Tupperware 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended December 29, 2007
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 1-11657
TUPPERWARE BRANDS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (407) 826-5050
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of accelerated filer, large accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.): Yes ¨ No x
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the average bid and asked price ($29.16) of such common equity on the New York Stock Exchange-Composite Transaction Listing on June 29, 2007 (the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $1,762,342,162.
As of February 21, 2008, 61,626,380 shares of the Common Stock, $0.01 par value, of the Registrant were outstanding.
Documents Incorporated by Reference:
Portions of the Proxy Statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held May 14, 2008 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report.
Table of Contents
(a) General Development of Business
Tupperware Brands Corporation (Registrant, Tupperware Brands or the Company), is a global direct seller of premium, innovative products across multiple brands and categories through an independent sales force of approximately 2.1 million. Product brands and categories include design-centric preparation, storage and serving solutions for the kitchen and home through the Tupperware® brand and beauty and personal care products through its Avroy Shlain®, BeautiControl®, Fuller®, NaturCare®, Nutrimetics®, Nuvo® and Swissgarde® brands. The Registrant is a Delaware corporation that was organized on February 8, 1996 in connection with the corporate reorganization of Premark International, Inc. (Premark). In the reorganization, certain businesses of the Registrant and certain other assets and liabilities of Premark and its subsidiaries were transferred to the Registrant. On May 31, 1996, the Registrant became a publicly held company through the pro rata distribution by Premark to its shareholders of all of the then outstanding shares of common stock of the Registrant. Prior to December 5, 2005, the Registrants name was Tupperware Corporation. On October 18, 2000, the Registrant acquired 100 percent of the stock of BeautiControl, Inc. (BeautiControl) and on December 5, 2005, the Registrant acquired the direct selling businesses of Sara Lee Corporation (the Acquisition or the Acquired Units). The Acquisition was made to advance the strategy, begun with the acquisition of BeautiControl in 2000, of adding consumable items to the product category mix by expanding into beauty and personal care products.
(b) New York Stock ExchangeRequired Disclosures
General. The address of the Registrants principal office is 14901 South Orange Blossom Trail, Orlando, Florida 32837. The names of the Registrants directors are Catherine A. Bertini, Rita Bornstein Ph.D, Kriss Cloninger, III, E.V. Goings, Clifford J. Grum, Joe R. Lee, Bob Marbut, Angel R. Martinez, Robert J. Murray, David R. Parker, Joyce M. Roché, J. Patrick Spainhour and M. Anne Szostak. Members of the Audit, Finance and Corporate Responsibility Committee of the Board of Directors are Ms. Bertini, Dr. Bornstein and Messrs. Cloninger (Chair), Grum, Martinez, and Murray. The members of the Compensation and Management Development Committee of the Board of Directors are Ms. Roché (Chair), Ms. Szostak, and Messrs. Lee, Marbut, Parker and Spainhour. The members of the Nominating and Governance Committee of the Board of Directors are Ms. Roché, Ms. Szostak, and Messrs. Parker (Chair), Cloninger, Grum and Murray. The members of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors are Ms. Roché and Messrs. Goings (Chair), Cloninger, Grum and Parker. The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer is E.V. Goings and the Presiding Director is David R. Parker. The Registrants officers and the number of its employees are set forth below in Part I of this Report. The name and address of the Registrants transfer agent and registrar is Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., c/o Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, 161 North Concord Exchange, South St. Paul, MN 55075. The number of the Registrants shareholders is set forth below in Part II, Item 5 of this Report. The Registrant is satisfying its annual distribution requirement to shareholders under the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) rules by the distribution of its Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in lieu of a separate annual report.
Corporate Governance. Investors can obtain access to periodic reports and corporate governance documents, including board committee charters, corporate governance principles and codes of conduct and ethics for financial executives, and information regarding the Registrants transfer agent and registrar through the Registrants website free of charge (as soon as reasonably practicable after reports are filed with the SEC in the case of periodic reports) by going to www.tupperwarebrands.com and searching under Investor Relations / SEC Filings and Governance Documents. Such information, which is provided for convenience but is not incorporated by reference into this Report, is available in print to any shareholder who requests it in writing from the Corporate Secretarys Department, Tupperware Brands Corporation, P.O. Box 2353, Orlando, Florida 32802-2353. The Chief Executive Officer of the Registrant has certified to the NYSE that he is not aware of any
violation by the Registrant of NYSE corporate governance listing standards. The Registrants Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have filed with the SEC their respective certifications in Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, 32.1 and 32.2 of this Report in response to Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
BUSINESS OF TUPPERWARE BRANDS CORPORATION
The Registrant is a worldwide direct selling consumer products company engaged in the manufacture and sale of Tupperware® products and cosmetics and personal care products under a variety of trade names, including Avroy Shlain®, BeautiControl®, Fuller®, NaturCare®, Nutrimetics®, Nuvo® and Swissgarde®. Each business manufactures and/or markets a broad line of high quality products.
I. PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS
Tupperware. The core of Tupperwares product line consists of design-centric preparation, storage and serving solutions for the kitchen and home. Tupperware also has an established line of kitchen cookware and tools, childrens educational toys, microwave products and gifts. The line of Tupperware products has expanded over the years with products such as Modular Mates*, FridgeSmart*, One Touch* canisters, the Rock N Serve* microwave line, OvenWorks* and silicon baking forms for microwave or oven use, Open House, Elegant and Outdoor Dining serving lines, the Chef Series* knives and cookware, Flat Out*, Stuffables*, CheeseSmart* and BreadSmart* storage containers, and Quick Chef* and Lil Chopper Prep Essentials*, plus many specialized products for the kitchen and home.
Tupperware continues to introduce new designs, colors and decoration in its product lines, to vary its product offerings by season and to extend existing products into new markets around the world. The development of new products varies in different markets in order to address differences in cultures, lifestyles, tastes and needs of the markets. New products introduced in 2007 included a wide range of products in all three of Tupperwares geographic areas, covering both core business areas and new categories. Among these new products were the Alegra serving line, extension to our Stuffables* storage containers, and the Table Cheese Grater, Slice & Dice, and Speedy Chef to enhance our preparation line. New product development and introduction will continue to be an important part of Tupperwares strategy.
Beauty. The Beauty businesses manufacture and distribute skin care products, cosmetics, bath and body care, toiletries, fragrances, nutritional products, apparel and related products. New products introduced in 2007 in the Fuller Mexico business included Thalia Sodi and Alegrissima*, womens fragrance colognes and True Loyalty for Men, also a fragrance cologne. New products introduced in 2007 in the BeautiControl business included Skinlogics* Platinum Plus, Platinum Regeneration* Age-Defying Makeup and Platinum Regeneration* Rejuvenation Eye Treatment. Sales of products are made through or facilitated by independent sales persons called directors and consultants in the home, workplace or other venues.
(Words followed by * are registered or unregistered trademarks of the Registrant.)
Tupperware. Tupperwares business is operated on the basis of three geographic markets: Europe (Europe, Africa and the Middle East), Asia Pacific and North America. Market penetration varies throughout the world. Several areas that have low penetration, such as Latin America, Asia and Eastern and Central Europe, provide significant growth potential for Tupperware. Tupperwares strategy continues to include greater penetration in markets throughout the world.
Beauty. Beauty products and image services are provided to clients via independent sales forces in 23 markets throughout the world with particularly high shares of the direct selling and/or beauty market in Mexico, South Africa, the Philippines, Australia and Uruguay.
Tupperware Brands products are sold in almost 100 countries around the world under eight brands: Tupperware, Avroy Shlain, BeautiControl, Fuller, Naturcare, Nutrimetics, Nuvo, and Swissgarde. Countries with emerging economies, those with GDP per capita classified as low or medium by the World Bank, accounted for 47 percent of 2007 sales, while countries with established economies accounted for the rest of sales. For the past five fiscal years 75 to 85 percent of total revenues from the sale of Tupperware Brands products have been in international markets.
III. DISTRIBUTION OF PRODUCTS
Tupperware. Tupperwares products are distributed worldwide primarily through direct selling under which products are sold to consumers outside traditional retail store channels. The system facilitates the timely distribution of products to consumers, without having to work through intermediaries, and establishes uniform practices regarding the use of Tupperware trademarks and administrative arrangements, such as order entry, delivery and payment, along with the recruiting and training of dealers.
Tupperware products are primarily sold directly to distributors, directors, managers and dealers (Sales Force) throughout the world. Where distributorships are granted, they have the right to market Tupperware products using parties and other non-traditional retail methods and to utilize the Tupperware trademark. The vast majority of the sales force are independent contractors and not employees of Tupperware. In certain limited circumstances, Tupperware acquires ownership of distributorships for a period of time, until an independent distributor can be installed, in order to maintain market presence.
In addition to the introduction of new products and development of new geographic markets, a key element of Tupperwares strategy is expanding its business by increasing the size of its sales force. Under the system, distributors and directors recruit, train, and motivate a large number of dealers. Managers are developed from among the dealer group and promoted by distributors and directors to assist in recruiting, training and motivating dealers, while continuing to hold their own parties.
As of December 29, 2007, the Tupperware distribution system had approximately 1,800 distributors, 50,900 managers, and 1.0 million dealers worldwide. During the year approximately 12.5 million Tupperware parties took place worldwide.
Tupperware relies primarily on the party method of sales, which is designed to enable the purchaser to appreciate through demonstration the features and benefits of Tupperware products. Tupperware parties are held in homes, offices, social clubs and other locations. Tupperware products are also promoted through brochures mailed to persons invited to attend Tupperware parties and various other types of demonstrations. Sales of Tupperware products are supported by Tupperware through a program of sales promotions, sales and training aids and motivational conferences for the sales force. In addition, to support its sales force, Tupperware utilizes catalogs, television and magazine advertising, which help to increase its sales levels with hard-to-reach customers and generate sales force leads for parties and new dealers.
In 2007, Tupperware continued the implementation around the world of its integrated direct access strategies to enhance its core party plan business and to allow consumers to obtain Tupperware products other than by attending a Tupperware party. These strategies include retail access points, Internet selling (which includes the option of personal websites for the United States sales force), and television shopping. In addition, Tupperware enters into business-to-business transactions, in which it sells products to a partner company for sale to consumers through the partners distribution channel, with a link back to the party plan business to generate additional Tupperware parties.
Beauty. Beauty products are sold primarily through consultants and directors who are primarily independent contractors. Of the larger beauty businesses operated by the Company, BeautiControl North America and Nutrimetics Australia operate under the party plan, one-to-many selling system. In order to provide immediate
product delivery, the sales force in these businesses may maintain a small inventory of products. The other large beauty businesses operate primarily through one-on-one sales interactions with product shipments made by the Company after end consumers have ordered product.
BeautiControl consultants in the United States are encouraged to use, company-developed and -sponsored personal internet web pages called BeautiPage* in order to utilize multiple selling opportunities.
As of December 29, 2007, the sales force representing the Beauty businesses totaled 1.1 million, of which 627,000 were located in North America.
Tupperware. There are two primary competitive factors which affect the Registrants business: (i) competition with other direct sales companies for sales personnel and party dates; and (ii) competition in the markets for food storage, serving and preparation containers, toys and gifts in general. Tupperware has differentiated itself from its competitors through product innovation and quality (lifetime warranty on most Tupperware products). Tupperware believes it holds a significant market share in each of these markets in many countries.
Beauty. There are many competitors in the beauty and personal care market and the principal bases of competition generally are marketing, price, quality and innovation of products, as well as competition with other direct sales companies for sales personnel and demonstration dates. The beauty businesses work to differentiate themselves and their products from the industry in general through the use of value-added services, technological sophistication, brand development, new product introductions and sales force training, motivation and compensation arrangements.
The Registrant employs approximately 12,800 people, of whom approximately 900 are based in the United States.
VI. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
The Registrant incurred $17.6 million, $15.6 million and $13.9 million for fiscal years ended 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively, on research and development activities for new products.
VII. RAW MATERIALS
Tupperware. Products manufactured by Tupperware require plastic resins that meet its specifications. These resins are purchased through various arrangements with a number of large chemical companies located throughout Tupperwares markets. As a result, Tupperware has not experienced difficulties in obtaining adequate supplies and generally has been successful in obtaining favorable resin prices on a relative basis. Research and development relating to resins used in Tupperware products are performed by both Tupperware and its suppliers.
Beauty. Materials used in the beauty businesses skin care, cosmetic and bath and body care products consist primarily of readily available ingredients, containers and packaging materials. Such raw materials and components used in goods manufactured and assembled by the beauty businesses and through outsource arrangements are available from a number of sources. To date, the beauty businesses have been able to secure an adequate supply of raw materials for their products, and they endeavor to maintain relationships with backup suppliers in an effort to ensure that no interruptions occur in their operations.
VIII. TRADEMARKS AND PATENTS
Tupperware Brands considers its trademarks and patents to be of material importance to its business; however, except for the Tupperware®, Fuller® and BeautiControl® trademarks, Tupperware Brands is not dependent upon any single patent or trademark, or group of patents or trademarks. The Tupperware®, Fuller® and BeautiControl® trademarks are registered on a country-by-country basis. The current duration for such registration ranges from five years to ten years; however, each such registration may be renewed an unlimited number of times. The patents and trademarks used in Tupperware Brands business are registered and maintained on a worldwide basis, with a variety of durations. Tupperware Brands has followed the practice of applying for design and utility patents with respect to most of its significant patentable developments. The Company has a patent on the formula for its REGENERATION® alpha-hydroxy acid-based products.
IX. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
Compliance with federal, state and local environmental protection laws has not had in the past, and is not expected to have in the future, a material effect upon the Registrants capital expenditures, liquidity, earnings or competitive position.
Sales do not vary significantly on a quarterly basis; however, third quarter sales are generally lower than the other quarters in any year due to vacations by dealers and their customers, as well as reduced promotional activities during this quarter. Sales generally increase in the fourth quarter as it includes traditional gift-giving occasions in many markets and as children return to school and households refocus on activities that include the use of Tupperwares products along with increased promotional activities supporting these opportunities.
Generally, there are no working capital practices or backlog conditions which are material to an understanding of the Registrants business, although the Company generally seeks to minimize its net working capital position at the end of each fiscal year. The Registrants business is not dependent on a small number of customers, nor is any of its business subject to renegotiation of profits or termination of contracts or subcontracts at the election of the United States government.
XI. EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT
Following is a list of the names and ages of all the Executive Officers of the Registrant, indicating all positions and offices held by each such person with the Registrant, and each such persons principal occupations or employment during the past five years. Each such person has been elected to serve until the next annual election of officers of the Registrant (expected to occur on May 14, 2008).
Positions and Offices Held and Principal Occupations
of Employment During Past Five Years
The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing the Company. Other events that the Company does not currently anticipate or that the Company currently deems immaterial also may affect results of operations and financial condition.
Sales Force Factors
The Companys products are marketed and sold through the direct selling method of distribution, in which products are primarily marketed and sold by a sales force made up of independent contractors to consumers without the use of retail establishments. This distribution system depends upon the successful recruitment, retention and motivation of a large force of sales personnel to compensate for a high turnover rate. The recruitment and retention of sales force members is dependent upon the competitive environment among direct sellers and upon the general labor market, unemployment levels, general economic conditions, and demographic and cultural changes in the workforce. The motivation of the sales force is dependent in part upon the effectiveness of compensation and promotional programs of the Company, the competitiveness of the same compared with other direct selling companies, the introduction of new products, and the ability to advance through the sales force structure.
The Companys sales are directly tied to the activity levels of its sales force, which in large part is a temporary working activity for sales force members. Activity levels may be affected by the degree to which a market is penetrated by the presence of the Companys sales force, the amount of average sales per party, the amount of sales per sales force member and the mix of high-margin and low-margin products sold at parties and elsewhere, and the activities and actions of the Companys product line and channel competitors. In addition, the Companys sales force members may be affected by initiatives undertaken by the Company to grow the revenue base of the Company and the inaccurate perception that the independent sales force system is at risk of being phased out.
A significant portion of the Companys sales and profit comes from its international operations. Although these operations are geographically dispersed, which partially mitigates the risks associated with operating in particular countries, the Company is subject to the usual risks associated with international operations. These risks include local political and economic environments, and relations between foreign and U.S. governments.
The Company derives over 80 percent of its net sales from operations outside the United States. Because of this, movement in exchange rates may have a significant impact on the Companys earnings, cash flows and
financial position. The Companys most significant exposures are to the euro and the Mexican peso, however the Company also has foreign exchange exposure in the South American, Asian, Australian, Russian and South African currencies, among others. Although this currency risk is partially mitigated by the natural hedge arising from the Companys local product sourcing in many markets, a strengthening U.S. dollar generally has a negative impact on the Company. In response to this fact, the Company continues to implement foreign currency hedging and risk management strategies to reduce the exposure to fluctuations in earnings associated with changes in foreign exchange rates. Some of the hedging strategies implemented have a positive or negative impact on cash flows as foreign currencies fluctuate versus the U.S. dollar. There can be no assurance that foreign currency fluctuations will not have a material adverse impact on the Companys results of operations, cash flows and/or financial condition.
Another risk associated with the Companys international operations is restrictions foreign governments may impose on currency remittances. Due to the possibility of government restrictions on transfers of cash out of the country and control of exchange rates, the Company may not be able to immediately repatriate its cash at the exchange rate used to translate its financial statements. If the Company is unable to repatriate its cash at the official exchange rate or if the official exchange rate devalues, it may have a material adverse impact on the results of operations, cash flows and/or financial condition.
The Companys major markets for its products are Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, South Africa and the United States. A significant downturn in the Companys business in these markets could adversely impact the Companys ability to generate profit and/or operating cash flows.
Legal and Regulatory Issues
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission has proposed business opportunity regulations which may have a negative effect upon the Companys method of operating in the United States. It is not currently possible to gauge what any final regulation may provide, its effective date or its impact.
The Companys business may also be affected by other actions of governments to restrict the activities of direct selling companies for various reasons, including the limitation on the ability of direct selling companies to operate through direct sales without the involvement of a traditional retail channel. Foreign governments may also seek to require that non-domestic companies doing or seeking to do business place a certain percentage of ownership of legal entities in the hands of local nationals to protect the commercial interests of its citizens. Customs laws, tariffs, import duties, export quotas and restrictions on repatriation of foreign earnings may negatively affect the Companys international operations. Governments may seek either to impose taxes on independent sales force members or to classify independent sales force members as employees of direct selling companies with whom they may be associated, triggering employment-related taxes on the part of the direct selling companies. The U.S. government may impose restrictions on the Companys ability to engage in business in a foreign country in connection with the foreign policy of the United States.
The materials used in the Companys product lines may give rise to concerns of consumers based upon scientific theories which are espoused from time to time, including the risk of certain materials leaching out of plastic containers used for their intended purposes or the ingredients used in cosmetics, personal care or nutritional products causing harm to human health. It is the Companys policy to use only those materials or ingredients that are approved by relevant regulatory authorities for contact with food or skin or for ingestion by consumers, as applicable.
General Business Factors
The Companys business can be affected by a wide range of factors that affect other businesses. Weather, natural disasters, strikes and political instability may have a significant impact on the willingness or ability of consumers to attend parties or otherwise purchase the Companys products. The supply and cost of raw materials,
particularly petroleum and natural gas-based resins, may have an impact on the availability or profitability of the Companys plastic products. The Company is also subject to frequent counterfeiting and intellectual property infringement, which may be difficult to police and prevent, dependent upon the existence and enforceability of laws affording protection to Company property. Other risks, as discussed under the sub-heading Forward-Looking Statements contained in Part II, Item 7A of this Report, may be relevant to performance as well.
The principal executive office of the Registrant is owned by the Registrant and is located in Orlando, Florida. The Registrant owns and maintains manufacturing plants in Belgium, Brazil, France, Greece, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa and the United States, and leases manufacturing and distribution facilities in Belgium, China, India, and Venezuela. The Registrant owns and maintains the BeautiControl headquarters in Texas and leases its manufacturing and distribution facilities in Texas. The Registrant conducts a continuing program of new product design and development at its facilities in Florida, Texas, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand and Belgium. None of the owned principal properties is subject to any encumbrance material to the consolidated operations of the Registrant except for the Registrants United States properties and its New Zealand plant. The Registrant considers the condition and extent of utilization of its plants, warehouses and other properties to be good, the capacity of its plants and warehouses generally to be adequate for its needs, and the nature of the properties to be suitable for its needs.
In addition to the above-described improved properties, the Registrant owns unimproved real estate surrounding its corporate headquarters in Orlando, Florida. The Registrant prepared certain portions of this real estate for a variety of development purposes and in 2002 began selling parts of this property. To date, approximately 200 acres have been sold and about 300 acres remain to be sold in connection with this project, which is expected to continue for a number of years.
A number of ordinary-course legal and administrative proceedings against the Registrant or its subsidiaries are pending. In addition to such proceedings, there are certain proceedings that involve the discharge of materials into or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment. Certain of such proceedings involve federal environmental laws such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as well as state and local laws. The Registrant has established reserves with respect to certain of such proceedings. Because of the involvement of other parties and the uncertainty of potential environmental impacts, the eventual outcomes of such actions and the cost and timing of expenditures cannot be determined with certainty. It is not expected that the outcome of such proceedings, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a materially adverse effect upon the Registrant.
As part of the 1986 reorganization involving the formation of Premark, Premark was spun-off by Dart & Kraft, Inc., and Kraft Foods, Inc. assumed any liabilities arising out of any legal proceedings in connection with certain divested or discontinued former businesses of Dart Industries Inc., a subsidiary of the Registrant, including matters alleging product and environmental liability. The assumption of liabilities by Kraft Foods, Inc. remains effective subsequent to the distribution of the equity of the Registrant to Premark shareholders in 1996. As part of the Acquisition, Sara Lee Corporation indemnified the Registrant for any liabilities arising out of any existing litigation at the time of the acquisition and for certain legal matters arising out of circumstances that might relate to periods before or after the date of the Acquisition.
The Registrant has not sold any securities in 2005 through 2007 that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933. As of February 21, 2008, the Registrant had 54,989 shareholders of record and beneficial holders. The principal United States market on which the Registrants common stock is being traded is the New York Stock Exchange. The stock price and dividend information set forth in Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements, entitled Quarterly Financial Summary (Unaudited), is included in Item 8 of Part II of this Report and is incorporated by reference into this Item 5.
The following performance graph compares the performance of the Companys common stock to the Standard & Poors 400 Mid-Cap Stock Index and the Standard & Poors 400 Mid-Cap Consumer Discretionary Index. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in the Companys common stock and each index was $100 at December 28, 2002 and that all dividends were reinvested. The Company is included in both indices.
The following information relates to the repurchase of the Registrants equity securities by the Registrant during each month of the fourth quarter of the Registrants fiscal year covered by this report:
The following table contains the Companys selected historical financial information for the last five years. The selected financial information below has been derived from the Companys audited consolidated financial statements which, for data presented for fiscal years 2007 and 2006 and for some data presented for 2005, are included as Item 8 of this Report. This data should be read in conjunction with the Companys other financial information, including Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included as Items 7 and 8, respectively, in this Report.
See footnotes beginning on the following page.
Selected Financial Data (continued)
Prior period data has been reclassified to reflect these changes.
In January 2005, the Company reached a decision to restructure its manufacturing facility in Hemingway, South Carolina. As a result, in 2005, $0.9 million, $0.5 million and $0.6 million was recorded in Europe, Asia Pacific and North America, respectively, for pretax costs incurred to relocate equipment from Hemingway to production facilities in those regions. Due to the capacity shift, the Company also recorded a $5.6 million reduction of its reserve for United States-produced inventory that is accounted for under the last-in first-out (LIFO) method as that inventory was sold, and $1.2 million in the United States for the cost of equipment relocation. Both of these items are included in the Tupperware North America results for 2005. Total after-tax impact of these costs (gains) were $5.9 million, $5.8 million, $9.6 million, $4.3 million and $3.1 million in 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements.
The following is a discussion of the results of operations for 2007 compared with 2006 and 2006 compared with 2005, and changes in financial condition during 2007. The Companys fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of December and included 52 weeks during 2007 and 2006, as compared with 53 weeks in 2005. This information should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial information provided in Item 8 of this Annual Report.
The Companys primary means of distributing its product is through independent sales organizations and individuals, which are also its customers. The majority of the Companys products are in turn sold to end customers who are not members of the Companys sales forces. The Company is largely dependent upon these independent sales organizations and individuals to reach end consumers and any significant disruption of this distribution network would have a negative financial impact on the Company and its ability to generate sales, earnings and operating cash flows. The Companys primary business drivers are the size, activity and productivity of its independent sales organizations.
Estimates included herein are those of the Companys management and are subject to the disclosure in the Forward Looking Statements included in Item 7A.
Local currency sales for 2007 increased 9 percent compared to 2006 with all segments contributing to the increase, led by a significant increase in Asia Pacific, along with strong improvements in the Tupperware and Beauty North America segments. Nearly every market contributed to the increase in sales in Asia Pacific, resulting primarily from volume from larger and more productive sales forces. The significant increase in Tupperware North America was from all three units in the segment, including the United States business, which has achieved six consecutive quarters of higher sales resulting from a higher active sales force. Mexico had a strong increase in sales largely from the volume benefit of higher business-to-business sales. Beauty North Americas sales increased 9 percent compared with last year, due to a strong performance in Fuller Mexico and modest growth in BeautiControl. Beauty Other also reported a strong improvement in sales for the year, reflecting increases in the Companys Central and South American businesses, as well as businesses in the Philippines offset by a decline in local currency sales in the Nutrimetics units. Sales in Europe showed modest improvement during 2007 with a 4 percent local currency increase over last year. This increase was due to the performance from the emerging markets, led by Russia and South Africa, offset by a decline in Germany.
The 2006 sales increase reflected $458.9 million more sales from the Acquired Units than in 2005 when they were only included in the Companys results following their December 5, 2005 acquisition. Total 2006 sales by the Acquired Units were $496.7 million. There was also a net increase from the Tupperware units in Asia Pacific and North America and a net increase in Beauty North America. Sales in Europe were up, from the benefit of including the South African beauty units in the segment, which did not have sales for the first eleven months of 2005 prior to their acquisition.
Gross margin as a percentage of sales increased to 64.9 percent in 2007 compared with 64.7 percent in 2006 and 64.3 percent in 2005. Margins in Europe and Beauty Other increased slightly in 2007 compared with 2006, primarily due to a favorable mix of products. This was offset by a decrease in margins in Beauty North America, reflecting a margin investment to clear inventory during the third and fourth quarters of 2007, as well as promotional offers designed to reinvigorate the sales force. Margins in Asia Pacific and Tupperware North America stayed flat during 2007.
The higher gross margin percentage in 2006 compared with 2005 was due to the inclusion of a full year of the Acquired Units results, which run a slightly higher margin rate than the other units, as well as improvement in North America from the sale of previously written down product at a higher price, lower sales under incentive offers and LIFO reserve liquidation. These were partially offset by a lower margin percentage in Europe due to lower utilization of production capacity and a higher proportion of sales in Germany under incentive offers with a lower margin percentage.
Costs and Expenses
Delivery, sales and administrative expense (DS&A) as a percentage of sales was 54.7, 56.3 and 54.6 percent, in 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively. DS&A as a percentage of sales decreased in 2007 compared with 2006 due to less amortization expense related to definite-lived intangible assets of the Acquired Units. These intangible assets are primarily the value of acquired independent sales forces. The amortization is recorded to reflect the estimated turnover rates of the sales forces and was $13.6 million in 2007 compared with $23.7 million in 2006. Also contributing to the decrease in DS&A as a percentage of sales was higher sales volume, which resulted in improved capacity utilization, and improvements in cost management offset by a higher provision for doubtful accounts and higher unallocated costs.
In 2006, the increase in DS&A as a percent of sales was due to the inclusion of a full year of the Acquired Units results, which run a slightly higher rate than the other units and $23.7 million of amortization of intangible assets recorded in purchase accounting for the Acquired Units sales force relationships compared to $1.7 million in 2005.
The Company allocates corporate operating expenses to its reporting segments based upon estimated time spent related to those segments where a direct relationship is present and based upon segment revenue for general expenses. The unallocated expenses reflect amounts unrelated to segment operations. Allocations are determined at the beginning of the year based upon estimated expenditures. The unallocated expenses for 2007 increased $7.5 million compared with 2006, primarily due to an increase in incentive program accruals due to the Companys favorable financial results, increased equity compensation and costs related to the new office of the Chief Operating Officer. The unallocated expenses increased $8.1 million during 2006 as compared with 2005 primarily due to equity compensation expense, net losses from foreign exchange and higher public relations costs incurred to contemporize the perception of the Company and its Tupperware brand.
As discussed in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Company includes costs related to the distribution of its products in DS&A expense. As a result, the Companys gross margin may not be comparable with other companies that include these costs in cost of products sold.
Included in 2007 net income were pretax charges of $9.0 million for re-engineering and impairment compared with $7.6 million in 2006 and $16.7 million in 2005. These charges are discussed in the re-engineering costs section following.
In the third quarter of 2007, the Company completed the annual review of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets of the Acquired Units. As a result of this review, the Nutrimetics goodwill and trade name were deemed to be impaired, resulting in a non-cash impairment charge of $11.3 million. Refer to Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of the impairment of goodwill and intangible assets.
During 2007, the Company continued its program to sell land for development near its Orlando, Florida headquarters which began in 2002. Pretax gains totaling $5.6 million were recognized as a result of transactions completed during 2007. This amount compared with pretax gains of $9.3 million during 2006 and $4.0 million during 2005. Gains on land transactions are recorded based upon when the transactions close and proceeds are collected. Transactions in one period may not be representative of what may occur in other periods. Since the Company began this program in 2002, cumulative proceeds from these sales have totaled $64.6 million and currently are expected to be up to $125.0 million when the program is completed. However, these sales have been impacted by the current mortgage credit crisis and as a result the program will likely continue after 2009, the Companys previously anticipated completion date.
The 2007 operating results were positively impacted by the sale of excess land in Australia, resulting in a $2.1 million pretax gain and a pretax gain of $1.6 million recognized from the sale of the Companys Philippines manufacturing facility.
Additionally in 2006, the Company recorded a pretax loss of $1.2 million as a result of a fire at its former manufacturing facility in Halls, Tennessee. The amount was recorded based on the Companys best estimate as of December 30, 2006. In 2007 a pretax gain of $2.5 million was recognized upon the settlement of the related insurance claim.
The Company also recognized in 2004 a $1.5 million pretax gain for the preliminary settlement of an insurance claim related to hurricane damage incurred at the Companys headquarters, and in 2006 a $4.4 million pretax gain related to the final settlement of this claim.
In 2006, the Company adopted SFAS 123(R) Share Based Payment , which requires the Company to record compensation expense for all unvested options that were issued prior to the Companys adoption of fair-value accounting. These options were not previously considered under the Companys decision to adopt fair-value accounting prospectively as of the beginning of 2003. This change resulted in $0.6 million and $0.8 million of expense in 2007 and 2006, respectively. Additionally, 2007 and 2006 included $1.8 million and $1.5 million, respectively, of compensation expense the Company recorded immediately for options granted in those years
related to clarification from the Securities and Exchange Commission regarding accounting for stock options granted to retiree-eligible participants (see Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements for further discussion). This change did not impact the total compensation cost to be recognized over time, but did accelerate it.
As the Company continuously evaluates its operating structure in light of current business conditions and strives to maintain the most efficient possible cost structure, it periodically implements actions designed to reduce costs and improve operating efficiency. These actions may result in re-engineering costs related to facility downsizing and closure as well as related asset write downs and other costs that may be necessary in light of the revised operating landscape. In addition, the Company may recognize gains upon disposal of closed facilities or other activities directly related to its re-engineering efforts. Over the past three years, the Company has incurred such costs (gains) as detailed below that were included in the following income statement captions (in millions):
In 2007, the Company recorded $3.4 million in severance cost related to headcount reductions totaling 80 positions in Australia, France, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Switzerland, Thailand and Uruguay. The majority of the severance costs were from the consolidation of certain operations in Australia, France, Japan and the Netherlands. In 2007, $1.2 million in re-engineering charges were also recorded associated with moving the Companys BeautiControl North America manufacturing facility in Texas into a new facility located nearby. The purpose of the move was to provide a more efficient manufacturing layout, as well as capacity for continued growth to ultimately allow the consolidation with distribution. Lease and related costs, which are still due on the former BeautiControl manufacturing facility were also included in the re-engineering charge. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company incurred re-engineering costs of $0.8 million in relocating its Belgian manufacturing operation to a newly built facility. The Company also recorded $3.6 million in impairment charges related to asset impairments, primarily related to its South Carolina, BeautiControl and Japanese manufacturing and distribution operations.
In 2006, re-engineering and impairment charges of $7.6 million included $7.5 million primarily related to severance costs incurred to reduce headcount in the Companys Canada, Belgium, Philippines, Australian mold making and Europe operations. The remaining $0.1 million was to write down the value of certain assets of the Companys former Philippines manufacturing facility.
In 2005, re-engineering and impairment charges of $16.7 million included $10.2 million primarily related to severance costs incurred to reduce headcount in the Companys South Carolina, Orlando, Belgium, France and Portugal operations. In December 2004, the Company reached a decision to restructure its manufacturing facility in Hemingway, South Carolina. In 2005, the Company implemented its plans related to the Hemingway facility which resulted in the elimination of 269 positions and pretax severance and outplacement costs of approximately $7.2 million. An additional $0.9 million of severance was recorded for the elimination of 43 positions in the Companys U.S. sales operation. The remaining balance of the $16.7 million charge was largely related to impairment charges recorded to write down the value of certain of the Companys United States warehousing and distribution capacity and related equipment, as well as a former manufacturing facility in Halls, Tennessee. In addition to headcount reductions, $3.2 million of pretax costs were incurred to relocate equipment to other facilities. As a result of the capacity shift, the Company also realized a $5.6 million reduction of its reserve for United States produced inventory that is accounted for under the last-in first-out (LIFO) method as that inventory was sold. Both of these items were recorded in cost of products sold.
For further details of the re-engineering actions, refer to Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Net Interest Expense
The Company incurred $49.2 million of net interest expense in 2007 compared with $47.0 million in 2006. In September 2007, the Company entered into an $800 million five-year senior secured credit agreement consisting of a $200 million revolving credit facility and $600 million in term loans (2007 Credit Agreement). Proceeds from the 2007 Credit Agreement were used to repay the Companys previous credit agreement dated December 5, 2005, which was obtained in conjunction with the closing of the Acquisition. The previous agreement was then terminated. As a result, $6.1 million in deferred debt fees were written off and included in net interest expense for the year ended December 29, 2007. At the same time, the Company settled certain floating-to-fixed interest rate swaps that were hedging the borrowings under the previous credit agreement, resulting in a termination payment of $3.5 million that was also included in net interest expense for 2007. The new credit agreement provides for a lower interest rate spread and commitment fee compared with the Companys previous agreement, which is expected to result in lower interest expense of about $20 million over the five years from the new agreements initiation, versus what would have been incurred under the previous agreement. The Company expects to realize approximately $5 million of this benefit over the first 12 months of the new agreement.
These charges were partially offset by a reduction in net interest expense incurred on the Companys outstanding borrowings during 2007 reflecting a lower average debt level of $685.7 million in 2007 compared with $776.6 million in 2006. Additionally, as more fully discussed in the Market Risk section, in the first quarter, the Company entered into euro net equity hedges for the equivalent of $300 million expiring at various points in 2007 and 2008 and a smaller amount of similar contracts denominated in Japanese yen expiring in 2008. In addition to hedging the Companys equity exposure to the euro and Japanese yen falling in value versus the U.S. dollar, the contracts also effectively converted this amount of the Companys outstanding term debt from U.S. dollars to the euro and Japanese yen where the Company generates cash flows. The euro net hedge position was reduced by half in the third quarter of 2007 and the Japanese yen hedge position was also reduced at that time. As a result of relative interest rates among Europe, Japan and the United States, these contracts had a positive impact on net interest expense of about $4.0 million for the year ended December 29, 2007. See additional discussion in Liquidity and Capital Resources.
Also contributing to the increase in net interest expense during 2007 was lower interest income compared with 2006. Interest income during 2007 was $3.8 million compared with $8.1 million in 2006, which included $3.6 million earned from an escrow account funded in December 2005 at the time of the Acquisition. In order to discharge the Companys $100.0 million 7.25 percent Notes due in October 2006, the Company funded an escrow account with cash in December 2005. Since the notes were paid off from the escrowed funds at the due date, the escrow account was closed and no further interest income has been earned.
The Company incurred $47.0 million of net interest expense in 2006 compared with $45.1 million in 2005. Increased interest expense in 2006 was driven largely by the higher level of borrowing that resulted from financing the Acquisition in late 2005. The Companys primary borrowing in 2006 was through term loans due in 2012 under its previous credit facility. The Company maintained a portfolio of foreign exchange forward contracts that reduced interest expense by approximately $2.0 million in 2006. Interest expense for 2005 included a make-whole payment of $21.9 million for the early retirement of the Companys $150 million notes in connection with entering into new financing arrangements for the Acquisition and $6.0 million for the discharge of obligations related to $100 million of notes due in 2006. Issuance costs of approximately $0.8 million related to the retired debt were also written off as part of interest expense. A credit of $3.2 million to recognize net deferred gains on interest rate swaps related to these debt agreements that were previously closed offset some of this expense. Interest expense also included a $3.1 million payment to close an interest rate hedge the Company previously entered into to lock in the base interest rate on the previously expected refinancing of its 2006 notes. As the Company progressed toward closing the Acquisition it became no longer probable in the third quarter of 2005 that the debt would be refinanced, and this agreement was no longer an effective hedge.
The effective tax rates for 2007, 2006, and 2005 were 17.3, 9.2 and (31.2) percent, respectively. The increase in the rate in 2007 largely reflected a lower level of foreign tax credit benefits, along with higher provisions for tax exposures. The effective tax rates for 2007 and 2006 are below the U.S. statutory rate reflecting the availability of excess foreign tax credits as well as lower foreign effective tax rates.
In 2005, the Company reached a settlement with its former parent company resulting in a cash receipt of $46 million including interest, related to pre-June 1996 tax liabilities. This combined with lower foreign rates and foreign tax credits generated a net tax benefit of approximately $25 million after considering amounts previously recorded as a receivable on the Companys balance sheet and a provision for taxes related to the interest portion of the settlement. This transaction, together with various audit settlements and year-end tax planning transactions, resulted in the negative provision for income taxes for 2005.
The Company has recognized deferred tax assets based upon its analysis of the likelihood of realizing the benefits inherent in them. The Company does not record a valuation allowance where it has concluded that it is more likely than not that the benefits would ultimately be realized. This assessment was based upon expectations of improving domestic operating results as well as anticipated gains related to the Companys sales of land held for development near its Orlando, Florida headquarters. In addition, certain tax planning transactions may be entered into to facilitate realization of these benefits. Refer to the critical accounting policies section and Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements for additional discussions of the Companys methodology for evaluating deferred tax assets.
Based on expected revenue and profit contributions of the Companys various operations, management expects a tax rate several percentage points higher in 2008 compared with 2007. As discussed in Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, the requirements of FIN 48 and FSP FIN 48-1, which the Company implemented at the beginning of 2007, has clarified guidance surrounding the recognition and derecognition of uncertain tax positions, including the timing and effective settlement of those adjustments. As of the end of 2007, the Company classified approximately $5.6 million of unrecognized tax benefits as a current liability, representing potential settlement of tax positions in one or more jurisdictions. It is reasonably possible that the amount of uncertain tax positions could materially change within the next 12 months based on the results of tax examinations, expiration of statutes of limitations in various jurisdictions and additions due to ongoing transactions and activity. However, the Company is unable to estimate the impact of such events.
For 2007, operating income showed substantial growth of 28 percent compared with 2006, due to improvements in all the Companys segments led by significant increases by the Tupperware brand segments, resulting from higher sales volume and improved capacity utilization, as well as $10.1 million in lower amortization expense of definite-lived intangibles recorded in connection with the Acquisition. The Company was also positively impacted by foreign currency changes primarily due to a stronger euro, Australian dollar and Russian ruble. The higher profit from the segments also led to a $22.7 million or 24 percent, increase in net income versus 2006. This was despite an $11.3 million impairment of goodwill and intangible assets recorded in the third quarter of 2007 and $9.6 million of interest expense recorded as a result of implementing the new credit agreement, which triggered the one-time costs outlined previously.
As outlined previously, the Company had various dispositions of property, plant and equipment and re-engineering charges in 2007, which in total were not significantly different in amount than similar items in 2006.
For 2006, net income was up compared with 2005 primarily due to the full year inclusion of the Acquired Units, which generated $33.1 million in profit, or $57.5 million before considering amortization of intangible assets recorded in purchase accounting, compared with $2.2 million in 2005 for the one month they were owned by the Company. Profit also improved in the Tupperware units in Asia Pacific; there was a significantly lower
loss by Tupperware United States and Canada, and a small improvement in profit by BeautiControl. Also impacting the comparison was higher unallocated corporate expenses, lower re-engineering and impairment charges, and the large, favorable 2005 tax related settlement with the Companys former parent outlined above.
International operations accounted for 83, 84 and 76 percent of the Companys sales in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. They accounted for 92, 90 and 97 percent of the Companys net segment profit in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The increase in the percent of sales from international operations in 2007 and 2006 compared with 2005 was due to the inclusion of the Acquired Units results of operations for a full year. Countries with emerging economies, those with GDP per capita classified as low or medium by the World Bank, accounted for 47 percent of 2007 sales, while countries with established economies accounted for the remainder of sales.
Segment Results 2007 vs. 2006
Local currency sales increased four percent in the year ended 2007, largely due to continued success in the emerging markets driven primarily by Russia, South Africa and Turkey resulting from growth in the sales force and improved productivity. Russias increase came partly from geographic expansion and Tupperware South Africa benefited from an additional independent management level to provide emphasis on recruiting and training sale force members (Team Leader), which helped to grow the sale force. Emerging markets, those with a low or medium GDP per capita as reported by the World Bank, accounted for $201.2 million and $149.9 million or 29 percent and 24 percent of net sales in this segment for 2007 and 2006, respectively. Of the $51.3 million emerging markets increase, $5.7 million was from the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates.
These increases in local currency sales were offset by a double-digit decrease in Germany, the segments largest business, resulting from a smaller sales force as recruiting of new sales force members has been below the Companys objectives for several quarters. In an effort to increase the sales force size, the Team Leader management level was added to the independent sales force structure in the fourth quarter of 2006. This, along with an improved new product program and product selection going forward, and an emphasis on enabling the sales force to recruit new party hostesses and thus reach new consumers is expected to ultimately lead to higher sales. The trend did improve during the year, as there was a 3 percent year-over-year increase in local currency sales in the fourth quarter, following double-digit decreases in each of the first three quarters. The total German sales force was smaller than the prior year by 13 percent at the beginning of 2007 and 3 percent at December 29, 2007. In 2007 and 2006 the German market accounted for $192.4 million and $198.0 million of the segments sales, respectively. For the year ended December 29, 2007, sales in the German market were positively impacted by $18.3 million from a stronger euro versus the U.S. dollar.
The sales decline in Germany included a $3.2 million decrease in business-to-business sales. While the Company actively pursues business-to-business opportunities, sales from this channel are based on reaching agreements with business partners and their product needs, along with consideration of how the arrangement will be integrated with the core party-plan channel. Consequently, activity in one period may not be indicative of future periods. For the entire segment, business-to-business sales were $4.3 million for 2007 compared with sales of $8.5 million for 2006.
The euro was the main currency that led to the 8 percentage point improvement in 2007 versus 2006 sales from stronger foreign currencies.
For 2007, compared with 2006, segment profit increased $16.6 million and segment profit as a percentage of sales increased 0.8 percentage points. The higher segment profit was due to the higher sales in the emerging markets along with higher margins resulting from a favorable product mix. These factors were partially offset by a decline in Germany resulting from lower sales, and an increase in the provision for doubtful accounts during 2007, reflecting lower profitability by the Companys independent distributors. Approximately half of the profit improvement in 2007 was from stronger foreign currencies, primarily the euro and Russian ruble.
Asia Pacific experienced substantial growth in 2007 with every business showing increased sales performance with the exception of the NaturCare business in Japan. Sales in the segments emerging markets grew 26 percent, led by China, Indonesia and Korea. Chinas increase reflected more outlets in operation and higher productivity. Indonesia and Korea benefited from larger and more productive sales forces, which were the result of successful promotions and product launches, including NaturCare products in Korea for the first time. Korea also maintained a high level of business-to-business sales.
The main sales increases among the segments established markets were in Australia and Tupperware Japan. In Australia, a modestly larger sales force was much more productive, reflecting the successful positioning of the
earnings opportunity for the sale force and Tupperware as a lifestyle brand. The use of the Team Leader program to increase the number of sales force leaders also had a favorable impact. In Japan, the sales force grew significantly as the result of a successful shift in strategy to recruit many more customer representatives and to work to develop these members into sellers.
Segment profit increased significantly compared with 2006, reflecting the higher sales, a higher share of sales from Australia which runs at a higher return on sales than the average for the segment and improved value chains in the Tupperware and NaturCare Japan businesses, in part reflecting the consolidation of distribution facilities.
The positive impact from foreign currencies on the comparison of 2007 sales and profit with 2006 was most significantly from the Australian dollar with smaller contributions from currencies in Malaysia/Singapore, China and India.
Tupperware North America
All markets in the segment showed an increase in sales during 2007 compared with last year. Net sales in Tupperware Mexico increased 12 percent which was in part due to an increase of $6.3 million in business-to-business sales. Tupperware United States had a strong increase in sales during 2007 resulting from a higher active sales force, in part reflecting strong recruiting results. The Tupperware United States sales force at the end of 2007 was higher than the prior year by 13 percent, although the segment as a whole ended the year with a 10 percent decrease in sales force mainly due to lower recruiting by Tupperware Mexico. Overall, the Company believes that the improvement in Tupperware United States is directly related to the impact of the change to a multi-tier sales force compensation structure that was completed in April of 2005, as well as a strategy for expanded and enhanced sales force training. This new compensation system provides for override commissions on group sales with an emphasis on the earnings opportunity and recruiting new sellers into the business. This type of compensation system was also in use in some of the Companys other businesses prior to its implementation by Tupperware United States, and has since been implemented in additional businesses where the Company believes its use is appropriate.
Tupperware North Americas profit increased $12.6 million over 2006 coming from a sharp increase in profit in the United States and Canadian businesses, which had losses in 2006, as well as a substantial improvement in Mexico. This primarily reflected higher sales volume, along with improved capacity utilization and an improved cost structure. Also contributing was the consolidation of the bulk of Canadian administrative activities with the United States. Offsetting these factors was the absence of the $1.6 million benefit in 2006 from a reduction of the LIFO inventory reserve.
Beauty North America
Net sales on a local currency basis increased 9 percent in 2007 compared with last year, resulting from improvement in both Fuller Mexico and BeautiControl North America. In 2007 and 2006, Fuller Mexico accounted for a large proportion of the segments sales and profit. Sales at Fuller Mexico increased 11 percent in local currency over last year. This increase was the result of strong growth in its total and active sales forces as well as an increase in the average size of orders due to successful promotions and a positive response to new products. The increase in sale force was driven mainly by an increase in recruiting as well as lower turnover rates achieved through successful incentive programs. BeautiControl North America also contributed to the increase in segment sales for 2007, due to a favorable sales force reception to an investment in merchandising programs designed to serve the dual purpose of reducing inventory levels and energizing the sales force.
The increase in local currency profit was due to the increase in sales volume as well as lower amortization of definite-lived intangible assets acquired of $5.1 million compared with 2006. This improvement was partially
offset by a decline in the gross margin percentage at BeautiControl North America resulting from an unfavorable mix and product pricing from the above mentioned investment, as well as incremental costs of operating in a larger manufacturing facility, to which the Company moved into in the first quarter of 2007 and incremental distribution and freight costs. Fuller Mexico had a slightly lower return on sales from the timing of certain promotional and incentive costs and a lower gross margin percentage resulting from outsourced production.
Net local currency sales for the segment increased 10 percent in 2007 over 2006. The strong performance in the segment was led by the Central and South American businesses, most notably Tupperware Venezuela and Tupperware Brazil, reflecting higher active sales forces achieved through strong incentive and recruiting programs as well as improved pricing. Also contributing to the increase in sales was Fuller Philippines with a strong improvement over last year resulting from a higher active sales force, reflecting improved recruiting. This was offset by lower sales levels in the Nutrimetics businesses resulting from smaller active sales forces. Strategies have been implemented to drive sales force growth in these businesses with limited improvement in the sales force metrics to date.
The lower segment loss for 2007 of $7.6 million compared with a loss of $12.7 million in 2006 was primarily the result of the higher sales volume, favorable product mix resulting in improved gross margins and lower inventory write downs required in 2007 compared with 2006. Also contributing to the improved results in 2007 was lower amortization of definite-lived intangible assets acquired of $2.5 million.
Strong foreign currencies had a 9 percentage point positive impact on the sale comparison, which came primarily from the Philippine peso and Australian dollar. The foreign exchange impact on the profit comparison was not significant.
Segment Results 2006 vs. 2005
The slight increase in European sales in 2006 compared with 2005 was primarily due to the inclusion of the acquired South African beauty units. Excluding these units, local currency sales were three percent lower largely due to a 14 percent sales decline in Germany, the segments largest market, driven by a reduction in total and active sales force. In 2006 and 2005 the German market accounted for $198.0 million and $231.0 million of the segments sales, respectively. Additionally, in the Europe segment approximately $8 million less business-to-business sales compared with 2005 contributed to the sales decline. Other markets that were down versus 2005 were the Netherlands, Austria and Switzerland all due to a decrease in average active sales force, and in the case of Switzerland a large business-to-business transaction that did not recur.
These declines were partially offset by Tupperware South Africa which had a significant increase in sales versus 2005 driven by good recruiting and increases in total and average active sales force. The emerging markets had strong increases in 2006 with a combined growth of 71 percent versus 2005, led by Russia, Turkey, Poland and South Africa, while their contribution to total sales for the segment grew from 15 percent in 2005 to 24 percent in 2006. The largest sales growth contribution came from Russia, which was up 60 percent and contributed the largest dollar increase compared with 2005 of all markets in the segment.
Although local currency sales increased slightly, profit was down 17 percent as reported and in local currency resulting in a decline of 3.6 percentage points in return on sales. The lower return on sales was driven by the decline in German sales which, despite the downturn, continue to carry a return above the segment average, and the mix of markets generating the profit, with a slight impact driven by the inclusion of a full year of results for the South African beauty units which operate at a lower return on sales. The higher operating costs were driven by increased costs in the growth markets and higher promotional expenses in an effort to increase the size of the total and active sales forces.
Net sales for 2006 increased both as reported and in local currency. Excluding NaturCare, the acquired Japan beauty unit that only had sales in one month in 2005, sales were up eight percent in local currency. Sales were up in virtually all markets, led by China, India and Indonesia, which in total were up 28 percent, with the largest increase coming from China up 44 percent. In China, direct selling has been limited by law, and the Company reaches consumers through independent store fronts where the number of storefronts grew 25 percent to 2,400. Japan, Korea and Australia had modest growth in local currency versus 2005 driven by more productive sales forces offset by less business-to-business sales in Korea.
Excluding NaturCare, segment profit increased in both reported and local currency reflecting improvement in most markets and led by the emerging markets. Though costs showed a dollar increase versus 2005, as a percent of sales they were down driven primarily by leverage from sales growth, resulting in a 4.2 percentage point increase in return on sales.
The slight increase in North American sales was primarily due to growth by Tupperware Mexico offset by a slight decrease in the United States. Mexico sales were up slightly in local currency driven by a slightly larger sales force, an increase in business-to-business sales and five percent growth in the sale of BeautiControl products. Canada sales were up modestly due to better productivity by the sales force partially due to the implementation of a new compensation plan which mirrors the plan implemented in the U.S. in 2005. In the United States, sales were down slightly versus 2005 although they were up in each of the third and fourth quarters versus 2005. Though total and active sales forces were down for 2006, productivity was up driven by the new multi-tier sales force compensation system implemented in 2005.
North Americas profit came from Tupperware Mexico where there was a 12 percent increase primarily reflecting sales growth but also a slight improvement in promotion and distribution expenses. There was a decrease in the U.S. loss of over 90 percent. The lower loss was driven by a higher gross margin percentage and a reduction in DS&A expenses. The improvement in gross margin was due to the sale of previously written down product at a higher price, fewer sales incentive offers and a reduction in the LIFO reserve. The improvement in expenses was primarily due to a reduction in distribution costs driven by improved freight pricing and a greater number of consolidated shipments. Additionally, in the United States, post retirement benefit costs were $1.2 million favorable in 2006 compared with 2005.
Beauty North America
Beauty North America had a significant increase in sales and profit. There was an increase by Fuller Mexico mainly due to the business being included in the Companys results of operations beginning on December 5, 2005 with the closing of the Acquisition compared with a full year in 2006. The BeautiControl business started 2006 slowly but was up 6 percent in the second half of that year. The improvement in sales, particularly in the second half of 2006, was due to increased volume reflecting a year-over-year total and active sales force size advantage. Recruiting remained strong in 2006 with a Spring campaign that was the second largest in BeautiControls history. The sales force growth continued to be fueled by both a strong earnings opportunity and an easy, replicable interactive party experience, the Spa ESCAPE.
The sales growth was the primary reason for the profit improvement along with a slight improvement in gross margin driven by a better mix of sales. These were partially offset by higher operating expenses for recruiting of sales force members and transition costs incurred for a new manufacturing facility at BeautiControl, as well as a full year of amortization related to intangible assets recorded in Fuller Mexico as part of the Acquisition.
The Acquired Units sales and profit were included in the Companys results beginning on December 5, 2005 with the closing of the Acquisition. Therefore, a full year of these units results were included in 2006 compared with only approximately a month in 2005.
Segment profit reflected the same factors as sales, along with approximately $7.0 million of negative impact from amortization expense primarily associated with intangible assets recorded in purchase accounting for the Acquired Units sales force relationships.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Working capital increased, reaching $249.2 million as of December 29, 2007 compared with $227.3 million as of December 30, 2006 and $218.0 million as of December 31, 2005. The current ratio was 1.6 to 1 at the end of 2007 and 2006 and 1.5 to 1 at the end of 2005.
The 2007 increase in working capital reflected a $12.0 million increase from stronger foreign currencies. Also contributing to the increase was a $27.1 million net increase in income tax related assets and $22.0 million more inventory. Notwithstanding the higher inventory amount, in light of fourth quarter 2007 sales being 11 percent higher than fourth quarter 2006, in local currency, days inventory on hand improved slightly versus the end of 2006. Partially offsetting these items was a net of $14.1 million more payables under hedge contracts and higher accruals totaling $27.3 million for compensation, mainly incentives, and the timing of certain non-income tax payables in Mexico. In January 2008, the Company paid $19.0 million related to non-income tax payables due in Mexico.
The 2006 working capital increase was primarily due to cash generated from operations and an increase in accounts receivable driven by strong year-end sales in Mexico.
On September 28, 2007, the Company entered into an $800 million five-year senior secured credit agreement (2007 Credit Agreement) consisting of a $200 million revolving credit facility and $600 million in term loans. Proceeds from the 2007 Credit Agreement were used to repay the Companys previous credit agreement dated December 5, 2005 (2005 Credit Agreement), which was obtained in conjunction with the closing of the Acquisition as further discussed below. The 2005 Credit Agreement was then terminated. Although the 2007 Credit Agreement is a floating rate debt instrument, the Company is required to maintain at least 40
percent of total outstanding debt at fixed rates, which is achieved through the use of interest rate swaps as further discussed in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. As a result of terminating the 2005 Credit Agreement, $6.1 million in deferred debt fees were written off and included in net interest expense for the year ended December 29, 2007. Quarterly principal payments of $1.5 million are due on the term loans beginning June 2008, with any remaining principal due in September 2012; however, the agreement permits the Company to omit these payments if certain prepayments have been made during the previous four quarters. The Company made such optional prepayments in the fourth quarter of 2007 totaling $35.0 million. The agreement also requires additional principal payments consisting of 100 percent of cash generated from certain asset sales, certain insurance proceeds and certain new debt issuances, as well as up to 50 percent of excess cash flows. Excess cash flows are substantively defined as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures, required debt payments and actual dividends paid up to $60 million annually. However, the 2007 Credit Agreement provides that cash may be used to repurchase shares using proceeds from stock option exercises and also repurchases beyond the use of option proceeds if the leverage ratio as defined under the credit agreement is and will remain below 2.0 times and the other covenants in the agreement are met. See Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The debt under the 2007 Credit Agreement is secured by substantially all of the Companys domestic assets, excluding real estate, and capital stock of its domestic subsidiaries plus a 66 percent stock pledge of its significant foreign subsidiaries. The interest rate charged on the outstanding borrowings on the credit facility is a floating LIBOR base rate plus an applicable margin. The applicable margin ranges from 0.625 percent to 1.25 percent and is determined quarterly by the Companys leverage ratio, as defined in the credit agreement. As of December 29, 2007, the applicable margin was 1.0 percent, resulting in an effective interest rate on outstanding borrowings of 5.9 percent, for the Companys LIBOR-based borrowings.
The 2007 Credit Agreement contains covenants of a similar nature to those under the previous agreement and customary for similarly rated companies. While the covenants are restrictive and could inhibit the Companys ability to pay dividends or buy back stock, the Company currently believes it will be able to continue paying its current $0.22 per share quarterly dividend under the covenant requirements. The primary financial covenants are a fixed charge coverage ratio, a leverage ratio and an adjusted net worth requirement as defined in the agreement. The covenant restrictions include adjusted covenant earnings and net worth measures. See further information in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Companys 2005 Credit Agreement required it to maintain at least 40 percent of its outstanding borrowings at a fixed rate for a period of at least three years in the future. Beginning in December 2005 and January 2006, the Company effectively converted $375.0 million of its floating rate borrowings to fixed rate debt through interest rate swaps. The swap agreements called for the Company to receive a floating rate equal to the 3 month U.S. dollar LIBOR rate and pay a weighted average fixed rate of 4.8 percent. The swap agreements combined with a contractual 150 basis point spread gave the Company an all-in effective rate of 6.3 percent on these borrowings. The swap agreements were scheduled to expire in 2009 through 2012. In order to maintain compliance with the three-year requirement, in the second quarter of 2007, the Company terminated three swaps with a total notional value of $175 million and purchased three new swaps with the same notional value that were to expire in 2012. Following this action, all of the swaps were to expire in 2011 and 2012. A gain of $0.5 million was realized on the termination of these agreements and was capitalized as a component of debt. As further discussed in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and noted above, in September 2007 the Company entered into the 2007 Credit Agreement, replacing the 2005 Credit Agreement. As a result, these swap arrangements were terminated in September 2007 resulting in a termination payment of $3.5 million. In connection with retiring the 2005 Credit Agreement, the $0.5 million deferred gains on the previously terminated swaps were fully recognized and both amounts were included as a component of net interest expense for the year ended December 29, 2007.
As previously noted, the 2007 Credit Agreement also has a requirement that the Company keep at least 40 percent of total borrowings at a fixed interest rate for at least three years. In September 2007, the Company entered into four new interest rate swap agreements with notional values totaling $325 million that expire in 2012. Under the terms of these new swap agreements, the Company will receive a floating rate equal to the 3
month U.S. dollar LIBOR and pay a weighted average fixed rate of about 4.8 percent. The swap agreements combined with a contractual spread dictated by the new credit agreement, of 100 basis points as of December 29, 2007, gave the Company an all-in effective rate of about 5.8 percent on these borrowings at that date.
The 2005 Credit Agreement was entered into in conjunction with closing the Acquisition that included a seven-year $775 million term loan bearing an annual interest rate of 150 basis points over the LIBOR rate and a $200 million revolving credit facility. This agreement replaced the Companys then existing $200 million revolving line of credit. The Company used cash on hand and the term loan borrowings to fund the amount due to Sara Lee Corporation, to discharge its then outstanding $100 million notes due in 2006 and to repay its $150 million notes due in 2011. The settlement of the 2011 notes required make-whole payments to the note holders of approximately $22 million. In anticipation of this transaction, the Company closed fixed to variable interest rate swaps with combined notional amounts totaling $150 million that were scheduled to expire in 2011 with the notes. These swaps were entered to convert the Companys $150 million notes from fixed to variable interest rates. Closing these swaps resulted in a loss of approximately $3.1 million that was recorded as a component of income when the notes were settled. The Company also exited an agreement to lock in a fixed 10-year treasury rate that was to provide the base interest for an anticipated refinancing of its $100 million 2006 notes. The $3.1 million cost to exit this arrangement was recorded as a component of interest expense in the third quarter of 2005. In addition to the amounts discussed above, upon closure of the transaction, the Company expensed unamortized debt issuance costs relating to the settled debt totaling approximately $0.8 million and recognized deferred net gains related to previously terminated hedging arrangements associated with the settled debt. These net gains were $3.2 million.
The $775.0 million Term Loan was reduced to $745.0 million at the end of 2005, and principal payments made during 2006 further reduced the balance to $669.2 million as of December 30, 2006. Due to prepayments made in the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company had no scheduled payments in 2006. However, the Company made voluntary payments of $63.0 million and mandatory payments of $12.8 million. The mandatory payments were a result of the sale of land in the Orlando, Florida area. Prior to entering into the 2007 Credit Agreement, the Company had made $65.0 million in voluntary payments and $12.1 million in mandatory payments with proceeds from the sale of land in Orlando, Florida, sale of other excess land and insurance settlements. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company made an additional voluntary payment of $35.0 million on the 2007 Credit Agreement reducing the Companys balance on these borrowings to $565.0 million at the end of 2007.
The Companys two debt rating agencies, Standard and Poors and Moodys, have both rated the Company. Standard and Poors currently rates the corporate credit rating of the Company BB and assigns a stable outlook. It currently has rated the Companys 2007 Credit Agreement as BBB-. Moodys assigns a rating of Ba2 to the corporate family rating of the Company.
As of December 29, 2007, the Company had $185.9 million available under its revolving line of credit and $106.6 million available under other uncommitted lines of credit, along with a cash balance of $102.7 million. Current and committed borrowing facilities and cash generated by operating activities are expected to be adequate to finance working capital needs and capital expenditures.
The Companys major markets for its products are Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, the Philippines, Russia, South Africa and the United States. A significant downturn in the Companys business in these markets would adversely impact the Companys ability to generate operating cash flows. The previously discussed downturn in the Companys German business has impacted its ability to contribute the same historical level of operating cash flows to the Company. However, this has not resulted in a material negative impact to the Company as a whole. Operating cash flows would also be adversely impacted by significant difficulties in the recruitment, retention and activity of the Companys independent sales force, the success of new products and promotional programs.
Included in the cash balance of $102.7 million reported at the end of 2007 was $14.4 million denominated in Venezuela bolivars. The balance is primarily a result of favorable operating cash flows in the market. Due
to Venezuelan government restrictions on transfers of cash out of the country and control of exchange rates, the Company can not immediately repatriate this cash at the exchange rate used to translate the Venezuelan bolivars into U.S. dollars for inclusion on the Companys Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company has applied to transfer approximately $11.0 million of such amount out of the country. The Company believes it could immediately repatriate the cash from Venezuela, but it would only currently be able to do so at an exchange rate that would be about 60 percent less favorable. This would result in the Company having fewer U.S. dollars than currently reported as a component of cash and cash equivalents on its Consolidated Balance Sheet with the difference recorded as a foreign exchange loss in its Consolidated Income Statement.
The debt-to-total capital ratio at the end of 2007 was 53 percent compared with 63 percent at the end of 2006. Debt is defined as total debt and capital is defined as total debt plus shareholders equity. The decrease in debt from the same period a year ago reflected the debt principal payments made from cash generated from operating activities and from the sale of real estate and other assets. The increase in equity resulted largely from earnings in 2007, reduced by dividends paid during the year, plus positive foreign currency translation adjustments net of hedge losses.
In December 2007 the Company experienced a fire at its Tupperware United States manufacturing and distribution facility in South Carolina, causing a total loss of its main finished goods warehouse. The Company is covered by insurance for this loss, and while it cannot at this time accurately estimate the amount of claim proceeds it will receive, it believes the settlement of the claim will not result in a loss to the Company. As of December 29, 2007, the Company included on its Consolidated Balance Sheet a miscellaneous receivable of $5.8 million that represented the book value of the inventory and property lost, other costs incurred that are expected to be recovered through the insurance claim, and its deductible, net of $3.0 million in proceeds that had already been received from its insurers.
Net cash provided by operating activities increased to $177.4 million in 2007 from $172.8 million in 2006. Net income was $22.7 million higher in 2007 than in 2006. Among the adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities, the most important net difference between years was the higher non-cash impact in 2007 of re-engineering, impairment costs and loss on disposal, mainly due to the impairment of Nutrimetics goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles in addition to the write-off and amortization of deferred loan fees and a higher provision for bad debts. The most significant year-over year variations in changes in assets and liabilities were outflows for higher inventory notwithstanding the days sales in inventory at the end of 2007 was slightly better than the end of 2006, offset from a larger increase in 2007 in accounts payable and accruals, most notably from higher compensation accruals largely for management incentives and the timing of certain non-income tax payables.
Net cash provided by operating activities increased to $172.8 million in 2006 compared with $140.2 million in 2005. The increase reflected higher cash pretax income, excluding land sales, of close to $70 million, along with a cash inflow from higher payables and accruals in 2006 as opposed to an outflow in 2005. The improvement in payables and accruals was largely due to the management of the timing of payments and the volume of business in certain markets. There were also smaller improvements in inventory from the sale of slow moving items in certain markets and in non-trade receivables reflecting lower non-income tax related receivables and amounts relating to hedging transactions. The main offsets were from cash tax payments of $30 million in 2006 versus net receipts of $35 million in 2005 that included a $46 million receipt from the Companys former parent. There was also an outflow from trade receivables in 2006, versus an inflow in 2005, reflecting higher December sales in certain markets, as well as higher past due amounts.
For 2007, 2006 and 2005, the Company spent $50.3 million, $52.1 million and $52.0 million respectively, for capital expenditures. The most significant type of spending in all years was for molds for new products with
the greatest amount spent in Europe. The slightly higher capital expenditure balance in 2006 was primarily due to higher spending on improvements made for capacity expansion at BeautiControl North America. In addition to cash outlays for property, plant and equipment, the Company also had non-cash additions through capital leases of $15.7 million and 6.6 million in 2007 and 2006, respectively, primarily related to the construction of a new center of excellence manufacturing facility that replaced an existing facility in Belgium.
Partially offsetting the capital spending were $25.3 million in 2007, $25.5 million in 2006 and $8.0 million in 2005, of proceeds related to the sale of certain property, plant and equipment and insurance settlements. In 2007, the Company received $7.4 million in proceeds from insurance recoveries relating to the 2006 fire at a former manufacturing facility in Tennessee and partial insurance proceeds from the 2007 fire at the Companys facility in South Carolina. See Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. In 2006 and 2005 insurance proceeds were received from property damaged by a hurricane in 2004.
In 2007, proceeds from the sale of certain property, plant and equipment were primarily from the sales of the Companys Philippines manufacturing facility, the sale of land held for development near the Companys Orlando, Florida headquarters and the sale of excess land in Australia. The proceeds from the sales in 2006 were primarily related to land for development near the Companys Orlando, Florida headquarters.
Additionally, 2006 and 2005 included net cash outflows of $104.9 million and $464.3 million, respectively, in connection with the Acquisition.
The primary financing activities were the net proceeds from 2007 Credit Agreement of $597.1 million which were used to repay borrowings under the Companys 2005 Credit Agreement entered into to fund the Acquisition. The refinancing completed in 2007, together with the principal payments made on the Companys term debt resulted in total repayments of $705.1 million in 2007 compared with repayments of $77.1 million in 2006. See detailed discussion in Liquidity and Capital resources including settlement of historical debt and related covenant restrictions.
During 2007, 2006 and 2005, the Company paid dividends of $0.88 per share of common stock totaling $53.8 million, $53.3 million and $52.4 million, respectively. While the payment of a dividend on common shares is a discretionary decision made on a quarterly basis, in the absence of a significant event requiring cash, the Company has no current expectation of altering the dividend level as projected cash flows from operating activities as well as additional property sales are expected to be sufficient to maintain the dividend without restricting the Companys ability to finance its operations, make necessary investments in the future growth of the business or its near-term debt repayment obligations. If there is an event requiring the use of cash, such as a strategic acquisition, the Company would need to reevaluate whether to maintain its current dividend payout.
Stock Option Exercises
During 2007, 2006 and 2005, the Company received proceeds of $45.3 million, $7.4 million and $30.2 million respectively, related to the exercise of outstanding stock options. The increase in stock option proceeds during 2007 was due primarily to an increase in the Companys stock price and options that would have otherwise expired during this period providing incentive for option holders to exercise their outstanding options. The corresponding shares were issued out of the Companys balance held in treasury.
In May 2007, the Companys Board of Directors approved a program for repurchasing shares with an aggregate cost up to $150 million over 5 years. The Company intends to use proceeds from stock option exercises to offset a portion of the dilution that would otherwise result from these exercises. During 2007 the Company repurchased 1.4 million shares at an aggregate cost of $41.6 million.
In October 2000, a subsidiary of the Company adopted a Management Stock Purchase Plan (the MSPP), which provided for eligible executives to purchase Company stock using full recourse loans provided by the subsidiary. Under the MSPP, the Company loaned $13.6 million to 33 senior executives to purchase 847,000 common shares from treasury stock. In 2001 and 2002, an additional nine senior executives purchased 74,500 shares of common stock from treasury stock utilizing loans totaling $1.7 million. The loans had annual interest rates of 5.21 percent to 5.96 percent, and all dividends, while the loans are outstanding, are applied toward interest due. Each of the loans had scheduled repayment dates of 25 percent on the fifth and sixth anniversaries of the loan issuance, with the balance due on the eighth anniversary. There were no new participants during 2007, 2006, or 2005, and in line with the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, no further loans will be permitted under the plan. The MSPP permits the surrender of shares in lieu of payment of the loan with the surrendered shares valued at the then current market price. During 2007, 2006 and 2005, participants surrendered a total of 29,471, 99,388, and 254,441 shares of the Companys common stock at current market prices to satisfy loans totaling $0.7 million, $2.1 million and $5.6 million, respectively, as part of both scheduled and voluntary repayments. In addition, participants made cash payments to satisfy loan and interest payment obligations totaling $0.3 million, $0.5 million and $0.6 million in the years ended December 29, 2007, December 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively. As of the end of 2007, $2.3 million in loans were outstanding under this program, all of which is due during 2008.
On November 30, 1998, the Company made a non-recourse, non-interest bearing loan of $7.7 million (the loan) to its chairman and chief executive officer (chairman), the proceeds of which were used by the chairman to buy in the open market 400,000 shares of the Companys common stock (the shares) at an average price of $19.12 per share. The shares were pledged to secure the repayment of the loan. The loan was recorded as a subscription receivable and was due November 12, 2006, with voluntary prepayments permitted commencing November 12, 2002, and mandatory repayments equal to 10 percent of annual bonus payments. On October 26, 2006 the Companys chairman and chief executive officer surrendered 330,368 shares of the Companys common stock at the then current market price of $21.49 in satisfaction of the $7.1 million outstanding balance, which had previously been reduced through cash payments of $0.6 million.
The following summarizes the Companys contractual obligations at December 29, 2007, and the effect such obligations are expected to have on its liquidity and cash flow in future periods (in millions).
Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based upon the Companys Consolidated Financial Statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported and disclosed amounts. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. The Company believes the implementation of the following critical accounting policies are the most significantly affected by its judgments and estimates.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
The Company maintains current and long-term receivable amounts with most of its independent distributors and sales force in certain markets. The Company regularly monitors and assesses its risk of not collecting amounts owed to it by its customers. This evaluation is based upon an analysis of amounts currently and past due along with relevant history and facts particular to the customer. It is also based upon estimates of distributor business prospects, particularly related to the evaluation of the recoverability of long-term amounts due. This evaluation is performed market by market and account by account based upon historical experience, market penetration levels, access to alternative channels and similar factors. It also considers collateral of the customer that could be recovered to satisfy debts. Based upon the results of this analysis, for this risk the Company records an allowance for uncollectible accounts. This analysis requires the Company to make significant estimates, and changes in facts and circumstances could result in material changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts.
The Company writes down its inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and the estimated market value based upon estimates of future demand. The demand is estimated based upon the historical success of product lines as well as the projected success of promotional programs, new product introductions and new markets or distribution channels. The Company prepares projections of demand on an item by item basis for all of its products. If inventory quantity exceeds projected demand, the excess inventory is written down. However, if actual demand is less than projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets also are recognized for credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted rates applicable to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to reverse and the credits are expected to be used. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. An assessment is made as to whether or not a valuation allowance is required to offset deferred tax assets. This assessment requires estimates as to future operating results as well as an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Companys tax planning strategies. These estimates are made based upon the Companys business plans and growth strategies in each market and are made on an ongoing basis; consequently, future material changes in the valuation allowance are possible. Any change in valuation allowance amounts is reflected in the period in which the change occurs. At the end of 2007, the Company had net domestic deferred tax assets of approximately $247.0 million against which a valuation allowance of $3.4 million has been provided. Of this total, approximately $67.7 million relates to recurring type temporary differences which reverse regularly and are replaced by newly originated items. The balance is primarily related to foreign tax credits and federal and state net operating losses that, other than for the amount for which a valuation allowance has been provided, are expected to be realized prior to expiration based upon an increase in domestic income from BeautiControl North America as well as expected improvement in the
Tupperware United States business. Also, expected gains related to the Companys previously discussed Orlando land sales activities will result in the realization of a portion of these assets. In addition, certain tax planning transactions are available to the Company should they be necessary.
In 2007, the Company adopted the provisions of FIN 48, which addresses whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under FIN 48, the Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. FIN 48 requires increased disclosures, provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes and the accounting in interim periods. As a result of the adoption, a 2007 adjustment of $2.2 million to increase reserves for uncertain tax positions was recognized with a corresponding decrease in the 2007 opening retained earnings balance.
As of December 29, 2007 and the beginning of fiscal 2007, the Companys gross unrecognized tax benefit was $41.1 million and $30.2 million, respectively. The Company estimates that approximately $40.6 million of the unrecognized tax benefits, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recorded as a component of the provision for income taxes. Accrued interest and penalties were $8.9 million and $7.6 million as of December 29, 2007 and the beginning of fiscal 2007, respectively. Interest and penalties included in the provision for income taxes totaled $1.3 million for the year ended December 29, 2007.
The Company is currently under tax audit for a number of periods and in a number of jurisdictions and anticipates some of the audits may conclude within the next 12 months. As of the end of 2007, the Company classified approximately $5.6 million of unrecognized tax benefits as a current liability, representing potential settlement of tax positions. In addition, the Company anticipates some additional audits may conclude within the next 12 months. However, the Company is unable to estimate the impact of such events, if any, on its uncertain tax positions recorded as of the end of 2007. It is also reasonably possible that the amount of uncertain tax positions could materially change within the next 12 months based on the expiration of statutes of limitations in various jurisdictions as well as additions due to ongoing transactions and activity.
Promotional and Other Accruals
The Company frequently makes promotional offers to its independent sales force to encourage them to meet specific goals or targets for sales levels, party attendance, recruiting or other business critical activities. The awards offered are in the form of cash, product awards, special prizes or trips. The cost of these awards is recorded during the period over which the sales force qualifies for the award. These accruals require estimates as to the cost of the awards based upon estimates of achievement and actual cost to be incurred. The Company makes these estimates on a market by market and program by program basis. It considers the historical success of similar programs, current market trends and perceived enthusiasm of the sales force when the program is launched. During the promotion qualification period, actual results are monitored and changes to the original estimates that are necessary are made when known. Like the promotional accruals, other accruals are recorded at a time when the liability is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. Adjustments to amounts previously accrued are made when changes occur in the facts and circumstances that generated the accrual.
Valuation of Goodwill
The Companys recorded goodwill relates primarily to that generated by its acquisition of BeautiControl in October 2000, and the Acquired Units in December 2005. The Company conducts an annual impairment test of its recorded goodwill in the second and third quarter of each year related to BeautiControl and the Acquired Units, respectively. Additionally, in the event of a change in circumstances that would lead the Company to
believe that a triggering event for impairment may have occurred, a test would be completed at that time. The valuation of goodwill is dependent upon the estimated fair market value of BeautiControls operations both in North America and internationally and the operations of the Acquired Units. The Company estimates the fair value of BeautiControl and the Acquired Units operations using discounted future cash flow estimates. Such a valuation requires the Company to make significant estimates regarding future operations and the ability to generate cash flows including projections of revenue, costs, utilization of assets and capital requirements. It also requires estimates in allocating the goodwill to the different segments that include BeautiControl operations (Beauty North America, Asia Pacific, Tupperware North America, and Beauty Other) and the Acquired Units operations (Europe, Asia Pacific, Beauty North America and Beauty Other). Lastly, it requires estimates as to the appropriate discounting rates to be used. The most sensitive estimate in this evaluation is the projection of operating cash flows as these provide the basis for the fair market valuation.
The results of the reviews conducted to date for the BeautiControl goodwill acquired in October 2000 indicated fair values in excess of the carrying value. The Company completed the annual review of goodwill recorded in connection with the acquisition of the Acquired Units in the third quarter of 2007. Based upon this evaluation, the Company deemed the Nutrimetics® reporting unit to be impaired, resulting in a non-cash impairment charge of $5.9 million related to the goodwill balance. The results of the third quarter review of the remaining Acquired Units indicated fair values in excess of carrying value. Given the sensitivity of the valuation of the reporting units to changes in the estimated future cash flows to be generated from those reporting units, versus the 2007 estimate, when the 2008 valuation is performed a reduction in the estimated future cash flows for the Nutrimetics reporting unit would likely result in an additional impairment charge, and a reduction in the assumed future cash flows of 5 percent for NaturCare and a significant percentage change for the Acquired Units in the Avroy Shlain, Swissgarde and Fuller reporting units would also likely result in an impairment charge. Goodwill included on the December 29, 2007 Consolidated Balance Sheet associated with the Acquired Units was $156.1 million for the Fuller reporting unit, $53.4 million for the Nutrimetics reporting unit, $25.2 million for the NaturCare reporting unit and $15.6 million for the Avroy Shlain and Swissgarde reporting unit. Impairment charges would have an adverse impact on the Companys net income and could result in a lack of compliance with the Companys debt covenants, although the financial covenant directly affected is the minimum net worth requirement and the first $75 million of any impairment arising from July 1, 2007 forward is excluded from the calculation of compliance with this covenant.
Other Intangible Assets
The Company recorded as assets the fair value of various trademarks and trade names in conjunction with its purchase of the Acquired Units with an ending balance of $203.9 million and $199.0 million in 2007 and 2006, respectively. Of the 2007 ending balance, $125.1 million related to Fuller, $42.8 million to Nutrimetics, $22.9 million to NaturCare, $12.0 million to Avroy Shlain and Swissgarde, and $1.1 million to Nuvo. These amounts have indefinite lives and are evaluated for impairment as discussed in the goodwill valuation above and fluctuate based on changes in exchange rates and any impairment charges recorded. The Company completed the annual review of these indefinite-lived intangible assets in the third quarter of 2007. Based upon the 2007 evaluation, the Company recorded a $5.4 million impairment related to the Nutrimetics® trade name. There was no impairment of the Nutrimetics trade name based on the 2006 evaluation, nor did the 2007 or 2006 evaluations of the intangible assets associated with the other reporting units indicate fair values were below the carrying value. As noted above, the annual review of the indefinite lived intangible assets requires the Company to make significant estimates regarding future operations and the ability to generate cash flows with these assets. Changes in estimated future cash flows of the Companys reporting units, similar to those described above, would impact the carrying value of the indefinite lived intangible assets.
Additionally, the Company recorded $64.7 million for valuation of the Acquired Units sales forces, and $4.0 million for product formulations. The estimated aggregate annual amortization expense associated with these intangibles for each of the five succeeding years is $9.1 million, $5.6 million, $4.0 million, $2.8 million and $2.0 million, respectively.
The Companys employee pension and other post-employment benefits (health care) costs and obligations are dependent on its assumptions used by actuaries in calculating such amounts. These assumptions include health care cost trend rates, salary growth, long-term return on plan assets, discount rates and other factors. The health care cost trend assumptions are based upon historical results, the near-term outlook and an assessment of long-term trends. The salary growth assumptions reflect the Companys historical experience and outlook. The long-term return on plan assets are based upon historical results of the plans and investment market overall, as well as the Companys belief as to the future returns to be earned over the life of the plans. The discount rate is based upon current yields of AA-rated corporate long-term bond yields. The Companys key assumptions and funding expectations are indicated in Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
In the fourth quarter of 2006 the Company amended its domestic retiree medical plan effective April 1, 2007. Prior to the effective date but after January 1, 1995, the Company subsidized the cost of health care for retirees based on age and years of service. For under age 65 retirees, the amendment altered the Companys contribution from a percent of cost to a fixed amount. For over age 65 retirees, the amendment lowered the fixed subsidy amount. For former associates retired prior to January 1, 1995 and under the age of 80, the amendment introduced a monthly premium charge of $35 per covered adult. The change resulted in a decrease of expense of $1.8 million and $0.3 million in 2007 and 2006.
Effective December 30, 2006, the Company adopted the recognition and disclosure provisions of SFAS No.158 Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, an amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106, and 132(R). This Statement requires employers to recognize in their balance sheets the overfunded or underfunded status of defined benefit post-retirement plans, measured as the difference between the fair value of plan assets and the benefit obligation (the projected benefit obligation for pension plans and the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation for other post-retirement plans). Employers must recognize the change in the funded status of the plan in the year in which the change occurs through accumulated other comprehensive income. This Statement also requires plan assets and obligations to be measured as of the employers balance sheet date.
Prior to the adoption of the recognition provisions of SFAS No. 158, the Company accounted for its defined benefit post-retirement plans under SFAS No. 87, Employers Accounting for Pensions and SFAS No. 106, Employers Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions. SFAS No. 87 required that a liability (minimum pension liability) be recorded when the accumulated benefit obligation (ABO) liability exceeded the fair value of plan assets. Any adjustment was recorded as a non-cash charge to accumulated other comprehensive income in shareholders equity. SFAS No. 106 required that the liability recorded represent the actuarial present value of all future benefits attributable to an employees service rendered to date. Under both SFAS No. 87 and No. 106, changes in the funded status were not immediately recognized, rather they were deferred and recognized ratably over future periods. Upon adoption of the recognition provisions of SFAS No. 158, the Company recognized the amounts of prior changes in the funded status of its post-retirement benefit plans through its accumulated other comprehensive loss.
For 2005, the Company increased its health care cost trend rate to 10 percent for all participants grading down to 5 percent in 2010. This change represented an increase of one percentage point for post-65 age participants and three percentage points for pre-65 age participants. As a result, 2005 pretax expense related to the Companys post-employment health care plan increased approximately $0.5 million. Unrecognized losses on post-employment plans as shown in Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements are not expected to result in a material increase of pretax expense as compared with that of 2005.
Effective June 30, 2005, the Company froze the accrual of benefits to participants under its domestic defined benefit pension plans. This action necessitated a re-measurement of its accumulated benefit obligation under the plans and resulted in a pretax increase of $5.1 million ($3.3 million after tax). This change resulted in the elimination of the service cost component of net periodic pension expense as it relates to these plans and an ongoing annual reduction of approximately $2.5 million, or about $1.2 million as compared with 2005.
Due to an excess of lump sum retirement distributions from its domestic pension plans as compared with service and interest costs, the Company recorded a settlement charge of approximately $0.9 million in 2005.
In conjunction with the benefit freeze, the Company increased its basic contribution related to one of its domestic defined contribution plans from 3 percent of eligible employee compensation up to the Social Security Wage Base to 5 percent.
Revenue is recognized when goods are shipped to customers, the risks and rewards of ownership have passed to the customer who, in most cases, is one of the Companys independent directors or distributors or a member of its independent sales force and when collection is reasonably assured. When revenue is recorded, estimates of returns are made and recorded as a reduction of revenue. Discounts earned based on promotional programs in place, volume of purchases or other factors are also estimated at the time of revenue recognition and recorded as a reduction of that revenue.
The Company measures compensation cost for stock-based awards at fair value and recognizes compensation over the service period for awards expected to vest. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which requires the input of assumptions, including the estimated length of time employees will retain their vested stock options before exercising them (expected term) and the estimated volatility of the Companys common stock price over the expected term. Furthermore, in calculating compensation for these awards, the Company is also required to approximate the number of options that will be forfeited prior to completing their vesting requirement (forfeitures). Many factors are considered when estimating expected forfeitures, including types of awards, employee class and historical experience. To the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from current estimates; such amounts will be recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the period estimates are revised.
Impact of Inflation
Inflation as measured by consumer price indices has continued at a low level in most of the countries in which the Company operates.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to discussion of new accounting pronouncements in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
One of the Companys market risks is its exposure to the impact of interest rate changes. The Company has elected to manage this risk through the maturity structure of its borrowings, interest rate swaps, and the currencies in which it borrows. The Company has previously set a target, over time, of having approximately half of its borrowings with fixed rates based either on the stated terms or through the use of interest rate swap agreements. As discussed earlier, the Companys current credit agreement carries a variable interest rate, but requires the Company to maintain a fixed interest rate on at least 40 percent of total debt during the term of the loan, which is consistent with the terms of the Companys previous credit agreement. In September 2007, the Company entered into four new interest rate swap agreements with notional values totaling $325 million that expire in 2012. Under the terms of these new swap agreements, the Company will receive a floating rate equal to
the 3 month U.S. dollar LIBOR and pay a weighted average fixed rate of about 4.8 percent. The swap agreements combined with a contractual spread dictated by the new credit agreement, and currently 100 basis points, gave the Company an all-in effective rate of about 5.8 percent on these borrowings as of the end of 2007.
On November 8, 2007, the Company entered into four forward interest rate agreements that fix the borrowing rate for an additional $200 million under the September 2007 term loan agreement for 2008. These agreements locked in the LIBOR base rate for these borrowings at the forward rates then existing for the 3-month borrowing periods beginning at the end of December 2007 and at the end of the first three quarters of 2008. The average locked-in LIBOR rate was about 4.3 percent. The Company will incur this rate on the $200 million of borrowings plus the spread under the 2007 Credit Agreement, which was 100 basis points at the end of 2007.
The above interest rate swaps entered into in 2007, effectively fixed the interest rates on $525 million of the Companys debt decreasing the Companys exposure from the impact of interest rate changes. If short-term interest rates varied by 10 percent the Companys annual interest expense would be impacted by approximately $0.6 million, with all other variables remaining constant.
A significant portion of the Companys sales and profit comes from its international operations. Although these operations are geographically dispersed, which partially mitigates the risks associated with operating in particular countries, the Company is subject to the usual risks associated with international operations. These risks include local political and economic environments, and relations between foreign and U.S. governments.
Another economic risk of the Company is exposure to foreign currency exchange rates on the earnings, cash flows and financial position of the Companys international operations. The Company is not able to project in any meaningful way the possible effect of these fluctuations on translated amounts or future earnings. This is due to the Companys constantly changing exposure to various currencies, the fact that all foreign currencies do not react in the same manner in relation to the U.S. dollar and the large number of currencies involved, although the Companys most significant exposures are to the euro and Mexican peso.
Although this currency risk is partially mitigated by the natural hedge arising from the Companys local product sourcing in many markets, a strengthening U.S. dollar generally has a negative impact on the Company. In response to this fact, the Company uses financial instruments, such as forward contracts, to hedge its exposure to certain foreign exchange risks associated with a portion of its investment in international operations. In addition to hedging against the balance sheet impact of changes in exchange rates, the hedge of investments in international operations also has the effect of hedging a portion of cash flows from those operations. The Company also hedges with these instruments certain other exposures to various currencies arising from amounts payable and receivable, non-permanent intercompany loans and forecasted purchases.
During the first quarter of 2007, the Company entered into agreements to hedge a portion of its Japanese yen net equity and euro net equity through a series of new forward contracts. At initiation, the Company sold Japanese yen and bought forward $50.0 million and sold euro and bought forward $300 million. These equity hedges also effectively converted portions of the Companys U.S. dollar debt obligations to Japanese yen and euro where operating cash flow is generated. The initial forward contracts matured, or will mature, in 2007 and 2008 and will be settled in cash such that the Company is exposed to fluctuations in the value of the yen and euro versus the U.S. dollar. As of December 29, 2007, the Company had reduced its Japanese yen position by $16.6 million and its euro position by $150.7 million. Receipts or payments under the hedges are expected to be partially offset by changes in the value of operating cash flows generated in Japanese yen and in euro.
During the first quarter of 2007, in order to protect the value of a portion of the Companys euro-based cash flows expected during 2007, the Company purchased a series of put options that expired at various points during 2007, giving the Company the right, but not the obligation, to sell 34.1 million euros in exchange for U.S. dollars. The put options had a weighted average strike price of about 1.28 dollars per euro. The Company paid premiums for these put options totaling $0.5 million. Although the Company considered these put options to be a
hedge of its exposure to changes in the value of the euro, they did not qualify for hedge accounting under SFAS 133. Accordingly, the value of the options was marked to market at the end of each quarter of 2007, and any change in value was recorded in other income or expense as applicable. For the year ended December 29, 2007, $0.5 million of expense was recorded based on the change in the market value of the options. All options expired unexercised.
While the Companys hedges of its equity in its foreign subsidiaries, its cash flow hedges, and its fair value hedges of balance sheet risks all work together to mitigate its exposure to foreign exchange gains or losses, they result in an impact to operating cash flows as they are settled. The U.S. dollar equivalent of the Companys most significant net open hedge positions as of December 29, 2007 were to sell Swiss francs $92.8 million; Japanese yen $59.7 million; and Russian rubles $12.8 million; and to buy Mexican pesos $33.6 million; South African rand $18.0 million; and Korean won $20.5 million. In agreements to sell foreign currencies in exchange for U.S. dollars, for example, an appreciating dollar versus the opposing currency would generate a cash inflow for the Company at settlement with the opposite result in agreements to buy foreign currencies for U.S. dollars. The above noted notional amounts change based upon changes in the Companys outstanding currency exposures. Based on rates existing as of December 29, 2007, the Company was in a net payable position of approximately $13.7 million related to its currency hedges, which upon settlement could have a significant impact on the Companys cash flow. When excluding the impact of the forward points in this analysis, the Company was in a net payable position of approximately $16.8 million from the portfolio of forward contracts. The Company records the impact of forward points in net interest expense. Based on the Companys net open hedge positions in place at December 29, 2007, and interest rates in those countries compared with U.S. interest rates, the Company received an annualized net benefit in net interest expense of $6.1 million for the year ended December 29, 2007. The Company does not expect a material impact to net interest expense in 2008 resulting from these hedges.
A precise calculation of the impact of currency fluctuations is not practical since some of the contracts are between non-U.S. dollar currencies.
The Company continuously monitors its foreign currency exposure and may enter into additional contracts to hedge exposure in the future.
See further discussion regarding the Companys hedging activities for foreign currency in Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company is also exposed to rising material prices in its manufacturing operations and in particular the cost of oil and natural gas-based resins. This is the primary material used in production of Tupperware products, and approximately $110 million of resin cost was included in cost of sales in 2007. A 10 percent fluctuation in the cost of resin could therefore impact the Companys annual cost of sales in the $11 million dollar range as compared with the prior year. The Company manages this risk by utilizing a centralized procurement function that is able to take advantage of bulk discounts while maintaining multiple suppliers and also enters into short-term pricing arrangements. It also manages its margin through the pricing of its products, with price increases generally in line with consumer inflation, and its mix of sales through its promotional programs and discount offers. It may also, on occasion, make advance material purchases to take advantage of what it perceives to be favorable pricing. At this point in time, the Company has determined that entering forward contracts for resin prices is not cost beneficial and has no such contracts in place. However, should circumstances warrant, the Company may consider such contracts in the future.
The Companys program to sell land held for development is also exposed to the risks inherent in the real estate development process. Included among these risks are the ability to obtain all government approvals, the success of buyers in attracting tenants for commercial developments in the Orlando real estate market, obtaining financing and general economic conditions, such as interest rate increases. The Companys land sale program was negatively impacted in 2007 due the mortgage credit crisis in the United States which is expected to delay the completion of the program. The Company had previously foreseen completing this program in 2009.
Certain written and oral statements made or incorporated by reference from time to time by the Company or its representatives in this report, other reports, filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases, conferences or otherwise are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements in this report or elsewhere that are not based on historical facts or information are forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, the following:
The Company does not intend to regularly update forward-looking information other than in its most recent quarterly earnings releases or in between such releases in the event that it expects it earnings per share excluding adjusted items, as outlined in its quarterly earnings release, to be significantly below its previous guidance.
Investors should also be aware that while the Company does, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts, it is against the Companys policy to disclose to them any material non-public information or other confidential commercial information. Accordingly, it should not be assumed that the Company agrees with any statement or report issued by any analyst irrespective of the content of the confirming financial forecasts or projections issued by others.
Tupperware Brands Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Income
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Tupperware Brands Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Tupperware Brands Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income
Tupperware Brands Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity and Comprehensive Income(Continued)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Tupperware Brands Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation. The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Tupperware Brands Corporation and all of its subsidiaries (Tupperware Brands, the Company). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The Company acquired the direct selling businesses of Sara Lee Corporation on December 5, 2005 (the Acquisition or the Acquired Units), and the results of operations of the Acquired Units are included as of that date. The Companys fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of December. As a result, the 2007 and 2006 fiscal years contain 52 weeks as compared with 53 weeks for fiscal year 2005.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. As of December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, $22.4 million and $33.4 million, respectively, of the cash and cash equivalents included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets were held in the form of time deposits, certificates of deposit, or similar instruments.
Included in the cash balance of $102.7 million reported at the end of 2007, the Company had a cash balance of $14.4 million denominated in Venezuelan bolivars. The balance was primarily a result of favorable operating cash flows in the market. Due to Venezuelan government restrictions on transfers of cash out of the country and control of exchange rates, the Company can not immediately repatriate this cash at the exchange rate used to translate the Venezuelan bolivars into U.S. dollars for inclusion on the Companys Consolidated Balance Sheet. It has applied for authorization to transfer approximately $11.0 million of the balance out of the country at the exchange rate used to translate the underlying Venezuelan bolivars to U.S. dollars for inclusion on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company believes it could immediately repatriate the cash from Venezuela, but only at an exchange rate currently about 60 percent less favorable. This would result in the Company having fewer U.S. dollars than currently reported as a component of cash and cash equivalents on its Consolidated Balance Sheet with the difference recorded as a foreign exchange loss in its Consolidated Income Statement.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. The Company maintains current and long-term receivable amounts with most of its independent distributors and sales force in certain markets. The Company regularly monitors and assesses its risk of not collecting amounts owed to it by customers. This evaluation is based upon an analysis of amounts currently and past due along with relevant history and facts particular to the customer. It is also based upon estimates of distributor business prospects, particularly related to the evaluation of the recoverability of long-term amounts due. This evaluation is performed market by market and account by account based upon historical experience, market penetration levels, access to alternative channels and similar factors. It also considers collateral of the customer that could be recovered to satisfy debts. The Company records its allowance for uncollectible accounts based on the results of this analysis. The analysis requires the Company to make significant estimates and as such, changes in facts and circumstances could result in material changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts.
Inventories. Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. Inventory cost includes cost of raw material, labor and overhead. Domestically produced Tupperware inventories, approximately one percent and three percent of consolidated inventories at December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, respectively, are valued on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) cost method. The first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost method is used for the remaining inventories. If inventories valued on the LIFO method had been valued using the FIFO method, they would have been $1.5 million and $3.6 million higher at the end of 2007 and 2006, respectively. The Company writes down its inventory for obsolescence or unmarketable items equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory
and estimated market value based upon expected future demand. The demand is estimated based upon the historical success of product lines as well as the projected success of promotional programs, new product introductions and new markets or distribution channels. The Company prepares projections of demand on an item by item basis for all of its products. If inventory on hand exceeds projected demand, the excess inventory is written down to its net realizable value. However, if actual demand is less than projected by management, additional write-downs may be required.
Internal Use Software Development Costs. The Company capitalizes internal use software development costs as they are incurred and amortizes such costs over their estimated useful lives of three to five years beginning when the software is placed in service. Net unamortized costs included in property, plant and equipment were $14.4 million and $17.7 million at December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, respectively. Amortization cost related to internal use software development costs totaled $4.9 million, $4.1 million and $5.0 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Property, Plant and Equipment. Property, plant and equipment are initially stated at cost. Depreciation is determined on a straight-line basis over the following estimated useful lives of the assets:
Depreciation expense was $45.0 million, $43.7 million and $44.1 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The Company considers the need for an impairment review when events occur that indicate that the book value of a long-lived asset may exceed its recoverable value. Impairments are discussed further in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Upon the sale or retirement of property, plant and equipment, a gain or loss is recognized equal to the difference between sales price and net book value. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to delivery, sales and administrative (DS&A) expense.
Goodwill. Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired. The Companys recorded goodwill was predominantly generated by the Acquisition in December 2005 and the acquisition of BeautiControl in October 2000. Goodwill was assigned to reporting units using the incremental discounted cash flows associated with each reporting unit and is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently, if a significant event occurs as outlined under the guidance SFAS 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The Company uses discounted future cash flow estimates to determine the fair market value of the Acquired Units and BeautiControl operations worldwide for purposes of conducting impairment reviews. Goodwill is further discussed in Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Intangible Assets. Intangible assets are recorded at their fair market values at the date of acquisition in accordance with the provisions of SFAS 141, Business Combinations, and definite lived intangibles are amortized over their estimated useful lives in accordance with SFAS 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The intangible assets included in the Companys Consolidated Financial Statements at December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006 are primarily related to the Acquisition in December 2005. The weighted average estimated useful lives of the Companys intangible assets are as follows:
Intangible assets are further discussed in Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Promotional and Other Accruals. The Company frequently makes promotional offers to members of its independent sales force to encourage them to fulfill specific goals or targets for sales levels, party attendance, recruiting of new sales force members or other business-critical functions. The awards offered are in the form of cash, product awards, special prizes or trips.
A program is generally designed to recognize sales force members for achieving a primary objective. An example is to reward the independent sales force for recruiting new sales force members. In this situation, the Company offers a prize to sales force members that achieve a targeted number of recruits over a specified period. The period runs from a couple of weeks to several months. The prizes are generally graded in that meeting one level may result in receiving a piece of jewelry with higher achievement resulting in more valuable prizes such as televisions and trips. Similar programs are designed to reward current sales force members who reach certain goals by promoting them to a higher level in the organization where their earning opportunity would be expanded and they would take on additional responsibilities for recruiting new sales force members and providing training and motivation to new and existing sales force members. Other business drivers such as scheduling parties, increasing the number of sales force members holding parties or increasing end consumer attendance at parties may also be the focus of a program.
The Company also offers cash awards for achieving targeted sales levels. These types of awards are generally based upon the sales achievement of at least a mid-level member of the sales force and his or her down-line members. The down-line consists of those sales force members that have been recruited directly by a given sales force member, as well as those recruited by his or her recruits. In this manner, sales force members can build an extensive organization over time if they are committed to recruiting and developing their units. In addition to the bonus, the positive performance of a unit may also entitle its leader to the use of a company-provided vehicle and in some cases, the permanent awarding of a vehicle. Similar to the prize program noted earlier, these programs generally offer varying levels of vehicles that are dependent upon performance.
The Company accrues for the costs of these awards during the period over which the sales force qualifies for the award and reports these costs primarily as a component of DS&A expense. These accruals require estimates as to the cost of the awards based upon estimates of achievement and actual cost to be incurred. During the qualification period, actual results are monitored and changes to the original estimates that are necessary are made when known. Promotional expenses included in DS&A expense totaled $341.9 million, $297.3 million and $215.2 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Like promotional accruals, other accruals are recorded at the time when the liability is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. Adjustments to amounts previously accrued are made when changes in the facts and circumstances that generated the accrual occur.
Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized when goods are shipped to customers, the risks and rewards of ownership have passed to the customer who, in most cases, is one of the Companys independent directors or distributors or a member of its independent sales force and when collection is reasonably assured. When revenue is recorded, estimates of returns are made and recorded as a reduction of revenue. Discounts earned based on promotional programs in place, volume of purchases or other factors are also estimated at the time of revenue recognition and recorded as a reduction of that revenue.
Shipping and Handling Costs. The cost of products sold line item includes costs related to the purchase and manufacture of goods sold by the Company. Among these costs are inbound freight charges, purchasing and receiving costs, inspection costs, depreciation expense, internal transfer costs, and warehousing costs of raw material, work in process and packing materials. The warehousing and distribution costs of finished goods are included in the DS&A expense. Distribution costs are comprised of outbound freight and associated labor costs. Fees billed to customers associated with the distribution of its products are classified as revenue. The shipping and handling costs included in DS&A expense in 2007, 2006 and 2005 were $111.9 million, $111.0 million and $65.8 million respectively.
Advertising and Research and Development Costs. Advertising and research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred. Advertising expense totaled $14.4 million, $14.7 million and $8.9 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Research and development costs totaled $17.6 million, $15.6 million and $13.9 million, in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Research and development expenses primarily include salaries, contractor costs and facility costs. Both advertising and research and development costs are included in DS&A expense.
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. The Company has several stock-based employee and director compensation plans, which are described more fully in Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Through 2002, the Company accounted for those plans under the intrinsic value recognition and measurement principles of Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related Interpretations. Effective with the 2003 fiscal year, the Company began accounting for those plans using the fair-value-based method of accounting for stock options under the provisions of SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, prospectively to all employee awards granted, modified, or settled after December 28, 2002 as permitted under the transition guidance of SFAS 148, Accounting for Stock-Based CompensationTransition and Disclosurean amendment of FAS 123. Outstanding unvested awards under the Companys plans vest over periods up to seven years. Compensation cost for options that vest on a graduated schedule is recorded over that time period. Therefore, the cost related to the stock-based employee compensation included in the determination of net income for 2005 is less than that which would have been recognized if the fair-value-based method had been applied to all awards since the original effective date of SFAS 123. Compensation expense associated with restricted stock grants is equal to the market value of the shares on the date of grant and is recorded pro rata over the required holding period. For those restricted stock grants with performance criteria, the expense is recorded based on an assessment of achieving the criteria. Compensation expense associated with employee restricted stock grants was $3.0 million, $2.5 million and $1.4 million in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
The following table illustrates the effect on net income and earnings per share if the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS 123(R) had been applied to stock-based compensation since its effective date. There is no difference for 2007 and 2006.
The fair value of the stock option grants was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions: dividend yield of 3.3 percent for 2007, 4.3 percent for 2006 and 4.2 percent for 2005; expected volatility of 28 percent for 2007, 27 percent for 2006 and 29 percent for 2005; risk-free interest rates of 4.0 percent for 2007, 4.6 percent for 2006 and 4.4 percent for 2005; and expected lives of 6 years for 2007, 2006 and 2005.
On March 29, 2005, the Staff of the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107 (SAB 107), Share-Based Payment. SAB 107 was issued to provide guidance on SFAS 123(R)
and its interaction with certain SEC rules and regulations and to provide the SEC staff views regarding valuation of share-based payment arrangements. On April 14, 2005, the SEC adopted a new rule through release number 33-8568, Amendment to Rule 4-01(a) of Regulation S-X regarding the Compliance Date for Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (Revised 2004), Share-based Payment, to amend the effective date of SFAS 123(R) for registrants to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2005. As such, effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment, and related interpretations, or SFAS 123(R), to account for stock-based compensation using the modified prospective transition method and therefore did not restate prior period results. SFAS 123(R) supersedes Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and revises guidance in SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. Among other things, SFAS 123(R) requires that compensation expense be recognized in the financial statements for share-based awards based on the grant date fair value of those awards. The modified prospective transition method applies to (a) unvested stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2005 and granted prior to December 29, 2002, when the Company began recognizing in income the fair value of all newly issued or modified stock-based compensation awards under SFAS 123, and (b) any new share-based awards granted subsequent to December 31, 2005. Stock-based compensation expense in 2006 also includes the cumulative effect of estimating forfeitures as part of the fair value measurement that the Company previously accounted for based on actual activity. This change had no material impact on results of operations.
In 2005, the SEC Staff offered its views on how companies should address non-substantive vesting conditions, such as retirement eligibility provisions, of share-based payment awards under SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, and APB 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees. Under SFAS 123 and APB 25, it specifies that awards are vested when the employees retention of the award is no longer contingent on providing subsequent service. The SEC clarified this provision to specify that this would be the case for awards issued to employees who are or become retirement eligible during the vesting period when the award provides for accelerated vesting upon retirement. However, the prevailing accounting for this situation had been to recognize the compensation cost over the nominal vesting period (the vesting terms of the award). Companies that had been using this method, including the Company, were advised to continue doing so until adopting the provisions under SFAS 123(R). Upon adoption of 123(R), any new grants going forward are to be recognized as compensation immediately if issued to individuals who are already retirement eligible, or vest over the period of time the individuals will become retirement eligible if it is prior to the nominal vesting period of the grant. The impact to the Company of using this approach was to accelerate the expense related to options granted in 2007 and 2006, versus the previous method, by $1.8 million and $1.5 million, respectively.
The table below summarizes the impact on results of operations for the year ended December 29, 2007 and December 30, 2006, of expensing, under the provisions of SFAS 123(R), unvested options granted prior to December 29, 2002:
SFAS 123 (R) requires the benefits associated with tax deductions in excess of recognized compensation cost, generated upon the exercise of stock options, to be reported as a financing cash flow rather than as an
operating cash flow as previously required. For the year ended December 29, 2007 and December 31, 2005, the Company generated $2.2 million and $0.3 million of excess cash benefits from option exercises, respectively, while for the year ended December 30, 2006, it did not generate any such benefits.
Additionally, prior to the Companys adoption of SFAS 123(R), unearned compensation was presented as a separate component of shareholders equity. In accordance with the provisions of SFAS 123(R), on January 1, 2006, unearned compensation was reclassified as additional paid-in-capital on the balance sheet for all periods presented.
On August 31, 2005, the FASB issued FSP 123(R)-1, Classification and Measurement of Freestanding Financial Instruments Originally Issued in Exchange for Employee Services under FASB Statement No. 123(R). The guidance defers the requirements of SFAS 123(R) that a freestanding financial instrument originally subject to Statement 123(R) becomes subject to the recognition and measurement requirements of other applicable accounting standards when the rights conveyed by the instrument to the holder are no longer dependent upon the holder being an employee of the Company. A freestanding financial instrument originally issued as employee compensation would be subject to the recognition and measurement provisions of SFAS 123(R) throughout the life of the instrument, unless its terms are modified after the time the rights conveyed by the instrument are no longer dependent on the holder being an employee. This FSP supersedes guidance in FSP EITF 00-19-1, Application of EITF Issue No. 00-19 to Freestanding Financial Instruments Originally Issued as Employee Compensation which was issued on May 31, 2005. The FSP was effective in conjunction with SFAS 123(R) which was the first quarter of 2006. There was no impact to the Company upon implementation of the guidance in FSP 123(R)-1.
On October 18, 2005, the FASB issued FSP SFAS 123(R)-2, Practical Accommodation to the Application of Grant Date as Defined in FASB Statement No. 123(R). Under SFAS 123(R), there is a requirement that a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions of a share-based payment award has been communicated before a grant can be deemed to have been made. This FSP clarifies that a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions of the award can be presumed on the date the award is approved if (1) the award is a unilateral grant and the recipient does not have the ability to negotiate key terms and conditions of the award and (2) if the key terms and conditions are communicated to the individual recipients within a relatively short time period from the date of approval. The Company had no impact from the adoption of this standard.
Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations. In March 2005, the FASB issued FASB Interpretation No. 47 Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligations (FIN 47), which was issued to clarify the term conditional asset retirement obligation as used in SFAS, 143 Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations, issued in June 2001. SFAS 143 refers to a companys legal obligation to perform an asset retirement activity in which the timing and (or) method of settlement are conditional on a future event that may or may not be within the control of the entity. The obligation to perform the asset retirement activity is unconditional even though uncertainty exists about the timing and (or) method of settlement. Thus, the timing and (or) method of settlement may be conditional on a future event. Accordingly, a company is required to recognize a liability for the fair value of a conditional asset retirement obligation if the fair value of the liability can be reasonably estimated. The fair value of a liability for the conditional asset retirement obligation should be recognized when incurred-generally upon acquisition, construction, or development and (or) through the normal operation of the asset. Uncertainty about the timing and (or) method of settlement of a conditional asset retirement obligation should be factored into the measurement of the liability when sufficient information exists. In the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company recognized a liability for the fair market value of conditional future obligations associated with environmental issues at its manufacturing facilities in Belgium and the United States that the Company will be required to remedy at some future date, when these assets are retired. In the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company recognized $0.8 million of expense, net of $0.4 million of tax benefit, representing the cumulative effect of these conditional future obligations. The Company performs an annual evaluation of its obligations regarding this matter and is required to record depreciation and costs associated with accretion of the obligation. This was not material for 2007 and 2006 and is not expected to be material in the future.
Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their
respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets also are recognized for credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted rates applicable to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to reverse and the credits are expected to be used. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. An assessment is made as to whether or not a valuation allowance is required to offset deferred tax assets. This assessment requires estimates as to future operating results as well as an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Companys tax planning strategies. These estimates are made on an ongoing basis based upon the Companys business plans and growth strategies in each market and consequently, future material changes in the valuation allowance are possible.
In July 2006, the FASB issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, (FIN 48). FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for income taxes by prescribing a minimum probability threshold that a tax position must meet before a financial statement benefit is recognized. The minimum threshold is defined in FIN 48 as a tax position that is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by the applicable taxing authority, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefit to be recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. FIN 48 must be applied to all existing tax positions upon initial adoption. FIN 48 was effective for years beginning after December 15, 2006. As a result of adopting FIN 48 in 2007, a charge of $2.2 million to increase reserves for uncertain tax positions was recognized with a corresponding decrease in the opening retained earnings balance.
In May 2007, FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FIN 48-1, Definition of Settlement in FASB Interpretation No. 48, (FSP FIN 48-1). FSP FIN 48-1 amends FIN 48 to provide guidance on how an entity should determine whether a tax position is effectively settled for the purpose of recognizing previously unrecognized tax benefits. FSP FIN 48-1 clarifies that a tax position can be effectively settled upon the completion of an examination by a taxing authority without being legally extinguished. FSP FIN 48-1 is effective upon the initial adoption of FIN 48 and therefore was adopted by the Company in the beginning of fiscal 2007. The adoption of FSP FIN 48-1 did not have an impact on the accompanying financial statements.
Interest and penalties related to tax contingency or settlement items are recorded as a component of the provision for income taxes in the Companys Consolidated Statement of Income. The Company records accruals for tax contingencies as a component of accrued liabilities or other long-term liabilities on its balance sheet.
Net Income Per Common Share. Basic per share information is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding. Diluted per share information is calculated by also considering the impact of potential common stock on both net income and the weighted average number of shares outstanding. The Companys potential common stock consists of employee and director stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units. Restricted stock and restricted stock units are excluded from the basic per share calculation and are included in the diluted per share calculation when doing so would not be anti-dilutive. The common stock elements of the earnings per share computations are as follows (in millions):
Derivative Financial Instruments. The Company recognizes all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in its Consolidated Balance Sheets and measures those instruments at fair value. If certain conditions are met, a derivative may be specifically designated as a hedge. The accounting for changes in the value of a derivative accounted for as a hedge depends on the intended use of the derivative and the resulting designation of the hedge exposure. Depending on how the hedge is used and the designation, the gain or loss due to changes in value is reported either in earnings or initially in other comprehensive income. Gains or losses that are reported in other comprehensive income eventually are recognized in earnings; with the timing of this recognition governed by SFAS 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, as amended by SFAS 149, Amendment of Statement 133 on Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (SFAS 149), and SFAS 138, Accounting for Certain Derivative Instruments and Certain Hedging Activities.
The Company uses derivative financial instruments, principally over-the-counter forward exchange contracts and local currency options with major international financial institutions, to offset the effects of exchange rate changes on net investments in certain foreign subsidiaries, forecasted purchase commitments, certain intercompany loan transactions and the value of international cash flows. Gains and losses on instruments designated as hedges of net investments in a foreign subsidiary or intercompany transactions that are permanent in nature are accrued as exchange rates change, and are recognized in shareholders equity, as a component of comprehensive income. Forward points and option costs associated with these net investment hedges are included in interest expense and other expense, respectively. Gains and losses on contracts designated as hedges of intercompany transactions that are not permanent in nature are accrued as exchange rates change and are recognized in income. Gains and losses on contracts designated as hedges of identifiable foreign currency firm commitments are deferred and included in the measurement of the related foreign currency transaction. Contracts hedging non-permanent intercompany transactions and identifiable foreign currency firm commitments are held to maturity. The Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements to convert a portion of its floating rate U.S. dollar long-term debt to fixed rate U.S. dollar debt. Changes in the fair value of the swaps resulting from changes in market interest rates are recorded as a component other comprehensive income. Finally, in 2007 and 2005 the Company entered into a series of euro put options that it considered to be a hedge of a portion of its expected current year euro-denominated cash flow from operating activities. However, these options were not considered to be a hedge under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and therefore when they were marked to market at the end of each accounting period, gain or losses were included as a component of other income or expense, as applicable. See Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Foreign Currency Translation. Results of operations of foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars using the average exchange rates during the year. The assets and liabilities of those subsidiaries, other than those of operations in highly inflationary countries, if any, are translated into U.S. dollars using exchange rates at the balance sheet date. The related translation adjustments are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses, as well as re-measurement of financial statements of subsidiaries in highly inflationary countries, if any, are included in income.
Product Warranty. Tupperware® brand products are guaranteed against chipping, cracking, breaking or peeling under normal non-commercial use of the product. The cost of replacing defective products is not material.
New Accounting Pronouncements. In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (SFAS 159). SFAS 159 permits companies to choose to measure certain financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. The standard requires that unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected be reported in earnings. SFAS 159 is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2008, although earlier adoption was permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS 159 to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, Fair Value Measurement, (SFAS 157) which addresses how companies should measure fair value when they do so for recognition or disclosure purposes. The standard provides a common definition of fair value and is intended to make the measurement of fair value more consistent and comparable, as well to improve disclosures about those measures. The standard is effective for
financial statements for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, or the Companys 2008 fiscal year. This standard formalizes the measurement principles to be utilized in determining fair value for purposes such as derivative valuation and impairment analysis. In February 2008, the FASB issued Staff Position No. FAS 157-2, Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157, which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for all nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities, except that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements at least on an annual basis, until the Companys 2009 fiscal year. Upon adoption, the provisions of SFAS 157 are to be applied prospectively with limited exceptions. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS 157, to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (Revised 2007) (SFAS 141R), Business Combinations. SFAS 141R will change the accounting for business combinations. Under SFAS 141R, an acquiring entity will be required to recognize all the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a transaction at the acquisition-date fair value with limited exceptions. SFAS 141R will change the accounting treatment and disclosure for certain specific items in a business combination. SFAS 141R applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that SFAS 141R will have on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160 (SFAS 160), Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial StatementsAn Amendment of ARB No. 51. SFAS 160 establishes new accounting and reporting standards for the non-controlling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The Company does not currently expect the adoption of SFAS 160 to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In June 2007, the FASB issued Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 06-11, Accounting for Income Tax Benefits of Dividends on Share-Based Payment Awards, (EITF 06-11). EITF 06-11 requires companies to recognize the income tax benefit realized from dividends or dividend equivalents that are charged to retained earnings and paid to employees for nonvested equity-classified employee share-based payment awards as an increase to additional paid-in capital. EITF 06-11 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2007. The Company does not expect the adoption of EITF 06-11 to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In June 2007, the FASB issued EITF Issue No. 07-3, Accounting for Nonrefundable Advance Payments for Goods or Services to Be Used in Future Research and Development Activities, (EITF 07-3). EITF 07-3 requires nonrefundable advance payments for goods and services that will be used in future research and development activities to be deferred and capitalized until the related service is performed or goods are delivered. EITF 07-3 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2007 with earlier adoption not permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of EITF 07-3 to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
Reclassifications. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified in the Consolidated Financial Statements to conform to current year presentation.
Versus how it was recorded in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005, the 2005 Statement of Cash Flows includes a reclassification between net cash provided by operating activities and net cash from financing activities. In the fourth quarter of 2005 the Company made make-whole payments of $22 million related to the early repayment of its 7.91 percent Notes due 2011 and six million dollars for the discharge of obligations related to $100 million of notes due in 2006. These payments were included in the Statement of Cash Flows as a $27.4 million increase to net income in arriving at net cash provided by operating activities and a decrease to net cash from financing activities for the same amount. Within the 2005 statement of income the $27.4 million was recorded as interest expense.
This reclassification reduced the Companys 2005 net cash provided by operating activities by $27.4 million to $140.2 million versus $167.6 million as previously disclosed and increased the Companys 2005 net cash from financing activities by the same amount to $459.5 million versus $432.1 million as previously disclosed. There was no change to the net increase in cash and cash equivalents. Additionally, none of the Companys debt covenants were affected by the reclassification.
A comparison of the 2005 statement of cash flows before and after the reclassification is shown below.