Texas Instruments 10-Q 2006
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
x QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2006
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 001-03761
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
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Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes S No ¨
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Number of shares of Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of
September 30, 2006
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
See accompanying notes.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Millions of dollars)
See accompanying notes.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Millions of dollars, except share amounts)
See accompanying notes.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Millions of dollars)
See accompanying notes.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Financial Statements
Acquisitions - In January 2006, we acquired 100 percent of the equity of Chipcon Group ASA (Chipcon), a leading company in the design of short-range, low-power wireless radio frequency semiconductors, based in Oslo, Norway, for $183 million in cash. The acquisition will enhance our ability to offer customers complete short-range wireless solutions for consumer, home and building automation applications. The acquisition was accounted for as a purchase business combination and the results of operations of this business have been included in the Semiconductor segment of our consolidated statements of income from the date of acquisition. Pro forma information has not been presented as it would not be materially different from amounts reported. As a result of the acquisition, we recorded a $5 million charge for in-process R&D in Corporate. We also recognized $115 million of goodwill and $86 million of other acquisition-related intangible assets, acquired $6 million of cash and assumed $29 million of other net liabilities. The following table contains a summary of the other intangible assets acquired:
In the second quarter of 2006 we also made an acquisition, which was not material, that was integrated into the Semiconductor business segment.
Dispositions - In January 2006, we entered into a definitive agreement to sell substantially all of our Sensors & Controls segment, excluding the radio frequency identification (RFID) systems operations that had been operated as a part of that segment, to an affiliate of Bain Capital, LLC, a leading global private equity investment firm, for $3 billion in cash. The sale was completed on April 27, 2006. The operations and cash flows of the former Sensors & Controls business have been eliminated from the ongoing operations of TI and we have no significant continuing involvement in the operations of the sold business. Beginning in the first quarter of 2006, the former Sensors & Controls business is presented as a discontinued operation and the RFID operations retained are included within the Semiconductor business segment. Prior period financial statements, including segment information, have been reclassified to reflect these changes for all periods presented (see Note 2 for detailed information on discontinued operations and Note 6 for restated segment information).
Change in Capitalization - During the second quarter of 2006, TI's Japan subsidiary prepaid $275 million of variable-rate bank notes. A portion of this debt had been due in 2008 and the remainder had been due in 2010.
Basis of Presentation - The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (US GAAP) and, except for the adoption of a change in depreciation method in the first quarter of 2006 and the presentation of discontinued operations, on the same basis as the audited financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005. The consolidated statements of income, statements of comprehensive income and statements of cash flows for the periods ended September 30, 2006 and 2005, and the balance sheet as of September 30, 2006, are not audited but reflect all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair statement of the results of the periods shown. The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2005, was derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet at that date and restated to reflect the former Sensors & Controls business as a discontinued operation. Certain amounts in the prior periods' financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Because the consolidated interim financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by US GAAP for a complete set of financial statements, they should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005. The results for the nine-month period are not necessarily indicative of a full year's results.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of all subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. All dollar amounts in the financial statements and tables in the notes, except share and per-share amounts, are stated in millions of U.S. dollars unless otherwise indicated.
Effective January 1, 2006, as a result of a study made of the pattern of usage of our long-lived depreciable assets, we adopted the straight-line method of depreciation for all property, plant and equipment. Under the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 154, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections,” which became effective as of January 1, 2006, a change in depreciation method is treated on a prospective basis as a change in estimate. Prior period results have not been restated. The effect of the change in depreciation method for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2006, was to reduce depreciation expense by about $42 million and about $111 million, and increase both income from continuing operations and net income by about $25 million ($0.02 per share) and about $50 million ($.03 per share), respectively.
Changes in Accounting Standards - Beginning January 1, 2006, we implemented SFAS No. 151, “Inventory Costs, an Amendment of ARB No. 43, Chapter 4.” The primary impact to our inventory valuation methodology was to change how the fixed production overhead costs included in inventory are calculated. The effect of this change for the nine months ended September 30, 2006, on inventory and net income was not material.
In June 2006, the FASB ratified Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 06-3, “How Taxes Collected from Customers and Remitted to Governmental Authorities Should Be Presented in the Income Statement (That Is, Gross Versus Net Presentation).” This standard allows companies to present in their statements of income any taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are directly imposed on revenue-producing transactions between a seller and a customer, such as sales, use, value-added and some excise taxes, on either a gross (included in revenue and costs) or a net (excluded from revenue) basis. This standard will be effective for us in interim periods and fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. We present these transactions on a net basis, and therefore the adoption of this standard will have no impact on our financial position and results of operations.
In July 2006, the FASB issued FASB Interpretation (FIN) No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes—An Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (FIN 48). This Interpretation clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in a company’s financial statements. FIN 48 requires companies to determine whether it is “more likely than not” that a tax position will be sustained upon examination by the appropriate taxing authorities before any part of the benefit can be recorded in the financial statements. It also provides guidance on the recognition, measurement and classification of income tax uncertainties, along with any related interest and penalties. FIN 48 will also require significant additional disclosures. This Interpretation will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. We will implement this Interpretation in the first quarter of 2007 on a prospective basis. We are currently evaluating the potential impact this Interpretation will have on our financial position and results of operations.
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (SFAS 157), which provides guidance on how to measure assets and liabilities that use fair value. SFAS 157 will apply whenever another US GAAP standard requires (or permits) assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value but does not expand the use of fair value to any new circumstances. This standard also will require additional disclosures in both annual and quarterly reports. SFAS 157 will be effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, and will be adopted by us beginning in the first quarter of 2008. We are currently evaluating the potential impact this standard may have on our financial position and results of operations, but do not believe the impact of the adoption will be material.
In September 2006, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) No. 108, “Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements” (SAB 108). SAB 108 was issued in order to eliminate the diversity of practice in how public companies quantify misstatements of financial statements, including misstatements that were not material to prior years’ financial statements. We will initially apply the provisions of SAB 108 in connection with the preparation of our annual financial statements for the year ending December 31, 2006. We have evaluated the potential impact SAB 108 may have on our financial position and results of operations and do not believe the impact of the application of this guidance will be material.
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, an amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106, and 132(R)” (SFAS 158). Part of this Statement will be effective as of December 31, 2006, and requires companies that have defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans to recognize the funded status of those plans on the balance sheet on a prospective basis from the effective date. The funded status of these plans is determined as of the plans’ measurement dates and represents the difference between the amount of the obligations owed to participants under
each plan (including the effects of future salary increases for defined benefit plans) and the fair value of each plan’s assets dedicated to paying those obligations. To record the funded status of those plans, unrecognized prior service costs and net actuarial losses experienced by the plans will be recorded in the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) section of shareholders’ equity on the balance sheet. We are currently evaluating the potential impact this standard may have on our financial position and results of operations, but because certain of our defined benefit plans and retiree health care plans have an excess of obligations over plan assets, we expect this will result in a reduction of OCI in shareholders’ equity.
In addition, SFAS 158 requires that companies using a measurement date for their defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans other than their fiscal year end, change the measurement date effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2008. We currently use a September 30 measurement date for our non-U.S. defined benefit plans and are evaluating whether to adopt the FAS 158 measurement date change earlier than the mandated effective date. We do not believe the impact of the application of this part of the standard will be material to our financial position and results of operations.
The results of operations of the former Sensors & Controls business are being presented as discontinued operations. The following summarizes results from the discontinued operations of the former Sensors & Controls business for the periods ended September 30, 2006 and 2005, included in the consolidated statements of income:
Earnings per share (EPS) amounts from continuing and discontinued operations may not add to net income per share due to rounding.
Loss from discontinued operations net of income taxes in the third quarter of 2006 reflects U.S. pension settlement expenses recognized at the time of transfer of the pension assets to Sensata. Gain on sale of discontinued operations net of income taxes in the third quarter of 2006 includes an income tax benefit related to a favorable tax classification of the sale of one non-U.S. subsidiary and adjustments based on final determination of transferred working capital balances.
As of September 30, 2006, the remaining assets of the former Sensors & Controls business, included in assets of discontinued operations, are attributable to pension obligations in our Japan subsidiary that are expected to be settled by the first quarter of 2007.
Continuing Involvement - Upon closing of the sales transaction, we entered into a Transition Services Agreement (TSA) with Sensata to provide various temporary support services that are reasonably necessary to facilitate the continuation of
the normal conduct of business of the former Sensors & Controls business such as finance and accounting, human resources, information technology, warehousing and logistics, and records retention and storage. Such services are expected to be provided for approximately six to twelve months from the closing date, although certain information technology-related services may be provided for up to two years. The fees for these services will be generally equivalent to our cost. In addition, we entered into certain cross-license agreements to allow each party to continue to use the associated technology and intellectual property in the conduct of their respective business. However, these cross-license agreements generally do not involve the receipt or payment of any royalties and therefore are not considered to be a component of continuing involvement.
Although the services provided under the TSA generate continuing cash flows between us and Sensata, the amounts are not considered to be significant to the ongoing operations of either entity. In addition, we have no contractual ability through the TSA or any other agreement to significantly influence the operating or financial policies of Sensata. Under the provisions of EITF Issue No. 03-13, “Applying the Conditions of Paragraph 42 of FASB Statement No. 144 in Determining Whether to Report Discontinued Operations,” we therefore have no significant continuing involvement in the operations of the former Sensors & Controls business and have classified the historical results of that business as discontinued operations.
Effective July 1, 2005, we adopted the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payments,” (SFAS 123(R)) using the modified prospective application method. Under this transition method, compensation cost recognized for the periods ended September 30, 2006, includes the applicable amounts of: (a) compensation cost of all stock-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested as of July 1, 2005 (based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of SFAS 123 and previously presented in pro forma footnote disclosures), and (b) compensation cost for all stock-based payments granted subsequent to July 1, 2005 (based on the grant-date fair value estimated in accordance with the new provisions of SFAS 123(R)). Results for periods prior to July 1, 2005, have not been restated.
The amounts of stock-based compensation expense recognized in the periods presented are as follows:
The amounts above include the impact of recognizing compensation expense related to RSUs, nonqualified stock options and stock options offered under the employee stock purchase plan. For the periods before implementation of SFAS 123(R) on July 1, 2005, only compensation expense related to RSUs was recognized and included in SG&A. Stock-based compensation expense has not been allocated to the various segments, but is reflected in Corporate.
Under the modified prospective application method, results for periods prior to July 1, 2005, have not been restated to reflect the effects of implementing SFAS 123(R). The following pro forma information, as required by SFAS No. 148, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation - Transition and Disclosure, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 123,” is presented for comparative purposes and illustrates the pro forma effect on income from continuing operations and related per-share amounts for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2005, as if we had applied the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS 123 to stock-based compensation for that period:
In the first quarter of 2005, we reduced the attribution period used for certain grants of nonqualified stock options to recognize fair value-based compensation expense for pro forma disclosure purposes for those stock option recipients who are retirement eligible or become retirement eligible following the grant of the awards. Our nonqualified stock options have 10-year terms and generally vest over a four-year service period from the date of grant. Effective January
1, 2005, stock-based compensation expense for retirement-eligible employees is now recognized over a six-month period, and for non-retirement-eligible employees, over the shorter of the period from grant date to the date they become retirement eligible (but not less than the six-month required service period) or the normal four-year vesting period. As a result, we included in our first quarter 2005 pro forma footnote disclosures a $93 million ($0.05 per share) inception-to-date adjustment of fair value-based compensation expense for both retirement-eligible employees and employees who became retirement eligible since the date of grants, to reflect the reduced attribution period.
5. Post-employment Benefit Plans. Components of net periodic employee benefit cost (in millions):
In addition, settlement charges of $14 million relating to our U.S. qualified pension plan were recorded in the third quarter of 2006.
Discretionary contributions of $96 million were made to our U.S. and Japan post-employment benefit plans during the third quarter of 2006. For the nine months ended September 30, 2006, $193 million has been contributed to these plans. It is expected that additional contributions of about $100 million will be made in the fourth quarter of 2006.
Business segment information for continuing operations follows:
* Year-to-date 2006 Semiconductor profit from operations includes a benefit of $60 million from a royalty settlement in the second quarter of 2006 (see Note 8) and a benefit of $57 million from a $77 million net sales tax refund that was due to the settlement of an audit of Texas sales taxes paid on various purchases over a nine-year period. The $57 million effect on profit from operations is reflected as $31 million in cost of revenue, $21 million in R&D and $5 million in SG&A. The remaining $20 million of the net sales tax refund is reflected in Other income (expense) net.
** Corporate profit from operations includes stock-based compensation expense of $79 million, $80 million, $254 million and $90 million respectively. Also included in year-to-date 2005 results is a gain of $23 million in the first quarter on sales of assets related primarily to the disposition of a sales facility and the sale of our commodity liquid crystal driver product line.
We routinely sell products with a limited intellectual property indemnification included in the terms of sale. Historically, we have had only minimal and infrequent losses associated with these indemnities. Consequently, any future liabilities brought about by the intellectual property indemnities cannot reasonably be estimated or accrued.
We accrue for known product-related claims if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated. During the periods presented, there have been no material accruals or payments regarding product warranty or product liability, and historically we have experienced a low rate of payments on product claims. Consistent with general industry practice, we enter into formal contracts with certain customers in which the parties define warranty remedies. Typically, our warranty for semiconductor products covers three years, an obligation to repair, replace or refund, and a maximum payment obligation tied to the price paid for our products. In some cases, product claims may be disproportionate to the price of our products.
On February 6, 2006, a jury in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey determined that GlobespanVirata (Globespan), a subsidiary of Conexant Systems, Inc. (Conexant), had infringed two TI patents and one Stanford University (Stanford) patent relating to digital subscriber line (DSL) technology. The jury awarded $112 million in damages to TI. In June 2003, before Globespan's merger with Conexant, Globespan had sued TI and Stanford claiming that the TI and Stanford patents were invalid and not being infringed by Globespan, and alleging violations of the antitrust law. In response, TI and Stanford brought counterclaims of patent infringement against Globespan. On May 5, 2006, the companies reached a settlement resolving this litigation. Under the settlement, Conexant paid TI $70 million and TI granted Conexant a license to essential patents relating to DSL technology.
Indemnification - In connection with the sale of the former Sensors & Controls business, we have agreed to indemnify Sensata for certain specified litigation matters, as well as other liabilities, including environmental liabilities. Our indemnification obligations with respect to breaches of representations and warranties and the specified litigation matters are, generally, subject to a total deductible of $30 million and our maximum potential exposure is limited to $300 million. As of September 30, 2006, there were no significant liabilities recorded under these indemnification obligations.
We are subject to various other legal and administrative proceedings. Although it is not possible to predict the outcome of these matters, we believe that the results of these proceedings will not have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this document. Except as noted, financial results are for continuing operations. Our former Sensors & Controls business is reported as discontinued operations. The divestiture of this business closed on April 27, 2006.
Texas Instruments makes, markets and sells high-technology components; more than 50,000 customers all over the world buy our products. We have two separate business segments: Semiconductor and Educational & Productivity Solutions (E&PS). Semiconductor is by far the largest of these business segments. It accounted for 96 percent of our revenue from continuing operations in 2005, and historically it averages a higher growth rate than E&PS, although the semiconductor market is characterized by wide swings in growth rates from year to year. We were the world’s third-largest semiconductor company in 2005 as measured by revenue, according to iSuppli Corporation, an industry analyst.
In our Semiconductor segment, we focus primarily on technologies that make it possible for a variety of consumer and industrial electronic equipment to process both analog and digital signals in real time. These technologies are known as analog semiconductors and digital signal processors, or DSPs, and together they account for about three-fourths of our Semiconductor revenue. Almost all of today’s digital electronic equipment requires some form of analog or digital signal processing.
Analog semiconductors process “real world” inputs, such as sound, temperature, pressure and visual images, conditioning them, amplifying them and converting them into digital signals. They also assist in the management of power distribution and consumption, aspects critical to today’s portable electronic devices. Generally, analog products require less capital-intensive factories to manufacture than digital products.
Our analog semiconductors consist of custom products and standard products. Custom products are designed for specific applications for specific customers. Standard products include application-specific standard products (designed for a specific application and usable by multiple customers) and high-performance standard catalog products (usable in multiple applications by multiple customers). These standard products are characterized by differentiated features and specifications, as well as relatively high margins. Standard analog products tend to have long life spans. Many custom and standard products are proprietary and difficult for competitors to imitate. Analog products also include commodity products, which are sold in high volume and into a broad range of applications, and generally are differentiated by price and availability. We are the world’s largest supplier of analog semiconductors.
DSPs use complex algorithms and compression techniques to alter and improve a data stream. These products are ideal for applications that require precise, real-time processing of real-world signals that have been converted into digital form. Their power efficiency is important for battery-powered devices.
Our DSP portfolio includes custom, application-specific and standard products. Custom products are designed for specific customers with very high volumes in established markets. Application-specific products are implementations crafted for specific applications like wireless infrastructure, VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) gateways, digital still cameras and residential gateways, to name a few. Our standard DSP products are sold into a broad range of applications and seed the next generation of signal-processing innovation. We are the world’s largest supplier of DSPs.
We own and operate semiconductor manufacturing sites in the Americas, Japan, Europe and Asia. Our facilities require substantial investment to construct and are largely fixed-cost assets once in operation. Because we own most of our manufacturing capacity, a significant portion of our operating costs is fixed. In general, these costs do not decline with reductions in customer demand or our utilization of our manufacturing capacity, and can adversely affect profit margins as a result. Conversely, as product demand rises and factory utilization increases, the fixed costs are spread over increased output, which should improve profit margins.
As part of our manufacturing strategy, we outsource a portion of our product manufacturing to outside suppliers (foundries and assembly/test subcontractors), which reduces both the amount of capital expenditures and subsequent depreciation required to meet customer demands, and fluctuations in profit margins. Outside foundries provided about 20 percent of our total wafers produced in 2005. (A wafer is a thin slice of silicon on which an array of semiconductor devices has been fabricated.)
The semiconductor market is characterized by constant and typically incremental innovation in product design and manufacturing technologies. We make significant investments in research and development (R&D). Typically, products resulting from our R&D investments in the current period do not contribute materially to revenue in that period, but should benefit us in future years. In general, new semiconductor products are shipped in limited quantities initially and will then ramp into high volumes over time. Prices and manufacturing costs tend to decline over time.
Our E&PS segment is a leading supplier of graphing handheld calculators. It also provides our customers with business and scientific calculators and a wide range of advanced classroom tools and professional development that enables students and teachers to interactively explore math and science. Our products are marketed primarily through retailers and to schools through instructional dealers. This business segment represented 4 percent of our revenue from continuing operations in 2005. Prices of E&PS products tend to be stable.
In the third quarter of 2005, we implemented the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Statement of Financial Accounting Standard (SFAS) No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payments.” The financial results of 2005 include the effects of adopting this new accounting rule for stock options effective from July 1, 2005. Before July 1, 2005, our financial results include the expense of restricted stock units, but not other stock-based compensation. Consequently, our financial results for the year-to-date periods after July 1, 2005, are not fully comparable to our prior year-to-date financial results. Third-quarter results are presented on a comparable basis. For the first nine months of 2006, the total stock-based compensation expense was $254 million, or 2.4 percent of revenue. The distribution of this expense was $128 million to selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expense, $77 million to R&D expense and $49 million to cost of revenue. This compares with a total stock-based compensation expense of $90 million for the first nine months of 2005. See Note 4 to the Financial Statements for additional information.
As a result of a study of the pattern of usage of long-lived depreciable assets, we adopted the straight-line method of depreciation for all property, plant and equipment on a prospective basis effective January 1, 2006, as allowed for under SFAS No. 154, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections, a replacement of APB Opinion No. 20 and FASB Statement No. 3.” See Financial Condition below and Note 1 to the Financial Statements for additional information.
We operate in a number of tax jurisdictions and are subject to several types of taxes including taxes based on income, capital, property and payroll, and sales and other transactional taxes. The timing of the final determination of our tax liabilities varies among these jurisdictions and their taxing authorities. As a result, during any particular reporting period, we might reflect (in either income before income taxes, the provision for income taxes or both) one or more tax refunds or assessments, or changes to tax liabilities, involving one or more taxing authorities.
On January 9, 2006, we announced a definitive agreement to sell substantially all of the Sensors & Controls segment, excluding the RFID systems operations, to an affiliate of Bain Capital, LLC, for $3 billion in cash. The sale was completed on April 27, 2006. The former Sensors & Controls business acquired by Bain Capital, LLC was renamed Sensata Technologies (Sensata). The RFID operations retained are now included in the Semiconductor business segment.
Third Quarter 2006 Results
Our third-quarter 2006 revenue was $3.76 billion. Revenue grew 2 percent compared with the second quarter, which included a $70 million royalty settlement, and increased 13 percent from the same quarter a year ago. The increases were primarily due to higher shipments resulting from continued strong demand for our high-performance analog and DSP products.
Earnings per share (EPS) from continuing operations were $0.45. Second-quarter EPS of $0.47 included a benefit of $0.03 from a sales tax refund and a benefit of $0.02 from a royalty settlement. EPS grew 25 percent from $0.36 in the year-ago quarter. EPS in each of these periods included an expense of $0.03 for stock-based compensation.
The third quarter was one of the best in our history. Our revenue once again set an all-time record as our share continued to climb in our core markets. Our strong gross and operating margins reflected the value of our product portfolio, rich in analog and DSP products.
At the same time, Semiconductor orders declined from $3.75 billion in the second quarter of 2006 to $3.31 billion in the third quarter, leading us to expect that fourth-quarter Semiconductor growth will be below the seasonal average. A couple of factors are influencing this. First, we believe customers have broadly replenished their own inventory and are confident in
operating with lower backlog now that chip supply has improved. The second factor is wireless, where we expect that unit mix will be more weighted toward low-priced cell phones and an inventory correction will continue in Japan. Even with a less-than-seasonal fourth quarter, we expect the growth rate of our Semiconductor business to be in the upper teens for the year.
In the near-term, we are managing inventory and tightening expenses. We have a responsive manufacturing model and we believe distributor inventory levels remain lean, both of which should serve us well. We are competing from a position of strength with leading products and with customers who are gaining share.
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income—Selected Items
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
Details of Financial Results
(Please note that the following discussion reflects receipt in the second quarter of 2006 of a royalty settlement of $70 million and a $77 million net sales tax refund. Similar to other royalties, the royalty settlement was included in Semiconductor revenue. See Note 8 to the Financial Statements for additional information. The net sales tax refund was due to the settlement of an audit of Texas sales taxes paid on various purchases over a nine-year period and was reflected as a reduction to operating costs and expenses and a benefit in Other income (expense) net (OI&E). See Note 6 to the Financial Statements for additional information.)
Our gross profit for the third quarter of 2006 was $1.93 billion, or 51.4 percent of revenue. This was an increase of $25 million from the second quarter of 2006 and an increase of $242 million from the year-ago quarter due to higher revenue in our Semiconductor segment.
R&D expense for the third quarter was $570 million, or 15.2 percent of revenue. R&D expense was $34 million higher than the second quarter of 2006 primarily because the earlier quarter included the effect of the sales tax refund. R&D expense increased $49 million from the year-ago quarter primarily due to higher investment in new semiconductor technology, particularly for wireless applications.
SG&A expense was $432 million, or 11.5 percent of revenue. SG&A expense increased $14 million from the second quarter of 2006. This expense was $24 million higher than the year-ago quarter, primarily because of increased consumer advertising of DLP® technology for high-definition televisions (HDTVs).
Operating profit was $930 million, or 24.7 percent of revenue. This was a decrease of $23 million from the second quarter of 2006, which included a $117 million operating profit benefit associated with the royalty settlement and the sales tax refund. Operating profit increased $169 million from the year-ago quarter due to higher gross profit in the Semiconductor segment. Total stock-based compensation expense of $79 million, or 2.1 percent of revenue, was included in Corporate in the third quarter. This was about the same as in the comparison periods.
OI&E for the third quarter of 2006 of $55 million decreased $33 million from the second quarter of 2006, which included a $20 million benefit from the sales tax refund. OI&E increased $6 million from the year-ago quarter due to higher interest income.
As of September 30, 2006, the effective annual tax rate for continuing operations in 2006 is expected to be about 29 percent. This rate is lower than the prior estimate of about 30 percent primarily due to an expected higher tax deduction for export sales. This tax rate is based on current tax law and does not assume reinstatement of the federal research tax credit, which expired at the end of 2005. See Note 7 to the Financial Statements for additional information.
Quarterly income taxes are calculated using an estimate of the effective tax rate for the full year. The calculation of the effective tax rate, by definition, does not include discrete tax items. The tax provision for the quarter reflects the estimated annual effective tax rate and includes, when applicable, the impact of changes from the prior estimated rate and discrete tax items.
The tax provision for continuing operations for the quarter was $298 million, about even with the second quarter. The impact of the decrease in the estimated annual effective tax rate and lower income before income taxes was offset by an increase in discrete tax items in the third quarter, primarily related to a transaction between two non-U.S. subsidiaries.
Compared with the year-ago quarter, the tax provision increased by $86 million. This increase is primarily due to higher income before income taxes and, to a lesser extent, the expiration of the federal research tax credit.
Income from continuing operations was $686 million, or $0.45 per share, compared with $739 million or $0.47 per share in the second quarter, and $596 million or $0.36 per share for the year-ago quarter.
Discontinued operations in the third quarter of 2006 includes adjustments of $25 million to the gain recognized on the sale of the former Sensors & Controls business and also includes U.S. pension settlement expenses. See Note 2 to the Financial Statements for additional information.
Net income of $702 million for the third quarter includes income from continuing and discontinued operations. In the second quarter of 2006, net income of $2.39 billion included $1.65 billion from discontinued operations, almost all of which was a gain on the sale of the former Sensors & Controls business.
Orders were $3.43 billion. This was a decrease of $478 million from the second quarter of 2006 and a decrease of $41 million from the year-ago quarter. The decreases were due to lower orders in our Semiconductor segment.
Semiconductor revenue in the third quarter of 2006 was $3.58 billion. This was an increase of 2 percent from the second quarter of 2006, which included the $70 million royalty settlement. Compared with the year-ago quarter, revenue increased
13 percent primarily due to increased shipments resulting from higher demand for our high-performance analog and for DSP products.
Analog revenue was up 5 percent from the second quarter of 2006 and increased 15 percent from the year-ago quarter primarily due to increased shipments resulting from demand for our high-performance analog products. Revenue from high-performance analog products grew 14 percent from the second quarter of 2006 and 37 percent from the year-ago quarter due to broad-based demand.
DSP revenue was up 5 percent from the second quarter of 2006 and increased 12 percent from the year-ago quarter primarily due to increased shipments resulting from higher demand from the wireless market.
Our remaining Semiconductor revenue was 6 percent lower than the second quarter of 2006 due to the royalty settlement that was included in the second quarter. Additionally, shipments were reduced as demand was lower for reduced instruction set computing (RISC) microprocessors in the third quarter. Our remaining Semiconductor revenue increased 12 percent from the year-ago quarter due to increased shipments resulting from stronger demand for, in decreasing order, standard logic products, microcontrollers, DLP products and RISC microprocessors that more than offset lower royalties.
Royalty revenue unrelated to the second-quarter 2006 settlement was about even from the second to third quarters of 2006, but was lower than the year-ago quarter reflecting the expiration of several licenses. We have signed new licenses with some of the licensees whose agreements had expired and we are currently in active negotiations with others. We are unable to predict the results of these negotiations. As licenses are executed, we have often received catch-up payments to cover some or all of the license period prior to execution.
On an end-equipment basis, revenue from wireless products in the third quarter was up 4 percent sequentially and up 14 percent from the year-ago quarter. As we had expected, growth was negatively affected by a decline in OMAP™ application processor revenue due to an inventory correction of 3G handsets in Japan. As we explained last quarter, this was associated with an operator that had proactively built inventory in the first half of the year as part of their strategy for the transition to number portability that began in that market in October. Despite this inventory correction, 3G revenue grew almost 50 percent from the year-ago quarter and was up slightly on a sequential basis.
Finally, in DLP products, revenue increased 11 percent sequentially and grew 6 percent from the year-ago quarter. Shipments of products for HDTVs were the biggest factor in the sequential growth on a percentage basis, although shipments of products for front projectors contributed almost as much dollar growth.
Semiconductor gross profit for the third quarter was $1.84 billion, or 51.5 percent of revenue. This was an increase of $29 million from the second quarter of 2006 and $240 million from the year-ago quarter. The increases over both periods were due to higher revenue. In addition, gross profit in the second quarter included $91 million of benefit associated with the royalty settlement and sales tax refund.
Semiconductor operating profit for the third quarter was $1.01 billion, or 28.2 percent of revenue. This was a decline of $24 million from the second quarter of 2006, which included a $117 million operating profit benefit associated with the royalty settlement and the sales tax refund. Operating profit increased $171 million from the year-ago quarter due to higher gross profit.
Semiconductor orders for the third quarter were $3.31 billion. This was a decrease of 12 percent from the second quarter of 2006 due to lower demand across a broad range of products, and was about even with the year-ago quarter.
Educational & Productivity Solutions
E&PS revenue in the third quarter was $182 million. This was a decrease of $10 million from the second quarter of 2006 reflecting the end of the back-to-school season. It was an increase of $5 million from the year-ago quarter due to higher shipments resulting from stronger demand for graphing calculators.
E&PS gross profit was $116 million, or a record 63.8 percent of revenue. Gross profit decreased $3 million from the second quarter of 2006, and increased $6 million from the year-ago quarter primarily due to lower manufacturing costs and, to a lesser extent, higher revenue.
Operating profit for the third quarter was $83 million, or a record 45.9 percent of revenue. This was about even with the second quarter of 2006 and an increase of $4 million from the year-ago quarter.
First Nine Months of 2006 Results
For the first nine months of 2006, we report the following:
Revenue of $10.79 billion increased $1.78 billion or 20 percent from the year-ago period primarily due to increased shipments resulting from higher demand for our DSP products and, to a lesser extent, our analog products.
Gross profit for the first nine months of 2006 was $5.51 billion compared with $4.36 billion in the year-ago period. The increase in gross profit was due to higher revenue in the Semiconductor segment. Gross profit margin was 51.1 percent of revenue compared with 48.4 percent in the year-ago period.
Stock-based compensation expense for the first nine months of 2006 was $254 million compared with $90 million for the same period a year ago. We began to recognize compensation expense for all stock-based compensation as of July 1, 2005. We had previously recognized compensation expense just on restricted stock units.
R&D expense for the first nine months of $1.64 billion increased $146 million or 10 percent from the year-ago period, primarily due to increased product development costs, principally for wireless and, to a lesser extent, stock-based compensation expense. R&D expense as a percent of revenue was 15.2 percent compared with 16.6 percent in the year-ago period.
SG&A expense for the first nine months of $1.27 billion increased $204 million, or 19 percent, from the year-ago period primarily due to the combination of increased marketing expenses, especially for consumer advertising for DLP products, and higher stock-based compensation expense. SG&A expense as a percent of revenue was 11.8 percent, unchanged from the year-ago period.
Operating profit for the first nine months of $2.60 billion, or 24.1 percent of revenue, increased $802 million or 45 percent from the year-ago period due to higher gross profit.
OI&E for the first nine months was $194 million, an increase of $41 million from the year-ago period, primarily due to higher interest income.
The effective tax rate for continuing operations for the first nine months of 2006, which by definition does not include the effect of discrete tax items, is about 29 percent. This compares with 25 percent for the first nine months of 2005. The increase in the effective tax rate from the year-ago period is due to, in decreasing order, higher income before income taxes, the expiration of the federal research tax credit and the effect of non-U.S. tax rates.
The provision for income taxes for the first nine months of 2006 contained net discrete tax charge items of $11 million. The provision for income taxes for the first nine months of 2005 contained net discrete t