Call option

Forbes  May 5  Comment 
Investors in Macy's Inc (NYSE: M) saw new options begin trading today, for the June 24th expiration. At Stock Options Channel, our YieldBoost formula has looked up and down the M options chain for the new June 24th contracts and identified one put...
The Hindu Business Line  Apr 10  Comment 
The immediate outlook for Axis Bank (₹421.6) had turned positive in March. The stock finds immediate resistance at ₹454 and the next one at ₹515. A close above the second resistance will change the ...
Forbes  Mar 30  Comment 
It goes against human nature to jump into a stock that has already had such a furious run. Nonetheless, Gap still trades at big discounts to historical valuations: 13.1 vs. 14.2 five-year average on the price-earnings ratio; 0.8 vs. 1.0 on the...
Forbes  Mar 10  Comment 
Investors in Citigroup Inc (NYSE: C) saw new options become available today, for the April 29th expiration. At Stock Options Channel, our YieldBoost formula has looked up and down the C options chain for the new April 29th contracts and identified...
The Economic Times  Mar 10  Comment 
In index options, FIIs bought positions worth Rs 741 crore with a rise in OI. In Call options, there was hardly any meaningful activity.
The Economic Times  Mar 8  Comment 
Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) have changed their stance on Indian equities post the Union Budget after being tentative for a few months.
The Economic Times  Dec 23  Comment 
The Nifty50 managed to surge past its crucial resistance level of 7,800 supported by positive trend seen in other Asian markets.


A call option is a financial instrument that gives the buyer the right, but not an obligation, to buy a set quantity of a security at a set strike price at some time on or before expiration. In this sense, a call option is very similar to a warrant. The decision of the best time to exercise the call depends on whether it is an American option or European option. If and when the buyer decides to exercise the option, the counterparty who sold, or wrote the call must sell to the buyer the security at the agreed-upon strike price, even if the security's market price has risen above the strike price.

In other words, when you buy a call option, you are buying the right to buy a stock at the strike price, regardless of the stock price in the future before the expiration date. For example, if a stock trades at $50 right now and you buy its call option with a $50 strike price, you have the right to purchase that stock for $50 regardless of the current stock price as long as it has not expired. Even if the stock rises to $100, you still have the right to buy that stock for $50 as long as the call option has not expired. Since the payoff of purchased call options increases as the stock price rises, buying call options is considered bullish.

Conversely, you can short or "write" the call option, giving the buyer the right to buy that stock from you for $50 anytime before the option expires. To compensate you for that risk taken, the buyer pays you a premium, also known as the price of the call. The seller of the call is said to have shorted the call option, and keeps the premium (the amount the buyer pays to buy the option) whether or not the buyer ever exercises the option. If the stock falls to below $50, the buyer will never exercise the option, since he would have to pay $50 per share when he can buy the same stock for less. If this occurs, the option expires worthless and the option seller keeps the premium as profit. Since the payoff for sold, or written call options increases as the stock price falls, selling call options is considered bearish.

All call options have the following three characteristics:

  • Strike price: this is the price at which you can buy the stock (if you have bought a call option) or the price at which you must sell your stock (if you have sold a call option).
  • Expiry date: this is the date on which the option expires, or becomes worthless, if the buyer doesn't exercise it.
  • Premium: this is the price you pay when you buy an option and the price you receive when you sell an option.

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