Uranium Resources 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
the transition period
URANIUM RESOURCES, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, $.001 par
value per share
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
The aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant at June 30, 2006, was approximately $200,393,826.
Number of shares of Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of March 9, 2007: 51,797,339 shares.
URANIUM RESOURCES, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
URANIUM RESOURCES, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K/A
The Company or Registrant is used in this report to refer to Uranium Resources, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. This 10-K/A contains forward-looking statements. These statements include, without limitation, statements relating to managements expectations regarding the Companys ability to remain solvent, capital requirements, mineralized materials, timing of receipt of mining permits, production capacity of mining operations planned for properties in South Texas and New Mexico and planned dates for commencement of production at such properties, business strategies and other plans and objectives of the Companys management for future operations and activities and other such matters. The words believes, plans, intends, strategy, projects, targets, or anticipates and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. The Company does not undertake to update, revise or correct any of the forward-looking information. Readers are cautioned that such forward-looking statements should be read in conjunction with the Companys disclosures under the heading: Risk Factors beginning on page 11.
Certain terms used in this Form 10-K/A are defined in the Glossary of Certain Terms appearing at the end of Part I hereto.
We were organized in 1977 to mine uranium in the United States by using an in situ recovery (ISR) mining method, a process by which groundwater is fortified with an oxidizing agent and pumped into the ore body causing the uranium contained to dissolve. The resulting solution is then pumped to the surface where it is further processed into uranium concentrates that are shipped to a conversion facility for sale to our customers. This ISR process is generally more cost effective and environmentally benign than conventional mining techniques.
From 1988 through 1999 we produced approximately 6.1 million pounds of uranium from two South Texas properties; 3.5 million pounds from Kingsville Dome and 2.6 million pounds from Rosita. In 1999, we shut-down all production because of depressed uranium prices. From the first quarter of 2000 until December 2004, we had no source of revenue, and therefore, had to rely on equity infusions to remain in business and maintain the critical employees and assets of the Company.
When prices began to improve in mid-2003, we took the first steps to bring our Vasquez property into production. Vasquez was our only fully licensed and permitted property at the time. We signed two long-term contracts, calling for deliveries of 600,000 pounds of uranium each year from 2005 through 2008. The planned source of production for those contracts was the Vasquez property, which we had expected to produce at an annual volume and at a production cost that would meet the contracted delivery requirements. The property was brought online in the fourth quarter of 2004.
During 2005, the Vasquez property produced fewer pounds than expected due to chemical and permeability obstacles in the ore body. In addition, our cost of production exceeded the sales price under the contracts, and we lost money on each pound sold. These contracts were renegotiated in March 2006 (see BusinessLong-Term Delivery Contracts).
In 2006, we brought Kingsville Dome back into production and are in the process of restarting Rosita in 2007.
In addition to our South Texas properties, we own 183,000 acres of mineral holdings in New Mexico that were acquired during the 1980s and 90s. We also acquired a vast database of exploration logs and drill results for these properties that were developed by Homestake Mining, Mobil Oil, Kerr-McGee, Phillips Petroleum, United Nuclear, and Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
In March 2006, we renegotiated our supply contracts with Itochu and UG. We committed to each of them one-half of whatever our production is in Texas at a price that is based on the market price at the time of delivery less a discount. See BusinessLong-Term Delivery Contracts for a discussion of the terms of the revised contracts, including certain conditions thereto.
In April 2006, we raised $50 million in equity by a sale of 10,200,307 shares of Common Stock at $4.90 per share in a private placement to selected accredited investors. The Company used the proceeds of the offering to pay UG the $12 million discussed under BusinessLong-Term Delivery Contracts and the remainder for capital costs for upgrades to the Rosita plant, permitting and development drilling for Rosita, delineation drilling for properties contiguous to the Rosita plant, land acquisition and exploration costs and working capital.
In July 2006, the Company stated our Texas production was being adversely affected by a shortage of drill rigs, logging trucks, permitting delays, and weather related problems. This shortage of drill rigs and logging trucks was the result of intense industry-wide competition for exploration and development tools. These problems continued through August and into September 2006. The loss of key personnel to competitors also hindered production development plans.
In November 2006, we launched a pre-feasibility study to evaluate the ability of the company to develop several of its properties in New Mexico by conventional mining and milling methods, including mine sites at Crownpoint, Nose Rock, and Roca Honda. These mine sites were designed by previous owners to produce nearly 4 million pounds of uranium per year. All three projects were deferred in the early 1980s after uranium prices fell from $43 per pound U3O8 to below $10 per pound by the end of that decade. On these sites are six completed mine shafts that are estimated to have a replacement cost of $25 to $50 million. With these shafts already in place, we believe the cost of development should be lower. In addition, once all required permits are received, production on the sites with mine shafts already in place should begin considerably sooner than on comparable undeveloped sites.
The pre-feasibility study will include the following:
· An economic evaluation of the Nose Rock project that was developed by a division of Phillips Petroleum in the late 1970s. This project was designed to produce approximately 2.5 million pounds of uranium per year, but was shutdown in 1981 before mining began. There are two plugged shafts that were sunk to the ore zone.
· An economic evaluation of the Roca Honda project that was developed by Kerr-McGee in the late 1970s. There is a partially completed shaft that was being developed to produce 1 million pounds per year. Production from this project was deferred in 1981 before mining began and the shaft was plugged at the surface.
· An economic evaluation of the West Largo project that was drilled out by Kerr-Mcgee in the 1970s. The property appears to be amenable to both ISR and conventional mining methods.
· A thorough evaluation of the Companys extensive data base that includes over 16,000 logs, feasibility studies, mine development plans, and ore reserve analyses. This evaluation will focus on the Companys 43,000 acres located in the prolific Ambrosia Lake District where there exists the greatest potential to discover new uranium resources.
· A complete examination of the Companys 183,000 acres of mineral holdings in New Mexico to determine which properties are more amenable to conventional development as opposed to in-situ recovery mining methods.
· An analysis to determine the feasibility of building a conventional mill to process company mined ore, as well as the potential for toll milling.
2007 Production and Project Update
Total production from Kingsville Dome and Vasquez in January and February was 33,400 and 29,200 pounds U3O8, respectively. March production through the 15th of the month was 20,700 pounds U3O8. Production for the first quarter of 2007 is estimated to be in the range of 98,000 to 108,000 pounds U3O8. For the quarter, Kingsville production is estimated to be in the range of 60,000 to 65,000 pounds U3O8, while Vasquez is expected to produce between 38,000 and 43,000 pounds.
Production from Wellfield 13 at Kingsville Dome, which was brought online at the end of January, has been meeting company expectations and should produce between 44,000 to 49,000 pounds U3O8 for the quarter. Wellfield 14 is scheduled to come online in April, while Wellfield 15 should startup early in the third quarter. Vasquez is currently producing at a rate around 350 pounds per day.
Our Vasquez operation continued to operate below expectations throughout 2006. At the beginning of the project in 2004, our mining plan indicated we could produce the Vasquez property at an annual rate of 700,000 pounds. The geological and chemical problems we experienced in 2005 caused us to revise that estimate downward in July 2006 to an annual capacity of 400,000 pounds. This estimate assumed steps we implemented would successfully resolve production problems that we had never experienced at our other mines. While partially successful, these steps have not lead to higher production levels. At the end of the third quarter 2006 and again in December 2006 we reduced our estimation of recoverable reserves at the Vasquez property to include only those pounds under developed and producing wellfields, from which we expect future production to be in the 90,000 to 100,000 pound range. This reduced our estimated recoverable reserves at Vasquez by 1.987 million pounds. We intend to continue mining existing wellfields at Vasquez as long as they generate positive results on an operating basis. We are not currently planning to add any new wellfields at Vasquez.
In October 2006, we began a $3.5 million program to drill 1,440 holes totaling over 575,000 feet by the end of the second quarter 2007. This program will allow us to develop the reserves needed for production at Kingsville Dome and Rosita over the next few years, and should result in lower production costs for our Texas operations.
As of the end of February 2007, we had 16 drill rigs under contract, up from 11 rigs in September 2006. In addition, the Company acquired two prompt fission neutron (PFN) logging tools in late 2006.
In New Mexico, we received a decision from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in February 2007 determining that section 8 of our Churchrock Project was deemed by EPA to be Indian country, and therefore, the underground injection permit should be issued by EPA and not by the New Mexico Environmental Department. We have appealed this decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
Total production for all of 2006 was 259,112 pounds and production costs per pound were $47.46.
As of December 31, 2006, we had 121 employees, including eight geologists, ten engineers and two certified public accountants. We have field offices at Kingsville Dome, Vasquez, Rosita and Crownpoint, New Mexico.
The Companys annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act may be accessed free of charge through the Companys web site. The Companys web site address is www.uraniumresources.com.
Our strategy moving forward is to generate cash from our Texas operations while developing the future production potential of our New Mexico properties. We plan to utilize the most efficient and economic mining methods available including in situ recovery and conventional mining and milling. We are planning to proceed immediately with the development of all our projects, especially those in New Mexico that are not on Indian lands. We also intend to increase our reserve position through acquisitions or joint ventures in order to exploit the strong market for uranium.
The Company has recently adopted a strategic plan with the goal of URI becoming a 10 million pound producer of uranium by 2014 using both ISR and conventional mining and milling methods. As part of its strategy, we intend to build our uranium base to between 200 and 300 million pounds through exploration of our own properties and by acquisition.
In Texas, we intend to maximize production from existing properties at Kingsville Dome and Rosita. We plan to add additional properties to feed these operations, with the ultimate goal being to achieve 1 to 2 million pounds of production annually within the next several years. To accomplish this objective, the Company plans to complete its drill out program by the end of the second quarter of 2007, mine all identified uranium expeditiously and acquire or lease new properties as necessary.
In New Mexico, the Company is working to obtain the final permit for the joint venture Churchrock ISR project while also looking to develop its conventional assets beginning with Roca Honda. The ongoing evaluation of the Companys extensive database should be completed by the end of June, while an internal pre-feasibility study on conventional mining and milling of Company properties should be finished by the end of March.
We believe 2006 was a pivotal year. We renegotiated our supply contracts on far more favorable terms, raised $50 million in equity which will allows us to move forward with our strategic plans for Texas and New Mexico, entered into the joint venture with Itochu and commenced a pre-feasibility study on conventional mining of our New Mexico uranium assets. The Company intends to execute on its strategic plan to make the Company a leading uranium producer.
In accordance with the SECs Guideline of Non-Reserve Mineralized Material, and as shown in the following table, the Company estimates 91.7 million pounds of in-place mineralized uranium material on its New Mexico properties as of March 15, 2007. This estimate reflects the Companys ongoing reevaluation of its New Mexico properties, including its decision to consider development of certain properties by conventional mining and milling methods in addition to ISR methods. The estimate for each New Mexico property is based on studies and geologic reports prepared by prior owners, along with studies and reports prepared by geologists engaged by the Company. The estimates presented below were reviewed and affirmed by Behre Dolbear & Company (USA), an independent private engineering firm.
The foregoing table does not include estimates for our Texas properties. In October 2006, we began a drilling program to evaluate and develop our properties at Kingsville Dome and Rosita. We expect to complete this evaluation by the end of the second quarter 2007. We will not report estimates for the Texas properties until the drilling program is complete and the results are analyzed.
Prior to March 2006 we had two contracts with Itochu Corporation and two with UG USA, Inc. Under those contracts the Company was obligated to deliver an aggregate of 600,000 pounds in each of the years 2005 through 2008, and the buyer had the right to increase or decrease those deliveries by 15%. The average price for such deliveries was $17.95 in 2005 and was anticipated to have been $14.58 per pound in 2006. These contracts were entered into at a time when the spot price for uranium was less than $15 per pound, substantially below the $40 per pound in effect as of March 25, 2006. Two other contracts with these buyers called for aggregate deliveries of 645,000 pounds by December 31, 2007 priced at the spot price at the time of delivery less an average of $3.80 per pound.
In March 2006 we entered into a new contract with Itochu and a new contract with UG that supersede the existing contracts. Each of the new contracts calls for delivery of one-half of our actual production from our Vasquez property and other properties in Texas currently owned or hereafter acquired by the Company (excluding certain large potential exploration plays). The terms of such contracts are summarized below.
The Itochu Contract. Under the Itochu contract all production from the Vasquez property will be sold at a price equal to the average spot price for the eight weeks prior to the date of delivery less $6.50 per pound, with a floor for the spot price of $37 and a ceiling of $46.50. Other Texas production will be sold at a price equal to the average spot price for the eight weeks prior to the date of delivery less $7.50 per pound, with a floor for the spot price of $37 and a ceiling of $43. On non-Vasquez production the price paid will be increased by 30% of the difference between the actual spot price and the $43 ceiling up to and including $50 per pound. If the spot price is over $50 per pound the price on all Texas production will be increased by 50% of such excess. The floor and ceiling and sharing arrangement over the ceiling applies to
3.65 million pounds of deliveries, after which there is no floor or ceiling. Itochu has the right to cancel any deliveries on six-months notice.
On December 5, 2006, HRI-Churchrock, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an agreement with a wholly-owned subsidiary of Itochu to develop jointly the Companys Churchrock property in New Mexico (the Joint Venture) (see BusinessJoint> Venture for Churchrock Property). A feasibility study was completed and delivered by the end of 2006. Under the terms of the Joint Venture, both parties had until the end of March 2007 to make a preliminary investment decision (Preliminary Investment Decision) whether to move forward with the Joint Venture. Itochu has requested an extension, and the parties have agreed to extend that date until May 1, 2007. If Itochu should terminate the venture at that time, we would no longer receive the additional price of 30% of the excess over $43 per pound outlined above. If we should terminate the venture at that time, the original contract terms will be reinstated from that time forward.
The UG Contract. Under the UG contract all production from the Vasquez property and other Texas production will be sold at a price equal to the month-end long-term contract price for the second month prior to the month of delivery less $6 per pound until (i) 600,000 pounds have been sold in a particular delivery year and (ii) an aggregate of 3 million pounds of uranium has been sold. After the 600,000 pounds in any year and 3 million pounds total have been sold, UG will have a right of first refusal to purchase other Texas production at a price equal to the average spot price for a period prior to the date of delivery less 4%. In consideration of UGs agreement to restructure its previously existing contract, we paid UG $12 million in cash with funds raised in our equity offering completed in April 2006.
On December 5, 2006, HRI-Churchrock, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Joint Venture with a wholly-owned subsidiary of Itochu to develop jointly our Churchrock property in New Mexico.
A feasibility study was completed and delivered at the end of 2006. Under the terms of the Joint Venture, both parties had until April 2, 2007 to make a Preliminary Investment Decision whether to move forward with the Joint Venture. The parties have agreed to extend that date until May 1, 2007. If a positive decision is made, Itochu will reimburse us for 50% of our permitting costs from November 1, 2005, through the completion of the feasibility study, up to a maximum contribution of $180,000. The parties will split costs incurred after completion of the feasibility study 50-50 until a final investment decision is made by the parties after receipt of necessary permits and resolution of the Indian country status of certain of the properties included in the venture, which is currently pending with the US Environmental Protection Agency (Final Investment Decision).
If a positive Final Investment Decision is made, we will convey to the Joint Venture certain permits and certain of our Churchrock properties in New Mexico, and Itochu will contribute $8 million in cash and cause a $24 million debt facility to be made available to us. Cash flow from the first $30 per pound of uranium sold by us will be split 50-50 and cash flow from uranium sales in excess of $30 per pound will be split 70% to us and 30% to Itochu. We will manage the Joint Venture and receive a management fee.
If Itochu makes a positive Preliminary Investment Decision or a Positive Final Investment Decision and we make a negative decision at either time, the Joint Venture will terminate and the terms of the parties original delivery contracts applicable to South Texas production will be reinstated prospectively. The average price of deliveries under the original contracts would have been about $15 per pound for 2006. If we make a negative Final Investment Decision and Itochu makes a positive Final Investment Decision, we will reimburse Itochu 30% of the permitting expenses paid by Itochu, and we will be prohibited from developing the Churchrock property for 18 months.
If both parties make a negative decision at either the Preliminary or Final Investment Decision time, or if we make a positive decision at either time and Itochu makes a negative decision, the Joint Venture will terminate and there will be no reinstatement of the original delivery contracts with Itochu for South Texas production. However, our sales price will be reduced by $2.10 per pound on some of our South Texas production from that date forward.
The Company and Itochu have each guaranteed the obligations of its subsidiary that is the member of the Joint Venture. Certain obligations are limited to the amount of distributions received from the venture.
The only significant commercial use for uranium is as a fuel for nuclear power plants for the generation of electricity. According to the World Nuclear Association, there were 435 nuclear power plants operating in the world at the end of 2006 with an annual consumption of more than 170 million pounds of uranium. Based on reports by the Ux Consulting Company, LLC (Ux) worldwide production of uranium in 2005 (the most recent year for which statistics are available) was approximately 108 million pounds. Ux reported the gap between production and demand has been filled by secondary supplies, such as inventories held by governments, utilities and others in the fuel cycle, including the highly enriched uranium (HEU) inventories which are a result of the agreement between the US and Russia to blend down nuclear warheads. These secondary supplies are currently meeting nearly a third of worldwide demand.
Spot market prices have risen over the past three years in anticipation of sharply higher projected demand as a result of a resurgence in nuclear power, and by the fact that as secondary supplies are depleted, future production will have to rise closer to demand. Spot market prices, according to Ux, rose from $36.25/lb to $75/lb during 2006. The spot price as of the end of February 2007 was $85/lb.
The following graph shows average spot prices per pound from 1983 to March 5, 2007, as reported by Trade Tech and Ux.
All prices beginning in 1993 represent U3O8 deliveries available to U.S. utilities.
The in situ recovery mining process is a form of solution mining. It differs dramatically from conventional mining techniques. The in situ recovery technique avoids the movement and milling of significant quantities of rock and ore as well as mill tailing waste associated with more traditional mining methods. It is generally more cost-effective and environmentally benign than conventional mining. Historically, the majority of United States uranium production resulted from either open pit surface mines or underground shaft operations.
The in situ recovery process was first tested for the production of uranium in the mid-1960s and was first applied to a commercial-scale project in 1975 in South Texas. It was well established in South Texas by the late 1970s, where it was employed in about twenty commercial projects, including two operated by us.
In the in situ recovery process, groundwater fortified with oxygen and other solubilizing agents is pumped into a permeable ore body causing the uranium contained in the ore to dissolve. The resulting solution is pumped to the surface. The fluid-bearing uranium is then circulated to an ion exchange column on the surface where uranium is extracted from the fluid onto resin beads. The fluid is then reinjected into the ore body. When the ion exchange columns resin beads are loaded with uranium, they are removed and flushed with a salt-water solution, which strips the uranium from the beads. This leaves the uranium in slurry, which is then dried and packaged for shipment as uranium powder.
We have historically used a central plant for the ion exchange. In order to increase operating efficiency and reduce future capital expenditures, we are now designing and developing wellfields using a wellfield-specific remote ion exchange methodology. Instead of piping the solutions over large distances through large diameter pipelines and mixing the waters of several wellfields together, each wellfield will be mined using a dedicated satellite ion exchange facility. This will allow ion exchange to take place at the wellfield instead of at the central plant. A wellfield consists of a series of injection wells, production (extraction) wells and monitoring wells drilled in specified patterns. Wellfield pattern is crucial to minimizing costs and maximizing efficiencies of production. The satellite facilities allow mining of each wellfield using its own native groundwater.
Uranium mining is regulated by the federal government, states and, where conducted in Indian Country, by Indian tribes. Compliance with such regulation has a material effect on the economics of our operations and the timing of project development. Our primary regulatory costs have been related to obtaining licenses and permits from federal and state agencies before the commencement of mining activities.
Radioactive Material License. Before commencing operations in both Texas and New Mexico, we must obtain a radioactive material license. Under the federal Atomic Energy Act, the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission has primary jurisdiction over the issuance of a radioactive material license. However, the Atomic Energy Act also allows for states with regulatory programs deemed satisfactory by the Commission to take primary responsibility for issuing the radioactive material license. The Commission has ceded jurisdiction for such licenses to Texas, but not to New Mexico. Such ceding of jurisdiction by the Commission is hereinafter referred to as the granting of primacy.
The Texas Department of Health is the permitting agency for the radioactive material license. For operations in New Mexico, radioactive material licensing is handled directly by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
See Properties and Legal Proceedings for the status of our radioactive material license for New Mexico and our Texas properties.
Underground Injection Control Permits (UIC). The federal Safe Drinking Water Act creates a nationwide regulatory program protecting groundwater. This act is administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (the USEPA). However, to avoid the burden of dual federal and state (or Indian tribal) regulation, the Safe Drinking Water Act allows for the UIC permits issued by states (and Indian tribes determined eligible for treatment as states) to satisfy the UIC permit required under the Safe Drinking Water Act under two conditions. First the states program must have been granted primacy. Second, the USEPA must have granted, upon request by the state, an aquifer exemption. The USEPA may delay or decline to process the states application if the USEPA questions the states jurisdiction over the mine site.
Texas has been granted primacy for its UIC programs, and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality administers UIC permits. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality also regulates air quality and surface deposition or discharge of treated wastewater associated with the in situ recovery mining process.
New Mexico has also been granted primacy for its program. The Navajo Nation has been determined eligible for treatment as a state, but it has not requested the grant of primacy from the USEPA. Until the Navajo Nation has been granted primacy, in situ recovery uranium mining activities within Navajo Nation jurisdiction will require UIC permit from the USEPA. Despite some procedural differences, the substantive requirements of the Texas, New Mexico and USEPA underground injection control programs are very similar.
Properties located in Indian Country remain subject to the jurisdiction of the USEPA. Some of our properties are located in areas that are in dispute.
See Properties and Legal Proceedings for a description of the status of our UIC permits in Texas and New Mexico.
Other. In addition to radioactive material licenses and underground injection control permit, we are also required to obtain from governmental authorities a number of other permits or exemptions, such as for wastewater discharge, for land application of treated wastewater, and for air emissions.
In order for a licensee to receive final release from further radioactive material license obligations after all of its mining and post-mining clean up have been completed in Texas, approval must be issued by the Texas Department of Health along with concurrence from the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission and in New Mexico by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
In addition to the costs and responsibilities associated with obtaining and maintaining permits and the regulation of production activities, we are subject to environmental laws and regulations applicable to the ownership and operation of real property in general, including, but not limited to, the potential responsibility for the activities of prior owners and operators.
The current environmental regulatory program for the in situ recovery industry is well established. Many in situ recovery mines have gone full cycle without any significant environmental impact. However, the public anti-nuclear lobby can make environmental permitting difficult and timing unpredictable.
At the conclusion of mining, a mine site is decommissioned and decontaminated, and each wellfield is restored and reclaimed. Restoration involves returning the aquifer to its pre-mining use and removing evidence of surface disturbance. Restoration can be accomplished by flushing the ore zone with native ground water or using reverse osmosis to remove ions, minerals and salts to provide clean water for
reinjection to flush the ore zone. Decommissioning and decontamination entails dismantling and removing the structures, equipment and materials used at the site during the mining and restoration activities.
The Company is required by the State of Texas regulatory agencies to obtain financial surety relating to certain of its future restoration and reclamation obligations. The Company has a combination of bank Letters of Credit (the L/Cs) and performance bonds issued for the benefit of the Company to satisfy such regulatory requirements. The L/Cs were issued by Bank of America and the performance bonds have been issued by United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company (USF&G). The L/Cs relate primarily to our operations at our Vasquez project and amounted to $2,072,000 and $944,000, at December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The L/Cs are collateralized in their entirety by certificates of deposit.
The performance bonds were $2,835,000 on December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively, and related primarily to our operations at Kingsville Dome and Rosita. USF&G has required that the Company deposit funds collateralizing a portion of the bonds, and we have deposited approximately $360,000 and $344,000 at December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively, as cash collateral for such bonds. We are obligated by agreement with the bonding company to increase the cash collateral to an amount equal to 50% of the amount of the bonds, plus an additional $0.50 for each pound of uranium produced until the account accumulates an additional $1.0 million.
We estimate that our actual reclamation liabilities for completed operations at Kingsville Dome and Rosita and current operations at Vasquez at December 31, 2006, are about $5.0 million of which the present value of $4.1 million is recorded as a liability as of December 31, 2006. Under an agreement reached on March 1, 2004 with the Texas regulatory agencies and our bonding company, we agreed to fund ongoing groundwater restoration at the Kingsville Dome and Rosita mine sites at specified treatment rates, utilizing a portion of our cash flow from sales of uranium from the Vasquez site as a substitute for additional bonding.
These financial surety obligations are reviewed and revised periodically by the Texas regulators.
In New Mexico, surety bonding will be required before commencement of mining and will be subject to annual review and revision by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the State of New Mexico or the USEPA.
Water is essential to the in situ recovery process. It is readily available in South Texas. In Texas, water is subject to capture, and we do not have to acquire water rights through a state administrative process. In New Mexico, water rights are administered through the New Mexico State Engineer and can be subject to Indian tribal jurisdictional claims. New water rights or changes in purpose or place of use or points of diversion of existing water rights, such as those in the San Juan and Gallup Basins where our properties are located, must be obtained by permit from the State Engineer. Applications may be approved subject to conditions that govern exercise of the water rights.
Jurisdiction over water rights becomes an issue in New Mexico when an Indian nation, such as the Navajo Nation, objects to the State Engineers authority and claims tribal jurisdiction over Indian Country. This issue may result in litigation between the Indian nation and the state, which may delay action on water right applications, and can require applications to the appropriate Indian nation and continuing jurisdiction by the Indian nation over use of the water. The foregoing issues arise in connection with certain of our New Mexico properties.
In New Mexico, we hold approved water rights to provide sufficient water to conduct mining at the Churchrock project and Section 24 for the Crownpoint project for the projected life of these mines. We also hold two unprotested senior water rights applications that, when approved, would provide sufficient water for future extensions of the Crownpoint project.
We market uranium to utilities in direct competition with supplies available from various sources worldwide. The Company competes primarily based on price.
The factors identified below are important factors (but not necessarily all of the important factors) that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement made by, or on behalf of, the Company. Where any such forward-looking statement includes a statement of the assumptions or bases underlying such forward-looking statement, we caution that, while we believe such assumptions or bases to be reasonable and make them in good faith, assumed facts or bases almost always vary from actual results, and the differences between assumed facts or bases and actual results can be material, depending upon the circumstances. Where, in any forward-looking statement, the Company, or its management, expresses an expectation or belief as to the future results, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the statement of expectation or belief will result, or be achieved or accomplished. Taking into account the foregoing, the following are identified as important risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement made by, or on behalf of, the Company.
Our ability to function as an operating mining company is dependent on our ability to mine our properties at a profit sufficient to finance further mining activities and for the acquisition and development of additional properties.
Our ability to operate on a positive cash flow basis is dependent on mining sufficient quantities of uranium at a profit sufficient to finance our operations and for the acquisition and development of additional mining properties.
In April 2005, the Navajo Nation Council passed the Diné Natural Resources Protection Act of 2005 prohibiting uranium mining and processing on any sites within Indian Country. Some of our New Mexico properties have been determined to be Indian country and the status of others as Indian country is in dispute. We believe that the ban is beyond the jurisdiction of the Navajo Nation. However, the ban may prevent us from developing and operating the properties until the jurisdictional issues is resolved.
In February 2007 the USEPA determined that Section 8 of our Churchrock property was Indian country and that the USEPA and not the state of New Mexico has the authority to issue the UIC permits for Section 8 that are a precondition to mining. We are appealing that decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
As of December 31, 2006, we identified a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting and concluded that our disclosure controls were not effective. If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal and disclosure controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, investors may be misled and lose confidence in our financial reporting and disclosures and the price of our common stock may be negatively affected.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires that we report annually on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Among other things, we must perform systems and process evaluation and testing. We must also conduct an assessment of our internal controls to allow management to report on, and our independent registered public accounting firm to attest to, our assessment of our internal control over financial reporting as required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
In connection with the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting for this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, as further described in Item 9A, management and our registered public accounting firm determined that as of December 31, 2006 our disclosure controls and procedures were ineffective because of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting.
Although we have made and are continuing to make improvements in our internal controls, if we are unsuccessful in remediating the material weakness impacting our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls, or if we discover other deficiencies, it may adversely impact our ability to report accurately and in a timely manner our financial condition and results of operations in the future, which may cause investors to lose confidence in our financial reporting and may negatively affect the price of our Common Stock. Moreover, effective internal and disclosure controls are necessary to produce accurate, reliable financial reports and to prevent fraud. If we continue to have deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls, they may negatively impact our business and operations.
Future bonding requirements will increase significantly when future development and production occurs at our sites in Texas and New Mexico. The amount of the bonding for each producing property is subject to annual review and revision by regulators. We expect that the issuer of the bonds will require us to provide cash collateral equal to the face amount of the bond to secure the obligation.
Because we are small with limited capital, we are unable to withstand significant losses that can result from inherent risks associated with mining, including environmental hazards, industrial accidents, flooding, interruptions due to weather conditions and other acts of nature. Such risks could result in damage to or destruction of our wellfield infrastructure and production facilities, as well as to adjacent properties, personal injury, environmental damage and processing and production delays, causing monetary losses and possible legal liability.
If we are unable to obtain or maintain permits or water rights for development of our properties or otherwise fail to manage adequately future environmental issues, our operations could be materially and adversely affected. We have expended significant resources, both financial and managerial, to comply with environmental protection laws, regulations and permitting requirements and we anticipate that we will be required to continue to do so in the future. Although we believe our properties comply in all material respects with all relevant permits, licenses and regulations pertaining to worker health and safety as well as those pertaining to the environment and radioactive materials, the historical trend toward stricter environmental regulation may continue. The volatility of uranium prices makes our business uncertain.
The price of uranium is affected by numerous factors beyond our control, including the demand for nuclear power, political and economic conditions, and legislation and production and costs of production of our competitors.
We are dependent on a small number of electric utilities that buy uranium for nuclear power plants. Because of the limited market for uranium, a reduction in purchases of newly-produced uranium by electric utilities for any reason (such as plant closings) would adversely affect the viability of our business.
The attractiveness of uranium as an alternative fuel to generate electricity is to some degree dependent on the prices of oil, gas, coal and hydro-electricity and the possibility of developing other low cost sources for energy.
Maintaining the demand for uranium at current levels and future growth in demand will depend upon acceptance of nuclear technology as a means of generating electricity. Lack of public acceptance of nuclear technology would adversely affect the demand for nuclear power and increase the regulation of the nuclear power industry.
We currently have liability and property damage insurance that we believe is adequate. However, the insurance industry is undergoing change and premiums are being increased. If premiums should increase to a level we cannot afford, we could not continue in business.
Our future uranium production, cash flow and income are dependent upon our ability to mine our current properties and acquire and develop additional reserves. There can be no assurance that our properties will be placed into production or that we will be able to continue to find and develop or acquire additional reserves.
Competition from better-capitalized companies affects prices and our ability to acquire properties and personnel.
There is global competition for uranium properties, capital, customers and the employment and retention or qualified personnel. In the production and marketing of uranium there are about 15 major producing entities, some of which are government controlled and all of which are significantly larger and better capitalized than we are. We also compete with uranium recovered from the de-enrichment of highly enriched uranium obtained from the dismantlement of United States and Russian nuclear weapons and imports to the United States of uranium from the former Soviet Union.
Intense industry-wide competition for exploration and development tools can create the shortage of drill rigs, logging trucks and other equipment. Such shortages could delay our production.
There are numerous entities in the market that compete with us for properties and are attempting to become licensed to operate ISR facilities. In addition, we are aware several entities have expressed interest in hiring certain of our employees. To retain key employees, we may face increased compensation costs, including potential new option grants.
Over 56% of our Common Stock is controlled by six stockholders of record. In addition, our directors and officers are the beneficial owners of about 6.8% of our Common Stock. This includes with respect to both groups shares that may be purchased upon the exercise of outstanding options. Such ownership by the Companys principal shareholders, executive officers and directors may have the effect of delaying, deferring, preventing or facilitating a sale of the Company or a business combination with a third party.
The Company has 51,797,339 shares of Common Stock currently outstanding, all of which are transferable under a Registration Statement on Form S-1, S-8 prospectuses or otherwise. The availability for sale of such a large amount of shares may depress the market price for our Common Stock and impair our ability to raise additional capital through the public sale of Common Stock. The Company has no arrangement with any of the holders of the foregoing shares to address the possible effect on the price of the Companys Common Stock of the sale by them of their shares.
The Property. The Kingsville Dome property consists of mineral leases from private landowners on about 2,354 gross and net acres located in central Kleberg County, Texas. The leases provide for royalties based upon a percentage of uranium sales of 6.25%. The leases have expiration dates ranging from 2000 to 2007. We hold most of these leases by production; and with a few minor exceptions, all the leases contain clauses that permit us to extend the leases not held by production by payment of a per acre royalty ranging from $10 to $30. We have paid such royalties on all material acreage.
Production History. Initial production commenced in May 1988. From then until July 1999, we produced a total of 3.5 million pounds. Production was stopped in July 1999, because of depressed uranium prices. We spent about $10.4 million in capital expenditures at Kingsville Dome in 2006. We resumed production at Kingsville Dome in April 2006 and produced 94,100 pounds of uranium in 2006. We believe that there is a significant quantity of uranium remaining at Kingsville Dome.
Permitting Status. A radioactive material license and underground injection control permit have been issued. As new areas are proposed for production, additional authorizations under the area permit are required. Approval of our Production Area Authorization #3 was received in February 2006 which allowed for the start-up of production at Kingsville Dome in April 2006. See Legal Proceedings.
Restoration and Reclamation. During 2006, we conducted restoration activities as required by the permits and licenses on this project, spending approximately $321,000 on such activities. In 2005 and 2004, we spent about $358,000 and $256,000 in restoration costs.
Based on the significant increase in the market price of uranium, we are reevaluating the potential for uranium production at the Rosita project and believe the project could resume operations by either producing uranium from Rosita or in conjunction with processing uranium mined from other South Texas projects. In order to restart the plant facility, we have spent about $2.8 million in 2006 for plant refurbishment and wellfield development. We will need to spend additional funds for development and plant refurbishment to bring this project back on-line and are evaluating the range of such cash requirements, depending on the projected scope of the operation. We are conducting restoration and reclamation, of which $676,000 was spent in 2006. In 2005 and 2004, we spent about $618,000 and $315,000 for restoration and reclamation activities.
The Property. We have a mineral lease on 872 gross and net acres located in southwestern Duval County, in South Texas. The primary term expires in February 2008. The lease provides for royalties based upon 6.25% of uranium sales below $25.00 per pound and royalty rate increases on a sliding scale up to 10.25% for uranium sales occurring at or above $40.00 per pound.
Production History. We commenced production from this property in October 2004. We spent about $3.4 million in capital expenditures at Vasquez and produced 165,000 pounds of uranium in 2006. We spent about $3.9 million in capital expenditures at Vasquez in 2005. We produced 310,000 pounds of uranium in 2005 and sold 271,000 pounds. We spent about $2.7 million in capital expenditures at Vasquez in 2004. We produced 76,200 pounds of uranium in 2004 and sold 72,350 pounds.
Permitting Status. All of the required permits for this property have been received.
General. We have various interests in properties located in New Mexico. We have patented and unpatented mining claims, mineral leases and some surface leases. We have spent $11.2 million to date on permitting for New Mexico. Additional expenditures will be required and could be material. We are unable to estimate the amount. We expect that whatever is spent will occur over multiple years. See Legal Proceedings for a discussion of the current status of our license for New Mexico.
The Property. The Churchrock project encompasses about 2,200 gross and net acres. The properties are located in McKinley County, New Mexico and consist of three parcels, known as Section 8, Section 17 and Mancos. None of these parcels lies within the area generally recognized as constituting the Navajo Reservation. We own the mineral estate in fee for both Section 17 and the Mancos properties. We own patented mining claims on Section 8.
The surface estate on Section 17 is owned by the United States Government and held in trust for the Navajo Nation. We have royalty obligations ranging from 5% to 6 1¤4% and a 2% overriding royalty obligation to the Navajo Nation for surface use agreements.
Development Plan. We anticipate that Churchrock will be the first of our New Mexico properties we will develop. We spent about $305,000 and $382,000 in 2006 and 2005, respectively, for permitting activities and land holding costs and about $124,000 in 2004 for permitting activities and land holding costs. In December 2006, we entered into a joint venture with Itochu to jointly develop this property (see BusinessJoint Venture for Churchrock Property).
Water Rights. The State Engineer approved our water rights application in October 1999 and granted us sufficient water rights for the life of Churchrock.
Permitting Status. We have the radioactive material license for Section 8. This license is subject to the continuing proceedings described under Legal Proceedings. With respect to the UIC permits, see Legal Proceedings. We do not plan to pursue permits for Mancos at this time.
The Property. The Crownpoint properties are located in the San Juan Basin, 22 miles northeast of our Churchrock deposits and 35 miles northeast of Gallup, New Mexico, adjacent to the town of Crownpoint. The Properties consist of 619 gross and 521.8 net acres. We are currently in negotiations for a lease on a 60% mineral interest in certain of the acreage.
Development Plan. We spent about $91,000 and $397,000 in 2006 and 2005, respectively, for permitting activities and land holding costs and about $61,000 in 2004 for permitting activities and land holding costs.
Water Rights. We have three pending applications for appropriations of water, which give us the first three positions in line on the hearings list for the San Juan Basin. Certain of the water rights may involve a claim of jurisdiction by the Navajo Nation.
Permitting Status. See Legal Proceedings for a discussion of the radioactive material license for Crownpoint. The surface estate on Section 19 and 29 is owned by the United States Government and held in trust for the Navajo Nation and may be subject to the same jurisdictional dispute with respect to the UIC permit as for Section 8 and 17 in Churchrock.
The Nose Rock property consists of approximately 6,400 acres and is located about 12 miles northeast of Crownpoint, New Mexico. The property was developed by Philips Uranium Corporation in the early 1980s and includes two 3,300 foot shafts that have been completed on the property.
West Largo and Roca Honda
In March 1997, we acquired the fee interest in 177,000 acres in northwestern New Mexico. Several significant occurrences of uranium mineralization are known to be within this acreage, including the West Largo property and the Roca Honda property. Uranium exploration was conducted by other companies on these properties in the past, and we own the result of these past drilling and exploration programs.
The West Largo property is about 21 miles north of the town of Milan and about 1.5 miles west of State Highway 509 in McKinley County, New Mexico. The property lies about 3 miles to the northwest of the Ambrosia Lake District, a major producer of uranium by means of underground operations from the late 1950s to the early 1980s.
The Roca Honda property lies about 4 miles northwest of the town of San Mateo in McKinley County, New Mexico. We hold three sections of land in fee and also own 36 unpatented mining claims encompassing approximately 640 acres that are adjacent to the fee land.
Our property is covered by various types of insurance including property and casualty, liability and umbrella coverage. We have not experienced any material uninsured or under insured losses related to our properties in the past and believe that sufficient insurance coverage is in place. Future losses if sustained would not be material.
We have completed production and groundwater restoration on our Benavides and Longoria projects in South Texas. We completed the final stages of surface reclamation on these projects and received full and final release for these sites in 1999.
We acquired the Section 17 leases in the New Mexico Churchrock district from United Nuclear Corporation. It had conducted underground mining for uranium on Section 17 and had reclaimed these properties. In the acquisition, we assumed any liability of United Nuclear Corporation for any remaining remediation work that might be required. The New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department has not determined what, if any, additional remediation would be required under the New Mexico Mining Act. If more remediation work is required, we believe it would not involve material expenditures.
In the State of New Mexico, uranium recovery by in situ recovery (ISR) technology requires a radioactive material license issued by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (the NRC or the Commission). We applied for one license covering the properties located in both the Churchrock and Crownpoint districts collectively known as the Crownpoint Uranium Project. The Commission issued an operating license for the Crownpoint Uranium Project in January 1998 that allowed ISR uranium recovery operations to begin in the Churchrock district. In mid-1998, the Commission determined that certain Churchrock and Crownpoint residents who requested a hearing had standing to raise certain objections to the license. An Administrative Law Judge conducted a hearing during 1999. The Administrative Law Judge upheld the Churchrock Section 8 license and granted our request to defer any dispute on all but the Churchrock Section 8 property until we make a decision whether to mine these other properties.
The ruling was appealed to the Commission. On January 31, 2000, the Commission issued an order concurring with the technical, substantive and legal findings of the Administrative Law Judge, but the Commission also determined that we must proceed with the hearing process for the other New Mexico properties beyond Churchrock Section 8. Subsequently, the hearing process was held in abeyance until 2004 pursuant to NRC supervised settlement negotiations between the parties.
In February 2004, the Administrative Law Judge issued an order, which concluded that we must make three specific changes to our submitted restoration action plan for Churchrock Section 8 in order to commence mining operations at Churchrock. The Commission accepted our petition for review on two of three issues and subsequently overruled the Administrative Law Judge on these issues. The parties agreed to truncate the number and scope of the issues remaining for consideration at the three sites, and the Administrative Law Judge is proceeding with the hearing on four remaining issues at the remaining three sites.
All contested issues regarding the Crownpoint Uranium Project have been decided by the Administrative Law Judge in our favor, with a few minor amendments, and affirmed on appeal by the full Commission. Intervenors have appealed the Commissions final endorsement to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. The Company has intervened to defend the license.
The State of New Mexico, the USEPA and the Navajo Nation are engaged in a jurisdictional dispute as to which entity has the authority to issue Underground Injection Control (UIC) program permits and, in the case of some of the Churchrock and Crownpoint properties, aquifer exemptions required to mine a portion of our Churchrock and Crownpoint properties. The dispute was taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, which in January 2000 remanded to the USEPA the issue whether the Section 8 Churchrock property was Indian Country. In February 2007, the USEPA issued a decision that found that Section 8 was Indian country and that the USEPA was the proper authority to issue the UIC permit. We have appealed that decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. The decision can be accessed at the USEPA Region 9 website at http://www.epa.gov/region09/water/groundwater/permit-determination.html.
On March 1, 2004, the Company entered into a Restoration Performance Agreement with the Texas Department of Health (TDH), later renamed the Texas Department of State Health Services, (DSHS), the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and United States Fidelity and Guaranty
Insurance Company under which the Company agreed to fund ongoing groundwater restoration at the Kingsville Dome and Rosita mine sites at specified treatment rates, utilizing a portion of the Companys cash flow from sales of uranium from the Vasquez site as a substitute for additional bonding. Kleberg County and an ad hoc citizen group brought suit challenging the Restoration Agreement. However, Kleberg County has settled with the Company and withdrew its support and funding of the suit.
Kleberg County, Texas, has advised the Company that it has retained counsel to investigate the possibility of seeking an injunction against new uranium mining at the Companys Kingsville Dome operations. The dispute relates to differing interpretations of the Restoration Performance Agreement regarding the degree of restoration of previously mined wellfields. In trying the resolve these issues amicably, the Company elected to defer the startup of production at the new wellfield. When the negotiations failed, the Company notified the County of its intent to begin new production. The Company believes it is in full compliance. We are engaged in a mediation of this dispute. The Company does not anticipate this dispute will interfere with its mining at Kingsville Dome.
After a hearing held in August 2005, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) voted unanimously February 22, 2006 to renew the Companys disposal well permits, WDW-247 and WDW-248, and to issue Kingsville Dome Production Area Authorization 3 (PAA 3). Two petitions for judicial review were filed. The Texas Attorney General has answered in defense of the TCEQ Order. The TCEQ is in the process of preparing the administrative record for submission to the court. The TCEQ decision stands until and unless vacated by the court. The Company believes the TCEQ decision is well-founded and will intervene with the Attorney General to defend its interests.
The Company is subject to periodic inspection by certain regulatory agencies for the purpose of determining compliance by the Company with the conditions of its licenses. In the ordinary course of business, minor violations may occur; however, these are not expected to cause material expenditures.
Since April 12, 2007, our Common Stock has been listed on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol URRE. Between April 11, 2007 and October 15, 2004, our shares were quoted on the Over the Counter Bulletin Board and we were dually quoted on both the OTCBB and the Pink Sheets during those dates. From January 1, 2003 until June 24, 2003, we were quoted on the OTCBB. From June 25, 2003, until October 15, 2004, we were quoted only on the Pink Sheets.
The following table sets forth the high and low bid prices for the Common Stock as reported on the applicable markets for the periods indicated:
As of December 31, 2006, we had 51,791,339 shares of Common Stock outstanding. On that date, there were 175 holders of record.
On March 29, 2006 the Board of Directors declared a 1 for 4 reverse stock split for stockholders of record on April 10, 2006. All of the common stock share information, share price information and share ownership information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A has been revised to give effect to the reverse stock split. The split was approved by the Companys Stockholders at the 2005 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
We have never paid any cash or other dividends on our Common Stock, and we do not anticipate paying dividends for the foreseeable future.
The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2006 regarding equity compensation to the Companys employees, officers and directors under equity compensation plans.
The following chart compares the yearly changes in total stockholder return on the Companys common stock against four other measures of performance. The comparison is on a cumulative basis for the Companys last five fiscal years. The four other performance measures are the Russell 2000 index, the NASDAQ stock market index, the Dow Jones Wilshire Microcap index and a peer group consisting of Cameco Corp. and US Energy Corp. In each case, we assumed an initial investment of $100 on December 31, 2001 and reinvestment of all dividends. Dates on the following chart represent the last trading day of the indicated fiscal year.
In January and February 2004 we sold 875,000 and 812,500 shares of common stock at $0.40 per share (an aggregate of $675,000) in a transaction not involving a public offering under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Regulation D thereunder, to certain accredited investors.
In May 2005 we sold 833,333 shares of common stock at $1.80 per share (an aggregate of $1.5 million) in a transaction not involving a public offering under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Regulation D thereunder, to certain accredited investors of which George R. Ireland, a director of the Company, is an affiliate.
In August 2005 we sold 6 million shares of common stock at $2.00 per share (an aggregate of $12 million) in a transaction not involving a public offering under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Regulation D thereunder, to certain accredited investors. The Company paid a fee of $336,000 in cash and 112,000 shares of Common stock to a placement agent in connection with the offering. Two private investment partnerships managed by George R. Ireland, a director of the Company, purchased 400,000 shares in the offering.
In April 2006 we sold 10,200,307 shares of common stock at $4.90 per share (an aggregate of $50.0 million) in a transaction not involving a public offering under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Regulation D thereunder, to certain accredited investors. The Company paid a 6% fee (3% in cash and 3% in common stock) to a placement agent in connection with the offering. Two private investment partnerships managed by George R. Ireland, a director of the Company, purchased 300,000 shares in the offering.
The following tables provide selected financial and operating data for each of the fiscal years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2006. The selected financial and operating data set forth below should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, the section entitled Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation and the Companys financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this annual report. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in any future period.
This Item 7 contains forward looking statements. These statements include, without limitation, statements relating to liquidity, financing of operations, continued volatility of uranium prices and other matters. The words believes, expects, projects, targets, estimates or similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. We do not undertake to update, revise or correct any of the forward-looking information. Readers are cautioned that such forward-looking statements should be read in conjunction with our disclosures under the heading: Risk Factors beginning on page 11.
The financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2004 have been restated to give effect for fair value accounting of certain uranium sales contracts under FAS No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities. The Company determined that at December 31, 2003, its long-term uranium sales contracts met the definition of derivative financial instruments for financial statement reporting purposes, and the financial statements have been restated as of such date, to record these contracts at fair value.
Comparison of Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004
Production and Sales. In 2006, we sold a total of 263,000 pounds of uranium produced from our Kingsville Dome and Vasquez projects, resulting in revenues of $8.581 million. In 2005, we sold 271,000 pounds of Vasquez production, resulting in revenues of $4.865 million (including $253,000 from the renegotiation of the contract price of sales that were made in the fourth quarter of 2004). We sold 72,350 pounds in 2004 (having commenced production in October of that year) and had revenues of $1.009 million.
Cost of Goods Sold. Our average cost of pounds sold was $43.36 for 2006 compared to $20.32 for 2005. The cost of pounds sold includes operating expenses and depreciation and depletion. These costs for 2006 include a cumulative $1.5 million related to lower of cost or market inventory adjustments made quarterly. The adjustments resulted from the book carrying value of our uranium inventory exceeding the expected market value of the inventory. These adjustments had the effect of reducing the carrying value of the uranium inventory and accelerating the timing of recording operating expenses and depreciation and depletion recorded in the statement of operations for each quarter. The cost of goods sold for 2006 exclude $761,000 ($17.77 per pound) from a lower of cost or market adjustment made in December 2005 for 42,900
pounds of Vasquez inventory at that date that were sold in the first quarter of 2006. In 2004, we sold 72,350 pounds of Vasquez production and incurred cost of sales of $852,000 or $11.77 per pound related such sales.
Operating Expenses. During 2006, operating expenses and related royalties and commissions for Vasquez and Kingsville Dome production sold was $6.279 million. In 2006 we incurred $64,000 of stand-by costs at the Rosita project, such costs were charged to operations. During 2005, operating expenses and related royalties and commissions for Vasquez production sold was $3.702 million. We incurred $73,000 of stand-by costs at the Rosita project that were charged to operations. The operating expenses and related royalties and commissions for Vasquez production sold in 2004 totaled $683,000; and we incurred $579,000 of pre-production and stand-by costs at the Vasquez, Kingsville Dome and Rosita projects that were charged to operations in 2004.
Depreciation and Depletion. During 2006, we incurred depreciation and depletion expense attributable to our Vasquez and Kingsville Dome production of $5.827 million. During 2005, we incurred depreciation and depletion expense attributable to our Vasquez production of $1.399 million. We incurred $16,000 of stand-by depreciation cost for the Kingsville Dome and Rosita projects that was charged to operations in December 2005. In 2004, we incurred depreciation related to Vasquez production and for stand-by activities of $236,000 and $27,000, respectively.
Impairment of Uranium Properties. During 2006, we determined the carrying value of the Vasquez project assets exceeded their fair value as provided in SFAS 144 Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets. Such determination resulted primarily our reducing the estimated recoverable reserves projected to be produced from Vasquez in the future and resulted in an impairment provision related to the Vasquez project assets of approximately $3.260 million in 2006.
Accretion and Amortization of Future Restoration Costs. During 2006 and 2005, the accretion and amortization of future restoration costs was $517,000 and $348,000, respectively. In 2004 these expenses were $242,000.
General and Administrative Charges. We incurred general and administrative charges and corporate depreciation of $6.8 million in 2006 compared to $3.2 in 2005 and $2.0 million in 2004.
Significant expenditures for general and administrative expenses for year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004 were:
The non-cash compensation expense recorded for the year ended December 31, 2006 resulted from the adoption of SFAS 123(R) in January 2006, requiring the recognition of expense related to the Companys stock option grants. The value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the input of
subjective assumptions, including the expected term of the option award and stock price volatility. The expected term of options granted was derived from historical data on our employee exercise and post-vesting employment termination experience. The expected volatility was based on the historical volatility of our stock. The non-cash stock compensation expense recorded in 2005 resulted from the grant of stock options that were subject to approval of an amendment to the Companys stock option plan which was received in June 2005.
Salary and payroll costs increases for the year presented resulted primarily from the additions to the engineering, professional and executive levels in South Texas and New Mexico made in late 2005 and 2006, compensation increases for the Companys key personnel in 2006 and a discretionary match made to the Companys 401(k) profit sharing plan for the plan year ended July 2006. Salary and payroll costs increased in 2005 compared to 2004 from additions to the engineering, professional and executive levels in South Texas and New Mexico made in late 2004 and 2005.
The Companys legal, accounting and public company expenses increased for the year from the increase in transactions and activities occurring in 2006. Such transactions and activities included the renegotiation of the Companys long-term sales contracts, the negotiation of a joint venture in New Mexico with Itochu Corporation, increased costs to conduct the annual shareholder meeting, an increase in the number of Board of Directors meetings and preparation of the Companys NASDAQ application listing. Legal, accounting and public company expenses increased in 2005 from 2004 because of legal and accounting costs related to our SEC filings, our resale registration statements, negotiation of our New Mexico joint venture and increased Board meeting activity during the year.
Our insurance costs increased in the year from higher directors and officers insurance premiums and increased vehicle coverage premiums resulting from additional vehicles in 2006. Bank fees increased as a result of additions to our financial surety requirements for our South Texas uranium projects. Insurance costs increased in 2005 compared to 2004 from higher general liability, property, directors and officers and auto insurance premiums when compared to 2004.
The costs for consulting and professional services increased in year as a result of an increase in project related activities in 2006. Such activities include the Companys compliance work related to its Sarbanes-Oxley requirements in 2006, the increase in activities in New Mexico related to the preparation of these projects towards their final licensing and permitting phase, increases in environmental, health and safety training and consulting work, computer networking and web site design work and activities performed in the formulation of a corporate strategic plan. Increased consulting and professional services in 2005 from 2004 related to expansion of our New Mexico and South Texas community awareness activities, uranium industry consulting fees and costs related to the update of our uranium reserve report.
Increased office costs incurred in the year resulted primarily from the opening of a corporate office location in Corpus Christi, Texas in June 2006 and increases in the South Texas Kingsville operations office resulting from the personnel added in 2006. Office related cost increases in 2005 compared to 2004 were for additional telephone, office equipment and miscellaneous office expenses from the increase in South Texas staffing.
Net Income (Loss). For the twelve months ended December 31, 2006 we had net earnings of $21.5 million compared to a net loss of $35.1 million in 2005 and a net loss of $15.9 million in 2004. On a diluted per share basis, earnings were $0.42 in 2006 compared to a loss of $(0.96) and $(0.55) for 2005 and 2004, respectively. Included in 2006 results was a non-cash gain on derivatives of $34.8 million somewhat offset by a non-cash impairment provision for the Vasquez project of $3.3 million. The loss in 2005 and 2004 included a non-cash loss on derivatives of $31.0 million and $13.1 million, respectively.
Cash Flow. As of December 31, 2006 we have a cash balance of approximately $20.2 million compared to $5.9 million and $269,000 at December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
In 2006, we had a negative cash flow from operations of $2.2 million, resulting primarily from our low production volumes coupled with high production costs incurred during the year. We also used $31.9 million in investing activities, the largest component of which was the payment of $12.0 million to one of our customers in connection with the restructuring of our uranium sales contract. Other significant investing activities were for production start-up capital at Kingsville Dome of $10.4 million, additional wellfield development at Vasquez of $3.4 million, Rosita project expenditures of $2.8 million, other Texas property and other assets of $1.7 million and other property additions in New Mexico of $396,000.
In 2006, we raised net proceeds of approximately $48.2 million through the sale of 10,200,307 shares at $4.90 per share in April 2006 and $458,000 from the issuance of 229,000 shares from the exercise of employee stock options.
Since the receipt of the proceeds raised in April 2006, the Company has received the following funds and has made the following expenditures (amounts in millions):
In 2005 we had a negative cash flow from operations of $1.7 and raised $13.7 million from financing activities. In 2005 we spent $3.9 million at Vasquez for property, plant and equipment, $889,000 at Kingsville Dome and $1.5 for other property additions in Texas and New Mexico. Our net cash flow from operations in 2004 was a negative $2.5 and we raised $7.3 million from financing activities. In 2004 we spent $2.7 million at Vasquez for property, plant and equipment, $905,000 at Kingsville Dome and $316,000 for other property additions in Texas and New Mexico.
In April 2006 we raised net proceeds of approximately $48.2 million by a sale of 10,200,307 shares of Common Stock at $4.90 per share in a private placement to selected accredited investors. In addition to the foregoing proceeds, the Company had $5.9 million in cash on hand at December 31, 2005.
From April to December 2006, our net cash outflows have averaged $1.7 to $1.8 million per month. Our cash balance at December 31, 2006 was $20.2 million and based upon our current plan of operations we anticipate that our operating and capital requirements for 2007 will be met through existing cash and cash generated from operations.
The Company determined that its original long-term uranium sales contracts met the definition of derivative financial instruments for financial statement reporting purposes and are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value at December 31, 2005 and 2004. Changes in the fair value of such derivatives recorded on the balance sheet are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations in current earnings as they occur. Such changes in the Companys derivatives represent non-cash charges to earnings for the present value of the loss the Company would incur in the event it would be required to purchase uranium in the spot market to satisfy the deliveries under both of its long-term uranium sales contracts. See Footnote 5 for discussion of renegotiated sales contracts.
The Company amended these contracts in March 2006. The amended contracts obligate the Company to deliver 50% of its uranium production to each customer, and do not obligate the Company to deliver any uranium in excess of its production. The Company has determined that the terms of the amended contracts substantially eliminate their qualification as derivatives.
We recorded a gain on derivatives in 2006 of $34.8 million compared to losses of $30.9 million and $13.1 million in 2005 and 2004, respectively. The gain in 2006 resulted from changes in the contract terms of long-term uranium sales contracts that were finalized in March 2006. In March 2006 we entered into a new contract with Itochu and a new contract with UG that supersede the prior contracts. Each of the new contracts calls for delivery of one-half of our actual production from our Vasquez property and other properties in Texas currently owned or hereafter acquired by the Company (excluding certain large potential exploration plays). The terms of such contracts are summarized in BusinessLong Term Delivery Contracts.
In April 2006, the Company completed the sale of 10,200,307 shares of its Common Stock at $4.90 per share to accredited investors resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $50 million before expenses of the offering. The Company has filed a registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, to register the resale of the shares. Such shares are subject to certain resale registration rights that include penalties in the event the registration statement fails to remain effective.
The Company has obtained financial surety relating to certain of its future restoration and reclamation obligations as required by the State of Texas regulatory agencies. The Company has bank Letters of Credit (the L/Cs) and performance bonds issued for the benefit of the Company to satisfy such regulatory requirements. The L/Cs were issued by Bank of America and the performance bonds have been issued by United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company (USF&G). L/Cs for $2.0 million and $1.1 million were issued at December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively, such L/Cs are collateralized in their entirety by certificates of deposit.
Performance bonds totaling $2.8 million were issued for the benefit of the Company at December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005. USF&G has required that the Company deposit funds collateralizing a portion of the bonds. The amount of bonding issued by USF&G exceeded the amount of collateral by $2.5 million at December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively. In the event that USF&G is required to perform under its bonds or the bonds are called by the state agencies, the Company would be obligated to pay any expenditure in excess of the collateral.
Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements on page F-8 of this prospectus. We believe our most critical accounting policies involve those requiring the use of significant estimates and assumptions in determining values or projecting future costs.
Specifically regarding our uranium properties, significant estimates were utilized in determining the carrying value of these assets. These assets have been recorded at their estimated net realizable value for impairment purposes on a liquidation basis, which is less than our cost. The actual value realized from these assets may vary significantly from these estimates based upon market conditions, financing availability and other factors.
Regarding our reserve for future restoration and reclamation costs, significant estimates were utilized in determining the future costs to complete the groundwater restoration and surface reclamation at our mine sites. The actual cost to conduct these activities may vary significantly from these estimates.
Such estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period.
The accounts of the Company are maintained in United States dollars. All dollar amounts in the financial statements are stated in United States dollars except where indicated.
In December 2004, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004) (SFAS No. 123R) Share-Based Payments. SFAS No. 123R requires that the cost from all share-based payment transactions, including stock options, be recognized in the financial statements at fair value. SFAS No. 123R is effective for the Company in the first interim period after December 15, 2005. SFAS No. 123R requires measurement and recording to the financial statements of the costs of employee services received in exchange for a grant of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award, recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for such award. The Company adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 123R on January 1, 2006. Compensation expense will be recognized for all newly granted options after January 1, 2006. The implementation of SFAS No. 123R resulted in a non-cash charge against earnings in 2006 of $2.422 million.
In March 2005, the FASB ratified Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 04-6, Accounting for Stripping Costs Incurred during Production in the Mining Industry, (EITF 04-6) which addresses the accounting for stripping costs incurred during the production phase of a mine and refers to these costs as variable production costs that should be included as a component of inventory to be recognized in operating costs in the same period as the revenue from the sale of inventory. The EITF 04-6 applies specifically to conventional mining operations (open pit mining), and as a result the company does not believe it is applicable to the Companys in situ recovery mining operations.
In June 2006, the FASB issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of FASB Statements No. 109 (FIN 48). FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes by prescribing a two-step method of first evaluating whether a tax position has met a more likely than not recognition threshold and second, measuring that tax position to determine the amount of benefit to be recognized in the financial statements. FIN 48 provides guidance on the presentation of such positions within a classified statement of financial position as well as on derecognition, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. FIN 48 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Companys future reported financial position or results of operations.
In September 2006, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements (SAB 108), which provides interpretive guidance on the consideration of the effects of prior year misstatements in quantifying current year misstatements for the purpose of a materiality assessment. The Company adopted SAB 108 in the fourth quarter of 2006. SAB 108 allows a one-time transitional cumulative effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings as of January 1, 2006 for errors that were not previously deemed material, but are material under the guidance in SAB 108. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Companys future reported financial position or results of operations.
The Company is subject to market risk related to the market price of uranium. The Companys cash flow has historically been dependent on the price of uranium, which is determined primarily by global supply and demand, relative to the Companys costs of production. Historically, uranium prices have been subject to fluctuation, and the price of uranium has been and will continue to be affected by numerous factors beyond the Companys control, including the demand for nuclear power, political and economic conditions, and governmental legislation in uranium producing and consuming countries and production levels and costs of production of other producing companies.
The spot market price for uranium has demonstrated a large range since January 2001. Prices have risen from $7.10 per pound at January 2001 to a high of $113.00 per pound as of April 23, 2007.
The Company determined that its original long-term uranium sales contracts met the definition of derivative financial instruments for financial statement reporting purposes and are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value at December 31, 2005 and 2004. Changes in the fair value of such derivatives recorded on the balance sheet are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations in current earnings as they occur. Such changes in the Companys derivatives represent non-cash charges to earnings for the present value of the loss the Company would incur in the event it would be required to purchase uranium in the spot market to satisfy the deliveries under both of its long-term uranium sales contracts. See Footnote 5 for discussion of renegotiated sales contracts.
The Company amended these contracts in March 2006. The amended contracts obligate the Company to deliver 50% of its uranium production to each customer, and do not obligate the Company to deliver any uranium in excess of its production. The Company has determined that the terms of the amended contracts substantially eliminate their qualification as derivatives.
Management applies significant judgment in estimating the fair value of instruments that are highly sensitive to assumptions regarding uranium prices and market volatilities. Future factors, such as changes in uranium market price, changes in pricing and delivery terms and the physical delivery of produced uranium under the contracts, among others, may impact the amount of the liability. Variations in these factors could materially affect amounts credited or charged to operations to reflect the changes in fair market value of derivatives.
The financial statement information called for by this item appears on pages F-1 through F-27.
(1) Unaudited quarterly results.
(2) Net earnings (loss) per common share information reflects the effect of a reverse 1 for 4 stock split made effective April 11, 2006.
During the fiscal period covered by this report, the Companys management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)).
Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2006 were not effective as a result of the material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting discussed below.
The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 defines internal control over financial reporting in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the companys principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by the companys board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that:
· Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company;
· Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and
· Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
The Companys management assessed the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006. In making this assessment, the Companys management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework.
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in connection with preparation of the annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. As a result of these assessments, a material weakness was identified in March 2007, in connection with our year ended December 31, 2006 audit procedures, leading management to conclude that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective as of December 31, 2006. A material weakness is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, that results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected.
The following material weakness forms the basis for our conclusion at December 31, 2006:
· Controls over the Review of Financial Statements. Our financial and accounting organization consists of the Vice PresidentFinance and the Corporate Controller. Due to a lack of financial and accounting resources, the financial records preparation and review procedures performed by our personnel with respect to our application of the fair value recognition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standard 123(R) Share-Based Payment (SFAS 123(R)) for the fourth quarter of 2006 did not correctly record certain terms of stock option grants made in the fourth quarter of 2006. This matter was identified by our auditors in March 2007 during the course of their audit procedures and resulted in an audit adjustment increasing stock compensation expense by $629,000 in our year end 2006 financial statements. Because of this lack of resources, review
procedures were not consistently performed on a timely basis to ensure that financial reporting and fraud risk controls were operating in the manner designed.
Hein & Associates LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the consolidated financial statements of the Company included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, has issued an audit report on managements assessment of the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006. The report, dated March 27, 2007, which expressed an unqualified opinion on managements assessment of the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting and an opinion that the Company had not maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006 based on criteria established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) is included below.
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Management is continuing to evaluate and implement procedures necessary to fully remediate the material weakness described above. Management is in the process of making the following changes to its system of internal controls:
· We are planning for a relocation and expansion of our Corporate office in the second quarter of 2007, which will allow for the hiring of additional personnel, including both experienced accounting and support staff to allow for improved segregation of duties and allow for a more thorough review, by senior financial personnel, of the financial statements and underlying supporting documentation. In March and April 2007, we contacted various search firms specializing in the accounting and financial services areas to identify and recruit qualified personnel. We are in the process of reviewing potential candidates to expand our internal accounting resources.
· The addition of accounting and support staff will allow for the formal documentation our purchasing and procurement policies and permit the implementation of review procedures at each uranium project location and in the financial reporting area for compliance with such policies.
To the Board of Directors
We have audited managements assessment, included in Managements Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A, that Uranium Resources, Inc. maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, based on the criteria established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Uranium Resources, Inc.s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on managements assessment and an opinion on the effectiveness of the companys internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating managements assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating
effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
A material weakness is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, that results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected. The following material weakness has been identified and included in managements assessment.
Due to a lack of an adequate amount of accounting resources, review procedures are not consistently performed on a timely basis to ensure that financial reporting and fraud risk controls are operating in the manner designed.
This material weakness was considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the 2006 financial statements, and this report does not affect our report dated March 27, 2007 on those financial statements.
In our opinion, managements assessment that Uranium Resources, Inc. did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on the criteria established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Also, in our opinion, because of the effect of the material weakness described above on the achievement of the objectives of the control criteria, Uranium Resources, Inc. has not maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, based on the criteria established in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of Uranium Resources, Inc. as of December 31, 2006 and 2005, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2006 of Uranium Resources, Inc. and our report dated March 27, 2007 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
The Board of Directors consists of five individuals listed below who hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors are elected and qualified. Directors are elected below by plurality vote.
Paul K. Willmott has served as a director since August 1994, as President from February 1995 to October 2006, and as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer since July 31, 1995. Mr. Willmott served as our Chief Financial Officer from April 12, 1995 to September 25, 1995. Mr. Willmott retired from Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) where he was involved for 25 years in the finance and operation of Union Carbides world-wide mining and metals business. Most recently, Mr. Willmott was President of UMETCO Minerals Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Union Carbide, from 1987 to 1991, where he was responsible for Union Carbides uranium and vanadium businesses. From January 1993 until February 1995, Mr. Willmott was engaged by the Concord Mining Unit as a senior vice president where he was primarily involved in the acquisition of UMETCO Minerals Corporations uranium and vanadium operating assets. Mr. Willmott graduated from Michigan Technological University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mining in 1964 and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering Administration in 1967. He has been an active member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, the Canadian Institute of Mining Engineers and a number of state professional organizations.
David N. Clark has served as a director since June 2006 and as President since October 2006. Prior to April 2007, Mr. Clark was the principal owner of Ux Consulting Company LLC (UxC). UxC publishes the Ux Weekly and the UxC Market Outlook Reports, which cover the complete nuclear fuel cycle including uranium, conversion and enrichment. Mr. Clark co-founded UxC in March 1994 as an affiliate of The Uranium Exchange Company (Ux), a uranium brokerage and consulting company he founded in 1987. Mr. Clark has also held marketing positions with other entities in the nuclear fuel business. He began his career as a Field Geologist and Market Analyst for the uranium division of the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company. Mr. Clark holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology (1978) from the University of Akron.
Leland O. Erdahl has served as a director since July 11, 1994. From 1986 to 1991, Mr. Erdahl served as President and Chief Executive Officer for Stolar, Inc., a high-tech company involved in the radio wave imaging of geologic media and underground radio transmission for voice and data. He was President and CEO of Albuquerque Uranium Corporation, a uranium mining company, from 1987 to 1991 and served as Vice President of AMAX Gold in 1997 and 1998. From January 2001 to September 14, 2001 Mr. Erdahl served as President of Nord Pacific Limited, a mining company with gold and copper interests in Australia and Papau, New Guinea. He is a Certified Public Accountant and is a graduate from the College of Santa Fe. He is currently a director of Canyon Resources Corporation (a mining company whose primary business is the discovery and production of precious metals). Mr. Erdahl also serves on the compensation committee of Canyon Resources Corporation and is Chairman of its Audit Committee.
George R. Ireland has served as a director since 1995. Mr. Ireland is President and Chief Investment Officer of Geologic Resource Partners LLC, an investment management company which manages Ring Partners L.P., a Colorado limited partnership, the Geologic Resource Fund Ltd., a Grand Cayman investment company, and Geologic Resource Fund L.P., a Delaware Limited Partnership, which positions he has held since June 2000. Prior to such time, Mr. Ireland was an analyst at Knott Partners L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, where he worked since May 1993. Mr. Ireland is also a director of Peru Copper Inc. since 2004 and director of Geoinformatics Exploration Inc. since November 2005. Both companies are listed on the TSX Venture Exchange. Mr. Ireland serves as Chairman of the Investment Committee of the Society of Economic Geologists. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Resource Economics and Geology from the University of Michigan in 1980 and is a citizen and resident of the United States.
Terence J. Cryan has served as director since October 2006. Mr. Cryan has over twenty years of experience in international business as an investment banker in the US and Europe. In 2001, Mr. Cryan co-founded and serves as the Managing Director of Concert Energy Partners, an investment banking and private equity firm based in New York City. Prior to that, Mr. Cryan was a Senior Managing Director in the Investment Banking Division at Bear Stearns. Earlier in his career, Mr. Cryan was a Managing Director, Group Head and member of the Investment Banking Operating Committee at Paine Webber. Mr. Cryan joined Paine Webber following its acquisition of Kidder, Peabody in 1994. Mr. Cryan is an adjunct professor at the Metropolitan College of New York Graduate School of Business, has served as director of a number of international companies and is a frequent lecturer at finance and energy industry gatherings. Mr. Cryan holds a Master of Science degree in Economics from the London School of Economics and a B.A. from Tufts University.
There are no arrangements regarding the election of directors.
The executive officers serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors and are subject to annual appointment by the Board at its first meeting following the Annual Meeting of the Stockholders. The officers hold office until their successors are appointed by the Board of Directors. All officers are employed on a full-time basis. There is no family relationship between any director and executive officer.
The following table sets forth certain information concerning executive officers that are not also directors:
The following sets forth certain information concerning the business experience of the foregoing executive officers during the past five years.
Richard A. Van Horn joined us in March 1997 and assumed the position of Senior Vice President of Operations on April 1, 1997. Previously, he spent three years with Energy Fuels Nuclear, Inc. as General ManagerColorado Plateau Operations with responsibility for the daily management of and planning for Energy Fuels Nuclear, Inc. mining activities on the Colorado Plateau. Before his work at Energy Fuels Nuclear, Inc., Mr. Van Horn spent eighteen years with Union Carbide Corporation where he was involved with the finance and operation of that companys worldwide mining and metals business. From 1990 to 1994, Mr. Van Horn was Director of Operations of UMETCO Minerals Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation, responsible for all operating aspects of UMETCOs uranium and vanadium business on the Colorado Plateau prior to its sale to Energy Fuels Nuclear, Inc. Mr. Van Horn graduated from the Colorado School of Mines with a Engineer of Mines degree in mining in 1973.
Thomas H. Ehrlich, a certified public accountant, rejoined us in September 1995 as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and was appointed Secretary and Treasurer in December 1995. Immediately before that, Mr. Ehrlich spent nine months as a Division Controller with Affiliated Computer Services, Inc., an information technology services provider in Dallas, Texas. Mr. Ehrlich originally joined us in November 1987 as ControllerPublic Reporting and was promoted to Controller and Chief Accounting Officer in February 1990. In February 1993, Mr. Ehrlich assumed the additional duties of Vice President and Secretary. Before joining us, he spent four years with Deloitte Haskins & Sells and worked primarily with clients that were publicly held companies. Prior to his work at Deloitte Haskins & Sells, he spent three years in various accounting duties at Enserch Exploration, Inc., an oil and gas company in Dallas, Texas. Mr. Ehrlich received his B.S. B.A. degree in Accounting from Bryant College in 1981.
Mark S. Pelizza has served as our Environmental Manager since 1980, and as such, he has been responsible for all environmental regulatory activities. In February 1996, he was appointed Vice PresidentHealth, Safety and Environmental Affairs. In November 1999, he was appointed President and a Director of Hydro Resources, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary. Before joining us, he was employed for two years by Union Carbide as an Environmental Planning Engineer at Union Carbides Palangana solution mining plant in South Texas. Mr. Pelizza received a M.S. degree in Engineering Geology from Colorado School of Mines in 1978 and a B.S. degree in Geology from Fort Lewis College in 1974.
Craig S. Bartels, a Licensed Professional Engineer and a Licensed Professional Geoscientist, rejoined the Company as Senior Vice PresidentTechnology and New Project Development, and President of Hydro Resources, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company in December 2004. He was previously an officer of HRI from July 1996 until September 1999, when he started a consulting company specializing in ISR technology, hydrology and geochemistry. Among his projects as a consultant, he helped with design and startup of the Beverley ISR project in Australia, evaluated an Arizona copper ISR project for a Canadian firm, and began an upgrade of his commercial groundwater model. From January 1995 to July 1996, he was Manager of Wellfield Operations for Crow Butte Resources, Inc., a uranium ISR mining company. Mr. Bartels originally joined the Company in early 1981 and held varied positions with the Company as Reservoir Engineer, Plant Manager and Manager of Wellfield Operations through October 1994. Earlier, he was with Union Carbide, eventually becoming Technical and Plant Superintendent for their solution mining operation. Mr. Bartels also spent six years with Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, a major gas transmission company, as drilling and reservoir engineer for their gas storage operations. Mr. Bartels received a B.S. Degree in Petroleum Engineering from Montana School of Mines in 1972.
William M. McKnight, Jr., rejoined the Company in September 2005 as Vice PresidentExploration. Mr. McKnight is responsible for exploration and land acquisition activities of the Company. Mr. McKnight was one of the founders of the Company and served as Sr. Vice PresidentOperations and Chief
Operating Officer from 1978 to 1997. He also served as a director of the Company until 1994. Before rejoining the Company he served as an independent consultant for several companies, evaluating uranium mineralization potential for projects located both domestically and in foreign countries. Mr. McKnight also served as President of ACHEMCO, Inc. from 1999 to 2004, a privately held company, specializing in the treatment of municipal waste.
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires the Companys officers and directors, and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of the Companys equity securities, to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the SEC and the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. Officers, directors, and greater than 10% stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) filings.
Directors and officers of the Company have filed all required Form 4s and Form 5s.
In December 2006, we adopted an Amended Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers including the Companys chief executive officer, chief financial officer, controller, treasurer, and chief internal auditor, if any (Amended Code of Ethics). A copy of the Amended Code of Ethics can be found on the Companys Web site or a copy will be furnished without charge upon request to our Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at the Companys principal executive offices.
The Company has a standing Audit Committee that was established in accordance with section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and operates under a written charter adopted and approved by the Board of Directors. The current members of the Audit Committee are Leland O. Erdahl, George R. Ireland and Terence J. Cryan. Mr. Erdahl, Mr. Ireland and Mr. Cryan are independent directors under the requirements of the NASDAQ Global Market as determined by our Board of Directors. The Companys Board of Directors has reviewed the qualifications of those serving on our Audit Committee and has determined that we have at least one audit committee financial expert serving on our Audit Committee. Mr. Leland O. Erdahl has been designated as our Audit Committee financial expert. Mr. Erdahl serves as chairman of the Audit Committee and is independent of the management of the Company. Mr. Erdahl is a certified public accountant and has served on audit committees of other public companies as a member and, in several cases, as chairman.
Oversight of Executive Compensation Program
The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors oversees the Companys compensation programs, which are designed specifically for the Companys most senior executives officers, including the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and the other executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table (collectively, the named executive officers). Additionally, the Compensation Committee is charged with the review and approval of all annual compensation decisions relating to named executive officers.
The Compensation Committee is composed entirely of independent, non-management members of the Board of Directors. No Compensation Committee member participates in any of the Companys employee compensation programs. Each year the Company reviews any and all relationships that each
director has with the Company and the Board of Directors subsequently reviews these findings. The Board of Directors has determined that none of the Compensation Committee members have any material business relationships with the Company.
The responsibilities of the Compensation Committee, as stated in its charter, include the following:
· Review and assess the adequacy of the Compensation Committee charter annually and submit any proposed changes to the Board of Directors for approval;
· Produce an annual report on executive compensation for inclusion in the Companys proxy statement relating to its annual meeting of stockholders;
· Review and make such recommendations to the Board of Directors as the Compensation Committee deems advisable with regard to all incentive-based compensation plans and equity-based plans;
· Review and approve the corporate goals and objectives that may be relevant to the compensation of the Companys chief executive officer and chief operating officer;
· Evaluate the chief executive officers and chief operating officers performance in light of the goals and objectives that were set and determine and approve the chief executive officers and chief operating officers compensation based on such evaluation; and
· Review and approve the recommendations of the chief executive officer and/or chief operating officer with regard to the compensation of all officers of the Company other than the chief executive officer and chief operating officer.
Overview of Compensation Program
In order to recruit and retain the most qualified and competent individuals as senior executives, the Company strives to maintain a compensation program that is competitive in the global labor market. The purpose of the Companys compensation program is to reward exceptional organizational and individual performance.
The following compensation objectives are considered in setting the compensation programs for our named executive officers:
· Drive and reward performance which supports the Companys core values;
· Provide a percentage of total compensation that is at-risk, or variable, based on predetermined performance criteria;
· Require significant stock holdings to align the interests of named executive officers with those of stockholders;
· Design competitive total compensation and rewards programs to enhance the Companys ability to attract and retain knowledgeable and experienced senior executives; and
· Set compensation and incentive levels that reflect competitive market practices.
Compensation Elements and Rationale
To reward both short and long-term performance in the compensation program and in furtherance of the Companys compensation objectives noted above, the Companys compensation program is based on the following objectives:
(i) Performance Goals
The Compensation Committee believes that a significant portion of a Senior Executives compensation should be tied not only to individual performance, but also to the Companys performance as a whole measured against both financial and non-financial goals and objectives. During periods when performance meets or exceeds these established objectives, named executive officers should be paid at or more than expected levels. When the Companys performance does not meet key objectives, incentive award payments, if any, should be less than such levels.
(ii) Incentive Compensation
A large portion of compensation should be paid in the form of short-term and long-term incentives, which are calculated and paid based primarily on financial measures of profitability and stockholder value creation. Named executive officers have the incentive of increasing Company profitability and stockholder return in order to earn a major portion of their compensation package.
(iii) Competitive Compensation Program
The Compensation Committee reviews the compensation of executives at peer companies to ensure that the compensation program is competitive. The Company believes that a competitive compensation program will enhance its ability to attract and retain senior executives. The Compensation Committee has recently retained GK Partners, an executive compensation consultant, to advise the committee on developing appropriate financial metrics to be used in settling executive compensation.
Review of Senior Executive Performance
The Compensation Committee reviews, on an annual basis, each compensation package for the named executive officers. In each case, the Compensation Committee takes into account the scope of responsibilities and experience and balances these against competitive salary levels. The Compensation Committee has the opportunity to meet with the named executive officers at various times during the year, which allows the Compensation Committee to form its own assessment of each individuals performance.
In addition, each year, the Chief Executive Officer presents to the Compensation Committee his evaluation of each other named executive officer, which includes a review of contribution and performance over the past year, strengths, weaknesses, development plans and succession potential. Following this presentation, the Compensation Committee makes its own assessments and approves compensation for each named executive officer.
Components of the Executive Compensation Program
The Compensation Committee believes the total compensation and benefits program for named executive officers should consist of the following:
· Base salary;
· Stock incentive plan;
· Retirement, health and welfare benefits; and
· Perquisites and perquisite allowance payments.
The base salaries of the executive officers are determined in comparison with salaries payable at comparable uranium industry companies and adjusted as necessary by the Compensation Committee on an annual basis.
Stock Incentive Plans
The Company has two stock Incentive Plans for Employees, both of which were approved by the Companys stockholders. Under the 1995 Stock Incentive Plan (the 1995 Plan) 2,600,521 shares may be purchased upon the exercise of outstanding options with exercise prices ranging from $0.76 to $28.50 per share. No new options may be granted under the 1995 Plan. Under the Companys 2004 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2004 Plan) a total of 1,750,000 shares may be purchased upon exercise of options granted under the 2004 Plan. At December 31, 2006 there were outstanding under the 2004 Plan options for the purchase of 1,722,688 shares of Common Stock at exercise prices ranging from $2.97 to $5.19 per share. At December 31, 2006, 500 shares were available for future grants under the 2004 Plan. Employee stock options generally vest ratably over a 3 or 4 year time frame and have a contractual term of 10 years.
An important objective of the long-term incentive program is to strengthen the relationship between the long-term value of our stock price and the potential financial gain for employees. Stock options provide employees with the opportunity to purchase our Common Stock at a price fixed on the grant date regardless of future market price. A stock option becomes valuable only if our Common Stock price increases above the option exercise price (at which point the option will be deemed in-the-money) and the holder of the option remains employed during the period required for the option to vest thus, providing an incentive for an option holder to remain employed by the Company. In addition, stock options link a portion of an employees compensation to stockholders interests by providing an incentive to increase the market price of our stock.
The exercise prices of the stock options granted to the named executive officers during fiscal year 2006 are shown in the Grant of Plan-Based Awards Table on page 45. Additional information on these grants, including the number of shares subject to each grant, also is shown in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards Table.
Options are granted periodically. The exercise price for each stock option is the market value on the date of grant.
Upon a Change of Control (as defined in the Plans) of the Company, all stock options granted under the 2004 Plan will become exercisable in full. Also, in the event the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock is increased or decreased or changed into or exchanged for a different number or kind of shares of stock or other securities of the Company or of another Company, as a result of a stock split, stock dividend, combination or exchange of shares, merger or otherwise, each share subject to an unexercised option will be substituted for the number and kind of shares into which each share of outstanding Common Stock is to be changed or for which each such share is to be exchanged and the option price will be increased or decreased proportionately.
Option holders generally forfeit any unvested options if their employment with the Company terminates, except that upon, death or disability while employed with the Company then outstanding stock options may be exercised within the one year period ending on the anniversary of such death or permanent and total disability to the same extent that the option was exercisable on the date of death or disability.
The Compensation Committee has recently retained GK Partners, a compensation consulting firm, to advise it on establishing appropriate criteria for considering stock option grants to named executive officers.
Retirement, Health and Welfare Benefits
The Company offers a variety of health and welfare and retirement programs to all eligible employees. The named executive officers generally are eligible for the same benefit programs on the same basis as the rest of the broad-based employees. The Companys health and welfare programs include medical, dental and vision. In addition to the foregoing, the named executive officers are eligible to participate in the following programs:
Supplemental Health Care Plan
The Company has adopted a health care plan (the Supplemental Plan) for the Companys named executive officers and certain of its other employees, which supplements the standard health care plan available to all eligible employees (the Standard Plan). The Supplemental Plan pays directly to the participant 80% of all out-of-pocket medical and dental expenses not covered under the Standard Plan, including deductibles and co-insurance amounts. Additionally, the Supplemental Plan provides to each participant $100,000 of accidental death and dismemberment insurance protection and a worldwide medical assistance benefit. Each participant in the Supplemental Plan will receive a maximum annual benefit of $100,000. The Company pays an annual premium under the Supplemental Plan equal to $250 per participant plus 10% of claims paid. In addition to other officers and employees, the named executive officers covered by the Supplemental Plan are Paul K. Willmott, Richard A. Van Horn, Mark S. Pelizza, Thomas H. Ehrlich and David N. Clark.
401(k) Profit Sharing Plan
The Company maintains a defined contribution profit sharing plan for employees (the 401(k)) that is administered by a committee of trustees appointed by the Company. All Company employees are eligible to participate upon the completion of six months of employment, subject to minimum age requirements. Each year the Company makes a contribution to the 401(k) without regard to current or accumulated net profits of the Company. These contributions are allocated to participants in amounts equal to 25% (or a higher percentage, determined at the Companys discretion) of the participants contributions, up to 4% of each participants gross pay. For the plan year ended July 31, 2006, the Company contributed amounts equal to 100% of the participants contributions, up to 4% of gross pay. Participants become 20% vested in their Company contribution account for each year of service until full vesting occurs upon the completion of five years of service. Distributions are made upon retirement, death or disability in a lump sum or in installments.
Deferred Compensation Plans
The Company has four separate deferred compensation plans covering the years 1999 through 2004. Under these plans executive officers and directors of the Company and its subsidiaries were permitted to defer up to 100% of their 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004 salary with payment thereof to be made on January 11, 2011. On or before that date, the participant may elect to receive the deferred amount in shares of the Companys Common Stock valued at a weighted average of $0.71 per share under the 1999 deferred compensation plan and $0.80 per share under the 2000-2004 plans. As of December 31, 2006, a total of $789,228 has been deferred under such plans.
In 2006, no elections were made to convert deferred compensation into shares of Common Stock under the 1999 plan or under the plans for the years 2000 through 2004.
The following table sets forth certain information with respect to compensation for services in all capacities for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004 paid to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and the three other most highly compensated executive officers who were serving as such as of December 31, 2006.