Annual Reports

 
Quarterly Reports

  • 10-Q (Nov 4, 2015)
  • 10-Q (Aug 5, 2015)
  • 10-Q (May 6, 2015)
  • 10-Q (Nov 5, 2014)
  • 10-Q (Aug 6, 2014)
  • 10-Q (May 7, 2014)

 
8-K

 
Other

StanCorp Financial Group 10-Q 2010

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.2
  6. Ex-32.2
FORM 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File Number: 1-14925

 

 

STANCORP FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Oregon   93-1253576

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1100 SW Sixth Avenue, Portland, Oregon, 97204

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(971) 321-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

NONE

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large Accelerated filer  x    Accelerated filer  ¨    Non-accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

As of April 23, 2010, there were 47,356,627 shares of the registrant’s common stock, no par value, outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

INDEX

 

PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the three
months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009

   1
 

Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

   2
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the three months
ended March 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2009

   3
 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31,
2010  and 2009

   4
 

Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

   5

ITEM 2.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

   30

ITEM 3.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

   62

ITEM 4.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

   62
PART II.    OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.

 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

   63

ITEM 1A.

 

RISK FACTORS

   63

ITEM 2.

 

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

   67

ITEM 3.

 

DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

   68

ITEM 4.

 

(REMOVED AND RESERVED)

   68

ITEM 5.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

   68

ITEM 6.

 

EXHIBITS

   68

SIGNATURES

   69


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

STANCORP FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In millions—except share data)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  

Revenues:

    

Premiums

   $ 507.5      $ 545.0   

Administrative fees

     28.3        24.2   

Net investment income

     149.9        143.5   

Net capital losses:

    

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses on fixed maturity
securities—available-for-sale

     —          (3.3

All other net capital losses

     (7.0     (23.4
                

Total net capital losses

     (7.0     (26.7
                

Total revenues

     678.7        686.0   
                

Benefits and expenses:

    

Benefits to policyholders

     382.4        412.5   

Interest credited

     39.6        34.0   

Operating expenses

     114.8        126.2   

Commissions and bonuses

     54.9        54.6   

Premium taxes

     9.1        8.3   

Interest expense

     9.7        9.9   

Net increase in deferred acquisition costs, value of business acquired
and intangibles

     (7.6     (8.6
                

Total benefits and expenses

     602.9        636.9   
                

Income before income taxes

     75.8        49.1   

Income taxes

     26.1        16.4   
                

Net income

     49.7        32.7   
                

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

    

Unrealized gains (losses) on securities—available-for-sale:

    

Unrealized capital gains (losses) on securities—available-for-sale, net

     39.1        (16.7

Reclassification adjustment for net capital (gains) losses included in net income, net

     (2.6     15.9   

Employee benefit plans:

    

Prior service cost and net losses arising during the period, net

     (2.5     (3.9

Reclassification adjustment for amortization to net periodic pension cost, net

     0.9        1.1   
                

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

     34.9        (3.6
                

Comprehensive income

   $ 84.6      $ 29.1   
                

Net income per common share:

    

Basic

   $ 1.05      $ 0.67   

Diluted

     1.04        0.67   

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

    

Basic

     47,402,609        48,963,496   

Diluted

     47,679,206        49,013,181   

See Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

1


Table of Contents

STANCORP FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in millions)

 

     March 31,
2010
   December 31,
2009
A S S E T S      

Investments:

     

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale (amortized cost of $5,986.5 and $5,923.6)

   $ 6,292.2    $ 6,167.3

Short-term investments

     1.0      1.1

Commercial mortgage loans, net

     4,304.5      4,284.8

Real estate, net

     113.3      113.5

Policy loans

     3.1      3.1
             

Total investments

     10,714.1      10,569.8

Cash and cash equivalents

     99.3      108.3

Premiums and other receivables

     101.7      104.4

Accrued investment income

     114.9      108.8

Amounts recoverable from reinsurers

     936.7      935.0

Deferred acquisition costs, value of business acquired and intangibles, net

     344.4      338.8

Goodwill, net

     36.0      36.0

Property and equipment, net

     122.6      127.2

Other assets

     37.2      66.7

Separate account assets

     4,393.5      4,174.5
             

Total assets

   $ 16,900.4    $ 16,569.5
             
L I A B I L I T I E S    A N D    S H A R E H O L D E R S’    E Q U I T Y      

Liabilities:

     

Future policy benefits and claims

   $ 5,369.0    $ 5,368.7

Other policyholder funds

     4,388.0      4,337.1

Deferred tax liabilities, net

     55.8      30.0

Short-term debt

     2.8      2.9

Long-term debt

     552.9      553.2

Other liabilities

     334.8      367.7

Separate account liabilities

     4,393.5      4,174.5
             

Total liabilities

     15,096.8      14,834.1
             

Commitments and Contingencies (See Note 12):

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, 100,000,000 shares authorized; none issued

     —        —  

Common stock, no par, 300,000,000 shares authorized; 47,344,740 and 47,744,524 shares issued at March 31, 2010 and
December 31, 2009, respectively

     204.0      220.4

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     106.3      71.4

Retained earnings

     1,493.3      1,443.6
             

Total shareholders’ equity

     1,803.6      1,735.4
             

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 16,900.4    $ 16,569.5
             

See Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

STANCORP FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF

CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Dollars in millions)

 

     Common Stock     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Retained
Earnings
    Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
     Shares     Amount        

Balance, January 1, 2009

   48,989,074      $ 262.9      $ (153.9   $ 1,271.3      $ 1,380.3   

Net income

   —          —          —          208.9        208.9   

Cumulative adjustment for the
noncredit portion of losses
from other-than-temporary
impairments, net of tax

   —          —          (2.3     2.3        —     

Other comprehensive income,
net of tax

   —          —          227.6        —          227.6   

Common stock:

          

Repurchased

   (1,551,700     (59.3     —          —          (59.3

Issued to directors

   10,339        0.5        —          —          0.5   

Issued under employee
stock plans, net

   296,811        16.3        —          —          16.3   

Dividends declared on
common stock

   —          —          —          (38.9     (38.9
                                      

Balance, December 31, 2009

   47,744,524        220.4        71.4        1,443.6        1,735.4   
                                      

Net income

   —          —          —          49.7        49.7   

Other comprehensive income,
net of tax

   —          —          34.9        —          34.9   

Common stock:

          

Repurchased

   (535,700     (22.0     —          —          (22.0

Issued to directors

   —          0.1        —          —          0.1   

Issued under employee
stock plans, net

   135,916        5.5        —          —          5.5   
                                      

Balance, March 31, 2010

       47,344,740      $            204.0      $            106.3      $         1,493.3      $         1,803.6   
                                      

 

See Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

STANCORP FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
             2010                     2009          

Operating:

    

Net income

   $ 49.7      $ 32.7   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Net realized losses on sale of investments

     6.7        23.3   

Net loss on impairments of investments

     0.3        3.3   

Depreciation and amortization

     32.5        24.4   

Deferral of acquisition costs, value of business acquired, and other intangibles, net

     (25.3     (26.2

Deferred income taxes

     (2.4     6.5   

Changes in other assets and liabilities:

    

Receivables and accrued income

     4.6        (13.2

Future policy benefits and claims

     6.0        11.2   

Other, net

     (7.6     37.5   
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     64.5        99.5   
                

Investing:

    

Proceeds of investments sold, matured or repaid:

    

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

     156.0        264.8   

Commercial mortgage loans

     101.0        127.9   

Cost of investments acquired or originated:

    

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

     (218.4     (547.1

Commercial mortgage loans

     (141.1     (178.7

Real estate

     (0.3     (1.2

Acquisition of property and equipment, net

     (3.5     (4.8
                

Net cash used in investing activities

     (106.3     (339.1
                

Financing:

    

Policyholder fund deposits

     400.7        505.4   

Policyholder fund withdrawals

     (349.8     (371.8

Short-term debt

     (0.1     (0.1

Long-term debt

     (0.3     (0.8

Issuance of common stock

     4.3        4.2   

Repurchases of common stock

     (22.0     —     
                

Net cash provided by financing activities

     32.8        136.9   
                

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (9.0     (102.7

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     108.3        280.5   
                

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 99.3      $ 177.8   
                

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest

   $ 42.0      $ 35.5   

Income taxes

     0.2        —     

Non-cash transactions:

    

Real estate acquired through commercial mortgage loan foreclosure

     1.1        1.0   

See Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

CONDENSED NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

As used in this Form 10-Q, the terms “StanCorp,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to StanCorp Financial Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires.

 

1. ORGANIZATION, PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

StanCorp, headquartered in Portland, Oregon, is a holding company and conducts business through wholly-owned operating subsidiaries throughout the United States. Through its subsidiaries, StanCorp has the authority to underwrite insurance products in all 50 states. StanCorp operates through two segments: Insurance Services and Asset Management, each of which is described below. See “Note 4—Segments.”

Standard Insurance Company (“Standard”), the Company’s largest subsidiary, underwrites group and individual disability insurance and annuity products, group life and accidental death and dismemberment (“AD&D”) insurance, and provides group dental and vision insurance, absence management services and retirement plan products. Founded in 1906, Standard is domiciled in Oregon, licensed in all states except New York, and licensed in the District of Columbia and the U.S. Territories of Guam and the Virgin Islands.

The Standard Life Insurance Company of New York was organized in 2000 and is licensed to provide group long term and short term disability, life, AD&D and dental insurance in New York. The Standard is a service mark of StanCorp and its subsidiaries and is used as a brand mark and marketing name by Standard and The Standard Life Insurance Company of New York.

Standard Retirement Services, Inc. (“Standard Retirement Services”) administers and services StanCorp’s retirement plans group annuity contracts and trust products. Retirement plan products are offered in all 50 states through Standard or Standard Retirement Services.

StanCorp Equities, Inc. (“StanCorp Equities”) is a limited broker-dealer and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. StanCorp Equities serves as principal underwriter and distributor for group variable annuity contracts issued by Standard and as the broker of record for certain retirement plans using the trust platform. StanCorp Equities carries no customer accounts but provides supervision and oversight for the distribution of group variable annuity contracts and of the sales activities of all registered representatives employed by StanCorp Equities and its affiliates.

StanCorp Mortgage Investors, LLC (“StanCorp Mortgage Investors”) originates and services small, fixed-rate commercial mortgage loans for the investment portfolios of the Company’s insurance subsidiaries. StanCorp Mortgage Investors also generates additional fee income from the origination and servicing of commercial mortgage loans participated to institutional investors.

StanCorp Investment Advisers, Inc. is a Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) registered investment adviser providing performance analysis, fund selection support, model portfolios and other investment advisory, financial planning, and investment management services to its retirement plan clients, individual investors and subsidiaries of StanCorp.

StanCorp Real Estate, LLC is a property management company that owns and manages the Hillsboro, Oregon home office properties and other properties and manages the Portland, Oregon home office properties.

StanCorp and Standard hold interests in low-income housing partnerships. These interests do not meet the requirements for consolidation under existing accounting standards and thus our interests in the low-income housing partnerships are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The total investment in these interests was $19.8 million and $20.1 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

 

5


Table of Contents

The unaudited consolidated financial statements include StanCorp and its subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated on a consolidated basis.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of StanCorp and its subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in conformance with the requirements of Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the financial statement date, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results may differ from those estimates. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial condition at March 31, 2010, and for the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009. Interim results for the three month period ended March 31, 2010, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2010. This report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2009 annual report on Form 10-K.

 

2. NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE

Basic net income per common share was calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Net income per diluted common share, as calculated using the treasury stock method, reflects the potential dilutive effects of stock award grants and exercises of dilutive outstanding stock options. The computation of diluted weighted-average earnings per share does not include stock options with an option exercise price greater than the average market price because they are antidilutive and inclusion would increase earnings per share.

Net income per basic and diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding was calculated as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,
     2010    2009

Net income (In millions)

   $ 49.7    $ 32.7
             

Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding

     47,402,609      48,963,496

Stock options

     269,343      38,804

Stock awards

     7,254      10,881
             

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding

     47,679,206      49,013,181
             

Net income per common share:

     

Net income per basic common share

   $ 1.05    $ 0.67

Net income per diluted common share

     1.04      0.67

Antidilutive shares not included in net income per diluted common
share calculation

     1,131,662      2,341,319

 

3. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

The Company has two active share-based compensation plans: the 2002 Stock Incentive Plan (“2002 Plan”) and the 1999 Employee Share Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). The 2002 Plan authorizes the board of directors to grant incentive or non-statutory stock options and stock awards to eligible employees and certain related parties. The maximum number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the 2002 Plan is 4.8 million shares. As of March 31, 2010, 3.2 million shares or options for shares have been issued under the 2002 Plan. The Company’s ESPP allows eligible employees to purchase StanCorp common stock at a discount. Of the 2.0 million shares authorized for this plan, 0.5 million shares remain available at March 31, 2010.

 

6


Table of Contents

Income before income taxes included compensation cost related to all share-based compensation arrangements of $1.5 million and $3.8 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The related tax benefits were $0.5 million and $1.3 million for the same periods, respectively.

The Company has provided three types of share-based compensation pursuant to the 2002 Plan: option grants, stock award grants and director stock compensation.

Option Grants

Options are granted to directors, officers and certain non-officer employees. Directors typically receive annual grants in amounts determined by the nominating and corporate governance committee of the board of directors and executive officers typically receive annual grants in amounts determined by the organization and compensation committee of the board of directors. Officers may also receive options when hired or promoted to an officer position. In addition, the chief executive officer has authority to award a limited number of options at his discretion to non-executive officers and other employees. Options are granted with an exercise price equal to the closing market price of the StanCorp common stock on the grant date. Directors’ options vest after one year with other options generally vesting in four equal installments on the first four anniversaries of the grant date. Option awards to certain officers vest immediately upon a change of control of the Company as defined in the Company’s change of control agreement. Options generally expire 10 years from the grant date.

The Company granted 215,254 and 427,791 options in the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively, at a weighted-average exercise price of $41.61 and $38.20, respectively. The fair value of each option award granted was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model as of the grant date. The weighted-average grant date fair value of options granted in the first quarters of 2010 and 2009 was $15.95 and $11.58, respectively.

The compensation cost of stock options is recognized over the vesting period, which is also the period over which the grantee must provide services to the Company. At March 31, 2010, the total compensation cost related to unvested option awards that has not yet been recognized in the financial statements was $7.5 million. This cost is expected to be recognized over the next four years.

Stock Award Grants

Stock award grants are a part of the Company’s long-term compensation for certain senior officers. The Company grants annual performance-based stock awards (“Performance Shares”) to designated senior officers two years before the performance period. Performance Shares represent the maximum number of shares issuable to the designated officers. The actual number of shares issued at the end of the performance period is based on satisfaction of employment and certain Company financial performance conditions, with a portion of the shares withheld to cover required tax withholding. Under the current plans, the Company had 0.8 million shares available for issuance as stock award grants at March 31, 2010.

The Company granted 64,790 and 109,884 Performance Shares in the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The compensation cost of these awards as of the grant date was measured using an estimate of the number of Performance Shares that will vest at the end of the performance period, multiplied by the closing market price of StanCorp common stock on the grant date. The Company issued 10,276 and 3,221 shares of StanCorp common stock for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively, to redeem Performance Shares that vested following the 2009 and 2008 performance periods, net of shares repurchased to cover required tax withholding.

The compensation cost that the Company will ultimately recognize as a result of these stock awards is dependent on the Company’s financial performance. Assuming that the maximum target is achieved for each performance goal, $6.4 million in additional compensation cost would be recognized through 2012. A target or

 

7


Table of Contents

expected payout of 70% of the total would result in approximately $4.3 million of additional compensation cost through 2012. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.9 years.

Director Stock Compensation

Each director who is not an employee of the Company receives annual compensation of StanCorp common stock with a fair value equal to $50,000 based on StanCorp’s closing common stock price on the day of the annual shareholders meeting.

Employee Share Purchase Plan

The Company’s ESPP allows eligible employees to purchase StanCorp common stock at a 15% discount off the lesser of the fair market value of the common stock on either the commencement date of each six-month offering period or the end-of-the-period purchase date. Under the terms of the plan, each eligible employee may elect to have up to 10% of the employee’s gross total cash compensation for the period withheld to purchase StanCorp common stock. No employee may purchase StanCorp common stock having a fair value in excess of $25,000 in any calendar year. The Company’s compensation cost resulting from the ESPP was $0.3 million and $1.4 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The related tax benefit was $0.1 million and $0.5 million for the same periods, respectively.

 

4. SEGMENTS

StanCorp operates through two reportable segments: Insurance Services and Asset Management, as well as an Other category. Resources are allocated and performance is evaluated at the segment level. The Insurance Services segment offers group and individual disability insurance, group life and AD&D insurance, group dental and group vision insurance and absence management services. The Asset Management segment offers full-service 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, 457 plans, defined benefit plans, money purchase pension plans, profit sharing plans and non-qualified deferred compensation products and services. This segment also offers investment advisory and management services, financial planning services, commercial mortgage loan origination and servicing, individual fixed-rate annuity products, group annuity contracts and retirement plan trust products. The Other category includes return on capital not allocated to the product segments, holding company expenses, interest on debt, unallocated expenses including costs incurred during our 2009 cost savings initiatives, net capital gains and losses related to the impairment or the disposition of our invested assets and adjustments made in consolidation.

Intersegment revenue is comprised of administrative fee revenues charged by the Asset Management segment to manage the fixed maturity securities and commercial mortgage loan portfolios for the Company’s insurance subsidiaries. These intersegment administrative fee revenues were $3.6 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

8


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth premiums, administrative fees and net investment income by major product line or category within each of our segments:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (In millions)  

Premiums:

    

Insurance Services:

    

Group life and AD&D

   $          205.0      $          211.6   

Group long term disability

     200.8        212.8   

Group short term disability

     50.7        53.8   

Group other

     20.3        19.6   

Experience rated refunds

     (10.9     (12.5
                

Total group insurance

     465.9        485.3   

Individual disability insurance

     40.5        57.6   
                

Total Insurance Services premiums

     506.4        542.9   
                

Asset Management:

    

Retirement plans

     —          0.2   

Individual annuities

     1.1        1.9   
                

Total Asset Management premiums

     1.1        2.1   
                

Total premiums

   $ 507.5      $ 545.0   
                

Administrative fees:

    

Insurance Services:

    

Group insurance

   $ 1.9      $ 1.9   

Individual disability insurance

     0.1        0.1   
                

Total Insurance Services administrative fees

     2.0        2.0   
                

Asset Management:

    

Retirement plans

     22.8        19.6   

Other financial services businesses

     7.1        5.9   
                

Total Asset Management administrative fees

     29.9        25.5   
                

Other

     (3.6     (3.3
                

Total administrative fees

   $ 28.3      $ 24.2   
                

Net investment income:

    

Insurance Services:

    

Group insurance

   $ 71.1      $ 70.8   

Individual disability insurance

     12.9        12.1   
                

Total Insurance Services net investment income

     84.0        82.9   
                

Asset Management:

    

Retirement plans

     21.6        20.8   

Individual annuities

     35.8        30.4   

Other financial services businesses

     3.9        3.3   
                

Total Asset Management net investment income

     61.3        54.5   
                

Other

     4.6        6.1   
                

Total net investment income

   $ 149.9      $ 143.5   
                

 

9


Table of Contents

The following tables set forth select segment information:

 

     Insurance
Services
    Asset
Management
    Other     Total  
     (In millions)  

Three months ended March 31, 2010:

        

Revenues:

        

Premiums

   $ 506.4      $ 1.1      $ —        $ 507.5   

Administrative fees

     2.0        29.9        (3.6     28.3   

Net investment income

     84.0        61.3        4.6        149.9   

Net capital losses

     —          —          (7.0     (7.0
                                

Total revenues

     592.4        92.3        (6.0     678.7   
                                

Benefits and expenses:

        

Benefits to policyholders

     378.1        4.3        —          382.4   

Interest credited

     1.1        38.5        —          39.6   

Operating expenses

     85.2        30.3        (0.7     114.8   

Commissions and bonuses

     48.4        6.5        —          54.9   

Premium taxes

     9.1        —          —          9.1   

Interest expense

     —          —          9.7        9.7   

Net (increase) decrease in deferred acquisition costs, value of business acquired and intangibles

     (8.1     0.5        —          (7.6
                                

Total benefits and expenses

     513.8        80.1        9.0        602.9   
                                

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ 78.6      $ 12.2      $ (15.0   $ 75.8   
                                

Total assets

   $      7,578.7      $    8,986.6      $      335.1      $    16,900.4   
                                
     Insurance
Services
    Asset
Management
    Other     Total  
     (In millions)  

Three months ended March 31, 2009:

        

Revenues:

        

Premiums

   $ 542.9      $ 2.1      $ —        $ 545.0   

Administrative fees

     2.0        25.5        (3.3     24.2   

Net investment income

     82.9        54.5        6.1        143.5   

Net capital losses

     —          —          (26.7     (26.7
                                

Total revenues

     627.8        82.1        (23.9     686.0   
                                

Benefits and expenses:

        

Benefits to policyholders

     407.7        4.8        —          412.5   

Interest credited

     1.9        32.1        —          34.0   

Operating expenses

     85.7        32.9        7.6        126.2   

Commissions and bonuses

     45.8        8.8        —          54.6   

Premium taxes

     8.3        —          —          8.3   

Interest expense

     —          —          9.9        9.9   

Net increase in deferred acquisition costs, value of business acquired and intangibles

     (7.6     (1.0     —          (8.6
                                

Total benefits and expenses

     541.8        77.6        17.5        636.9   
                                

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ 86.0      $ 4.5      $ (41.4   $ 49.1   
                                

Total assets

   $ 7,282.7      $ 6,993.0      $ 292.3      $ 14,568.0   
                                

 

10


Table of Contents
5. RETIREMENT BENEFITS

The Company has the following retirement benefit plans: defined benefit pension plans, a postretirement benefit plan, deferred compensation plans and a non-qualified supplemental retirement plan. Participation in the defined benefit pension plans is generally limited to eligible employees whose date of employment began before 2003 and the postretirement benefit plan is limited to employees who had reached the age of 40 or whose combined age and length of service were equal to or greater than 45 years as of January 1, 2006. These plans are sponsored and administered by Standard and are frozen for new participants.

Defined Benefit Plans

The Company has two non-contributory defined benefit pension plans: the employee pension plan and the agent pension plan. The employee pension plan is for all eligible employees of the Company, and the agent pension plan is for former field employees and agents. The defined benefit pension plans provide benefits based on years of service and final average pay. Under the employee pension plan, a participant is entitled to a normal retirement benefit once the participant reaches age 65. A participant can also receive a normal, unreduced retirement benefit once the sum of his or her age plus years of service equals at least 90. The Company is not obligated to make any contributions to its pension plans for 2010.

The following table sets forth the components of net periodic benefit cost and other amounts recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss for pension benefits:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (In millions)  

Components of net periodic benefit cost:

    

Service cost

   $ 2.4      $ 2.5   

Interest cost

     4.2        4.0   

Expected return on plan assets

     (5.1     (4.4

Amortization of prior service cost

     0.2        0.2   

Amortization of net actuarial loss

     1.1        1.8   
                

Net periodic benefit cost

     2.8        4.1   
                

Other changes in plan assets and benefit obligation recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss:

    

Amortization of prior service cost

     (0.2     (0.2

Amortization of net actuarial loss

     (1.1     (1.8
                

Total recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss

     (1.3     (2.0
                

Total recognized in net periodic benefit cost and other comprehensive (income) loss

   $              1.5      $              2.1   
                

Postretirement Benefit Plan

Standard sponsors and administers a postretirement benefit plan that includes medical, prescription drug benefits and group term life insurance. Eligible retirees are required to contribute specified amounts for medical and prescription drug benefits that are determined periodically and are based on retirees’ length of service and age at retirement.

 

11


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the components of net periodic benefit cost (benefit) and other amounts recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss for postretirement benefits:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2010     2009  
     (In millions)  

Components of net periodic benefit cost (benefit):

    

Service cost (benefit)

   $ 0.1      $ (0.2

Interest cost

     0.3        0.3   

Expected return on plan assets

     (0.1     (0.2

Amortization of prior service cost (credit)

     0.1        (0.1

Amortization of net actuarial gain

     (0.1     —     
                

Net periodic benefit cost (benefit)

     0.3        (0.2
                

Other changes in plan assets and benefit obligation recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss:

    

Amortization of prior service credit (cost)

     (0.1     0.1   

Amortization of net actuarial gain

     0.1        —     
                

Total recognized in other comprehensive (income) loss

     —                       0.1   
                

Total recognized in net periodic benefit cost (benefit) and other comprehensive (income) loss

   $              0.3      $ (0.1
                

Deferred Compensation Plans

The Company offers deferred compensation plans for employees, executive officers, directors, agents and group producers. Eligible employees are covered by one of two qualified deferred compensation plans sponsored by Standard under which a portion of the employee contribution is matched. Employees not eligible for the employee pension plan are eligible for an additional non-elective employer contribution. Employer contributions to the plans were $2.9 million and $3.0 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Eligible executive officers, directors, agents and group producers may participate in one of several non-qualified deferred compensation plans under which a portion of the deferred compensation for participating executive officers, agents and group producers is matched. The liability for the plans was $10.1 million and $9.9 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

Non-Qualified Supplemental Retirement Plan

The Company also provides a non-qualified supplemental retirement plan for eligible executive officers. Under the plan, a participant is entitled to a normal retirement benefit once the participant reaches age 65. A participant can also receive a normal, unreduced retirement benefit once the sum of his or her age plus years of service equals at least 90. Expenses were $0.7 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009. Furthermore, $0.1 million, net of tax, was amortized from accumulated other comprehensive loss associated with this plan for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009. The Company also recorded $0.6 million and $0.5 million in other liabilities for the same periods of 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

12


Table of Contents
6. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The Company markets indexed annuities, which permit the holder to elect a fixed interest rate return or an indexed return, where interest credited to the contracts is based on the performance of the Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) 500 index, subject to an upper limit or cap and minimum guarantees. Policyholders may elect to rebalance between interest crediting options at renewal dates annually. At each renewal date, the Company has the opportunity to re-price the indexed component by changing the cap, subject to minimum guarantees. The Company estimates the fair value of the index-based interest rate guarantees for the current period and for all future reset periods until contract maturity. Changes in the fair value of the index-based interest guarantees are recorded as interest credited and represent an estimate of the cost of the options to be purchased in the future to manage the risk related to the guarantees. The index-based interest guarantees are discounted back to the date of the balance sheet using current market indicators for future interest rates, option costs and actuarial estimates for policyholder lapse behavior and management’s discretion in setting renewal index-based guarantees. The interest credited to policyholders relating to the change in the fair value of the index-based interest guarantees increased $2.4 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to a decrease of $2.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. The increase for the first quarter of 2010 was primarily due to fluctuations of the S&P 500 index, partially offset by the impact of the discount rates used to value the derivatives during the period.

The Company purchases S&P 500 index call spread options (“index options”) for its interest crediting strategy used in its indexed annuity product. The index options are purchased from investment banks and are selected in a manner that supports the amount of interest that is expected to be credited in the current year to annuity policyholder accounts that are dependent on the performance of the S&P 500 index. The purchase of index options is a pivotal part of our risk management strategy for indexed annuity products. The index options are exclusively used for risk management. While valuations of the index options are sensitive to a number of variables, valuations for index options purchased are most sensitive to changes in the S&P 500 index value and the implied volatilities of this index. The Company generally purchases fewer than five index option contracts per month, which all have an expiry date of one year from the date of purchase. The notional amount of the Company’s index option contracts at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 was $262.9 million and $252.5 million, respectively. Option premiums paid for the Company’s index option contracts for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009 were $2.0 million and $1.1 million, respectively. The Company received $2.2 million for options exercised for the first quarter of 2010. No options were exercised for the first quarter of 2009.

The Company recognizes all derivative instruments as assets or liabilities in the balance sheet at fair value. The Company does not designate its derivatives as hedging instruments and thus does not use hedge accounting. As such, any change in the fair value of the derivative assets and derivative liabilities is recognized as income or loss in the period of change.

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s derivative assets (See “Note 7—Fair Value of Financial Instruments” for additional fair value information):

 

     Derivative Assets
     March 31, 2010    December 31, 2009
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments    Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value    Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value
     (In millions)        

S&P 500 index spread option contracts

   Fixed
maturity
securities
   $             10.1    Fixed
maturity
securities
   $             8.6
                   

Total derivative assets

      $ 10.1       $ 8.6
                   

 

13


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the Company’s derivative liabilities:

 

     Derivative Liabilities
     March 31, 2010    December 31, 2009
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments    Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value    Balance Sheet
Location
   Fair Value
     (In millions)        

Index-based interest guarantees embedded in indexed annuities

   Other
policyholder
funds
   $             43.7    Other
policyholder
funds
   $             40.4
                   

Total derivative liabilities

      $ 43.7       $ 40.4
                   

The following table sets forth the amount of gain or loss recognized in earnings from the change in fair value of the Company’s derivative assets and liabilities:

 

          Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized  in
Income on Derivatives
 
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments    Location of Gain
(Loss) Recognized
in Income on
Derivatives
   Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Three Months Ended
March 31, 2009
 
          (In millions)        

S&P 500 index call spread option contracts

   Net investment
income
   $                       1.7      $ (1.4

Index-based interest guarantees embedded in
indexed annuities

   Interest credited      (2.4     2.0   
                   

Net gain (loss)

      $ (0.7   $                       0.6   
                   

The Company does not bear derivative-related risk that would require it to post collateral with another institution, and its index option contracts do not contain counterparty credit-risk-related contingent features. The Company is exposed to the credit worthiness of the institutions from which it purchases its index option contracts and these institutions’ continued abilities to perform according to the terms of the contracts. The current values for the credit exposure have been affected by fluctuations in the S&P 500 index. The Company’s maximum credit exposure would require an increase of approximately 5.8% in the value of the S&P 500 index. The maximum credit risk is calculated using the cap strike price within the Company’s index option contracts less the floor price, multiplied by the notional amount of the contracts.

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s derivative assets and its maximum credit risk exposure related to its derivatives at March 31, 2010:

 

Counterparty    Derivative Assets
at Fair Value
   Maximum  Credit
Risk
     (In millions)

Merrill Lynch

   $ 4.5    $ 7.0

Bank of New York Melon

     5.6      8.5
             

Total

   $                       10.1    $                   15.5
             

 

14


Table of Contents
7. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are disclosed using a three-level hierarchy. The classification of assets and liabilities within the hierarchy is based on whether the inputs to the valuation methodology used for measurement are observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect market-derived or market-based information obtained from independent sources while unobservable inputs reflect our estimates about market data.

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels: Level 1 inputs are based upon quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company can access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market. Level 3 inputs are generated from model-based techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. These unobservable assumptions reflect the Company’s estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

There are three types of valuation techniques used to measure assets and liabilities recorded at fair value: (1) the market approach, which uses prices or other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities; (2) the income approach, which uses the present value of cash flows or earnings; and (3) the cost approach, which uses replacement costs more readily adaptable for valuing physical assets. The Company uses both the market and income approach in its fair value measurements. These measurements are discussed in more detail below.

The table below sets forth the estimated fair value and the carrying value of each financial instrument at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010    December 31, 2009
     Fair Value    Carrying Value    Fair Value    Carrying Value
     (In millions)

Investments:

           

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $     6,282.1    $        6,282.1    $     6,158.7    $       6,158.7

S&P 500 index spread options

     10.1      10.1      8.6      8.6

Commercial mortgage loans, net

     4,306.6      4,304.5      4,177.1      4,284.8

Policy loans

     3.2      3.1      3.3      3.1

Separate account assets

     4,393.5      4,393.5      4,174.5      4,174.5

Liabilities:

           

Total other policyholder funds, investment type contracts

   $ 3,748.9    $ 3,750.7    $ 3,702.6    $ 3,705.4

Index-based interest guarantees

     43.7      43.7      40.4      40.4

Long-term debt

     551.4      552.9      493.8      553.2

Financial Instruments Not Recorded at Fair Value

The Company did not elect to measure and record commercial mortgage loans, policy loans, other policyholders funds that are investment-type contracts, and long-term debt at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets.

For disclosure purposes, the fair values of commercial mortgage loans were estimated using an option-adjusted discounted cash flow valuation. The valuation includes both observable market inputs and estimated model parameters. Significant observable inputs to the valuation include:

 

   

Indicative quarter-end pricing for a package of loans similar to those originated by the Company near quarter-end.

 

   

U.S. Government treasury yields.

 

15


Table of Contents
   

Indicative yields from industrial bond issues.

 

   

The contractual terms of nearly every mortgage subject to valuation.

Significant estimated parameters include:

 

   

A liquidity premium that is estimated from historical loan sales and is applied over and above base yields.

 

   

Adjustments in spread based on an aggregate portfolio loan-to-value ratio, estimated from historical differential yields with respect to loan-to-value ratios.

 

   

Projected prepayment activity.

For policy loans, the carrying values represent historical cost but approximate fair values. While potentially financial instruments, policy loans are an integral component of the insurance contract and have no maturity date.

The fair values of other policyholder funds that are investment-type contracts were calculated using the income approach in conjunction with the cost of capital method. The parameters used for discounting in the calculation were estimated using the perspective of the principal market for the contracts under consideration. The principal market consists of other insurance carriers with similar contracts on their books.

The fair value for long-term debt was predominantly based on quoted market prices as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 and trades occurring close to March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

Financial Instruments Measured and Recorded at Fair Value

Fixed maturity securities available-for-sale, S&P 500 index options and index-based interest guarantees are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. In the Company’s consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, unrealized gains and losses are reported in other comprehensive income for fixed maturity securities available-for-sale, in net investment income for S&P 500 index spread options and in interest credited for index-based interest guarantees.

Separate account assets represent segregated funds held for the exclusive benefit of contract holders. The activities of the account primarily relate to participant-directed 401(k) contracts. Separate account assets are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis with changes in fair value recorded in separate account liabilities. Separate account assets consist of two classes: mutual funds and the stable asset fund. The mutual funds’ fair values are determined through Level 1 and Level 2 inputs. The majority of the separate account assets are valued using quoted prices in an active market with the remainder of the assets valued using quoted prices from an independent pricing service. The Company reviews the values obtained from the pricing service for reasonableness through analytical procedures and performance reviews. The stable asset fund is administered by the Company and the fund’s fair value is determined by the fund’s guaranteed contract crediting rate which is considered a Level 2 input.

Fixed maturity securities available-for-sale and S&P 500 index spread options are reported on the balance sheet as “Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale.” The fixed maturity securities are comprised of the following classes:

 

   

U.S. government and agency bonds.

 

   

U.S. state and political subdivision bonds.

 

   

Foreign government bonds.

 

   

Corporate bonds.

 

   

S&P 500 index spread options.

The fixed maturity securities available-for-sale are diversified across industries, issuers and maturities. The Company fair values all classes of fixed maturity securities using valuation techniques described below. They are placed into three levels depending on the valuation technique used to determine the fair value of the securities.

 

16


Table of Contents

In order to assist management in determining the values of these assets, the Company utilizes an independent pricing service. The pricing service incorporates a variety of market observable information in their valuation techniques, including:

 

   

Reported trading prices.

 

   

Benchmark yields.

 

   

Broker-dealer quotes.

 

   

Benchmark securities.

 

   

Bids and offers.

 

   

Credit ratings.

 

   

Relative credit information.

 

   

Other reference data.

The pricing service also takes into account perceived market movements and sector news, as well as a bond’s terms and conditions, including any features specific to that issue that may influence risk, and thus marketability. Depending on the security, the priority of the use of observable market inputs may change as some observable market inputs may not be relevant or additional inputs may be necessary. The Company generally obtains one value from its primary external pricing service. On a case-by-case basis, the Company may obtain further quotes or prices from additional parties as needed.

The pricing service provides quoted market prices when available. Quoted prices are not always available due to bond market inactivity. The pricing service obtains a broker quote when sufficient information, such as security structure or other market information, is not available to produce a valuation. Valuations and quotes obtained from third party commercial pricing services are non-binding and do not represent quotes on which one may execute the disposition of the assets.

External valuations are validated by the Company at least quarterly through a combination of procedures that include the evaluation of methodologies used by the pricing service, analytical reviews and performance analysis of the prices against statistics and trends, back testing of sales activity and maintenance of a securities watch list. Additionally, as needed the Company utilizes discounted cash flow models or performs independent valuations on a case-by-case basis of inputs and assumptions similar to those used by the pricing service. Although the Company does identify differences from time to time as a result of these validation procedures, the Company did not make any significant adjustments as of March 31, 2010 or December 31, 2009.

S&P 500 index spread options and certain fixed maturity securities available-for-sale were valued using Level 3 inputs and are included in the corporate bonds category in the table below. The Level 3 fixed maturity securities available-for-sale were valued using matrix pricing, independent broker quotes and other market standard valuation methodologies. These values utilized inputs that were not observable or could not be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data. These inputs included assumptions regarding liquidity, estimated future cash flows, and discount rates. Unobservable inputs to these valuations are based on management’s judgment or estimation obtained from the best sources available. The Company’s valuations maximize the use of observable inputs, which include an analysis of securities in similar sectors with comparable maturity dates and bond ratings. Broker quotes are validated by management for reasonableness in conjunction with information obtained from matrix pricing and other sources.

The Company values S&P 500 index spread options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and parameters derived from market sources. The Company’s valuations maximize the use of observable inputs, which include direct price quotes from the Chicago Board Options Exchange (“CBOE”) and values for on-the-run treasury securities and London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) rates as reported by Bloomberg. Inputs to the valuations which are not directly observable are estimated from the best sources available to the

 

17


Table of Contents

Company. Unobservable inputs to these valuations include estimates of future gross dividends to be paid on the stocks underlying the S&P 500 index, estimates of bid-ask spreads, and estimates of implied volatilities on options. Valuation parameters are calibrated to replicate the actual end-of-day market quotes for options trading on the CBOE. The Company performs additional validation procedures such as the daily observation of market activity and conditions and the tracking and analyzing of actual quotes provided by banking counterparties each time the Company purchases options from them. Additionally, in order help to validate the values derived through the procedures noted above, the Company obtains indicators of value from representative investment banks.

The Company uses the income approach valuation technique to determine the fair value of index-based interest guarantees. The liability is the present value of future cash flows attributable to the projected index growth in excess of cash flows driven by fixed interest rate guarantees for the indexed annuity product. Level 3 assumptions for policyholder behavior and future index interest rate declarations significantly impact the calculation. Index-based interest guarantees are included in the other policyholder funds line on the consolidated balance sheet.

The following table sets forth the estimated fair values of assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

    March 31, 2010
    Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3
    (In millions)

Assets:

          

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale:

          

U.S. government and agency bonds

  $ 423.8    $ —      $ 423.8    $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivision bonds

    186.0      —        186.0      —  

Foreign government bonds

    65.3      —        65.3      —  

Corporate bonds

    5,607.0      —        5,536.3      70.7

S&P 500 index spread options

    10.1      —        —        10.1
                          

Total fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

  $ 6,292.2    $ —      $     6,211.4    $         80.8

Separate account assets:

          

Mutual funds

  $     4,349.0    $     4,218.9    $ 130.1    $ —  

Stable asset fund

    44.5      —        44.5      —  
                          

Total separate account assets

  $ 4,393.5    $ 4,218.9    $ 174.6    $ —  

Liabilities:

          

Index-based interest guarantees

  $ 43.7    $ —      $ —      $ 43.7
    December 31, 2009
    Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3
    (In millions)

Assets:

          

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale:

          

U.S. government and agency bonds

  $ 425.0    $ —      $ 425.0    $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivision bonds

    217.3      —        217.3      —  

Foreign government bonds

    31.5      —        31.5      —  

Corporate bonds

    5,493.5      —        5,407.3      86.2
                          

Total fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

  $ 6,167.3    $ —      $ 6,081.1    $ 86.2

Separate account assets

  $ 4,174.5    $ 4,051.2    $ 123.3    $ —  

Liabilities:

          

Index-based interest guarantees

  $ 40.4    $ —      $ —      $ 40.4

 

18


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2010:

 

     Fixed Maturity
Securities—
Available-for-Sale
    S&P 500 Index
Spread Option
Assets
    Index-Based
Interest
Guarantee
Liabilities
 
     (In millions)  

Balance, December 31, 2008

   $ —        $ 2.5      $ (33.0

Total net gains (losses) included in:

      

Net investment income

     —          (1.4     —     

Interest credited

     —          —          2.0   

Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net

     —          1.1        (3.8
                        

Balance, March 31, 2009

     —          2.2        (34.8
                        

Total net gains (losses) included in:

      

Net investment income

     —          1.5        —     

Interest credited

     —          —          0.1   

Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net

     —          1.1        (1.4
                        

Balance, June 30, 2009

     —          4.8        (36.1
                        

Total net gains (losses) included in:

      

Net investment income

     —          3.3        —     

Interest credited

     —          —          (3.7

Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net

     —          1.0        (1.4
                        

Balance, September 30, 2009

     —          9.1        (41.2
                        

Total net gains (losses) included in:

      

Net investment income

     —          1.3        —     

Interest credited

     —          —          2.0   

Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net

     —          (1.8     (1.2

Transfers to Level 3 assets and liabilities

     77.6        —          —     
                        

Balance, December 31, 2009

     77.6        8.6        (40.4
                        

Total net gains (losses) included in:

      

Net investment income

     —          1.7        —     

Interest credited

       —          (2.4

Net capital gain (losses)

     —          —          —     

Unrealized capital gain (losses)

     (2.7     —          —     

Transfers out of Level 3

     (4.2     —          —     

Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net

     —          (0.2     (0.9
                        

Balance, March 31, 2010

   $                   70.7      $               10.1      $ (43.7
                        

Net unrealized gains (losses) included in income before income taxes for the three month period ended March 31:

      

2009

   $ —        $ (1.4   $            2.0   

2010

     —          1.7        (2.4

Net unrealized gains included in other comprehensive income for the three month period ended March 31:

      

2009

   $ —        $ —        $ —     

2010

     3.8        —          —     

The amount of total gains (losses) for the three month period ended March 31, 2010 included in income before income taxes attributable to the change in unrealized gains or losses relating to assets still held at the March 31, 2010

   $ —        $ 1.7      $ (2.8

 

19


Table of Contents

Changes to the fair value of fixed maturity securities available-for-sale were recorded in other comprehensive income. Changes to the fair value of the S&P 500 index spread options were recorded to net investment income. Changes to the fair value of the index-based interest guarantees were recorded as interest credited. The interest credited amount for 2009 also included a change in the Level 3 actuarial assumptions that contributed $2.4 million of negative interest to the balance.

Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis such as non-performing commercial mortgage loans with specific reserves and real estate acquired through commercial mortgage loan foreclosures. The commercial mortgage loans with specific reserves and real estate owned are valued using Level 3 measurements. These measurements include appraisals and a valuation of the market value of the asset using general underwriting procedures. These Level 3 inputs are reviewed for reasonableness by management and evaluated on a quarterly basis.

The following table sets forth the assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the first quarter of 2010 that the Company continued to hold at March 31, 2010:

 

     Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3    Total Loss  
     (In millions)       

Commercial mortgage loans

   $ 124.2    $         —      $         —      $     124.2    $ (17.1

Real estate owned

     2.5      —        —        2.5              (0.3
                                    

Total assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis

   $     126.7    $ —      $ —      $ 126.7    $ (17.4
                                    

Commercial mortgage loans measured on a nonrecurring basis with a carrying amount of $141.3 million were written down to their fair value of $124.2 million at March 31, 2010. The non-performing specific commercial mortgage loan loss allowance related to these loans was $17.1 million as of March 31, 2010. Increases in the non-performing specific commercial mortgage loan loss allowance are recorded in net capital losses. See “Note 9—Commercial Mortgage Loans, Net” for further disclosures regarding the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance.

The following table sets forth the assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the first quarter of 2009 that the Company continued to hold at March 31, 2009:

 

     Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3
     (In millions)

Commercial mortgage loans

   $         0.3    $         —      $         —      $       0.3

Real estate owned

     —        —        —        —  
                           

Total assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis

   $ 0.3    $ —      $ —      $ 0.3
                           

 

20


Table of Contents
8. INVESTMENT SECURITIES

The following tables set forth amortized costs and fair values of fixed maturity securities available-for-sale at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010
     Amortized
Cost
   Unrealized
Gains
   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair
Value
     (In millions)

Available-for-sale:

           

U.S. government and agency bonds

   $ 392.4    $ 31.5    $ 0.1    $ 423.8

U.S. state and political subdivision bonds

     180.6      6.8      1.4      186.0

Foreign government bonds

     61.5      3.8      —        65.3

Corporate bonds

     5,341.9      286.8      21.7      5,607.0

S&P 500 index spread options

     10.1      —        —        10.1
                           

Total fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $     5,986.5    $       328.9    $         23.2    $     6,292.2
                           
     December 31, 2009
     Amortized
Cost
   Unrealized
Gains
   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair
Value
     (In millions)

Available-for-sale:

           

U.S. government and agency bonds

   $ 397.2    $ 28.2    $ 0.4    $ 425.0

U.S. state and political subdivision bonds

     212.0      7.4      2.1      217.3

Foreign government bonds

     30.4      1.2      0.1      31.5

Corporate bonds

     5,284.0      248.0      38.5      5,493.5
                           

Total fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $ 5,923.6    $ 284.8    $ 41.1    $ 6,167.3
                           

The following table sets forth the contractual maturities of fixed maturity securities available-for-sale at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010    December 31, 2009
     Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
     (In millions)

Available-for-sale:

           

Due in 1 year or less

   $ 515.6    $ 527.5    $ 372.7    $ 380.1

Due in 1 to 5 years

     2,680.1      2,830.3      2,747.9      2,875.1

Due in 5 to 10 years

     2,034.8      2,138.7      2,029.0      2,112.4

Due after 10 years

     756.0      795.7      774.0      799.7
                           

Total fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $     5,986.5    $     6,292.2    $     5,923.6    $     6,167.3
                           

Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations. Callable bonds represented 2.9%, or $182.7 million, of our fixed maturity securities available-for-sale at March 31, 2010.

 

21


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth net investment income summarized by type of investment for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Three Months Ended
March 31, 2009
 
     (In millions)  

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $ 80.9      $ 78.3   

S&P 500 index spread options

     1.7        (1.4

Commercial mortgage loans

     69.6        66.3   

Real estate

     1.1        1.6   

Other

     1.6        3.3   
                

Gross investment income

     154.9        148.1   

Investment expenses

     (5.0     (4.6
                

Net investment income

   $                   149.9      $                   143.5   
                

The following table sets forth capital gains (losses) for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Three Months Ended
March 31, 2009
 
     (In millions)  

Gains:

    

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

   $                       4.6      $                     3.2   

Commercial mortgage loans

     0.3        0.3   
                

Gross capital gains

     4.9        3.5   
                

Losses:

    

Fixed maturity securities—available-for-sale

     (0.6     (27.7

Commercial mortgage loans(1)

     (10.9     (2.5

Real estate

     (0.3     —     

Other

     (0.1     —     

Gross capital losses

     (11.9     (30.2
                

Net capital losses

   $ (7.0   $ (26.7
                

 

(1) Includes an increase to the loan valuation allowance of $9.7 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Securities deposited for the benefit of policyholders in various states, in accordance with state regulations, amounted to $6.5 million at both March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

 

22


Table of Contents

The following tables set forth the gross unrealized losses and fair value of investments, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

               Aging
     At March 31, 2010    Less than 12 months    12 or more months
     Number    Amount    Number    Amount    Number    Amount
     (Dollars in millions)

Unrealized losses:

                 

Bonds:

                 

U.S. government and agency

   5    $ 0.1    5    $ 0.1    —      $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivisions

   29      1.4    22      0.7    7      0.7

Corporate

   577      21.7    359      8.0    218      13.7
                                   
           611    $     23.2            386    $         8.8            225    $       14.4
                                   

Fair market value of securities with unrealized losses:

                 

Bonds:

                 

U.S. government and agency

   5    $ 7.0    5    $ 7.0    —      $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivisions

   29      44.6    22      32.5    7      12.1

Corporate

   577      614.6    359      449.0    218      165.6
                                   
   611    $ 666.2    386    $ 488.5    225    $ 177.7
                                   
               Aging
     At December 31, 2009    Less than 12 months    12 or more months
     Number    Amount    Number    Amount    Number    Amount
     (Dollars in millions)

Unrealized losses:

                 

Bonds:

                 

U.S. government and agency

   12    $ 0.4    12    $ 0.4    —      $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivisions

   39      2.1    32      1.1    7      1.0

Foreign government

   1      0.1    1      0.1    —        —  

Corporate

   842      38.5    466      17.1    376      21.4
                                   
   894    $ 41.1    511    $ 18.7    383    $ 22.4
                                   

Fair market value of securities with unrealized losses:

                 

Bonds:

                 

U.S. government and agency

   12    $ 20.7    12    $ 20.7    —      $ —  

U.S. state and political subdivisions

   39      57.2    32      45.3    7      11.9

Foreign government

   1      4.9    1      4.9    —        —  

Corporate

   842      934.5    466      679.0    376      255.5
                                   
   894    $ 1,017.3    511    $ 749.9    383    $ 267.4
                                   

The unrealized losses on the investment securities set forth above were primarily due to increases in market interest rates subsequent to their purchase by the Company. Additionally, unrealized losses have been affected by overall economic factors. The Company expects the fair value of these investment securities to recover as the

 

23


Table of Contents

investment securities approach their maturity dates or sooner if market yields for such investment securities decline. The Company does not believe that any of the investment securities are impaired due to reasons of credit quality or to any company or industry specific event. Based on management’s evaluation of the securities and the Company’s intent to sell or whether it is more likely than not the Company will be required to sell the securities, none of the unrealized losses summarized in this table are considered other-than-temporary.

 

9. COMMERCIAL MORTGAGE LOANS, NET

The Company underwrites mortgage loans on commercial property throughout the United States. In addition to real estate collateral, the Company requires either partial or full recourse on most loans.

At March 31, 2010, there were 29 commercial mortgage loans totaling $19.0 million in our portfolio that were more than 60 days delinquent, of which 12 commercial mortgage loans with a total balance of $9.9 million were in the process of foreclosure. Our commercial mortgage loan delinquency rate as a percentage of our portfolio was 0.44% and 0.40% at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. We also had a net balance of restructured loans of $31.3 million at March 31, 2010. For the first quarter of 2010, four commercial mortgage loans were foreclosed or acquired through deed in lieu in the amount of $2.0 million. The foreclosure of these loans resulted in an overall loss of $0.9 million for the first quarter of 2010. The value of real estate acquired as a result of this activity was $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2010.

Commercial mortgage loans are stated at amortized cost less a loan loss allowance for probable uncollectible amounts. The commercial mortgage loan loss allowance is estimated based on evaluating known and inherent risks in the loan portfolio and consists of a general loan loss allowance and a specific loan loss allowance. The general loan loss allowance is based on the Company’s analysis of factors including changes in the size and composition of the loan portfolio, actual loan loss experience and individual loan analysis. A specific loan loss allowance is set up when a loan is considered to be non-performing. The Company defines a non-performing loan as a loan that is not performing to the contractual terms of the loan agreement or for which the Company believes there is a probability of loss on the loan. In addition, for non-performing commercial mortgage loans, the Company evaluates the loss to dispose of the underlying collateral, any significant out of pocket expenses the loan may incur, the loan-to-value ratio and other quantitative information management has concerning the loan. Loans that are deemed uncollectible are generally written off against the allowance, and recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

The following table sets forth the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance provisions:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Year Ended
December 31, 2009
 
     (In millions)  

Balance at beginning of the period

   $ 19.6      $ 6.8   

Provisions

     11.1        21.1   

Charge offs, net

     (1.4     (8.3
                

Balance at end of the period

   $ 29.3      $ 19.6   
                

The $9.7 million increase in the mortgage loan loss allowance at March 31, 2010 compared to December 31, 2009 was generally due to an increase in the level of requests for forbearance primarily driven by a single borrower with loans totaling approximately $110 million on 80 commercial properties.

 

24


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth non-performing commercial mortgage loans identified in management’s specific review of probable loan losses and the related allowance at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
     (In millions)  

Non-performing commercial mortgages with allowance for losses

   $ 141.3      $ 28.5   

Non-performing commercial mortgages with no allowance for losses

     0.9        1.9   

Allowance for losses on non-performing commercial mortgages, end of the period

     (17.1     (6.5
                

Net carrying value of non-performing commercial mortgages

   $ 125.1      $ 23.9   
                

Non-performing commercial mortgage loans without an allowance for losses are those for which we have determined that it remains probable that the Company will collect all amounts due. The average recorded investment in non-performing mortgages before allowance for losses was $86.3 million and $3.9 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The $112.8 million increase in the non-performing commercial mortgage loans with an allowance as of March 31, 2010 compared to December 31, 2009 was primarily due to a single borrower with loans totaling approximately $110 million on 80 commercial properties. Although the borrower’s commercial mortgage loans were current as of March 31, 2010, the commercial mortgage loans were disclosed as non-performing due to the requested forbearance and the Company’s perceived near-term prospect of the borrower.

Interest income is recorded in net investment income. The Company continues to recognize interest income on delinquent loans until the loans are more than 90 days delinquent. The amount of interest income on non-performing loans and the cash received by the Company in payment of interest on non-performing loans for the first quarter of 2010 was $1.9 million. There was no interest income recognized or cash received by the Company for non-performing loans in the first quarter of 2009.

 

10. DEFERRED ACQUISITION COSTS (“DAC”), VALUE OF BUSINESS ACQUIRED (“VOBA”) AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

DAC, VOBA and other acquisition related intangible assets are generally originated through the issuance of new business or the purchase of existing business, either by purchasing blocks of insurance policies from other insurers or by the outright purchase of other companies. The Company’s intangible assets are subject to impairment tests on an annual basis or more frequently if circumstances indicate that carrying values may not be recoverable.

Acquisition costs that the Company has deferred as DAC are those costs that vary with and are primarily related to the acquisition and, in some instances, the renewal of insurance products. These costs are typically one-time expenses that represent the cost of originating new business and placing that business in force. Certain costs related to obtaining new business and acquiring business through reinsurance agreements have been deferred and will be amortized to accomplish matching against related future premiums or gross profits as appropriate. The Company normally defers certain acquisition-related commissions and incentive payments, certain costs of policy issuance and underwriting, and certain printing costs. Assumptions used in developing DAC and amortization amounts each period include the amount of business in force, expected future persistency, withdrawals, interest rates and profitability. These assumptions are modified to reflect actual experience when appropriate. Additional amortization of DAC is charged to current earnings to the extent it is determined that future premiums or gross profits are not adequate to cover the remaining amounts deferred. DAC totaled $259.9 million and $252.6 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. Changes in actual persistency are reflected in the calculated DAC balance. Costs that do not vary with the production of new business are not deferred as DAC and are charged to expense as incurred. Generally, annual commissions are considered expenses and are not deferred.

 

25


Table of Contents

DAC for group and individual disability insurance products and group life insurance products is amortized over the life of related policies in proportion to future premiums. The Company amortizes DAC for group disability and life insurance products over the initial premium rate guarantee period, which averages 2.5 years. DAC for individual disability insurance products is amortized in proportion to future premiums over the life of the contract, averaging 20 to 25 years with approximately 50% and 75% expected to be amortized by years 10 and 15, respectively.

The Company’s individual deferred annuities and group annuity products are classified as investment contracts. DAC related to these products is amortized over the life of related policies in proportion to expected gross profits. For the Company’s individual deferred annuities, DAC is generally amortized over 30 years with approximately 55% and 95% expected to be amortized by years 5 and 15, respectively. DAC for group annuity products is amortized over 10 years with approximately 65% expected to be amortized by year five.

VOBA primarily represents the discounted future profits of business assumed through reinsurance agreements. We have established VOBA for a block of individual disability business assumed from Minnesota Life Insurance Company (“Minnesota Life”) and a block of group disability and group life business assumed from Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America (“TIAA”). VOBA is generally amortized in proportion to future premiums for group and individual disability insurance products and group life products. However, the VOBA related to the TIAA transaction associated with an in force block of group long term disability claims for which no ongoing premium is received is amortized in proportion to expected gross profits. If actual premiums or future profitability are inconsistent with the Company’s assumptions, the Company could be required to make adjustments to VOBA and related amortization. For the VOBA associated with the Minnesota Life block of business reinsured, the amortization period is up to 30 years and is amortized in proportion to future premiums. The VOBA associated with the TIAA transaction is amortized in proportion to expected gross profits up to 20 years. VOBA totaled $30.0 million and $30.4 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

The following table sets forth the amount of DAC and VOBA balances amortized in proportion to expected gross profits and the percentage of the total balance of DAC and VOBA amortized in proportion to expected gross profits:

 

     March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
     Amount    Percent     Amount    Percent  
     (Dollars in millions)  

DAC

   $ 62.6    24.1   $ 64.0    25.3

VOBA

     7.6    25.3        7.6    25.0   

Key assumptions, which will affect the determination of expected gross profits for determining DAC and VOBA balances, are:

 

   

Persistency.

 

   

Interest rates, which affect both investment income and interest credited.

 

   

Stock market performance.

 

   

Capital gains and losses.

 

   

Claim termination rates.

 

   

Amount of business in force.

These assumptions are modified to reflect actual experience when appropriate. Although a change in a single assumption may have an impact on the calculated amortization of DAC or VOBA for balances associated with investment contracts, it is the relationship of that change to the changes in other key assumptions that determines the ultimate impact on DAC or VOBA amortization. Because actual results and trends related to these

 

26


Table of Contents

assumptions vary from those assumed, the Company revises these assumptions annually to reflect its current best estimate of expected gross profits. As a result of this process, known as “unlocking,” the cumulative balances of DAC and VOBA are adjusted with an offsetting benefit or charge to income to reflect changes in the period of the revision. An unlocking event that results in an after-tax benefit generally occurs as a result of actual experience or future expectations being favorable compared to previous estimates. An unlocking event that results in an after-tax charge generally occurs as a result of actual experience or future expectations being unfavorable compared to previous estimates. As a result of unlocking, the amortization schedule for future periods is also adjusted. There was no unlocking impact on DAC and VOBA balances for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009. Based on past experience, future changes in DAC and VOBA balances due to changes in underlying assumptions are not expected to be material. However, significant, unanticipated changes in key assumptions, which affect the determination of expected gross profits, may result in a large unlocking event that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

The Company’s other intangible assets are subject to amortization and consist of certain customer lists and a marketing agreement. Customer lists were obtained in connection with acquisitions and have a combined estimated weighted-average remaining life of approximately 9.4 years. A marketing agreement accompanied the Minnesota Life transaction and provides access to Minnesota Life agents, some of whom now market Standard’s individual disability insurance products. The amortization period for the Minnesota Life marketing agreement is up to 25 years. Other intangible assets totaled $54.5 million and $55.8 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

The following table sets forth activity for DAC, VOBA and other intangible assets:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Year Ended
December 31, 2009
 
     (In millions)  

Carrying value at beginning of period:

    

DAC

   $ 252.6      $ 249.2   

VOBA

     30.4        31.1   

Other intangible assets

     55.8        54.2   
                

Total balance beginning of period

     338.8        334.5   
                

Deferred or acquired:

    

DAC

     25.2        93.9   

Other intangible assets

     0.1        6.3   
                

Total deferred or acquired

     25.3        100.2   
                

Amortized during period:

    

DAC

     (17.9     (90.5

VOBA

     (0.4     (0.7

Other intangible assets

     (1.4     (4.7
                

Total amortized during period

     (19.7     (95.9
                

Carrying value at end of period, net

    

DAC

     259.9        252.6   

VOBA

     30.0        30.4   

Other intangible assets

     54.5        55.8   
                

Total carrying value at end of period

   $ 344.4      $ 338.8   
                

The accumulated amortization of VOBA was $58.8 million and $58.4 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. The accumulated amortization of other intangibles, excluding DAC, was $18.6 million and $17.2 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

 

27


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the estimated net amortization of VOBA and other intangible assets, excluding DAC, for the remainder of 2010 and each of the next five years:

 

     Amount
     (In millions)

2010

   $ 5.4

2011

     8.1

2012

     8.2

2013

     8.7

2014

     8.6

2015

     8.2

 

11. GOODWILL

Goodwill is related to the Asset Management segment and totaled $36.0 million at both March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested at least annually for impairment. On an annual basis, the Company performs a step-one test and compares the carrying value of the tested assets with the fair value of the assets. Fair value is measured using a combination of the income approach and the market approach. The income approach consists of utilizing the discounted cash flow method that incorporates the Company’s estimates of future revenues and costs, discounted using a market participant weighted-average cost of capital. The estimates the Company uses in the income approach are consistent with the plans and estimates that the Company uses to manage its operations. The market approach utilizes multiples of profit measures in order to estimate the fair value of the assets. As the income approach more closely aligns with how the Company internally evaluates and manages its business, the Company weights the income approach more heavily than the market approach in determining the fair value of the assets. The Company performs testing to ensure that both models are providing reasonably consistent results and performs sensitivity analysis on the key input factors in these models to determine whether any input factor or combination of factors moving moderately in either direction would change the results of these tests. If indicators of impairment appear throughout the year, or in the event of material changes in circumstances, the test will be more frequent. The Company evaluated whether indicators of impairment existed as of March 31, 2010. Based on the review of financial and other results, the Company does not believe any indicators of impairment exist and as a result has not updated its annual test in the current period.

 

12. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

In the normal course of business, the Company is involved in various legal actions and other state and federal proceedings. A number of actions or proceedings were pending at March 31, 2010. In some instances, lawsuits include claims for punitive damages and similar types of relief in unspecified or substantial amounts, in addition to amounts for alleged contractual liability or other compensatory damages. In the opinion of management, the ultimate liability, if any, arising from the actions or proceedings is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

The Company maintains a $200 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (“Facility”). The Facility will remain at $200 million through June 15, 2012, and will decrease to $165 million thereafter until final maturity on June 15, 2013. Borrowings under the Facility will continue to be used to provide for working capital and general corporate purposes of the Company and its subsidiaries and the issuance of letters of credit.

Under the agreement, StanCorp is subject to customary covenants that take into consideration the impact of material transactions, changes to the business, compliance with legal requirements and financial performance. The two financial covenants are based on the Company’s total debt to total capitalization ratio and consolidated net worth. The Facility is subject to performance pricing based upon the Company’s total debt to total capitalization ratio and includes interest based on a Eurodollar margin, plus facility and utilization fees. At

 

28


Table of Contents

March 31, 2010, StanCorp was in compliance with all covenants under the Facility and had no outstanding balance on the Facility.

The Company has $250 million of 6.875%, 10-year senior notes (“Senior Notes”), which mature on September 25, 2012. The principal amount of the Senior Notes is payable at maturity and interest is payable semi-annually in April and October.

The Company has $300 million of 6.90%, junior subordinated debentures (“Subordinated Debt”). The Subordinated Debt has a final maturity on June 1, 2067, is non-callable at par for the first 10 years (prior to June 1, 2017) and is subject to a replacement capital covenant. The covenant limits replacement of the Subordinated Debt for the first 40 years to be redeemable after year 10 (on or after June 1, 2017) and only with securities that carry equity-like characteristics that are the same as or more equity-like than the Subordinated Debt. The principal amount of the Subordinated Debt is payable at final maturity. Interest is payable semi-annually at 6.90% in June and December for the first 10 years up to June 1, 2017, and quarterly thereafter at a floating rate equal to three-month LIBOR plus 2.51%. StanCorp has the option to defer interest payments for up to five years. StanCorp is currently not deferring interest on the Subordinated Debt.

 

13. ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In January 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 6, Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements. ASU No. 6 amends the codification guidance related to fair value disclosures. ASU No. 6 requirements include additional disclosures surrounding transfers between Level 1 and 2 fair value classifications, disclosure clarifications concerning the level of disaggregation for the different types of financial instruments, and separate disclosures concerning purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the tabular Level 3 roll forward schedule. Disclosures regarding the transfer between Level 1 and 2 fair value classifications and disaggregation for the different types of financial instruments are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2009 with disclosures regarding purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the tabular Level 3 roll forward schedule becoming effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010. The Company complied with ASU No. 6 disclosures effective for interim and annual periods after December 15, 2009 and does not expect the disclosures effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2010 to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

 

14. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

During the first quarter there was an increase in the level of requests for forbearance primarily driven by a single borrower with loans totaling approximately $110 million on 80 commercial properties. On April 19, 2010, the Company issued demand letters as amounts due on these loans were not received. Effective April 28, 2010, the Company granted forbearance to the borrower for a period of time sufficient to complete discussions with the borrower to expedite compliance with loan terms or proceed with foreclosure. During the first quarter of 2010, these loans were identified as non-performing and as a result specific reserves to cover any expected losses were included in the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance as of March 31, 2010.

 

29


Table of Contents
ITEM 2: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

As used in this Form 10-Q, the terms “StanCorp,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to StanCorp Financial Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires. The following analysis of the consolidated financial condition and results of operations of StanCorp should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and related condensed notes thereto. See Item 1, “Financial Statements.”

Our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) include our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements, registration statements, and amendments to those reports. Access to all filed reports is available free of charge on our website at www.stancorpfinancial.com as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The SEC also maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

The following management assessment of the financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in our 2009 Form 10-K. Those consolidated financial statements and certain disclosures made in this Form 10-Q have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and require us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and contingent assets and contingent liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during each reporting period. The estimates most susceptible to material changes due to significant judgment are identified as critical accounting policies. The results of these estimates are critical because they affect our profitability and may affect key indicators used to measure the Company’s performance. See “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.”

We have made in this Form 10-Q, and from time to time may make in our public filings, news releases and oral presentations and discussions, certain statements, which are predictive in nature and not based on historical facts. These statements are “forward-looking” and, accordingly, involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed or implied. Although such forward-looking statements have been made in good faith and are based on reasonable assumptions, there is no assurance that the expected results will be achieved. See “Forward-looking Statements.”

Executive Summary

Financial Results Overview

Net income per diluted share was $1.04 for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $0.67 for the first quarter of 2009. Net income for these same periods was $49.7 million and $32.7 million, respectively. Results for the first quarter of 2010 reflected a decline in net capital losses, comparatively favorable earnings in the Asset Management segment and the cost benefit from reduced operating expenses from the completion of our cost savings initiatives in 2009. These results were partially offset by comparatively lower premiums in the Insurance Services segment. After-tax net capital losses were $4.4 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $17.3 million for the first quarter of 2009. In addition, we recorded after-tax costs of $5.4 million for the first quarter of 2009 incurred during our 2009 cost savings initiatives in operating expenses. We did not incur similar expenses from cost savings initiatives for 2010.

Outlook

While current economic pressures persist, we will continue to focus on our long-term objectives and address challenges that arise with financial discipline and from a position of financial strength. We manage for profitability, focusing on good business diversification, disciplined product pricing, sound underwriting, effective claims management and high-quality customer service.

 

30


Table of Contents

In 2010, we intend to continue our conservative investment strategy and maintain the excellent risk adjusted yields in our investment portfolio. We will continue to maintain our process of careful asset–liability management, using discount rates to establish reserves on new claims that reflect new money rates on assets supporting those reserves, less an appropriate margin. Given the uncertainty of the movement of future interest rates, this may result in significantly higher or lower discount rates.

For the first quarter of 2010, delinquency rates and foreclosure activity in our commercial mortgage loan portfolio remained comparable to the levels we experienced in the second half of 2009. The level of delinquencies is higher than our historical levels due to the current economic challenges. While we have not experienced the high delinquency rates or foreclosures encountered by other financial institutions, we have recently experienced increased requests for forbearance. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Investing Cash Flows—Commercial Mortgage Loans.” Unlike many other financial institutions, we do not participate in the commercial mortgage-backed securities market. Instead, we underwrite and service mortgages that we originate, leveraging our long history in commercial mortgage loans and diligence in risk selection. While we realize that there will be further pressures on property owners as they emerge from these difficult economic times, we believe that our experience, our consistent and disciplined underwriting standards and our diligent servicing practices will continue to be reflected in the performance of our commercial mortgage loan portfolio. For a discussion of our net capital losses, see “Other.”

Despite the persistent economic headwinds, we intend to preserve the value of our business by continuing to provide excellent value to our customers, by continuing to preserve and enhance our financial strength and by continuing to build value for our shareholders despite a troubled economy. We will continue to focus on optimizing shareholder value through continual investment in new product and service capabilities, which are valued in the group insurance marketplace, and utilize our available capital opportunistically. We believe these actions position us well for growth as the economy recovers.

For 2010, we have established the following expectations, which will affect our annual financial results:

 

   

Return on average equity, excluding after-tax net capital gains and losses from net income and accumulated other comprehensive income and losses from equity, to be toward the lower end of our target range of 14% to 15% given the low interest rate environment.

 

   

Flat to low single digit premium growth as a percentage of our 2009 premiums due to a continued challenging economic environment.

 

   

The annual benefit ratio for our group insurance business to be consistent with the experience of the previous five years, during which it has ranged from 73.6% to 78.3%.

Consolidated Results of Operations

Revenues

Revenues consist of premiums, administrative fees, net investment income and net capital gains and losses. Total consolidated revenues of $678.7 million declined for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $686.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. Historically, premium growth in our Insurance Services segment and administrative fee revenues growth in our Asset Management segment have been the primary drivers of consolidated revenue growth. The decrease in consolidated revenues for the comparative periods was primarily due to a decline in premiums from our Insurance Services segment. The decrease in revenues from our Insurance Services segment was partially offset by a decrease in net capital losses recorded in our Other category and by increased revenues from our Asset Management segment, which included increased administrative fee revenues due to the impact of recovering equity markets on retirement plan asset-based fee revenues and increased net investment income due to an increase in average retirement plan general account assets and individual annuity assets under management.

 

31


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth percentages of premium growth, administrative fee revenues growth and net investment income growth by segment:

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31,
 
             2010                      2009          

Premium growth:

     

Insurance Services

   (6.7 )%     1.6

Asset Management

   (47.6    (66.1

Consolidated premium growth

   (6.9    0.8   

Administrative fee growth:

     

Insurance Services

   —      (13.0 )% 

Asset Management

   17.3       (11.5

Consolidated administrative fee growth

   16.9       (13.3

Net investment income growth:

     

Insurance Services

   1.3    —  

Asset Management

   12.5       36.6   

Consolidated net investment income growth

   4.5       11.4   

Revenue Growth:

     

Insurance Services

   (5.6 )%     1.3

Asset Management

   12.4       9.6   

Consolidated revenue growth

   (1.1    (1.0

Net capital losses were $7.0 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to net capital losses of $26.7 million for the first quarter of 2009. Net capital losses are reflected in the Other category.

Premiums

Premiums from our Insurance Services segment are the primary driver of consolidated premiums. The three primary factors that influence premiums for our Insurance Services segment are sales, customer retention and organic growth derived from wage and employment levels. Premiums for the Insurance Services segment decreased 6.7% to $506.4 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009. The comparative decrease in premiums was primarily driven by a few large customer terminations in our group insurance businesses in the second half of 2009. These terminated customers contributed to premiums for the first quarter of 2009. In addition, premium growth was negatively affected by a lack of organic growth in our group insurance businesses, reflecting negative employment growth and low wage growth as our customers continued to navigate a challenging economy that began in the second half of 2008. Individual disability premiums for the first quarter of 2009 included a single premium of approximately $18 million related to the termination of reinsurance agreements on a block of individual disability insurance. See “Business Segments—Insurance Services Segment.”

Premiums from our Asset Management segment are generated from the sale of life-contingent annuities, which are a single-premium product. Due to the nature of single premium products, premiums in the Asset Management segment can fluctuate widely from quarter to quarter. Premiums for the Asset Management segment decreased 47.6% to $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009.

Administrative Fee Revenues

The primary driver for administrative fee revenues is the level of assets under administration in our Asset Management segment, which is driven by equity market performance and asset growth from new net customer deposits. Administrative fee revenues from our Asset Management segment increased 17.3% to $29.9 million for

 

32


Table of Contents

the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009. The comparative increase in administrative fee revenues in our Asset Management segment was due to improvements in the equity markets leading to increased asset-based administrative fee revenues from our retirement plans business, partially offset by declines in net retirement plan deposits due to the termination of a few large plans and decreased commercial mortgage loan originations affecting loan origination and servicing revenues. See “Business Segments—Asset Management Segment.”

Administrative fee revenues from our Insurance Services segment are primarily from insurance products for which we provide only administrative services. Administrative fee revenues from our Insurance Services segment remained flat at $2.0 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009.

Net Investment Income

Net investment income increased 4.5% to $149.9 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009. Net investment income is affected primarily by changes in levels of invested assets, interest rates, the change in fair value of derivative assets and commercial mortgage loan prepayment fees.

The increase in net investment income for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009 was primarily due to an increase of 11.8% in average invested assets to $10.64 billion, primarily resulting from additional individual annuity assets under administration. Also contributing to the increase were higher average yields in our commercial mortgage loan portfolio. The portfolio yield for our commercial mortgage loan portfolio increased to 6.47% at March 31, 2010, compared to 6.38% at March 31, 2009. Offsetting this increase, the portfolio yield for fixed maturity securities available-for-sale declined to 5.40% at March 31, 2010, compared to 5.61% at March 31, 2009. The increase in net investment income was supplemented by an increase in the fair value of derivative assets. The fair value adjustment to derivative assets resulted in an increase of $1.7 million to net investment income for the first quarter of 2010, compared to a decrease of $1.4 million to net investment income for the first quarter of 2009.

Over the past 18 months, we have experienced a period of significant widening of credit spreads followed by a period of equally significant tightening of credit spreads, which we are currently experiencing. Given the uncertainty surrounding credit spreads and the direction of interest rates, we may experience lower new money interest rates in the future if credit spreads remain tight and interest rates remain low, or higher new money rates if credit spreads widen or overall interest rates increase. New money interest rates are also affected by the volume and mix of commercial mortgage loan originations and purchases of fixed maturity securities.

Net Capital Gains (Losses)

Net capital losses were $7.0 million and $26.7 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. Net capital gains and losses are reported in the Other category and primarily occur as a result of other-than-temporary impairments (“OTTI”), from sales of our assets for more or less than amortized cost and from changes to the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance, none of which are likely to occur in regular patterns. The decrease in net capital losses for the comparative periods was primarily due to higher levels of net capital losses from fixed maturity securities for the first quarter of 2009. Net capital losses for the first quarter of 2010 reflected an increase in the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance of $9.7 million. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Investing Cash Flows—Commercial Mortgage Loans.” Net capital losses for the first quarter of 2009 were primarily due to the sale of certain fixed maturity securities. Approximately $14.2 million of the capital losses were due to fixed maturity security sales related to holdings in financial institutions, including holdings of certain insurance companies, which were downgraded by rating agencies during the first quarter of 2009, and $3.3 million was the result of fixed maturity securities OTTI.

 

33


Table of Contents

Benefits and Expenses

Benefits to Policyholders

Consolidated benefits to policyholders are affected by four primary factors: reserves that are established in part based on premium levels, claims experience, assumptions used to establish related reserves and current estimates for future benefits on life-contingent annuities. The predominant factors affecting claims experience are incidence, measured by the number of claims, and severity, measured by the magnitude of the claim and the length of time a disability claim is paid. The assumptions used to establish the related reserves reflect expected incidence and severity, as well as new investment interest rates and overall portfolio yield, both of which affect the discount rate used to establish reserves. See “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—Reserves.”

The following table sets forth benefits to policyholders by segment for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31, 2010
    Three Months Ended
March  31, 2009
 
          Amount         Percent Change          Amount         Percent Change  
     (Dollars in millions)  

Benefits to policyholders:

          

Insurance Services

   $     378.1    (7.3 )%    $     407.7    1.1

Asset Management

     4.3    (10.4     4.8    (42.2
                  

Total benefits to policyholders

   $ 382.4    (7.3   $ 412.5    0.2   
                  

The decrease for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 was primarily due to a decline in business growth and policies in force in our group insurance business, as evidenced by comparatively lower premiums. In addition, also contributing to the decline in benefits to policyholders was approximately $18 million of additional reserves related to the termination of reinsurance on certain reinsured policies and claims in the first quarter of 2009. See “Business Segments—Insurance Services Segment—Benefits and Expenses—Benefits to Policyholders.”

Interest Credited

Interest credited represents interest paid to policyholders on retirement plan general account assets and individual fixed-rate annuity deposits in the Asset Management segment and interest paid on life insurance proceeds on deposit in the Insurance Services segment. The primary factors that affect interest credited are growth in general account assets under management, growth in individual fixed-rate annuity liabilities, changes in new investment interest rates and overall portfolio yield, which influence our interest crediting rate for our customers, and changes in customer retention. In addition, the change in the fair value of the embedded derivative associated with our indexed annuity product that is reported as interest credited may fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to changes in interest rates and equity market volatility. See “Business Segments—Asset Management Segment—Benefits and Expenses—Interest Credited” for information regarding the interest credited on our indexed annuity product.

Consolidated interest credited increased to $39.6 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $34.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. The increase was primarily due to favorable market conditions, which affected the fair value of our embedded derivative and growth in average individual annuity assets under administration. Interest credited from the change in fair value of the embedded derivative was $2.4 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to a reduction of interest credited of $2.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. Average individual annuity assets under administration increased 15.1% to $2.41 billion for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009.

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses decreased 9.0% to $114.8 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $126.2 million for the first quarter of 2009. Consolidated operating expenses for the first quarter of 2009

 

34


Table of Contents

reflected $8.4 million related to costs incurred during our 2009 cost savings initiatives. These cost savings initiatives have resulted in a reduction of operating expenses in our operating segments for the first quarter of 2010. See “Business Segments.”

Commissions and Bonuses

Commissions and bonuses primarily represent sales-based compensation, which can vary depending on the product, the structure of the commission program and other factors such as customer retention, sales, growth in assets under administration and the profitability of the business in each of our segments. Commissions and bonuses increased slightly to $54.9 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $54.6 million for the same period in 2009. The slight increase primarily was due to higher sales in our group insurance business, partially offset by lower sales in our individual annuity business and a reduction in premiums in our group insurance businesses. See “Business Segments.”

Net Change in Deferred Acquisition Costs (“DAC”), Value of Business Acquired (“VOBA”) and Intangibles

We defer certain commissions, bonuses and operating expenses, which are considered acquisition costs. These costs are then amortized into expenses over a period not to exceed the life of the related policies, which for group insurance contracts is the initial premium rate guarantee period, which averages 2.5 years. VOBA primarily represents the discounted future profits of business assumed through reinsurance agreements. A portion of VOBA is amortized each year to achieve matching against expected gross profits. Our intangibles, consisting of customer lists and marketing agreements, are also subject to amortization. Customer lists were obtained through acquisitions and have a combined estimated weighted-average remaining life of approximately 9.4 years. The amortization for the marketing agreement with the Minnesota Life Insurance Company (“Minnesota Life”) is up to 25 years. See “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—DAC, VOBA and Other Intangible Assets.” The net deferral for DAC, VOBA and intangibles for the first quarter of 2010 decreased $1.0 million compared to the first quarter of 2009. The decrease was primarily due to the write-off of $1.4 million of DAC as a result of premiums not collected prior to the end of their grace period for the first quarter of 2010, compared to a similar write-off of $0.3 million during the same period of 2009.

Income Taxes

Income taxes may differ from the amount computed by applying the federal corporate tax rate of 35% to pre-tax income because of the net result of permanent differences between book and taxable income and because of the inclusion of state and local income taxes, net of the federal tax benefit. The combined federal and state effective income tax rates were 34.4% and 33.4% for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively.

During the first quarter of 2010, the 2010 Health Care Act as amended by the 2010 Health Care Reconciliation Act became law. Included among the provisions of the law is a change in the tax treatment of the Medicare Part D subsidy, which we participate in as a part of our postretirement medical plan. This change in the law resulted in additional tax expense of $1.0 million, which increased our effective tax rate for the quarter by 1.3%. The change in tax treatment for the subsidy affected the tax rate for the first quarter of 2010 but will not have a similar affect on the tax rate in future periods.

At March 31, 2010, the years open for audit by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) were 2006 through 2009.

Business Segments

We operate through two reportable segments: Insurance Services and Asset Management, as well as an Other category. Resources are allocated and performance is evaluated at the segment level. The Insurance Services segment offers group and individual disability insurance, group life and accidental death and dismemberment (“AD&D”) insurance, group dental and group vision insurance and absence management

 

35


Table of Contents

services. The Asset Management segment offers full-service 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, 457 plans, defined benefit plans, money purchase pension plans, profit sharing plans and non-qualified deferred compensation products and services. This segment offers investment advisory and management services, financial planning services, commercial mortgage loan origination and servicing, individual fixed-rate annuity products, group annuity contracts and retirement plan trust products. The Other category includes return on capital not allocated to the product segments, holding company expenses, interest on debt, unallocated expenses including costs resulting from our 2009 cost savings initiatives, net capital gains and losses related to the impairment or the disposition of our invested assets and adjustments made in consolidation.

The following table sets forth segment revenues measured as a percentage of total revenues, excluding revenues from the Other category:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
             2010                     2009          

Insurance Services

   86.5   88.4

Asset Management

   13.5      11.6   

Insurance Services Segment

The Insurance Services segment is our largest segment and substantially influences our consolidated financial results. Income before income taxes for the Insurance Services segment was $78.6 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $86.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. Results for the first quarter of 2010 primarily reflected comparatively lower premiums in the group insurance businesses.

The following table sets forth key indicators that we use to manage and assess the performance of the Insurance Services segment:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (Dollars in millions)  

Premiums:

    

Group life and AD&D

   $ 205.0      $ 211.6   

Group long term disability

     200.8        212.8   

Group short term disability

     50.7        53.8   

Group other

     20.3        19.6   

Experience rated refunds (“ERRs”)

     (10.9     (12.5

Individual disability

     40.5        57.6   
                

Total premiums

   $         506.4      $         542.9   
                

Group insurance sales (annualized new premiums) reported at contract effective date

   $ 155.2      $ 100.1   

Individual disability sales (annualized new premiums)

     4.3        5.8   

Group insurance benefit ratio (% of premiums)

     76.1     75.8

Individual disability benefit ratio (% of premiums)

     61.2        72.2   

Segment operating expense ratio (% of premiums)

     16.8        15.8   

Revenues

Revenues for the Insurance Services segment decreased 5.6% to $592.4 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009, primarily due to lower premiums.

 

36


Table of Contents

Premiums

The primary factors that affect premium growth for the Insurance Services segment are sales and persistency for all of our insurance products and organic growth in our group insurance product lines due to employment and wage rate growth from existing group policyholders. Premiums for the Insurance Services segment decreased 6.7% to $506.4 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009. Group insurance premiums decreased 4.0% to $465.9 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009. The decrease in group insurance premiums was attributable to several large case terminations in the second half of 2009 and a lack of organic growth reflecting challenging employment and wage growth. The decrease in individual disability premiums for 2010 primarily related to a single premium of approximately $18 million received in the first quarter of 2009 related to the termination of reinsurance on certain individual disability reinsured policies and claims. Offsetting the premiums received in these terminations of reinsurance were approximately $18 million in additional reserves assumed.

Premiums were offset by ERRs of $10.9 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $12.5 million for the same period in 2009. ERRs, which are refunds to certain group contract holders based on favorable claims experience, can fluctuate widely from quarter to quarter depending on the underlying experience of specific contracts.

Sales.    Sales of our group insurance products reported as annualized new premiums were $155.2 million and $100.1 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The increase in sales for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 reflected strong customer interest for our products and services, including our new and enhanced offerings.

Persistency.    Persistency is reported annually. Premium growth for the first quarter of 2010 was affected by large case terminations in the second half of 2009.

Organic Growth.    A portion of our premium growth in our group insurance in force business is affected by employment and wage rate growth. Organic growth is also affected by changes in price per insured and the average age of employees. Unfavorable economic conditions have resulted in high unemployment levels, and have negatively affected both wage and job growth since the second half of 2008, adversely affecting the organic growth in our group insurance businesses. Premiums for the first quarter of 2010 continued to reflect these negative effects on organic growth as a result of challenging employment and wage growth in our existing customer base.

Net Investment Income

Net investment income for the Insurance Services segment increased 1.3% to $84.0 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $82.9 million for the first quarter of 2009. Net investment income is affected primarily by changes in levels of invested assets and interest rates. See “Consolidated Results of Operations—Revenues—Net Investment Income.”

Benefits and Expenses

Benefits to Policyholders (including interest credited)

Three primary factors drive benefits to policyholders: reserves that are established in part based on premium level, claims experience and the assumptions used to establish related reserves. The predominant factors affecting claims experience are claims incidence, measured by the number of claims, and claims severity, measured by the magnitude of the claim and the length of time a disability claim is paid. The assumptions used to establish the related reserves reflect claims incidence and claims severity, in addition to new money investment interest rates and overall portfolio yield, as both affect the discount rate used to establish reserves.

 

37


Table of Contents

Benefits to policyholders, including interest credited, for the Insurance Services segment decreased 7.4% to $379.2 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009. The decrease for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 was primarily due to comparatively lower policies in force as reflected by lower premiums in our group insurance businesses and an increase in reserves of approximately $18 million for the first quarter of 2009 related to the termination of reinsurance on certain reinsured policies and claims.

Growth of our in force block, as evidenced by premium growth, is one of the primary factors that drive benefits to policyholders. The benefit ratio, calculated as benefits to policyholders and interest credited as a percentage of premiums, is utilized to provide a measurement of claims normalized for premium growth. The benefit ratio for our group insurance product lines for the first quarter of 2010 was 76.1%, compared to 75.8% for the first quarter of 2009. The benefit ratio for the first quarter of 2010 was within our estimated annual range for 2010 of 73.6% to 78.3%. Claims experience and the corresponding benefit ratio can fluctuate widely from quarter to quarter, but will be more stable when measured on an annual basis.

The benefit ratio for our individual disability business was 61.2% for the first quarter of 2010, compared to 72.2% for the first quarter of 2009, primarily reflecting the effect of the termination of a small block of reinsurance agreements in the first quarter of 2009, which included approximately $18 million of a single premium and approximately $18 million of additional reserves. Excluding the effects of this termination of reinsurance, the benefit ratio would have been 57.9% for the first quarter of 2009.

We generally expect the individual disability benefit ratio to trend down over the long term to reflect growth in the business outside of the large block of disability business assumed in 2000 from Minnesota Life, and we expect there to be a corresponding shift in revenues from net investment income to premiums. The anticipated general decrease in the expected benefit ratio does not necessarily indicate an increase in profitability; rather it reflects a change in the mix of revenues from the business.

The discount rate used for the first quarter of 2010 for newly incurred long term disability claim reserves and life waiver reserves increased to 5.00% from 4.50% for the fourth quarter of 2009. The discount rate for the first quarter of 2009 was 5.50%. The discount rate is based on the rate we received on newly invested assets during the previous 12 months, less a margin. We also consider expected investment yields and our overall average discount rate on our entire block of claims when deciding whether to increase or decrease the discount rate. Based on our current size, every 50 basis point decrease in the discount rate would result in an increase of approximately $4 million per quarter of benefits to policyholders. We do not adjust group insurance premium rates based on short term fluctuations in investment yields, and any offsetting adjustments of group insurance premium rates due to sustained changes in investment yields can take from one to three years given that most new contracts have rate guarantees in place.

If investment rates prove to be lower than provided for in the margin between the new money investment rate and the reserve discount rate, we could be required to increase reserves, which could cause expense for benefits to policyholders to increase. Given the uncertainty of the movement of future interest rates, this may result in significantly higher or lower discount rates. The margin in our overall block of business for group insurance between the invested asset yield and the weighted-average reserve discount rate at March 31, 2010 was 43 basis points. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses in the Insurance Services segment decreased 0.6% to $85.2 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 primarily due to a decline in compensation related expenses incurred in the first quarter of 2010 as a result of our 2009 cost savings initiatives.

 

38


Table of Contents

Asset Management Segment

Income before income taxes for the Asset Management segment was $12.2 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $4.5 million for the first quarter of 2009. The increase was primarily due to increased administrative fee revenues resulting from the recovery of the equity markets, increased net investment income resulting from increased average general account assets under administration and reduced operating expenses resulting from the implementation of our 2009 cost savings initiatives.

The following tables set forth key indicators that management uses to manage and assess the performance of the Asset Management segment:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (Dollars in millions)  

Premiums:

    

Retirement plans

   $ —        $ 0.2   

Individual annuities

     1.1        1.9   
                

Total premiums

   $ 1.1      $ 2.1   
                

Administrative fees:

    

Retirement plans

   $ 22.8      $ 19.6   

Other financial services business

     7.1        5.9   
                

Total administrative fees

   $ 29.9      $ 25.5   
                

Net investment income:

    

Retirement plans

   $ 21.6      $ 20.8   

Individual annuities

     35.8        30.4   

Other financial services business

     3.9        3.3   
                

Total net investment income

   $ 61.3      $ 54.5   
                

Sales (Individual annuity deposits)

   $ 55.7      $     104.5   

Interest credited (% of net investment income):

    

Retirement plans

     56.9     57.7

Individual annuities

     73.2        66.1   

Retirement plans:

    

Annualized operating expenses (% of average assets under administration)

     0.57     0.72

 

     At March 31,
     2010    2009
     (In millions)

Assets under administration:

     

Retirement plans general account

   $ 1,547.7    $ 1,525.8

Retirement plans separate account

     4,393.5      2,902.0
             

Total retirement plans insurance products

     5,941.2      4,427.8

Retirement plans trust products

     9,579.8      9,338.5

Individual annuities

     2,430.3      2,132.7

Commercial mortgage loans under administration for other investors

     2,605.3      2,527.7

Other

     1,081.1      605.7
             

Total assets under administration

   $ 21,637.7    $ 19,032.4
             

 

39


Table of Contents

Revenues

Revenues from the retirement plans business include plan and trust administration fees, fees on equity investments held in separate account assets and other assets under administration, and investment income on general account assets under administration. Premiums and benefits to policyholders reflect the conversion of retirement plan assets into life-contingent annuities, which can be selected by plan participants at the time of retirement, including the sale of immediate annuities. Most of the sales for this segment are recorded as deposits and are therefore not reflected as premiums. Individual fixed-rate annuity deposits earn investment income, a portion of which is credited to policyholders. Revenues for the Asset Management segment increased 12.4% to $92.3 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009. The increase in revenues was primarily due to increased administrative fee revenues resulting from the recovery of the equity markets and increased net investment income resulting from increased average general account assets under administration.

Premiums

Premiums for the Asset Management segment are generated from the sale of life-contingent annuities, which are primarily a single-premium product. Premiums and benefits to policyholders reflect both the sale of immediate annuities by our individual annuity business and the conversion of retirement plan assets into life-contingent annuities, which can be selected by plan participants at the time of retirement. Premiums for the segment can vary significantly from quarter to quarter due to low sales volume of life-contingent annuities and the varying size of single premiums. Increases or decreases in premiums for life-contingent annuities correlate with corresponding increases or decreases in benefits to policyholders. Premiums for the Asset Management segment were $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $2.1 million for the first quarter of 2009.

Administrative Fee Revenues

Administrative fee revenues for the Asset Management segment include both asset-based and plan-based fees related to our retirement plans and investment advisory businesses and fees related to the origination and servicing of commercial mortgage loans. The primary driver for administrative fee revenues is the level of average assets under administration for retirement plans, which is driven by equity market performance and asset growth due to new net customer deposits.

The following table sets forth key indicators to assess administrative fee revenues:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,
               2010                         2009           
     (In millions)

Administrative fee revenues

   $ 29.9    $ 25.5

Average retirement plan assets under administration

     15,650.7      14,116.8

Total average assets under administration

     21,745.8      19,363.6

Total average assets under administration for this segment include retirement plans, individual fixed annuities, private client wealth management and commercial mortgage loans managed for third party investors. The increase in administrative fee revenues for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 was primarily due to improvements in the equity markets leading to increased asset-based administrative fee revenues from our retirement plans business, partially offset by the termination of plans outside of our core business.

StanCorp Mortgage Investors, LLC (“StanCorp Mortgage Investors”) originated $140.6 million and $180.3 million of commercial mortgage loans for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in originations was primarily due to a reduction in demand from high quality borrowers in the current credit environment and lower purchase and sale activity in the commercial real estate market. Commercial mortgage loans managed for other investors increased 3.1% at March 31, 2010, compared to March 31, 2009.

 

40


Table of Contents

Net Investment Income

The following average assets under administration balances are among the key indicators that drive net investment income:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,
     2010    2009
     (In millions)

Average assets under administration:

     

Retirement plan general account

   $     1,543.9    $     1,502.8

Individual annuities

     2,410.6      2,094.7

Net investment income for the Asset Management segment increased 12.5% to $61.3 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $54.5 million for the first quarter of 2009. The increase was primarily due to an increase in average retirement plan general account and individual annuity assets under administration. The fair value of derivative instruments increased $1.7 million for the first quarter of 2010 resulting in an increase to net investment income, compared to a decrease in the fair value of $1.4 million for the first quarter of 2009. See Item 1, “Financial Statements—Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 6—Derivative Financial Instruments” for further derivatives disclosure. Excluding the effect of changes in the derivative instruments, net investment income increased 6.6% or $3.7 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the same period in 2009.

Benefits and Expenses

Benefits to Policyholders

Benefits to policyholders for the Asset Management segment represents current and future benefits on life-contingent annuities, which vary with life-contingent annuity sales. Benefits to policyholders for the Asset Management segment decreased 10.4% to $4.3 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009. Changes in the level of benefits to policyholders will correlate to changes in premium levels because these annuities primarily are single-premium life-contingent annuity products with a significant portion of all premium payments established as reserves. Asset Management segment premiums decreased to $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $2.1 million for the first quarter of 2009.

Interest Credited

Interest credited represents interest paid to policyholders on retirement plan general account assets and individual fixed-rate annuity deposits. Interest credited for the Asset Management segment increased 19.9% to $38.5 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009. The increase in interest credited was primarily due to growth in individual fixed-rate annuity assets under administration at March 31, 2010 of $297.6 million, or a 14.0% increase over the balance at March 31, 2009. In addition, interest credited increased $2.4 million for the first quarter of 2010 from the change in fair value of the embedded derivative associated with our indexed annuities, compared to a reduction of interest credited of $2.0 million for the first quarter of 2009. See Item 1, “Financial Statements—Condensed Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 6—Derivative Financial Instruments” for further derivatives disclosure.

Operating Expenses

Operating expenses for the Asset Management segment decreased 7.9% to $30.3 million for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 due to a decrease in lease obligations and compensation related expenses resulting from our 2009 cost savings initiatives.

Other

In addition to our two segments, we report our holding company and corporate activities in the Other category. This category includes return on capital not allocated to the product segments, holding company

 

41


Table of Contents

expenses, interest on debt, unallocated expenses including costs incurred during our 2009 cost savings initiatives, net capital gains and losses related to the impairment or the disposition of our invested assets and adjustments made in consolidation.

The Other category reported a loss before income taxes of $15.0 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to a loss before income taxes of $41.4 million for the first quarter of 2009. The decrease in the reported loss before income taxes for the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 was primarily due to a decline in net capital losses for the first quarter of 2010 and the costs of our cost savings initiatives incurred during 2009. Net capital losses for the first quarter of 2010 were $7.0 million and were primarily due to an increase in the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance of $9.7 million primarily related to a single borrower. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Investing Cash Flows—Commercial Mortgage Loans.” Net capital losses for the first quarter of 2009 were $26.7 million and were primarily due to the sale of fixed maturity securities. Approximately $14.2 million of the losses on sales related to holdings in financial institutions, including certain insurance companies that were downgraded by rating agencies during the first quarter of 2009, and $3.3 million was the result of fixed maturity securities OTTI. The loss before income taxes for the first quarter of 2009 also included additional expenses of $8.4 million of costs resulting from our 2009 cost savings initiatives.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Asset-Liability Matching and Interest Rate Risk Management

Asset-liability management is a part of our risk management structure. The risks we assume related to asset-liability mismatches vary with economic conditions. The primary sources of economic risk are interest-rate related and include changes in interest rate term risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. It is generally management’s objective to align the characteristics of assets and liabilities so that our financial obligations can be met under a wide variety of economic conditions. From time to time, management may choose to liquidate certain investments and reinvest in different investments so that the likelihood of meeting our financial obligations is increased. See “—Investing Cash Flows.”

We manage interest rate risk, in part, through asset-liability analyses. In accordance with presently accepted actuarial standards, we have made adequate provisions for the anticipated cash flows required to meet contractual obligations and related expenses through the use of statutory reserves and related items at March 31, 2010.

Our interest rate risk analysis reflects the influence of call and prepayment rights present in our fixed maturity securities available-for-sale and commercial mortgage loans. The majority of these investments have contractual provisions that require the borrower to compensate us in part or in full for reinvestment losses if the security or loan is retired before maturity. Callable bonds as a percentage of our fixed maturity security investments were 2.9% at March 31, 2010. Since 2001, it has been our practice to originate commercial mortgage loans containing a provision requiring the borrower to pay a prepayment fee to assure that our expected cash flow from commercial mortgage loan investments would be protected in the event of prepayment. Approximately 91% of our commercial mortgage loan portfolio contains this prepayment provision. Almost all of the remaining commercial mortgage loans contain fixed percentage prepayment fees that mitigate prepayments but may not fully protect our expected cash flow in the event of prepayment.

Operating Cash Flows

Net cash provided by operating activities is net income adjusted for non-cash items and accruals, and was $64.5 million for the first quarter of 2010, compared to $99.5 million for the first quarter of 2009.

Investing Cash Flows

We maintain a diversified investment portfolio primarily consisting of fixed maturity securities available-for-sale and fixed-rate commercial mortgage loans. Investing cash inflows primarily consist of the

 

42


Table of Contents

proceeds of investments sold, matured or repaid. Investing cash outflows primarily consist of payments for investments acquired or originated.

The insurance laws of the states of domicile and other states in which the insurance subsidiaries conduct business regulate the investment portfolios of the insurance subsidiaries. Relevant laws and regulations generally limit investments to bonds and other fixed maturity securities, mortgage loans, common and preferred stock and real estate. Decisions to acquire and dispose of investments are made in accordance with guidelines adopted and modified from time to time by the insurance subsidiaries’ boards of directors. Each investment transaction requires the approval of one or more members of the senior investment staff, with increasingly higher approval authorities required for transactions that are more significant. Transactions are reported quarterly to the finance and operations committee of the board of directors for Standard Insurance Company (“Standard”) and to the board of directors for The Standard Life Insurance Company of New York.

Net cash used in investing activities was $106.3 million and $339.1 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in net cash used in investing activities from the first quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter of 2009 was primarily due to lower net purchases of fixed maturity securities and lower net originations of commercial mortgage loans.

Our target investment portfolio allocation is approximately 60% fixed maturity securities and 40% commercial mortgage loans with a maximum allocation of 45% to commercial mortgage loans. At March 31, 2010, our portfolio consisted of 58.7% fixed maturity securities, 40.2% commercial mortgage loans and 1.1% real estate.

Fixed Maturity Securities Available-for-Sale

Our fixed maturity securities available-for-sale totaled $6.29 billion at March 31, 2010. We believe that we maintain prudent diversification across industries, issuers and maturities. We have avoided the types of structured products that do not meet an adequate level of transparency for good decision making. Our corporate bond industry diversification targets are based on the Bank of America Merrill Lynch U.S. Corporate Master Index, which is reasonably reflective of the mix of issuers broadly available in the market. We also target a specified level of government, agency and municipal securities in our portfolio for credit quality and additional liquidity. The weighted-average credit quality of our fixed maturity securities portfolio was A (Standard & Poor’s) at March 31, 2010. The percentage of fixed maturity securities below investment-grade was 5.5% and 5.4% at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, and are primarily managed by a third party. Our below investment-grade fixed maturity securities managed by a third party were $275.4 million and $257.8 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. At March 31, 2010, fixed maturity securities on our watch list totaled $14.1 million in fair value and $20.2 million in amortized cost after OTTI. No OTTI was recorded for the first quarter of 2010. We did not have any direct exposure to sub-prime or Alt-A mortgages in our fixed maturity securities portfolio at March 31, 2010.

At March 31, 2010, our fixed maturity securities portfolio had gross unrealized capital gains of $328.9 million and gross unrealized capital losses of $23.2 million. Our fixed maturity securities portfolio generates unrealized gains or losses primarily resulting from interest rates that are lower or higher relative to our book yield at the reporting date. In addition, changes in the spread between the risk-free rate and market rates for any given issuer can fluctuate based on the demand for the instrument, the near-term prospects of the issuer and the overall economic climate.

Commercial Mortgage Loans

StanCorp Mortgage Investors originates and services fixed-rate commercial mortgage loans for the investment portfolios of our insurance subsidiaries and generates additional fee income from the origination and servicing of commercial mortgage loans participated to institutional investors.

 

43


Table of Contents

Commercial mortgage loan originations for our portfolios and for external investors were $140.6 million and $180.3 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in originations was primarily due to low purchase and sale activity in the commercial real estate market. The level of commercial mortgage loan originations in any period is influenced by market conditions as we respond to changes in interest rates, available spreads and borrower demand.

At March 31, 2010, StanCorp Mortgage Investors serviced $4.30 billion in commercial mortgage loans for subsidiaries of StanCorp and $2.61 billion for other institutional investors, compared to $4.28 billion serviced for subsidiaries of StanCorp and $2.59 billion for other institutional investors at December 31, 2009.

The estimated average loan-to-value ratio for the overall portfolio was approximately 66% at March 31, 2010. The average loan balance retained by us in the portfolio was approximately $0.8 million at March 31, 2010. We have the contractual ability to pursue full personal recourse on approximately 72% of our loans and partial personal recourse on a majority of the remaining loans. The average capitalization rate for the portfolio at March 31, 2010 was 9.0%.

Capitalized commercial mortgage loan servicing rights associated with commercial loans serviced for other institutional investors were $7.5 million at both March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

At March 31, 2010, there were 29 commercial mortgage loans totaling $19.0 million in our portfolio that were more than 60 days delinquent, of which 12 commercial mortgage loans with a total balance of $9.9 million were in the process of foreclosure. Our commercial mortgage loan delinquency rate as a percentage of our portfolio was 0.44% and 0.40% at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. We had a net balance of restructured loans of $31.3 million at March 31, 2010. For the first quarter of 2010, four commercial mortgage loans were foreclosed or acquired through deed in lieu in the amount of $2.0 million. The foreclosure of these loans resulted in an overall loss of $0.9 million for the first quarter of 2010. The value of real estate acquired as a result of this activity was $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2010.

See “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates—Investment Valuations—Commercial Mortgage Loans” for our commercial mortgage loan loss allowance policy.

The following table sets forth the commercial mortgage loan loss allowance provisions:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
    Year Ended
December 31, 2009
 
     (In millions)  

Balance at beginning of the period

   $ 19.6      $ 6.8   

Provisions

     11.1        21.1   

Charge offs, net

     (1.4     (8.3
                

Balance at end of the period

   $ 29.3      $ 19.6   
                

Our commercial mortgage loan loss allowance increased $9.7 million to $29.3 million at March 31, 2010, compared to $19.6 million at December 31, 2009, to account for probable future losses based on conditions existing at March 31, 2010. There was an increase in the level of requests for forbearance for the first quarter of 2010 primarily driven by a single borrower with loans totaling approximately $110 million on 80 commercial properties.

 

44


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth non-performing commercial mortgage loans identified in management’s specific review of probable loan losses and the related allowance at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010      December 31, 2009  
     (In millions)  

Non-performing commercial mortgages with allowance for losses

   $ 141.3       $ 28.5   

Non-performing commercial mortgages with no allowance for losses

     0.9         1.9   

Allowance for losses on non-performing commercial mortgages, end of the period

     (17.1      (6.5
                 

Net carrying value of non-performing commercial mortgages

   $ 125.1       $ 23.9   
                 

Non-performing commercial mortgage loans without an allowance for losses are those for which we have determined that it remains probable that the Company will collect all amounts owed. The average recorded investment in non-performing mortgages before allowance for losses was $86.3 million and $3.9 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The $112.8 million increase in the non-performing commercial mortgage loans with an allowance as of March 31, 2010 compared to December 31, 2009 was primarily due to a single borrower with loans totaling approximately $110 million on 80 commercial properties. Although the borrower’s commercial mortgage loans were current as of March 31, 2010, the commercial mortgage loans were disclosed as non-performing due to the requested forbearance and our perceived near-term prospect of the borrower.

Interest income is recorded in net investment income. We continue to recognize interest income on delinquent loans until the loans are more than 90 days delinquent. The amount of interest income on non-performing loans and the cash received by us in payment of interest on non-performing loans for the first quarter of 2010 was $1.9 million. There was no interest income recognized or cash received by us for non-performing loans in the first quarter of 2009.

At March 31, 2010, we did not have any direct exposure to sub-prime or Alt-A mortgages in our commercial mortgage loan portfolio. When we undertake mortgage risk, we do so directly through loans that we originate ourselves rather than in packaged products such as commercial mortgage-backed securities. Given that we service the vast majority of loans in our portfolios ourselves, we are prepared to deal with them promptly and proactively. Should the delinquency rate or loss performance of our commercial mortgage loan portfolio increase significantly, the increase could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Our largest concentration of commercial mortgage loan property type was retail properties and primarily consisted of convenience related properties in strip malls, convenience stores and restaurants. At March 31, 2010, our commercial mortgage loan portfolio was collateralized by properties with the following characteristics:

 

   

48.5% retail properties.

 

   

18.8% office properties.

 

   

18.0% industrial properties.

 

   

  7.5% hotel/motel properties.

 

   

  3.9% commercial properties.

 

   

  3.3% apartment and agricultural properties.

At March 31, 2010, our commercial mortgage loan portfolio was diversified regionally as follows:

 

   

46.4% Western region.

 

   

28.8% Eastern region.

 

   

24.8% Central region.

 

45


Table of Contents

The following table sets forth the geographic concentration of commercial mortgage loans at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

     March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
     Amount    Percent     Amount    Percent  
     (Dollars in millions)  

California

   $ 1,147.2    26.7   $ 1,153.0    26.9

Texas

     451.7    10.5        445.1    10.4   

Florida

     308.9    7.2        299.4    7.0   

Georgia

     242.5    5.6        239.4    5.6   

Other

     2,154.2    50.0        2,147.9    50.1   
                          

Total commercial mortgage loans

   $ 4,304.5    100.0   $ 4,284.8    100.0
                          

Commercial mortgage loans in California accounted for 26.7% of our commercial mortgage loan portfolio at March 31, 2010. Through this concentration in California, we are exposed to potential losses from an economic downturn in California as well as certain catastrophes, such as earthquakes and fires that may affect certain areas of the western region. We require borrowers to maintain fire insurance coverage to provide reimbursement for any losses due to fire. We diversify our commercial mortgage loan portfolio within California by both location and type of property in an effort to reduce certain catastrophe and economic exposure. However, diversification may not always eliminate the risk of such losses. Historically, the delinquency rate of our California-based commercial mortgage loans has been substantially below the industry average and consistent with our experience in other states. In addition, when we underwrite new loans, we do not require earthquake insurance for the properties. However, we do consider the potential for earthquake loss based upon seismic surveys and structural information specific to each property. We do not expect a catastrophe or earthquake damage in the western region to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows. Currently, our California exposure is primarily in Los Angeles County, Orange County, San Diego County and the Bay Area Counties. We have a smaller concentration of commercial mortgage loans in the Inland Empire and the San Joaquin Valley where there has been greater economic decline. Due to the concentration of commercial mortgage loans in California, a continued economic decline in California could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Under the laws of certain states, environmental contamination of a property may result in a lien on the property to secure recovery of the costs of cleanup. In some states, such a lien has priority over the lien of an existing mortgage against such property. As a commercial mortgage lender, we customarily conduct environmental assessments prior to making commercial mortgage loans secured by real estate and before taking title through foreclosure on real estate collateralizing delinquent commercial mortgage loans held by us. Based on our environmental assessments, we believe that any compliance costs associated with environmental laws and regulations or any remediation of affected properties would not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows. However, we cannot provide assurance that material compliance costs will not be incurred by us.

In the normal course of business, we commit to fund commercial mortgage loans generally up to 90 days in advance. At March 31, 2010, we had outstanding commitments to fund commercial mortgage loans totaling $79.3 million, with fixed interest rates ranging from 6.00% to 8.00%. These commitments generally have fixed expiration dates. A small percentage of commitments expire due to the borrower’s failure to deliver the requirements of the commitment by the expiration date. In these cases, we will retain the commitment fee and good faith deposit. Alternatively, if we terminate a commitment due to the disapproval of a commitment requirement, the commitment fee and good faith deposit may be refunded to the borrower, less an administrative fee.

 

46


Table of Contents

Financing Cash Flows

Financing cash flows primarily consist of policyholder fund deposits and withdrawals, borrowings and repayments on the line of credit, borrowings and repayments on long-term debt, repurchases of common stock and dividends paid on common stock. Net cash provided by financing activities was $32.8 million and $136.9 million for the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in funds provided by financing cash flows for the comparative periods was primarily due to an increase in cash used to repurchase shares of common stock and a reduction in the level of new individual annuity deposits, resulting in a smaller increase of policyholder deposits net of withdrawals.

We repurchased 0.5 million shares of common stock at a total cost of $22.0 million for the first quarter of 2010. At March 31, 2010, there were 3.8 million shares remaining under our repurchase authorizations. We did not repurchase shares of common stock for the first quarter of 2009.

We maintain a $200 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (“Facility”) which expires June 15, 2013. The Facility will remain at $200 million through June 15, 2012, and will decrease to $165 million thereafter until final maturity. Borrowings under the Facility will continue to be used to provide for working capital, for issuance of letters of credit and for our general corporate purposes.

Under the agreement, we are subject to customary covenants that take into consideration the impact of material transactions, changes to the business, compliance with legal requirements and financial performance. The two financial covenants are based on our total debt to total capitalization ratio and our consolidated net worth. Under the two financial covenants, we are required to maintain a debt to capitalization ratio that does not exceed 35% and a consolidated net worth that is equal to at least $1.04 billion. The financial covenants exclude the unrealized gains and losses related to fixed maturity securities available-for-sale that are held in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). At March 31, 2010, we had a debt to total capitalization ratio of 25.3% and consolidated net worth of $1.64 billion as defined by the financial covenants. We believe we will continue to meet the financial covenants in the future. The Facility is subject to performance pricing based upon our total debt to total capitalization ratio and includes interest based on a Eurodollar margin, plus facility and utilization fees. At March 31, 2010, we were in compliance with all covenants under the Facility and had no outstanding balance on the Facility.

We have $250 million of 6.875%, 10-year senior notes (“Senior Notes”), which mature on September 25, 2012. The principal amount of the Senior Notes is payable at maturity and interest is payable semi-annually in April and October.

We have $300 million of 6.90%, junior subordinated debentures (“Subordinated Debt”). The Subordinated Debt has a final maturity on June 1, 2067, is non-callable at par for the first 10 years (prior to June 1, 2017) and is subject to a replacement capital covenant. The covenant limits replacement of the Subordinated Debt for the first 40 years to be redeemable after year 10 (on or after June 1, 2017) and only with securities that carry equity-like characteristics that are the same as or more equity-like than the Subordinated Debt. The principal amount of the Subordinated Debt is payable at final maturity. Interest is payable semi-annually at 6.90% in June and December for the first 10 years up to June 1, 2017, and quarterly thereafter at a floating rate equal to three-month London Interbank Offered Rate plus 2.51%. We have the option to defer interest payments for up to five years. We have not deferred interest on the Subordinated Debt. We primarily used the proceeds from the sale of the Subordinated Debt to repurchase shares of common stock and to fund the acquisition by StanCorp Real Estate, LLC (a wholly owned subsidiary) of certain real estate assets from Standard.

Capital Management

State insurance departments require insurance enterprises to maintain minimum levels of capital and surplus. Our insurance subsidiaries’ target is generally to maintain capital at 300% of the Company Action Level of Risk-Based Capital (“RBC”) required by regulators, which is 600% of the Authorized Control Level RBC

 

47


Table of Contents

required by our states of domicile. The insurance subsidiaries held estimated capital at 357% of the Company Action Level RBC at March 31, 2010. At March 31, 2010, statutory capital, adjusted to exclude asset valuation reserves, for our regulated insurance subsidiaries totaled $1.33 billion.

The levels of capital in excess of targeted RBC we generate vary inversely in relation to the level of our premium growth. As premium growth increases, capital is utilized to fund additional reserve requirements, meet increased regulatory capital requirements based on premium, and cover certain acquisition costs associated with policy issuance, leaving less available capital beyond our target levels. Higher levels of premium growth can result in increased utilization of capital beyond that which is generated by the business, and at very high levels of premium growth, we could generate the need for capital infusions. At lower levels of premium growth, additional capital produced by the business exceeds the capital utilized to meet these requirements, which can result in additional capital above our targeted RBC level. At our expected growth rate, in 2010 we anticipate generating between $150 million and $200 million of capital in excess of our 300% RBC target. In addition to the capital carried on the insurance subsidiaries, our non-insurance subsidiaries also hold capital in excess of regulatory requirements.

Dividends from Insurance Subsidiary

Our ability to pay dividends to our shareholders, repurchase our shares and meet our obligations substantially depends upon the receipt of distributions from our subsidiaries, including Standard. Standard’s ability to pay dividends to StanCorp is affected by factors deemed relevant by Standard’s board of directors. One factor considered by the board is the ability to maintain adequate capital according to Oregon statute. Under Oregon law, Standard may pay dividends only from the earned surplus arising from its business. If the proposed dividend exceeds certain statutory limitations, Standard must receive the prior approval of the Director of the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services—Insurance Division (“Oregon Insurance Division”). The current statutory limitations are the greater of (a) 10% of Standard’s combined capital and surplus as of December 31 of the preceding year, or (b) the net gain from operations after dividends to policyholders and federal income taxes before realized capital gains or losses for the 12-month period ended on the preceding December 31. In each case, the limitation must be determined under statutory accounting practices. Oregon law gives the Oregon Insurance Division broad discretion to decline requests for dividends in excess of these limits. There are no regulatory restrictions on dividends from non-insurance subsidiaries.

In February 2010, the board of directors approved dividends from Standard of up to $200 million during 2010. The approved dividend amount for 2010 is not in excess of the current statutory limitations under the Oregon Insurance Division and we therefore do not have to seek approval from the Oregon Insurance Division for the approved 2010 dividend amount.

Standard paid ordinary cash dividends to StanCorp of $60.0 million and $25.0 million in the first quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Dividends to Shareholders

The declaration and payment of dividends in the future is subject to the discretion of our board of directors. It is anticipated that annual dividends will be paid in December of each year depending on our financial condition, results of operations, cash requirements, future prospects, regulatory restrictions on distributions from the insurance subsidiaries, the ability of the insurance subsidiaries to maintain adequate capital and other factors deemed relevant by the board of directors. In addition, the declaration and payment of dividends would be restricted if we elect to defer interest payments on our Subordinated Debt issued May 7, 2007. If elected, the restriction would be in place during the interest deferral period, which cannot exceed five years. We have not deferred interest on the Subordinated Debt, and have paid dividends each year since our initial public offering in 1999. In the fourth quarter of 2009, StanCorp paid an annual cash dividend of $0.80 per share, totaling $38.9 million.

 

48


Table of Contents

Share Repurchases

From time to time, our board of directors has authorized share repurchase programs. Share repurchases are made in the open market or in negotiated transactions in compliance with the safe harbor provisions of Rule 10b-18 under regulations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Execution of the share repurchase program is based upon management’s assessment of market conditions for its common stock, other potential growth opportunities or priorities for capital use.

On November 9, 2009, our board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to 2.0 million shares of StanCorp common stock, which expires December 31, 2011. The November 2009 repurchase program took effect upon the completion of the previous share repurchase program. On February 8, 2010, our board of directors authorized an additional share repurchase program of up to 3.0 million shares of StanCorp common stock. The February 2010 repurchase program will take effect upon the completion of the November 2009 repurchase program and also expires on December 31, 2011.

During the first quarter of 2010, we repurchased 0.5 million shares of common stock at a total cost of $22.0 million for a volume weighted-average price of $41.11 per common share. At March 31, 2010, there were 3.8 million shares remaining under our repurchase authorizations. We did not repurchase any shares of common stock during the first quarter of 2009.

During the first quarter of 2010, we acquired 5,335 shares of common stock from executive officers and directors to cover tax liabilities of these officers and directors upon the release of performance-based and retention-based shares. The total cost of the acquired shares was $0.2 million for a volume weighted-average price of $41.90 per common share. Repurchases are made at market prices on the transaction date.

Financial Strength and Credit Ratings

Financial strength ratings, which gauge claims paying ability, are an important factor in establishing the competitive position of insurance companies. Ratings are important in maintaining public confidence in our company and in our ability to market our products. Rating organizations continually review the financial performance and condition of insurance companies, including ours. In addition, credit ratings on our Senior Notes and Subordinated Debt are tied to our financial strength ratings. A ratings downgrade could increase surrender levels for our annuity products, could adversely affect our ability to market our products and could increase costs of future debt issuances.

Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”), Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) and A.M. Best Company (“A.M. Best”) provide financial strength ratings on Standard.

Standard’s financial strength ratings as of April 2010 were:

 

S&P

  

Moody’s

  

A.M. Best

AA- (Very Strong)    A1 (Good)    A (Excellent)
4th of 20 ratings    5th of 21 ratings    3rd of 13 ratings

Credit ratings assess credit quality and the likelihood of issuer default. S&P, Moody’s and A.M. Best provide ratings on StanCorp’s Senior Notes and Subordinated Debt. S&P and A.M. Best also provide issuer credit ratings for both Standard and StanCorp. As of April 2010, our issuer credit ratings from S&P, Moody’s and A.M. Best had stable outlooks.

 

49


Table of Contents

Our debt ratings and issuer credit ratings as of April 2010 were:

 

     S&P    Moody’s    A.M. Best

StanCorp Debt Ratings:

        

Senior Notes

   A-    Baa1    bbb+

Subordinated Debt

  </