Generic Drugs (Small Molecule)

RECENT NEWS
FiercePharma  Jul 15  Comment 
Earlier this year, Allergan saw its plans to ease the pain from Namenda generics spoiled by a U.S. appeals court. And now, those generics are here.
Clusterstock  Jul 14  Comment 
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A proposed merger of the two largest U.S. generic drug makers drew fire on Tuesday from Consumers Union and seven other groups, who asked antitrust enforcers to stop Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd's proposal to purchase...
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 14  Comment 
Dr Reddy's Laboratories shares rose as much as 1.9 per cent to hit a 52-week high of Rs 3,287.10 in morning trade today. The company said it has launched memantine hydrochloride tablets, a c...
FiercePharma  Jul 13  Comment 
The launch for Glatopa, the new generic of Teva's Copaxone from Novartis' Sandoz, is still in the very early going. But so far, things look good--very good.
FiercePharma  Jul 13  Comment 
Otsuka is facing plenty of bleeding, now that its blockbuster antipsychotic Abilify has generic competition. But the company is working hard to soften the blow, and a brand-new FDA approval for a long-acting antipsychotic could help.
newratings.com  Jul 13  Comment 
PETAH TIKVA (dpa-AFX) - Specialty pharmaceutical company ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.(ANIP) announced that it has acquired 22 previously marketed generic drug products from Israeli generic drugmaker Teva Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd. (TEVA) for...
newratings.com  Jul 13  Comment 
NEW DELHI (dpa-AFX) - Dr. Reddy's Laboratories (RDY) announced Monday that it has launched Memantine hydrochloride tablets USP, 5 mg and 10 mg, a therapeutic equivalent generic version of NAMENDA (memantine HCl) tablets in the US market on...
Motley Fool  Jul 12  Comment 
Generic drugmakers are cutting healthcare costs and a bigger opportunity for investors could be on tap.
FiercePharma  Jul 10  Comment 
For more than a year, the Justice Department (DOJ) has been pursuing a criminal investigation into the possibility of pricing collusion among makers of generics. Three companies have acknowledged receiving subpoenas from the feds, and now a report...
The Times of India  Jul 9  Comment 
Mukesh Ambani-owned Reliance Industries has decided to move away from “.com” to “.JIO as a generic top level domain or gTLD to be used across the Reliance Empire as the billionaire businessman gears up to launch Reliance Jio.




 
TOP CONTRIBUTORS

For information on generic biologics, see Generic Drugs (Biogenerics and Biosimilars).

Generic drugs are drugs manufactured and marketed without a brand name. In practice, generics are often marketed as equivalents to branded drugs. Generic drugs are generally much cheaper than their branded counterparts for a number of reasons. First, drug development is extremely time consuming and costly. On average, brand-name drug companies spend about $800 million to discover, develop, and produce a new drug. They then have to charge fairly high prices to recoup their investment and actually make a profit. Generic manufacturers, however, don't have to spend nearly as much on drug development. To gain FDA approval, all a company has to do is prove that its version of a drug is chemically equivalent to the original. If the chemical makeup is the same, it's assumed that the research and clinical trials are as applicable to the generic version as they were to the original. Also, generics manufacturers benefit from advertising for branded drugs, lowering their own marketing expenses.

In the U.S., pharmaceutical patents last for 17 years, during which time only the original developer can legally produce the drug covered by the patent. After the expiration of the patent, other drug companies can produce and sell generic versions of the drug. This often leads to price competition, which decreases profits for the manufacturers of branded drugs. Even before patent expiration, generic drug companies can challenge the patent's validity or argue that their version doesn't infringe on the existing drug's patent. The first company to apply for FDA approval for a generic, in spite of an existing patent, receives a 180-day period of exclusivity to produce and sell the generic version. Though a legal battle usually ensues, resulting in significant litigation expenses, the profits from selling the generic version are generally far more than enough to cover any legal costs.

Generic drugs are often brought up in debates about the U.S. health care system as a whole. Many claim that pharmaceutical companies overcharge for their prescription drugs, making quality healthcare too expensive for some to afford. Drug companies cite the high costs of drug development as the reason for high end-user prices. They also often decry the length of patent protection, saying that they have to recoup all the money spent on development within a relatively limited period of time, forcing them to charge higher prices. Nonetheless, there is growing political pressure to lower prescription drug prices and relax the restrictions on generic drug production, despite pharmaceutical companies' warnings that this could slow or hinder the development of life-saving drugs.

Who benefits from generic drugs?

Generic drug companies

Insurance companies

Pharmacies

  • Walgreen Company (WAG), CVS (CVS), Rite Aid (RAD), and Longs Drug Stores (LDG) are four of the largest pharmacy chains in the U.S. Generic drugs are much cheaper than their branded counterparts, so pharmacies are able to purchase their drugs at lower wholesale prices. While some of the cost savings is passed on to customers, the pharmacies are able to still make much higher profit margins on generic drugs. As the chart below demonstrates, the price difference between branded and generic drugs is often not as large as would be expected, considering the much lower costs involved with producing and developing generic drugs.
Brand name and generic drug prices, by retailer
Drug name, dosage, and quantity Costco Walgreens CVS
Zoloft 25mg (30) $85.99 $93.99 $90.59
Sertraline 25mg (30) $6.93 $69.99 $57.99
Prozac 20 mg (30) $147.62 $163.99 $163.99
Fluoxetine 20mg (30) $5.00 $21.99 $16.39
Zocor 20 mg (30) $141.48 $149.99 $154.99
Simvastatin 20mg (30) $5.00 $89.99 $61.59
Pravachol 40mg (30) $152.05 $160.99 $154.99
Pravastatin 40mg (30) $16.19 $71.99 unavailable

Source: Costco.com, Walgreens.com, and CVS.com.

Pharmaceutical Benefit Management Companies

PMBs, like Express Scripts, generally benefit from their clients switching from branded to generic drugs because they make higher profit margins on the sale of generic drugs.

Distributors

Who's hurt by generic drugs?

The companies most negatively impacted by generic drugs are the pharmaceutical companies who originally develop new drugs. When their patents expire, these companies are usually forced to lower their prices in order to compete with the cheaper generic versions of their products. Major pharmaceutical companies generally charge relatively high prices for their drugs while the patents are in effect, which allows them to recoup their R&D costs and make a profit before generics become available. Nonetheless, generics eventually lead to either lower profit margins or a loss of market share, both of which are less than ideal for drug companies.

Some major pharmaceutical companies and approaching patent expirations include:

Wikinvest © 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012. Use of this site is subject to express Terms of Service, Privacy Policy, and Disclaimer. By continuing past this page, you agree to abide by these terms. Any information provided by Wikinvest, including but not limited to company data, competitors, business analysis, market share, sales revenues and other operating metrics, earnings call analysis, conference call transcripts, industry information, or price targets should not be construed as research, trading tips or recommendations, or investment advice and is provided with no warrants as to its accuracy. Stock market data, including US and International equity symbols, stock quotes, share prices, earnings ratios, and other fundamental data is provided by data partners. Stock market quotes delayed at least 15 minutes for NASDAQ, 20 mins for NYSE and AMEX. Market data by Xignite. See data providers for more details. Company names, products, services and branding cited herein may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The use of trademarks or service marks of another is not a representation that the other is affiliated with, sponsors, is sponsored by, endorses, or is endorsed by Wikinvest.
Powered by MediaWiki