SRS Labs 10-K 2005
Documents found in this filing:
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number: 0-21123
SRS LABS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
2909 Daimler Street, Santa Ana, California 92705
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, Par Value $0.001 Per Share
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x
The aggregate market value of the registrants voting Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $58,508,303 (computed using the closing price of $5.49 per share of Common Stock on June 30, 2004, as reported by the Nasdaq Stock Market).
As of March 15, 2005, 14,689,028 shares of the registrants Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding. Of that amount, 441,875 shares were held as treasury shares.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrants Proxy Statement prepared in connection with the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held in 2005 are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.
You should carefully consider the risk factors described below, as well as the other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K prior to making a decision to invest in our securities. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known or that we currently believe to be less significant may also adversely affect us. Unless the context requires otherwise, references to the Company, we, us, our and SRS Labs refer specifically to SRS Labs and its subsidiaries.
On one or more occasions, we may make statements regarding our assumptions, projections, expectations, targets, intentions or beliefs about future events. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K relating to expectation of future financial performance, continued growth, changes in economic conditions or capital markets and changes in customer usage patterns and preferences, are forward-looking statements.
Words or phrases such as anticipates, believes, estimates, expects, intends, plans, predicts, projects, targets, will likely result, will continue, may, could or similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed. We caution that while we make such statements in good faith and we believe such statements are based on reasonable assumptions, including without limitation, managements examination of historical operating trends, data contained in records and other data available from third parties, we cannot assure you that our expectations will be realized.
As more particularly discussed under the caption Factors That May Affect Future Results in Item 7 of Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, some important factors that could cause actual results or outcomes for SRS Labs or our subsidiaries to differ materially from those discussed in forward-looking statements include:
· changes in general economic conditions in the markets in which we may compete and fluctuations in demand in the sound technology licensing and semiconductor industries;
· our ability to build and strengthen our brand;
· our ability to sustain historical margins as each of our industries develop;
· increased competition;
· pricing pressures on consumer electronics manufacturers;
· increased costs;
· exposure to risks in our licensing business related to product and customer concentration;
· exposure to risks of international operations, particularly Asia and the Peoples Republic of China;
· reliance on revenue contributed from our ASIC and standard IC business;
· risks in our Valence business related to fabrication outsourcing to third parties;
· cyclicality in the semiconductor business;
· reliance on intellectual property;
· our ability to retain key members of management;
· adverse state, federal or foreign legislation or regulation or adverse determinations by regulators; and
· other factors identified from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and, except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict all such factors.
Item 1. Business
SRS Labs is a leading developer and provider of application specific integrated circuits, or ASICs, standard integrated circuits, or ICs, and audio and voice technology solutions for the home entertainment, portable media device, personal telecommunications, personal computer, automotive and broadcast markets.
We operate in the following two business segments:
Semiconductors: Through SRS Labs, Inc.s wholly-owned subsidiary, ValenceTech Limited, and ValenceTech Limiteds wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively Valence), we operate a fabless semiconductor business which develops, designs and markets standard and custom analog ICs, digital signal processors, or DSPs, and mixed signal integrated circuits primarily to original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, and original design manufacturers , or ODMs, in the Asia Pacific region.
Licensing: Through SRS Labs, the parent company, the licensing segment develops and licenses audio, voice and surround sound technology solutions to many of the worlds leading OEMs, software providers and semiconductor companies, and licenses and markets hardware and software products for the Internet and professional audio markets.
As used herein, the Company, SRS Labs, we, us, or our means SRS Labs, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, including Valence and SRSWOWcast.com Inc.
In 2003, we reported our revenues in the following five segments: licensing, semiconductors, component distribution, product sales and Internet and broadcast. In 2004, we decided to reduce our segments to licensing and semiconductors because of the materiality of the revenues attributable to the other three segments. Revenue from the component distribution segment is now reported in the semiconductor segment and revenues from product sales and Internet and broadcast segments are now reported in the licensing segment. Segment information for prior years has been restated to conform to the current year presentation. The following table shows our revenues, cost of sales and gross margin by product segment for the last three fiscal years:
Further financial information for business segments, geographic areas and customer concentration is included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental
Data and in Notes 1 and 12 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Revenues for each of our business segments as a percentage of consolidated revenues and additional discussion relating to our revenues are presented under Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Reference also is made to Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of OperationsFactors That May Affect Future Results for a discussion relating to certain business risks relating to our business.
SRS Labs was incorporated in the State of California on June 23, 1993 and reincorporated in the State of Delaware on June 28, 1996. Our executive offices are located at 2909 Daimler Street, Santa Ana, California 92705. Our telephone number is (949) 442-1070.
Our fabless semiconductor business designs, develops and markets custom and proprietary analog, digital and mixed signal integrated circuits. These products address a wide range of applications in the consumer electronics, home entertainment, telecommunications and personal computer markets. We market our semiconductor products in two categories: (a) custom ASICs for specific OEM customers primarily in the Asia Pacific region, and (b) standard integrated circuits marketed under the brand name, ASP Microelectronics, or ASP, many of which include our audio, voice and surround sound technologies.
As of the end of 2004, approximately 35 engineers supported our IC design capabilities, which for the past six years have been awarded one of the Hong Kong Industrys (HKITCC) Technology Achievement Awards. We outsource the manufacturing of these ASICs to a network of fabrication partners throughout Asia Pacific, including Chartered Semiconductor, Samsung and Tower Semiconductor Limited in Israel.
In addition to performing contract design work, we also design, develop and market standard ICs for the Asia Pacific manufacturing market under the ASP brand name. The products created are based upon managements analysis of trends in the market, knowledge gained from long standing relationships with customers and overall business experience. The general purpose integrated circuits offered include micro-controllers for DVD Players, set-top box receivers and audio/video equipment; ICs for telecommunication and game equipment; small signal transistors and ICs used mainly in the manufacture of consumer products such as television sets, radios, telephones, computer mother boards, add-on boards and audio hi-fi systems. Many of these products are developed by utilizing our custom design libraries, advanced mixed signal design technologies, system level expertise, software knowledge and understanding of customer requirements. Many of these chips include SRS audio technologies and by the end of 2004, 40% of the ASP product line included SRS audio chips.
Our licensing business develops and markets audio enhancement, voice and surround sound technologies to OEMs, ODMs, semiconductor manufacturers and software providers in the home entertainment, portable media device, personal telecommunications, automotive and personal computer markets. Our portfolio of licensable technologies includes a wide range of techniques for the enhancement and delivery of audio, voice and surround sound technologies, including the following:
· Audio EnhancementOur audio enhancement technologies provide numerous enhancements to the audio listening experience, including improving the spatial imaging (width and height of the sound image field) and bass response from traditional multimedia speakers and headphones, positioning audio sounds in both the horizontal and vertical planes, repositioning the audio image for non-optimally located speakers and enhancing bass for speakers and headphone systems that delivers bass up to an octave below the physical capabilities of the speakers driver. Our audio
enhancement technologies include: SRS 3D Positional Audio, WOW, WOW XT, TruBass®, FOCUS®, SRS Headphone, SRS DialogClarity,TruSurround XT®, SRS 3D® Sound and SRS Auto.
· Voice ProcessingThese technologies, which include our VIP and Noise Reduction technologies, dramatically reduce noise to produce much clearer and crisper dialog over wireless communication devices and improve the intelligibility of the human voice in a variety of listening situations, including high ambient background environments.
· Surround SoundOur core surround sound technology, Circle Surround®, is a complete encoding and decoding format. Circle Surround encoding enables the distribution of up to 6.1 channels of discrete audio over existing two-channel carriers such as broadcast television, FM radio, CDs and VHS tapes. Circle Surround decoding either decodes Circle Surround encoded material for multi-channel playback or creates up to 6.1 channels of audio from older formats of material, including mono, stereo, 4-channel surround or other matrix surround formats. Circle Surround decoding is available in three formats: Circle Surround, Circle Surround II and Circle Surround Automotive.
Our portfolio of technologies can address a broad spectrum of product applications within the vertical markets that we have targeted. Our technologies may be implemented in a variety of methods, including discrete analog components, chip modules, analog semiconductors, DSPs and software. These various implementation options offer customers significant flexibility when incorporating our technologies into products.
We sell our semiconductors and license our technologies throughout the Western Hemisphere, the Asia Pacific region and in Europe. The following table presents our revenue by geographic area. For product sales, revenue is allocated based on the country to which product was shipped. For licensing-related revenue, the allocation is based on the location of the licensees corporate headquarters. The Americas region includes North, Central and South America.
Our custom ASIC customers include the Asia-based manufacturing facilities for consumer electronics, telecommunications and personal computer manufacturers headquartered in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific.
We believe our expertise in design work allows us to offer our customers a shorter development cycle, smaller die size and faster turnaround time for final production, which strengthens our relationships with our customers and helps us retain our competitive advantage in the Asia Pacific region.
Our target customers for Standard ICs are the ODMs and OEMs of a variety of television applications, including LCD, projection, CRT and plasma televisions, as well as personal telecommunications, automotive, portable audio and personal computer equipment.
Our six largest customers accounted for approximately 60% of our semiconductor revenues in 2004, and two customers, Cantronic Industries Limited and Fook Tin Technologies Limited, accounted for approximately 20% and 11% of our semiconductor revenues, respectively.
Through our licensing business segment, we market our portfolio of technologies to the following vertical markets: home entertainment; personal telecommunications; portable media; personal computers and automotive. Our license agreements typically have multi-year or automatic renewal terms, and either require per-unit royalty payments for all products implementing our technologies or provide for a fixed annual or quarterly royalty payment. License agreements also specify the use of our trademarks and logos on the product, within the packaging and in the users manual. Agreements also require our product review and approval to guarantee the quality of the technology implementation and the correct usage of our logos and trademarks. We believe these terms ensure the quality and consistency of the technology and elevate the awareness of the SRS brand in the marketplace. Most agreements do not have volume requirements and may be terminated by the licensees or us without substantial financial penalty. The following chart shows the percentage of our licensing revenue we received in 2004 and 2003 from each of these markets. Commencing in 2003, we embarked on a strategy to further diversify our concentration across markets.
Home entertainment products represent the largest current market for our technologies and have historically been the largest revenue contributor to our licensing business. Manufacturers in this market utilize our technologies to differentiate their products from their competitors and improve functionality and product performance. In many instances, manufacturers license multiple technologies from us for multiple product lines and divisions. Product categories within this market, include televisions, advanced displays, such as projection, plasma and LCD, set-top boxes, DVD players, audio/video receivers and complete home-theater-in-a-box system.
Televisions. Our audio technologies are widely used by television manufacturers as not only a differentiating feature, but also because they resolve a multitude of audio challenges that manufacturers encounter. As the television market migrates from bulky tube models to thinner digital displays,
manufacturers are finding that they have less room for speakers, which in turn compromises the overall audio quality of the television. From bass enhancement and dialog clarity to virtual surround sound, we provide manufacturers with patented solutions that deliver outstanding audio quality, without the expense of additional equipment or larger speakers. In 2004, we announced several new and expanded licensing relationships in the TV segment, including Akai, Ben Q, Dell, LG Electronics, Hyundai Image Quest, Samsung and Metz. During the year we also announced a collaborative partnership with Chinese TV manufacturer Skyworth to develop audio technologies for the Chinese consumer electronics market. In 2004, our technologies have increasingly been implemented in flat panel TVs and monitors such as LCDs, plasma and projection displays. The flat panel display market has grown significantly, and over the past year, our licensing royalties derived from flat panels have increased as these advanced models are quickly replacing traditional CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) televisions.
DVD Players & Set-top Boxes. A primary challenge for DVD player, recorder and set-top box manufacturers is that the average household uses a two-speaker audio system, while most of the content played over these devices is encoded in multichannel audio. We have developed a technology that creates a virtual surround sound experience over any existing two-speaker systems, including the internal speakers of a television. Our technology also creates a virtual surround experience from stereo material. In 2004, we announced a cooperative agreement with ST Microelectronics for exclusive worldwide sales and marketing of TruSurround XT for digital set-top box applications. As well, our technologies continue to be included in set-top boxes from Hughes for DirecTV and Motorola. In the DVD market, we have seen a continued slowdown of licensing royalties as a result of increasing pricing pressure on stand-alone DVD playback devices and ongoing transition to new DVD recorder devices.
A/V Receivers & Home-Theater-in-a-Box. The receiver is the central hub for a typical home theater system and is rapidly becoming integrated into a home-theater-in-a-box system that comes complete with a DVD player, VCR, CD player, set-top box and 5.1 speakers. Our portfolio of technologies can address this rapidly growing market from bass enhancement to the improvement of the center channel dialog or front speaker stereo enhancement to full 5.1 surround sound. In 2004, we announced new or expanded OEM relationships with companies including Marantz, Pioneer and Motorola for their latest home entertainment systems.
Personal telecommunications, which include mobile phones, are becoming a true convergent product as many of the newest generation handsets and wireless products are quickly becoming complete personal entertainment devices. We first penetrated the mobile phone market in 2001 with our VIP technology, the first patented voice technology for mobile phones that provides significant spoken-word comprehension to handset users through real-time digital signal analysis and processing. With the advent of multimedia functionality, including digital music playback, ring tones, streaming video, two-way video conferencing, gaming, digital video recording and TV viewing, we continue to work with many of the leading mobile phone and voice communications companies to implement our voice technology solutions in communications products.
Due to simple physical constraints, handset makers face the difficult challenge of achieving high-quality audio during playback of these multimedia applications. Most often, headphones or ear buds are selected for their cost, convenient small size and aesthetics, rather than for their audio performance. For handsets with integrated external speakers, the device size limits the speaker size, the spacing and even the separation between two speakers if they can fit in the device at all. Various popular audio compression schemes and codecs can also adversely affect the quality of reproduced audio due to the compression methodologies. To address these problems, in 2003 we developed WOW XT for Mobile, the industrys first complete audio enhancement solution designed to improve the quality of any audio played on mobile devices. This advanced technology suite contains stereo audio, psychoacoustic bass enhancements, noise
reduction, voice clarity and voice quality enhancement technologies. Coupled with valuable audio management utility techniques that manage the audio level, this solution overcomes the physical limitations of small speaker drivers and headphones and improves the audio and voice quality, ensuring the best possible user experience for consumers. In 2004, we further enhanced our portfolio of solutions for wireless devices with the introduction of SRS 3D Positional Audio, which is a psychoacoustic audio rendering engine that makes audio cues sound as if they have been placed in a three-dimensional area in the space around the listeners head.
Whether the device has one speaker, two closely spaced speakers, or relies on headphone or ear bud playback, our audio and voice solutions can be customized for any handset maker or OEMs specific requirements and handset design. We also have enabling and utility technologies to help overcome the physical limitations of the small speaker drivers and headphones of mobile devices to produce a more natural, realistic and immersive audio experience. Some of these technologies include the ability to preserve the original music sources stereo instrumentation during stereo-to-mono mix down, the ability to manage the output level of multiple audio sources to prevent clipping, and many other breakthrough solutions that help handset makers increase their market share by providing cost-effective audio enhancement solutions that help mobile carriers attract and keep more customers. For the newer stereo speaker-enabled mobile phones, WOW XT provides the industrys most extreme stereo width from polyphonic ring tones and digitally compressed music formats such as MP3, WMA and AAC.
These solutions for mobile phones are primarily implemented using software. The key benefit of adding SRS software technologies is that hardware design changes arent needed to quickly achieve fuller, more dynamic audio. The WOW XT Audio Enhancement Suite, Voice Processing Suite, Audio Management Utility Suite and SRS 3D Positional Audio technology are either available now or in development for a wide variety of popular mobile software solutions, platforms and processors. During 2004, companies including Fangtek, NEC, Sharp and Samsung either signed a new licensing agreement with SRS, or expanded their use of SRS technologies for their latest personal telecommunications devices.
The use of portable media players, such as MP3 and portable listening devices, is widespread around the world, reflecting demand from consumers to take their music and soon their video with them. While the demand for more entertainment features increases, the size of the devices are decreasing and because of simple physical design constraints, the quality of the audio experience cannot always be maintained. The small footprint of these devices limits speaker size, speaker spacing and the quality of headphone listening is variable since headphones are often selected for their small size and aesthetics rather than their audio performance. In addition to physical considerations, the various audio compression algorithms in common use, such as MP3, AAC and WMA, can adversely affect the quality of the reproduced audio depending on factors such as encoded bit rate and encoder quality level.
Manufacturers of these devices are looking for solutions to improve the listening experience without affecting design change, increasing power consumption or adding additional product components. Similar to the mobile phone market, our solutions for portable media devices are primarily implemented using software, which allows manufacturers to quickly and easily implement our technologies once they have been optimized for their specific software and hardware requirements. The primary technology solution for this market is SRS WOW, which is a suite of patented techniques designed to create a full, rich and wide audio image over one speaker, two speakers or headphones. As of the end of 2004, our SRS WOW technology libraries were available on a wide variety of the portable media device markets leading semiconductor and software platforms. In 2004, we announced new or expanded licensing agreements with OEMs including LG Electronics, RIO (Japan) and Samsung.
Advances in computer technology and flat-panel LCD monitors with speakers have transformed personal computers into home theater media hubs. Through PCs, users can now enjoy and manage collections of music and movies, as well as satellite and cable TV programs; and can distribute this multimedia content throughout the home using popular networking protocols.
With computer functionality growing every day, and the form factor of these devices shrinking and flattening, gone are the days of large CRT monitors or PC towers under the desk. Most traditional desktop PC makers have now focused their product lines into notebook and tablet computersfrom ultra portable to widescreen portable home theaters.
We have developed specific technology solutions that deliver home-theater sound from small and closely spaced speakers, as well as from headphones. Our technologies enhance the audio experience from any content and any application.
In 2004, we achieved a major milestone for the penetration of this market and introduced system-level drivers for ADI SoundMax, SigmaTel and Realtek audio codecs. Our drivers are WHQL tested by our audio codec partners and can be delivered as signed drivers. In addition, we can provide generic system level drivers that can be used by manufacturers for custom integration into their graphical user interface. The design premise behind these system level driver solutions is that by delivering SRS technology on a low level within the audio path, any audio played through the computer, no matter the application or source, can be enhanced. The value for manufacturers is that their products overall sound quality is instantly improved through the use of SRS technologies and can be achieved cost effectively. Leading semiconductor companies also provide numerous analog audio processor chips that include our technology.
By the end of 2004, our customers in this market included Sony, who incorporated our WOW technology into their VAIO desktops and Toshiba, who licensed our SRS TruSurround for their line of Satellite and Qosmio laptop computers. In addition, Micro-Star International licensed our 3D audio technology for its Mega PC product line.
In 2003, we developed SRS Circle Surround Automotive, a special version of our Circle Surround technology that can be customized by car manufacturers for the specific audio requirements of any vehicle. Circle Surround delivers up to 6.1 channels of full-bandwidth surround sound from any audio source, including the radio, CDs and even MP3 files burned onto a CD.
Rear seat passengers are increasingly using DVD systems for entertainment. Our TruSurround technology, which is widely used by traditional DVD player manufacturers, provides a realistic virtual surround sound experience over traditional headphones. In addition, our SRS Automotive technology, which is a suite of audio enhancement and processing technologies that can be optimized for two or more speaker systems, or headphone playback provides remarkable improvement in the width, height and depth of any mono or stereo audio source, as well as provides deep, rich bass enhancement.
While little revenue was generated from this market segment during 2004, we think this market holds significant long-term opportunities for the license of our technologies. In 2004, we achieved several design wins with leading manufacturers and automakers, including Johnson Controls, Honda, Toyota and Fujitsu Ten.
The following table identifies a few of our largest licensing customers and the market or markets for which such licensees are licensing our technologies, as of December 31, 2004:
Our six largest customers accounted for more than 50% of our licensing revenues in 2004, and one customer, ST Microelectronics, accounted for approximately 11% of our licensing revenues.
Our strategy in our semiconductor business is to integrate our SRS technologies into our ICs and to leverage our technology to create added value for our semiconductor customers. Manufacturers of electronic products are under increasing pressure to bring their products to market rapidly, at lower cost and with differentiated features. We believe that our audio technologies provide a compelling differentiable feature. In 2003, we leveraged our expertise in the design of integrated circuits and began development of a series of semiconductor products that included SRS technology. In 2004 mass production began on many of these products and by the end of 2004, 40% of the ASP product line included SRS technology chips. These chips include a wide variety of stand-alone analog solutions for SRS technologies, including SRS WOW, SRS TruBass, SRS 3D, SRS FOCUS and SRS Dialog Clarity that are marketed to the high-growth and high-volume product categories manufactured in the Asia Pacific region, such as portable audio systems, televisions, LCD monitors, portable audio devices and computers. In 2004, we also launched several universal audio processors that combined our audio technologies with standard audio functions such as volume, tone and level; as well as the first ASP-branded DSP processors with SRS technology.
Our sales strategy is to identify high-growth markets, develop needed technology solutions and features and work with software and semiconductor platform partners to make these technologies widely available and easy-to-implement by OEMs and ODMs. We believe that we will continue to strengthen our market position as a world leader in audio and voice technology by employing the strategy of providing a continuous stream of patented audio and voice technologies, penetrating new licensing accounts, expanding relationships with existing licensees, creating a broad platform of software and semiconductor partners and developing strong brand awareness of the SRS logo.
The mission of our licensing platform strategy is to achieve comprehensive and strategic coverage for our technology solutions within all of our targeted vertical product markets in order to expand sales and licensing opportunities. By developing strong relationships with the leading software and semiconductor companies, our audio technologies can be delivered to customers worldwide across high growth and high volume product applications.
Our licensing model most often employs a system whereby our licensees or prospective licensees request that SRS technologies are enabled on key industry platforms from leading semiconductor manufacturers and middleware or firmware software providers (Platform Partners). Oftentimes, the request is first made goes to the platform provider. In other circumstances, we may proactively target a new emerging platform in one of our five market segments.
We work together with our Platform Partners to provide our mutual customers with the technology which best fits their needs. We also together solicit other customers who use the platform.
As a technology licensing company, one of our greatest assets is the strength of our brand. Since brand recognition drives licensing sales, we have invested in strategies that increase consumer awareness of SRS Labs with the ultimate goal of establishing our brand with both product manufacturers and consumers around the world as the symbol for high-quality audio. The three primary vehicles that we use to further the proliferation of our brand are: (a) placement of the SRS logo by OEMS on products and in co-marketing programs; (b) online branding programs; and (c) use, and recognition of use, of SRS technology by content and broadcast professionals.
OEM Marketing Programs. Over 600 million consumer electronics hardware or software products have been shipped or downloaded that feature SRS technologies. Our logo is either prominently displayed on the product itself or, in the case of software products and mobile phones, featured in the graphical user interface. This consistent logo exposure is considered a key tool in reaching consumers worldwide. In addition, we work with our OEM customers as they launch new products that feature SRS technologies. We supply complete SRS corporate and technology tool kits with a wide array of material, including SRS logos, illustrations, technology explanations and suggested demonstration material. In 2004, we worked with Toshiba as well as Sony PC in the creation of point-of-purchase videos that are used on display PCs in leading retail outlets around the United States. These videos included information on SRS technology as well as displayed our logo, thereby reinforcing the consumers awareness of the SRS feature inside their product purchase.
Online Branding. Online exposure has also been an important part of our branding strategy. A significant component of our relationship with Microsoft is that the SRS logo displayed in the audio control panel of Microsofts Windows® Media Player links to an SRS technology page. As a result, over 15 million audio enthusiasts who use their computers for music and entertainment playback visited our website in 2004 and were further exposed to the SRS brand.
We also market hardware and software products for consumers that feature our audio technologies. These products are sold exclusively online through our e-commerce site, www.wowthing.com.
The WOW Thing is a small processor that can be installed between speakers or headphones and the sound card or CPU of most personal computer systems. It enhances the sound quality of CDs as well as digitally compressed audio, which is downloaded or streamed over the Internet. The CS II Plug-in for the Windows Media Player delivers a full 5.1 surround sound experience for stereo and mono music, videos and streaming audio. In 2004, we created a consumer plug-in version of our latest stereo enhancement technology, WOW XT, for the Windows Media Player platform. Revenue from the sale of these products is insignificant, but gives us a valuable demonstration platform to showcase our audio technologies.
Use of SRS Technology by Content and Broadcast Professionals. We develop, license and sell professional hardware and software products and consumer software plug-ins primarily as a means of enabling content companies, broadcasters and music publishers to encode their material in our Circle Surround, or CS, technology. When CS is professionally used, the logo is displayed within the content itself, on the packaging material, or in the case of radio an announcement that the broadcast is being delivered in SRS Circle Surround is played. We have concentrated on three key market segments in the pro audio space: television, radio and music, and have developed a full line of hardware and software products to support these markets. These products are sold directly to professional customers and are also available from selected dealers and distributors servicing the professional audio and broadcast communities. We did not generate significant revenue from the sale of professional hardware equipment in 2004 and the outlook for significant revenue generation remains unproven, but we believe there is great value in continuing to pursue this market as a key element of our branding strategy. Top television broadcasters in the United States and abroad, who have transmitted Circle Surround-encoded programs include ABC, CBS, NBC, ESPN, ESPN 2, ESPN HD, FOX, FX, TNT, PBS for dozens of programs including the 55th Annual Prime Time Emmy Awards, X Games, NFL and NBA broadcasts, and more.
In September 2004, we entered into a strategic alliance with Coming Home Studios LLC (CHS) to produce and sell concert DVDs which include our Circle Surround technology. In connection with the strategic alliance, SRS Labs and CHS entered into four agreements: a Strategic Alliance Agreement, the CHS/SRS LLC Operating Agreement, a Warrant Agreement and a Production Services Agreement. In the Strategic Alliance Agreement, SRS Labs and CHS agree to work together to identify and implement co-promotional opportunities, including trade shows, movie theaters, video streaming, concert DVDs, artist endorsements, bundling and premium deals, web-based promotional clips and road shows. The initial term
of the agreement expires on July 9, 2006 and is automatically renewable for successive one-year terms. Under the terms of this agreement, the branding opportunities on each DVD released by CHS through the terms of the agreement include: (a) a short video of the SRS logo displayed prior to reaching the menu on the DVD; and (b) an instructional video on setting up a Circle Surround home theater system, which is available in the special features menu. For those DVDS encoded in Circle Surround, the CS logo will be prominently displayed on the packaging of the DVD as well as in promotional material used by distributors worldwide.
We have two types of revenue collection systems with our licenseesbundled or non-bundled. Under a bundled agreement, royalty revenue may be collected by our Platform Partner at the time the solution is sold to the OEM or ODM. Most often, however, we collect revenue directly from our licensees. These licensing arrangements with OEMs or ODMs authorize them to design, build and sell products containing our technology. Under this licensing method, OEM product licensees are free to choose a semiconductor solution from the Platform Partner that best suits their technical and cost-of-goods-sold requirements. We receive royalties directly from the licensed OEM or ODM for the use of our technologies in licensed products manufactured and shipped by the OEM or ODM. Many major OEMs have licenses or purchase products manufactured by a licensed ODM for the use of one or more of our technologies and for the use and display of our trademarks. In the case of the Platform Partner who bundles our royalty within their solution, the cost of the solution includes our royalty at the time it is sold. The Platform Partner remits that royalty directly back to us on behalf of the licensee, thus streamlining the royalty collection process of royalty reporting.
Our process for selecting particular Platform Partners for distributing our technology is based on several criteria including: (a) segment leadershipwe target chip partners that hold preeminent positions in market segments characterized by high growth, volume and/or margins; (b) volumeplatforms which will maximize exposure of our technologies to a large number of potential OEMs; (c) synergyplatforms which serve to position our technologies along with compatible and additive technologies for integrated delivery; and (d) convergence potentialwhich enable us to establish a presence on platforms that intersect merging functional features. An example of this would be the platforms for new personal multifunctional devices that include mobile phone, personal digital assistant, or PDA, and MP3 capabilities.
The following table identifies a few of our chip partners who have entered into licensing agreements with us and a few of our software partners who have developed software formats and operating systems for which our technology solutions are implemented, and the market or markets for which such licensees or partners are marketing our technologies as of December 31, 2004:
To implement our licensing sales strategy within our identified vertical markets, we have established a direct sales force and a worldwide network of independent sales agents. In North America, we employ a direct sales force to market our portfolio of audio and voice technologies to the OEM community. Internationally, we maintain support offices in the Czech Republic, Japan, Hong Kong and Korea to support our multi-national OEM customers. We actively promote the use of our trademarks and logos and direct customers to prominently display the appropriate SRS technology logo on products, packaging and in advertising. We work closely with our licensees to enhance their success in selling finished products and semiconductor products that incorporate our technologies through a variety of licensee support programs. These programs include engineering support, sales training, tradeshow support, press support, customized marketing materials and corporate communications. Our corporate communications program includes press releases, advertising, speaking engagements and industry conferences. We use the Internet to provide easy-to-use audio technology demonstrations for those technologies that can be appropriately demonstrated on the World Wide Web. We conduct in-person technology demonstrations or presentations for the press and other companies to promote our technologies and products.
We also regularly participate in tradeshows and conferences to increase awareness of our technologies and to market our technologies and products. We work closely with our licensees and Chip Partners to actively explore additional opportunities to place our technologies in new products and/or markets.
Backlog is applicable only to our semiconductor business. Sales of semiconductors are primarily made pursuant to standard purchase orders for the delivery of ASIC and IC products. Order quantities and delivery schedules are frequently changed to reflect product availability, scheduling at our fabrication partner facilities or changes in our customers needs. Customer orders can be canceled or rescheduled without significant penalty to the customer. Accordingly, our backlog at any particular date is not representative of actual sales for any succeeding period. For this reason, we believe that backlog is not generally a good indicator of future revenue. As of December 2004 and 2003, the backlog of orders for ASIC and IC products to non-affiliated parties was $1,539,567 and $2,219,301, respectively. We expect that all or substantially all of the current backlog of orders for 2004 will be completed in 2005.
Our customers compete in markets that are characterized by rapidly changing technology and continuous improvement in products and services. Our research and development expenditures in 2004, 2003 and 2002 were approximately 30.0%, 28.9% and 30.6% of total operating expenses respectively. These expenses consist of salaries and related costs of employees and consultants engaged in ongoing research, design and development activities and costs for engineering materials and supplies.
As of December 31, 2004, we had 49 employees in our R&D group representing 47% of our total human resources. Our software, hardware and application engineers focus on developing intellectual property, technology solutions and consumer products. Fourteen engineers are based in the U.S. with the remainder based in Hong Kong.
We compete in each of our business segments with a number of different companies, which produce a variety of technologies, processes and products.
The Asia Pacific semiconductor industry is dominated by several major suppliers, such as Motorola, National Semiconductor and Texas Instruments. These established semiconductor companies usually do not offer custom design services to manufacturers and will only do so if the number of semiconductors required by such manufacturers is very large. Instead, they supply standard IC products to their customers. We occasionally compete with smaller design houses in Japan, Taiwan or Korea, such as Sunplus, but most of these design houses are focused on standard semiconductor chip categories, such as random access memory, micro-controller and other non-proprietary functional processes.
We believe that our ASIC team is more flexible in its strategy of designing new products, as well as more responsive in the service provided to clients. With 19 years of experience in the Asia Pacific semiconductor market, our large accumulated design IP library can be reused for different designs and can support a shorter chip development cycle and a lower chip cost. Using our proprietary software, many of our designs can be re-targeted for different foundries and processes, which allows us to reduce risk and cost. We have strong in-house testing capabilities, using state-of-the-art software and hardware development tools. We also believe that our expertise in local business practices and a strong franchise of relationships with clients gives us a competitive advantage over newcomers to the industry and large multi-national firms.
Our ability to develop standard ICs that incorporate our audio technologies has opened up new chip sales opportunities, but could in the future cause channel conflict with our network of SRS technology semiconductor partners. Our objective is to minimize this conflict by concentrating our design and sales efforts on chip products for markets and product applications that are underserved by our existing semiconductor partners.
The markets in which we sell our products are also subject to extreme price competition. Accordingly, we expect to continue to experience declines in the selling prices of our products over the life cycle of each product. In order to offset declines in the selling prices of our products, we must continue to reduce the costs of products through product design changes, manufacturing process changes, volume discounts and other savings negotiated with our manufacturing subcontractors. Since we do not operate our own manufacturing facilities, we may not be able to reduce costs as rapidly as competitors who perform their own manufacturing. Our ability to design and introduce, in a timely manner, lower-cost versions of existing products or higher gross margin new products, or to successfully manage our manufacturing subcontractor relationships, could have a material adverse effect on our gross margins.
Competition in the audio, voice and surround sound technology licensing business includes other licensing companies who offer competing technologies as well as the internal engineering department of our licensees, who may develop audio enhancement techniques for their own products.
In the field of 3D audio enhancement, we compete directly with other audio providers, including QSound, Spatializer, Aureal and BBE Sound. Our newly launched 3D positional audio technology directly competes with technologies from QSound and Synoptic. We believe that our bass enhancement technology, TruBass, competes directly with several technologies, including MaxxBass from Waves, Ltd, Vi.B.E from Spatializer, and non-proprietary bass systems, such as Bass Boost, that are included on a variety of electronics products, including televisions, portable stereos and speaker products. Because our audio enhancement techniques work with any existing recorded material, whether mono, stereo or surround sound, most of our audio enhancement technologies, including SRS 3D Sound, SRS FOCUS, SRS TruBass and SRS Dialog Clarity, can be used either as an alternative or as a complement and enhancement to almost any competing audio technology.
Many companies in the wireless and telecommunications industry are investigating methods to increase the quality of a voice signal; but we believe that their development work focuses on techniques to reduce noise and provide echo cancellation. We are not aware of any direct competing technologies to our voice technology, VIP, which processes the actual voice signal to improve intelligibility and works on the formants of the human speech pattern. VIP is compatible to these other noise cancellation techniques.
Several technologies within our surround sound portfolio, including TruSurround, TruSurround XT, Circle Surround and Circle Surround II, compete directly with a variety of technologies from Spatializer, QSound, Dolby Laboratories and DTS®, Inc. These competing processes include: Dolby ProLogic and ProLogic II, which are analog, surround sound systems that can encode surround content as well as decode up to 5.1 channels of surround sound from mono or stereo; Dolby Digital (AC-3) and Dolby Digital EX, that encode a six channel digital sound track on a movie print and decode six channels of digital audio in a consumer electronics device; Dolby Virtual Speaker, which processes the multichannels of Dolby Digital or Dolby Surround over just two channels, creating a virtual surround sound experience; DTS, which uses CDs to reproduce six channels of digital sound synchronized with a movie print and decodes the six channels of sound in a consumer electronics device; DTS NEO 6, which decodes up to 6.1 channels of surround sound from mono or stereo; and N-2-2 from Spatializer, which processes the multichannels of surround sound over two speakers.
Many of the companies referenced above have, or may have, substantially greater resources than us to devote to further technologies and new product developments. We believe that we compete based primarily on the quality and performance of our proprietary technologies, brand name awareness, the ease and cost of implementing our technologies, the ability to meet OEMs needs to differentiate their products, and the strength of our licensee relationships. However, there can be no assurance that based on these factors, we will continue to be competitive with existing or future products or technologies of our competitors.
In the broadcast and professional audio markets, our Circle Surround technology competes directly with surround sound formats from Dolby Laboratories and DTS, Inc., which market professional products for the encoding and creation of multichannel content. Both of these companies have more established reputations, greater technical, sales, marketing and distribution capabilities and stronger brand presence in the movie/cinema, television broadcast and music recording segments of professional audio. These competitors also have established or may establish strategic relationships with potential customers of our Circle Surround technology that may affect our customers decisions to purchase products or license technology from us.
We operate in industries where innovation, investment in new ideas and protection of intellectual property rights are important for success. We rely on a variety of intellectual property protections for our products and services, including patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws and contractual obligations. We pursue a policy of enforcing such rights. There can be no assurance, however, that our intellectual property rights will be adequate to ensure our competitive position, or that competitors will not be able to produce a non-infringing competitive product or service. There can be no assurance that third parties will not assert infringement claims against us, or that if required to obtain any third party licenses as a result of an infringement dispute, we will be able to obtain such licenses. Although we believe that our patents and trademarks are important to each of our business segments, such patents and trademarks are especially important to the licensing business segments.
In order to protect the underlying technology concepts, we have filed and/or obtained patents for all of our marketed technologies including technologies marketed under the trademarks SRS, TruSurround, TruSurround XT, FOCUS, Circle Surround, Circle Surround II, WOW, VIP and TruBass. In addition, we have numerous issued patents and patents pending for speaker and other acoustic reproduction technologies. We pursue a general practice of filing patent applications for our technologies in the United States and various foreign countries where our licensees manufacture, distribute or sell licensed products. We continually update and add new applications to our patent portfolio to address changing worldwide market conditions and our new technological innovations. The range of expiration dates for our patents extend between the years 2005 to 2020. We have multiple patents covering unique aspects and improvements for many of our technologies. Accordingly, the expiration of any single patent is not likely to significantly affect our intellectual property position or the ability to generate licensing revenue.
Our strategy for protection of our trademarks identifying the various SRS technology solutions is commensurate with our strategy for obtaining patent protection. Specifically, we routinely file U.S. federal and foreign trademark applications for the various word names and logos used to market our technology solutions to licensees and the general public. The duration of the U.S. and foreign registered trademarks can typically be maintained indefinitely, provided proper maintenance fees are paid and trademarks are continually used or licensed by us.
Due to our dependence on the consumer electronics market, we experience seasonal fluctuation in sales and earnings. In particular, we believe that the licensing business experiences seasonality relating to the Christmas season in the fourth quarter, and the semiconductor business located in the Asia Pacific region experiences seasonality related to the Chinese New Year in the first quarter. We have moved toward diversifying our key market segments in the consumer electronics industry in an effort to even out our seasonal fluctuation.
As of December 31, 2004 we employed 105 persons, 24 in finance and administration; 49 in research and development, engineering and product development; and 32 in sales and marketing. Of the 105 employees, 66 are employed in our semiconductor business and are located overseas. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement or are presently represented by a labor union. We have not experienced any labor problems or a work stoppage and believe we have good relations with our employees.
Our Internet address is www.srslabs.com. There we make available, free of charge, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with or furnish it to the SEC. Our SEC reports can be accessed through the investor relations section of our website. The information found on our website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.
Item 1A. Executive Officers of the Registrant
The following table sets forth the executive officers of SRS Labs, Inc., their ages as of March 1, 2005, and the positions currently held by each person:
The Chief Executive Officer, President and Chief Financial Officer are elected annually by the Board of Directors at its first meeting following the annual meeting of stockholders. Other executive officers may be appointed by the Board of Directors at such meeting or at any other meeting. All executive officers serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors.
Thomas C.K. Yuen has served as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President and a director of SRS Labs since January 1994. Mr. Yuen also serves as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and a Director of ValenceTech Limited, its wholly-owned subsidiary Valence Technologies Limited, and of SRS WOWcast, Inc. Prior to joining SRS Labs, Mr. Yuen co-founded Irvine-based AST Research, Inc. in 1981. He served as ASTs co-chairman and chief operating officer. Under his leadership, AST became a Fortune 500 company in 1991 and its stock was named the Best Performing NASD Stock of 1991. Mr. Yuen departed AST in 1992 and focused his efforts on investing in new projects. Before co-founding AST, he held various engineering and project management positions with Hughes Aircraft Company, Sperry Univac and Computer Automation. Mr. Yuen was born in Shanghai, China and raised in Hong Kong. He received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from University of California, Irvine in 1974 with School Honors. He is also an Honorary Professor of China Nationality University in Beijing. Mr. Yuen is the recipient of several awards from University of California, Irvine, including the UCI Medal in 1990; the outstanding Engineering Alumni Award in 1987 and the Distinguished Alumnus Award in 1986. He was named one of the top 25 executives of the computer industry by the Computer Reseller News Magazine in 1988 and 1991. In 1997, Mr. Yuen received the Director of the Year award from the Orange County Foundation of Corporate Directors.
Janet M. Biski has served as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of SRS Labs since December 2002. Ms. Biski has also served as Secretary of SRS Labs since November 2004. Previously, she was a founder and served as Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of Operations for AccentCare, Inc., a home-care company, from April 1999 to December 2002. During that time, AccentCare successfully completed 15 acquisitions and grew revenues to approximately $100M. Previous to joining AccentCare, Ms. Biski served as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer of SRS Labs from 1994 to 1999. Ms. Biski was part of the management team in its early start-up phase which successfully led the Company through the completion of its initial public offering. Ms. Biski also participated in SRS Labs acquisition of Valence as well as several of the Companys acquisitions of
technology. Early in her career, Ms. Biski was a regional controller for Fujitsu Business Systems, and held various financial management positions at IBM/ROLM. Ms. Biski has a BS in Accounting from the State University of New York.
Alan D. Kraemer has served as Chief Technology Officer of SRS Labs since January 2005. He has also served as Executive Vice President, Technology and Business Development since June 2004. Prior thereto, he served as Vice President, Engineering of the Company since April 2000 and Director of Engineering since February 1994. In addition, Mr. Kraemer served as President of Sierra Digital Productions, Inc., a compact disc production and recording company, since August 1989. Prior to joining SRS Labs, Mr. Kraemer served as President of Engineering of De LaRue Printrak, a manufacturer of automatic fingerprint identification systems, Vice President of Engineering for AST Research, a personal computer manufacturer, Vice President of Engineering with Point4 Data Corporation, and as Director of Software Engineering of Northrop Electronics.
Philip Wong has served as the President of ValenceTech Limited and Valence Technologies Limited since March 2004. Mr. Wong brings to Valence Tech and Valence significant technology experience, extensive high-level industry and government relationships and a deep knowledge of the Asia Pacific market. From 1998 to March 2004, Wong served as managing partner of the China Key Partnership Group, an advisory firm that assists multinational companies in establishing a presence in the PRC. From 1987 to 1994, he held a variety of executive positions at AST Computers, culminating in the position as General Manager of Far East Sales working directly under SRS Labs Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Thomas Yuen, who at the time was co-chairman and chief operating officer of AST. By 1994, AST had established itself as the number one brand name of personal computers in the Hong Kong and China markets with a 70% market share with revenues of $300 million.
Jennifer A. Drescher has served as Vice President of Corporate Communications since December 2002 and Vice President of Marketing for SRS Labs from December 2001. She previously served as Vice President of Marketing for the companys Internet and broadcast subsidiary, SRSWOWcast Technologies from December 1999 through November 2001. Ms. Drescher was the Companys first employee in 1993 working as Director of Marketing until the formation of SRSWOWcast Technologies. Prior to joining SRS Labs, Ms. Dreschers career has held various senior level marketing, public relations and operational positions with audio technology licensing and products companies.
Michael S. Oswald has served as Vice President and General Counsel of the Company since November 2004. He served from 2001 to 2004 as Vice President and General Counsel of Lantronix, Inc., a publicly traded provider of computer networking technologies. Prior to his public company experience, Mr. Oswald was a key management team member at two successive start-up technology companies. Mr. Oswald was General Counsel and Chief Administrative Officer at NowDocs, Inc. from 1999 to 2001, where he managed Purchasing, Facilities, Human Resources and Legal Affairs and from 1996 to 1999 he was General Counsel at Acuity Corp. At Acuity, he was a member of the management team that negotiated Acuitys acquisition by Quintus Corporation and co-led the transition team. He also served on Quintus IPO team. Mr. Oswald earned a Juris Doctor degree from Santa Clara University School of Law, and a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California at Riverside. He is an Adjunct Professor of Law at Western State University College of Law, where he teaches business law courses. Mr. Oswald also serves on the Board of Directors of the Southern California Chapter of the American Corporate Counsel Association (ACCA).
Item 2. Properties
Our worldwide headquarters are located in Santa Ana, California, in a 23,400 square foot facility consisting of office and warehouse space. The lease is for a term of three years scheduled to expire on May 31, 2005. At that time, we will have an option to renew the lease, under similar terms and conditions,
for three additional years through May 31, 2008. We lease this facility from Daimler Commerce Partners, L.P., the general partner of which is Conifer Investments, Inc. The sole shareholders of Conifer are Thomas C.K. Yuen, our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President, and his spouse, Misako Yuen, as co-trustees of the Thomas Yuen Family Trust. Mr. and Mrs. Yuen also serve as the executive officers of Conifer. Mr. and Mrs. Yuen, as co-trustees of the Trust, beneficially own a significant amount of our outstanding shares of common stock. We paid the Daimler Commerce Partners rent of $210,600, $208,260 $198,900 in 2004, 2003 and 2002, respectively. The terms and conditions of the lease are competitive based on a review of similar properties in the area with similar terms and conditions.
Valences principal executive offices and research and development facility are located in Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong in a 16,600 square foot facility under two lease agreements which expire in November 2006, at which time we can negotiate renewal agreements. To the extent that management is unable to reach such agreements, it believes that it will be able to secure comparable space at reasonable rates. Pursuant to these leases, we paid rent of $148,349 during 2004, $330,826 during 2003 and $256,542 during 2002.
Our worldwide headquarters house personnel responsible for the development of our technologies and the administration of the licensing business. The Valence facilities are used in connection with the design and marketing of ASICs, ICs and the sale of consumer electronic products and components. We believe that our current facilities are adequate to support our current requirements.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time we may be involved in various disputes and litigation matters arising in the normal course of business. We are currently not involved in any legal proceedings that are expected to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
Item 5. Market for Registrants Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock trades on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol SRSL. The table below reflects the high and low sales prices of the common stock as reported by The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. for the periods indicated.
At March 15, 2005, the last sale price of the Common Stock was $4.26 per share.
At March 15, 2005, there were 425 stockholders of record.
We have never paid cash dividends on the Common Stock. We currently intend to retain our available funds for future growth and, therefore, we do not anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future.
The following equity compensation plans have been approved by our stockholders: the SRS Labs, Inc. Stock Option, Nonqualified Stock Option and Restricted Stock Purchase Plan (the 1993 Plan), the SRS Labs, Inc. Amended and Restated 1996 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the 1996 Plan), and the SRS Labs, Inc. Amended and Restated 1996 Non-employee Directors Stock Option Plan (the Non-employee Directors Plan). A description of the material features of each of these plans is included in Note 10 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under the caption Stock Award/Option Plans/Warrants. We do not have any equity compensation plans other than those approved by our stockholders.
The following table sets forth information regarding the number of shares of our common stock that may be issued pursuant to our equity compensation plans or arrangements as of the end of fiscal 2004.
(1) Represents shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to outstanding options granted under the following plans: 115,370 shares under the 1993 Plan, 4,491,171 shares under the 1996 Plan and 115,000 shares under the Non-employee Directors Plan.
(2) Represents shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to options available for future grants under the following plans: 2,250,436 shares under the 1996 Plan and 385,000 shares under the Non-employee Directors Plan.
(3) No options have been granted under the 1993 plan since June 7, 1996. The 1993 plan expired on December 10, 2003.
On June 30, 2003, the Board of Directors adopted a stock repurchase program authorizing the purchase of shares of up to $3,000,000 of its common stock for a period of six months commencing on July 1, 2004 and ending on December 31, 2004. Total purchases under the program since inception were 216,575 at an average purchase price of $5.66 per unit. The following table sets forth the purchases by the Company by month during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2004.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following selected financial information as of and for the dates and periods indicated have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The information set forth below is not necessarily indicative of results of future operations, and should be read in conjunction with Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Part II,
Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Report.
Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
SRS Labs is a leading developer and provider of application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), standard integrated circuits (ICs) and audio and voice technology solutions for the home entertainment, portable media device, personal telecommunications, personal computer, automotive, and broadcast markets. We operate in the following two business segments:
Semiconductor: Through SRS Labs, Inc.s wholly-owned subsidiary, ValenceTech Limited, and ValenceTech Limiteds wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively Valence), we operate a fabless semiconductor company which develops, designs and markets standard and custom, analog, digital signal processors (DSPs), and mixed signal, integrated circuits primarily to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and original design manufacturers (ODMs) in the Asia Pacific region.
Licensing: Through SRS Labs, the parent company, and its wholly-owned subsidiary, SRSWOWcast.com, Inc., doing business as SRSWOWcast Technologies (SRSWOWcast), the licensing segment develops and licenses audio and voice technology solutions to many of the worlds leading OEMs, software providers and semiconductor companies, and licenses and markets hardware and software products for the Internet and professional audio markets.
In 2003, we reported our revenues in the following five segments: licensing, semiconductors, component distribution, product sales, and Internet and broadcast. In 2004, we decided to reduce our segments to licensing and semiconductors because of the materiality of the revenues attributable to the other three segments. Revenue from the component distribution segment is now reported in the semiconductor segment and revenues from product sales and Internet and broadcast segments are now reported in the licensing segment. As used herein, the Company, SRS Labs, we, us, or our means SRS Labs, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, including Valence and SRSWOWcast.
Our discussion and analysis of our results of operations and liquidity and capital resources are based on our consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical and anticipated results and trends and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, including assumptions as to future events. These estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. By their nature, estimates are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. Actual results may differ from our estimates.
The following represents a summary of our critical accounting policies, defined as those policies that we believe are: (a) the most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations, and (b) that require managements most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the matters that are inherently uncertain. Our most critical accounting estimates include valuation of accounts receivable, which impacts operating expenses; valuation of inventory, which impacts gross margin; valuation of intangible assets and capitalization of software, which primarily impacts operating expenses when we impair assets or accelerate their depreciation; and recognition and measurement of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, which impacts our tax provision. We discuss each of these policies below, as well as the estimates and judgments involved. We also have other policies that we consider key accounting policies, such as our policies for revenue
recognition; however, these policies do not meet the definition of critical accounting estimates, because they do not generally require us to make estimates or judgments that are difficult or subjective.
We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and adjust credit limits based upon payment history, the customers current credit worthiness and various other factors, as determined by our review of their current credit information. We continuously monitor collections and payments from our customers and maintain allowances for doubtful accounts based upon specific customer circumstances, current economic trends, historical experience and the age of past due receivables. While such credit losses have historically been within our expectations and the provisions established, we cannot guarantee that we will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that we have in the past. Unanticipated changes in the liquidity or financial position of our customers may require additional provisions for doubtful accounts.
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. We periodically assess our inventory for potential obsolescence and lower-of-cost-or-market issues. We make estimates of inventory obsolescence, providing reserves when necessary, based on, among other factors, demand for inventory based on backlog, product pricing, the ability to liquidate or sell older inventory, and the impact of introducing new products. If actual market conditions or our customers product demands are less favorable than those projected, additional provisions may be required.
Intangible Assets & Capitalization of Software
In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, we assess potential impairments to intangible assets when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recovered. Our judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators and future cash flows related to intangible assets are based on operational performance of our acquired businesses, market conditions and other factors. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill is considered impaired and a second test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. For fiscal 2004, an independent valuation of goodwill and other intangibles was performed. To date, we have not recognized any impairment of our goodwill and other intangible assets in connection with our adoption of SFAS 142. However, no assurances can be given that future evaluation of goodwill will not result in charges as a result of future impairment.
In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, all of our intangible assets that have definite lives are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Costs paid by us related to the establishment and transfer of patents, primarily legal costs, are capitalized and amortized over periods ranging from five to ten years, depending on the estimated life of the technology patented. Consideration for the purchase of assets in excess of the fair market value of specifically identified tangible assets has been capitalized as intangible and is being amortized over periods ranging from three to 11 years depending on the useful life of the asset. We annually evaluate the recoverability of our patents and intangible assets based on the estimated future undiscounted cash flows. Should the carrying value of patents or intangible assets exceed the estimated future undiscounted cash flows for the expected periods of benefit, such assets will be written down to fair value. Based upon its most recent assessment, we have determined that there was impairment of $43,266 as of December 31, 2004.
Costs incurred in the research, design and development of software for sale to others as a separate product or embedded in a product and sold as part of the product as a whole are charged to expense until
technological feasibility is established. Under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 86, Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software to be Sold, Leased or Otherwise Marketed, we capitalize software purchased from third parties if the related software product under development has reached technological feasibility or if there are alternative future uses for the purchased software, provided that capitalized amounts will be realized over a period not exceeding five years. Costs incurred prior to the establishment of technological feasibility are charged to research and development expense. The establishment of technological feasibility and ongoing assessment of recoverability of capitalized software development costs require considerable judgment by management with respect to certain external factors, including, but not limited to, anticipated future revenues, estimated economic life and changes in software and hardware technologies. Under SFAS No. 86, annual amortization of software development costs should be the greater of the amount computed using (a) the ratio that current gross revenues for a product bear to the total of current and anticipated future gross revenues for that product or (b) the straight-line method over the remaining estimated economic life of the product including the period being reported on. After considering the two methods, we are using the straight-line method of amortization as the software can be used for many products and the estimates required to be made under the ratio that current gross revenues for products bear to the total of the current and anticipated future gross revenues for that product could result in under reporting of expense. Upon the general release of the software product to customers, capitalization ceases and such costs are amortized to cost of sales using the straight-line method on a product-by-product basis over the estimated life, which is generally three years. To the extent that amounts capitalized for software development costs become impaired due to a decline in demand or the introduction of new technology, such amounts will be written-off. All other research and development expenditures are charged to research and development expense in the period incurred.
In preparing our consolidated financial statements, we estimate our income taxes in each of the countries in which we operate. The process used to make these estimates includes an assessment of the current tax expense, the results from tax examinations and the effects of temporary differences resulting from the different treatment of transactions for tax and financial accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our consolidated balance sheet. We account for income taxes in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities. SFAS 109 also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. We evaluate the reliability of our deferred tax assets by assessing our valuation allowance and by adjusting the amount of such allowance, if necessary. At December 31, 2004, we had net deferred tax assets primarily resulting from temporary differences between the book and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and loss and credit carry forwards. We continue to provide a valuation allowance on certain deferred tax assets based on an assessment of the likelihood of their realization. In reaching our conclusion, we evaluated certain relevant criteria including deferred tax liabilities that can be used to offset deferred tax assets, estimates of future taxable income of appropriate character within the carry-forward period available under the tax law, and tax planning strategies. Our judgments regarding future taxable income may change due to market conditions, changes in U.S. or international tax laws, and other factors. These changes, if any, may require material adjustments to these deferred tax assets, resulting either in a tax benefit, if it is estimated that future taxable income is likely, or a reduction in the value of the deferred tax assets, if it is determined that their value is impaired, resulting in a reduction in net income or an increase in net loss in the period when such determinations are made.
Our income tax provision is based on calculations and assumptions that will be subject to examination by the taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which we operate. Should the actual results differ from our
estimates, we would have to adjust the income tax provision in the period in which the facts and circumstances that give rise to the revision become known. Tax law and rate changes are reflected in the income tax provision in the period in which such changes are enacted.
The following table sets forth certain consolidated operating data as a percentage of total revenue for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003, and 2002:
Year Ended December 31, 2004 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2003
Total revenues for fiscal 2004 were $21,602,388 compared to $19,813,781 in fiscal 2003, an increase of $1,788,607 or 9.0%. Semiconductor revenues were $10,770,684 in fiscal 2004 compared to $10,712,382 in fiscal 2003, an increase of $58,302 or 0.5%. In 2004, semiconductor revenue growth was affected by management changes, foundry capacity constraints and competitive pressure related to its customers products. Semiconductor revenues are composed of both ASIC and ASP. ASIC accounted for $7,752,537 or 72.0% in fiscal 2004 compared to $8,168,751 or 76.3% in fiscal 2003, a decrease of $416,214 or 5.1%. ASP chips accounted for $3,018,147 or 28.0% in fiscal 2004 compared to $2,543,631 or 23.7% in fiscal 2003, an increase of $474,516 or 18.7%, of which SRS technology chips accounted for 60.8% of ASP growth. The growth in ASP is attributable to new design wins with new chip offerings including SRS chips.
Licensing revenues were $10,831,704 in fiscal 2004, compared to $9,101,399 in fiscal 2003, an increase of $1,730,305 or 19.0%. This increase is attributable to our diversification strategy which generated revenues in new product categories such as mobile phones, portable audio devices, and PCs and increased
penetration in the Companys key home theater market, including set-top boxes and televisions, which incorporate SRS Labs technologies. The following table presents the Companys Licensing revenues mix by market segment, excluding product sales and Internet and broadcast segments:
Cost of sales consists primarily of fabrication costs, assembly and test costs, and the cost of materials and overhead from operations. Gross margins are dependent on the mix of products sold, services provided and royalties earned. The following table presents the Companys gross margin percentages for fiscal year 2004 compared fiscal year 2003:
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of employee salaries, sales consultants fees and related expenses, sales commissions and product promotion costs. Sales and marketing expenses were $5,445,224 for fiscal year 2004 compared to $5,487,159 for fiscal year 2003, a decrease of $41,935 or 0.8%. Sales and marketing expenses were higher in fiscal 2003 due to strong consumer advertising campaigns to market the SRS Labs speaker products and to brand the SRS logo to consumers worldwide. As a percentage of total revenues, sales and marketing expenses decreased from 27.7% for fiscal year 2003, to 25.2% for fiscal year 2004.
Research and Development
Research and development expenses consist of salaries and related costs of employees engaged in ongoing research, design and development activities and costs for engineering materials and supplies. Research and development expenses were $4,767,004 for fiscal year 2004 compared to $4,263,682 for fiscal year 2003, an increase of $503,322 or 11.8%. The increase is primarily attributable to increased costs
associated with personnel and expenses associated with supporting the Companys customers in its five key markets. We expect that research and development will continue to be critical to our business as we introduce new products, but such expenses will fluctuate as a percentage of revenue due to change in sales volume. As a percentage of total revenues, research and development expenses increased from 21.5% for fiscal year 2003, to 22.1% for fiscal year 2004.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee-related expenses, legal costs associated with the administration of intellectual property and other professional fees. G&A expenses were $5,675,294 for fiscal year 2004 compared to $5,053,387 for fiscal year 2003, an increase of $621,907 or 12.3%. The increase was primarily attributable to increased professional fees, public company expenses, including costs incurred for Sarbanes-Oxley 404 compliance and increased amortization associated with the increased capitalization of patents and purchased technology. As a percentage of total revenues, G&A expenses increased from 25.5% for fiscal year 2003, to 26.3% for fiscal year 2004.
Equity in Income of Investee
Equity in income of investee represents the Companys proportionate share of profit from the LLC entered into with Coming Home Studios. On September 23, 2004, the Company entered into a strategic alliance with Coming Home Studios LLC (CHS) to produce and sell concert DVDs which include the Companys Circle Surround technology. The Operating Agreement governs CHS/SRS, LLC, which is a joint venture between CHS and the Company formed to complete and distribute concert videos featuring Duran Duran, Boz Scaggs, Godsmack and All Access. Profits from the distribution of the concert videos and related assets will be allocated and distributed equally until CHS and the Company have both received 1.75 times their original capital contributions, after which profits will be allocated and distributed 90% to CHS and 10% to SRS Labs. The joint venture is accounted for using the equity method and profits are recognized following the guidance for equity method accounting. We recognize and accrue profits as we get sales and/or royalty reports. For fiscal 2004, the profit recognized under the agreement was $32,358.
Other Income, Net
Other income, net, consists primarily of interest income, gain or (loss) on sale of securities, interest expense and foreign currency transaction gains and losses. Other income, net, was $594,922 for fiscal year 2004, compared to $538,278 for fiscal year 2003, an increase of $56,644 or 10.5%. The increase is primarily attributable to investment gains from sales of U.S. Treasury in 2004.
Minority interest represents the minority shareholders, 13%, proportionate share of losses in SRSWOWcast. Minority interest was $0 for fiscal year 2004, compared to $5,430 for fiscal year 2003. In February 2003, SRS Labs completed an exchange offer with the minority shareholders of SRSWOWcast, pursuant to which SRS Labs acquired all of the outstanding shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of SRSWOWcast in exchange for the issuance of shares of our common stock. As a result of the exchange offer, SRSWOWcast became a wholly owned subsidiary of SRS Labs.
Provision for Income Taxes
The income tax provision for fiscal 2004 was $810,416 compared to $1,038,463 for fiscal 2003 a decrease of $228,047 or 22.0%. The provision consists primarily of taxes paid on licensing revenues sourced from countries requiring foreign tax withholdings and taxes paid on profits in Hong Kong at the rate of 17.5%. The lower tax expense in fiscal 2004 resulted from decreased taxable income in our foreign
subsidiary and higher taxable income from our U.S. operations for which we apply net operating loss carry-forwards to offset taxable income. Additionally, in 2004, we benefited from the U.S. Japan tax treaty, which eliminated source-country withholdings on royalties. That treaty became effective on July 1, 2004.
We had federal and state net operating loss carry-forwards at December 31, 2004 of approximately $21,555,000 and $13,141,000, respectively. The net operating loss carry-forwards began expiring in 2003 and will continue through 2024. In addition, we had federal tax credit carry-forwards of approximately $1,150,733, which begin to expire in 2011. As of December 31, 2004, a valuation allowance of $10,491,223 was established based on our assessment of our future ability to realize certain deferred tax assets.
Year Ended December 31, 2003 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2002
Total revenues for fiscal 2003 were $19,813,781 compared to $19,001,793 in fiscal 2002, an increase of $811,988 or 4.3%. Semiconductor revenues were $10,712,382 in fiscal 2003 compared to $10,777,569 in fiscal 2002, a decrease of $65,187 or 0.6%. Semiconductor revenues are comprised of both ASIC and ASP revenues. ASIC accounted for $8,168,751 or 76.3% in fiscal 2003 compared to $9,435,258 or 87.5% in fiscal 2002, a decrease of $1,266,507 or 13.4%. The decrease was primarily attributable to the Companys decision to de-emphasize lower margin activities in component distribution revenues and increased focus on ASP standard product development, as well as decreased semiconductor business from existing semiconductor customers. ASP chips accounted for $2,543,631 or 23.7% in fiscal 2003 compared to $1,342,311 or 12.5% in fiscal 2002, an increase of $1,201,320 or 89.5%, of which SRS technology chips accounted for 75.1% of ASP growth. The growth in ASP was attributable to new design wins with new chip offerings including SRS chips.
Licensing revenues were $9,101,399 in fiscal 2003, compared to $8,224,224 in fiscal 2002, an increase of $877,175 or 10.7%. The increase was attributable to the sales growth of home entertainment products such as DVD players and portable products such as mobile phones and MP3 players that incorporate our technologies. The following table presents the Companys licensing revenues mix by market segment, excluding product sales and Internet and broadcast segments:
Cost of sales consists primarily of fabrication costs, assembly and test costs, and the cost of materials and overhead from operations. Gross margins are dependent on the mix of products sold, services provided and royalties earned. The improvement in gross margin from 75.0% in 2002 to 79.5% in 2003 was primarily due to an increase in semiconductor gross margin, which resulted from the mix in revenues as we shifted the business away from the lower margin component distribution business and focused on higher margin semiconductor sales. Since revenues from component distribution are included in ASIC, it experienced an increase in gross margin as component distribution revenues decreased. ASP gross margins improved as a result of the increase in sales of new chip offerings with higher margins, of which many included SRS technology.
The following table presents our gross margin percentages for fiscal year 2003 compared fiscal year 2002:
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of employee salaries, sales consultants fees and related expenses, sales commissions and product promotion costs. Sales and marketing expenses were $5,487,159 for fiscal year 2003 compared to $4,625,833 for fiscal year 2002, an increase of $861,326 or 18.6%. The increase was attributable primarily to (a) investments in branding and promotion of our technologies and products in new markets designed to increase future revenues; (b) co-promotional activities with our licensees; and (c) relocation of our sales and marketing offices in Hong Kong. As a percentage of total revenues, sales and marketing expenses increased from 24.3% for fiscal year 2002, to 27.7% for fiscal year 2003.
Research and Development
Research and development expenses consist of salaries and related costs of employees engaged in ongoing research, design and development activities and costs for engineering materials and supplies. Research and development expenses were $4,263,682 for fiscal year 2003 compared to $4,189,379 for fiscal year 2002, an increase of $74,303 or 1.8%. The increase was primarily attributable to the addition of research and development personnel in the last quarter of 2003. As a percentage of total revenues, research and development expenses decreased from 22.0% for fiscal year 2002, to 21.5% for fiscal year 2003.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee-related expenses, legal costs associated with the administration of intellectual property and other professional fees. G&A expenses were $5,053,387 for fiscal year 2003 compared to $4,889,484 for fiscal year 2002, an increase of $163,903 or 3.4%. The increase was primarily attributable to additions to infrastructure and personnel for management of our foreign operations, increased professional fees and public company expenses. As a percentage of total revenues, G&A expenses decreased from 25.7% for fiscal year 2002, to 25.5% for fiscal year 2003.
Other Income, Net
Other income, net, consists primarily of interest income, gain or (loss) on sale of securities, interest expense and foreign currency transaction gains and losses. Other income, net, was $538,278 for fiscal year 2003, compared to $774,125 for fiscal year 2002, a decrease of $235,847 or 30.5%. Other income, net was
higher in fiscal 2002 due to realized gains on sales of investments and higher interest income earned on investment balances.
Minority interest represents the minority shareholders proportionate share of losses in SRSWOWcast. For fiscal 2003, minority interest was $5,430 compared to $77,708 in fiscal 2002, a decrease of $72,278 or 93.0%. In February 2003, SRS Labs completed an exchange offer with the minority shareholders of SRSWOWcast, pursuant to which SRS Labs acquired all 3,000,000 outstanding shares of SRSWOWcast Series A Convertible Preferred Stock in exchange for the issuance of 332,184 shares of our common stock. As a result of the exchange offer, an intangible in the amount of $640,071 was recorded and SRSWOWcast became a wholly-owned subsidiary of SRS Labs.
Provision for Income Taxes
The income tax provision for fiscal 2003 was $1,038,463 compared to $588,333 for fiscal 2002. The higher tax expense in fiscal 2003 resulted almost entirely from taxes paid on earnings in our Hong Kong subsidiary at the tax rate of 17.5% and higher levels of foreign tax paid on licensing revenues sourced from countries requiring foreign tax withholdings. Additionally, in 2002 we revised our estimates related to income tax payables resulting in a benefit of $882,717 in the 2002 current income tax provision. We had federal and state net operating loss carry-forwards at December 31, 2003 of approximately $19,778,000 and $11,487,000 respectively. The net operating loss carry-forwards began expiring in 2003 and will continue through 2019. In addition, we had federal tax credit carry-forwards of approximately $362,000, which begin to expire in 2011. As of December 31, 2003, a valuation allowance of $9,284,836 had been provided based on our assessment of our future ability to realize certain deferred tax assets.
The following table sets forth certain quarterly summary financial data for the eight quarters in the period ended December 31, 2004. The quarterly information is based upon unaudited financial statements prepared by us on a basis consistent with our audited consolidated financial statements and, in managements opinion, includes all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the information for the periods presented. This information should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Report. Our quarterly operating results have varied significantly in the past and are expected to vary significantly in the future. Due to rounding differences, the quarters in a given year may not add precisely to the annual numbers for that year.
At December 31, 2004 cash, cash equivalents and long-term investments were $24,273,179 compared to $23,285,830 as of December 31, 2003, an increase of $987,349. Of that, $7,011,912 was held in cash and cash equivalents, a decrease of $5,783,708 from cash and cash equivalents of $12,795,620 held at December 31, 2003 primarily resulting from the purchase of long-term government securities classified as Investments Available For Sale. Cash and cash equivalents generally consist of cash, money market funds and other money market instruments with original maturities of three months or less. We held $17,261,267 in investments available for sale at December 31, 2004, as compared to $10,490,210 at December 31, 2003 an increase of $6,771,057. Investments consist of U.S. government securities rated AAA. In fiscal 2004, 2003 and 2002, operations were funded primarily from cash from operations.
Net cash provided by operating activities was $2,567,568, $787,860 and $3,912,749 for fiscal 2004, 2003 and 2002, respectively. The $1,779,708 increase in net cash provided by operating activities in fiscal year 2004, compared to fiscal year 2003, was primarily a result of net income of $1,578,521 further adjusted for non-cash items including depreciation and amortization of $1,322,544, deferred stock option compensation of $92,585 and impairment of intangibles of $43,266. Accounts receivable increased 7% during fiscal 2004 primarily due to increases in licensing revenues. The total days sales outstanding on a consolidated basis were 22 days at December 31, 2004 compared to 23 days at December 31, 2003. Our inventory, net of allowances, decreased $181,740 in fiscal 2004 due primarily to the sell off of backlog which built up in the second quarter of fiscal 2004 due to foundry capacity constraints and the sale of component inventory, which was previously reserved for in our provision for slow moving and obsolete inventory. The reversal of the provision provided a benefit of $198,467 for fiscal 2004, which was offset by increases in the reserve of $156,816 associated with our periodic assessment of inventory to arrive at a net benefit of $41,651. Prepaid expenses and other current assets increased $263,810 in fiscal 2004 due to the advance payment of promotional costs, which provide future benefits and are associated with our branding strategy. In fiscal 2004, accounts payable decreased $519,046 primarily due to decreases in our inventory that was partially offset by increases in deferred revenues of $417,424 due to increased prepayment of license fees and increases in accrued expenses of $54,131.
Our net cash used in investing activities was $10,837,473 and $5,137,609 and $7,068,533 for fiscal 2004, 2003 and 2002, respectively. The increase in cash used for investing activities in fiscal 2004 is due primarily to increased treasury investing activities of $6,611,038. As a result of increasing interest rates, management elected to commit funds to longer-term instruments. During fiscal 2004, we entered into a strategic alliance with Coming Home Studios LLC, which used cash of $2,596,090. Additional investing activities, which used cash, were purchases of capital equipment and expenditures related to patents and intangible assets totaling $1,630,345.
Our net financing activities provided cash of $2,486,197 and $1,424,509 during fiscal year 2004 and 2003, respectively and used cash of $134,523 during fiscal 2002. Our financing activities during 2004 primarily consisted of proceeds from the exercise of employee stock options of $3,711,451, partially offset by the purchase of treasury shares for $1,225,254.
We believe our existing cash balances and investments together with cash generated from operating activities will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for at least the next twelve months. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including our level of revenues, the timing and extent of spending to support product development efforts, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the timing of introductions of new products, the costs to ensure access to adequate manufacturing capacity, and the continuing market acceptance of our products. We could be required, or could elect, to seek additional funding through public or private equity or debt financing. No assurance can be given that such additional funds will be available on terms acceptable to us or at all.
We have contractual obligations and commitments with regards to operating lease arrangements. The following table quantifies our expected contractual obligations and commitments subsequent to December 31, 2004:
In December 2003, the FASB issued FIN 46-R, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities - an interpretation of ARB 51 (revised December 2003), which replaces FIN 46. FIN 46-R incorporates certain modifications to FIN 46 adopted by the FASB subsequent to the issuance of FIN 46, including modifications of the scope of FIN 46. For all non-special purpose entities (SPE) created prior to February 1, 2003, public entities will be required to adopt FIN 46-R at the end of the first interim or annual reporting period ending after March 15, 2004. For all entities (regardless of whether the entity is an SPE) that were created subsequent to January 31, 2003, public entities are already required to apply the provisions of FIN 46, and should continue doing so unless they elect to adopt the provisions of Fin 46-R early as of the first interim or annual reporting period ending after December 15, 2003. If they do not elect to adopt FIN 46-R early, public entities would be required to apply FIN 46-R to those post-January 31, 2003 entities as of the end of the first interim or annual reporting period ending after March 15, 2004. The adoption of FIN 46-R for non-SPEs did not have a material impact on the Companys financial position, results of operations or cash.
In June 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board FASB issued EITF Issue No. 02-14, Whether an Investor Should Apply the Equity Method of Accounting to Investments Other Than Common Stock. EITF Issue No. 02-14 addresses whether the equity method of accounting applies when an investor does not have an investment in voting common stock of an investee but exercises significant influence through other means. EITF Issue No. 02-14 states that an investor should only apply the equity method of accounting when it has investments in either common stock or in-substance common stock of a corporation, provided that the investor has the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee. The accounting provisions of EITF Issue No. 02-14 are effective for the first quarter of fiscal 2005. We are in the process of determining the effect, if any, the adoption of EITF Issue No. 02-14 will have on our financial statements.
In September 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue 03-1-1, Effective Date of Paragraphs 1020 of EITF Issue No. 03-1, The Meaning of Other-Than-Temporary Impairment and Its Application to Certain Investments, which delays the effective date for the recognition and measurement guidance in EITF Issue No. 03-1. In addition, the FASB has issued a proposed FSP to consider whether further application guidance is necessary for securities analyzed for impairment under EITF Issue No. 03-1. We continue to assess the potential impact that the adoption of the proposed FSP could have on our financial statements.
In November 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS No. 151, Inventory costs, an amendment of ARB No. 43 Chapter 4. This Statement amends the guidance in ARB No. 43, Chapter 4, Inventory Pricing, to clarify the accounting for abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs, and wasted material (spoilage). It requires that those items be recognized as current-period charges regardless of whether they meet the criterion of so abnormal. In addition, this Statement requires that allocation of fixed production overheads to the costs of conversion be based on the
normal capacity of the production facilities. The provisions of this statement shall be applied prospectively for inventory costs incurred during fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. We do not expect the adoption of this statement would have a material impact on our results of operations or financial position.
In December 2004, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment (SFAS No. 123(R)). This statement replaces SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation and supersedes APB No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees SFAS 123(R) requires all stock-based compensation to be recognized as an expense in the financial statements and that such cost be measured according to the fair value of stock options. SFAS 123(R) will be effective for quarterly periods beginning after June 15, 2005. While we currently provide the pro forma disclosures required by SFAS No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation - Transition and Disclosure, on a quarterly basis (see Note 2Stock-Based Compensation), we are currently evaluating the impact that this statement will have on our consolidated financial statements.
On December 21, 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 109-1, Application of FASB Statement No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, to the Tax Deduction on Qualified Production Activities Provided by the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (FSP No. 109-1), and FASB Staff Position No. FAS 109-2, Accounting and Disclosure Guidance for the Foreign Earnings Repatriation Provision within the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (FSP No. 109-2). These staff positions provide accounting guidance on how companies should account for the effects of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (AJCA) that was signed into law on October 22, 2004. FSP No. 109-1 states that the tax relief (special tax deduction for domestic manufacturing) from this legislation should be accounted for as a special deduction instead of a tax rate reduction. FSP No. 109-2 gives a company additional time to evaluate the effects of the legislation on any plan for reinvestment or repatriation of foreign earnings for purposes of applying FASB Statement No. 109. We are investigating the repatriation provision to determine whether we might repatriate extraordinary dividends, as defined in the AJCA and the actual income tax impact to us will become determinable once further technical guidance has been issued.
We are exposed to risks in our licensing business related to product and customer concentration
Currently, our licensing revenue is concentrated in the home theater market with the majority of revenue generated from the inclusion of SRS technology inside televisions, DVD players and set-top boxes. We expect that the consumer home entertainment market will continue to account for a significant portion of our licensing revenues for the foreseeable future. While consumer spending in general on consumer electronic products has increased, retail prices for certain consumer electronics products that include our audio technology, such as DVD players, have decreased significantly. Indications are that this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. From time to time, certain of our original equipment manufacturer and semiconductor manufacturer customers may account for a significant portion of revenue from a particular product application, such as DVD players, set-top boxes or televisions. Consumer electronics products manufacturers could decide to exclude our audio enhancement technology from their home theater products altogether in an effort to reduce cost. The loss of any such customer could have a material adverse affect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is highly dependent on the consumer electronics market, which is characterized by short product life cycles, fluctuations in demand and seasonality, and subject to risks related to product transitions and supply of other components
The consumer electronics market is characterized by intense competition, rapidly evolving technology, and ever-changing consumer preferences. These factors result in the frequent introduction of new
products, short product life cycles and significant price competition. The dynamic nature of this market limits our, as well as our customers, ability to accurately forecast quarterly and annual sales. If we, or our customers, are unable to manage product transitions, our business and results of operations could be negatively affected.
Pricing pressures on the consumer electronics product manufacturers who incorporate our technologies into their products could limit the licensing fees we charge for our technologies, which could adversely affect our revenues
The markets for the consumer electronics products in which our technologies are incorporated are intensely competitive and price sensitive. Retail prices for consumer electronics products that include our technologies, such as DVD players and home theater systems, have decreased significantly, and we expect prices to continue to decrease for the foreseeable future. In response, manufacturers have sought to reduce their product costs, which can result in downward pressure on the licensing fees we charge our customers who incorporate our technologies. A decline in the licensing fees we charge could materially and adversely affect our operating results.
Our business and prospects depend on the strength of our brand, and if we do not maintain and strengthen our brand, our business will be materially harmed
Maintaining and strengthening the SRS brand is critical to maintaining and expanding both our products and services business and our technology licensing business, as well as to our ability to enter new markets for our audio and other technologies. Our continued success is due, in part, to our reputation for providing high quality products, services and technologies across multiple consumer electronics product segments. If we fail to effectively promote and maintain the SRS brand, our business and prospects will suffer.
Our quarterly results may fluctuate
Our operating results may fluctuate from those in prior quarters and will continue to be subject to quarterly and other fluctuations due to a variety of factors, including the extent to which our licensees incorporate our technologies into their products; the timing of orders from, and the shipments to, major customers; the timing of new product introductions; the gain or loss of significant customers; competitive pressures on selling prices; the market acceptance of new or enhanced versions of our technologies; the rate that our semiconductor licensees manufacture and distribute chips to product manufacturers; and fluctuations in general economic conditions, particularly those affecting the consumer electronics market. Due to our dependence on the consumer electronics market, the substantial seasonality of sales in the market could impact our revenues and net income. In particular, we believe that there is seasonality relating to the Christmas season generally and the Chinese New Year within the Asia region, which fall into the fourth and first quarters respectively. As a result, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our results of operations are not necessarily meaningful and should not be relied on as indications of future performance.
We are subject to the highly cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry
The semiconductor industry is highly cyclical. The industry has experienced significant downturns, often in connection with, or in anticipation of, maturing product cycles (of both semiconductor companies and their customers products) and declines in general economic conditions. These downturns have been characterized by production overcapacity, high inventory levels and accelerated erosion of average selling prices. Any future downturns could significantly harm our sales or reduce our profitability for a prolonged period of time. From time to time, the semiconductor industry also has experienced periods of increased
demand and production capacity constraints. We may experience substantial changes in future operating results due to general semiconductor industry conditions, general economic conditions and other factors.
We rely on revenue contribution from our ASIC and standard IC business
We derive a significant amount of our revenue from Valences ASIC business. Valences engineering team focuses on the design of custom ASICs to meet specific customers requirements and outsources the production of the design to mask houses, foundries and packaging houses located primarily in Asia. The operations of Valence could be affected by a variety of factors, including the timing of customer orders, the timing of development revenue, changes in the mix of products distributed and the mix of distribution channels employed, the emergence of a new industry standard, product obsolescence and changes in pricing policies by us, our competitors or our suppliers.
Business revenue from ASICs is concentrated in a limited number of customers in the areas of consumer electronics, communications products, computers and computer peripherals. The business generated from any one customer may be for a fixed length or quantity. As such, it is customary in our ASIC business to have a certain amount of customer turnover as new ASIC projects are obtained for different customers. However, it is possible that the loss of any particular customer or any bad debt arising from such customer may have a materially adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operation.
Valence adds significant diversity to our overall business structure and opportunities. We recognize that in the presence of such corporate diversity, and in particular with regard to the semiconductor industry, there will always exist a potential for conflict among sales channels between us and our technology licensees. Although the operations of our licensing business and those of Valence are generally complementary, there can be no assurances that sales channel conflicts will not arise. If such potential conflicts do materialize, we may or may not be able to mitigate the effect of such perceived conflicts, which, if not resolved, may impact the results of operations.
Potential channel conflict with existing semiconductor partners could cause us to lose future business
As we bring out more and more Valence semiconductors with SRS audio technologies embedded in them, our current semiconductor partners may perceive those new devices as threats to their own products. The semiconductor partners may respond by reducing or eliminating the volumes of business they presently do with us, which would have an adverse effect on our licensing revenue.
We are exposed to risks in our Valence business related to product fabrication outsourcing to third parties
Valence is a fabless semiconductor company meaning that Valence designs, develops and markets our selection of custom and standard integrated circuits but we rely on third-party contractors to manufacture, assemble and test our products. From time to time there can be foundry capacity issues due to global demands that affect the semiconductor industry. Although we believe our relationships are generally good, we do not have long-term supply agreements with our third-party vendors and they are not obligated to perform services or supply products to us for any particular period or in any particular quantities, except as provided in each separate purchase order accepted by them. The increased demand for our products coupled with the demand for foundry services, is, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future, a challenge for us. In times of high demand, there are significant risks associated with our reliance on third-party vendors including: reallocation of capacity to other foundry customers, potential price increases, delays and interruptions in order deliveries, reduced control over product quality and increased risk of misappropriation of intellectual property.
We have significant operations in Hong Kong, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and other parts of Asia that require refinement to adapt to the changing market conditions in those regions. Our operations in Asia, and international operations in general, are subject to risks of unexpected changes in, or impositions of, legislative or regulatory requirements.
Our customers geographically located in the Asia Pacific markets accounted for approximately 86%, 93% and 90% of total Company sales in 2004, 2003 and 2002, respectively and are expected to continue to account for a substantial percentage of sales in the future. The economic climate in Asia continues to be impacted by increases in unemployment, declines in consumer spending, currency devaluation and bank failures. Any of these factors, should they continue, could significantly reduce the demand for the end user goods in which our products and technologies are used.
The PRC economy has experienced significant growth in the past decade; but such growth has been uneven across geographic and economic sectors. There can be no assurance that such growth will continue or that any potential currency devaluation in the region will not have a negative effect on our business, including Valence. The PRC economy has also experienced deflation in the past, which may continue in the future. The current economic situation may adversely affect our profitability over time as expenditures for consumer electronics products and information technology may decrease due to the results of slowing domestic demand and deflation.
Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the PRC with its own government and legislature. Hong Kong enjoys a high degree of autonomy from the PRC under the principle of one country, two systems. We can give no assurance that Hong Kong will continue to enjoy autonomy from the PRC.
The Hong Kong dollar has remained relatively constant due to the U.S. dollar peg and currency board system that has been in effect in Hong Kong since 1983. Since mid-1997, interest rates in Hong Kong have fluctuated significantly and real estate and retail sales have declined. We can give no assurance that the Hong Kong economy will not worsen or that the historical currency peg of the Hong Kong dollar to the U.S. dollar will be maintained. Continued declining consumer spending in Hong Kong, deflation or the discontinuation of the currency peg could adversely affect our business.
We are exposed to currency fluctuations and instability in the Asian markets
We expect that international sales will continue to represent a significant portion of our total revenues. To date, all of our licensing revenues have been denominated in U.S. dollars and most costs have been incurred in U.S. dollars. It is our expectation that licensing revenues will continue to be denominated in U.S. dollars for the foreseeable future. Because Valences business is primarily focused in Asia and because of our anticipated expansion of business in the PRC and other parts of Asia, our consolidated results of operations and financial position could be significantly affected by risks associated with international activities, including economic and labor conditions, political instability, tax laws (including U.S. taxes on foreign subsidiaries) and changes in the value of the U.S. dollar versus the local currency in which the products are sold. In addition, our valuation of assets recorded as a result of the Valence acquisition may also be adversely impacted by the currency fluctuations relative to the U.S. dollar. We intend to actively monitor our foreign exchange exposure and to implement strategies to reduce our foreign exchange risk at such time that we determine the benefits of such strategies outweigh the associated costs. However, there is no guarantee that we will take steps to insure against such risks, and should such risks occur, there is no guarantee that we will not be significantly impacted.
If the sale of consumer electronics products incorporating our technologies does not grow in emerging markets, our ability to increase our licensing revenue may be limited
We also expect that growth in our licensing revenue will depend, in part, upon the growth of sales of consumer electronics products incorporating our technologies in other countries, including China and India, as consumers in these markets have more disposable income and are increasingly purchasing entertainment products with surround sound capabilities. However, if our licensing revenue from the use of our technologies in these new markets or geographic areas does not expand, our prospects could be adversely affected.
We are subject to competitive pressures
Our existing and potential competitors include both large and emerging domestic and international companies that have substantially greater financial, manufacturing, technical, marketing, distribution and other resources. Present or future competitors may be able to develop products and technologies comparable or superior to ours, and to adapt more quickly than us to new technologies or evolving market needs. We believe that the competitive factors affecting the market for our products and technologies include product performance, price and quality; product functionality and features; the ease of integration; and implementation of the products and technologies with other hardware and software components in the OEMs products. In addition, the markets in which we compete are intensely competitive and are characterized by rapid technological changes, declining average sales prices and rapid product obsolescence. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to compete effectively in its respective markets, that competition will not intensify or that future competition will not have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows and financial condition.
We have a long and unpredictable sales cycle, which can result in uncertainty and delays in generating additional revenues
Historically, because of the complexity of our technologies, it can take a significant amount of time and effort to explain the benefits and to negotiate a sale. For example, it typically takes six to nine months after our first contact with a prospective customer before we start licensing our technology to that customer. In addition, purchase of our products is usually made in connection with new design starts, the timing of which is outside of our control. Accordingly, we may be unable to predict accurately the timing of any significant future sales of our products. We may also spend substantial time and management attention on potential license agreements that are not consummated, thereby foregoing other opportunities.
We strongly rely on our intellectual property
Our ability to compete may be affected by our ability to protect our proprietary information. We have filed numerous U.S. and foreign patent applications and to date have a number of issued U.S. and foreign patents covering various aspects of our technologies. There can be no assurance that the steps taken by us to protect our intellectual property will be adequate to prevent misappropriation of our technology or that our competitors will not independently develop technologies that are substantially equivalent or superior to our technology. In addition, the laws of certain foreign countries may not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent, as do the laws of the U.S. The semiconductor industry is characterized by frequent claims and litigation regarding patent and other property rights. We are not currently a party to any claims of this nature. There can be no assurances that third parties will not assert claims or initiate litigation against us or our customers with respect to existing or future products. In addition, we may initiate claims or litigation against third parties for infringement of our proprietary rights or to determine the scope and validity of our proprietary rights.
We depend on our key personnel
Our future success depends to a large extent upon the continued service of key personnel, including engineering, sales and marketing staff, and highly skilled semiconductor design staff. We anticipate that any future growth will require us to recruit and hire a number of new personnel in engineering, operations, finance, sales and marketing. Competition for such personnel can be intense, and there can be no assurance that we can recruit and retain necessary personnel to operate our business and support future growth.
The market price of our common stock is volatile
The trading price of our common stock has been, and will likely continue to be, subject to wide fluctuations in response to quarterly variations in our operating results, announcements of new products or technological innovations by us or our competitors, strategic alliances between us and third parties, general market fluctuations and other events and factors. Changes in earnings estimates made by brokerage firms and industry analysts relating to the markets in which we do business, or relating to us specifically, have in the past resulted in, and could in the future result in, an immediate and adverse effect on the market price of the common stock. Even though our stock is quoted on the Nasdaq Stock Market, our stock has had and may continue to have low trading volume and high volatility. The historically low trading volume of our stock makes it more likely that a severe fluctuation in volume, either up or down, will significantly impact the stock price. Since our shares are thinly traded, our shareholders may have difficulty selling our common stock.
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws as well as Delaware law contain provisions that could discourage transactions resulting in a change in control, which may negatively affect the market price of our common stock
Our certificate of incorporation, our bylaws and Delaware law contain provisions that might enable our management to discourage, delay or prevent change in control. In addition, these provisions could limit the price that investors would be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to a variety of risks, including foreign currency fluctuations and changes in interest rates affecting investment earnings.
International sales represent a significant portion of our total revenues. To date, all of our licensing revenues have been denominated in U.S. dollars and most costs have been incurred in U.S. dollars. We have subsidiary operations in Hong Kong and customers in the PRC, and, accordingly, we are exposed to transaction gains and losses that could result from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We use the local currency (Hong Kong dollars) as the functional currency for our Valence subsidiaries. The Hong Kong dollar has remained relatively constant due to the U.S. dollar peg and currency board system that has been in effect in Hong Kong since 1983. To date, most of our semiconductor revenue and expenses incurred have been denominated in Hong Kong dollars. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating foreign currency financial statements into U.S. dollars were not significant in fiscal 2004, 2003, and 2002. Cash balances maintained by Valence in excess of normal operating requirements are invested in U.S. denominated bank accounts further reducing balance sheet exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Under the current circumstances, we believe that the foreign currency market risk is not material, however, we can give no assurance that the Hong Kong economy will not worsen or that the historical currency peg of the Hong Kong dollar to the U.S. dollar will be maintained. We actively monitor our foreign exchange exposure and, should circumstances change, intend to implement strategies to reduce our risk at such time that it determines that the benefits of such strategies outweigh the associated costs. There can be no assurance that managements efforts to reduce foreign exchange exposure will be successful.
Our exposure to market risk includes changes in interest rates, which relates primarily to our invested balances of cash, cash equivalents and investments. Our investment policy specifies excess funds are to be invested in a manner that preserves capital, provides liquidity and generates the highest available after-tax return. To limit exposure to market risk, we place our cash in banks, cash equivalents in high quality, short-term commercial paper and money market funds and investments consisting of U.S. government securities and U.S government-backed securities. We do not invest in any derivative instruments. All cash, cash equivalents and investments are carried at fair value, which approximates cost.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The financial statement information, including the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, required by this Item 8 is set forth on pages F-1 to F-27 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is hereby incorporated into this Item 8 by reference. The Quarterly Financial Information required by this Item 8 is set forth in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is hereby incorporated into this Item 8 by reference.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our Chief Executive Officer and President and our Chief Financial Officer have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K and, based on this evaluation, have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
Changes in Internal Controls. There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during our fourth quarter ended December 31, 2004 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.
Item 9B. Other Information
Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant
Information regarding our executive officers is included in Item 1A of Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is hereby incorporated into this Item 10 by reference. The information set forth under the captions Election of Directors, Information About the Board of Directors and Committees of the Board and Transactions with Management and OthersSection 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance in our definitive proxy statement (the Proxy Statement) for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders that is scheduled to occur in June 2005, is incorporated herein by reference. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the close of fiscal 2004.
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Except as specifically provided, the information set forth under the captions Compensation of Executive Officers and Information About the Board of Directors and Committees of the BoardCompensation of Directors in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the close of fiscal 2004. The Report on Executive Compensation and the Performance Graph set forth under the caption Compensation of Executive Officers in the Proxy Statement shall not be deemed incorporated by reference herein and shall not otherwise be deemed filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
Information regarding security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated by reference to the information set forth under the caption Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management in the Proxy Statement. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the close of fiscal 2004.
Information regarding equity compensation plans required by this Item 12 is included in Item 5 of Part II of this report and is incorporated into this Item by reference.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
The information set forth under the caption Transactions with Management and Others in the Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the Commission not later than 120 days after the close of fiscal 2004.
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Information regarding principal accountant fees and services is incorporated by reference to the information set forth under the caption Relationship of the Company with Independent Auditors in the Proxy Statement. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the close of fiscal 2004.
(a) Documents Filed as Part of This Report:
(1) Financial Statements
(2) Financial Statement Schedules
The financial statement schedule included in Part II, Item 8 herein is filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All other schedules are omitted as the required information is inapplicable or the information is presented in the consolidated financial statements or related notes.
The exhibits listed below are hereby filed with the SEC as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Company will furnish a copy of any exhibit upon request, but a reasonable fee will be charged to cover our expenses in furnishing such exhibit.