan-to-value ratios exceeding 95% and generally originates loans with a loan-to-value ratio in excess of 80% only when secured by first liens on owner-occupied one- to four-family residences. Loans with loan-to-value ratios in excess of 80% generally require private mortgage insurance or additional collateral. The Bank requires all properties securing mortgage loans to be appraised by a board approved independent licensed appraiser and requires title insurance on all first mortgage loans. Borrowers must obtain hazard insurance and flood insurance for loans on property located in a flood zone before closing the loan.
In an effort to provide financing for moderate income and first-time buyers, the Bank offers loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration and the Veterans Administration and participates in the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority Program. The Bank offers fixed-rate residential mortgage loans through these programs to qualified individuals and originates the loans using modified underwriting guidelines.
Multi-Family and Commercial Real Estate Loans. The Bank makes multi-family and commercial real estate loans throughout its market area for the purpose of acquiring, developing, improving or refinancing multi-family and commercial real estate where the property is the primary collateral securing the loan, and the income generated from the property is the primary repayment source. The Bank offers fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate. The Banks multi-family and commercial real estate loans are generally secured by condominiums, apartment buildings, retail facilities, single-family subdivisions as well as owner-occupied properties located in its market area and used for businesses. The Bank intends to continue to emphasize this segment of its loan portfolio, as market conditions permit, as such loans produce yields that are generally higher than one- to four-family residential loans and are more sensitive to changes in market interest rates.
The Bank originates adjustable-rate multi-family and commercial real estate loans for terms up to 25 years. Interest rates and payments on these loans typically adjust every five years after a five-year initial fixed-rate period. Interest rates and payments on adjustable-rate loans are adjusted to a rate typically 2.5-3.0% above the classic advance rates offered by the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston (the FHLB). There are no adjustment period or lifetime interest rate caps. Loans are secured by first mortgages that generally do not exceed 75% of the propertys appraised value. At December 31, 2009, the largest outstanding multi-family or commercial real estate loan was $7.1 million. This loan is secured by a nursing home and rehabilitation facility and was performing according to its terms at December 31, 2009.
Loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate generally have larger balances and involve a greater degree of risk than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Of primary concern in multi-family and commercial real estate lending is the borrowers creditworthiness and the feasibility and cash flow potential of the project. Payments on loans secured by income-producing properties often depend on the successful operation and management of the properties. As a result, repayment of such loans may be subject, to a greater extent than residential real estate loans, to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy. To monitor cash flows on income-producing properties, the Bank requires borrowers and loan guarantors, if any, to provide annual financial statements on multi-family and commercial real estate loans. In reaching a decision on whether to make a multi-family or commercial real estate loan, consideration is given to the net operating income of the property, the borrowers expertise, credit history and the profitability and value of the underlying property. In addition, with respect to commercial real estate rental properties, the Bank will also consider the term of the lease and the quality of the tenants. The Bank generally requires that the properties securing these real estate loans have debt service coverage ratios of at least 1.20. The debt service coverage ratio is equal to cash flows before interest, depreciation and required principal payments. Appropriate environmental assessments are generally required for commercial real estate loans over $100,000, based upon the environmental risk factors for the subject collateral property.
Construction and Land Loans. The Bank originates loans to individuals, and to a lesser extent, builders, to finance the construction of residential dwellings. The Bank also originates construction loans for commercial development projects, including condominiums, apartment buildings, single-family subdivisions as well as owner-occupied properties used for businesses. Residential construction loans generally provide for the payment of interest only during the construction phase, which is usually twelve months. At the end of the construction phase, the loan generally converts to a permanent mortgage loan. Commercial construction loans generally provide for the payment of interest only during the construction phase which may range from three to twenty-four months. Loans generally can be made with a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 80% on residential construction, 75% on construction for nonresidential properties and 80% of the lesser of the appraised value or cost of the project on multi-family construction. At December 31, 2009, the largest outstanding construction loan commitment for the construction of a church was $2.8 million, of which $751,000 was outstanding. This loan was performing according to its terms at December 31, 2009. Primarily all commitments to fund construction loans require an appraisal of the property by a board approved independent licensed appraiser. Also, inspections of the property are required before the disbursement of funds during the term of the construction loan.
Construction financing is generally considered to involve a higher degree of risk of loss than long-term financing on improved, occupied real estate. Risk of loss on a construction loan depends largely upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the propertys value at completion of construction or development and the estimated cost, including interest, of construction. During the construction phase, a number of factors could result in delays and cost overruns. If the estimate of construction costs proves to be inaccurate, the Bank may be required to advance funds beyond the amount originally committed to permit completion of the development. If the estimate of value proves to be inaccurate, the Bank may be confronted, at or before the maturity of the loan, with a project having a value which is insufficient to assure full repayment. As a result of the foregoing, construction lending often involves the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project rather than the ability of the borrower or guarantor to repay principal and interest. If the Bank is forced to foreclose on a project before or at completion due to a default, there can be no assurance that the Bank will be able to recover all of the unpaid balance of, and accrued interest on, the loan as well as related foreclosure and holding costs.
The Bank also originates land loans to individuals, local contractors and developers only for making improvements on approved building lots, subdivisions and condominium projects within two years of the date of the loan. Such loans to individuals generally are written with a maximum loan-to-value ratio based upon the appraised value or purchase price of the land. Maximum loan-to-value ratio on raw land is 50%, while the maximum loan-to-value ratio for land development loans involving approved projects is 65%. The Bank offers fixed-rate land loans and variable-rate land loans that adjust annually. Interest rates and payments on adjustable-rate land loans are adjusted to a rate typically equal to the then current The Wall Street Journal prime rate plus a 1.02.0% margin. The maximum amount by which the interest rate may be increased or decreased is generally 2% annually and the lifetime interest rate cap is generally 6% over the initial rate of the loan. Land loans totaled $574,000 at December 31, 2009.
Commercial Business Loans. The Bank originates commercial business loans to a variety of professionals, sole proprietorships and small businesses primarily in its market area. The Bank offers a variety of commercial lending products, the maximum amount of which is limited by the Banks in-house loans to one borrower limit. At December 31, 2009, the largest commercial loan was a $1.3 million loan, which is secured by a business asset consisting of a waste processing system. This loan was performing according to its terms at December 31, 2009.
The Bank offers loans secured by business assets other than real estate, such as business equipment and inventory. These loans are originated with maximum loan-to-value ratios of 75% of the value of the personal property. The Bank originates lines of credit to finance the working capital needs of businesses to be repaid by seasonal cash flows or to provide a period of time during which the business can borrow funds for planned equipment purchases. These loans convert to a term loan at the expiration of a draw period, which is not to exceed twelve months, and will be paid over a pre-defined amortization period. Additional products such as time notes, letters of credit and equipment lease financing are offered. Additionally, the Bank purchases the portion of commercial business loans that are fully guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). At December 31, 2009, SBA and USDA loans totaled $77.3 million.
When originating commercial business loans, the Bank considers the financial statements of the borrower, the borrowers payment history of both corporate and personal debt, the debt service capabilities of the borrower, the projected cash flows of the business, viability of the industry in which the customer operates and the value of the collateral.
Unlike residential mortgage loans, which generally are made on the basis of the borrowers ability to make repayment from his or her employment or other income, and which are secured by real property whose value tends to be more easily ascertainable, commercial loans are of higher risk and typically are made on the basis of the borrowers ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrowers business. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial loans may depend substantially on the success of the business itself. Further, any collateral securing such loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value.
Consumer Loans. The Bank offers a variety of consumer loans, primarily home equity lines of credit, and, to a lesser extent, loans secured by marketable securities, passbook or certificate accounts, motorcycles, automobiles and recreational vehicles, as well as unsecured loans. Generally, the Bank offers automobile loans with a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 100% of the purchase price for new vehicles. Unsecured loans generally have a maximum borrowing limit of $10,000 and a maximum term of five years.
The procedures for underwriting consumer loans include an assessment of the applicants payment history on other debts and their ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the proposed loans. Although the applicants creditworthiness is a primary consideration, the underwriting process also includes a comparison of the value of the collateral, if any, to the proposed loan amount. Home equity
lines of credit have adjustable rates of interest that are indexed to the prime rate as reported in The Wall Street Journal. The Bank will offer home equity loans with a maximum combined loan-to-value ratio of 80%. A home equity line of credit may be drawn down by the borrower for an initial period of five years from the date of the loan agreement. During this period, the borrower has the option of paying, on a monthly basis, either principal and interest or only interest. If the draw period is not extended for an additional 4 years and 10 months, the borrower has to pay back the amount outstanding under the line of credit over a term not to exceed ten years, beginning at the end of the five-year period.
Consumer loans may entail greater risk than do residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by assets that depreciate rapidly. In such cases, repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment for the outstanding loan and the remaining deficiency often does not warrant significant collection efforts against the borrower. In addition, consumer loan collections depend on the borrowers continuing financial stability, and therefore, are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount which can be recovered on such loans.
Loan Originations, Purchases, Sales and Servicing. Loan originations come from a number of sources. The primary source of loan originations are the Banks in-house loan originators, and to a lesser extent, local mortgage brokers, advertising and referrals from customers.
From time to time, the Bank will purchase whole participations in loans fully guaranteed by the SBA and the USDA. The loans are primarily for commercial and agricultural properties located throughout the United States. The Bank purchased $40.9 million and $12.3 million in loans during 2009 and 2008, respectively.
The Bank generally originates loans for portfolio but from time to time will sell loans in the secondary market, primarily fixed-rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans with servicing retained. During 2009, the Bank sold a larger portion of its fixed-rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans due to the low interest rate environment as compared to prior years. The decision to sell loans in the secondary market is based on prevailing market interest rate conditions, an analysis of the composition and risk of the loan portfolio, liquidity needs and interest rate risk management. Generally, loans are sold without recourse. The Bank utilizes the proceeds from these sales primarily to meet liquidity needs. In 2008, the Bank began selling loans to the FHLB under the Mortgage Partnership Finance Program (MPF). Proceeds from the sale of loans totaled $56.9 million and $14.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
At December 31, 2009, the Bank retained the servicing rights on $121.1 million of loans for others, consisting primarily of fixed-rate mortgage loans sold with or without recourse to third parties. Loan repurchase commitments are agreements to repurchase loans previously sold upon the occurrence of conditions established in the contract, including default by the underlying borrower. At December 31, 2009, the balance of loans sold with recourse totaled $32,000. Loan servicing includes collecting and remitting loan payments, accounting for principal and interest, contacting delinquent mortgagors, processing insurance and tax payments on behalf of borrowers, assisting in foreclosures and property dispositions when necessary and general administration of loans.
The following table sets forth the Banks loan originations, loan purchases, loan sales, principal repayments, charge-offs and other reductions on loans for the years indicated.
Loan Maturity. The following table shows the contractual maturity of the Banks loan portfolio at December 31, 2009. The table does not reflect any estimate of prepayments, which significantly shortens the average life of all loans, and may cause actual repayment experience to differ from that shown below. Demand loans having no stated schedule of repayment and no stated maturity are reported as due in one year or less.
While one- to four-family residential real estate loans are normally originated with terms of up to 40 years, such loans typically remain outstanding for substantially shorter periods because borrowers often prepay their loans in full upon the sale of the property pledged as security or upon refinancing the original loan. Therefore, average loan maturity is a function of, among other factors, the level of purchase, sale and refinancing activity in the real estate market, prevailing interest rates and the interest rates payable on outstanding loans.
The following table sets forth, at December 31, 2009, the dollar amount of gross loans receivable contractually due after December 31, 2010, and whether such loans have either fixed interest rates or floating or adjustable interest rates.
Loan Approval Procedures and Authority. The Banks lending activities follow written, nondiscriminatory, underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by the Board of Directors and management. All residential mortgages and home equity lines of credit in excess of $6.0 million or all commercial loans and other consumer loans in excess of $2.0 million require the approval of the Board of Directors. The Loan Committee of the Board of Directors has the authority to approve: (1) residential mortgage loans and consumer home equity lines of credit up to $6.0 million and (2) commercial and other consumer loans up to $2.0 million. The President and the Senior Credit Officer have approval for: (1) residential mortgage loans that conform to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac standards up to $2.0 million or $417,000 for those that are non-conforming and (2) consumer and commercial loans up to $250,000 individually or $2.0 million jointly for home equity lines of credit or $1.0 million jointly for commercial and other consumer loans.
Loans to One Borrower. The maximum amount that the Bank may lend to one borrower and the borrowers related entities is limited, by regulation, to generally 15% of the Banks stated capital and reserves. At December 31, 2009, the Banks regulatory limit on loans to one borrower was $11.1 million. At that date, the Banks largest lending relationship was $8.3 million, representing a commercial business loan, two loans for the construction of a nursing home and rehabilitation facility and a loan to purchase an adjacent property. These loans were performing according to the original repayment terms at December 31, 2009.
Loan Commitments. The Bank issues commitments for fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage loans conditioned upon the occurrence of certain events. Commitments to originate mortgage loans are legally binding agreements to lend to customers and generally expire in 90 days or less from the date of the application.
Delinquencies. When a borrower fails to make a required loan payment, the Bank takes a number of steps to have the borrower cure the delinquency and restore the loan to current status. The Bank makes initial contact with the borrower when the loan becomes 15 days past due. If payment is not then received by the 30th day of delinquency, additional letters and phone calls generally are made. When the loan becomes 90 days past due, a letter is sent notifying the borrower that foreclosure proceedings will commence if the loan is not brought current within 30 days. Generally, when the loan becomes 120 days past due, the Bank will commence foreclosure proceedings against any real property that secures the loan or attempt to repossess any personal property that secures a consumer or commercial loan. If a
foreclosure action is instituted and the loan is not brought current, paid in full or refinanced before the foreclosure sale, the real property securing the loan is typically sold at foreclosure. The Bank may consider loan repayment arrangements with certain borrowers under certain circumstances.
On a monthly basis, management informs the Board of Directors of the amount of loans delinquent 30 days or more, all loans in foreclosure and other real estate owned.
The following table sets forth the delinquencies in the Banks loan portfolio as of the dates indicated.
Classified Assets. Management of the Bank, including the Managed Asset Committee, consisting of a number of the Banks officers, review and classify the assets of the Bank on a monthly basis and the Board of Directors reviews the results of the reports on a quarterly basis. Federal regulations and the Banks internal policies require that management utilize an internal asset classification system to monitor and evaluate the credit risk inherent in its loan portfolio. The Bank currently classifies problem and potential problem assets as substandard, doubtful, loss or special mention. An asset is considered substandard if it is inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Substandard assets include those assets that are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Assets characterized as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified as substandard with the additional characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values, questionable, and there is a high probability of loss. Assets classified as loss are those assets considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance as assets, without the establishment of a specific loss reserve, is not warranted. In addition, assets that do not currently expose the Bank to sufficient risk to warrant classification in one of the aforementioned categories but possess credit deficiencies or potential weaknesses are required to be designated special mention. When an asset is classified as substandard or doubtful, a specific allowance for loan losses may be established. If an asset is classified as a loss, the Bank charges-off an amount equal to the portion of the asset classified as loss. All the loans mentioned above are included in the Banks Managed Asset Report. This report serves as an integral part in the evaluation of the adequacy of the Banks allowance for loan losses.
The following table sets forth the principal balance of the Banks classified loans as of December 31, 2009.
Of the $16.0 million of substandard loans at December 31, 2009, $3.0 million were nonperforming loans. The largest substandard loan, a commercial construction loan totaling $2.4 million, was not 90 days or more past due at December 31, 2009. Of the $33.9 million of special mention loans, only one loan totaling $270,000 was 60 days or more past due at December 31, 2009.
At December 31, 2009, total classified loans related to forty-eight commercial mortgage loans totaling $31.7 million, twenty-eight commercial business loans totaling $8.4 million, six commercial construction loans totaling $5.9 million and twenty-four residential mortgage loans totaling $3.9 million. Declining economic conditions have negatively impacted the residential and commercial construction markets and contributed to the decrease in credit quality for commercial loans. The continued weakening of both the local and national real estate markets has contributed to the inability of commercial developers to sell completed units, which resulted in declining collateral values and an increased risk of default.
Nonperforming Assets and Restructured Loans. When a loan becomes 90 days delinquent or there is reasonable doubt that principal and interest will be received, the loan is placed on nonaccrual status at which time the accrual of interest ceases and the allowance for any uncollectible accrued interest is established and charged against operations. Typically, payments received on nonaccrual loans are applied to the outstanding principal and interest balance as determined at the time of collection of the loan.
The Bank considers repossessed assets and loans that are 90 days or more past due to be nonperforming assets. Real estate acquired as a result of foreclosure or by deed-in-lieu of foreclosure is classified as other real estate owned until it is sold. When property is acquired it is recorded at the lower of its cost, which is the unpaid balance of the loan plus foreclosure costs or fair value at the date of the foreclosure. Holding costs and declines in fair value after acquisition of the property are charged against income as incurred. At December 31, 2009, other real estate owned totaled $3.7 million.
Troubled debt restructurings occur when debtors are granted concessions that the Bank would not otherwise consider because of economic or legal reasons pertaining to the debtors financial difficulties. Such concessions would include, but are not limited to, the transfer of assets or the issuance of equity interest by the debtor to satisfy all or part of the debt, modification of the terms of debt or the substitution or addition of debtor(s).
The following table provides information with respect to the Banks nonperforming assets and troubled debt restructurings as of the dates indicated. The Company had no accruing loans past due 90 days or more at each of the dates indicated.
In addition to the nonperforming assets disclosed above, management is monitoring four commercial loans totaling $1.2 million at December 31, 2009 in which the borrowers had weakening credit conditions that caused management to have doubts about the ability of the borrowers to comply with the present loan repayment terms and that may result in the future inclusion of such loans in the table above.
The decrease in nonaccrual loans at December 31, 2009 resulted, in part, to the transfer of $5.5 million in loans to other real estate owned during 2009. Management is proactive in its approach to identifying and resolving problem loans and is focused on working with the borrowers and guarantors of these loans to provide loan modification when warranted. The level of nonperforming assets is expected to fluctuate in response to changing economic and market conditions, the relative size and composition of the loan portfolio, as well as managements degree of success in resolving problem assets.
Interest income that would have been recorded for the year ended December 31, 2009 had nonaccruing loans and troubled debt restructurings been current in accordance with their original terms and had been outstanding throughout the period amounted to $554,000. The amount of interest related to nonaccrual loans and troubled debt restructurings included in interest income was $65,000 for the year ended December 31, 2009.
Allowance for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses, a material estimate which could change significantly in the near-term, is established through a provision for loan losses charged to earnings to account for losses that are inherent in the loan portfolio and estimated to occur, and is maintained at a level that management considers adequate to absorb losses in the loan portfolio. Loan losses are charged against the allowance for loan losses when management believes that the uncollectibility of the principal loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance for loan losses when received.
Managements judgment in determining the adequacy of the allowance is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available. The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a monthly basis by management and is based on the evaluation of the known and inherent risk characteristics and size and composition of the loan portfolio, the assessment of current economic and real estate market conditions, adverse situations that may affect the borrowers ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral, historical loan loss experience and evaluations of loans and other relevant factors.
The allowance for loan losses consists of the following key elements:
The majority of the Companys loans are collateralized by real estate located in eastern Connecticut. Accordingly, the collateral value of a substantial portion of the Companys loan portfolio and real estate acquired through foreclosure is susceptible to changes in market conditions.
Although management believes that it uses the best information available to establish the allowance for loan losses, future adjustments to the allowance for loan losses may be necessary and the Companys results of operations could be adversely affected if circumstances differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the determinations. In addition, because future events affecting borrowers and collateral cannot be predicted with certainty, there can be no assurance that the existing allowance for loan losses is adequate or that increases will not be necessary should the quality of any loans deteriorate as a result of the factors discussed above. Any material increase in the allowance for loan losses would adversely affect the Companys financial condition and results of operations.
The following table sets forth an analysis of the allowance for loan losses for the years indicated.
The higher provision for 2009 related to an increase in loan charge-offs due to the impact of adverse economic and real estate market conditions. While the Company has no direct exposure to sub-prime mortgages in its loan portfolio, current economic conditions have negatively impacted the residential and commercial construction markets and contributed to the decrease in credit quality for commercial loans. As a result, the Company has increased its provision for loan losses on this portion of the loan portfolio to reflect the increased risk of loss associated with this type of lending. Specific reserves relating to impaired loans decreased to $267,000 at December 31, 2009 compared to $1.2 million at December 31, 2008. At December 31, 2009, nonperforming loans totaled $3.0 million, compared to $9.3 million at December 31, 2008. The increase in loan charge-offs for the year ended December 31, 2009 primarily resulted from the charge-off of two commercial construction loan relationships aggregating $2.9 million.
The allowance as a percentage of total loans declined to 0.80% at December 31, 2009 compared to 0.97% at December 31, 2008 primarily as a result of a decrease of $968,000 in specific reserves and an increase of $31.6 million in SBA and USDA loans that are fully guaranteed by the U.S. Government and therefore, require no allowance for loan losses.
The following table sets forth the breakdown of the allowance for loan losses by loan category at the dates indicated.
The Company has legal authority to invest in various types of liquid assets, including U.S. Treasury obligations, securities of various federal agencies, government-sponsored enterprises, state and municipal governments, mortgage-backed securities and certificates of deposit of federally-insured institutions. Within certain regulatory limits, the Company also may invest a portion of its assets in corporate securities and mutual funds. The Company is also required to maintain an investment in FHLB stock. While the Company has the authority under applicable law and its investment policies to invest in derivative securities, the Company had no such investments at December 31, 2009.
The Companys primary source of income continues to be derived from its loan portfolio. The investment portfolio is mainly used to meet the cash flow needs of the Company, provide adequate liquidity for the protection of customer deposits and yield a favorable return on investments. The type of securities and the maturity periods are dependent on the composition of the loan portfolio, interest rate risk, liquidity position and tax strategies of the Company. The Companys investment objectives are to provide and maintain liquidity, to maintain a balance of high quality, diversified investments to minimize risk, to provide collateral for pledging requirements, to establish an acceptable level of interest rate and credit risk, to provide an alternate source of low-risk investments when demand for loans is weak, to generate a favorable return and to assist in the financing needs of various local public entities, subject to credit quality review and liquidity concerns. The Companys Board of Directors has the overall responsibility for the investment portfolio, including approval of the Companys Investment Policy and appointment of the Investment Committee. The Investment Committee is responsible for the approval of investment strategies and monitoring investment performance. The execution of specific investment initiatives and the day-to-day oversight of the Companys investment portfolio is the responsibility of the
Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer. These officers, and others designated by the Board, are authorized to execute investment transactions up to specified limits based on the type of security without prior approval of the Investment Committee. Transactions exceeding these limitations require the approval of two of these officers, one of whom must be either the Chief Executive Officer or the Chief Financial Officer. Individual investment transactions are reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors on a monthly basis, while portfolio composition and performance are reviewed at least quarterly by the Investment Committee.
Management determines the appropriate classification of securities at the date individual securities are acquired, and the appropriateness of such classification is reassessed at each balance sheet date.
Debt securities that management has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity are classified as held to maturity and recorded at amortized cost. Securities purchased and held principally for the purpose of trading in the near term are classified as trading securities. These securities are carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses recognized in earnings. Securities not classified as held to maturity or trading, including equity securities with readily determinable fair values, are classified as available for sale and recorded at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings and reported in other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes.
At December 31, 2009, the Companys investment portfolio, which consisted solely of available for sale securities, totaled $183.6 million and represented 21.0% of assets. The Companys securities consisted primarily of agency mortgage-backed securities issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae with stated final maturities of 30 years or less, U.S. Government and agency obligations, private-label mortgage-backed securities with maturities of 30 years or less and government-sponsored enterprises securities with maturities of 20 years or less and corporate debt securities.
The following table sets forth the amortized costs and fair values of the Companys securities portfolio at the dates indicated.
The Company had no individual investments that had an aggregate book value in excess of 10% of its stockholders equity at December 31, 2009.
The following table sets forth the amortized cost, weighted-average yields and contractual maturities of securities at December 31, 2009. Weighted-average yields on tax-exempt securities are not presented on a tax equivalent basis because the impact would be insignificant. Certain mortgage-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations have adjustable interest rates and will reprice periodically within the various maturity ranges. These repricing schedules are not reflected in the table below. At December 31, 2009, the amortized cost of mortgage-backed securities with adjustable rates totaled $31.2 million.
During 2009, the Company adopted new guidance regarding recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairments (OTTI) which makes the guidance more operational and improves the presentation and disclosure of OTTI on debt and equity securities in the financial statements. This guidance does not amend existing recognition and measurement guidance related to OTTI of equity securities.
Marketable equity securities are evaluated for OTTI based on the severity and duration of the impairment and, if deemed to be other-than-temporary, the declines in fair value are reflected in earnings as realized losses. For debt securities, OTTI is required to be recognized (1) if the Company intends to sell the security; (2) if it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis; or (3) the present value of expected cash flows is not sufficient to recover the entire amortized cost basis. For all impaired debt securities that the Company intends to sell, or more likely than not will be required to sell, the full amount of the depreciation is recognized as OTTI through earnings. Credit-related OTTI for all other impaired debt securities is recognized through earnings. Non-credit related OTTI for such debt securities is recognized in other comprehensive income (loss), net of applicable taxes. The adoption of this new guidance resulted in a cumulative effect adjustment of $2.7 million (net of taxes) to retained earnings with a corresponding adjustment to
accumulated other comprehensive loss on January 1, 2009. During 2009, the Company recognized additional OTTI for credit losses on debt securities of $228,000. See Notes 3 and 15 in the Companys Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders, attached hereto as Exhibit 13, for more details.
Deposit Activities and Other Sources of Funds
General. Deposits and loan repayments are the major sources of the Companys funds for lending and other investment purposes. Loan repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, while deposit inflows and outflows and loan prepayments are significantly influenced by general interest rates, competition and money market conditions.
Deposit Accounts. Substantially all of the Banks depositors are residents of the State of Connecticut. Deposits are attracted from within the Banks market area through the offering of a broad selection of deposit instruments, including NOW, money market accounts, regular savings accounts and certificates of deposit. The Bank also utilizes brokered deposits, which were $1.5 million at December 31, 2009. Deposit account terms vary according to the minimum balance required, the time periods the funds must remain on deposit and the interest rates offered, among other factors. In determining the terms of the Banks deposit accounts, the Bank considers the rates offered by its competition, liquidity needs, profitability, matching deposit and loan products and customer preferences and concerns. The Bank generally reviews its deposit mix and pricing weekly. The Banks current strategy is to offer competitive rates, and even higher rates on longer-term deposits, but not be the market leader in every account type and maturity.
The Bank also offers a variety of deposit accounts designed for the businesses operating in its market area. Business banking deposit products include a commercial checking account that provides an earnings credit to offset monthly service charges and a checking account specifically designed for small business and nonprofit organizations. Additionally, sweep accounts and money market accounts are available for businesses. The Bank has sought to increase its commercial deposits through the offering of these products, particularly to its commercial borrowers and to local municipalities.
The following table sets forth the distribution of the Banks deposit accounts for the dates indicated.
at December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
The Bank had $101.8 million of certificates of deposit of $100,000 or more outstanding as of December 31, 2009, maturing as follows:
The following table presents the amount of certificates of deposit accounts outstanding by the various rate categories, years to maturity and percent of total certificate accounts at December 31, 2009.
FHLB Borrowings. The Bank utilizes advances from the FHLB to supplement its supply of lendable funds and to meet deposit withdrawal requirements. The FHLB functions as a central reserve bank providing credit for member financial institutions. As a member, the Bank is required to own capital stock in the FHLB and is authorized to apply for advances on the security of such stock and certain mortgage loans and other assets (principally securities which are obligations of, or guaranteed by, the U.S. Government), provided certain standards related to creditworthiness have been met. Advances are made under several different programs, each having its own interest rate and range of maturities. Depending on the program, limitations on the amount of advances are based either on a fixed percentage of an institutions net worth or on the FHLBs assessment of the institutions creditworthiness. The FHLB determines specific lines of credit for each member institution.
Advances from the FHLB decreased $23.5 million, or 16.8%, for the year ended December 31, 2009 to $116.1 million as the Bank repaid borrowings with excess cash from the increase of deposits In addition to repayments and maturities of borrowings, the Bank restructured FHLB borrowings and extended the maturities of certain advances during 2009 as a result of the low interest rate environment. These borrowings were used to fund asset growth and increase liquidity.
Junior Subordinated Debt Owed to Unconsolidated Trusts. In 2006, SI Capital Trust II (the Trust), a business trust, issued $8.0 million of trust preferred securities in a private placement and issued approximately 248 shares of common stock at $1,000 par value to the Company. The Trust has no independent assets or operations and was formed to issue trust preferred securities and invest the proceeds in an equivalent amount of junior subordinated debentures issued by the Company. The trust preferred securities mature in 30 years and bear interest at three-month LIBOR plus 1.70%. The interest rate on these securities at December 31, 2009 was 1.95%. The Company may redeem the trust preferred securities, in whole or in part, on or after September 15, 2011, or earlier under certain conditions.
The debentures are the sole assets of the Trust and are subordinate to all of the Companys existing and future obligations for borrowed money, its obligations under letters of credit and certain derivative contracts and any guarantees by the Company of any such obligations. The trust preferred securities generally rank equal to the trust common securities in priority of payment, but rank before the trust common securities if and so long as the Company fails to make principal or interest payments on the debentures. Concurrently with the issuance of the debentures and the trust preferred and common securities, the Company issued a guarantee related to the trust securities for the benefit of the holders. The Companys obligations under the guarantee and the Companys obligations under the debentures, the related indentures and the trust agreement relating to the trust securities, constitute a full and unconditional guarantee by the Company of the obligations of the Trust under the trust preferred securities. If the Company defers interest payments on the junior subordinated debt, or otherwise is in default of the obligations, the Company would be prohibited from making dividend payments to its shareholders.
The debentures are also subject to redemption before September 15, 2011, at a specified price after the occurrence of certain events that would either have a negative tax effect on the Trust or the Company or would result in the Trust being treated as an investment company that is required to be registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940. Upon repayment of the debentures at their stated maturity or following their redemption, the Trust will use the proceeds of such repayment to redeem an equivalent amount of outstanding trust preferred securities and trust common securities.
Other Borrowings. The Company occasionally utilizes collateralized borrowings, which represent loans sold that do not meet the criteria for derecognition, due primarily to recourse and other provisions that could not be measured at the date of transfer. Such borrowings are derecognized when all recourse and other provisions that could not be measured at the time of transfer either expire or become measurable. The Company had no collateralized borrowings at December 31, 2009.
The following table sets forth information regarding the Companys borrowings at the dates or for the years indicated.
The Banks trust department provides fiduciary services, investment management and retirement services, to individuals, partnerships, corporations and institutions. Additionally, the Bank acts as guardian, conservator, executor or trustee under various trusts, wills and other agreements. The Bank has implemented comprehensive policies governing the practices and procedures of the trust department, including policies relating to investment of trust property, maintaining confidentiality of trust records, avoiding conflicts of interest and maintaining impartiality. Consistent with its operating strategy, the Bank will continue to emphasize the growth of its trust business in order to accumulate assets and increase fee-based income. At December 31, 2009, trust assets under administration were $152.4 million, consisting of 348 accounts, the largest of which totaled $11.5 million, or 7.5%, of the trust departments total assets. As of December 31, 2009, SI Trust Servicing provided trust outsourcing services to 15 clients, consisting of 7,250 accounts totaling $7.0 billion in assets. For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, total trust services revenue was $3.7 million and $3.6 million, respectively.
The Companys subsidiaries include Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company and SI Capital Trust II.
The following are descriptions of the Banks wholly-owned subsidiaries.
803 Financial Corp. 803 Financial Corp. was established in 1995 as a Connecticut corporation to maintain an ownership interest in a third-party registered broker-dealer, Infinex Investments, Inc. Infinex operates offices at the Bank and offers customers a complete range of nondeposit investment products, including mutual funds, debt, equity and government securities, retirement accounts, insurance products and fixed and variable annuities. The Bank receives a portion of the commissions generated by Infinex from sales to customers. Due to a regulatory restriction on federally-chartered thrifts, on December 31, 2004, 803 Financial Corp. sold its interest in Infinex to the Company. As a result, 803 Financial Corp. has no other holdings or business activities.
SI Realty Company, Inc. SI Realty Company, Inc., established in 1999 as a Connecticut corporation, holds real estate owned by the Bank, including foreclosure properties. At December 31, 2009, SI Realty Company, Inc. had $5.4 million in assets.
SI Mortgage Company. In January 1999, the Bank formed SI Mortgage Company to manage and hold loans secured by real property. SI Mortgage Company qualifies as a passive investment company, which exempts it from Connecticut income tax under current law. Income tax savings to the Bank from the use of a passive investment company was $2,000 and $219,000 for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
At December 31, 2009, the Company had 240 full-time employees and 34 part-time employees. None of the Companys employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit. The Company believes its relationship with its employees is good.
REGULATION AND SUPERVISION
The Bank is subject to extensive regulation, examination and supervision by the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), as its primary federal regulator, and the FDIC, as the insurer of its deposits. The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System and its deposit accounts are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund managed by the FDIC. The Bank must file reports with the OTS and the FDIC concerning its activities and financial condition in addition to obtaining regulatory approvals before entering into certain transactions such as mergers with, or acquisitions of, other financial institutions. There are periodic examinations by the OTS and, under certain circumstances, the FDIC, to evaluate the Banks safety and soundness and compliance with various regulatory requirements. This regulatory structure is intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and depositors. The regulatory structure also gives the regulatory authorities extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies with respect to the classification of assets and the establishment of adequate loan loss reserves for regulatory purposes. Any change in such policies, whether by the OTS, the FDIC or Congress, could have a material adverse impact on the Company, SI Bancorp, MHC and the Bank and their operations. The Company and SI Bancorp, MHC, as savings and loan holding companies, are required to file certain reports with, are subject to examination by, and otherwise must comply with the rules and regulations of the OTS. The Company is also subject to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission under the federal securities laws.
Certain of the regulatory requirements that are applicable to the Bank, the Company and SI Bancorp, MHC are described below. This description of statutes and regulations is not intended to be a complete explanation of such statutes and regulations and their effects on the Bank, the Company and SI Bancorp, MHC are qualified in their entirety by reference to the actual statutes and regulations.
Regulation of Federal Savings Associations
Business Activities. Federal law and regulations, primarily the Home Owners Loan Act and the regulations of the OTS, govern the activities of federal savings banks, such as the Bank. These laws and regulations delineate the nature and extent of the activities in which federal savings banks may engage.
In particular, certain lending authority for federal savings banks, e.g., commercial, non-residential real property loans and consumer loans, is limited to a specified percentage of the institutions capital or assets.
Capital Requirements. The OTSs capital regulations require federal savings institutions to meet three minimum capital standards:
In addition, the prompt corrective action standards discussed below also established, in effect, a minimum 2% tangible capital standard, a 4% leverage ratio standard (3% for institutions receiving the highest rating on the CAMELS examination rating system) and, together with the risk-based capital standard itself, a 4% Tier 1 risk-based capital standard. The OTS regulations also require that, in meeting the tangible, leverage and risk-based capital standards, institutions must generally deduct investments in and loans to subsidiaries engaged in activities as principal that are not permissible for a national bank.
In determining compliance with the risk-based capital requirement, savings institutions must compute its risk-weighted assets by multiplying its assets, including certain off-balance sheet assets, recourse obligations, residual interests and direct credit substitutes, by risk-weight factors ranging from 0% for cash and obligations of the United States Government or its agencies to 100% for consumer and commercial loans, as assigned by the OTS capital regulation based on the risks believed inherent in the type of asset.
Core (Tier 1) capital is defined as common stockholders equity (including retained earnings), certain noncumulative perpetual preferred stock and related surplus and minority interests in equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, less intangibles (other than certain mortgage servicing rights) and credit card relationships. The components of supplementary capital currently include cumulative preferred stock, long-term perpetual preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, subordinated debt, intermediate preferred stock and the allowance for loan and lease losses, which is limited to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets and up to 45% of unrealized gains on available for sale equity securities with readily determinable fair market values. Overall, the amount of supplementary capital included as part of total capital cannot exceed 100% of core capital.
The OTS also has authority to establish individual minimum capital requirements in appropriate cases upon a determination that an institutions capital level is or may become inadequate in light of the particular circumstances. At December 31, 2009, the Bank exceeded each of these capital requirements.
Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action. The OTS is required to take certain supervisory actions against undercapitalized institutions, the severity of which depends upon the institutions degree of undercapitalization. Generally, a savings institution that has a ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of less than 8%, a ratio of Tier 1 (core) capital to risk-weighted assets of less than 4% or a ratio of core capital to total assets of less than 4% (3% or less for institutions with the highest examination rating) is considered to be undercapitalized. A savings institution that has a total risk-based capital ratio less than 6%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 3% or a leverage ratio that is less than 3% is considered to be significantly undercapitalized and a savings institution that has a tangible capital to assets ratio equal to or less than 2% is deemed to be critically undercapitalized. Subject to a narrow exception, the OTS is required to appoint a receiver or conservator within specified time frames for an institution that is critically undercapitalized. An institution must file a capital restoration plan with the OTS within 45
days of the date it receives notice that it is undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized or critically undercapitalized. Compliance with the plan must be guaranteed by any parent holding company up to the lesser of the amount necessary for the institution to meet all regulatory capital requirements or 5% of the institutions total assets. In addition, numerous mandatory supervisory actions become immediately applicable to an undercapitalized institution, including, but not limited to, increased monitoring by regulators and restrictions on growth, capital distributions and expansion. Significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized institutions are subject to more extensive mandatory regulatory actions. The OTS could also take any one of a number of discretionary supervisory actions, including the issuance of a capital directive and the replacement of senior executive officers and directors.
Loans to One Borrower. Federal law provides that savings institutions are generally subject to the limits on loans to one borrower applicable to national banks. Generally, a savings institution may not make a loan or extend credit to a single or related group of borrowers in excess of 15% of its unimpaired capital and surplus. An additional amount may be lent, equal to 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus, if secured by specified readily-marketable collateral. See Item 1. Business. Lending Activities Loans to One Borrower.
Standards for Safety and Soundness. The federal banking agencies have adopted Interagency Guidelines, which set forth the safety and soundness standards that the federal banking agencies use to identify and address problems at insured depository institutions before capital becomes impaired. If the OTS determines that a savings institution fails to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines, the OTS may require the institution to submit an acceptable plan to achieve compliance with the standard. The Bank has not received any notice from the OTS that it has failed to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines.
Limitation on Capital Distributions. OTS regulations impose limitations upon all capital distributions by a savings institution, including cash dividends, payments to repurchase its shares and payments to shareholders of another institution in a cash-out merger. Under the regulations, an application to and the prior approval of the OTS is required before any capital distribution if the institution does not meet the criteria for expedited treatment of applications under OTS regulations (i.e., generally, examination and Community Reinvestment Act ratings in the two top categories), the total capital distributions for the calendar year exceed net income for that year plus the amount of retained net income for the preceding two years, the institution would be undercapitalized following the distribution or the distribution would otherwise be contrary to a statute, regulation or agreement with the OTS. If an application is not required, the institution must still provide prior notice to the OTS of the capital distribution if, like the Bank, it is a subsidiary of a holding company. If the Banks capital were ever to fall below its regulatory requirements or the OTS notified it that it was in need of increased supervision, its ability to make capital distributions could be restricted. In addition, the OTS could prohibit a proposed capital distribution that would otherwise be permitted by the regulation, if the agency determines that such distribution would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice.
Qualified Thrift Lender Test. Federal law requires savings institutions to meet a qualified thrift lender test. Under the test, a savings association is required to either qualify as a domestic building and loan association under the Internal Revenue Code or maintain at least 65% of its portfolio assets in certain qualified thrift investments (primarily residential mortgages and related investments, including certain mortgage-backed securities) in at least nine months out of each twelve-month period. Portfolio assets represent, in general, total assets less the sum of:
A savings institution that fails the qualified thrift lender test is subject to certain operating restrictions and may be required to convert to a bank charter. Recent legislation has expanded the extent to which education loans, credit card loans and small business loans may be considered qualified thrift investments. As of December 31, 2009, the Bank maintained 74.41% of its portfolio assets in qualified thrift investments and, therefore, met the qualified thrift lender test.
Transactions with Related Parties. Federal law limits the Banks authority to lend to, and engage in, certain other transactions with (collectively, covered transactions) affiliates (e.g., any company that controls or is under common control with an institution, including the Company, SI Bancorp, MHC and their non-savings institution subsidiaries). The aggregate amount of covered transactions with any individual affiliate is limited to 10% of the capital and surplus of the savings institution. The aggregate amount of covered transactions with all affiliates is limited to 20% of the savings institutions capital and surplus. Loans and other specified transactions with affiliates are required to be secured by collateral in an amount and of a type described in federal law. The purchase of low quality assets from affiliates is generally prohibited. Transactions with affiliates must be on terms and under circumstances that are at least as favorable to the institution as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliated companies. In addition, savings institutions are prohibited from lending to any affiliate that is engaged in activities that are not permissible for bank holding companies and no savings institution may purchase the securities of any affiliate other than a subsidiary.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 generally prohibits a company from making loans to its executive officers and directors. However, that act contains a specific exception for loans by a depository institution to its executive officers and directors in compliance with federal banking laws. Under such laws, the Banks authority to extend credit to executive officers, directors and 10% shareholders (insiders), as well as entities in which such persons control, is limited. The law restricts both the individual and aggregate amount of loans the Bank may make to insiders based, in part, on the Banks capital position and requires certain board approval procedures to be followed. Such loans must be made on terms substantially the same as those offered to unaffiliated individuals and not involve more than the normal risk of repayment. There is an exception for loans made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that is widely available to all employees of the institution and does not give preference to insiders over other employees. In addition, loans made to a director or executive officer in an amount that, when aggregated with the amount of all other loans to the person and his or her related interest, are in excess of the greater of $25,000, or 5% of the Banks capital and surplus, and in any event any loans totaling $500,000 or more, must be approved in advance by a majority of the disinterested members of the Board of Directors. Loans to executive officers are subject to additional restrictions as to type and amount.
Enforcement. The OTS has primary enforcement responsibility over federal savings institutions and has the authority to bring actions against the institution and all institution-affiliated parties, including stockholders, and any attorneys, appraisers and accountants who knowingly or recklessly participate in wrongful action likely to have an adverse effect on an insured institution. Formal enforcement action may range from the issuance of a capital directive or cease and desist order for removal of officers and/or directors to institution of receivership, conservatorship or termination of deposit insurance. Civil penalties cover a wide range of violations and can amount to $25,000 per day, or even $1.0 million per day in especially egregious cases. The FDIC has authority to recommend to the Director of the OTS that enforcement action be taken with respect to a particular savings institution. If action is not taken by the Director, the FDIC has authority to take such action under certain circumstances. Federal law also establishes criminal penalties for certain violations.
Assessments. Federal savings banks are required to pay assessments to the OTS to fund its operations. The general assessments, paid on a semi-annual basis, are based upon the savings institutions total assets, including consolidated subsidiaries, as reported in the institutions latest quarterly thrift financial report, financial condition and complexity of portfolio. The OTS assessments paid by the Bank for 2009 were $223,000.
Insurance of Deposit Accounts. The Banks deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC. The Deposit Insurance Fund is the successor to the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund, which were merged in 2006. Under the FDICs risk-based assessment system, insured institutions are assigned to one of four risk categories based on supervisory evaluations, regulatory capital levels and certain other factors. An institutions assessment rate depends upon the category to which it is assigned, with less risky institutions paying lower assessments.
Due to losses incurred by the Deposit Insurance Fund from failed institutions in 2008, and anticipated future losses, the FDIC adopted, pursuant to a Restoration Plan to replenish the fund, an across the board seven basis point increase in the assessment range for the first quarter of 2009. The FDIC adopted further refinements to its risk-based assessment system, effective April 1, 2009, that effectively made the range seven to seventy-seven and one-half basis points. The FDIC also imposed an industry-wide emergency special assessment of five basis points of assessable deposits as of June 30, 2009 in order to cover losses to the Deposit Insurance Fund. On September 29, 2009, the FDIC adopted an Amended Restoration Plan to allow the Deposit Insurance Fund to return to a reserve ratio of 1.15 percent within eight years, as mandated by statute. At the same time, the FDIC adopted higher annual risk-based assessment rates effective January 1, 2011. Under this plan, the FDIC required insured institutions to prepay their quarterly risk-based assessments for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for all of 2010, 2011 and 2012. The prepaid estimated assessment for these periods was collected on December 30, 2009, along with each institutions regular quarterly risk-based deposit insurance assessment for the third quarter of 2009. Additionally, on September 29, 2009, the FDIC increased annual assessment rates uniformly by 3 basis points beginning in 2011. The FDIC may adjust the scale uniformly from one quarter to the next, except that no adjustment can deviate more than three basis points from the base scale without notice and comment rulemaking. No institution may pay a dividend if in default of the federal deposit insurance assessment.
Due to the recent difficult economic conditions, deposit insurance per account owner increased to $250,000 for all types of accounts until December 31, 2013. In addition, the FDIC adopted an optional Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program by which, for a fee, noninterest-bearing transaction accounts would receive unlimited insurance coverage until June 30, 2010 and certain senior unsecured debt issued by institutions and their holding companies between October 13, 2008 and June 30, 2009 would be guaranteed by the FDIC through June 30, 2012. The Bank made the business decision to participate in the unlimited noninterest bearing transaction account coverage and the Bank, the Company and SI Bancorp, MHC opted to participate in the unsecured debt guarantee program.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 (Reform Act) also provided for a one-time credit for eligible institutions based on their assessment base as of December 31, 1996. Subject to certain limitations with respect to institutions that are exhibiting weaknesses, credits can be used to offset assessments until exhausted. The Bank has exhausted all credits. The Reform Act also provided for the possibility that the FDIC may pay dividends to insured institutions once the Deposit Insurance fund reserve ratio equals or exceeds 1.35% of estimated insured deposits.
In addition to the assessment for deposit insurance, institutions are required to make payments on bonds issued in the late 1980s by the Financing Corporation to recapitalize a predecessor deposit insurance fund. This payment is established quarterly and during the calendar year ending December 31, 2009 averaged 1.06 basis points of assessable deposits.
Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated
any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC or the OTS. The management of the Bank does not know of any practice, condition or violation that might lead to termination of deposit insurance.
Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, which consists of twelve regional Federal Home Loan Banks. The Federal Home Loan Banks provide a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. The Bank, as a member of the FHLB, is required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in the FHLB of Boston. The Bank was in compliance with this requirement with an investment in the FHLB at December 31, 2009 of $8.4 million.
The regional banks within the Federal Home Loan Bank System have experienced higher levels of OTTI in their private label mortgage-backed securities and home equity loans, which has raised concerns about whether their capital levels could be reduced below regulatory requirements. In response to unprecedented market conditions and potential future losses, the FHLB has implemented an initiative to preserve capital by the adoption of a revised retained earnings target, declaration of a moratorium on excess stock repurchases and the suspension of cash dividend payments. The Company experienced a decline in the dividend yield on its holdings in FHLB stock since the FHLB suspended dividend payments in 2009. The Company anticipates it will not receive dividends on its holdings in FHLB stock for the foreseeable future. There can be no assurance that the impact of recent market conditions on the financial condition of the Federal Home Loan Banks or future legislation on the Federal Home Loan Banks will not cause a decrease in the value of FHLB stock held by the Bank.
Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act, as implemented by OTS regulations, a savings association has a continuing and affirmative obligation consistent with its safe and sound operation to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods. The Community Reinvestment Act does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institutions discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with the Community Reinvestment Act. The Community Reinvestment Act requires the OTS, in connection with its examination of a savings association, to assess the institutions record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to take such record into account in its evaluation of certain applications by such institution.
The Community Reinvestment Act requires public disclosure of an institutions rating and requires the OTS to provide a written evaluation of an associations Community Reinvestment Act performance utilizing a four-tiered descriptive rating system. The Bank received an outstanding rating, which is the highest possible rating, as a result of its most recent Community Reinvestment Act assessment.
Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Board regulations require savings institutions to maintain noninterest earning reserves against their transaction accounts (primarily Negotiable Order of Withdrawal NOW and regular checking accounts). In 2009, the regulations generally provided that reserves be maintained against aggregate transaction accounts as follows: a 3% reserve ratio, assessed on net transaction accounts up to and including $44.4 million; a 10% reserve ratio applied above $44.4 million. The first $10.3 million of otherwise reservable balances (subject to adjustments by the Federal Reserve Board) were exempted from the reserve requirements. The amounts are adjusted annually and, for 2010, will require a 3% ratio for up to $55.2 million and an exemption of $10.7 million. The Bank complies with the foregoing requirements.
Holding Company Regulation
General. The Company and SI Bancorp, MHC are savings and loan holding companies within the meaning of federal law. As such, they are registered with the OTS and are subject to OTS regulations, examinations, supervision, reporting requirements and regulations concerning corporate governance and activities. In addition, the OTS has enforcement authority over the Company, SI Bancorp, MHC and their non-savings institution subsidiaries. Among other things, this authority permits the OTS to restrict or prohibit activities that are determined to be a serious risk to the Bank.
Restrictions Applicable to Mutual Holding Companies. According to federal law and OTS regulations, a mutual holding company, such as SI Bancorp, MHC, may generally engage in the following activities: (1) investing in the stock of a bank; (2) acquiring a mutual association through the merger of such association into a bank subsidiary of such holding company or an interim bank subsidiary of such holding company; (3) merging with or acquiring another holding company, one of whose subsidiaries is a bank; (4) investing in a corporation, the capital stock of which is available for purchase by a savings association under federal law or under the law of any state where the subsidiary savings association or associations share their home offices; (5) furnishing or performing management services for a savings association subsidiary of such company; (6) holding, managing or liquidating assets owned or acquired from a savings subsidiary of such company; (7) holding or managing properties used or occupied by a savings association subsidiary of such company properties used or occupied by a savings association subsidiary of such company; (8) acting as trustee under deeds of trust; (9) any other activity (A) that the Federal Reserve Board, by regulation, has determined to be permissible for bank holding companies under Section 4(c) of the Bank Holding Company Act, unless the OTS, by regulation, prohibits or limits any such activity for savings and loan holding companies; or (B) in which multiple savings and loan holding companies were authorized (by regulation) to directly engage on March 5, 1987; and (10) purchasing, holding or disposing of stock acquired in connection with a qualified stock issuance if the purchase of such stock by such savings and loan holding company is approved by the OTS.
The Gramm-Leach Bliley Act of 1999 was designed to modernize the regulation of the financial services industry by expanding the ability of bank holding companies to affiliate with other types of financial services companies such as insurance companies and investment banking companies. The legislation also expanded the activities permitted for mutual savings and loan holding companies to include any activity permitted a financial holding company under the legislation, including a broad array of insurance and securities activities.
Federal law prohibits a savings and loan holding company, including a federal mutual holding company, from directly or indirectly, or through one or more subsidiaries, acquiring more than 5% of the voting stock of another savings institution, or its holding company, without prior written approval of the OTS. Federal law also prohibits a savings and loan holding company from acquiring more than 5% of a company engaged in activities other than those authorized for savings and loan holding companies by federal law; or acquiring or retaining control of a depository institution that is not insured by the FDIC. In evaluating applications by holding companies to acquire savings institutions, the OTS must consider the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the company and institution involved, the effect of the acquisition on the risk to the insurance funds, the convenience and needs of the community and competitive factors.
The OTS is prohibited from approving any acquisition that would result in a multiple savings and loan holding company controlling savings institutions in more than one state, except: (1) the approval of interstate supervisory acquisitions by savings and loan holding companies, and (2) the acquisition of a savings institution in another state if the laws of the state of the target savings institution specifically permits such acquisitions. The states vary in the extent to which they permit interstate savings and loan holding company acquisitions.
If the savings institution subsidiary of a savings and loan holding company fails to meet the qualified thrift lender test, the holding company must register with the Federal Reserve Board as a bank holding company within one year of the savings institutions failure to so qualify.
Although savings and loan holding companies are not currently subject to regulatory capital requirements or specific restrictions on the payment of dividends or other capital distributions, federal regulations do prescribe such restrictions on subsidiary savings institutions as described below. The Bank must notify the OTS 30 days before declaring any dividend. In addition, the financial impact of a holding company on its subsidiary institution is a matter that is evaluated by the OTS and the agency has authority to order cessation of activities or divestiture of subsidiaries deemed to pose a threat to the safety and soundness of the institution.
Stock Holding Company Subsidiary Regulation. The OTS has adopted regulations governing the two-tier mutual holding company form of organization and subsidiary stock holding companies that are controlled by mutual holding companies. The Company has adopted this form of organization. The Company is the stock holding company subsidiary of SI Bancorp, MHC. The Company is permitted to engage in activities that are permitted for SI Bancorp, MHC subject to the same restrictions and conditions.
Waivers of Dividends by SI Bancorp, MHC. OTS regulations require SI Bancorp, MHC to notify the OTS if it proposes to waive receipt of dividends from the Company. The OTS reviews dividend waiver notices on a case-by-case basis, and, in general, does not object to any such waiver if: (i) the waiver would not be detrimental to the safe and sound operating of the savings association subsidiary; and (ii) the mutual holding companys Board of Directors determines that such waiver is consistent with such directors fiduciary duties to the mutual holding companys members.
Conversion to Stock Form. OTS regulations permit the Company to convert from the mutual form of organization to the capital stock form of organization. In a conversion transaction, a new holding company would be formed as the successor to the MHC and the Company, the MHCs and the Companys corporate existence would end and certain depositors in the Bank would receive a right to subscribe for shares of a new holding company. In a conversion transaction, each share of common stock of the Company held by stockholders other than the MHC would be automatically converted into a number of shares of common stock of the new holding company based on an exchange ratio designed to ensure that stockholders other than the Company own the same percentage of common stock in the new holding company as they owned in the Company immediately before conversion.
Acquisition of Control. Under the federal Change in Bank Control Act, a notice must be submitted to the OTS if any person (including a company), or group acting in concert, seeks to acquire control of a savings and loan holding company or savings association. An acquisition of control can occur upon the acquisition of 10% or more of the voting stock of a savings and loan holding company or savings institution or as otherwise defined by the OTS. Under the Change in Bank Control Act, the OTS has 60 days from the filing of a complete notice to act, taking into consideration certain factors, including the financial and managerial resources of the acquirer and the anti-trust effects of the acquisition. Any company that so acquires control would then be subject to regulation as a savings and loan holding company.
Interest and other charges collected or contracted for by the Bank are subject to state usury laws and federal laws concerning interest rates. The Banks loan operations are also subject to federal laws applicable to credit transactions, such as the:
The deposit operations of the Bank also are subject to the:
Regulatory Restructuring Legislation. The Obama Administration has proposed, and the House of Representatives and Senate are currently considering, legislation that would restructure the regulation of depository institutions. Proposals range from the merger of the OTS with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, which regulates national banks, to the creation of an independent federal agency that would assume the regulatory responsibilities of the OTS, FDIC, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and Federal Reserve Board. The federal savings association charter would be eliminated and federal associations required to become banks under some proposals, although others would grandfather existing charters such as that of the Association or maintain the charter. Savings and loan holding companies would become regulated as bank holding companies under certain proposals. Also proposed is the creation of a new federal agency to administer and enforce consumer and fair lending laws, a function that is now performed by the depository institution regulators. The federal preemption of state laws currently accorded federally chartered depository institutions would be reduced under certain proposals as well.
Enactment of any of these proposals would revise the regulatory structure imposed on the Association, which could result in more stringent regulation. At this time, management has no way of predicting the contents of any final legislation, or whether any legislation will be enacted at all.
Federal Income Taxation
General. The Company reports its income on a calendar year basis using the accrual method of accounting. The federal income tax laws apply to the Company in the same manner as to other corporations with some exceptions, including particularly the Banks reserve for bad debts discussed below. The following discussion of tax matters is intended only as a summary and does not purport to be a comprehensive description of the tax rules applicable to the Company and its subsidiaries. The Companys federal income tax returns have been either audited or closed under the statute of limitations through tax year 2005. The Companys maximum federal income tax rate was 34.0% for 2009.
Bad Debt Reserves. For fiscal years beginning before June 30, 1996, thrift institutions that qualified under certain definitional tests and other conditions of the Internal Revenue Code were permitted to use certain favorable provisions to calculate their deductions from taxable income for annual additions to their bad debt reserve. A reserve could be established for bad debts on qualifying real property loans, generally secured by interests in real property improved or to be improved, under the percentage of taxable income method or the experience method. The reserve for nonqualifying loans was computed using the experience method. Federal legislation enacted in 1996 repealed the reserve method of accounting for bad debts for institutions with assets in excess of $500.0 million and the percentage of taxable income method for all institutions for tax years beginning after 1995 and required savings institutions to recapture or take into income certain portions of their accumulated bad debt reserves. However, those tax-based bad debt reserves accumulated prior to 1988 (Base Year Reserves) were not required to be recaptured unless the institution failed certain tests. Approximately $3.7 million of the Banks accumulated tax-based bad debt reserves would not be recaptured into taxable income unless it makes a non-dividend distribution to the Company as described below.
Distributions. If the Bank makes non-dividend distributions to the Company, the distributions will be considered to have been made from the Banks unrecaptured tax-based bad debt reserves, including the balance of its Base Year Reserves as of December 31, 1987, to the extent of the non-dividend distributions, and then from the Banks supplemental reserve for losses on loans, to the extent of those reserves, and an amount based on the amount distributed, but not more than the amount of those reserves, will be included in the Banks taxable income. Non-dividend distributions include distributions in excess of the Banks current and accumulated earnings and profits as calculated for federal income tax purposes, distributions in redemption of stock and distributions in partial or complete liquidation. Dividends paid out of the Banks current or accumulated earnings and profits will not be so included in the Banks taxable income.
The amount of additional taxable income triggered by a non-dividend is an amount that, when reduced by the tax attributable to the income, is equal to the amount of the distribution. Therefore, if the Bank makes a non-dividend distribution to the Company, approximately one and one-half times the amount of the distribution not in excess of the amount of the reserves would be includable in income for federal income tax purposes, assuming a 34% federal corporate income tax rate. The Bank does not intend to pay non-dividend distributions that would result in a recapture of any portion of its bad debt reserves.
State Income Taxation
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to the Connecticut corporation business tax. The Company and its subsidiaries are eligible to file a combined Connecticut income tax return and pay the regular corporation business tax. The Connecticut corporation business tax is based on the federal taxable income before net operating loss and special deductions of the Company and its subsidiaries and makes certain modifications to federal taxable income to arrive at Connecticut taxable income. Connecticut taxable income is multiplied by the state tax rate (7.5% for fiscal year 2009) to arrive at Connecticut income tax.
In May 1998, the State of Connecticut enacted legislation permitting the formation of passive investment company subsidiaries by financial institutions. This legislation exempts qualifying passive investment companies from the Connecticut corporation business tax and excludes dividends paid from a passive investment company from the taxable income of the parent financial institution. The Banks formation of a passive investment company in January 1999 substantially eliminates the state income tax expense of the Company and its subsidiaries under current law. See Item 1. Business. Subsidiary Activities SI Mortgage Company for a discussion of the Banks passive investment company.
Executive Officers of the Registrant
Certain executive officers of the Bank also serve as executive officers of the Company. The day-to-day management duties of the executive officers of the Company and the Bank relate primarily to their duties as to the Bank. The executive officers of the Company currently are as follows:
Rheo A. Brouillard has been the President and Chief Executive Officer of Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company, SI Bancorp, MHC and SI Financial Group since 1995, 2000 and 2004, respectively. Mr. Brouillard has been a director of the Company since 1995.
Brian J. Hull has been Executive Vice President since 2002 and Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since he joined Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company in 1997. Mr. Hull has served as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company, SI Bancorp, MHC and SI Financial Group since 2000 and 2004, respectively.
David T. Weston has been Senior Vice President and Senior Trust Officer since 2008. Mr. Weston oversees wealth management services, which includes trust, investment and insurance operations. Mr. Weston served as a Vice President within Savings Institute Bank and Trust Companys Trust Department since 2004.
William E. Anderson, Jr. was named Senior Vice President in 2009 after having served as Vice President since 2002. Mr. Anderson joined Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company in 1995.
Laurie L. Gervais was named Senior Vice President in 2009 after having served as Vice President since 2003. Ms. Gervais joined Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company in 1983.
Michael J. Moran has been Senior Vice President and Senior Credit Officer since 2008 and previously held this position from 2001 through 2006. Mr. Moran served as Vice President and Senior Commercial Real Estate Officer during 2007. Mr. Moran joined Savings Institute Bank and Trust Company in 1995.
Prospective investors in the Companys common stock should carefully consider the following factors.
The Companys investment portfolio is also subject to increased risk as the valuation of investments is more subjective when markets are illiquid, thereby increasing the risk that the estimated fair value (i.e. the carrying amount) of the portion of the investment portfolio that is carried at fair value as reflected in the Companys financial statements is not reflective of prices at which actual transactions would occur.
Because of the risks set forth above, the value of the Companys investment portfolio could decrease, the Company could experience reduced net investment income, and the Company could incur realized investment losses, which could materially and adversely affect the Companys results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
Additionally, the Company reviews its securities portfolio at each quarter-end reporting period to determine whether the fair value is below the current carrying value. When the fair value of any of the Companys securities has declined below its carrying value, the Company is required to assess whether the decline is other-than-temporary. The Company is required to write-down the value of that security through a charge to earnings if it concludes that the decline is other-than-temporary. As of December 31, 2009, the amortized cost and the fair value of the Companys securities portfolio totaled $187.2 million and $183.6 million, respectively. Changes in the expected cash flows of these securities and/or prolonged price declines may result in the Company concluding in future periods that the impairment of these securities is other-than-temporary, which would require a charge to earnings to write-down these securities to their fair value. Any charges for other-than-temporary impairment would not impact cash flow, tangible capital or liquidity. For the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company recognized OTTI losses for credit-related factors of $228,000 on certain debt securities.
At December 31, 2009, the Companys allowance for loan losses totaled $4.9 million, which represented 0.80% of total loans and 162.65% of nonperforming loans. The Companys regulators, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase the allowance for loan losses by recognizing additional provisions for loan losses charged to income, or to charge-off loans, which, net of any recoveries, would decrease the allowance for loan losses. Any such additional provisions for loan losses or charge-offs, as required by these regulatory agencies, could have a material adverse effect on the Companys operating results.
The market price of the Companys common stock may be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations in response to numerous factors, including, but not limited to, the factors discussed in other risk factors and the following:
These factors may adversely affect the trading price of the Companys common stock, regardless of its actual operating performance, and could prevent you from selling your common stock at or above the price you desire. In addition, the stock markets, from time to time, experience extreme price and volume fluctuations that may be unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of companies. These broad fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of the Companys common stock, regardless of its trading performance.
The Company conducts its business through its executive office at 803 Main Street, Willimantic, Connecticut, its 21 branch offices located in Connecticut and its trust servicing office located in Rutland, Vermont. Of the 22 offices, 4 are owned and 18 are leased. Lease expiration dates range from 2010 to 2027 with renewal options of 5 to 20 years.
Additionally, the Bank owns or leases 3 other properties used, in part, for banking operations and an employee training center. The total net book value of the properties at December 31, 2009 was $9.9 million. See Notes 6 and 12 in the Companys Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders, attached hereto as Exhibit 13, for more information.
Periodically, there have been various claims and lawsuits against us, such as claims to enforce liens, condemnation proceedings on properties in which we hold a security interest, claims involving the making and servicing of real property loans and other issues incident to our business. At December 31, 2009, neither the Company nor the Bank was involved in any pending legal proceedings believed by management to be material to the Companys financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
The market for the registrants common equity and related stockholder matters required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Common Stock Information in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders.
For a description of restrictions on the Banks ability to pay dividends to the Company and the Companys ability to pay cash dividends, see Item 1. Business. Regulation and Supervision Regulation of Federal Savings AssociationsLimitation on Capital Distributions in this annual report on Form 10-K and Note 17 in the Companys Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders, attached hereto as Exhibit 13, for more information.
On February 20, 2008, the Company announced that the Board of Directors had approved a stock repurchase program authorizing the Company to repurchase up to 596,000 shares of the Companys common stock. The repurchase program will continue until it is completed or terminated by the Board of Directors. Currently, 449,452 shares remain available for repurchase under the plan. The Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock in the fourth quarter of 2009.
The Company has derived the following selected consolidated financial and other data in part from its consolidated financial statements and notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report.
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders attached hereto as Exhibit 13.
Not applicable as the Company is a smaller reporting company.
The financial statements and supplementary data required by this item are incorporated herein by reference to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders attached hereto as Exhibit 13.
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Companys management, including the Companys principal executive officer and principal financial officer, have evaluated the effectiveness of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the Exchange Act). Based upon their evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Companys disclosure controls and procedures were effective for the purpose of ensuring that the information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act with the Securities and Exchange Commission (1) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SECs rules and forms and (2) is accumulated and communicated to the Companys management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Managements Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
The Companys management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and of the preparation of our consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
The Companys management assessed the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009, using the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this assessment, management has concluded that, as of December 31, 2009, the Companys internal control over financial reporting was effective based on the criteria.
This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Companys independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Managements report was not subject to attestation by the Companys independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only managements report in this annual report.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
In addition, based on that evaluation, no changes in the Companys internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2009 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
Information relating to the directors of the Company required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Items to be Voted on by Stockholders Item 1 Election of Directors in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Information relating to officers of the Company required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to Part I, Item 1, Business Executive Officers of the Registrant to this annual report on Form 10-K.
Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act
Information regarding compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the cover page to this annual report on Form 10-K and the section captioned Other Information Relating to Directors and Executive OfficersSection 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Code of Ethics
Information concerning the Companys code of ethics required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the information contained under the section captioned Corporate Governance and Board Matters Code of Ethics and Business Conduct in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. A copy of the code of ethics and business conduct is available to stockholders on the Governance Documents portion of the Investor Relations section on the Companys website at www.mysifi.com.
Information regarding the audit committee and its composition and the audit committees financial expert required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Corporate Governance and Board Matters Committees of the Board of Directors Audit Committee in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Information regarding executive compensation required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the sections captioned Executive Compensation and Corporate Governance and Board MattersDirectors Compensation in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
The information relating to the security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Stock Ownership in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
The following table sets forth information about the Companys common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of stock options, warrants and rights under all of the Companys equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2009.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
Information regarding certain relationships and related transactions required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Other Information Relating to Directors and Executive OfficersTransactions with Related Persons in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Information regarding director independence required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Corporate Governance and Board Matters Director Independence in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Information relating to the principal accountant fees and expenses required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the section captioned Audit-Related Matters Audit Fees and Audit-Related Matters Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services by the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm in the Companys Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
(1) Financial Statements
The following consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are filed as part of this report:
Such financial statements are incorporated by reference to the Companys consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders.
(2) Financial Statement Schedules
All financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are either not applicable or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto included in the Companys Annual Report to Stockholders.
The exhibits listed below are filed as part of this report or are incorporated by reference herein.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant in the capacities and on the dates indicated.