UTStarcom 10-Q 2008
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
For the transition period from to
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-29661
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (510) 864-8800
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
As of October 31, 2008 there were 126,199,705 shares of the registrants common stock outstanding, par value $0.00125.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except share data)
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except per share data)
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND LIQUIDITY
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of UTStarcom, Inc. (Company) and its wholly and majority owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements. The minority interest in consolidated subsidiaries is shown separately in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The accounts of UTStarcom Personal Communications LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (PCD) are included in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements through the date of sale of PCD, July 1, 2008 (see Note 3). Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2008 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The December 31, 2007 balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Companys December 31, 2007 financial statements, including the notes thereto, and the other information set forth in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs, expenses and gains and losses not affecting retained earnings that are reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying disclosures. Actual results may be different. See the Companys 2007 Annual Report for discussions of the Companys critical accounting policies and estimates.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of the Companys financial condition, the results of its operations and its cash flows for the periods indicated. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year.
The Company reported net losses of $195.6 million, $117.3 million and $532.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. At December 31, 2007, the Companys accumulated deficit aggregated $691.2 million. During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Company used $218.2 million of cash in operations. At December 31, 2007, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $437.4 million of which $289.5 million was used to repay the convertible subordinated notes due on March 1, 2008 (the Notes). This amount included a principal payment of $274.6 million and $14.9 million in accrued interest. At December 31, 2007, $322.4 million of the Companys cash and cash equivalents was held by its subsidiaries in China and China imposes currency exchange controls on transfers of funds outside of China. Additionally, the available lines of credit in China are significantly less than what has been available to the Company historically. These factors raised substantial doubt as to the Companys ability to continue as a going concern.
The Company had an operating loss of $96.9 million and a net loss of $69.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. At September 30, 2008, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $760.5 million. Cash used in operations was $31.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008. In the third quarter of 2008, the Company completed the sale of PCD for a total sale consideration of approximately $233.4 million (see Note 3). At September 30, 2008, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $329.0 million in the aggregate to meet the Companys liquidity requirements of which $155.4 million was held by its subsidiaries in China and continues to be subject to currency exchange controls on transfers of funds from China. Going forward, the amount of cash available for transfer from the China subsidiaries is limited both by the liquidity needs of the subsidiaries in China and by Chinese-government mandated requirements including currency exchange controls on transfers of funds outside of China.
Currently, the Companys primary sources of available credit are a series of credit facilities in China and each borrowing under the credit facilities is subject to the banks then current favorable opinion of the credit worthiness of the Companys China
subsidiaries, as well as the bank having funds available for lending and other Chinese banking regulations. Management cannot be certain that additional lines of credit will be available to the Company on commercially reasonable terms or at all.
Primarily as a result of the success in executing on managements strategy of divesting the Companys non-core businesses, at September 30, 2008, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $329.0 million as compared to $253.9 million at June 30, 2008. Although management believes the Company now has sufficient liquidity to finance its anticipated working capital and capital expenditure requirements for the next twelve months, in an effort to further improve the Companys profitability and cash flows, management has intensified its focus on the Companys fixed cost base to better align with operations, market demand and projected sales levels. If projected sales do not materialize, management may need to further reduce expenses. In addition, the Company may require additional equity or debt financing. If future funds are raised through issuance of stock or debt, these securities could have rights, privileges or preference senior to those of the Companys common stock and debt covenants could impose restrictions on the Companys operations. The sale of additional equity securities or debt financing could result in additional dilution to the Companys current shareholders. There can be no assurance that additional financing, if required, will be available on terms satisfactory to the Company or at all.
NOTE 2 RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, Fair Value Measurements, (SFAS 157). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The provisions of this standard apply to current accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. Upon adoption, the provisions of SFAS 157 are to be applied prospectively with limited exceptions. Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the measurement and disclosure requirements of SFAS 157 as it relates to financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis. In October 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 157-3, Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active (FSP 157-3), which clarified the application of FAS 157. FSP 157-3 demonstrated how the fair value of a financial asset is determined when the market for that financial asset is inactive. FSP 157-3 was effective upon issuance, including prior periods for which financial statements had not been issued. The adoption of SFAS No. 157 for these financial assets and financial liabilities did not have a material impact on the Companys financial condition or results of operations in the first nine months of 2008. The new disclosures required by SFAS 157 are included in Note 7.
In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 157-2, Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157 (FSP 157-2), which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities except those recorded or disclosed at fair value on a recurring basis. Therefore, the Company has delayed application of SFAS 157 to those non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities until January 1, 2009. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS 157 on those non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities on the Companys financial position and results of operations. While the Company does not expect the adoption of this statement to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements in subsequent reporting periods, the Company continues to monitor any additional implementation guidance that is issued that addresses the fair value measurements for non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities not disclosed at fair value in the consolidated financial statement on at least an annual basis.
In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (SFAS 159). This statement permits, but does not require, companies to report at fair value the majority of recognized financial assets, financial liabilities and firm commitments. Under this standard, unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option is elected are reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The Company adopted SFAS 159 during the first quarter of 2008. The Company has chosen not to elect the fair value option for any items that are not already required to be measured at fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. As such, the adoption of SFAS 159 did not have an impact on the Companys financial position or results of operations.
Standards Issued But Not Yet Effective
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 141 (revised), Business Combinations (SFAS 141(R)). The standard changes the accounting for business combinations including the measurement of acquirer shares issued in consideration for a business combination, the recognition of contingent consideration, the accounting for preacquisition gain and loss contingencies, the recognition of capitalized in-process research and development, the accounting for acquisition-related restructuring cost accruals, the
treatment of acquisition related transaction costs and the recognition of changes in the acquirers income tax valuation allowance. SFAS 141(R) applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The Company will assess the impact of SFAS 141(R) if and when a future acquisition occurs.
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 160, Non-controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, an amendment of ARB No. 51 (SFAS 160). The standard changes the accounting for non-controlling (minority) interests in consolidated financial statements including the requirements to classify non-controlling interests as a component of consolidated stockholders equity, and the elimination of minority interest accounting in results of operations with earnings attributable to non-controlling interests reported as part of consolidated earnings. Additionally, SFAS 160 revises the accounting for both increases and decreases in a parents controlling ownership interest. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, with early adoption prohibited. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of SFAS 160 on its consolidated financial statements.
In March 2008, the FASB issued Statement No. 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (SFAS 161), which amends and expands the disclosure requirements of FASB Statement No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (SFAS 133), with the intent to provide users of financial statements with an enhanced understanding of: (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments; (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS 133 and its related interpretations; and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entitys financial position, financial performance and cash flows. SFAS 161 requires qualitative disclosures about objectives and strategies for using derivatives, quantitative disclosures about fair value amounts of and gains and losses on derivative instruments and disclosures about credit-risk-related contingent features in derivative instruments. This statement applies to all entities and all derivative instruments. SFAS 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008. Since SFAS 161 only provides for additional disclosure requirements, there will be no impact on the Companys financial position or results of operations upon adoption.
In April 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) No. 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets. FSP 142-3 amends the factors an entity should consider in developing renewal or extension assumptions used in determining the useful life of recognized intangible assets under FASB Statement No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. This new guidance applies prospectively to intangible assets that are acquired individually or with a group of other assets in business combinations and asset acquisitions. FSP 142-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2008. Early adoption is prohibited. The Company will assess the impact of FSP 142-3 if and when it acquires intangible assets in the future.
In May 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. APB 14-1, Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments that May be Settled in Cash Upon Conversion (APB 14-1). APB 14-1 requires that the liability and equity components of convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash upon conversion (including partial cash settlement) be separately accounted for in a manner that reflects an issuers nonconvertible debt borrowing rate. The resulting debt discount is amortized over the period the convertible debt is expected to be outstanding as additional non-cash interest expense. APB 14-1 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Retrospective application to all periods presented is required except for instruments that were not outstanding during any of the periods that will be presented in the annual financial statements for the period of adoption but were outstanding during an earlier period. Since the Company does not have any debt securities, the Company does not anticipate the adoption of APB 14-1 to have any impact on its financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
NOTE 3 DIVESTITURES
Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company launched a number of initiatives, including potential divestitures of non-core assets, to focus on its core growth technologies, including IPTV, IP-based softswitch and broadband devices. During the third quarter of 2008, the Company completed its divestitures of UTStarcom Personal Communications LLC and Mobile Solutions Business Unit.
UTStarcom Personal Communications LLC (PCD)
On July 1, 2008, the Company completed the sale of UTStarcom Personal Communications LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (PCD), to an entity controlled by AIG Global Investment Group and certain other investors. The total sale consideration to the Company of approximately $233.4 million was based primarily on the working capital of PCD as of the closing of the transaction, subject to certain adjustments. During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the Company recorded net cash proceeds of $212.2 million from the sale of PCD, which was represented by the total sale consideration of $233.4 million, less $8.2 million of transaction costs and $13.0 million held in escrow. At September 30, 2008, the Company recorded an additional $1.8 million of transaction costs which had been incurred but not yet paid. The $13.0 million held in escrow consists of $3.0 million expected to be received by the Company upon settlement of working capital adjustments and $10.0 million to be held for a period of one year to secure indemnification claims made by the purchaser, if any, and is included in prepaids and other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2008. The Company also invested $1.6 million in equity securities representing approximately a 2.5% interest in the newly formed entity, Personal Communications Devices, LLC (New PCD). Pursuant to the terms of the divestiture agreement, the Company may be entitled to receive up to an additional $50 million earnout payment in 2011 based on the achievement of cumulative earnings levels of New PCD through December 31, 2010. Previously, PCD was a reportable segment of the Company.
The Company recorded a $0.5 million loss on sale of PCD net assets during the third quarter of 2008. The following table summarizes the components of the loss on sale (in thousands):
Concurrent with the closing of the transaction, the Company entered into a three-year supply agreement with New PCD whereby the Company intends to supply handset products to New PCD. Due to the ongoing direct cash flows pursuant to the supply agreement, the sale of the PCD assets did not meet the criteria for presentation as a discontinued operation under SFAS 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, (SFAS 144).
Mobile Solutions Business Unit
On July 31, 2008 the Company completed the divestiture of its Mobile Solutions Business Unit (MSBU) to a global private equity firm. During the third quarter of 2008, the Company recorded a net gain on divestiture of $3.9 million. This gain resulted from transferring net liabilities of approximately $9.0 million, netted against cash payments made by the Company of approximately $5.1 million, including transaction related costs of $0.3 million. The net liability primarily consisted of deferred revenue and other liabilities totaling $27.8 million offset by deferred costs and other assets of approximately $18.8 million. Previously, MSBU was reported as part of the Companys Other segment. Concurrent with the closing of the transaction, the Company entered into a manufacturing agreement whereby the Company will continue to develop and manufacture wireless IP-based products for sale to the divested entity. Due to the ongoing direct cash flows pursuant to the manufacturing agreement, the sale of the MSBU assets did not meet the criteria for presentation as a discontinued operation under SFAS 144.
Marvell Technology Group Ltd.
In February 2006, the Company sold substantially all of the assets and selected liabilities of its semiconductor design business division to Marvell Technology Group Ltd. (Marvell). The assets sold included the assets related to the prior acquisition of Advanced Communications Devices Corporation in 2001, and other system-on-chip semiconductors. The Company received $35.4 million in cash, net of $0.6 million of transaction costs. Included in the cash received was $16.0 million earned by the Company as a result of achieving certain defined milestones. The Company received payment of this $16.0 million in October 2006. Upon satisfaction of certain escrow conditions, the Company received an additional $4.3 million in cash in August 2007 which was recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of operations as gain on divestiture in the quarter ended September 30, 2007. In connection with the sale of assets, the Company entered into a supply agreement with Marvell to purchase chipsets for the Companys handset products over the next five years. The value allocated to the supply agreement of $20.2 million is included in other current and long-term liabilities, and is being amortized in proportion to the quantities of chipsets purchased under the supply agreement over five years. As of September 30, 2008, approximately $8.1 million has been amortized against cost of sales, including $0.8 million and $5.1 million amortized against cost of sales during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008, respectively.
NOTE 4 - STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008, the Company granted equity awards including restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock options and ESPP shares. Such awards generally vest over a period of one to four years from the date of grant. Restricted stock has the voting rights of common stock and the shares underlying restricted stock are issued and outstanding.
In November 2007, the Compensation Committee granted 962,249 shares of performance-based restricted stock units to certain senior executive officers. On February 26, 2008, the Committee determined, based on the Companys and each executive officers level of performance during the Companys 2007 fiscal year, that 783,324 shares underlying the previously granted performance-based restricted stock units had been earned, with 50% vesting immediately and 50% vesting on February 28, 2009. Each performance-based restricted stock unit has a fair value of $2.99 per share, which equals the closing price of the Companys common stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market on the measurement date of February 26, 2008. In February 2008, the Compensation Committee also granted an additional 1,073,333 performance-based awards to certain senior executive officers, subject to the attainment of goals determined by the Compensation Committee. During the third quarter of 2008, 233,333 of these contingently issuable shares were forfeited as a result of employee terminations. The Company may be subject to variable levels of expense related primarily to the varying levels of performance, as well as for fluctuations in the Companys stock price as these awards are marked to market at each reporting period prior to the date of the Compensation Committees determination on performance.
The total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations is as follows:
The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton option valuation model and the weighted average assumptions in the following table. The expected term of options granted is derived from historical data on employee exercise and post-vesting employment termination behavior. The risk free interest rate is based on the zero coupon U.S. Treasury securities with an equivalent remaining term. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Companys stock. The weighted-average per share fair value of stock options granted and the assumptions used, are as follows:
(1) No stock options were granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007.
Option activity as of September 30, 2008 and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 are as follows:
The fair value of each restricted stock or restricted stock unit award is determined based on the quoted price of the Companys common stock on the date of grant. Nonvested restricted stock and restricted stock units as of September 30, 2008, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2008, are as follows:
(2) Includes 1.0 million options forfeited and 0.3 million restricted stock or restricted stock unit awards forfeited by employees terminated in connection with the divestiture of PCD.
At September 30, 2008, there was approximately $25.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost, related to non-vested stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, adjusted for forfeitures, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.2 years. During the third quarter of 2008, the Company modified the terms of outstanding equity awards of an executive officer which included 0.9 million shares of nonvested restricted stock and 0.4 million shares of vested stock options. The modification included accelerated vesting of unvested share awards and provided for a one-year period for the exercise of all the outstanding vested stock options effective upon the executive officers retirement on August 31, 2008. The total incremental compensation cost recognized, net of forfeitures, in the third quarter of 2008 as a result of this equity award modification was approximately $1.5 million. For additional information regarding the Companys stock-based compensation plans, see the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.
On October 1, 2008, the Company completed a tender offer to exchange certain outstanding employee stock options to purchase shares of the Companys common stock. Eligible for exchange were outstanding options, vested or unvested, held by current employees (excluding directors and executive officers) and granted under the Companys 1997 Stock Plan with an exercise price greater than or equal to $6.00 per share, which included options with an exercise price less than the fair market value of the Companys common stock on the date of grant. Subject to the terms and conditions of the tender offer, the Company accepted for exchange and cancelled options to purchase an aggregate of 6,072,818 shares with a weighted average exercise price of $14.15 per share, and issued new options to purchase an aggregate of 1,983,920 shares with an exercise price of $3.24 per share, the closing stock price of the Companys common stock on October 1, 2008. The new options were granted under the Companys 2006 Equity
Incentive Plan and generally vest over two years. The incremental compensation expense resulting from the completion of the tender offer did not have a material impact on the Companys consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
NOTE 5 - LOSS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of the Companys common stock outstanding during the period, which excludes nonvested restricted stock. Diluted EPS presents the amount of net loss available to each share of common stock outstanding during the period plus each share of common stock that would have been outstanding assuming the Company had issued shares of common stock for all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. The Companys potentially dilutive common shares include convertible subordinated notes prior to their maturity, outstanding stock options, nonvested restricted stock, restricted stock units and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP) shares.
The following is a summary of the calculation of basic and diluted loss per share:
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, no potential common shares were dilutive because of the net loss in each of these periods. The following table summarizes the total potential shares of common stock that were excluded from the diluted per share calculation:
NOTE 6 - COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The reconciliation of net loss to comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 is as follows:
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheets are as follows:
NOTE 7 - CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, INVESTMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Cash and cash equivalents, consisting primarily of bank deposits and money market funds, are recorded at cost which approximates fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments. Short-term investments, consisting of bank notes and available-for-sale securities, were $1.6 million and $65.6 million at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Short-term investments decreased at September 30, 2008 from December 31, 2007 primarily due to the sale of investments with a carrying value of $42.4 million at December 31, 2007. The available-for-sale securities investments are recorded at fair value (see below). Any unrealized holding gains or losses are reported as a component of other comprehensive income, net of related income tax effects. Realized gains and losses are reported in earnings. At September 30, 2008, the long-term investments included $2.7 million of unrealized holding loss which was recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income. There was no unrealized holding gain or loss in short-term investments. At December 31, 2007, the long-term and short-term investments included $1.0 million of unrealized holding loss and $36.9 million of unrealized holding gain, respectively.
The Company accepts bank notes receivable with maturity dates of between three and six months from its customers in China in the normal course of business. The Company may discount these bank notes with banking institutions in China. There were no bank notes sold during the three months ended September 30, 2008. The Company sold $30.5 million of bank notes, and recorded costs of $0.4 million as a result of discounting the notes, during the nine months ended September 30, 2008. There were no bank notes sold during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007.
The following table shows the break-down of the Companys total investments at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007:
Gemdale Co., Ltd (Gemdale) is a real estate company that invests and develops properties in China, primarily in Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen and Wuhan. During the first quarter of 2008, the Company sold its remaining investment for approximately $32.9 million cash and recorded a gain of $32.4 million in other income (expense), net.
Infinera Corporation (Infinera) develops optical telecommunications systems using photonic integrated circuits. Infinera became a public company as a result of its initial public offering in June 2007. During the first quarter of 2008, the Company sold all of its investment in Infinera for total proceeds of $9.2 million and recognized a gain of $7.3 million in other income (expense), net.
Global Asia Partners L.P.
Global Asia Partners L.P. (GAP) is a venture capital fund formed to make private equity investments in private and pre-IPO technology and telecommunications companies in Asia. Between June 2002 and April 2005, the Company invested a total of $2.6 million in the fund. As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company owned 49% of the funds outstanding partnership units and the investment is accounted for under the equity method. Earnings in the equity interest in GAP were $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. No earnings in the equity interest in GAP were recognized for both the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007.
During the quarter, the Companys review of this investment included, but was not limited to, a review of GAPs cash position, recent financing activities, financing needs, earnings/revenue outlook, operational performance, management/ownership changes, and competition. Based on this review, the Company determined that the carrying value of the investment exceeded the fair value of the investment, and the decline was other-than-temporary. As a result, during the third quarter of 2008, the Company recorded a $2.2 million write-down in the value of this investment in other income (expense), net.
On July 1, 2007, Fiberxon, an investment in which the Company had a 7% ownership interest, completed a merger with MRV Communications (MRV), which is a publicly-traded company in an active market. In exchange for the Companys interest in Fiberxon, the Company was entitled to receive $1.5 million in cash, 1,519,365 shares of MRV common stock valued at approximately $4.5 million and deferred consideration of approximately $2.7 million. The deferred consideration becomes payable upon the completion of certain milestones and may be reduced by legitimate claims of MRV for certain matters related to the merger. In the third quarter of 2007, the Company received cash consideration of $1.5 million and 1,519,365 shares of MRV common stock and recognized a gain on investment of $2.9 million. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008, the Company recorded an unrealized loss of less than $0.1 million and $1.8 million, respectively, in other comprehensive income, representing the change in fair value of the investment during the period. The accumulated unrealized loss at September 30, 2008 was $2.7 million, representing the difference between the fair value of the investment on September 30, 2008 and the initial amount recorded of $4.5 million when the MRV shares were received in 2007. Because the Company has the ability and intent to hold this investment until a recovery of
fair value, the Company does not consider this investment to be other-than-temporarily impaired. At September 30, 2008, MRV is the only investment accounted for under SFAS 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities.
First International Telecom Corporation (FITEL), which was a publicly-traded company in an active market in Taiwan, is a provider of telecommunications and data transmission services in Taiwan and Hong Kong, providing mobile paging, mobile data and wireless services. The Company invested $0.1 million in July 2003 and $2.0 million in March 2008 in FITEL. As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company had less than 2% of ownership interest in FITEL. During 2007, FITEL was voluntarily temporarily delisted from the publicly-traded market for raising funds through a private placement for developing its new WiMAX business. Prior to the delisting, the investment was accounted for under SFAS 115. During the third quarter of 2008, FITEL filed a petition for reorganization under Taiwanese law. As a result of the filing, management re-evaluated the carrying value of this investment, including reviewing FITELs cash position, recent financing activities, financing needs, earnings/revenue outlook, operational performance, management/ownership changes, and competition. Based on this review, the Company recorded a $2.1 million write-down in the value of this investment in other income (expense), net.
In connection with the divestiture of PCD, the Company invested $1.6 million in shares of common stock representing approximately a 2.5% ownership interest of New PCD. The investment is accounted for under the cost method.
Fair Value Measurements
As discussed in Note 2, effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted SFAS 157 as it relates to financial assets and liabilities that are being measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis. Although the adoption of SFAS 157 did not materially impact its financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, the Company is now required to provide additional disclosures as part of its financial statements. In accordance with FSP 157-2, the Company deferred adoption of SFAS 157 as it relates to non-financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.
SFAS No. 157 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, SFAS No. 157 establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly, or quoted prices in less active markets; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs with respect to which there is little or no market data, which require the Company to develop its own assumptions. This hierarchy requires the Company to use observable market data, when available, and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. On a recurring basis, the Company measures certain financial assets at fair value, including its marketable securities.
At September 30, 2008, the Companys investment in MRV is an available-for-sale security recorded at fair value, classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. The Company has no other financial assets or liabilities that are being measured at fair value at September 30, 2008.
NOTE 8 - RESTRICTED CASH
At September 30, 2008, the Company had short-term restricted cash of $18.5 million, and had long-term restricted cash of $18.5 million included in other long-term assets. At December 31, 2007 the Company had short-term restricted cash of $6.4 million, and had long-term restricted cash of $20.2 million included in other long-term assets. These amounts primarily collateralize the Companys issuances of standby and commercial letters of credit.
NOTE 9 - NOTES RECEIVABLE AND RECEIVABLES PURCHASE AGREEMENT
Commercial notes receivable available for sale were $14.9 million and $12.6 million at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The Company may discount these commercial notes with banking institutions in China. A sale of these notes is reflected as a reduction of notes receivable and the proceeds of the settlement of these notes are included in cash flows from operating activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows. There were no commercial notes receivable sold during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007.
In August 2005, the Company entered into a Committed Receivables Purchase Agreement (Agreement) with a financial institution, whereby the Company could sell up to $100.0 million of its eligible accounts receivable, as defined in the Agreement. In March 2008, the Company terminated the Agreement. No receivables were sold pursuant to this arrangement and no premiums or penalties were incurred by the Company in connection with the termination of this Agreement.
NOTE 10 - INVENTORIES
As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, total inventories consisted of the following:
NOTE 11 - INTANGIBLE ASSETS
As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, intangible assets consisted of the following:
Amortization expense was $0.3 million and $4.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and was $3.8 million and $12.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company determined that the undiscounted cash flows were not sufficient to recover the carrying value of the customer relationships and technology intangible assets within the Other segment and recorded an intangible asset impairment charge of $15.7 million. During the third quarter of 2008, the Company divested intangibles with a net carrying amount of approximately $15.8 million in connection with the sale of PCD (see Note 3).
The estimated aggregate amortization expense for intangibles for the remainder of 2008 and each of the next four years and thereafter is as follows:
NOTE 12 - DEBT
The following represents the outstanding borrowings at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007:
At September 30, 2008, the Company had no bank loans outstanding. At September 30, 2008, the Company had credit facilities in China totaling $428.6 million, of which $191.5 million was for working capital purposes and the remaining $237.1 million was for use in support of letters of credit and corporate guarantees. These available credit facilities include a new credit facility in China providing $265.1 million in additional borrowing availability which was entered into during the third quarter of 2008. This facility requires collateralization for working capital draws in excess of $29.5 million and/or non-working capital draws in excess of $44.2 million. As of September 30, 2008, $389.8 million of the total credit facilities remained available. Approximately $163.5 million of these facilities expire during the fourth quarter of 2008 and approximately $265.1 million of these facilities expire in the third quarter of 2009. As of September 30, 2008, the Company had not guaranteed any debt not included in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
On March 21, 2008, the Company entered into a credit agreement providing for a $75.0 million secured revolving credit facility that was subject to an accounts receivable and inventory borrowing base formula and was used during the second quarter of 2008 to fund the Companys general working capital requirements. During the second quarter, the Company repaid all outstanding borrowings under this credit agreement. On June 30, 2008, in connection with the entry into an agreement for the sale of PCD (see Note 3), the Company terminated the commitments under the credit agreement. Upon termination of the credit agreement, the Company expensed the remaining unamortized debt issuance costs of approximately $1.1 million.
On March 12, 2003, the Company completed an offering of $402.5 million of 7/8% convertible subordinated notes due March 1, 2008 to qualified buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933. In 2007, the Company and holders of the remaining $274.6 million of convertible subordinated notes entered into two supplemental indentures waiving certain provisions of the original agreement and providing for an increase in the interest rate. The notes were convertible into the Companys common stock, under certain conditions, at a conversion price of $23.79 per share and were subordinated to all present and future senior debt of the Company. On March 3, 2008, the Company repaid the convertible subordinated notes of $289.5 million which included a principal payment of $274.6 million and the accrued interest of $14.9 million.
NOTE 13 - WARRANTY OBLIGATIONS AND OTHER GUARANTEES
The Company provides a warranty on its equipment and handset sales for a period generally ranging from one to two years from the time of final acceptance. At times, the Company has entered into arrangements to provide limited warranty services for periods longer than two years. The Company provides for the expected cost of product warranties at the time that revenue is recognized based on an assessment of past warranty experience and when specific circumstances dictate. From time to time, the Company may be subject to additional costs related to non-standard warranty claims from its customers. If and when this occurs, the Company estimates additional accruals based on historical experience, communication with its customers and various assumptions
that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Such additional warranty accruals are recorded in the period in which the additional costs are identified.
Warranty obligations, included in other current liabilities, are as follows:
* The balance at the beginning of the three months ended September 30, 2008 excludes warranty obligations relating to PCD as such amounts were classified as held for sale as of June 30, 2008.
Certain of the Companys sales contracts include provisions under which customers would be indemnified by the Company in the event of, among other things, a third-party claim against the customer for intellectual property rights infringement related to the Companys products. There are no limitations on the maximum potential future payments under these guarantees. The Company has not accrued any amount in relation to these provisions as no such claims have developed into assertable claims and the Company believes it has defensible rights to the intellectual property embedded in its products.
NOTE 14 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Securities Class Action Litigation
Beginning in October 2004, several shareholder class action lawsuits alleging federal securities violations were filed against the Company and various officers and directors of the Company. The actions have been consolidated in United States District Court for the Northern District of California under the caption In re UTStarcom, Inc. Securities Litigation, Master File No. C-04-4908-JW (PVT). The lead plaintiffs in the case filed a First Amended Consolidated Complaint on July 26, 2005. The First Amended Complaint alleged violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and was brought on behalf of a putative class of shareholders who purchased the Companys stock after April 16, 2003 and before September 20, 2004. On April 13, 2006, the lead plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Complaint adding new allegations and extending the end of the class period to October 6, 2005. In addition to the Company defendants, the plaintiffs are also suing Softbank. Plaintiffs complaint seeks recovery of damages in an unspecified amount.
On June 2, 2006, the Company and the individual defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint. On March 21, 2007, the Court granted defendants motion and dismissed plaintiffs Second Amended Complaint. The Court granted plaintiffs leave to file a Third Amended Complaint, which plaintiffs filed on May 25, 2007. On July 13, 2007, the Company and the individual defendants filed a motion to dismiss and a motion to strike the Third Amended Complaint. On March 14, 2008, the Court granted defendants motion and dismissed plaintiffs Third Amended Complaint. The Court granted plaintiffs leave to file a Fourth Amended Complaint, which plaintiffs filed on May 14, 2008. On June 13, 2008, consistent with the Courts March 14, 2008 dismissal order, the Company and the individual defendants filed objections to the form and content of the Fourth Amended Complaint. On July 24, 2008, the Court overruled the objections. On September 8, 2008, the Company and the individual defendants filed a motion to dismiss and a motion to strike certain allegations from the Fourth Amended Complaint.
On September 4, 2007, a second shareholder class action complaint captioned Peter Rudolph v. UTStarcom, et al., Case No. C-07-4578 SI, was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against the Company and some of its current and former directors and officers. The complaint alleges violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 through undisclosed improper accounting practices concerning the Companys historical equity award grants. Plaintiff seeks unspecified damages on behalf of a purported class of purchasers of the Companys common stock between July 24, 2002 and September 4, 2007. On December 14, 2007, the Court appointed James R. Bartholomew lead plaintiff. On January 25, 2008, the lead plaintiff filed an
amended complaint. On April 14, 2008, the Court granted defendants motion to dismiss the amended complaint. The Court granted the lead plaintiff leave to file a second amended complaint no later than May 16, 2008 which was filed by the lead plaintiff on May 16, 2008. On June 6, 2008, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the second amended complaint. On August 21, 2008, the Court granted in part and denied in part the motion to dismiss.
Due to the preliminary status of these lawsuits and uncertainties related to litigation, management is unable to evaluate the likelihood of either a favorable or unfavorable outcome. Accordingly, management is unable at this time to estimate the effects of these complaints on the Companys financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
On May 1, 2008, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) announced a final settlement agreement with the Company in connection with an investigation commenced by the SEC in September 2005. The investigation involved the Companys financial disclosures during prior reporting periods, historic option grant awards practices, certain historical sales contracts in China and other matters. Without admitting or denying the allegations in the SECs complaint, the Company consented to a permanent injunction against any future violations of certain books-and-records and internal control provisions of the federal securities laws. No monetary penalties were assessed against the Company. In connection with the same investigation, Mr. Lu, the Companys Chief Executive Officer at the time of the settlement and the current Chairman of the Board of Directors, individually entered into a settlement agreement with the SEC. Without admitting or denying the allegations in the SECs complaint, Mr. Lu agreed to pay a civil penalty of $100,000 and consented to a permanent injunction on similar terms as the Company.
In December 2005, the U.S. Embassy in Mongolia informed the Company that it had forwarded to the Department of Justice (the DOJ) allegations that an agent of the Companys Mongolia joint venture had offered payments to a Mongolian government official in possible violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the FCPA). The Company, through its Audit Committee, authorized an independent investigation into possible violations of the FCPA, and it has been in contact with the DOJ and SEC regarding the investigation. The investigation has identified possible FCPA violations in Mongolia, Southeast Asia, India, and China, as well as possible violations of U.S. immigration laws. The DOJ has requested that the Company voluntarily produce documents related to the investigation, the SEC has subpoenaed the Company for documents, and the Company has received a Grand Jury Subpoena requiring the production of documents related to one aspect of the DOJ investigation, that is, training programs the Company had sponsored. The Company has executed tolling agreements extending the statute of limitations for the FCPA issues under investigation by the DOJ. Such proceedings may result in criminal or civil sanctions, penalties and disgorgements against the Company. If it is probable that an obligation of the Company exists and will result in an outflow of resources, a provision will be recorded if the amount can be reasonably estimated. Regulatory and legal proceedings as well as government investigation often involve complex legal issues and are subject to substantial uncertainties. Accordingly, management exercises considerable judgment in determining whether it is probable that such a proceeding will result in outflow of resources and whether the amount of the obligation can be reasonably estimated. The Company periodically reviews the status of these proceedings and these judgments are subject to change as new information becomes available. At this time, the Company cannot predict when any inquiry will be completed or what the outcome of any inquiry will be. The Company is unable to reasonably estimate the total amount of loss, if any, associated with the proceedings. A judgment against the Company may have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Shareholder Derivative Litigation
On November 17, 2006, a shareholder derivative complaint captioned Ernesto Espinoza v. Ying Wu et al., Case No. RG06298775, was filed against certain of the Companys current and former officers and directors in the Superior Court of the County of Alameda, California. The complaint alleges that the individual defendants, among other things, breached their duties, were unjustly enriched, and violated the California Corporations Code in connection with the timing of stock option grants. The complaint names the Company as a nominal defendant and seeks unspecified monetary damages against the individual defendants and various forms of injunctive relief. On February 2, 2007, the Company and the individual defendants filed demurrers against the complaint. On April 11, 2007, the Court sustained the individual defendants demurrer, overruled the Companys demurrer, ordered the plaintiff to file an amended complaint, and ordered the Company to answer the original complaint. The plaintiff filed an amended complaint and the Company has filed an answer to the amended complaint. On August 21, 2007, the individual defendants filed demurrers against the amended complaint. The Court sustained the individual defendants demurrers and ordered the plaintiff to file a second amended complaint. On September 26, 2008, plaintiff filed his second amended complaint.
Due to the preliminary status of this complaint and uncertainties related to litigation, management of the Company is unable to evaluate the likelihood of either a favorable or unfavorable outcome. Accordingly, management of the Company is unable at this time to estimate the effects of this complaint on the Companys financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
On October 31, 2001, a complaint was filed in United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company, some of the Companys directors and officers and various underwriters for the Companys initial public offering. Substantially similar actions were filed concerning the initial public offerings for more than 300 different issuers, and the cases were coordinated as In re Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation, 21 MC 92 for pretrial purposes. In April 2002, a consolidated amended complaint was filed in the matter against the Company, captioned In re UTStarcom, Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation, Civil Action No. 01-CV-9604. Plaintiffs allege violations of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 through undisclosed improper underwriting practices concerning the allocation of IPO shares in exchange for excessive brokerage commissions, agreements to purchase shares at higher prices in the aftermarket and misleading analyst reports. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages on behalf of a purported class of purchasers of the Companys common stock between March 2, 2000 and December 6, 2000. The Companys directors and officers have been dismissed without prejudice pursuant to a stipulation. On February 19, 2003, the Court granted in part and denied in part a motion to dismiss the claims brought by defendants including the Company. The order dismissed all claims against the Company except for a claim brought under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, which alleges that the registration statement filed in accordance with the IPO was misleading. In June 2004, a stipulation of settlement and release of claims against the issuer defendants, including the Company, was submitted to the court for approval. The terms of the settlement, if approved, would have dismissed and released all claims against the participating defendants (including the Company). In August 2005, the Court preliminarily approved the settlement. In December 2006, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the Courts October 2004 order certifying a class in six test cases that were selected by the underwriter defendants and plaintiffs in the coordinated proceedings. The Companys case is not one of the test cases. Because class certification was a condition of the settlement, it was unlikely that the settlement would receive final Court approval. On June 25, 2007, the Court entered an order terminating the proposed settlement based on a stipulation among the parties to the settlement. Plaintiffs have filed amended master allegations and amended complaints in the six test cases. On March 26, 2008, the Court largely denied the defendants motion to dismiss the amended complaints. It is unclear whether there will be any revised or future settlement. If the litigation proceeds, management of the Company believes that the Company has meritorious defenses and management of the Company intends to defend the action vigorously. The total amount of the loss associated with the above litigation is not determinable at this time. Therefore, management of the Company is unable to currently estimate the loss, if any, associated with the litigation.
UTStarcom, Inc. v. Starent Patent Infringement Litigations
On February 16, 2005, the Company filed a suit against Starent for patent infringement in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. In the Complaint, the Company asserted that Starent infringes UTStarcom patent U.S. Reg. No. 6,829,473 (the 473 patent) through Starents development and testing of a software upgrade for its customers installed ST-16 Intelligent Mobile Gateways. The Company seeks declaratory and injunctive relief. Starent subsequently filed its answer and counterclaims, and the Company then filed a motion to dismiss Starents counterclaim. On July 19, 2005, the parties stipulated that Starent would file an amended answer and counterclaim and the Company then responded to Starents amended counterclaim. In early December 2006, the Company filed a reissue application for the 473 patent with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Starent has also filed for reexamination of the 473 patent. The reexamination and reissue are currently co-pending. The litigation is still in a preliminary stage, and is stayed pending the outcome of the reissue. The litigation and its outcome cannot be predicted, although management of the Company believes the litigation has merit. Nonetheless, management of the Company believes that any adverse judgment on Starents counterclaims will not have a material adverse effect on the Companys business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
On May 8, 2007, the Company filed an additional suit against Starent and sixteen individual defendants (who were all former employees of 3Coms CommWorks division, of which the Company acquired certain assets in May of 2003) in the Northern District of Illinois. The causes of action include claims for patent infringement, misappropriation of trade secrets, intentional interference with business relations and prospective economic advantage and declarations of ownership of certain patent rights. The Company seeks compensatory damages, punitive damages and injunctive relief. After the court denied the defendants motion to dismiss the misappropriation of trade secrets claims, on August 30, 2007, Defendants answered the Companys complaint, denying the Companys allegations and asserting a number of affirmative defenses and counterclaims. The Company filed an Amended Complaint to allege additional related causes of action. Starent moved to dismiss certain causes of action of the Amended Complaint. On May 30, 2008, the Company amended its complaint to remove from suit U.S. patent 6,978,128, and to add additional factual allegations relating to all
defendants in the case. On July 23, 2008, the Court dismissed the Companys trade secret and contract-based counts. The Company asked the Court to clarify that ruling and filed a motion for leave to file a Fourth Amended Complaint containing the trade secret and contract-based counts. After initially granting Defendants motion to strike that complaint, the Court reconsidered its order and granted the Company leave to file it. The Fourth Amended Complaint has been filed. Defendants have moved to dismiss various counts of that Complaint. The Company is opposing that motion. The Company has moved to dismiss certain of Starents counterclaims and Starent is opposing that motion. Discovery and motion practice is ongoing and the Court has appointed a special master to handle discovery and issues related to identification of the trade secrets. The Company believes that any adverse judgment on Starents counterclaims will not have a material adverse effect on the Companys business, financial condition, results of operations of cash flows.
Telemetrix, Inc. Arbitration
On October 19, 2006, Telemetrix, Inc. (Telemetrix) filed a formal Request for Arbitration against the Company to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva, Switzerland. The Request for Arbitration sought unspecified damages arising from a contract between Telemetrix and Telos Technology, Inc., dated October 22, 2003. The Company assumed Telos rights and obligations under this contract pursuant to the Companys purchase of Telos assets on May 19, 2004. Telemetrix alleged nine causes of action, including breach of contract, fraud, negligent misrepresentation, interference with contractual relations, and interference with prospective economic advantage. In December 2006, the Company filed a formal response to the Request for Arbitration, denying all material factual allegations asserted by Telemetrix. An arbitrator was selected by the parties, and, on August 2, 2007, the arbitrator granted a pleading motion in favor of the Company due to Telemetrixs failure to allege sufficient facts in support of a majority of its causes of action. On August 17, 2007, Telemetrix filed an Amended Statement of Claim, alleging six causes of action, including breach of contract and fraud. Telemetrix seeks damages totaling approximately $750,000 plus costs and attorneys fees. The evidentiary hearing occurred on July 28-30, 2008. The matter has been submitted to the Arbitrator.
The Company is a party to other litigation matters and claims that are normal in the course of operations, and while the results of such litigation matters and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, management of the Company believes that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse impact on the Companys financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Uncertain Tax Positions
Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48). As of September 30, 2008, the Company had $84.3 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits. If recognized, the portion of gross unrecognized tax benefits that would decrease the provision for income taxes and increase the Companys net income is $9.3 million. The impact on net income reflects the gross unrecognized tax benefits net of certain deferred tax assets and the federal tax benefit of state income tax items totaling $75.0 million.
Letters of credit
The Company issues standby letters of credit primarily to support international sales activities outside of China. When the Company submits a bid for a sale, often the potential customer will require that the Company issue a bid bond or a standby letter of credit to demonstrate its commitment through the bid process. In addition, the Company may be required to issue standby letters of credit as guarantees for advance customer payments upon contract signing or performance guarantees. The standby letters of credit usually expire without being drawn by the beneficiary thereof. Finally, the Company may issue commercial letters of credit in support of purchase commitments. As of September 30, 2008 the Company had outstanding letters of credit approximating $69.7 million.
NOTE 15 - SEGMENT REPORTING
During the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company announced a new organization structure to align the business units with its corporate strategy. This new organization structure changed the reporting segments on which the Company measures performance and allocates resources. Effective October 1, 2007, the new reporting segments were as follows:
· Broadband InfrastructureFocused on the Companys world class portfolio of broadband products.
· Multimedia CommunicationsFocused on development and market opportunities in IPTV solutions and Wireless infrastructure technologies.
· Personal Communications Division (PCD)Focused on distribution of mobile handsets, mainly in the United States. On July 1, 2008 the Company sold PCD to New PCD (see Note 3).
· HandsetsFocused on mobile phone business with continued focus on the PAS and CDMA handset market, as well as data cards markets. Handset sales to New PCD, which commenced after the July 1, 2008 sale of PCD, are included in this segment.
· ServicesFocused on providing services and support of our Broadband Infrastructure and Multimedia Communications product lines.
· Otherincludes Mobile Solutions which focused on development, sales and services for the IPCDMA market; and Custom Solutions which focused on customized telecommunication solutions. On July 31, 2008, the Company divested its Mobile Solutions Business Unit (see Note 3).
The Companys management makes financial decisions based on information it receives from its internal management system and currently evaluates the operating performance of and allocates resources to the reporting segments based on segment revenue and gross profit. Cost of sales and direct expenses in relation to production are assigned to the reporting segments. The accounting policies used in measuring segment assets and operating performance are the same as those used at the consolidated level.
Summarized below are the Companys segment net sales, gross profit and segment margin for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 based on the current reporting segment structure. The Company has reclassified its previously reported segment information for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 to conform to the current segment presentation.
Assets by segment are as follows:
Sales are attributed to a geographical area based upon the location of the customer. Sales data by geographical area are as follows:
Approximately 54% and 19% of the Companys net sales during the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and approximately 23% and 24% of the Companys net sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were in China. The fluctuations in the percent of net sales in the United States, China, Japan and Other during the three months ended September 30, 2008 compared to the same period in 2007 was primarily due to the sale of PCD on July 1, 2008.
Long-lived assets, consisting of property, plant and equipment, by geographical area are as follows:
NOTE 16 CREDIT RISK AND CONCENTRATION
The following customers accounted for 10% or more of the Companys net sales:
At September 30, 2008, New PCD accounted for approximately 15% of the total accounts receivable of the Company. At December 31, 2007, Sprint Spectrum L.P. and T-Mobile USA, Inc. accounted for approximately 16% and 15%, respectively, of the total accounts receivable of the Company. Sales to Verizon, Sprint Spectrum and T-Mobile were primarily from the PCD segment. On July 1, 2008 the Company sold the PCD segment (See Note 3).
Approximately 30% and 15% of the Companys net sales during the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and approximately 14% and 17% of the Companys net sales during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were to entities affiliated with the government of China. Accounts receivable balances from these China government affiliated entities or state owned enterprises were $112.2 million and $129.5 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007. The Company extends credit to its customers in China generally without requiring collateral. With respect to global sales outside of China, the Company may require letters of credit from its customers. The Company monitors its exposure for credit losses and maintains allowances for doubtful accounts.
NOTE 17 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Softbank and affiliates
The Company recognizes revenue with respect to sales of telecommunications equipment to affiliates of Softbank, a significant stockholder of the Company. Softbank offers ADSL coverage throughout Japan, which is marketed under the name YAHOO! BB. The Company supports Softbanks fiber-to-the-home service through sales of its carrier class GEPON product as well as its NetRingÔ product. In addition, the Company supports Softbanks internet protocol television (IPTV), through sales of its RollingStreamÔ product. The Company recognized revenue for sales of telecommunications equipment and services to affiliates of Softbank of $9.7 million and $19.6 million, respectively, during the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 and $30.9 million and $53.0 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007.
Included in accounts receivable at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 were $10.5 million and $26.3 million, respectively, related to these transactions. The Company had immaterial amounts of accounts payable to Softbank and its affiliates at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007.
Sales to Softbank include a three year service period and a penalty clause if product failure rates exceed a certain level over a seven year period. As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Companys customer advance balance related to Softbank agreements was $0.7 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The current deferred revenue balance related to Softbank was $4.9 million and $5.6 million as of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. As of September 30, 2008, the Companys non-current deferred revenue balance related to Softbank was $9.6 million compared to $10.1 million as of December 31, 2007.
As of September 30, 2008, Softbank beneficially owned approximately 12% of the Companys outstanding stock.
Prior to the sale of PCD on July 1, 2008, one of the Companys former officers served as a director for Audiovox Corporation (Audiovox). The Company paid approximately $0.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2007 and $0.8 million and $1.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, for IT services provided by Audiovox.
NOTE 18 - RESTRUCTURING COSTS
In the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company implemented a restructuring plan (the 2007 Plan) to reduce operating costs. During the first quarter of 2008, the Company completed the reduction in force, reducing the Companys headcount by approximately 12%, or approximately 800 employees. The workforce reduction was primarily in the United States and China and, to a lesser degree, other international locations.
At September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the restructuring accrual included within other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet was approximately $0.9 million and $3.2 million, respectively. The decrease of $2.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2008 relates primarily to cash payments against the accrual related to the workforce reductions and lease costs. The remaining restructuring liability is primarily related to a lease obligation and will be settled over the remaining lease term, which expires in fiscal year 2010.
NOTE 19 - OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET
Other income (expense), net for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively are comprised of the following: