SL Green Realty 10-Q 2005
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission File No. 1-13199
SL GREEN REALTY CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes ý No o
The number of shares outstanding of the registrants common stock, $0.01 par value was 41,934,412 at July 31, 2005.
SL GREEN REALTY CORP.
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements
SL Green Realty Corp.
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
SL Green Realty Corp.
(Unaudited, and amounts in thousands, except per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
SL Green Realty Corp.
(Unaudited, and amounts in thousands, except per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
SL Green Realty Corp.
(Unaudited, and amounts in thousands, except per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
SL Green Realty Corp.
June 30, 2005
1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
SL Green Realty Corp., also referred to as the Company or SL Green, a Maryland corporation, and SL Green Operating Partnership, L.P., or the Operating Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership, were formed in June 1997 for the purpose of combining the commercial real estate business of S.L. Green Properties, Inc. and its affiliated partnerships and entities. The Operating Partnership received a contribution of interest in the real estate properties, as well as 95% of the economic interest in the management, leasing and construction companies which are referred to as the Service Corporation. The Company has qualified, and expects to qualify in the current fiscal year, as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, and operates as a self-administered, self-managed REIT. A REIT is a legal entity that holds real estate interests and, through payments of dividends to stockholders, is permitted to reduce or avoid the payment of Federal income taxes at the corporate level. Unless the context requires otherwise, all references to we, our and us means the Company and all entities owned or controlled by the Company, including the Operating Partnership.
Substantially all of our assets are held by, and our operations are conducted through, the Operating Partnership. The Company is the sole managing general partner of the Operating Partnership. As of June 30, 2005, minority investors held, in the aggregate, a 5.7% limited partnership interest in our Operating Partnership.
As of June 30, 2005, our wholly-owned properties consisted of 21 commercial properties encompassing approximately 9.3 million rentable square feet located primarily in midtown Manhattan, a borough of New York City, or Manhattan. As of June 30, 2005, the weighted average occupancy (total leased square feet divided by total available square feet) of the wholly-owned properties was 94.8%. Our portfolio also includes ownership interests in unconsolidated joint ventures, which own eight commercial properties in Manhattan, encompassing approximately 9.1 million rentable square feet, and which had a weighted average occupancy of 96.9% as of June 30, 2005. In addition, we manage three office properties owned by third parties and affiliated companies encompassing approximately 1.0 million rentable square feet.
In accordance with the partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership, or the Operating Partnership Agreement, we allocate all distributions and profits and losses in proportion to the percentage ownership interests of the respective partners. As the managing general partner of the Operating Partnership, we are required to take such reasonable efforts, as determined by us in our sole discretion, to cause the Operating Partnership to distribute sufficient amounts to enable the payment of sufficient dividends by us to avoid any Federal income or excise tax at the Company level. Under the Operating Partnership Agreement each limited partner will have the right to redeem units of limited partnership interest for cash, or if we so elect, shares of our common stock on a one-for-one basis. In addition, we are prohibited from selling 673 First Avenue and 470 Park Avenue South before August 2009.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for fair presentation have been included. The 2005 operating results for the period presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2005. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and accompanying notes included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2004 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements.
2. Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and those of our subsidiaries, which are wholly-owned or controlled by us or entities which are variable interest entities in which we are the primary beneficiary under the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Interpretation No. 46, or FIN 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities - an Interpretation of ARB No. 51. See Note 5 and Note 6. Entities which we do not control and entities which are variable interest entities, but where we are not the primary beneficiary are accounted for under the equity method. In December 2003, the FASB issued a revision of FIN 46, Interpretation No. 46R, to clarify the provisions of FIN 46. The application of Interpretation No. 46R is required in financial statements of public companies for periods ending after March 15, 2004. The adoption of this pronouncement effective July 1, 2003 for the Service Corporation had no impact on our results of operations or cash flows, but resulted in a gross-up of assets and liabilities by approximately $2,543,000 and $629,000, respectively. See Note 7. The adoption of this pronouncement effective January 2004, for our structured finance portfolio and joint ventures, had no impact on our financial condition, net income or cash flows as none of these investments were determined to be variable interest entities. See Note 6. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Investment in Commercial Real Estate Properties
Rental properties are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Costs directly related to the acquisition and redevelopment of rental properties are capitalized. Ordinary repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred; major replacements and betterments, which improve or extend the life of the asset, are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives.
In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, or SFAS, No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, a property to be disposed of is reported at the lower of its carrying amount or its estimated fair value, less its cost to sell. Once an asset is held for sale, depreciation expense and straight-line rent adjustments are no longer recorded and the historic results are reclassified as discontinued operations. See Note 4.
Properties are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The estimated useful lives are as follows:
Depreciation expense (including amortization of the capital lease asset) amounted to approximately $13.1 million, $25.5 million, $9.5 million and $18.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
On a periodic basis, we assess whether there are any indicators that the value of our real estate properties may be impaired or that its carrying value may not be recoverable. A propertys value is considered impaired if managements estimate of the aggregate future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) to be generated by the property are less than the carrying value of the property. To the extent impairment has occurred, the loss shall be measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the property over the fair value of the property. We do not believe that the value of any of our rental properties was impaired at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004.
Results of operations of properties acquired are included in the Statement of Income from the date of acquisition.
In accordance with SFAS No. 141, Business Combinations, we allocate the purchase price of real estate to land and building and, if determined to be material, intangibles, such as the value of above, below and at-market leases and origination costs associated with the in-place leases. We depreciate the amount allocated to building and other intangible assets over their estimated useful lives, which generally range from three to 40 years. The values of the above and below market leases are amortized and recorded as either an increase (in the case of below market leases) or a decrease (in the case of above market leases) to rental income over the remaining term of the associated lease. The value associated with in-place leases and tenant relationships are amortized over the expected term of the relationship, which includes an estimated probability of the lease renewal, and its estimated term. If a tenant vacates its space prior to the contractual termination of the lease and no rental payments are being made on the lease, any unamortized balance of the related intangible will be written off. The tenant improvements and origination costs are amortized as an expense over the remaining life of the lease (or charged against earnings if the lease is terminated prior to its contractual expiration date). We assess fair value of the leases based on estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount and capitalization rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends, and market/economic conditions that may affect the property.
As a result of our evaluations, under SFAS No. 141, of acquisitions made, we recognized an increase of approximately $270,000 and $556,000 and a decrease of $58,000 and $117,000 in rental revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, for the amortization of above market leases and a reduction in lease origination costs, resulting from the reallocation of the purchase price of the applicable properties. We recognized a reduction in interest expense for the amortization of the above market rate mortgage of approximately $176,000, $350,000, $162,000 and $321,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We consider all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.
Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures
We account for our investments in unconsolidated joint ventures under the equity method of accounting as we exercise significant influence, but do not control these entities and are not considered to be the primary beneficiary under FIN 46R. In all the joint ventures, the rights of the minority investor are both protective as well as participating. These rights preclude us from consolidating these investments. These investments are recorded initially at cost, as investments in unconsolidated joint ventures, and subsequently adjusted for equity in net income (loss) and cash contributions and distributions. Any difference between the carrying amount of these investments on our balance sheet and the underlying equity in net assets is amortized as an adjustment to equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures over the lesser of the joint venture term or 40 years. See Note 6. None of the joint venture debt is recourse to us.
Restricted cash primarily consists of security deposits held on behalf of our tenants as well as capital improvement and real estate tax escrows required under certain loan agreements.
Deferred Lease Costs
Deferred lease costs consist of fees and direct costs incurred to initiate and renew operating leases and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term. Certain of our employees provide leasing services to the wholly-owned properties. A portion of their compensation, approximating $0.6 million, $1.1 million, $0.5 million and $0.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, was capitalized and is amortized over an estimated average lease term of seven years.
Deferred Financing Costs
Deferred financing costs represent commitment fees, legal and other third party costs associated with obtaining commitments for financing which result in a closing of such financing. These costs are amortized over the terms of the respective agreements. Unamortized deferred financing costs are expensed when the associated debt is refinanced or repaid before maturity. Costs incurred in seeking financial transactions which do not close are expensed in the period in which it is determined that the financing will not close.
Rental revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The excess of rents recognized over amounts contractually due pursuant to the underlying leases are included in deferred rents receivable on the accompanying balance sheets. We establish, on a current basis, an allowance for future potential tenant credit losses which may occur against this account. The balance reflected on the balance sheet is net of such allowance.
In addition to base rent, our tenants also generally will pay their pro rata share of increases in real estate taxes and operating expenses for the building over a base year. In some leases, in lieu of paying additional rent based upon increases in building operating expenses, the tenant will pay additional rent based upon increases in the wage rate paid to porters over the porters wage rate in effect during a base year or increases in the consumer price index over the index value in effect during a base year. In addition, many of our leases contain fixed percentage increases over the base rent to cover escalations.
Electricity is most often supplied by the landlord either on a sub-metered basis, or rent inclusion basis (i.e., a fixed fee is included in the rent for electricity, which amount may increase based upon increases in electricity rates or increases in electrical usage by the tenant). Base building services other than electricity (such as heat, air conditioning and freight elevator service during business hours, and base building cleaning) typically are provided at no additional cost, with the tenant paying additional rent only for services which exceed base building services or for services which are provided other than during normal business hours.
These escalations are based on actual expenses incurred in the prior calendar year. If the expenses in the current year are different from those in the prior year, then during the current year, the escalations will be adjusted to reflect the actual expenses for the current year.
We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its tenants to make required rent payments. If the financial condition of a specific tenant were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.
We record a gain on sale of real estate when title is conveyed to the buyer, subject to the buyers financial commitment being sufficient to provide economic substance to the sale and we have no substantial economic involvement with the buyer.
Interest income on structured finance investments is recognized over the life of the investment using the effective interest method and recognized on the accrual basis. Fees received in connection with loan commitments are deferred until the loan is funded and are then recognized over the term of the loan as an adjustment to yield. Anticipated exit fees, whose collection is expected, are also recognized over the term of the loan as an adjustment to yield. Fees on commitments that expire unused are recognized at expiration.
Income recognition is generally suspended for structured finance investments at the earlier of the date at which payments become 90 days past due or when, in the opinion of management, a full recovery of income and principal becomes doubtful. Income recognition is resumed when the loan becomes contractually current and performance is demonstrated to be resumed.
Asset management fees are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the asset management agreement.
Reserve for Possible Credit Losses
The expense for possible credit losses in connection with structured finance investments is the charge to earnings to increase the allowance for possible credit losses to the level that we estimate to be adequate considering delinquencies, loss experience and collateral quality. Other factors considered relate to geographic trends and product diversification, the size of the portfolio and current economic conditions. Based upon these factors, we establish the provision for possible credit losses by category of asset. When it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts contractually due, the account is considered impaired.
Where impairment is indicated, a valuation write-down or write-off is measured based upon the excess of the recorded investment amount over the net fair value of the collateral, as reduced by selling costs. Any deficiency between the carrying amount of an asset and the net sales price of repossessed collateral is charged to the allowance for credit losses. No reserve for impairment was required at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004.
Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the initial term of the lease. The excess of the rent expense recognized over the amounts contractually due pursuant to the underlying lease is included in the deferred land lease payable in the accompanying balance sheets.
We are taxed as a REIT under Section 856(c) of the Code. As a REIT, we generally are not subject to Federal income tax. To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we must distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income to our stockholders and meet certain other requirements. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to Federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates. We may also be subject to certain state, local and franchise taxes. Under certain circumstances, Federal income and excise taxes may be due on our undistributed taxable income.
Pursuant to amendments to the Code that became effective January 1, 2001, we have elected or may elect to treat certain of our existing or newly created corporate subsidiaries as taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRS. In general, a TRS of ours may perform non-customary services for our tenants, hold assets that we cannot hold directly and generally may engage in any real estate or non-real estate related business. A TRS is subject to corporate Federal income tax. Our TRSs generate no income or are marginally profitable, resulting in minimal or no Federal income tax liability for these entities.
Underwriting Commissions and Costs
Underwriting commissions and costs incurred in connection with our stock offerings are reflected as a reduction of additional paid-in-capital.
Stock-Based Employee Compensation Plans
We have a stock-based employee compensation plan, described more fully in Note 14. Prior to 2003, we accounted for this plan under Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, or APB 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related interpretations. No stock-based employee compensation cost was reflected in net income prior to January 1, 2003, as all awards granted under such plan had an intrinsic value of zero on the date of grant. Effective January 1, 2003, we adopted the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. Under the prospective method of adoption we selected under the provisions of SFAS No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation - Transition and Disclosure, the recognition provisions apply to all employee awards granted, modified, or settled after January 1, 2003. In December 2004, the FASB revised SFAS No. 123 through the issuance of SFAS No. 123 Shared Based Payment, revised, or SFAS No. 123-R. SFAS No. 123-R is effective for us commencing in the first quarter of 2006. SFAS No. 123-R, among other things, eliminates the alternative to use the intrinsic value method of accounting for stock-based compensation and requires entities to recognize the cost of employee services received in exchange for awards of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of those awards (with limited exceptions). The fair-value based method in SFAS No. 123-R is similar to the fair-value based method in SFAS No. 123 in most respects, subject to certain key differences. We
are in the process of evaluating the impact of such key differences between SFAS No. 123 and SFAS No. 123-R, but do not currently believe that the adoption of SFAS No. 123-R will have a material impact on us, as we have applied the fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation since January 1, 2003.
The Black-Scholes option pricing model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options which have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. In addition, option valuation models require the input of highly subjective assumptions including the expected stock price volatility. Because our plan has characteristics significantly different from those of traded options and because changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate, in our opinion, the existing models do not necessarily provide a reliable single measure of the fair value of our employee stock options.
Compensation cost for stock options, if any, is recognized ratably over the vesting period of the award. Our policy is to grant options with an exercise price equal to the quoted closing market price of our stock on the grant date. Awards of stock, restricted stock or employee loans to purchase stock, which may be forgiven over a period of time, are expensed as compensation on a current basis over the benefit period.
The fair value of each stock option granted is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions for grants in 2005 and 2004.
The following table illustrates the effect on net income available to common stockholders and earnings per share if the fair value method had been applied to all outstanding and unvested stock options for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 (in thousands, except per share amounts):
The effects of applying SFAS No. 123 in this pro forma disclosure are not indicative of the impact future awards may have on our results of operations.
In the normal course of business, we use a variety of derivative instruments to manage, or hedge, interest rate risk. We require that hedging derivative instruments are effective in reducing the interest rate risk exposure that they are designated to hedge. This effectiveness is essential for qualifying for hedge accounting. Some derivative instruments are associated with an anticipated transaction. In those cases, hedge effectiveness criteria also require that it be probable that the underlying transaction occurs. Instruments that meet these hedging criteria are formally designated as hedges at the inception of the derivative contract.
To determine the fair values of derivative instruments, we use a variety of methods and assumptions that are based on market conditions and risks existing at each balance sheet date. For the majority of financial instruments including most derivatives, long-term investments and long-term debt, standard market conventions and techniques such as discounted cash flow analysis, option pricing models, replacement cost, and termination cost are used to determine fair value. All methods of assessing fair value result in a general approximation of value, and such value may never actually be realized.
In the normal course of business, we are exposed to the effect of interest rate changes and limit these risks by following established risk management policies and procedures including the use of derivatives. To address exposure to interest rates, derivatives are used primarily to fix the rate on debt based on floating-rate indices and manage the cost of borrowing obligations.
We use a variety of commonly used derivative products that are considered plain vanilla derivatives. These derivatives typically include interest rate swaps, caps, collars and floors. We expressly prohibit the use of unconventional derivative instruments and using derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Further, we have a policy of only entering into contracts with major financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and other factors.
We may employ swaps, forwards or purchased options to hedge qualifying forecasted transactions. Gains and losses related to these transactions are deferred and recognized in net income as interest expense in the same period or periods that the underlying transaction occurs, expires or is otherwise terminated.
Hedges that are reported at fair value and presented on the balance sheet could be characterized as either cash flow hedges or fair value hedges. Interest rate caps and collars are examples of cash flow hedges. Cash flow hedges address the risk associated with future cash flows of debt transactions. All hedges held by us are deemed to be fully effective in meeting the hedging objectives established by our corporate policy governing interest rate risk management and as such no net gains or losses were reported in earnings. The changes in fair value of hedge instruments are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income. For derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments, the gain or loss, resulting from the change in the estimated fair value of the derivative instruments, is recognized in current earnings during the period of change.
Earnings Per Share
We present both basic and diluted earnings per share, or EPS. Basic EPS excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock, where such exercise or conversion would result in a lower EPS amount. This also includes units of limited partnership interest.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash investments, structured finance investments and accounts receivable. We place our cash investments in excess of insured amounts with high quality financial institutions. The collateral securing our structured finance investments is primarily located in the greater New York area. See Note 5. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our tenants and require certain tenants to provide security deposits or letters of credit. Though these security deposits and letters of credit are insufficient to meet the total value of a tenants lease obligation, they are a measure of good faith and a source of funds to offset the economic costs associated with lost rent and the costs associated with re-tenanting the space. Although the properties in our real estate portfolio are primarily located in Manhattan, the tenants located in these buildings operate in various industries. Other than the tenant at 750 Third Avenue, which is subject to a master lease through December 2005 and who contributes approximately 10.0% of our annualized rent, no single tenant in the wholly-owned properties contributes more than 4.3% of our annualized rent at June 30, 2005. Approximately 15%, 11% and 10% of our annualized rent was attributable to 420 Lexington Avenue, 220 East 42nd Street and 750 Third Avenue, respectively, for the quarter ended June 30, 2005. One borrower accounted for more than 10.0% of the revenue earned on structured finance investments at June 30, 2005.
Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform with the current year presentation and to comply with SFAS No. 144.
3. Property Acquisitions
In June 2005, we purchased from our partner, the City Investment Fund, or CIF, an interest in 19 West 44th Street resulting in majority ownership and control of the property. The transaction valued the property at approximately $91.2 million, excluding closing costs. Pursuant to the terms of the initial joint venture agreement, we would have been entitled to an incentive fee of approximately $7.3 million upon a sale of the property. As a result of acquiring partnership interests, the incentive fee income was deferred and reflected as a reduction to our basis in the property to approximately $79.2 million. In addition, we originated a loan secured by CIFs remaining ownership stake. CIF also granted us an option to purchase CIFs remaining equity interest. We consolidate this property as we control the asset and are entitled to all of the underlying economics.
In April 2005, we acquired the fee interest in One Madison Avenue for approximately $919.0 million, excluding closing costs. The property consists of two contiguous buildings, the South Building and the North Tower totaling approximately 1.44 million square feet. We entered into a joint venture agreement with Gramercy Capital Corp. (NYSE: GKK), or Gramercy, whereby we will own a 55% interest in the 1.176 million square foot South Building, which is occupied almost entirely by Credit Suisse First Boston, New York pursuant to a lease that expires in 2020. We, along with Gramercy, acquired the South Building on a pari passu basis for approximately $803.0 million. This was financed in part through a $690.0 million mortgage on the South Building. We, along with Credit Suisse First Boston (USA), Inc., will share in the profits from a planned conversion of the North Tower from office use to residential condominiums. The North Tower was acquired for approximately $116.0 million and was financed in part by a $115.0 million loan facility of which we drew down approximately $98.3 million at closing.
In February 2005, we acquired the fee interest in 28 West 44th Street for $105.0 million, excluding closing costs. The property is a 21-story, 359,000 square foot building located two blocks from Grand Central Station, and is directly across the street from 19 West 44th Street, also owned by an affiliate of ours. The property was acquired with funds drawn under our unsecured revolving credit facility.
We did not acquire any wholly-owned properties during the six months ended June 30, 2004.
The following table (in thousands, except per share amounts) summarizes, on an unaudited pro forma basis, our combined results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 as though the acquisitions of 750 Third Avenue and the equity investment in 485 Lexington Avenue (July 2004), the acquisition of 625 Madison Avenue (October 2004), 28 West 44th Street (February 2005) and One Madison Avenue (April 2005) were completed on January 1, 2004 and the January and August 2004 common stock and the April and July 2004 7.875% Series D cumulative redeemable preferred stock, or the Series D preferred stock, were issued on that date.
4. Property Dispositions and Assets Held for Sale
In April 2005, we sold the fee interest in 1414 Avenue of the Americas for approximately $60.5 million, excluding closing costs. The property is approximately 121,000 square feet. We recognized a gain on sale of approximately $35.9 million, which is net of approximately $2.1 million of costs incurred in connection with the defeasance of its existing mortgage debt and a $5.0 million employee compensation award accrued in connection with the realization of this investment gain as a bonus to certain employees that were instrumental in realizing the gain on this sale.
During the six months ended June 30, 2004, we did not dispose of any wholly-owned properties.
At June 30, 2005, discontinued operations included the results of operations of real estate assets sold or held for sale at that date. This included 17 Battery Place North, which was sold in October 2004 and 1466 Broadway, which was sold in November 2004 and 1414 Broadway, which was sold in April 2005. The following table summarizes income from discontinued operations (net of minority interest) and the related realized gain on sale of discontinued operations (net of minority interest) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 (in thousands).
5. Structured Finance Investments
During the six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, we originated approximately $89.6 million and $197.4 million in structured finance and preferred equity investments (net of discount), respectively. There were also approximately $42.8 million and $152.1 million in repayments and participations during those periods, respectively. At June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004 all loans were performing in accordance with the terms of the loan agreements.
As of June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, we held the following structured finance investments, excluding preferred equity investments, with a current yield of approximately 10.2% (in thousands):
Preferred Equity Investments
As of June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, we held the following preferred equity investments with a current yield of approximately 10.2% (in thousands):
(1) This is a fixed rate investment.
(2) An affiliate of ours owns an interest in the first mortgage of the underlying property.
6. Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures
We have investments in several real estate joint ventures with various partners, including The Rockefeller Group International Inc., or RGII, Morgan Stanley Real Estate Fund, or MSREF, CIF, the Witkoff Group, or Witkoff, SITQ Immobilier, a subsidiary of Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec, or SITQ, SEB Immobilier Investment GmbH, or SEB, Prudential Real Estate Investors, or Prudential and Gramercy. As we do not control these joint ventures, we account for them under the equity method of accounting. The table below provides general information on each joint venture as of June 30, 2005 (in thousands):
In June 2005, we acquired substantially all of CIFs partnership interest in the joint venture that owned 19 West 44th Street. We previously held a 35% interest in this joint venture. See Note 3 for additional details.
We finance our joint ventures with non-recourse debt. The first mortgage notes payable collateralized by the respective joint venture properties and assignment of leases at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, respectively, are as follows (in thousands):
We act as the operating partner and day-to-day manager for all our joint ventures, except for 1221 Avenue of the Americas. We are entitled to receive fees for providing management, leasing, construction supervision and asset management services to our joint ventures. We earned approximately $2.8 million, $6.3 million, $2.2 million and $3.9 million from these services for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. In addition, we have the ability to earn incentive fees based on the ultimate financial performance of the joint venture properties.
Gramercy Capital Corp.
In April 2004, we formed Gramercy as a commercial real estate specialty finance company focused on originating and acquiring, for their own account, fixed and floating rate mortgage loans, bridge loans, subordinate interests in mortgage loans, distressed debt, mortgage-backed securities, mezzanine loans and preferred equity interests in entities that own commercial real estate, primarily in the United States. Gramercy also makes equity investments in commercial real estate properties net leased to tenants, primarily for the recurring earnings, tax benefits and long-term residual benefits these transactions often hold. Gramercy intends to operate as and qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. In July 2004, Gramercy sold 12,500,000 shares of common stock in its initial public offering at a price of $15.00 per share, for a total offering of $187.5 million. Certain of our executive officers purchased from us shares of common stock of Gramercy issued to one of our subsidiaries as part of Gramercys initial capitalization prior to its initial public offering at the same price as the estimated fair value of such shares at the time of formation. As part of the offering, which closed on August 2, 2004, we purchased 3,125,000 shares, or 25%, of Gramercy, for a total investment of approximately $46.9 million. In January 2005, we purchased an additional 1,275,000 shares of common stock of Gramercy, increasing out total investment to approximately $68.9 million. In connection with this transaction, Gramercy has agreed to file a registration statement with the SEC no later than August 31, 2005 covering these shares. We currently hold 4,710,000 shares of Gramercy common stock.
Gramercy is a variable interest entity, but we are not the primary beneficiary. Due to the significant influence we have over Gramercy, we account for our investment under the equity method of accounting.
GKK Manager LLC, or the Manager, an affiliate of ours, entered into a management agreement with Gramercy, which provides for an initial term through December 2007, with automatic one-year extension options and is subject to certain termination rights. Gramercy pays us an annual management fee equal to 1.75% of their gross stockholders equity (as defined in the management agreement). In addition, Gramercy will also pay the Manager a collateral management fee (as defined in the collateral management agreement) of 0.25% per annum on the outstanding investment grade bonds in Gramercys May 2005 collateralized debt obligation. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, we received an aggregate of approximately $1.3 million and $2.5 million, respectively, in fees under this agreement and none under the collateral management agreement.
In May, 2005, our Compensation Committee approved long-term incentive performance awards pursuant to which certain of our officers and employees, including some of whom are our senior executive officers, were awarded a portion of the interests previously held by us in the Manager as well as in the Class B limited partner interests in Gramercys operating partnership. These awards are dependent upon, among other things, tenure of employment and the performance by SL Green Realty Corp. and Gramercy. As a result of these awards, we own 67.25 units of the Class B limited partner interests and 67.25% of the Manager. The officers and employees who received these awards own 15.75 units of the Class B limited partner interests and 15.75% of the Manager.
We, along with certain of our officers and employees, the management including some of whom are our executive officers, hold Class B limited partner interests in Gramercys operating partnership. To provide an incentive for the Manager to enhance the value of the common stock, we, along with the Manager, are entitled to an incentive return payable through the Class B limited partner interests equal to 25% of the amount by which funds from operations (as defined in Gramercys partnership agreement) plus certain accounting gains exceed the product of the weighted average stockholders equity of Gramercy multiplied by 9.5% (divided by 4 to adjust for quarterly calculations). We will record any distributions on the Class B limited partner interests as incentive distribution income in the period when earned and when receipt of such amounts have become probable and reasonably estimable in accordance with Gramercys partnership agreement. No amounts were earned or accrued under this agreement as of June 30, 2005. Due to the control we have over the Manager, we consolidate the accounts of the Manager into ours.
Gramercy is obligated to reimburse the Manager for its costs incurred under an asset servicing agreement and an outsource agreement between us and the Manager. The asset servicing agreement provides for an annual fee of 0.15% of the carrying value of Gramercys investments, excluding certain defined investments. The outsourcing agreement provides a fee of $1.25 million per year, increasing 3% annually over the prior year. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, the Manager received an aggregate of approximately $0.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively, under the outsourcing and asset servicing agreements.
In connection with the 5,500,000 shares of common stock that were sold on December 31, 2004 and settled on December 31, 2004 and January 3, 2005 in a private placement, Gramercy agreed to pay the Manager a fee of $1.0 million as compensation for financial advisory, structuring and other services performed on Gramercys behalf.
Effective May 1, 2005 Gramercy entered into a lease agreement with an affiliate of ours, for their corporate offices at 420 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY. The lease is for approximately five thousand square feet with an option to lease an additional approximately two thousand square feet and carries a term of ten year with rents of approximately $249,000 per annum for year one rising to $315,000 per annum in year ten.
See Note 3 for a discussion on Gramercys joint venture investment, along with us, in One Madison Avenue.
The condensed combined balance sheets for the unconsolidated joint ventures, including Gramercy, at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, are as follows (in thousands):
The condensed combined statements of operations for the unconsolidated joint ventures, including Gramercy since August 2004, from acquisition date through June 30, 2005 and 2004 are as follows (in thousands):
7. Investment in and Advances to Affiliates
In order to maintain our qualification as a REIT while realizing income from management, leasing and construction contracts from third parties and joint venture properties, all of the management operations are conducted through the Service Corporation. We, through our Operating Partnership, own 100% of the non-voting common stock (representing 95% of the total equity) of the Service Corporation. Through dividends on its equity interest, our Operating Partnership receives substantially all of the cash flow from the Service Corporations operations. All of the voting common stock of the Service Corporation (representing 5% of the total equity) is held by one of our affiliates. This controlling interest gives the affiliate the power to elect all directors of the Service Corporation. The Service Corporation is considered to be a variable interest entity under FIN 46 and we are the primary beneficiary. Therefore, effective July 1, 2003, we consolidated the operations of the Service Corporation. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, the Service Corporation earned approximately $2.6 million, $6.1 million, $1.9 million and $3.6 million of revenue and incurred approximately $1.8 million, $4.0 million, $1.8 million and $3.4 million in expenses, respectively. Effective January 1, 2001, the Service Corporation elected to be taxed as a TRS.
All of the management, leasing and construction services with respect to the properties wholly-owned by us are conducted through SL Green Management LLC which is 100% owned by our Operating Partnership.
In May 2000, our Operating Partnership formed eEmerge, Inc., a Delaware corporation, or eEmerge, in partnership with Fluid Ventures LLC, or Fluid. In March 2001, we bought out Fluids entire ownership interest in eEmerge. eEmerge is a separately managed, self-funded company that provides fully-wired and furnished office space, services and support to businesses.
We, through our Operating Partnership, owned all the non-voting common stock of eEmerge. Through dividends on our equity interest, our Operating Partnership received approximately 100% of the cash flow from eEmerge operations. All of the voting common stock was held by an affiliate. This controlling interest gave the affiliate the power to elect all the directors of eEmerge. We accounted for our investment in eEmerge on the equity basis of accounting because although we had significant influence with respect to management and operations, we did not control the entity. In March 2002, we acquired all the voting common stock previously held by the affiliate. As a result, we control all the common stock of eEmerge. Effective with the quarter ended March 31, 2002, we consolidated the operations of eEmerge. Effective January 1, 2001, eEmerge elected to be taxed as a TRS.
In June 2000, eEmerge and Eureka Broadband Corporation, or Eureka, formed eEmerge.NYC LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, or ENYC, whereby eEmerge has a 95% interest and Eureka has a 5% interest in ENYC. ENYC operates a 50,200 square foot fractional office suites business. ENYC entered into a 10-year lease with our Operating Partnership for its premises, which is located at 440 Ninth Avenue, Manhattan. Allocations of net profits, net losses and distributions are made in accordance with the Limited Liability Company Agreement of ENYC. Effective with the quarter ended March 31, 2002, we consolidated the operations of ENYC.
The net book value of our investment as of June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004 was approximately $3.0 million and $3.4 million, respectively. Management currently believes that, assuming future increases in rental revenue in excess of inflation, it will be possible to recover the net book value of the investment through future operating cash flows. However, there is a possibility that eEmerge will not generate sufficient future operating cash flows for us to recover our investment. As a result of this risk factor, management may in the future determine that it is necessary to write down a portion of the net book value of the investment.
8. Deferred Costs
Deferred costs at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004 consisted of the following (in thousands):
9. Mortgage Notes Payable
The first mortgage notes payable collateralized by the respective properties and assignment of leases at June 30, 2005 and December 31, 2004, respectively, are as follows (in thousands):