XM Satellite Radio Holdings 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2007
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization of both registrants)
1500 ECKINGTON PLACE, NE
WASHINGTON, DC 20002-2194
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
(Title of Classes)
Indicate by check mark if each registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if each registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether each registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of each registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.x
Indicate by check mark whether each registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Indicate by check mark whether each registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes ¨ No x
The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc., based upon the closing price of its Class A common stock as of June 30, 2007, is $3,611,162,210.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders of XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. to be held on May 23, 2008, to be filed within 120 days after the end of XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc.s fiscal year, are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14 of this Form 10-K.
XM SATELLITE RADIO HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Without limitation, the words anticipates, believes, estimates, expects, intends, plans, will and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future including statements relating to growth, expected levels of expenditures and statements expressing general optimism about future operating results are forward-looking statements. Similarly, statements that describe the Companys business strategy, outlook, objectives, plans, intentions or goals also are forward-looking statements. All such forward-looking statements including those related to our pending merger and those presented elsewhere by our management from time to time are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Form 10-K. These cautionary statements should not be construed by you to be exhaustive and are made only as of the date of this filing. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
This annual report on Form 10-K is a combined report being filed by two separate registrants: XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. (the Company, Holdings, or XM) and XM Satellite Radio Inc. (Inc.). Holdings principal wholly owned subsidiary is Inc., and as such, the information presented in this report regarding Inc. also applies to Holdings. Unless the context requires otherwise, the terms we, our and us, refer to Holdings. Holdings fully and unconditionally guarantees Inc.s registered debt securities. The combined report includes Holdings Consolidated Financial Statements as the only set of financial statements; an explanation of the differences between the companies is in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements; and condensed consolidating financial information regarding Inc. The managements discussion and analysis section has also been combined, focusing on the financial condition and results of operations of Holdings, which is consistent with the inclusion in the combined report of one set of financial statements.
We make available certain reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that can be accessed, free of charge, through our website at http://www.xmradio.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with the SEC.
We are Americas leading satellite radio service company, providing music, news, talk, information, entertainment and sports programming for reception by vehicle, home and portable radios nationwide and over the Internet to over 9.1 million subscribers. Our basic monthly subscription fee is $12.95. We believe XM Radio appeals to consumers because of our innovative and diverse programming, nationwide coverage, many commercial-free music channels and digital sound quality.
Our channel lineup includes more than 170 digital channels of choice from coast to coast. We broadcast from our studios in Washington, DC, New York City, including Jazz at Lincoln Center, the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville and in Chicago. We have added new and innovative programming to our core channel categories of music, sports, news, talk and entertainment.
Our target market includes the more than 240 million registered vehicles including the 16.1 million new cars sold each year as well as the over 110 million households in the United States. In addition, some of our recent and upcoming product offerings focus on the portable and wearable audio segments. Broad distribution of XM Radio through new automobiles and through mass market retailers is central to our business strategy. We are the leader in satellite-delivered entertainment and data services for new vehicles through partnerships with General Motors, Honda/Acura, Toyota/Lexus/Scion, Hyundai and Nissan/Infiniti, among others, and available in more than 140 different vehicle models for model year 2008. XM radios are available under various brand names at national consumer electronics retailers, such as Best Buy, Circuit City, Wal-Mart, Target and other national and regional retailers, as well as through our website. These mass market retailers support our line of car stereo, home stereo, plug and play and portable handheld products.
On February 19, 2007, XM and Sirius Satellite Radio Inc. (Sirius) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement), pursuant to which XM and Sirius will combine our businesses through a merger of XM and a newly formed, wholly owned subsidiary of Sirius (the Merger). The Merger is discussed more fully below under the caption Proposed Merger with Sirius. If the merger is not consummated on or before March 1, 2008, either party may terminate the merger agreement.
The full XM channel lineup as of January 31, 2008 includes over 170 channels. We broadcast from our studios in Washington, DC, New York City, including Jazz at Lincoln Center, the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville and in Chicago. Our programming includes channels designed to appeal to different segments, including urban and rural listeners of different demographics and to specific groups that our research has shown are most likely to subscribe to our service, thereby aggregating a large potential audience for our service. In addition to providing music, sports, news, talk and entertainment formats that are appealing to different groups, in every format we deliver, we strive to provide an entertaining and informative listening experience and make XM the audio service of choice for consumers. We continue to add new and innovative programming to our core channel categories of music, sports, news, talk and entertainment. Also included in the XM Radio service, at no additional charge, are the XM customizable sports and stock tickers available to users of certain receivers. We also offer content through XM Online and various wireless providers. We regularly review and update our channel line up to revise our overall offerings.
Hallmarks of our programming include:
Broad range of commercial-free music genres and live radio entertainment. XM offers commercial-free music channels covering genres including Decades, Country, Pop & Hits, Christian, Rock, Hip-Hop/Urban, Jazz & Blues, Lifestyle, Dance, Latin, World and Classical. Our programming includes the most popular hits, as well as deep and eclectic playlists. We also offer music programming featuring celebrity talent. XM announced XMX a new channel showcasing XMs exclusive music programming.
Musical formats unavailable on traditional radio in many areas. XM Radio offers many music formats that are popular but currently unavailable in many markets on traditional radio. Most Americans listening to traditional radio are listening to primarily six programming formats: news/talk/sports, adult contemporary, contemporary hits, urban, Hispanic and country. Furthermore, traditional radio continues to reduce, and in some cases eliminate, formats available
to many consumers in their local market in comparison to the over 170 channels we offer on a nationwide basis. We offer many types of music with significant popularity, as measured by recorded music sales and concert revenues, which are unavailable in many traditional AM/FM radio markets. Such music includes classical recordings and popular blues music that have retail appeal but are not commonly played on traditional AM/FM radio. We have channels devoted to all of these formats and many other popular musical styles that are not currently broadcast in many small and medium sized geographical areas.
Superserve popular music formats. We offer more specific programming choices than traditional AM/FM radio generally offers for even the most popular listening formats. For example, on traditional AM/FM radio oldies music is often aggregated on a single format. We segment this category by offering several channels devoted to the music of each decade from the 1940s to the 1990s.
Live Music Programming. We offer diverse original content and live programming for our listeners. Our Artist Confidential series showcasing performances and interviews from artists such as Paul McCartney, Sting, Dixie Chicks, Ludacris, Coldplay, Santana, Phil Collins, Bonnie Raitt, Willie Nelson, Faith Hill, Natalie Cole, John Mayer, Gloria Estefan and Wynton Marsalis, in our studios in front of a live audience. We host live performances at XM and also broadcast live from major music events such as The Grammy Awards and Live Earth.
Sports Programming. XMs sports category provides the most sports talk and live sports coverage in radio. Our lineup features Major League Baseball®, National Hockey League®, Indy Racing League, college sports from the Atlantic Coast Conference, Pacific-10 Conference, Big Ten Conference, Big 12 Conference, Southeastern Conference and Big East Conference, PGA Tour®, US Open Tennis, XM Deportivo, and is complemented by ESPN Radio, ESPN News, Fox Sports, and XMs own XM Sports Nation (XMSN). ESPN Radio offers coverage of certain NBA play-by-play. We also carried exclusive satellite coverage of the 2008 college football Bowl Championship Series (BCS) play-by-play and commentary.
We are the Official Satellite Radio Network of Major League Baseball® (MLB) and offer our 24x7 MLB Home Plate channel, as well as live play-by-play channels, and Spanish-language broadcasts. Through the 2012 baseball season, we will carry both the regular season and the post-season MLB schedule of games, including the World Series. Our MLB Home Plate channel features live call-in programs hosted by former players and personalities such as Cal Ripken, Kevin Kennedy, and Rob Dibble. MLB Home Plate provides an inside look at teams, players, the league, classic MLB games and other archived MLB material, as well as XM-produced MLB specialty programming, including our Baseball Confidential series.
We are the Official Satellite Radio Network of the National Hockey League® (NHL) and offer our 24x7 Home Ice channel, as well as live play-by-play channels. Through the 2014-2015 hockey season, we will carry both the regular season and the post-season NHL schedule of games, including the Stanley Cup playoffs. Our Home Ice channel features live call-in programs hosted by Commissioner Gary Bettman and Phil Esposito. Home Ice channel is dedicated to providing an inside look at teams, players and the league.
We are the Official Satellite Radio home for college football and basketball from the six BCS Conferences (ACC, PAC-10, Big East, Big 12, Big Ten and SEC) and broadcast 30 college football bowl games, including the BCS.
In August 2006, we launched XM Sports Nation (XMSN), an XM-produced 24x7 sports news and talk channel dedicated to college sports, motorsports, fantasy sports and more. Programming on XMSN includes existing XM-produced series as well as popular content from Sporting News Radio. We also carry the Indy Racing League (IRL) races, XM Deportivo, our 24x7 Hispanic sports channel, and PGA Tour and Majors golf play-by-play and analysis on our PGA Tour® Network channel.
News/Talk/Information/Entertainment Programming. Our Oprah & Friends channel features Oprah Winfreys weekly Soul Series program. The channel also includes regular shows hosted by Gayle King, Bob Green, Dr. Mehmet Oz, Jean Chatzky, Dr. Robin Smith, Dr. Maya Angelou and Marianne Williamson. The channel also includes weekly highlights from The Oprah Winfrey TV Show, and daily and weekly features and highlights. Oprah & Friends is also available on XM Online. Oprah & Friends complements our other lifestyle programming including; Take Five, which features the Dr. Laura Show, the Food Network, HGTV and the Good Morning America Radio Show.
We offer premium news/talk/information programming including Fox News, Fox Talk, CNN and CNN Headline News. We feature business news from CNBC and Bloomberg as well as public affairs programming on our XM Public Radio channel, featuring The Bob Edwards Show, BBC Worldservice and C-SPAN. We serve the African American audience
with The Power and Hispanic audience with CNN en Español. ATN-Asian Radio offers South Asian news, sports music and entertainment. We offer comedy channels, including National Lampoon Radio, as well as The Virus, which features The Opie & Anthony Show. We also offer a presidential campaign channel called P.O.T.U.S. 08 and a medical information channel called ReachMD.
Local Traffic and Weather Programming. Our Instant Traffic & Weather service consists of 21 audio channels dedicated to keeping listeners informed with real-time in-depth updates on traffic and weather conditions in major metropolitan areas. Each area is served by a dedicated channel. These channels repeat weather and traffic information and issue traffic alerts in a pattern familiar to listeners. We create the audio for the channels from our headquarters facility in Washington, DC. The data is provided by Traffic.com for traffic information and by The Weather Channel for weather information. We believe this is a valuable part of our service offering and that it offers several key advantages over what is currently available on traditional radio. These advantages include greater in-depth updates, near instant availability due to the pattern of repeating information frequently, 24x7 availability of the service, certain major interstate corridor and beach traffic reports and wider availability as compared to traditional broadcasts available only to drivers within the coverage area.
A wide range of popular talk radio stars. Over the last two decades talk radio has emerged as a major component of radio listening. We showcase many well-known radio personalities on our channels, including Bob Edwards, Larry King, Paula Zahn, Anderson Cooper, Bill OReilly, Sean Hannity, Alan Colmes, G. Gordon Liddy, Dr. Laura Schlessinger, Greta Van Susteren, Michael Reagan, Bob Costas, Laura Ingraham, and many others.
State-of-the-art facilities. We create and distribute XM-original and third party content for satellite broadcast, streaming and other new distribution platforms from our studio facilities in Washington, DC, locations in midtown Manhattan in New York City, including Jazz at Lincoln Center, in Nashville at the Country Music Hall of Fame, and in Chicago. These interconnected facilities comprise an all digital radio complex that is one of the worlds largest, with over 90 sound-proof studios of different configurations. We produce most of our music channels and many of our sports, talk and entertainment channels from these facilities. From these studios, our music programmers tap a centralized digital database of over 250,000 CDs and more than 2 million recordings. We also have two performance studios at our Washington, DC facilities, and utilize the performance venues at Jazz at Lincoln Center in New York City, for visiting artist interviews and performances.
Superior digital sound quality. Our digital signal transmitted via satellite and our terrestrial repeater network provides nationwide, virtually uninterrupted coverage. Through a partnership with Neural Audio Corporation, a leading provider of digital signal processing and surround sound technology for the broadcast industry, we broadcast select channels in 5.1 Surround Sound twenty-four hours a day. XM HD Surround provides our listeners with six discrete channels of digital full fidelity audio. In addition, a variety of special shows and live musical performances at the XM studios are broadcast in XM HD Surround.
Broad distribution of XM Radio through the new automobile market is a central element of our business strategy. We are the leader in satellite-delivered entertainment and data services for new vehicles through partnerships with General Motors, Honda/Acura, Toyota/Lexus/Scion, Hyundai and Nissan/Infiniti, among others, and available in more than 140 different vehicle models for model year 2008.
General Motors. Under our agreement with General Motors, for a 12-year period ending in September 2013, General Motors will exclusively distribute and market the XM Radio service and install XM radios in General Motors vehicles. General Motors has announced that it will build more than 2.5 million vehicles with factory-installed XM Radio in the 2008 model year. General Motors sold 3.8 million automobiles in 2007, which represented approximately 24% of the United States automobile market. General Motors currently offers XM Radio in over 50 models of the 2008 model year, including passenger cars, light trucks and SUVs. GM factory-installs the XM Radio option in Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, HUMMER, Pontiac, Saab and Saturn brand vehicles. General Motors has made XM radios available in diverse price categories, ranging from the Chevy Cobalt to the Cadillac Escalade. Under our agreement, we have substantial payment obligations to General Motors. General Motors is an investor in our company.
Honda. In January 2007, we announced a 10-year extension to our arrangement with American Honda Motor Co., to be its supplier of satellite radio and related data services in Honda and Acura vehicles through 2016. Honda offers XM Radio in 16
models as a factory-installed feature or dealer-installed option. AcuraLink TM, which utilizes XMs NavTraffic service to provide drivers real-time traffic information for 80 major metropolitan areas, is a factory-installed option on most 2008 Acura models. American Honda is an investor in our Company.
Toyota. In January 2007, Toyota announced a new 10-year agreement with XM as its factory-installed satellite radio provider for Toyota and Lexus vehicle models. The new agreement extends the current arrangement to January 2017; Toyota, Lexus and Scion will offer XM Radio and traffic data services as a factory-installed option. Toyota offers XM Radio as a port-installed or dealer-installed option in 24 of its 2008 models.
Hyundai. In 2005, we and Hyundai Motor America announced that Hyundai will be the first automaker to launch XM as standard, factory-installed equipment in every radio-equipped vehicle across its entire model line-up. Hyundai offers XM Radio as a standard, factory-installed feature on 8 models.
Nissan. In 2005, Nissan chose XM to supply satellite-delivered data and telematics services, such as XM NavTraffic, and later in the year, announced it would use XM as its exclusive satellite radio provider beginning in the 2008 model year. Currently, XM is available on 21 Nissan and Infiniti model cars as a factory or dealer-installed option. Nissan and Infiniti also offer XM NavTraffic as a factory-installed feature on versions of the 2007 G35 Sedans and Altimas factory installed with a Navigation System.
Other Automotive Manufacturers. Ferrari, Isuzu, Lotus, Subaru, Suzuki, Porsche and Harley-Davidson offer XM Radio as either a dealer and/or factory-installed option in numerous popular makes and models. We are educating automobile dealers about XM Radio to develop sales and promotional campaigns that promote XM radios to new car buyers.
XM radios are available under various brand names at national consumer electronics retailers, such as Best Buy, Circuit City, Wal-Mart, Target and other national and regional retailers, as well as through our website. These mass market retailers support our line of car stereo, home stereo, plug and play and portable handheld products. We develop in-store merchandising materials, including end-aisle displays for several retailers, and train the sales forces of all major retailers.
XM2go Portable, Handheld Products. In 2006, we and Pioneer introduced the Pioneer Inno, the next-generation portable XM2go satellite radio that plays live satellite radio on the go and both MP3s and WMAs. The Inno includes a feature that allows the user to bookmark songs heard on XM, connect the Inno to a personal computer, and instantly purchase the songs from the XM + Napster online service. The Pioneer Inno, as well as prior versions of XM2go hand-held models enable users to enjoy XM Radio in two ways: a live listening mode that enables users to listen live to all of XMs channels and a memory mode that allows users to store up to 50 hours of XM content, even when the unit is not in use. XM2go models also feature customizable sports and stock tickers, as well as a clock and alarm.
Plug-and-Play XM Radios. In September 2007, we introduced the Delphi XpressRC featuring advanced browsing capability with a real-time programming guide displaying multiple channel information, artist names and song titles, full-color split-screen display, 60-minute pause and replay, and the ability to save up to 10 songs to listen to later. The XpressRC received a 2007 Best of Whats New Award from Popular Science magazine in the Gadget category. In June 2007, we introduced the XpressR, which features split screen display and 30-minute pause and replay, and the XpressEZ, a sleek, entry-level radio.
XM-Ready and Mini-Tuner. Our XM-Ready and Mini-tuner technologies integrate into a broad range of home devices such as stereo receivers and DVD players by allowing the listener to simply connect an XM Mini-tuner into an XM-Ready receiver. Various manufacturers offer XM-Ready products including home receivers, home theater systems and other home and automotive equipment.
Advanced Applications. In addition to TuneSelect and the customizable sports and stock tickers, we also offer XM NavTraffic, the nations first satellite traffic data service, which provides continuously updated real-time traffic information for 80 major metropolitan areas across the United States for a monthly fee. For aviation and marine, the XM WX Satellite Weather service provides real-time graphical weather data for advanced situational awareness in prevailing weather conditions. At the 2008 Detroit Auto Show XM demonstrated the next steps in advanced applications featuring XM NavWeather, providing real time weather information for vehicle and portable navigation systems (including demonstration of the Bushnell ONIX 400, the first handheld device to feature the service which is now available).
To facilitate attractive pricing for retail radio and automobile consumers, we have financial arrangements with certain radio manufacturers that include our subsidizing of certain radio component parts.
Our marketing strategy is designed to build awareness and demand among potential subscribers and the advertising community. Our strategy also includes providing potential subscribers with the opportunity to experience the XM service, because it is available to new car prospects during test drives of XM-enabled vehicles from General Motors, Honda/Acura, Toyota/Lexus/Scion, Hyundai and Nissan/Infiniti, among others. This service is also available on AVIS, Alamo and National rental cars and on a limited basis on AirTran, United, and JetBlue airplanes.
We promote XM Radio as the leader in the satellite radio category, offering appealing features compared to traditional radio. Our ongoing advertising and promotional activities include television, radio, print and Internet advertising and distributing sample programming and marketing materials at retail outlets, concert venues, motor sports events, and on the Internet to generate consumer interest. General Motors, Honda, Hyundai and Nissan sponsor national and local print and television advertising that features the XM logo and message. Our current Are You On? marketing campaign features TV spots and print ads.
We leverage our extensive sports broadcasting offerings and exclusive relationships with Major League Baseball®, the PGA Tour® and the Indy Racing League to attract new subscribers. We promote our every team, all season long coverage of Major League Baseball® to highlight the more than 2,500 spring training, regular season and playoff games we broadcast during the season. We promote our exclusive relationship with the PGA Tour® by offering handheld radios for rental and purchase at select PGA events. We have a multi-year agreement with Andretti Green Racing (AGR) to be a major associate sponsor of the race car driven by IndyCar Series superstar Danica Patrick.
XM Radio promotes subscriber acquisition activities with both automobile original equipment and retail radio manufacturers. These include:
Brand Awareness and Other Distribution Arrangements
XM Canada. In November 2005, Canadian Satellite Radio (XM Canada), our exclusive Canadian licensee, launched its satellite radio service in Canada for a monthly subscription fee currently set at CDN$14.99. XM Canadas line-up of over 130 channels includes XMs digital-quality commercial-free music, National Hockey League® play-by-play coverage of more than 40 games per week plus 24x7 sports talk channel Home Ice, and exclusive Canadian channels highlighting Canadian music artists and composers and Canadian news programming, as mandated by the terms of the license granted to XM Canada by the Canadian regulatory authority.
DIRECTV®. We have partnered with DIRECTV® to offer many channels of XMs music, childrens and talk programming to DIRECTV®s customers.
Web-based Offerings. While we make certain channels available to current subscribers via XM Online, we have partnered with a number of companies to enhance the listening experience of current subscribers and expand our visibility to potential subscribers via various web-based offerings.
XM Online. We offer a subset of our satellite radio service on XM Online, our Internet offering, that is included as part of our basic radio subscription service price of $12.95 per month (radio required); XM Online can also be purchased as a standalone service for $7.99 per month. Our channel lineup on XM Online includes many of the commercial-free music channels available on our satellite radio service, several channels which are exclusively programmed for XM Online and various XM original news/talk/information channels (including XM Kids, P.O.T.U.S 08, The Bob Edwards Show, XM Comedy, Laugh USA, Oprah & Friends, and The Virus, featuring Opie & Anthony).
Podcasts. In December 2007, we announced that select XM original music, news and sports series are now available as free podcasts for download through xmradio.com and Apple Inc.s iTunes Store. Consumers can download exclusive XM music and comedy programming, and content from Coaches Mike Krzyzewski and Barry Switzer, Bob Edwards Weekend, 60/20 Sports with James Carville and Luke Russert and the Opie & Anthony Show.
Audible. With our 2005 partnership with Audible, we launched the This is Audible Show on Sonic Theatre as well as The XM Audible Store, which offers audio books and other programs for individual purchase or computer-based download subscription, including XM programming from The Bob Edwards Show and Opie & Anthony.
Airplanes. Certain XM Radio programming is available on certain AirTran, JetBlue and United airplanes.
Rental Cars. XM Radio is available nationwide at participating Avis, National and Alamo car rental locations.
Subscriber and Advertising Revenue
We primarily derive revenues from subscriber fees for our satellite radio service. We charge subscribers a monthly fee for over 170 channels of our programming. We offer family plan discounts to subscribers who have multiple XM radios. We also offer pre-paid annual and multi-year subscription discounts. The family, annual and multi-year subscriptions are popular with our subscribers.
We derive some revenues from advertising. Our non-commercial-free channels, including our traffic and weather channels, provide what we believe is an attractive advertising medium for national advertisers. We have advertising sales offices in several major media markets to sell directly to advertising agencies and media buying groups. We have sold advertising programs and sponsorships to hundreds of advertisers and agencies, including many Fortune 500 companies.
Our system provides satellite radio to the continental United States and coastal waters using radio frequencies allocated by the FCC for satellite radio. These radio frequencies are within a range of frequencies called the S-Band. The XM Radio system is capable of providing high quality satellite services to XM radios in automobiles, trucks, recreation vehicles, airplanes, and pleasure craft, as well as to fixed or portable XM radios in the home, office or other fixed locations. The XM Radio system extends to other platforms that include the Internet for our streaming service as well as other platforms such as DIRECTV® and XM Radio Mobile service through certain cellular carriers. The XM Radio system uses a network consisting of high-power satellites, an uplink facility, and ground-based repeaters primarily in dense urban areas to provide coverage where the satellite signal is obstructed.
XM Radios. We transmit XM content throughout the continental United States to vehicle, portable, home and plug-and-play radios. Certain of our radios are capable of receiving both XM content and traditional AM/FM stations. Our advancing chipset design has spawned a broad array of XM Radio products. Many XM radios now feature customizable sports and stock tickers as well as TuneSelect, which notifies the listener when a favorite artist or song is playing on any XM channel. We plan to continue to expand our product offerings in 2008 with new products and other offerings. The XpressRC received a 2007 Best of Whats New Award from Popular Science magazine in the Gadget category. Four products were recognized as honorees for the 2008 Innovations Design and Engineering Awards, which are sponsored by the Consumer Electronics Association and honor excellence in consumer technology design and engineering.
Satellite System. Boeing Satellite Systems (BSS), has built, launched and delivered in-orbit four Boeing 702 high-power satellites for the XM Radio system. The satellites were launched on March 18, 2001, May 8, 2001, February 28, 2005 and October 30, 2006, respectively, and XM-3 and XM-4 are now transmitting the XM signal.
Our first two satellites, XM-1 and XM-2, experienced progressive solar array degradation issues and serve as in-orbit spares in their current capacity. We launched our third satellite, XM-3, in February 2005 and our fourth satellite, XM-4, in October
2006, to mitigate the issues with XM-1 and XM-2. We have a contract to construct a spare satellite, XM-5, expected to be completed by late 2008/early 2009. Our commitments regarding our satellites are described under Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Future Operating Liquidity and Capital Resource Requirements.
Satellite Transmission. Our satellites are deployed at 85° West Longitude and 115° West Longitude. At their designated orbital locations, the satellites receive digital signals from our programming center and retransmit the signals across the continental United States. The satellites are approximately 30° apart in longitude in order to enhance the probability of clear line-of-sight communication between the satellites and XM mobile radios. The transmission coverage areas, or footprints, of our satellites encompass the 48 contiguous states, nearby coastal waters and the densely populated regions of Canada. We have tailored these footprints to provide nearly uniform availability over the United States and to minimize transmission spillage across the United States borders into Mexico. XM Canada, our exclusive Canadian licensee, holds a broadcast license in Canada.
Our satellites transmit audio and data programming within a 12.5 Megahertz (MHz) bandwidth operating in the S-Band radio frequency spectrum that the FCC has allocated for our exclusive use. This 12.5 MHz bandwidth is subdivided into six carrier transmission signals, four signals transmitted from our satellites and two signals transmitted by the terrestrial repeater network. The audio and data programming for XM Radio is carried on two satellite signals, and the remaining two satellite signals and the terrestrial repeater signals repeat the audio and data programming to enhance overall signal reception. The transmission of higher quality sound requires the use of more kilobits per second than the transmission of lesser quality sound. We are currently using our allocated bandwidth in such a way as to provide over 170 channels.
Insurance. We bear the risk of loss for our satellites, and we seek to obtain insurance to cover some of that risk. We obtain launch and in-orbit insurance policies from global space insurance underwriters. These policies generally provide coverage for a total, constructive total or partial loss of the satellites that occurs during a limited period after launch and for annual in-orbit periods. Our insurance will not cover the full cost of constructing, launching and insuring new satellites, nor will it protect us from the adverse effect on our business operations due to the loss of a satellite. Our policies contain standard commercial satellite insurance provisions, including standard coverage exclusions. We currently have in-orbit insurance on XM-3 and XM-4, our primary operating satellites. In-orbit insurance is generally for a one year term and renewed annually; a portion of XM-4 insurance was secured for a five year term in October 2006 just prior to launch. XM-1 and XM-2, our in-orbit spare satellites, do not have in-orbit insurance coverage.
Satellite Control. Our satellites are monitored by telemetry, tracking and control stations and are controlled by a spacecraft control station. Each of the stations has a backup station. We have a contract with Telesat Canada, Inc., an experienced satellite operator, to perform the telemetry, tracking and control functions.
Broadcast Facility. Programming from both our studios and external sources is sent to our broadcast facility in Washington, DC, which packages and retransmits signals to our satellites through the uplink station. Communications traffic between the various XM Radio facilities is controlled by the network operating center. The network operating center monitors satellite signals and the terrestrial repeater network to ensure that the XM Radio system is operating properly. We have designed and installed fault detection diagnostic systems to detect various system failures before they significantly impact our quality of service. We have a remote backup central production and broadcast facility that is able to originate all of our music channels as well as all third party programming.
Terrestrial Repeaters. Our terrestrial repeater system of approximately 800 repeaters in approximately 60 markets supplements the coverage of our satellites. In some areas, satellite signals may be subject to blockages from tall buildings and other obstructions. Due to the satellites longitudinal separation, in most circumstances where reception is obscured from one satellite, XM Radio is still available from the other satellite. In some urban areas with a high concentration of tall buildings, however, line-of-sight obstructions to both satellites may be more frequent. In such areas, we have installed and may continue to install terrestrial repeaters to facilitate signal reception. Terrestrial repeaters are ground-based electronics equipment installed on rooftops or existing tower structures, where they receive the signal from one of the satellites, amplify it and retransmit it at significantly higher signal strength to overcome any satellite signal obstruction.
We own the design of our system, including aspects of the technology used in communicating from the satellites, the design of the repeater network and certain aspects of the design of and features that may be used in our radios. We have joint ownership of a license to use the technology developed by the radio and chipset manufacturers. We also license various other technologies used in our system. We have not acquired any intellectual property rights in the technology used in constructing and launching our satellites.
Our system design, our repeater system design and the specifications we supplied to our radio and chipset manufacturers incorporate or may in the future incorporate some intellectual property licensed to us on a non-exclusive basis by WorldSpace, who has used this technology in its own non-United States satellite radio system. We also have the right to sublicense the licensed technology to any third party, including chipset manufacturers, terrestrial repeater manufacturers and receiver manufacturers in connection with the XM Radio system.
We believe that the intellectual property rights used in our system were independently developed or duly licensed by us or by the technology companies who supplied portions of our system. We cannot assure you, however, that third parties will not bring suit against us for patent or other infringement of intellectual property rights.
We have signed an agreement with Sirius to develop a common receiver platform combining the companies proprietary chipsets. The FCC conditioned our license on certification by us that our final receiver design is interoperable with the final receiver design of the other licensee, Sirius, which uses a different transmissions technology than we use. We have previously certified and reconfirmed that we comply with this obligation. Although we believe that we are currently in compliance, the FCC has not expressly acknowledged our compliance. If the FCC were to interpret the interoperability requirement in a manner that mandates a particular radio design, complying with this requirement could make the radios more difficult and costly to manufacture.
We currently own 51 U.S. patents relating to various aspects of our system, XM radios and their features, and have numerous other patents pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Copyrights to Programming
We must maintain music programming royalty arrangements with and pay license fees to Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI), the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and SESAC, Inc. (SESAC). These organizations negotiate with copyright users, collect royalties and distribute them to songwriters and music publishers. We have current arrangements with all of these organizations.
Under the Digital Performance Right in Sound Recordings Act of 1995 and the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, we also have to negotiate royalty arrangements with the copyright owners of the sound recordings, or if negotiation is unsuccessful, the royalty rate is established by a copyright royalty board (CRB). We participated in a CRB proceeding in order to set the royalty rate payable by XM under the statutory license covering our performance of sound recordings over the XM system for the six year period starting in January 2007, which is described under the heading Legal Proceedings Litigation and Arbitration Copyright Royalty Board Proceeding in Item 3. of this Form 10-K.
We were sued in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York in three separate lawsuits by various record labels and music publishers in actions seeking monetary damages and equitable relief alleging that certain XM radios that also have advanced recording functionality infringe upon plaintiffs copyrighted sound recordings. We believe these allegations are without merit and these products comply with applicable copyright law, including the Audio Home Recording Act, and we intend to vigorously defend these matters. We have entered into settlement agreements with three of the major record labels (see Legal Proceedings in Item 3. to Part I of this Form 10-K).
The XM Trademark
We have registered the trademark XM with the United States Patent and Trademark Office in connection with the transmission services offered by our company. Our brand name and logo is generally prominently displayed on the surface of XM radios together with the radio manufacturers brand name. This identifies the equipment as being XM Radio-compatible and builds awareness of XM Radio. We intend to maintain our trademark and registration. We are not aware of any material
claims of infringement or other challenges to our right to use the XM trademark in the United States. We also have registered and intend to maintain trademarks of the names of certain of our channels. We registered the trademark, XM, and the logo, in Canada. We have granted a license to use the trademark in Canada to XM Canada, the exclusive licensee of our service in Canada.
We face significant competition for both listeners and advertising dollars. In addition to pre-recorded entertainment purchased or playing in cars, homes and using portable players, we compete most directly with the following providers of radio or other audio services:
Sirius Satellite Radio
We compete with Sirius, the only other FCC licensee for satellite radio service in the United States. Sirius has announced that it had over 8 million subscribers as of December 31, 2007. Sirius broadcasts over 130 channels of programming and offers certain programming that we do not offer. Sirius radio service is offered as a dealer- and/or factory-installed option on a number of vehicle model brands, including certain ones that do not offer XM. Sirius also is a partner in a Canadian joint venture partnership that competes with our Canadian licensee in providing satellite radio service in Canada. We have announced a merger agreement between Sirius and us, as discussed more fully below under the caption Proposed Merger with Sirius.
Traditional AM/FM Radio; New HD Radio
We compete with traditional AM/FM radio. Many of the traditional radio companies are substantial entities owning large numbers of radio stations or other media properties, including companies such as Clear Channel, CBS Radio, Emmis, Cumulus Media, Cox Radio, Entercom, Citadel Broadcasting, Radio One, Salem, Beasley Broadcast, Saga, Regent, Gannett, Univision and Westwood One. Our Canadian licensee competes with major traditional AM/FM radio companies such as Corus Entertainment, CHUM, Rogers, Standard Broadcasting, Astral Media, Canadian Broadcasting and Jim Pattison Broadcast.
Unlike XM Radio, traditional AM/FM radio has had a well established demand for its services for many years and generally offers free broadcast reception paid for by commercial advertising rather than by a subscription fee. However, by attracting listeners to their stations, they can reduce the likelihood that customers would be willing to pay for our subscription service and by offering free broadcast they impose limits on what we can charge for our service. Also, many radio stations offer information programming of a local nature, such as local news and sports. We are at a competitive disadvantage to the dominant AM/FM radio providers. Some radio stations have reduced the number of commercials per hour, expanded the range of music played on the air and experimented with new formats in order to compete with satellite radio. The radio broadcasting industry is highly competitive. Radio companies compete for listeners and advertising revenues on the basis of a variety of factors, including:
Although traditional AM/FM radio stations typically broadcast by means of analog signals, rather than digital transmission, a significant number of radio stations have begun broadcasting their primary signal using digital transmission technology. A group of major broadcast radio networks recently created a coalition to jointly market digital radio services. According to this coalition, more than 3,000 U.S. radio stations have committed to broadcasting in the HD Radio format. More than 1,500 radio stations are currently broadcasting primary signals with HD Radio technology, available to 90% of the U.S. population,
and manufacturers, including Alpine, Delphi, Panasonic, Polk and Yamaha, are creating digital receivers. To the extent that traditional AM/FM radio stations adopt digital transmission technology, any competitive advantage that we enjoy over traditional radio because of our digital signal would be lessened. In addition, the widespread introduction of terrestrial digital radios could lessen our competitive advantage. Traditional AM/FM broadcasters are also aggressively entering the Internet radio and wireless distribution with e-commerce.
The Apple iPod® is a portable digital music player that allows users to download and purchase music through Apples iTunes® Music Store, as well as convert music on compact disc to digital files. Apple sold over 51 million iPods® during its fiscal 2007 year. In addition, iPods® are compatible with certain car stereos and various home speaker systems, and certain automobile manufacturers have entered into arrangements with manufacturers of portable media players that are expected to enhance this compatibility. Availability of music in the public MP3 audio standard has been growing in recent years with sound files available on the websites of online music retailers, artists and record labels and through numerous file sharing software programs. These MP3 files can be played instantly, burned to a compact disc or stored in various portable players available to consumers. Although presently available formats have drawbacks such as hardware requirements and download bandwidth constraints, which we believe could make XM Radio a more attractive option to consumers, Internet-based audio formats are becoming increasingly competitive as quality improves and costs are reduced.
Internet radio broadcasts have no geographic limitations and can provide listeners with radio programming from around the country and the world. Major media companies including Clear Channel, America Online and Yahoo! make near CD-quality digital streams available through the Internet for free or in some case for a fraction of the cost of a satellite radio subscription. The past few years have seen a steady increase in the audio quality of Internet radio streams and in the amount of audio content available via the Web, resulting in a steady increase in Internet radio audience metrics. We expect that improvements from higher bandwidths, faster modems and wider programming selection are likely to continue making Internet radio an increasingly significant competitor in the near future. These services already compete directly with our XM Radio Online service and, through the use of home stereo media adapters or media-centric PCs, with our home line of products.
Direct Broadcast Satellite and Cable Audio
A number of companies provide specialized audio service through either direct broadcast satellite or cable audio systems. These services are targeted to fixed locations, mostly in-home. The radio service offered by direct broadcast satellite and cable audio is often included as part of a package of digital services with video service, and video customers therefore generally do not pay an additional monthly charge for the audio service.
Digital Media Services
We face and expect to face increased competition from businesses that deliver and plan to deliver entertainment and media content through cell phones and other wireless devices. Sprint offers music channels and other audio services, with options including 50 MSpot channels, Sony Music Box Connect, an assortment of Rhapsody channels, Pandora streaming service as well as Sirius channels. AT&T offers access to MobiRadio, with over 50 channels including NPR, Fox News, ESPN Radio, The Weather Channel and music. Verizon Wireless offers sports audio and audio downloads, including live MLB broadcasts, as well as access to V Cast Music, which offers 2 million songs for purchase. QUALCOMMs wholly owned subsidiary, MediaFLO USA delivers the FLO TV service, a mobile entertainment service enabling subscribers to watch a selection of live, simulcast and time-shifted full-length television programming on their mobile phones. Verizon Wireless offers the FLO TV service through V Cast Mobile TV, with AT&T/Cingular also planning to provide service. The audio entertainment marketplace continues to evolve rapidly, with a steady emergence of new media platforms and portable devices that compete with us now or that could compete with us in the future. For example, Slacker and other companies have begun to introduce portable music players offering customizable Internet-based channels. Ford and Microsoft recently debuted an in-car communications system called Sync, which allows drivers to use voice commands or steering wheel controls to play songs from their digital-music players. In addition, ICO recently demonstrated a satellite-based mobile entertainment platform to deliver live broadcast media nationwide through a hybrid satellite and terrestrial repeater network.
Traffic News Services
A number of providers also compete with the XM NavTraffic service. Sirius partners with NAVTEQ, the same partner used by XM for data behind XM NavTraffic, to provide real-time traffic data to vehicles over its satellite radio network for 80 major metropolitan areas. The service provides regularly updated traffic information and help select alternative routes. Clear Channel and Tele Atlas are able to deliver nationwide traffic information for the top 50 markets to in-vehicle
navigation systems using RDS/TMC, the radio broadcast standard technology for delivering traffic and travel information to drivers. There are also services that provide real-time traffic information to Internet-enabled cell phones or other hand held devices, but these are available only in limited markets and the associated data plan costs in addition to normal cell phone rates may make the offering un-desirable to many users.
XM and Sirius received licenses from the FCC in October 1997 to construct and operate satellite digital audio radio service systems. The FCC allocated 25 MHz for the service in a range of radio frequencies known as the S-Band, divided equally between the two licensees.
As the holder of one of two FCC licenses to operate a commercial satellite radio service in the United States, we are subject to regulatory oversight by the FCC. The operation of our system is subject to significant regulation by the FCC under authority granted through the Communications Act and related federal law. Non-compliance by us with FCC rules and regulations could result in fines, additional license conditions, license revocation or other detrimental FCC actions. Any of these FCC actions may harm our business. There is no guarantee that the rules and regulations of the FCC will continue to be favorable to our business plan. Any assignment or transfer of control of our FCC license or other FCC authorizations we hold must be approved in advance by the FCC.
Our FCC licenses, including our satellite licenses, are held by a subsidiary wholly owned by XM Radio. We are authorized to operate four satellites at specified orbital locations. The licenses to operate the XM-1 and XM-2 satellites expire in March 2009 and May 2009, respectively. The license to operate the XM-3 satellite expires in April 2013. The license to operate the XM-4 satellite expires in December 2014. We will be required to apply for a renewal or extension of our FCC license for each of these satellites prior to the expiration of the license term. We anticipate that, absent significant misconduct on our part, the FCC will renew or extend our license for each satellite to permit operation of each satellite for its approximate 15 year useful life, and grant a license for any replacement satellites. From time to time, we may seek authority from the FCC to operate our satellites at orbital locations other than those authorized in the licenses for those satellites. The U.S. government is responsible for coordinating our satellites through the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and must make periodic filings on our behalf at the ITU.
The FCC has indicated that it may in the future impose public service obligations, such as channel set-asides for educational programming, on satellite radio licensees. Some entities have asked the FCC to impose public service obligations on satellite radio licensees.
In November 2005, the FCC released a decision extending Emergency Alert System (EAS) obligations to satellite radio operators. These obligations became effective on December 31, 2006. In December 2005, we asked the FCC to reconsider its decision by relaxing its requirements for testing of EAS alerts and for transmitting EAS codes and attention signals on certain channels. Our reconsideration request is pending. The FCC is also considering whether it should require distribution of foreign-language alerts as part of the EAS. XM filed comments in this proceeding, but we do not expect that any such requirements would materially affect our operations.
The FCCs rules require interoperability with all licensed satellite radio systems that are operational or under construction. We have signed an agreement with Sirius to develop a common receiver platform combining the companies proprietary chipsets. The FCC conditioned our license on certification by us that our final receiver design is interoperable with the final receiver design of the other licensee, Sirius, which uses a different transmission technology than we use. We have previously certified and reconfirmed that we comply with this obligation. Although we believe that we are currently in compliance, the FCC has not expressly acknowledged our compliance. If the FCC were to interpret the interoperability requirement in a manner that mandates a particular radio design, complying with this requirement could make the radios more difficult and costly to manufacture.
The FCC order granting our satellite license determined that because we operate a private satellite system under the Communications Act and FCC rules providing a subscription service on a non-common carrier basis, we would not be subject to the FCCs foreign ownership restrictions. However, such restrictions would apply to us if we were to offer non-subscription services. The FCC also stated in its order that it may reconsider its decision not to subject satellite radio licensees to its foreign ownership restrictions.
In June and October 2006, the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) submitted letters to the FCC asking the FCC to open an investigation examining the issues raised by free access to satellite radio programming, such as (i) in new cars that have satellite radio receivers pre-installed, (ii) in rental cars, and (iii) through transmissions from the FM modulators of satellite radio receivers to nearby vehicles not equipped with satellite radio receivers. NAB argues that free access to satellite radio programming requires the FCC to apply similar regulations to terrestrial and satellite radio. To date, the FCC has not acted in response to these letters.
The FCC is currently conducting a rulemaking proceeding to establish rules for terrestrial repeater transmitters of satellite radio operators, which XM uses to fill in gaps in satellite coverage. The FCC allows XM to operate a network of such repeaters pursuant to Special Temporary Authority (STA) initially granted in September 2001. The FCC has proposed a form of blanket licensing for terrestrial repeaters and service rules, which would prohibit satellite radio licensees from using terrestrial repeating transmitters to originate local programming or transmit signals other than those received from the satellite radio satellites. Various parties, including the National Association of Broadcasters, Wireless Communications Service (WCS) licensees, Multipoint Distribution Service (MDS) licensees, and Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS) licensees have asked the FCC to:
Our continued operation and deployment of terrestrial repeaters may be impacted by whatever rules the FCC ultimately issues in this regard, although we believe these impacts are not likely to be material to our business. We have made a proposal to the FCC that any limits on the power of terrestrial repeaters not be lower than 40 kW EIRP or, alternatively, 18 kW EIRP calculated by averaging power over 360 degrees. We have also proposed to coordinate with WCS licensees in certain cases prior to operating terrestrial repeaters above 2 kW EIRP. The coordination may include our providing filters in certain instances to limit the interference WCS licensees claim will result from our operation of repeaters operating above 2 kW EIRP.
On November 1, 2001, the FCC issued a further request for comments on various proposals for permanent rules for the operation of terrestrial repeaters. We have opposed some of these proposals. Some of the FCCs proposals and proposals made by other parties, if adopted by the FCC, could impact our ability to operate terrestrial repeaters, including requiring us to reduce the power of some of our current repeaters, and subject us to monetary liability to compensate other FCC licensees that claim they receive interference from our repeaters. On December 18, 2007, the FCC released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking additional comment on the final rules for satellite radio repeaters. XM is to participating in this phase of the proceeding.
As noted above, we are currently operating terrestrial repeaters pursuant to STA. This STA authorizes us to operate our terrestrial repeaters for commercial service on a non-interference basis. Because the STA was conditioned in this manner, we are required either to reduce power or cease operating a repeater upon receipt of a written complaint of interference. In 2001, one party that opposed XM Radios request for STA filed an application for review of the decision granting us an STA, asking the FCC to reverse the decision and deny XM Radios STA request. This Application for Review is still pending.
On November 26, 2003, we applied for an STA to operate an additional forty-nine repeaters in new markets that were not authorized under our September 2001 STA. This request was opposed by a coalition of WCS licensees claiming that grant of this request would result in interference and would prejudice the outcome of the final rules governing repeaters. Our request was granted in September 2004 over these objections. Our grants of STA to operate all of our terrestrial repeaters have expired by their terms, but pursuant to the FCCs rules, we are allowed to and have continued to operate these terrestrial repeaters under STA pending a final determination on our extension request.
In October 2006, we disclosed to the FCC that several hundred of our repeaters were not built pursuant to the exact terms of our STAs. These differences include some repeaters not being built in the exact locations, or with the same antenna heights, power levels, or antenna characteristics set forth in the STAs. A number of repeaters were built without an obviously applicable authorization. We brought a number of these repeaters into full compliance with our authorizations by turning down their power levels. We also discontinued operation of some repeaters. As a result, we believe that service quality in portions of the affected metro areas has been somewhat reduced, including in terms of more frequent interruptions and/or occasional outages to the service. There has been no impact on the satellite signal. Immediately following our disclosure to the FCC we filed for both a 30-day STA and a 180-day STA with respect to our terrestrial repeater network. In these STA requests, we are seeking authority to continue to operate our entire repeater network, as built, despite the variances we disclosed. We have held meetings with the staff of the FCC regarding these matters. NAB has opposed our STA requests and has asked the FCC to initiate an investigation into our deployment of repeaters and to impose sanctions. A coalition of WCS licensees has also opposed our STA requests and has asked the FCC to require us to immediately reduce the power of any unauthorized repeaters to no more than 2000 Watts peak EIRP. The WCS licensees also dispute whether the power levels the FCC has authorized for our repeater operations are with regard to peak power or average power. We have interpreted our FCC authorizations to be in terms of average power and a contrary interpretation would have a significant impact on operations. Our deployment of terrestrial repeaters may be affected by the FCCs further actions, when taken. In February 2007, we received a letter of inquiry from the FCC relating to these matters. This proceeding may result in the imposition of financial penalties against us or adverse changes to our repeater network resulting from having repeaters turned off or otherwise modified in a manner that would reduce service quality in the affected areas. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or its significance to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position. These recent STA requests are distinct from (and if granted would replace) the STAs originally granted by the FCC relating to our commencing and continuing operation of the repeater network.
The FCC also may adopt limits on emissions of terrestrial repeaters to protect other services using nearby frequencies. While we believe that we will meet any reasonable non-interference standard for terrestrial repeaters, the FCC has no specific standard at this time, and the application of such limits might increase our cost of using repeaters. Although we are optimistic that we will be able to construct and use terrestrial repeaters as needed, the development and implementation of the FCCs ultimate rules might delay this process or restrict our ability to do so. We believe that it is not likely that an FCC order would materially impact the terrestrial repeater system design currently in operation. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking released by the FCC on December 18, 2007 requests comment relating to this issue.
Coordination and Interference Matters
We are required to coordinate the XM Radio system with systems operating in the same frequency bands in adjacent countries, particularly Canada and Mexico. The United States government, which conducts the coordination process, has entered into coordination agreements with both the Canadian and Mexican governments. XM Canada, our exclusive Canadian licensee, received a license to operate a satellite radio service in Canada using our existing satellites, which provide coverage of the densely populated regions of Canada.
We operate the communication uplinks to our satellites from earth stations in Washington, DC (primary) and Atlanta, GA (backup) in a band of radio frequencies that are used for several other services, such as fixed services, broadcast auxiliary services, electronic news gathering services, and uplink feeder links for mobile satellite services. The FCC has granted us licenses for these earth stations. The license for our Washington, DC earth station expires in March 2011 and the license for our Atlanta earth station expires in August 2019. We can seek authority from the FCC to extend these license terms and would expect them to be renewed in the ordinary course.
Our service may be subject to interference caused by other users of radio frequencies. From time to time, the FCC has permitted or has proposed to permit new uses of radio frequencies that could result in interference to our service, particularly unlicensed operations in adjacent frequency bands. Moreover, the FCC has permitted or has proposed to permit existing users of radio frequencies to operate in ways that could result in interference to our operations. We have expressed and continue to express concerns to the FCC regarding the potential for other uses of radio frequencies to cause interference to our service. If the FCC does not adopt sufficient technical limits on these other uses of radio frequencies, our service may be adversely affected.
FM Modulator Investigation
In April 2006 and August 2006, we received letters of inquiry from the FCCs Enforcement Bureau regarding FM modulator wireless transmitters in various XM radios and whether such transmissions were in compliance with permissible emission limits. No health or safety issues have been involved with these wireless XM radios. We have responded to the FCCs letters, implemented a series of design and installation modifications, and through October 2006, obtained new certifications for six models of modified XM radios using our new SureConnect technology. In addition, we have implemented a regulatory compliance plan, including the appointment of an FCC regulatory compliance officer to monitor FCC regulatory compliance, specifically with reference to the design, verification/certification, and production of XM radio receivers. We are in discussions with the FCC to resolve this matter and have proposed entering into a consent decree requiring both additional remedial action and a voluntary contribution to the federal government. NAB has asked the FCC to require a recall of non-compliant devices from our retailers and distributors. We cannot predict at this time the extent of any further actions that we will need to undertake or the extent of the financial obligations we may incur. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or its significance to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
Proposed Merger with Sirius
On February 19, 2007, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with Sirius Satellite Radio Inc. under which our business would be combined with that of Sirius through a merger of XM and a newly formed, wholly owned subsidiary of Sirius.
The completion of the merger is subject to various closing conditions, including receiving certain regulatory and antitrust approvals (including from the Federal Communications Commission and under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended). The merger is intended to qualify as a reorganization for federal income tax purposes.
At the effective time of the merger, by virtue of the merger and without any action on the part of any stockholder, each share of our Class A common stock then issued and outstanding will be converted into the right to receive 4.6 shares of common stock of Sirius. Each share of our Series A convertible preferred stock then issued and outstanding similarly will be converted at the effective time of the merger into the right to receive 4.6 shares of a newly-designated series of preferred stock of Sirius having the same powers, designations, preferences, rights and qualifications, limitations and restrictions as the stock so converted.
Mr. Mel Karmazin, currently chief executive officer of Sirius, will become chief executive officer of the combined company and Mr. Gary M. Parsons, currently our chairman, will become chairman of the combined company. The combined companys board of directors will consist of 12 directors, including Messrs. Karmazin and Parsons, four independent members designated by each company, as well as two representatives of the auto industry who are current members of our board of directors.
The merger agreement contains certain termination rights both for us and for Sirius. If the merger agreement is terminated under circumstances specified in the merger agreement due to action by one of the parties, we or Sirius, as the case may be, will be required to pay the other a termination fee of $175.0 million.
Our board of directors and stockholders and the board of directors and stockholders of Sirius have approved the merger.
The merger agreement contains representations and warranties which the parties thereto made to, and solely for, the benefit of each other. The assertions embodied in those representations and warranties are qualified by information in confidential disclosure schedules that the parties have exchanged in connection with signing the merger agreement and that modify, qualify and create exceptions to the representations and warranties contained in the merger agreement. We and Sirius each have made covenants in the merger agreement about continuing our or their business in the ordinary course.
The foregoing description of the merger does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K, filed February 21, 2007 and the merger agreement filed as an exhibit to that Form 8-K and incorporated into this report by reference.
Satisfaction of the closing conditions could take several months or longer. There can be no assurance that the conditions to completion of the merger will be met, or that the merger will be completed. If the merger is not consummated on or before March 1, 2008, either party may terminate the merger agreement.
Statements made in this Form 10-K relating to our business strategies, operating plans, planned expenditures, expected capital requirements and other forward-looking statements regarding our business do not take into account potential future impacts of our proposed merger with Sirius.
As of December 31, 2007, we had 1,059 employees. In addition, we rely upon a number of consultants, other advisors and outsourced relationships. The extent and timing of any increase in staffing will depend on the availability of qualified personnel and other developments in our business. None of our employees are represented by a labor union, and we believe that our relationship with our employees is good.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Potential investors are urged to read and consider the risk factors relating to an investment in XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. contained herein. Before making an investment decision, you should carefully consider these risks as well as other information we include in or incorporate by reference into our public filings with the SEC. The risks and uncertainties we have described are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also affect our business operations.
In connection with the merger, a substantial amount of our indebtedness will need to be refinanced.
In connection with the merger, an offer to repurchase a significant portion of our outstanding notes at 101% of the principal amount thereof will be required under the terms of such debt. Any required repurchase would likely be financed with other debt and, due to prevailing conditions in the debt markets, debt financing to fund such repurchase may not be available on terms favorable to the combined company or at all. Similarly, we may not be able to solicit the consent of holders to amend our debt to eliminate the repurchase obligation on favorable terms or at all. At December 31, 2007, the aggregate principal amount of our outstanding indebtedness was approximately $1.5 billion, and no outstanding notes were trading above 101% of the outstanding principal amount. We believe that if the notes are trading above 101% at the time of any required repurchase offer, a large majority of holders would be unlikely to sell their notes in the repurchase offer.
The combined companys indebtedness following the completion of the merger will be substantial. This indebtedness could adversely affect the combined company in many ways, including by reducing funds available for other business purposes.
The pro forma indebtedness of the combined company as of December 31, 2007, after giving effect to the merger, would have been approximately $2.8 billion. As a result of this debt, demands on the combined companys cash resources may increase after the merger. The increased levels of indebtedness could reduce funds available for investment in research and development and capital expenditures or create competitive disadvantages compared to other companies with lower debt levels. In addition, existing covenants in the Sirius and XM debt instruments limit the transfer of cash between the two companies and require that inter-company dealings be effected on an arms-length basis, which may affect the timing or amount of synergies realized from the integration of the two companies.
The ability to complete the merger is subject to the receipt of consents and approvals from government entities, which may impose conditions that could have an adverse effect on us or could cause either party to abandon the merger.
In deciding whether to grant regulatory or antitrust approvals, the relevant governmental entities will consider the effect of the merger on competition within their relevant jurisdictions. The terms and conditions of the approvals that are granted may impose requirements, limitations or costs or place restrictions on the conduct of the combined companys business.
The merger agreement may require us to accept significant conditions from regulatory bodies before either of us may refuse to close the merger on the basis of those regulatory conditions. We cannot provide any assurance that either party will obtain the necessary approvals or that any other conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not have a material adverse effect on the combined company following the merger. In addition, we can provide no assurance that these conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not result in the delay or abandonment of the merger.
Any delay in completion of the merger may significantly reduce the benefits expected to be obtained from the merger.
In addition to the required regulatory clearances and approvals, the merger is subject to a number of other conditions beyond our control that may prevent, delay or otherwise materially adversely affect its completion. We cannot predict whether and when these other conditions will be satisfied. Further, the requirements for obtaining the required clearances and approvals could delay the completion of the merger for a significant period of time or prevent it from occurring. Any delay in completing the merger may significantly reduce the synergies and other benefits that we expect to achieve if we successfully complete the merger within the expected timeframe and integrate our and Siriuss businesses.
The anticipated benefits of the merger may not be realized fully or at all or may take longer to realize than expected.
The merger involves the integration of two companies that have previously operated independently with principal offices in two distinct locations. Due to legal restrictions, we and Sirius have conducted only limited planning regarding the integration of the two companies. The combined company will be required to devote significant management attention and resources to
integrating the two companies. Delays in this process could adversely affect the combined companys business, financial results, financial condition and stock price. Even if we were able to integrate our business operations successfully, there can be no assurance that this integration will result in the realization of the full benefits of synergies, cost savings, innovation and operational efficiencies that may be possible from this integration or that these benefits will be achieved within a reasonable period of time.
Additionally, as a condition to their approval of the merger, regulatory agencies may impose requirements, limitations or costs or require divestitures or place restrictions on the conduct of the combined companys business. If we and Sirius agree to these requirements, limitations, costs, divestitures or restrictions, the ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the merger may be impaired.
Failure to complete the merger for regulatory or other reasons could adversely affect our stock price and our future business and financial results.
Completion of the merger is conditioned upon, among other things, the receipt of certain regulatory and antitrust approvals, including from the Federal Communications Commission and under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended. There is no assurance that we will receive the necessary approvals or satisfy the other conditions to the completion of the merger. Failure to complete the proposed merger would prevent us from realizing the anticipated benefits of the merger. We also will remain liable for significant transaction costs, including legal, accounting and financial advisory fees, regardless of whether the merger is completed. In addition, the market price of our common stock may reflect various market assumptions as to whether the merger will occur. Consequently, the completion of, or failure to complete, the merger could result in a significant change in the market price of our common stock.
Uncertainty about the merger and diversion of management could harm us, whether or not the merger is completed.
In response to the pending merger, existing or prospective subscribers, retailers, radio manufacturers, automakers and programming providers may delay or defer their purchasing or other decisions concerning us, or they may seek to change their existing business relationship. In addition, as a result of the merger, current and prospective employees could experience uncertainty about their future with XM or the combined company. These uncertainties may impair our ability to retain, recruit or motivate key personnel. Completion of the merger will also require a significant amount of time and attention from management. The diversion of management attention away from ongoing operations could adversely affect ongoing operations and business relationships.
You could lose money on your investment because our expenses exceed our revenues.
Unless we continue to increase our revenues, we may not be able to operate our business and service our indebtedness and you could lose money on your investment. Our ability to continue to increase our revenues and ultimately to become profitable will depend upon several factors, including:
Our cumulative expenditures and losses have been significant and are expected to grow.
As of December 31, 2007, we had incurred capital expenditures of $1.8 billion and cumulative net losses approximating $4.2 billion from our inception through December 31, 2007. We expect our cumulative net losses and cumulative negative cash flows to grow as we make payments under our various distribution and programming contracts, incur marketing and subscriber acquisition costs and make interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness. If we are unable ultimately to generate sufficient revenues to become profitable and generate positive cash flow, you could lose money on your investment.
Demand for our service may be insufficient for us to become profitable.
Because we offer a relatively new service, we cannot estimate with any certainty whether consumer demand for our service will be sufficient for us to continue to increase the number of subscribers at projected rates or the degree to which we will
meet that demand. We have seen a significant decrease in new subscription demand from retail subscribers and most of our new subscription growth has come from the OEM segment.
Among other things, continuing and increased consumer acceptance of XM Radio will depend upon:
If demand for our products and service does not continue to increase, we may not be able to generate enough revenues to generate positive cash flow or to become profitable.
We may need additional funding for our business plan and additional financing might not be available.
Provided that we meet the revenue, expense and cash flow projections of our current business plan, we expect to be fully funded and not need additional liquidity to continue operations beyond our existing assets, credit facilities and cash generated by operations; our current business plan is based on estimates regarding expected future costs, expected future revenue and assumes the refinancing or renegotiating of certain of our obligations (which are discussed under the heading Liquidity and Capital Resources in Item 7. of this Form 10-K) as they become due, including the maturity of our existing credit facilities and $400 million of convertible notes in 2009. Our costs may exceed or our revenues may fall short of our estimates, our estimates may change, and future developments may affect our estimates. Any of these factors may increase our need for funds, which would require us to seek additional financing, which financing may not be available on favorable terms or at all, to continue implementing our current business plan. In addition, we may seek additional financing, such as the sale of additional equity and debt securities, to undertake initiatives not contemplated by our current business plan or for other business reasons, or seek to refinance or renegotiate certain of our other obligations.
The unfavorable outcome of pending or future litigation or investigations could have a material adverse effect on us.
We have been party to several legal proceedings, regulatory inquiries and other matters arising out of various aspects of our business. They include an inquiry by the FCC based on a determination that the FM modulator wireless transmitter on certain XM radios was not in compliance with permissible emission limits and most recently discussions with the FCC about issues relating to our repeater network. We also are a party to three separate suits brought by a number of record companies and music publishers alleging that XM radios that also have advanced recording functionality infringe upon plaintiffs copyrighted sound recordings. We intend to cooperate fully with the governmental investigations and to vigorously defend all of our litigation matters. However, we cannot assure a favorable outcome of any of these proceedings, or that an unfavorable outcome would not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial results.
Large payment obligations under our agreements with General Motors and other automobile manufacturers, suppliers of programming and others may prevent us from becoming profitable.
We have significant payment obligations under our agreements with automobile manufacturers, third-party suppliers of programming and licensors of program royalties. Although we paid General Motors approximately $237 million to eliminate obligations to pay approximately $320 million during 2007, 2008 and 2009, we still have significant remaining payment obligations under our long-term distribution agreement with General Motors. We also have or in the future will have payment obligations under agreements with other automobile manufacturers, and we will need to negotiate new or replacement agreements with these or other manufacturers over the next several years. Under our multi-year agreement with Major League Baseball® (MLB) for the rights to broadcast MLB games live nationwide and be the Official Satellite Radio provider of Major League Baseball®, we are obligated to pay $60 million per year through 2012. In July 2006, we furnished a $120.0 million two-year surety bond to MLB as part of an amendment to the agreement with MLB that permitted us to provide various types of credit support in lieu of its $120.0 million escrow deposit requirement. If we are unable to renew this bond or obtain other credit support acceptable to MLB, there can be no assurance that we will not have to deposit funds to meet the escrow deposit requirement. We have many other agreements and must negotiate renewal or replacement agreements with third-party suppliers of programming. Our payment obligations could increase when agreements are renewed or replaced, and will increase under the terms of certain existing agreements as the number of our subscribers increases. Changes in the cost of certain programming or other factors could cause changes to our channel line-up in the future. These payment obligations could significantly impact our ability to become profitable or generate positive cash flow
and the amount that we may need to borrow. We may seek to renegotiate certain of these arrangements to generate positive cash flow and reduce our need for external funds. There can be no assurance that we will be able to complete such renegotiations on favorable terms or at all.
We must maintain and pay license fees for music rights, and we may have disputes with copyright holders.
We must maintain music programming royalty arrangements with and pay license fees to Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI), the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and SESAC, Inc. (SESAC). These organizations negotiate with copyright users, collect royalties and distribute them to songwriters and music publishers. Although we have final agreements with ASCAP and SESAC, respectively, through December 2011, we continue to operate under an interim agreement with BMI. We cannot assure you that the BMI royalty fee will remain at the current level when the agreement is finalized. Under the Digital Performance Right in Sound Recordings Act of 1995 and the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998, we also have to negotiate royalty arrangements with the copyright owners of the sound recordings, or if negotiation is unsuccessful, have the royalty rate established by the Copyright Royalty Board (CRB). We participated in a CRB proceeding in order to set the royalty rate payable by XM under the statutory license covering our performance of sound recordings over the XM system for the six year period starting in January 2007, which is described under the heading Legal Proceedings Litigation and Arbitration Copyright Royalty Board Proceeding in Item 3. of this Form 10-K.
We have been sued by several companies in the recording industry and music publishers alleging that XM radios that also have advanced recording functionality infringe upon plaintiffs copyrighted sound recordings. We believe these XM radios, which have various functionalities widely available to consumers, comply with applicable copyright law, including the Audio Home Recording Act. Our motion to dismiss this matter was denied. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or the significance, if any, to the Companys business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
Our inability to retain customers, including those who purchase or lease vehicles that include a subscription to our service, could adversely affect our financial performance.
We cannot predict how successful we will be at retaining customers who purchase or lease vehicles that include a subscription to our service as part of the promotion of our product. Over the past several quarters we have retained approximately 52% to 55% of the customers who receive a promotional subscription as part of the purchase or lease of a new vehicle, but that percentage does vary over time and the amount of data on the percentage is limited. We do not know if the percentage will change as the number of customers with promotional subscriptions increases.
We experience subscriber churn, with respect to our self-pay or non-promotional customers as well. Because we have been in commercial operations for a relatively short period of time, we cannot predict the amount of churn we will experience over the longer term. Our inability to retain customers who purchase or lease new vehicles with our service beyond the promotional period and subscriber churn could adversely affect our financial performance and results of operations.
Loss or premature degradation of our existing satellites could damage our business.
We placed our XM-3 and XM-4 satellites into service during the second quarter of 2005 and fourth quarter of 2006, respectively. Our XM-1 and XM-2 satellites experienced progressive degradation problems common to early Boeing 702 class satellites and now serve as in-orbit spares. During 2007, we entered into a sale leaseback transaction with respect to the transponders on our XM-4 satellite. If we fail to make the required payments under this arrangement, we could lose the right to use XM-4 to broadcast our service. The terms of this arrangement also require that upon the occurrence of specified events, including an operational failure or loss of XM-4, then we have to repurchase the satellite and we may not receive sufficient insurance proceeds to do so. An operational failure or loss of XM-3 or XM-4 would, at least temporarily, affect the quality of our service, and could interrupt the continuation of our service and harm our business. We likely would not be able to complete and launch our XM-5 satellite before the first half of 2009. In the event of any satellite failure prior to that time, we would need to rely on our back-up satellites, XM-1 and XM-2. We cannot assure you that restoring service through XM-1 and XM-2 would allow us to maintain adequate broadcast signal strength through the in-service date of XM-5, particularly if XM-1 or XM-2 were to suffer unanticipated additional performance degradation or experience an operational failure.
A number of other factors could decrease the useful lives of our satellites, including:
In addition, our network of terrestrial repeaters communicates principally with one satellite. If the satellite communicating with the repeater network fails unexpectedly, we would have to activate our backup satellites (XM-1 and XM-2) to restore repeater service. This would result in a degradation of service that could last several hours or longer and could harm our business.
Potential losses may not be covered by insurance.
Insurance proceeds may not fully cover our losses. For example, our insurance does not cover the full cost of constructing, launching and insuring new satellites, nor will it cover and we do not have protection against business interruption, loss of business or similar losses. Also, our insurance contains customary exclusions, salvage value provisions, material change and other conditions that could limit our recovery. Further, any insurance proceeds may not be received on a timely basis in order to launch a spare satellite or construct and launch a replacement satellite or take other remedial measures. In addition, some of our policies are subject to limitations involving large deductibles or co-payments and policy limits that may not be sufficient to cover losses. If we experience a loss that is uninsured or that exceeds policy limits, this may impair our ability to make timely payments on our outstanding notes and other financial obligations.
Competition could adversely affect our revenues.
In seeking market acceptance of our service, we encounter competition for both listeners and advertising revenues from many sources, including Sirius, the other U.S. satellite radio licensee; traditional and digital AM/FM radio; Internet based audio providers; MP3 players; wireless carriers; direct broadcast satellite television audio service; digital media services; and cable systems that carry audio service.
Sirius has announced that it had over 8 million subscribers as of December 31, 2007, including over 2.3 million net new subscribers during the year then ended. Sirius broadcasts over 130 channels of programming and offers certain programming that we do not offer, including the Howard Stern radio show. Sirius radio service is offered as a dealer- and/or factory-installed option on a number of vehicle model brands, including certain ones that do not offer XM. Sirius has announced a number of new competitive product offerings. Sirius also is a partner in a Canadian joint venture partnership that competes with our Canadian licensee in providing satellite radio service in Canada.
Unlike XM Radio, traditional AM/FM radio already has a well-established and dominant market presence for its services and generally offers free broadcast reception supported by commercial advertising, rather than by a subscription fee. Also, many radio stations offer information programming of a local nature, which XM Radio is not expected to offer as effectively as local radio, or at all. Some radio stations have reduced the number of commercials per hour, expanded the range of music played on the air and are experimenting with new formats in order to compete with satellite radio.
Digital (or HD or high definition) radio broadcast services have been expanding, and as many as 1,500 radio stations in the U.S. have begun digital broadcasting and approximately 3,000 have committed to broadcasting in digital format. The technology permits broadcasters to transmit as many as five stations per frequency. To the extent that traditional AM/FM radio stations adopt digital transmission technology, any competitive advantage that we enjoy over traditional radio because of our digital signal would be lessened. A group of major broadcast radio networks recently created a coalition to jointly market digital radio services.
Internet radio broadcasts have no geographic limitations and can provide listeners with radio programming from around the country and the world. We expect that improvements from higher bandwidths, faster modems, wider programming selection and mobile internet service, will make Internet radio increasingly competitive.
The Apple iPod® is a portable digital music player that allows users to download and purchase music through Apples iTunes® Music Store, as well as convert music on compact disc to digital files. Apple sold over 51 million iPods® during its fiscal 2007 year. The iPod® is also compatible with certain car stereos and various home speaker systems. Our portable digital audio players including those with advanced recording functionality compete with the iPod® and other downloading technology and devices; and some consumers may use their digital music players in their vehicles rather than subscribe to XM Radio.
The audio entertainment marketplace continues to evolve rapidly, with a steady emergence of new media platforms and portable devices that compete with us now or that could compete with us in the future. For example, Slacker and other companies have begun to introduce portable music players offering customizable Internet-based channels. Ford and Microsoft recently debuted an in-car communications system called Sync, which allows drivers to use voice commands or steering wheel controls to play songs from their digital-music players. In addition, ICO recently demonstrated a satellite-based mobile entertainment platform to deliver live broadcast media nationwide through a hybrid satellite and terrestrial repeater network.
Rapid technological and industry changes could make our service obsolete.
The audio entertainment industry is characterized by rapid technological change, frequent new product innovations, changes in customer requirements and expectations, and evolving industry standards. If we are unable to keep pace with these changes, our business may be unsuccessful. Because we have depended on third parties to develop technologies used in key elements of the XM Radio system, more advanced technologies that we may wish to use may not be available to us on reasonable terms or in a timely manner. Further, our competitors may have access to technologies not available to us, which may enable them to produce entertainment products of greater interest to consumers, or at a more competitive cost.
Higher than expected subscriber acquisition costs could adversely affect our financial performance.
We are still spending substantial funds on advertising and marketing and in transactions with car and radio manufacturers and other parties to obtain or as part of the expense of attracting new subscribers, including our subscriber acquisition costs and costs per gross (or net) subscriber addition. Our ability to achieve cash flow breakeven and profitability within the expected timeframe or at all depends on our ability to continue to maintain or lower these costs, which vary over time based on a number of factors. If the costs of attracting new subscribers are greater than expected, our financial performance and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our business could be adversely affected by the performance of our business partners.
Our business depends in part on actions of third parties, including:
The sale of vehicles with XM radios is an important source of subscribers for us. To the extent sales of vehicles by our distribution partners slow, or the penetration percentage of factory-installed XM radios in those vehicles declines, our subscriber growth could be adversely impacted. We do not manufacture satellite radios or accessories, and we depend on manufacturers and others for the production of these radios and their component parts. If one or more manufacturers raises the price of the radios or does not produce radios in a sufficient quantity to meet demand, or if such radios were not to perform as advertised or were to be defective, sales of our service and our reputation could be adversely affected. Our business or reputation also could be harmed in the event our retailing partners were to fail to make XM radios available to the public in sufficient quantities, in a timely manner or at attractive prices.
Failure to comply with FCC requirements could damage our business.
As an owner of one of two FCC licenses to operate a commercial satellite radio service in the United States, an operator of a terrestrial repeater system and the holder of authorizations for the production of certain satellite radios, we are subject to FCC rules and regulations and the terms of our licenses and other authorizations. We are required, among other things, to operate only within specified frequencies and other limitations, and to meet certain conditions such as the availability of radios interoperable with both our system and the other licensed satellite radio system; coordination of our satellite radio service with radio systems operating in the same range of frequencies in neighboring countries; and coordination of our communications links to our satellites with other systems that operate in the same frequency band. Non-compliance by us with these requirements or conditions could result in fines, additional license conditions, license revocation or other detrimental FCC actions.
The FCC has not issued final rules authorizing terrestrial repeaters.
The FCC has not yet issued final rules permitting us to deploy terrestrial repeaters to fill gaps in satellite coverage. We are operating our repeaters on a non-interference basis pursuant to grants of Special Temporary Authority (STA) from the
FCC, which have expired. We have applied for extensions of these STAs and can continue to operate our terrestrial repeaters pending a final determination on these requests. We have made filings with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to update the information underlying our STA with respect to our repeater network, including repeater power levels, locations and antenna characteristics. We have held meetings with the staff of the FCC regarding these matters. In February 2007, we received a letter of inquiry from the FCC relating to these matters. One grant of STA and our request to update are currently being opposed by operators of terrestrial wireless systems and others. This proceeding may result in the imposition of financial penalties against us or adverse changes to our repeater network resulting from having repeaters turned off or otherwise modified in a manner that would reduce service quality in the affected areas.
One of our major business partners is experiencing financial difficulties.
On October 8, 2005, Delphi and 38 of its domestic U.S. subsidiaries, which we refer to collectively as Delphi, filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. Delphi manufactures, in factories outside the United States, XM radios for installation in various brands of GM vehicles. Delphi also distributes to consumer electronics retailers various models of XM radios manufactured abroad. On January 25, 2008, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order confirming the First Amended Joint Plan of Reorganization of Delphi Corporation and certain Affiliates, Debtors and Debtors-In-Possession, as Modified (the Plan). Pursuant to the Plan, Delphi settled certain disputes it had with General Motors, certain of Delphis unions and other parties. The Plan provides for a reorganization of Delphi and the emergence of Delphi from bankruptcy as an ongoing entity. Pursuant to the Plan, Delphi assumed all executory contracts it had with contract parties including XM. Under the Plan, Delphi may reject the contract if the Bankruptcy Courts resolution is not acceptable to Delphi. The Plan is subject to certain conditions being satisfied before it can become effective.
Our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial health, which could reduce the value of our securities.
As of December 31, 2007, the total accreted value and carrying value of our indebtedness was $1.5 billion. We may issue more debt securities if we believe we can raise money on favorable terms. Our $250.0 million bank credit facility, of which $187.5 million has been drawn, and $400.0 million of 1.75% Convertible Senior Notes mature in 2009. Our substantial indebtedness could have important consequences to you. For example, it could:
Failing to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, could cause us to have to discontinue operations or seek a purchaser for our business or assets. In addition, the covenants allow us to incur more debt in the future, which could increase our total indebtedness.
Weaker than expected market and advertiser acceptance of our XM Radio service could adversely affect our advertising revenue and results of operations.
Our ability to generate advertising revenues will depend on several factors, including the level and type of penetration of our service, competition for advertising dollars from other media, and changes in the advertising industry and economy generally. We directly compete for audiences and advertising revenues with Sirius, the other satellite radio licensee, and traditional AM/FM radio stations, some of which maintain longstanding relationships with advertisers and possess greater resources than we do, and new media, including internet, internet radio, podcasts and others. Because we offer our radio service to subscribers on a pay-for-service basis, certain advertisers may be less likely to advertise on our radio service.
Our business may be impaired by third party intellectual property rights.
Development of the XM Radio system has depended largely upon the intellectual property that we have developed and licensed from third parties. If the intellectual property that we have developed or use is not adequately protected, others will be permitted to and may duplicate the XM Radio system or service without liability. In addition, others may challenge, invalidate or circumvent our intellectual property rights, patents or existing sublicenses. Some of the know-how and technology we have developed and plan to develop will not be covered by United States patents. Trade secret protection and contractual agreements may not provide adequate protection if there is any unauthorized use or disclosure. The loss of necessary technologies could require us to obtain substitute technology of lower quality performance standards, at greater cost or on a delayed basis, which could harm our business.
Other parties may have patents or pending patent applications, which will later mature into patents or inventions which may block our ability to operate our system or license our technology. We may have to resort to litigation to enforce our rights under license agreements or to determine the scope and validity of other parties proprietary rights in the subject matter of those licenses. This may be expensive. Also, we may not succeed in any such litigation.
Third parties may assert claims or bring suit against us for patent or other infringement of intellectual property rights. Any such litigation could result in substantial cost to, and diversion of effort by, our company, and adverse findings in any proceeding could subject us to significant liabilities to third parties; require us to seek licenses from third parties; block our ability to operate the XM Radio system or license its technology; or otherwise adversely affect our ability to successfully develop and market the XM Radio system.
Interference from other users could damage our business.
We may be subject to interference from adjacent radio frequency users, such as RF lighting and ultra-wideband (UWB) technology, if the FCC does not adequately protect us against such interference in its rulemaking process.
Our service network or other ground facilities could be damaged by natural catastrophes.
Since our ground-based network is attached to towers, buildings and other structures around the country, an earthquake, tornado, flood or other catastrophic event anywhere in the United States could damage our network, interrupt our service and harm our business in the affected area. We have backup central production and broadcast facilities; however, we do not have replacement or redundant facilities that can be used to assume the functions of our repeater network in the event of a catastrophic event. Any damage to our repeater network would likely result in degradation of our service for some subscribers and could result in the complete loss of service in affected areas. Damage to our central production and broadcast facility would restrict our production of programming to our backup facilities.
Consumers could steal our service.
Like all radio transmissions, the XM Radio signal is subject to interception. Pirates may be able to obtain or rebroadcast XM Radio without paying the subscription fee. Although we use encryption technology to mitigate the risk of signal theft, such technology may not be adequate to prevent theft of the XM Radio signal. If widespread, signal theft could harm our business.
We need to obtain rights to programming, which are expensive and could be more costly than anticipated.
Third-party content is an important part of the marketing of the XM Radio service and obtaining third-party content can be expensive. We have a multi-year agreement with Major League Baseball® (MLB) to broadcast MLB games live nationwide and be the Official Satellite Radio provider of Major League Baseball®, for which we will pay $60 million for 2008 and $60 million per year thereafter through 2012. We have many other agreements and must negotiate new agreements with third-party suppliers of programming. Such programming is expensive, and may be more expensive in the future, given the growth of the satellite radio industry and amounts paid for other programming. Changes in the cost of certain programming or other factors may cause changes to our channel line-up in the future. Our ability to obtain necessary third-party content at a reasonable cost and re-negotiate programming agreements successfully will impact our financial performance and results of operations.
We depend on certain on-air talent and other people with special skills. If we cannot retain these people, our business could suffer.
We employ or independently contract with on-air talent who maintain significant loyal audiences in or across various demographic groups. We cannot assure that our on-air talent will remain with us or will be able to retain their respective audiences. If we lose the services of one or more of these individuals, and fail to attract comparable on-air talent with similar audience loyalty, the attractiveness of our service to subscribers and advertisers could decline, and our business could be adversely affected. We also depend on the continued efforts of our executive officers and key employees, who have specialized technical knowledge regarding our satellite and radio systems and business knowledge regarding the radio industry and subscription services. If we lose the services of one or more of them, or fail to attract qualified replacement personnel, it could harm our business and our future prospects.
The market price of our securities could be hurt by substantial price and volume fluctuations.
Historically, securities prices and trading volumes for growth stocks fluctuate widely for a number of reasons, including some reasons that may be unrelated to their businesses or results of operations. This market volatility could depress the price of our securities without regard to our operating performance. In addition, our operating or financial results may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors. If this were to occur, the market price of our securities would likely decrease, and such decreases could be significant.
Future issuances or sales of our Class A common stock could lower our stock price or impair our ability to raise funds in new stock offerings.
We have issued and outstanding securities exercisable for or convertible into a significant number of shares of our Class A common stock. The conversion or exercise of these existing securities could lead to a significant increase in the amount of Class A common stock outstanding. As of December 31, 2007, we had outstanding approximately 316.7 million shares of Class A common stock. On a pro forma basis as of December 31, 2007, if we issued all shares issuable upon conversion or exercise of outstanding securities, we would have had approximately 363.7 million shares of Class A common stock outstanding on that date. Issuances of a large number of additional shares could adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock. Most of the shares of our Class A common stock that are not already publicly-traded, including those held by affiliates, have been registered by us for resale into the public market. The sale into the public market of a large number of privately-issued shares also could adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock and could impair our ability to raise funds in additional stock offerings.
It may be hard for a third party to acquire us, and this could depress our stock price.
We are a Delaware company with unissued preferred stock, the terms of which can be set by our board of directors. Our shareholder rights plan, which includes a waiver in respect of our proposed merger with Sirius, could make it difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so would benefit our security holders. The rights issued under the plan have certain anti-takeover effects. The rights will cause substantial dilution to a person or group that attempts to acquire us in a manner or on terms not approved by our board of directors. The rights should not deter any prospective offeror willing to negotiate in good faith with our board of directors. Nor should the rights interfere with any merger or other business combination approved by our board of directors. However, anti-takeover provisions in Delaware law and the shareholder rights plan could depress our stock price and may result in entrenchment of existing management, regardless of their performance.
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
The corporate headquarters and data center located in Washington, DC are subject to mortgage liens in favor of the equity owner of the lessor of the transponders of our XM-4 satellite.
The Companys four satellites are in geostationary orbits. In February 2007, we entered into a sale leaseback transaction with respect to the transponders on XM-4. The lease term for the XM-4 transponders is nine years with an early buy-out option in year five and a buy-out option at the end of the term. The Company also has approximately 800 terrestrial repeaters in operation to ensure XM signal coverage.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are currently subject to claims, potential claims, inquiries or investigations, or party to legal proceedings, in various matters described below. In addition, in the ordinary course of business we become aware from time to time of claims, potential claims, inquiries or investigations, or may become party to legal proceedings arising out of various matters, such as contract matters, employment related matters, issues relating to our repeater network, product liability issues, copyright, patent, trademark or other intellectual property matters and other federal regulatory matters.
Litigation and Arbitration
Copyright Royalty Board Arbitration In December 2007, the Copyright Royalty Board (CRB) issued its determination and order setting the royalty rate payable by XM under the statutory license covering the performance of sound recordings over the XM system for the six-year period starting in January 1, 2007 and ending December 31, 2012. Under the terms of the CRB Satellite Radio Services decision, XM will pay a performance license rate of 6.0% of those gross revenues subject to the fees for 2007 and 2008, 6.5% for 2009, 7.0% for 2010, 7.5% for 2011 and 8.0% for 2012. The revenue that is subject to royalty fees includes subscription revenue from our subscribers and advertising revenues from channels other than those that use only incidental performances of music. Other exclusions and deductions from revenue subject to the statutory license fee include but are not limited to revenue from channels, programming and products or other services offered for a separate charge where such channels use only incidental performances of sound recordings, revenue from equipment sales, revenue from current and future data services, fulfillment service fees and bad debt expense. On February 25, 2008, SoundExchange, the organization that collects and distributes sound recording royalties on behalf of its members, filed a petition for review in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Separately, we settled the royalty rate payable by XM under the statutory license covering our performance of sound recordings over XM channels transmitted over the DIRECTV satellite television system, and that CRB proceeding was concluded.
Atlantic Recording Corporation, BMG Music, Capital Records, Inc., Elektra Entertainment Group Inc., Interscope Records, Motown Record Company, L.P., Sony BMG Music Entertainment, UMG Recordings, Inc., Virgin Records, Inc and Warner Bros. Records Inc. v. XM Satellite Radio Inc. Plaintiffs filed this action in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on May 16, 2006. The complaint seeks monetary damages and equitable relief, alleging that recently introduced XM radios that also have advanced recording functionality infringe upon plaintiffs copyrighted sound recordings.
Our motion to dismiss this matter was denied in January 2007. We believe these allegations are without merit and that these products comply with applicable copyright law, including the Audio Home Recording Act, and we intend to vigorously defend the matter. Music publishing companies and certain other record companies also have filed lawsuits, purportedly on a class basis, with similar allegations. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of these matters, or the significance, if any, to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
In late 2007 and early 2008, the Company resolved the Atlantic lawsuit with respect to Universal Music Group (UMG), Warner Music Group and Sony BMG Music Entertainment (Sony BMG) and each of UMG, Warner Music Group and Sony BMG have withdrawn as a party to the lawsuit against the Company.
Matthew Enderlin v. XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. and XM Satellite Radio Inc. Plaintiff filed this action in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas on January 10, 2006 on behalf of a purported nationwide class of all XM subscribers. The complaint alleges that we engaged in a deceptive trade practice under Arkansas and other state laws by representing that our music channels are commercial-free. We have filed an answer to the complaint and instituted arbitration with the American Arbitration Association pursuant to the compulsory arbitration clause in our customer service agreement. The arbitration has been stayed pending judicial determination of Enderlins objections to the arbitration. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held on April 17, 2007 that those objections are to be decided by the trial court, not the arbitrator. We believe the suit is without merit and intend to vigorously defend the matter. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or the significance, if any, to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
Regulatory Matters and Inquiries
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
FCC Receiver Matter As we have previously disclosed, we have received inquiries from, and responded to, the FCC regarding FM modulator wireless transmitters in various XM radios not in compliance with permissible emission limits. No health or safety issues have been involved with these wireless XM radios. We have implemented a series of design and installation modifications and we have obtained new certifications for numerous models of modified XM radios using our new SureConnect technology. In addition, we have implemented a regulatory compliance plan, including the appointment of an FCC regulatory compliance officer, to monitor FCC regulatory compliance, specifically with reference to the design, verification/certification, and production of XM radio receivers. We have been submitting documents to the FCC and are in discussions with the FCC to resolve this matter. We cannot predict at this time the extent of any further actions that we will need to undertake or any financial obligations we may incur. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or its significance to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
FCC Repeater Network Matter In October 2006, we filed for both a 30-day Special Temporary Authority (STA) and a 180-day STA with respect to our terrestrial repeater network, seeking authority to continue to operate our entire repeater network despite the fact that the technical characteristics of certain repeaters, as built, differ from the technical characteristics in the original STAs granted for our repeater network. These differences include some repeaters not being built in the exact locations, or with the same antenna heights, power levels, or antenna characteristics than set forth in the earlier STAs. Prior to making these filings, we reduced the power or discontinued operation of certain repeaters. As a result, we believe that service quality in portions of the affected metro areas has been somewhat reduced, including in terms of more frequent interruptions and/or occasional outages to the service. There has been no impact on the satellite signal. We continue to communicate meetings with the staff of the FCC regarding these matters. In February 2007, we received a letter of inquiry from the FCC relating to these matters, to which we have responded. This proceeding may result in the imposition of financial penalties against us or adverse changes to our repeater network resulting from having repeaters turned off or otherwise modified in a manner that would reduce service quality in the affected areas.
These STA requests are distinct from (and if granted would modify) the STAs originally granted by the FCC relating to our commencing and continuing operation of the repeater network. As we have been disclosing for many years, the FCC has not yet issued final rules permitting us (or Sirius) to deploy terrestrial repeaters, and we have been deploying and operating our repeater network based on those early STAs and requests we have filed previously to extend the time periods of those STAs, which have expired. We (and Sirius) and others have been requesting that the FCC establish final rules for repeater deployment. On December 18, 2007, the FCC released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Second Further Notice of
Proposed Rulemaking seeking additional comment on the final rules for satellite radio repeaters. We are participating in this phase of the proceeding. There can be no assurance regarding the ultimate outcome of this matter, or its significance to our business, consolidated results of operations or financial position.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
FTC Inquiry In November 2007, we were notified by the Federal Trade Commission that the FTC was closing its inquiry into XMs marketing and customer service practices. The FTC launched this inquiry in April 2006 and decided to close it without any action.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
SEC Inquiry In December 2007, we were notified by the Staff of the Division of Enforcement of the Securities and Exchange Commission that the Division has completed its investigation, initiated in August 2006, relating to various matters including our historic practices regarding subscriber data and stock options. The SEC has advised that it does not intend to recommend any enforcement action.
The following matters were submitted to a vote of security holders at XMs Special Meeting of Stockholders held on November 13, 2007.
Our Class A common stock has been quoted on The NASDAQ National Market under the symbol XMSR since its initial public offering on October 5, 1999 at a price to the public of $12.00 per share. The following table presents, for the period indicated, the high and low sales prices per share of the Class A common stock as reported on The NASDAQ National Market:
On January 31, 2008, the reported last sale price of our Class A common stock on The NASDAQ National Market was $12.40 per share. As of January 31, 2008, there were 3,668 holders of record of our Class A common stock.
We have not declared or paid any dividends on our Class A common stock since our date of inception. Our senior secured bank credit facility as well as the indentures governing our subsidiary XM Satellite Radio Inc.s senior notes restricts XM Satellite Radio Inc. from paying dividends to us, which, in turn, will significantly limit our ability to pay dividends. We do not intend to pay cash dividends on our Class A common stock in the foreseeable future. We anticipate that we will retain any earnings for use in our operations and the expansion of our business.
Purchases of Equity Securities
The following purchases of the Companys Class A common stock were completed during the three months ended December 31, 2007.
Stockholder Return Performance Graph
The following graph shows the cumulative total stockholder return on the Companys Class A common stock compared to the Standard & Poors 500 Stock Index, the NASDAQ Telecommunications Index, composed of publicly traded companies which are principally in the telecommunications business, and the NASDAQ 100 Stock Index for the periods between December 31, 2002 and December 31, 2007. The Company has included the NASDAQ 100 Stock Index, which represents the largest non-financial companies listed on The NASDAQ Stock Market based on market capitalization, because it was added to this index in December 2004. The graph assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2002 in (1) the Companys Class A common stock, (2) the Standard & Poors 500 Stock Index, (3) the NASDAQ Telecommunications Index and (4) the NASDAQ 100 Index. Total stockholder return is measured by dividing total dividends, assuming dividend reinvestment, plus share price change for a period by the share price at the beginning of the measurement period.
COMPARISON OF FIVE YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*
AMONG XM SATELLITE RADIO HOLDINGS INC., THE S&P 500 INDEX,
THE NASDAQ TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDEX AND THE NASDAQ 100 INDEX
Stockholder Return Performance Table
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. and Subsidiaries
In considering the following selected consolidated financial data, you should also read our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes, and the section captioned Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. The Consolidated Statements of Operations data for the five-year period ended December 31, 2007 and the Consolidated Balance Sheets data as of December 31, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004 and 2003 are derived from our Consolidated Financial Statements. These statements have been audited by KPMG LLP, independent registered public accounting firm. We have not declared or paid any dividends on our Class A common stock since our date of inception.
The following discussion and analysis provides information that we believe is relevant to an assessment and understanding of our financial condition and consolidated results of operations. Expectations of our future financial condition and results of operations are based on our current business plan. This discussion should be read together with our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes beginning on page F-1 in Item 8. of this Form 10-K.
On February 19, 2007, XM and Sirius Satellite Radio Inc. (Sirius) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement), pursuant to which XM and Sirius will combine our businesses through a merger of XM and a newly formed, wholly owned subsidiary of Sirius (the Merger).
Each of XM and Sirius has made customary representations and warranties and covenants in the Merger Agreement. The completion of the Merger is subject to various closing conditions, including receiving certain regulatory and antitrust approvals (including from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended).
We filed a Notification and Report Form pursuant to the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended (the HSR Act), with respect to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement between XM and Sirius. On April 12, 2007, both we and Sirius received from the Department of Justice requests for additional information and documentary material relating to the merger, generally referred to as a Second Request. The effect of the Second Request is to extend the waiting period imposed by the HSR Act until 30 days after we and Sirius have substantially complied with the Second Request. On September 4, 2007, each of XM and Sirius certified to the Department of Justice that it was in substantial compliance with the Second Request.
On March 20, 2007, we and Sirius filed a Consolidated Application for Authority to Transfer Control with the FCC with respect to the Merger Agreement. On June 8, 2007, the FCC released a Public Notice announcing that the application had been accepted for filing and establishing deadlines of July 9, 2007 for comments and July 24, 2007 for reply comments. On July 24, 2007, we and Sirius filed a reply to the comments to our merger application. On June 27, 2007, the FCC released a related Notice of Proposed Rule Making asking for comment on whether language in the FCCs 1997 Order establishing the satellite radio service concerning the transfer of such licenses constitutes a binding rule and, if so, whether the FCC should waive, modify, or repeal the rule if the FCC determines that the proposed merger would serve the public interest. On November 2, 2007, we and Sirius each received from the FCC requests for more information and documentary material related to the proposed merger. On November 16, 2007, we and Sirius each submitted written responses and documents to the agency in response to these requests.
We are Americas leading satellite radio service company, providing music, news, talk, information, entertainment and sports programming for reception by vehicle, home and portable radios nationwide and over the Internet to over 9.1 million subscribers to date. Our basic monthly subscription fee is $12.95. We believe XM Radio appeals to consumers because of our innovative and diverse programming, nationwide coverage, many commercial-free music channels and digital sound quality. Our channel lineup includes more than 170 digital channels of choice from coast to coast. We broadcast from our studios in Washington, DC, New York City, including Jazz at Lincoln Center, Chicago and the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville.
Our target market includes the more than 240 million registered vehicles including the 16.1 million new cars sold each year as well as the over 110 million households in the United States. Broad distribution of XM Radio through new automobiles and through mass market retailers is central to our business strategy. We are the leader in satellite-delivered entertainment and data services for new vehicles through partnerships with General Motors, Honda/Acura, Toyota/Lexus/Scion, Hyundai and Nissan/Infiniti, among others, and available in more than 140 different vehicle models for model year 2008. XM radios are available under various brand names at national consumer electronics retailers, such as Best Buy, Circuit City, Wal-Mart, Target and other national and regional retailers, as well as through our website. These mass market retailers support our expanded line of car stereo, home stereo, plug and play and portable handheld products.
We summarize our business growth and operational results through the metrics of subscriber growth, revenue growth, ARPU, SAC, CPGA and Adjusted operating loss as follows:
We summarize our business growth and operational results through the metrics of subscriber data, revenue data, SAC, CPGA and Adjusted operating loss. Greater detail regarding these key metrics we use to monitor our business growth and our operational results are as follows:
(Certain totals may not add due to the effects of rounding)
NM Not Meaningful
Results of Operations
NM Not Meaningful
The following table sets forth select performance measures on a per subscriber basis and as a percentage of total revenue:
Subscribers Subscribers are those who are receiving and have agreed to pay for our service, including those who are currently in promotional periods paid in part by vehicle manufacturers, as well as XM activated radios in vehicles for which we have a contractual right to receive payment for the use of our service. We count radios individually as subscribers. Retail subscribers consist primarily of subscribers who purchased their radio at retail outlets, distributors, or through XMs direct sales efforts. OEM subscribers are self-paying subscribers whose XM radio was installed by an OEM and are not currently in OEM promotional programs. OEM promotional subscribers are subscribers who receive a fixed period of XM service where XM receives revenue from the OEM for the trial period following the initial purchase or lease of the vehicle. In situations where XM receives no revenue from the OEM during the trial period, the subscriber is not included in XMs subscriber count. At the time of sale, some vehicle owners receive a three month prepaid trial subscription. Promotional periods generally include the period of trial service plus 30 days to handle the receipt and processing of payments. The automated activation program provides activated XM radios on dealer lots for test drives but XM does not include these vehicles in its subscriber count. XMs OEM partners generally indicate the inclusion of three months of XM service on the window sticker of XM-enabled vehicles. XM, historically and including the 2006 model year, receives a negotiated rate for providing audio service to rental car companies. Beginning with the 2007 model year, XM entered into marketing arrangements which govern the rate which XM receives for providing audio service on certain rental fleet vehicles. Data services subscribers are those subscribers that are receiving services that include stand-alone XM WX Satellite Weather service, stand-alone XM Radio Online service and stand-alone NavTraffic service. Stand-alone XM WX Satellite Weather service packages range in price from $29.99 to $99.99 per month. Stand-alone XM Radio Online service is $7.99 per month. Stand-alone NavTraffic service is $9.95 per month. XM generally charges a range of $9.99 - $11.87 per month for its audio service for annual and multi-year plans and $6.99 per month for a family plan.
Subscribers are the primary source of our revenues. We target the over 240 million registered vehicles and over 110 million households in the United States. As of December 31, 2007, we had 9.03 million subscribers, which includes 8.19 million self-paying subscribers, 0.78 million subscribers in OEM promotion periods (typically ranging from three months to one year
in duration) paid in part by the vehicle manufacturers and 0.06 million paying XM activated vehicles with rental car companies. The retail subscriber base fluctuates with, among other things, our promotional activities as well as the impact of seasonality and the impact of churn on our subscriber base. OEM subscriber growth is driven primarily by the number of XM-enabled vehicles manufactured and with OEM promotional activity.
Commercial Subscribers Beginning in the first quarter of 2008, we will exclude substantially all of our commercial subscribers (approximately 17,000 as of December 31, 2007) in our subscription total. This change is the result of a transition of the management of our XM for business sales and service to a third party vendor that will assume our current and future commercial subscriber contracts. The transition of these subscribers will not be treated as a deactivation and therefore will not impact our monthly churn rate. We will no longer recognize Subscription revenue on commercial subscribers; instead, we will recognize a royalty fee from the third party vendor which will be recorded as Other revenue.
OEM Promotional Subscribers OEM promotional subscribers are subscribers who receive a fixed period of XM service where XM receives revenue from the OEM for the trial period following the initial purchase or lease of the vehicle. In situations where XM receives no revenue from the OEM during the trial period, the subscriber is not included in XMs subscriber count. At the time of sale, vehicle owners generally receive a three month prepaid trial subscription. Promotional periods generally include the period of trial service plus 30 days to handle the receipt and processing of payments. We measure the success of these promotional programs included in our OEM promotional subscriber count based on the percentage of new promotional subscribers that elect to receive the XM service and convert to self-paying subscribers after the initial promotion period. We refer to this as the conversion rate. We measure conversion rate three months after the period in which the trial service ends. Based on our experience it may take up to 90 days after the trial service ends for subscribers to respond to our marketing communications and become self-paying subscribers. As of December 31, 2007, XM was available on over 140 different vehicle models for model year 2008, with approximately 100 of those as standard equipment and approximately 110 of those offered as OEM factory-installed options. As of December 31, 2007, XMs OEM partners represented over 60% of the U.S. auto market.
OEM Subscribers Gross OEM subscriber additions for 2007 were 2.6 million compared to 2.1 million for 2006. Net OEM subscriber additions for 2007 were 1.2 million compared to 0.9 million for 2006. We attribute the increase in net OEM subscriber additions primarily to an increase in gross OEM subscriber additions, partially offset by churn on a larger subscriber base. The conversion rate for 2007 was 52.7% compared to 53.3% for 2006. Starting in the third quarter of 2006, we no longer include certain rental car fleets (approximately 75,000 activated vehicles as of December 31, 2007) in our subscription total due to a marketing program with certain rental fleet partners for 2007 and 2008 model year vehicles.
Retail Subscribers Gross retail subscriber additions for 2007 were 1.3 million compared to 1.8 million for 2006. Gross retail subscriber additions were negatively impacted by increased competition from multiple competitors and devices, including the proliferation of audio entertainment choices that contributed to the overall slower growth in the satellite radio category. Net retail subscriber additions for 2007 were 0.2 million compared to 0.8 million for 2006. We attribute the decrease in net retail subscriber additions to fewer gross retail subscriber additions and churn on a larger subscriber base.
OEM Subscribers Gross OEM subscriber additions for 2006 were 2.1 million compared to 1.9 million for 2005. Net OEM subscriber additions for 2006 were 0.9 million compared to 1.0 million for 2005. We attribute the decrease in net OEM subscriber additions primarily to churn on a larger subscriber base and a higher churn rate. We partially attribute the increase in the churn rate to the termination of our previous customer service provider and transition to a new customer service provider in 2006. The conversion rate for 2006 was 53.3% compared to 56.9% for 2005. Starting in the third quarter of 2006, we no longer include certain rental car fleets (approximately 39,000 activated vehicles as of December 31, 2006) in our subscription total. This change is a result of a new marketing program that we implemented with certain rental fleet partners for 2007 model year vehicles. The goal of this program is to increase the number of rental cars equipped with XM radios and expose more potential customers to our service.
Retail Subscribers Gross retail subscriber additions for 2006 were 1.8 million compared to 2.2 million for 2005. Gross retail subscriber additions were negatively impacted by a reduction in product availability as a result of actions taken to bring XM devices into compliance with applicable FCC emission limits (see Legal Proceedings in Item 3. to Part I of this Form 10-K), a general weakening demand for satellite radio and competitive pressures. Net retail subscriber additions for 2006 were 0.8 million compared to 1.7 million for 2005. We attribute the decrease in net retail subscriber additions to churn on a larger subscriber base, a higher churn rate and fewer gross retail subscriber additions. We partially attribute the increase in the churn rate to the termination of our previous customer service provider and transition to a new customer service provider.
Revenue and Variable Cost of Revenue
Subscription Revenue Subscription revenue consists primarily of our monthly subscription fees for our satellite audio service and data services charged to consumers, commercial establishments and fleets, which are recognized as the service is provided. Revenues received for promotional service programs are included in Subscription revenue. Our subscriber arrangements are generally cancelable without penalty. Subscription revenue growth is predominantly driven by the growth in our subscriber base and to a lesser extent is affected by fluctuations in ARPU.
Average Monthly Subscription Revenue Per Subscriber (ARPU) Average monthly subscription revenue per subscriber is derived from the total of earned subscription revenue (net of promotions and rebates) divided by the monthly weighted average number of subscribers for the period reported. Average monthly subscription revenue per subscriber will fluctuate based on promotions, changes in our rates, as well as the proportion of subscribers on annual and multi-year prepayment plans, multi-radio discount plans (such as the family plan) and premium services.
Revenue Share & Royalties Revenue share & royalties includes performance rights obligations to composers, artists, and copyright owners for public performances of their creative works broadcast on XM, and royalties paid to radio technology
providers and revenue share expenses associated with manufacturing and distribution partners and content providers. These costs are driven primarily by the growth in our subscriber revenue and net ad sales and subscriber base and to a lesser extent by other contracts with various partners. We expect these costs to continue to increase with the growth in subscription and net ad sales revenue and the growth in overall subscribers, but may fluctuate throughout the year based on new agreements and the renegotiation of existing contracts.
Customer Care & Billing Operations Customer care & billing operations includes expenses from customer care functions as well as internal information technology costs associated with subscriber management applications. These costs are primarily driven by the growth of our subscriber base.
Gross profit on merchandise revenue We calculate gross profit on merchandise revenue as Merchandise revenue less Cost of merchandise. For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, gross profit on merchandise revenue was ($33.7) million, ($27.2) million and ($22.5) million, respectively. We consider gross profit on merchandise revenue a cost of acquiring subscribers through our direct sales channel and include it as a component of SAC.
Merchandise Revenue We record Merchandise revenue from direct sales to consumers through XMs online store and XMs direct-to-consumer programs as well as any inventory sales.
Cost of Merchandise Cost of merchandise consists primarily of the cost of radios and accessories related to XMs direct-to-consumer sales efforts, including hardware manufacturer subsidies, and related fulfillment costs. These costs are primarily driven by the volume of radios sold, which are affected by promotional programs. We expect these costs to fluctuate throughout the year based on the volume, price and model mix of radios sold.
Gross profit on net ad sales revenue We calculate gross profit on net ad sales revenue as Net ad sales revenue less Ad sales expense. For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, gross profit on net ad sales revenue was $18.6 million, $19.4 million and $10.0 million, respectively. Gross profit on net ad sales revenue decreased due to an overall softness in radio advertising as well as an increase in costs associated with supporting Net ad sales revenue. For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, gross margin on net ad sales revenue was 47.4%, 54.8% and 50.0%, respectively.
Net Ad Sales Revenue Net ad sales revenue consists of sales of advertisements and program sponsorships on the XM network that are recognized in the period in which they are broadcast. Net ad sales revenue includes advertising aired in exchange for goods and services (barter), which is recorded at fair value. Net ad sales revenue is presented net of agency commissions.
Ad Sales Expense Ad sales expense consists of direct costs associated with the generation of Net ad sales revenue, including production, staffing and marketing.
Other Revenue Other revenue consists primarily of revenue related to various agreements with XM Canada, as well as other miscellaneous revenue that includes content licensing fees and billing fees.
Non-variable Cost of Revenue
Satellite & Terrestrial Satellite & terrestrial includes costs related to: telemetry, tracking and control of our satellites, in-orbit satellite insurance and incentive payments, satellite uplink, and all costs associated with operating our terrestrial repeater network such as power, maintenance and operating lease payments. We do not expect these costs to change substantially since we have completed the deployment of our in-orbit satellite network.
Broadcast & Operations Broadcast and operations include costs associated with the management and maintenance of systems and facilities as well as information technology expense. Broadcast expenses include costs associated with the management and maintenance of the systems, software, hardware, production and performance studios used in the creation and distribution of XM-original and third party content via satellite broadcast, web, wireless and other new distribution platforms. The advertising trafficking (scheduling and insertion) functions are also included. Operations expense includes facilities and information technology expense.
Programming & Content Programming & content includes the creative, production and licensing costs associated with our over 170 channels of XM-original and third party content. We view Programming & content expenses as a cost of attracting and retaining subscribers. Programming & content includes staffing costs and fixed payments for third party content, which are primarily driven by programming initiatives. These expenses have increased over time and have varied on a per subscriber basis. We expect these costs to increase next year as the full year impact of new 2007 contracts are recognized and as new contracts are added in 2008.
Other Operating Expenses
Research & Development Research & development expense primarily includes the cost of new product development, chipset design, software development and engineering. We expect these costs to continue to fluctuate based on the nature and timing of research and development activities.
General & Administrative General & administrative expense primarily includes managements salaries and benefits, professional fees, general business insurance, as well as other corporate expenses. The growth in these costs has been
predominantly driven by personnel costs, professional fees, infrastructure expenses to support our growing subscriber base, as well as merger related costs. We expect these costs to decrease due to the resolution of various legal proceedings and regulatory inquires (see Legal Proceedings in Item 3. to Part I of this Form 10-K) during 2007 and anticipated reductions in costs associated with merger related activities.
Retention & Support Retention & support expense primarily includes payroll and payroll related costs of our sales and marketing employees.
Subsidies & Distribution These direct costs include the subsidization of radios manufactured, commissions for the sale and activation of radios and certain promotional costs. These costs are primarily driven by the volume of XM-enabled vehicles manufactured, the sales and activations of radios through our retail channel as well as promotional activities associated with the sale of XM radios. We expect these costs to fluctuate throughout the year and vary in relationship to our gross subscribers and with changes in the volume of the manufacture, installation, sale and activation of radios, which historically has been significant during the fourth quarter.
Subscriber Acquisition Costs Subscriber acquisition costs include Subsidies & distribution and the negative gross profit on merchandise revenue. Subscriber acquisition costs are divided by gross additions to calculate what we refer to as SAC.
Advertising & Marketing Advertising & marketing includes advertising, media and other discretionary marketing expenses. These activities drive our sales, establish our brand recognition, and facilitate our growth. We achieve success in these areas through coordinated marketing campaigns that include retail advertising through various media, cooperative
advertising with our retail and OEM partners, sponsorships and ongoing market research. We expect these costs to continue to fluctuate based on the timing of our activities.
Cost Per Gross Addition (CPGA) CPGA costs include the amounts in SAC, as well as Advertising & marketing. These costs are divided by the gross additions for the period to calculate CPGA. CPGA costs do not include marketing staff (included in Retention & support) or the amortization of the GM guaranteed payments (included in Amortization of GM liability).
Depreciation & Amortization Depreciation and amortization expense primarily relates to our satellites, ground support systems that include our terrestrial repeater network, broadcast facilities and computer hardware and software. We expect these costs to decrease as we have completed the deployment of our in-orbit satellite network and XM-1 and XM-2 will be fully depreciated by the end of the 1st quarter of 2008.
Provision for Deferred Income Taxes In 2004, we recorded a deferred tax liability related to indefinite lived assets that are amortized and deducted for tax purposes but are not amortized under United States generally accepted accounting principles. We will continue to incur $2.3 million in annual tax provisions as the indefinite lived assets are amortized for tax purposes over the next 11 years.
Non-operating Income and Expenses
Non-operating Income and Expense Non-operating income and expense consists primarily of net costs associated with financing and cash management activities, Loss from impairment of investments, Equity in net loss of affiliate, and Minority interest. Net costs associated with financing and cash management activities include Interest income, Interest expense and Loss from de-leveraging transactions.
Adjusted Operating Loss
Adjusted Operating Loss Adjusted operating loss is net loss before interest income, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, loss from de-leveraging transactions, loss from impairment of investments, equity in net loss of affiliate, minority interest, other income (expense) and share-based payment expense. This non-GAAP measure should be used in addition to, but not as a substitute for, the analysis provided in the statement of operations. We believe Adjusted operating loss is a useful measure of our operating performance and improves comparability between periods. Adjusted operating loss is a significant basis used by management to measure our success in acquiring, retaining and servicing subscribers because we believe this measure provides insight into our ability to grow revenues in a cost-effective manner. We believe Adjusted operating loss is a calculation used as a basis for investors, analysts and credit rating agencies to evaluate and compare the periodic and future operating performance and value of our company and similar companies in our industry.
Because we have funded the build-out of our system through the raising and expenditure of large amounts of capital, our results of operations reflect significant charges for depreciation, amortization and interest expense. We believe Adjusted operating loss provides helpful information about the operating performance of our business apart from the expenses associated with our physical plant or capital structure. We believe it is appropriate to exclude depreciation, amortization and interest expense due to the variability of the timing of capital expenditures, estimated useful lives and fluctuation in interest rates. We exclude income taxes due to our tax losses and timing differences, so that certain periods will reflect a tax benefit, while others an expense, neither of which is reflective of our operating results. Because of the variety of equity awards used by companies, the varying methodologies for determining share-based payment expense and the subjective assumptions involved in those determinations, we believe excluding share-based payment expense enhances the ability of management and investors to compare our core operating results with those of similar companies in our industry.
Equity in net loss of affiliate represents our share of losses in a non-US affiliate in a similar business and over which we exercise significant influence, but do not control. Management believes it is appropriate to exclude this loss when evaluating the performance of our own operations. Additionally, we exclude loss from de-leveraging transactions, loss from impairment of investments, minority interest and other income (expense) because these items represent activity outside of our core business operations and can distort period to period comparisons of operating performance.
There are limitations associated with the use of Adjusted operating loss in evaluating our company compared with net loss, which reflects overall financial performance. Adjusted operating loss does not reflect the impact on our financial results of (i) interest income, (ii) interest expense, (iii) income taxes, (iv) depreciation and amortization, (v) loss from de-leveraging transactions, (vi) loss from impairment of investments, (vii) equity in net loss of affiliate, (viii) minority interest, (ix) other income (expense) and (x) share-based payment expense, which are included in the computation of net loss. Users that wish to compare and evaluate our company based on our net loss should refer to our Consolidated Statements of Operations. Adjusted operating loss does not purport to represent operating loss or cash flow from operating activities, as those terms are defined under United States generally accepted accounting principles, and should not be considered as an alternative to those measurements as an indicator of our performance. In addition, our measure of Adjusted operating loss may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The growth in demand for our products and services has required and will continue to require us to invest significant amounts in our business. Since inception through December 31, 2007, we have raised proceeds of $4.5 billion, net of offering costs, through equity and debt offerings. Our ability to become profitable depends upon many factors, some of which are identified below under the caption entitled Future Operating Liquidity and Capital Resource Requirements. Our principal sources of liquidity are our existing cash and cash equivalents and cash receipts for pre-paid subscriptions. We also have access to significant liquidity through our bank revolving credit facility (of which $187.5 million has been drawn through February 28, 2008) and our GM credit facility. We have significant outstanding contracts and commercial commitments that need to be paid in cash or through credit facilities over the next several years. These contractual commitments are comprised of subsidies and distribution costs, rights and royalty fees, revenue share arrangements, programming costs, repayment of long-term debt, satellite related costs, lease payments and service payments. Our ability to become profitable also depends upon other factors identified below under the caption entitled Future Operating Liquidity and Capital Resource Requirements.
The following table presents a summary of our cash flows, beginning and ending cash balances for years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 (in thousands, except percentages):
NM Not Meaningful
Operating Activities Operating activities primarily consist of net loss adjusted for certain non-cash items including depreciation, amortization, net non-cash loss on conversion of notes, non-cash loss on equity-based investments, share-based payment expense and the effect of changes in working capital.
Investing Activities Investing activities primarily consist of capital expenditures and proceeds from the sale of equipment.
Financing Activities Financing activities primarily consist of proceeds from debt and equity financings, issuance of common stock pursuant to stock option exercises, and repayments of debt.
Future Operating Liquidity and Capital Resource Requirements
Our projected funding requirements are based on our current business plan, which in turn is based on our operating experience to date and our available resources. We are pursuing a business plan designed to increase subscribers and revenues while maintaining reasonable subscriber acquisition costs in the long-term. Our plan contemplates our focusing on the new automobile market where we have relationships with automobile manufacturers, the continuing introduction of innovative yet affordable technology in the retail market and the use of our more productive distribution channels.
Provided that we meet the revenue, expense and cash flow projections of our current business plan, we expect to be fully funded and not need additional liquidity to continue operations beyond our existing assets, credit facilities and cash generated by operations; our current business plan is based on estimates regarding expected future costs, expected future revenue and assumes the refinancing or renegotiating of certain of our obligations as they become due, including the maturity of our existing credit facilities and $400 million of convertible notes in 2009. Our costs may exceed or our revenues may fall short of our estimates, our estimates may change, and future developments may affect our estimates. Any of these factors may increase our need for funds, which would require us to seek additional financing, which financing may not be available on favorable terms or at all, to continue implementing our current business plan. In addition, we may seek additional financing, such as the sale of additional equity and debt securities, to undertake initiatives not contemplated by our current business plan or for other business reasons, or seek to refinance or renegotiate certain of our other obligations.
In the event of unfavorable future developments we may not be able to raise additional funds on favorable terms or at all. Our ability to obtain additional financing or refinancing depends on several factors; including future market conditions, our success or lack of success in developing, implementing and marketing our satellite audio service and data services, our future creditworthiness and restrictions contained in agreements with our investors or lenders. If we fail to obtain necessary financing on a timely basis, a number of adverse effects could occur, or we may have to revise our business plan.
Our merger agreement with Sirius restricts our ability to incur additional debt financing beyond existing credit facilities (or equivalent funding) and limits the amount of new equity we can issue, in each case without approval from Sirius. Sirius is under similar restrictions not to incur new debt or issue additional equity beyond agreed limits without our approval.
On February 13, 2007, we entered into a sale-leaseback transaction with respect to the transponders on the XM-4 satellite, which was launched in October 2006 and placed into service during December 2006. We received net proceeds of $288.5 million from the transaction, of which $44 million (inclusive of interest) was used to retire outstanding mortgages on real property and the remainder of which provides additional liquidity available for working capital and general corporate purposes. For a further discussion, see Note 9, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. of this Form 10-K under the heading Debt of Consolidated Variable Interest Entity.
Commitments and Contingencies We are obligated to make significant payments under a variety of contracts and other commercial arrangements, including the following:
In April 2006, we amended the distribution agreement pursuant to which we made a prepayment in May 2006 in the amount of $237.0 million to GM to retire at a discount $320.3 million of the remaining fixed payment obligations that would have come due in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The April 2006 amendments eliminated our ability to make up to $35.0 million of subscriber acquisition payments in shares of our Class A common stock. As of December 31, 2007, we had $26.0 million of current related party prepaid expense and $123.6 million of non-current related party prepaid expense in connection with the guaranteed fixed payments, as the result of the $237.0 million prepayment in May 2006. In February 2008, we entered into an amended and restated agreement with GM that folds together the previously separate distribution and credit agreements with GM. The amended and restated agreements terms remain substantially similar to those of the previously separate agreements, except for the establishment of a new minimum pre-marketing cash flow threshold for 2008 that we will need to meet in order to make draws under the GM credit facility in 2009.
In order to encourage the broad installation of XM radios in GM vehicles, we have agreed to subsidize a portion of the cost of XM radios, and to make incentive payments to GM when the owners of GM vehicles with installed XM radios become subscribers to our service. We must also share with GM a percentage of the subscription revenue attributable to GM vehicles with installed XM radios, which percentage increases until there are more than eight
million GM vehicles with installed XM radios (at which point the percentage remains constant). Revenue share expense is recognized as the related subscription revenue is earned. As of December 31, 2007, we had $54.6 million of current related party prepaid expense and $14.0 million of non-current related party prepaid expense in connection with this revenue sharing arrangement. As part of the agreement, GM provides certain call-center related services directly to XM subscribers who are also GM customers for which we must reimburse GM. The agreement is subject to renegotiation at any time based upon the installation of radios that are compatible with a common receiver platform or capable of receiving Sirius radio service. The agreement is subject to renegotiation at two-year intervals, beginning in November 2005, if GM does not achieve and maintain specified installation levels of GM vehicles capable of receiving our service. The specified installation level of 1,240,000 units by November 2005 was achieved in 2004. The specified installation levels in future years are the lesser of 600,000 units per year or amounts proportionate to target market shares in the satellite digital radio service industry. There can be no assurances as to the outcome of any such renegotiations. GMs exclusivity obligations will discontinue if, by November 2007 and at two-year intervals thereafter, we fail to achieve and maintain specified minimum market share levels in the satellite digital radio service industry. We believe we were exceeding the minimum levels at December 31, 2007. For the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, we incurred total costs of $303.8 million, $224.2 million and $206.1 million, respectively, under the distribution agreement.
The following table represents our cash contractual obligations as of December 31, 2007:
The long-term debt payments due in 2009 include the maturity of our $400.0 million aggregate principal amount at maturity of 1.75% Convertible Senior Notes due 2009, which have a conversion price of $50 per share. If we draw the full $400.0 million available under the bank and GM facilities, then we will have $800.0 million of indebtedness that comes due in 2009, including $400.0 million of 1.75% Convertible Senior Notes. Although we expect to refinance our indebtedness that is maturing in 2009, there can be no assurance we will be able to complete such refinancing on favorable terms or at all. The
long-term debt payments due in 2012 include payments of $133.0 million on the debt of our consolidated variable interest entity. The long-term debt payments due in 2013 and beyond include the maturity of our $600.0 million aggregate principal amount at maturity of 9.75% Senior Notes due 2014 and the maturity of our $200.0 million aggregate principal amount at maturity of Senior Floating Notes due 2013.
Related Party Transactions
For a discussion of related party transactions, see Note 14 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. of this Form 10-K.
Critical Accounting Estimates
The Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. As such, we are required to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that we believe are reasonable based upon the information available. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Critical accounting estimates are those estimates and assumptions that may be material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain matters or the susceptibility of such matters to change. Senior management has discussed with the audit committee of the board of directors the development and selection of estimates and assumptions for the following:
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For a discussion of recently issued accounting pronouncements, see Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. of this Form 10-K.
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Fair Value of Financial Instruments The carrying value of the following financial instruments approximates fair value because of their short maturities: cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, due from related parties, accounts payable, accrued expenses, accrued satellite liability, due to related parties and restricted investments.
The estimated fair value of our long-term debt is determined by discounting the future cash flows of each instrument at rates currently offered to the Company for similar debt instruments of comparable maturities by the Companys bankers or quoted
market prices at the reporting date for the traded debt securities. As of December 31, 2007, the carrying value of our long-term debt was $1,489.8 million, compared to an estimated fair value of $1,515.7 million. The estimated fair value of our long-term debt is not necessarily indicative of the amount which could be realized in a current market exchange.
Interest Rate Risk As of December 31, 2007, we had $1,489.8 million of total debt, of which $1,289.8 million was fixed-rate debt and $200.0 million was variable-rate debt. Under our current policies, we do not use interest rate derivative instruments to manage our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. An increase of 100 basis points in the interest rate applicable to the $200.0 million of variable-rate debt as of December 31, 2007 would result in an increase of $2.0 million in our annual interest expense. We believe that our exposure to interest rate risk is not material to our results of operations.
ITEM 8. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
The Consolidated Financial Statements of XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc., including Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, and Consolidated Statements of Operations, Consolidated Statements of Stockholders Equity (Deficit) and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three-year period ended December 31, 2007 and Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, and Consolidated Financial Statement Schedule together with reports thereon of KPMG LLP, dated February 28, 2008, are attached hereto as pages F-1 through F-58.
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective. During the three months ended December 31, 2007, no changes were made in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Managements Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements and other financial information contained in this Form 10-K. Management is also responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Management maintains a system of internal controls intended to provide reasonable assurances regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.
Our accounting policies and internal controls over financial reporting, established and maintained by management, are under the general oversight of the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.
Management has made a comprehensive review, evaluation and assessment of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007. The standard measures adopted by management in making its evaluation are the measures in the Integrated Framework published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO Framework).
Based upon review and evaluation, our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting is effective at December 31, 2007 and that there were no material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as of that date. The Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007 has been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein, which expresses an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007.
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION
Borrowing under Revolving Credit Facility. On February 27, 2008, we borrowed $187.5 million or 75% of the amount available under our $250 million revolving credit facility with a group of banks. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including our annual payment to Major League Baseball and the 2007 payment under the Copyright Royalty Board proceeding, both due in March, as well as our record label settlements. Interest under the loan is initially 4.75% and is based on 9-month LIBOR. All amounts drawn under the facility are due on May 5, 2009 and are secured by a lien on substantially all of our assets. As a result of drawing 75% of the amount available under the revolving credit facility, we now have full access to the $150 million credit facility provided by General Motors, which may be used only for payments to GM and matures in December 2009.
Amendment to Employment Agreement-Chairman. Effective February 27, 2008, we entered into an amendment to the employment agreement of Gary Parsons, our Chairman, to extend the term of the agreement to June 30, 2008.
The information is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive 2008 Proxy Statement.
The information is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive 2008 Proxy Statement.
The information is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive 2008 Proxy Statement.
The information is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive 2008 Proxy Statement.
The information is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive 2008 Proxy Statement.
(a)(1) The following Consolidated Financial Statements and reports of independent registered public accounting firm for XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. are included in Item 8. of this Form 10-K:
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005.
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2007 and 2006.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders Equity (Deficit) for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005.
(a)(2) The following Consolidated Financial Statement Schedule is filed as part of this report and attached hereto as page F-58:
Schedule II Valuation and Qualifying Accounts.
All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the Commission have been included in the Consolidated Financial Statements of XM Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. or the notes thereto, are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted.
(a)(3) The following exhibits are either provided with this Form 10-K or are incorporated herein by reference: