Forex

RECENT NEWS
Euromoney  10 hrs ago  Comment 
Nine years after FXMarketSpace ceased operations, it appears 2017 will be the year when FX options clearing finally returns to the table – and forwards clearing is also set for a boost.
The Economic Times  Apr 27  Comment 
Emerging Asian currencies took cues from weakness in broader Asian equities, which pulled back from a near two-year high.
Mondo Visione  Apr 26  Comment 
Otkritie Capital International, the brokerage and investment banking company, today announces at TradeTech Europe that its FX Prime business within the Otkritie Global Prime franchise is picking up pace since its full scale rollout 12 months ago....
Mondo Visione  Apr 25  Comment 
As part of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s (CFTC) ongoing efforts to help protect Americans from fraud, today the CFTC added 71 new names to the RED List. These 71 new additions bring the total number of foreign entities on the...
Mondo Visione  Apr 25  Comment 
Investoo Group, one of the world’s biggest FX trading affiliates, has acquired Invezz.com in order to extend its reach into the financial trading the industry. Founded in 2012, Invezz, is a leading financial news site and peer review...
The Economic Times  Apr 25  Comment 
Every year, we export over $17 billion of medicines and create a huge pool of net forex inflows. It is therefore only fair to expect that pati ents in India also benefit from the low priced, high quality generics.
Reuters  Apr 25  Comment 
REUTERS - Most emerging Asian currencies rose against the U.S. dollar on Tuesday as continued relief from the outcome of the first phase of French elections supported appetite for assets such as stocks and developing market foreign exchange.
The Times of India  Apr 25  Comment 
The rupee resumed higher at 64.42 against the dollar as against Monday's closing level of 64.44 per dollar at the Interbank Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market and firmed up further to a 3-week high at 64.27, before quoting at 64.29 per dollar at...
TechCrunch  Apr 24  Comment 
 Flux, a London-based fintech startup founded by three early employees of foreign exchange and banking app Revolut, is on a mission to make store receipts truly digital. Read More
Yahoo  Apr 22  Comment 
Member countries of the International Monetary Fund on Saturday pledged to work to reduce global imbalances but failed to repeat their past pledge to resist all forms of protectionism. The International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), the...




 
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Overview

Forex (FX) is short for foreign exchange and refers to the trading of one currency for another. Unlike stocks or futures, currency trading is an over-the-counter market with no central exchange.

Currencies typically trade in pairs such as the EUR/USD or USD/JPY. Currencies common to Forex tend to be the most liquid currencies such as the U.S. Dollar (USD), Japanese Yen (JPY), Euro (EUR), British Pound (GBP), Swiss Franc (CHF), Canadian Dollar (CAD), and Australian Dollar (AUD).

FOREX[1] is the world's most traded market with an average daily turnover of USD $3.2 trillion[2].

Trades occur 24 hours a day, starting Monday morning in the Asia-Pacific region and ending Friday evening in North America.

Common FX Practices

Corporate FX Programs

Many corporations who receive a significant portion of their revenue from overseas (overseas refers to any sites outside of the chartering country - "headquarters") may wish to participate in FX Hedging. This is primarily because currency volatility can majorly effect a company's stated income. A long-winded example is below.

Say Google receives more than 50% of its revenue from outside the United States. This creates a situation in which the relative strength of the U.S. Dollar (USD) can impact its financials. If the Euro (EUR) strengthens against the dollar, it has a net positive impact on Google's income statement. If EUR/USD decreases, meaning more USD can be bought with 1 EUR, then when the company calculates the value of its EUR-denominated revenue, it will see a higher than average USD amount. Forex

Retail FX

In the last several years, the Retail FX market has opened up substantially with the spread of the internet and online trading. This segment is said to occupy about 4% of all forex transactions and is growing rapidly. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon is the simplified trading platforms like TradeStation that were recently developed by innovative internet brokers, aiming to educate the lay person and help get into this lucrative market.

Example with Fake Numbers and no Transaction Costs

Let's say, for ease of demonstration, that 1 EUR = 2 USD, or that 1 Euro can purchase 2 U.S. Dollars (this is not the case, but it's easy math). Furthermore, we can claim that Google makes 1 million Euros in December 2008 in France. If Google recognizes that revenue in USD, we'd say that Google made 2 million dollars that month (from France). Suppose, however, that the Dollar strengthens against the Euro, and instead we get 1 EUR = 1.5 USD (USD appreciates, which means that 1 Euro now buys less than before). This would instead result in 1.5 million dollars for December, instead of the previous 2 million.

On your own, try seeing what would happen if the USD weakens against the Euro (1 EUR = 3 USD). This volatility is something that most companies desperately seek to avoid. One can probably see already, the more money at risk, the greater the trading activity. Vis-à-vis, the more currencies that impact revenue, the greater the trading activity. As a result, these companies engage in all sorts of Hedging practices, including using currency swaps and Derivatives (Options, Futures, and forwards), to limit their exposure to currency movement, especially for the primary currencies as listed above.

Example Currency Pairs

U.S. Dollars to Euros





Euros to U.S. Dollars



U.S. Dollars to Canadian Dollars



Canadian Dollars to U.S. Dollars



U.S. Dollars to Japanese Yen



References

  1. FOREX
  2. Forex 101
  3.   WHAT IS FOREX
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