Annual Reports

 
Quarterly Reports

  • 10-Q (Jul 20, 2017)
  • 10-Q (Apr 27, 2017)
  • 10-Q (Oct 20, 2016)
  • 10-Q (Jul 21, 2016)
  • 10-Q (Apr 21, 2016)
  • 10-Q (Oct 22, 2015)

 
8-K

 
Other

Union Pacific 10-Q 2014
10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

  [X]

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

  SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014

OR

 

  [    ]

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

  SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                     

Commission File Number 1-6075

UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

UTAH

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

13-2626465

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1400 DOUGLAS STREET, OMAHA, NEBRASKA

(Address of principal executive offices)

68179

(Zip Code)

(402) 544-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

þ  Yes             ¨  No             

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

þ  Yes            ¨  No            

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   þ        Accelerated filer   ¨         Non-accelerated filer   ¨        Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

¨  Yes             þ  No            

As of October 17, 2014, there were 889,099,281 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION

AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements:

  
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended September  30, 2014 and 2013

     3   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended September  30, 2014 and 2013

     3   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013

     4   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
For the Nine Months Ended September  30, 2014 and 2013

     4   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION (Unaudited)
At September 30, 2014 and December  31, 2013

     5   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
For the Nine Months Ended September  30, 2014 and 2013

     6   
 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN COMMON
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
     For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013

     7   
 

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

     8   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     23   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     35   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     35   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     36   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     36   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     36   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     37   

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

     37   

Item 5.

 

Other Information

     37   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     38   

Signatures

     39   

Certifications

  

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts,

for the Three Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Operating revenues:

     

Freight revenues

   $         5,819       $         5,250   

Other revenues

     363         323   

 

Total operating revenues

     6,182         5,573   
                   

Operating expenses:

     

Compensation and benefits

     1,287         1,196   

Fuel

     882         866   

Purchased services and materials

     650         588   

Depreciation

     481         447   

Equipment and other rents

     310         309   

Other

     242         205   

 

Total operating expenses

     3,852         3,611   
                   

Operating income

     2,330         1,962   

Other income (Note 7)

     20         28   

Interest expense

     (144)         (138)   

Income before income taxes

     2,206         1,852   

Income taxes

     (836)         (701)   

 

Net income

   $ 1,370       $ 1,151   
                   

Share and Per Share (Notes 4 and 9):

     

Earnings per share – basic

   $ 1.53       $ 1.25   

Earnings per share – diluted

   $ 1.53       $ 1.24   

Weighted average number of shares – basic

     893.2         923.5   

Weighted average number of shares – diluted

     896.9         928.4   

 

Dividends declared per share

   $ 0.50       $ 0.395   
                   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions,

for the Three Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

 

Net income

   $         1,370       $         1,151   
                   

Other comprehensive income/(loss):

     

Defined benefit plans

     11         17   

Foreign currency translation

     (5)         (12)   

 

Total other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

             
                   

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 1,376       $ 1,156   
                   

 

[a]

Net of deferred taxes of $3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2014, and 2013.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Operating revenues:

     

Freight revenues

   $         16,766       $         15,387   

Other revenues

     1,069         946   

 

Total operating revenues

     17,835         16,333   
                   

Operating expenses:

     

Compensation and benefits

     3,787         3,597   

Fuel

     2,726         2,629   

Purchased services and materials

     1,893         1,730   

Depreciation

     1,415         1,319   

Equipment and other rents

     938         924   

Other

     696         661   

 

Total operating expenses

     11,455         10,860   
                   

Operating income

     6,380         5,473   

Other income (Note 7)

     80         91   

Interest expense

     (415)         (399)   

Income before income taxes

     6,045         5,165   

Income taxes

     (2,296)         (1,951)   

 

Net income

   $ 3,749       $ 3,214   
                   

Share and Per Share (Notes 4 and 9):

     

Earnings per share – basic

   $ 4.16       $ 3.46   

Earnings per share – diluted

   $ 4.14       $ 3.44   

Weighted average number of shares – basic

     900.9         929.9   

Weighted average number of shares – diluted

     904.8         934.9   

 

Dividends declared per share

   $ 1.41       $ 1.085   
                   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Net income

   $           3,749       $           3,214   

Other comprehensive income/(loss):

     

Defined benefit plans

     42         48   

Foreign currency translation

            (5)   

 

Total other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

     42         43   
                   

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 3,791       $ 3,257   
                   

 

[a]

Net of deferred taxes of $20 million and $28 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, and 2013, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions, Except Share and Per Share Amounts

   September 30,
2014
     December 31,
2013
 

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $         1,887       $         1,432   

Accounts receivable, net (Note 11)

     1,635         1,414   

Materials and supplies

     736         653   

Current deferred income taxes

     218         268   

Other current assets

     304         223   

 

Total current assets

     4,780         3,990   
                   

Investments

     1,384         1,321   

Net properties (Note 12)

     45,553         43,749   

Other assets

     851         671   

 

Total assets

   $ 52,568       $ 49,731   
                   

Liabilities and Common Shareholders’ Equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable and other current liabilities (Note 13)

   $ 3,373       $ 3,086   

Debt due within one year (Note 15)

     460         705   

 

Total current liabilities

     3,833         3,791   
                   

Debt due after one year (Note 15)

     11,045         8,872   

Deferred income taxes

     14,421         14,163   

Other long-term liabilities

     1,716         1,680   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

                 

 

Total liabilities

     31,015         28,506   
                   

Common shareholders’ equity (Note 4):

     

Common shares, $2.50 par value, 1,400,000,000 authorized;

     

1,110,097,122 and 1,109,657,652 issued; 890,883,634 and 912,001,996

     

outstanding, respectively

     2,775         2,774   

Paid-in-surplus

     4,299         4,210   

Retained earnings

     26,380         23,901   

Treasury stock

     (11,193)         (8,910)   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 10)

     (708)         (750)   

 

Total common shareholders’ equity

     21,553         21,225   
                   

 

Total liabilities and common shareholders’ equity

   $ 52,568       $ 49,731   
                   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Operating Activities

     

Net income

   $         3,749       $         3,214   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

     

Depreciation

     1,415         1,319   

Deferred income taxes and unrecognized tax benefits

     289         637   

Other operating activities, net

            (150)   

Changes in current assets and liabilities:

     

Accounts receivable, net

     (221)         (138)   

Materials and supplies

     (83)         (23)   

Other current assets

     (81)         (19)   

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

     287         41   

Cash provided by operating activities

     5,358         4,881   

Investing Activities

     

Capital investments

     (3,226)         (2,635)   

Proceeds from asset sales

     59         77   

Other investing activities, net

     (158)         (38)   

Cash used in investing activities

     (3,325)         (2,596)   

Financing Activities

     

Debt issued (Note 15)

     2,588         944   

Common share repurchases (Note 18)

     (2,312)         (1,432)   

Dividends paid

     (1,186)         (968)   

Debt repaid

     (678)         (217)   

Debt exchange (Note 15)

            (288)   

Other financing activities, net

     10         (21)   

Cash used in financing activities

     (1,578)         (1,982)   

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     455         303   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     1,432         1,063   

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 1,887       $ 1,366   

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

     

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

     

Cash dividends declared but not yet paid

   $ 440       $ 359   

Capital investments accrued but not yet paid

     92         110   

Common shares repurchased but not yet paid

     33          

Cash paid for:

     

Income taxes, net of refunds

   $ (1,907)       $ (1,165)   

Interest, net of amounts capitalized

     (460)         (452)   
                   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Common Shareholders’ Equity (Unaudited)

Union Pacific Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

 

Millions

 

Common

Shares

   

Treasury

Shares

    Common
Shares
    Paid-in-
Surplus
    Retained
Earnings
    Treasury
Stock
   

AOCI

[a]

    Total  

Balance at January 1, 2013 (Note 4)

    1,109.1        (170.2)      $   2,773      $   4,113      $   20,884      $   (6,707)      $   (1,186)      $   19,877    

Net income

                        3,214                      3,214   

Other comp. income

                                      43        43   

Conversion, stock option exercises, forfeitures, and other

    0.6        1.3              76                            81   

Share repurchases (Note 18)

           (19.2)                             (1,432)               (1,432)   

Cash dividends declared ($1.085 per share)

                                (1,009)                      (1,009)   

Balance at September 30, 2013

    1,109.7        (188.1)      $ 2,774      $ 4,189      $ 23,089      $ (8,135)      $ (1,143)      $ 20,774   
   

    

                                                               

Balance at January 1, 2014 (Note 4)

    1,109.7        (197.7)      $ 2,774      $ 4,210      $ 23,901      $ (8,910)      $ (750)      $ 21,225    

Net income

                        3,749                      3,749   

Other comp. income

                                      42        42   

Conversion, stock option exercises, forfeitures, and other

    0.4        2.8              89               62               152   

Share repurchases (Note 18)

           (24.3)                             (2,345)               (2,345)   

Cash dividends declared ($1.41 per share)

                                (1,270)                      (1,270)   

Balance at September 30, 2014

    1,110.1        (219.2)      $ 2,775      $ 4,299      $ 26,380      $   (11,193)      $ (708)      $ 21,553   
                                                                 

 

[a]

AOCI = Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss) (Note 10)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

7


Table of Contents

UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

For purposes of this report, unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to the “Corporation”, “Company”, “UPC”, “we”, “us”, and “our” mean Union Pacific Corporation and its subsidiaries, including Union Pacific Railroad Company, which will be separately referred to herein as “UPRR” or the “Railroad”.

1. Basis of Presentation

Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Our Consolidated Statement of Financial Position at December 31, 2013, is derived from audited financial statements. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto contained in our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year ending December 31, 2014.

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are presented in accordance with GAAP as codified in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC). Certain prior period amounts have been disaggregated to provide more detail and conform to the current period financial statement presentation.

2. Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASU 2014-09), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition guidance in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in the exchange for those goods or services. This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. ASU 2014-09 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

3. Operations and Segmentation

The Railroad, along with its subsidiaries and rail affiliates, is our one reportable operating segment. Although we provide and analyze revenue by commodity group, we treat the financial results of the Railroad as one segment due to the integrated nature of our rail network. The following table provides freight revenue by commodity group:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

Agricultural

   $ 915       $ 771       $ 2,759       $ 2,339   

Automotive

     527         512         1,560         1,533   

Chemicals

     936         883         2,742         2,646   

Coal

     1,099         1,082         3,049         2,993   

Industrial Products

     1,161         975         3,302         2,868   

Intermodal

     1,181         1,027         3,354         3,008   

Total freight revenues

     5,819         5,250         16,766         15,387   

Other revenues

     363         323         1,069         946   

 

Total operating revenues

   $     6,182       $     5,573       $     17,835       $     16,333   
                                     

 

8


Table of Contents

Although our revenues are principally derived from customers domiciled in the U.S., the ultimate points of origination or destination for some products transported by us are outside the U.S. Each of our commodity groups includes revenue from shipments to and from Mexico. Included in the above table are revenues from our Mexico business which amounted to $579 million and $528 million, respectively for the three months ended September 30, 2014, and September 30, 2013 and $1.7 billion and $1.6 billion, respectively for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, and September 30, 2013.

4. Stock Split

On June 6, 2014, we completed a two-for-one stock split, effected in the form of a 100% stock dividend. The stock split entitled all shareholders of record at the close of business on May 27, 2014, to receive one additional share of our common stock, par value $2.50 per share, for each share of common stock held on that date. All references to common shares and per share amounts have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split for all periods presented.

5. Stock-Based Compensation

We have several stock-based compensation plans under which employees and non-employee directors receive stock options, nonvested retention shares, and nonvested stock units. We refer to the nonvested shares and stock units collectively as “retention awards”. We have elected to issue treasury shares to cover option exercises and stock unit vestings, while new shares are issued when retention shares are granted. Information regarding stock-based compensation appears in the table below:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

Stock-based compensation, before tax:

           

Stock options

   $      $      $ 17       $ 15   

Retention awards

     23         21         74         62   

 

Total stock-based compensation, before tax

   $     28       $     26       $ 91       $     77   
                                     

 

Excess tax benefits from equity compensation plans

   $      $      $     110       $ 70   
                                     

Stock Options – We estimate the fair value of our stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The table below shows the annual weighted-average assumptions used for valuation purposes:

 

Weighted-Average Assumptions

     2014        2013  

Risk-free interest rate

     1.6     0.8

Dividend yield

     2.1     2.1

Expected life (years)

     5.2        5.0   

Volatility

     30.0     36.2

 

Weighted-average grant-date fair value of options granted

   $     20.18     $     17.49  
                  

The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant; the dividend yield is calculated as the ratio of dividends paid per share of common stock to the stock price on the date of grant; the expected life is based on historical and expected exercise behavior; and volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock price over the expected life of the option.

 

9


Table of Contents

A summary of stock option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, is presented below:

 

      Options
(thous.)
     Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
     Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
(millions)
 

Outstanding at January 1, 2014

     7,443       $     40.07         5.8 yrs.        $     327   

Granted

     989         87.56         N/A          N/A    

Exercised

     (2,725)         30.68         N/A          N/A    

Forfeited or expired

     (83)         68.54         N/A          N/A    

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2014

     5,624       $ 52.55         5.9       $ 314   
                                     

 

Vested or expected to vest at September 30, 2014

     5,563       $ 52.29         5.9       $ 312   
                                     

 

Options exercisable at September 30, 2014

     3,573       $ 39.84         4.6       $ 245   
                                     

Stock options are granted at the closing price on the date of grant, have ten-year contractual terms, and vest no later than three years from the date of grant. None of the stock options outstanding at September 30, 2014, are subject to performance or market-based vesting conditions.

At September 30, 2014, there was $19 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.3 years. Additional information regarding stock option exercises appears in the table below:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

Intrinsic value of stock options exercised

   $     16       $     13       $     174       $     95   

Cash received from option exercises

     12                43         39   

Treasury shares repurchased for employee payroll taxes

     (5)         (4)         (18)         (16)   

Tax benefit realized from option exercises

                   66         37   

Aggregate grant-date fair value of stock options vested

                   17         16   

Retention Awards – The fair value of retention awards is based on the closing price of the stock on the grant date. Dividends and dividend equivalents are paid to participants during the vesting periods.

Changes in our retention awards during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, were as follows:

 

      Shares
(thous.)
     Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value
 

Nonvested at January 1, 2014

     3,712         $    49.02   

Granted

     864         87.98   

Vested

     (1,074)         31.15   

Forfeited

     (96)         57.88   

 

Nonvested at September 30, 2014

     3,406         $    64.29   
                   

Retention awards are granted at no cost to the employee or non-employee director and vest over periods lasting up to four years. At September 30, 2014, there was $99 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested retention awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.8 years.

Performance Retention Awards – In February 2014, our Board of Directors approved performance stock unit grants. Other than different performance targets, the basic terms of these performance stock units are identical to those granted in February 2012, and February 2013, including using annual return on invested capital (ROIC) as the performance measure. We define ROIC as net operating profit adjusted for interest expense (including interest on the present value of operating leases) and taxes on interest divided by average invested capital adjusted for the present value of operating leases.

 

10


Table of Contents

Stock units awarded to selected employees under these grants are subject to continued employment for 37 months and the attainment of certain levels of ROIC. We expense the fair value of the units that are probable of being earned based on our forecasted ROIC over the 3-year performance period. We measure the fair value of these performance stock units based upon the closing price of the underlying common stock as of the date of grant, reduced by the present value of estimated future dividends. Dividend equivalents are paid to participants only after the units are earned.

The assumptions used to calculate the present value of estimated future dividends related to the February 2014, grant were as follows:

 

      2014   

Dividend per share per quarter

   $     0.455     

Risk-free interest rate at date of grant

     0.7%     
          

Changes in our performance retention awards during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, were as follows:

 

      Shares
(thous.)
     Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value
 

Nonvested at January 1, 2014

     1,888         $  53.70   

Granted

     456         83.06   

Vested

     (661)         44.94   

Forfeited

     (90)         60.85   

 

Nonvested at September 30, 2014

     1,593         $  65.33   
                   

At September 30, 2014, there was $41 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested performance retention awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.2 years. This expense is subject to achievement of the ROIC levels established for the performance stock unit grants.

6. Retirement Plans

Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits

Pension Plans – We provide defined benefit retirement income to eligible non-union employees through qualified and non-qualified (supplemental) pension plans. Qualified and non-qualified pension benefits are based on years of service and the highest compensation during the latest years of employment, with specific reductions made for early retirements.

Other Postretirement Benefits (OPEB) – We provide medical and life insurance benefits for eligible retirees. These benefits are funded as medical claims and life insurance premiums are paid.

Expense

Both pension and OPEB expense are determined based upon the annual service cost of benefits (the actuarial cost of benefits earned during a period) and the interest cost on those liabilities, less the expected return on plan assets. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets is applied to a calculated value of plan assets that recognizes changes in fair value over a five-year period. This practice is intended to reduce year-to-year volatility in pension expense, but it can have the effect of delaying the recognition of differences between actual returns on assets and expected returns based on long-term rate of return assumptions. Differences in actual experience in relation to assumptions are not recognized in net income immediately, but are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income and, if necessary, amortized as pension or OPEB expense.

 

11


Table of Contents

The components of our net periodic pension cost were as follows:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

Service cost

   $         17       $         17       $         52       $         54   

Interest cost

     41         34         118         100   

Expected return on plan assets

     (57)         (50)         (172)         (151)   

Amortization of:

           

Actuarial loss

     18         27         53         80   

 

Net periodic pension cost

   $ 19       $ 28       $ 51       $ 83   
                                     

The components of our net periodic OPEB cost were as follows:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

Service cost

   $           -        $           -       $           2       $           2   

Interest cost

                   10          

Amortization of:

           

Prior service credit

     (3)         (4)         (9)         (12)   

Actuarial loss

                          11   

 

Net periodic OPEB cost

   $      $      $ 11       $ 10   
                                     

Cash Contributions

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we have not made any cash contributions to the qualified pension plan. Any contributions made during 2014 will be based on cash generated from operations and financial market considerations. Our policy with respect to funding the qualified plans is to fund at least the minimum required by law and not more than the maximum amount deductible for tax purposes. At September 30, 2014, we do not have minimum cash funding requirements for 2014.

7. Other Income

Other income included the following:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions

   2014      2013      2014 [a]      2013 [b]  

Rental income

   $ 25       $ 26       $ 72       $ 84   

Net gain on non-operating asset dispositions

            18         16         22   

Interest income

                           

Non-operating environmental costs and other

     (11)         (17)         (11)         (18)   

 

Total

   $     20       $     28       $     80       $     91   
                                     

 

[a]

Non-operating environmental costs and other includes $14 million related to the sale of a permanent easement.

 

[b]

Rental income includes $17 million related to a land lease contract settlement.

8. Income Taxes

Internal Revenue Service (IRS) examinations have been completed and settled for all years prior to 2005, and the statute of limitations bars any additional tax assessments. In October, UPC received the signed closing agreement from the IRS resolving the IRS examination for years 2005-2008. The settlement will not have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial condition or liquidity. The IRS has completed their examinations and issued notices of deficiency for tax years 2009 and 2010. We disagree with many of their proposed adjustments, and we are at IRS Appeals for those years.

 

12


Table of Contents

Additionally, several state tax authorities are examining our state income tax returns for years 2006 through 2010.

At September 30, 2014, we had a net liability for unrecognized tax benefits of $55 million. Of that amount, $27 million is classified as a current liability in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

9. Earnings Per Share

The following table provides a reconciliation between basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

      Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 

Millions, Except Per Share Amounts

   2014      2013      2014      2013  

 

Net income

   $     1,370       $     1,151       $     3,749       $     3,214   

Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     893.2         923.5         900.9         929.9   

Dilutive effect of stock options

     1.8         2.5         2.1         2.7   

Dilutive effect of retention shares and units

     1.9         2.4         1.8         2.3   

 

Diluted

     896.9         928.4         904.8         934.9   

Earnings per share – basic

   $ 1.53       $ 1.25       $ 4.16       $ 3.46   

Earnings per share – diluted

   $ 1.53       $ 1.24       $ 4.14       $ 3.44   

Stock options excluded as their inclusion would be antidilutive

                     0.5         0.6   
                                     

10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)

Reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, and 2013, were as follows (net of tax):

 

Millions

   Defined
benefit
plans
     Foreign
currency
translation
     Derivatives      Total  

Balance at July 1, 2014

   $ (682)       $ (32)       $      $ (714)   

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

             (5)                 (5)   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

     11                         11   

Net quarter-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss), net of taxes of $3 million

     11         (5)                  

Balance at September 30, 2014

   $ (671)       $ (37)       $      $ (708)   
                                     

    

                                   

Balance at July 1, 2013

   $ (1,118)       $ (29)       $ (1)       $ (1,148)   

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

            (12)                 (11)   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

     16                         16   

Net quarter-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss), net of taxes of $3 million

     17         (12)                  

Balance at September 30, 2013

   $     (1,101)       $     (41)       $     (1)       $     (1,143)   
                                     

 

[a]

The accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) reclassification components are 1) prior service cost/(benefit) and 2) net actuarial loss which are both included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 6 Retirement Plans for additional details.

 

13


Table of Contents

Millions

   Defined
benefit
plans
     Foreign
currency
translation
     Derivatives      Total  

Balance at January 1, 2014

   $ (713)       $ (37)       $      $ (750)   

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

     10                       10   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

     32                       32   

Net year-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss), net of taxes of $20 million

     42                       42   

Balance at September 30, 2014

   $ (671)       $ (37)       $      $ (708)   
                                     

    

                                   

Balance at January 1, 2013

   $ (1,149)       $ (36)       $ (1)       $ (1,186)   

Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications

     (1)         (5)                (6)   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) [a]

     49                       49   

Net year-to-date other comprehensive income/(loss), net of taxes of $28 million

     48         (5)                43   

Balance at September 30, 2013

   $     (1,101)       $     (41)       $     (1)       $     (1,143)   
                                     

 

[a]

The accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) reclassification components are 1) prior service cost/(benefit) and 2) net actuarial loss which are both included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 6 Retirement Plans for additional details.

11. Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable includes freight and other receivables reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance is based upon historical losses, credit worthiness of customers, and current economic conditions. At September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, our accounts receivable were reduced by $4 million and $1 million, respectively. Receivables not expected to be collected in one year and the associated allowances are classified as other assets in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. At September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, receivables classified as other assets were reduced by allowances of $18 million and $22 million, respectively.

Receivables Securitization Facility – On July 29, 2014 we completed the renewal of our receivables securitization facility. The new $650 million, 3-year facility replaces the prior $600 million, 364-day facility. Under the facility, the Railroad sells most of its eligible third-party receivables to Union Pacific Receivables, Inc. (UPRI), a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary that may subsequently transfer, without recourse, an undivided interest in accounts receivable to investors. The investors have no recourse to the Railroad’s other assets except for customary warranty and indemnity claims. Creditors of the Railroad do not have recourse to the assets of UPRI.

The amount outstanding under the facility was $400 million and $0 at September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively. The amount outstanding under the facility was supported by $1.3 billion and $1.1 billion of accounts receivable as collateral at September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively, which, as a retained interest, is included in accounts receivable, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

The outstanding amount the Railroad is allowed to maintain under the facility, with a maximum of $650 million, may fluctuate based on the availability of eligible receivables and is directly affected by business volumes and credit risks, including receivables payment quality measures such as default and dilution ratios. If default or dilution ratios increase one percent, the allowable outstanding amount under the facility would not materially change.

The costs of the receivables securitization facility include interest, which will vary based on prevailing benchmark and commercial paper rates, program fees paid to participating banks, commercial paper issuing costs, and fees of participating banks for unused commitment availability. The costs of the receivables securitization facility are included in interest expense and were $1 million for the three months

 

14


Table of Contents

ended September 30, 2014, and 2013, and $3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, and 2013.

12. Properties

The following tables list the major categories of property and equipment, as well as the weighted average estimated useful life for each category (in years):

 

Millions, Except Estimated Useful Life

As of September 30, 2014

   Cost      Accumulated
Depreciation
     Net Book
Value
     Estimated
Useful Life
 

 

Land

   $ 5,153       $ N/A        $ 5,153         N/A    
                                     

Road:

           

Rail and other track material

     14,406         5,175         9,231         33   

Ties

     9,055         2,435         6,620         33   

Ballast

     4,770         1,241         3,529         34   

Other roadway [a]

     16,174         2,831         13,343         47   

 

Total road

     44,405         11,682         32,723         N/A    
                                     

Equipment:

           

Locomotives

     8,172         3,704         4,468         20   

Freight cars

     2,115         969         1,146         25   

Work equipment and other

     601         144         457         18   

 

Total equipment

     10,888         4,817         6,071         N/A    
                                     

Technology and other

     824         305         519         11   

Construction in progress

     1,087                1,087         N/A    

 

Total

   $ 62,357       $ 16,804       $ 45,553         N/A    
                                     
           

Millions, Except Estimated Useful Life

As of December 31, 2013

   Cost      Accumulated
Depreciation
     Net Book
Value
     Estimated
Useful Life
 

 

Land

   $ 5,120       $ N/A        $ 5,120         N/A    
                                     

Road:

           

Rail and other track material

     13,861         4,970         8,891         35   

Ties

     8,785         2,310         6,475         33   

Ballast

     4,621         1,171         3,450         34   

Other roadway [a]

     15,596         2,726         12,870         48   

 

Total road

     42,863         11,177         31,686         N/A    
                                     

Equipment:

           

Locomotives

     7,518         3,481         4,037         20   

Freight cars

     2,085         1,000         1,085         25   

Work equipment and other

     561         119         442         18   

 

Total equipment

     10,164         4,600         5,564         N/A    
                                     

Technology and other

     711         286         425         10   

Construction in progress

     954                954         N/A    

 

Total

   $   59,812       $   16,063       $   43,749         N/A    
                                     

 

[a]

Other roadway includes grading, bridges and tunnels, signals, buildings, and other road assets.

 

15


Table of Contents

13. Accounts Payable and Other Current Liabilities

 

Millions

   Sep. 30,
2014
     Dec. 31,
2013
 

Accounts payable

   $ 870       $ 803   

Income and other taxes payable

     562         491   

Dividends payable

     440         356   

Accrued wages and vacation

     401         385   

Accrued casualty costs

     215         207   

Interest payable

     127         169   

Equipment rents payable

     106         96   

Other

     652         579   

 

Total accounts payable and other current liabilities

   $     3,373       $     3,086   
                   

14. Financial Instruments

Strategy and Risk – We may use derivative financial instruments in limited instances for other than trading purposes to assist in managing our overall exposure to fluctuations in interest rates and fuel prices. We are not a party to leveraged derivatives and, by policy, do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes. Derivative financial instruments qualifying for hedge accounting must maintain a specified level of effectiveness between the hedging instrument and the item being hedged, both at inception and throughout the hedged period. We formally document the nature and relationships between the hedging instruments and hedged items at inception, as well as our risk-management objectives, strategies for undertaking the various hedge transactions, and method of assessing hedge effectiveness. Changes in the fair market value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are charged to earnings. We may use swaps, collars, futures, and/or forward contracts to mitigate the risk of adverse movements in interest rates and fuel prices; however, the use of these derivative financial instruments may limit future benefits from favorable interest rate and fuel price movements.

Interest Rate Cash Flow Hedges – We report changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges in accumulated other comprehensive loss until the hedged item affects earnings. As of September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, we had no interest rate cash flow hedges outstanding.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments – The fair value of our short- and long-term debt was estimated using a market value price model, which utilizes applicable U.S. Treasury rates along with current market quotes on comparable debt securities. All of the inputs used to determine the fair market value of the Corporation’s long-term debt are Level 2 inputs and obtained from an independent source. At September 30, 2014, the fair value of total debt was $12.7 billion, approximately $1.2 billion more than the carrying value. At December 31, 2013, the fair value of total debt was $10.2 billion, approximately $0.6 billion more than the carrying value. The fair value of the Corporation’s debt is a measure of its current value under present market conditions. It does not impact the financial statements under current accounting rules. At both September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, approximately $163 million of debt securities contained call provisions that allow us to retire the debt instruments prior to final maturity, with the payment of fixed call premiums, or in certain cases, at par. The fair value of our cash equivalents approximates their carrying value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.

15. Debt

Credit Facilities – During the second quarter of 2014, we replaced our $1.8 billion revolving credit facility, which was scheduled to expire in May 2015, with a new $1.7 billion facility that expires in May 2019 (the facility). The facility is based on substantially similar terms as those in the previous credit facility. At September 30, 2014, we had $1.7 billion of credit available under the facility, which is designated for general corporate purposes and supports the issuance of commercial paper. We did not draw on either facility at any time during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Commitment fees and interest rates payable under the facility are similar to fees and rates available to comparably rated, investment-grade borrowers. The facility allows for borrowings at floating rates based on London

 

16


Table of Contents

Interbank Offered Rates, plus a spread, depending upon credit ratings for our senior unsecured debt. The facility matures in 2019 under a five-year term.

The facility requires that the Corporation maintain a debt-to-net-worth coverage ratio as a condition to making a borrowing. At September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013 (and at all times during the year), we were in compliance with this covenant. The definition of debt used for purposes of calculating the debt-to-net-worth coverage ratio includes, among other things, certain credit arrangements, capital leases, guarantees and unfunded and vested pension benefits under Title IV of ERISA. At September 30, 2014, the debt-to-net-worth coverage ratio allowed us to carry up to $43 billion of debt (as defined in the facility), and we had $11.6 billion of debt (as defined in the facility) outstanding at that date. Under our current capital plans, we expect to continue to satisfy the debt-to-net-worth coverage ratio; however, many factors beyond our reasonable control could affect our ability to comply with this provision in the future. The facility does not include any other financial restrictions, credit rating triggers (other than rating-dependent pricing), or any other provision that could require us to post collateral. The facility also includes a $125 million cross-default provision and a change-of-control provision.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, we did not issue or repay any commercial paper, and at September 30, 2014, we had no commercial paper outstanding. Our revolving credit facility supports our outstanding commercial paper balances, and, unless we change the terms of our commercial paper program, our aggregate issuance of commercial paper will not exceed the amount of borrowings available under the facility.

Shelf Registration Statement and Significant New Borrowings – Under our current shelf registration, we may issue, from time to time, any combination of debt securities, preferred stock, common stock, or warrants for debt securities or preferred stock in one or more offerings. We have no immediate plans to issue equity securities; however, we will continue to explore opportunities to replace existing debt or access capital through issuances of debt securities under our shelf registration, and, therefore, we may issue additional debt securities at any time.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, we issued the following unsecured, fixed-rate debt securities under our current shelf registration:

 

Date

  Description of Securities

January 10, 2014

  $300 million of 2.25% Notes due February 15, 2019
  $400 million of 3.75% Notes due March 15, 2024
  $300 million of 4.85% Notes due June 15, 2044

August 12, 2014

  $350 million of 3.25% Notes due January 15, 2025
  $350 million of 4.15% Notes due January 15, 2045
     

We used the net proceeds from this offering for general corporate purposes, including the repurchase of common stock pursuant to our share repurchase program. These debt securities include change-of-control provisions. At September 30, 2014, we had remaining authority to issue up to $1.15 billion of debt securities under our shelf registration.

Equipment Trust – On May 20, 2014, UPRR consummated a pass-through (P/T) financing, whereby a P/T trust was created, which issued $500 million of P/T trust certificates with a stated interest rate of 3.227%. The P/T trust certificates will mature on May 14, 2026. The proceeds from the issuance of the P/T trust certificates were used to purchase equipment trust certificates to be issued by UPRR to finance the acquisition of 245 locomotives. The equipment trust certificates are secured by a lien on the locomotives.

During the three months ended June 30, 2014, UPRR received $402 million in proceeds (net of $3 million in transaction fees) to fund the purchase of the initial 199 locomotives delivered by the closing of the financing. The remaining proceeds of $95 million were held in an escrow account. As of September 30, 2014, the $95 million of restricted cash held in the escrow account was included in other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

On October 2, 2014, UPRR received the remaining proceeds of $95 million to fund the purchase of the remaining 46 locomotives.

 

17


Table of Contents

UPRR evaluated whether the P/T trust is a variable interest entity (VIE). As UPRR has control over the escrow account based on the P/T trust agreement, it was determined that UPRR has a variable interest in the trust and must consolidate the trust in accordance with ASC 810. As such, the Company recorded the debt obligation and restricted cash held in escrow upon the initial issuance of the P/T trust certificates.

Debt Exchange – On August 21, 2013, we exchanged $1,170 million of various outstanding notes and debentures due between 2016 and 2040 (Existing Notes) for $439 million of 3.646% notes (New 2024 Notes) due February 15, 2024 and $700 million of 4.821% notes (New 2044 Notes) due February 1, 2044, plus cash consideration of approximately $280 million in addition to $8 million for accrued and unpaid interest on the Existing Notes. In accordance with ASC 470-50-40, Debt-Modifications and Extinguishments-Derecognition, this transaction was accounted for as a debt exchange, as the exchanged debt instruments are not considered to be substantially different. The cash consideration was recorded as an adjustment to the carrying value of debt, and the balance of the unamortized discount and issue costs from the Existing Notes is being amortized as an adjustment of interest expense over the terms of the New 2024 Notes and the New 2044 Notes. No gain or loss was recognized as a result of the exchange. Costs related to the debt exchange that were payable to parties other than the debt holders totaled approximately $9 million and were included in interest expense during the three months ended September 30, 2013.

The following table lists the outstanding notes and debentures that were exchanged:

 

Millions

   Principal amount
exchanged
 

The 2024 Offers

  

7.000% Debentures due 2016

   $  

5.650% Notes due 2017

     38   

5.750% Notes due 2017

     70   

5.700% Notes due 2018

     103   

7.875% Notes due 2019

     20   

6.125% Notes due 2020

     238   
  

The 2044 Offers

  

7.125% Debentures due 2028

     73   

6.625% Debentures due 2029

     177   

6.250% Debentures due 2034

     19   

6.150% Debentures due 2037

     138   

5.780% Notes due 2040

     286   

 

Total

   $     1,170   
          

Debt Redemption – On May 14, 2013, we redeemed all $40 million of our outstanding 5.65% Port of Corpus Christi Authority Revenue Refunding Bonds due December 1, 2022. The redemption resulted in an early extinguishment charge of $1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2013.

Receivables Securitization Facility – The amount outstanding under the facility was $400 million and $0 at September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively. See further discussion of our receivables securitization facility in Note 11.

16. Variable Interest Entities in Connection with Lease Arrangements

We have entered into various lease transactions in which the structure of the leases contain variable interest entities (VIEs). These VIEs were created solely for the purpose of leasing transactions (principally involving railroad equipment and facilities) and have no other activities, assets or liabilities outside of these lease transactions. As part of these lease arrangements, we have the right to purchase some or all of the assets at fixed prices. Depending on market conditions, fixed-price purchase options available in the leases could potentially provide benefits to us; however, we do not expect that these benefits will be significant.

 

18


Table of Contents

We maintain and operate the assets based on contractual obligations included in the lease arrangements, which set specific guidelines consistent within the railroad industry. As such, we have no control over activities that could materially impact the fair value of the leased assets. We do not hold the power to direct the activities of the VIEs and, therefore, do not control the ongoing activities that have a significant impact on the economic performance of the VIEs. Additionally, we do not have the obligation to absorb losses of the VIEs or the right to receive benefits of the VIEs that could potentially be significant to the VIEs.

We are not considered to be the primary beneficiary and do not consolidate these VIEs because our actions and decisions do not have the most significant effect on the VIE’s performance and our fixed-price purchase options are not considered to be potentially significant to the VIEs. The future minimum lease payments associated with the VIE leases totaled $3.0 billion as of September 30, 2014.

17. Commitments and Contingencies

Asserted and Unasserted Claims – Various claims and lawsuits are pending against us and certain of our subsidiaries. We cannot fully determine the effect of all asserted and unasserted claims on our consolidated results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity; however, to the extent possible, where asserted and unasserted claims are considered probable and where such claims can be reasonably estimated, we have recorded a liability. We do not expect that any known lawsuits, claims, environmental costs, commitments, contingent liabilities, or guarantees will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity after taking into account liabilities and insurance recoveries previously recorded for these matters.

Personal Injury – The cost of personal injuries to employees and others related to our activities is charged to expense based on estimates of the ultimate cost and number of incidents each year. We use an actuarial analysis to measure the expense and liability, including unasserted claims. The Federal Employers’ Liability Act (FELA) governs compensation for work-related accidents. Under FELA, damages are assessed based on a finding of fault through litigation or out-of-court settlements. We offer a comprehensive variety of services and rehabilitation programs for employees who are injured at work.

Our personal injury liability is not discounted to present value due to the uncertainty surrounding the timing of future payments. Approximately 92% of the recorded liability is related to asserted claims and approximately 8% is related to unasserted claims at September 30, 2014. Because of the uncertainty surrounding the ultimate outcome of personal injury claims, it is reasonably possible that future costs to settle these claims may range from approximately $303 million to $331 million. We record an accrual at the low end of the range as no amount of loss within the range is more probable than any other. Estimates can vary over time due to evolving trends in litigation.

Our personal injury liability activity was as follows:

 

Millions,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Beginning balance

   $     294       $     334   

Current year accruals

     73         70   

Changes in estimates for prior years

     (20)         (23)   

Payments

     (44)         (64)   

 

Ending balance at September 30

   $ 303       $ 317   

 

Current portion, ending balance at September 30

   $ 77       $ 85   
                   

 

19


Table of Contents

Asbestos – We are a defendant in a number of lawsuits in which current and former employees and other parties allege exposure to asbestos. We assess our potential liability using a statistical analysis of resolution costs for asbestos-related claims. This liability is updated annually and excludes future defense and processing costs. The liability for resolving both asserted and unasserted claims was based on the following assumptions:

 

   

The ratio of future claims by alleged disease would be consistent with historical averages adjusted for inflation.

   

The number of claims filed against us will decline each year.

   

The average settlement values for asserted and unasserted claims will be equivalent to historical averages.

   

The percentage of claims dismissed in the future will be equivalent to historical averages.

Our liability for asbestos-related claims is not discounted to present value due to the uncertainty surrounding the timing of future payments. Approximately 19% of the recorded liability is related to asserted claims and approximately 81% is related to unasserted claims at September 30, 2014.

Our asbestos-related liability activity was as follows:

 

Millions,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Beginning balance

   $     131       $     139   

Accruals

             

Payments

     (5)         (7)   

 

Ending balance at September 30

   $ 126       $ 132   
                   

 

Current portion, ending balance at September 30

   $      $  
                   

We have insurance coverage for a portion of the costs incurred to resolve asbestos-related claims, and we have recognized an asset for estimated insurance recoveries at September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013.

We believe that our estimates of liability for asbestos-related claims and insurance recoveries are reasonable and probable. The amounts recorded for asbestos-related liabilities and related insurance recoveries were based on currently known facts. However, future events, such as the number of new claims filed each year, average settlement costs, and insurance coverage issues, could cause the actual costs and insurance recoveries to be higher or lower than the projected amounts. Estimates also may vary in the future if strategies, activities, and outcomes of asbestos litigation materially change; federal and state laws governing asbestos litigation increase or decrease the probability or amount of compensation of claimants; and there are material changes with respect to payments made to claimants by other defendants.

Environmental Costs – We are subject to federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations. We have identified 267 sites at which we are or may be liable for remediation costs associated with alleged contamination or for violations of environmental requirements. This includes 30 sites that are the subject of actions taken by the U.S. government, 17 of which are currently on the Superfund National Priorities List. Certain federal legislation imposes joint and several liability for the remediation of identified sites; consequently, our ultimate environmental liability may include costs relating to activities of other parties, in addition to costs relating to our own activities at each site.

When we identify an environmental issue with respect to property owned, leased, or otherwise used in our business, we perform, with assistance of our consultants, environmental assessments on the property. We expense the cost of the assessments as incurred. We accrue the cost of remediation where our obligation is probable and such costs can be reasonably estimated. We do not discount our environmental liabilities when the timing of the anticipated cash payments is not fixed or readily determinable. At both September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, none of our environmental liability was discounted.

 

20


Table of Contents

Our environmental liability activity was as follows:

 

Millions,

for the Nine Months Ended September 30,

   2014      2013  

Beginning balance

   $     171       $     170   

Accruals

     37         44   

Payments

     (29)         (35)   

 

Ending balance at September 30

   $ 179       $ 179   
                   

 

Current portion, ending balance at September 30

   $ 51       $ 50   
                   

The environmental liability includes future costs for remediation and restoration of sites, as well as ongoing monitoring costs, but excludes any anticipated recoveries from third parties. Cost estimates are based on information available for each site, financial viability of other potentially responsible parties, and existing technology, laws, and regulations. The ultimate liability for remediation is difficult to determine because of the number of potentially responsible parties, site-specific cost sharing arrangements with other potentially responsible parties, the degree of contamination by various wastes, the scarcity and quality of volumetric data related to many of the sites, and the speculative nature of remediation costs. Estimates of liability may vary over time due to changes in federal, state, and local laws governing environmental remediation. Current obligations are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity.

Insurance – The Company has a consolidated, wholly-owned captive insurance subsidiary (the captive), that provides insurance coverage for certain risks including FELA claims and property coverage which are subject to reinsurance. The captive entered into annual reinsurance treaty agreements that insure workers compensation, general liability, auto liability and FELA risk. The captive cedes a portion of its FELA exposure through the treaty and assumes a proportionate share of the entire risk. The captive receives direct premiums, which are netted against the Company’s premium costs in other expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The treaty agreements provide for certain protections against the risk of treaty participants’ non-performance, and we do not believe our exposure to treaty participants’ non-performance is material at this time. In the event the Company leaves the reinsurance program, the Company is not relieved of its primary obligation to the policyholders for activity prior to the termination of the treaty agreements. We record both liabilities and reinsurance receivables using an actuarial analysis based on historical experience in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

Guarantees – At September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, we were contingently liable for guarantees of $88 million and $299 million, respectively. We have recorded a liability of $0.2 million and $1 million for the fair value of these obligations as of September 30, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively. We entered into these contingent guarantees in the normal course of business, and they include guaranteed obligations related to equipment financings and affiliated operations. The final guarantee expires in 2022. We are not aware of any existing event of default that would require us to satisfy these guarantees. We do not expect that these guarantees will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.

Indemnities – Our maximum potential exposure under indemnification arrangements, including certain tax indemnifications, can range from a specified dollar amount to an unlimited amount, depending on the nature of the transactions and the agreements. Due to uncertainty as to whether claims will be made or how they will be resolved, we cannot reasonably determine the probability of an adverse claim or reasonably estimate any adverse liability or the total maximum exposure under these indemnification arrangements. We do not have any reason to believe that we will be required to make any material payments under these indemnity provisions.

Operating Leases – At September 30, 2014, we had commitments for future minimum lease payments under operating leases with initial or remaining non-cancelable lease terms in excess of one year of approximately $3.7 billion.

Gain Contingency – UPRR and Santa Fe Pacific Pipelines (SFPP, a subsidiary of Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, L.P.) currently are engaged in a proceeding to resolve the fair market rent payable to

 

21


Table of Contents

UPRR under a 10-year agreement commencing on January 1, 2004, for pipeline easements on UPRR rights-of-way (Union Pacific Railroad Company vs. Santa Fe Pacific Pipelines, Inc., SFPP, L.P., Kinder Morgan Operating L.P. “D” Kinder Morgan G.P., Inc., et al., Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Los Angeles, filed July 28, 2004). In February 2007, a trial began to resolve this issue, and, on September 28, 2011, the judge issued a tentative Statement of Decision, which concluded that SFPP owes back rent to UPRR for the years 2004 through 2011. On May 29, 2012, the court entered judgment, awarding UPRR back rent and prejudgment interest. SFPP is appealing the final judgment. A favorable final judgment may materially affect our results of operations in the period of any monetary recoveries; however, due to the uncertainty regarding the amount and timing of any recovery, including the outcome of SFPP’s appeal of this judgment or any subsequent proceeding, we consider this a gain contingency and do not reflect any amounts in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of September 30, 2014.

18. Share Repurchase Program

Effective January 1, 2014, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 120 million shares of our common stock by December 31, 2017, replacing our previous repurchase program. As of September 30, 2014, we repurchased a total of $11.7 billion of our common stock since the commencement of our repurchase programs in 2007. The table below represents shares repurchased in the first three quarters of 2013 under our previous repurchase program, and shares repurchased in the first three quarters of 2014 under the new program.

 

      Number of Shares Purchased      Average Price Paid  
      2014                  2013      2014                  2013  

First quarter

     7,640,000         5,762,800       $ 89.43       $ 68.29   

Second quarter

     8,320,000         6,122,940         96.84         75.71   

Third quarter

     8,347,000         7,333,788             102.54         78.39   

 

Total

     24,307,000         19,219,528       $ 96.47       $ 74.51   
                                     

 

Remaining number of shares that may be repurchased under current authority

  

     95,693,000   
                                     

Management’s assessments of market conditions and other pertinent factors guide the timing and volume of all repurchases. We expect to fund any share repurchases under this program through cash generated from operations, the sale or lease of various operating and non-operating properties, debt issuances, and cash on hand. Repurchased shares are recorded in treasury stock at cost, which includes any applicable commissions and fees.

From October 1, 2014, through October 22, 2014, we repurchased 2.2 million shares at an aggregate cost of approximately $230 million.

 

22


Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

UNION PACIFIC CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014, Compared to

Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013

For purposes of this report, unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to “UPC”, “Corporation”, “Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” shall mean Union Pacific Corporation and its subsidiaries, including Union Pacific Railroad Company, which we separately refer to as “UPRR” or the “Railroad”.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and applicable notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, Item 1, and other information included in this report. Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

The Railroad, along with its subsidiaries and rail affiliates, is our one reportable business segment. Although we provide and analyze revenue by commodity group, we treat the financial results of the Railroad as one segment due to the integrated nature of our rail network.

Available Information

Our Internet website is www.up.com. We make available free of charge on our website (under the “Investors” caption link) our Annual Reports on Form 10-K; our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q; eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) documents; our current reports on Form 8-K; our proxy statements; Forms 3, 4, and 5, filed on behalf of directors and executive officers; and amendments to any such reports filed or furnished pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). We also make available on our website previously filed SEC reports and exhibits via a link to EDGAR on the SEC’s Internet site at www.sec.gov. We provide these previously filed reports as a convenience and their contents reflect only information that was true and correct as of the date of the report. We assume no obligation to update this historical information. Additionally, our corporate governance materials, including By-Laws, Board Committee charters, governance guidelines and policies, and codes of conduct and ethics for directors, officers, and employees are available on our website. From time to time, the corporate governance materials on our website may be updated as necessary to comply with rules issued by the SEC and the New York Stock Exchange or as desirable to promote the effective and efficient governance of our company. Any security holder wishing to receive, without charge, a copy of any of our SEC filings or corporate governance materials should send a written request to: Secretary, Union Pacific Corporation, 1400 Douglas Street, Omaha, NE 68179.

References to our website address in this report, including references in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Item 2, are provided as a convenience and do not constitute, and should not be deemed, an incorporation by reference of the information contained on, or available through, the website. Therefore, such information should not be considered part of this report.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We base our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations upon our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The preparation of these financial statements requires estimation and judgment that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets, and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. If these estimates differ materially from actual results, the impact on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements may be material. Our critical accounting policies are available in Item 7 of our 2013 Annual

 

23


Table of Contents

Report on Form 10-K. There have not been any significant changes with respect to these policies during the first nine months of 2014.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Quarterly Summary

We reported earnings of $1.53 per diluted share on net income of $1.4 billion in the third quarter of 2014 compared to earnings of $1.24 per diluted share on net income of $1.2 billion for the third quarter of 2013. Year-to-date, net income was $3.7 billion versus $3.2 billion for the same period in 2013. Freight revenues increased 11%, or $569 million, in the third quarter compared to the same period in 2013 driven by 7% volume growth and pricing gains. Volume growth from grain, frac sand, rock, and intermodal (domestic and international) shipments offset declines in crude oil and coal shipments. The third quarter of 2014 generated best-ever quarterly financial results, reflecting our ability to leverage the additional volumes and improve core pricing.

In the third quarter of 2014, our average train speed and average terminal dwell, as reported to the Association of American Railroads (AAR), were essentially flat with the second quarter despite higher volumes, which increased 3%. In the third quarter, we purchased additional locomotives and increased active Train, Engine and Yard (TE&Y) employees in an effort to improve network performance and handle growing demand. We will continue adding resources in the fourth quarter and in 2015 as we focus on improving service and velocity.

Operating Revenues

 

      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          
     September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Millions

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Freight revenues

   $     5,819       $     5,250         11%        $     16,766       $     15,387         9%    

Other revenues

     363         323         12            1,069         946         13      

 

Total

   $ 6,182       $ 5,573         11%        $ 17,835       $ 16,333         9%    
                                                       

We generate freight revenues by transporting freight or other materials from our six commodity groups. Freight revenues vary with volume (carloads) and Average Revenue per Car (ARC). Changes in price, traffic mix and fuel surcharges drive ARC. We provide some of our customers with contractual incentives for meeting or exceeding specified cumulative volumes or shipping to and from specific locations, which we record as reductions to freight revenues based on the actual or projected future shipments. We recognize freight revenues as shipments move from origin to destination. We allocate freight revenues between reporting periods based on the relative transit time in each reporting period and recognize expenses as we incur them.

Other revenues include revenues earned by our subsidiaries, revenues from commuter rail operations that we manage, accessorial revenues, which we earn when customers retain equipment owned or controlled by us or when we perform additional services such as switching or storage, and miscellaneous contract revenue. We recognize other revenues as we perform services or meet contractual obligations.

Freight revenues for all six commodity groups increased during the third quarter of 2014 and the year-to-date period of 2014 compared to 2013, as a result of economic improvements in certain market sectors, along with the improved 2013 harvest. Volume levels increased for five of the six commodity groups, with particularly strong growth in agricultural products, industrial products and intermodal. ARC increased 3% and 2% during the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 versus 2013, respectively, driven by pricing gains. In addition, business mix was a slight positive in the third quarter compared to 2013 and a slight negative year to date.

Each of our commodity groups includes revenue from fuel surcharges. Freight revenues from fuel surcharge programs were $721 million and $2.1 billion in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014, compared to $633 million and $1.9 billion in the same periods of 2013. Higher fuel surcharge recoveries were driven by increased volume and the lag impact of our fuel surcharge programs (it can

 

24


Table of Contents

generally take up to two months for changing fuel prices to affect fuel surcharge recoveries) partially offset by the lower fuel prices.

In the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014, other revenues increased from 2013 due to higher revenues at our subsidiaries, primarily those that broker intermodal and automotive services, accessorial revenue driven by increased volume and per diem revenue for container usage (previously included in automotive freight revenue).

The following tables summarize the year-over-year changes in freight revenues, revenue carloads, and ARC by commodity type:

 

      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          

Freight Revenues

   September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Millions

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Agricultural

   $ 915       $ 771         19%        $ 2,759       $ 2,339         18%    

Automotive

     527         512         3            1,560         1,533         2      

Chemicals

     936         883         6            2,742         2,646         4      

Coal

     1,099         1,082         2            3,049         2,993         2      

Industrial Products

     1,161         975         19            3,302         2,868         15      

Intermodal

     1,181         1,027         15            3,354         3,008         12      

 

Total

   $     5,819       $     5,250         11%        $     16,766       $     15,387         9%    
                                                       
                 
      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          

Revenue Carloads

   September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Thousands

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Agricultural

     239         210         14%          721         631         14%    

Automotive

     204         195         5            600         576         4      

Chemicals

     288         282         2            841         840         -      

Coal

     466         468         -            1,313         1,284         2      

Industrial Products

     363         325         12            1,033         931         11      

Intermodal [a]

     936         848         10            2,693         2,480         9      

 

Total

     2,496         2,328         7%          7,201         6,742         7%    
                                                       
                 
      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          
     September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Average Revenue per Car

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Agricultural

   $ 3,836       $ 3,679         4%        $ 3,828       $ 3,707         3%    

Automotive

     2,590         2,620         (1)            2,600         2,661         (2)      

Chemicals

     3,249         3,134         4            3,261         3,151         3      

Coal

     2,362         2,312         2            2,323         2,331         -      

Industrial Products

     3,195         2,998         7            3,195         3,080         4      

Intermodal [a]

     1,260         1,211         4            1,245         1,213         3      

 

Average

   $ 2,331       $ 2,255         3%        $ 2,328       $ 2,282         2%    
                                                       

 

[a]

Each intermodal container or trailer equals one carload.

Agricultural Products – Higher volume and pricing gains drove the increase in freight revenue from agricultural shipments in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 versus 2013. Grain shipments increased 34% in the third quarter 2014 versus 2013, due to strength in the domestic feed grain market and strong corn exports, partially offset by lower export wheat due to a larger world crop. Grain shipments year-to-date increased 39%, reflecting the strong overall harvest in 2013 and the impact of the severe drought in 2012 that affected territory served by us and significantly reduced volumes during the first three quarters of 2013.

Automotive – Freight revenue from automotive shipments increased compared to the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2013. Growth in automotive parts and finished vehicle shipments and core price improvements drove the higher revenue. Finished vehicle shipments increased in the second and third

 

25


Table of Contents

quarters with improved sales and production, which offset declines in the first quarter due to winter weather. Volume for automotive parts increased during the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 driven by continued strength in production and market penetration. Mix shifts and a change in how we are compensated for container usage, which is now included as a per diem charge in other revenue, negatively impacted ARC in the third quarter and year-to-date periods.

Chemicals – Core price improvements increased freight revenue from chemicals in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 versus 2013. Higher volume and ARC driven by positive business mix also contributed to the increased freight revenue in the third quarter of 2014 versus 2013. Shipments of industrial chemicals grew as a result of continued strong demand in the drilling market in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014. Shipments of crude oil from the Bakken and Eagle Ford shale formations to the Gulf area declined in both periods, as market factors, primarily regional pricing differences for various types of crude oil, have displaced some of the former gulf coast shipments to the East and West Coasts.

Coal – Higher fuel surcharges and core pricing gains, partially offset by modest volume declines, increased freight revenue from coal shipments in the third quarter of 2014 compared to 2013. Year-to-date, higher volume offset the lower ARC driven by negative business mix, resulting in a net increase to freight revenue in 2014. Despite strong demand due to inventory replenishment following the cold winter, network performance and contract losses limited second and third quarter volume growth. Southern Powder River Basin shipments declined 2% for the third quarter and 1% year-to-date. The second and third quarter declines offset volume increases during the first quarter from severe winter weather conditions, low inventories at utilities and higher natural gas prices. Shipments from Colorado and Utah mines increased 11%, from both the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2013, driven by higher natural gas prices and strong exports through the West Coast.

Industrial Products – Volume growth, core pricing gains and positive business mix increased freight revenue from industrial products in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 versus 2013. Shipments of non-metallic minerals (primarily frac sand, up 39%) grew as a result of drilling activity for energy products, partly reflecting evolving drilling practices, which can increase the amount of frac sand used at certain wells. Additionally, both rock and lumber increased in the third quarter, driven by new housing and commercial construction.

Intermodal – Increased shipments and core pricing improvement drove higher freight revenue from intermodal shipments in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 compared to the same periods in 2013. International shipments increased 8% in the third quarter driven primarily by new business and improving economic conditions. We believe that some of the increased volumes of international intermodal during the second quarter may be attributed to an acceleration of shipments in anticipation of a possible impasse during renegotiations of labor contracts at West Coast ports. These gains in the second and third quarters offset the declines in the first quarter due to severe weather that negatively impacted consumer demand. Domestic traffic for the quarter and year-to-date periods increased 13% and 11%, respectively, driven by continued conversions from trucks and new premium services.

Mexico Business – Each of our commodity groups includes revenue from shipments to and from Mexico. Revenue from Mexico business increased 10% to $579 million in the third quarter of 2014 versus the same period in 2013. Volume levels increased 9% from the third quarter of 2013, driven by strong growth in four of our six commodity groups. Year-to-date, revenue grew 11% versus 2013 to $1.7 billion. Volume levels increased 11% from 2013, as increases in agricultural products, chemicals, intermodal, industrial products and automotive offset lower export coal shipments.

 

26


Table of Contents

Operating Expenses

 

      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          
     September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Millions

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Compensation and benefits

   $     1,287       $     1,196         8%        $ 3,787       $ 3,597         5%    

Fuel

     882         866         2            2,726         2,629         4      

Purchased services and materials

     650         588         11            1,893         1,730         9      

Depreciation

     481         447         8            1,415         1,319         7      

Equipment and other rents

     310         309         -            938         924         2      

Other

     242         205         18            696         661         5      

 

Total

   $ 3,852       $ 3,611         7%        $     11,455       $     10,860         5%    
                                                       

Operating expenses increased $241 million and $595 million in the third quarter and nine-month periods of 2014, respectively, versus 2013. Volume related expenses, incremental costs associated with operating a slower network, depreciation, wage and benefit inflation, and locomotive and freight car materials contributed to the higher costs during the periods. Lower fuel price partially offset these increases. In addition, the first nine months of 2014 includes first quarter weather related costs of approximately $35 million.

Compensation and Benefits – Compensation and benefits include wages, payroll taxes, health and welfare costs, pension costs, other postretirement benefits, and incentive costs. Volume-related expenses, including training, and a slower network increased our train and engine work force, which, along with general wage and benefit inflation, drove the increases in the third quarter of 2014 versus 2013. Weather related costs in the first quarter of 2014 also increased costs for the year-to-date period.

Fuel – Fuel includes locomotive fuel and gasoline for highway and non-highway vehicles and heavy equipment. Fuel costs were higher as gross-ton miles increased 8% in the third quarter. The fuel consumption rate, computed as gallons of fuel consumed divided by gross ton-miles in thousands, improved 1% compared to the third quarter of 2013 due to productivity. Locomotive diesel fuel prices, which averaged $3.01 per gallon (including taxes and transportation costs) in the third quarter of 2014, improved 5% from the same period in 2013. For the nine month period, lower locomotive diesel fuel prices that averaged $3.08 per gallon versus $3.17 per gallon in 2013 reduced expenses by $73 million, which partially offset the increased fuel expense associated with the 7% increase in carloadings.

Purchased Services and Materials – Expense for purchased services and materials includes the costs of services purchased from outside contractors and other service providers (including equipment maintenance and contract expenses incurred by our subsidiaries for external transportation services); materials used to maintain the Railroad’s lines, structures, and equipment; costs of operating facilities jointly used by UPRR and other railroads; transportation and lodging for train crew employees; trucking and contracting costs for intermodal containers; leased automobile maintenance expenses; and tools and supplies. Purchased services increased 11% and 8% in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 when compared to the same periods in 2013, primarily due to volume-related expense incurred by our logistics subsidiaries for external transportation and increased crew transportation and lodging due to volume and a slower network. The year-to-date comparison was also impacted by snow removal in the first quarter of 2014. Locomotive and freight car material expenses increased in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013 due to additional volumes, including the impact of activating stored equipment to address operational issues caused by demand and a slower network.

Depreciation – The majority of depreciation relates to road property, including rail, ties, ballast, and other track material. A higher depreciable asset base, reflecting higher ongoing capital spending, increased depreciation expense in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 compared to 2013.

Equipment and Other Rents – Equipment and other rents expense primarily includes rental expense that the Railroad pays for freight cars owned by other railroads or private companies; freight car, intermodal, and locomotive leases; and office and other rentals. Higher intermodal volumes increased short-term freight car rental expense in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 compared to 2013. Conversely, lower container and freight car lease expense partially offset the higher freight car rental expense, as we exercised purchase options on some of our leased equipment.

 

27


Table of Contents

Other – Other expenses include state and local taxes; freight, equipment and property damage; utilities, insurance, personal injury, environmental, employee travel, telephone and cellular, computer software, bad debt and other general expenses. Other costs in the third quarter increased from 2013 driven by higher property taxes, damaged freight and equipment costs and personal injury expense. Year-to-date, lower damaged freight and equipment costs and environmental expense offset higher property taxes, utilities costs and personal injury expense compared to the same period in 2013.

Non-Operating Items

 

      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          
     September 30,      %      September 30,      %  

Millions

   2014      2013      Change      2014      2013      Change  

Other income

   $ 20       $ 28         (29)%        $ 80       $ 91         (12)%    

Interest expense

     (144)         (138)         4             (415)         (399)         4       

Income taxes

         (836)             (701)         19                 (2,296)             (1,951)         18       
                                                       

Other Income – Other income decreased in the third quarter of 2014 versus 2013 due to lower gains from real estate sales. Year-to-date, other income decreased as the $17 million received from a settlement of land lease arrangement in 2013 and lower gains from real estate sales more than offset an increase due to the sale of a permanent easement in 2014.

Interest Expense – Interest expense increased in the third quarter of 2014 versus 2013 due to an increased weighted-average debt level of $11.2 billion in 2014 versus $9.6 billion in 2013. Year-to-date, the increase in the weighted-average debt level to $10.6 billion in 2014 from $9.5 billion in 2013 more than offset a lower effective interest rate of 5.4% versus 5.7%, increasing interest expense for 2014 compared to the same period of 2013.

Income Taxes – Higher pre-tax income increased income tax expense in the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2014 compared to 2013. Our effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2014 and 2013 was 37.9%. Our 2014 year-to-date effective tax rate was 38.0% compared to 37.8% in 2013.

OTHER OPERATING/PERFORMANCE AND FINANCIAL STATISTICS

We report a number of key performance measures weekly to the Association of American Railroads (AAR). We provide this data on our website at www.up.com/investors/reports/index.shtml.

Operating/Performance Statistics

Railroad performance measures are included in the table below:

 

      Three Months Ended              Nine Months Ended          
     September 30,      %      September 30,      %  
      2014              2013          Change      2014              2013          Change  

Average train speed (miles per hour)

     23.8        26.3        (10) %           24.1        26.1        (8) %     

Average terminal dwell time (hours)

     29.7        26.3        13  %           30.1        26.8        12  %     

Gross ton-miles (billions)

     260.0        241.4        8  %           752.6        704.4        7  %     

Revenue ton-miles (billions)

     140.6        131.3        7  %           407.9        382.7        7  %     

Operating ratio

     62.3        64.8          (2.5) pts         64.2        66.5          (2.3) pts   

Employees (average)

     47,550        46,605        2  %           46,922        46,610        1  %     
                                                       

Average Train Speed – Average train speed is calculated by dividing train miles by hours operated on our main lines between terminals. Average train speed, as reported t