Young Innovations 10-Q 2007
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2007
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______to _______
Commission file number 000-23213
YOUNG INNOVATIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
13705 Shoreline Court East, Earth City, Missouri 63045
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
(Check one): Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes o No x
Number of shares outstanding of the Registrants Common Stock at May 2, 2007:
Item 1. Financial Statements.
YOUNG INNOVATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
YOUNG INNOVATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share data)
YOUNG INNOVATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
YOUNG INNOVATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2007
(In thousands, except per share data)
This report includes information in a condensed format and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2007 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year or any other interim period.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed, or omitted, pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. In our opinion, the statements include all adjustments necessary (which are of a normal recurring nature) for the fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented.
The balance sheet information at December 31, 2006 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.
Young Innovations, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the Company) develop, manufacture, and market supplies and equipment used to facilitate the practice of dentistry and to promote oral health. The Companys product offerings include disposable and metal prophylaxis (prophy) angles, prophy cups and brushes, prophy pastes, microapplicators, panoramic X-ray machines, dental handpieces (drills) and related components, home care kits, orthodontic and childrens toothbrushes, flavored examination gloves, infection control products, ultrasonic cleaning systems, ultrasonic scaling and endodontic systems, and obturation systems used in endodontic surgery (root canal procedures). The Companys manufacturing and distribution facilities are located in Missouri, California, Indiana, Tennessee, Texas, Canada, Wisconsin and Ireland. Export sales were less than 10% of total net sales for 2006 and 2005.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Young Innovations, Inc. and its direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenue from the sale of products is recorded at the time title passes, generally when the products are shipped as the Companys shipping terms are customarily FOB shipping point. The Company employs a variety of promotional activities, including, but not limited to, rebate programs, free goods offers, off-invoice pricing discounts, and free shipping promotions. The Companys income statement classification and expense recognition and measurement for these promotional activities is in accordance with the provisions of Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) 01-9: Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendors Products). The Company generally warrants its products against defects and its most generous policy provides a two-year parts and labor warranty on X-ray machines. The policy with respect to sales returns generally provides that a customer may not return inventory except at the Companys option with the exception of X-ray machines, which have a 90-day return policy. The Company owns X-ray equipment rented on a month-to-month basis to customers. Revenue from the rental of equipment to others is recognized on a month-to-month basis as the revenue is earned. A liability for the removal costs of the rented X-ray machines is capitalized and amortized over four years. A liability for the removal costs of the purchased X-ray machines expected to be returned to the Company is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006.
The Company offers a financing option to its customers purchasing X-ray machines through notes payable to the Company. Prior to 2006, the Company also offered financing through third parties. The equipment purchased is used to secure the notes. These transactions are recorded as a sale upon the transfer of title to the purchaser, which generally occurs at the time of shipment, at an amount equal to the sales price of non-financed sales. Interest on these notes is accrued as earned and recorded as interest income.
The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes ("FIN 48"), on January 1, 2007. The implementation of FIN 48 did not require the recognition of a material adjustment to the reserve for uncertain tax positions. As of the beginning of fiscal year 2007, the Company had approximately $179 of total gross unrecognized tax benefits, $146 of which would favorably affect the effective income tax rate if recognized in future periods.
The Company includes interest and/or penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. The accrual for interest and/or penalties as of January 1, 2007 was approximately $32.
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to domestic federal and state income taxes as well foreign income taxes. Tax years 2003 through 2006 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which the Company reports. The Company does not anticipate that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefit will materially change within the next 12 months.
Interest Expense (Income), net
Interest expense (income) includes interest paid related to borrowings on the Companys credit facility, as well as offsetting interest income earned on various investments. Interest income totaled $104 and $162 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Other Income, net
Other income includes other miscellaneous income, all of which are not directly related to the Companys primary business.
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
Cash flows from operating activities include $3 and $57 for the payment of federal and state income taxes and $328 and $19 for the payment of interest or loan charges for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Foreign Currency Translation
The translation of financial statements into U.S dollars has been performed in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 52, Foreign Currency Translation. The local currency for all entities included in the condensed consolidated financial statements has been designated as the functional currency. Non-U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities have been translated into U.S. dollars at the rate of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses have been translated at the weighted average of exchange rates in effect during the year. Translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of shareholders equity. Net currency transaction losses (gains) included in other expense, net were $6 and $(6) for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
On July 31, 2006, the Company entered into an agreement, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Young Microbrush, LLC and Young Microbrush Ireland Ltd., with Microbrush Inc., a Wisconsin corporation, and Microbrush International Ltd., a Republic of Ireland private limited company, (collectively, Microbrush). Under the agreement, the Company acquired substantially all of Microbrushs assets related to the manufacture, development and distribution of dental products. The acquisition of U.S. purchased assets was completed on July 31, 2006. The acquisition of Irish purchased assets was completed on August 18, 2006. The Company paid approximately $32,777 in cash, including direct transaction costs, in connection with the acquisition. An additional $3,000 in purchase price may be paid by the Company (Earnout Payments) if certain performance targets are achieved over the next year and a half. Of the purchase price, $3,000 was paid into an escrow account pending settlement of any indemnification claims the Company may have pursuant to the transaction documents. Amounts paid or received by the Company in future periods, if any, in connection with escrow account settlements and Earnout Payments discussed above will be accounted for as an adjustment to purchase price when the related contingencies are resolved. The acquisition further establishes the Company as a leader in the category of consumable dental products, enabling the Company to expand its product offerings in this area.
The acquisition was financed through a combination of cash generated from operations as well as debt, and was accounted for as a purchase transaction. Debt incurred to finance the acquisition totaled $20,060. Upon initial allocation of the purchase price at the time of the acquisition, goodwill was determined to be $23,737. During the fourth quarter of 2006, goodwill increased by $90 and during the first quarter of 2007, goodwill increased by $112 due to adjustments to the purchase price allocation.
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. The Company is in the process of finalizing the valuations related to certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed and upon doing so will adjust the preliminary purchase price allocation if necessary.
The Company has accrued liabilities of approximately $350 for costs to exit certain activities of Microbrush that existed on the date of acquisition. Liabilities recorded primarily represent costs related to contractual obligations and restructuring.
The preliminary allocation of the purchase price to identifiable intangible assets, along with their respective useful lives, is as follows:
Amortizable intangible assets:
Indefinite-lived intangible asset (not subject to amortization):
The results of operations for the U.S. and the Irish components of Microbrush are included in the condensed consolidated financial statements since July 31, 2006 and August 18, 2006, respectively.
The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined income statement information has been prepared as if Microbrush had been acquired on January 1, 2006. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been derived from the Companys historical consolidated financial statements and those of Microbrush.
The Company adopted the 1997 Stock Option Plan (the 1997 Plan) effective in November 1997 and amended the Plan in 1999 and 2001. A total of 1,725 shares of Common Stock were reserved for issuance under this plan which is administered by the compensation committee of the Board of Directors (Compensation Committee). The Company adopted the 2006 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the 2006 Plan) effective in May 2006. The 2006 Plan is intended to be a successor to the 1997 Plan. A total of 700 shares were authorized for grant under the 2006 Plan. Awards under the 2006 Plan may be stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, and other equity awards.
Any employee of the Company or its affiliates, any consultant whom the Compensation Committee determines is significantly responsible for the Companys success and future growth and profitability, and any member of the Board of Directors, may be eligible to receive awards under the 2006 Plan. The purpose of the 2006 Plan is to: (a) attract and retain highly competent persons as employees, directors, and consultants of the Company; (b) provide
additional incentives to such employees, directors, and consultants by aligning their interests with those of the Companys shareholders; and (c) promote the success of the business of the Company. The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors establishes vesting schedules for each option issued under the Plan. Under the 1997 Plan, outstanding options generally vested over a period of up to four years while non-vested equity shares vested over five years. Under the 2006 Plan, outstanding options generally vest over a period of up to three years while non-vested equity shares vest over two, three and five year periods. All outstanding options expire 10 years from the date of grant under the 1997 Plan and five years from the date of grant under the 2006 Plan.
Accounting for Share-Based Compensation
In May 2006, the Company granted 7.5 shares of non-vested equity shares. No monetary consideration was paid by the employees who received the non-vested equity shares. These shares vest 20% each year for five years starting in May 2007. In February 2007, the Company granted 125.2 shares of non-vested equity shares. No monetary consideration was paid by the employees who received the non-vested equity shares. Of the 125.2 shares, 80 vest 20% each year for five years, 43.8 vest 33% each year for three years, and 1.4 vest 50% each year for two years, all starting in February 2008. Under the 2006 Plan, non-vested equity share units and restricted stock may be awarded or sold to participants under terms and conditions established by the Compensation Committee. For non-vested equity shares, compensation expense is based upon the grant date market price and is recorded over the vesting period.
On February 16, 2007, the Company granted 93.3 stock options. All options vest 33% each year for three years starting in February 2008. The weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $7.10. The options expire five years from the grant date. The total weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted for the three month period ended March 31, 2007 was $662.
The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:
(1) Represents cash dividends paid as a percentage of the share price on the date of grant.
(2) Based on historical volatility of the Companys common stock over the expected life of the options.
(3) Represents the U.S. Treasury STRIP rates over maturity periods matching the expected term of the options at the time of grant.
(4) The period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding based upon historical evidence.
Stock Option Activity
The following table summarizes stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2007:
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the difference between the Companys closing stock price on the last trading day of the first quarter of 2007 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options).
The total aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $193 and $388, respectively. Payments received upon the exercise of stock options for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 totaled $61 and $187, respectively. The related tax benefit realized related to these exercises was $0 and $79 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006. The Company issues shares from treasury upon share option exercises.
During the three months ended March 31, 2007, the Company recorded pre-tax compensation expense of $24 related to the Companys stock option shares. As of March 31, 2007, there was approximately $485 of unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options, which will be recognized over the weighted-average remaining requisite service period of 2.9 years.
Non-Vested Equity Shares Activity
Until the restricted shares vest they are restricted from sale, transfer or assignment in accordance with the terms of the agreements under which they were issued. The Company calculates compensation cost for restricted stock grants by using the fair market value of its common stock at the date of grant and the number of shares issued. This compensation cost is amortized over the applicable vesting period. The following table details the status and changes in non-vested equity shares for the three months ended March 31, 2007:
During the three months ended March 31, 2007 and March 31, 2006, the Company recorded pre-tax compensation expense of $122 and $84 related to the Companys non-vested equity shares, respectively. As of March 31, 2007 and March 31, 2006, there was approximately $3,749 and $177 of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested equity shares, respectively, which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining requisite service period of 4.4 years. The Company issues share grants from treasury.
On February 21, 2006, the Company invested in a private equity investment fund. At March 31, 2007, the Company had an unfunded capital commitment of up to $2,250. The investment is accounted for under the equity method of accounting and included in other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Equity income (loss) is recorded using a three-month lag. The Companys income attributed to this private equity investment was included in other income, net and totaled $13 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
The Company offers a financing option to its customers purchasing X-ray machines through notes payable to the Company. The equipment purchased is used to secure the notes. Total revenue from sales of equipment financed by the Company was $678 and $1,150 during the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. These
transactions are recorded as a sale upon the transfer of title to the purchaser, which generally occurs at the time of shipment, at an amount equal to the sales price of non-financed sales. Interest on these notes is accrued as earned and recorded as interest income.
Notes receivable consist of the following:
Notes receivable are included in other current assets and other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Inventories consist of the following:
Property, plant and equipment consist of the following:
Goodwill activity is as follows:
On July 31, 2006, the Company acquired Microbrush (see footnote 3). The acquisition resulted in preliminary goodwill of approximately $23,737 and $4,325 of intangible assets. During the fourth quarter of 2006, goodwill increased by $90, and in the first quarter of 2007 by $112, due to adjustments to the purchase price allocation.
During the first quarter of 2006, YI Ventures LLC acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed a portion of the liabilities of D&N Microproducts, Inc., a contract manufacturer of the Companys diagnostic product line. The Company paid approximately $2,800 in cash, including transaction costs. The final D&N allocation of the purchase price resulted in an adjustment to the goodwill balance by $17 in the first quarter of 2007 which was primarily related to adjustments to the fair value estimates of the assets and liabilities.
Other intangible assets consist of the following:
The costs of other intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their expected useful lives using the straight-line method. The amortization lives are as follows: 10 to 20 years for patents, license agreements and core
technology; 40 years for product formulations; and 5 to 8 years for supplier and customer relationships. Non-compete agreements are amortized over the length of the signed agreement. The weighted average life for amortizable intangible assets is 16 years. Aggregate amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006 was $153 and $122, respectively. Estimated amortization expense for each of the next five years is as follows:
The Company has a credit arrangement that provides for an unsecured revolving credit facility with an aggregate commitment of $75,000 which expires in April 2010. The Company has $55,562 unused line of credit at March 31, 2007. Borrowings under the arrangement bear interest at rates ranging from LIBOR +.75% to LIBOR +1.50% or Prime, depending on the Companys level of indebtedness. Commitment fees for this arrangement range from .125% to .15% of the unused balance. The agreement is unsecured and contains various financial and other covenants. As of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.
Basic earnings per share (Basic EPS) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share (Diluted EPS) includes the dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock, if any, using the treasury stock method. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:
The Company and its subsidiaries from time to time are parties to various legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. Management believes that none of these proceedings, if determined adversely, would have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
The Company generally warrants its products against defects and its most generous policy provides a two-year parts and labor warranty on X-ray machines. The accrual for warranty costs was $292 and $293 at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively.
In certain circumstances, the Company provides recourse for loans for equipment purchases by customers. Certain banks require the Company to provide recourse to finance equipment for new dentists and other customers with credit histories that are not consistent with the banks' lending criteria. In the event that a bank requires recourse on a given loan, the Company would assume the banks security interest in the equipment securing the loan. As of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively, approximately $16 and $20, of the equipment financed with various lenders was subject to such recourse. Recourse on a given loan is generally eliminated by the bank after one year, provided the bank has received timely payments on that loan. Based on the Company's past experience with respect to these arrangements, it is the opinion of management that the fair value of the recourse provided is minimal and not material to the results of operations or financial position of the Company.
During the three month period ended March 31, 2007, the Company paid consulting fees of $13 to a corporation which is wholly owned by George E. Richmond, the Companys Chairman. The Company also paid fees of $32 to a corporation which is wholly owned by George E. Richmond, for corporate use of an aircraft owned by that corporation.
On May 9, 2007, the Board of Directors extended the Company's share repurchase program through July 31, 2008. The Board also declared a quarterly dividend of $0.04 per share, payable June 15, 2007 to shareholders of record on May 22, 2007.
Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
In December 2001, the SEC requested that all registrants include in their MD&A their most critical accounting policies, the judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies, and the likelihood that materially different amounts would be reported under different conditions using different assumptions. The SEC indicated that a critical accounting policy is one which is both important to the portrayal of the companys financial condition and results and requires managements most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. The Company believes that the following accounting policies fit this definition:
Allowance for doubtful accounts Accounts receivable balances are subject to credit risk. Management has reserved for expected credit losses, sales returns and allowances, and discounts based upon past experience as well as knowledge of current customer information. The Company believes that the reserves are adequate. It is possible, however, that the accuracy of the Companys estimation process could be impacted by unforeseen circumstances. Management continuously reviews the reserve balance and refines the estimates to reflect any changes in circumstances.
Inventory The Company values inventory at the lower of cost or market on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory values are based upon standard costs which approximate historical costs. Management regularly reviews inventory quantities on hand and records a write-down for excess or obsolete inventory based primarily on estimated product demand and other knowledge related to the inventory. If demand for the Companys products is significantly different than managements expectations, the valuation of inventory could be materially impacted. Inventory write-downs are included in cost of goods sold.
Goodwill and other intangible assets The Company adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 142 effective January 1, 2002. Goodwill and other long-lived assets with indefinite useful lives are reviewed by management for impairment annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If indicators of impairment are present, the determination of the amount of impairment would be based on managements judgment as to the future operating cash flows to be generated from the assets. SFAS No. 142 also requires that intangible assets with estimable useful lives be amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values, and reviewed for impairment in accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.
Contingencies - The Company and its subsidiaries from time to time are subject to various contingencies, including legal proceedings arising in the normal course of business. Management, with the assistance of external legal counsel, performs an analysis of current litigation and will record liabilities if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated.
Assets and Liabilities Acquired in Business Combinations The Company periodically acquires businesses. All business acquisitions completed subsequent to 2002 were accounted for under the provisions of SFAS No. 141, Business Combinations, which requires the use of the purchase method. All business acquisitions completed in years prior to 2002 were accounted for under the purchase method as set forth in APB No. 16, Business Combinations. The purchase method requires the Company to allocate the cost of an acquired business to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The allocation of acquisition cost to assets acquired includes the consideration of identifiable intangible assets. The excess of the cost of an acquired business over the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is recognized as goodwill. The Companys measurement of fair values and certain preacquisition contingencies may impact the Companys cost allocation to assets acquired and liabilities assumed for a period of up to one year following the date of an acquisition. The Company utilizes a variety of information sources to determine the value of acquired assets and liabilities. For larger acquisitions, third-party appraisers are utilized to assist the Company in determining the fair value and useful lives of identifiable intangibles, including the determination of intangible assets that have an indefinite life. The valuation of the acquired assets and liabilities and the useful lives assigned by the Company will impact the determination of future operating performance of the Company.
Stock Options - As of January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment, which requires recognition of expense related to the fair value of stock-based compensation awards. The Company has
elected the modified prospective transition method as permitted by SFAS No. 123(R); accordingly, results from prior periods have not been restated. Under this transition method, compensation cost must be recognized in the financial statements for all awards granted after the date of adoption as well as for existing stock awards for which the requisite service has not been rendered as of the date of adoption.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (In thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2007 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2006
Net sales increased $2,200 to $22,883 in the first quarter of 2007 from $20,683 in the first quarter of 2006. The acquisition of Microbrush contributed $3,660 in net sales in the first quarter. The ongoing weakness in the panoramic X-ray product line, lower-than-expected sales from new product introductions, and a decline in sales to distributors were partially offset by additional sales from Microbrush.
Gross profit increased $877 or 7.6% to $12,355 in the first quarter of 2007 compared to $11,478 in the first quarter of 2006 primarily due to increased sales volume as a result of the Microbrush acquisition. Gross margin decreased to 54.0% of net sales in the first quarter of 2007 from 55.5% in the first quarter of 2006. Gross margin continues to have volatility related to product mix variances offset by the positive impact of operating efficiencies.
SG&A expenses increased $1,727 or 29.3% to $7,621 in the first quarter of 2007 from $5,894 in the first quarter of 2006. SG&A costs increased approximately $842 as a result of the acquisition of Microbrush. The remaining SG&A increase was primarily due to increased investments in new product development, personnel and facilities to support the growth of the business. As a percent of net sales, SG&A expenses increased 4.8 percentage points to 33.3% in the first quarter of 2007 compared to 28.5% in the first quarter of 2006 as a result of the factors explained above.
Income from operations decreased $850 or 15.2% to $4,734 in the first quarter of 2007 compared to $5,584 in the first quarter of 2006. The change was a result of the items explained above.
Interest expense (income), net decreased $388 to $246 in the first quarter of 2007 from $(142) in the first quarter of 2006. The decrease was primarily attributable to additional interest expense resulting from borrowings on the Company's credit facility.
Other income, net decreased $9 to $(44) in the first quarter of 2007 from $(53) in the first quarter of 2006. This decrease was due to lower levels of miscellaneous income.
Provision for income taxes decreased $481 for the first quarter of 2007 to $1,711 from $2,192 in the first quarter of 2006 as a result of lower pre-tax income as well as a decrease in the effective tax rate. The effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2007 was 37.75% compared to 38.00% in the first quarter of 2006.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Historically, the Company has financed its operations primarily through cash flow from operating activities and, to a lesser extent, through borrowings under its credit facility. Net cash flow from operating activities was $5,672 and $4,403 for the first three months of 2007 and 2006, respectively. Net capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment were $2,942 and $407 for the three months of 2007 and 2006, respectively. Significant capital expenditures included buildings, facility improvements, panoramic X-ray machines and new equipment purchases.
Future capital expenditures are expected to include facility development and improvements, panoramic X-ray machines for the Companys rental program, production machinery and information systems.
In January 2006, YI Ventures LLC (a wholly owned subsidiary) acquired D&N Microproducts, Inc., a contract manufacturer of the Companys diagnostic product line. The Company paid approximately $2,800 in cash. On July 31, 2006, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Microbrush, Inc. and Microbrush International Ltd. for approximately $32,000 in cash. The purchase price was principally financed with borrowings on the Company's credit facility and cash generated from operations.
The Company maintains a credit agreement with a borrowing capacity of $75,000, which expires in April 2010. Borrowings under the agreement bear interest at rates ranging from LIBOR + .75% to LIBOR + 1.50%, or Prime, depending on the Companys level of indebtedness. Commitment fees for this agreement range from .125% to .15% of the unused balance. The agreement is unsecured and contains various financial and other covenants. As of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, the Company was in compliance with all of these covenants. At March 31, 2007, the Company had $19,438 in outstanding borrowings under this agreement and $55,562 available for borrowing. Management believes through its operating cash flows as well as borrowing capabilities, the Company has adequate liquidity and capital resources to meet its needs on a short and long-term basis.
Investors are cautioned that this report as well as other reports and oral statements by Company officials may contain certain forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation and Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements which are predictive in nature, which depend upon or refer to future events or conditions and which include words such as expects, anticipates, intends, plans, believes, estimates or similar expressions. These statements are not guaranties of future performance and the Company makes no commitment to update or disclose any revisions to forward-looking statements, or any facts, events or circumstances after the date hereof that may bear upon forward-looking statements. Because such statements involve risks and uncertainties, actual actions and strategies and the timing and expected results thereof may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those disclosed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Market risks relating to the Companys operations result primarily from changes in interest rates and changes in foreign exchange rates. From time to time, the Company finances acquisitions, capital expenditures and its working capital needs with borrowings under a revolving credit facility. Due to the variable interest rate feature on the debt, the Company is exposed to interest rate risk. A theoretical 100 basis point increase in interest rates would have resulted in approximately $49 and $6 of additional interest expense in the three month periods ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Alternatively, a 100 basis point decrease in interest rates would have reduced interest expense by approximately $49 and $6 in the three month periods ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Sales of the Companys products in a given foreign country can be affected by fluctuations in the exchange rate. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, the Company sold less than 20% of its products outside of the United States. Of these foreign sales, 36% were denominated in Euros and 5% in Canadian dollars. The Company does not feel that foreign currency movements have a material impact on its financial statements.
The Company does not use derivatives to manage its interest rate or foreign exchange rate risks.
Our Chief Executive Officer, President, and Chief Financial Officer have concluded, based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, President and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and that the information is recorded,
processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commissions rules and forms. There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the quarterly period ended March 31, 2007 that have materially affected, or that are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.
31.1 Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to
31.2 Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to
31.3 Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to
Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1 Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.