QUOTE AND NEWS
Motley Fool  Jan 12  Comment 
The apparel retailer recovered from a slide in 2015, but results were mixed.
newratings.com  Jan 9  Comment 
PHILADELPHIA (dpa-AFX) - Shares of Urban Outfitters (URBN) have climbed well off their worst levels of the day but remain in negative territory in afternoon trading on Monday. After hitting a six-month intraday low, Urban Outfitters is currently...
MarketWatch  Jan 9  Comment 
Urban Outfitters Inc.'s stock were indicated down more than 10% in premarket trade Monday, after the apparel and lifestyle merchandise retailer said same-store sales at its retail stores during the holidays were less than expected, which prompted...
Forbes  Jan 5  Comment 
Legendary investor Warren Buffett advises to be fearful when others are greedy, and be greedy when others are fearful. One way we can try to measure the level of fear in a given stock is through a technical analysis indicator called the Relative...
Benzinga  Dec 13  Comment 
The Vetr crowd upgraded their rating for Urban Outfitters, Inc. (NASDAQ: URBN) from 3 stars (Hold), issued six days ago, to 4 stars (Buy). Sentiment for the stock among the Vetr crowd is generally positive, with 71 percent of user ratings...
Forbes  Dec 12  Comment 
Next year, it’s been projected that the amount of mobile users will reach 4.77 billion. So, with 2017 just around the corner, it’s obvious that you need a phenomenal mobile presence, but how do you know if a mobile app is the right move for...




 

Urban Outfitters (NASDAQ:URBN) is a clothing and accessories retailer that focuses on women between the ages of 18 and 45. URBN runs 4 different store brands: Urban Outfitters (39% of sales), Anthropologie (36% of sales), Free People and Terrain (8% of sales). In 2010, the remaining 17% of sales came from direct to consumer business.[1]

URBN has accomplished an increase in sales without excessive discounting through two key strategies: keeping its inventories lean and high product turnover (Urban Outfitters stores receive new inventory every two weeks). However, In a time when many retail companies are attempting to capitalize on new wealth growing in Asia, URBN's lack of an Asian presence can become a disadvantage. In addition, it's new retail concept, "Terrain" is a garden and home product line. As the amount of home construction has decreased due to the financial crisis it remains to be seen whether or not Terrain can stand on its own as a retail concept in this difficult environment.

Company Overview

Urban Outfitters is divided into separate business segments: retail stores, catalog, e-commerce and wholesale.

Retail Stores (89.3% of Fiscal 2010 Revenue)

The parent company operates four different store chains (revenue contribution in fiscal 2010 in parentheses)

  • Urban Outfitters (39.2%) is its eponymous store that targets 18-30 year olds. Stores average 9,500 square feet and carry between 35,000 to 40,000 different items.[2]
  • Anthropologie (26.4%) caters to 30 to 45 year old women with clothing, accessories and home furnishings. Stores average about 7,400 square feet and carry 40,000 to 45,000 different products.[3]
  • Free People (2.0%) targets women between 25 and 30 years old. URBN operates 34 of these stores, which carry 5,000 products on 1,400 square feet of space [4]
  • Terrain (<1%) sells garden equipment as well as live plants.[5]

Catalog and E-Commerce (16.7% of Fiscal 2010 Revenue)

Urban Outfitters sells directly to consumers via catalogs and online sites for each of its store brands.[6]

Wholesale (4.9% of Fiscal 2010 Revenue)

URBN sells its Free People products through wholesale channels to department stores such as Bloomingdales and Nordstrom (JWN). [7]

Business Growth

FY 2010 Results (ended January 31, 2011)

  • Compared to fiscal 2009, net sales increased 17.4% to $2.27 billion.[8]
  • URBN reported net income of $273 million which is an increase of 24.1% from last year.

Key Trends and Forces

Retail industry's focus on Asia can leave URBN in the dust

Growth at Urban Outfitters depends on the company's ability to expand and open new retail centers (it has opened more than 25 stores annually for the past three years). In recent years, URBN has opened retail locations in Europe. Many retailers have started to establish a presence in Asia in order to profit from new wealth developing in that region. H&M, one of URBN's competitors, has 13 stores in China and 2 in Japan.[9] Urban Outfitters, however, has no plans to establish a presence in Asia meaning it is missing out on a chance to capitalize on a developing market. Although URBN is already well-established in America, its lack of an Asian presence can be a disadvantage, especially since its competitors already have a head start.

Increases in Commodity Prices Will Raise Clothing Retailer Prices

Cotton consumption exceeded cotton production for the fifth year in the row, making cotton prices increase by 80.5% from last year.[10] [11] Natural disasters also severely damaged crops in many large cotton producer countries, such as China, India, and Pakistan. This led to decreases in cotton exports from these countries and increases in cotton imports as these countries sought to supplement their supply of cotton. [12][13] With limited cotton supplies and rising prices, retailers will either have to absorb these higher material costs, restructure the composition of their clothing to have less cotton, or pass these higher costs to its consumers. Higher clothing prices or lower quality clothing could discourage consumer spending, resulting in decreased net sales. However, adult or teen clothing retailers may not be too adversely affected as their clothing (which is usually 30-40% cotton based) has more flexibility in their composition and thus, costs. In addition, raising commodity prices in other areas will also raise costs for retailers. While premium price and established brands may be able to pass their higher costs to their consumers, value based companies may not fare as well and may suffer from lower profit margins.[10]

Competition

Urban Outfitters sets itself apart from most other clothing and accessory retailers with its boutique-like atmosphere and its focus on fashion (none of its store brands sell basic items).

  • Guess? (GES) primarily targets men and women between the ages of 18 and 32.[14] Outside that key demographic, URBN also has Guess? Kids, targeted to boys and girls ages 6 to 12; and Guess by Marciano. Guess's pricing is similar to that of Urban Outfitter's clothing brands and is also focused on trends. Urban Outfitters also has a wholesale segment under the Free People brand, selling Free People products to department stores such as Nordstrom (JWN). Guess? also has a wholesale segment where its products are sold to Macy's Inc. (M) and Dillard's (DDS). Guess? is an international brand like URBN, but unlike URBN it has established a presence in Asia.
  • Abercrombie & Fitch Company (ANF): Abercrombie & Fitch is the leader of the youth apparel retail market by nearly all measures. Abercrombie & Fitch also operates four brands: Abercrombie & Fitch, Hollister, abercrombie; all of which target different subsets of the 8-30 age range.
  • Gap (GPS): GPS targets customers (15-25 year-old males and females). Gap has clothing lines for the 25-40 year-old age group and a strong Baby Gap clothing line for toddlers. It has a much more extensive store network throughout the U.S. and has been an established player in the market for many years.

[15] [16] [17] [18]


References

  1. URBN Financials Hoovers
  2. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  3. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  4. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  5. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  6. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  7. Urban Outfitters 2010 Annual Report - 10k
  8. http://investor.urbn.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=115825&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1536569&highlight=
  9. HMB 2008 Annual Report pg. 21  
  10. 10.0 10.1 http://seekingalpha.com/article/238731-more-evidence-of-inflation-retailers-report-escalating-commodity-prices
  11. Gap, Wal-Mart Clothing Costs Rise on ‘Terrifying’ Cotton Prices
  12. http://www.thegovmonitor.com/world_news/asia/recession-drought-hail-reduce-cotton-acreage-in-china-12256.html
  13. CNN Money - Cotton Shortage Could Inflate Clothing Prices
  14. GES 2008 Annual Report pg. 1  
  15. Abercrombie and Fitch Annual Report 2009 10k
  16. Urban Outfitter Annual Report 2009 10k
  17. Guess Annual Report 2009 10k
  18. Gap Annual Report 2009 10k
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