This excerpt taken from the TXRH 10-K filed Mar 25, 2005.
Year Ended December 30, 2003 Compared to December 31, 2002
Restaurant Sales. Restaurant sales increased by 23.3% in 2003 as compared to 2002. The increase in 2003 was primarily attributable to the opening of new restaurants. The following table summarizes additional factors that influenced the changes in restaurant sales at company restaurants for 2003 and 2002.
Franchise Royalties and Fees. Franchise royalties and fees increased by $0.9 million, or by 14.0%, in 2003 as compared to 2002. This increase was primarily attributable to the opening of new franchise restaurants. Franchise restaurant count activity is shown in the restaurant unit activity table.
Restaurant Cost of Sales. Restaurant cost of sales increased slightly as a percentage of restaurant sales to 32.9% in 2003 from 32.8% in 2002. This increase was primarily due to the higher cost of pork ribs.
Restaurant Labor Expenses. Restaurant labor expenses, as a percentage of restaurant sales, decreased from 28.4% in 2002 to 27.9% in 2003. The percentage of sales benefit generated from comparable sales growth more than offset modest wage rate inflation.
Restaurant Rent Expense. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of restaurant sales, decreased to 2.1% in 2003 from 2.3% in 2002. During 2002 and 2003, a higher percentage of our restaurants, versus what we have done historically, were developed on owned versus leased properties.
Restaurant Other Operating Expenses. Restaurant other operating expenses increased as a percentage of restaurant sales to 17.0% in 2003 from 16.0% in 2002. Increased spending on equipment
leases, supplies, and repair and maintenance combined with inflation in utilities, particularly natural gas, were the primary drivers of this increase.
Restaurant Pre-Opening Expenses. Restaurant pre-opening expenses in 2003 decreased to $2.6 million from $4.8 million in 2002. This decrease was due to the opening of fewer restaurants in 2003 as compared to 2002.
Depreciation and Amortization Expenses. D&A, as a percentage of revenue, remained constant at 3.0% for 2003 as compared to 2002.
General and Administrative Expenses. G&A increased in 2003 to $17.7 million (6.2% of revenue) from $14.6 million (6.3% of revenue) in 2002. The cost increase was primarily due to infrastructure additions including executive, supervisory, operational, systems, and training personnel put into place during the 2003 and 2002 fiscal years to accommodate our growth plans.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense increased slightly in 2003 to $4.4 million from $4.2 million in 2002. In July 2003 we completed a $100.0 million, three year credit facility that enabled us to refinance 80.0% of our existing debt at much lower rates of interest and provide us with roughly $50.0 million of available financing to fund the development of new restaurants. Interest expense included the write-off of approximately $0.3 million of loan fees related to the refinanced debt. This increase was partially offset by a reduction in interest rates on approximately $47.6 million of the refinanced debt. We have been able to borrow at steadily decreasing interest rates due both to the favorable interest environment and to our steadily improving earnings and resulting creditworthiness. The weighted average interest rate for our installment loans decreased from 5.88% at December 31, 2002 to 4.59% at December 30, 2003.
Minority Interest. The minority interest deducted from income in 2003 increased to $6.7 million from $5.2 million in 2002. The increase was primarily due to an increase in majority-owned restaurant store weeks resulting from the addition of seven majority-owned or controlled restaurants which opened in 2002.
Equity Income from Unconsolidated Affiliates. In 2003, we reported a loss of $61,000 from unconsolidated affiliates compared to income of $21,000 reported in 2002. In 2003, seven franchise restaurants opened in which we owned either a 5.0% or 10.0% interest. Primarily due to pre-opening expenses, new restaurants take three to six months to become profitable; hence, these new restaurants produced net losses in 2003.