Hillshire Brands Co 10-Q 2012
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2011
Commission file number 1-3344
Sara Lee Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
3500 Lacey Road, Downers Grove, Illinois 60515
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of accelerated filer, large accelerated filer, smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
On December 31, 2011, the Registrant had 591,592,387 outstanding shares of common stock $.01 par value, which is the Registrants only class of common stock.
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
For the Quarter and Six Months ended December 31, 2011 and January 1, 2011
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
For the period July 3, 2010 to December 31, 2011
Total comprehensive income was $1.206 billion in the first six months of 2011, of which $1.202 billion was attributable to Sara Lee.
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
For the Six Months ended December 31, 2011 and January 1, 2011
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
SARA LEE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
The consolidated financial statements for the quarter and six months ended December 31, 2011 and January 1, 2011 have not been audited by an independent registered public accounting firm, but in the opinion of Sara Lee Corporation (corporation or company), these financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position, operating results, and cash flows. The results of operations for the six months ended December 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be expected for the full fiscal year. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of July 2, 2011 has been derived from the corporations audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 2, 2011. The fresh bakery, refrigerated dough and foodservice beverage businesses in North America as well as the international household and body care and European bakery businesses are presented as discontinued operations in the corporations consolidated financial statements. See Note 6 Discontinued Operations for additional information regarding these discontinued operations. Unless stated otherwise, any reference to income statement items in these financial statements refers to results from continuing operations.
The interim consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although the corporation believes the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses and certain financial statement disclosures. Actual results could differ from these estimates. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the corporations Form 10-K for the year ended July 2, 2011 and other financial information filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These financial statements consider subsequent events through the date of filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The corporations fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to June 30. Fiscal 2012 ends on June 30, 2012. The second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2012 ended on December 31, 2011 and the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011 ended on January 1, 2011. Each of the quarters was a thirteen-week period and each of the six month periods was a twenty-six week period. Fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 are both 52-week years. Unless otherwise stated, references to years relate to fiscal years.
In January 2011, the corporation announced that its board of directors has agreed in principle to divide the company into two separate, publicly traded companies which is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2012. Under the current plan, the international coffee and tea business will be spun-off, tax-free, into a new public company (spin-off). The other company will primarily consist of Sara Lees current North American retail, foodservice and specialty meats businesses. The separation plan is subject to final approval by the board of directors, other customary approvals and the receipt of an IRS tax ruling.
In conjunction with this planned separation, the board of directors intends to declare a $3.00 per share dividend on the corporations common stock. This special dividend is expected to be declared and paid in the fourth quarter of 2012.
The computation of net income per share only includes results attributable to Sara Lee and does not include earnings related to noncontrolling interests. Net income per share basic is computed by dividing net income attributable to Sara Lee by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Net income per share diluted reflects the potential dilution that could occur if options or fixed awards to be issued under stock-based compensation awards were converted into common stock. For the quarter and six months ended December 31, 2011, options to purchase 2.4 million shares of the corporations common stock had exercise prices that were greater than the average market price of those shares during the respective reporting periods. For the quarter and six months ended January 1, 2011, options to purchase 12.1 million shares of the corporations common stock had exercise prices that were greater than the average market price of those shares during the respective reporting periods. For the six months ended December 31, 2011, the dilutive effect of stock option and award plans was excluded from the earnings per share calculation on a year-to-date basis as they would be anti-dilutive given the loss in the period.
The average shares outstanding declined in the second quarter and first six months of 2012 as compared to the second quarter and first six months of 2011 as a result of shares repurchased in 2011. During 2011, the corporation repurchased 80.2 million shares of common stock for $1.3 billion, a significant portion of which were repurchased after the end of the second quarter of 2011. As of December 31, 2011, the corporation was authorized to repurchase approximately $1.2 billion of common stock under its existing share repurchase program, plus 13.5 million shares of common stock that remain authorized for repurchase under the corporations prior share repurchase program. The corporation repurchases common stock at times management deems appropriate. However, the corporation does not expect to continue with any further share repurchases.
The following is a reconciliation of net income (loss) to net income (loss) per share basic and diluted for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 and 2011 (per share amounts are rounded and may not add to total):
Computation of Net Income per Common Share
(In millions, except per share data)
The following is a general description of the corporations four business segments:
Beginning in 2012, the results for the companys Aidells gourmet sausage business and Gallo Salame business are being reported as part of the North American Foodservice and Specialty Meats segment (formerly North American Foodservice). These businesses were previously reported under the North American Retail segment. In conjunction with the North American segmentation changes, the corporation moved $39 million of goodwill from the North American Retail segment to the North American Foodservice and Specialty Meats segment and determined that no goodwill impairment was necessary.
The results of the North American foodservice beverage business (formerly reported under the North American Foodservice segment) and the results of the European bakery operations (formerly reported under the International Bakery segment) are being reported as part of the results of discontinued operations. See Note 6 Discontinued Operations for additional information. Prior year results have been revised to reflect the current years presentation.
The following is a summary of net sales and operating segment income by business segment:
As previously noted, Aidells and Gallo Salame were moved from the North American Retail segment to the North American Foodservice and Specialty Meats segment. Segment assets have also been revised to reflect the assets of the North American foodservice beverage and European bakery businesses as net assets held for sale. A summary of the segment assets as of December 31, 2011 and July 2, 2011 is as follows:
In December 2011, the company acquired CoffeeCompany, a leading Dutch café store operator in the Netherlands; Tea Forte, a producer of ultra premium teas that are marketed world wide; and a portion of House of Coffee, a leading foodservice provider of coffee and tea products in Norway and Denmark for a total of $29 million plus a performance-based contingent purchase price payment up to $7 million. The majority of the House of Coffee business was acquired by the companys Norwegian joint venture partner, Kaffehuset Friele, in which the company holds a 45-percent minority interest. These acquisitions have added approximately $17 million to goodwill, which will likely be adjusted once the purchase accounting for these acquisitions is finalized.
Subsequent to the end of the second quarter of 2012, the company agreed to pay 115 million to Philips Electronics (Philips) to acquire their ownership interest in the Senseo coffee trademark. This acquisition will provide Sara Lee with full ownership of the Senseo trademark, which was previously co-owned with Philips. The trademark asset will be amortized over a 20 year life beginning in the third quarter of 2012. The company also expects to pay an additional 55 million to Philips in the third quarter to terminate the prior Senseo coffee equipment manufacturing agreement and to reimburse Philips for other project costs and it is expected that the majority of these payments will be expensed.
The company recognized impairment charges of $32 million in the first six months of 2012, all of which related to the writedown of capitalized computer software which were no longer determined to have any future use by the company. Of the total impairment charge, $14 million ($10 million after tax) was recognized in the second quarter of 2012 as part of general corporate expenses. The significant impairments are reported on the Impairment Charges line of the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income. The related tax benefit is determined using the statutory tax rates for the tax jurisdiction in which the impairment occurred.
In 2012, the company incurred property and business interruption losses and other charges associated with a flood at our coffee facility in Thailand. The company incurred $2.5 million of losses in the period which will not be covered by insurance. The majority of these charges were recognized as part of general corporate expense.
The businesses that formerly comprised the North American Fresh Bakery and the International Household and Body Care segments; as well as the refrigerated dough and foodservice beverage operations in North America, which were previously reported as part of the North American Foodservice segment; and the European bakery operations, which were previously reported as part of the International Bakery segment are classified as discontinued operations and are presented in a separate line in the Consolidated Statements of Income for all periods presented. The assets and liabilities for the businesses to be sold meet the accounting criteria to be classified as held for sale and have been aggregated and reported on a separate line of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet for all periods presented.
North American Operations:
On November 9, 2010, the corporation signed an agreement to sell its North American fresh bakery business to Grupo Bimbo for $959 million, which included the assumption of $34 million of debt. The sale also includes a small portion of business that is part of the North American Foodservice and Specialty Meats segment which is not reflected as discontinued operations as it does not meet the definition of a component pursuant to the accounting rules. On October 21, 2011, the company announced an agreement with Grupo Bimbo and the Department of Justice that allowed the parties to complete the sale. It included certain remedies requiring Grupo Bimbo to divest certain brands, assets and perpetual rights in various regions, which resulted in a reduction of the purchase price to $709 million. The transaction closed on November 4, 2011 and Sara Lee received $717 million, which included working capital and other purchase price adjustments. The company entered into a customary transition services agreement with the purchaser of this business to provide for the orderly separation of the business and transition of various administrative functions and processes. The services agreement is for a period of one year but may be extended up to an additional two years.
The buyer of the North American Fresh Bakery business assumed all the pension and postretirement medical liabilities associated with these businesses, including any multi-employer pension liabilities. An actuarial analysis under ERISA guidelines is being performed to determine the final plan assets that should be transferred to support the pension liabilities assumed by the buyer. The actuarial analysis, which is expected to be completed during the third quarter of 2012, may result in an adjustment to the funded status of the pension plans transferred to the buyer, which would result in an adjustment to the purchase price but not impact the gain on sale. The transfer of the benefit plan liabilities to the buyer resulted in the recognition of a $34 million settlement loss related to the defined benefit pension plans and a $71 million settlement gain and a $44 million curtailment gain related to the postretirement benefit plans. These amounts, which are subject to change based on the final actuarial analysis, have been included in the gain on disposition of this business.
In the first quarter of 2012, steps were taken to market and dispose of the North American foodservice beverage business. As such, the results of this component are classified as discontinued operations in the Condensed Consolidated Income Statement and the net assets are reported as available for sale on the consolidated balance sheet for all periods presented. On October 24, 2011, the company announced that it had entered into an agreement to sell the majority of its North American foodservice beverage operations to the J.M. Smucker Company (Smuckers) for $350 million and the transaction closed on December 31, 2011 resulting in a pretax gain of $222 million. The company received $376 million of proceeds, which included a working capital adjustment, shortly after the end of the quarter. As a result, the company established a receivable for the proceeds which is reported in the current asset section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2011. The company entered into a customary transition services agreement with Smuckers to provide for the orderly separation of the business and the transition of various administrative functions and processes. Sara Lee also entered into a 10 year partnership to collaborate on liquid coffee innovation that will pay Sara Lee approximately $50 million plus growth-related royalties over the 10 year period. While this arrangement will provide a continuation of cash flows subsequent to the divestiture, it does not represent significant continuing cash flows or significant continuing involvement that would preclude classification of the North American foodservice beverage component as a discontinued operation. The company performed an updated impairment analysis for the remaining assets for sale in North American Foodservice beverage and recognized a pretax impairment charge of $6 million in the second quarter to 2012 which has been recognized in the operating results for discontinued operations. The company has also recognized exit related costs for this business which is included in the operating results for discontinued operations. Once the transition services agreement with Smuckers is complete and any residual assets of the North American Foodservice Beverage component are sold, additional exit related costs are expected to be recognized.
In the fourth quarter of 2011, steps were taken to market and dispose of the North American refrigerated dough business. On August 9, 2011, the company announced it had entered into an agreement to sell its North American refrigerated dough business to Ralcorp for $545 million. Although the transaction closed in the first quarter of 2012, the company did not receive the $552 million of proceeds, which included working capital adjustments, until the second quarter of 2012. The corporation entered into a customary transitional services agreement with the purchaser of this business to provide for the orderly separation of the business and the orderly transition of various functions and processes.
In the third quarter of 2011, management indicated that its International Bakery operations were under strategic review. The asset disposal groups comprising the International Bakery operations were tested for impairment under the held and used model in 2011 and it was determined no impairment was necessary. During the first quarter of 2012, management decided to divest the Spanish bakery and French refrigerated dough businesses, collectively referred to as European bakery, requiring that these businesses be tested for impairment under the available for sale model. Based on a first quarter 2012 estimate of the anticipated proceeds for these businesses, the corporation recognized a pretax impairment charge of $371 million for the Spanish bakery and French refrigerated dough businesses. In the second quarter of 2012, the impairment was increased by $8 million resulting in a total impairment charge of $379 million in 2012. A tax benefit of $38 million was recognized on these impairment charges. On October 10, 2011, the company announced that it had signed an agreement to sell the Spanish bakery business to Grupo Bimbo for 115 million and closed the transaction in the second quarter, recognizing a pretax gain of $15 million. In the second quarter of 2012, the corporation announced that it was considering a binding offer for the sale of the French refrigerated dough business for 115 million. The disposition of this business closed in the third quarter of 2012.
The company entered into an agreement to sell all of its non-Indian insecticides business for 154 million to SC Johnson and received a deposit of 152 million in December 2010 on the sale of these businesses. Due to competition concerns raised by the European Commission, the two parties abandoned the transaction as originally agreed but were able to complete the sale of the insecticides businesses outside the European Union (Malaysia, Singapore, Kenya and Russia) as
well as a limited number of businesses inside the European Union in 2012. The company also divested the remaining insecticides businesses inside the European Union to another buyer and transferred the net proceeds received from the divestiture of those businesses to SC Johnson. The company recognized a pretax gain of $256 million on the dispositions. The company will no longer recognize any revenues related to the insecticides business after the end of the second quarter of 2012.
In May 2011, the company completed the sale of the majority of its shoe care businesses. Certain other shoe care businesses were to be sold on a delayed basis. In the first six months of 2012, the company closed on the sale of its shoe care business in Malaysia and China and received $54 million of proceeds, which included working capital adjustments.
In July 2010, the company sold a majority of its air care products business. When this business was sold, certain operations were retained in Spain, until production related to non-air care businesses ceases at the facility. The transaction closed subsequent to the end of the second quarter and as such, the final gain on the sale of this facility will be recognized in the third quarter of 2012.
The following is a summary of the operating results of the corporations discontinued operations:
In the first six months of 2012, the results of the discontinued operations includes a $189 million tax benefit ($71 million for the quarter) related to tax basis differences associated with the North American Fresh Bakery assets.
The following is a summary of the gain on sale of the corporations discontinued operations:
In 2012, the $158 million tax expense recognized on the sale of the North American refrigerated dough business was impacted by $254 million of goodwill that had no tax basis. The tax expense recognized in 2011 on the sale of Air Care Products includes a $77 million charge related to the anticipated repatriation of the cash proceeds received on the disposition of this business.
The following is a summary of the net assets held for sale as of December 31, 2011 and July 2, 2011:
The discontinued operations cash flows are summarized in the table below:
The net cash received from investing activities in 2012 primarily represents the cash proceeds received on the sale of the North American fresh bakery and refrigerated dough businesses. The net cash received from investing activities in 2011 primarily represents the cash proceeds received on the sale of the air care business. The cash used in financing activities in 2011 primarily represents the net transfers of cash with the corporate office. The net assets of the discontinued operations assumes that the cash of those businesses has been retained as a corporate asset.
On September 7, 2010, the corporation completed a tender offer for any and all of its 6 1/4 % Notes due September 15, 2011, of which $1.11 billion aggregate principal amount was outstanding. At the time of expiration of the tender offer, $653.3 million of the 6 1/4% notes had been validly tendered. The corporation recognized a $30 million charge associated with the early extinguishment of this debt, which is reported on the Debt extinguishment costs line of the Consolidated Income Statement. On October 8, 2010, the corporation redeemed the remaining $456.7 million of aggregate principal outstanding of the 6 1/4% Notes, which resulted in $25 million of additional debt extinguishment charges in the second quarter of 2011.
In January 2011, the corporation announced that its board of directors had agreed in principle to divide the company into two separate, publicly traded companies which is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2012. Under this plan, the corporations international coffee and tea operations will be spun-off, tax-free, into a new public company. As the corporation prepares for the spin-off, it will incur certain spin-off related costs. Spin-off related costs will include restructuring actions such as employee termination costs and costs related to terminating contractual agreements; third party professional fees for consulting and other services that are directly related to the spin-off; and the costs of employees solely dedicated to activities directly related to the spin-off.
In 2009, the corporation initiated Project Accelerate, which was a series of global initiatives designed to drive significant savings over a three year period. The overall cost of the initiatives included severance costs as well as transition costs associated with transferring services to an outside third party. The Project Accelerate initiative was substantially completed as of the end of 2011.
The nature of the costs incurred under these plans includes the following:
1) Exit Activities, Asset and Business Disposition Actions These amounts primarily relate to:
2) Costs recognized in Cost of sales and Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily relate to:
Certain of these costs are recognized in Cost of sales or Selling, general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Income as they do not qualify for treatment as an exit activity or asset and business disposition under the accounting rules for exit and disposal activities. However, management believes the disclosure of these charges provides the reader greater transparency to the total cost of the initiatives.
The following is a summary of the (income) expense associated with new and ongoing actions, which also highlights where the costs are reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Income along with the impact on diluted EPS:
The impact of these actions on the corporations business segments and unallocated corporate expenses is summarized as follows:
The following discussion provides information concerning the exit, disposal and other activities for each year where actions were initiated and material reserves exist.
During 2012, the corporation approved certain actions related to exit, disposal, and spin-off activities and recognized charges of $196 million related to these actions. Each of these activities is expected to be completed within a 12-month period after being approved and include the following:
The following table summarizes the net charges taken for the exit, disposal and spin-off activities approved during 2012 and the related status of the related accruals as of December 31, 2011. The accrued amounts remaining represent cash expenditures necessary to satisfy remaining obligations. The majority of the cash payments to satisfy the accrued costs are expected to be paid in the next 12 months. The company expects to recognize approximately $525 million - $550 million of charges related to continuing and discontinued operations for restructuring actions, other spin-off related activities, and other significant items such as accelerated depreciation on fixed assets and litigation accruals. Of this amount, approximately $480 million - $505 million relates to various exit, disposal and other restructuring actions which are included within the scope of this disclosure.
During 2011, the corporation approved certain actions related to exit, disposal, Project Accelerate and spin-off activities and recognized charges of $141 million related to these actions. Each of these activities was expected to be completed within a 12-month period after being approved and include the following:
The corporation also recognized $100 million of charges in discontinued operations primarily related to restructuring actions taken to eliminate stranded overhead associated with the household and body care businesses.
The following table summarizes the significant actions completed during the first six months of 2012 and the related status of the related accruals as of December 31, 2011. The accrued amounts remaining represent those cash expenditures necessary to satisfy remaining obligations. The majority of the cash payments to satisfy the accrued costs are expected to be paid in the next 12 months.
During 2010, the corporation approved certain actions related to exit, disposal, and Project Accelerate activities and recognized charges of $85 million related to these actions. Each of these activities was expected to be completed within a 12-month period after being approved and include the following:
The following table summarizes the significant actions completed during the first six months of 2012 and the status of the remaining accruals related to the 2010 actions as of December 31, 2011. The accrued amounts remaining represent those cash expenditures necessary to satisfy remaining obligations. The majority of the cash payments to satisfy the accrued costs are expected to be paid in the next 12 months. The corporation does not anticipate any additional material future charges related to the 2010 actions. The composition of these charges and the remaining accruals are summarized as follows:
In periods prior to 2010, the corporation had approved and completed various actions to exit certain defined business activities and lower its cost structure and these actions have had minimal impact on current year results. As of December 31, 2011, the accrued liabilities remaining in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet related to these completed actions total $18 million and primarily represent certain severance obligations. These accrued amounts are expected to be satisfied in cash and will be funded from operations.
The corporation uses derivative financial instruments, including forward exchange, futures, options and swap contracts, to manage its exposures to foreign exchange, commodity prices and interest rate risks. The use of these derivative financial instruments modifies the exposure of these risks with the intent to reduce the risk or cost to the corporation. The corporation does not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes and is not a party to leveraged derivatives. More information concerning accounting for financial instruments can be found in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the companys 2011 Annual Report.
Types of Derivative Instruments
Interest Rate and Cross Currency Swaps
The corporation utilizes interest rate swap derivatives to manage interest rate risk, in order to maintain a targeted amount of both fixed-rate and floating-rate long term debt and notes payable. Interest rate swap agreements that are effective at hedging the fair value of fixed-rate debt agreements are designated and accounted for as fair value hedges. The corporation has a fixed interest rate on approximately 88% of long-term debt and notes payable issued.
The corporation has issued certain foreign-denominated debt instruments and utilizes cross currency swaps to reduce the variability of functional currency cash flows related to the foreign currency debt. Cross currency swap agreements that are effective at hedging the variability of foreign-denominated cash flows are designated and accounted for as cash flow hedges. In the first six months of 2012, the corporation paid $156 million to settle a 333 million notional value cross currency swap. This derivative instrument had effectively converted the currency base of a 2002 U.S. dollar debt issuance to euros. The cash outflow has been reflected on the Repayments of other debt and derivatives line in the financing section of the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Currency Forward Exchange, Futures and Option Contracts
The corporation uses forward exchange and option contracts to reduce the effect of fluctuating foreign currencies on short-term foreign-currency-denominated intercompany transactions, third-party product-sourcing transactions, foreign-denominated investments (including subsidiary net assets) and other known foreign currency exposures. Gains and losses on the derivative instruments are intended to offset losses and gains on the hedged transaction in an effort to reduce the earnings volatility resulting from fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates. Forward currency exchange contracts which are effective at hedging the fair value of a recognized asset or liability are designated and accounted for as fair value hedges. Forward currency contracts that act as a hedge of changes in the underlying foreign currency denominated subsidiary net assets are accounted for as net investment hedges. All remaining currency forward and options contracts are accounted for as mark-to-market hedges. The principal currencies hedged by the corporation include the European euro, British pound, Danish kroner, Hungarian forint, U.S. dollar, Australian dollar and Brazilian real. The corporation hedges virtually all foreign exchange risk derived from recorded transactions and firm commitments and only hedges foreign exchange risk related to anticipated transactions where the exposure is potentially significant.
Commodity Futures and Options Contracts
The corporation uses commodity futures and options to hedge a portion of its commodity price risk. The principal commodities hedged by the corporation include hogs, beef, natural gas, diesel fuel, coffee, corn, wheat and other ingredients. The corporation does not use significant levels of commodity financial instruments to hedge commodity prices and primarily relies upon fixed rate supplier contracts to determine commodity pricing. In circumstances where commodity-derivative instruments are used, there is a high correlation between the commodity costs and the derivative instruments. For those instruments where the commodity instrument and underlying hedged item correlate between 80-125%, the corporation accounts for those contracts as cash flow hedges. However, the majority of commodity derivative instruments are accounted for as mark-to-market hedges. The corporation only enters into futures and options contracts that are traded on established, well-recognized exchanges that offer high liquidity, transparent pricing, daily cash settlement and collateralization through margin requirements.
The corporation uses non-derivative instruments such as non-U.S. dollar financing transactions or non-U.S. dollar assets or liabilities, including intercompany loans, to hedge the exposure of changes in underlying foreign currency denominated subsidiary net assets, and they are declared as Net Investment Hedges.
Cash Flow Presentation
The settlement of derivative contracts related to the purchase of inventory, commodities or other hedged items that utilize hedge accounting are reported in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as an operating cash flow, while those derivatives that utilize the mark-to-market hedge accounting model are reported in investing activities when those contracts are realized in cash. Fixed to floating rate swaps are reported as a component of interest expense and therefore are reported in cash flow from operating activities similar to how cash interest payments are reported. The portion of the gain or loss on a cross currency swap that offsets the change in the value of interest expense is recognized in cash flow from operations.
Contingent Features/Concentration of Credit Risk
All of the corporations derivative instruments are governed by International Swaps and Derivatives Association (i.e. ISDA) master agreements, requiring the corporation to maintain an investment grade credit rating from both Moodys and Standard & Poors credit rating agencies. If the corporations credit rating were to fall below investment grade, it would be in violation of these provisions, and the counterparties to the derivative instruments could request immediate payment or demand immediate collateralization on the derivative instruments in net liability positions. The aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features that are in a liability position was $66 million on December 31, 2011 and $272 million on July 2, 2011, for which the corporation has posted no collateral. If the credit-risk-related contingent features underlying these agreements were triggered on December 31, 2011 and July 2, 2011, the corporation would be required to post collateral of, at most, $66 million and $272 million, respectively, with its counterparties.
A large number of major international financial institutions are counterparties to the corporations financial instruments including cross currency swaps, interest rate swaps, and currency exchange forwards and swaps. The corporation enters into financial instrument agreements only with counterparties meeting very stringent credit standards (a credit rating of A-/A3 or better), limiting the amount of agreements or contracts it enters into with any one party and, where legally available, executing master netting agreements. These positions are continually monitored. While the corporation may be exposed to credit losses in the event of nonperformance by individual counterparties of the entire group of counterparties, it has not recognized any losses with these counterparties in the past and does not anticipate material losses in the future.
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value must be categorized into one of three different levels depending on the assumptions (i.e., inputs) used in the valuation. Level 1 provides the most reliable measure of fair value while level 3 generally requires significant management judgment. Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input significant to the fair value measurement.
The carrying amounts of cash and equivalents, trade accounts receivables, accounts payable, derivative instruments and notes payable approximate fair values. The fair value of the corporations long-term debt, including the current portion, is estimated using discounted cash flows based on the corporations current incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements.
Information on the location and amounts of derivative fair values in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2011 and July 2, 2011 is as follows:
Information related to our cash flow hedges, net investment hedges, fair value hedges and other derivatives not designated as hedging instruments for the periods ended December 31, 2011, and January 1, 2011, follows:
The components of the net periodic pension cost and the postretirement medical cost (benefit) for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 and 2011 are as follows:
The net periodic benefit costs of the defined benefit pension plans were lower in the first six months of 2012 than in 2011 due to the increase in the expected return on plan assets, which results from the higher level of plan assets as of the beginning of this fiscal year due to improved asset returns during 2011; and a reduction in the amortization of net actuarial losses due to actuarial gains recognized during 2011, which reduced the amount of unrecognized actuarial losses to be amortized as of the end of 2011.
Beginning in the second quarter of 2011, the corporation has classified the North American fresh bakery business as discontinued operations and per the sale agreement, the purchaser assumed the pension and postretirement medical obligations related to those discontinued operations. As such, the total net periodic benefit costs associated with the participants in those plans has been included in discontinued operations as these costs were not retained after these businesses were sold. In addition, the related pension and postretirement benefit plan net liabilities and/or assets have been included in assets and/or liabilities held for sale for periods prior to the date the sale closed.
The disposition of the North American fresh bakery business resulted in the recognition of the following plan settlements and curtailments: a $34 million net settlement loss related to the defined benefit pension plans; and a $71 million settlement gain and a $44 million curtailment gain related to the postretirement health-care and life insurance benefit plans. These amounts are being reported as part of the gain on disposition of businesses in discontinued operations. See Note 6 Discontinued Operations for additional information.
As of the date of disposition, the projected benefit obligations and plan assets for the benefit plans impacted by the disposition were remeasured. In total, including both continuing and discontinued operations, the remeasurement resulted in a $68 million increase in pension liability and a $13 million increase in the postretirement health-care and life insurance liability with a corresponding offset to Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in the common stockholders equity section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
During the first six months of 2012 and 2011, the company contributed $121 million and $34 million, respectively, to its defined benefit pension plans. The $121 million contribution includes a 60 million contribution to the companys Dutch pension plan related to an agreement with the Dutch unions to restructure this plan. At the present time, the company expects to contribute approximately $220 million of cash to its defined benefit pension plans in 2012, of which approximately $214 million will be contributed to the international pension plans. The exact amount of cash contributions made to pension plans in any year is dependent upon a number of factors including minimum funding requirements in the jurisdictions in which the corporation operates and arrangements made with trustees of certain foreign plans. As a result, the actual funding in 2012 may differ from the current estimate.
The following table sets out the tax expense and the effective tax rate for the corporation from continuing operations:
Second Quarter and First Six Months of 2012
In the second quarter of 2012, the corporation recognized tax expense of $50 million on pretax income from continuing operations of $83 million, or an effective tax rate of 60.5%. The tax expense and related effective tax rate on continuing operations were impacted by recognizing $20 million of discrete tax expense associated with deferred taxes on unremitted foreign earnings.
In the first six months of 2012, the corporation recognized tax expense of $174 million on pretax income from continuing operations of $173 million, or an effective tax rate of 100.5%. The tax expense and related effective tax rate on continuing operations was determined by applying a 41.1% estimated annual effective tax rate to pretax earnings and then recognizing $103 million of discrete tax items. The discrete tax items relate to the following:
The corporations 2012 estimated annual effective rate increased from 34.7% in the first six months of 2011 to 41.1% due primarily to an increase in the tax charge for the expected repatriation of a portion of 2012 earnings. The expected repatriation of a portion of 2012 earnings increases the 2012 estimated annual effective tax rate by 7%, which includes a 4% impact related to pretax charges for restructuring and other actions to be incurred by the international operations.
Second Quarter and First Six Months of 2011
In the second quarter of 2011, the corporation recognized tax expense of $41 million on pretax income from continuing operations of $129 million, or an effective tax rate of 31.6 %. The tax expense and related effective tax rate on continuing operations were impacted by recognizing various discrete tax items, none of which were material individually or in the aggregate.
In the first six months of 2011, the corporation recognized tax expense of $78 million on pretax income from continuing operations of $227 million, or an effective tax rate of 34.4 %. The tax expense and related effective tax rate on continuing operations were determined by applying a 34.7% estimated annual effective tax rate to pretax earnings and then recognizing various discrete tax items, none of which were material individually or in the aggregate. The expected repatriation of a portion of 2011 earnings increased the 2011 estimated annual effective tax rate by 2%.
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
Each quarter, the corporation makes a determination of the tax liability needed for unrecognized tax benefits that should be recorded in the financial statements. For tax benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities. The amount recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement.
The year-to-date net decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $85 million, resulting in an ending balance of $377 million as of December 31, 2011. There was a decrease in the gross liability for uncertain tax positions of $92 million, of which $52 million relates to prior year decreases, $1 million relates to expiration of statutes of limitation, $1 million relates to audit settlements, and $38 million relates to favorable foreign currency exchange translation. The decrease in gross liability was partially offset by an increase in the gross liability for uncertain tax positions of $7 million related to 2012 increases.
At this time, the corporation estimates that it is reasonably possible that the liability for unrecognized tax benefits will decrease between $25 million to $50 million in the next twelve months from a variety of uncertain tax positions as a result of the completion of various worldwide tax audits currently in process and the expiration of statutes of limitations in several jurisdictions.
The corporations tax returns are routinely audited by federal, state, and foreign tax authorities and these audits are at various stages of completion at any given time. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has completed examinations of the companys U.S. income tax returns through 2006. Fiscal years remaining open to examination in the Netherlands include 2003 and forward. Other foreign jurisdictions remain open to audits after 2000. With few exceptions, the company is no longer subject to state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2005.
Household & Body Care Middle Eastern Trademark Assignments In connection with the sale of the companys Household & Body Care division, the company has a contractual obligation to arrange for the transfer of certain trademark registrations in the Middle East from a third party licensee to the buyers of the Household & Body Care division. To date, the third party licensee has refused to cooperate with these transfers despite contractual commitments to do so, and the company is contemplating pursuing legal action in order to effectuate the transfer of these rights to the buyers. The company believes it is appropriately accrued for any potential obligations related to this dispute.
Aris This is a consolidation of cases filed by individual complainants with the Republic of the Philippines, Department of Labor and Employment and the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) from 1998 through July 1999. The complaint alleges unfair labor practices due to the termination of manufacturing operations in the Philippines by Aris Philippines, Inc. (Aris), a former subsidiary of the corporation. The complaint names the corporation as a party defendant. In 2006, the arbitrator ruled against the corporation and awarded the plaintiffs $80 million in damages and fees. This ruling was appealed by the corporation and subsequently set aside by the NLRC in December 2006. Both the complainants and the corporation have filed motions for reconsideration. The corporation continues to believe that the plaintiffs claims are without merit; however, it is reasonably possible that this case will be ruled against the corporation and have a material adverse impact on the corporations results of operations and cash flows.
Multi-Employer Pension Plans The corporation participates in various multi-employer pension plans that provide retirement benefits to certain employees covered by collective bargaining agreements (MEPP). Participating employers in a MEPP are jointly responsible for any plan underfunding. Factors that could impact funded status of a MEPP include investment performance, changes in the participant demographics, financial stability of contributing employers and changes in actuarial assumptions.
In addition to regular contributions, the corporation could be obligated to pay additional contributions (known as a complete or partial withdrawal liability) if a MEPP has unfunded vested benefits. These withdrawal liabilities, which would be triggered if the corporation ceases to make contributions to a MEPP with respect to one or more collective bargaining units, would equal the corporations proportionate share of the unfunded vested benefits based on the year in which the liability is triggered. The corporation believes that certain of the MEPPs in which it participates have unfunded vested benefits, and some are significantly underfunded. Withdrawal liability triggers could include the corporations decision to close a plant or the dissolution of a collective bargaining unit. Due to uncertainty regarding future withdrawal liability triggers, we are unable to determine the amount and timing of the corporations future withdrawal
liability, if any, or whether the corporations participation in these MEPPs could have any material adverse impact on its financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Disagreements over potential withdrawal liability may lead to legal disputes.
The corporations regularly scheduled contributions to MEPPs related to continuing operations totaled approximately $3 million in 2011 and $4 million in 2010. The corporations regularly scheduled contributions to MEPPs related to its sold North American fresh bakery operations totaled approximately $45 million in 2011 and $43 million in 2010. The corporation also recognized charges (credits) for partial withdrawal liabilities related to MEPPs, which are reported in discontinued operations, of approximately $3 million in the first six months of 2012, $(3) million in 2011 and $23 million in 2010. The $3 million credit in 2011 is an adjustment of an estimate made in 2010.
Hanesbrands Inc. In September 2006, the corporation spun-off its branded apparel business into an independent publicly-traded company named Hanesbrands Inc. (HBI). In connection with the HBI spin-off, the corporation and HBI entered into a tax sharing agreement that governs the allocation of tax assets and liabilities between the parties. As previously disclosed, HBI initiated binding arbitration claiming that it was owed $72 million from the corporation under the tax sharing agreement. In the first quarter of 2012, the tribunal ruled in favor of the corporation on all issues. In addition to prevailing in the arbitration issue, Sara Lee received $15 million from HBI for tax periods prior to the date of the spin-off. Sara Lee recognized the amount owed as income in the Selling, general and administrative expense line in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income for the first six months of 2012.
Nestec/Nespresso The corporation is involved in several legal proceedings relating to its manufacture and sale of LOR EspressO capsules. In June 2010, Nestec/Nespresso (Nestle) filed a suit against Sara Lee Coffee and Tea France alleging patent infringement related to Sara Lees sale and distribution of espresso capsules. On January 19, 2011, Nestle filed a similar suit against Sara Lee Coffee and Tea in the Netherlands after Sara Lee began selling espresso capsules in that country. On May 11, 2011, Sara Lee Coffee and Tea Belgium served a writ of summons on Nestle seeking a declaration of non-infringement in connection with Sara Lees sale and distribution of espresso capsules in Belgium. All of these proceedings relate to the alleged infringement of two European patents granted to Nestle with the exception of the Belgium matter, which also involves a third patent. In the lawsuit filed in France, Nestle claims that damages could be as high as 50 million. The corporation believes that the patents granted to Nestle are not being infringed and further believes the patents are invalid. We are vigorously contesting Nestles allegations.
Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following is managements discussion and analysis of the results of operations for the second quarter and first six months of 2012 compared with the second quarter and first six months of 2011 and a discussion of the changes in financial condition and liquidity during the first six months of 2012. Below is an outline of the analyses included herein:
Sara Lee is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, brand name products for consumers throughout the world focused primarily in the meat, bakery, and beverage products categories. Our brands include Ball Park, Douwe Egberts, Hillshire Farm, Jimmy Dean, Senseo, Pickwick Teas and Sara Lee.
In North America, the company sells a variety of packaged meat products that include hot dogs, corn dogs, breakfast sausages, dinner sausages and deli meats as well as a variety of frozen bakery products and specialty items. These products are sold through the retail channel to supermarkets, warehouse clubs and national chains. The company also sells a variety of meat and bakery products to foodservice customers in North America. Internationally, the company sells coffee and tea products in Europe, Brazil, Australia and Asia through the retail and foodservice channels as well as a variety of bakery and other dessert products to retail customers in Australia and New Zealand.
Unless stated otherwise, any reference to income statement items in these financial statements refers to results from continuing operations. The results of the fresh bakery, refrigerated dough and foodservice beverage businesses in North America, and the international household and body care businesses and the European bakery businesses are being reported as discontinued operations. See Note 6 Discontinued Operations for additional information.
Summary of Results
The business highlights include the following:
Challenges and Risks
As an international consumer products company, we face certain risks and challenges that impact our business and financial performance. The risks and challenges described below have impacted our performance and are likely to impact our future results as well.
The food businesses are highly competitive. In many product categories, we compete not only with widely advertised branded products, but also with private label products that are generally sold at lower prices. As a result, from time to time, we may need to reduce the prices for some of our products to respond to competitive pressures. In addition, the general economic weakness has negatively impacted our business and may also result in increased pressure to reduce the prices for some of our products, limit our ability to increase or maintain prices or lead to a continued shift toward private label products. Any reduction in prices or our inability to increase prices could negatively impact profit margins and the overall profitability of our reporting units, which could potentially trigger a goodwill impairment.
In January 2012, the Brazilian government revised the tax laws related to the export of green coffee which may negatively impact the International Beverage Brazil reporting units ability to achieve targeted profit levels. A decline in this reporting units profitability could trigger a goodwill impairment in the third quarter of 2012. There is approximately $40 million (73 million Brazilian real) of goodwill associated with this reporting unit.
Commodity prices directly impact our business because of their effect on the cost of raw materials used to make our products and the cost of inputs to manufacture, package and ship our products. In addition, under some of our contracts, the prices at which we sell our products are tied to increases and decreases in commodity costs. Many of the commodities we use, including coffee, wheat, beef, pork, corn, corn syrup, soybean and corn oils, butter, sugar and fuel, have experienced price volatility due to factors beyond our control. The companys objective is to offset commodity price increases with pricing actions and to offset any operating cost increases with continuous improvement savings. Commodity costs, excluding mark-to-market derivative gains/losses related to commodities, increased by approximately $323 million in the first six months, which is net of $37 million of currency mark-to-market gains related to coffee purchases recognized by the Coffee and Tea segment. The increase in commodity costs was offset by approximately $311 million of pricing actions.
The companys business results are also heavily influenced by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. For the most recently completed fiscal year, approximately 50% of net sales and operating segment income were generated outside of the U.S. As a result, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly the European euro, can have a significant impact on the reported results. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates increased net sales by $60 million and increased operating income by $10 million in the first six months of 2012.
The companys proposed spin-off of its Coffee and Tea business and resulting separation of Sara Lee into two independent, public companies is a complex transaction that impacts all aspects of our business. Although we believe the transaction will enhance long-term stockholder value, there are various financial and operational risks and uncertainties inherent in the spin-off that could have a negative impact on our financial results for at least the near term. These include the diversion of managements attention from operating and growing the business; potential disruption of operations due to restructuring and right sizing each company; the potential loss of, or inability to recruit, key personnel; and the potential inability to minimize stranded costs incurred in connection with the spin-off.
Management measures and reports Sara Lees financial results in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). In this report, Sara Lee highlights certain items that have significantly impacted the corporations financial results and uses several non-GAAP financial measures to help investors understand the financial impact of these significant items. The non-GAAP financial measures used in this report are adjusted net sales, adjusted operating segment income, and adjusted operating income, which exclude from a financial measure computed in accordance with GAAP the impact of significant items, the impact of acquisitions and dispositions and changes in foreign currency
exchange rates. Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures reflect an additional way of viewing aspects of Sara Lees business that, when viewed together with Sara Lees financial results computed in accordance with GAAP, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting Sara Lees historical financial performance and projected future operating results, greater transparency of underlying profit trends and greater comparability of results across periods. These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be a substitute for the comparable GAAP measures and should be read only in conjunction with our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP.
In addition, investors frequently have requested information from management regarding significant items and the impact of the contingent sale proceeds. Management believes, based on feedback it has received during earnings calls and discussions with investors, that these non-GAAP measures enhance investors ability to assess Sara Lees historical and projected future financial performance. Management also uses certain of these non-GAAP financial measures, in conjunction with the GAAP financial measures, to understand, manage and evaluate our businesses, in planning for and forecasting financial results for future periods, and as one factor in determining achievement of incentive compensation. Two of the three performance measures under Sara Lees annual incentive plan are net sales and operating income, which are the reported amounts as adjusted for significant items and possibly other items. Operating income, as adjusted for significant items, also may be used as a component of Sara Lees long-term incentive plans. Many of the significant items will recur in future periods; however, the amount and frequency of each significant item varies from period to period. See Non-GAAP Measures Definitions for additional information regarding these financial measures.
Significant Items Affecting Comparability
The reported results for 2012 and 2011 reflect amounts recognized for actions associated with various restructuring actions and other significant amounts that impact comparability. More information on these costs can be found in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, Exit, Disposal and Other Restructuring Activities. See below for additional information regarding the nature of these items.
In preparation for the spin-off, Sara Lee has identified cost reduction opportunities of $180 million to $200 million, achievable over fiscal 2012 and 2013, which will result from the downsizing of corporate resources, the reduction in overhead within the North American meat businesses and the international coffee and tea businesses as well as the completion of Project Accelerate initiatives. Approximately $525 million to $550 million of net charges are expected to be incurred in 2012 related to the above cost savings initiatives, other spin-off related activities, as well as various other significant items. The net charge includes amounts related to both continuing and discontinued operations but excludes impairment charges and gains or losses on the sale of businesses. Of the total expected charge, approximately $234 million has been incurred in the first six months of 2012.
Exit Activities, Asset and Business Dispositions These costs are reported on a separate line of the Consolidated Statements of Income. Exit activities primarily relate to charges taken to recognize severance actions approved by the corporations management and the exit of leased facilities or other contractual arrangements. Asset and business disposition activities include costs associated with separating businesses targeted for sale, as well as gains and losses associated with the disposition of asset groups that do not qualify for discontinued operations reporting.
Other Significant Items The reported results are also impacted by other items that affect comparability. These items include, but are not limited to, impairment charges, debt extinguishment costs, and certain discrete tax matters, which include charges related to the tax on unremitted earnings, audit settlements/reserve adjustments, valuation allowance adjustments and various other tax matters.
Impact of Significant Items on Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share Attributable to Sara Lee