QUOTE AND NEWS
New York Times  May 23  Comment 
For many, the island snack is a taste of home. For others, it’s a new favorite.
TechCrunch  May 22  Comment 
 Impossible Foods has raised more than $200 million to make a burger engineered from plants that tastes at least as good as ground beef. The company’s many backers are hoping to disrupt the massive “animal products” industry with food that...
The Economist  May 18  Comment 
AS IS well known, Donald Trump wants the press to focus not on what he calls “fake” news about himself, but on his administration’s achievements. On May 12th he helpfully tweeted an example: “China just agreed that the US will be allowed...
Agrimoney.com  May 17  Comment 
US officials see cause for support for cattle prices, even amid a retreat in futures blamed on demand fears and "fund liquidation"
WA Business News  May 15  Comment 
OPINION: Iron ore miners Andrew Forrest and Gina Rinehart, Western Australia’s two richest people, are taking a different approach to growing their other major business interest – beef production.
MarketWatch  May 12  Comment 
President Donald Trump tweeted Friday that former Federal Bureau of Investigation Director James Comey should hope there are no “tapes” of their conversations, threatened to cancel White House press briefings and touted a deal he said would...
Agrimoney.com  May 12  Comment 
... although the use by the US industry of growth hormones may still represent an obstacle. In return, the US is to take Chinese cooked poultry
The Times of India  May 12  Comment 
In an agreement billed as "a herculean accomplishment", China and US have opened borders for trade in beef, poultry and natural gas. The agreement grew out of negotiations both countries agreed to start after Trump's meeting at his Mar-a-Lago...
Financial Times  May 12  Comment 
Beijing pledges access for rating agencies, credit card companies and American beef




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This article is about Beef Prices in general. For the specific futures contracts, see the articles on Live Cattle Futures and Feeder Cattle Futures.

In 2007, the retail value of all US produced beef was $74 billion.[1] Beef prices depend in part on the availability and pricing of cattle feed. For instance, heavy droughts often result in the reduction of available hay stocks, so prices drop slightly as more cattle are slaughtered and sent to market. However, this reduces breeding stock, subsequently reducing supply and raising prices in the long term.[2] Reliance on corn cattle feed (especially distiller's dry grain--see DDG under Ethanol Production) also makes beef prices susceptible to significant changes in corn prices.[3]

The chart at left shows spot prices for Live Cattle on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.

Who benefits from higher beef prices?

  • Tyson Foods (TSN), and Brazilian JBS S.A. (SAO:JBSS3), owner of Swift Foods, examples of major public beef protein processors (they hold 24% and 18.5% of US market share, respectively), benefit when beef prices rise.[4][5]
  • Smaller, private beef producers and processors, such as Cargill Meat Solutions, with 21% of US market share, and National Beef, with 10.5% of US market share, also benefit when beef prices rise.[6]
  • AspenBio Pharma (OTC:APNB), Alpharma (ALO) and other manufacturers of livestock pharmaceuticals benefit from higher demand for cattle, which results in increased demand for the high-yield drugs that AspenBio manufactures.

Who benefits from lower beef prices?

Historical Beef Statistics

Trends and Forces

Increase in Feedstuff Prices Increases the Price of Beef

Beef Prices are heavily dependent on favorable pricing of feedstuffs, such as corn prices and soybeans, as food makes up the majority of the cost of raising livestock. Corn prices have risen sharply since the beginning of 2007 - more than 60% in 2007 and early 2008 - as ethanol producers have increased their demand for the commodity (rising oil prices, in turn, have increased demand for ethanol).[10] Corn is also the main input for many other food products such as high fructose corn syrup that are in increasing worldwide demand - but nonetheless the USDA expects U.S. farmers to plant 8% less corn in 2008, lowering supply and increasing prices.[11] Any long-term, significant increase in feedstuffs prices has the potential to seriously increase beef prices.

Rising Global Demand Pushes Up Beef Prices

In 2007, beef consumption rose at an annual rate of 5% in developing countries.[12] From 1990 to 2007, per capita consumption of meat doubled in China - 1.3 billion people ate twice as much meat as they did before.[13] As global demand increases, prices are pushed up and meat becomes more expensive.

Cattle Supply is Dependent on Weather Conditions

Farmers depend on forage - grass and wheat - to feed cows during the summer and fall. During droughts, not enough forage grows to feed the cattle and farmers are forced to dip into their winter hay reserves to feed their herds. In order to make sure they have enough hay for the winter, farmers send surplus cattle to market, increasing supply in the short term, but reducing breeding stock and decreasing supply in the long term.

Import Bans Decrease Supply and Increase Prices

When health scares, such as cases of mad cow disease, cause the United States to ban cattle imports from other countries, US supply shrinks and beef prices increase. For example, the 2003 ban of Canadian cattle imports decreased US supply by 8% and contributed to a 30% rise in cattle prices.[14]

Beef Industry Market Share

Tyson Foods (TSN) is the largest US producer of beef with 25% of the US market.

Cargill Meat Solutions is the second largest US beef producer with 21% of the US market.

Swift Foods, which is owned by Brazilian meat producer JBS S.A. (SAO:JBSS3), is the third largest US beef producer with 18.5% of the US market.

National Beef is the fourth largest US beef producer with 10.5% of the US market.

Note: Market share data from NWA Online

References

  1. U.S. Beef and Cattle Industry: Background Statistics and Information
  2. Drought loss expected to reach $30M for six-county region; feds could issue disaster declaration
  3. [1] Corn Prices Near Record High, But What About Food Costs?
  4. [2] Tyson Foods: Overview
  5. [3] Beef Losses Prompt Cutbacks
  6. [4] Beef Losses Prompt Cutbacks
  7. http://www.breakthechain.org/exclusives/mcbeef.html
  8. Chicago Business, "Kraft, Sara Lee face rising beef and pork prices"
  9. [5] U.S. Beef and Cattle Industry: Background Statistics and Information
  10. [6] National Corn Growers Association Futures Quotes
  11. [7]|"USDA Bets on Soy, but Farmers Like Corn"
  12. [8] More wealth, more meat. How China's rise spells trouble
  13. [9] Meat demand in Asia fuels higher food prices
  14. [10]The price of beef becomes hard to swallow
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