This excerpt taken from the WYN DEF 14A filed Apr 2, 2009.
Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following summary is intended as a general guide to the United States federal income tax consequences relating to the issuance and exercise of stock options granted under the Plan based on applicable statutory provisions as of the date of this proxy statement, which are subject to change at any time and may vary in individual circumstances. Therefore, the following is designed to provide a general understanding of the federal income tax consequences but does not attempt to describe all possible federal or other tax consequences of such grants or tax consequences based on particular circumstances (state, local, estate and other tax consequences are not addressed below). This discussion is limited to the U.S. federal income tax consequences to individuals who are citizens or residents of the U.S., other than those individuals who are taxed on a residence basis in a foreign country.
Incentive Stock Options. An optionee generally recognizes no taxable income for regular income tax purposes as the result of the grant or exercise of an incentive stock option qualifying under Section 422 of the Code (unless the optionee is subject to the alternative minimum tax) nor are we entitled to a deduction. Optionees who neither dispose of their shares acquired upon the exercise of an incentive stock option (ISO Shares) within two years after the stock option grant date nor within one year after the exercise date and who satisfy all of the other requirements of an incentive stock option, normally will recognize a long-term capital gain or loss equal to the difference, if any, between the sale price and the exercise price of the ISO Shares. If an optionee disposes of the ISO Shares within two years after the stock option grant date or within one year after the exercise date (each a disqualifying disposition), the optionee will realize ordinary income at the time of the disposition in an amount equal
to the lesser of: (i) the fair market value of the ISO Shares at the time of exercise (or, with respect to officers, the date that sale of such stock would not create liability, referred to as Section 16(b) liability, under Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act) minus the exercise price and (ii) the amount realized on such disqualifying disposition minus the exercise price of the ISO Shares. Any additional gain will be capital gain, taxed at a rate that depends upon the amount of time the ISO Shares were held by the optionee. A capital gain will be long-term if the optionees holding period is more than 12 months. We will generally be entitled to a deduction in connection with the disposition of the ISO Shares only to the extent that the optionee recognizes ordinary income on a disqualifying disposition of the ISO Shares.
An award agreement may provide that an optionee may pay for common stock received upon the exercise of an option (including an incentive stock option) with other shares of common stock. In general, an optionees transfer of stock acquired pursuant to the exercise of an incentive stock option, to acquire other stock in connection with the exercise of an incentive stock option may result in ordinary income if the transferred stock has not met the minimum statutory holding period necessary for favorable tax treatment as an incentive stock option. For example, if an optionee exercises an incentive stock option and uses the stock so acquired to exercise another incentive stock option within the two-year or one-year holding periods discussed above, the optionee may realize ordinary income under the rules summarized above.
Nonqualified Stock Options. An optionee generally recognizes no taxable income as the result of the grant of a nonqualified stock option. Upon the exercise of a nonqualified stock option, the optionee normally recognizes ordinary income equal to the difference between the stock option exercise price and the fair market value of the shares on the exercise date. If the optionee is one of our employees, such ordinary income generally is subject to withholding of income and employment taxes. The tax basis of the stock acquired upon the exercise of any option will be equal to the sum of (i) the exercise price of such option and (ii) the amount included in income with respect to such option. Upon the sale of stock acquired by the exercise of a nonqualified stock option, any subsequent gain or loss, generally based on the difference between the sale price and the tax basis of the stock acquired on exercise, will be taxed as capital gain or loss. A capital gain or loss will be long-term if the optionees holding period is more than 12 months which is measured from the date of exercise. We generally should be entitled to a deduction equal to the amount of ordinary income recognized by the optionee as a result of the exercise of a nonqualified stock option, except to the extent such deduction is limited by Section 280G and 162(m) of the Code (as described below).
Certain Other Tax Issues. In addition, (i) any of our officers subject to Section 16(b) liability may be subject to special rules regarding the income tax consequences concerning their awards; (ii) any entitlement to a tax deduction on our part is subject to the applicable federal tax rules (including, without limitation, Section 162(m) of the Code regarding the $1 million limitation on deductible compensation); (iii) in the event that the exercisability or vesting of any award is accelerated because of a change in control, payments relating to the awards (or a portion thereof), either alone or together with certain other payments, may constitute parachute payments under Section 280G of the Code, which excess amounts may be subject to excise taxes and may be nondeductible by us; and (iv) the exercise of an incentive stock option may have implications in the computation of alternative minimum taxable income.
In general, Section 162(m) of the Code denies a publicly held corporation a deduction for federal income tax purposes for compensation in excess of $1 million per year per person to its chief executive officer and certain of its other named executive officers, subject to certain exceptions. Options and SARs will generally qualify under one of these exceptions if they are granted under a plan that states the maximum number of shares with respect to which options and SARs may be granted to any individual during a specified period and the plan under which the options and SARs are granted is approved by shareholders and is administered by a compensation committee comprised of outside directors. The Plan is intended to satisfy these requirements with respect to options, SARs and cash-based awards. The Plan provides that awards of restricted stock, RSUs and other stock-based awards under the Plan may or may not be designed in a manner that satisfies the exception for performance-based compensation under Section 162(m) of the Code.
Code Section 409A provides that all amounts deferred under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan are includible in a participants gross income to the extent such amounts are not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture, unless certain requirements are satisfied. If the requirements are not satisfied, in
addition to current income inclusion, interest at the underpayment rate plus 1% will be imposed on the participants underpayments that would have occurred had the deferred compensation been includible in gross income for the taxable year in which first deferred or, if later, the first taxable year in which such deferred compensation is not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture. The amount required to be included in income is also subject to an additional 20% tax. While most awards under the Plan are anticipated to be exempt from the requirements of Code Section 409A, awards not exempt from Code Section 409A are intended to comply with Code Section 409A.