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Westell Technologies 10-Q 2015
WSTL-2015.06.30-10Q
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
x    
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
OR
¨    
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to    
Commission File Number 0-27266
 
Westell Technologies, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
DELAWARE
 
36-3154957
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification Number)
 
 
750 North Commons Drive, Aurora, IL
 
60504
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (630) 898-2500
Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check or mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated Filer
 
x
 
 
 
 
Non-Accelerated Filer
 
¨
  
Smaller Reporting Company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of July 21, 2015:
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value – 46,965,244 shares
Class B Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value – 13,937,151 shares



WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
Page No.
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
26
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information
Certain statements contained herein that are not historical facts or that contain the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “may,” “will,” “plan,” “should,” or derivatives thereof and other words of similar meaning are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, but are not limited to, product demand and market acceptance risks, customer spending patterns, need for financing and capital, economic weakness in the United States (“U.S.”) economy and telecommunications market, the effect of international economic conditions and trade, legal, social and economic risks (such as import, licensing and trade restrictions), the impact of competitive products or technologies, competitive pricing pressures, customer product selection decisions, product cost increases, component supply shortages, new product development, excess and obsolete inventory, commercialization and technological delays or difficulties (including delays or difficulties in developing, producing, testing and selling new products and technologies), the ability to successfully consolidate and rationalize operations, the ability to successfully identify, acquire and integrate acquisitions, effects of the Company’s accounting policies, retention of key personnel and other risks more fully described in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015, under Item 1A - Risk Factors. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update these forward-looking statements to reflect current events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or otherwise.
Trademarks
The following terms used in this filing are our trademarks: ClearLink®, Kentrox®, Optima Management System®,
UDIT®, WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES®, and Westell®. All other trademarks appearing in this filing are the property of their holders.



2




WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
June 30,
2015
 
March 31,
2015
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
20,847

 
$
14,026

Short-term investments
16,071

 
23,906

Accounts receivable (net of allowance of $345 and $408 at June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, respectively)
14,452

 
11,845

Inventories
14,785

 
16,205

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,423

 
3,285

Deferred income taxes
958

 
973

Land held-for-sale

 
264

Total current assets
70,536

 
70,504

Property and equipment, gross
16,538

 
16,084

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(12,778
)
 
(12,481
)
Property and equipment, net
3,760

 
3,603

Intangible assets, net
24,543

 
25,942

Other non-current assets
184

 
258

Total assets
$
99,023

 
$
100,307

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
7,004

 
$
4,011

Accrued expenses
2,425

 
3,157

Accrued restructuring
1,092

 
1,161

Accrued compensation
1,589

 
974

Contingent consideration
1,265

 
1,184

Deferred revenue
1,859

 
2,415

Total current liabilities
15,234

 
12,902

Deferred revenue non-current
1,032

 
751

Deferred income tax liability
1,114

 
1,019

Accrued restructuring non-current
1,372

 
1,642

Contingent consideration non-current
169

 
400

Other non-current liabilities
376

 
409

Total liabilities
19,297

 
17,123

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)


 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Class A common stock, par $0.01, Authorized – 109,000,000 shares
469

 
468

Outstanding – 46,910,777 and 46,839,361 shares at June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015,
respectively
 
 
 
Class B common stock, par $0.01, Authorized – 25,000,000 shares
139

 
139

Issued and outstanding – 13,937,151 shares at both June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par $0.01, Authorized – 1,000,000 shares

 

Issued and outstanding – none
 
 
 
Additional paid-in capital
413,482

 
413,026

Treasury stock at cost – 17,506,206 and 17,466,855 shares at June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, respectively
(35,115
)
 
(35,066
)
Cumulative translation adjustment
608

 
608

Accumulated deficit
(299,857
)
 
(295,991
)
Total stockholders’ equity
79,726

 
83,184

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
99,023

 
$
100,307




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue
$
21,570

 
$
27,825

Cost of revenue
13,141

 
18,141

Gross profit
8,429

 
9,684

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
3,196

 
3,421

Research and development
5,086

 
4,475

General and administrative
2,969

 
3,054

Intangible amortization
1,399

 
1,585

Restructuring
17

 
57

Total operating expenses
12,667

 
12,592

Operating income (loss)
(4,238
)
 
(2,908
)
Other income (expense), net
38

 
61

Income (loss) before income taxes and discontinued operations
(4,200
)
 
(2,847
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
62

 
29

Net income (loss) from continuing operations
(4,138
)
 
(2,818
)
Discontinued Operations:
 
 
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of income tax of $172 for the three months ended June 30, 2015
272

 

Net income (loss) (1)
$
(3,866
)
 
$
(2,818
)
Basic net income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
Basic net income (loss) from continuing operations
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.05
)
Basic net income (loss) from discontinued operations

 

Basic net income (loss)(2)
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.05
)
Diluted net income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
Diluted net income (loss) from continuing operations
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.05
)
Diluted net income (loss) from discontinued operations

 

Diluted net income (loss)(2)
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.05
)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
60,703

 
59,715

Effect of dilutive securities: restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance stock units and stock options(3)

 

Diluted
60,703

 
59,715


(1) Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss) are the same for the periods reported.
(2) Totals may not sum due to rounding.
(3) The Company had 3.3 million and 4.0 million shares represented by common stock equivalents for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014, respectively, which were not included in the computation of average dilutive shares outstanding because they were anti-dilutive. In periods with a net loss from continuing operations, the basic loss per share equals the diluted loss per share as all common stock equivalents are excluded from the per share calculation.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4


WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited) 
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(3,866
)
 
$
(2,818
)
Reconciliation of net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
1,696

 
1,806

Stock-based compensation
457

 
554

Restructuring
17

 
57

Deferred taxes
110

 

Exchange rate loss
(6
)
 
(27
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(2,607
)
 
(1,075
)
Inventories
1,420

 
993

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(132
)
 
(269
)
Other assets
56

 
40

Deferred revenue
(275
)
 
(425
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,906

 
1,219

Accrued compensation
615

 
(2,574
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
(609
)
 
(2,519
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Maturities of held-to-maturity short-term debt securities
7,431

 
6,440

Maturities of other short-term investments
2,134

 

Purchases of held-to-maturity short-term debt securities
(1,730
)
 
(3,239
)
Purchases of other short-term investments

 
(745
)
Proceeds from sale of land
264

 

Purchases of property and equipment
(455
)
 
(723
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(304
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
7,644

 
1,429

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of treasury stock
(49
)
 
(585
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised

 
130

Payment of contingent consideration
(167
)
 
(575
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(216
)
 
(1,030
)
Gain (loss) of exchange rate changes on cash
2

 
16

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
6,821

 
(2,104
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
14,026

 
35,793

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
20,847

 
$
33,689

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5




Note 1. Basis of Presentation
Description of Business
Westell Technologies, Inc. (the Company) is a holding company. Its wholly-owned subsidiary, Westell, Inc., designs and distributes telecommunications products which are sold primarily to major telephone companies. Noran Tel, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Westell, Inc. Noran Tel's operations focus on power distribution product development and sales of Company products in Canada. On April 1, 2013, Westell, Inc. acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Kentrox, Inc. (Kentrox). Kentrox designed and distributed intelligent site management solutions that provided comprehensive monitoring, management and control of any site. On March 1, 2014, Westell, Inc. acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Cellular Specialties, Inc. (CSI). CSI designs and develops in-building wireless solutions, including distributed antenna systems (DAS) products and small cell connectivity equipment. The assets and liabilities acquired and the results of operations relating to Kentrox and CSI are included in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from the dates of acquisitions.
Basis of Presentation and Reporting
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared using generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States for interim financial reporting, and consistent with the instructions of Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X, and accordingly they do not include all of the information and footnotes required in the annual consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements included herein reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position and the results of operations, comprehensive income (loss) and cash flows at June 30, 2015, and for all periods presented. The results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for fiscal year 2016.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and that affect revenue and expenses during the periods reported. Estimates are used when accounting for the allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, net realizable value of inventory, product warranty accrued, relative selling prices, stock-based compensation, goodwill and intangible assets fair value, depreciation, income taxes, and contingencies, among other things. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-10, Technical Corrections and Improvements (ASU 2015-10), which covers a wide range of topics in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (the "Codification"). The amendments in this update represent changes to clarify the Codification, correct unintended application of guidance, or make minor improvements to the Codification that are not expected to have a significant effect of current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost at most entities. The amendments in ASU 2015-10 are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early application is permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2015-10 will have its Consolidated Financial Statements or related disclosures.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (ASU 2014-15), to provide guidance on management’s responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The amendments in this update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-15 to have a significant impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements or related disclosures.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (ASU 2014-09), that outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The ASU is based on the principle that an

6


entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to fulfill a contract. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach for the adoption of the new standard. ASU 2014-09 was originally effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period and early adoption was not permitted. On July 9, 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date by only year to December 15, 2017 for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after that date and permitted early adoption for the standard, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2014-09 will have on its Consolidated Financial Statements. .

Note 2. Restructuring Charge
In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Company approved a plan to restructure its business, including reduction of headcount and consolidation of office space within the Aurora headquarters facility, with the intent to optimize operations. The restructuring was substantially completed during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015 and impacted 17 employees. The Company recognized a restructuring expense of $3.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2015, inclusive of a non-cash charge of $2.7 million related to a loss on a lease, net of sublease income. The Company recognized a restructuring expense of $17,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2015. As of June 30, 2015, $1.1 million and $1.4 million of the restructuring costs primarily related to the office space are unpaid and accrued on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets presented in accrued restructuring and accrued restructuring non-current, respectively. As of March 31, 2015, $1.2 million and $1.6 million of the restructuring costs primarily related to the office space are unpaid and accrued on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets presented in accrued restructuring and accrued restructuring non-current, respectively. The restructuring costs are expected to be paid by fiscal year 2018 concurrent with the termination date of the contractual lease.
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company acquired Kentrox and identified redundant employees who exited the business after a period of time. The Company recognized a restructuring expense of $57,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2014 for severance for these transitional employees. The total cost of this action was $390,000.
Total liability for restructuring charges and their utilization for the three months ended June 30, 2015, and 2014, are summarized as follows: 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
(in thousands)
Employee-related
 
Other costs
 
Total
 
Employee-related
Liability at beginning of period
$
15

 
$
2,789

 
$
2,804

 
$
57

Charged
17

 

 
17

 
57

Paid
(32
)
 
(325
)
 
(357
)
 
(74
)
Liability at end of period
$

 
$
2,464

 
$
2,464

 
$
40


7


Note 3. Interim Segment Information
Segment information is presented in accordance with a “management approach", which designates the internal reporting used by the chief operating decision-maker (CODM) for making decisions and assessing performance as the source of the Company's reportable segments. Westell’s Chief Executive Officer is the CODM. The CODM continues to define segment profit as gross profit less research and development expenses. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those for Westell Technologies, Inc. described in the summary of significant accounting policies.
The Company’s two reportable segments are as follows:
In-Building Wireless (IBW) Segment
The IBW segment solutions include distributed antenna systems (DAS) conditioners, high-performance digital repeaters and bi-directional amplifiers (BDAs), and system components and antennas, all used by wireless service providers and neutral-party hosts to fine tune radio frequency (RF) signals that helps extend coverage to areas not served well or at all by traditional cell sites.
Communication Solutions Group (CSG) Segment
The CSG segment solutions include intelligent site management (ISM), cell site optimization (CSO), and outside plant (OSP) as follows:
• ISM solutions include a suite of Remote monitoring and control devices which, when combined with the Company's Optima management system, provides comprehensive machine-to-machine (M2M) communications that enable operators to remotely monitor, manage, and control site infrastructure and support systems.
• CSO solutions consist of tower mounted amplifiers (TMAs), small outdoor-hardened units mounted next to antennas on cell towers, enabling wireless service providers to improve the overall performance of a cell site, including increasing data throughput and reducing dropped connections.
• OSP solutions, which are sold to wireline and wireless service providers as well as industrial network operators, consist of a broad range of offerings, including cabinets, enclosures, and mountings; synchronous optical networks/time division multiplexing (SONET/TDM) network interface units; power distribution units; copper and fiber connectivity panels; hardened Ethernet switches; and systems integration services.


8


Segment information for the three months ended June 30, 2015, and 2014 is set forth below: 


 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
(in thousands)
 
IBW
 
CSG
 
Total
Revenue
 
$
9,070

 
$
12,500

 
$
21,570

Cost of revenue
 
5,069

 
8,072

 
13,141

Gross profit
 
4,001

 
4,428

 
8,429

Gross margin
 
44.1
%
 
35.4
%
 
39.1
%
Research and development
 
3,162

 
1,924

 
5,086

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
839

 
$
2,504

 
3,343

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 


Sales and marketing
 
 
 
 
 
3,196

General and administrative
 
 
 
 
 
2,969

Intangible amortization
 
 
 
 
 
1,399

Restructuring
 
 
 
 
 
17

Operating income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
(4,238
)
Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
38

Income tax benefit (expense)
 
 
 
 
 
62

Net income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
$
(4,138
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
(in thousands)
 
IBW
 
CSG
 
Total
Revenue
 
$
14,097

 
$
13,728

 
$
27,825

Cost of revenue
 
8,286

 
9,855

 
18,141

Gross profit
 
5,811

 
3,873

 
9,684

Gross margin
 
41.2
%

28.2
%
 
34.8
%
Research and development
 
2,195

 
2,280

 
4,475

Segment profit (loss)
 
$
3,616

 
$
1,593

 
5,209

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 


Sales and marketing
 
 
 
 
 
3,421

General and administrative
 
 
 
 
 
3,054

Intangible amortization
 
 
 
 
 
1,585

Restructuring
 
 
 
 
 
57

Operating income (loss)
 
 
 


 
(2,908
)
Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
61

Income tax benefit (expense)
 
 
 
 
 
29

Net income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 


 
$
(2,818
)

Segment asset information is not reported to or used by the CODM.
Note 4. Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of first-in, first-out cost or market value. The components of inventories are as follows: 
(in thousands)
June 30, 2015
 
March 31, 2015
Raw materials
$
7,244

 
$
5,392

Work-in-process
384

 
189

Finished goods
7,157

 
10,624

    Total inventories
$
14,785

 
$
16,205


9



Note 5. Stock-Based Compensation
The following table is a summary of total stock-based compensation resulting from stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units (RSUs) and performance stock units (PSUs), during the three months ended June 30, 2015, and 2014: 
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
Stock-based compensation expense
 
$
457

 
$
554

Income tax benefit
 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense after taxes
 
$
457

 
$
554

The stock options, restricted stock awards, and RSUs awarded in the three months ended June 30, 2015 vest in equal annual installments over four years. PSUs earned vest over the performance period, as described below.
Stock Options
Stock option activity for the three months ended June 30, 2015, is as follows:
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price Per
Share
 
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(in years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value (1) (in
thousands)
Outstanding on March 31, 2015
1,170,515

 
$
2.20

 
2.9
 
$

Granted
805,000

 
1.19

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

Forfeited
(22,500
)
 
2.43

 

 

Expired
(343,765
)
 
2.18

 

 

Outstanding on June 30, 2015
1,609,250

 
$
1.70

 
5.3
 
$

 
(1)
The intrinsic value for the stock options is calculated based on the difference between the exercise price of the underlying awards and the Westell Technologies’ closing stock price as of the reporting date.
The weighted-average fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended June 30, 2015 was $0.46 per share.
Restricted Stock
The following table sets forth restricted stock activity for the three months ended June 30, 2015: 
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
Non-vested as of March 31, 2015
170,000

 
$
2.98

Granted

 

Vested
(52,500
)
 
2.95

Forfeited

 

Non-vested as of June 30, 2015
117,500

 
$
2.99

RSUs
The following table sets forth the RSU activity for the three months ended June 30, 2015: 
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
Non-vested as of March 31, 2015
1,409,750

 
$
2.72

Granted
815,000

 
1.21

Vested
(85,000
)
 
2.74

Forfeited
(240,625
)
 
1.72

Non-vested as of June 30, 2015
1,899,125

 
$
2.19


10


PSUs
The PSUs vest in annual increments based on the achievement of pre-established Company performance goals and continued employment. The number of PSUs earned, if any, can range from 0% to 200% of the target amount, depending on actual performance for four fiscal years following the grant date. Upon vesting, the PSUs convert into shares of Class A Common Stock on a one-for-one basis.
The following table sets forth the PSU activity for the three months ended June 30, 2015: 
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested as of March 31, 2015
181,888

 
$
3.14

Granted, at target

 

Vested
(25,767
)
 
2.47

Forfeited
(15,157
)
 
3.12

Non-vested as of June 30, 2015
140,964

 
$
3.26

Note 6. Product Warranties
The Company’s products carry a limited warranty ranging from one to five years for the products within the IBW segment and one to seven years for products within the CSG segment. The specific terms and conditions of those warranties vary depending upon the customer and the products sold. Factors that enter into the estimate of the Company’s warranty reserve include: the number of units shipped, anticipated rates of warranty claims, and cost per claim. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability and adjusts the reserve as necessary. The current portions of the warranty reserve are $420,000 and $383,000 as of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, respectively, and are presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as Accrued expenses. The non-current portions of the warranty reserve are $128,000 and $122,000 as of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, respectively, and are presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in Other non-current liabilities.
The following table presents the changes in the Company’s product warranty reserve:
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
Total product warranty reserve at the beginning of the period
 
$
505

 
$
328

Warranty expense to cost of revenue
 
97

 
122

Utilization
 
(54
)
 
(26
)
Total product warranty reserve at the end of the period
 
$
548

 
$
424

Note 7. Variable Interest Entity and Guarantee
The Company has a 50% equity ownership in AccessTel Kentrox Australia PTY LTD (AKA). AKA distributes network management solutions provided by the Company and the other 50% owner to one customer. The Company holds equal voting control with the other owner. All actions of AKA are decided at the board level by majority vote. The Company evaluated ASC 810, Consolidations, and concluded that AKA is a variable interest entity (VIE). The Company has concluded that it is not the primary beneficiary of AKA and therefore consolidation is not required. As of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, the carrying amount of the Company's investment in AKA was approximately $0.1 million , which is presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets within Other non-current assets.
The Company's revenue from sales to AKA for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 was $0.5 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Accounts receivable from AKA was $0.7 million and $0.4 million as of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, respectively. Deferred revenue which primarily relates to AKA maintenance contracts was $1.4 million and $1.1 million as of June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively. The Company also has provided an unlimited guarantee for the performance of the other 50% owner in AKA, which primarily provides support and engineering services to the customer. This guarantee was put in place at the request of the AKA customer. The guarantee, which is estimated to have a maximum potential future payment of $0.7 million, will stay in place as long as the contract between AKA and the customer is in place. The Company would have recourse against the other 50% owner in AKA in the event the guarantee is triggered. The Company determined that it could perform on the obligation it guaranteed at a positive rate of return and therefore did not assign value to

11


the guarantee. The Company's exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with AKA, exclusive of lost profits, is limited to the items noted above.
Note 8. Income Taxes
At the end of each interim period, the Company makes its best estimate of the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year and uses that rate to provide for income taxes on a current year-to-date basis before discrete items. If a reliable estimate cannot be made, the Company may make a reasonable estimate of the annual effective tax rate, including use of the actual effective rate for the year-to-date. The impact of discrete items is recorded in the quarter in which they occur. The Company utilizes the liability method of accounting for income taxes and deferred taxes which are determined based on the differences between the financial statements and tax basis of assets and liabilities given the enacted tax laws. The Company evaluates the need for valuation allowances on the net deferred tax assets under the rules of ASC 740, Income Taxes. In assessing the realizability of the Company's deferred tax assets, the Company considered whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized through the generation of future taxable income. In making this determination, the Company assessed all of the evidence available at the time including recent earnings, forecasted income projections and historical performance. The Company determined that the negative evidence outweighed the objectively verifiable positive evidence and recorded a full valuation allowance against deferred tax assets. The Company will continue to reassess realizability going forward.
The Company recorded $62,000 of income tax benefit in the three months ended June 30, 2015, using an effective income tax rate of 1.5%. The Company recorded $29,000 of income tax expense in the three months ended June 30, 2014, using an effective rate of 0.5% plus discrete items. The effective rate is impacted by the intraperiod allocation as a result of loss from continuing operations and income from discontinued operations, loss in a foreign jurisdiction with no valuation allowance, and states which base tax on gross margin and not pretax income.
Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies
Obligations
Future obligations and commitments, which are comprised of future minimum lease payments, inventory purchase obligations, and contingent consideration, decreased $0.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, to $16.8 million, from $17.2 million at March 31, 2015. This decrease included a $0.2 million payment of contingent consideration.
Purchase obligations relate to inventory that arises in the normal course of business operations. Future obligations and commitments as of June 30, 2015, consisted of the following:
 
Payments due within
(in thousands)
Year 1
 
Year 2
 
Year 3
 
Year 4
 
Year 5
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Purchase obligations (1)
$
9,433

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,433

Future minimum operating lease
 payments
2,649

 
2,629

 
448

 
137

 
29

 

 
5,892

Contingent consideration
1,265

 
169

 

 

 

 

 
1,434

Future obligations and
commitments
$
13,347

 
$
2,798

 
$
448

 
$
137

 
$
29

 
$

 
$
16,759

(1) A reserve for a net loss on firm purchase commitments of $519,000 and $590,000 is recorded on the balance sheet as of June 30, 2015 and March 31, 2015, respectively.
Litigation and Contingency Reserves
The Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various assertions, claims, proceedings and requests for indemnification concerning intellectual property, including patent infringement suits involving technologies that may be incorporated in the Company’s products, which are being handled and defended in the ordinary course of business.  These matters are in various stages of investigation and litigation, and they are being vigorously defended.  Although the Company does not expect that the outcome in any of these matters, individually or collectively, will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations, litigation is inherently unpredictable.  Therefore, judgments could be rendered, or settlements entered, that could adversely affect the Company’s operating results or cash flows in a particular period. The Company routinely assesses all of its litigation and threatened litigation as to the probability of ultimately incurring a liability, and it records its best estimate of the ultimate loss in situations where it assesses the likelihood of loss as probable. As of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, the Company has not recorded any contingent liability attributable to existing litigation.

12


As of March 31, 2015, the Company had total contingency reserves of $0.4 million related to the discontinued operations of ConferencePlus which was sold in fiscal year 2012. The contingency reserves are classified as Accrued expenses on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. In the three months ended June 30, 2015, a pre-tax gain of $0.4 million resulted from the expiration of an indemnity period and release of a contingency reserve related to the sale of ConferencePlus and was recorded in discontinued operations.
Additionally, the Company has a contingent cash consideration payable related to an acquisition.  The contingent consideration becomes payable based upon the profitability of the acquired products for post-closing periods through June 30, 2016, and is offset by working capital adjustments and other indemnification claims. The maximum earn-out that could be paid before offsets is $3.5 million. As of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, the fair value of the contingent consideration liability after offsetting a working capital adjustment and an indemnification claim for warranty obligations was $1.4 million and $1.6 million, respectively (See Note 11).
Note 10. Short-term Investments
The following table presents short-term investments as of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015:
(in thousands)
June 30, 2015
 
March 31, 2015
Certificates of deposit
$
5,778

 
$
7,912

Held-to-maturity, pre-refunded municipal bonds
10,293

 
15,994

    Total short-term investments
$
16,071

 
$
23,906

The fair value of investments approximates their carrying amounts due to the short-term nature of these financial assets.
Note 11. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820), as the price that would be received upon selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2 – Quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, or other inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The Company’s money market funds are measured using Level 1 inputs. The contingent consideration described in Note 9 is measured using Level 3 inputs.
The following table presents financial assets, excluding cash, and non-financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and their related valuation inputs as of June 30, 2015:
(in thousands)
Total Fair Value
of Asset or
Liability
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance Sheet
Classification
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
4,805

 
$
4,805

 

 

 
Cash and cash
equivalents
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration, current
$
1,265

 

 

 
$
1,265

 
Contingent
consideration
Contingent consideration, non-
current
$
169

 

 

 
$
169

 
Contingent consideration non-current

13


The following table presents financial assets, excluding cash, and non-financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and their related valuation inputs as of March 31, 2015:
(in thousands)
Total Fair Value
of Asset or
Liability
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Balance Sheet
Classification
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
2,879

 
$
2,879

 

 

 
Cash and cash
equivalents
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration, current
$
1,184

 

 

 
$
1,184

 
Contingent consideration
Contingent consideration, non-
current
$
400

 

 

 
$
400

 
Contingent
consideration
non-current
The fair value of the money market funds approximates their carrying amounts due to the short-term nature of these financial assets.
In connection with an acquisition in the quarter ended June 30, 2012, payment of a portion of the purchase price is contingent upon the profitability of the acquired products for post-closing periods through June 30, 2016, and may be offset by working capital adjustments and other indemnification claims. The Company estimates the fair value of contingent consideration as the present value of the expected payments over the term of the arrangement based on financial forecasts of future profitability of the acquired products, and reaching the forecast. This estimate is subject to ongoing evaluation. Inputs such as forecasted revenue for the acquired products and acquired product profitability are the most significant drivers of the fair value measurement and are based on full attainment. Significant decreases in any of those inputs would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement. The actual cash payment could range from $1.6 million to $2.7 million.
The fair value measurement of contingent consideration as of June 30, 2015, and March 31, 2015, encompasses the following significant unobservable inputs:
($ in thousands)
Unobservable Inputs
 
June 30, 2015

 
March 31, 2015

Estimated earn-out contingent consideration
$
3,500

 
$
3,500

Working capital and other adjustment
(444
)
 
(444
)
Indemnification related to warranty claims
(303
)
 
(303
)
Discount rate
6.3
%
 
6.3
%
Approximate timing of cash flows
1.1 years

 
1.4 years

The following table summarizes contingent consideration activity:
(in thousands)
 
Balance as of March 31, 2015
$
1,584

Contingent consideration – payments
(167
)
Contingent consideration – change in fair value in General and Administrative expense
17

Balance as of June 30, 2015
$
1,434

Note 12. Share Repurchases
In August 2011, the Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program whereby the Company may repurchase up to an aggregate of $20.0 million of its outstanding Class A Common Stock (the "authorization”). There were no shares repurchased under this authorization during the three months ended June 30, 2015 or June 30, 2014. There was approximately $0.1 million remaining for additional share repurchases under this program as of June 30, 2015.
Additionally, in the three months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014, the Company repurchased 39,351 and 168,094 shares of Class A Common Stock, respectively, from certain employees that were surrendered to satisfy the minimum statutory tax

14


withholding obligations on the vesting of restricted stock, RSUs and PSUs. These repurchases are not included in the authorized share repurchase program and had a weighted-average purchase price of $1.24 and $3.48 per share, respectively.

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
The following discussion should be read together with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes thereto and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q. All references herein to the term “fiscal year” shall mean a year ended March 31 of the year specified.
Westell Technologies, Inc., (the Company) is a leading provider of in-building wireless, intelligent site management, cell site optimization, and outside plant solutions focused on innovation and differentiation at the edge of telecommunication networks, where end users connect. The Company’s comprehensive set of products and solutions are designed to advance network performance for carriers, integrators, and other network operators, allowing them to reduce operating costs and improve network performance. With millions of products successfully deployed worldwide, the Company is a trusted partner for transforming networks into high performance, reliable systems.
The Company's two business segments, In-Building Wireless and Communication Solutions Group, are engaged in the design, development, assembly, and marketing of a wide variety of products and solutions.
Beginning in August 2014, the Company experienced significant reductions in customer capital spending, which adversely impacted the Company’s second and third quarter revenue, margins, and earnings in both segments. In this regard, when comparing the revenue from five customers in fiscal year 2014 to the same five customers in fiscal year 2015, the decline was 42%. In fiscal year 2016, customer capital spending is beginning to improve. Going forward, we expect customer capital spending to increase because end-user bandwidth needs continue to grow.
The Company operates under two reportable segments: In-Building Wireless and Communication Solutions Group.
In-Building Wireless (IBW) Segment
The IBW segment solutions include distributed antenna systems (DAS) conditioners, high-performance digital repeaters and bi-directional amplifiers (BDAs), and system components and antennas, all used by wireless service providers and neutral third-party hosts to fine tune radio frequency (RF) signals that helps extend coverage to areas not served well or at all by traditional cell sites. The IBW segment includes the comprehensive suite of products and solutions acquired with the addition of CSI, as well as our internally developed DAS interface panels. The CSI acquisition, which closed in March 2014, significantly expanded our product portfolio, enabling us to better compete in the growing in-building wireless market, where we expect to increase our revenue and profitability.
Communication Solutions Group (CSG) Segment
The CSG segment solutions include intelligent site management (ISM), cell site optimization (CSO), and outside plant (OSP) as follows:
• ISM solutions include a suite of Remote monitoring and control devices which, when combined with the Company's Optima management system, provides comprehensive machine-to-machine (M2M) communications that enable operators to remotely monitor, manage, and control site infrastructure and support systems.
• CSO solutions consist of tower mounted amplifiers (TMAs), small outdoor-hardened units mounted next to antennas on cell towers, enabling wireless service providers to improve the overall performance of a cell site, including increasing data throughput and reducing dropped connections.
• OSP solutions, which are sold to wireline and wireless service providers as well as industrial network operators, consist of a broad range of offerings, including cabinets, enclosures, and mountings; synchronous optical networks/time division multiplexing (SONET/TDM) network interface units; power distribution units; copper and fiber connectivity panels; hardened Ethernet switches; and systems integration services.
Customers
The Company’s customer base for its products is highly concentrated and includes telecommunications service providers, systems integrators, cell tower operators, and distributors. Telecommunication service providers include wireless and wireline service providers, multiple systems operators (MSOs), and Internet Service Providers (ISPs). Due to the stringent customer quality specifications and the regulated environment in which customers operate, the Company must undergo lengthy approval and procurement processes prior to selling most of its products. Accordingly, the Company must make significant up-front investments in product and market development prior to actual commencement of sales of new products. The prices for the

15


Company's products vary based upon volume, customer specifications, and other criteria, and they are subject to change for a variety of reasons, including cost and competitive factors.
To remain competitive, the Company must continue to invest in new product development and in targeted sales and marketing efforts to launch new product lines. Failure to increase revenues from new products, whether due to lack of market acceptance, competition, technological change meeting technical specifications or otherwise, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business and results of operations. The Company expects to continue to evaluate new product opportunities and invest in product research and development activities.
In view of the Company’s reliance on the telecommunications market for revenues, the project nature of the business, the unpredictability of orders, and pricing pressures, the Company believes that period-to-period comparisons of its financial results should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance. The Company has experienced quarterly fluctuations in customer ordering and purchasing activity due primarily to the project-based nature of the business and to budgeting and procurement patterns toward the end of the calendar year or the beginning of a new year. While these factors can result in the greatest fluctuations in the Company's third and fourth fiscal quarters, this is not always consistent and may not always correlate to financial results.
Results of Operations
Below is a table that compares revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2015, and 2014 by segment.
Revenue
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
IBW
 
$
9,070

 
14,097

 
$
(5,027
)
CSG
 
12,500

 
13,728

 
(1,228
)
Consolidated revenue
 
$
21,570

 
$
27,825

 
$
(6,255
)
IBW revenue was $9.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to $14.1 million in the same period in the prior year. The decline of $5.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior year was due primarily to a decreases in sales of passive DAS conditioners, which was strong in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, offset in part by an increase in active DAS conditioners. Customers are using active DAS conditioning products more often on new projects and those projects have been delayed with constrained customer budgets.
CSG revenue was $12.5 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015. The $1.2 million decrease in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior year resulted primarily from fewer custom service integration projects in the current quarter offset in part by increased revenue from ISM products, which are also project related.
Gross Margin
  
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
IBW
 
44.1
%
 
41.2
%
 
2.9
%
CSG
 
35.4
%
 
28.2
%
 
7.2
%
Consolidated gross margin
 
39.1
%
 
34.8
%
 
4.3
%
Gross margin in the IBW segment was 44.1% in the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to 41.2% in the same period in the prior year. The primary driver of the higher margins in fiscal year 2016 compared to fiscal 2015 was product mix with a $2.2 million increase in higher margin active DAS conditioners, our Universal Interface Tray (UDIT) products, and a $6.7 million decrease in lower margin passive DAS conditioning products.
Gross margin in the CSG segment was 35.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 28.2% in the same period in the prior year. The increase in gross margin resulted primarily from lower excess and obsolete inventory expense of $1.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016. The $1.1 million of excess and obsolete inventory expense in fiscal year 2015 resulted from the continued declining demand for legacy T1 products and ISM products.

16


Sales and Marketing
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Consolidated sales and
marketing expense
 
$
3,196

 
$
3,421

 
$
(225
)
Sales and marketing expense decreased $0.2 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to reductions in salaries and wages and stock compensation, partly offset by increased incentive compensation expense from increased accruals.
Research and Development
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
IBW
 
$
3,162

 
$
2,195

 
$
967

CSG
 
1,924

 
2,280

 
(356
)
Consolidated research and
development expense
 
$
5,086

 
$
4,475

 
$
611

Research and development expense in the IBW segment increased by $1.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior year due to $0.5 million of increased manpower related expenses and $0.5 million of prototype expense primarily associated with our new Clearlink DAS product.
Research and development expense in the CSG segment decreased by $0.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to decreased consulting expenses related to ISM products.
General and Administrative
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Consolidated general and
administrative expense
 
$
2,969

 
$
3,054

 
$
(85
)
General and administrative expenses decreased $0.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. The decrease was due primarily to $0.2 million of reduced expense resulting from the lease restructuring done in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015 offset in part by an increase in incentive compensation expense from increases in accruals related to the fiscal year 2016 bonus incentive plan.
Intangible amortization and impairment
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Consolidated intangible
amortization
 
$
1,399

 
$
1,585

 
$
(186
)
The intangibles assets consist of product technology, customer relationships, trade names, and backlog derived from acquisitions. The decrease in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to June 30, 2014 resulted primarily from product related intangibles from the acquisition of NoranTel becoming fully amortized.
Restructuring The Company recorded restructuring expense of $17,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2015 and $57,000 in the three ended June 30, 2014, related to severance for transitional employees associated with the CSI and Kentrox acquisitions, respectively.

Other income (expense)
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
(in thousands)
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Consolidated other
income (expense)
 
$
38

 
$
61

 
$
(23
)

17


Other income (expense) contains interest income earned on short-term investments and foreign currency gains and losses. The foreign currency impacts related primarily to the receivables and cash denominated in Australian and Canadian currency.
Income tax benefit (expense) The Company recorded $62,000 of income tax benefit in the three months ended June 30, 2015 using an effective income tax rate of 1.5%. The Company recorded $29,000 of income tax expense in the three months ended June 30, 2014, using an effective rate of 0.5% plus discrete items. The effective rate is impacted by the intraperiod allocation as a result of loss from continuing operations and income from discontinued operations, loss in a foreign jurisdiction with no valuation allowance, and states which base tax on gross margin and not pretax income.
Discontinued operations Income from discontinued operations resulted from the expiration of an indemnity period and release of a contingency reserve related to the sale of ConferencePlus.
Net income (loss) Net loss was $3.9 million and $2.8 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014, respectively. The changes were a result of the cumulative effects of the variances identified above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Overview
At June 30, 2015, the Company had $20.8 million in cash and cash equivalents and $16.1 million in short-term investments, consisting of bank deposits, money market funds, certificates of deposits, and pre-refunded municipal bonds.
The Company believes that the existing sources of liquidity and cash from operations will satisfy cash flow requirements for the foreseeable future.
Future obligations and commitments, which are principally comprised of future minimum lease payments and inventory purchase obligations, decreased $0.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, to $16.8 million, down from $17.2 million at March 31, 2015. This decrease included a $0.2 million payment of contingent consideration.
Purchase obligations consist of inventory that arises in the normal course of business operations. Future obligations and commitments as of June 30, 2015, consisted of the following:
 
Payments due within
(in thousands)
1 year
 
2 years
 
3 years
 
4 years
 
5 years
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Purchase obligations
$
9,433

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,433

Future minimum operating lease
payments
2,649

 
2,629

 
448

 
137

 
29

 

 
5,892

Contingent consideration
1,265

 
169

 

 

 

 

 
1,434

Future obligations and
commitments
$
13,347

 
$
2,798

 
$
448

 
$
137

 
$
29

 
$

 
$
16,759

Cash Flows
The Company’s operating activities used cash of $0.6 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015, which resulted primarily from a $3.9 million net loss, adjusted for non-cash charges of $2.2 million of amortization, depreciation and stock-based compensation expense, and a $1.0 million decrease in net working capital. The Company’s investing activities provided cash of $7.6 million, which resulted primarily from the net maturities of short-term investments of $7.8 million offset in part by $0.5 million of capital equipment purchases. In the three months ended June 30, 2015, the Company’s financing activities used $0.2 million of cash resulting primarily from payment of contingent consideration.
As of June 30, 2015, the Company had deferred tax assets of approximately $38.7 million before a valuation allowance of $38.9 million and a net deferred tax liability of $0.2 million. Also, as of June 30, 2015, the Company had a $3.0 million tax contingency reserve related to uncertain tax positions. The federal net operating loss carryforward begins to expire in fiscal year 2023.  Realization of deferred tax assets associated with the Company’s future deductible temporary differences, net operating loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards is dependent upon generating sufficient taxable income prior to their expiration, among other factors. The Company weighed positive and negative evidence to assess the need for a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets and whether a tax benefit should be recorded when taxable losses are incurred. The existence of a valuation allowance does not limit the availability of tax assets to reduce taxes payable when taxable income arises. Management periodically evaluates the recoverability of the deferred tax assets and may adjust the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets accordingly.

18


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company has a 50% equity ownership in AccessTel Kentrox Australia PTY LTD (AKA). AKA distributes network management solutions provided by the Company and the other 50% owner to one customer. The Company holds equal voting control with the other owner. All actions of AKA are decided at the board level by majority vote. The Company also has provided an unlimited guarantee for the performance of the other 50% owner in AKA, which primarily provides support and engineering services to the customer. This guarantee was put in place at the request of the AKA customer. The guarantee, which is estimated to have a maximum potential future payment of $0.7 million, will stay in place as long as the contract between AKA and the customer is in place. The Company would have recourse against the other 50% owner in AKA in the event the guarantee is triggered. The Company determined that it could perform on the obligation it guaranteed at a positive rate of return and therefore did not assign value to the guarantee.
Critical Accounting Policies
A complete description of the Company’s significant accounting policies is discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015. There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2014.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISKS.
As of June 30, 2015, there were no material changes to the information provided in Item 7A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2015.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s senior management, including the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report (the “Evaluation Date”). Based on this evaluation, the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded as of the Evaluation Date that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective such that the information relating to the Company, including consolidated subsidiaries, required to be disclosed in the Company’s Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) reports (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2015, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.



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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
The Company is involved in various legal proceedings incidental to the Company’s business and its previously owned operations. In the ordinary course of our business, we are routinely audited and subject to inquiries by governmental and regulatory agencies. Although it is not possible to predict with certainty the outcome of these or other unresolved legal actions or the range of possible loss, management believes that the outcome of such proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated operations or financial condition.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
See “Risk Factors” in Part 1 – Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015, for information about risk factors. There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2015.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information about the Company’s repurchase activity for its Class A Common Stock during the three months ended June 30, 2015.
Period
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased (a)
 
Average Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number of Shares  Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Programs (b)
 
Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Programs (b)
April 1 - 30, 2015
 
31,426

 
$
1.2500

 

 
$
112,741

May 1 - 31, 2015
 
7,925

 
$
1.2100

 

 
$
112,741

June 1 - 30, 2015
 

 
$

 

 
$
112,741

Total
 
39,351

 
$
1.2400

 

 
$
112,741

 
(a)
In the three months ended June 30, 2015, the Company repurchased 39,351 shares from employees that were surrendered to satisfy the minimum statutory tax withholding obligations on the vesting of restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units. These repurchases were not included in the authorized share repurchase program and had a weighted-average purchase price of $1.24 per share.
(b)
In August 2011, the Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program whereby the Company may repurchase up to an additional aggregate of $20.0 million of its outstanding Class A Common Stock. There was approximately $0.1 million remaining under this program as of June 30, 2015.
Items 3, 4 and 5 are not applicable and have been omitted.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS 
Exhibit 3.1
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws, as amended (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's Form 8-K filed on June 18, 2015).
 
 
Exhibit 10.1
 
Form of Stock Option Award Agreement for award granted to Charles S. Bernstein on May 11, 2015.
 
 
 
Exhibit 10.2
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for award granted to Charles S. Bernstein on May 11, 2015.
 
 
 
Exhibit 10.3
 
Separation Agreement and Release for Mark Skurla.
 
 
 
Exhibit 31.1
  
Certification by the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 31.2
  
Certification by the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 32.1
  
Certification by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 101
  
The following financial information from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2015, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (iv) the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
 
 
(Registrant)
 
 
 
DATE:
July 31, 2015
 
By:
/s/ J. Thomas Gruenwald
 
 
 
 
J. Thomas Gruenwald
 
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Thomas P. Minichiello
 
 
 
 
Thomas P. Minichiello
 
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer


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WESTELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit Number
 
Description
 
 
 
Exhibit 3.1
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws, as amended (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's Form 8-K filed on June 18, 2015).
 
 
 
Exhibit 10.1
 
Form of Stock Option Award Agreement for award granted to Charles S. Bernstein on May 11, 2015.
 
 
 
Exhibit 10.2
 
Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for award granted to Charles S. Bernstein on May 11, 2015.
 
 
 
Exhibit 10.3
 
Separation Agreement and Release for Mark Skurla.
 
 
 
Exhibit 31.1
 
Certification by the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 31.2
 
Certification by the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 32.1
 
Certification by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
Exhibit 101
 
The following financial information from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2015, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (iv) the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



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