Greece ranked 42nd in the list of countries by GDP per capita, with $339.2 billion GDP in 2009 estimates. Its economy is dominated by the public sector, which accounts for approximately 40% of its GDP, followed by the tourism industry that accounts for 15% of GDP. Other important sectors include food processing, tobacco, textiles, chemicals (including refineries), pharmaceuticals, cement, glass, telecommunication and transport equipment. Ever since Greece joined the EU, it became a major beneficiary of EU aid. On top of that, the replacement of drachma to the Euro currency gives Greece the access to competitive loan rates and also to low rates of the Eurobond market. This improved consumer spending dramatically, boosting economic growth to approximately 4% per year between 2003 and 2007.
Greece's sovereign debt crisis Greece was not spared from the international financial crisis. In 2010, a burgeoning government deficit (12.7% of GDP) and mounting public debt (113% of GDP in 2009) led to concerns about Greece defaulting.