Index

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The Hindu Business Line  7 hrs ago  Comment 
S&P BSE AllCap Index is one significant addition
The Hindu Business Line  Apr 16  Comment 
S&P BSE AllCap Index is one significant addition
MarketWatch  Apr 13  Comment 
Netflix jumps 4% as broad stock-market indexes creep higher in early trade
The Times of India  Apr 11  Comment 
Investors and market experts worried over the tepid performance of the Nifty and the Sensex need only to look at the broader market where the picture appears to be considerably brighter.
The Economic Times  Apr 10  Comment 
The mid-cap indices on both the BSE and the NSE have been hitting new all-time highs for the past 3 days while the Nifty smallcap index is at a 7-yr high.
Reuters  Apr 10  Comment 
U.S. stocks ended a strong week with a broad rally on Friday as investors lauded GE's decision to divest most of its high-risk GE Capital business and repurchase up to $50 billion of its shares.
Reuters  Apr 10  Comment 
U.S. stocks ended a strong week with a broad rally on Friday as investors lauded GE's decision to divest most of its high-risk GE Capital business and repurchase up to $50 billion of its shares.
The Economic Times  Apr 10  Comment 
Nifty has been the best performer so far, followed by CNX IT while CNX Bank remained the worst performer; Nifty seems to be the best index to trade, says Gujral
Mondo Visione  Apr 9  Comment 
Deutsche Börse today expanded its DAXplus strategy index offering with the launch of four new ShortDAX and LevDAX indices. The ShortDAX x9 and x10 indices and LevDAX x9 and x10 indices meet the needs of sophisticated market participants, based on...




 
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An index, when used with respect to financial markets, is a statistical measure of change in a securities market. Indexes, or indices (both are correct in American English), are imaginary portfolios of securities (usually stocks) representing a particular market or a portion of it.

This is the chart for the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Scroll down for a list of major world indices on Wikinvest.



Generally, an index has three main purposes:

  • An Index shows the performance of a basket of equities instead of just a single equity - IE an index is diversified.
  • An index can show the performance of a particular class of assets - for example, a biotechnology index would show the performance of a diverse group of biotech companies over time.
  • An index can also be used to provide a generic securities category for passive management and derivatives (passive investing).

Each index is calculated using its own methodology, and its value is expressed in terms of a change from an original base value. So the numerical value of an index is not as significant as the percent change in the index.

Investing in indexes is a way to invest in the performance of a broad market sector, or in the market as a whole. But to trade an index, an investor must buy or sell through a third party. Stock and bond market indexes are used to make mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that mirror the performance of the index. Regardless of security type, indexing can cover broad categories such as a Total Market Index like (VTI), index investing can also be more micro and track sectors such as Small Cap Brazilian Companies (BRF).

When investing in an Exchange Traded Funds that tracks an index, an investor buys or sells an entire group of stocks when trading that particular ETF - an example is the StreetTRACKS Dow Jones Global Titans Index Fund (DGT). Some indexes allow investors to put money into commodities - an example is the PowerShares DB Commodity Index Tracking Fund (DBC) - while others, like the Baltic Dry Index (BDI), are important economic indicators used to measure the rates under which services are sold in a particular industry (in the case of the BDI, dry bulk shipping). Still others are forward looking, measuring the anticipated volatility of the markets - an example is the Nasdaq Volatility Index (VXN).

Major World Index on Wikinvest

There are many products available to investors to give them exposure to international indices. Mutual Funds and ETFs are the most widely held instruments which investors use to track markets around the world. Some examples of Major World Indices would be MSCI Emerging Market Index (EEM), MSCI EFAE Index (EFA), or Vanguard Emerging Markets (VWO). These are just a few examples of common securities offered to investors seeking exposure to an international world market index.

It is important to consider the currency risks of investing in many international index funds as well as the potentially higher costs associated with the transactions needed to operate the fund (trading, taxes, etc).


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