This excerpt taken from the TS 6-K filed Nov 10, 2009.
4 Cost of sales
This excerpt taken from the TS 20-F filed Jun 30, 2006.
This excerpt taken from the TS 20-F filed Jun 28, 2005.
Cost of Sales
Cost of sales, expressed as a percentage of net sales, rose to 69.4% in 2003, compared to 67.4% in the same period of 2002. This increase resulted from lower gross margins in the welded pipe business, higher sales of low-margin energy products and higher cost of sales for seamless pipe products.
The following table shows our cost of sales, expressed as a percentage of net sales, by business segment for the periods indicated:
Seamless Pipes. Cost of sales of seamless pipes remained relatively stable as increased sales in our local markets of Mexico and Argentina, where sales include a higher component of services, together with a more cost-efficient allocation of orders among our main production facilities, offset the impact of rising raw material and increased energy and labor costs for most of 2003. Towards the end of 2003, however, further increases in steelmaking raw material costs led to an overall increase in cost of sales.
Welded Pipes. Cost of sales of welded pipe products increased 12.9 percentage points to 78.3% in 2003, compared to 65.4% in 2002, due to a substantial reduction in export sales, whose sales prices include a component reflecting the higher selling expenses and different delivery conditions associated with exports, the cost of which are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses and negative margins on sales of metal structures following a contraction in sales and provisions relating to contractual claims.
Energy. Costs of sales for energy products, expressed as a percentage of net sales, remained relatively stable despite increased competition in the market.
Other Products and Services. The significant decrease in cost of sales of this segment was the result of the discontinuation of sales of other steel products with low margin and increased sales of products with higher margins (such as sucker rods).