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Treasury prices early Wednesday rallied, pushing yields down dramatically, after tepid inflation data suggested that the Federal Reserve may need to adopt a more gradual pace of monetary tightening. The yield for the benchmark 10-year note [BX:...
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CUSIP Global Services (CGS) today announced the release of its CUSIP Issuance Trends Report for May 2017. The report, which tracks the issuance of new security identifiers as an early indicator of debt and capital markets activity, found a surge...
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The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has issued today its most recent iteration of its Risk Dashboard, covering risks in the EU’s securities markets for 1Q2017. ESMA’s overall risk assessment remains unchanged from 4Q16 at...
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The Export-Import Bank of China (EXIM) plans to issue up to another $4 billion in euro- and dollar-denominated bonds this year, on top of $4 billion issued so far, as Beijing's Belt and Road initiative drives demand for foreign currency funds.
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Information technology company Mphasis has raised $500 million by selling dollar bonds.
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Asian shares crept higher on Wednesday after Wall Street notched another all-time high, while the dollar and bonds awaited clarity on the Federal Reserve's future path for U.S. policy after a likely rate rise later in the day.
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The Federal Reserve is expected to raise interest rates and may give some details about its plans to reduce its extensive bond holdings.
Mondo Visione  5 hrs ago  Comment 
Solactive AG is pleased to announce it has entered for the first time the Asia-Pacific region with a new index in the fixed-income space, the Solactive Australian Bank Senior Floating Rate Bond Index, aimed to be tracked by the BetaShares...
Channel News Asia  6 hrs ago  Comment 
Asian shares crept higher on Wednesday after Wall Street notched another all-time high, while the dollar and bonds awaited clarity on the Federal Reserve's future path for U.S. policy after a likely rate rise later in the day.




 
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A bond is a type of debt. It's a loan from an investor to an institution, and in exchange the investor collects a predetermined interest rate. When a company needs capital to expand its business, it issues bonds to the public. Investors buy them with the understanding that they will collect the original principal plus interest when the bond matures at a set date. Federal, state, and municipal governments issue bonds for a similar purpose, to raise money for projects and public programs.


Types of Bonds

Bonds or Stocks?

Making the choice between stocks and bonds can be complex. In general, though, the key consideration is your own planning horizon.

Bonds are, in general, more predictable than stocks, and (on average and in general) give you lower returns. If you believe you'll need predictable access to money over, say, a 20-year period, you may be better off with bonds. For example, if you want to put aside a specific amount of money for a grandchild, expecting that money to be available for college in eighteen years, and not expecting to have other capital available. Insurance companies invest heavily in bonds for just this reason: it matches predictable liabilities (future insurance claims) against predictable cash flows (principal and interest).

Some bonds have tax advantages; for example, municipal bonds are typically exempt from state taxes in the state that issued them, as well as federal taxes. This can make them more attractive, though often you will find that the market has arbitraged away the difference, and that corporate (that is, taxable) bonds carry a higher gross yield -- and the same net yield after taxes. Although many investors invest in munis for just this reason -- they "don't like the taxman" -- they may not be making the optimum investment choice.

Bonds are not riskless, however. They carry credit risk ("will I get my money back?"), prepayment risk, liquidity risk and interest-rate risk. Many bonds give the bond issuer the right to repay the bond early -- which happens more often when rates are low, in other words, just when you don't want your money back. This is prepayment risk. Liquidity risk is the risk that you won't find a good price for your bond when you want to sell it -- because there are so many more bond issuers than stock issuers, and because bonds are not exchange-traded, there may not be a willing buyer. Interest-rate risk is the opposite of prepayment risk: when rates go up, the value of your bond will drop (it drops more, the further away it is from maturity). If your circumstances change and you need to sell the bond before maturity, you can lose capital that you would otherwise receive, if you held the bond to maturity.

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A how to on investing in bonds

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