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Wal-Mart 10-Q 2008
wmtfy09q210q.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x            Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2008.

or

¨            Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934>.

For the transition period from __________ to __________.

Commission file number 1-6991


WMT logo
WAL-MART STORES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
71-0415188
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
702 S.W. 8th Street
Bentonville, Arkansas
72716
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(479) 273-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter periods that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yesx No¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.   Check One:

Large Accelerated Filer   x                                                      Accelerated Filer                                              Non-Accelerated Filer   ¨                                           Smaller Reporting Company  ¨

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes¨ Nox

Applicable Only to Corporate Issuers

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date.
Common Stock, $.10 Par Value – 3,933,976,378 shares as of August 29, 2008.

 
 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

WAL-MART STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Amounts in millions except per share data)
 
                         
   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
Revenues:
                       
Net sales
  $ 101,598     $ 91,990     $ 195,720     $ 177,377  
Membership and other income
    1,069       1,009       2,241       2,000  
      102,667       92,999       197,961       179,377  
                                 
Costs and expenses:
                               
Cost of sales
    77,642       70,589       149,528       135,900  
Operating, selling, general and administrative expenses
    19,228       17,127       37,328       33,371  
Operating income
    5,797       5,283       11,105       10,106  
                                 
Interest:
                               
Debt
    450       446       938       852  
Capital leases
    77       42       149       111  
Interest income
    (71 )     (84 )     (135 )     (169 )
Interest, net
    456       404       952       794  
                                 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest
    5,341       4,879       10,153       9,312  
                                 
Provision for income taxes
    1,826       1,676       3,496       3,208  
Income from continuing operations before minority interest
    3,515       3,203       6,657       6,104  
Minority interest
    (130 )     (106 )     (252 )     (206 )
Income from continuing operations
    3,385       3,097       6,405       5,898  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
    64       (145 )     66       (120 )
Net income
  $ 3,449     $ 2,952     $ 6,471     $ 5,778  
                                 
Net income per common share:
                               
Basic income per common share from continuing operations
  $ 0.86     $ 0.75     $ 1.62     $ 1.43  
Basic income (loss) per common share from discontinued operations
    0.01       (0.03 )     0.02       (0.02 )
Basic net income per common share
  $ 0.87     $ 0.72     $ 1.64     $ 1.41  
                                 
Diluted income per common share from continuing operations
  $ 0.86     $ 0.75     $ 1.62     $ 1.43  
Diluted income (loss) per common share from discontinued operations
    0.01       (0.03 )     0.01       (0.03 )
Diluted net income per common share
  $ 0.87     $ 0.72     $ 1.63     $ 1.40  
                                 
Weighted-average number of common shares:
                               
Basic
    3,945       4,102       3,951       4,112  
Diluted
    3,958       4,108       3,962       4,118  
                                 
Dividends declared per common share
  $ -     $ -     $ 0.95     $ 0.88  


2

WAL-MART STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Amounts in millions)
 
                   
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
   
January 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
 
ASSETS
                 
Current assets:
                 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 6,907     $ 6,073     $ 5,499  
Receivables
    3,226       2,767       3,654  
Inventories
    35,382       34,184       35,180  
Prepaid expenses and other
    3,311       2,915       2,760  
Current assets of discontinued operations
    708       448       492  
Total current assets
    49,534       46,387       47,585  
                         
Property and equipment, at cost
    126,698       116,648       122,642  
Less accumulated depreciation
    (31,591 )     (26,771 )     (28,771 )
Property and equipment, net
    95,107       89,877       93,871  
                         
Property under capital leases
    5,740       5,515       5,736  
Less accumulated amortization
    (2,645 )     (2,448 )     (2,594 )
Property under capital leases, net
    3,095       3,067       3,142  
                         
Goodwill
    16,400       14,655       16,071  
Other assets and deferred charges
    2,755       2,959       2,841  
Non-current assets of discontinued operations
    4       4       4  
Total assets
  $ 166,895     $ 156,949     $ 163,514  
                         
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                       
Current liabilities:
                       
Commercial paper
  $ 4,347     $ 8,117     $ 5,040  
Accounts payable
    29,933       27,748       30,370  
Dividends payable
    1,927       1,794       -  
Accrued liabilities
    15,607       14,025       15,724  
Accrued income taxes
    555       168       1,000  
Long-term debt due within one year
    2,180       3,176       5,913  
Obligations under capital leases due within one year
    324       189       316  
Current liabilities of discontinued operations
    31       33       91  
Total current liabilities
    54,904       55,250       58,454  
                         
Long-term debt
    34,168       27,966       29,799  
Long-term obligations under capital leases
    3,544       3,594       3,603  
Deferred income taxes and other
    5,410       5,449       5,111  
Minority interest
    2,076       2,404       1,939  
                         
Commitments and contingencies
   
- 
             
                         
Shareholders' equity:
                       
Common stock and capital in excess of par value
    3,986       3,412       3,425  
Retained earnings
    57,883       55,414       57,319  
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    4,924       3,460       3,864  
Total shareholders’ equity
    66,793       62,286       64,608  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 166,895     $ 156,949     $ 163,514  


3

 
WAL-MART STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Amounts in millions)
 
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
  $ 6,471     $ 5,778  
(Income) loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
    (66 )     120  
Income from continuing operations
    6,405       5,898  
Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    3,366       3,060  
Other operating activities
    315       101  
Changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
               
Decrease in accounts receivable
    578       255  
Decrease (increase) in inventories
    95       (64 )
Decrease in accounts payable
    (150 )     (1,134 )
Decrease in accrued liabilities
    (626 )     (1,918 )
Net cash provided by operating activities
    9,983       6,198  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Payments for property and equipment
    (5,074 )     (6,971 )
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment
    492       319  
Investment in international operations, net of cash acquired
    (74 )     (467 )
Other investing activities
    129       (61 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (4,527 )     (7,180 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
(Decrease) increase in commercial paper, net
    (639 )     5,487  
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
    4,648       3,818  
Payment of long-term debt
    (4,061 )     (5,435 )
Dividends paid
    (1,878 )     (1,811 )
Purchase of Company stock
    (2,184 )     (2,484 )
Other financing activities
    (85 )     (435 )
Net cash used in financing activities
    (4,199 )     (860 )
                 
Effect of exchange rates on cash
    115       169  
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    1,372       (1,673 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year (1)
    5,569       7,767  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period (2)
  $ 6,941     $ 6,094  
                 
(1) Includes cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations of $70 million and $49 million at January 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
(2) Includes cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations of $34 million and $21 million at July 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 



 
4

 

WAL-MART STORES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. Basis of Presentation

The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of July 31, 2008 and 2007, the related Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended July 31, 2008 and 2007, and the related Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six-month periods ended July 31, 2008 and 2007, are unaudited. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 31, 2008, is derived from the audited financial statements at that date.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

The condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto are presented in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and do not contain certain information included in the Company’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2008. Therefore, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with that Annual Report to Shareholders.

General Liability and Workers’ Compensation Change in Estimate

Liabilities associated with general liability and workers’ compensation claims against the Company are estimated by considering the Company’s historical claims experience, including frequency and severity of claims, and certain actuarial assumptions. In estimating our liability for such claims, we periodically analyze our historical trends, including loss development, and apply appropriate loss development factors to the incurred costs associated with the claims.  During the last few years, we have enhanced how we manage claims.  As a result, our loss experience with respect to such claims has improved and the actuarially determined ultimate loss estimates, primarily for fiscal year 2004 through 2007 claims, were reduced during the quarter ended July 31, 2007. The reductions in ultimate loss estimates resulted primarily from improved claims handling experience, which impacts loss development factors and other actuarial assumptions.  Due to the beneficial change in estimate of our ultimate losses, accrued liabilities for general liability and workers’ compensation claims were reduced by $196 million after tax, resulting in an increase in net income per basic and diluted common share from continuing operations of $0.05 for the three and six months ended July 31, 2007.

NOTE 2. Net Income Per Common Share

Basic net income per common share is based on the weighted-average number of outstanding common shares. Diluted net income per common share is based on the weighted-average number of outstanding shares adjusted for the dilutive effect of stock options and other share-based awards.  The dilutive effect of outstanding stock options and restricted stock was 13 million and 11 million shares for the three and six months ended July 31, 2008, respectively, and 6 million shares for the three and six months ended July 31, 2007.  The Company had approximately 1 million and 59 million option shares outstanding at July 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, which were not included in the diluted net income per share calculation because their effect would be antidilutive.

NOTE 3. Inventories

The Company values inventories at the lower of cost or market as determined primarily by the retail method of accounting, using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method for substantially all of the Walmart U.S. segment’s merchandise inventories. The Sam’s Club segment’s merchandise and merchandise in our distribution warehouses are valued based on the weighted-average cost using the LIFO method. Inventories of foreign operations are primarily valued by the retail method of accounting, using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method. At July 31, 2008 and 2007, our inventories valued at LIFO approximate those inventories as if they were valued at FIFO.

NOTE 4. Certain Long-term Debt Transactions
 
In April 2008, the Company issued $1.0 billion of 4.250% Notes Due 2013 and $1.5 billion of 6.200% Notes Due 2038.   Beginning on October 15, 2008, the Company will pay interest on the notes of each series on April 15 and October 15 of each year. Interest started accruing on such notes on April 15, 2008. The 2013 notes will mature on April 15, 2013 and the 2038 notes will mature on April 15, 2038. The notes of each such series are senior, unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.


5


In May 2008, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. entered into a term loan facility with a syndicate of banks.  Pursuant to that facility, the Company borrowed ¥220 billion to refinance outstanding debt of its wholly-owned subsidiary, The Seiyu, Ltd., that was scheduled to mature in December, 2008.  Borrowings under such facility are senior, unsecured obligations of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and generally bear interest at a floating rate equal to the one, three or six month London Interbank Offered Rate plus a spread of 0.35%.  Such debt matures on June 26, 2011.  The amount of such debt in United States dollars as reflected on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at July 31, 2008 was approximately $2.1 billion.  The facility is designated as a hedge of the Company’s net investment in Japan.

NOTE 5. Fair Value Measurements

In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value within generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and expands required disclosures about fair value measurements. In November 2007, the FASB provided a one year deferral for the implementation of SFAS 157 for nonfinancial assets and liabilities.  The Company adopted SFAS 157 on February 1, 2008, as required. The adoption of SFAS 157 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

SFAS 157 establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. As of July 31, 2008, the Company held certain derivative asset and liability positions that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The majority of the Company’s derivative instruments related to receive fixed-rate, pay floating-rate interest rate swaps and receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps.  The fair values of these interest rate swaps have been measured in accordance with Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy, and as of July 31, 2008, are as follows (asset/(liability)):

   
Notional Amount
   
Fair Value
 
(Amounts in millions)
 
July 31, 2008
   
July 31, 2008
 
Receive fixed-rate, pay floating-rate interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges
  $ 5,195     $ 209  
Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps designated as
               
    net investment hedges (Cross-currency notional amount: GBP 795 at 7/31/2008)
    1,250       (137 )
                Total
  $ 6,445     $ 72  


In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities–Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS 159”). SFAS 159 permits companies to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value at specified election dates. The Company adopted SFAS 159 on February 1, 2008. Since the Company has not utilized the fair value option for any allowable items, the adoption of SFAS 159 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

NOTE 6. Segments

The Company is engaged in the operations of retail stores located in all 50 states of the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom and through majority-owned subsidiaries in Central America and Mexico.  The Company operates in China and India through joint ventures.  The Company identifies segments in accordance with the criteria set forth in Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 131, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” and is primarily based on the operations of the Company that our chief operating decision maker regularly reviews to analyze performance and allocate resources among business units of the Company.

The Walmart U.S. segment includes the Company’s mass merchant concept in the United States under the “Wal-Mart” or “Walmart” brand, as well as walmart.com. The Sam’s Club segment includes the warehouse membership clubs in the United States, as well as samsclub.com. The International segment consists of the Company’s operations outside of the 50 United States.  The amounts under the caption “Other” in the table below relating to operating income are unallocated corporate overhead items.

The Company measures the profit of its segments as “segment operating income,” which is defined as income from continuing operations before net interest expense, income taxes and minority interest and excludes unallocated corporate overhead.  At February 1, 2008, the Company reclassified certain unallocated corporate expenses to be included within each segment’s measurement of segment operating income.  As a result, all prior year measurements of segment operating income have been restated for comparative purposes.

6

Net sales by operating segment were as follows (amounts in millions):

 
 
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
Net Sales:
                       
Walmart U.S.
  $ 64,053     $ 59,013     $ 123,126     $ 114,450  
International
    25,261       21,600       49,198       41,227  
Sam's Club
    12,284       11,377       23,396       21,700  
Total Company
  $ 101,598     $ 91,990     $ 195,720     $ 177,377  

    Segment operating income and the reconciliation to income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest are as follows (amounts in millions):
 
   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
Operating Income:
                       
Walmart U.S.
  $ 4,715     $ 4,256     $ 9,077     $ 8,235  
International
    1,202       1,032       2,244       1,908  
Sam's Club
    432       445       818       815  
Other
    (552 )     (450 )     (1,034 )     (852 )
Operating income
  $ 5,797     $ 5,283     $ 11,105     $ 10,106  
Interest expense, net
    (456 )     (404 )     (952 )     (794 )
Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest
  $ 5,341     $ 4,879     $ 10,153     $ 9,312  
 
    Goodwill is recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in the operating segments as follows (amounts in millions):
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
   
January 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
 
International
  $ 16,095     $ 14,350     $ 15,766  
Sam’s Club
    305       305       305  
Total goodwill
  $ 16,400     $ 14,655     $ 16,071  

The change in the International segment's goodwill since January 31, 2008, primarily resulted from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations in the Japanese yen and Mexican peso, offset by an adjustment to allocate goodwill for the sale of Gazeley Limited (“Gazeley”), an ASDA commercial property development subsidiary in the United Kingdom.

The change in the International segment's goodwill since July 31, 2007, resulted from the final purchase price allocation of the Company's investment in Bounteous Company Ltd. ("BCL"), the acquisition of substantially all of the outstanding common and preferred shares of our Japanese subsidiary, The Seiyu Ltd., foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations in the Japanese yen, Mexican peso and Chinese yuan renminbi and purchase price adjustments related to continuing the repurchase of Walmex shares throughout the period, offset by an adjustment to allocate goodwill for the sale of Gazeley.

NOTE 7. Comprehensive Income
 
    Comprehensive income is net income plus certain other items that are recorded directly to shareholders’ equity. Amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive income for the Company’s derivative instruments and minimum pension liabilities are recorded net of the related income tax effects.  Comprehensive income was $4.0 billion and $7.5 billion for the three and six months ended July 31, 2008, respectively.  Comprehensive income was $3.7 billion and $6.7 billion for the three and six months ended July 31, 2007, respectively.

 
7

 
NOTE 8. Common Stock Dividends

On March 6, 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an increase in annual dividends to $0.95 per share. The annual dividend will be paid in four quarterly installments on April 7, 2008, June 2, 2008, September 2, 2008, and January 2, 2009, to holders of record on March 14, May 16, August 15 and December 15, 2008, respectively.

NOTE 9. Income and Other Taxes

The Company's effective tax rate was 34.2% for the three months ended July 31, 2008.  The Company expects the fiscal 2009 annual effective tax rate to be approximately 34% to 35%.  Significant factors that could impact the annual effective tax rate include management's assessment of certain tax matters and the composition of taxable income between domestic and international operations.

In determining the quarterly provision for income taxes, the Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate based on forecasted annual income and permanent items, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates.  The impact of significant discrete items is separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur.

The Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes,” (“FIN 48”) effective February 1, 2007.  FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for income taxes, by prescribing a minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements.  FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition, measurement, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.

In the normal course of its business, the Company provides for uncertain tax positions, and the related interest and penalties, and adjusts its unrecognized tax benefits, accrued interest and penalties accordingly. During the second quarter of fiscal 2009, unrecognized tax benefits related to continuing operations decreased by $65 million and accrued interest decreased by $13 million.  For the first six months of fiscal 2009, unrecognized tax benefits related to continuing operations decreased by $20 million and accrued interest increased by $5 million.  As of July 31, 2008, the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits relating to continuing operations were $848 million, of which $575 million would, if recognized, affect the Company’s effective tax rate.

Additionally, at April 30, 2008 the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of up to $1.8 billion which, if recognized, would be recorded as discontinued operations.  Of this, $63 million was recognized in discontinued operations during the second quarter of fiscal year 2009 from the successful resolution of a tax contingency related to McLane Company, Inc., a former Wal-Mart subsidiary.  The balance of $1.7 billion at July 31, 2008 relates to a worthless stock deduction which the Company has now claimed for the Company’s fiscal year 2007 disposition of its German operations.  The Company cannot predict with reasonable certainty if this matter will be resolved within the next twelve months.

During the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that tax audit resolutions could reduce unrecognized tax benefits by $140 million to $260 million, either because our tax positions are sustained on audit or because the Company agrees to their disallowance.  The Company does not expect any such audit resolutions to cause a significant change in its effective tax rate.  As of July 31, 2008, there were no material changes to the amount of unrecognized tax benefits or the related accrued interest and penalties reported in continuing operations.

The Company classifies interest on uncertain tax benefits as interest expense and income tax penalties as operating, selling, general and administrative costs.  At July 31, 2008, before any tax benefits, the Company had $232 million of accrued interest and penalties on unrecognized tax benefits.

The Company is subject to income tax examinations for its U.S. federal income taxes generally for the fiscal years 2007 and 2008, with fiscal years 2004 through 2006 remaining open for a limited number of U.S. income tax positions.  Non-U.S. income taxes are subject to income tax examination for the tax years 2002 through 2008.  State and local income taxes are open for examination for the fiscal years 2004 through 2007 generally and for the fiscal years 1997 through 2003 for a limited number of positions.

Additionally, the Company is subject to tax examinations for payroll, value added, sales-based and other taxes. A number of these examinations are ongoing and, in certain cases, have resulted in assessments from the taxing authorities. Where appropriate, the Company has made accruals for these matters which are reflected in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. While these matters are individually immaterial, a group of related matters, if decided adversely to the Company, may result in liability material to the Company's financial condition or results of operations.

NOTE 10. Legal Proceedings

The Company is involved in a number of legal proceedings. In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 5, “Accounting for Contingencies,” the Company has made accruals with respect to these matters, where appropriate, which are reflected in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company may enter into discussions regarding settlement of these matters, and may enter into settlement agreements, if it believes settlement is in the best interest of the Company's shareholders. The matters, or groups of related matters, discussed below, if decided adversely to or settled by the Company, individually or in the aggregate, may result in liability material to the Company's financial condition or results of operations.
 
8

 
Wage-and-Hour Class Actions:> The Company is a defendant in numerous cases containing class-action allegations in which the plaintiffs are current and former hourly associates who allege that the Company forced or encouraged them to work “off the clock,” failed to provide rest breaks or meal periods, or otherwise failed to pay them correctly. The complaints generally seek unspecified monetary damages, injunctive relief, or both. Class or collective-action certification has yet to be addressed by the court in a majority of these cases. In the majority of wage-and-hour class actions filed against the Company in which the courts have addressed the issue, class certification has been denied. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from these lawsuits, except as noted below.

One of the class-action lawsuits described above is Savaglio v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a class-action lawsuit in which the plaintiffs allege that they were not provided meal and rest breaks in accordance with California law, and seek monetary damages and injunctive relief. A trial on the plaintiffs' claims for monetary damages concluded on December 22, 2005. The jury returned a verdict of approximately $57 million in statutory penalties and $115 million in punitive damages. In June 2006, the judge entered an order allowing some, but not all, of the injunctive relief sought by the plaintiffs. On December 27, 2006, the judge entered an order awarding the plaintiffs an additional amount of approximately $26 million in costs and attorneys’ fees. The Company believes it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue, and on January 31, 2007, the Company filed its Notice of Appeal.

In another of the class-action lawsuits described above, Braun/Hummel v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a trial was commenced in September 2006, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The plaintiffs allege that the Company failed to pay class members for all hours worked and prevented class members from taking their full meal and rest breaks. On October 13, 2006, the jury awarded back-pay damages to the plaintiffs of approximately $78 million on their claims for off-the-clock work and missed rest breaks.  The jury found in favor of the Company on the plaintiffs’ meal-period claims.  On November 14, 2007, the trial judge entered a final judgment in the approximate amount of $188 million, which included the jury’s back-pay award plus statutory penalties, prejudgment interest and attorneys’ fees. The Company believes it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue, and on December 7, 2007, the Company filed its Notice of Appeal.

In another of the class-action lawsuits described above, Braun v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a trial commenced on September 24, 2007, in the First Judicial District Court for Dakota County, Minnesota, on the plaintiffs’ claims that class members worked off the clock and were not provided meal and rest breaks in accordance with Minnesota law.  Testimony concluded on December 11, 2007. On June 30, 2008, the trial judge issued an Order awarding the class approximately $6.5 million in compensatory and liquidated damages. The judge also set the plaintiffs’ claims for punitive damages and statutory penalties for trial on October 20, 2008, but invited the parties to seek an immediate appeal of the findings made thus far.  On July 29, the Company filed a petition with the Minnesota Court of Appeals requesting immediate appeal.  No ruling has been received.  The Company believes that it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from this litigation.

Another of the class-action lawsuits described above, Hale v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., is scheduled for jury trial beginning on April 6, 2009, in the Circuit Court of Jackson County, Missouri. The plaintiffs allege that class members worked off the clock and were not provided meal and rest breaks in accordance with Missouri law, and seek monetary damages in an unspecified amount, plus interest and attorneys' fees. The trial court granted class certification in November 2005 and the certification was affirmed by the Missouri Court of Appeals in June 2007. The Company believes that it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from this litigation.

Another of the class-action lawsuits described above, Carter v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., is scheduled for jury trial beginning in April 2009 in the Court of Common Pleas of Colleton County, South Carolina. The plaintiffs allege that class members worked off the clock and were not provided meal and rest breaks in accordance with South Carolina law, and seek monetary damages in an unspecified amount, plus statutory penalties, punitive damages, interest, and attorneys' fees. The trial court granted class certification in May 2005. The Company believes that it has substantial factual and legal defenses to the claims at issue. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from this litigation.

Exempt Status Cases:> The Company is currently a defendant in four putative class actions in which the plaintiffs seek class certification of various groups of salaried managers and challenge their exempt status under state and federal laws. In one of those cases (Sepulveda v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.), class certification was denied by the trial court on May 5, 2006.  On April 25, 2008, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the trial court’s ruling in part and reversed it in part, and remanded the case for further proceedings.  On May 16, 2008, the Company filed a petition seeking review of that ruling by a larger panel of the court. Class certification has not been addressed in the other cases. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from these lawsuits.
 
9

 
Gender Discrimination Cases: >The Company is a defendant in Dukes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a class-action lawsuit commenced in June 2001 and pending in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The case was brought on behalf of all past and present female employees in all of the Company's retail stores and warehouse clubs in the United States. The complaint alleges that the Company has engaged in a pattern and practice of discriminating against women in promotions, pay, training and job assignments. The complaint seeks, among other things, injunctive relief, front pay, back pay, punitive damages and attorneys' fees. On June 21, 2004, the district court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the plaintiffs' motion for class certification. The class, which was certified by the district court for purposes of liability, injunctive and declaratory relief, punitive damages and lost pay, subject to certain exceptions, includes all women employed at any Wal-Mart domestic retail store at any time since December 26, 1998, who have been or may be subjected to the pay and management track promotions policies and practices challenged by the plaintiffs. The class as certified currently includes approximately 1.6 million present and former female associates.

The Company believes that the district court's ruling is incorrect. On August 31, 2004, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit granted the Company's petition for discretionary review of the ruling. On February 6, 2007, a divided three-judge panel of the Court of Appeals issued a decision affirming the district court’s certification order. On February 20, 2007, the Company filed a petition asking that the decision be reconsidered by a larger panel of the court. On December 11, 2007, the three-judge panel withdrew its opinion of February 6, 2007, and issued a revised opinion.  As a result, Wal-Mart's Petition for Rehearing En Banc was denied as moot.  Wal-Mart filed a new Petition for Rehearing En Banc on January 8, 2008. If the Company is not successful in its appeal of class certification, or an appellate court issues a ruling that allows for the certification of a class or classes with a different size or scope, and if there is a subsequent adverse verdict on the merits from which there is no successful appeal, or in the event of a negotiated settlement of the litigation, the resulting liability could be material to the Company's financial condition or results of operations. The plaintiffs also seek punitive damages which, if awarded, could result in the payment of additional amounts material to the Company's financial condition or results of operations. However, because of the uncertainty of the outcome of the appeal from the district court's certification decision, because of the uncertainty of the balance of the proceedings contemplated by the district court, and because the Company's liability, if any, arising from the litigation, including the size of any damages award if plaintiffs are successful in the litigation or any negotiated settlement, could vary widely, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the possible loss or range of loss that may arise from the litigation.

The Company is a defendant in a lawsuit that was filed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) on August 24, 2001, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky on behalf of Janice Smith and all other females who made application or transfer requests at the London, Kentucky, distribution center from 1998 to the present, and who were not hired or transferred into the warehouse positions for which they applied. The complaint alleges that the Company based hiring decisions on gender in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act as amended. The EEOC can maintain this action as a class without certification. The EEOC seeks back pay and front pay for those females not selected for hire or transfer during the relevant time period, plus compensatory and punitive damages and injunctive relief. The EEOC has asserted that the hiring practices in question resulted in a shortfall of 245 positions.  The claims for compensatory and punitive damages are capped by statute at $300,000 per shortfall position. The amounts of back pay and front pay that are being sought have not been specified.

Hazardous Materials Investigations:> On November 8, 2005, the Company received a grand jury subpoena from the United States Attorney's Office for the Central District of California, seeking documents and information relating to the Company's receipt, transportation, handling, identification, recycling, treatment, storage and disposal of certain merchandise that constitutes hazardous materials or hazardous waste. The Company has been informed by the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Central District of California that it is a target of a criminal investigation into potential violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), the Clean Water Act and the Hazardous Materials Transportation Statute. This U.S. Attorney's Office contends, among other things, that the use of Company trucks to transport certain returned merchandise from the Company's stores to its return centers is prohibited by RCRA because those materials may be considered hazardous waste. The government alleges that, to comply with RCRA, the Company must ship from the store certain materials as “hazardous waste” directly to a certified disposal facility using a certified hazardous waste carrier. The Company contends that the practice of transporting returned merchandise to its return centers for subsequent disposition, including disposal by certified facilities, is compliant with applicable laws and regulations. While management cannot predict the ultimate outcome of this matter, management does not believe the outcome will have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
 
     Additionally, the U.S. Attorney's Office in the Northern District of California has initiated its own investigation regarding the Company's handling of hazardous materials and hazardous waste and the Company has received administrative document requests from the California Department of Toxic Substances Control requesting documents and information with respect to two of the Company's distribution facilities. Further, the Company also received a subpoena from the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office for documents and administrative interrogatories requesting information, among other things, regarding the Company's handling of materials and hazardous waste. California state and local government authorities and the State of Nevada have also initiated investigations into these matters. The Company is cooperating fully with the respective authorities. While management cannot predict the ultimate outcome of this matter, management does not believe the outcome will have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.

 
10

 
NOTE 11. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2008, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (“SFAS 161”).  SFAS 161 is intended to improve financial reporting about derivative instruments and hedging activities by requiring enhanced disclosures to enable investors to better understand the effects of the derivative instruments on an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.  The Company will adopt SFAS 161 on February 1, 2009. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact of SFAS 161 on its financial statements.

In May 2008, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 162, “The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” (“SFAS 162”).  SFAS 162 identifies the sources of accounting principles and the framework for selecting the principles to be used in the preparation of financial statements of nongovernmental entities that are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.  SFAS 162 directs the hierarchy to the entity, rather than the independent auditors, as the entity is responsible for selecting accounting principles for financial statements that are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. SFAS 162 is effective 60 days following SEC approval of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board amendments to remove the hierarchy of generally accepted accounting principles from the auditing standards. SFAS 162 is not expected to have an impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
In June 2008, the FASB issued Staff Position EITF 03-06-1, "Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions Are Participating Securities" ("FSP EITF 03-06-1"). FSP EITF 03-06-1 provides that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and shall be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method in SFAS No. 128, "Earnings per Share". FSP EITF 03-06-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those years and requires all prior-period earnings per share data to be adjusted retrospectively. FSP EITF 03-06-1 is effective for the Company on February 1, 2009. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact of FSP EITF 03-06-1 on its financial statements.
 
NOTE 12. Discontinued Operations
 
As previously reported, in July 2006 the Company agreed to dispose of its German operations to Metro AG.  The Company reported the disposal as discontinued operations and recorded a loss of $863 million during the second quarter ended July 31, 2006.  An additional loss of $55 million on the disposal was recorded to discontinued operations in the third quarter of fiscal 2007 as a result of various closing adjustments.  In addition, the Company recognized a tax benefit of $126 million related to this transaction in the third quarter of fiscal 2007.  The Company also recorded a second quarter fiscal 2008 charge of $153 million to discontinued operations related to the settlement of a post-closing adjustment and certain other indemnification obligations associated with this disposition.

During fiscal 2009, the Company disposed of Gazeley, an ASDA commercial property development subsidiary in the United Kingdom.  Consequently, the results of operations associated with Gazeley are presented as discontinued operations in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented.  The cash flows related to this operation were insignificant.  The Company has estimated the gain from the sale of Gazeley to be approximately $200 million, after tax, which is subject to further analysis of the investment basis and foreign currency translation gains; determination of the fair value of the reporting unit; and subject to any closing adjustments or indemnification obligations. The Company’s operations in the United Kingdom are consolidated using a December 31 fiscal year-end.  Since the sale of Gazeley closed in July 2008, the Company will record the gain to discontinued operations in the third quarter of fiscal 2009.

In addition, the Company recorded a $63 million benefit to discontinued operations for the three months ended July 31, 2008, from the successful resolution of a tax contingency related to McLane Company, Inc., a former Wal-Mart subsidiary.

 
11

 
NOTE 13. Subsequent Event
 
    On August 5, 2008, the Company issued ¥25 billion of its Japanese Yen Bonds - First Series (2008), which bear interest at the rate of 1.72% per annum and mature on August 5, 2011, ¥25 billion of its Japanese Yen Bonds - Second Series (2008), which bear interest at the rate of 2.01% per annum and mature on August 5, 2013, and ¥50 billion of its Japanese Yen Floating Rate Bonds - First Series (2008), which bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the six-month London Interbank Offered Rate for deposits in Japanese yen (as applicable from interest period to interest period) plus 0.50 per cent and mature on August 5, 2013.  The bonds of each series are denominated and payable in Japanese yen and are designated as a hedge of the Company’s net investment in Japan.  Interest is payable on the bonds of each series on each February 5 and August 5 prior to maturity and on the maturity date, commencing on February 5, 2009.  The bonds of each series are senior, unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.  Based on an exchange rate equal to the noon buying rate quoted by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for August 5, 2008, which was $1.00 = ¥108.20, the United States dollar equivalent of the aggregate original principal amount of all such bonds was $924 million, the ¥25 billion original principal amount of the Japanese Yen Bonds - First Series (2008) was equivalent to $231 million, the ¥25 billion original principal amount of the Japanese Yen Bonds - Second Series (2008) was equivalent to $231 million, and the ¥50 billion original principal amount of the Japanese Yen Floating Rate Bonds - First Series (2008) was the equivalent of $462 million.
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This discussion relates to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries and should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements as of July 31, 2008, and the period then ended and accompanying notes included under Part I, Item 1, of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as our condensed consolidated financial statements as of January 31, 2008, and for the year then ended, and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended January 31, 2008, and included as an exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2008.

We intend for this discussion to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding our financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from year to year, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, as well as how certain accounting principles affect our financial statements. The discussion also provides information about the financial results of the various segments of our business to provide a better understanding of how those segments and their results affect the financial condition and results of operations of the Company as a whole.

Throughout this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, we discuss segment operating income and comparable store sales. Segment operating income refers to income from continuing operations before net interest expense, income taxes and minority interest and excludes unallocated corporate overhead.  At February 1, 2008, the Company reclassified certain unallocated corporate expenses to be included within each segment’s measurement of operating income. As a result, all prior year measurements of segment operating income have been restated for comparative purposes.

Comparable store sales is a measure which indicates the performance of our existing stores by measuring the growth in sales for such stores for a particular period over the corresponding period in the prior year.  Comparable store sales is also referred to as “same-store” sales by others within the retail industry. The method of calculating comparable store sales varies across the retail industry. As a result, our calculation of comparable store sales is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

During fiscal 2008, the Company reviewed its definition of comparable store sales for consistency with other retailers. For fiscal 2009, beginning February 1, 2008, the Company has revised its definition of comparable store sales to include sales from stores and clubs open for the previous 12 months, including remodels, relocations and expansions. Changes in store format continue to be excluded from comparable store sales when the conversion is accompanied by a relocation or by an expansion that results in a change in square footage of more than five percent. Since the impact of this revision is inconsequential, the Company did not restate comparable store sales results for previously reported fiscal periods.

 
12

 
Company Performance Metrics
 
Management uses a number of metrics to assess the Company’s performance including:
 
·  
Total sales and comparable store sales;
·  
Operating income;
·  
Diluted net income per common share from continuing operations;
·  
Return on investment; and
·  
Free cash flow.

Total Sales
(Amounts in millions)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
 
   
2008
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2007
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2008
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2007
   
of Total
   
Change
 
Net Sales:
                                                                       
Walmart U.S.
  $ 64,053       63.0 %     8.5 %   $ 59,013       64.1 %     6.5 %   $ 123,126       62.9 %     7.6 %   $ 114,450       64.6 %     6.1 %
International
    25,261       24.9 %     16.9 %     21,600       23.5 %     15.7 %     49,198       25.1 %     19.3 %     41,227       23.2 %     17.0 %
Sam's Club
    12,284       12.1 %     8.0 %     11,377       12.4 %     8.6 %     23,396       12.0 %     7.8 %     21,700       12.2 %     7.2 %
Total Company
  $ 101,598       100.0 %     10.4 %   $ 91,990       100.0 %     8.8 %   $ 195,720       100.0 %     10.3 %   $ 177,377       100.0 %     8.6 %

    Our total net sales increased by 10.4% and 10.3% for the three and six months ended July 31, 2008, respectively, when compared to corresponding periods in the prior year.  Those increases resulted from our global store expansion programs and comparable store sales increases.  Foreign currency exchange rates had a $1.1 billion and $2.4 billion favorable impact on the International segment’s net sales for the three and six months ended July 31, 2008, respectively.  For the three and six months ended July 31, 2007, foreign currency exchange rates had a favorable impact of $1.0 billion and $1.6 billion, respectively, on the International segment’s net sales.

Comparable Store Sales
   
Without Fuel
   
With Fuel
   
Fuel Impact
 
   
Three Months Ended
   
Three Months Ended
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
                                     
Walmart U.S.
    4.6 %     1.2 %     4.6 %     1.2 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Sam's Club
    3.7 %     5.9 %     7.2 %     6.5 %     3.5 %     0.6 %
Total U.S.
    4.5 %     1.9 %     5.0 %     2.0 %     0.5 %     0.1 %

   
Without Fuel
   
With Fuel
   
Fuel Impact
 
   
Six Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
                                     
Walmart U.S.
    3.7 %     0.6 %     3.7 %     0.6 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Sam's Club
    3.7 %     5.3 %     6.9 %     5.4 %     3.2 %     0.1 %
Total U.S.
    3.7 %     1.3 %     4.2 %     1.3 %     0.5 %     0.0 %
 

 
    Comparable store sales in the United States, including fuel sales, increased 5.0% for the second quarter of fiscal 2009 compared to 2.0% for the second quarter of fiscal 2008.  For the six months ended July 31, 2008, comparable store sales in the United States, including fuel sales, increased 4.2% compared to 1.3% for the corresponding period in the prior year.  Comparable store sales in fiscal 2009 were higher than fiscal 2008 due to strength in grocery, health and wellness, and entertainment categories, as well as increases in customer traffic and average transaction size per customer.  The information regarding comparable store sales excluding fuel sales is included in the information above to permit investors to understand the effect of fuel sales on the comparable club sales for our Sam’s Club segment and comparable stores sales in the United States for the periods shown.

 
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Operating Income
(Amounts in millions)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
         
Percent
   
Percent
 
   
2008
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2007
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2008
   
of Total
   
Change
   
2007
   
of Total
   
Change
 
Operating Income:
                                                                       
Walmart U.S.
  $ 4,715       81.3 %     10.8 %   $ 4,256       80.6 %     3.8 %   $ 9,077       81.7 %     10.2 %   $ 8,235       81.5 %     3.0 %
International
    1,202       20.7 %     16.5 %     1,032       19.5 %     5.1 %     2,244       20.2 %     17.6 %     1,908       18.9 %     9.9 %
Sam's Club
    432       7.5 %     -2.9 %     445       8.4 %     11.5 %     818       7.4 %     0.4 %     815       8.1 %     15.3 %
Other
    (552 )     -9.5 %     22.7 %     (450 )     -8.5 %     16.6 %     (1,034 )     -9.3 %     21.4 %     (852 )     -8.5 %     -0.1 %
    $ 5,797       100.0 %     9.7 %   $ 5,283       100.0 %     3.7 %   $ 11,105       100.0 %     9.9 %   $ 10,106       100.0 %     5.4 %

    Operating income growth compared to net sales growth is a meaningful metric to share with investors because it indicates how effectively we manage costs and leverage expenses.  Our objective is to grow operating income faster than net sales. For the second quarter of fiscal 2009, our operating income increased 9.7% when compared to the prior year, while net sales increased by 10.4% over the same period. For the individual segments, our Walmart U.S. segment met this target; however, our International and Sam’s Club segments did not.  The International segment fell short of this objective due to the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.  For the Sam’s Club segment, the negative impact from growth in the lower-margin fuel business on gross profit as a percentage of segment net sales (our “gross margin”) contributed to falling short of this objective.

For the six months ended July 31, 2008, our operating income increased by 9.9% when compared to the prior year, while net sales increased by 10.3% over the same period.  For the individual segments, our Walmart U.S. segment met the target of growing operating income faster than net sales; however, our International and Sam’s Club segments did not.  The International segment fell short of this objective due to the impact of foreign currency fluctuations and accruals for certain legal matters. For the Sam’s Club segment, the negative impact from growth in the lower-margin fuel business in the current year period on the segment’s gross margin and the excise tax refund of $39 million recorded in the prior year contributed to falling short of this objective.
 
Diluted Income per Common Share from Continuing Operations
   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
July 31,
   
July 31,
 
   
2008
   
2007
   
2008
   
2007
 
Diluted income per common share from continuing operations
  $ 0.86     $ 0.75     $ 1.62     $ 1.43  

    Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased 14.7% for the three months ended July 31, 2008, compared to the prior year period as a result of a 9.3% increase in income from continuing operations and the impact of share repurchases reducing the number of weighted average shares outstanding.

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased 13.3% for the six months ended July 31, 2008, compared to the prior year period as a result of an 8.6% increase in income from continuing operations and the impact of share repurchases reducing the number of weighted-average shares outstanding.

Return on Investment

Management believes return on investment (“ROI”) is a meaningful metric to share with investors because it helps investors assess how efficiently Wal-Mart is employing its assets. ROI was 19.3% for the twelve months ended July 31, 2008 and 2007.

We define ROI as adjusted operating income (operating income plus interest income, depreciation and amortization and rent expense) for the fiscal year or trailing twelve months divided by average invested capital during that period. We consider average invested capital to be the average of our beginning and ending total assets of continuing operations plus accumulated depreciation and amortization less accounts payable and accrued liabilities for that period, plus a rent factor equal to the rent for the fiscal year or trailing twelve months multiplied by a factor of eight.

ROI is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under the SEC’s rules.  We consider return on assets (“ROA”) to be the financial measure computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles that is the most directly comparable financial measure to ROI as we calculate that financial measure.   ROI differs from ROA (which is income from continuing operations before minority interest for the fiscal year or the trailing twelve months divided by average of total assets of continuing operations for the period) because ROI: adjusts operating income to exclude certain expense items and add interest income; adjusts total assets from continuing operations for the impact of accumulated depreciation and amortization, accounts payable and accrued liabilities; and incorporates a factor of rent to arrive at total invested capital.

 
14

 
Although ROI is a standard financial metric, numerous methods exist for calculating a company’s ROI.  As a result, the method used by management to calculate ROI may differ from the method other companies use to calculate their ROI.  We urge you to understand the method used by another company to calculate its ROI before comparing our ROI to that of the other company.

The calculation of ROI along with a reconciliation to the calculation of ROA, the most comparable GAAP financial measurement, is as follows:

   
Twelve Months Ended
   
Twelve Months Ended
   
(Amounts in millions)
July 31, 2008
   
July 31, 2007
   
               
Calculation of Return on Investment
           
               
NUMERATOR
           
Operating Income (1)
  $ 22,933     $ 21,001    
+ Interest Income (1)
    271       318    
+ Depreciation and Amortization (1)
  6,623       5,877    
+ Rent (1)
    1,723       1,512    
= Adjusted Operating Income
$ 31,550     $ 28,708    
                   
DENOMINATOR
               
                   
Average Total Assets of Continuing Operations (2)
  161,340       149,576    
+ Average Accumulated Depreciation and Amortization (2)
  31,728       27,340    
- Average Accounts Payable (2)
  28,841       26,887    
- Average Accrued Liabilities (2)
  14,816       13,516    
+ Rent * 8
    13,784       12,096    
= Invested Capital
  $ 163,195     $ 148,609    
                   
ROI   19.3 %     19.3 %  
                   
Calculation of Return on Assets
               
 NUMERATOR
 
               
Income From Continuing Operations Before Minority Interest (1)
$ 13,804     $ 12,902    
 DENOMINATOR
 
               
Average Total Assets of Continuing Operations (2)
$ 161,340     $ 149,576    
                   
  ROA
  8.6 %     8.6 %  
                   
   
As of
   
As of
 
As of
CERTAIN BALANCE SHEET DATA
July 31, 2008
   
July 31, 2007
 
July 31, 2006
                   
Total Assets of Continuing Operations (1)
$ 166,183     $ 156,497  
 $                           142,654
Accumulated Depreciation and Amortization (1)
  34,236       29,219  
                                25,460
Accounts Payable (1)
    29,933       27,748  
                                26,025
Accrued Liabilities (1)
    15,607       14,025  
                                13,007

(1)  
Based on continuing operations only; therefore, this excludes the impact of our South Korean and German operations, which were sold in fiscal 2007 and the impact of Gazeley which will be reflected as a sale in the third quarter of fiscal 2009, all of which are classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.  Total assets as of July 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 in the table above exclude assets of discontinued operations of $712 million, $452 million and $2,136 million, respectively.
(2)  
The average is calculated by adding the account balance at the end of the current period to the account balance at the end of the prior period and dividing by 2.

Free Cash Flow

We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities in the period minus payments for property and equipment made in the period.  We generated positive free cash flow of $4.9 billion for the six months ended July 31, 2008, compared to a deficit of $773 million in the prior year.  The significant increase in our free cash flow is the result of our improved inventory management as well as reduced capital expenditures in connection with our planned slowing of store expansion in the United States.

Free cash flow is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under the SEC’s rules.  Management believes, however, that free cash flow is an important financial measure for use in evaluating the Company’s financial performance, which measures our ability to generate additional cash from our business operations. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income as a measure of our performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.
 
 
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Additionally, our definition of free cash flow is limited, in that it does not represent residual cash flows available for discretionary expenditures due to the fact that the measure does not deduct the payments required for debt service and other contractual obligations.  Therefore, we believe it is important to view free cash flow as a measure that provides supplemental information to our entire statement of cash flows.

The following table reconciles net cash provided by operating activities, a GAAP measure, to free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure.
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
 July 31,
 
(Amounts in millions)
 
2008
   
2007
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
  $ 9,983     $ 6,198  
Payments for property and equipment
    (5,074 )     (6,971 )
Free cash flow
  $ 4,909     $ (773 )
                 
Net cash used in investing activities
  $ (4,527 )   $ (7,180 )
                 
Net cash used in financing activities
  $ (4,199 )   $ (860 )
 
Results of Operations

The following discussion of our Results of Operations is based on our continuing operations and excludes any results or discussion of our discontinued operations.

Consolidated

Three Months Ended July 31, 2008

Our total net sales increased by 10.4% and 8.8% for the second quarter of fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, respectively, when compared to the previous year. Those increases resulted from our global store expansion programs and comparable store sales increases. During the second quarter of fiscal 2009 and 2008, foreign currency exchange rates had a $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion favorable impact, respectively, on the International segment’s net sales, which contributed to the increase in the International segment’s net sales as a percentage of total Company net sales.

Our gross margin increased from 23.3% for the second quarter of fiscal 2008 to 23.6% in the second quarter of fiscal 2009.  This increase is primarily due to lower inventory shrink and less markdown activity as a result of improved inventory management in our Walmart U.S. segment.  However, our Sam’s Club and International segments experienced declines in gross margin largely due to the negative impact of growth in the lower-margin fuel business.

Operating, selling, general and administrative expenses (“operating expenses”) as a percentage of net sales increased 0.3 percentage points compared to the corresponding period in fiscal 2008.  Operating expenses for the three months ended July 31, 2007, were favorably affected by the change in estimated losses associated with our general liability and workers’ compensation claims, which reduced accrued liabilities for such claims by $298 million before tax, partially offset by pre-tax charges of $100 million for certain legal and other contingencies. The net favorable impact of these items reduced our operating expenses as a percentage of net sales in fiscal 2008 by 0.2 percentage points. Otherwise, operating expenses as a percentage of net sales increased in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 primarily due to higher bonus expenses for store associates and increased corporate expenses compared to the corresponding quarter in fiscal 2008.  Corporate expenses have increased primarily due to our long-term transformation projects to enhance our information systems for merchandising, finance and human resources. We expect these increased expenses from the transformation projects to continue for the foreseeable future.

Membership and other income, which includes a variety of income categories such as Sam’s Club membership fee revenues, tenant lease, financial services and recycling income, increased 5.9% in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 from the prior year quarter due to continued growth in our financial services area and increases in recycling income resulting from our sustainability efforts.  Membership and other income for the second quarter of fiscal 2008 includes recognition of $63 million in pre-tax gains from the sale of certain real estate properties.

Interest, net, increased 12.9% in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 when compared with the same period last year largely due to higher borrowing levels during the three months ended July 31, 2008, partially offset by lower short-term interest rates.

 
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Our effective income tax rate from continuing operations decreased from 34.4% for the second quarter of fiscal 2008 to 34.2% for the second quarter of fiscal 2009, due to changes in the mix of taxable income among our domestic and international operations.

Six Months Ended July 31, 2008

Our total net sales increased by 10.3% and 8.6% for the six months ended July 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Those increases resulted from our global store expansion programs and comparable store sales increases. During the first six months of fiscal 2009 and 2008, foreign currency exchange rates had a $2.4 billion and $1.6 billion favorable impact, respectively, on the International segment’s net sales, which contributed to the increase in the International segment’s net sales as a percentage of total Company net sales.

Our gross margin increased from 23.4% for the six months ended July 31, 2007 to 23.6% in the six months ended July 31, 2008.  This increase is primarily due to lower inventory shrink and less markdown activity as a result of improved inventory management in our Walmart U.S. segment.  The effect of these benefits in comparison to the prior year period was partially offset by the $97 million excise tax refund recorded in the six months ended July 31, 2007.

Operating expenses as a percentage of net sales increased 0.3 percentage points compared to the corresponding period in fiscal 2008.  Operating expenses for the six months ended July 31, 2007, were favorably affected by the change in estimated losses associated with our general liability and workers’ compensation claims, which reduced accrued liabilities for such claims by $298 million before tax, partially offset by pre-tax charges of $183 million for certain legal and other contingencies. The net favorable impact of these items reduced our operating expenses as a percentage of net sales in the comparable fiscal 2008 period by 0.1 percentage points. Otherwise, operating expenses as a percentage of net sales increased in the six months ended July 31, 2008, primarily due to higher bonus expenses for store associates and increased corporate expenses compared to the corresponding period in fiscal 2008.  Corporate expenses have increased primarily due to our long-term transformation projects to enhance our information systems for merchandising, finance and human resources. We expect these increased expenses from the transformation projects to continue for the foreseeable future.

Membership and other income increased 12.1% for the first six months of fiscal 2009 from the prior year due to continued growth in our financial services area and increases in recycling income resulting from our sustainability efforts.  Membership and other income for the six months ended July 31, 2007, includes recognition of $63 million in pre-tax gains from the sale of certain real estate properties.

Interest, net, increased 19.9% in the first six months of fiscal 2009 when compared with the same period last year largely due to higher borrowing levels during the six months ended July 31, 2008, partially offset by lower short-term interest rates.

Our effective income tax rate from continuing operations decreased from 34.5% for the first six months of fiscal 2008 to 34.4% for same period in the current year, due to changes in the mix of taxable income among our domestic and international operations.

Walmart U.S. Segment

Three Months Ended July 31, 2008
(Amounts in millions)
         
Segment net
         
Segment operating
   
Segment
 
         
sales increase
         
income increase
   
operating
 
         
from prior
   
Segment
   
from prior fiscal
   
income
 
Three months ended
 
Segment
   
fiscal year
   
operating
   
year second
   
as a percentage of
 
July 31,
 
net sales
   
second quarter
   
income