Webster Financial DEF 14A 2014
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
INFORMATION REQUIRED IN PROXY STATEMENT
SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No. )
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Webster Financial Corporation
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March 14, 2014
To the Shareholders of
Webster Financial Corporation:
You are cordially invited to attend the Webster Financial Corporation Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on Thursday, April 24, 2014 at 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, at the Webster Bank Resource Center, 436 Slater Road, New Britain, Connecticut 06053.
At the Annual Meeting, you will be asked: (i) to elect nine directors to serve for one-year terms; (ii) to approve, on a non-binding, advisory basis, the compensation of the named executive officers of Webster; (iii) to ratify the appointment of KPMG LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm of Webster for the year ending December 31, 2014; and (iv) to transact any other business that properly comes before the Annual Meeting or any adjournments of the meeting.
We encourage you to read the accompanying Proxy Statement, which provides information regarding Webster and the matters to be voted on at the Annual Meeting. Also enclosed is our 2013 Annual Report.
It is important that your shares be represented at the Annual Meeting. Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, you may vote your common shares via a toll-free telephone number or on the Internet or you may complete, date, sign and return the enclosed proxy card in the enclosed postage-paid envelope. If you attend the meeting and prefer to vote in person, you may do so.
WEBSTER FINANCIAL CORPORATION
145 Bank Street
Waterbury, Connecticut 06702
NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON APRIL 24, 2014
To the Shareholders of
Webster Financial Corporation:
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the annual meeting of shareholders (the Annual Meeting) of Webster Financial Corporation (Webster) will be held on Thursday, April 24, 2014 at 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, at the Webster Bank Resource Center, 436 Slater Road, New Britain, Connecticut 06053, for the following purposes:
The Board of Directors has fixed the close of business on February 24, 2014 as the record date for the determination of shareholders entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting. Only shareholders of record at the close of business on that date will be entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting or any adjournments thereof.
March 14, 2014
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU VOTE PROMPTLY. THEREFORE, WHETHER OR NOT YOU PLAN TO ATTEND THE ANNUAL MEETING, PLEASE VOTE YOUR COMMON SHARES VIA THE TOLL-FREE TELEPHONE NUMBER LISTED ON THE PROXY CARD, THE INTERNET OR BY MAIL.
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Annual Meeting to Be Held on April 24, 2014: This proxy statement, along with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 and our 2013 Annual Report, are available free of charge on the Investor Relations section of our website (www.wbst.com).
WEBSTER FINANCIAL CORPORATION
145 Bank Street
Waterbury, Connecticut 06702
PROXY STATEMENT FOR ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON APRIL 24, 2014
Solicitation, Voting and Revocability of Proxies
This Proxy Statement (the Proxy Statement) is being furnished to the shareholders of Webster Financial Corporation, a Delaware corporation (Webster or the Company), as part of the solicitation of proxies by its Board of Directors from holders of its outstanding shares of Common Stock, par value $.01 per share (the Common Stock), for use at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Webster to be held on Thursday, April 24, 2014 at 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, at the Webster Bank Resource Center, 436 Slater Road, New Britain, Connecticut 06053 (the Annual Meeting) and at any adjournments thereof. The Proxy Statement, together with the enclosed proxy card, is being mailed to shareholders of Webster on or about March 14, 2014.
The Annual Meeting has been called for the following purposes:
1. To elect nine directors to serve for one-year terms (Proposal 1);
2. To approve, on a non-binding, advisory basis, the compensation of the named executive officers of Webster (Proposal 2);
3. To ratify the appointment by the Board of Directors of the firm of KPMG LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm of Webster for the year ending December 31, 2014 (Proposal 3); and
4. To transact any other business that properly comes before the Annual Meeting or any adjournments thereof.
If you vote using the enclosed proxy card, your shares will be voted in accordance with the instructions indicated. Executed but unmarked proxies will be voted:
1. FOR the election of the Boards nominees as directors;
2. FOR the approval, on a non-binding, advisory basis, of the compensation of the named executive officers of Webster; and
3. FOR the ratification of the appointment of Websters independent registered public accounting firm.
Except for procedural matters incident to the conduct of the Annual Meeting, the Board of Directors does not know of any matters other than those described in the Notice of Annual Meeting that are to come before the Annual Meeting. If any other matters are properly brought before the Annual Meeting, the persons named in the proxy will vote the shares represented by such proxy on such matters as determined by a majority of the Board of Directors. The proxies confer discretionary authority to vote on any matter of which Webster did not have notice at least 30 days prior to the date of the Annual Meeting.
The presence of a shareholder at the Annual Meeting will not automatically revoke that shareholders proxy. A shareholder may, however, revoke a proxy at any time before it is voted: (i) by delivering either a written notice of revocation of the proxy or a duly executed proxy bearing a later date to Mark S. Lyon, Assistant Secretary, Webster Financial Corporation, 145 Bank Street, Waterbury, Connecticut 06702; (ii) by re-voting by telephone or on the Internet; or (iii) by attending the Annual Meeting and voting in person.
The cost of soliciting proxies for the Annual Meeting will be borne by Webster. In addition to use of the mails, proxies may be solicited personally or by telephone or telecopy by directors, officers and employees, who will not be specially compensated for such activities. Webster also will request persons, firms and companies holding shares in their names or in the name of their nominees, which are beneficially owned by others, to send proxy materials to and obtain proxies from those beneficial owners and will reimburse those holders for their reasonable expenses incurred in that connection. Webster also has retained Morrow & Co., LLC, a proxy soliciting firm, to assist in the solicitation of proxies at a fee of $7,500, plus reimbursement of certain out-of-pocket expenses.
Who Can Vote - The securities which can be voted at the Annual Meeting consist of shares of Common Stock of Webster with each share entitling its owner to one vote on all matters properly presented at the Annual Meeting. There is no cumulative voting of shares. The Board of Directors has fixed the close of business on February 24, 2014 as the record date for the determination of shareholders of Webster entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting. On the record date, there were 7,387 holders of record of the 90,254,151 shares of Common Stock then outstanding and eligible to be voted at the Annual Meeting.
Voting - If your Common Stock is held by a broker, bank or other nominee (i.e., in street name), you should receive instructions from that person or entity that you must follow in order to have your shares of Common Stock voted. If you hold your Common Stock in your own name and not through a broker or another nominee, you may vote your shares of Common Stock:
Whichever of these methods you select to transmit your instructions, the proxy holders will vote your Common Stock in accordance with your instructions. If you give a proxy without specific voting instructions, your proxy will be voted by the proxy holders as recommended by the Board of Directors.
Vote by Telephone - If you hold your Common Stock in your own name and not through your broker or another nominee, you can vote your shares of Common Stock by telephone by dialing the toll-free telephone number printed on your proxy card. Telephone voting is available 24 hours a day until 11:59 p.m., Eastern Time, on April 23, 2014. Easy-to-follow voice prompts allow you to vote your shares of Common Stock and confirm that your instructions have been properly recorded. If you vote by telephone, you do not need to return your proxy card.
Vote by Internet - If you hold your Common Stock in your own name and not through your broker or another nominee, you can vote via the Internet. The website for Internet voting is printed on your proxy card. Internet voting is available 24 hours a day until 11:59 p.m., Eastern Time, on April 23, 2014. As with telephone voting, you will be given the opportunity to confirm that your instructions have been properly recorded. If you vote via the Internet, you do not need to return your proxy card.
Vote by Mail - You can vote by mail by signing, dating and returning the enclosed proxy card in the enclosed postage-paid envelope.
The presence, in person or by proxy, of at least one-third of the total number of outstanding shares of Common Stock entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting is necessary to constitute a quorum at the Annual Meeting. Assuming the presence of a quorum at the Annual Meeting, directors will be elected by a majority of the votes cast by shares present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote. The affirmative vote of the majority of the votes cast is required to approve the non-binding, advisory vote on the compensation of the named executive officers of Webster and to ratify the appointment of Websters independent registered public accounting firm. Shareholders votes will be tabulated by the persons appointed by the Board of Directors to act as inspectors of election for the Annual Meeting.
Under New York Stock Exchange Rule 452, which governs NYSE brokerage members, brokerage firms may not vote on non-routine matters in their discretion on behalf of their clients if such clients have not furnished voting instructions. A broker non-vote occurs when a brokers customer does not provide the broker with voting instructions on non-routine matters for shares owned by the customer but held in the name of the broker. For non-routine matters, the broker cannot vote either FOR or AGAINST a proposal and reports the number of such shares as non-votes. Because none of the matters to be voted upon at the Annual Meeting are considered routine matters under Rule 452 except for the ratification of the appointment of the independent registered public accounting firm, there potentially can be broker non-votes at the Annual Meeting. Both abstentions and broker non-votes will be treated as shares present for purposes of determining the presence of a quorum at the Annual Meeting. Abstentions and broker non-votes will not be counted for purposes of determining the number of votes cast on Proposals 1 or 2 and, therefore, will have no effect on the outcome of the votes for those proposals. Abstentions will not be counted for purposes of determining the number of votes cast on Proposal 3 and, therefore, will have no effect on the outcome of the vote for that proposal. Proposal 3 concerns a routine matter and thus brokerage firms may vote, in person or by proxy, on such proposal on behalf of their clients without voting instructions.
Electronic Delivery of Proxy Materials - As a shareholder, you have the option of electing to receive future proxy materials (including annual reports) online over the Internet. This online service provides savings to Webster by eliminating printing, mailing, processing and postage costs associated with hard copy distribution. You may enroll for this service on the Internet after you vote your shares in accordance with the instructions for Internet voting set forth on the enclosed proxy card. You may also enroll for electronic delivery of future Webster proxy materials at any time on the Companys website at www.wbst.com. Under Electronic Enrollment, select the Click Here To Enroll link. Then select the box indicating your appropriate form of share ownership, and follow the instructions for electronic delivery enrollment. In the future, you will receive an email message, at the address you provided while enrolling, informing you that the Webster proxy materials are available to be viewed online on the Internet. Follow the instructions to view the materials and vote your shares. Your enrollment in electronic delivery of Webster proxy materials will remain in effect until revoked by you.
Annual Report on Form 10-K - Webster is required to file an annual report on Form 10-K for its 2013 fiscal year with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Shareholders may obtain, free of charge, a copy of the Form 10-K by writing to Mark S. Lyon, Assistant Secretary, Webster Financial Corporation, 145 Bank Street, Waterbury, Connecticut 06702. Our annual report on Form 10-K is available on the Companys website, www.wbst.com.
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
At the Annual Meeting, nine directors will be elected to serve for one-year terms. Unless otherwise specified on the proxy, it is the intention of the persons named in the proxy to vote the shares represented by each properly executed proxy for the election as directors of the persons named below as nominees. The Board of Directors believes that the nominees will stand for election and will serve if elected as directors. If, however, any person nominated by the Board fails to stand for election or is unable to accept election, the proxies will be voted for the election of such other person as the Board of Directors may recommend. Assuming the presence of a quorum at the Annual Meeting, directors will be elected by a majority of the votes cast by shares present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting. There are no cumulative voting rights in the election of directors.
As required by Websters Bylaws, directors must be elected by a majority of the votes cast with respect to such director in uncontested elections (number of shares voted for a director must exceed the number of votes cast against that director). In a contested election (a situation in which the number of nominees exceeds the number of directors to be elected), the standard for election of directors will be a plurality of the shares represented in person or by proxy at any such meeting and entitled to vote on the election of directors. In addition, under Websters Bylaws, incumbent directors nominated for reelection are required, as a condition to such nomination, to submit a conditional letter of resignation. In the event an incumbent nominee for director fails to receive a majority of the votes cast at an annual meeting, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider the resignation and make a recommendation to the Board whether to accept or reject the
resignation, or whether other action should be taken. The Board will act on the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees recommendation and publicly disclose its decision and the rationale behind it within 90 days from the date the election results are certified. The director who failed to receive a majority of the votes cast will not participate in the Boards decision.
Information as to Nominees
The following table sets forth the names of the Board of Directors nominees for election as directors, all of whom are current directors of Webster. Also set forth in the table is certain other information with respect to each such persons age at December 31, 2013, the periods during which such person has served as a director of Webster and positions currently held with Webster and its wholly owned subsidiary, Webster Bank, National Association (Webster Bank). Mr. David A. Coulter, whose term ends as of the Annual Meeting, will be leaving the Board of Directors as of the date of the Annual Meeting. The Board of Directors greatly appreciates the service and contributions of Mr. Coulter to the success of Webster.
Following the table are biographies of each of the nominees which contain information regarding each such persons business experience, director positions held currently or at any time during the last five years, information regarding involvement in certain legal or administrative proceedings, if applicable, and the experiences, qualifications, attributes or skills that caused the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Board of Directors to determine that such person should serve as a director as of the time of filing of this Proxy Statement. Each director brings a strong and unique background and set of skills to the Board, giving the Board as a whole competence and experience in a wide variety of areas, including corporate governance, board service, executive management, business, finance and marketing. The process undertaken by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in recommending qualified candidates is described beginning on page 11 under Corporate GovernanceDirector Qualifications and Nominations.
Joel S. Becker is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Torrco, a Waterbury, Connecticut based wholesale distributor of plumbing, heating and industrial pipe valve and fitting supplies to contractors and industry. Mr. Becker is a member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Compensation Committee.
Mr. Beckers experience as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of a local business in Websters market area combined with more than twenty-five years of experience on Websters Board gives him unique insight into Websters challenges, opportunities and operations. He also has extensive experience in public company executive compensation as a result of his over nine years of service as Chair of the Compensation Committee.
John J. Crawford is President of Strategem LLC, a New Haven, Connecticut based company which provides consulting services to the business and not-for-profit community on business and financial strategies. Mr. Crawford served as President, Chief Executive Officer and a director of Aristotle Corporation, a New Haven, Connecticut based education training company from October 1992 through December 2002. Mr. Crawford continued to serve on the Board of Directors of Aristotle Corporation until August 31, 2005. From 1994 until December 2000, he served as President and Chief Executive Officer of the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority, New Haven, Connecticut. Mr. Crawford is Lead Director, Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and a member of the Audit Committee and the Executive Committee.
Mr. Crawfords extensive executive and corporate governance experience as a former Chief Executive Officer of three companies, including a financial institution, and his fifteen plus years of service on Websters Board, including eleven years as the Lead Director, provides him with a seasoned view of Websters operations and challenges.
Robert A. Finkenzeller is President of Eyelet Crafters, Inc., a Waterbury, Connecticut based company that manufactures deep drawn metal parts for the cosmetics, writing instrument and drapery hardware fields. Mr. Finkenzeller has held this position since 1990. Mr. Finkenzeller is a member of the Audit Committee and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.
Mr. Finkenzeller brings meaningful corporate governance experience to the Board having served as a member of the Audit, Compensation, Nominating and Corporate Governance, and Risk Committees. Mr. Finkenzeller is an executive of a business based in Websters market area and has over twenty-five years of experience on Websters Board.
C. Michael Jacobi is President of Stable House 1, LLC, a Middlebury, Connecticut based company engaged in real estate development. Mr. Jacobi served from June 2001 to May 2005 as President, Chief Executive Officer and a director of Katy Industries, Inc., a publicly held company headquartered in Middlebury, Connecticut engaged in the design, manufacture and distribution of maintenance and electrical products. Mr. Jacobi is a certified public accountant. He is a director of Corrections Corporation of America (NYSE:CXW), a publicly held company headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee engaged in the ownership and management of prisons for federal, state and local governments, a director and chairman of the board of Sturm Ruger & Co., Inc. (NYSE:RGR), a publicly held company headquartered in Southport, Connecticut engaged in manufacturing and distribution of consumer products, a director of Kohlberg Capital Corporation (NASDAQ:KCAP), a publicly held company headquartered in New York, New York specializing in equity and debt investments in middle market companies, and a director of Bauer Performance Sports Ltd. (TSX:BAU), a publicly held company headquartered in Exeter, New Hampshire engaged in the design and manufacture of sports equipment. Mr. Jacobi is a member of the Compensation Committee and the Risk Committee.
Mr. Jacobi provides the Board with extensive experience and expertise in corporate finance and accounting as a Certified Public Accountant, having served as Chair of the Audit Committee of Webster for many years. His former service as the Chief Executive Officer of a public company also brings strong executive experience to the Board.
Laurence C. Morse is the Managing Partner of Fairview Capital Partners, Inc., in West Hartford, Connecticut, an investment management firm established in 1994 that oversees venture capital funds, some of which invest capital in venture capital partnerships and similar investment vehicles that provide capital primarily to minority-controlled companies. Mr. Morse is a director of the Institute of International Education, a trustee of the Harris Associates Investment Trust (The Oakmark Mutual Funds Group), a member of the Board of Trustees of Princeton University, and is a former director of Princeton University Investment Company and a former director and chairman of the National Association of Investment Companies, a private, not-for-profit trade association that represents 52 private equity and specialty finance investment firms. Mr. Morse is Chair of the Risk Committee, and is a member of the Audit Committee and the Executive Committee.
Mr. Morses entire career has been spent in the investment management field, including as the co-founder and Managing Partner of an investment management firm, which provides the Board with extensive knowledge of the capital markets and accounting issues. His experience has made him adept at performing rigorous risk assessments of managers and management teams, and assessing new technologies, products and services, business strategies, markets and industries.
Karen R. Osar was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Chemtura Corporation (NYSE:CHMT), a specialty chemicals company headquartered in Middlebury, Connecticut from 2004 until her retirement in March 2007. From 1999 to April 2003, Ms. Osar served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Westvaco Corporation and Mead Westvaco Corporation. She is a director and audit committee chair of Innophos Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ:IPHS), a publicly held specialty chemicals company headquartered in Cranbury, New Jersey, a director and audit committee member of Sappi Limited (JSE:SAP), one of the largest producers of paper and chemical cellulose, headquartered in Johannesburg, South Africa, with annual revenues of $6B, and from 1999 through 2006 she served as a director and audit and finance committee chair of Allergan, Inc., a publicly held multi-specialty health care company focused on developing and commercializing pharmaceuticals. Ms. Osar is Chair of the Audit Committee and a member of the Executive Committee and the Risk Committee.
Ms. Osars experience as the former Chief Financial Officer of a public company, her previous corporate finance experience at JPMorgan Chase & Co. and her service as Chair of the Audit Committee for Webster and as the chair of the audit committee of another public company, provides the Board with strong corporate finance and accounting experience. Her board committee service also provides corporate governance and executive compensation expertise.
Mark Pettie is President of Blackthorne Associates, LLC, a Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey based company which provides consulting services to firms investing in a wide range of consumer oriented businesses. Mr. Pettie served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Prestige Brands Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:PBH), a publicly held company headquartered in Irvington, New York which develops, sells, distributes and markets over-the-counter drugs, household cleaning products and personal care items, from January 2007 until September 2009. He was President of the Dairy Foods Group with ConAgra from 2005 to 2006. From 1981 to 2004, Mr. Pettie held various positions of increasing responsibility in finance, marketing and general management at Kraft Foods and was named Executive Vice President and General Manager of Kraft Foods Coffee Division in 2002. He is a member of the Audit Committee and the Risk Committee.
Mr. Petties experience as Chief Executive Officer of a public company brings strong executive experience to the Board, along with his expertise in finance and marketing. He also has extensive business and corporate governance experience as a director for both public and private companies.
Charles W. Shivery is former non-executive Chairman of the Board of Northeast Utilities (NYSE:NU). He joined Northeast Utilities in 2002 and was Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer from March 2004 until April 2012, upon the completion of the merger with NSTAR, and then served as non-executive Chairman of the Board until October 2013. He previously held posts with the company including interim president, president-Competitive Group of Northeast Utilities, and president and chief executive officer of NU Enterprises, Inc., the unregulated subsidiary of the Northeast Utilities system. Prior to that, he was co-president
of the Constellation Energy Group, the parent company of Baltimore Gas & Electric and other energy related businesses. He is Chair of the Compensation Committee, a member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and a member of the Executive Committee.
Mr. Shiverys former service as the President and Chief Executive Officer of an energy company provides extensive experience managing a sizable, highly regulated business. Northeast Utilities conducts business in a large part of the region serviced by Webster, so certain variables impact both businesses similarly. Mr. Shivery also provides the Webster Board with corporate governance and executive compensation knowledge.
James C. Smith is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Webster Financial Corporation and Webster Bank. Mr. Smith joined Webster Bank in 1975, and was appointed CEO in 1987 and Chairman in 1995. He was elected President, Chief Operating Officer and a director of Webster Bank in 1982 and of the parent company at its inception in 1986. He served as President of Webster and Webster Bank until 2000, and again from 2008 through 2011. Mr. Smith is co-chairman of the American Bankers Council (American Bankers Associations midsize banks). He serves as chairman of the Financial Services Roundtable Corporate Social Responsibility team after completing a three-year term on the FSR board in December. He is actively involved in the Midsize Banks Coalition of America. Mr. Smith served on the executive committee of the Connecticut Bankers Association for multiple terms ending 2012. He is a past member of the Federal Advisory Council, which advises the deliberations of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and served as a member of the board of directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston for a three-year term ending in December 2010. He is a past member of the board of directors of the American Bankers Association and of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston. Mr. Smith is actively involved in community service and serves on the board of Saint Marys Health System in Waterbury, Connecticut.
Mr. Smiths position as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Webster and his day to day leadership of the Company provide him with thorough knowledge of Websters opportunities, challenges and operations. He also has extensive experience in banking.
The Board of Directors recommends that shareholders vote FOR the election of all of its director nominees.
The business and affairs of Webster are managed under the direction of the Board of Directors (the Board). Members of the Board are kept informed of Websters business through discussions with the Chairman of the Board and Websters other executive officers, by reviewing materials provided to them and by participating in meetings and strategic planning sessions of the Board and its committees. The Board is also kept apprised by the Chairman of the Board and management of continuing educational programs on corporate governance and fiduciary duties and responsibilities. In addition, new directors of Webster participate in an orientation program, which is designed to familiarize them with Websters business and operations and with their duties as directors under applicable laws and regulations. Each member of the Board also serves as a director of Webster Bank.
Webster believes in the importance of sound and effective corporate governance. Over the years, Webster has forged an explicit link between its corporate culture and corporate governance by identifying its core values, communicating them and living them every day. With uncompromising commitment to its core principles, Webster continues to add value for its customers, shareholders, employees and the communities it serves. The Board has adopted corporate governance practices and policies which the Board and senior management believe promote this philosophy. Certain of such practices and policies are listed in the chart below and certain of those listed are discussed in greater detail elsewhere in this Proxy Statement.
At Webster, the roles of Chairman of the Board and principal executive officer are combined, both held by Mr. Smith. In addition, there is a lead independent director who is appointed in accordance with Websters Corporate Governance Policy, which provides that the Board shall appoint an independent director to serve as the Lead Director of the Board for a one-year term, or until a successor is appointed. The lead independent director presides over the executive sessions of independent directors and assists and advises the Chairman of the Board. During fiscal year 2013, Mr. Crawford served as the lead independent director. The Board believes that having a combined Chairman and principal executive officer, coupled with a lead independent director, is the most appropriate leadership structure for Webster, especially given Mr. Smiths long service as Chief Executive Officer and his extensive knowledge of the Company and its governance. This structure allows Board discussions regarding performance and strategic matters to be led by the person who oversees Websters strategy and operations and establishes a single voice to speak on behalf of Webster, while the lead independent director component of the structure provides independent leadership that mitigates any real or perceived conflicts of interest.
Pursuant to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) listing standards, Webster is required to have a majority of independent directors on its Board. In addition, the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee must be composed solely of independent directors. The NYSE listing standards define specific relationships that would disqualify a director from being independent and further require that for a director to qualify as independent, the board of directors must affirmatively determine that the director has no material relationship with the Company.
The Board, with the assistance of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, conducted an evaluation of director independence, based primarily on a review of the responses of the directors and executive officers to questions regarding employment and compensation history, affiliations and family and other commercial, industrial, banking consulting, legal, accounting, charitable and legal relationships with Webster, including those relationships described under Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation and Certain Relationships on page 44 of this Proxy Statement, and on discussions with the Board.
As a result of this evaluation, the Board affirmatively determined that each of Messrs. Becker, Coulter, Crawford, Finkenzeller, Jacobi, Morse, Pettie, Shivery and Ms. Osar is an independent director for purposes of Section 303A of the Listed Company Manual of the NYSE and applicable SEC rules and regulations. In connection with this evaluation, the Board considered that in addition to Webster providing lending and other financial services to directors, their immediate family members, and their affiliated organizations in the ordinary course of business and without preferential terms or rates, some directors and their affiliated entities provide services to Webster in the ordinary course of business. In particular, the Board considered the following relationships:
Mr. Smith is not considered independent because he is an executive officer of Webster and Webster Bank.
Executive Sessions of Independent Directors
In keeping with Websters Corporate Governance Policy, in 2013 the Board held 4 meetings that were limited to independent directors. The lead independent director presides over the executive sessions of independent directors.
The Board administers its risk oversight function primarily through the Risk Committee, which is described in more detail below. The Risk Committee meets frequently throughout the year and reports its findings to the full Board on an ongoing basis. In addition, the Compensation Committee and the Risk Committee review and assess risks as related to Websters compensation programs. Webster also has a Chief Risk Officer, Daniel H. Bley, who reports in that capacity to the Risk Committee, as well as two senior risk officers who report to the Chief Risk Officer.
Board and Committee Meetings
During 2013, Webster held 9 meetings of its Board. Each incumbent director attended at least 75 percent of the aggregate of (i) the total number of meetings held by the Board during the period that the individual served and (ii) the total number of meetings held by all committees of the Board on which the individual served during the period that the individual served.
Committees of the Board; Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines
The Board has established five standing committees. The standing committees are the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, the Executive Committee and the Risk Committee. The Board has adopted a charter for each of these committees, as well as corporate
governance guidelines that address the make-up and functioning of the Board and qualification guidelines for board members. The Board has also adopted a code of business conduct and ethics (the Code of Conduct) that applies to all employees, officers and directors. Each employee, officer and director participates in an annual training session that focuses on topics covered by our Code of Conduct. The training reinforces our core values and our commitment to full compliance with applicable laws and regulations. You can find links to these materials on the Companys website at: www.wbst.com.
You can also obtain a printed copy of any of the materials referred to above, without charge, by contacting us at the following address:
Webster Financial Corporation
145 Bank Street
Waterbury, Connecticut 06702
Attn: Harriet Munrett Wolfe, Esq.
Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
The Board has determined that all of the Directors who serve on the Audit, Compensation, and Nominating and Corporate Governance committees are independent for purposes of Section 303A of the Listed Company Manual of the NYSE. In addition, all of the Directors who serve on the Risk Committee are independent.
The Board has appointed an Audit Committee that oversees the Companys financial reporting process, the system of internal financial and accounting controls, the audit process, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The Audit Committee reviews the Companys annual financial statements, including managements discussion and analysis, and regulatory examination findings. The Audit Committee recommends the appointment of an independent registered public accounting firm and is responsible for the oversight of such firm. A copy of the Audit Committees charter is available on the Companys website at: www.wbst.com. During 2013, the Audit Committee held 5 meetings. The members of the Audit Committee currently are Ms. Osar (Chair) and Messrs. Crawford, Finkenzeller, Morse and Pettie. Each of the members of the Audit Committee meets the independence requirements of the rules of the NYSE and applicable rules and regulations of the SEC. The Board has determined that each of the members of the Audit Committee is financially literate and that Ms. Osar and Mr. Crawford each qualify as an audit committee financial expert, as that term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K.
The Board has appointed a Compensation Committee. During 2013, the Compensation Committee held 6 meetings. Compensation Committee meetings are attended by Websters Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Operating Officer (COO), other than while their compensation and benefits are discussed. For a description of the role of Websters CEO in determining or recommending the amount of compensation paid to our named executive officers during 2013, see Compensation Discussion and Analysis. The members of the Compensation Committee currently are Messrs. Shivery (Chair), Becker, Coulter and Jacobi. Each of the members of the Compensation Committee meets the independence requirements of the rules of the NYSE, and also serves as the Compensation Committee of the Companys subsidiary, Webster Bank. A copy of the Compensation Committees charter is available on the Companys website at: www.wbst.com. The Compensation Committee may delegate to its chairperson or any other Compensation Committee member such power and authority as the Compensation Committee deems appropriate, except such powers and authorities required by law to be exercised by the whole Compensation Committee or subcommittee thereof.
Pursuant to the Compensation Committees charter, among other responsibilities, the Committee is charged with annually reviewing and approving annual bonus arrangements and long term incentive compensation paid to the CEO and COO. The Committee reviews and makes recommendations to the Board with respect to the annual base salary, and severance and/or change in control or similar agreements/provisions, if any,
for the CEO and COO; annually determining such compensation and benefits for the members of the Companys Executive Management Committee other than the CEO and COO; annually recommending to the Board the content of the annual performance evaluation for the CEO and COO and reviewing performance evaluations for all members of the Executive Management Committee; administering and implementing the Companys performance based incentive plans; reviewing the talent management and succession planning processes to ensure that there is a pool of qualified candidates to fill future Executive Management Committee positions; and reviewing and approving on a periodic basis the Companys employee stock ownership guidelines. The Committee also reviews and makes recommendations to the Board with respect to director compensation.
For information on the role of compensation consultants determining or recommending the amount or form of executive or director compensation, see Compensation Discussion and Analysis Compensation Consultant.
The Board has appointed an Executive Committee that has responsibility for serving as an exploratory committee for mergers and acquisitions and to serve as an ad hoc committee as needed. The Executive Committee did not meet during 2013. The members of the Executive Committee are Messrs. Smith (Chair), Crawford, Morse, Shivery and Ms. Osar.
Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
The Board has appointed a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee that has overall responsibility for recommending corporate governance process and board operations for the Company. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee identifies director candidates, reviews the qualifications and experience of each person considered as a nominee for election or reelection as a director, and recommends director nominees to fill vacancies on the Board and for approval by the Board and the shareholders. A copy of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees charter is available on the Companys website at: www.wbst.com. During 2013, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee held 3 meetings. The members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are Messrs. Crawford (Chair), Becker, Finkenzeller and Shivery. Each member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee meets the independence requirements of the rules of the NYSE.
The Board has appointed a Risk Committee whose primary function is to assist the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities regarding the Companys enterprise risk management, receiving information regarding the Companys policies, procedures and practices relating to risk, and discussing material regulatory issues, compliance matters, and emerging risks to the Company. The Risk Committee also has responsibility for overseeing managements monitoring of security issues. During 2013, the Risk Committee held 6 meetings. The members of the Risk Committee are Messrs. Morse (Chair), Coulter, Jacobi, Pettie and Ms. Osar.
Director Qualifications and Nominations
The Board believes that it should be composed of directors with diverse experience in business and in areas that are relevant to the Company, and that directors should, at a minimum, possess the highest personal and professional ethics, integrity and values, and be committed to representing the long term interests of the shareholders. Directors should also have an objective perspective and practical wisdom, and should be willing and able to devote the required amount of time to Websters business. These attributes are embodied in Websters Qualification Guidelines for Board Members, which specifies that diversity is one of the factors to be considered in deciding on nominations for directors.
When considering candidates for the Board, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee takes into account a number of factors, including the following:
When seeking candidates for director, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee may solicit suggestions from incumbent directors, management or others, including third party search firms. The Committee will review the qualifications and experience of each candidate. If the Committee believes a candidate would be a valuable addition to the Board, it will recommend to the full Board that candidates election. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee reviews and assesses the effectiveness of the Qualification Guidelines for Board Members periodically.
Websters Bylaws also permit shareholders eligible to vote at the Annual Meeting to make nominations for directors, but only if such nominations are made pursuant to timely notice in writing to the Secretary of Webster. To be timely, notice must be delivered to, or mailed to and received at, the principal executive offices of Webster not less than 30 days nor more than 90 days prior to the date of the meeting, provided that at least 45 days notice or prior public disclosure of the date of the Annual Meeting is given or made to shareholders. If less than 45 days notice or prior public disclosure of the date of the Annual Meeting is given or made to shareholders, notice by the shareholder to be timely must be received by Webster not later than the close of business on the 15th day following the day on which such notice of the date of the Annual Meeting was mailed or such public disclosure was made. Public disclosure of the date of the Annual Meeting was made by the issuance of a press release on February 14, 2014 and by filing a Current Report on Form 8-K under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 14, 2014. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider candidates for director suggested by shareholders applying the criteria for candidates described above and considering the additional information required by Article III, Section 13 of Websters Bylaws, which must be set forth in a shareholders notice of nomination. Section 13 of Websters Bylaws requires that the notice include: (a) as to each person whom the shareholder proposes to nominate for election or reelection as a director, (i) the name, age, business address and residence address of such person, (ii) the principal occupation or employment of such person, (iii) the class and number of shares of Webster which are beneficially owned by such person, and (iv) any other information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitations or proxies for election of directors, or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (including without limitation such persons written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected); and (b) as to the shareholder giving notice, (i) the name and address, as they appear on Websters books, of such shareholder, and (ii) the class and number of shares of Webster which are beneficially owned by such shareholder. In considering any nominees for directors recommended by a shareholder, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers, among other things, the same factors set forth above.
Compensation of Directors
The following table summarizes the compensation paid to Websters non-employee directors during 2013. Employee directors of Webster receive no additional compensation for serving as directors or committee members of Webster or its subsidiaries. Beyond these and other standard arrangements described below, no other compensation was paid to any such director.
Webster uses a combination of cash and restricted stock to attract and retain qualified candidates to serve on the Board. Webster targets director compensation to be at the median for its peer group (as described in Compensation Discussion and Analysis below), with the opportunity to earn significantly more based on Websters total shareholder return. Stock ownership guidelines have also been established for directors to closely align directors interests with those of Websters shareholders.
During 2013, each non-employee director of Webster received an annual retainer of $32,000. In addition, non-employee directors of Webster received 2,631 shares of restricted stock, which vest incrementally over three years.
In addition, except as set forth below, each non-employee director received $1,200 for each Webster or Webster Bank Board meeting attended, $1,200 for each committee meeting attended, and $600 for each telephonic Webster or Webster Bank Board and committee meeting called by either Webster or Webster Bank. Each non-employee director of both Webster and Webster Bank received a total of $2,000 for separate board meetings of Webster and Webster Bank that were held on the same day. Non-employee directors receive $1,000 for a committee meeting if it is held on the same day as a Board meeting and $1,000 for a second committee meeting if more than one committee meeting is held on the same day. Webster also reimburses directors for reasonable travel expenses incurred in connection with attending off-site Board meetings (including the travel expenses of spouses if they are specifically invited to attend).
In 2013, the Lead Director received an additional annual retainer of $22,500. The Chair of the Audit Committee received an annual additional retainer of $15,000, the Chair of the Compensation Committee and the Chair of the Risk Committee received additional annual retainers of $10,000 and the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee received an additional annual retainer of $7,500.
Our stock ownership guidelines require non-employee directors to own Webster Common Stock with a market value equal to at least $200,000. Non-employee directors who do not meet the guidelines agree to hold all long term incentives, which include vested restricted stock and exercised stock options (net of exercise price and taxes), until they achieve the required ownership threshold of Webster Common Stock.
Communications with Directors
The Companys shareholders and other interested persons who want to communicate with the Board of Directors, any individual Director, the Lead Director, the non-management directors as a group or any other group of directors, can write to:
[Name of Director or Directors]
c/o Lead Director of the Board of Directors
Webster Financial Corporation
P.O. Box 1074
754 Chapel Street
New Haven, Connecticut 06510
All communications received (except for communications that are primarily commercial in nature or relate to an improper or irrelevant topic) will be forwarded to the intended recipient(s) or the full Board, as appropriate.
Director Attendance at Annual Meetings
Webster typically schedules a meeting of the Board of Directors in conjunction with the annual meeting and expects that the Board of Directors will attend the annual meeting, absent a valid reason, such as a previously scheduled conflict. Last year all of the individuals then serving as directors, except for Mr. Coulter, attended the annual meeting.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION AND OTHER INFORMATION
Named Executive Officers of Webster Financial Corporation
The following table sets forth information regarding the Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, the three other most highly compensated executive officers who were serving on December 31, 2013, and one former executive officer who would have been one of such other three most highly compensated executive officers but for the fact that he was not serving as an executive officer at the end of 2013 (the named executive officers or NEOs).
Provided below is biographical information for each of Websters NEOs, other than Mr. Smith. For information regarding Mr. Smith, see Election of Directors-Information as to Nominees.
Glenn I. MacInnes is Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Webster and Webster Bank. He joined Webster in 2011. Prior to that, Mr. MacInnes was Chief Financial Officer at New Alliance Bancshares for two years and was employed for 11 years at Citigroup in a series of positions, including deputy CFO for Citibank North America and CFO of Citibank (West) FSB. Mr. MacInnes serves on the International Festival of Arts & Ideas Board.
Joseph J. Savage is President, Webster and Webster Bank and a director of Webster Bank. He joined Webster in April 2002 as Executive Vice President, Commercial Banking and was promoted to President of Webster Bank and elected to the board of directors of Webster Bank in January of 2014. Prior to this, Mr. Savage was Executive Vice President of the Communications and Energy Banking Group for CoBank in Denver, Colorado from 1996 to April 2002. Mr. Savage serves as a director of the MetroHartford Alliance, the Connecticut Technology Council and the Travelers Championship Committee. He is also the chair of the 2013-14 United Way Campaign for United Way of Central and Northeastern Connecticut.
Daniel M. FitzPatrick is Executive Vice President, Private Banking of Webster and Webster Bank. He joined Webster in October 2012. Prior to this, Mr. FitzPatrick was Regional Managing Director for the BNY Mellon Wealth Management business in Fairfield and Westchester counties. Before that, he held the positions of: Managing Director, Goldman Sachs and CEO at The Goldman Sachs Trust Company, N.A.; Managing Director at Citigroup and CEO of its Citi Trust division; Managing Director of Samoset Capital Group LLC and CEO of Samoset Financial Services LLC; and Managing Director and head of Fiduciary Management at J.P. Morgan. Prior to that, he practiced law as an attorney at Davis Polk & Wardwell. Mr. FitzPatrick serves as a Board Member for Greenwich Emergency Medical Services, Inc.
Nitin J. Mhatre is Executive Vice President, Community Banking for Webster and Webster Bank. He joined Webster in October 2008 as Executive Vice President, Consumer Lending of Webster Bank and was appointed Executive Vice President, Consumer Finance in January 2009. He was promoted to his current position in August 2013. Prior to this, Mr. Mhatre worked at Citigroup in St. Louis, Missouri and Stamford, Connecticut
in various capacities. In his most recent position, he was the Managing Director for the Home Equity Retail business for CitiMortgage based in Stamford, Connecticut. Prior to that, he was Director, Cards Cross-Sell and Portfolio Management for CitiMortgage based in St. Louis, Missouri, Marketing Director for Citibank Guam, Product management head for Mass affluent & Diners Club Cards for Citibank, India based in Chennai, India and Cards Sales Manager for Citibank India based in Mumbai, India.
Gerald P. Plush served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Webster and Webster Bank and a director of Webster Bank until September 30, 2013. Mr. Plush joined Webster in July 2006 as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President in July 2007. He was appointed Chief Risk Officer in July 2008 and served in this role until August 2010. Mr. Plush was promoted to Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer on January 5, 2011, and to President and elected to the board of directors of Webster Bank on December 15, 2011. Prior to joining Webster, Mr. Plush was employed at MBNA America in Wilmington, Delaware, from 1995 to 2006 in a number of senior executive positions. Mr. Plush served as chairman of the board of directors of Junior Achievement of Southwest New England, Inc., on the board of trustees of the Connecticut Public Broadcasting Network, and on the executive committee of the Connecticut Bankers Association.
Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee met with management to review and discuss the Compensation Discussion and Analysis disclosures that follow. Based on such review and discussion, the Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Proxy Statement and incorporated by reference in the Companys Form 10-K for its 2013 fiscal year, and the Board has approved the recommendation.
Charles W. Shivery (Chair)
Joel S. Becker
David A. Coulter
C. Michael Jacobi
Compensation Discussion and Analysis
The Compensation Discussion and Analysis (CD&A) discusses in detail the 2013 compensation program for the Companys named executive officers (NEOs). The Compensation Committee (Committee) recommends the base salary for the CEO and COO to the Board of Directors, approves the annual and long term incentives for the CEO and COO, and sets the compensation for Websters other NEOs. Non-NEO members of the Executive Management Committee are also compensated under the same compensation program.
At the annual meeting of shareholders held on April 25, 2013, Webster held an advisory vote on executive compensation. Although the vote was non-binding, the Committee has considered and will continue to consider the outcome of the vote when determining compensation policies and setting NEO compensation. Approximately 98% of the shares of Webster Common Stock that were voted on the proposal were voted for the approval of the compensation of the NEOs as discussed in Websters 2013 Proxy Statement. The Committee believes that the results of this advisory vote show strong support for Websters compensation policies and procedures, and decided no changes in the overall structure of the programs were needed in 2013.
Objectives of Compensation Program
Websters executive compensation program is designed to attract, retain and motivate qualified executives and to reward actions and results that the Committee and Board of Directors believe will increase Economic Profit1 and maximize shareholder return. Special attention is given to ensuring that compensation plans do not encourage NEOs and other executive officers to take unnecessary or excessive risks.
Websters compensation program closely aligns total compensation with achievement of Websters financial and strategic goals. A meaningful portion of total compensation is tied to future shareholder return thereby rewarding NEOs for pursuing strategies that are expected to increase Economic Profit over time.
The compensation program has three primary objectives:
Compensation Best Practices
The Committee annually reviews best practices in executive compensation and governance and continues to enhance our policies and practices, which include the following:
Setting 2013 Compensation
In February 2013 the Committee reviewed all elements of compensation for NEOs and approved the compensation structure as consistent with the objectives outlined above. The design comprises base salary, annual incentive and long term incentive (LTI). The annual incentive rewards current year performance, while the long term equity based incentive grant aligns the NEOs interests with the long term goals and performance of the Company. The long term incentive grant made in February 2013, comprises a 60/40 mix of performance based shares and stock options. The grant is based in part on NEOs prior year performance. Performance shares have a three-year performance period and stock options have a three-year vesting of one-third on each anniversary. Grants in February 2014 based in part on 2013 performance were made 75% in performance based shares and 25% in time-vested restricted shares.
For 2013, the Committee approved total compensation for NEOs which was intended to be approximately the same or somewhat higher than compensation for 20122, given the continuing improvement in financial and credit-related results, considerable progress toward achieving strategic goals, and improved financial performance relative to Websters Peer Group. The Committee intended that total compensation should be commensurate with that at like institutions with similar performance. Given 2013 financial performance that was above the peer median, the Committee intended that total direct compensation (the total of base salary, the annual incentive and long-term incentives granted in February 2014, based in part on 2013 performance, that will be disclosed in the 2014 Long Term Annual Incentive Compensation table) be reasonably commensurate with median peer group total direct compensation for 2013.
In carrying out its responsibilities, the Committee engages McLagan, an independent compensation consultant, to offer market perspectives on annual pay, current executive compensation trends and compensation programs currently in place at Webster. The consultant also provides insight into regulatory issues affecting compensation. The Committee has the authority to hire and terminate the consultant and determine the nature and scope of the consultants assignments. The Committee has engaged McLagan since June 2010. The Committee reviewed the work performed by McLagan and, under SEC and NYSE regulations, determined that the work did not create a conflict of interest.
McLagan provided the Committee ongoing insights relating to trends in executive compensation in the banking sector. At the direction of the Committee, McLagan reviewed all elements of compensation for the NEOs and made recommendations with regard to plan design. McLagan reviewed managements proposals to the Committee regarding 2013 executive compensation and also presented an analysis of Websters 2013 performance relative to the Peer Group as an additional point of reference. McLagan attended all Committee meetings and in each one of those meetings had the opportunity to meet with the Committee in executive session. The Committee weighs the consultants perspective as part of its decision making process. The Committee communicates compensation decisions directly to management. McLagan did not determine the amount or form of compensation paid to Websters executive officers or directors during 2013.
Compensation Peer Group
The Committee regularly uses proxy information for the Peer Group to review annually the compensation of Websters NEOs relative to comparable positions. This review is supplemented by available market survey data. The Committee may also use comparisons to the Peer Group to consider other market practices relevant to the scope of the NEOs responsibilities. This may include, for example, change in control provisions and stock ownership guidelines.
In 2013, the Committee considered actual and, where available, target compensation data from the Peer Group. This data was presented by McLagan and contributed to an assessment of the competitiveness of actual and target pay for Webster NEOs.
The Committee reviews the composition of the Peer Group annually with the assistance of McLagan with the objective of maintaining a group of peer banks that individually and collectively represent suitable comparators for compensation-related analyses. Suitability is defined using a number of factors, including size, scope, business mix and geographic focus. Scope measures include total assets, net revenue, market capitalization and number of employees. Business mix is reflected by an analysis of loan composition (consumer, real estate, commercial and construction) and revenue composition (sources and proportion of net interest income and non-interest income). Banks with a geographic focus outside the continental United States are excluded regardless of the appropriateness of their scope and business mix. In 2013, McLagan, at the request of the Compensation Committee, prepared an evaluation of our peer group and determined that our current peer group meets the criteria stated above and no action is needed. The Committee approved the recommendation and identified the 13 companies listed below as the Peer Group for 2013:
Elements of 2013 Compensation
Websters compensation program has three basic elements: a fixed base salary, a variable annual cash incentive and a variable equity based long term incentive. All elements of compensation are reviewed annually, both separately and in aggregate by the Committee, to ensure that the total amount of compensation is within appropriate competitive parameters based on data from independent sources and based on the performance of the Company and NEOs. The program is intended to provide NEOs with a compensation opportunity commensurate with persons with similar duties and responsibilities at other financial institutions with comparable performance. In determining levels of NEOs overall compensation, the Committee also considers the qualifications and experience of the respective officer, Websters size and complexity of operations and, to a certain extent, the compensation paid to other persons employed by the Company. The Committee uses external data as input for the Committees analysis and to obtain a general understanding of current compensation practices rather than
strict rules for establishing compensation. A large portion of pay is tied to financial and strategic performance and other goals believed to be related to increasing shareholder value over the long term. Consequently, actual compensation received will vary from targeted compensation.
In early 2013, the Committee engaged McLagan to provide an analysis of Websters total compensation as well as the individual components compared to the Peer Group and McLagans 2012 Top Management Survey. This data contributed to an assessment of the competitiveness of actual and target pay for Websters NEOs. Based on the findings, the Committee set the components of pay and the weight of each component creating a structure that reflects Websters objectives for compensation outlined above while allowing individual variations based on job scope, tenure, retention risk, and other factors relevant to the Committee.
The chart below breaks down total compensation by element, target and pay mix of each component by NEO for the program approved in February 2013. For purposes of this table, pay mix represents the percentage of total direct compensation represented by each component.
Annual salary is the only fixed component of Websters executive compensation program. In setting salary, the Committee looks at current pay practices, Peer Group comparisons and general market analysis in consultation with its compensation consultant, McLagan. The Committee then establishes salaries that are competitive to the Peer Group for similar positions. The salaries are reviewed on an annual basis by the Committee.
In the case of a change in role, an officers new responsibilities, external pay practices, internal equity, past performance and experience are all considered in determining whether a change in salary is warranted.
As part of the Committees annual salary review, salaries were determined to be reasonably competitive when compared with the actual proxy data of the Peer Group and benchmark survey information. In 2013, two of the NEOs received an adjustment to base salary as a result of this review. Mr. Savages salary was increased in 2013 from $330,500 to $380,000, and Mr. Mhatres salary was increased from $252,500 to $300,000 to reflect increased responsibilities and better alignment to market.
Annual Incentive Compensation Plan Overview
Annual incentive compensation is variable based on performance and ties a significant portion of the NEOs compensation to achievement of the Companys annual financial and strategic goals, and to financial performance relative to the Peer Group. Measurements for the plan are approved annually by the Committee. For 2013, target incentives were set for each of the NEOs between 25% and 35% of total compensation. The plan is designed so that the weighted average performance for the financial measures must exceed a predetermined threshold before a payout can be made.
The plan is structured to include three Primary Components:
The three Primary Components are weighted based on each NEOs responsibilities. The weighting of the Primary Components is shown in the chart below:
Annual Incentive Scoring
Corporate Component - The Corporate Component is determined by calculating a weighted performance score against five pre-established financial measures (Financial Performance). The resulting score may then be modified up or down at the Committees discretion by up to 30% of target based on performance relative to stated strategic goals (Strategic Assessment) and by up to 30% of target based on performance against the five pre-established financial measures relative to Websters Peer Group (Performance Relative to Peer Group). The Committee has discretion to make adjustments for extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring items. Scores below 50% on an individual measure are reduced to zero and a total weighted score below 50% on the five goals in the aggregate earns no payout.
The Corporate Component rating generates a potential payout of 0% to 200% of target. A score of 100% would pay out at target. There is a threshold score of approximately 70%, which generates a payout of 50% of target, below which no incentive is earned. Beginning with 2014 awards, the maximum payout will be reduced to 150% of target, consistent with the Committees goal to ensure our compensation programs are competitive to market.
Financial Performance - Websters results from 2012 to 2013 include the following: Pre-Tax Pre-Provision Income improved from $271.40 million to $295.59 million, Return on Average Equity declined from 8.65% to 8.13%, Return on Average Assets slightly declined from 0.87% to 0.86%, the Efficiency Ratio improved from 62.78% to 60.53% and Non-performing Loans (NPLs) excluding Troubled Debt Restructuring (TDRs) / Loans improved from 1.62% to 1.28%. While generally improved, final results were below plan on four of five financial goals: Pre-Tax Pre-Provision Income, Return on Average Equity, Return on Average Assets, and the Efficiency Ratio, and better than plan on Non-performing Loans /Loans. These results reflect adjustments for certain items. The chart below shows the adjusted Financial Performance.
Strategic Assessment - The Committee has discretion to adjust the weighted Financial Performance score within the Corporate Component by up to 30% of target based on Websters performance against the objectives set forth in the strategic plan. In conducting its review, the Committee noted Websters total revenue growth, although
strong, fell short of plan, as did total non-interest income. Webster exceeded target in total average transaction account deposits and met our goal of scoring two points higher than the industry benchmark on banker engagement, while falling short on the targeted percentage of retention of high value bankers. Therefore, the Committee determined that a downward adjustment of (6%) was appropriate. 2013 strategic measurements are summarized in the chart below.
Performance Relative to Peer Group - The Committee also has discretion to adjust the weighted score within the Corporate Component by up to 30% of target based on Websters performance relative to its Peer Group against a set of five predetermined measures. Webster outperformed the Peer Group in the return on average equity and return on average assets categories and maintained its position at the 62nd percentile in both categories as compared to 2012. Webster outperformed against the pre-tax pre-provision income to average assets metric and improved from the 38th percentile in 2012 to the 62nd percentile in 2013, outperformed against the efficiency ratio metric and improved from the 46th percentile in 2012 to the 69th percentile in 2013, and underperformed in the non-performing loans to total loans metric and lost ground from the 31st percentile in 2012 to the 15th percentile in 2013.
Applying the same weightings to these metrics as the Committee applies to the similar metrics in the Financial Performance component, Websters weighted average financial performance improved relative to the Peer Group by approximately 10 percentage points from 48.1% in 2012 to 58.06% in 2013. The Committee noted that Webster improved its relative performance over the prior year and exceeded the Peer Group median. Therefore, the Committee determined that an upward adjustment of 2% was appropriate. The table below shows Websters performance relative to the Peer Group:
Final Corporate Component - The Corporate Component is then calculated by taking the Financial Performance score of 94% and applying the downward adjustment of (6%) for Strategic Assessment and the upward adjustment of 2% for Performance Relative to Peer Group for a final score of 90% of target.
Line of Business Component - Given Mr. Savages responsibilities as head of the Commercial Banking business segment, Mr. Mhatres as head of the Community Banking business segment, and Mr. FitzPatricks as head of the Private Banking business, 40% of each NEOs target bonus is payable based on the financial and operating results of his line of business and on results relative to strategic initiatives. The results of Commercial Banking, Community Banking, and Private Banking are noted below:
Commercial Banking registered record financial and operating performance delivering $91.1 million in Net Income and a 16.4% Return on Allocated Capital. All five Commercial lines of business delivered positive Economic Profit again in 2013. Fueled by strong loan originations of $2.4 billion, the commercial loan portfolio grew $591 million (+12%) to $5.6 billion. Strategic areas of focus including Middle Market banking and Commercial Real Estate led growth at $337 million (+16%) and $108 million (+6%), respectively. Regarding deposits, strategic focus on core operating relationships drove Demand Deposit Account (DDA) growth of $253 million (+27%). Commercial Banking built out its Treasury and Payment Solutions Group and continued to enhance its capabilities to help clients manage cash flow, while driving higher Non-Interest Income. Credit quality improved with commercial classified, Non-performing Loans and net charge offs down significantly. As testament to its focus on service quality, Webster won two Greenwich Excellence awards for client satisfaction. Mr. Savage led the Commercial Banking segment to a strong year in which it achieved double digit revenue growth and strong year-to-year performance in several key categories resulting in a line of business score of 109%.
Community Banking registered solid financial and operating performance in 2013 while upgrading its electronic infrastructure. Net income increased 15% over 2012 and loans increased 4% year over year. Mortgage banking share of originations increased by 1%, and purchase volume increased by 30%. Transaction deposits grew by 2% year over year and finished ahead of plan due to higher customer balances per account. Webster Investment Services fee revenues set a record for the full year on the strength of increased branch referral activity. Strategic progress was driven by an increased focus on the customer experience, product enhancements and efficiency initiatives. The Universal Banker rollout was completed across the banking center network, realizing a 7% headcount reduction and improvement in sales productivity. Our highly-rated mobile app launched in June, exceeding mobile user goals by 13%. A broad set of efficiency initiatives yielded substantial progress with accounts enrolled in e-statements up 15% and self-service deposits up 29%.
Private Banking delivered strong year over year performance while implementing key elements of its strategic growth plan. Deposits grew 12% to $206 million, total loan balances rose 32% to $344 million fueled by $157 million in new originations, and assets under management, adjusted for the disposition of a non-strategic portfolio, increased 17% to $1.8 billion. Credit quality remained strong, with no new non-performing loans or net charge-offs. Net interest income rose 18%, non-interest income grew 11% and total revenues were up 14%. Increased hiring and investment in strategic growth initiatives drove expenses higher by 9% yet operating contribution more than doubled and net income increased. Economic Profit declined, driven primarily by a 19% increase in allocated capital. Private Banking hired additional senior talent, including a new Chief Investment Strategist, Director of Fiduciary Services, Director of Relationship Management and Portfolio Manager. Significant enhancements were also made to Private Bankings investment management offering, including expanded investment options and the adoption of a new asset allocation methodology.
Individual Component - The Individual Component score accounts for 20% of the total target bonus for each NEO. The Individual Component is determined through the annual review process as part of the Company-wide performance management process. Each NEO is evaluated based on achievement of individual
performance objectives. The Committee evaluates the CEO, and the CEO evaluates the other NEOs in consultation with the Committee. As part of the evaluation, the Committee and the CEO, in consultation with the Chief Risk Officer, consider potential adjustments to scores based on each NEOs record of identifying, managing and mitigating risk, including an assessment of outcomes in the areas of compliance, operating risk, credit issues, audit findings or regulatory citing, or other contributions that should be taken into account. There were no such adjustments for NEOs in 2013.
The chart below lists the individual component scores for each NEO and summarizes each NEOs performance:
Total 2013 Short Term Incentive Compensation - Upon completing scoring for the Primary Components (Corporate, Line of Business and Individual), the scores for each NEO were added together to determine the Total Score. The Total Score was then multiplied by each NEOs target annual incentive to determine each NEOs annual incentive. The Committee retains discretion to adjust the CEOs and the other NEOs annual incentives. The final tabulations for incentive compensation are set forth below.
2013 Long Term Incentive Compensation Plan Overview
Webster grants long term equity awards to reward performance that increases Economic Profit and maximizes shareholder value over time. LTI grants made in February 2013 were based in part on NEOs 2012 performance. In accordance with the plan structure, LTI grants are made to the CEO and the COO in 2013 based on their respective target LTI and for the other NEOs from a pool that is determined by the sum of the NEOs collective target LTI. The LTI target values are listed in the 2013 Long Term Annual Incentive Compensation section. The Committee may increase or decrease the CEOs LTI or the NEOs pool based on a variety of factors including the Companys prior year performance against financial and strategic goals. The Committee determines the recommended grant for the CEO and considers the CEOs recommendation for the other officers.
2013 Long Term Incentive Award Vehicles: Webster granted two forms of long term incentive awards, performance shares and stock options as displayed in the table below:
Performance Based Restricted Stock: Performance based restricted stock vests at the conclusion of the three-year performance period and the Committee certifies the results based 50% on Company total shareholder return relative to peers and 50% on the three-year average return on equity compared to plan.
Once threshold performance is achieved, actual awards will be interpolated between threshold and 200% of target to reward for incremental performance. Total shareholder return threshold is set at the 31st percentile of the Peer Group. The Company does not distribute performance based restricted stock for performance below threshold level of achievement. Beginning with 2014 awards, the maximum payout will be reduced to 150% of target, consistent with the Committees goal to ensure our compensation programs are competitive to market.
After a market review in late 2013 against the Peer Group and emerging trends, it was decided to increase the weighting of performance based shares from 60% to 75% of total equity awards to continue to drive pay for performance. Also, based on the declining usage of stock options in the market, Webster has replaced 40% stock options with 25% time-vested restricted stock. The Committee believes that increasing the portion of performance based shares and replacing the balance of stock options with restricted shares, along with reducing the maximum payout from 200% to 150% will ensure our compensation programs are competitive to market.
The February 2014 LTI grants were made in the form of 75% performance shares and 25% time-vested restricted stock. The maximum payouts for the performance based shares have been reduced from 200% to 150% to ensure Websters compensation programs are competitive to market. The grants are shown in two non-required tables below for the purpose of setting forth clearly the compensation earned for 2013 performance. The first non-required table is the 2014 Long Term Annual Incentive Compensation and the second is the non-required 2-year earned summary compensation table. Note that while these 2014 grants were made based in part
on 2013 performance, they are not reflected in the required Summary Compensation Table since they were granted in 2014. In 2014, the Committee approved grants at 100% of target for all the NEOs based on their 2014 total compensation.
The non-required chart below reflects the 2014 LTI grants awarded based in part for 2013 performance:
Similarly, LTI grants made in February 2013 were based in part on each NEOs 2012 performance. The Committee approved grants at 110% of target for Mr. Smith and, based on Mr. Smiths recommendation, at 110% of target for Mr. Plush and Mr. MacInnes, and at 120% of target for Mr. Savage and Mr. Mhatre and at 100% for Mr. FitzPatrick as he was recently hired. The individual performance of each NEO on which the February 2013 grants were based is described in detail beginning on page 30 and is included as 2013 compensation in the required 2013 Summary Compensation Table on page 33.
The non-required chart below shows total direct compensation approved by the Committee for 2013 and 2012 performance. LTI grants made in February 2014 are based in part on 2013 performance and are reflected in the 2013 Total Direct Compensation. LTI grants made in February 2013 are based in part on 2012 performance and are reflected in 2012 Total Direct Compensation. Although the 2014 grants will be discussed in next years CD&A, we have determined to voluntarily disclose the grants in the table set forth below under 2013 Total Direct Compensation. The 2013 grants were in performance shares and stock options and 2014 grants were in performance shares and time vested restricted stock as described above.
NEO 2012 Performance as previously reported:
Pension Plan - Webster Bank maintains a frozen defined benefit pension plan. Webster stopped benefit accruals under the plan for all employees, including the NEOs, after December 31, 2007. The Pension Benefits section of this Proxy Statement details pension benefits for the NEOs.
401(k) Plan - Webster Bank maintains a defined contribution 401(k) plan for eligible employees, including the NEOs. All participants in the plan, including each of the NEOs, are eligible to make pre-tax contributions from 1% to 25% of their pay, up to Internal Revenue Code (IRC) limits ($17,500 in 2013). Webster Bank matches the employees contributions on a dollar for dollar basis for the first 2% of pay the employee contributes and then 50 cents on the dollar for up to the next 6% of pay the employee contributes. In addition, Webster provides transition credits ranging from 1% to 6% of pay for those employees, including NEOs, who were hired before January 1, 2007 and had reached age 35 or older on January 1, 2008. The purpose of transition credits is to help offset the impact of freezing the pension plan. A two-year vesting schedule applies to all Webster contributions. Under IRC limits, annual compensation in excess of $255,000 in 2013 may not be taken into account for determining benefits or contributions under the qualified plan. Employees who are age 50 or older by the last day of the year may contribute an additional $5,500 to the plan.
Supplemental Defined Benefit Plan - Webster Bank maintains a frozen non-qualified supplemental defined benefit plan for certain executives, including NEOs who were participants in the pension plan. The purpose of the plan was to provide these individuals with supplemental pension benefits in excess of IRC limits for tax qualified pension plans. The plan was frozen as of December 31, 2007. Thus, service and compensation after this date are not used in calculating an NEOs benefit from the plan.
Supplemental Defined Contribution Plan - Webster Bank maintains a non-qualified supplemental defined contribution plan for certain executives, including the NEOs. This plan provides each NEO with an allocation to their supplemental 401(k) account equal to the additional match and transition credit contributions that the NEO would have received in the qualified 401(k) plan if there were no IRC compensation or deferral limits. In addition, Mr. Smith receives an additional supplemental transition credit allocation equal to 25.5% of base salary plus bonus, respectively. The purpose of the additional supplemental allocation is to help offset the impact of freezing the supplemental defined benefit plan.
Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan - The executive officers, including each of the NEOs, were eligible to participate in a voluntary non-qualified deferred compensation plan. The plan allowed employees at the senior vice president level and above to defer a portion of their compensation because of the statutory limits under the qualified plan. All deferrals under this plan ceased as of January 1, 2012.
The NEOs do not have employment agreements; however, Messrs. Smith, MacInnes and Savage are subject to change in control and non-competition agreements. Messrs. FitzPatrick and Mhatre are subject to change in control and non-solicitation agreements.
Other Executive Benefits
Webster offers a limited number of benefits to the NEOs and other executives in addition to the broad-based employee benefits program. Each benefit supports a specific objective, but falls within the overall purpose of recognizing leadership responsibility and contributions to the Companys goals. Management reviews the benefits with the Committee for consistency with Websters organizational culture and market practices. These benefits are described in footnote 7 to the Summary Compensation Table. In 2014, the car allowance and costs for a home security system and monitoring will be eliminated, consistent with the Committees goal to ensure our compensation programs are competitive to market.
Websters change in control practices are designed to retain the NEOs during rumored and actual change in control activity. During these times, continuity is a key factor in preserving the value of the business. Webster also provided other termination benefits designed to facilitate changes in key executives as needed. The amounts payable, triggering events and other terms of Websters change in control and other termination arrangements are set at the time of hiring by the Committee generally based on Company policy and competitive
market information. Webster reviews the provisions of the change in control agreements annually. In 2012, Webster amended all of the change in control agreements for the NEOs, removing the gross-up provisions and modifying the severance formula so that the bonus component is based on target bonus rather than the highest bonus in the prior three years. Webster also amended the Stock Option Plan to provide for accelerated vesting of equity awards if a change in control occurs and the eligible individual is terminated without cause or resigns for Good Reason within two years following the change in control.
Executive Stock Ownership
Webster believes stock ownership by management is beneficial in aligning the interests of management and shareholders. Executive Stock Ownership Guidelines are established to enhance shareholder value and focus each executives attention on the long-term success of the Company. Webster has adopted formal stock ownership guidelines for all of the executive officers, including the NEOs.
Stock Ownership Guidelines
Once achieved, ownership of the guideline amount must be maintained for as long as the executive is subject to the stock ownership guidelines. Even if stock ownership guidelines have been achieved, NEOs are required to continue to hold all net vested restricted stock and performance shares and net shares of Common Stock delivered after exercising stock options for a minimum of one year. NEOs who do not meet the guidelines further agree to hold Common Stock received through LTI awards until they achieve their respective ownership thresholds. As of December 31, 2013, Messrs. Smith and Savage met the stock ownership guidelines. As of December 31, 2013, Mr. MacInnes and Mr. Mhatre are making satisfactory progress toward the ownership goal. Mr. FitzPatrick was hired as the EVP, Private Banking on October 22, 2012 and was not eligible for LTI awards until February 2013. The Committee believes Mr. FitzPatrick is making satisfactory progress toward the ownership goal.
Directors, officers and employees of Webster are prohibited from hedging their ownership of Webster securities, including through the use of options, puts, calls, short sales, futures contracts, equity swaps, collars or other derivative instruments relating to Webster securities, regardless of whether such directors, officers and employees have material non-public information about Webster. Directors and Executive Officers are prohibited from pledging their Webster securities as collateral for a loan.
Policy on Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m)
The Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m) limits the deduction available for compensation paid to the chief executive officer and the three most highly compensated executive officers other than the chief financial officer to the extent the compensation paid to any such person exceeds $1,000,000, unless such compensation was based on performance goals determined by a compensation committee consisting solely of two or more non-employee directors and the performance goals are approved by the shareholders prior to payment. In 2012, Webster had non-deductible compensation arising from amounts paid to its President and COO resulting from a compensation structure in place for part of 2011 that was designed for Webster to comply with U.S. Treasurys guidance while participating in the Treasurys Capital Purchase Program.
Websters compensation programs are generally structured to comply with IRC Section 162(m). Where applicable, Webster will endeavor to structure compensation as exempt performance-based compensation. Webster does, however, reserve the right to determine to pay compensation to the executive officers, including the CEO, which may not be deductible under Section 162(m) of the IRC.
COMPENSATION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
The following tables contain certain compensation information for the Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Chief Financial Officer, and the other NEOs.
Summary Compensation Table
Salary, bonus, incentive payments and other compensation amounts to Websters NEOs are summarized in the following table. Some of the amounts below represent the opportunity to earn future compensation under performance based compensation incentives that may be forfeited based on future performance vesting. As a result of mixing compensation paid and contingent compensation, the total shown in the Summary Compensation Table includes amounts that the named executives may never receive.
Grants of Plan-Based Awards
During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, the following table sets out all non-equity incentive plan and equity incentive plan awards that were made to the NEOs.
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End
The following table sets forth outstanding option awards and unvested stock awards held by Websters NEOs as of December 31, 2013.
Table of Option Vesting Dates
Option Exercises and Stock Vested in 2013
The table below sets forth the number of shares of stock acquired in fiscal 2013 upon the exercise of stock options awarded to the NEOs and as a result of the vesting of shares of restricted stock awarded to the NEOs under Websters compensatory equity programs.