Wall Street Journal  Oct 21  Comment 
Thousands of voice-over actors have gone on strike against 11 videogame companies, including industry powerhouses Electronic Arts Inc. and Take-Two Interactive Software Inc., over a pay dispute.
MarketWatch  Oct 18  Comment 
Take-Two Interactive Software Inc. confirmed it would release a “Red Dead Redemption” videogame next fall after investors drove up the company’s shares 5% Monday on earlier hints that the announcement was imminent.
Benzinga  Oct 17  Comment 
$46.78 - September 22 high (all-time-high) $46.49 - October 7 high $45.85 - Intraday high as of 12:55 PM $45.40 - Current price as of 12:55 PM $44.50 - Intraday low as of 12:55 PM $43.92 - Upper-end of Friday's...
newratings.com  Oct 14  Comment 
SANTA MONICA (dpa-AFX) - Activision Blizzard (ATVI) and Take-Two Interactive (TTWO) are posting notable gains during trading on Friday, with the video game companies climbing by 2 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively. The gains by Activision...
Benzinga  Oct 14  Comment 
In a research note published on Thursday, Oppenheimer said Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. (NASDAQ: TTWO) stock appreciation story is just beginning amid industry tailwinds, multiple franchise refreshes and new content. The firm believes the...
Clusterstock  Oct 10  Comment 
We asked Zelnick Media Capital founder Strauss Zelnick about how you can tell if you or somebody else has what it takes to be a CEO. Zelnick is CEO of video game company Take-Two Interactive and also served as CEO of BMG Entertainment. Follow...
CNNMoney.com  Sep 7  Comment 
Forget about finding Pidgeys, Caterpies and other cute creatures in Pokemon Go with your smartphone. The world of gaming is much bigger than the augmented reality craze.
Clusterstock  Aug 30  Comment 
Strauss Zelnick is a father, husband and media mogul who, at 59, somehow finds the time to stay in incredible shape. That's because he treats fitness with the same sense of priority that he gives business meetings and time with his...


Take-Two Software is a publisher of video games for platforms such as Playstation, Xbox, Wii, and the personal computer. The company publishes its games through two subsidiaries: Rockstar Games and 2K. Take-Two's most coveted franchise, Grand Theft Auto, has sold millions of units across multiple titles, and has been widely criticized (or celebrated, depending on the audience) for its focus on violent and criminal content. The company also produces other popular titles such as Midnight Club, BioShock, and Civilization. In 2009, the company generated $968 million in revenue but incurred a net loss of $138 million.[1]

Take-Two faces challenges during a slow global economy from the weakening demand of video games. In 2009, video game software sales reached $24.5 billion on 604 million units sold. However, estimates for 2013 show sales value dropping to below $17 billion on just 460 million units sold. If the video game market shrinks, Take-Two, along with all other video game developers, will have a difficult time sustaining growth.[2]

Company Overview

Take-Two is a developer, publisher, and distributor of video games. It also competes on a variety of gaming platforms, such as the PC, XBox, Playstation, Wii, and other portable devices. TTWO divides its financial reporting into Publishing and Distribution segments. For more information about these two segments, please see Video Game Industry.

Publishing (72.4% of net sales)[3]

  • Rockstar Games - Take-Two's internal development and publishing operation, responsible for franchises like Grand Theft Auto and Midnight Club.
  • 2K - Publishes other non-Rockstar developed titles, focusing on specific markets and opportunities:
  1. 2K Games - The primary publisher to externally developed games fitting in the traditional "hard-core" gaming segment, publishing titles such as Oblivion. Also markets some internally developed titles such as the Sid Meier games, Civilization, and BioShock.
  2. 2K Sports - The primary publisher of internally developed sports games, such as NBA 2K, NHL 2K, etc. This segment has secured long-term licensing contracts with properties such as the NBA, MLB, etc.
  3. 2K Play - The primary publisher of externally developed games fitting in the new casual gaming segment, which include TV-show tie-ins, such as Dora the Explorer, and other family-oriented gaming titles.

Distribution (27.6% of net sales)[4]

The distribution business handles logistics of distribution for published titles, and also helps distribute other companies' software and hardware through Take-Two's retailer network. The company is able to do this due to the retailer-relationships it has established over the course of many years of operations, selling its games across North America, and thus it is able to offer it as a service to third parties as well.

Business Growth

FY 2009 (ended October 31, 2009)[1]

  • Net sales fell 37% to $968 million, down from $1.5 billion in the previous year. Publishing sales decreased 43% on lower Grand Theft Auto IV sales as well as on other titles. Distribution sales decreased 13%.
  • The company incurred a net loss of $138 million compared to a gain of $97 million last year.


Despite Increasing Popularity, Video Game Demand Hurt By Sluggish Economy

The Entertainment Software Association (ESA) estimates that more than two-thirds of all American households play PC or video games, with an estimated 68% of heads of households playing games. They also estimate that the average gamer is 35 years old and has been actively playing for 12 years. ESA studies show that video game popularity has grown tremendously over the past couple of decades and the audience is widening. However, despite this increasing popularity, studies estimate that the market for video games will decrease over the next few years from the as an effect of the sluggish global economy. In 2009, video game software sales reached $24.5 billion on 604 million units sold. However, estimates for 2013 show sales value dropping to below $17 billion on just 460 million units sold. If the video game market shrinks, Take-Two, along with all other video game developers, will have a difficult time sustaining growth.[2]

Grand Theft Auto, the Crown Jewel of Take-Two, Must Keep Up Sales

Take-Two's Grand Theft Auto (GTA) franchise is one of the most coveted brands within the Video Game industry. It's games has an untarnished track record of both quality and sales. In 2009, GTA games accounted for 30.6% of the company's net revenue. In order to keep revenue stream from this title, Take-Two must continue to publish successful sequels or new hit titles to make up for any lost revenue. Because the GTA series is known for its violence and gore, many parents have decided not to buy these games for their kids (GTA games are rated 17+). Additionally, some countries have even gone as far as trying to ban the game because of its content. Take-Two must be careful not to cross the line with its content, otherwise it will face regulation. If the demand for GTA games falls, Take-Two's bottom line will suffer.[5]

Low Number Of Casual Games Exposes Take-Two To The Casual vs Hard-core gamer Dichotomy

Most of Take-Two's games fit within the traditional "hard-core" gaming category, catering towards the specific 18-35 year old male demographic. While this has fostered a devoted fan base, it has also limited the company's ability to expand beyond into the growing gaming demographics of younger children, females, and older males. Take-Two has taken various steps to address this flaw, establishing the "2K Play" publishing label, obtaining an exclusive license with Nickelodeon to develop games around "Dora the Explore" and "Go, Diego, Go", and creating the Carnival Games franchise.


  • Electronic Arts (ERTS) is the world's largest video game publisher. EA's major franchises include Rock Band, Need for Speed and a number of EA Sports titles, including John Madden's NFL franchise and FIFA.
  • Activision (ATVI) is one of the world's largest video game publishers and distributors. ATVI develops software for the PC and video game console markets. The company is home to the popular games: Guitar Hero, DJ Hero, Call of Duty, World of Warcraft, and Starcraft.
  • Konami (KNM) is a Japanese publisher, which has published hits such as the Metal Gear franchise.
  • THQ (THQI) is a developer and publisher which houses 16 development studios.


  1. 1.0 1.1 TTWO 2009 10-K "Selected Financial Data" pg. 30
  2. 2.0 2.1 TTWO 2009 10-K pg. 1-2
  3. TTWO 2009 10-K "Our Publishing and Software Development Business" pg. 4-6
  4. TTWO 2009 10-K "Our Distribution Business" pg. 6
  5. TTWO 2009 10-K "We Are Dependent On The Future Success Of Our Grand Theft Auto Products..." pg. 11
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