QUOTE AND NEWS
New York Times  Mar 27  Comment 
Viacom is hoping James Gianopulos, who previously ran 20th Century Fox, can bring stability to a studio that lost $445 million in its last fiscal year.
Yahoo  Mar 26  Comment 
Shares of Viacom Inc could rise 40 percent in the next year as the New York-based media company's new CEO Bob Bakish focuses on its Paramount Pictures studio and a handful of its networks to turn the business ...
Benzinga  Mar 25  Comment 
This weekend's Barron's takes a look at a long-suffering media company poised for a turnaround. Other featured articles offer the prospects for a solar power outfit with a strong balance sheet and a lender in a sweet spot of high...
MarketWatch  Mar 22  Comment 
Viacom Inc.'s Paramount Pictures is nearing a deal with industry veteran Jim Gianopulos to serve as the studio's chairman and chief executive, according to Variety. Gianopulos is currently on his way out as chairman and chief executive at 20th...
Motley Fool  Mar 21  Comment 
He’s got a five-point plan to turn the struggling media giant around.
Forbes  Mar 21  Comment 
Run-D.M.C were the first rap group to release a platinum record, to be played on MTV and to cover Rolling Stone. Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels discusses how they did it.
MarketWatch  Mar 20  Comment 
Viacom’s Paramount Pictures movie unit fails to strike a deal with two Chinese groups to receive $1 billion in financing for a fresh series of films, according to several Hollywood sources who spoke to The New York Post.
Wall Street Journal  Mar 17  Comment 
Executives at Viacom Inc. and its Paramount Pictures studio are working overtime to keep their $1 billion co-financing deal with two Chinese firms on course.
Yahoo  Mar 15  Comment 
Major U.S. media companies Time Warner Inc’s (TWX.N) Turner, Viacom Inc (VIAB.O) and 21st Century Fox Inc’s (FOXA.O) Fox Networks Group will launch OpenAP, a program for advertisers to laser focus their commercials at specific audiences on...
MarketWatch  Mar 13  Comment 
Viacom Inc. on Monday said it has named company veteran Kern Schireson to a newly-created position, chief data officer. In the new role, Schireson, who previously served as Viacom's executive vice president of data strategy and consumer...




 

Viacom, Inc. (NYSE:VIA) is a media & entertainment conglomerate. The company owns and operates some of the world's best known media networks and film production studios including networks such as MTV, BET, Nickelodeon and Spike TV as well as film production companies including Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks Pictures. Viacom's content reaches over 520 million households worldwide in over 160 countries and territories. In 2005 Viacom became a stand-alone public company when it separated from CBS (CBS). In 2009 the company earned $13.6 billion in revenues, a decrease of 7.4% from 2008.[1]

Business Segments

Viacom operates through two separate business segments in the media industry. The first is their media networks segment which includes television networks as well as digital properties both domestic and international. The second business segment is known as Filmed entertainment and is responsible for the production, promotion and distribution and licensing of feature films.

Media Networks

Viacom's media networks segment controls over 150 television channels and more than 300 digital properties, which include online, broadband and mobile television services. The media networks segment generates revenue from three sources: The sale of advertising time on cable and digital networks, from fees that are payed to cable network television operators and satellite television operators and other distributors and finally ancillary revenue which includes the sale of consumer products including video games, as well as the licensing of its content to third parties. In 2009 the media networks segment was responsible for $8.29 billion in revenues earned.[1]

Filmed Entertainment[2]

The filmed entertainment segment is responsible for the production, financing and distribution of motion pictures. Viacom's filmed entertainment segment owns and operates Paramount Pictures, Paramount Vantage, Paramount Classics, DreamWorks Pictures, MTV Films and Nickelodeon movie brands. Films are generally released in theaters in the United States and abroad and then released to DVD and licensed to Video-On-Demand distributors and other third parties for further distribution. All revenues from these various forms of distribution are recorded under the filmed entertainment segment. In 2009, filmed entertainment earned $5.48 billion in revenue and increase of $551 million, or 10.1%, from 2008. The process of creating, releasing and later licensing filmed entertainment is broken down into four segments that create different revenue streams. These segments are home entertainment, television licensing and ancillary revenues.

  • Theatrical: Revenues from the theatrical release of Viacom's films are recorded in this segment. In 2009 theatrical revenues accounted for $1.71 billion of the company's total revenues, an increase of 14.5% from 2008. This increase was largely due to the successful release of the films Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and Marvel's Iron Man, which performed better than comparable films released in 2008.
  • Home Entertainment: Revenues from the distribution of filmed entertainment to households through DVD sales are recorded under the home entertainment segment. Home entertainment earned $2.7 billion in 2009, an increase of 8.5% from 2008. The increased revenues were largely due to the success of the DVD release of Iron Man.
  • Television Licensing Fees: Once films are released in home entertainment formats (and thus out of theaters) Viacom sells the rights to distribute its content to various third parties. Television networks, video-on-demand services, pay and free cable services and in some cases airlines and hotels are all service providers that pay Viacom for the rights to air the company's films. Television licensing fees also increased in 2009, returning $1.33 billion, 2.92% higher than in 2008.
  • Ancillary Revenue: Revenues from studio revenues, consumer product licensing and the distribution of filmed entertainment through new online and mobile platforms are recorded as ancillary revenue in the filmed entertainment segment. In 2009 these revenues accounted for $262 million, an increase of 15% from 2008.

Trends and Forces

  • Intellectual Property: Piracy in the entertainment industry is a serious concern for Viacom. The rise internet file sharing has made it increasingly easy for consumers to gain access to content without paying anything. As a result, companies like Viacom lose revenue. Increased piracy regulations in the U.S. and abroad (particularly in China, where such regulations are very lax) could be very helpful for Viacom. If piracy is not controlled or strongly regulated in the future Viacom could see serious losses from the intellectual property violations.
  • Success of Content: The success of the programming that Viacom licenses - measured by box office returns, or television ratings - is what generates revenue, as this is what determines the amount Viacom can charge in affiliate fees. These fees are determined through negotiations with cable and satellite distributors and the more successful a program is, the larger the fee Viacom can charge for the licensing. As the entertainment industry is extremely fast paced, it is essential that the content Viacom produces keeps up with what is currently popular.
  • Decline in Cinema Viewing: Most movies produced today are break-even projects for Viacom and its competitors. As the costs of producing major block buster movies continue to rise, the revenues from these movies must also increase in order for the projects to remain worthwhile. In recent years revenues from theater releases have fallen, causing high cost projects to become less attractive. This decline in cinema attendance is coupled with an increased demand in the DVD market. The company is using newer technologies that are harder to replicate illegally - like IMAX and 3D movies - to combat this trend.

Competition

Viacom competes directly with other major media conglomerates including Time Warner (TWX) and Walt Disney Company (DIS). While Viacom's revenues and market cap are significantly smaller than those of its competitors it does maintain an advantage in operating margin.

The below table shows the 2009 box office revenues for the major American film studios along with their market share. Warner Bros. is the industry leader bringing in $2.1 billion in revenue from the box office and controlling 19.9% of the market share.

2009 Box Office Revenues and Market Share[3]
Studio 2010 Box Office Revenue ($millions) 2010 Market Share
Warner Bros.2,105.719.9%
Paramount1,476.113.9%
Sony / Columbia1,456.213.7%
20th Century Fox1,394.513.2%
Buena Vista1,228.811.6%
Universal 867.28.2%
Summit Entertainment482.54.6%
Lionsgate406.03.8%
Fox Searchlight257.12.4%

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 VIA 2009 20-K pg. 110  
  2. VIA 2009 10-K pg. 49  
  3. Studio Market Share. Box Office Mojo.
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