Texas Instruments DEF 14A 2017
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
(Amendment No. )
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Texas Instruments Incorporated
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
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NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
April 20, 2017
You are cordially invited to attend the 2017 annual meeting of stockholders on Thursday, April 20, 2017, at the auditorium on our property at 12500 TI Boulevard, Dallas, Texas, at 8:30 a.m. (Central time). Please see Attendance requirements for important information about attending the annual meeting. At the meeting we will consider and act upon the following matters:
Stockholders of record at the close of business on February 21, 2017, are entitled to vote at the annual meeting.
We urge you to vote your shares as promptly as possible by: (1) accessing the internet website, (2) calling the toll-free number or (3) signing, dating and mailing the enclosed proxy.
Cynthia Hoff Trochu
Senior Vice President,
March 6, 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PROXY STATEMENT MARCH 6, 2017
12500 TI BOULEVARD, DALLAS, TEXAS 75243
MAILING ADDRESS: P.O. BOX 660199, DALLAS, TEXAS 75266-0199
Voting procedures, quorum and attendance requirements
TIs board of directors requests your proxy for the annual meeting of stockholders on April 20, 2017. If you sign and return the enclosed proxy, or vote by telephone or on the internet, you authorize the persons named in the proxy to represent you and vote your shares for the purposes mentioned in the notice of annual meeting. This proxy statement and related proxy are being distributed on or about March 6, 2017. If you come to the meeting, you can vote in person. If you do not come to the meeting, your shares can be voted only if you have returned a properly signed proxy or followed the telephone or internet voting instructions, which can be found on the enclosed proxy. If you sign and return your proxy but do not give voting instructions, the shares represented by that proxy will be voted as recommended by the board of directors. You can revoke your authorization at any time before the shares are voted at the meeting.
A quorum of stockholders is necessary to hold a valid meeting. If at least a majority of the shares of TI common stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote are present in person or by proxy, a quorum will exist. Abstentions and broker non-votes are counted as present for purposes of establishing a quorum. Broker non-votes occur when a beneficial owner who holds company stock through a broker does not provide the broker with voting instructions as to any matter on which the broker is not permitted to exercise its discretion and vote without specific instruction.
Shown below is a list of the matters to be considered at the meeting (each of which is discussed elsewhere in this proxy statement), and the vote required for election or approval, as the case may be.
Attendance at the meeting is limited to stockholders or their legal proxy holders. Each attendee must present a government-issued photo ID and proof of ownership (see table below) as of the record date. You are a record holder if you hold your shares through our transfer agent, Computershare. You are a beneficial holder if you hold your shares through an intermediary, such as a bank or a broker. If you are a beneficial holder and wish to vote your shares at the meeting, you must bring a legal proxy from your broker, bank or nominee. Guest tickets are not available. Exceptions may be granted to stockholders who require a companion ticket in order to facilitate their own attendance (for example, due to a physical disability) by contacting Investor Relations.
If you plan to attend as proxy for a stockholder of record, you must present a valid legal proxy from the stockholder of record to you. If you plan to attend as proxy for a street name stockholder, you must present a valid legal proxy from the stockholder of record (i.e., the bank, broker or other holder of record) to the street name stockholder that is assignable and a valid legal proxy from the street name stockholder to you. Stockholders may appoint only one proxy holder to attend on their behalf.
Election of directors
Directors are elected at the annual meeting to hold office until the next annual meeting and until their successors are elected and qualified. The board of directors has designated the following persons as nominees: RALPH W. BABB, JR., MARK A. BLINN, TODD M. BLUEDORN, DANIEL A. CARP, JANET F. CLARK, CARRIE S. COX, JEAN M. HOBBY, RONALD KIRK, PAMELA H. PATSLEY, ROBERT E. SANCHEZ, WAYNE R. SANDERS and RICHARD K. TEMPLETON.
If you return a proxy that is not otherwise marked, your shares will be voted FOR each of the nominees.
All of the nominees for directorship are directors of the company. For a discussion of each nominees qualifications to serve as a director of the company, please see Board diversity and nominee qualifications. If any nominee becomes unable to serve before the meeting, the persons named as proxies may vote for a substitute or the number of directors will be reduced accordingly.
Director not standing for re-election
Ms. Whitman, a highly valued director since 2003, has attained the age of 70 and is therefore ineligible under the companys by-laws to stand for re-election at the 2017 annual meeting.
The board is responsible for approving nominees for election as directors. To assist in this task, the board has designated a standing committee, the Governance and Stockholder Relations Committee (the G&SR Committee), which is responsible for reviewing and recommending nominees to the board. The G&SR Committee is comprised solely of independent directors as defined by the rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market (NASDAQ) and the boards corporate governance guidelines. Our board of directors has adopted a written charter for the G&SR Committee. It can be found on our website at www.ti.com/corporategovernance.
It is a long-standing policy of the board to consider prospective board nominees recommended by stockholders. A stockholder who wishes to recommend a prospective board nominee for the G&SR Committees consideration can write to the Secretary of the G&SR Committee, Texas Instruments Incorporated, P.O. Box 655936, MS 8658, Dallas, TX 75265-5936. The G&SR Committee will evaluate the stockholders prospective board nominee in the same manner as it evaluates other nominees.
In evaluating prospective nominees, the G&SR Committee looks for the following minimum qualifications, qualities and skills:
Under the companys by-laws, a stockholder, or a group of up to 20 stockholders, owning at least 3 percent of the companys outstanding common stock continuously for at least three years, may nominate and include in the companys proxy materials director nominees constituting up to the greater of two individuals or 20 percent of the board of directors, provided that the stockholder(s) and the nominee(s) satisfy the requirements specified in the by-laws.
The companys by-laws also allow stockholders to nominate directors without involving the G&SR Committee or including the nominee in the companys proxy materials. To do so, stockholders must comply with the requirements set forth in the by-laws, which can be found on our website at www.ti.com/corporategovernance.
All nominees for directorship are currently directors of the company, including two new directors. Ms. Hobby was elected to the board effective July 20, 2016, and Mr. Bluedorn was elected to the board effective March 1, 2017. They are the only director nominees at the 2017 annual meeting of stockholders who are standing for election by the stockholders for the first time. A search firm retained by the company to assist the G&SR Committee in identifying and evaluating potential nominees initially identified Ms. Hobby and Mr. Bluedorn as potential director candidates. The search firm conducted research to identify a number of potential candidates, based on qualifications and skills the G&SR Committee determined that candidates should possess. It then conducted further research on the candidates in whom the G&SR Committee had the most interest.
The board believes its current size is within the desired range as stated in the boards corporate governance guidelines.
As indicated by the criteria above, the board prefers a mix of background and experience among its members. The board does not follow any ratio or formula to determine the appropriate mix. Rather, it uses its judgment to identify nominees whose backgrounds, attributes and experiences, taken as a whole, will contribute to the high standards of board service at the company. Maintaining a balance of tenure among the directors is part of the boards consideration. Longer-serving directors bring valuable experience with the company and familiarity with the strategic and operational challenges it has faced over the years, while newer directors bring fresh perspectives and ideas. To help maintain this balance, the company has a mandatory retirement policy, pursuant to which directors cannot stand for election after reaching age 70. The effectiveness of the boards approach to board composition decisions is evidenced by the directors participation in the insightful and robust, yet respectful, deliberation that occurs at board and committee meetings, and in shaping the agendas for those meetings.
As it considered director nominees for the 2017 annual meeting, the board kept in mind that the most important issues it considers typically relate to the companys strategic direction; succession planning for senior executive positions; the companys financial performance; the challenges of running a large, complex enterprise, including the management of its risks; major acquisitions and divestitures; and significant research and development (R&D) and capital investment decisions. These issues arise in the context of the companys operations, which primarily involve the manufacture and sale of semiconductors all over the world into industrial, automotive, personal electronics, communications equipment and enterprise systems markets.
As described below, each of our director nominees has achieved an extremely high level of success in his or her career, whether at multi-billion dollar, multinational corporate enterprises or significant governmental organizations. In these positions, each has been directly involved in the challenges relating to setting the strategic direction and managing the financial performance, personnel and processes of large, complex organizations. Each has had exposure to effective leaders and has developed the ability to judge leadership qualities. Eleven of the director nominees have experience in serving on the board of directors of at least one other major corporation, and one has served in high political office, all of which provides additional relevant experience on which each nominee can draw.
In concluding that each nominee should serve as a director, the board relied on the specific experiences and attributes listed below and on the direct personal knowledge (except as to Mr. Bluedorn who joined the board effective March 1, 2017), born of previous service on the board, that each of the nominees brings insight to board deliberations as well as a willingness to ask challenging questions.
Stockholders and others who wish to communicate with the board, a board committee or an individual director, may write to them at: P.O. Box 655936, MS 8658, Dallas, TX 75265-5936. All communications sent to this address will be shared with the board, committee or individual director as applicable.
The board has a long-standing commitment to responsible and effective corporate governance. We annually conduct extensive governance reviews and engage in investor outreach specific to governance and executive compensation matters. The boards corporate governance guidelines (which include the director independence standards), the charters of each of the boards committees, TIs code of conduct, our code of ethics for our CEO and senior financial officers and our by-laws are available on our website at www.ti.com/corporategovernance. Stockholders may request copies of these documents free of charge by writing to Texas Instruments Incorporated, P.O. Box 660199, MS 8657, Dallas, TX 75266-0199, Attn: Investor Relations.
It is a policy of the board to encourage directors to attend each annual meeting of stockholders. Such attendance allows for direct interaction between stockholders and board members. In 2016, all directors then in office and standing for re-election attended TIs annual meeting of stockholders.
The board has determined that each of our directors is independent except for Mr. Templeton. In connection with this determination, information was reviewed regarding directors business and charitable affiliations, directors immediate family members and their employers, and any transactions or arrangements between the company and such persons or entities. The board has adopted the following standards for determining independence.
For purposes of these independence determinations, company and family member will have the same meaning as under NASDAQ rules.
During 2016, the board held ten meetings. The board has three standing committees described below. The committees of the board collectively held 29 meetings in 2016. Each director attended at least 75 percent of the board and relevant committee meetings combined. Overall attendance at board and committee meetings was approximately 97 percent.
The Audit Committee is a separately designated standing committee established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All members of the Audit Committee are independent under NASDAQ rules and the boards corporate governance guidelines. From July 14, 2015, to April 21, 2016, the committee members were Mr. Babb (chair), Mr. Blinn, Ms. Clark and Ruth J. Simmons (who reached the age of 70 by the 2016 annual meeting and was therefore ineligible to stand for re-election). From April 22, 2016, to July 19, 2016, the committee members were Mr. Babb (chair), Mr. Blinn and Ms. Clark. Since July 20, 2016, the committee members have been Mr. Babb (chair), Mr. Blinn, Ms. Clark and Ms. Hobby with Mr. Bluedorn joining the committee March 1, 2017. The Audit Committee is generally responsible for:
The board has determined that all members of the Audit Committee are financially sophisticated, as the board has interpreted such qualifications in its business judgment. In addition, the board has designated Mr. Babb as the audit committee financial expert as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
The Audit Committee met six times in 2016. The Audit Committee holds regularly scheduled meetings and reports its activities to the board. The committee also continued its long-standing practice of meeting directly with our internal audit staff to discuss the audit plan and to allow for direct interaction between Audit Committee members and our internal auditors. Please see pages 42-43 for a report of the committee.
All members of the Compensation Committee are independent. Since April 17, 2015, the committee members have been Mr. Sanchez (chair), Mr. Carp, Ms. Patsley and Ms. Whitman. The committee is responsible for:
The Compensation Committee met six times in 2016. The Compensation Committee holds regularly scheduled meetings, reports its activities to the board, and consults with the board before setting annual executive compensation. Please see page 30 for a report of the committee.
In performing its functions, the committee is supported by the companys Human Resources organization. The committee has the authority to retain any advisors it deems appropriate to carry out its responsibilities. The committee retained Pearl Meyer & Partners as its compensation consultant for the 2016 compensation cycle. The committee instructed the consultant to advise it directly on executive compensation philosophy, strategies, pay levels, decision-making processes and other matters within the scope of the committees charter. Additionally, the committee instructed the consultant to assist the companys Human Resources organization in its support of the committee in these matters with such items as peer-group assessment, analysis of the executive compensation market, and compensation recommendations.
The Compensation Committee considers it important that its compensation consultants objectivity not be compromised by other engagements with the company or its management. In support of this belief, the committee has a policy on compensation consultants, a copy of which may be found on www.ti.com/corporategovernance. During 2016, the committee determined that its compensation consultant was independent of the company and had no conflict of interest.
The Compensation Committee considers executive compensation in a multistep process that involves the review of market information, performance data and possible compensation levels over several meetings leading to the annual determinations in January. Before setting executive compensation, the committee reviews the total compensation and benefits of the executive officers and considers the impact that their retirement, or termination under various other scenarios, would have on their compensation and benefits.
The CEO and the senior vice president responsible for Human Resources, who is an executive officer, are regularly invited to attend meetings of the committee. The CEO is excused from the meeting during any deliberations or vote on his compensation. No executive officer determines his or her own compensation or the compensation of any other executive officer. As members of the board, the members of the committee receive information concerning the performance of the company during the year and interact with our management. The CEO gives the committee and the board an assessment of his own performance during the year just ended. He also reviews the performance of the other executive officers with the committee and makes recommendations regarding their compensation. The senior vice president responsible for Human Resources assists in the preparation of and reviews the compensation recommendations made to the committee other than for her compensation.
The Compensation Committees charter provides that it may delegate its power, authority and rights with respect to TIs long-term incentive plans, employee stock purchase plan and employee benefit plans to (i) one or more committees of the board established or delegated authority for that purpose; or (ii) employees or committees of employees except that no such delegation may be made with respect to compensation of the companys executive officers.
Pursuant to that authority, the Compensation Committee has delegated to a special committee established by the board the authority to grant a limited number of stock options and restricted stock units (RSUs) under the companys long-term incentive plans. The sole member of the special committee is Mr. Templeton. The special committee has no authority to grant, amend or terminate any form of compensation for TIs executive officers. The Compensation Committee reviews the grant activity of the special committee.
Governance and Stockholder Relations Committee
All members of the G&SR Committee are independent. Since April 17, 2015, the committee members have been Mr. Sanders (chair), Ms. Cox and Mr. Kirk. The G&SR Committee is generally responsible for:
The G&SR Committee met seven times in 2016. The G&SR Committee holds regularly scheduled meetings and reports its activities to the board. Please see Director candidate recommendations and Stockholder nomination of directors for a discussion of stockholder nominations and recommendations and Communications with the board for details on how to contact the board.
The boards current leadership structure combines the positions of chairman and CEO, and includes a lead director who presides at executive sessions and performs the duties listed below. The board believes that this structure, combined with its other practices (such as (a) including on each board agenda an opportunity for the independent directors to comment on and influence the proposed strategic agenda for future meetings and (b) holding an executive session of the independent directors at each board meeting), allows it to maintain the active engagement of independent directors and appropriate oversight of management.
The lead director is elected by the independent directors annually. The independent directors have elected Mr. Sanchez to serve as lead director. The duties of the lead director are to:
In addition, the lead director has authority to call meetings of the independent directors.
The board, led by its G&SR Committee, regularly reviews the boards leadership structure. The boards consideration is guided by two questions: would stockholders be better served and would the board be more effective with a different structure. The boards views are informed by a review of the practices of other companies and insight into the preferences of top stockholders, as gathered from face-to-face dialogue and review of published guidelines. The board also considers how board roles and interactions would change if its leadership structure changed. The boards goal is for each director to have an equal stake in the boards actions and equal accountability to the corporation and its stockholders.
The board continues to believe that there is no uniform solution for a board leadership structure. Indeed, the company has had varying board leadership models over its history, at times separating the positions of chairman and CEO and at times combining the two, and now utilizing a lead director.
It is managements responsibility to assess and manage the various risks TI faces. It is the boards responsibility to oversee management in this effort. In exercising its oversight, the board has allocated some areas of focus to its committees and has retained areas of focus for itself, as more fully described below.
Management generally views the risks TI faces as falling into the following categories: strategic, operational, financial and compliance. The board as a whole has oversight responsibility for the companys strategic and operational risks (e.g., major initiatives, competitive markets and products, sales and marketing, and R&D). Throughout the year the CEO discusses these risks with the board during strategy reviews that focus on a particular business or function. In addition, at the end of the year, the CEO provides a formal report on the top strategic and operational risks.
TIs Audit Committee has oversight responsibility for financial risk (such as accounting, finance, internal controls and tax strategy). Oversight responsibility for compliance risk is shared by the board committees. For example, the Audit Committee oversees compliance with the companys code of conduct and finance- and accounting-related laws and policies, as well as the companys compliance program itself; the Compensation Committee oversees compliance with the companys executive compensation plans and related laws and policies; and the G&SR Committee oversees compliance with governance-related laws and policies, including the companys corporate governance guidelines.
The Audit Committee oversees the companys approach to risk management as a whole. It reviews the companys risk management process at least annually by means of a presentation by the CFO.
The boards leadership structure is consistent with the board and committees roles in risk oversight. As discussed above, the board has found that its current structure and practices are effective in fully engaging the independent directors. Allocating various aspects of risk oversight among the committees provides for similar engagement. Having the chairman and CEO review strategic and operational risks with the board ensures that the director most knowledgeable about the company, the industry in which it operates and the competition and other challenges it faces shares those insights with the board, providing for a thorough and efficient process.
The G&SR Committee has responsibility for reviewing and making recommendations to the board on compensation for non-employee directors, with the board making the final determination. The committee has no authority to delegate its responsibility regarding director compensation. In carrying out this responsibility, it is supported by TIs Human Resources organization. The CEO, the senior vice president responsible for Human Resources and the Secretary review the recommendations made to the committee. The CEO also votes, as a member of the board, on the compensation of non-employee directors.
The compensation arrangements in 2016 for the non-employee directors were:
The board has determined that annual grants of equity compensation to non-employee directors will be timed to occur when grants are made to our U.S. employees in connection with the annual compensation review process. Accordingly, such equity grants to non-employee directors are made in January. Please see Process for equity grants for a discussion regarding the timing of equity compensation grants.
Directors are not paid a fee for meeting attendance, but we reimburse non-employee directors for their travel, lodging and related expenses incurred in connection with attending board, committee and stockholders meetings and other designated TI events. In addition, non-employee directors may travel on company aircraft to and from these meetings and other designated events. On occasion, directors spouses are invited to attend board events; the spouses expenses incurred in connection with attendance at those events are also reimbursed.
Under the Director Plan, some directors have chosen to defer all or part of their cash compensation until they leave the board (or certain other specified times). These deferred amounts were credited to either a cash account or stock unit account. Cash accounts earn interest from TI at a rate currently based on Moodys Seasoned Aaa Corporate Bonds. For 2016, that rate was 4.00 percent. Stock unit accounts fluctuate in value with the underlying shares of TI common stock, which will be issued after the deferral period. Dividend equivalents are paid on these stock units. Directors may also defer settlement of the restricted stock units they receive.
We have arrangements with certain customers whereby our employees may purchase consumer products containing TI components at discounted pricing. In addition, the TI Foundation has an educational and cultural matching gift program. In both cases, directors are entitled to participate on the same terms and conditions available to employees.
Non-employee directors are not eligible to participate in any TI-sponsored pension plan.
2016 director compensation
The following table shows the compensation of all persons who were non-employee members of the board during 2016 for services in all capacities to TI in 2016.
We are providing shareholders the opportunity to cast advisory votes on named executive officer compensation as required by Section 14A of the Securities Exchange Act.
The named executive officers are the chief executive officer, chief financial officer and the three other most highly compensated executive officers, as named in the compensation tables on pages 31-42.
We ask shareholders to approve the following resolution:
RESOLVED, that the compensation paid to the companys named executive officers, as disclosed in this proxy statement pursuant to the Securities and Exchange Commissions compensation disclosure rules, including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, compensation tables and narrative discussion on pages 18-42 of this proxy statement, is hereby approved.
We encourage shareholders to review the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section of the proxy statement, which follows. It discusses our executive compensation policies and programs and explains the compensation decisions relating to the named executive officers for 2016. We believe that the policies and programs serve the interests of our shareholders and that the compensation received by the named executive officers is commensurate with the performance and strategic position of the company.
Although the outcome of this annual vote is not binding on the company or the board, the Compensation Committee of the board will consider it when setting future compensation for the executive officers.
The board of directors recommends a vote FOR the annual resolution approving the named executive officer compensation for 2016, as disclosed in this proxy statement.
The board asks shareholders to cast an advisory vote on whether future advisory votes on executive officer compensation should be held every year, every two years or every three years.
The board requests that shareholders vote in favor of future advisory votes to be held annually. An annual advisory vote will allow our shareholders to provide us with their direct and timely input on our compensation philosophy, policies and practices and is consistent with our policy of seeking input from, and engaging in discussions with, our shareholders on corporate governance matters and our executive compensation philosophy, policies and practices.
Although the outcome of the vote is not binding on the company, the board will consider the outcome when setting the frequency of future advisory votes.
The board of directors recommends a vote of EVERY YEAR for future advisory votes on the compensation of the companys executive officers.
This section describes TIs compensation program for executive officers. It will provide insight into the following:
The executive officers of TI have the broadest job responsibilities and policy-making authority in the company. We hold them accountable for the companys performance and for maintaining a culture of strong ethics. Details of compensation for our CEO, CFO and the three other highest paid individuals who were executive officers in 2016 (collectively called the named executive officers) can be found in the tables following the Compensation Committee report.
Compensation philosophy and elements
The Compensation Committee of TIs board of directors is responsible for setting the compensation of all TI executive officers. The committee consults with the other independent directors and its compensation consultant, Pearl Meyer & Partners, before setting annual compensation for the executives. The committee chair regularly reports on committee actions at board meetings.
The primary elements of our executive compensation program are as follows:
Near-term compensation, paid in cash
Long-term compensation, awarded in equity
The Compensation Committee considers the market level of compensation when setting the salary, bonuses and equity compensation of the executive officers. The committee targets salary below market median in order to weight total compensation to performance-based elements. To estimate the market level of pay, the committee uses information provided by its compensation consultant and TIs Compensation and Benefits organization about compensation paid to executives in similar positions at a peer group of companies (the Comparator Group).
The committee sets the Comparator Group. Historically, the Comparator Group companies (1) are U.S.-based, (2) engage in the semiconductor business or other electronics or information technology activities, (3) have executive positions comparable in complexity to those of TI and (4) use forms of executive compensation comparable to TIs.
Shown in the table below is the Comparator Group used for the compensation decisions for 2016.
The committee set the Comparator Group in July 2015 for the base salary and equity compensation decisions it made in January 2016. For a discussion of the factors considered by the committee in setting the Comparator Group in July 2015, please see Comparator group on pages 19-20 of the companys 2016 proxy statement.
In July 2016, the committee conducted its regular review of the Comparator Group in terms of industry, revenue and market capitalization and noted that with recent merger, divestiture and reorganization activity, certain companies had either been eliminated or were no longer appropriate. The committee determined that with few direct competitors of similar size and complexity as the company, the peer group should be broadened to incorporate industries of similar size and complexity, including companies that use sophisticated manufacturing processes. Potential additions to the Comparator Group were screened based on financial comparability to company metrics, including market capitalization to revenue ratios, operating margin and free cash flow margin.
With the advice of its compensation consultant, the committee decided to remove four companies from the Comparator Group and to add eight. The resulting Comparator Group was used for the bonus decisions in January 2017 relating to 2016 performance. As reconstituted, the Comparator Group companies (1) are U.S.-based, (2) engage in the semiconductor business, other electronics or information technology activities or use sophisticated manufacturing processes, (3) have executive positions comparable in complexity to those of TI and (4) use forms of executive compensation comparable to TIs. The table below compares the current Comparator Group to TI in terms of revenue and market capitalization.
Before finalizing the compensation of the executive officers, the committee reviewed all elements of compensation. The information included total cash compensation (salary, profit sharing and projected bonus), the grant date fair value of equity compensation, the impact that proposed compensation would have on other compensation elements such as pension, and a summary of benefits that the executives would receive under various termination scenarios. The review enabled the committee to see how various compensation elements relate to one another and what impact its decisions would have on the total earnings opportunity of the executives. In assessing the information, the committee did not target a specific level of total compensation or use a formula to allocate compensation among the various elements. Instead, it used its judgment in assessing whether the total was consistent with the objectives of the program. Based on this review, the committee determined that the level of compensation was appropriate.
The committee set the 2016 rate of base salary for the named executive officers as follows:
The committee set the 2016 base-salary rate for each of the named executive officers in January 2016. In keeping with its strategy, the committee set the annual base-salary rates to be below the estimated median level of salaries expected to be paid to similarly situated executives (considering job scope and tenure) of companies within the Comparator Group in January 2016.
The salary differences between the named executive officers were driven primarily by the market rate of pay for each officer and not the application of a formula designed to maintain a differential between the officers.
In 2016, the committee awarded equity compensation to each of the named executive officers. The grants are shown in the table under Grants of plan-based awards in 2016. The grant date fair value of the awards is reflected in that table and in the Stock Awards and Option Awards columns of the 2016 summary compensation table. The table below is provided to assist the reader in comparing the grant date fair values and number of shares for each of the years shown in the summary compensation table.
In January 2016, the committee awarded equity compensation to each of the named executive officers. The committees general objective was to award to those officers equity compensation that had a grant date fair value at approximately the median market level, in this case the 40th to 60th percentile of the three-year average of equity compensation (including an estimate of amounts for 2016) granted by the Comparator Group.
In assessing the market level, the committee considered information presented by TIs Compensation and Benefits organization (prepared using data provided by the committees compensation consultant) on the estimated value of the awards expected to be granted to similarly situated executives (considering job scope and tenure) of companies within the Comparator Group. The award value was estimated using the same methodology used for financial accounting.
For each officer, the committee set the desired grant value. The committee decided to allocate the value equally between restricted stock units and options for each officer, to give equal emphasis to promoting retention, motivating the executive and aligning his interests with those of shareholders.
Before approving the grants, the committee reviewed the amount of unvested equity compensation held by the officers to assess its retention value. In making this assessment, the committee used its judgment and did not apply any formula, threshold or maximum. This review did not result in an increase or decrease of the awards.
The exercise price of the options was the closing price of TI stock on January 29, 2016, the second trading day after the company released its annual and fourth-quarter financial results for 2015. All grants were made under the Texas Instruments 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan, which shareholders approved in April 2009.
All grants have the terms described under Outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016. The differences in the equity awards between the named executive officers were primarily the result of differences in the applicable estimated market level of equity compensation for their positions, and not the application of any formula designed to maintain differentials between the officers.
In January 2017, the committee set the 2016 bonus compensation for executive officers based on its assessment of 2016 performance. In setting the bonuses, the committee used the following performance measures to assess the company:
In addition, the committee considered our strategic progress by reviewing how competitive we are in key markets with our core products and technologies, as well as the strength of our relationships with customers.
One-year relative performance on the three measures and one-year strategic progress were the primary considerations in the committees assessment of the companys 2016 performance. In assessing performance, the committee did not use formulas, thresholds or multiples. Because market conditions can quickly change in our industry, thresholds established at the beginning of a year could prove irrelevant by year-end. The committee believes its approach, which assesses the companys relative performance in hindsight after year-end, gives it the insight to most effectively and critically judge results and encourages executives to pursue strategies that serve the long-term interests of the company and its shareholders.
In the comparison of relative performance, the committee used the following companies (the competitor companies):
This list includes both broad-based and niche suppliers that operate in our key markets or offer technology that competes with our products. The committee considers annually whether the list is still appropriate in terms of revenue, market capitalization and changes in business activities of the companies. In 2016, three companies were removed from the list after being acquired by other companies. Also, in July 2016, the committee added Skyworks Solutions, Inc. to increase the overall comparability of the group to TI. The committee made no other changes to the list of competitor companies in 2016.
Assessment of 2016 performance
The committee spent extensive time in December and January assessing TIs results and strategic progress for 2016. In setting bonuses, the committee considered quantitative and qualitative measures on both an absolute and relative basis and made certain that resulting decisions were founded on both solid data and sound judgment. On an absolute basis all measures were positive and improved from the prior year, and in relative comparisons with competitors most measures were as good as or better than the median. In aggregate, the committee determined that performance in 2016 was strong and on par with the prior year, which also was strong. Therefore, the committee held bonuses for 2016 performance to the same levels they were in 2015 for named executive officers, except for one individual whose bonus increased to reflect the growth of his role and the increased impact he had on the performance of the company. Details on the committees assessment are below.
Revenue and margin
Total shareholder return (TSR)
CAGR (compound annual growth rate) is calculated using the formula (Ending Value/Beginning Value)1/number of years minus 1.
Before setting the bonuses for the named executive officers, the committee considered the officers individual performance. The performance of Mr. Templeton was judged according to the performance of the company. For the other officers, the committee considered the factors described below in assessing individual performance. In making this assessment, the committee did not apply any formula or performance targets.
Mr. March is the chief financial officer. The committee noted the financial management of the company.
Mr. Crutcher is responsible for all of the companys product lines and sales activities. The committee noted the financial performance and strategic position of the product lines and activities for which he is responsible.
Mr. Anderson is responsible for the companys analog semiconductor product lines. The committee noted the financial performance and strategic position of the product lines for which he is responsible.
Mr. Ritchie is responsible for the companys semiconductor manufacturing operations. The committee noted the performance of those operations, including their cost-competitiveness and inventory management.
The bonuses awarded for 2016 performance are shown in the table below. The differences in the amounts awarded to the named executive officers were primarily the result of differences in the officers level of responsibility and the applicable market level of total cash compensation expected to be paid to similarly situated officers at companies within the Comparator Group. The bonus of each named executive officer was paid under the Executive Officer Performance Plan described under Consideration of tax and accounting treatment of compensation and footnote 3 to the 2016 summary compensation table.
Results of the compensation decisions
Results of the compensation decisions made by the committee relating to the named executive officers for 2016 are summarized in the following table. This table is provided as a supplement to the summary compensation table for investors who may find it useful to see the data presented in this form. Although the committee does not target a specific level of total compensation, it considers information similar to that in the table to ensure that the sum of these elements is, in its judgment, in a reasonable range.
This table shows the annual rate of base salary as set by the committee. In the summary compensation table, the Salary column shows the actual salary paid in the year. This table has separate columns for profit sharing and bonus. In the summary compensation table, profit sharing and bonus are aggregated in the column for Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation, in accordance with SEC requirements. Please see notes 1 and 2 to the summary compensation table for information about how grant date fair value was calculated.
For Mr. Crutcher, the Total for 2016 was higher than for 2015 primarily due to the higher bonus in 2016, reflecting his growth in his role as Executive Vice President and the increased impact he had on the performance of the company. For the other officers, including Mr. Templeton, the Total for 2016 increased slightly from 2015 because of increases in base salary, as well as increased profit sharing, reflecting the increased profits of the company. Both the bonus for 2016 and the value of 2016 equity compensation granted to each of these other officers were held flat.
The compensation decisions shown above resulted in the following 2016 compensation mix for the named executive officers:
The Compensation Committees goal is to keep net annual dilution from equity compensation under 2 percent. Net annual dilution means the number of shares under equity awards granted by the committee each year to all employees (net of award forfeitures) as a percentage of the shares of the companys outstanding common stock. Equity awards granted in 2016 resulted in 1.2 percent net annual dilution.
Process for equity grants
The Compensation Committee makes grant decisions for equity compensation at its January meeting each year. The dates on which these meetings occur are generally set three years in advance. The January meetings of the board and the committee generally occur in the week or two before we announce our financial results for the previous quarter and year.
On occasion, the committee may grant stock options or restricted stock units to executives at times other than January. For example, it has done so in connection with job promotions and for purposes of retention.
We do not back-date stock options or restricted stock units. We do not accelerate or delay the release of information due to plans for making equity grants.
If the committee meeting falls in the same month as the release of the companys financial results, the committees practice is to make grants effective (i) after the results have been released or (ii) on the meeting day if later. In other months, its practice is to make them effective on the day of committee action. The exercise price of stock options is the closing price of TI stock on the effective date of the grant.
The committee has a policy concerning recoupment (clawback) of executive bonuses and equity compensation. Under the policy, in the event of a material restatement of TIs financial results due to misconduct, the committee will review the facts and circumstances and take the actions it considers appropriate with respect to the compensation of any executive officer whose fraud or willful misconduct contributed to the need for such restatement. Such action may include (a) seeking reimbursement of any bonus paid to such officer exceeding the amount that, in the judgment of the committee, would have been paid had the financial results been properly reported and (b) seeking to recover profits received by such officer during the 12 months after the restated period under equity compensation awards. All determinations by the committee with respect to this policy are final and binding on all interested parties.
Most recent stockholder advisory vote on executive compensation
In April 2016, our shareholders cast an advisory vote on the companys executive compensation decisions and policies as disclosed in the proxy statement issued by the company in March 2016. Approximately 95 percent of the shares voted on the matter were cast in support of the compensation decisions and policies as disclosed. The committee considered this result and determined that it was not necessary at this time to make any material changes to the companys compensation policies and practices in response to the advisory vote.
The executive officers participate in our retirement plans under the same rules that apply to other U.S. employees. We maintain these plans to have a competitive benefits program and for retention.
Like other established U.S. manufacturers, we have had a U.S. qualified defined benefit pension plan for many years. At its origin, the plan was designed to be consistent with those offered by other employers in the diverse markets in which we operated, which at the time included consumer and defense electronics, as well as semiconductors and materials products. In order to limit the cost of the plan, we closed the plan to new participants in 1997. We gave U.S. employees as of November 1997 the choice to remain in the plan, or to have their plan benefits frozen (i.e., no benefit increase attributable to years of service or change in eligible earnings) and begin participating in an enhanced defined contribution plan. Mr. Templeton and Mr. Crutcher chose not to remain in the defined benefit plan. As a result, their benefits under that plan were frozen in 1997 and they participate in the enhanced defined contribution plan. Mr. Anderson, who joined the company in 1999, participates in the enhanced defined contribution plan. The other named executive officers have continued their participation in the defined benefit pension plan.
The Internal Revenue Code (IRC) imposes certain limits on the retirement benefits that may be provided under a qualified plan. To maintain the desired level of benefits, we have non-qualified defined benefit pension plans for participants in the qualified pension plan. Under the non-qualified plans, participants receive benefits that would ordinarily be paid under the qualified pension plan but for the limitations under the IRC. For additional information about the defined benefit plans, please see 2016 pension benefits.
Employees accruing benefits in the qualified pension plan, including the named executive officers other than Mr. Templeton, Mr. Crutcher and Mr. Anderson, also are eligible to participate in a qualified defined contribution plan that provides employer matching contributions. The enhanced defined contribution plan, in which Mr. Templeton, Mr. Crutcher and Mr. Anderson participate, provides for a fixed employer contribution plus an employer matching contribution.
In general, if an employee who participates in the pension plan (including an employee whose benefits are frozen as described above) dies after having met the requirements for normal or early retirement, his or her beneficiary will receive a benefit equal to the lump-sum amount that the participant would have received if he or she had retired before death. Having already reached the age of 55 and at least 20 years of employment, Mr. Templeton, Mr. March and Mr. Ritchie are eligible for early retirement under the pension plans.
Because benefits under the qualified and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans are calculated on the basis of eligible earnings (salary and bonus), an increase in salary or bonus may result in an increase in benefits under the plans. Salary or bonus increases for Mr. Templeton and Mr. Crutcher do not result in greater benefits for them under the companys defined benefit pension plans because their benefits under those plans were frozen in 1997. Mr. Anderson does not participate in the companys defined benefit pension plans. The committee considers the potential effect on the executives retirement benefits when it sets salary and performance bonus levels.
Any U.S. employee whose base salary and management responsibility exceed a certain level may defer the receipt of a portion of his or her salary, bonus and profit sharing. Rules of the U.S. Department of Labor require that this plan be limited to a select group of management or highly compensated employees. The plan allows employees to defer the receipt of their compensation in a tax-efficient manner. Eligible employees include, but are not limited to, the executive officers. We have the plan to be competitive with the benefits packages offered by other companies.
The executive officers deferred compensation account balances are unsecured and all amounts remain part of the companys operating assets. The value of the deferred amounts tracks the performance of investment alternatives selected by the participant. These alternatives are identical to those offered to participants in the defined contribution plans described above. The company does not guarantee any minimum return on the amounts deferred. In accordance with SEC rules, no earnings on deferred compensation are shown in the summary compensation table for 2016 because no above market rates were earned on deferred amounts in that year.
Employee stock purchase plan
We have an employee stock purchase plan. Under the plan, which our shareholders approved, all employees in the U.S. and certain other countries may purchase a limited number of shares of the companys common stock at a 15 percent discount. The plan is designed to offer the broad-based employee population an opportunity to acquire an equity interest in the company and thereby align their interests with those of shareholders. Consistent with our general approach to benefit programs, executive officers are also eligible to participate.
Executive officers are eligible under the same plans as all other U.S. employees for medical, dental, vision, disability and life insurance. These benefits are intended to be competitive with benefits offered in the semiconductor industry.
Executive officers receive only a few benefits that are not available to all other U.S. employees. They are eligible for a company-paid physical and financial counseling. In addition, the board of directors has determined that for security reasons, it is in the companys interest to require the CEO to use company aircraft for personal air travel. Please see footnote 5 of the summary compensation table for 2016 and Potential payments upon termination or change in control Termination Perquisites for further details. The company provides no tax gross-ups for perquisites to any of the executive officers.
Compensation following employment termination or change in control
None of the executive officers has an employment contract. Executive officers are eligible for benefits on the same terms as other U.S. employees upon termination of employment or a change in control of the company. The current programs are described under Potential payments upon termination or change in control. None of the few additional benefits that the executive officers receive continue after termination of employment, except that financial counseling is provided for a transition period following retirement. The committee reviews the potential impact of these programs before finalizing the annual compensation for the named executive officers. The committee did not raise or lower compensation for 2016 based on this review.
The Texas Instruments 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan generally establishes double-trigger change-in-control terms for grants made in 2010 and later years. Under those terms, options become fully exercisable and shares are issued under restricted stock unit awards (to the extent permitted by Section 409A of the IRC) if the grantee is involuntarily terminated within 24 months after a change in control of TI. These terms are intended to encourage employees to remain with the company through a transaction while reducing employee uncertainty and distraction in the period leading up to any such event.
Stock ownership guidelines and policy against hedging
Our board of directors has established stock ownership guidelines for executive officers. The guideline for the CEO is four times base salary or 125,000 shares, whichever is less. The guideline for other executive officers is three times base salary or 25,000 shares, whichever is less. Executive officers have five years from their election as executive officers to reach these targets. Directly owned shares and restricted stock units count toward satisfying the guidelines.
Short sales of TI stock by our executive officers are prohibited. It is against TI policy for any employee, including an executive officer, to engage in trading in puts (options to sell at a fixed price), calls (similar options to buy), or other options or hedging techniques on TI stock.
Consideration of tax and accounting treatment of compensation
Section 162(m) of the IRC generally denies a deduction to any publicly held corporation for compensation paid in a taxable year to the companys CEO and three other highest compensated officers excluding the CFO, to the extent that the officers compensation (other than qualified performance-based compensation) exceeds $1 million. The Compensation Committee considers the impact of this deductibility limit on the compensation that it intends to award. The committee exercises its discretion to award compensation that does not meet the requirements of Section 162(m) when applying the limits of Section 162(m) would frustrate or be inconsistent with our compensation policies and/or when the value of the foregone deduction would not be material. The committee has exercised this discretion when awarding restricted stock units that vest over time, without performance conditions to vesting. The committee believes it is in the best interest of the company and our shareholders that restricted stock unit awards provide for the retention of our executive officers in all market conditions.
The Texas Instruments Executive Officer Performance Plan is intended to ensure that performance bonuses under the plan are fully tax deductible under Section 162(m). The plan, which shareholders approved in 2002, is further described following the table under Grants of plan-based awards in 2016. The committees general policy is to award bonuses within the plan, although the committee reserves the discretion to pay a bonus outside the plan if it determines that it is in the best interest of the company and our shareholders to do so. The committee set the bonuses of the named executive officers for 2016 performance at the levels described under Analysis of compensation determinations for 2016 Bonus. The bonuses were awarded within the plan.
When setting equity compensation, the committee considers the cost for financial reporting purposes of equity compensation it intends to grant. Its consideration of the cost of grants made in 2016 is discussed under Analysis of compensation determination for 2016 Equity compensation.
The Compensation Committee of the board of directors has furnished the following report:
The committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis (CD&A) with the companys management. Based on that review and discussion, the committee has recommended to the board of directors that the CD&A be included in the companys annual report on Form 10-K for 2016 and the companys proxy statement for the 2017 annual meeting of stockholders.
The table below shows the compensation of the companys CEO, CFO and each of the other three most highly compensated individuals who were executive officers during 2016 (collectively called the named executive officers) for services in all capacities to the company in 2016.
The perquisites and personal benefits are as follows: $47,282 for Mr. Templeton, consisting of financial counseling, an executive physical and personal use of company aircraft ($32,026), and $10,718 for Mr. Crutcher, consisting of financial counseling and an executive physical. Financial counseling and an executive physical were made available to the other named executive officers, but the amounts attributable to those officers were below the disclosure thresholds.
The following table shows the grants of plan-based awards to the named executive officers in 2016.
None of the options or other equity awards granted to the named executive officers was repriced or modified by the company.
For additional information regarding TIs equity compensation grant practices, please see the Compensation Discussion and Analysis.
The following table shows the outstanding equity awards for each of the named executive officers as of December 31, 2016.
The Option Awards shown in the table above are non-qualified stock options, each of which represents the right to purchase shares of TI common stock at the stated exercise price. The exercise price is the closing price of TI common stock on the grant date. The term of each option is ten years unless the option is terminated earlier pursuant to provisions summarized in the chart below and in the paragraph following the chart. Options vest (become exercisable) in increments of 25 percent per year beginning on the first anniversary of the date of the grant. The chart below shows the termination provisions relating to stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2016. The Compensation Committee of the board of directors established these termination provisions to promote employee retention while offering competitive terms.
Options may be cancelled if, during the two years after employment termination, the grantee competes with TI or solicits TI employees to work for another company, or if the grantee discloses TI trade secrets. In addition, for options received while the grantee was an executive officer, the company may reclaim (or claw back) profits earned under grants if the officer engages in such conduct. These provisions are intended to strengthen retention and provide a reasonable remedy to TI in case of competition, solicitation of our employees or disclosure of our confidential information.
Options granted after 2009 become fully vested if the grantee is involuntarily terminated from employment with TI (other than for cause) within 24 months after a change in control of TI. Change in control is defined as provided in the Texas Instruments 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan and occurs upon (1) acquisition of more than 50 percent of the voting stock or at least 80 percent of the assets of TI or (2) change of a majority of the board of directors in a 12-month period unless a majority of the directors then in office endorsed the appointment or election of the new directors (Plan definition). These terms are intended to reduce employee uncertainty and distraction in the period leading up to a change in control, if such an event were to occur. For options granted before 2010, the stock option terms provide that upon a change in control of TI, the option becomes fully vested to the extent it is then outstanding; and if employment termination (except for cause) has occurred within 30 days before the change in control, the change in control is deemed to have occurred first. Change in control is defined in these pre-2010 options as (1) acquisition of 20 percent of TI common stock other than through a transaction approved by the board of directors, or (2) change of a majority of the board of directors in a 24-month period unless a majority of the directors then in office have elected or nominated the new directors (together, the pre-2010 definition).
The Stock Awards column in the table of outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016 are RSU awards. Each RSU represents the right to receive one share of TI common stock on a stated date (the vesting date) unless the award is terminated earlier under terms summarized below. In general, the vesting date is approximately four years after the grant date. Each RSU includes the right to receive dividend equivalents, which are paid annually in cash at a rate equal to the amount paid to stockholders in dividends.
The table below shows the termination provisions of RSUs outstanding as of December 31, 2016.
These termination provisions are intended to promote retention. All RSU awards contain cancellation and clawback provisions like those described above for stock options. The terms provide that, to the extent permitted by Section 409A of the IRC, the award vests upon involuntary termination of TI employment within 24 months after a change in control. Change in control is the Plan definition. These cancellation, clawback and change-in-control terms are intended to conform RSU terms with those of stock options (to the extent permitted by the IRC) and to achieve the objectives described above in the discussion of stock options.
In addition to the Stock Awards shown in the outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016 table, Mr. Templeton holds an award of RSUs that was granted in 1995. The award, for 120,000 shares of TI common stock, vested in 2000. Under the award terms, the shares will be issued to Mr. Templeton in March of the year after his termination of employment for any reason. These terms were designed to provide a tax benefit to the company by postponing the related compensation expense until it was likely to be fully deductible. In accordance with SEC requirements, this award is reflected in the 2016 non-qualified deferred compensation table.
The following table lists the number of shares acquired and the value realized as a result of option exercises by the named executive officers in 2016 and the value of any RSUs that vested in 2016. For option exercises, the value realized is calculated by multiplying the number of shares acquired by the difference between the exercise price and the market price of TI common stock on the exercise date. For RSUs, the value realized is calculated by multiplying the number of RSUs that vested by the market price of TI common stock on the vesting date.
The following table shows the present value as of December 31, 2016, of the benefit of the named executive officers under our qualified defined benefit pension plan (TI Employees Pension Plan) and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans (TI Employees Non-Qualified Pension Plan (which governs amounts earned before 2005) and TI Employees Non-Qualified Pension Plan II (which governs amounts earned after 2004)). In accordance with SEC requirements, the amounts shown in the table do not reflect any named executive officers retirement eligibility or any increase in benefits that may result from the named executive officers continued employment after December 31, 2016.
TI Employees Pension Plan
The TI Employees Pension Plan is a qualified defined benefit pension plan. Please see Benefits Retirement plans for a discussion of the origin and purpose of the plan. Employees who joined the U.S. payroll after November 30, 1997, are not eligible to participate in this plan.
A plan participant is eligible for normal retirement under the terms of the plan if he is at least 65 years of age with one year of credited service. A participant is eligible for early retirement if he is at least 55 years of age with 20 years of employment or 60 years of age with five years of employment. As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Templeton, Mr. March and Mr. Ritchie were eligible for early or normal retirement.
A participant may request payment of his accrued benefit at termination or any time thereafter. Participants may choose a lump-sum payment or one of six forms of annuity. In order of largest to smallest periodic payment, the forms of annuity are: (i) single life annuity, (ii) 5-year certain and life annuity, (iii) 10-year certain and life annuity, (iv) joint and 50 percent survivor annuity, (v) joint and 75 percent survivor annuity, and (vi) joint and 100 percent survivor annuity. If the participant does not request payment, he will begin to receive his benefit in April of the year after he reaches the age of 70 1⁄2 in the form of annuity required under the IRC.
The pension formula for the qualified plan is intended to provide a participant with an annual retirement benefit equal to 1.5 percent multiplied by the product of (i) years of credited service and (ii) the average of the five highest consecutive years of his base salary plus bonus up to a limit imposed by the IRS, less a percentage (based on his year of birth, when he elects to retire and his years of service with TI) of the amount of compensation on which his Social Security benefit is based.
If an individual takes early retirement and chooses to begin receiving his annual retirement benefit at that time, such benefit is reduced by an early retirement factor. As a result, the annual benefit is lower than the one he would have received at age 65.
If the participants employment terminates due to disability, the participant may choose to receive his accrued benefit at any time prior to age 65. Alternatively, the participant may choose to defer receipt of the accrued benefit until reaching age 65 and then take a disability benefit. The disability benefit paid at age 65 is based on salary and bonus, years of credited service the participant would have accrued to age 65 had he not become disabled and disabled status.
The benefit payable in the event of death is based on salary and bonus, years of credited service and age at the time of death, and may be in the form of a lump sum or annuity at the election of the beneficiary. The earliest date of payment is the first day of the second calendar month following the month of death.
Leaves of absence, including a bridge to retirement, are credited to years of service under the qualified pension plan. Please see the discussion of leaves of absence under Potential payments upon termination or change in control Termination Perquisites.
TI employees non-qualified pension plans
TI has two non-qualified pension plans: the TI Employees Non-Qualified Pension Plan (Plan I), which governs amounts earned before 2005; and the TI Employees Non-Qualified Pension Plan II (Plan II), which governs amounts earned after 2004. Each is a non-qualified defined benefit pension plan. Please see Benefits Retirement plans for a discussion of the purpose of the plans. As with the qualified defined benefit pension plan, employees who joined the U.S. payroll after November 30, 1997, are not eligible to participate in Plan I or Plan II. Eligibility for normal and early retirement under these plans is the same as under the qualified plan (please see above). Benefits are paid in a lump sum.
A participants benefits under Plan I and Plan II are calculated using the same formula as described above for the TI Employees Pension Plan. However, the IRS limit on the amount of compensation on which a qualified pension benefit may be calculated does not apply. Additionally, the IRS limit on the amount of qualified benefit the participant may receive does not apply to these plans. Once this non-qualified benefit amount has been determined using the formula described above, the individuals qualified benefit is subtracted from it. The resulting difference is multiplied by an age-based factor to obtain the amount of the lump-sum benefit payable to an individual under the non-qualified plans.
Amounts under Plan I will be distributed when payment of the participants benefit under the qualified pension plan commences. Amounts under Plan II will be distributed subject to the requirements of Section 409A of the IRC. Because the named executive officers are among the 50 most highly compensated officers of the company, Section 409A of the IRC requires that they not receive any lump-sum distribution payment under Plan II before the first day of the seventh month following termination of employment.
If a participant terminates due to disability, amounts under Plan I will be distributed when payment of the participants benefit under the qualified plan commences. For amounts under Plan II, distribution is governed by Section 409A of the IRC, and the disability benefit is reduced to reflect the payment of the benefit prior to age 65.
In the event of death, payment under both plans is based on salary and bonus, years of credited service and age at the time of death and will be in the form of a lump sum. The earliest date of payment is the first day of the second calendar month following the month of death.
Balances in the plans are unsecured obligations of the company. For amounts under Plan I, in the event of a change in control, the present value of the individuals benefit would be paid not later than the month following the month in which the change in control occurred. For such amounts, the pre-2010 definition of a change in control (please see the discussion following the Outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016 table) applies. For all amounts accrued under this plan, if a sale of substantially all of the assets of the company occurred, the present value of the individuals benefit would be distributed in a lump sum as soon as reasonably practicable following the sale of assets. For amounts under Plan II, no distribution of benefits is triggered by a change in control.
Leaves of absence, including a bridge to retirement, are credited to years of service under the non-qualified pension plans. For a discussion of leaves of absence, please see Potential payments upon termination or change in control Termination Perquisites.
TI Employees Survivor Benefit Plan
TIs qualified and non-qualified pension plans provide that upon the death of a retirement-eligible employee, the employees beneficiary receives a payment equal to half of the benefit to which the employee would have been entitled under the pension plans had he retired instead of died. We have a survivor benefit plan that pays the beneficiary a lump sum that, when added to the reduced amounts the beneficiary receives under the pension plans, equals the benefit the employee would have been entitled to receive had he retired instead of died. Because Messers. Templeton, March and Ritchie were eligible for early retirement in 2016, their beneficiaries would be eligible for benefits under the survivor benefit plan if they were to die.
The following table shows contributions to each named executive officers deferred compensation account in 2016 and the aggregate amount of his deferred compensation as of December 31, 2016.
Please see Benefits Retirement plans for a discussion of the purpose of the plan. An employees deferred compensation account contains eligible compensation the employee has elected to defer and contributions by the company that are in excess of the IRS limits on (i) contributions the company may make to the enhanced defined contribution plan and (ii) matching contributions the company may make related to compensation the executive officer deferred into his deferred compensation account.
Participants in the deferred compensation plan may choose to defer up to (i) 25 percent of their base salary, (ii) 90 percent of their performance bonus, and (iii) 90 percent of profit sharing. Elections to defer compensation must be made in the calendar year prior to the year in which the compensation will be earned.
During 2016, participants could choose to have their deferred compensation mirror the performance of one or more of the following mutual funds, each of which is managed by a third party (these alternatives, which may be changed at any time, are the same as those offered to participants in the defined contribution plans): BlackRock MSCI ACWI ex-U.S. IMI Index Non-Lendable Fund F, Northern Trust Short Term Investment Fund, Northern Trust Aggregate Bond Index Fund-Lending, Northern Trust Russell 1000 Value Index Fund-Lending, Northern Trust Russell 1000 Growth Index Fund-Lending, Northern Trust Russell 2000 Index Fund-Lending, Northern Trust MidCap 400 Index Fund-Lending, Fidelity Puritan Fund, BlackRock Equity Index Fund F, BlackRock (EAFE) (Europe, Australia, Far East) Equity Index Fund F, BlackRock Lifepath Index 2020 Fund F, BlackRock Lifepath Index 2030 Fund F, BlackRock Lifepath Index 2040 Fund F, BlackRock Lifepath Index 2050 Fund F and BlackRock Lifepath Index Retirement Fund F. From among the available investment alternatives, participants may change their instructions relating to their deferred compensation daily. Earnings on a participants balance are determined solely by the performance of the investments that the participant has chosen for his plan balance. The company does not guarantee any minimum return on investments. A third party administers the companys deferred compensation program.
A participant may request distribution from the plan in the case of an unforeseeable emergency. To obtain an unforeseeable emergency withdrawal, a participant must meet the requirements of Section 409A of the IRC. Otherwise, a participants balance is paid pursuant to his distribution election and is subject to applicable IRC limitations.
Amounts contributed by the company, and amounts earned and deferred by the participant for which there is a valid distribution election on file, will be distributed in accordance with the participants election. Annually participants may elect separate distribution dates for deferred compensation attributable to a participants (i) bonus and profit sharing and (ii) salary. Participants may elect that these distributions be in the form of a lump sum or annual installments to be paid out over a period of five or ten consecutive years. Amounts for which no valid distribution election is on file will be distributed three years from the date of deferral.
In the event of the participants death, payment will be in the form of a lump sum and the earliest date of payment is the first day of the second calendar month following the month of death. For any other circumstance resulting in termination of employment, payments are distributed in accordance with the participants valid distribution election.
Like the balances under the non-qualified defined benefit pension plans, deferred compensation balances are unsecured obligations of the company. For amounts earned and deferred prior to 2010, a change in control does not trigger a distribution under the plan. For amounts earned and deferred after 2009, distribution occurs, to the extent permitted by Section 409A of the IRC, if the participant is involuntarily terminated within 24 months after a change in control. Change in control is the Plan definition.
None of the named executive officers has an employment contract with the company. They are eligible for benefits on generally the same terms as other U.S. employees upon termination of employment or change in control of the company. TI does not reimburse executive officers for any income or excise taxes that are payable by the executive as a result of payments relating to termination or change in control. For a discussion of the impact of these programs on the compensation decisions for 2016, please see Analysis of compensation determinations for 2016 Total compensation and Compensation following employment termination or change in control.
The following programs may result in payments to a named executive officer whose employment terminates. Most of these programs have been discussed above.
Our policies concerning bonus and the timing of payments are described under Compensation philosophy and elements. Whether a bonus would be awarded under other circumstances and in what amount would depend on the facts and circumstances of termination and is subject to the Compensation Committees discretion. If awarded, bonuses are paid by the company.
Qualified and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans
The purposes of these plans are described under Benefits Retirement plans. The formula for determining benefits, the forms of benefit and the timing of payments are described under 2016 pension benefits. The amounts disbursed under the qualified and non-qualified plans are paid, respectively, by the TI Employees Pension Trust and the company.
Survivor benefit plan
The purpose of this plan, along with the formula for determining the amount of benefit, the form of benefit and the timing of payments, are described under 2016 pension benefits TI Employees Survivor Benefit Plan. Amounts distributed are paid by the TI Employees Health Benefit Trust.
Deferred compensation plan
The purpose of this plan is described under Benefits Deferred Compensation. The amounts payable under this program depend solely on the performance of investments that the participant has chosen for his plan balance. The timing of payments is discussed under 2016 non-qualified deferred compensation and except in the case of death, payments are made according to the participants distribution election. Amounts distributed are paid by the company.
Depending on the circumstances of termination, grantees whose employment terminates may retain the right to exercise previously granted stock options and receive shares under outstanding RSU awards as described in the discussion following the Outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016 table. RSU awards include a right to receive dividend equivalents. The dividend equivalents are paid annually by the company in a single cash payment after the last dividend payment of the year.
Financial counseling is provided to executive officers for a transition period following retirement. Otherwise, no perquisites continue after termination of employment.
In the case of a resignation pursuant to a separation arrangement, an executive officer (like other employees above a certain job grade level) will typically be offered a 12-month paid leave of absence before termination, in exchange for a non-compete and non-solicitation commitment and a release of claims against the company. The leave period will be credited to years of service under the pension plans described above. During the leave, the executive officers stock options will continue to become exercisable and his RSUs will continue to vest. Amounts paid to an individual during a paid leave of absence are not counted when calculating benefits under the qualified and non-qualified pension plans.
In the case of a separation arrangement in which the executive officer will be at least 50 years old and have at least 15 years of employment with the company on his or her last day of active employment before beginning the paid leave of absence, the separation arrangement will typically include an unpaid leave of absence, to commence at the end of the paid leave and end when the executive officer has reached the earlier of age 55 with at least 20 years of employment or age 60 with at least five years of service (bridge to retirement). The bridge to retirement will be credited to years of service under the qualified and non-qualified pension plans described above. Stock options will continue to become exercisable and RSUs will remain in effect.
Change in control
Our only program, plan or arrangement providing benefits triggered by a change in control is the TI Employees Non-Qualified Pension Plan. A change in control at December 31, 2016, would have accelerated payment of the balance under that plan. Please see 2016 pension benefits TI employees non-qualified pension plans for a discussion of the purpose of change in control provisions of that plan as well as the circumstances and the timing of payment.
Upon a change in control there is no acceleration of vesting of stock options and RSUs granted after 2009. Only upon an involuntary termination (not for cause) within 24 months after a change in control of TI will the vesting of such stock options and RSUs accelerate. Please see the discussion following the Outstanding equity awards at fiscal year-end 2016 table for further information concerning change in control provisions relating to stock options and RSUs.
The table below shows the potential payments upon termination or change in control for each of the named executive officers.
Audit Committee report
The Audit Committee of the board of directors has furnished the following report:
As noted in the committees charter, TI management is responsible for preparing the companys financial statements. The companys independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for auditing the financial statements. The activities of the committee are in no way designed to supersede or alter those traditional responsibilities. The committees role does not provide any special assurances with regard to TIs financial statements, nor does it involve a professional evaluation of the quality of the audits performed by the independent registered public accounting firm.
The committee has reviewed and discussed with management and the independent accounting firm, as appropriate, (1) the audited financial statements and (2) managements report on internal control over financial reporting and the independent accounting firms related opinions.
The committee has discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm, Ernst & Young, the required communications specified by auditing standards together with guidelines established by the SEC and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
The committee has received the written disclosures and the letter from the independent registered public accounting firm required by the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, regarding the independent registered public accounting firms communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence, and has discussed with Ernst & Young the firms independence.
Based on the review and discussions referred to above, the committee recommended to the board of directors that the audited financial statements be included in the companys annual report on Form 10-K for 2016 for filing with the SEC.
Proposal to ratify appointment of independent registered public accounting firm
The Audit Committee of the board has the authority and responsibility for the appointment, compensation, retention and oversight of the work of TIs independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee has appointed Ernst & Young LLP to be TIs independent registered public accounting firm for 2017.
TI has engaged Ernst & Young or a predecessor firm to serve as the companys independent registered public accounting firm for over 60 years. In order to assure continuing auditor independence, the Audit Committee periodically considers whether the annual audit of TIs financial statements should be conducted by another firm.
The lead audit partner on the TI engagement serves no more than five consecutive years in that role, in accordance with SEC rules. The Audit Committee Chair and management have direct input into the selection of the lead audit partner.
The members of the Audit Committee and the board believe that the continued retention of Ernst & Young to serve as the companys independent registered public accounting firm is in the best interest of the company and its investors. Consequently, the board asks the stockholders to ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young. If the stockholders do not ratify the appointment, the Audit Committee will consider whether it should appoint another independent registered public accounting firm.
Representatives of Ernst & Young are expected to be present, and to be available to respond to appropriate questions, at the annual meeting. They have the opportunity to make a statement if they desire to do so; they have indicated that, as of this date, they do not.
The fees for services provided by Ernst & Young to the company are described below:
The services provided were as follows:
Audit: our annual audit, including the audit of internal control over financial reporting, reports on Form 10-Q, assistance with public debt offerings, statutory audits required internationally and accounting consultations.
Audit-related: including employee benefit plan audits and certification procedures relating to compliance with local-government or other regulatory standards for various non-U.S. subsidiaries.
Tax: professional services for tax compliance (preparation and review of income tax returns and other tax-related filings) and tax advice on U.S. and foreign tax matters.
All Other: TI Foundation audit and training.
Pre-approval policy. The Audit Committee is required to pre-approve the audit and non-audit services to be performed by the independent registered public accounting firm in order to assure that the provision of such services does not impair the firms independence.
Annually the independent registered public accounting firm and the director of internal audits present to the Audit Committee services expected to be performed by the firm over the next 12 months. The Audit Committee reviews and, as it deems appropriate, pre-approves those services. The services and estimated fees are presented to the Audit Committee for consideration in the following categories: Audit, Audit-related, Tax and All Other (each as defined in Schedule 14A of the Securities Exchange Act). For each service listed in those categories, the committee receives detailed documentation indicating the specific services to be provided. The term of any pre-approval is 12 months from the date of pre-approval, unless the Audit Committee specifically provides for a different period. The Audit Committee reviews on at least a quarterly basis the services provided to date by the firm and the fees incurred for those services. The Audit Committee may revise the list of pre-approved services and related fees from time to time, based on subsequent determinations.
In order to respond to time-sensitive requests for services that may arise between regularly scheduled meetings of the Audit Committee, the committee has delegated pre-approval authority to its Chair (the Audit Committee does not delegate to management its responsibilities to pre-approve services). The Chair reports pre-approval decisions to the Audit Committee and seeks ratification of such decisions at the Audit Committees next scheduled meeting.
The Audit Committee or its Chair pre-approved all services provided by Ernst & Young during 2016.
The board of directors recommends a vote FOR ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the companys independent registered public accounting firm for 2017.
As stated in the notice of annual meeting, holders of record of the common stock at the close of business on February 21, 2017, may vote at the meeting or any adjournment of the meeting. As of February 21, 2017, 999,639,733 shares of TI common stock were outstanding. This is the only class of capital stock entitled to vote at the meeting. Each holder of common stock has one vote for each share held.
The following table shows the only persons who have reported beneficial ownership of more than 5 percent of the common stock of the company by virtue of filing a schedule 13G with the SEC. Persons generally beneficially own shares if they have the right to either vote those shares or dispose of them. More than one person may be considered to beneficially own the same shares.
The following table shows the beneficial ownership of TI common stock by directors, the named executive officers and all executive officers and directors as a group. Each director and named executive officer has sole voting power (except for shares obtainable within 60 days, shares subject to RSUs and shares credited to deferred compensation accounts as detailed in the footnotes to the table) and sole investment power with respect to the shares owned. The table excludes shares held by a family member if a director or executive officer has disclaimed beneficial ownership. No director or executive officer has pledged shares of TI common stock.
Included in the shares owned shown above are:
Because we believe that company transactions with directors and executive officers of TI or with persons related to TI directors and executive officers present a heightened risk of creating or appearing to create a conflict of interest, we have a written related person transaction policy that has been approved by the board of directors. The policy states that TI directors and executive officers should obtain the approvals or ratifications specified below in connection with any related person transaction. The policy applies to transactions in which:
For purposes of the policy, an Immediate Family Member is any child, stepchild, parent, stepparent, spouse, sibling, mother-in-law, father-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law or any person (other than a tenant or employee) sharing the household of a TI director, executive officer or 5 percent holder.
The policy specifies that a related person transaction includes, but is not limited to, any financial transaction, arrangement or relationship (including any indebtedness or guarantee of indebtedness) or any series of similar transactions or arrangements.
The required approvals are as follows:
No member of the G&SR Committee will participate in the consideration of a related person arrangement in which such member or any of his or her Immediate Family Members is the related person.
The approving body or persons will consider all of the relevant facts and circumstances available to them, including (if applicable) but not limited to: the benefits to the company of the arrangement; the impact on a directors independence; the availability of other sources for comparable products or services; the terms of the arrangement; and the terms available to unrelated third parties or to employees generally. The primary consideration is whether the transaction between TI and the related person (a) was the result of undue influence from the related person or (b) could adversely influence or appear to adversely influence the judgment, decisions or actions of the director or executive officer in meeting TI responsibilities or create obligations to other organizations that may come in conflict with responsibilities to TI.
No related person arrangement will be approved unless it is determined to be in, or not inconsistent with, the best interests of the company and its stockholders, as the approving body or persons shall determine in good faith.
The chief compliance officer will provide periodic reports to the committee on related person transactions. Any related person transaction brought to the attention of the chief compliance officer or of which the chief compliance officer becomes aware that is not approved pursuant to the process set forth above shall be terminated as soon as practicable.
The board has determined that the following types of transactions pose little risk of a conflict of interest and therefore has deemed them approved:
During 2016, the son of R. Gregory Delagi (Senior Vice President) was employed in our facilities organization. Mr. Delagi was not involved in any decisions regarding his sons employment at TI, and the compensation of his son was consistent with that of similarly situated employees.
During 2016, Messrs. Carp and Sanchez and Mses. Patsley and Whitman served on the Compensation Committee. No committee member (i) was an officer or employee of TI, (ii) was formerly an officer of TI or (iii) had any relationship requiring disclosure under the SECs rules governing disclosure of related person transactions (Item 404 of Regulation S-K). No executive officer of TI served as a director or member of the compensation committee of another entity, one of whose directors or executive officers served as a member of our board of directors or a member of the Compensation Committee.
The solicitation is made on behalf of our board of directors. TI will pay the cost of soliciting these proxies. We will reimburse brokerage houses and other custodians, nominees and fiduciaries for reasonable expenses they incur in sending these proxy materials to you if you are a beneficial holder of our shares.
Without receiving additional compensation, officials and regular employees of TI may solicit proxies personally, by telephone, fax or e-mail, from some stockholders if proxies are not promptly received. We have also hired Georgeson Inc. to assist in the solicitation of proxies at a cost of $12,000 plus out-of-pocket expenses.
The table below shows the deadlines for stockholders to submit proposals or director nominations for next years annual meeting.
Proposals are to be sent to: Texas Instruments Incorporated, 12500 TI Boulevard, MS 8658, Dallas, TX 75243, Attn: Secretary.
We reserve the right to reject, rule out of order, or take any other appropriate action with respect to any proposal or nomination that does not comply with these and other applicable requirements.
In addition, all suggestions from stockholders concerning the companys business are welcome and will be carefully considered by TIs management. To ensure that your suggestions receive appropriate review, the G&SR Committee reviews correspondence from stockholders and managements responses. Stockholders are thereby given access at the board level without having to resort to formal stockholder proposals. Generally, the board prefers you present your views in this manner rather than through the process of formal stockholder proposals. Please see Communications with the board for information on contacting the board.
If you are a participant in the TI Contribution and 401(k) Savings Plan, or the TI 401(k) Savings Plan, you are a named fiduciary under the plans and are entitled to direct the voting of shares allocable to your accounts under these plans. The trustee administering your plan will vote your shares in accordance with your instructions. If you wish to instruct the trustee on the voting of shares held for your accounts, you should do so by April 17, 2017, in the manner described in the notice of annual meeting.
Additionally, participants under the plans are designated as named fiduciaries for the purpose of voting TI stock held under the plans for which no voting direction is received. TI shares held by the TI 401(k) savings plans for which no voting instructions are received by April 17, 2017, will be voted in the same proportions as the shares in the plans for which voting instructions have been received by that date unless otherwise required by law.
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act requires certain persons, including the companys directors and executive officers, to file reports with the SEC regarding beneficial ownership of certain equity securities of the company. The company believes that all reports during 2016 were timely filed by its directors and executive officers.
Registered stockholders and benefit plan participants. Stockholders with shares registered directly with Computershare (TIs transfer agent) and participants who beneficially own shares in a TI benefit plan may vote telephonically by calling (800) 690-6903 (within the U.S. and Canada only, toll-free) or via the internet at www.proxyvote.com.
The telephone and internet voting procedures are designed to authenticate stockholders identities, to allow stockholders to give their voting instructions and to confirm that stockholders instructions have been recorded properly. TI has been advised by counsel that the telephone and internet voting procedures, which have been made available through Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., are consistent with the requirements of applicable law.
Stockholders with shares registered in the name of a brokerage firm or bank. A number of brokerage firms and banks offer telephone and internet voting options. These programs may differ from the program provided to registered stockholders and benefit plan participants. Check the information forwarded by your bank, broker or other holder of record to see which options are available to you.
Stockholders voting via the internet should understand that there may be costs associated with electronic access, such as usage charges from telephone companies and internet access providers, that must be borne by the stockholder.
To reduce the expenses of delivering duplicate materials, we take advantage of the SECs householding rules that permit us to deliver only one set of proxy materials (or one Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials) to stockholders who share an address unless otherwise requested. If you share an address with another stockholder and have received only one set of these materials, you may request a separate copy at no cost to you by calling Investor Relations at 214-479-3773 or by writing to Texas Instruments Incorporated, P.O. Box 660199, MS 8657, Dallas, TX 75266-0199, Attn: Investor Relations. For future annual meetings, you may request separate materials, or request that we send only one set of materials to you if you are receiving multiple copies, by calling (866) 540-7095 or writing to Investor Relations at the address given above.
As an alternative to receiving printed copies of these materials in future years, we are pleased to offer stockholders the opportunity to receive proxy mailings electronically. To request electronic delivery, please vote via the internet at www.proxyvote.com and, when prompted, enroll to receive or access proxy materials electronically in future years. After the meeting date, stockholders holding shares through a broker or bank may request electronic delivery by visiting www.icsdelivery.com/ti and entering information for each account held by a bank or broker. If you are a registered stockholder and would like to request electronic delivery, please visit www-us.computershare.com/investor or call TI Investor Relations at 214-479-3773 for more information. If you are a participant in a TI benefit plan and would like to request electronic delivery, please call TI Investor Relations for more information.
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Stockholder Meeting to be held on April 20, 2017. This 2017 proxy statement and the companys 2016 annual report are accessible at: www.proxyvote.com.
The companys annual report to stockholders, which contains consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, accompanies this proxy statement. You may also obtain a copy of the companys annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, that was filed with the SEC without charge by writing to Investor Relations, P.O. Box 660199, MS 8657, Dallas, TX 75266-0199. Our Form 10-K is also available in the Investor Relations section of our website at www.ti.com.
Cynthia Hoff Trochu
Senior Vice President,
Secretary and General Counsel
March 6, 2017
Notice regarding forward-looking statements
This proxy statement includes forward-looking statements intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements herein that describe TIs business strategy, plans, goals, future capital spending levels and potential for growth, improved profit margins and cash generation are forward-looking statements. All such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and amounts to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements. For a detailed discussion of the risks and uncertainties, see the Risk factors discussion in Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. The forward-looking statements included in this proxy statement are made only as of the date of this proxy statement and we undertake no obligation to update the forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.
Directions and other annual meeting information
From DFW airport: Take the North Airport exit to IH-635E. Take IH-635E to the Greenville Avenue exit. Turn right (South) on Greenville. Turn right (West) on Forest Lane. Texas Instruments will be on your right at the second traffic light.
From Love Field airport: Take Mockingbird Lane East to US-75N (Central Expressway). Travel North on 75N to the Forest Lane exit. Turn right (East) on Forest Lane. You will pass two traffic lights. At the third light, the entrance to Texas Instruments will be on your left.
All visitors should park at the South Lobby, where reserved parking will be available.
Please be advised that TIs security policy forbids weapons, cameras and audio/video recording devices inside TI buildings. All bags will be subject to search upon entry into the building.
For additional information about attending the annual meeting please see the discussion under Attendance requirements.
This proxy statement refers to ratios based on free cash flow. These are financial measures that were not prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (GAAP). Free cash flow is a non-GAAP measure calculated by subtracting Capital expenditures from the most directly comparable GAAP measure, Cash flows from operating activities (also referred to as Cash flow from operations). We believe free cash flow and these ratios based on it provide insight into our liquidity, our cash-generating capability and the amount of cash potentially available to return to shareholders, as well as insight into our financial performance. These non-GAAP measures are supplemental to the comparable GAAP measures and are reconciled in the table below to the most directly comparable GAAP measures.