Staples 10-Q 2006
Documents found in this filing:
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
ý Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended: April 29, 2006
o Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number: 0-17586
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Five Hundred Staples Drive, Framingham, MA 01702
(Address of principal executive office and zip code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one): Large accelerated filer ý Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act) Yes o No ý
The registrant had 728,114,541 shares of Staples common stock outstanding as of May 12, 2006.
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
April 29, 2006
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(Dollar Amounts in Thousands, Except Share Data)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(Dollar Amounts in Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
(Dollar Amounts in Thousands)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Note A - Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Staples, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Staples, the Company, we, our or us). These financial statements are for the period covering the thirteen weeks ending April 29, 2006 (also referred to as the first quarter of 2006) and the period covering the thirteen weeks ending April 30, 2005 (also referred to as the first quarter of 2005). All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation.
All share and per share amounts reflect the three-for-two common stock split that was effected in the form of a common stock dividend distributed on April 15, 2005.
The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement No. 123 (revised 2004), Share Based Payment (SFAS No. 123R) as of January 29, 2006 using the modified retrospective method. As a result, the consolidated financial statements for the first quarter of 2005 have been restated to reflect the adoption of this standard. The impact on net income for the adoption of SFAS No. 123R is consistent with the pro forma amounts previously disclosed in our quarterly reports.
These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, such interim financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary to present fairly the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2006.
Note B Employee Benefit Plans
Employee Stock Purchase Plans
The Amended and Restated 1998 Employee Stock Purchase Plan authorizes a total of up to 15.8 million shares of the Companys common stock to be sold to participating employees and the Amended and Restated International Employee Stock Purchase Plan authorizes a total of up to 1.3 million shares of the Companys common stock to be sold to participating employees of non-U.S. subsidiaries of the Company. Under both plans, participating employees may purchase shares of common stock at 85% of its market price at the beginning or end of an offering period, whichever is lower, through payroll deductions in an amount not to exceed 10% of an employees annual base compensation.
Stock Award Plans
The Amended and Restated 2004 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2004 Plan) was implemented in July 2004 and replaces the amended and restated 1992 Equity Incentive Plan (the 1992 Plan) and the amended and restated 1990 Director Stock Option Plan (the 1990 Plan). Unexercised options under both the 1992 Plan and the 1990 Plan remain outstanding. The 2004 Plan authorizes the issuance of up to 62.3 million shares of the Companys common stock to management and employees using various forms of awards, including nonqualified options and restricted stock, subject to certain restrictions. As of February 27, 1997, Staples 1987 Stock Option Plan (the 1987 Plan) expired; however, unexercised options under this plan remain outstanding. Options outstanding under these plans have an exercise price equal to the market price of the common stock on the date of grant. Some options outstanding are exercisable at various percentages of the total shares subject to the option starting one year after the grant, while other options are exercisable in their entirety three to five years after the grant date. All options expire ten years after the grant date, subject to earlier termination in the event of employment termination.
Information with respect to stock options granted under the above plans is as follows:
The weighted average fair value of options granted during the three months ended April 29, 2006 and April 30, 2005 was $7.87 and $7.20, respectively.
The following table summarizes information concerning currently outstanding and exercisable options for common stock:
For stock options granted prior to May 1, 2005, the fair value for these options was estimated at the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model. For stock options granted on or after May 1, 2005, the fair value of each award is estimated on the date of grant using a binomial valuation model. The binomial model considers characteristics of fair value option pricing that are not available under the Black-Scholes model. Similar to the Black-Scholes model, the binomial model takes into account variables such as expected volatility, dividend yield rate, and risk free interest rate. However, in addition, the binomial model considers the contractual term of the option, the probability that the option will be exercised prior to the end of its contractual life, and the probability of termination or retirement of the option holder in computing the value of the option. For these reasons, the Company believes that the binomial model provides a fair value that is more representative of actual experience and future expected experience than that value calculated using the Black-Scholes model.
The fair value of options granted in each year was estimated at the date of grant using the following weighted average assumptions:
The expected stock volatility factor was calculated using an average of historical and implied volatility measures to reflect the different periods in the Companys history that would impact the value of the stock options granted to employees.
The fair value of stock options is expensed over the applicable vesting period using the straight line method. In connection with the purchase of shares under the employee stock purchase plan and the issuance of stock options, Staples included $21.0 million and $18.4 million in compensation expense for the three months ended April 29, 2006 and April 30, 2005, respectively. At April 29, 2006, the Company had $149.8 million of stock options to be expensed over the period through January 2010.
In 2003, the Company began granting restricted shares in lieu of special grants of stock options in order to better align management and shareholder interests. All shares underlying awards of restricted stock are restricted in that they are not transferable (i.e., they may not be sold) until they vest. Subject to limited exceptions, if the employees who received the restricted stock leave Staples prior to the vesting date for any reason, the shares of restricted stock will be forfeited and returned to Staples. The fair value of restricted shares is based upon the market price of the underlying common stock as of the date of grant. The following table summarizes the Companys restricted stock activities in the three months ended April 29, 2006:
In connection with the issuance of restricted stock, Staples included $2.2 million and $2.8 million in compensation expense for the three months ended April 29, 2006 and April 30, 2005, respectively. At April 29, 2006 Staples had $24.4 million of restricted shares to be expensed over the period through March 2009.
Performance Accelerated Restricted Stock (PARS)
PARS are shares of Staples common stock that may be issued to employees (including officers) of Staples. The shares, however, are restricted in that they are not transferable (i.e., they may not be sold) by the employee until they vest, generally after the end of five years. Such vesting date may accelerate if Staples achieves certain compound annual earnings per share growth over a certain number of interim years. Subject to limited exceptions, if the employee leaves Staples prior to the vesting date for any reason, PARS will be forfeited by the employee and will be returned to Staples. Once PARS have vested, they become unrestricted and may be transferred and sold. Based on the terms of these awards, the Company accounts for PARS using fixed plan accounting and recognizes compensation expense over the expected life of the award on a straight-line basis.
The fair value of PARS is based upon the market price of the underlying common stock as of the date of grant. As of April 29, 2006, Staples had 1,003,982 PARS that were issued during fiscal year 2005. The shares have a weighted-average fair market value of $21.72 and initially vest in March 2010 or will accelerate in full in March 2007, 2008 or 2009. PARS issued in
fiscal year 2004 have a weighted-average fair market value of $19.79 and vested in March 2006 as a result of Staples achieving its target earnings per share growth for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006.
In connection with the issuance of PARS, Staples included $4.9 million in compensation expense for each of the three months ended April 29, 2006 and April 30, 2005.
In fiscal 2006 the Company began issuing performance shares. Performance shares are restricted stock awards that vest only if the Company meets minimum performance targets. For the 2006 performance share awards, the performance target has been established based on cumulative returns on net assets over a three year period. If, at the end of the 2008 fiscal year, the Company achieves 100% of the performance target, all of the 2006 performance share awards will vest; if the Company achieves at least 90% of the performance target or exceeds the performance target, then a percentage of the performance shares, from 90% up to 200%, will vest. If the Company does not achieve at least 90% of the performance target, then none of the performance share awards will vest.
The fair value of performance shares is based upon the market price of the underlying common stock as of the date of grant. As of April 29, 2006, Staples had 551,400 performance shares that were issued during fiscal year 2006. The shares have a weighted-average fair market value of $23.43. In connection with the issuance of performance shares, Staples included $1.1 million in compensation expense for the first quarter of 2006.
Employees 401(k) Savings Plan
Staples Employees 401(k) Savings Plan (the 401(k) Plan) is available to all United States based employees of Staples who meet minimum age and length of service requirements. Company contributions are based upon a matching formula applied to employee contributions that are made in the form of Company common stock and vest ratably over a five year period.
In connection with this plan, Staples included approximately $4.5 million and $3.5 million in expense for the first quarter of 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Note C - Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income includes net income, foreign currency translation adjustments and changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated as hedges of net investments in foreign subsidiaries (net of the related tax effects), which are reported separately in stockholders equity (in thousands):
Note D Stockholders Equity
On February 22, 2005, the Board approved a three-for-two split of Staples common stock that was effected in the form of a common stock dividend to shareholders of record as of March 29, 2005. The dividend was distributed on April 15, 2005. All share and per share data have been restated to reflect the effect of this three-for-two common stock dividend.
Note E - Computation of Earnings Per Common Share
The computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the first quarter of 2006 and 2005 is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):
Note F - Segment Reporting
Staples has three reportable segments: North American Retail, North American Delivery, and International Operations. Staples North American Retail segment consists of the U.S. and Canadian business units that operate office products stores. The North American Delivery segment consists of the U.S. and Canadian business units that sell and deliver office products and services directly to customers, and includes Staples Business Delivery, Quill and Staples Contract operations (Staples National Advantage and Staples Business Advantage). The International Operations segment consists of operating units that operate office products stores and that sell and deliver office products and services directly to customers in 19 countries in Europe, South America and Asia.
Staples evaluates performance and allocates resources based on profit or loss from operations before stock-based compensation, interest and income taxes, the impact of changes in accounting principles and non-recurring items (business unit income). Intersegment sales and transfers are recorded at Staples cost; therefore, there is no intercompany profit or loss recognized on these transactions.
The following is a summary of sales and business unit income by reportable segment for the first quarter of 2006 and 2005 and a reconciliation of business unit income to consolidated income before income taxes (in thousands):
Note G - Guarantor Subsidiaries
Under the terms of the Companys 7.375% senior notes and 7.125% senior notes, certain subsidiaries guarantee repayment of the debt. The 7.375% senior notes and 7.125% senior notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, joint and several basis by Staples the Office Superstore, LLC, Staples the Office Superstore East, Inc., Staples Contract & Commercial, Inc. and Staples the Office Superstore, Limited Partnership, all of which are wholly owned subsidiaries of Staples (the Guarantor Subsidiaries). The term of the guarantees is equivalent to the term of the related debt. The following condensed consolidating financial data is presented for the holders of the 7.375% senior notes and 7.125% senior notes and illustrates the composition of Staples (the Parent Company), the Guarantor Subsidiaries, and the non-guarantor subsidiaries for the first quarter of 2006 and 2005. The non-guarantor subsidiaries represent more than an inconsequential portion of the consolidated assets and revenues of Staples.
Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for by the Parent Company on the equity method for purposes of the supplemental consolidating presentation. Earnings of subsidiaries are, therefore, reflected in the Parent Companys investment accounts and earnings. The principal elimination entries eliminate the Parent Companys investment in subsidiaries and intercompany balances and transactions.
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
As of April 29, 2006
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
As of January 28, 2006
Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income
For the thirteen weeks ended April 29, 2006
Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income
For the thirteen weeks ended April 30, 2005
Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the thirteen weeks ended April 29, 2006
Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the thirteen weeks ended April 30, 2005
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Managements Discussion and Analysis
of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Our business is comprised of three segments: North American Retail, North American Delivery and International Operations. Our North American Retail segment consists of the U.S. and Canadian business units that operate office products stores. The North American Delivery segment consists of the U.S. and Canadian business units that sell and deliver office products and services directly to customers, and includes Staples Business Delivery, Quill, and our Contract operations (Staples National Advantage and Staples Business Advantage). The International Operations segment consists of operating units that operate office products stores and that sell and deliver office products and services directly to customers in 19 countries in Europe, South America and Asia.
Beginning in fiscal 2006, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 123 (revised 2004) (SFAS No. 123R) on a modified retrospective basis. Our results for the first quarter of 2006 reflect, and our results for the first quarter of 2005 have been restated to reflect the impact of adopting SFAS No. 123R.
Forward Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and, in particular, this management discussion and analysis contain or incorporate a number of forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act), including statements regarding:
expected future revenues, operations, expenditures and cash needs;
our stock repurchase program and payment of annual cash dividends;
the projected number, timing and cost of new store openings;
estimates of the potential markets for our products and services, including the anticipated drivers for future growth;
sales and marketing plans;
potential mergers or acquisitions; and
projected improvements to our infrastructure and impact of such improvements on our business and operations.
In addition, any statements contained in or incorporated by reference into this report that are not statements of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of the words believes, expects, anticipates, plans, may, will, would, intends, estimates and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industry and markets in which we operate and managements beliefs and assumptions, and should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements included in this report. We cannot guarantee that we actually will achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements made. There are a number of important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, those set forth under the heading Risk Factors of our 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on February 28, 2006 for the year ended January 28, 2006. We do not intend to update publicly any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Results of Operations
We have provided below a summary of our operating results at the consolidated level, followed by an overview of our segment performance. Our results for the first quarter of 2006 reflect, and our results for the first quarter of 2005 have been restated to reflect the impact of SFAS No. 123R.
Net income for the first quarter of 2006 was $186.1 million or $0.25 per diluted share compared to $147.7 million or $0.20 per diluted share for the first quarter of
2005, an increase in net income of 26%. Our results for the first quarter of 2006 were achieved by continuing to execute our strategy of driving profitable sales growth, improving profit margins and increasing asset productivity. This includes delivering on our Easy brand promise to make buying office products easy for our customers in order to differentiate us from our competitors. Our commitment to customer service, our focus on higher margin Staples brand products, strong results in our copy and print center business, the continued success of our customer acquisition efforts, supply chain improvements and expense management were key drivers of our results in the first quarter of 2006.
Sales: Sales for the first quarter of 2006 were $4.2 billion, an increase of 8.7% from the first quarter of 2005. Comparable sales for our North American retail locations increased 1% for the first quarter of 2006 and comparable sales for our International retail locations were flat for the first quarter of 2006. We had 1,786 open stores as of April 29, 2006 compared to 1,695 stores as of April 30, 2005 and 1,780 stores as of January 28, 2006. This includes 6 stores opened and no stores closed during the first quarter of 2006. North American Delivery sales increased 16.8% for the first quarter of 2006. The increase in total sales also reflects a negative impact of foreign currency of $6.0 million for the first quarter of 2006.
Our strong sales growth in the first quarter of 2006 reflects our performance in core office supplies, ink and toner, our copy and print center business, paper and computer peripherals, slightly offset by our performance in business machines and furniture. The increase also reflects our continued focus on customer service as well as the continued success of our customer acquisition and retention efforts in our North American delivery business.
Gross Profit: Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 28.1% for the first quarter of 2006 compared to 27.2% for the first quarter of 2005. The increase in the gross profit rate for the first quarter of 2006 from the gross profit rate for the first quarter of 2005 is due to sales in higher margin categories including core office supplies, copy and print services and Staples brand products and supply chain initiatives which lower the cost of moving product from our vendors to our customers.
Operating and Selling Expenses: Operating and selling expenses, which consist of payroll, advertising and other operating expenses, were 16.9% of sales for the first quarter of 2006 compared to 16.7% for the first quarter of 2005. The increase in operating expenses as a percentage of sales for the first quarter of 2006 primarily reflects planned investments to grow our copy and print center business. This increase was partially offset by our continued focus on expense management and leveraging of fixed expenses on higher sales.
General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales were 4.3% for the first quarter of 2006 compared to 4.5% for the first quarter of 2005. The decrease reflects strong expense control and leveraging of fixed expenses on higher sales.
Amortization of Intangibles: Amortization of intangibles was $3.2 million for the first quarter of 2006 compared to $3.4 million for the first quarter of 2005, reflecting the amortization of customer-related intangible assets and noncompetition agreements.
Interest income: Interest income increased to $19.5 million in the first quarter of 2006 from $11.0 million in the first quarter of 2005. The increase in interest income in fiscal 2006 is primarily due to a sustained increase in interest rates.
Interest expense: Interest expense increased to $14.7 million in the first quarter of 2006 from $10.0 million in the first quarter of 2005. The increase in interest expense in 2006 is primarily due to an increase in interest rates. We use interest rate swap agreements to convert our fixed rate debt obligations into variable rate obligations and, as a result, have reduced interest expense for all periods presented. Excluding the impact of our interest rate swap agreements, interest expense would have been $15.0 million for the first quarter of 2006 and $12.9 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2005.
Miscellaneous expense: Miscellaneous expense was $0.4 million for the first quarter of 2006 and $0.6 million for the first quarter of 2005. These amounts primarily reflect foreign exchange gains and losses recorded in the respective periods.
Income Taxes: Our effective tax rate was 36.0% for the first quarter of 2006 and 36.5% for the first quarter of 2005. The decrease in our effective tax rate is primarily due to changes in the mix of our earnings.
The following tables provide a summary of our sales and business unit income by reportable segment (see reconciliation of business unit income to consolidated income before income taxes in Note F to our Consolidated Financial Statements):
North American Retail: Sales for North American Retail increased 6.7% for the first quarter of 2006 compared to the first quarter of 2005. The growth primarily reflects non-comparable store sales for the net stores opened in the prior year and throughout the first quarter of 2006, as well as an increase in comparable store sales of 1%. We added 5 stores to the North American store base in the first quarter of 2006. As of April 29, 2006, the North American store base included 1,527 open stores compared to 1,442 stores as of April 30, 2005 and 1,522 stores as of January 28, 2006. The increase in sales also reflects the positive impact of Canadian exchange rates to the U.S. dollar of $30 million for the first quarter of 2006. Our comparable store sales growth reflects positive performance in our copy and print center business, portable computers, core office supplies, ink and toner and computer peripherals, offset by negative performance in business software, business machines and furniture. Business unit income as a percentage of sales increased to 7.8% for the first quarter of 2006 from 7.2% for the first quarter of 2005. The increase in business unit income primarily reflects sales in higher margin categories including core office supplies, copy and print services and Staples brand products; and supply chain initiatives which lower the cost of moving product from our vendors to our customers. This increase was partially offset by planned investments to grow our copy and print center business.
North American Delivery: Sales for North American Delivery increased 16.8% for the first quarter of 2006 compared to the first quarter of 2005. The sales growth for the first quarter of 2006 reflects the continued success of our customer acquisition and retention efforts, increased penetration of existing customers and more effective marketing spend. Business unit income increased to 9.4% of sales continued focus on higher margin Staples brand products; our first quarter of 2006 from 8.8% in the first quarter of 2005. The increase in business unit income primarily reflects our continued focus on higher margin Staples brand products; our supply chain efforts focused on improving our perfect order metric, decreasing the number of trips per order and lowering our reliance on wholesalers; continued increases in the number of orders placed electronically; leveraging of fixed expenses on higher sales; as well as more efficient and effective marketing spend.
International Operations: Sales for International Operations decreased 0.8% for the first quarter of 2006 compared to the first quarter of 2005. The decrease reflects the negative impact of foreign exchange rates to the U.S. dollar of $39.8 million for the first quarter of 2006. This was substantially offset by growth in local currency in our International delivery businesses as well as non-comparable store sales for stores opened in the prior year and throughout the first quarter of 2006.
As of April 29, 2006, the European store base included 259 open stores compared to 253 stores as of April 30, 2005 and 258 stores as of January 28, 2006. Comparable store sales were flat for the first quarter of 2006. Business unit income increased to $10.5 million for the first quarter of 2006 from $3.5 million for the first quarter of 2005. This primarily reflects prior year costs associated with the integration of the Office World stores and the integration of our two delivery businesses in the United Kingdom, which reduced business unit income in the first quarter of 2005, as well as more efficient marketing spend in our European delivery businesses in the first quarter of 2006.
Stock-Based Compensation: Stock-based compensation increased to $35.0 million in the first quarter of 2006 from $30.4 million in the first quarter of 2005. Stock-based compensation includes expenses associated with our employee stock purchase plans, the issuance of stock options, restricted shares, performance shares, as well as the company match in the employee 401(K) savings plan. The increase in this expense primarily reflects an increase in the number of shares issued and the market value of our common stock.
Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates
Our condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparation of these statements requires management to make significant judgments and estimates. Some accounting policies have a significant impact on amounts reported in these financial statements. A summary of significant accounting policies and a description of accounting policies that are considered critical may be found in our 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on February 28, 2006, in Note A of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Critical Accounting Policies section of Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Excluding our adoption of SFAS No. 123R with respect to stock-based compensation, there have been no material changes to our application of critical accounting policies and significant judgments and estimates since January 28, 2006.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash provided by operations was $168.3 million for the first quarter of 2006 compared to $157.6 million for the first quarter of 2005. The increase in operating cash flow from 2005 to 2006 is primarily due to an increase in net income, offset by changes in working capital.
Cash used in investing activities was $19.8 million for the first quarter of 2006 compared to $51.2 million for the first quarter of 2005. This change is primarily due to seasonal fluctuations in our short-term investment portfolio, offset by an increase in capital expenditures.
Cash used in financing activities was $260.5 million for the first quarter of 2006 compared to $284.5 million for the first quarter of 2005. Cash used in financing activities primarily relates to cash used for the payment of our annual cash dividend and the purchase of shares under our share repurchase program, offset by cash received upon the exercise of employee stock options. On April 20, 2006 we paid a cash dividend of $0.22 per outstanding common share, or $160.5 million in the aggregate, to shareholders of record on March 31, 2006. The dividend declared and paid in 2006 represents an increase of 32% over the per share value of the cash dividend declared and paid in 2005. Under our share repurchase programs, we repurchased 6.2 million shares for $151.8 million in the first quarter of 2006 and 8.7 million shares for $178.6 million in the first quarter of 2005.
Sources of Liquidity
We utilize cash generated from operations, short-term investments and our main revolving credit facility to cover seasonal fluctuations in cash flows and to support our various growth initiatives.
We had $2.18 billion in total cash, short-term investments and funds available through credit agreements at April 29, 2006, which consisted of $808.4 million of available credit and $1.37 billion of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments.
A summary, as of April 29, 2006, of balances available under credit agreements and debt outstanding is presented below (amounts in thousands):
We issue letters of credit under our revolving credit facility in the ordinary course of business. At April 29, 2006, we had $68.1 million of open letters of credit, thus reducing the available credit under our revolving credit facility from $750.0 million to $681.9 million.
We expect that our cash generated from operations, together with our current cash, short-term investments and funds available under our main revolving credit facility, will be sufficient to fund our planned store openings and other recurring operating cash needs for at least the next twelve months.
Uses of Capital
As a result of our strong financial position, in addition to investing in our existing businesses and pursuing strategic acquisitions, we also expect to continue to return capital to our shareholders through our stock repurchase program and an annual cash dividend.
We expect to open approximately 105 new stores in the next three quarters of 2006. We estimate that our cash requirements, including pre-opening expenses, net inventory, leasehold improvements and fixtures, will be approximately $1.3 million for each new store. We also plan to continue to make investments in information systems and distribution centers to improve operational efficiencies and customer service. We currently plan to spend approximately $385 million on capital expenditures during the last three quarters of 2006.
Historically, we have primarily grown organically, and while we do not expect this to change, we may also use capital to engage in strategic acquisitions or joint ventures in markets where we currently have a presence and in new geographic markets that could become significant to our business in future years. We do not rely on acquisitions to achieve our publicly announced target growth plans. While we will consider many types of acquisitions on an opportunistic basis, we target acquisitions that are small, aligned with our existing businesses, focused on both strengthening our presence in existing markets and expanding our presence into new geographic markets that could become long term meaningful drivers of our business and financed from our operating cash flows. In connection with such targeted acquisitions, we plan to exercise the same discipline we use for other investments: pursuing those that we believe will earn a return above our long-term cost of capital within a two or three year time frame.
We believe that we will need to spend approximately $500 million a year on capital expenditures for the next few years to fund organic growth and ongoing operations. With this level of capital spending and an acquisition strategy that is not projected to require significant amounts of capital, it is likely that the cash we generate from operations will exceed our investing needs, thereby strengthening our credit profile. To use this excess cash to benefit our stockholders, we implemented a share repurchase program and an annual cash dividend. In the third quarter of 2005, we announced a repurchase program under which we may repurchase up to $1.5 billion of Staples common stock through February 2, 2008. We paid our annual cash dividend of $0.22 per share of common stock on April 20, 2006 to shareholders of record on March 31, 2006, resulting in a total dividend payment of $160.5 million. While it is our intention to pay annual cash dividends in years following 2006, any decision to pay future cash dividends will be made by our Board of Directors and will depend upon our earnings, financial condition and other factors.
Inflation and Seasonality
While neither inflation nor deflation has had, and we do not expect either to have, a material impact upon our operating results, there can be no assurance that our business will not be affected by inflation or deflation in the future. Our business is somewhat seasonal, with sales and profitability slightly lower during the first and second quarters of our fiscal year.
At April 29, 2006, there had not been a material change in any of the market risk information disclosed by us in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2006. More detailed information concerning market risk can be found under the sub-caption Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks of the caption Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations on page B-11 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 28, 2006 for the year ended January 28, 2006.
The Companys management, with the participation of the Companys chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures as of April 29, 2006. The term disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SECs rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the companys management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures as of April 29, 2006, the Companys chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, the Companys disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
No change in the Companys internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the fiscal quarter ended April 29, 2006 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Our market is highly competitive and we may not continue to compete successfully.
The office products market is highly competitive. We compete with a variety of local, regional, national and international retailers, dealers and distributors for customers, employees, locations, products, services and other important aspects of our business. In most of our geographic markets, we compete with other high-volume office supply chains such as Office Depot and OfficeMax that are similar in concept to us in terms of pricing strategy and product selection, as well as mass merchants such as Wal-Mart, warehouse clubs such as Costco, computer and electronics superstores such as Best Buy and other discount retailers. In addition, both our retail stores and delivery operations compete with numerous mail order firms, contract stationer businesses, electronic commerce distributors, local dealers and direct manufacturers such as Dell. Many of our competitors have increased their presence in our markets in recent years. Some of our current and potential competitors are larger than we are and have substantially greater financial resources that may be devoted to sourcing, promoting and selling their products. It is possible that increased competition or improved performance by our competitors may reduce our market share, profit margin and projected operating results, and may adversely affect our business and financial performance in other ways.
We may be unable to continue to open new stores and enter new markets successfully.
An important part of our business plan is to increase our number of stores and enter new geographic markets. We currently plan to open approximately 105 new stores in the last three quarters of fiscal 2006. For our growth strategy to be successful, we must identify and lease favorable store sites, hire and train associates and adapt management and operational systems to meet the needs of our expanded operations. These tasks may be difficult to accomplish successfully. If we are unable to open new stores as quickly as planned, our future sales and profits may be adversely affected. Even if we succeed in opening new stores, these new stores may not achieve the same sales or profit levels as our existing stores. Also, our expansion strategy includes opening new stores in markets where we already have a presence so we can take advantage of economies of scale in marketing, distribution and supervision costs. However, these new stores may result in the loss of sales in existing stores in nearby areas, which could adversely affect our business and financial performance.
Our growth may continue to strain operations, which could adversely affect our business and financial performance.
Our business has grown dramatically over the past several years and continues to grow through organic growth and strategic acquisitions. Accordingly, sales, number of stores, number of countries in which we conduct business and number of associates have grown and likely will continue to grow. This growth places significant demands on management and operational systems. If we are not successful in continuing to support our operational and financial systems, expanding our management team and increasing and effectively managing our associate base, this growth is likely to result in operational inefficiencies and ineffective management of the business and associates, which will in turn adversely affect our business and financial performance. In addition, as we grow, our business is subject to a wider array of complex state and federal regulations, and may be increasingly the target of private actions alleging violations of such regulations. This increases the cost of doing business and the risk that our business practices could unknowingly result in liabilities that may adversely affect our business and financial performance.
Our operating results may be impacted by changes in the economy that impact business and consumer spending.
Our operating results are directly impacted by the health of the North American, European, South American and Asian economies. Our business and financial performance may be adversely affected by current and future economic conditions, including unemployment levels, energy costs, interest rates, recession, inflation, the impact of natural disasters and terrorist activities, and other matters that influence business and consumer spending.
Our business and financial performance is dependent upon our ability to attract and retain qualified associates.
Our performance is dependent on attracting and retaining a large and growing number of quality associates. We face intense competition for qualified associates, and many of our associates are in entry-level or part-time positions with historically high rates of turnover. Our ability to meet our labor needs generally while controlling our labor costs is subject to numerous external factors, including the availability of a sufficient number of qualified persons in the work force, unemployment levels, prevailing wage rates, changing demographics, health and other insurance costs and changes in employment legislation. If we are unable to attract and retain qualified associates or our labor costs increase significantly, our business and financial performance may be adversely affected.
Our stock price may fluctuate based on market expectations.
The public trading of our stock is based in large part on market expectations that our business will continue to grow and that we will achieve certain levels of net income. If the securities analysts that regularly follow our stock lower their rating or lower their projections for future growth and financial performance, the market price of our stock is likely to drop significantly. In addition, if our quarterly financial performance does not meet the expectations of securities analysts, our stock price would likely decline. The decrease in the stock price may be disproportionate to the shortfall in our financial performance.
Our quarterly operating results are subject to significant fluctuation.
Our operating results have fluctuated from quarter to quarter in the past, and we expect that they will continue to do so in the future. Our earnings may not continue to grow at rates similar to the growth rates achieved in recent years and may fall short of either a prior fiscal period or investors expectations. Factors that could cause these quarterly fluctuations include the following: the extent to which sales in new stores result in the loss of sales in existing stores; the mix of products sold; pricing actions of competitors; the level of advertising and promotional expenses; extreme weather-related disruptions; and seasonality, primarily because the sales and profitability of our stores are typically slightly lower in the first and second quarter of the fiscal year than in other quarters. Most of our operating expenses, such as rent expense, advertising expense and employee salaries, do not vary directly with the amount of sales and are difficult to adjust in the short term. As a result, if sales in a particular quarter are below expectations for that quarter, we may not proportionately reduce operating expenses for that quarter, and therefore such a sales shortfall would have a disproportionate effect on our net income for the quarter.
Our expanding international operations expose us to the unique risks inherent in foreign operations.
As of April 29, 2006, we had operations in 19 countries in Europe, South America and Asia and a significant presence in Canada. As evidenced by our recent entry into the South American and Asian markets, we may also seek to expand further into other international markets. Our foreign operations encounter risks similar to those faced by our U.S. operations, as well as risks inherent in foreign operations, such as local customs and regulatory constraints, foreign trade policies, competitive conditions, foreign currency fluctuations and unstable political and economic conditions. Further, our recent acquisitions in Europe and South America and our investments in Asia have increased our exposure to these foreign operating risks, which could have an adverse impact on our international income and worldwide profitability.
Our business may be adversely affected by the actions of and risks associated with our third-party vendors.
The products we sell are sourced from a wide variety of third-party vendors. We cannot control the supply, design, function or cost of many of the products that we offer for sale and are dependent on the availability and pricing of key products, including without limitation paper, ink, toner and technology products. Disruptions in the availability of raw materials used in production of these products may adversely affect our sales and result in customer dissatisfaction. In addition, global sourcing of many of the products we sell is an important factor in our financial performance. Our ability to find qualified vendors and access products in a timely and efficient manner is a significant challenge, especially with respect to goods sourced outside the United States. Political instability, the financial instability of suppliers, merchandise quality issues, trade restrictions, tariffs, currency exchange rates, transport capacity and costs, inflation and other factors relating to foreign trade are beyond our control. These and other issues affecting our vendors could adversely affect our business and financial performance.
Our expanded offering of proprietary branded products may not improve our financial performance and may expose us to product liability claims.
Our product offering includes Staples, Quill and other proprietary branded products which represented approximately 18% of our total sales in fiscal 2005. While we have focused on the quality of our proprietary branded products, we rely on third-party manufacturers for these products. Such third party manufacturers may prove to be unreliable, or the quality of our globally sourced products may not meet our expectations. Furthermore, economic and political conditions in areas of the world where we source such products may adversely affect the availability and cost of such products. In addition, our proprietary branded products compete with other manufacturers branded items that we offer. As we continue to increase the number and types of proprietary branded products that we sell, we may adversely affect our relationships with our vendors, who may decide to reduce their product offerings through Staples and increase their product offerings through our competitors. Finally, if any of our customers are harmed by our proprietary branded products, they may bring product liability and other claims against us. Any of these circumstances could have an adverse effect on our business and financial performance.
Our debt level and operating lease commitments could impact our ability to obtain future financing and continue our growth strategy.
Our consolidated debt and operating lease obligations may have the effect generally of restricting our flexibility in responding to changing market conditions and could make us more vulnerable in the event of a downturn in our business. In addition, our level of indebtedness may have other important consequences, including: restricting our growth; making it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations; limiting our ability to borrow additional amounts for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, future acquisitions or other corporate purposes; and limiting our ability to use operating cash flow in other areas of our business. In such a situation, additional funds may not be available on satisfactory terms when needed, or at all, whether in the next twelve months or thereafter.
The California wage and hour class action lawsuit may adversely affect our business and financial performance.
Various class action lawsuits have been brought against us for alleged violations of what is known as Californias wage and hour law. The plaintiffs have alleged that we improperly classified both general and assistant store managers as exempt under the California wage and hour law, making such managers ineligible for overtime wages. The plaintiffs are seeking to require us to pay overtime wages to the putative class for the period from October 21, 1995 to the present. The court has granted class certification to the plaintiffs. The courts ruling is procedural only and does not address the merits of the plaintiffs allegations. We believe that the class was improperly certified and intend to appeal the decision. If the case goes to trial, we believe we have meritorious defenses in the litigation and expect to prevail. If, however, there is an adverse judgment from which there is no successful appeal, damages could range from $10 million to $150 million, excluding interest and attorneys fees.
(c) The following table provides information about our purchases of our common stock during the first quarter of fiscal 2006.
(1) Average price paid per share includes commissions and is rounded to the nearest two decimal places.
(2) On October 7, 2005, we announced that our Board of Directors approved the repurchase by us of up to $1.5 billion of our common stock through February 2, 2008.
The exhibits listed on the Exhibit Index immediately preceding such exhibits, which is incorporated herein by reference, are filed as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.